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Confederate Veteran January 1893.
RECORD AS PROCURED IN REGARD TO THE MONUMENTS
ERECTED AND UNDER WAY.
New Orleans has taken the lead. The following
sketch of her monuments was kindly furnished by Mr. W. Miller Owen. He
did not give the cost as published, but that was procured by a
committee of gentlemen who were familiar with all the enterprises.
THE CONFEDERATE MONUMENT in Greenwood Cemetery,
built by the Ladies' Benevolent Association, is of white marble,
surmounted by a figure of a Confederate infantryman "on
guard." Around the pedestal are the busts of Lee, Sidney
Johnston, Polk and " Stonewall." Under the mound on which it
stands are vaults containing the remains of many Confederate soldiers.
It was unveiled 1867. Value, $25,000.
MONUMENT OF THE ARMY OF WEST VIRGINIA. A column 50
feet above the ground, or 38 feet above the, mound on which it stands.
On the summit is a stone statue of Stonewall Jackson, 8 feet 9 inches
high. Under the mound are vaults for the dead Jefferson Davis' remains
are deposited there at present. Unveiled May, 1881. Value, $25,000.
MONUMENT OF WASHINGTON ARTILLERY. Marble shaft on
mound, statue of an artilleryman on top, sponge staff in hand. On the
base are inscribed the names of those members of the command who were
killed or died in service, also the names of sixty engagements in
which the command participated. Unveiled Feb. 22, 1880. Value,
ROBERT E. LEE MONUMENT. A Doric column of granite
on a grassy mound, surmounted by bronze statue of Lee 15 feet high.
Entire height, 106 feet 8 inches. Column, 60 feet. Unveiled Feb. 22,
1884. It is in St. Charles Street. Value, $40,000.
MONUMENT OF ARMY OF TENNESSEE. Mound containing
tombs for deceased members, surmounted by equestrian statue of Albert
Sidney Johnston in bronze. At the entrance to vaults is a marble life
size figure of a Confederate Sergeant calling his roll. Value $35,000.
Winchester, Va., has erected a $10,000 monument to
the unknown Confederate dead in Stonewall Cemetery. In addition to
this principal monument, different States have erected shafts. There
is one for Virginia that cost $1,000. Maryland has a superb structure,
capped with a statue of a private soldier, by O'Brien, that cost
$2,500. The statue was made on an order that failed and the work was
procured at a small percentage of its value.
Culpepper, Va., has a monument that cost $1,000.
""Woodstock, Va,: Subscriptions have been made in this
county for the Lee monument at Richmond, Jackson, Lexington and
A monument is being erected near Newport News,
Va., to cost between one and two thousand dollars. It is the work of
the Lee Camp of Confederate veterans and their friends at Hampton Va.
Shepardstown, Va.: A Confederate monument has been
erected at Shepardstown at a cost of $2,500. It is a marble shaft.
The ex Confederate Association of Grayson County,
Texas, are preparing to erect on the public square at Shannon a $2,500
monument to the memory of Confederate soldiers.
Anderson, S. C.: "Our noble women have
organized a Confederate Memorial Association and are now raising funds
to erect a monument in our city."
Newberry, S C.': "Our ladies have erected a
Confederate monument on the public square which cost $1,300. It is of
Natchez, Miss. " We have built a very
handsome monument to our Confederate dead costing $3,000. It is a
shaft with life size soldier in marble. Statue made in Italy."
Confederate Veteran January 1893.
JEFFERSON DAVIS was born in 1808, and lived 81
years. His birth place was in a broad, low house at Fairview, a
small village in Christian now Todd County, Kentucky, He visited
the place in 1886 and participated in the dedication of a pretty
brick Baptist church that had been erected on the site of the old
house. There was a large gathering of people from the
neighborhood, while others had gone many miles through excessive
rain. It was a most disagreeable day. As the venerable gentleman
stood in the midst of the congregation, whose happy faces are
indelibly impressed upon the mind of the writer, he used this
language: "Many of you may think strangely of my
participation in this service, not being a Baptist. My father was
a Baptist, and a better man."
In her Memoirs of Jefferson Davis his wife
copied just as he furnished them to a stenographer, facts about
his family and his own career, points of which are embodied in
this little sketch.
Three brothers came from Wales in the early
part of the Eighteenth Century and settled in Philadelphia. The
youngest, Evan Davis, subsequently removed to Georgia, then a
colony of Great Britain. He was the grandfather of Jefferson
Davis. The father, Samuel Davis, had moved from Augusta, Ga., to
Southwestern Kentucky, and resided at Fairview when Jefferson, the
tenth and last child, was born.
Samuel Davis had entered the army of the
Revolution at the age of sixteen, with two half brothers named
Williams, and while a boy soldier, met the beautiful Jane Cook in
South Carolina, who became his wife and the mother of Jefferson
Davis. In his infancy the family moved to Louisiana, but ill
health induced their return to Wilkinson County, Miss. Three of
his brothers were in the War of 1812, and the fourth volunteered,
but " was drafted to stay at home." The Mississippi home
of Samuel Davis was rather on a divide, whereby to the west on
rich land were Virginians, Kentuckians and Tennesseans, and to the
cast on inferior soil were South Carolinians and Georgians. The
settlements were sparse, however, for Mississippi was then of the
territory ceded by Georgia to the United States, and there were
but few schools. At the age of seven Jefferson Davis was sent on
horseback through the "wilderness" to a Catholic school
in Washington County, Kentucky. He journeyed with Maj. Hinds, who
commanded the Mississippi Dragoons in the battle of New Orleans,
and his family. On reaching Nashville they went to the Hermitage
for a visit to Gen. Jackson. In the reminiscences Mr. Davis dwells
upon that prolonged visit of several weeks and upon his
"opportunity to observe a great man," and he had always
remembered " with warm affection the kind and tender wife who
presided over his house." Gen. Jackson then lived in " a
roomy log house, with a grove of fine forest trees in its
In that Catholic school for a time young Davis
was the only Protestant boy and he was the smallest. He was very
much favored and roomed with the priest. One night he was
persuaded by some associates to blow out the light in the reverend
father's room that they might do some mischief, which they did in
a hurry. He was interrogated severely, but said he "
didn't know much, and wouldn't tell that." Finally he agreed
to tell a little about it on condition that he be given his
liberty. That little was that he blew out the candle. After
two years steamboats had been put on the river, and by a steamer
the lad returned home from Louisville.
Jefferson Davis was sent again to Kentucky, and placed at the
Transylvania University, near Lexington. Afterward he was one of
six United States Senators who were fellow students at that
University. At the early age of fifteen he was given a
cadetship at West Point.
Here is a literal extract from his dictation: " When I
entered the United States Military Academy, that truly great and
good man, Albert Sidney Johnston, had preceded me from
Transylvania, Ky., an incident which formed a link between us,
and inaugurated a friendship which grew as years rolled by,
strengthened by after associations in the army, and which
remains to me yet, a memory of one of the greatest and best
characters I have ever known. His particular friend was Leonidas
Mr. Davis then gives an account of Polk's religious
convictions,, and of his joining the church. It is known
that he afterward was a Bishop in the Episcopal Church. Polk was
a Lieutenant General in the Western Army with Gen. Jos. E.
Johnston, whom he confirmed into church membership only a few
weeks before he was killed by a cannon shot from the enemy. The
dictation ended too early. In referring to it, he said to his
wife, " I have not told what I wish to say of Sidney
Johnston and Polk. I have much more to say of them."
The history starts on from the dictation in a manner worthy the
Our people generally know quite well how meanly the publishers
treated the author in regard to the royalty on her book, and
that she succeeded in stopping its sale when they owed her a
little more than $4,000. When legal technicalities are removed,
and she can procure what is due her on sales, there will no
doubt be many orders given for the work, both be cause of its
merits and the wish to show an appreciation of her noble service
in its presentation.