Old Occupations


 Accomptant        Accountant
Almoner               Giver of charity to the needy
Amanuensis        Secretary or stenographer
Artificer               A soldier mechanic who does repairs
Bailie                    Bailiff
Baxter                  Baker
Bluestocking      Female writer
Boniface              Keeper of an inn
Brazier                 One who works with brass
Brewster             Beer manufacturer
Brightsmith        Metal Worker
Burgonmaster    Mayor
Caulker               One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows or seems to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hem fiber produced                              by taking old ropes apart
Chaisemaker      Carriage maker
Chandler            Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries, ship supplier
Chiffonnier         Wig maker
Clark                    Clerk
Clerk                   Clergyman, cleric
Clicker                The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the
                            compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes
                            eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.
Cohen                Priest
Collier                 Coal miner
Colporteur         Peddler of books
Cooper               One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.
Cordwainer        Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain
Costermonger    Peddler of fruits and vegetables
Crocker               Potter
Crowner              Coroner
Currier                 One who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease
Docker               Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo
Dowser             One who finds water using a rod or witching stick
Draper               A dealer in dry goods
Drayman           One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides  for carrying heavy loads
Dresser            A surgeon's assistant in a hospital
Drover              One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market;  a dealer in cattle
Duffer                Peddler
Factor Agent,  commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate
Farrier               A blacksmith, one who shoes horses
Faulkner           Falconer
Fell monger     One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making
Fletcher           One who made bows and arrows
Fuller               One who fulls cloth; one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and                          finishes cloth
Gaoler              A keeper of the goal, a jailer
Window glassman
Hacker            Maker of hoes
Hatcheler        One who combed out or carded flax
Haymonger     Dealer in hay
Hayward         Keeper of fences
Higgler             Itinerant peddler
Hillier               Roof tiler
Hind                 A farm laborer
Holster            A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn
Hooker            Reaper
Hooper            One who made hoops for casks and barrels
Huckster          Sells small wares
Husbandman   A farmer who cultivated the land
Jagger               Fish peddler

Journeyman    One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft,
not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day

Joyner / Joiner A skilled carpenter
Keeler             Bargeman
Kempster       Wool comber
Lardner           Keeper of the cupboard
Lavender        Washer woman
Lederer           Leather maker
Leech             Physician
Longshoreman  Stevedore
Lormer            Maker of horse gear
Malender       Farmer
Maltster          Brewer
Manciple        A steward
Mason               Bricklayer
Mintmaster       One who issued local currency
Monger             Seller of goods (ale, fish)
Muleskinner      Teamster
Neatherder        Herds cows
Ordinary Keeper   Innkeeper with fixed prices

Pattern Maker     A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a
wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end

Peregrinator    Itinerant wanderer
Peruker            A wig maker
Pettifogger      A shyster lawyer
Pigman            Crockery dealer
Plumber           One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows.
Porter               Door keeper
Puddler           Wrought iron worker
Quarrier           Quarry worker
Rigger             Hoist tackle worker
Ripper             Seller of fish
Roper              Maker of rope or nets
Saddler           One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses
Sawbones       Physician
Sawyer            One who saws; carpenter
Schumacker   Shoemaker
Scribler           A minor or worthless author
Scrivener        Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public
Scrutiner         Election judge
Shrieve           Sheriff
Slater              Roofer
Slopseller       Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop
Snobscat / Snob    One who repaired shoes
Sorter              Tailor
Spinster          A woman who spins or an unmarried woman
Spurrer            Maker of spurs
Squire             Country gentleman;  farm owner;  justice of peace
Stuff gown       Junior barrister
Stuff gownsman  Junior barrister
Supercargo      Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship.
Tanner              One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather
Tapley               One who puts the tap in an ale cask
Tasker              Reaper
Teamster         One who drives a team for hauling
Thatcher           Roofer
Tide waiter       Customs inspector
Tinker                An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman
Tipstaff              Policeman
Travers             Toll bridge collection
Tucker              Cleaner of cloth goods
Turner              A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles
Victualer           A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food
Vulcan             Blacksmith
Wagoner         Teamster not for hire
Wainwright      Wagon maker
Waiter               Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in.
Waterman         Boatman who plies for hire
Webster           Operator of looms
Wharfinger       Owner of a wharf
Wheelwright     One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.
Whitesmith       Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work
Whitewing        Street sweeper
Whitster            Bleach of cloth
Wright              Workman, especially a construction worker
Yeoman            Farmer who owns his own land


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11/26/2011 Last updated