Greene County

Recollections

Lucian G. Crowley

Transcribed by :Tina Easley

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More Crowley Information

These valued recollections appear in the pages of two personal letters from the author to Mr. Walter McLeod of Walnut Ridge , Arkansas in the year 1946. The letters , as part of the McLeod heirs and were placed in the keeping of Mr. Ray Hall, Director of Field Services . They were of particular interest and concern to him because of the family history delineated in them. So that this data might be shared for clarification of both Craighead and Greene County history, Mr. Hall released the letters to Arkansas State Museum for Xerox duplication.

Mr. Ray H. Hall is the sixth generation in descent from the Crowley family. His father , George Luke Hall was the son of Mary Jane Massey , who spent the winter of 1860 with the Crowley family and was part of the immigrant train from Tennessee that heard Captain Crowley's call to Arkansas settlement. Mary Jane was the child of Sheridan Massey , who in turn was the daughter of old Captain Ben Crowley who contributed to the settlement of the Smithville- Powhattan area of Lawrence County even before he located at Walcott and left his name to Crowley's Ridge.

Mrs. Eugene G. Whittlake

Curator of History

Arkansas State Museum

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Mr. Walter L. McLeod

Walnut Ridge , Arkansas

Dear Mr. McLeod ,

Your interesting and highly appreciated letter came this morning and I am going to reply while it is fresh in my mind and "The bee is in my hair". I certainly appreciate your promptness in repling and the information you have so generously supplied.

Yet I am not satisfied and I think you may be able to provide much information that will be invaluable to me in this stupendous undertaking. there are some points that I want cleared up if possible and I believe you to be in the best position of any one to do this, and if you will do so and let me know how much will be required to properly compensate you for your time and trouble I wll remit the amount by return mail , or as soon after as convenience will permit.

One thing is , do you remember where the Indian Trail my people were traveling when they discovered Crowley 's Ridge? If so can you describe it? I, perhaps , know more about it from Cache River eastward than you do; or than you may able to ascertain. However I shall be glad to have your account of that part also if you have any or able to obtain any. But I know nothing about it west of Cache River , and that is what I hope you may be enable to enlighten me regarding.

Also do you know anything about the Wilson Ferry Road? I know or used to know it from Cache River through Walcott and in another easternly direction across the "ridge " where it entered the St. Francis River Valley about or near the Bill Percell place some two miles north of the Greene Co. Court house in Paragould. This road was a very old road as far back as I can remember , and it crossed the Gainesville and Jacksonport road , another old road, where Walcott now stands , but it was there long before the present Walcott was dreamed of.

Father's father , Samuel Crowley , the eldest son of the the discover , lived about half way between these two points and somewhat east of a line from the court house to the Percell place and a half or three quarters of a mile east of that line.It was in that home on Oct. 28, 1836 that my father Benjamin Harrison Crowley was born . I used to wonder where the Harrison in father's name came from. I did not think it could have came from Benjamin Harrison , 23rd President of the United States of America , as that gentleman was only 3 years older than father , having been born in 1833 and dying in 1901. I thought it not likely that father , was named for General William Henry Harrison , 1773 to 1841 , the 9 th President . Where could that Harrison have come from? There was no question as to why he was named Benjamin evidently that was from his grandfather , but Harrison had me stumped! One day while reading the Decleration of Independence which I had done many times , but perhaps never as carefully as I should have done, well the truth is , I discovered at this particular reading that Benjamin Harrison had attached his autograph to that immortal document , not immediately after that of the author. Thomas Jefferson , Benjamin Harrison is the way they are enrolled and that is due to the fact that all delegates from each colony signed in a group of perhaps that should have done. Thomas Jefferson being first from the colony of Virginia , and I can imagine Benjamin Harrison's innermost being aflame with exultant patriotism as he eagerly grasped the pen from the hand that had so recently inscribed that wonderful and compendious statement of self-evident fact, and attaching his signature with thrills of exuberant joy. This Benjamin Harrison was born Berkeley, Va. in 1740 . (Great grandfather Benjamin Crowley was born in Virginia in the 1750's , so there was less than 20 years , and possibly only a little over 20 years difference in great grandfather's age and that of benjamin Harrison the signer of the Decleration of Independence). It is possible they may have been acquainted and possible intimate friends , but be that as it may this discovery I had not liked the name Harrison in father's name but that discovery has brought a remarkable change in my attitude toward the name Harrison . No I am especially proud my father bore that as his middle name.

One of our poets asked a question and answered it himself , as he evidently realized no one else could do so as efficiently.

"What's in a name ? Well I'll be bound ,

It's owing to how you make it sound

The meanest name will sound the best

When he who owns it does the rest."

A Cynthia Crowley bought a tract of land at a tax sale in Lawrence Co. , Arkansas in the year 1826 , this land had belonged to John Nichols, a fur trader and extensive trader in that region. Cynthia (Crowley) Lowe, Lane, or Lamb sold this land in 1850 to Anthony "Trick" Hagan, who in turn resold this land in 1850 to John Nichols. I presume the John Nichols who had let it forfeit for taxes previously . this land is in what is now Craighead Co. near the magnificient city of Jonesboro. this Cynthia Crowley does not fir anywhere in our immediate family that any of us have as yet been able to discover.I have heard father say more that once that Tom Lamb married one of the Crowley girls . This Cynthia may have been the one and it is possible could have been Cynthia Lamb instead of Cynthia Lane or Lowe , who bought the land in 1826. This cynthia Crowley was either of age at that time or else someone else, perhaps , a guardian, acted for her in this instance.

Great grandfather Benjamin Crowley was the father of 8 children , thomas 1796, samuel 1798, Wiley , John , benjamin Jr. , Polly , Peggie , Sallie 1812.

Polly married Abraham Peavhouse, Peggy married Charlie Robertson , Sallie may have been the Crowley girl that Tom Lamb married but as yet none of us know definitely. The Lawrence Co. records at Powhatan may clean some or all of this up, and if you can go there and make a thorough investigation of the recorder of deeds , marriage licenses, tax assessing and collections , and jury service. I will gladly pay you for yor time and trouble.

There have been one or more articles regarding the Copps family in the Arkansas Gazette that I would be glad to obtain or copies if attainable. I understand one at least of these articles appeared in June 1912 or 1914. My mother's mother was a Copps a sister to Nimrod Copps . I will be exceedingly glad if you will ascertain all you conveniently can regarding the Copps and acquaint me with these facts. jessie brown of Pocahontas , wife of Judge ben brown is a daughter of Fanny Copps Lehman whose husband James Lehman was for years a druggist at Maynard , Randolph Co. Also Effie Lehman Ruff, wife of Dr. Horace C. Ruff one time State Senator for Randolph' , Lawrence and Sharp Counties, is a daughter of the Lehman's.

The Copp's have some Cherokee Indian blood in their makeup and it is thought Lucy Copps Crowley Melon, who was mother's mother that we get our Indian blood in the Crowley family. My father and his youngest child Sarah Alice Crowley , who died in glendale , California a few years ago , she being by his 2nd wife , were the last of our immediate family who are not descendants of Lucy Copps Crowley and hence the last not having any Indian blood coursing through their veins . I do not show much Indian in outward appearance ; but I have some of the traits of character for which the American Redman have been noted. I have the typical gander blue eyes which are a Crowley and an Irish characteristic . My oldest sister and my youngest son both show a very definite Cherokee physiognomy and lineage and so do some of my cousins . Among the latter was the late William Thomas Crowley , recent sheriff of Greene County and Lorin County his borther , and especially Lorin.

I reread your brief family history , your article on the weather , Clay Sloan Eulogy of the Razorback Hog, etc. tonight before beginning this letter.

I very well remember many of the unusual occurances you mention especially the deep snow of 1886 . We had a yoke of oxen , Tom and Ned and Joel West our hired man used those oxen to break a road through the snow to the spring do the other cattle could follow to get water. Father was away from home at the time , having gone to Little Rock , the State Capitol , as a Senator or to attend the State Supreme Court or something of that nature. he and three or four other men left Paragould on horseback for home at Walcott. They rode in single column or Indian fashion , one in front , breaking the road and the others following him and each other. When the horse of the one in the lead became tired out , or nearly so , he would drop back and another would take his place . By doing this they finally reached home. They had perhaps all been drinking , that was one of father's short comings and the one that finally cost his lisfe . One of the others , a young husky, fine looking and a fine fellow nmed Joe Robins who had previously worked for father and made his home with us as the custom was in those days in that section , the hired help being considered part of the family. Joe had ben away for some months and probably was glad to be returning home ; but he had been inbibing rather freely and became rather loquacious and cussed father considerably it seams , father took it good - naturally as most friends do when on a spree together. Finally Joe sobered up to some extent snd realizing what he had done said " I cussed old Capt. Crowley ; but no one else had better undertake it when Joe is around", considering himself a privileged character , perhaps , a dangerous thing to do , especially when the one being abused is "an old war horse", as father was often affectionally called.

This incident reminds me of one in which the Richard Jackson ,a prominent merchant of Gainesville and later Paragould played a unknown part. Pt Cole was one of 21 children born to his parents; he had one sister and 19 brothers. Ot too liked his dram., he also liked to talk and play the roll of hero, self -appointedly of course, Mr. Jackson did considerably credit business at his store and of couse had to charge more than merchants who sold for strictly cash .

It seems that some people will purchase more liberally when buying on credit than they usually do when paying cash , and the accounts run up suprisingly fast. Hence merchants who do a credit business sometimes have hard things said about them usually during their absence of course. Mr. Jackson was no exception to this custom if there be any . One day Ot met a neighbor and during their conversation Ot remarked "You ought to "hurd "me cuss Dick Jackson the other day." A few days later this neighbor who was somewhat peeved at Mr. Jackson met Ot again and said , "I thought you told me you cussed Dick Jackson ". "I did " said Ot. "I believed you then " said the neighbor, "but I don't now. I tried it and it did'nt work. He beat me up and run me out of town ." You fool you" said Ot "I did cuss him , but when I cussed him I was at home and he was in town."

Well about the winter of 1899 , I was teaching school at Smithwick school house about two or three miles out of Knobel , Ark. on the road to Pocahontas . I was boarding in Peach Orchard and rode a small yellow horse I had. I had to get up early , go about three blocks to feed my horse , return , eat breakfast , return to the barn and saddle my mount and ride the two or three miles by 8 o'clock . On the morning of the 12 of February , 1899 , I realized it was unusually cold before I arose from my bed.However I dressed and started to feed my horse . It was cold I struck a trot. I had not trotted far until I met Mr. Blize , a tall , hard , old gentlemen who was the justice of the peace at the time . He remarked "It's the coldest morning I ever saw ." The houses are white with frost ." We were near the depot and across the street from the depot the Zimmerman Mercantile Co., had a large two -story building the first floor contained a stock of general merchandise , the second floor was used as a residence . There was a two story front porch to the building facing the depot , and the northwest . I remarked to Mr. Blize "There is a therometer on the front porch of Zimmerman's store. Let's go there and see how cold it really is." We did so and the reading was 0-42 . I had never saw so low a reading before nor since , and I hope I never will again. I did not go to school that day nor for several days thereafter , neither did any of the children. The goverment themometer at Corning , Ark. registered 0-25 that was about 8 miles from Peach Orchard and it does not seem reasonable that there could be that much difference in the tempertature or lack there of , in two places so near together and at approximately the same elevation . But such was the case and if Mr. Blize was living and rational he would make an affadavit that what I said here is the literal truth .

The main article on the editorial page of the Kansas City Star some year ago was devoted to an explanation of what particular prevailed in various sections of our country , and while the 0-42 at Peach Orchard , Ark. on feb. 12 and 13 , 1899 seems unreasonable yet there on record many parallel cases. Matt Cugh had walked from Brockinger Switch early that morning a distance of about two miles . His mustache was frozen solid.

I remember the great drought of 1901, very distinctly , and the dry hot winds that were so detrimental to vegetation in general and to growing crops in particular . I was licensed to preach one of those dry windy hot days in July when it seemed everything would be burned to a crisp, by the district conference of the Paragould district of the White River Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. I had been recommended by the quarterly conference of the 1st Methodist Church of Paragould , Rev. F.A. Jeffett Pastor, and Rev. J.I. Maynard , presiding elder.

Charlie Fane of the Old Walnut Ridge was my twin brother in the ministry, we both being licensed to preach at the same time. Is Charlie still living? I have not seen him since Dec. 1903 . The White River Conference met in Walnut ridge that year and I had been traveling the Knobel Missions, preaching Knobel , Peach Orchard , Smithwick school house. I attended the conference at Walnut Ridge and went out to Old Walnut Ridge to see Charlie. He took me too see a relative of ours that did not live far away. I do not recall this relative's family name, but his given name was John . If Charlie is living , and it is convenient for you to do so I will be glad to have you ascertain who that kinsman was if Charlie can recall the visit and the name.

I was married at that conference in the house of Judge W.A. Cunningham to Mrs. Emma Martin of Delaplaine , she being the widow of James Martin who was the son of Capt. Martin and a brother of Mrs. Jessie Duvall of Raveden Springs, Jessie's husband , Judge James B. Duvall of Randolph County who was a brother of Judge Thomas Duvall of Lawrence County. Emma Martin who I married in Walnut ridge , Dec. 6, 1903 was the daughter of Rev. E. t. church , who was also the father of Sadie Gee of Ravenden , the wife of Frank Gee , who was for years associated with the late Sam Ball in the mercantile business in Ravenden.

On one occasion while wife and the children were visiting the Gee family , they had sardines for supper. Ben , our oldest , about 3 at the time had a helping of that delicious dish and wanted a second helping and being young and inexperienced and rather reckless as to what he said as his age sometimes is, blurted out . "Uncle Frank , give me some more fishing poles."

It is now 5 minutes to 2'0'clock tuesday A.M. , and started this letter soon after supper Monday night so I had better desist from further haranging for the time being at least ; but when the bee buzzes it is difficult to refrain , and I will say this if convenient give me such information as you may have or can get easily relative to the Oliphant train robbery , not that it has any relation to my present undertaking , but I want to use it in connection with another incident.

I know a lot of the people about whom you write and may tell you more another time. If convenient ascertain what you can relative to tom Lamb , and Cynthia Crowley , Lowe, Lane, or Lamb. Send your bill to me at Glendale , California .

Your friend

Lucian G. Crowley

1515 Orange Grove

Glendale , California

Second Letter

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Dear Mr. McLeod :

Your most interesting and highly appreciated letter came to hand this afternoon and was hastily and eagerly read and reread. I am sorry to learn that you are partially incapacitated in your locomotion due to subnormal condition of the pedal extremities; but my dear Mr. McLeod

lets thank god your condition is no worse. there are some people who have no feet at all and propel themselves on little wagons or trucks from place to place. Others go on one or two crutches , still others are confined to their rooms an even to their beds for years. Mrs. Tommy Lehman , wife of James Lehaman , and Mrs. Dr. Ruff and other fine children , was one of these having been bedfast for years previous to her death . Yet she was a wonderful Christian woman and kept well posted on current events and was cheerful to the last.

I note in your former letter that you were compelled to retire from teaching some years ago due to ear trouble. I know at least to some extent how to sympathize with you in that affliction as I have been totally deaf in my left ear since I was 20 years of age due to a severe spell of sickness . It has been said that sometimes a disease will settle in the weakest part of our physical anatomy and , of course , in my case it naturally drifted or percolated to the head and while I have been inconvenienced to some extent by this slight affliction yet I have much to be thankful for; and if I were more thankful I might have more.

For several years my other ear has been failing gradually in sympathy or otherwise as the case may be. However , I can still hear fairly well for one of my age, I having last June 13, lived out my allotted three score and ten years. Yet I am still going strong and may possible live as many years on this earth as my great-great-grandfather did. He died at 92. However both the history which father dictated to Goodspeed in 1886 and the one he wrote for the Soliphone in 1906 and 1907 , that history of Greene Co. ran serially for several months , in both these histories father said his grandfather lived to be 84 years old . I do not have his exact birth year, nor that of his death.

Ben in a number of places says that gr. gr. grandfather was born in 1758 and died in 1842 , and those are the dates on the monument at the Crowley Memorial State Park at Walcott, Ark. yet I am not convinced that either date is correct and I am endeavoring to establish for a certainty that he reached the advanced age of 92 , but even if this becomes an established fact , that does not gurantee me one more minute to live than I have already lived. However I hope to live to get the present understanding completed and as many more as our Lord shall see fit to entrust to me.

While there is some question as to the number of years gr.grandfather lived on earth yet there is no reasonable argument as to where he crossed the Mississippi River in his wetward migration . Regardless of the opinions of those two excellent gentlemen , scholars , and writers George Morland and Harry Pander . George says "I think he crossed at Memphis , "than adds " I am sure he crossed at Memphis ". With the limited knowledge of his movements and the limited time he had to devote to the subject that would have been the logical conclusion for George. He having some of the facts at his command and being a fluent writer made an interesting story. However, he says , that great grandfather was born in Va., and moved to Ga. He does not take into account and probally did not know that gr. grandfather went from Ga. back to Va. and from Va. to Ky. Had he gone directly from Ga. to Ark., Memphis or Chickasaw Bluff would have been the logical place to have crossed the The Great Father's of Waters. Harry Pander probably George Morland's word for granted as being true. I thank both of them and also Ben H.C. were mistaken Ben wrote in several instances that gr. grandfather Crowley crossed the river at Birds Point , Mo. As conditions now are that would have been the logical place to cross as it would have been almost on an airline between Henderson Ky. and Davidsonville, Ark. But please remember the great earthquake of 1811 centered at New Madrid , Mo. and an immense territory in S.E. Mo. and N.E. Ark , sank several feet toward the center of the eartha and Reel Foot Lake in Tennessee was formed by the changing of the course of the great river , which river reversed its course for an hour or more , and the water that had passed a certain point returned and flowed up stream . While the Reel Foot Lake is in Tenn. it is just across the river from New Madrid , Mo. and for years the sunken lands on the Mo. side were known as the "Negro Wool Swamp", and were for a large part of the year covered with water, and for many years considered impassable.

You being a man of science Mr. McLeod , and knowing something of the topography and the geography of that section of the country and some of the history of our people reached the conclusion , and justly so, that our people crossed the river either at Cape Girardeau or St. Geneva, and your conclusions are correct . Had george Moreland , Harry Pander and Ben H. Crowley known that gr. grandfather had gone back to Va. from Ga. and from Va. to Ky. and taken into consideration the great earthquake of 1811 and its effects on that section of Mo. just south of Birds Point and the then recently constructed military road from St. Louis to Ark. Post via St. Geneva and Cape Girardeau, and the fact that gr. grandfather appeared in Ark. at Smithville which was on that military road and the further fact that gr. grandfather was a skilled surveyor and knew his business, they could hardly have consistently reached any conclusion other than the one you have reached.

In the article I enclosed in my first letter to you related to Ben's death , I state that his gr. grandfather crossed the Mississippi River at Cape Girardeau in the spring of 1819 . Father makes the same statement relative to the place , in the History of Greene Co. in 1906 and 1907 . Had either George Moreland , Harry Pander or Ben H. Crowley been as familiar with their histories as they could and should have been before broadcasting to the world in print what they did; there would not now be so much confusion especially on this particular point. It is to correct these errors and others and to add such information as I learned from father by word of mouth , through my own research , and to bring corrected genealogy and family history down to date and to preserve , as nearly as possible for all time present and future , that I am undertaking this composition and compliations.

Queen Victoria once said , " A printed word is like a baptized child , it lives forever ." While there is a germ of truth in this statement yet neither portion is correct without qualification . A word may be written a thousand times over, and a child baptized an equal number of times and may at some future date be utterly and forever lost. But printed words , I should have said thoughts expressed in printed form has a much better chance of survival than those only uttered or those whose preservation depend solely on tradition and they have a far better opportunity for a much more extensive distribution. Those are the reasons I beleive why you and I and all others who write do so.

Will it be convenient for you to take up with the authorities at Powhatan by mail, if not personally the points mentioned in my last communication? Ben said that a party living in the same voting area as the officer has a prestige not common to those beyond such bounds and that is probally true , as such officers might think that to fail to accede to your request might jeojardize his re-election or other political future or friendship. Hence your being in the same county could have a beeficial effect in an attempt to acquire the desired information and so expediate the conclusion very materially .

Any if you care to undertake this for me by correspondence I shall be glad to have you do so , and I will reward you for your time , trouble and expense.

If you undertake this for me you may eliminate Cynthia Crowley 1826 and 1850 and Cynthia Lowe of the latter date. They were once and the same woman , she having been Miss Cynthia Campbell prior to her marriage to Thomas Crowley , the eldest son of gr. grandfather , who did not live long thereafter and died without issue. Later his widow married Judge Lowe of Batesville and became the mother of an interesting family. One son , Gus Lowe was in the state auditor's office with William R. Miller at the outbreak of the Civil War. Later he was book-keeper and general manager for the Dowell Comm. Co. in St. Louis , Mo. in which capacity he remained until the death of Major Dowell . So wrote B.H. c. in History of Greene Co. 1906 and 1907 . However I am very anxious to learn if Tom Lamb married a Crowley girl. Also did Sally Crowley , born 1812 , marry Tom Lamb or anyone else ? Also Dolly Crowley , born 1805 ? Father lists her in Hist. G.C. as having been born April 5, 1805 . That is the date assigned to Polly Crowley , who married Abraham Pevenhouse . They may have been twins , but if so that fact has never been mentioned before either in print or otherwise so far as I have been able to ascertain. Father gives her credit for two daughters , one of who married Joseph Austin . I remember him. Mrs. Austin became the mother of two daughters , but both she and her daughters died without further issue so that ends that part of that branch of the family. Dolley's other daughter married Jasper McDaniel and became the mother of 3 or 4 sons and one daughter . The daughter died without issue , but one of the sons , Jasper Jr. is still living and has I think a family so I can get them straight from him.

I am also interested in the Copps and Pevehouses .

Can't you recall the Oliphant Train Robbery ? It took place in the early 1890's and conductor McNally was killed . I remember it very clearly ; but do not know even the exact year nor any names connected with it in any way except McNally . An incident occured in our county a few days later that I can connect with that affair and make an interesting true story with as good an ending as such a deplorable affair could well have , but I need a little more information than I now have relative to the Oliphant end.

Hoping to hear from you at your convenience, I remain

Your friend,

Lucian G. Crowley.

P.S.

Do you remember the memorable congressional convention that met in Newport in 1891 or 1892 in which Clay Sloan of Lawrence Co. Judge Felix G. Taylor of Clay Co. Philip D. McColough of Lee Co. were deadlocked for about a week. There were I think 150 ballots cast. I was member of the Greene Co. delegation and cast sometimes the entire vote for Clay Sloan , A. A. Know , a lawyer of Paragould was chairman or our delegation and usually cast the vote ; but when he became tired , I took over.

You spoke very highly in your recent communication of Gov. Futrall and I think justly so. Marian , as a boy , frequently saw my father and heard him speak in legal cases and elsewhere and admired father very much so much so that in later life he told one of my sisters that Capt. Crowley had been his ideal man and that he had endeavored to follow in his foot steps.

Marian at one time kept company with sister Cynthia , my second sister; as also did Hon. W.W. Bandy , who was county representative in the state legislature , prosecuting attorney of the 2nd judicial district and circuit judge of the same district. Judge Bandy was presiding at the time of the famous lipstick case originating at Knobel . I knew the girls , their parents , Pro. Hicks , the school directors and perhaps all of the witnesses in that lamentable affair. I was not there at the time and am glad that I was not , as they were all my friends and I might have been drawn into that caldron and came out, if at all , with fewer friends than in the beginning . And like the mother in one of the old readers relative to her numerous children, I did not then nor do I now have any to spare.

But back to Futrall , I think his especial distinguishing and most commendable charcteristics are his judgment and integrity . His wife , in speaking of one of their daughters once said. "She is like her father , and will have her way or die ". Such intergrity is commendable only when preached by sound and logical judgement and Futrall seemed to possess both to a remarkable degree.

However there were two instances in his executive career that I think he veered from his course I thought he should have pursued. First our people had striven strenously for years to eliminate the liquior traffic and had finally suceeded in securing statewide legal prohibition of that nefarious business , and we believed Futrall to be with us on that proposition and supported him on that assumption ; but he had not been installed in the Governor's Office long until he for some reason not known to me , yielded to the pressure of the liquior interest to such an extent as to approve of the repeal of the state law on that point and perhaps of the 18th amendment to our National Constitution . then again with reference to educational advantages for our young people , Futrell advicated assistance without reimbursement except those desiring a professional career. These he said have as their objective the accumulation of wealth, therefore they should be required to pay as they go for what they get in one way of an education . That to me seemed to shortsighted economy , even from a business point of view, and that is the chief duty of governor to look after business interest of the stat, for the state government and institutions are dependent for their very existence on revenue and that revenue is procured by taxiation of the wealth of the state and the more wealth the citizens accumulate the more and better opportunities the state has for raising needed revenue. Therefore the state should encourage every citizen in every way to accquire all the wealth possible in every legitimate manner. The more citizens with large incomes the stronger and more progressive the state .

On those two propositions at least I think Futrall to have been wrong. However , I think he made a good governor otherwise . Enough for this time. I hope to hear from you at your convenience. Good night, and happy dreams,

Your friend ,

Lucian G. Crowley

1515 Orange Grove

Glendale, Calif.