A HISTORY
OF
THE NEW CALIFORNIA

ITS RESOURCES AND PEOPLE


EDITED BY
LEIGH H. IRVINE

AND ASSOCIATED EDITORS ON PIONEER DAYS, AGRICULTURE, MINING, IRRIGATION, MANUFACTURING, RAILROADS, EDUCATION


"Knowledge of kindred and the genealogies of the ancient families deserveth highest praise. Herein consisteth a part of the knowledge of a man's own self. It is a great spur to look back on the worth of our line." -- Lord Bacon

"There is no heroic poem in the world but is at the bottom the life of a man." -- Sir Walter Scott


ILLUSTRATED

VOL. I


THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY
NEW YORK -- CHICAGO
1905


CONTENTS

Preface  
The Wonderful Story  
Chapter I A Careful Survey of the People and Their Environments--The Builders of the Commonwealth and Their Achievements--Honored Names Among the Professions--What Authors and Thinkers have done for the Great West
Chapter II The Truth about Climate and Resources is More wonderful than Fiction could be Made--Vast Extent and Variety of Climate and Soil--Importance of the Japan Current--Climatology, Scenery and General Character of the Land
Chapter III Glimpses of Early History--Cortes and his Successors--The Great Interest in California--Ximines, Cabrillo, Drake--The Jesuits and the Franciscan Fathers--Discovery of San Francisco Bay by a Land Party--The Founding of Santa Clara--San Jose the First Town Organized Under civil Government--Other Facts of Interest, Including the First Foreign Visitors
Chapter IV Habits and Amusements of the Native Californians of Early Times--Americans Before the Conquest--Character of the Early Trappers and Path-Finders--Captain John A. Sutter and His Achievements--The Coming of Fremont--Ethics of the Conquest, and Other Thoughts
Chapter V Wonderful Results of James Marshall's Accidental Discovery at Sutter's Mill on January 24, 1848--How Towns and Farms of California were Depopulated--Great Influx of Pioneers from all Parts of the World--The Transformation of a Wilderness into an Empire was the Romance of the Nineteenth Century
Chapter VI Antecedents of the Vigilance Committees of 1851 and 1856--How an Organization Known as the Hounds Caused the Organized Forces of Society to Deal summary Justice in Pioneer Days--The Killing of James King "of William"--Preliminary Study of Facts that led to the Dealing out of So-Called Popular Justice
Chapter VII Interesting Reminiscences of the Son of the Martyred Editor of the Old San Francisco Bulletin--How Desperate Men put the Law Aside and Transformed San Francisco into a Desperadoes' Paradise--Inside Facts About the Great Uprising of Citizens aht Improvised a Committee to Try and Punish Men for Their Crimes
Chapter VIII There was no Call for the Committee, Because Justice was Obtainable in the Courts--Cora Much Sinned Against--How the Committee Shielded Murderers--Other Strictures
Chapter IX The Good Citizenship Movement
Chapter X From Early Times California has been a Great Country for Newspapers and Periodical Literature of all Varities--Great Boldness of Early Editors, who took large Risks and Made Good Profits by Doing So--Printed Matter that Cost a Small Fortune Each Issue in the Days When paper was Worth Fabulous Prices--Extraordinary Fertility of the Journalistic Field in Early Sacramento--Modern Papers and Their Methods, with a Sketch of Some of the Leading Journals of Northern California
Chapter XI The Building of the Central Pacific Railroad
Chapter XII The Story of the Great Fight for a System of Irrigation to Make Lands Valuable Reads Like a Chapter From the Arabian Nights--Troubles in the Way of Those Desiring to Reclaim Lands Unfit for use Because of Lack of Water--The Problems of Legislators--How the Fight for a Good Law Was Won, but not Until Much Bitterness and Many Appeals Had Been Taken From Lower Courts
Chapter XIII California the Land of the Vine--What the Old Padres Did--Possibilities of Wine-Making--Markets for California Wines--Purity of California Wines--Exportation of California Wines--How They Should Be Used--Other Interesting Facts About Grape-Growing
Chapter XIV Horticultural Development
Chapter XV Manufacturing in California
Chapter XVI Growth of the New California
Chapter XVII How the Pioneers Made Early Provision for a Fund That would Provide Educational Facilities on a Generous Scale--Government Lands Formed the Basis for an Extensive System of Instruction, With Libraries in Every Schoolhouse--San Francisco's First Schoolhouse and First School Teacher--An Outline of the Evolution of the State's Plan of Instruction--Normal Schools
Chapter XVIII The State University
Chapter XIX Stanford University
Chapter XX Santa Clara College
Chapter XXI Libraries of California
Chapter XXII Architecture in the West
Chapter XXIII Some Scenic Wonders
Biographies  
Photo Gallery  


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