RESOLUTIONS AND MEMORIAL TO CONGRESS BY INHABITANTS OF EAST FLORIDA.
Division of the Territory, or East Florida a District Territorial Government.
At a fall meeting of the Inhabitants of the City of St. Augustine, East Florida, held pursuant to
public notice, at the Court House, on Thursday the 29th day of August, 1839, General Joseph M
Hernandez was appointed President, and Major J. John Beard, Jr. and S. Hill Williams, Secretaries of
The object of the meeting was explained, and the meeting addressed by Major Putnam, and
several gentlemen. On motion it was Resolved That the following gentlemen, viz: Gabriel W.
Perpall, Esq., Gen Peter Sken Smith, Col. John M. Hanson, Bernardo Segui, Esq., and Col Gad
Humphreys, be a Committee to draft Resolutions, expressive of the sense of the meeting.
The Committee having retired, reported the following resolutions, which were adopted by
acclamation, and without a dissenting voice:
Resolved; that as Floridians as American citizens- we are gratified at the presence at this time, of
the same Men and the same Spirit that were present in the meeting of the fifth day of February, 1838,
to protest against the calling a Convention to form a State Constitution- and against the imposition of
State Taxes- and to organize in favor of "Division".
Resolved, That we have not, at any time, yielded our preferences, or compromised our principles -
we are- as we were, in that first meeting- one and all for separating The East, from the Middle and
West, making the Suwannee the dividing line.
Resolved, That we have organized for Division and nothing but Division, and for the purpose of
cooperating with our fellow Citizens of The East, for the Division of This Vast Territory- comprising
as it does, The Country and The Capabilities sufficient for Two States; the West being nearly equal in
size to Massachusetts and Maryland combined; and nearly as large as South Carolina;- and the
Territory lying East of the Suwannee possessing an area approaching in extent Pennsylvania or New
York, and equal in extent to Tennessee or Michigan.
Resolved, that a glance at our Geographical position, shows that the natural outlet of the Middle
and West is to the Gulf of Mexico- while The East has its natural outlet to the Atlantic coast-thus,
from the beginning, nature designed The Separation- That subsequently, the conflicting and
diversified interests of The Floridas demanded and obtained- and in seeking Division, we only seek
to establish The Right of Separation that had its foundation in the Justice and Policy of the Spanish
and English Governments, under which, The Floridas were formed into Two separate Provinces, each
having its own Governor; and they were so ceded by Spain to the United States.
Resolved, That the Constitution and Laws of the United States having established the Federal
Ratio of State Representation at Fourty-Seven Thousand Seven Hundred and as in the Census that
preceded the Late Territorial Convention, the aggregate population of the Floridas fell Ten Thousand
short of the Federal number, we consider a Constitution, emanating from the representatives of a
minority a Dead Letter- whether approved or rejected by the Territory at large.
Resolved, That adhering to the principle of Division we do maintain the birth right of the East to a
separate and Independent Territory East of the Suwannee; while with mingled feelings of kindness
and respect we would say to the Middle and West: is not the whole land before us:. Let there be no
strife between us, for we be brethren.
Resolved, That again as before, we enter our public and solemn Protest against the premature,
impracticable and ruinous scheme of precipitation the whole of this great Territory into a single State:
-when the people of The East have , with such commendable unanimity, rejected both the State and
The Constitution at the ballot Box.
Resolved, That the inabililty, as also the indisposition of the East, to participate in the mere
pageant of A State Government, upheld by Direct Taxes, is apparent to all- and we should be still
more reluctant to exchange our Territorial Independence for State honors, purchased by the degrading
and humiliating condition, that in the Middle and West pay the Taxes of the East.
Resolved that we shall support, for office, men who are opposed to forming the Floridas into a
single State, and opposed to the system of Taxes, inseparable to the adoption of a State Government-
and who are the uncompromising advocates of Division.
Resolved, That we respectfully solicit the inhabitants of the Towns and Counties of the East to
hold similar meetings- and we most respectfully ask, for these proceedings, the attention of the Hon.
Charles Downing; our delegate in Congress, with the assurance of our undiminished confidence in
this ability and faithfulness to effect The Division, so ardently desired by his constituents in the East,
and Vitally important to the welfare of the East.
Resolved, That in petitioning for the Division of the Floridas, we appeal with confidence to the
wisdom, justice, and patriotism of the distinguished Statesmen who represent Our Common Country,
In the Councils of the Nation, at Washington. They can appreciate the importance of the Two States
of Florida to the southern portion of the confederacy, and to the Union.
Resolved, That these proceedings be signed by the President and Secretaries, and published in the
papers of this City; the Tallahassee Star, the paper at Jacksonville; the Charleston and Savannah
papers; the Globe and the National Intelligencer, Washington.
Joseph M. Hernandez, President
J. John Beard Jr., Secretary
S. Hill Williams, Secretary
Memorial to the Honorable the Senate an house of Representatives of the United States in Congress
Your petitioners therefore humbly pray, that your Honorable body will give such consideration to the
wishes of the Citizens of East Florida, as expressed in the sentiments of the Resolutions passed, and
that you will pass a Law erecting and organizing that portion of Florida which lies East of the
Suwannee River, into a Territory, separate and distinct from the other parts of the Territory of
Florida- and your petitioners, as in duty bound, will ever pray.
SUBSCRIBER NAMES RESIDENCE
Lewis W. Sparkman Fort Harlee - Alachua County
John Sparkman " "
J. W. Ayres " "
R. J. Godwin
James J. Higginbotham
A. H. Jones
John G. Tiner
Levi J. Johns
A. H. Johns
W. C. Crosby
J. a. Turner
Section 2 of Subscribers to Memorial - Newnansville E.F. January 1840
Archibald McNeil Alachua County
Shadrach Lastinger "
W.S. Olmsted "
Geo. F. Olmsted "
John Tinker "
Francis N. Sanchez "
Henry Hope "
Tho C. Ellis "
A. W. Walker "
Raphael Torens "
P. Ferren "
Francis Frayo "
C. Goodrich "
Rehard R. Craven "
E. O. Mezell Columbia County
Mosses Casen "
David Mezell Jun "
David Mezell Sen "
Joshua Mezell "
Morgan Mezell "
Rob Youngblood "
Asa Roberts "
Z. R. Rboerts "
James Hague Alachua County
James Brooks Columbia County
W. Clemments "
William Marcum "
Gideon Gagen Alachua County
Ja Niblack Columbia County
Samuel Geiger Alachua County
Thomas Weeks Columbia County
Wiley Brooks Alachua County
Henry Harn "
Wm Harn "
Joseph Mangan "
John Wickman "
E. I Hart "
Britton Bauch "
John Suggs "
A. B. Sanchez "
Moses Fryersmith "
James Hull "
Arthur Roberts Columbia County
Lewis Provost Alachua County
James Brooks Columbia County
Section 3 of Subscribers to Memorial no date, 1939
C. Taylor Asa Pomeroy John Floyd John Baker
John C. Houston John C. Miller Henry M Lindsay John L Linker
Water Furman Lewis Wipert James Simms Edward S. Powell
James Falanna John Johnson H. C. Dmastres Isick Cool
Edwin W. Cox Niklaus Senatz Wm G. Christopher Peter Karll
John Houston Elmore Reed Wm. Simms Wm R. Hartshorn
Jesse Grishan James Wallace Lawrance Fatio John Daniels
Matth Brind Harvy More James R. Houston Matthew H Philips
C. S. Emons Albert F. Rouse John L Saunders J. W. Simon
Wm H. Houston George Birely J Middleton John Senatz
Samuel S C Houston James Bogge Lewis Christopher Joseph Senatz
Jesse Hall Banjamin Fever Johnathan B Tichenor Jac Vansciver
William Deas Charles Smith Andrew B Decker Charles Dedeker
Gilbert Garden Will Stanford T. Wightman Carman Mason
C Brown Samuel Hoffman Jr Andrew Floyd Thomas Claussen
Samuel Ullman David J Boney Alex Andrew
Endorsed Petition from the Citizens of Dubal County for Division of Territories.
Section 4 of Subscribers to Memorial
East Florida - Black Creek Petitioners
Michael Sweeney Thos Piper J. G. Bleach John Sparkman
David Williamson Peter Sparkman Joseph L. Dutton James M Sparkman
Henry Moore James P. Odom Tho Delleberry William Scott
J. B. Blanton Edwin Webber Archibald H Johns G. W. Merry
Elisha D. Wightman Alfred Hagan Solomon Morgan Samuel Wood
Ephriam Guann Ozias Morgan Henry H. Johnston Isaac C Amiden
Wm Priest Thomas Roberts J D Osteen Solomon Godwin
W. Y Budington Stephen Sparkman James Mathews R. J. Godwin
George Lucas J. S. Neighbours I H Heck John Guard
David Williamson Osias Budington Warren More Levi Skman
Endorsed Memorial from Citizens of St. Augustine Division of Territory
Section 5 Subscribers to Memorial
Tho Douglas Martin Canovas Joseph M Hernandez Henry Thomas
J. M Hanson Jose A Liambias John J Hedrick Roque Leonardy
Elias Wallen Joseph Manusey And Anderson Jacob L Bayler
S. Hill Williams Emanuel Manusey John Rodman Dionicio Solana
Jn Drysdale Matias Leonardy John Beard Jr. Celestino Leonardy
Alfred P Livingston Juan Leonardy B. A. Putnam Mauricio Sanchez
Ch Byrne Henry Groves W H Simmons Thomas T Russell
J. G. Landon Jose F. Sanchez Jno E. Peck Antonio Borsas
K. B. Gibbs A J Noda Philip D Solana Joseph Noda
Christobal Bravo Ramon Saulkey Antonio Canovas Faustina Triky
Antonio E Canovas Thomas Andreu Donato Bravo Leander Parker
Raphael Canovas M H Tucker Bernardo Segui Lawrence Capella
Ora Howard Lawrence Andreu F. T. Avice Matias Capella
G E Wallace St. Augustine Lopez Darius Allen Donato Andreu
Whipple Allen Esteban Arnau Wm Kemp James Houston
Henry Roberts Thos Bellows Saml Northrop Francis Whitaker
Jn H Dobs James Weighman Wm Tho Perpall Frederick Weedon
Hezekiah Pinkham Mitchel Huffington James Doyl John O Riley
J Gayner Lewis C Drake Wm G Davis J Houston
J B Rutherford Philip Eastman Urial Lane John Simpson
Geo W Wilson Emanuel Hernandez Francis Hernandez Joseph Canovas
James Hurlbert P T Murphy David Connor Michael Clarke
O Fogartey Joseph Lopes George Wilkerson
1 - Spicer C Braddock 2 - James Wilson 3 - Nathaniel Wilds
4 - William M Braddock 5 - Jackson Tyner 6 - John Bassent
7 - Wm S Blount 8 - Sam Walker 9 - John Jones
10- Jacob Geiger 11 - Joseph Haddock Sen 12 - Joseph Haddock Jun
13- Tho Haddock 14 - John Kirkland 15 - Wm Crogin
16- Josiah Lewis 17 - Wm Braddock 18 - John E Curry
19- William curry 20 - Jo K Prevatt 21 - James Sapp
22- Stephen rigs 23 - Roger Canes 24 - Wm Prevat
25- John H Haddock 26 - Alex J Braddock 27 - James a Braddock
28- Joseph Higginbotham Job P Haskins E J Medicis
John Bradley William G Braddock John Russell Pedro Benet
Geo. P Acosta Crecencio Pacety A Fleischman Phillip Weidman
Daniel Hurlbert Bartolo Leonardy Jun Antonio Ponse Philip Weademann Sen
Fran Andreu D W Whitehurst Cha Robion Samuel Miles
Jose Maestre Michael Neligan Juan Maestre Richard Fugitt
Fran Yanovar George Gianople Lorenzo Yxacesty Domingo A Usina
John M Helme Carran Brophy Antonio Pons Vicente Pacetty
Gabriel Maistre Charles Loring Estehan Arnau Bartholo Leonardy Sen
Jose Hernandez James Culverson Antonio Hernandez H Smith
Antonio Andreu John Riley Jose Pacetty Jn Magrath
Jorge Cla John C Huther Samuel Sole Peter W Brown
George Bampton Tho Wendell Joseph Rosenstine John Pellicer
Fessenden Ball Michael Papy John Simpson Pedro Mauncy
Elias a Medicis Manuel Crespo Elias Belarde James Barker
David Baily Wm Langley Joseph Silas Robt Campbell
John Buckley A Tatin Joseph Hill Geo Stewart
William Alford Jose Bargallo John Beck Samuel Cribb
James M Parker George Latham Arthur O Hagan Jn Brown
Henry Covert Cyrus Briggs Wm J Reynolds Inocencio Cardona
Daniel Sanders Jno B. Allen James M Parker John Wright
Henry Roberts John S Reid George W Sprague James Lockheade
Edward M Loskey James Magner Michael Christhey Alberto D Rogero
Washington Starks Felipe Gomes Levi Spriggs Manuel Solana
Wm Ashley John B Ferreira L Bell Paul Canovas
Thomas Ross William Bevans L E Dillan Benjamin Harmon
Jno Davis B. Oliveros A H Morse B. E. Carr & Co.
Jacob Born E. A. Allen John Beyns Jacob C. Abel
Edward Powell Andrew Lopes Felix Aderly A Connor
Wm Cullen Henry Porter Levi Collen 29 Owen Wingate
Rob Jackson E Stafford R. D. Killgen 30 Charles Wilds
E Stafford Nat B. Patch Argus Ball 31 Jeremiah Felter
W. B. Soulner Charles Schoenheit G Sunderland 32 P. M. Wilds
James Harrison O Philippe David R Dunham 33 Sam Russell
Jos Hernandez Jose E Pomar Venancio Sanchez 34 Sam Russell Sen
Pedro Capella Jose T Andreu Santiago B Sanchez 35 Wm A Russell
Abrah Dupont Jose Benet Edmund Wallen 36 Wm Vaughan
Juan Pacetty R A Henderson Bartolo Pacetty 37 John Wingate
Thomas G. Lee Andres Pacetty Jun James Edwards 38 John Right
Andreas Pacetty Sr Gab W Perpall Antonio Pellicer 39 James Tison
P C Trylstra Raymon Sabate Chris Andrews 40 John D Braddock Sen
Francis Pellicer Angel Berta James Pellicer S S Peck
Domingo Cercopoly John T Williams Jaime Falany Andrew Canavas
Gabriel Pomar G J Papy James Ponce G L Pacetty
Jose Garcias Gregorio Bravo B Pons John J W. Weiss
Juan Segui D. P. Johnson John Carreras John L Williams
Antonio Baye O Quigley Juan Capo William Scroggins
Jaime Hernandes Tho Hall Gabriel Capo Henry Porter
Antonio Pacety Benjamin Harn Xelson Buford John R Baillie
Edward Logan S Beckham John Hering J G Barrett
Edward Jackson Matthew Long William Kemp Wm Almond
Tho Hall James Riz Edward McCluskey Nathaniel Henry
Antonio Andreu Joseph Lowrey Diegto Hernandes Fran D Pons
Pedro Falany John A Cavedo Geo Bartlett Antonio Deas
John Rose Domingo Acosta Jesse Sanders Amos Latham
Nath C Scobie Rob Harrison G P Pappy Jno L Villalonga
Michael Usina Dan Vaughan Lyman Southwick Manuel Olivella
David Jones James V Ogden Felix Cercopoly Henry Troutman
George Colee Gabriel Allen John J Thompson Fredrick Hoffmann
W P Scarbox James C Brice Oliver T Howard John Kelly
Ferdinand Lee Wm White Luther Randsdale Wm White
E B Usina Charles F Gratjan David H Rice Isaac R Hansard
Francis M Medicis William Holiway John Conners James Hurdel
Milton B Wright F Matthews Peter Brillie John W Weiss