Bounty Land Grants


Georgia had six classifications of bounty land grants (those land grants for
veterans of the war).  The first one was for soldiers of the Continental
Army;  the second was (for 10 months only) the men in the Minute Battalions
who were all non-residents of Georgia;  the third classification was the
militia "who sprang up to handle local emergencies and then disappeared";
the fourth class was "refugees" who were former citizens of Georgia that
fled the state "when the British reimposed royal authority". They served in
the neighboring states of North and South Carolina;  the fifth
classification was citizens that chose to stay in Georgia (rather than flee)
as the British Troops advanced;  the sixth classification was for British
deserters.  A soldier could qualify "in more than one class".

GEORGIA ALLOCATIONS
private in Georgia Line                                           230
private in minute battalions                                     287 1/2
private in militia                                                      287
1/2
refugee private in militia                                          287 1/2
seaman in galleys                                                   287 1/2
citizen
287 1/2
deserter from the British                                        287 1/2
sergeant in minute battalions                                  345
sergeant in militia                                                  345
sergeant in Georgia Line                                       345
refugee sergeant in militia                                       345
lieutenant in militia                                                 460
lieutenant in minute battalions                                460
lieutenant in Georgia Line                                      460
refugee private in militia (also citizen)                     575
captain in militia                                                    575
captain in minute battalions                                    575
refugee sergeant in militia (also citizen)                   632 1/2
captain in Georgia Line                                         690
refugee lieutenant in militia                                     747 1/2
major in militia                                                      920
major in minute battalions                                     920
major in Georgia Line                                           920
refugee captain in militia                                        977 1/2
lieutenant colonel in Georgia Line                          1035
lieutenant colonel in militia                                     1035
lieutenant colonel in minute battalions                     1035
colonel in militia                                                    1150
colonel in Georgia Line                                         1150
refugee major in militia                                          1207 1/2
brigadier general in militia                                      1955

Only nine states had enough vacant land to offer bounty land grants: Georgia, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Pennsylvania and Virginia.  It was usually the land in the western part of the state.

 By putting the soldiers on these lands each state established a trained military defense against the Indians.  Then, to be sure that the ex-soldiers occupied their bounty grant land, the states would offer no taxation for a period of time ranging from a few years to the lifetime of the veteran.

Each state that issued bounty land had a different formula for the awards, just as each state recognized a variety of soldier.  Pennsylvania awarded 200 acres to a drummer and 600 acres to a surgeon , while Virginia awarded
up to 8000 acres for a surgeon and up to 17, 500 acres for a major general.