Mitchell County was created December 21, 1857.  Named in honor of Henry Mitchell,
who rose to the rank of General of the Georgia State militia during the American
Revolution. As an officer, he retrieved the fallen United States colors during the
battle of Buford, North Carolina and was wounded by a British officer with a saber.

Mitchell County was created from Baker County on Dec.21, 1857 by an act of the
General Assembly (Georgia Laws 1857, page 38).

The county was formed from all portions of Baker County east of the Flint River.
Georgia's 123rd county was named for Gen. Henry Mitchell (1760-1839), a hero of
the American Revolution, state militia officer and former President of the
Georgia Senate (1808-1809).


Additionally, the legislation creating Mitchell provided for election of county
officials in March 1858.  After that election, the new justices of the inferior
court were empowered to select a "central and convenient place" to serve as a
county seat, to lay off the site into lots and streets, to provide for erection of a
courthouse and other public buildings, and to make temporary arrangements for a
site to conduct county business until a courthouse could be built.  At some point,
in 1858, the inferior court designated Camilla as county seat and had a courthouse
built.  On Dec. 14, 1858, the legislature incorporated Camilla to consist of all territory
within one mile of the courthouse (Georgia Laws 1858, page 135).  Purportedly, the
town was named for Camilla Miller, granddaughter of General Henry Mitchell. 

Mitchell's tombstone carries the representation of his life:

  • Born February 8, 1761, Sussex County, Virginia
  • Died May 17, 1839, Hancock County, Georgia
  • Buried in Sparta Cemetery, Hancock County, Georgia

His tombstone is inscribed:

"To the memory of General Henry Mitchell a native of Sussex County, Virginia, who departed this life
on the 17th of May, 1839, in the seventy-ninth year of his age. This stone is placed by his bereaved
consort. Animated by the same love of liberty which inspired the tongue of Henry and the sword of
Washington, he cheerfully exposed himself to the hazards of war, and pouring out his blood like water
at Buford's defeat where he was cloven down by a British saber while gallantly bearing the standard of
his country. Within a few years of the establishment of American Independence, he became a citizen of
Georgia; and in the course of a long life filled various offices of trust and dignity, with honor to himself
and usefulness to the state. In his character and deportment, he united the simplicity of Republican
manners with the sternness of Republican principles. Embalmed in the memory of noble deeds, his
name will live when this frail monument shall crumble into dust."

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