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JUDGE JOHN H. ROGERS.
The passing away of Judge John R. Rogers, of the United States Court (appointed by President Cleveland), who died recently in Little Rock, will sadden many a comrade and friend at the Reunion. He was holding court in Little Rock, and, failing to appear, as was his custom at the hour of opening, a messenger was sent to his room, and found him dead. Heart affection evidently caused death. Judge Rogers was born in Bertie County, N. C., October 9, 1845. His father reared a family of twelve children in Pitt County, N. C., but removed the family to Madison County, Miss., in 1852. He was a wealthy man of the time.
In addition to an academic education, John Rogers became efficient in military matters, and in his eighteenth year enlisted in the 9th Mississippi Infantry at Canton in March, 1862.
Early in his service he was wounded in the foot at Munfordville, Ky. He was in the battles of Murfreesboro and Chickamauga, and then did his part in the Atlanta campaign, and was wounded again at Jonesboro, Ga. He was in the battles of Franklin and Nashville. As first lieutenant of his company, he was in command at the end.
Returning home from Mississippi (marching on foot about one thousand miles), he soon entered college, and finished his education at the University of Mississippi in 1867. He taught school for a time, and began the practice of law in Fort Smith, Ark., which place was ever afterwards his home.
In the early seventies he was a partner of Judge William Walker, and later was circuit judge for five years, but resigned on account of impaired health. He next served in three Congresses, the Forty Eighth and on to the Fifty first consecutively. While in Congress he became eminent in many ways. He was most conspicuous in combating the arbitrary methods of the Speaker. He was made United States judge in 1896, and continued in office till his death.
Ill October, 1873, Judge Rogers was married to Miss Mary Gray, only daughter of Dr. Theodore Dunlap, of Danville, Ky. Four sons and one daughter were born to them. Miss Rogers will be delightfully remembered with her father on the occasion of his delivering the great address, "The South Vindicated," at the New Orleans Reunion, published in the VETERAN for June, 1903, and extensively in pamphlet form.
While Judge Rogers was a prominent and most useful man, it was with those who knew him intimately that his charming personality created ardent affection.
DR. G. T.GULLETT.
Dr. G. T. Gullett, who died at his home, in Atkins, Ark., on January 3, 1911, was born in Carroll County, Tenn., in 1836. He had just completed his medical course in the schools of his native State when the War between the States began, and he was among the first volunteers of Tennessee to enlist in the Confederate army. He returned only after the bloody struggle was over, having taken part in many hard fought battles, including Shiloh, and was near when Gen. A. S. Johnston was killed. During the last eighteen months of the war he was a prisoner at Rock Island. He went to Arkansas in 1882, and practiced his profession in and around Atkins, where he was
esteemed as a good citizen and friend. His wife and son, Marvin Gullett, survive him.
HENRY E. JOYNER.
Henry E. Joyner, who died at Rockdale, Tex., on January 21, 1911, was a native of Edgecombe County, N. C., where he was born in 1831. The family removed from there to Knoxville, Tenn., in 184.1 and to Mississippi in 1842. He was married to Miss Mary Hudson in 1852.
He served throughout the entire war as a member of Company K, 10th Mississippi Infantry. He went to Texas in 1884, and became a resident of Rockdale in 1887. He had been a member of the Sam Davis Camp, U. C. V., from its organization. He was a good citizen and liked by all who knew him.
PERRY W. ALLEN.
Perry W. Allen was born April 28, 1841, and died at his home, near Semmes, Ala., January 10, 1911. At the beginning of the war he enlisted in Company I, 21st Alabama Volunteers, and served through the many hardships to the end. He was in the battles of Corinth and Farmington and in the siege of Fort Morgan. When the fort fell, he was taken prisoner and sent to New Orleans, kept there two months, and was then taken to Elmira Prison, where he remained for nine months, through cold and starvation, till the war ended. He was paroled and sent home June 15, 1865.
After the war he was married to Miss Temple Pierce, and of this union were born nine children, five of whom died in infancy. Three sons and a daughter, with the mother,
mourn the loss of a devoted father and husband. He was a loyal Church member for fifty years. He was devoted to his old comrades, and was buried in his Confederate gray.
PERRY W. ALLEN.
Perry W. Allen was born April 28, 1841, and died at his home, near Semmes, Ala., January 10, 1911. At the beginning of the war he enlisted in Company I, 21st Alabama Volunteers, and served through the many hardships to the end. He was in the battles of Corinth and Farmington and in the siege of Fort Morgan. When the fort fell, he was taken prisoner and sent to New Orleans, kept there two months, and was then taken to Elmira Prison, where he remained for nine months, through cold and starvation, till the war ended. He was paroled and sent home June 15, 1865.
After the war he was married to Miss Temple Pierce, and of this union were born nine children, five of whom died in infancy. Three sons and a daughter, with the mother,
mourn the loss of a devoted father and husband. He was a loyal Church member for fifty years. He was devoted to his old comrades, and was buried in his Confederate gray.
PRESIDENT OF THE DABNEY H. MAURY CHAPTER.
Much sorrow occurred in Philadelphia on March 28, 1911, in the death of Mrs. Henry Bohmer, who died at the elegant family residence in Edgewater Park.
Mrs. Bohmer was Miss Lyons, of Richmond, Va. She was closely allied to many families of distinction. She was a greatniece of Governor Wise, of Virginia. She was a granddaughter of the eminent jurist. Judge Lyons, of Richmond. Early in life she married Mr. Henry Bohmer, whose father for thirty five years was German Consul in Richmond. For the past fifteen years Mrs. Bohmer had lived at Edgewater Park, Philadelphia. She was President of the Dabney H. Maury Chapter, U. D. C., of that city. The Philadelphia Bulletin states that "through her executive ability and untiring energy the Chapter owes much of its present flourishing condition." She was also a Daughter of the American Revolution and a member of the Colonial Dames.
The Philadelphia Press of April 12 states of the service: "For the first time in the history of the Daughters of the Confederacy a memorial service was held in the North for a Chapter President. Rev. Dr. Richardson, rector of St. James Church, conducted the memorial service. He always made the prayer at the Chapter celebration of the birthday of Gen. Robert E. Lee for Mrs. Bohmer."
MRS. HELEN DABNEY SMITH.
The Ed S. Rugeley Chapter, U. D. C., of Bay City, Tex., reports the death of a much loved member, Mrs. Helen Moore Dabney, wife of Dr. Baxter Smith, on the 24th of February. She was born in Fredericksburg, Va., in 1844, and was the daughter of John Milton Dabney and Elizabeth Taylor Moore, who was a great granddaughter of Patrick Henry. Through her mother Mrs. Smith was also a descendant of the Colonial Governor of Virginia, Sir Alexander Spottswood, whose daughter, Catherine, married Bernard Moore, of Chelsea, on York River, Virginia. The name of this old home was taken from Chelsea on the Thames, the home of Bernard Moore's great grandfather, the celebrated Sir Thomas More, Lord High Chancellor of England under Henry VIII.
Mrs. Smith formerly lived at Wharton, Tex., where she was a member of the J. E. B. Stuart Chapter, but later removed to Bay City. She was an earnest worker in the U. D. C., devoted to the old soldiers of the South, and noted for her good work in Church circles. Resolutions of tender sympathy with the family and friends were passed by her Chapter. The Confederate Veterans and Daughters of the Confederacy took part in the burial services. The casket was covered with the Confederate flag and many beautiful floral offerings.
CAPT. JUNE KIMBLE.
(By Judge C. C. Cummings, Historian of the Texas Division U. C. V., and his intimate
Junius Kimble was born at Clarksville, Tenn., April 1, 1842, and died at Eastland City, Tex., April 4, 1911.
In the first complete history of Texas by Henderson Yoakum (1856) there is a facsimile of the Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico, dated March 2, 1836, in the handwriting of June Kimble's father. Mr. Kimble married Miss Farmer, to whom was born this son Junius six years later.
Junius Kimble inherited the revolutionary instincts of the father, holding that governments were made for man and not man for governments, so when the South called for men to uphold the vital guarantee of liberty, this son, not yet merged into man's estate, volunteered in the ranks of Company A,14th Tennessee Infantry, on April 9, 1861, at his native place, serving under Lee till Appomattox, four years to the day from his enlistment. The October VETERAN of 1910 gives the remarkable experience at Gettysburg of this boy soldier with his regiment in Archer's Tennessee Brigade. That brigade was at the opening of the three days' battle on the first day and advanced with Pickett in the famous charge of that division the last day. Archer's Brigade while in Heth's Division shared equal honors with Pickett's men in thus reaching the high water mark of the great American conflict on that ensanguined field.
(This article of Comrade Kimble's elicited many comments in succeeding numbers of the VETERAN.
Comrade Kimble soon after the war followed the example of his father, who aided in laying the foundation of Texas independence, and became a citizen of the Lone Star State. In 1886, four years before the general organization of the United Confederate Veterans, he assisted Dr. S. H.Stout in forming at Eastlaind Camp Stout, the oldest Camp in the entire State organization. Dr. Stout was medical director Of hospitals for the Army of Tennessee. Last year (1910) was the twentyfourth anniversary of this Camp, and Comrade Kimble was its Commander from the beginning. At his request he was buried in his suit of gray in a coffin trimmed with gray.
For more than thirty years Captain Kimble took a foremost stand as one of Eastland's prominent citizens. He was editor of a local paper, and was a clear and most forceful writer. He was a consistent member of the Christian Church, served four years as county clerk, and died as vice president of one of the local banks. In 1886 he married Miss Rebecca Connellee, of Eastland, Tex., who died in 1890. They had no children. "After life's fitful fever he sleeps well."
MAJ. HENRY BUCHANAN.
Henry Buchanan died at his home, in Hickman, Ky., on January 22, 1911. He had rounded out eighty seven years, and up to within three months of his death he was in perfect health and was as cheery and bright as though but fifty years had been the time which he had journeyed along life's pathway. He had been permitted to celebrate Ins golden wedding. By his judgment and integrity he had amassed a fortune, and he carried sunshine wherever he went. He was the survivor and hero of three wars. He fought the Rogue Indians in Oregon. He was at Buena Vista with Zachary Taylor in 1847. In the mighty struggle from '61 to '65, although a prosperous merchant in Louisville, he promptly enlisted in Company H, 9th Kentucky Infantry. He was elected second lieutenant, first lieutenant, and captain. He was in company with some of the most daring and successful scouts during the war. His courage: was of that calm, noble sort which discharges without fear every duty that war can bring. He was a worthy member of the Orphan Brigade. No greater tribute could be paid. Everything he had was swept away by the war.
In 1865 he began in a subordinate position. He had nothing but a dollar and fifty cents. By his industry, his honor, and his marvelous good judgment a few years ago he was able to retire, and with his devoted wife enjoy the fruits of his toil.
Generous in all his thoughts, considerate in all his expressions, just in all his dealings, honorable in all his transactions, brave wherever duty called, broad minded, patriotic, he rounded out a beautiful and wonderful life.
The Confederate States had no more loyal son nor the South a more devoted citizen. His liberality in all matters that affected the South and its causes ever excited the admiration of his friends. He leaves behind him memories which establish his claim to true greatness. His presence ever made life brighter and more joyous for his fellow men.
(From sketch by Col. Bennett H. Young, of Louisville.)
JOHN WHITEHEAD BURROUGHS.
John W. Burroughs on January 19, 1911, at Savannah, Ga., "crossed over the river to rest under the shade of the trees." He was born August 9, 1840, in Savannah, and was the sixth son of the late Joseph Hallett and Valeria Berrien Burroughs. His mother was the eldest daughter of Judge John M. Berrien, Gen. Andrew Jackson's Attorney General. He was descended from a long line of distinguished ancestors, including the Eatons, Moores, Halletts, MacPhersons, and May hews. Before reaching his majority he graduated at Oglethorpe Presbyterian University.
At the beginning of the Civil War he was a member of the Savannah Volunteer Guards, and was transferred to the 21st Battalion of Georgia Cavalry and made ordnance officer. Soon afterwards this battalion was consolidated with the 24th Battalion of Georgia Cavalry and formed the 7th Georgia Cavalry. John Burroughs participated with his regiment in all the battles of the Army of Northern Virginia, and surrendered with his command in North Carolina. Returning to Savannah, he studied law with his distinguished fatherin law, the late Hon. Edward J. Harden, and practiced this profession the rest of his life.
By his first marriage, to Miss Ellen Harden, a daughter survives. His second marriage was to Mrs. Robert Charlton Guerard, who is left with two daughters and two sons.
Comrade Burroughs was a gallant soldier, a consistent member of the Church, and a wise and able lawyer. It was to his high attributes as a man and citizen that the love and affection of his community were given. Upright, honorable, kind, charitable, and benevolent, he made his record.
CAPT. MITT LIVINGSTON.
Mitt Livingston was born in Alabama. He removed to Texas prior to the Civil War, and was a practicing physician. At the beginning of the war he enlisted in Company C, 4th Texas Infantry, Hood's Brigade, of which he was made third corporal, but was elected lieutenant at the first vacancy in 1862, and promoted to captain in 1864. He was a gallant soldier, and participated in all the battles that Hood's Brigade engaged in, was wounded at Chickamauga and at Gettysburg.
After the war he returned to Milam County, Tex., and engaged in farming. In 1868 he was married to Miss Eugenia Streetman. He was elected sheriff of Milam County in 1876. Death came to him on November 3, 1910, at the age of seventy four years,
WHAT WAS SAID OF ARKANSAS
BY COLONEL FORDYCE.
(One of the most inspiring gatherings of representative men in the South's interest was that of the Southern Commercial Congress which was held in Atlanta March 8 10. In compliment to the Reunion Host State for this year and month illustrative extracts are given about Arkansas by Col. S. W. Fordyce, one of her most forceful citizens, who "was in the Union army during the war and in the Confederate
I am glad to be here, and feel honored at being appointed by the good business Governor Donaghey, of Arkansas, to speak for my adopted State. This convention will emphasize more than any event that has occurred in the last fifty years the fact that the war is over and that our people are all moving harmoniously together. This is the time and place to say: "All honor to the memory of the old soldiers, both living and dead." With the soldier the war was over when the last gun was fired, not so with the political demagogue, both in and out of Congress, who, like the poor, we have always with us. To these I commend the words and actions of the great Roosevelt, and to our wise and good President Taft, who has shown in many ways his national and patriotic spirit notably by his appointment of Southern men to United States judgeships, one of whom he has honored with the appointment of Chief Justice. He is certainly preaching peace and good will to all mankind. My hope and prayer is that we may have more broad minded and patriotic men when occasion requires it to rise above party for the good of the country, and that at: least one result of this Congress will be to eliminate the last shadow of bitterness that may have been caused by the events of fifty years ago. We must not be enemies. Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords of memory stretching from every battlefield and patriotic grave to every living heart and hearthstone all over this broad land will yet swell to the chorus of the Union when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.
It was the dying request of General Grant that the pallbearers at his funeral should be selected from among the of'ficers of both the Northern and Southern armies.
President McKinley, one of the most lovable of men and wisest of Presidents that ever occupied the presidential chair, told me on first entering Congress in 1877 that his ambition was to live long enough to see his country united in bonds of affection and brotherly love, that no government could long endure unless founded upon the respect and confidence of its people,
My experience of forty five years as a citizen of the South teaches me that the sentiments of distinguished men of the North are echoed by men in the South no less patriotic. Most notable among these are the distinguished Georgians, the lamented gallant Gordon and the illustrious Grady. What a bright and happy omen is before us and our children the country reunited in heart and hand. Verily the year of jubilee has come.
For forty nine years I have been identified with the South and Southwest as a citizen and otherwise (the otherwise as a Federal officer during the unpleasantness between the States). No one realizes more than the Northern soldier that no braver or more knightly people ever went forth to battle for a cause they believed to be just, and no people ever met with more courage than they the difficult problems that confronted them on their return to their impoverished States and homes. Me" and women reared in the lap of luxury and who never wanted for money, bread, or raiment set vigorously to work with head, heart, and hand at first to gain a mere subsistence and eventually to restore their lost fortunes. How well they have succeeded is now demonstrated by their comfortable homes, thensplendid churches and schools, their material well being, and the great development in their agriculture, mines, and manufactures, etc. The day of the demagogue in politics is fast passing away, and the people are beginning to understand that their interest lies more in the practical upbuilding of their respective sections than it does in giving heed to the howling political demagogue, who seldom practices what he preaches.
From choice at the close of the War between the States I cast my lot in the South ten years in Alabama and thirty five years in Arkansas. I shared with her in her trials and tribulations during the dark days of Reconstruction, and united with her in the upbuilding of her once down trodden land and sorely oppressed people. I rejoice with her in her peace, prosperity, and happiness, which I trust is assured for all time.
Forty five years ago the same unsettled and poverty stricken condition that attached to Arkansas prevailed more or less in each of the Southern States. Her citizens returned home from war without money or credit. With little live stock or tools or machinery of any kind, they virtually commenced life anew.
The vast undeveloped resources of Arkansas at once attracted the railroad promoter and builder, and from one short railway of forty seven miles, between Little Rock and De Valls Bluff, on White River, we now have in operation 6,228 miles, an undeveloped tonnage in sight for more than 20,000 additional miles.
We have telegraph and telephone lines all over the State, and the rural mail delivery reaches to the door of almost every family. We are all proud of our State, and are glad to have
this opportunity of proclaiming to the world that Arkansas is a most important factor in the business of the solid South.
She has Mammoth Spring, the largest spring in the United States, and the greatest number affording good, wholesome drinking water, besides a large number of mineral springs of varied medicinal qualities, including the famous Hot Springs (owned and controlled by the national government). Her streams teem with fish of many edible varieties. The average quantity of cotton produced per acre equals that of any other State, and she ranks fourth in point of production. Her cotton averages with the best grade.
Arkansas has more miles of navigable water than any other State in the Union. She has the largest deposit of bauxite in the world, the largest deposit of fuller's earth in the United States. She has the largest deposit of what is known as smokeless semi anthracite coal. She has the largest deposit of slate with the greatest variety of colors in this or any other country, the greatest variety of soil and minerals, and the largest quantity and the greatest variety of novaculite oil stones in the world. She has the largest quantity and best quality of clay, which is used in the manufacture of pottery, it is exported to Japan and China, and from it the finest china is produced, Her building stone is of a quality and quantity sufficient to meet every demand.
Nothing has so united the North and South as business, intermarriage, and the Spanish War, The South to day is more loyal to the government than any other section of the country, because she has more native born American citizens in proportion to population, and to these the government must look for aid in the event of foreign wars. Her loyalty was demonstrated in the Spanish War beyond all question. Her Capitol, while not the largest, is the finest in the South. She pays the highest per capita school tax in the Union, A brighter day still is dawning upon us in the soon to be Panama Canal, and it is hard to predict the great revolution in commerce that will then take place, as millions of tons of the South's products will be transported over our railways that now go east to the Atlantic Seaboard and west to the Pacific.
It has within its borders the only genuine diamond mine that has been found in the United States from which more than 1,200 diamonds have been taken, thoroughly tested, and pronounced by the best authorities to be as genuine and fine as those from South Africa. Fresh water pearls, valued as high as ten thousand dollars each, have been found in this State.
She has the largest rice yield per acre of any State in the Union, the largest fruit distillery, the largest sawmill in the United States, and ranks seventh in quantity of yellow pine.
The world wants what we can produce most and best cotton, tobacco, lumber, and many other useful commodities. It is not necessary for the people of our State to leave it for change of climate or scenery. We have many cool health resorts in our mountains and elevated plateaus.
She equals any State in her intelligent, law abiding citizens, in the sobriety of her people, in her Church and educational advantages, in the character and ability of her courts, lawyers, and lawmakers, in the stability and good management of her financial institutions, in the conservative management and debt paying qualities of her merchants.
Arkansas bids a hearty welcome to all law abiding people, and when they come we. will not give them a stone for bread. We cannot offer life everlasting, but we do offer a most potential blessing in the way of the greatest variety of mineral and thermal waters in the world. Come to Arkansas, and you will receive as warm a welcome as the hot waters that flow from her mountain sides, and you can by industry soon place yourself on as firm a footing financially as the rock on which our beautiful capital city stands.
She is the equal of any State in the loyalty of her citizens to the national government, and last but not least in the beauty and accomplishments of her fair daughters.
The late Senator Benton, of Missouri once used the expression, "Westward the star of empire takes its way," and that may now be truthfully said of the South.
(The splendid donation of Colonel Fordyce to the Little Rock Reunion demonstrates proof of faith by works.
ARKANSAS' INVITATION TO THE VETERANS.
BY MRS. J. A. LIVINGSTON, RUSSELLVILLE, ARK.
Come over and see us, Old Soldier,
Come out in the spring of the year.
We'll give you a big, hearty welcome,
And hail you with rousing cheer.
We'll offer you berries and apples
And the best there is in the land,
And the homage that's due to all heroes
Is yours at the slightest command.
We'll show you our city of roses,
In which we take pard'nable pride,
And the key of the city is yours,
The doors of our homes open wide.
We'll show you our Capitol building,
The old Statehouse, with its quaint lore,
The storehouse of Arkansas relics
And the hist'ry and myst'ry of yore.
And if you feel jolly or boist'rous,
You foxy old "sixty one" boys,
We'll let you fire off "Lady Baxter"
If you think she won't make too much noise.
For the day of the cannon is over
The gun is all rusted and old,
And the part that she played for our Southland
Remains but a tale that is told.
Then, come and see us, Old Soldier,
The best that we have we bestow,
And we trust that God's blessings attend you
As you sit in the camp fire's glow.
A MOUNTAIN DRIVE, HOT SPRINGS, ARK.
YOUNGEST MEMBER OF THE U. S. SENATE. United States Senator Luke Lea, of Tennessee, was thirtytwo years of age on April 12, 1911. He is the son of Mr. Overton Lea and a member of one of the best families of Tennessee. His maternal great grandfather, William Cocke, was the first United States Senator from Tennessee, and Luke Lea is the second youngest man that has ever been elected to the United States Senate, Henry Clay being the youngest to reach that distinction. Both were born April 12, one hundred and two years apart Clay in 1777, Lea in 1879.
Mr. Lea graduated from the University of the South (Sewanee), and later, in 1903, from the law school of Columbia University, of New York. Adopting law as his profession, he has practiced in Nashville since his graduation. He married a daughter of Mr. Percy Warner, and there are two bright sons.
In 1907 Mr. Lea organized the Tennessean Company, a morning newspaper. In September, 1910, the Tennessean purchased the Nashville American, and Mr. Lea is the owner.
His entry into politics occurred in 1906, when he espoused the cause of Patterson for Governor, and two years later supported Carmack, his competitor. He was a leader in the successful movement for an independent judiciary in 1910.
The grandfather of Senator Lea, the late John M. Lea, might be classed as Tennessee's first citizen. For many years before his death, which occurred about a decade since, he seemed to concern himself almost entirely in making bequests for the public good. His friendship for the Editor of the VETERAN is pleasantly remembered. Frequently for years preceding his death when with friends about him on the street Judge Lea would call the writer and, addressing him, say: "I tell C I hope he will get to heaven. I don't know of his fitness, but I have never been anywhere yet that I didn't see him."
The father of the young Senator called at the office to subscribe, and, detecting that he was writing a check for $4, mention was made that the price was only $1. He then said, "The VETERAN has been published four years, hasn't it?" and added, "I ought to have been taking it."
When Mr. Luke Lea was elected Senator, his parents were in Bermuda, and in response to a congratulatory letter Mr. Overton Lea wrote: "Luke fully realizes the great responsibilities that rest upon him, and will be untiring in his endeavor to discharge faithfully the duties of his office, and I feel absolutely sure he will always prove honest in its broadest sense, and no one will ever be at a loss where to place him on all public questions." Overton and Lea are significant names.
The last day Paul Davis Cunningham (whose death occurred in the Rio Grande July 13, 1901, and will be recalled by
many) spent in this city he was a guest at Lealand, this magnificent suburban place, from which General Hood witnessed much of the disastrous battle of Nashville.
SHALL I TAKE THE VETERAN?
BY MRS. ANNA E. MAYES M'FALL, MAYFIELD, KY.
Yes, I shall take the VETERAN. Nine and sixty months have passed since a soldier in gray of that noble band of the 7th Kentucky Regiment read to me evenings from its sacred pages, pausing erstwhile to recount some incident relative to the subject matter not chronicled therein. But the soldier has gone away! His home is now in that delectable place where verdure endures forever, where the gray hosts rest from the long, weary marches and bask in the sunlight of eternal day.
Yes, I shall take the VETERAN, because it comforts and soothes in many a lonely hour to read of the paths that were pressed by the hallowed feet of the Confederate soldiers, the unswerving loyalty to the cause they espoused, the indomitable energy to overcome obstacles, the clean hands and tender hearts unchanged by the vicissitudes of war.
Yes, I shall take the VETERAN. Sometimes I greet it with tears when a vision of my older brother, Capt. George A. Cochran, looms up before me as he grandly leads his men into the fray at Fort Donelson, and later bravely cuts his way out with the peerless Forrest. A valued souvenir of the sixties is Special Order No. 23 issued by Major General Forrest from headquarters department. West Tennessee, Como, Miss., January 4, 1864: "You are hereby appointed A. Q. M. of the consolidated command of Forrest's Regiment and McDonald's Battalion, and will enter on the discharge of your duty in the position assigned." Three years in the navy at Mobile was my "little brother," Capt. Hayden Jones Cochran. Out of the battle in the bay came he unscathed.
At Shiloh fell my kinsman, Capt. John Sutherland, born and reared in Kentucky, later of Ripley, Tenn., where the U. C. V. Camp bears his cherished name. Yes, I shall take the VETERAN, because I want the truth.
MONUMENT AT OPELIKA, ALA.
The Robert E. Lee Chapter, U. D. C., dedicated its Confederate monument at Opelika, Ala., on April 6, 1911, in the presence of three thousand people. It was a gala day for the town, and it marked the crowning of the efforts of the women of Lee County who have worked so untiringly for years. The day fittingly chosen was the anniversary of the battle of Shiloh. Confederate veterans from all parts of Lee County and adjoining counties were present.
The veterans were the guests of Opelika, and at twelve o'clock they formed line and marched in a body to the Clement Hotel, where dinner was served. Many visitors were taken to private residences for dinner, and the members of Gen. George P. Harrison's staff were his guests, as was Judge Thomas G. Jones, the orator of the day. The veterans lined up in front of General Harrison's residence, and there a photograph was taken. Many of the old heroes were one armed and onelegged, but a majority of them were vigorous, hale, and hearty men.
Two o'clock was the hour for the opening of exercises at the courthouse, and shortly before that hour the line for the grand parade was formed. The parade was headed by the Auburn cadet band, while Col. B. M. Washburn, of Montgomery, was marshal of the day. Then followed General Harrison and his staff, all mounted, and behind the staff the other veterans marched in a body. Behind the veterans were many gayly and appropriately decorated automobiles and carriages, upon which the Confederate colors were conspicuous. At the courthouse space had been reserved for the veterans. All seats were taken and standing room was eagerly sought. Many people who could not gain admittance waited on the outside about the monument.
The Rev. George E. Brewer, Chaplain General of the Alabama Division, U. C. V., opened the exercises with eloquent and fervent prayer. This was followed by "The Bonnie Blue Flag," sung by thirteen children, representing the thirteen States of the Confederacy.
General Harrison, who had been chosen presiding officer for the occasion, took the stand and tendered a gracious welcome to the visitors, and especially his comrades. He paid special tribute to the women of Opelika and Lee County, through whose instrumentality the monument had been erected and the unveiling brought about. General Harrison expressed special gratitude that monuments are going up all over the South in honor of the veterans of the Civil War, and he predicted that at no distant time there would be a shaft to commemorate the cause at every courthouse in Alabama. General Harrison introduced T. D. Stamford as a representative of the United Sons of Confederate Veterans, and he made a fine address worthy of the occasion.
The exercises were then turned over to the ladies, and Mrs. Andrews, President of the R. E. Lee Chapter, in a few words presented Mrs. B. B. Ross, President of the Alabama Division, U. D. C. Mrs. Ross's address was full of affection for those who suffered for the Confederacy and appreciation of the bravery with which the Confederates met the difficulties that confronted them, and her words of praise for the women who had worked for the erection of the monument were most warmly received by the audience. Mrs. Ross is sincerely beloved in every locality where there is a Chapter of Daughters, and she was the object of tender affection among the ladies of Opelika.
Following the address of Mrs. Ross, General Harrison again assumed the gavel, and in warm words of appreciation for the orator of the day as a Confederate veteran, as a statesman, as a judge, and as a patriot he introduced Judge Thomas G. Jones, of the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. Judge Jones made a profound impression upon his audience. He logically and clearly stated the questions leading up to the great struggle between the North and the South, and showed wherein the South in training, education, and heritage could not avoid entering into the struggle.
After the address of Judge Jones and music by the Auburn band, the crowd proceeded to the site of the monument, and there the program was as follows:
Song, "We Are Old Time Confederates," by thirty little girls. Unveiling by Miss Virginia Burt and Master George P. Harrison.
Presentation on behalf of the Robert E. Lee Chapter, by Mrs. W. A. Andrews, President.
Acceptance on behalf of the city, by Hon. R. B. Barnes. Benediction by Rev, D. M. Banks. Firing salute by A. P. 1. Military Company. Music by Auburn band.
Thirteen girls, representing the thirteen Confederate States, marched around the shaft, and as each passed the front of the monument she placed a wreath before it.
251 Confederate Veteran May 1911
When the two children, George Paul Harrison, III., and a little girl, pulled the cord and the monument was revealed, a great shout burst from the thousands of people standing about the shaft. Many of the spectators were moved to tears. It is said to have been the most thrilling scene ever witnessed in Lee County.
After the dedication and the dinner, General Harrison invited the veterans to his elegant home for a smoke. A notable feature in the picture on the opposite page is the multitude of very old men. Rarely is such a picture seen, the number and ages of the men considered. (It is a pity to omit a full view of the tall building and its colonial columns). Master Harrison is doubtless the youngest American whose father was a general officer in the Confederate army.
The monument, as stated, was erected through the efforts of the women of Lee County, which included the membership of Robert E. Lee Chapter and the Monument Association, of which Mrs. James Burt is President.
The Robert E. Lee Chapter was organized in 1898, and Mrs. A. L. Dowdell was its first President. The Chapter now has a membership of about fifty. It was the primary purpose of those who organized the Chapter to bring about the erection of a befitting monument to the memory of the Confederacy. They worked hard and succeeded in raising sufficient money to build the shaft. Work was begun about a year ago. To day their hopes were realized, and it was with gladdened hearts and bright faces that they saw their work completed.
The monument is located near the courthouse, and the locality has been named Monument Park.
The shaft of the monument is made of fine Italian marble and is surmounted by a handsome figure of a Confederate soldier in heavy marching order. From the base to the top it is over thirty feet.
On the east side of the base is the following inscription: "Erected December 7, 1910, by the Robert E. Lee Chapter, U. D. C., Opelika, Ala." On the north: "Defeated, yet without stain." On the west: "1861," under the date are crossed flags, "1865 To our Confederate dead and Lee County Veterans." On the south:
Nor shall your glory be forgotten While fame her record keeps, Or honor points the hallowed spot Where valor proudly sleeps.
A vote of thanks was tendered Judge Jones for the appointment of Adjutant General Harvey E. Jones to the clerkship of United States Court at Montgomery. The Chapter also adopted resolutions of condolence with Maj. S. T. Wescott on the death of his son, and Col. W. B. Leedy, of Birmingham, on the death of a close relative. These members of the staff were prevented by their loss from attending.
The members of General Harrison's staff present were: Col. Harvey E. Jones, Adjutant General, of Montgomery, Lieut Col. B. M. Washburn, of Montgomery, Lieut. Col. Dr. J. W. Bartley, Chief Surgeon, of Birmingham, LieuL Col. G. E. Brewer, Chaplain General, of Montgomery, Lieut. Cols. D. M. Scott, of Selma, G. W. Ely, of Montgomery, and W. W. Screws, of Montgomery, Majs. W. W. Wadsworth, of Wadsworth, Felix L. Smith, of Rockford, H. C. Davidson, of Montgomery, and B. F. Weathers, of Roanoke,Dr. A. H. Read, Assistant Surgeon General, and Maj. A. D. Williams, Aid, both of Opelika. Judge Jones also was the guest of Gen. Harrison.
THE U. D.C. AT DENVER, COLO.
BY MRS. I. M, P. OCKENDEN, FORMERLY OF ALABAMA. The Charter Chapter, No. 1, of Colorado, was formed by Mrs. B. A. C. Emerson, a descendant of Virginia and Kentucky parentage. In her girlhood she gave valuable aid to the Confederacy, which cause she still loves to honor and work for. When she came to Denver, four years ,ago, the U. D. C. had no existence in Colorado. She called to her assistance Mrs. I. M. P. Ockenden, the Poet Historian of the Memorial Association of Montgomery, Ala., the first Historian of the Sophie Bibb Chapter, U. D. C., one of the oldest.
Notice was given in the Denver papers of the meeting on June 22, 1909. Twenty two enrolled as charter members, the Chapter now has a membership of sixty eight. As far as possible all needy Confederate veterans in our city have been assisted, the sick cared for and helped back to recovery, and money was raised to send one back to his old home in Georgia. We coincide with the other States concerning the Boyson essay, and denounce the "Elson History of the United States." We realize the importance of obtaining a true history for the children of the South.
Memorial Days of our honored President, Jefferson Davis (June 3), of Robert E. Lee (January 19), and also Founder's Day (September 10) in honor of Mrs. Goodlett are observed.
Crosses of honor have been bestowed on thirteen veterans of Camp Beauregard in Denver and on six descendants of veterans.
Our Chapter was organized on the day we received the sad news of the death of Margaret Howell Davis Hayes, the last daughter of President Davis to pass away. We gave our Chapter her name without a dissenting voice.
Our contributions for the year were: To the Shiloh fund, $5, to the Arlington monument, $5, educational, $5, and as director for said monuments Mrs. Emerson secured for each of them $7.50 and for the Dan Emmett fund $5.
This Chapter also had a hand in the erection of the memorial, consisting of altar and reredos, to Margaret Howell Davis Hayes in the church at Biloxi, Miss. The exquisite altar cloth, the gift of loyal hearts and willing hands, was presented by this Chapter, at a cost of $75, as their tribute to the memory of Mrs. Hayes.
The Editor of the VETERAN, ever loyal to our cause and country, is helpful in recording the heroism of the noble women who helped to make history during the sixties, and who are now striving to give the true history of those who so nobly gave their lives for home and liberty.
Mrs. B. A. C. Emerson, our first President, is noted for patriotic and untiring energy. Her successor, Mrs. F. 1. Smith, is filling the responsible position faithfully.
CONFEDERATE OFFICERS AFTER APPOMATTOX.
W. T. Hill, of the 5th Texas Regiment, writing from Maynard, Tex., refers to the article by John A. McNeel, of Lexington, Va., page 513, November VETERAN, in which it was stated that a certain biographer of General Lee mentioned an engraving of him which represents General Lee as starting alone on the long ride from Appomattox C. H. to the city of Richmond, about which Mr. Hill says: "Hood's Texas Brigade was the last of the rear guard on the road that General Lee used when he passed out of his lines. He passed within seventy yards of the 5th Texas, which I was commanding, and we had a plain view of him as he passed, and we saw an escort of four or five mounted men with him, whom we took to be his staff officers. How far this escort followed him is not known to his troops. It is not natural that General Lee would thus expose himself, nor was it natural or kind that his staff would permit him to do so."
In "Recollections and Letters of Gen. R. E. Lee," written and compiled by his son, Capt. R. E. Lee, Jr., it is stated that "a day or two after the surrender General Lee started for Richmond, riding Traveler, who had carried him so well all through the war. He was accompanied by some of his staff. On the way he stopped at the house of his eldest brother, Charles Carter Lee, who lived on the Upper James, in Powhatan County. He spent the evening in talking with his brother, but when bedtime came, though begged by his host to take the room and bed prepared for him, he insisted on going to his old tent, pitched by the roadside, and passed the night in the quarters he was accustomed to. On April 15 he arrived in Richmond." This shows conclusively that he did not make the long journey alone.
(This recalls a recent conversation (March, 1911) with Gen. Clement A. Evans which represents the unusual conditions about Appomattox. The division that General Evans commanded was of the last to be paroled. He rode away entirely alone, and it was not regarded as any lack of devotion of his staff or other men of his command that he was not attended, for the burden of his mind on that day was that he would ever devote himself as fully as practicable to the welfare of those men. He started on the long journey by himself, riding on and on until nightfall. When he reached a camp of Federals he alighted and walked to the officers' tent. No one knew him personally, but as he wore his uniform with the stars and wreath of a Confederate general, the men greeted him most cordially and invited him to spend the night with them, which he did. They extended the most cordial hospitality to him and cared for his jaded horse as thoroughly as for their own. General Evans refers to this as one of the pleasantest experiences of that eventful
UNITED SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS.
On page 215 appears a list of the U. S. C. V. general officers and Brigade Commanders. Herewith is the additional list.
Executive Council: Fontaine W. Mahood, Secretary (deceased), W. W. Old, Jr., Norfolk, E. N. Scudder, Vicksburg, Miss., Thomas E. Powe, 3100 Hall Street, St. Louis, Mo.
Committee Chairmen: Historical Committee, George W. Duncan, Auburn, Ala., Relief Committee, A. D. Smith, Jr., Fayetteville, W. Va., Monument Committee, R. B. Haughton, St. Louis, Mo., Finance Committee, vacant.
Department Commanders: A. N. V., A. D. Smith, Jrä Fayetteville, W. Va., Army of Tennessee, J. P. Norfleet, Memphis, Tenn., Trans Mississippi, Cloyd H. Read, Dallas, Tex.
Division Commanders: Alabama, John L. Moulton, Mobile, Arkansas, Henry S. Hartzog, Arkadelphia, District of Columbia, E. C. Dutton, Washington, Florida, C. Seton Fleming, Jacksonville, Georgia, Charles C. Harper, Home, Kentucky, R. E. Watkins, Owensboro, Louisiana, B. H. Richardson, New Orleans, Maryland, J. Mercer Garnett, Jr., Baltimore, Mississippi, J. 0. S. Sanders, Jackson, Missouri, Seymour Stewart, St. Louis, North Carolina, A. L. Cox, Raleigh, Oklahoma, Tate Brady, Tulsa, Pacific, Merritt F. Gilmer, Mukilteo, Wash., South Carolina, A. L. Gaston, Chester, Tennessee, Thomas B. Collier, Memphis, Texas, John G. Wilson, Dallas, Virginia, W. McDonald Lee, Irvington, West Virginia, B. F. Hutton, Huttonsville.
HONORARY SPONSORS OF THE U. S. C. V.
Commander in Chief Owens has invited to Little Rock all the past sponsors in chief of the organization, and has commissioned them honorary sponsors in chief for that occasion. They are requested to notify his Adjutant General, N, B. Forrest, of Memphis, so that they may be shown the courtesy and honor due them.
DELAYED NOTICES AND LATENESS OF ISSUE.
Much that was intended for this issue of the VETERAN fails to appear. The old rule prevails that many promises to send data about Reunion matters are delayed. Veterans are wearied by the trip, as soldiers wearied after a long march, so that Reunion reports may be expected from time to time rather than in the first issue following. An account to the Montgomery Advertiser by its president, who has been connected with the paper almost since the close of the war and is its editor in chief, is given as a model report. Many other testimonials verify the accepted assertion that no city has ever excelled Little Rock in generous hospitality. Thanks to the management and honor to the unselfish men who labored as they would not for money to give every veteran a good time and every other visitor so cordial a welcome that he will not only remember delightfully his visit, but want to go there again.
The amazing feature of this Reunion is that at least twice as many veterans as were expected were present. It seemed that the management exceeded economic proprieties in preparing for so many, but it was "lucky" that they determined in the outset to be lavish of hospitality, as all ended well.
Through the inability of Gen. George W. Gordon, Commander in Chief, to preside much of the time. Gen. K. M. VanZandt, of Fort Worth, Tex., successor to Gen, W. L. Cabell as Commander of the Trans Mississippi Department, took his major VanZandt served much with the Army of Tennessee, and he therefore has an extensive acquaintance with his comrades from whatever State.
REPORTS IN "WAR RECORDS" OF MAJOR VANZANDT. Notes from "Rebellion Records" show that Maj. K. M. VanZandt had a singular experience in the severe battle of
268 Confederate Veteran June 1911
Raymond, Miss. Captain Tibbs, of the 23d Indiana, was captured, and in the conflict he struck at Major VanZandt with his sword, but was disarmed by Sergt. J. M. C. Duncan, of Company K, of the 7th Texas,
In Colonel Granbury's report of that battle he states: "The cool bravery of Lieutenant Colonel Moody, on the right, and of Major VanZandt, on the left, sustained the regiment for so long a time in that unequal conflict."
In his report as commander of Gregg.'s Brigade on Missionary Ridge, Tenn., Col. C. A. Sugg mentions that Col. J. D. Tillman, commanding the 41st Tennessee Regiment, was wounded in the shoulder while nobly leading his men, and that a Federal brigade was made to re form under the steady fire and unbroken front maintained by Col. C. H. Waller, commanding the 50th Tennessee, and Maj. K, M. VanZandt, commanding the 7th Texas.
Gen. Bennett H. Young, who has been so magnetic and so helpful at our general conventions, was present, but he had not recuperated sufficiently from his trip to Johns Hopkins Hospital to do his usual part in the convention.
THE RICHARD OWEN MEMORIAL.
Comrades, Friends: Would you like to have part in the memorial to Col. Richard Owen, who without a known exception bears the gratitude of every one of the four thousand prisoners, living or dead, who were under his charge at Camp Morton in 1862?
The sentiment wherever expressed is one of hearty approval. Capt. M. S. Cockrill, of Nashville, Tenn., manifests delight in the movement, offering his hearty concurrence, and will give liberally, adding: "There never was a kinder hearted man than Colonel Owen." He was not under Colonel Owen as a prisoner, but as a college student.
This movement is so unique that every patriot should take a pride in making it a peace tribute that would be national in its influence. If readers approve and would like to help, will they not respond at least by letter at once? The effect of spontaneous action would be all the more beneficial to the cause involved. Will every one who is interested in this most worthy undertaking write at once? The subject deserves attention by every friend of the VETERAN , and if every one who approves would say so at once, the result would be known and action taken. The idea of a "memorial tablet" was the conception of the Editor, who had determined to erect one himself, but the sentiment of approval was at once so generous as to inspire hope that the memorial would take the form of a statue or a monument in the capital of a Northern State that would be a lasting honor to the people of the South.LATE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE OWEN MEMORIAL.
S. J. Alexander, Macon, Tenn., $1 , P. E. Alien, Grand Cane, La., $5, Mrs. Nora Owen Armstrong, Memphis, Tenn., $25, a friend, West Virginia, $5, Miss Nannie Nutt, Alva, Fla., $1, John B. Stone, Kansas City, Mo., $1, J. S. Rosamond, Durant, Miss., $1, Sidell Tilghman, Madison, N. J., $10, A. B. Hill, Memphis, Tenn., $2, William H. Jewell, Orlando, Fla., $1 , F.S. Hewes, Gulfport, Miss., $2, J. H. Gilfoil, Omega, La., $1, Emmett Sutton, Pulaski, Tenn., $1, J. M. Arnold, Covington, Ky., $1. _____________
MEMORIAL SERVICE AT CAMP CHASE.
Al G, Field writes from Columbus, Ohio, that Dr. H. M. Hamill was the orator this year, on June 3, and that "his address was the most scholarly and eloquent ever delivered at Camp Chase."
Dr. Hamill writes of the beautiful flowers and the interest shown by his audience. It was his first address in memory of those boys who died in prison so far from home, and he could not help "crying to himself" in reminiscence. The South will ever feel grateful to Col. W. H. Knauss, who inaugurated these annual memorial services, and to Al G. Field for his unstinted liberality in maintaining them.
SENATOR LUKE LEA MEANS BUSINESS.
United States Senator Luke Lea, the youngest Senator since Henry Clay, a century before him, does not propose to follow precedents and wait a year or so as auditor, but with becoming modesty goes to work. He said: "I do not intend to let any false ideas of 'senatorial courtesy' or 'senatorial sensitiveness' interfere with the performance of what I believe to be my duty. If the performance of a duty must be abandoned or 'senatorial courtesy' and 'senatorial sensitiveness,' it shall be the latter and not the former."
Senator Lea is opposed to whitewashing Lorimer, whose seat is to be recontested, and he favored a new committee of investigation. He provoked laughter when he asked: "Suppose you had appendicitis, had called in a physician who operated, endangered your life, and cost you a large sum, yet the physician never found your appendix. Would you, if again you felt those symptoms coming on, employ the same physician, who had failed to find the appendix, rather than wound his feelings, or would you get another surgeon? Mr. President, another operation is necessary in this case before us, the appendix of corruption was not found before, and I for one am in favor of a new surgeon."
The committee was revised and Senator Lea was made a member of it.
CONFEDERATED MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION.
The twelfth annual Convention of the Confederated Southern Memorial Association met in Little Rock, Ark., May 1518, 1911. The opening session was held in the Council Chamber at 4 P.M. Monday, May 15. It was largely attended, and the deep interest and enthusiasm shown by the audience proved that the work of the women of the Confederacy was deeply appreciated by the younger generation as well as by their contemporaries, the Confederate veterans.
Patriotic addresses were made by Hon. Charles E. Taylor. Mayor of Little Rock, Congressman Joe F. Robinson, Hon. Charles L. Coffin, on behalf of the veterans, Mr. Hal L. Norwood and Mrs. Orlando Haliburton, for the Sons and Daughters of Little Rock, and Mrs. Jennie Beauchamp, one of the Mothers of the Confederacy.
Officers and delegates were present at the opening of the U. C. V. Reunion by invitation.
In a few complimentary words Gen. George W. Gordon introduced Mrs. W. J. Behan, President of the Confederated Southern Memorial Association, to the veterans assembled. Mrs. Behan responded in a most gracious manner, conveying a heartfelt greeting from the Memorial women, the women of the Confederacy, to the "heroes of many hardfought battles," and said: "Great as you were in war, you are greater now since the dawn of peace, and you enjoy the proud privilege of having contributed to the greatness of this reunited country."
A very handsome reception was tendered the members of the Association by the Memorial Chapter, U. D. C., of Little Rock. It was held at the new Concordia Club, which had been kindly placed at the disposal of the ladies.
Reports of officers showed continued activity in the ranks of the memorial women and increased zeal in the performance of their sacred task, the caring for the graves of Confederate soldiers and the solemn observance of Memorial Day.
It was generally admitted that the Southern Memorial Associations should unite on June 3 as Confederate Memorial Day, thus making their day one of national importance and historic significance.
Under the head of new business a protest was read against the use of Elson's history in any school or college, North or South, as we are one people. We should strive to teach true and impartial history and reject any textbook that vilifies either section.
A resolution from the J. B. Gordon Camp, U. S. C. V., of Atlanta, proposing to create a highway to be known as the Confederate Memorial Highway, through which in course of time monuments will be erected commemorative of Confederate valor, was cordially approved.
A joint memorial service was held as usual in the U. C. V. Auditorium on the second day. Rev. R. Lin Cave, Chaplain General U, C. V., presided at this service. A special tribute was paid to the late Gen. W. L. Cabell, Honorary Commander U. C. V.
The memorial hour was observed with simple but impressive exercises. These consisted of prayer, the reading of the memorial poem by Mrs. Virginia Frazer Boyle, poet laureate of the C. S. M. A. and of the whole South. The Secretary, Miss Hodgson, read the last roll, and the drum and fife corps beat the funeral dirge.
The C. S. M. A. officers were assigned the place of honor in the parade immediately following the staff of Gen. George W. Gordon, Commander in Chief U. C. V.
All left for their homes full of praise for the Little Rock Reunion committee and with grateful appreciation for the many favors and courtesies extended to the memorial women, the "Mothers of the Confederacy."
OFFICERS FLORIDA DIVISION, U. D. C. President, Sister Esther Carlotta, St. Augustine, Fla., Vice Presidents, Mrs. Charles E. Davis, Madison, Mrs. J, H. Livingston, Ocala, and Mrs. W. H. Combs, Miami, Recording Secretary, Mrs. D. 0. Henry, Live Oak, Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. R. B, Jarvis, St. Augustine, Treasurer, Mrs. Clarence Maxwell, Jacksonville, Registrar, Mrs. J. W. Stephens, Ocala, Historian, Miss Caroline Brevard, Tallahassee, Chairman Soldiers" Home, Mrs. W. J. Cook, Jacksonville, Recorder of Crosses, Mrs. W. M. Minter, Monticello, Registrar of Crosses, Mrs. B. T. Wilson, Pensacola. All were elected unanimously.
Mrs. Samuel A. Pleasants, 2409 Thirty Eighth Avenue, Oakland, Cal., who is Custodian of Flags for the California Division, U. D. C., is desirous to secure an original Confederate flag for her Division even a piece of one, she says, that was in actual service would be thankfully received. Any information as to how she can get one will be appreciated.
Mrs. J. T. Eason, of Grand Lake, Ark., seeks to establish her father's war record, and will appreciate information from any of his surviving comrades. He was Jules Thibodeaux, and she thinks he served with the Delta Rifles of the 4th Regiment from West Baton Rouge, La. He may have been an officer, she thinks.
Maj.T. H. Blacknall, 209 East Forty Second Street, Chicago, Ill., who was major of the 37th Arkansas Regiment known as Bell's Infantry, Trans Mississippi Department, inquires as to the whereabouts of Lieut. Col. Jephtha C. Johnson, of the same regiment. He may have gone to Kentucky after the war.
Mrs. G. E. Pickett, now at 24 St. George Street, St. Augustine, Fla., wishes to hear from some surviving comrades of her husband, Michael Pickett, who served in Company C of a South Carolina Regiment, under Captain Hayne. He enlisted at Charleston, S. C. She is in need of a pension.
In order to secure a pension, of which she is in great need, Mrs. R. D. Reynolds, of Quincy, Wash., asks that surviving comrades of her husband, R. D. Reynolds, who served in the 9th Texas Infantry, C. S. A., will kindly assist her in procuring his war record. He entered the army October 4, 1861.
Mr. W. McShan, of Brady, Tex., seeks to prove the war record of Charles Williamson, who served in Company H, 15th Louisiana Volunteers, York's Brigade, from April 3, 1861, to the close of the war, and asks that any surviving comrades will kindly write to him.
The notice in the VETERAN for April, page 183, of the "Proposed History of the 5th Kentucky Regiment," in which Col. Hiram Hawkins is so interested, gave his address as Hawkinsville, Ga., when it should have been Hawkinsville, Ala.
J. L. Marshall, of Perdue Hill, Ark., makes inquiry about a book of "Prison Prose and Poetry," written by Col. B. H. Jones, of Virginia, while a prisoner of war on Johnson's Island in 1864.
COCKRELL'S BRIGADE BAND AT FRANKLIN.
BY CAPT. JOSEPH BOYCE, ST. LOUIS, MO.
I take pleasure in answering the inquiry by S. C. Trigg in his excellent article in the January VETERAN: "Whose band made the music?" Several years ago I wrote the following paper and read it before our Confederate Historical Society:
THE CHARGE IN THE BATTLE OF FRANKLIN, TENN.
About four o'clock the corps of Lee and Cheatham were ready for the grand assault. The sun was going down behind a bank of dark clouds, as if to hide from his sight the impending slaughter. His slanting rays threw a crimson light over the field and intrenchments in front, prophetic of our fate. Our brigade was in the rear, formed in the same order as at Allatoona's bloody field, recollections of which were so many thrilling reminders that it was no boy's play to charge this veteran Western Federal infantry when well intrenched. General Cockrell gave orders to march straight for the position, and not to fire a shot until we gained the top of the works, then when the decisive moment arrived, in clear, ringing tones gave the final commands, 'Shoulder arms!' 'Right shoulder shift arms!' 'Brigade forward!' 'Guide center!' 'Music!' 'Quick time!' 'March!' and this array of hardened veterans, every eye straight to the front, in actual perfection of drill and discipline, moved forward to our last and bloodiest charge.
Our brigade (Cockrell's 1st Missouri) had one of the best brass bands in the army. It went up with us, starting off with 'The Bonnie Blue Flag,' changing to 'Dixie' as we reached the deadly point.
As it was an unusual thing for the 'footers' to go up in a charge with the 'shooters,' I give the names of the veterans composing this band. Every one had carried his musket in the ranks for two years and through many battles, and I believe all of them would have instantly exchanged their instruments for muskets if ordered to remain in the rear. They were: Prof. John O'Neil (leader), John and Chris O'Neil, James and Thad Doyle, Charles Ketchum, Samuel Lyon, James Young, Shelby Jones, James Roboinet, and Simeon Phillips."
(Captain Boyce is asked by the VETERAN if the band went to the deadly point, presuming that means the main line of breastworks built and occupied by the
C. E. St. Clair writes from Monrovia, Cal.: "I see that Comrade Yates claims for the 28th Tennessee the music that was played on the battlefield of Franklin. I don't know anything of his regiment, but I do know that Cockrell's Brigade did go into the battle of Franklin with a band playing. I belonged to the 6th Missouri, and was at Franklin at the time, and Cockrell's Brigade generally went as far as any other troops. It lost one hundred and thirty in that battle, when it didn't number more than a full regiment."
ELLA WHEELER WILCOX ON A LONG JOURNEY. The London Times of May 12: "A luncheon to welcome Mrs. Ella Wheeler Wilcox on her return from a journey in Japan, China, Burma, India, and Ceylon was held at the Connaught Rooms. Mr. S. B. W. Gay presided. It was mentioned that Mrs. Wilcox . never made speeches, but instead an ode written by her in honor of the coronation was read. Replying to the toast of 'Literature,' Mr. W. T. Stead said that, though Mrs. Wilcox might not be a woman suffragist, one of her poems had been adopted with enthusiasm as a war song of that cause. Mrs. Wilcox replied that her muse might he a suffragist, but she was not."
TALK ABOUT THE FIRST C. S. A. FLAG.
Maj. O. R. Smith, the designer of the Stars and Bars, on the presentation of a gold badge of the Daughters of the Confederacy to Mrs, Winborne, who made the first Confederate flag (as designed by Mr. Smith), made an address at Wilson, N. C., in which he said:
Just half a century ago my old friend, Becky Murphy, made the first flag of the Confederate States of America. It was a mere model 9x12 inches.
It was the middle of February, 1861, that I went to John Barrow's store at Louisburg, N. C., where I was then living, and bought some red, white, and blue dress stuff and carried it to Miss Rebecca Murphy (now Mrs. Winborne) and asked her to make me a little flag. I tore the strips and cut the five pointed stars while she put in the stitches. As soon as finished I sent it to the flag committee at Montgomery.
After the flag had gone, I began to think: Suppose they did not select my flag as the model for the Confederate flag. Then there would never be one of my flags raised aloft. So I bought some worsted goods and took it to Miss 'Beck' and asked her to make me a large flag, 9 x 12 feet, just like the small one. By the time this flag was finished the people of the town and in the county were all interested, and on Monday, March 18, 1861, when I raised it to the top of a pole one hundred feet high Louisburg was filled with people who had come to see the new flag. They showed much enthusiasm, and made the day a big holiday. The flagpole was erected on the corner of the courthouse square, the county seat of Franklin.
To day, May 10, 1911, fifty years later, we are the guests' of the John W. Dunham Chapter, U. D. C., of the hospitable and friendly town of Wilson, to do Mrs. Winborne honor and to present to her the badge of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, which I was asked to pin on her with my hands. It was our flag, hers and mine. It is now our flag, yours and mine the Stars and Bars the flag that led the men in gray to the greatest deeds of heroism and to the highest glory won by any soldiers of any country."
GENERALS JOHNSON AND JOHNSTON.
While "New South" and "Lost Cause" are terms that loyal Southerners even some Confederates use, it is grievous to admit that there are other inaccuracies of statement that contributors make inexcusably. Take "General Johnson," for instance. Who can tell what it means except by the connection in which the term is used? There were four Generals Johnson and three Generals Johnston. Of the first, there were Brig. Gens. Adam R. and Bradley T. Johnson, and Maj. Gens. Bushrod R. and Edward Johnson, of the Johnstons, there were Brig. Gen. George D. and full Gens. Albert Sidney and Joseph Eggleston Johnston. The brigadier generals of both names were all gallant and worthy officers. Maj. Gen. Bushrod R. Johnson deserves the homage of every man who reveres Dixie, for while of Northern birth, he was as gallant, faithful, and capable an officer as commanded any division in the army. Maj. Gen. Edward Johnson went into the war early, and, according to Adjutant General Cooper, on December 2, 1862, "was not fitted for service because of wounds received in battle." All these deserve distinctive mention in their places, while Albert Sidney and Joseph E. Johnston would each have been a credit to any army in any country. Let every writer, therefore, in writing of these generals use the name properly. It is rare that the name Johnson occurs in important commands and of events occurring except early in the war. General Johnston usually refers to Joseph E., as Albert Sidney gave his all for the Confederacy (at Shiloh) April 6, 1862.
RALLY, COMRADES AND FRIENDS, RALLY.
Astounding things occur in these later years to the veterans of the sixties, and it sometimes appears that all men are crazy. Even comrades in tragedies, whose faith in each other seemed fixed as the stars, conclude that the other fellow has gone astray beyond the pale of redemption. Then, again, young men are so advanced that they esteem "academic freedom" above those principles of truth that caused their ancestors to sacrifice all of comfort, and even life. These dreadful issues are upon us, and should be dealt with by the golden rule.
Another fact should concern comrades of the Confederate army beyond all else in this life. They did their duty well and have lived to enjoy personal commendation even of the enemy, and in a sense they are compensated. But there is a holy duty resting upon them that should nerve every man to diligence, "lest we forget," or, rather, that posterity may remember. Veterans are forgetting, it is the order of human existence. The days are at hand when many a gallant, chivalrous man is tired and will rest. His senses are becoming dull, and that which inspired him years ago is now passed with indifference. This is the order of life, and the assertion is not made in censure, but to indicate the importance of zeal and heroism of all who can render them to the last. In the great day when all are to appear when comrades are to face each other in the blazing light of deeds done do let the survivors be ready to face their comrades who rushed to death with a conscience clear of having done what they could for the cause inspired from heaven.
Let duty be the watchword. The VETERAN is doing all that is possible. Commendation animates it to more and more efficiency, but it is helpless without the continued cooperation of friends. There is nothing so important as to enlist new people in its interest. Its friends know this, and yet many never make an effort to secure such interest in those who would be delighted to cooperate. Will you do your part what you can? There can be no substitute. There is no other way possible to maintain success. The VETERAN has attained a power and an influence that can never be equaled. Its owner gives it and himself to this cause, but he must have the zealous cooperation of those who concur in extending its influence. There is no standstill now. Let each person who wills the cause well help it forward.
SHERMAN'S PICTURE ON U. S. POSTAGE STAMPS. PETITION TO THE POSTMASTER GENERAL BY CITIZENS OF TEXAS.
We, the citizens of Huntsville, Tex., respectfully petition the Postmaster General to place on sale in this State no stamps or postal cards bearing the likeness of W. T. Sherman. We are loyal citizens, we love our country, we wish to forget past differences and bitterness, but there are two things which no true Southerner will ever forget or cease to teach his children to remember. These are the deeds of W. T. Sherman and the period of Reconstruction.
There were enough brave and chivalrous Union generals in the Civil War to furnish subjects for stamps, and we object to the face of a ruffian who made war on women and children being placed among the faces of Washington, Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, Grant, and other honorable men and forced upon our children when we have done nothing to deserve insult. Sherman observed the laws of civilized war only when he had a hostile army to fear. * * * When Hood was defeated and the people were helpless and defenseless, he set his bummers upon them and boasted of it. Union armies were not bad unless they had bad leaders. Among civilized people war is not hell unless a devil wages it.* * *
If this man's face is forced before us in this way, we shall be forced to teach in public those lessons in history which we teach by the fireside, even if those with goods for sale preach that all should be forgotten.
If W. T. Sherman's face must be held up to view, send it to those who love his character and celebrate his victory in song, but not to those whose homes he robbed, whose daughters he insulted, whose sons he murdered, and whose cities and homes he burned.
ANSWERS TO REQUEST FOR APPROVAL.
Tommy O'Rourke, of Raphael Semmes Camp, No. 11, U. C. V., Mobile, Ala., has this to say: "The purpose and intention of the CONFEDERATE VETERAN should be its primary claim on the old soldiers of the Confederate States and their children for financial support and maintenance. As a literary effort it is worth many times more than the price asked for it. As a repository of historical material, reliable for the source from which it is derived, it has not had, nor cannot have, an equal. As an expositor of the patriotism and love of the women of the South for the cause of the South, together with their labors of love and those of their children, to preserve to future generations the testament of that patriotism and love and the glory of that cause, the CONFEDERATE VETERAN is above price. It is impracticable to use many gratifying tributes.
PROFESSOR ELSON'S DEFENSE
A circular of three columns under the above caption was received by the VETERAN some weeks ago, and it was shown to friends. Reflection caused regret for having shown the print, the conclusion being that the author must be above such comment upon such a man as Judge Moffett. However, under date of May 11, 1911, from Athens, Ohio, comes another copy of the circular with this letter, signed by H. W.. Elson, addressed to the Editor of the CONFEDERATE VETERAN : "I feel that I have been wronged by the recent agitation against my history. The pain of it all lies in the fact that I like the Southern people and never meant to offend them. In the name of 'square deal' fairness, I ask you to publish the inclosed defense."
The VETERAN appreciates its reputation for fairness as shown by the President of Roanoke College, the student body, and the author of the history all looking to it for fair dealing, but this Elson history passes the limit. The author's circular is stated particularly to be a "reprint from various New York, Boston, Philadelphia, and Chicago newspapers, and many others." In it quotations are made from several of the papers. The New York Herald, for instance, is reported to have stated that "the author's prejudices, if they exist, are not offensively displayed." The Baltimore Sun is quoted: "The work is one we can as highly recommend to a Southern as to a Northern reader." The circular concludes: "I shall be glad to have this petty agitation cease, even though it is increasing the sale of my history. For heaven's sake, let the old sectional feeling die out. Let us recognize our common brotherhood and work together for the advancement of our common civilization."
When this unhappy sensation was started, it was instinctively concluded that ultra sentiment prevailed in the criticisms, but upon investigation of the book it is found to be, as heretofore stated in the VETERAN, suger coated, just enough to mislead. It contains unstinted tributes to General Lee and others, and the hasty book reviewer may think it fair and unbiased, yet a perusal of the book shows it to be a fit companion piece of the Reconstruction period. The Baltimore Sun, under its changes within a decade, is not expected to be as faithful to the element that it represented for forty years and more before that change, but that paper would certainly not deliberately reiterate its commendation after careful examination.
Elson is perhaps not as deliberately unjust as the critical student of the book would infer. His forte seems to be that of compiling. He should be pardoned for his exultation over the adoption of his book in the South, but he does not realize the extent of the wrong he has committed. The shame of it is that the book was not at once repudiated, and the Southern people should see to it that no publishers' product should circulate in the South if they print such a work even for the North. Elson seems to aspire to gentility, but his incapacity is shown by his comment upon Judge Moffett. It is that comment that caused the suspicion that Elson was not the author of the circular : "It seems that a certain person a local judge, I believe. who had a daughter in the college at Roanoke suddenly discovered something in the history (which they used as a class book) about the miscegenation of the races in former times. which he did not want the girl to read. Working himself into a rage, he wrote a blustering, dictatorial letter to the professor of history, practically demanding that the book be instantly removed from the roll of textbooks, with dire threats that he would take his daughter out of the college. The professor answered with courtesy and dignity. But the irate judge, who evidently enjoys cheap notoriety, scented delay, and he fumed and stormed. The newspapers took the matter up, and then a number of people, who probably never read the history, joined the hue and cry at the horror of a Southern college using a book that vilified the South, and there was almost a riot at Salem."
This puerile exhibition of smallness by the conspicuous Elson elicits pity. He must feel that he is sustained by "the student body of the Southern college that had the misfortune to have for a long time "an irate judge," a seeker of "cheap notoriety," as a member of its trustees. Let us read extracts from Judge Moffett's letter in connection with this affair. which Elson had evidently done, and contrast them with the comment of this man who so likes the South and desires the esteem of the people. These extracts are given to show the spirit of the man that Elson seeks to advertise throughout the country.
JUDGE W. W. MOFFETT'S LETTER TO THE PUBLIC.
After the trustees of Roanoke College had undertaken in some poor way to put Elson's history out of the college, I consulted with conservative and high spirited Virginians and determined to resign as trustee without assigning any reasons therefor. This course I subsequently pursued, believing that the fact of my resignation would be accepted by the public as a dignified protest against the use of Elson's history in Roanoke College, against the action of the faculty, and against the way in which it had been attempted to be excluded from the college by the trustees. Of course I chafed under the action of the faculty and of the trustees, but I felt that I had done my full duty both as trustee and as patron. I had taken my daughter from school. I had called the attention of the president to the book. After that I had engaged in an extended correspondence with the professor of history, the president of the college, and the chairman of the faculty. At the meeting of the trustees the president of the college submitted along with his report a resolution retaining Elson's history, and in his speech urged its retention. He said that the opportunity was now presented to Roanoke College of becoming a leader among Southern educational institutions by decrying the sectional issue which had been raised by the opponents of the book, and that such sectional cries had retarded the development of the South for thirty five years.
In a speech I combated with all my mind and heart the above proposition, and maintained that the book, and not its opponents, made a cruel and libelous assault upon one of the sections of our beloved nation. I showed the character of this book, and said its calumnies stirred the very depths of the human heart. * * *
In the afternoon Mr. Logan introduced his resolution expelling the book, which I seconded. Thereupon the president of the college said that if Mr. Logan's resolution was adopted it would reflect on Dr. Thorstenberg and he would resign: that he could not tell how many of the faculty would resign, and he did not know how it would affect him as the president of the college. When the president finished, Mr. Greever suggested that Mr. Logan's resolution go to a committee for consideration. At this juncture Hon. Henry S. Trout, of Roanoke (president of one of the largest national banks in the State), a man who in peace is as gentle, generous, and conservative as he was noble, brave, and chivalrous in war, arose and said in substance: "All that Judge Moffett said this morning against this book is true. I have kept down meetings already in Roanoke. Something must be done to day to put
the book out of Roanoke College. I know what a riot is, and if you send me back to Roanoke without enabling me to say that the book is out of Roanoke College, I would be afraid of the results." * * *
I must say in great sorrow and not in anger that I am not fully satisfied that "the faculty" which commended the man who introduced and required young ladies and gentlemen to study this vile book, and that "the faculty" who commended the "wise method of instruction" with this villainous libel "as a basis of instruction and discussion" is now competent in this case to determine what is or is not an indignity either to a lady or a gentleman. Again, "the faculty" knows, or ought to know, that the posting of the name of a student on the bulletin board for not attending a class is notice to the miscreant that if the conduct requiring this posting is continued the end will be expulsion. I could not ask and my daughter could not ask to be excused from exercising a natural right. Besides, I was a trustee, and to save my child by such procedure would have been unworthy in me as trustee, for other people's children would be left in the class and probably would not notice this "nasty, lying, and blackguard book" (I quote from a letter to me written by a distinguished alumnus of Roanoke College) until they reached the vile filth contained in the book, * * *
Though I could not and did not approve of the resolution of the trustees, my position in this particular was not made known to the public until Mr. Logan's article appeared in the Roanoke Times.
JUDGE MOFFETT'S POSITION INDORSED.
Judge "Moffett submitted his correspondence in regard to the Elson history to Messrs. C. A. McHugh, C. B. Moomaw, and E. W. Robertson, who wrote to the Judge:
On leaving these papers Mr. Broun stated that it was your desire that we should give you a frank expression of opinion as to the propriety of the course pursued by you in this entire matter.
Agreeably to this request, we have each carefully examined the Elson history and all of the documents above referred to. We are convinced that the course which you pursued, both as a patron and as a trustee of the institution, was eminently proper.
The record shows that several months ago you directed the attention of the president of the college and on February 3 and 16, 1911, of the professor of history to the gross calumnies upon the South which destroy the value of the book as a text work of history in any institution of learning, and that you were throughout solicitous to insure the rejection of this book with the least possible publicity.
We are persuaded that your course in this matter merits and will receive the approbation of all fair minded persons, whether in the North or in the South, and more especially those institutions of learning which had adopted the book without knowledge of its demerits.
If is to be regretted that the faculty and trustees of Roanoke College did not act more promptly, and when finally rejecting the book did not adopt more efficient means to protect the receptive minds of the youths intrusted to its care from its poisoning effects.
In view of the numerous statements appearing in the public prints since the meeting of the board of trustees, we deem it proper that the entire correspondence between yourself and the professors of the college be made public." No intelligent Northern patriot can read this Elson history without indignation, and doubtless many a Union veteran would contribute to a fund for its utter destruction. No publisher whose book reviewer is competent and only such a critic should be employed by reputable publishers would be excused for printing such a volume for circulation even at the North unless he desired to renew the spirit of "Uncle Tom's Cabin."
Apology has been made in the VETERAN for the teacher of that history in Roanoke College. He was more deferential than others of the faculty, and the reports show him more conservative than the student body, and now Elson's exposed hand shows him unable to comprehend the situation and that he is evidently not so wicked as the language in his book would indicate. A man of industry and diligence as a compiler, with surroundings in his rearing entirely different from those of the people of the South, he is to be pitied rather than condemned for his shortsightedness. Meanwhile his book should be destroyed.
The Elson book is bad all through. On page 769 the author states: "At Orangeburg a slight battle was fought and another before Columbia, the enemy (!) being led by Gen. Wade Hampton. Columbia surrendered on February 17, Hampton escaping after setting fire to five hundred bales of cotton. The fire soon spread, and a large part of the town was consumed." This statement creates doubt as to the merit of condemning Elson as above. Is it reasonable to think that he never read Sherman's "Memoirs," wherein he admits that he made the charge falsely against Hampton? Could he have expected indorsement in Virginia in the use of the term "the enemy" instead of "Confederates," who were led by Gen. Wade Hampton? No fair minded patriot of any section, regardless of which side he fought on, can indorse this Elson book book named instead of history. He ingenuously makes the charge that Columbia was burned by order of General Hampton.
The Veterans and the Sons of Veterans in convention at Little Rock passed resolutions condemning the, Elson book. The author may procure "increased sales" of his book, as he states he is doing, "by the agitation," but he will be among a class like that at the North who would have "sectional feeling die out" in a manner so disgraceful to the Southern people that it would lower the morals of the nation. That book is a discredit to author and publisher, and the South will not have it.
CONDEMNATION AT BIRMINGHAM.
Camp Hardee, of Birmingham, through a committee composed of J. T. S. Wade, D. R. Dunlap, J. F. Foster, and J. W. Bush passed the following resolution condemning the Elson history: "Camp Hardee enters upon its registry an unqualified condemnation of the author and his book, and protests against its use in any of the schools, colleges, or universities of the South, and appeals in the name of truth and justice to the unprejudiced mind of those having charge of institutions of learning throughout the North to give their assistance in stamping out this vile production."
MARYLAND AND THE ELSON HISTORY. Mrs. Cornelia Powell Odenheimer, President of the Maryland Division, writes from Jessup, Md.: "I find that Elson's history is not used at the Western College, and, as far as I can ascertain, nowhere in Maryland. I feel very bad about covering my State with such a cloud. The Macmillin Company gave Western College in the list of colleges using the history. Maryland has a new Chapter this month and will have another next month, so I feel quite encouraged."
ELSON'S HISTORY NOT IN SOUTH CAROLINA.
Mrs. Harriet P. Lynch, of Cheraw, S. C., writes: "In the April VETERAN there was a just and emphatic protest by the Maryland Division, U. D. C., against the use of Elson's history in Southern institutions of learning. As Chairman of the Historical Committee of the South Carolina Division, U. D. Cä I would say that I heartily indorse the stand taken by the Maryland Division.
In this day, when there are a number of good histories, fair to the South as well as to the North, it is inexcusable that such an untruthful work should be found among the text books or even on the library shelves of Southern schools.
Among the number of State universities using Elson's history, Mrs. Odenheimer, President of the Maryland Division, has placed the University of South Carolina. At the time of her writing this statement was correct, but it gives me great pleasure to say that the use of this author has been discontinued in the university, and I would be glad to have this fact known.
As far as I have been able to discover, Elson is not used in the other educational institutions of the State, but it is difficult to give exhaustive data about the textbooks of private colleges. The fact that the university has banished it from its course of study may have a salutary influence if it should be in use in any small private college.
I wish to add in closing that the recent numbers of the CONFEDERATE VETERAN have been unusually interesting to me. I consider that this magazine has been a power in educating a historic conscience in the South as well as in preserving important historic records."
The District of Columbia Division of the U. D. C. protests in the name of truth and justice against the use of Elson's history in the schools, colleges, and universities of these United States, to the end that the youth of our country may not be taught falsehoods which cast opprobrium upon the fair name of the South, her people, and her past institutions.
(Much more should be said about the Elson book now. There can be no compromise with
GENERAL GRANT FREED A SLAVE IN 1859. In October, 1909, the VETERAN reported addresses made at a negro fair in Nashville by Secretary of War Hon. J. M. Dickinson, and Gen. Fred D. Grant, in which the former stated that Gen. R. E. Lee's absence from the army during the war was for a visit to his home formally to free all of his slaves. General Grant followed Mr. Dickinson in a speech, in which he stated that his family owned slaves when the war began, and that the ownership continued until the slaves were freed by President Lincoln's emancipation proclamation.
The St. Louis Post Dispatch thus describes its discovery of an interesting record: "A document showing that Ulysses S. Grant liberated a negro slave March 29, 1859 (before the Civil War started), was unearthed by Lawrence Moskop, a clerk, at the courthouse Tuesday. The document signed by Grant reads: 'Know all men by these presents that I, Ulysses S. Grant, of the city and county of St. Louis, in the State of Missouri, for divers good and valuable considerations hereunto moving me, do hereby emancipate and set free from slavery my negro man, William, sometimes called William Jones, of mulatto complexion, aged about thirty five years, and about five feet seven inches in height and being the same slave purchased by me of Frederick Dent. I do hereby manumit, emancipate, and set free said William from slavery."
OFFICIAL ABOUT LITTLE ROCK REUNION.
BY DURAND WHIPPLE, CHAIRMAN LODGING AND EATING COMMITTEE.
The eleven members of our committee, with our clerks, went on duty at six o'clock Saturday morning before the Reunion and stayed on duty, practically without cessation, until after the Reunion was over.
Booths were located in each of the four railroad stations, with the main headquarters of the committee at the old Statehouse. At the railroad stations every visitor was personally cautioned not to leave the depot until he had arranged for his lodgings. Thousands of visitors were assigned to lodgings at these booths, and the rapidity and ease with which they were taken care of was amazing. The plan adopted for this work, although put to the supreme test of such a crowd, operated without a flaw, and the only complaints arose when people in the city refused to abide by their contracts with the committee and turned away visitors assigned to them or tried to raise the rates agreed upon. Fortunately there were very few instances of this kind.
More than 110.000 people were taken care of at these booths. Of this number, some 12,000 were Veterans and were assigned to Camp Shaver, while the balance of the crowd was sorted out and sent to either paid lodgings or their destination in hotels or private residences, where they had made arrangements to stop.
Every Confederate veteran who would accept the hospitality of the city was housed and fed free and every one of the other visitors had a place to sleep at not exceeding one dollar a night. There was an abundance of eating places, where good meals could be found for from thirty five to forty cents, the latter being the top price charged for a regular meal in any of the restaurants, outside of the principal hotels.
In spite of this unexpected and enormous crowd, this committee had on hand at the close of the Reunion 8,223 lodgings in private houses that were never occupied and more than 500 lodgings in the public schools that were empty a total of 8,723 lodgings more than were needed. We emphasize the fact that these lodgings were all obtainable at not exceeding one dollar a night.
Our eatingplaces committee watched very closely. We investigated every claim or rumor of overcharge that reached us. In nearly every instance the story proved untrue, and in a few instances where actual overcharging occurred, an end was promptly put to the practice. It is perfectly safe to say that there were not one hundred instances of real overcharging during the entire four days of the Reunion.
There were so many extra eating places opened up for the week that most of them were never more than half filled at any time, and even at the height of the rush at meal time no one had to wait an unreasonable time to be served. Little Rock could have fed twice the number of people that came, and did feed them comfortably and at fair prices.
Our committee took especial pains to watch the situation day and night, having in mind the usual charge that cities entertaining the Confederate Reunion could not accommodate their crowds and that "Veterans had to walk the streets all night for want of a bed." We patroled the streets of the city day and night and found the following to be true:
All veterans invited to Camp Shaver were told that the only thing necessary for them to do was to let the committee in charge know that they were coming. Only 1,500 did so, while more than 12,000 came. Of these 12,000, a great many arrived Sunday and most of the remainder Monday, from one
to two days before the time that they were invited. This led to great confusion and discomfort, and made necessary tremendous readjustment of the arrangements, which it took time to complete. By midnight of Monday, however, every veteran had a good bed to sleep on. Up to that hour many veterans were walking the streets, but they were on their way to the schoolhouses to which they had been assigned for the night.
An interesting fact developed, however. At 3:30 Tuesday morning a visit of inspection to the schoolhouses disclosed many of the veterans up and dressed, while their cots lay empty. Upon being urged to go to bed and get a good night's sleep, they replied that they had already had a good night's sleep, and that as it was almost daybreak they were up and ready for the day. Many of our so called early risers saw these gentlemen later in the morning strolling about sightseeing, and thought they had been walking the streets all night. This condition was true all through the Reunion, and the committee in charge found it impossible to persuade the veterans to stay in bed after four o'clock in the morning. Suffice it to say that from midnight of Monday every Confederate veteran in the city had a good bed and plenty to eat without charge.
Another illuminating fact was discovered. Tuesday night more than seven hundred men and boys were asleep on the benches and ground in the old Statehouse yard. Members of our committee roused them and offered them good beds for the remainder of the night at twenty five cents each. Thirteen people accepted this offer, while the remainder said they would rather sleep on the ground than pay a quarter for a bed. Of this seven hundred, only four were Confederate veterans. These were offered free transportation to one of the schoolhouses and free cots there, but they replied that it had been years since they had slept out on the ground with the boys, and they were not going to be cut out of the chance then. It is entirely safe to say that the crowds of sleepers that occupied the parks and plazas about the railroad stations the last two nights of the Reunion were composed of people who were not willing to pay twenty five cents for a bed for the night.
To the young men and boys, employees of the Lodging and Eating Committee who, white lipped and exhausted, stuck to their posts of duty until the guests were called for, Little Rock owes a debt of gratitude which the small sum we are to allot to these gentlemen does not begin to repay. Though exhausted to the breaking point, not one of these young men failed in his courtesy and consideration to any visitor, but gave to each the attention that might have been exacted by personal guests. The success of the Reunion rested largely on the grit and politeness of the clerks at the booths and headquarters of the lodging committee.
Little Rock took care of the more than 110,000 visitors reported brought in by the railroads, housed and fed some 12,000 veterans of these free, housed and fed at rates not exceeding $1 a night for bed and fifty cents a meal for board nearly 100,030 of the other visitors, and yet had on hand 8,723 lodgings at $1 a night, and was ready for more had they come, to say nothing of the additional lodgings we refused to list when we saw we could not possible use them. And the city could have fed twice as many people as came at this time. And yet they said Little Rock was too small to take care of a Confederate Reunion.
WHAT OTHERS SAY OF THE LITTLE ROCK REUNION.
Col. John P. Hickman, Adjutant General Army of Tennessee Department, writes his first letter on such a subject: "It has been my good fortune to attend every Reunion of the United Confederate Veterans.. In fact, I went to New Orleans in June, 1889, representing Tennessee, when the association was organized, and I have never visited any city more elaborately decorated in Confederate colors than was Little Rock at our Reunion May 16 18, 1911. Independent of the decorations, we had the hearts of all of the people. They were glad to receive us, and want us again. I thank God that the spirit of '61 '65 still predominates with most of the people of the South. They revere the Confederate soldiers and women in their traditions, love of country, and ready sacrifice for liberty. There was only one discordant note at the Reunion which was that some of the maids unthinkingly appeared in our parade astraddle. This is against the laws of our organization, and I hope it will never occur again. These girls are put forward to represent the mothers of the South, and we all know it is unthinkable that one of our mothers would have appeared astride in public."
ECHOES FROM THE LITTLE ROCK REUNION.
BY REV. E. A. WRIGHT, BIRMINGHAM, ALA.
At the Mobile Reunion in 1910 a young lady from Arkansas stood upon the rostrum in the spacious auditorium and sang a soul inspiring song that extolled the military merits of the commonwealth of Arkansas, the chorus ending with. "All things nice in Arkansas and all things rosy in Little Rock." That song induced some of us gray headed veterans to vote for Little Rock. This was one of the largest Reunions ever held except Richmond, in 1907, and was one of the best except Birmingham, in 1908.
(The writer is from Birmingham.) We certainly found "everything nice in Arkansas" and "everything rosy in Little Rock." In truth, Little Rock did herself proud.
I helped to organize a Confederate Camp in my (then) home town, Goldsboro, N. C. Camp Tom Ruffin and I favor holding reunions as long as there are enough old vets left to do so with the object for which the organization was formed.
One of the most pleasant episodes that came to me at the Little Rock Reunion was on Tuesday evening, May 16. As I emerged from the mess tent at Camp Shaver I encountered a band of veterans dressed in uniform and armed with old time war muskets. They were standing in a circle singing "My Old Kentucky Home," and as they reached the chorus I joined in with a voice as melodious as in the days of "auld lang syne." At the close of this song they begin to "shoulder arms" ready to march back to their tents, when I said: "Captain, don't leave until we sing together "In the Sweet Bye and Bye." The captain then invited me into the circle, when we two stood side by side and made the welkin ring.
When we finished this song, one veteran in the band dropped his gun and, running to me, threw his arms around my shoulders in an old fashioned comrade hug, exclaiming: "God bless my soul! This is my old lieutenant, E. A. Wright." We served nearly four years together in Company I, 35th North Carolina Regiment, Gen. Matt W. Ransom's brigade. I immediately recognized him as my old soldier boy, Tom Regan. I was one of General Ransom's trusted picket officers during the long siege of Petersburg, Va., and frequently Tom Regan was with me on the picket lines. We had not seen each other since about September, 1864, and we will hardly ever meet again on this mundane sphere, but I hope we may in the "Sweet Bye and Bye" when we "cross over the river."
This band of veterans was from Fort Worth, Tex., commanded by Captain Barr.