Confederate Veteran

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RANK ATTAINED BY HINCHIE P. MABRY.

S. B. Barren, of Rusk, Tex., refers to the statement by Comrade George T, Todd on page 37 of the January VETERAN that "Brig. Gen. H. P. Mabry is buried at Jefferson, Tex.," on which he comments: "H, P. Mabry was not a brigadier general. He was colonel of the 3rd Texas Cavalry, the regiment in which I served. He commanded a brigade in Gen. Wirt Adams's cavalry for a year or more in the latter part of the war, but there were no promotions in the regiment that would naturally have followed his promotion. Jiles S. Rogers. lieutenant colonel, as such commanded the regiment until the close. Besides, the official records fail to show that Mabry was ever appointed brigadier general. Colonel Mabry was a good officer and a very brave man, one of the bravest of the brave."

There was not in the Confederate army, perhaps, a man who commanded a brigade as long as Colonel Mabry without promotion. He is even put in the list of brigadiers in the United States government list of genera) officers, but there seems to be no report of his being commissioned as such. As Comrade Barren states, he must have been an excellent officer in every respect. Maj. J. P. Strange, assistant adjutant general to General Forrest, in an official order returning Colonel Mabry to his regiment in March, 1865, and directing, that the regi.ments of his commands report for assignment to Brigadier General Ross for duty, states: "In relieving him from the command of his brigade the major general commanding desires to express his entire satisfaction with the manner in which Colonel Mabry has discharged the duties of his position while under his command."

Comrade Barren's criticisms are consistent with army rules, but Confederates have made a deplorable departure in the U. C. V. organizations, inasmuch as it will be impossible for readers of modern publications, and of the VETERAN most of all, to discriminate between officers in the war and in the U. C. V. For this regret is expressed. The circumstances made it next to impossible to avoid it. There is a wide difference between generals and colonels in battle and in the social organizations. It seems a pity that young readers cannot discriminate between the officers of the two periods. The United States government records may be helpful, as the Confederates supplied much but not all of their records. Many were destroyed.DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PRIVATE AND OFFICER IN BATTLE.

Maj. R. H. Dudley, of Nashville, who had served as a private and then as commander of a regiment, has long intended to write of the difference between the responsibility of service with a gun and that of the care of a regiment. The VETERAN would like to hear from others on this subject. Ill health and business cares have caused his good intentions to be deferred, but these causes are removed now. His health is better, he has retired from active business and spends the winters in fishing about his country home at Stuart, Fla., where he enjoyed fishing with Joseph Jefferson and Grover Cleveland in those waters during their later years.

Confederate Veteran March 1911

THE ATLANTA SPIRIT IN OKLAHOMA.

PRESIDENT OKLAHOMA U. D. C. TO LITTLE ROCK CONVENTION.

Madam President and United Daughters of the Confederacy: It gives me untold pleasure to come before you as a duly accredited representative of

A beautiful land of sun and flowers 
And summer the whole year long, 
I come from a land where the golden hours 
Roll by to the mocking bird's song, 
Where the cotton blooms 'neath the Southern sun, 
Where the vintage hangs thick on the vine, 
A land whose story is just begun, 
This wonderful land of mine

Oklahoma with a State area of 70,057 square miles and a population of 1,750,000 people, whose capital city boasts 68,800 citizens acquired in its twenty one years of existence, with an area of 17 square miles, 186 miles of storm and sanitary sewers, 108 miles of asphalt paved streets, 85 miles of electric street railway, a public school system maintaining 21 ward schools and 300 teachers, and a handsome, prosperous church building on every other corner.During the two months of my office just past it has been my duty and pleasure to have visited thirty three towns and traversed over 2,000 miles in an effort to comfortably house for the winter and all time the fifty four of our own Confederate people who have made application for our care and protection in their declining days. From you older States, who can hardly remember the time when you did not glory in your Confederate homes, let me bespeak a kindly, considerate thought for the new State that so early in its existence is giving its best efforts for the care of the survivors of that brave army whom we instinctively revere and honor.

The Oklahoma Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy, is by no means idle. At the State Convention held in Oklahoma City in June, 1910, many delegates reported many lines of work. The custodian of crosses reported 101 crosses having been bestowed during last year. Our memorial days are very generally observed by fitting ceremonies. We have what we term an auxiliary director, a State officer whose duty it is to organize the children of the Confederacy. Cur historian prepares a monthly program for each Chapter, which in some cases is supplemented by a special historical course. Many Chapters are placing pictures of Southern heroes in our public schools. This means more to the children of our Western State than you may imagine at first thought. When you know that we are not "typically Southern," you may better appreciate the fact that two of our newest, finest school buildings recently completed in Oklahoma City bear, through our efforts, the proud names of Robert E. Lee and Joe Wheeler, and handsome steel engravings of these heroes of ours hang therein.

Our donations to the several monument funds have been somewhat curtailed this year owing to urgent home needs. We are taking up through an educational committee a line of work new to us, offering medals for best essays.

Another work we have in mind is the establishment of a "relic room in the capitol" building soon to be erected, in which we are assured of the cooperation of the Capitol Commissioners.

Still another work in view is petitioning the Legislature to set aside a certain tract of land in the southwestern part of the State where four Confederate generals were quartered, making it a historical spot for a State park.

We are also asked to furnish a Confederate flag that saw real service during the sixties for reproduction in the second edition of the "Oklahoma History," to be compiled soon. This flag must necessarily come from the old Indian Territory side of the State, as the western portion is probably not in possession of such mementoes.

Pardon me for making report of future work instead of that already accomplished, it is typical of the Western folk.

I feel that Oklahoma Division is in active, prosperous condition, much of which is due to its efficient corps of State officers. Would that I had time to tell you wherein each excels! These, with the rank and file, stand ready to do what comes. to hand for the good of the cause we espouse, for the glory of the heritage that is ours, believing that such devotion, loyalty, and faithfulness are the things worth while.

Confederate Veteran March 1911

MISS MARTHA O'BRYAN.

(Rev, J. H. McNeilly, in Nashville Banner.)

The death of Miss Martha O'Bryan removes from this earthly life one of the truest, noblest, gentlest women I have ever known. Her whole life was devoted to ministering to others. For many years as a teacher of girls she wielded an influence in building character which has made many homes in the South abodes of culture, refinement, purity, and happiness. Association with her and her elder sister in their school was itself an instrument of the higher education. She was a devoted Christian, and the story of her life can be summed up in the description of her Master's activity: "She went about doing good." But she was an illustration beautiful and touching of one of the grandest traits of woman's character devotion to the memory of a hero who had plighted his troth to her in the stormy days of our Civil War and who gave his life as a sacrifice on the altar of his country. For nearly fifty years she had been faithful to the noble man who was enthroned in the heart of the beautiful young girl.

Capt. John Yates Beall at the beginning of the war was a youth of fine family, a zealous member of the Episcopal Church, owning a large estate in the beautiful valley of Virginia. When Virginia called her sons to defend her against invasion, he at once answered her call and enlisted as a private in a regiment that was part of the immortal "Stonewall Brigade." In October, 1861, he was desperately wounded. He came South in the following winter seeking restoration to health. In Georgia he met at the house of a friend Miss Martha O' Bryan, a maid from Tennessee, who was a refugee. She was remarkable for her beauty, her wit, her vivacity, and her culture. It was "love at first sight" with both of them, and they were engaged to be married.

Returning to Richmond, the young man was commissioned as master in the navy, with the rank of captain. He had spent some time before this in Iowa and in Canada gathering information and forming plans for rescuing the Confederate prisoners on Johnson's Island. With two little boats, the Raven and the Swan, he, with a few bold spirits, engaged in privateering on Chesapeake Bay, and he was so successful that the Federal government sent out a large expedition of infantry, cavalry, and artillery with gunboats, and succeeded in capturing him. He was exchanged in May, 1864.

Then it was he undertook to carry out his plan of rescuing the prisoners on Johnson's Island. He expected to capture the United States war steamer Michigan, which guarded the island, and use her to free the Confederates. He had succeeded in capturing two lake passenger steamers, and was confident of his ability to take the war vessel, when his crew practically mutinied, being deterred by the dangers of the enterprise. But he was confident that he would have succeeded if his associates had been true to him. The story of what he actually accomplished reveals a character of utmost daring, of cool judgment, and of patriotic devotion.
Then for a time he, with a few Confederates, watched the military trains near Buffalo, N. Y., which carried prisoners. His purpose was to capture the trains and release the prisoners. He was unsuccessful in this, and was captured in December, 1864, as he was on a train going to Canada. The Federal government had strained every nerve to take him. He was tried as a spy. His doom was sealed from the beginning. He was refused every right that even a guilty criminal may claim, and though he indignantly repudiated the charge of being a spy, and could have shown that he was a regular officer in the Confederate service, engaged in legitimate military operations, he was convicted on February 8, 1865, and was hanged on Governor's Island on February 24, 1865.

The testimony of all who saw him during his imprisonment. friends and enemies alike, was that he bore himself with the calm courage of a Christian and the courtesy of a gentleman. In the estimation of all unprejudiced persons his execution was a military murder. His humble faith in Jesus Christ deeply impressed the gospel ministers who attended him.

One of his last acts was to send his prayer book to his betrothed. His letters to her before his capture breathe the tenderness love. And it was her love which was an inspiration to him in all of his daring exploits as well as his faith in Christ, a support and comfort to him in the dark days when he knew that he was to be the victim of malignant hatred.

And she was worthy of his confidence. Her love through all the years had known neither change nor abatement. She did not give herself up to idle and useless repining, but with courage she took up life's duties, determined to live worthy of the noble soul to whom she had given her heart. For fifty years she went forward in the path of duty, looking forward to a meeting with her beloved in the presence of that Saviour whom they both loved supremely.

I say it gives me great pleasure to bring you greetings from this wonderful land of ours, and let me hasten to assure you that we are not proudest of the aforementioned commercial conditions, but rather of that wonderful citizenship made possible by the blending of the North and the South, the East and the West, the product of which is Oklahoma.

And here in this cosmopolitan land flourishes our own beloved organization, the United Daughters of the Confederacy, with over a thousand members and chapters, whose main thought and work are toward the completion of a home for the disabled Confederate veterans and their wives and widows in the State. To our past President, Mrs. W. T. Culbertson, is due much praise for her untiring efforts in this work. She gave much of her time during the past year to soliciting funds with the financial agent of the home, Mr. W. F. Gilmer, who is also one of the authors of a bill passed by the last Legislature making available an appropriation of $20,000 for the maintenance of a Confederate home, our part of the contract being the erection of a building to cost at least $20,000 and not less than twenty acres of ground. The acreage was presented to us by one of our own "daughters," Mrs. Lutie Hailey Walcott, and the Home is fast nearing completion, beautifully situated in the suburbs of Ardmore.

Then for a time he, with a few Confederates, watched the military trains near Buffalo, N. Y., which carried prisoners. His purpose was to capture the trains and release the prisoners. He was unsuccessful in this, and was captured in December, 1864, as he was on a train going to Canada. The Federal government had strained every nerve to take him. He was tried as a spy. His doom was sealed from the beginning. He was refused every right that even a guilty criminal may claim, and though he indignantly repudiated the charge of being a spy, and could have shown that he was a regular officer in the Confederate service, engaged in legitimate military operations, he was convicted on February 8, 1865, and was hanged on Governor's Island on February 24, 1865.

The testimony of all who saw him during his imprisonment. friends and enemies alike, was that he bore himself with the calm courage of a Christian and the courtesy of a gentleman. In the estimation of all unprejudiced persons his execution was a military murder. His humble faith in Jesus Christ deeply impressed the gospel ministers who attended him.

One of his last acts was to send his prayer book to his betrothed. His letters to her before his capture breathe the tenderest love. And it was her love which was an inspiration to him in all of his daring exploits as well as his faith in Christ, a support and comfort to him in the dark days when he knew that he was to be the victim of malignant hatred.

And she was worthy of his confidence. Her love through all the years had known neither change nor abatement. She did not give herself up to idle and useless repining, but with courage she took up life's duties, determined to live worthy of the noble soul to whom she had given her heart. For fifty years she went forward in the path of duty, looking forward to a meeting with her beloved in the presence of that Saviour whom they both loved supremely.

THEODORE LINDSAY THURMAN.

Died at his home, near Charlottesville, Va., on November 27, 1910, Mr. T. L. Thurman, aged almost seventy six years. At the beginning of the war, in April, 1861, he volunteered in the "Albemarle Light Horse," afterwards Company K, 2d Virginia Cavalry, in which he served faithfully throughout the war, participating in most of the battles of the Army of Northern Virginia, under General Lee. Returning home after the surrender, he took up his farm life, and was widely known and respected throughout his life as a most useful citizen and an upright and honorable man. He was noted especially for his devoted service to his Church, of which he was the oldest officer and member, and for his hospitality as a neighbor.

GEORGE R. MINOR.

Died very suddenly at his home, six miles from Charlottesville, Va., on November 9, 1910, Mr. George R, Minor, aged almost seventy two years. He volunteered for the war in April, 1861, as a private in the Albemarle Light Horse, which became Company K, 2d Virginia Cavalry, in which he served faithfully till the surrender at Appomattox in April, 1865, and bore a gallant part in all the great battles of the Army of Northern Virginia, under General Lee. At the close of the war he returned to his home and married Miss Sally M. Carr, of Charleston, W. Va. The rest of his life was spent in the care of his farm, the bringing up of his large and interesting family, and in the service of his Church, of which he was a devoted member and officer for over forty years.

He was a man of fine natural ability, a strong and vigorous thinker, a public spirited citizen, a genial and most hospitable neighbor, a true and loyal friend, and for years an active and useful magistrate. Of him it has been well said that he was a Virginia gentleman without fear and without reproach. Six sons and four daughters survive him, whose richest legacy is an honored, untarnished name. He deserves record here.

(These two sketches are by William W. Minor, of Charlottesville. It is a coincidence, as stated, that both Thurman and Minor were seventy and over, both served as privates in the same company, both farmers and Church officials to the end, and both notice for the Last Roll come in the same inclosure, both having died in, November, 1910.)
C. H. LEACHE.

Worthy as a soldier, Christian, Mason, husband, father, and friend was Mr. C. H. Leache, of Pulaski, Va. He was struck by a switch engine in the Norfolk and Western yards December 9, 1910, and died that afternoon. The funeral services were conducted at Christ's Episcopal Church by the Rev. J. W. Canty Johnson, rector of St. John's Church, Roanoke, A large concourse of relatives and friends were present. The remains were escorted from the house by members of the Pythagoras Lodge, No. 238, A. F. and A. M., of which the deceased was a member. The interment at Oakwood Cemetery was with Masonic honors. Floral tributes testified eloquently to the esteem in which the deceased was held. Members, of the James Breathed Camp draped his grave with Confederate flags.

Charles Hunton Leache, a son of Dr. Jesse Willett Leache and Jane Roberts Hunton, was born March 12, 1837, at "Wood Park," near New Baltimore, Fauquier County, Va. He was married in 1865 to Miss Hortensia Tyler, of Prince William County, Va. They went to Pulaski County in 1880, first living at Radford Furnace, where he was bookkeeper and manager. At Pulaski City he was with the Bertha Mineral Company for some time, and then with the Pulaski Iron Company,) having the management of the company Store for the past fifteen years. He was senior warden of Christ Episcopal Church.

Comrade Leache is survived by his wife and five children: Julia and Charles Hunton Leache, Mrs. A. H. Gemmell, of Pulaski, Mrs. J. B. Baskerville, of Roanoke, and Mrs. W. Carson Downs, of Baltimore, Md. He is also survived by six grandchildren, a sister (Miss Sallie Leache, of Norfolk, Va.), and two brothers (N. W. Leache, of this county, and Eugene Leache of Texas).

He was a member of the famous Black Horse Troop, 4th Virginia Cavalry, which was organized July 4, 1857. Comrade Leache was often detailed for special perilous duty. In 18591 while yet a trooper before the war began, he and eleven other members acted as escort to Mrs. John Brown when she went from Harper's Ferry to Charlestown to take leave of her fanatical husband before his execution. On another occasion, in 1861, he was one of the soldiers detailed to meet at Stone Bridge a like Federal escort with the Prince of Wales (afterwards Edward VII:), relieve the Federals, and escort the Prince to Manassas for a view of our army.He was sent often as a scout far into the enemy's lines, and on one occasion with one other, after an all night ride, they called at a friendly home for breakfast. The young ladies volunteered to watch their horses while they ate. Before they finished, their faithful guards reported that they were being surrounded by Federal cavalry. Rushing to their horses, they made a dash, shooting as they ran. Dropping their empty guns, they continued the fight with pistols and sabers until they made their escape.

He was with his company and regiment in their every engagement until his capture in 1863. He was in prison at Fort Delaware and Point Lookout.

He seemed never to be wanting in the Christian graces. He was quiet and pure in all the walks of life, broad in scope and feeling toward those who differed with him in belief. He was a regular attendant on the services in the. churches. As husband and father he was kind and affectionate. He was hastening to the station to see his invalid wife off on a train when the fatal accident occurred. As a Mason he was thoroughly esteemed. He was a gentleman under all circumstances. (Sketch from a comrade and friend, J. B.P.])

COL. A. S. VANDEVENTER.

Col. Alex Spottswood Vandeventer, son of William and Martha dark Vandeventer, was born in Lee County, Va., in November, 18441 and died at his home, in Fayetteville, Ark., April 26, 1910.

At the outbreak of the war, in 1861, Colonel Vandeventer raised a company in his native county, was elected captain, and then helped to organize the 50th Virginia Infantry. This was at Camp Jackson, Wytheville, Va, A. W. Reynolds (afterwards brigadier general) was its first colonel. (The regiment evidently escaped from Donelson with General Floyd. ED.) The regiment was with Gen. John B. Floyd in his West Virginia campaign and at Fort Donelson. After the battle of Fort Donelson the regiment was recruited and reorganized at Camp Jackson. Capt. Thomas Poage, of Pulaski, was elected colonel and Capt. A. S. Vandeventer lieutenant colonel.

In a battle near Suffolk, Vaš under Gen. Roger A. Pryor, Colonel Poage was killed, and Lieutenant Colonel Vandeventer was promoted colonel of the regiment at the age of nineteen years. The regiment was transferred to the Army of Northern Virginia, and participated in the great battle of Chancellorsville, in which Colonel Vandeventer commanded a brigade on the second day. He was captured with E. M. Johnson's division at the bloody angle, Spottsylvania C. H., May 12, 1864, and was confined at Fort Delaware. He was one of the six hundred Confederate officers placed under the fire of our guns in Charleston Harbor. He was included in an exchange of some of the prisoners.

He returned to his home, his regiment being still in prison, for a brief visit. Soon he was given permission by Gen. John C. Breckinridge to raise a squadron of boys under military age and scout in front of Breckinridge's command in Southwest Virginia. He had many thrilling experiences. His regiment remained prisoners until the close of the war.

Colonel Vandeventer went West in 1865, and stopped off at Nebraska City, Nebr., where he became acquainted with and

130 Confederate Veteran March 1911

married Miss Mollie Patton, a Southern girl from Missouri. In 1866 they went to Fayetteville, Ark., where four children blessed their home. Willie, the eldest daughter, teaches expression in the Arkansas University at Fayetteville, James is in California, Edward is editor of the Salt Lake Daily Telegraph, and Geraldine is Mrs. Ralston, of St. Louis.

Colonel Vandeventer was a lawyer, and ranked as among the best in Northwest Arkansas, and was in the highest sense a gentleman. (Sketch from T. J. Vandeventer, of Memphis, Tex.)

B. S. LOVELACE.

B. S.. Lovelace was born at Mifflin, Henderson County, Tenn., in July, 1839, and was educated in the common schools of his section. .In the great war of the sixties he served as first lieutenant in a company of the 51st Tennessee Regiment, and took part in many such battles as Missionary Ridge, Lookout Mountain, Perryville, Ky., and in the battles between Dalton and Atlanta. He lost a leg at Peachtree Creek.

He was married and in 1883 went to Fannin County, Tex., where he served four years as magistrate and four years as court collector, giving satisfaction in the discharge of his duties. His death occurred on January 1, 1911, of pneumonia, and he was buried by his comrades in the cemetery at Bonham. He had been long a consistent member of the Church, and died in the hope of the hereafter.

AZA POWELL GOMER.

(A sketch of Capt A. P. Gomer was published in the VETERAN several months ago, but its substance is given again with a vivid likeness,).

Captain Gomer was a native of Nansemond County, Va., born in October, 1835. He died in Suffolk in December, 1909. He was educated in an "old field school," but was a student at Roanoke College, Salem, Va., at the beginning of the war, when he returned home and enlisted in Company F, of the 3d Virginia Infantry, and was made a sergeant.

He served in the Peninsular campaign under General Magruder, was in several engagements around Yorktown, and in every battle with his command to Gettysburg, where he was wounded, losing a leg. He was held a prisoner for nine months, during which time he, with six others, was condemned to be hanged in retaliation for some Federal spies in Tennessee, but the sentence was not executed, and he was further imprisoned at Point Lookout. He was exchanged and appointed by the Secretary of War to post duty, in which he continued until the surrender.

 

LIEUT. CHARLES H. KING.

Charles Hayes King, fourth son of Col. James M. and Martha Batey King, was born October 8, 1835, near Murfreesboro, Tenn., where he resided throughout his entire life. His death occurred on July 1, 1910.

The war record of Charles H. King deserves more than passing mention as a type of that heroic spirit which placed no limits on the sacrifice for principle. He cast his lot with the people of a kindred faith and wrought with undaunted devotion to the end of his dying day. At the age of twenty six he enlisted in the State service at Nashville, Tenn., as lieutenant.

On the first Monday in April, 1861, Company I, 1st Tennessee Infantry, that became famous in the Confederacy, was organized at Murfreesboro with the following officers: Captain, Wm. Ledbetter, Lieutenants, Hardy Murfree, Fred James, and Charles H. King. While serving in the State militia this company was stationed in East Tennessee. Soon, however, the State seceded and the regiment was sworn into the Confederate service and sent to Northwestern Virginia under command of Colonel Maney, Anderson's Brigade, where it fought in the battles of Cheat Mountain, Bath, Sewell Mountain, Brady's Gate, Romney, Va., and at Hancock, Md. The regiment returned through East Tennessee and went to Corinth, Miss., reaching there just in time for the battle of Shiloh, April 6, 1862. After this battle they dropped back to Tupelo, Miss., where, owing to many casualties, the company and regiment were organized.

Charles King was again offered a lieutenancy and also a colonelcy in another regiment, but he declined both, preferring to fight in the ranks of the 1st Tennessee Regiment. As evidence of his bravery, he was chosen for very hazardous undertakings. On one occasion, during the battle of Murfreesboro, he was selected with nine others to penetrate the Federal lines from different points and bring to headquarters desired information. The ten men thus chosen were Jim Anderson, Billy and Jim Beasley, Alt McClean, Kurg House, Tobe James, Charles H. King, Ike Nance, Fount Neal, and Robert Rucker. All prepared to go, expecting never to return, but just on the eve of starting the necessity for the undertaking was removed and the order countermanded. Unflinching and fearless, Charles King was ever at the post of duty. He was conspicuous in the battle of Perryville, October 8, 1862, and was wounded in the left forearm.

The command returned to Tullahoma, Tennš and advanced on Shelbyville and thence to Murfreesboro, and Comrade King was in line of battle at Murfreesboro (Stone's River) December 30 and 31, 1862, and January l, 1863. They retreated to Shelbyville, and while the regiment was there on provost duty, near the close of 1863, he was detached and transferred to the signal corps of the Western Army, Captain Otey commanding. In this capacity he served until the end of the war, and surrendered at Greensboro, N. C., April 30, 1865.

At the close of the war, impoverished but not dispirited, Charles King returned to his home and engaged in farming as soon as he could gain possession of his land, which had been confiscated and was held by the government for two years after the close of hostilities, and this occupation he followed until his death. He cherished to the end his prized relics and vivid memories of that heroic struggle in which grim glory waved her crimson wand above the land of Lee.

He was married July 18, 1866, to Miss Anne Wood, and of this union nine children were born, as follows: Dr. James M., Jeannette M. Mrs. Mary King Floyd, George W., Patti Batey, Charles H. Jr. (deceased), Anna M. Dr. Joseph E. (named for General Johnston), and Sparks Richardson King.

RICHARD HARDY TUTT.

R. H. Tutt was born August 8, 1842, in Shelby County, Tex., and died January 14, 1911 in Longview, Tex. He enlisted at Henderson, Tex., at the firing of the first guns, together with R. D. Plunkett, of Little Rock, who ran away from home to go into the army, and Philip Pegues, of Longview. They served in the 19th Texas most of the war west of the Mississippi, and were in almost every battle with their regiment, surrendering with it at Hempstead, Tex.

After the struggle ended, Comrade Tutt returned to his old home at Danville, near Kilgore, Gregg County, and engaged in merchandising and farming. He continued in these avocations for many years, and then moved to Longview. He married in 1868 Miss Cordelia Eliza Jane Warlick. Her death occurred fourteen years ago, since which time he had lived for others, caring for relatives as well as his own family.

Richard Hardy Tutt was a firm believer in Christianity. He valued his word, and it was more than life to him. He took the oath of total abstinence years ago, and when urged to take whisky in his last sickness, he said: "I have given my word that I would not drink."

He was a consistent member of the Presbyterian Church, and said on his deathbed: "If there is a heaven, I know I will get there." His quiet and serious manner, his earnest and simple ways won for him general love and respect. He was one of God's noblest works an honest man.

SAMUEL H. MOBBERLY.

Sam H. Mobberly fell asleep Thursday, December 15, 19101 in the Mobberly Hotel, Longview, Tex. His life was a daily sermon to his fellow men.

Comrade Mobberly was of an old and honored Kentucky family. He was of a class ready to die in harness, but never turn. back to the foe. He was born in Daviess County, Ky., September 10, 1842, and was never ill until his last sickness.

At the first news of the strife between the State? he hurried to the nearest recruiting station and enlisted at Russellville in the 1st Kentucky Infantry under Col. (afterwards Gen.) Ben Harden Helms. No man was more faithful to the Southern cause than Samuel H. Mobberly from the beginning to the surrender. He was a consistent member of the Baptist Church, and when the end came, he said: "lam ready."

Five years after the war he married MissL. R. Bennett, of Madison Station, Miss., forming a happy union for forty years. He is survived by her and their four children. The funeral was largely attended. The last sad rites were performed by his brother Masons.

(From sketch by the U. C. V. committee of John Gregg Camp, Longview, Tex., as also those of R. H. Tutt and A. A. Womack. The Womack sketch is on page 132.)
ALBERT ALONZO WOMACK.

A. A. Womack was born in Hernando, Miss., February 29, 1844, and died in Longview, Tex., December 14, 1910. While in infancy he was taken by his parents to Texas, where he spent the rest of his life, except the four long years spent in the Confederate army.

When war was declared between the States, Comrade Womack enlisted in the 3d Texas Infantry, and was in the army to the last. In the battle of Pleasant Hill, La., he was taken prisoner, sent to New Orleans, and confined for a 'whole year, when exchanged. He reenlisted and served until the surrender. Not permitted to write to his people during his long imprisonment, they thought him dead. Like tens of thousands of his comrades, he did his duty, and he did it well.

Immediately after the war he located at Bryan, Tex., and married Miss Louisa Proctor, whose death soon followed, when he moved to Marshall and thence to Longview in 1871, and engaged in successful business enterprises until the day of his death. In 1874 Comrade Womack married Miss Eliza Harris Flewellen, who survives him, together with one daughter, Miss Kate.

He was a consistent member of the Presbyterian Church to the end, and during a business career of nearly forty years he was noted for his uprightness in all transactions, and he was a steadfast friend.

(From sketch by the U. C. V. committee of John Gregg Camp, Longview, Tex.) W. P. M. SCOTT.

On the night of May 16, 1909, William Poston Monroe Scott answered his last earthly roll call. On February 12, 1864, as an eighteen year old boy he volunteered in the Confederate army, that of Northern Virginia, in Capt. William Lowry's battery of artillery, Maj. William McLaughlin's battalion, General Early's corps.

In April before he died he called some of his loved ones around him and said: "I am proud that I was even a private in the Army of Northern Virginia, and my honored commanders and comrades resting and sleeping in the precincts of this beautiful mother earth I hope some bright day to see in the house of many mansions, where only soldiers in the most exalted sense meet and greet each other, and where forever we can walk the golden streets of our Heavenly Father's home."

As a soldier he was ever true to the end. He left five sons to follow the example of this humble private, beloved citizen, and noble father. (By Miss Elizabeth Scott, only daughter of Comrade Scott.)
CHARLES JAMES HUME.

Charles J. Hume, whose death occurred at Edwards, Miss., on September 2, was born near that place in 1838. He was the son of Robert and Nancy Hume, of Culpeper C. H., Va., who had removed to Mississippi. His forefathers came from Scotland. Charles Hume served with Company I, of the 28th Mississippi Regiment, Starks's Cavalry, and of his company less than six are now alive. He was. twice wounded during the war. He is survived by his wife, who was Miss Rosa Ann Moore, of Brandon, Miss., two sons, and three daughters.
COL. TOMLINSON FORT.

The name of Col. Tomlinson Fort, of Chattanooga, in the Last Roll will sadden many people, for he was well known beyond the area of the local press, which contained an elaborate account of his career at the time of his death, December 14, 1910. The Chattanooga Times had more than a column editorial in regard to him. It stated:

The sudden death of Col. Tomlinson Fort was a profound shock to the community and occasioned widespread sorrow throughout the city. He had been engaged actively in his business and in attending to the duties he had imposed upon himself for the welfare of the public with his wonted spirit and energy up to the moment of his death. The news spread in an inconceivably short time to all parts of the city, and before the body had been taken to his home the entire city was mourning the loss of a genuine friend and a foremost citizen. 



Colonel Fort came to this city from Georgia shortly after the Civil War, having fought with distinguished courage on the side of the South. He identified himself at once with the life and fortunes of the then struggling village, strong even at that day in his faith that it would ultimately become a great and prosperous city. He was a man of peculiarly methodical business habits, careful and painstaking to the minutest details. He acquired a profitable legal practice, especially in the care of estates and the management of intricate cases in equity. He was conservative and safe in all his business transactions. Connected as he was in various ways, public and' private, with Chattanooga for the past forty five years, the story of his life furnishes many side lights of the city he loved and to whose interest he was genuinely devoted..

Colonel Fort was a man of peculiar individuality, following his own well considered ways and counsels at all times. He had strong convictions upon all subjects, and never hesitated to express them with open frankness, as if indifferent to consequences. So far was this true that he had become in the community a privileged character, at liberty to say what he pleased, all the time retaining the respect and esteem of those who differed with him most violently. He earned this right because of his lack of bitterness, the honesty of his opinion, and the purity of his purpose. 



He was amost useful citizen, counseling caution, and at all times fighting extravagance in public legislation and graft and corrupt practices. He employed no arts in carrying out his plans, but was always the 'plain, blunt man,' honest and faithful to his own conscientious scruples.

He was particularly devoted to children, and at the time of his death he was planning to give pleasure to many a childish heart, and probably the last public act he performed was to attend a meeting of the trustees of the Associated Charities, of which he was a member and in which work he was profoundly interested. His sympathies and his means went generously to the worthy poor and needy, as every institution for charity and philanthropy in Chattanooga will fully attest. He gave liberally to the cause of religion, recognizing the tremendous upbuilding force of religious organizations. His charities were well distributed and unostentatiously bestowed. 



He held several offices in the city government. He was Mayor in the seventies. Later as a member of the school board during the early days he loaned his personal credit to keep the schools going, and thereby helped to create a peculiarly strong and wholesome public sentiment in behalf of Chattanooga schools. As a member of the Board of Public Works he accomplished much that was good in perfecting a system of honest labor and rigid accounting,

One of Colonel Fort's most admirable traits was his devotion to the old Confederate soldier and his reverence for the cause for which he fought. He was a loyal American citizen, but he would never admit that what he and his comrades fought for was wrong. He was one of the main supporters of the N. B. Forrest Camp of Chattanooga, and his purse, his time, and his best effort were ever directed to sustaining the institution and aiding indigent old soldiers who were in need of bounty. That beautiful part of his character gives him a tender place in the heart of every old soldier of either army and places his name high in the roster of those who loved their fellow men and believed in undying principles. He was an admirer of the brave Federal soldier, and among his last speeches was one delivered at a meeting of the G. A. R. in Indiana, in which there breathed the spirit of independence, of self respecting regard for his own record and opinions, but of conciliation and esteem for those against whom he had fought.

Colonel Fort was averse to having his picture made. The first in this paper is from an old photograph made in 1876. The group is from her "Confederate picture" in a family history by their sister. Miss Fort. These brothers were in the Confederate service: Lieut. John Fort, of the 1st Georgia Regulars, Col. Tomlinson Fort, of the same regiment, and Dr. George Fort, surgeon of the 28th Georgia Regiment.

Colonel Fort was born April 26, 1839, a son of Dr. Tomlinson and Martha Low Fort. Dr. Fort was an eminent physician, and copies of his "Family Doctor," a volume of much benefit in early settlement days, is still treasured in cases of sickness. Dr. Fort served in the Legislature of Georgia for several terms and in Congress from 1828 to 1830. As President of the Central Bank of Georgia he financed largely the building of the Western and Atlantic Railroad. The mother of Colonel Fort was a woman of many extraordinary qualities. The Editor of the VETERAN treasures the memory of a visit at her home, in Macon, Ga., on her eighty second birthday. On those anniversaries her children had been lavish with their gifts, but she had been exacting for that day in, asking them to give her only such things as she could give to the poor. Away back in 1838 Dr. Fort, realizing that Chattanooga would be the eastern terminus of the Western and Atlantic Railroad, bought much land in that vicinity. Colonel Fort located there soon after the war, and for forty five years he was active and unstinted in the development of the place. The writer bought the Chattanooga Times in 1876, and during the several years that he owned and edited that paper Colonel Fort was the most prolific "booster" in the city. This was in an eminently practical way. He was more prolific of news than a group of reporters on the many, many evenings that he called at the Times office.

Colonel Fort was at a law school when the war began, but, he left school at once to go with the 1st Georgia Regulars. He was severely wounded at Malvern Hill and again at Second Manassas. He had been promoted to captain, and late in the war was frequently in command of his regiment.

The funeral of Colonel Fort was an event of extraordinary public interest. The service was conducted by Rev. J. W. Bachman at the family residence, a simple tribute to the many excellent characteristics of the man. The remains were sent to Milledgeyille, the old capital of Georgia and the childhood home of Dr. Fort's children. The procession from the residence to the railway station was conducted under the chief of police as marshal. The procession was headed by the police department ahead of the hearse. Next in line were the Confederates, then the Masons, and these organizations were followed by the fire department and carriages. Colonel Fort never wore his Confederate uniform on public occasions, and the veterans wore civilian clothes, retaining merely their badges. The ten active and twenty eight honorary pallbearers composed the leading and most eminent men of the city. The surviving members of Colonel Fort's family are three sisters (Miss Kate Fort and Mrs. Frances F. Brown, of Chattanooga, and Mrs. Sarah F, Milton, of Knoxville) and one brother (Col. John P. Fort, of Mt. Airy, N.C.). A nephew, George F, Milton, is a leading newspaper editor and proprietor in Chattanooga and Knoxville.

MAJ. J. W. RATCHFORD.

James Wylie Ratchford was born on February 24, 1840, in York District, near Yorkville, S. C., and died at his home, in Paint Rock, Concho County, Tex., on December 3, 1910.

His ancestry was of that noble race which has given to the world so many of the best and sturdiest type of men, the Scotch Irish Presbyterians. The ancestors of both sides of the house go back to the Covenanters of Scotland, thence to the North of Ireland, and thence to America. The family has been in America since about the middle of the eighteenth century, having settled in what is now the State of South Carolina while it was still a part of the province of Mecklenburg, during the early part of the reign of George III.

His military record began as a cadet of the North Carolina Military Institute, from whence he went at the beginning of the Confederate war as aid to Col. (afterwards Gen.) D. H. Hill with the rank of lieutenant. He took part in the battle of Bethel, and was wounded in that fight, being probably the first man in the Confederate army to be wounded in battle. He was in all the battles and campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia during the first two years of the war, or until the first days of July, 1863, having been promoted early in the war to the position of major and assistant adjutant general of the command of Gen. D. H. Hill. He was again wounded in the battle of Seven Pines, or Fair Oaks. He never missed a battle or a march in which his command was engaged.

About July 1, 1863, General Hill and staff were transferred to the department commanded by Gen. Braxton Bragg, Army of Tennessee, and arrived in time for the preliminary movements of the battle of Chickamauga, in which he took part.

Shortly after the battle of Chickamauga General Hill and staff were ordered to report to Richmond for duty, and soon after that Major Ratchford was ordered back to the Army of Tennessee, having meanwhile been at home on furlough for a month. After General Hood took command of the Army of Tennessee, Major Ratchford was assigned to the staff of Gen. S. D. Lee, in which position he remained, until the close, although serving temporarily again with General Hill.

He was wounded in the leg on the retreat from Nashville. He was three times wounded in battle, but never so disabled as to be unfit for duty, and having never missed a battle except those of Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain, which were fought while he was at home on furlough. From the close of the war he remained at his home in South Carolina trying to recuperate the shattered condition of things until 1867, when he moved to Texas, where the remainder of his life was spent. In Concho County he became identified with the people, and there he lived and died. He was clerk of the county and district for two years and county surveyor for a number of terms, and for awhile was a teacher in the public schools. He took part in public movements looking to the betterment of conditions. He was for many years an officer of the Masonic fraternity, and was always counted a faithful and efficient public servant. He was from his boyhood a member and later a ruling elder of the Presbyterian Church, having been twice a commissioner to its General Assembly. He was a man sorely tested many times, but always emerged as pure gold. For years he was a great sufferer, but never complained, expressing resignation to God's will.

(From sketch by George R. Ratchford, Grassy Meadows, W. Va.) C. W. BELL.

The VETERAN notes with sorrow the passing at St. Petersbuirg, Fla., of C. W. Bell, who was Adjutant of Camp Zollicoffer there, and also acted as the VETERAN'S representative. His death occurred on December 4, at the age of sixty six years. He served with the artillery in the C. S. A., and made a valiant soldier. He was, too, a zealous comrade and a tireless worker in the interest of his Camp, U. C. V., a noble and useful man.

CHURCHILL. William A. Churchill died at Front Royal, Va., on November 22, 1910, aged sixty six years. He was a gallant soldier of Company E, 7th Regiment Virginia Cavalry, and an honored member and Sergeant Major of William Richardson Camp, U. C. V.

GEORGE W. STEWART.

George W. Stewart was born in Nashville, Tenn., November 6, 1842, and died in the city of his birth March 2, 1910. He was an active, successful, and useful man, and was well known in business. He was a member of the firm of Stewart & Bruckner. He was not only a member of Camp No. 35, U. C. V., and Frank Cheatham Bivouac, but was also an active member of Company B, Confederate Veterans, perhaps the most noted company of veterans in existence.

A committee from Company B, in resolutions made of record on the company journal and sent to the family, mentions him as "a valuable and highly esteemed member and a good citizen, also a devoted husband, father, and a faithful friend."

Comrade Stewart was a member of Hugh L. McClung's battery, 1st Tennessee Light Artillery, having enlisted in 1861. He was in the battles of Fishing Creek, Shiloh, Corinth, Iuka, Missionary Ridge, and on to Nashville. In the latter he was captured and kept in Camp Douglas prison to the close of the war.

High tribute is paid to George Stewards career by his comrade, Melville M. Barnes, who wrote: "There were times when the odds were greatly against us, the men were falling thick and fast, when it looked like death, destruction was in the air, yet he, with others of the company, stood to the guns. In such ordeals George Stewart was ever cheerful under the most trying circumstances. Our brass rifled cannon were engraved by order of the Confederate Congress 'Nashville' and 'Shiloh' for efficient services rendered in the battle of Shiloh."

Comrade Stewart was ever faithful to the cause, being active in all the duties of his Camp and company, and a constant reader of the VETERAN from the beginning.

CHARLES U. RICHARDSON.

C. U. Richardson died at Broken Bow, Nebr., on December 3, 1910, aged sixty seven years. In April, 1861, he enlisted in the Warren Rifles, afterwards Company B, 17th Virginia Regiment, and served with conspicuous bravery for a year, when, being incapacitated for infantry duty from a wound, he secured a transfer to Company E, 7th Virginia Cavalry, in which he maintained the reputation for gallantry so well earned in his former command. For his intelligence, coolness, and daring he was by his brigade commander, Gen. William E. Jones, detailed as orderly, in which capacity he was frequently intrusted with orders properly belonging to a staff officer. In 1871 he moved to Nebraska, and his fellow citizens showed their appreciation of his sterling worth by electing him for two terms (the limit allowed by law) sheriff of the strong Republican county of Custer. (Sketch by Maj. Irving A. Buck, of Front Royal, Va.)

COL. MINOR MERIWETHER.

This distinguished gentleman of the Old South had reached his fourscore and four years when he laid his burden down.

He was born in Christian County, Ky., and was educated as a civil engineer. When the great war began, he enlisted to serve in the engineering corps, and served under several commanders. He was with Gen. Sterling Price, Gen. Leonidas Polk, then Gen. W. W. Loring, and later with President Davis, performing much intricate and valuable service. He was married in the fifties to the gifted and beautiful Elizabeth Avery, who has written many interesting and forceful books: "Master of the Red Leaf," "Black and White," "The Ku klux Klan," "My First and Last Love." ("The Sowing of the Swords, or, The Soul of the Sixties" is a recent volume, of which much will be said in the VETERAN.)

After the war, Colonel Meriwether located in Memphis, where he practiced until the yellow fever epidemic, when he moved to St. Louis. He resumed practice there, and continued until a short while before his death. He was successful in his last suit before a St. Louis court, in which case there were four hundred and ninety nine defendants.

He was a devoted Confederate, and in his dying message to the St. Louis Camp he sent words of cheer with the request that the Camp attend his funeral in a body.

Mr. Lee Meriwether, the only surviving son, is a noted citizen of St. Louis. A prominent lawyer like his father, he has been active in other ways. He is the author of several books and is a much traveled man. He went through Europe much like a tramp, learning the inner life of the peasantry.

In the August (1910) VETERAN, page 385, Col. M. R. Tunno, of Savannah, Ga., paid Colonel Meriwether a fine personal tribute, which was very soon after Colonel Meriwether's death.

MOORE. Charles T. Moore died at Front Royal, Va., after a lingering illness. He was a native of Greenbrier County, W. Va. He enlisted early in the war, and served with distinction in Stonewall Jackson's command. His pallbearers were from William Richardson Camp, U. C. V.

DR. WILLIAM A. KNAPP.

The community of Lake Charles, La., lost a valued citizen in the death of Dr. William Alfred Knapp, which occurred in the latter part of 1910, after a short illness of pneumonia. He was a splendid type of the Southern gentleman, and under a slightly abrupt manner had the most kindly of natures, kind and loving in his family, kind and loyal in his friendships, a good citizen in every sense of the word. He was to the last true to the cause for which he had fought, and was buried in uniform of Confederate gray with the beloved flag about him.

Dr. William A. Knapp was born sixty three years ago in New Orleans, his parents having come from France several. years before to make their home in Louisiana. As a youth he studied pharmacy, and was practicing under Dr. Brown in Baton Rouge when the war broke out, and he enlisted as a private under Capt. J. W. Jones in Ogden's Cavalry Battalion. During the four years of war Dr. Knapp served the Confederacy, and at the conclusion of his service he located in Clinton, La., where he married Miss Elizabeth D'Armond. Three children Fred, Lillian, and Ethel were born to them, and some twentyfive years since the family removed to Lake Charles, which had since been their family home. Dr. Knapp engaged in the drug business there at first for himself and later with Mathieu's Drug Store.

In 1892 Dr. Knapp organized Calcasieu Camp, No. 62, U. C. V., and was its Commander from that time. In 1899 he organized the Robert E. Lee Chapter, U.D. C., of which he was an honorary member. He was an enthusiastic worker for the perpetuation of the organizations. Notwithstanding his love for the Old South, he was very popular with G. A. R. veterans, and those residing in Lake Charles were present at the funeral services. Dr. Knapp belonged to the Knights of Pythias, Masons, Odd Fellows, and Elks, and these lodges, together with the Confederate organizations, largely attended the services.

The VETERAN had no more loyal and helpful friend than Dr. Knapp from its first issue, and in his passing the founder feels the loss of a friend indeed. With the years increases the list of the good friends who will be known again only "when the roll is called up yonder."

DEATHS IN CAMP PELHAM, U. C. V.

Camp Pelham, No. 258, U. C. V., Anniston, Ala., lost the following members during 1910:

R. S. Wilson, Company A, 1st Confederate, died January 9.

A. A. Reed, Company C, 3d Alabama, died February 15.

136 Confederate Veteran March 1911

J. T. Green, Company I, 18th Alabama, died April 10.

R. M. Snider, Company D, 4th Georgia, died April 20.

W. M. Rhodes, Company E, 31st Alabama, died April 30.

T. M. Hickey, Company C, 37th Tennessee, died August 8.

D. M. Murphy Company C, 55th Alabama, died September 1.DEATHS IN CAMP JOHN H. MORGAN, COMMERCE, GA.

List of deceased veterans, members of Camp John H. Morgan, No. 1330, who have died since its organization, in 1901, just ten years ago:

W. B. Power, Co. K, 6th Ga. Regt. Inft, 1904. Was first Commander of our Camp, and was true to the last. Capt. E. P. Eberhart, served in the artillery, 1905. W. T. Nunn, 1908. Rev. W. T. M. Brock, Co. E, 34th Ga. Regt., 1910. R. S. Eidson, 8th Ga. Regt., November, 1908. W. C. Farabbe, 1904, W. French Lord, 1904. Dr. W. B. Jackson, Lumpkins's Artillery, 1905. J. Efford Massey, Co. E, 37th Ga. Regt., August 24, 1910. Dr. J. M. Burns, November, 1908. William Thomas Harber, 1903. W. D. Power, 1904. James C. Wade, Co. B, 3d Ga. Bat. Sharpshooters: 1904. A. Harrison Hix, 1908. D. Starrett McWhirter, Co. H, Cobb's Legion, 1907. Charles Fleeman, Co. G, 16th Ga. Bat., 1907. Rev. Dr. Nelson, former chaplain of Camp: 1908. P. H. Wright, Co. D, 11th Ga. Regt. State Troops, 1901. L. O. Tolbert, Co. C, Cobb's Legion, 1904. W.M. Alien: 1906. H. W. Wilson, Co. C, 18th Ga. Regt., 1908. J. B., Hix, 1907. Charley T. Nash, Co. C, Cobb's Legion, January, 1910. W. M. Smith, Co. C, 23d Ga. Regt., 1906. T. H. Self, 1910. A: J. Sanders: 1910. Benjamin F. Merciers, 1907. W. F. Langston, Co. C, 35th Ga. Regt., 1907. R. W. Howington, February 1908. John Z. Cooper, March 8, 1908. James M. Sailers, 1906. Martin Eberhart: 1910.

Thus one by one our comrades are answering the last roll call, and we sincerely trust are bivouacking on that bright celestial shore beside the river of life to rest from all their labors.

(Sent "fraternally" by G. L. Carson, Sr., Adjutant John H, Morgan Camp, No. 1330, U. C. V., Commerce, Ga.)

COL. E. L. RUSSELL.

Edward Lafayette Russell was born in Franklin County, Ala., August 19, 1845, a son of George Daniel and Emily (Stovall) Russell. He worked on a farm until February, 1862, when he enlisted to serve the Confederate States government in the 41st Mississippi Regiment. Beginning as a private, even young as he was, by his gallantry he was soon made ensign of the regiment. His heroic quality was demonstrated conspicuously in the battle of Franklin, an account of which is portrayed vividly in the history of that battle by Col. R. W. Banks and which is vividly described in the VETERAN, Volume X., pages 502 and 503.

When the great war was over, he returned to farm life. Still, his ambition was to be promoted to greater successes than were possible then on the farm. With a fair woman who had faith in him he was all the more ambitious. He was admitted to the bar in 1871. In 1876 he had become Vice President and General Counsel of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, and he was practically in charge of that great property from that time until his death, which occurred in Washington late in January, 1911. The funeral was one of great note, too elaborate for detailed report herein at present.' It was largely attended by army comrades and railroad men, from presidents to the 'humblest men along the tracks,

Fairfax Harrison, President of the Chicago, Indianapolis, and Louisville Railroad Company and a director of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, paid the following tribute: "Colonel Russell was the highest type of American citizen, eloquent in the forum as well as gallant on the tented field. In the army he learned discipline, and all his life he practiced and demanded it, yet his relation with his employees of every grade was an inspiration to all responsible railway managers. Perhaps his most marked characteristics were courage, loyalty, and diplomacy. Long before many corporation officers deemed it expedient to placate the public he applied in his relations to his own great business the doctrine of the public be pleased,' and with convincing success. He courted public opinion, because he deemed a railway officer to be a servant of the people as much as any one elected by their suffrages. That he was right, the success of his business career was ample demonstration. Yet he was in the highest sense a trustee for those who had committed their property to his charge. With vigorous views on all questions of policy, when sometimes other opinions prevailed in council, he carried out the agreed plans with such conspicuous loyalty that no man ever knew that he had not himself first advocated that particular policy. All who knew him and worked with him loved him. At the end of ten years of intimate business contact, during which friendship grew and blossomed, I am much affected by the sense of my personal loss in his death."

Mr. Hugh G. Barclay (of Mobile), of the L. & N. Railroad, began a tribute under the heading, "God's Ways Are Strange:"

O, strange that he whose life so rich 
In deeds of virgin gold, 
Whose smile enshrined in mem'ry's niche 
Of people young and old, 

Whose tender heart and tireless brain 
Still sought for wounds to heal, 
Who never spoke sharp words to pain, 
Was ever kind and leal 

Yes, strange that such a royal soul, 
With life's best work undone, 
In sight of hope's long cherished goal, 
And hope's full race unrun,

137 Confederate Veteran March 1911

Should such a Thanatopsis grim

Bequeath to us, who know

That heaven's foresight must be dim

To deal us such a blow

In taking him, this peerless one,

When worthless lives are left

But hark! God's righteous will be done,

E'en though the world's bereft."

MAJ. JAMES H. AKIN.

Maj. James H, Akin, of Williamson County, Tenn., born near Thompsons Station August 12, 1832, was the son of Samuel W. Akin, of South Carolina, born in 1788, and a grandson of Rev. John Akin, also a native of South Carolina, born in 1761 of Scotch ancestry, who was a Revolutionary soldier. He engaged in the ministry at an early age, and became a pioneer preacher in Tennessee. He married the widow of Robert Howe, a comrade who was killed in one of the battles of the Revolution, and of their seven children was S. W. Akin, who married Millie Biffle, Maj. James Akin was the youngest of their nine children and the last of that generation. He married Marinda Cecil, a native of Indiana, in 1859.

Upon the outbreak of the Civil War James' Akin organized Company E, 9th Battalion Tennessee Cavalry. The command was in the surrender of Fort Donelson. The men were exchanged in 1862, and the command was reorganized at Jackson, Miss., when Captain Akin was made major, and from May, 1863, he commanded the battalion to the end of the war. His wife died in 1867, and in 1881 he married Mrs. Sophia (Burnett) Kirnan, having returned to the vicinity of his birth, where he resided for the remainder of his life. In 1893, losing his second wife, who had borne to him three children, he married Lena, a daughter of Dr. Oden, and to this union there were three children, one of whom survives.

Major Akin served as Tax Collector of Maury County and as magistrate. Later he served several terms in the Legislature as Floterial Representative from Maury, Williamson, also Giles and Lewis Counties. His regular business was farming, and he owned about two thirds of a section of land in one of the richest farm belts of the State. His death occurred January 21, 1911. The burial was at Franklin, Tenn., the Starnes and McEwen Camps officiating.A. F. EATON.

A. F. Eaton, whose death occurred in Memphis, Tenn., December 28, 1910, was born in 1837, near Lynchburg, Lincoln County (now Moore), Tenn. He enlisted in Col. Pete Turney's regiment, organized as the 1st Tennessee and which went to Virginia before Tennessee seceded. This regiment was designated as the "First Tennessee Regiment, Provisional Army," Comrade Eaton served as first lieutenant of his company until so badly disabled by wounds that he was compelled to leave the service. His home was at Tullahoma, Tenn.

JAMES POLK EPPS.

J. P. Epps was born in Bedford County, Tenn., a son of Peter Irby Epps and Abigail (Alien) Epps. His mother died when he was five years of age. From early youth he lived near Rienzi, Miss. He enlisted in Forrest's Cavalry at sixteen years of age, and served the last two years of the war. Later he worked on the farm and clerked in stores at Booneville. Miss., and Bethel Springs, Tenn. He engaged in merchandising at the latter place, and did a prosperous business for more than thirty years. In the spring of 1910 he moved to Corinth, Miss., where he died December 31, 1910, aged sixtyfour years. He was a member of the Presbyterian Church at Bethel Springs, Tenn. A wife and five children survive him.

J. P. FRANCIS.

John P. Francis was born in Franklin County, Tenn., December 8, 1841, and died at Artesia, N. Mex., January 18, 1911. He enlisted in the Confederate army in the year 1861 as a member of Company I, 41st Tennessee Regiment Infantry. When his regiment was ordered to Fort Donelson in February, 1862, he was left at Russellville, Ky., on detachment duty. He followed on in a few days to rejoin his regiment, but upon arriving at Dover, near Fort Donelson, he learned that the Confederate forces had surrendered. He therefore turned back, went to his home in Franklin County, and shortly afterwards went to Corinth, Miss., and rejoined the army, being assigned to duty in Company K, 17th Tennessee Regiment.

After the exchange of his command in the autumn of 1862, he rejoined his company in January, 1863, at Port Hudson, La, He was in the night engagement between the Confederate land forces and the United States fleet under Admiral Farragut in March, 1863, when the United States battle ship Mississippi was burned and Lieutenant (Admiral) Dewey was captured by the Confederate forces. He was in the campaign from Dalton to Atlanta in 1864, and participated in all of th e engagements of his regiment. He went with Hood into Tennessee in the autumn of 1864, and was in the battles of Franklin and Nashville, Tenn. Being captured in the latter engagement, he was sent North to prison, first at Chicago, Ill., and then at Point Lookout, Md., and was released on parole from the latter prison in July, 1865. He was a brave and courageous soldier, and calm and deliberate under fire.

At the close of the war he returned to his home, in Franklin County, and in 1868 was married to Miss Eleanor J. Elliott and settled near Winchester, Tenn., where he lived until the autumn of 1909, when he gave up farming and went to Artesia, N. Mex., in search of health. his wife, four sons, and three daughters, to whom he has left the heritage of an upright Christian life.

C. HORACE GALLAHER.

Mr. C. H. Gallaher, of Charlestown, W. Va., died January 29, 1911, after a brief illness, aged seventy three years. Mr. Gallaher served in Company G, 2d Virginia Infantry, gallantly throughout the great war. He was a son of the late H. N. Gallaher and the last of five brothers. His wife preceded him to the grave but a few months ago. Mr. Gallaher leaves one daughter (Mrs. Arthur Davenport, of Charlestown) and two sons (Mr. Wallace Gallaher, of Richmond, and Mr. Shannon Gallaher, of Philadelphia). Funeral in Presbyterian church.

SAMUEL W. FRIZZELL,

Bob Gaston Camp, of Frankston, Tex., lost one of its leading members in the death of First Lieut. S. W. Frizzell on September 23, 1910. He enlisted for the Confederacy from his home in Kentucky early in 1861 as a member of the 3d Kentucky Cavalry, and for the last two years of the war he was with General Forrest. He was a man loved and respected by all. He was in his sixty ninth year. His wife survives him, and is living at Frankston, while his daughter, Mrs. Glasscock, is in Washington, D. C., and the son. Prof. L. T. Frizzell at Groveton, Tex.
PlCKETT'S MEN AT GETTYSBURG.

(Excerpt from an address on Gettysburg by Maj. F. M. Burrows, delivered at a meeting of the R. E. Lee Camp of Fort Worth, Tex., September 25, 1910.)

On yonder hill sat Pickett, bold and intrepid, on his fearless charger, regardless of the fast flying shot and shell, with his heart filled with love and pride for his men, who were facing h . * * *

Brave and valiant were Pickett's men, who knew no duty but to obey their general, awaiting with fast beating hearts the order to advance. When the order to charge was given and that body of invincibles responded to their general's command, a yell rent the air that carried terror to the hearts of those opposing, then there went to the altar of duty the noblest men that ever faced a cannon. Cannon, indeed! There were

Cannon to right of them, cannon to left of them,

Cannon in front of them, and cannon galore,

And not one shelter from their brazen roar.

Nothing but to face them, nothing but to charge them,

Nothing but to chase them, and nothing but to take them.

Face them, charge them, chase them, take them

was the slogan of the boys in gray.

With numbers against them, numbers to the right of them,

Numbers to the left of them,

Numbers in front of them, and numbers galore,

Defeated them on that fateful day of long ago.

FRATERNAL WORDS BY A UNION VETERAN.

When in the year 1865 the last Confederate surrendered, between most of the brave men on both sides the war ended. Most of the effort made since to perpetuate the animosities of the war has come from post bellum soldiers, the men who stayed at home anathematizing "Jeff Davis" as a traitor and execrating "old Abe Lincoln" as a tyrant. The veterans of the war have always set the example of reconciliation. They were ready at once to "forgive and forget."

The generous Union soldier believes that there was equal sincerity and equal courage on both sides. On both sides the highest attributes of a military people were undeniably demonstrated. No magnanimous Union soldier demands that the Southern people shall level the graves of their heroic dead and eliminate from their memories the reminiscences of the battlefield, the camp, the hospital, and the death chamber with which many of their kindred have been immemorially associated. Their right to erect monuments to perpetuate the memory of their bravery he does not impugn.

The soldier in blue does not challenge the fame of those whose valor and skill made them the idols of the Southern armies. The fame of Lee, Stonewall Jackson, Stuart, the Hills, and the Johnstons is just as much a part of the national heritage as is the fame of Grant, Thomas, Sheridan, Sherman, and Custer.

Ex Confederates are all our heroes. The story of that "steady, stern, magnificent, heroic, and hopeless charge" of Pickett's men at Gettysburg, and the story of the firm, stubborn, and brave defense of Chickamauga by Thomas's men equally inflame my imagination. There was American valor in both of these glorious achievements. The man who cannot see the glory of those deeds has a chilled heart and withered faculties. In the name of our dead, for the sake of the living, and in the interest of our common country, they want the most cordial fraternity established, they want a complete reunion of sundered ties.

We must live together on this continent, and the judgment and conscience of most of the soldiers in blue is that we should repudiate every lingering animosity. Unless we do this, it is idle to affirm and boast that we are one in name and one in purpose.BIG SNOWBALL FIGHT AT JOHNSON'S ISLAND.

BY CAPT. FRANK BATTLE, PALMYRA, TENN.

In the winter of 1863 I was a prisoner on Johnson's Island. About three thousand prisoners were kept there. They were very restless and anxious for exchange. We were living on half rations, and the outlook was indeed gloomy. There was a deep snow on the ground and the ice was about two and a half inches thick. It was so cold that water thrown from the second story of the prison would be ice when it reached the ground.

Some one proposed a snowball fight, and small parties would engage in the sport, then all the prisoners organized, and six blocks, or wards, proposed to fight the other six. The first six blocks contained all the general officers except one, and he was not allowed to command in his department. A lad from Florida, I think, commanded in his stead.

Major General Trimble and Brigadier General Beal, of Missouri, Archer, of Texas, and Jeff Thompson, from Missouri, were in District No. 1. No, 2 had a colonel to command them. It took some time to get our regiments or brigades in fighting trim. Some of us had been out of the business so long that we were a little rusty, but when the war whoop was sounded and we had fairly gotten into the fight, we made the "fur" fly, and we felt that we were at our old business again. The fight lasted about two hours, and wounded men were lying around thick. I was wounded in several places and taken prisoner, but was exchanged on the field.

The fight was declared a draw, both sides being exhausted from hard fighting, and a truce was made to last until the next big snow. Our friends in blue took much interest in the fight and viewed it from the parapets of the prison.
ERRORS IN SKETCH OF PRESIDENT M. H. SMITH.

The distinguished career of Mr. Milton H. Smith, President of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, as shown in the February VETERAN pleased many people. The greatest surprise to any one doubtless was to the eminent citizen who was the subject of the article. The VETERAN prides in its enterprise to give the first sketch of the life work of a man who has been a forceful character in the commerce of the South for forty years. The data was procured by the most careful and most painstaking inquiry from the best sources conceivable. It seems a pity not to have had Mr. Smith's personal examination of the paper, but in the absence of that, an interview with him afterwards was the only way to get it absolutely accurate. Happily that interview has been had, and while several errors occurred, the response shows such an exquisite refinement of sentiment about accepting credit at the expense of others that it is well worth the space to make the corrections. Besides, there is disclosed in these corrections some valuable history. The interview shows him to be punctilious as to the exact truth. He was not born in Chautauqua County, N. Y., but in Windham (township), Green County, N. Y. He disclaims that his father had to do with manufacturing harvesting machinery. The paper simply states that those principles were worked out by his father.

On other points he says: "McComb did not build the Mississippi Central Railroad. The Mississippi Central proper, extending from Canton, Miss., to Grand Junction, Tenn., was promoted and constructed by people living along the line, Walter Goodman, of Holly Springs, being president, and associated with him were numerous enterprising citizens, among others Gen. A. M. West, Mr. Joseph Davis, brother of Jefferson Davis, Torrence, Pigue, Vaiden, and others. That portion extending from Grand Junction, Tenn., to Jackson, Tenn., was built under the corporate name of Mississippi Central and Tennessee Railroad, promoted by citizens along the line headed by Gen. R. P. Neely, of Bolivar, Tenn., the two corporations being consolidated and the line opened through for operation late in 1859. McComb and associates did not acquire control until ten or twelve years thereafter."

Mr. Smith disclaims that he was ever master of transportation for all government roads operated in captured territory, and that his headquarters were ever at Jackson, Tenn., also that, according to his recollections, the roads entering Jackson namely, the Mobile & Ohio and the Mississippi Central were not operated after the battle of Shiloh north of the Memphis & Charleston Road until after the close of the war.

He was never assistant freight agent under F. S. Van Alstine, and Mr. Van Alstine was never general manager of the Star Union Line.

He states that the "rich man" referred to never owned any large amount of the stock of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company. The majority of the stock at that time was owned by the municipalities and counties along the line, who elected him president. He denies the incident described as having occurred with the City Council of Montgomery, and says that at the period described there was never any attempt by any one representing the railroads to prevent supplies from going into Montgomery.

He disclaims that after his resignation as General Freight Agent of the Louisville & Nashville Road, the Baltimore & Ohio, the Pennsylvania, and Mr. Gould offered him employment (yet he was engaged for the two former systems), and that he never threatened to throw brokers or any one else out of their windows. This note was a pleasantry on the "money changers."

The gravest error in the report was in giving the authorized capital of the L. & N. Road at $150,000,000, when it should have been $60,000,000, all the greater credit to the marvelous achievements of the management of the system, yet that large sum was meant to include stocks and bonds.

In conclusion, Mr. Smith says: "I suppose there is no use trying to modify the exaggerated general statements of the work I have done as a traffic and executive official of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company. Similar duties are performed by similar officials of most of the other roads in the country. In giving me personally credit for the very large increase in the transportation facilities created by the Louisville & Nashville Railroad Company, those who have furnished the necessary capital are not given credit due, and the controlling fact, that the increase in facilities, with corresponding increase in traffic results, could not have been accomplished except through the rapid growth of agriculture, manufactures, and commerce in the territory served by the company, is not given due consideration."

A study of the foregoing quotation will show as persistent a purpose to give others credit without accepting any for self as was ever penned, and this is evidently a leading principle in this busy man's life, and it shows too why he has never been known to get in the limelight that would give to him personal honor.

In illustration of his characteristics, the Editor mentions having seen him frequently in cities traversed by the Louisville & Nashville Railroad walking the streets alone as little observed as if one of the humblest employees of the great system that he directs.

FATALITIES IN MAINE REGIMENTS.

Maj. John M. Gould, Secretary of the Maine Regiment Association, has compiled some interesting data in regard to the fatalities in certain regiments. It seems that "the regiment" is a consolidation of the 1st, 10th, and 29th. He sends the VETERAN statistics from which the following is quoted: "In February, 1889, our directory of the regiment contained the names and post office addresses of 1,107 comrades. On that date a life insurance expert calculated that there were 1,526 survivors of the 2,500 grand aggregate, leaving 420 members unaccounted for. Since 1889 seventy six names have been added to the directory, but four hundred and sixty two have been erased, hence there are now upon the mailing list seven hundred and twenty one names of members, many of whom are probably dead."

In a list of twenty eight of his comrades eight are over sixty, nineteen over seventy, and one eighty six years old. The average age is over seventy two years. Of the one hundred and twenty nine officers in the three regiments, thirty nine are yet living.

GREAT HEARTED FRIENDSHIP. Supplemental to the sketch of Col. E. L. Russell, page 136 of this issue, mention is made of his will. His home and a goodly sum from life insurance were given his daughter, and the remainder of the estate is given to Mrs. Russell apparently a fair division. VETERAN readers are not enough interested in this matter to justify this additional publication. They will, however, be interested in the great hearted event that Mr. R. V. Taylor, who succeeds to Col. Russell's position as Vice President of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, who held a mortgage of $23,000 on Col. Russell's home, according to the Mobile Register, handed Miss Russell a receipt in full, freeing it absolutely of encumbrance.

April 1911 begins here


The civil war was too long ago to be called the late war, and when correspondents use that term " War between the States" will be substituted. The terms "New South" and " lost cause" are objectionable to the VETERAN.

OFFICIALLY REPRESENTS,

UNITED CONFEDERATE VETERANS, UNITED DAUGHTERS OF THE CONFEDERACY, SONS OF VETERANS, AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS, CONFEDERATED SOUTHERN MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION.

The VETERAN is approved and indorsed officially by a larger and more elevated patronage, doubtless) than any other publication in existence.

Though men deserve, they may not win success, The brave will honor the brave, vanquished none the less,

PRICE, 11.00 PER YEAR. SINGLE COPY 10 CENTS.

VOL. XIX.

NASHVILLE, TENN., APRIL, 1911.

No. 4.

There is a personal appeal in this issue for cooperation with the owner of the VETERAN in a tribute to Col. Richard Owen, who was commandant at the Camp Morton Prison, Indianapolis, in 1862. If you favor cooperating in that laudable undertaking, please write at once commending it, and that you will join in the tribute to Colonel Owen by sending one dollar, if not more. If you are thinking about it, and yet hesitate, a postal card on the subject would be appreciated. It is very desirable that every subscriber who sympathizes with the Editor do this at once. General response to this plea, which is unlike anything in our history for half a century, would create a profound impression upon the younger people of this generation. Please read the sketch and appeal carefully, It is not satisfactorily expressed, but it is all true.

A special to the VETERAN from Little Rock states: "Prospective visitors to the great Confederate Veterans Reunion, May 15 18, Little Rock will have no fear but that there will be accommodations provided to house comfortably and feed all who may come, whether Veterans, Sons of Veterans, or other visitors. It is estimated that fully 50,000 people will visit the city during the Reunion, and the special committee (among the forty eight committees) charged with the duty of providing eating and sleeping accommodations will be prepared to handle a larger number if necessary.

Gen. G. W. Gordon, Commander in Chief, has visited Little Rock, and reports a most promising outlook.

CONSTRUCTION OF ARLINGTON MONUMENT.

BY MRS. VIRGINIA FAULKNER M'SHERRY, PRES. GEN. U. D. C. Knowing the interest taken all over the South in the sculptor (Sir Moses Ezekiel) selected for the Arlington monument, I send for publication in the VETERAN his answer to my letter telling him the decision of the convention held at Little Rock, in which he fulfills all their requirements and manifests unusual interest in the work. I feel sure it will gratify the U. D. C. to know that the model selected will be such that $50,000 will be well spent, and when the monument is completed, it will do honor to the men who wore the gray and to the great organization working for it.

Let this letter be an inspiration to the Chapters and Divisions to continue their work, that this monument may be completed in the lifetime of Colonel Herbert, Chairman of the Arlington Executive Committee, and the great sculptor. Both are veterans in years as well as in experience.

VIRGINIANS AROUSED ABOUT FALSE HISTORY. 

The Roanoke Times of recent date says: "Roanoke College may as well face the facts. Its professor of history has made a bad mistake in using the Elson history and having it put into the hands of the students. It contains infamous and slanderous falsehoods against the section of the Union in which we live, the people from whom a large proportion of our people are descended, and the cause for which the fathers and grandfathers of the present generation risked or gave their lives and for which some men yet living made sacrifice of their own blood. The college cannot afford to be identified in the public mind with such teaching or doctrine or with condoning or excusing them.

Let us face the facts as they are as concerning the present policy and conduct of the college. Judge W. W. Moffett has and merits large influence and following in the State. He has resigned as trustee of the college and has withdrawn his daughter as a student. The Rev. Dr. J. A. Anderson, presiding elder of the great M. E. Church, South, of this district, in another matter has filed his protest and recited a grievance against the management and conduct of the school which is likely to find general approval. The Confederate veterans have submitted their courteous and kindly remonstrance against the Elson history just the kind of utterance that might have been expected from real men who are gentle and considerate citizens in time of peace, but in war were not at all gentle. Now the women have come into it, the daughters of the fighting men, Daughters of the Confederacy. They are a force to be reckoned with. They make public sentiment in this country, and in the last analysis are the final and conclusive power.  
Considering these facts, it seems to us, looking at it from the standpoint of the ordinary citizen and the man in the street, that Roanoke College should repudiate and condemn the Elson history as emphatically and thoroughly as possible. For our part, we would like to see a fire kindled on the campus and every copy of the book formally and carefully committed to the flames, with the full and unanimous approval of the faculty. Then we would like to see the college purge itself of the last suspicion of being a place wherein it was taught that the soldiers of the Confederacy fought in a 'Slaveholders' Rebellion,' that John Brown was a man of high character and purposes, and that the decent plantation owners and farmers of the South organized harems from their female slaves with their wives as presidents, and could establish itself as an institution controlled by its trusted faculty and not by any one professor or a congregation of boys."


PROTEST BY BALTIMORE DAUGHTERS.

A meeting of the Executive Committee of the Maryland Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy, and the Board of Managers of the Baltimore Chapter, U. D. C., was held at the home of Mrs. D. Giraud Wright to take action on the use of Elson's history in schools and colleges North and South.

The following resolution, offered by Mrs. D. Giraud Wright, Honorary President of the Division and Chapter, and seconded by Mrs. Thomas Baxter Gresham, was unanimously adopted:

Whereas it has been brought to the knowledge of the Maryland Division, U. D. C., through a list published in the Salem (Va.) Times Register March 9, 1911, that a book known as Elson's 'History of the United States' is in use, not only through the North, but in schools, colleges, and universities in a number of Southern States, including Maryland, said list purporting to emanate from the Macmillan Company, publishers of the book, and whereas this abominable publication 
contains gross calumnies against the South and her institutions and misrepresentations of the causes that led to the War between the States, and whereas in this so called history the sacred family relations of our people are attacked and falsified in language impossible to quote here, and the very honor of our fathers and mothers grossly impugned, therefore 



Resolved, That the Maryland Division of the United Daughters of the Confederacy registers an indignant protest in the name of truth and justice against the Use of Elson's so called history in any of the schools, colleges, and universities of our land, and calls on all Confederate veterans to aid the Daughters of the Confederacy in stamping out this vile publication and all similar ones, to the end that the youth of the country no longer be taught as facts untruths which are slanders on the fair fame of the South, her institutions, and her people."

Mrs. F. G. Odenheimer, the President of the Maryland Division. United Daughters of the Confederacy, was requested to obtain lists of the histories in use in the schools and colleges throughout Maryland. As it was noted in the Salem TimesRegister that this history is used in the Western Maryland College, a resolution was passed to investigate this statement, and if found true to send a demand to this college to discontinue the use of that history.

Mrs. F. G. Odenheimer writes: "I have read paragraphs taken from Elson's history which made my blood boil. Among other things, the war is called 'The Slaveholders' War,' and the relations of our people in regard to the slaves are falsified in a language unfit for print. I will make a desperate fight against its use in this section. It is in use in more than one hundred colleges and schools throughout the United States, South as well as North, including State universities of North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Oklahoma, Georgia, West Virginia, and Texas, Davidson College, Trinity College, Wilmington University, Central University, Western Maryland College, and others. These facts are from the publishers. Special credit is due to Judge W. W. Moffett, of Roanoke, and to the Roanoke Times for the bold exposure of this curse. The wonder is that it ever secured any footing in the South, and, according to the testimony, the study of this book should be discontinued if it requires the immediate suspension of every school in which it has been placed. It is high time that no history should be admitted into any school of the South until every sentence and word has been carefully scrutinized by competent and faithful Southern men, and the teacher who would commend such a book should be dismissed and advised that another climate would be conducive to his health.

ORATOR FOR LITTLE ROCK REUNION. Gen. George W, Gordon, Commander in Chief of the U. C. V., has appointed Rev. R. C. Cave, of St. Louis, as orator of the occasion, the address to be delivered on the afternoon of the first day.

Dr. Cave delivered the oration at the dedication of the soldiers' and sailors' monument in Richmond May 30, 1894, which was a subject of national concern. It was so near the Reconstruction period that the Northern press was severe in its comment. His theme will evidently be similar on this occasion, sustained by authorities that cannot be questioned. Dr. Cave is a brother of Rev. R. Lin Cave, Chaplain General U. C. V.

The addresses by this orator upon this theme and the vindication of the South will be brought out in a book from the Publishing House of the Methodist Church, South, about the time of the Reunion. It will be supplied by the VETERAN at one dollar, postpaid.

THE SHILOH MONUMENT.

BY MRS. ALEXANDER B. WHITE, DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE

ASSOCIATION, U. D. C.

Daughters of the Confederacy and Friends of the South:

Shiloh was one of the most momentous battles fought for the cause of the Confederacy, and one of the greatest of all times. "In no engagement of the War between the States was the military genius of the Southern commander in the selection of the battle ground and in the disposition and handling of the troops nor the bravery and endurance of the Southern soldiers more signally displayed." To realize the importance and significance of this battle and the need of a handsome monument there to tell future generations of the valor and devotion of Southern soldiers and the unsurpassed generalship of Albert Sidney Johnston and Braxton Bragg, I ask that at the April meetings of the Chapters of the Daughters of the Confederacy the Presidents have a comprehensive program on Shiloh and use the questions on Shiloh sent to the Chapters. That all members of the Chapters may see and get the benefit of these questions, I ask the Chapter Presidents to publish them in their local newspapers.

The Shiloh monument will be erected not to one man nor to one command, but to all Confederate soldiers, the only monument having the distinction of being a monument to the entire South. It will be placed in Shiloh National Military Park, where it will be surrounded by hundreds of beautiful Federal monuments, and to compare with them and to tell worthily the story of the men in gray our Shiloh monument must be very handsome. Nothing less should satisfy you, nothing less is worthy of those noble Southern men who lie on that battlefield in long, crowded trenches. It is due them for their devotion to duty, their hard work and suffering, the sacrifice of their lives in vain, apparently forgotten. The story of their valor must be told in granite and bronze, and I ask every one who had a relative or loved one in that great battle to send me at least one dollar for this monument fund. Just one dollar from every one of you, and what a beautiful, splendid monument we could soon have. Help us.

PLEA FOR IT BY MRS. VAL C. GILES, AUSTIN, TEX. To the Noble Survivors of the Battle of Shiloh and Friends: To me has been assigned the privilege as well as the task of acting as State Chairman of the Shiloh Monument Committee for the Texas Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy. Mrs. Valery E. Austin, of Galveston, is Director for Texas.

I want a personal letter from every Confederate soldier who participated in this grand battle, giving some incident pertaining to or a description of the battle as he saw it. From these letters I shall make my report to the Texas Division at their next convention at Houston, Tex. These letters will be filed with the archives of the Daughters of the Confederacy in their Confederate Museum in the Capitol at Austin, perpetuating for all time the names of the actual participants.

My thoughts turn to that grand chieftain, the peerless Albert Sidney Johnston, who led the brave Confederates to victory during the first day's battle and gave his life blood at Shiloh in defense of his country. The Chapter to which I belong has the honor of bearing his illustrious name, given it by our first Chapter President, Mrs. Bendette E. Tobin, whose memory will be revered through all time.
To the Daughters of the Confederacy are bequeathed the honor and the determination to erect a monument to the memory of those brave Confederate soldiers who fell on Shiloh's gory field. Ten thousand soldiers lie buried in shallow trenches where they and their brave leader fell. This monument will be placed in Shiloh National Military Park, and should eclipse any monument erected there to the Federal side, since this one is for all the South, as it will be erected to all Confederate soldiers. It is the only monument that will have this distinction. Ten thousand dollars has already been raised by the loyal Daughters. This is one third of the amount which the women of the South aspire to raise.

Now that our charge, the Confederate Woman's Home, the pride of the Texas Division, has been adopted by the State of Texas, we will have more time and money to devote to other purposes. I therefore ask every Chapter of the Division to send me promptly a contribution, however small.

The able committee given me by our State President, Mrs. A. R. Howard, is composed of the following: Mrs, J. M. Gibson, Vice Chairman, Houston, Mrs. L. J. Storey, Austin, Mrs. Mary Hunt Affleck, Brenham, Mrs. Forrest T. Morgan, Austin, Mrs. E. M. Kirtley, Terrell, Mrs. D. H. Caswell, Austin, Mrs. J. H. Askew, Austin, Mrs. J. D. Fields, Manor, Mrs. J. D. Covert, Fort Worth, Mrs. R. J. Hill, Palacios, Mrs. J. R. Elliott, Palacios.

It is suggested by Mrs. Alexander B, White, Director General of the Shiloh Monument Committee, that the April literary meeting be made Shiloh's day. Mrs, Valery Austin, Texas Director, suggests that we do likewise, and make it a memorable event in the history of the Texas Division.

All friends interested in this great work are earnestly requested to send their contributions as early as possible to me or any member of my committee, who will torward it. Each contributor will receive a receipt. The list will be published.

SHILOH MONUMENT FUND. REPORT OF MRS. ROY W. M'KINNEY, TREASURER. Newnan Chapter, Newnan, Ga. .......................$ 5 00

Oglethorpe Chapter, Lexington, Ga.................... 1 00

J. E. B. Stuart Chapter, Commerce, Ga............... 1 00

Mrs. E. H. T. Arnold, Covington, Ky. (personal).500

Enmonia Roberts Chapter, Lebanon, Ky............... 500

Dixie Chapter, Tacoma, Wash........................ 200

Robert E. Lee Chapter, Fairmont, W. Va.............. 2500

Total in hands of Treasurer. ...................... .$8,890.86HONOR TO MEMORY OF A PRISON OFFICER. PROPOSED TRIBUTE TO COL. RICHARD OWEN, COMMANDANT OF PRISON AT CAMP MORTON, 1862.

After the inangurating of a tribute to Sam Davis, which brought forth substantial results from every State in the Union, the Editor of the VETERAN now submits reasons for patriots in every part of the country joining in doing honor to the memory of Col. Richard Owen, who commanded the Camp Morton Prison, Indianapolis, in the early months of 1862.

This worthy object was proposed in the VETERAN for May, 1907, but it was not taken up then, as the Sam Davis monument was not completed, and the question of securing property for the Jefferson Davis Home memorial at Fairview, Ky., made it necessary to delay action. The latter enterprise is not yet achieved, but this Owen memorial was anxiously considered, and an invitation by the women of Indiana to attend the dedication of a bronze bust to the memory of Robert Dale Owen at Indianapolis induced attendance and, without longer delay, the making of a formal request for a place to erect a memorial tablet to Col. Richard Owen, who was a brother of Robert Dale Owen. After an interview with Governor Marshall, an explanatory circular was distributed in both houses of the legislature.

THE LETTER SUBMITTED TO THE INDIANA LEGISLATURE. S. A. Cunningham, of Nashville, Tenn., visited Indianapolis in the hope of supplying a modest but enduring memorial to Col. Richard Owen, who was commandant of the prison at Camp Morton in the early months of 1862. Through all these intervening years a spirit of gratitude to Colonel Owen for constant courtesy and kindness has continued, and no word of complaint has been heard from any one of the four thousand Confederates, mainly those who were surrendered at Fort Donelson on February 16, 1862.

The prisoners had suffered so much from cold and hunger that a profound sense of gratitude was manifested for the kindness and respect shown them by the commandant, "Colonel Owen." His given name was not known. For much of two weeks after imprisonment in Camp Morton the prisoners would eat the entire day's rations immediately. There was no murmur at this, for all realized that the authorities were unprepared to supply the needs of so many on so brief notice. Erelong a liberal supply was issued, and as long as Colonel Owen was in charge of the prison there was unvaried expression of gratitude for his kindness. Many fellow prisoners were in the City Hospital, and Colonel Owen allowed their messmates and close friends to visit their sick in groups of six to ten, with only one or two guards under a sergeant. Expression of sentiment was prevalent that if any prisoner should seek to escape through Colonel Owen's kindness he would be punished by his fellow prisoners.

Thirty years after release from Camp Morton the personal petitioner, who seeks for himself and his few surviving fellowprisoners opportunity to pay tribute to Colonel Owen, while in Chicago observed the law sign of Ernest Dale Owen, and called upon him to ascertain what he might of Colonel Owen, knowing nothing whatever of him or the distinguished family, of which he was a most worthy member. He was surprised to learn that just before the war Colonel Owen was a teacher in a military school at Nashville, Tennš with Gen. Bushrod Johnson, who, though a Northern man, became a distinguished major general in the Confederate army. The same school was conducted later by Gen. E. Kirby Smith, whom Gen. E. R. S. Canby designated as "the soul of honor" upon the occasion of his turning over to the United States the gold that had been intrusted to him for Confederate purposes to furnish transportation for President Davis to some other country, but not turned over at the time Gen. Kirby Smith surrendered the Trans Mississippi Department.

The career of Col. Richard Owen merits the desire of his fellow men, North and South, to do him honor. In the American Geologist for September, 1890, W. N. Winchell, of Minneapolis, Minn., gives an interesting sketch of him, in which he states that he was born in Scotland January 6, 1810, and in March, 1890, having passed his eightieth birthday, he died through accidental poisoning. He was the youngest brother of David Dale and Robert Dale Owen, and his fourscore years had been devoted to deeds of usefulness. Like his distinguished father and brother, he was conspicuous for deeds of helpfulness to his fellow men. He engaged early as a teacher, but through the solicitation of his brother, Robert Dale Owen, a member of Congress, he was appointed captain in the Mexican War, serving in the army nearly a year and a half. Later he engaged in surveying northwest territory with his brother, David Dale Owen. In 1849 he associated with Col. Thornton Johnson in the Western Military Institute in Kentucky, which later on became a department in the Nashville (Tenn.) University, In an address to the ladies of the Mount Vernon Association, Nashville (published in pamphlet at the time), delivered in "Honor to the Illustrious Dead," he indicated his fear of the war that came. He soon sold his interests in Nashville and returned to Indiana. In 1860 he succeeded his brother as State Geologist of Indiana.
Early in the great war he was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 15th Indiana Volunteers, and was later promoted to colonel of the 60th Indiana Regiment. After serving as commandant of Camp Morton Prison for several months, he was ordered to Kentucky with his regiment, and the command was captured at Munfordville. General Buckner went into the field where his regiment was guarded, thanked him for kindness to prisoners at Camp Morton, and gave him unconditional liberty.

Colonel Owen was one of the most active officers of the United States army. The "Records" report creditable deportment of him at Cheat Mountain, W. Va., in the Kentucky Campaigns, at Arkansas Post, and at Vicksburg.

The tribute sought to be paid to Colonel Owen by the prisoners who were under his charge was conceived by the writer, who is founder of the CONFEDERATE VETERAN, a magazine of Nashville, which has for many years represented officially every general Confederate organization in existence. He proposed this tribute in 1907, and it had the hearty concurrence of many friends without a known disapproval. Cooperation of proper authorities whereby this tribute of Confederate prisoners to the memory of Col. Richard Owen in Camp Morton may be worthily placed in the capital of Indiana is gratefully sought.

The Governor selected Hon. William W. Spencer, an active member of the lower house, who had gone to school to Col. Richard Owen, to prepare a bill, which was submitted, and passed both houses by unanimous vote. The bill reads as follows: "Be it resolved by the House of Representatives, the Senate concurring therein, that the Governor of this State be authorized to permit the surviving Confederate prisoners who were confined in Camp Morton during the War between the States to erect a tablet to the memory of Col. Richard Owen for the kindness shown said Confederate prisoners, and 
that the Governor be authorized to designate the spot where said tablet shall be placed, either in the Statehouse, on the grounds of the Statehouse, or on the soldiers' monument in the city of Indianapolis."

The memorial inscription suggested is as follows: "Tribute to Col. Richard Owen for kindness to Confederate prisoners in Camp Morton, 1862. While faithful to every duty as an officer of the United States army, Colonel Owen secured the gratitude of Confederate prisoners as enduring as time. Contributed in 1911 by surviving prisoners and their friends."

The inscription opens the way for a multitude to cooperate in this unique evidence of gratitude and patriotism. The promoter undertakes this project alone. He does not know that a single fellow prisoner will join him, but he undertakes it and asks for the cooperation of his friends as they would favor him personally. He will ask Governor Marshall to delay the selection of the place for the tablet until July, in the hope that a liberality of response will justify the selection of a very prominent place, and the memorial be one of credit to all who approve its production.

Mr. Spencer wrote on March 11: "The resolution I introduced the day you were in the legislature passed the House and the Senate without a dissenting vote. I inclose you a copy of the resolution. Governor Marshall at the present time, accompanied by his wife, is taking a vacation of about two weeks in the Southland, and on his return he and I will investigate as to which is the proper place for you to erect the tablet. I wish again to express my gratification in knowing that you appreciate Colonel Owen in the same manner as he was appreciated by the students in college, and I also want to thank you for the magnanimous and grateful spirit which you have shown in your undertaking. I call it your undertaking, because you took the initiative and made it possible."

The purpose of this project is to honor Col. Richard Owen and demonstrate with the best, if not the only, instance of real merit that ever may be given, the feeling of Confederates to a foe who was magnanimous and considerate, even in the war period. The offer to place a "memorial tablet" was modest, the Editor being resolved if wholly unaided to supply testimony of the prisoners' appreciation of Colonel Owen's kindness to them.

After correspondence with all fellow prisoners that he could hear from, he concludes, as so nearly all of them are dead, to solicit contributions from "prisoners and their friends.' This will open the way for a multitude in the South and some in the North who may contribute to this distinctive object.

The VETERAN will accept contributions until July 1, 1911, publishing the list of contributors. Whatever is done must be done promptly. Small amounts, not less than one dollar, will be most acceptable. Those who feel solicitude for this object may exalt the spirit of its purpose by calling the attention of friends. Don't forget that of the four thousand mentioned the whereabouts hardly of one in each thousand is known. No more fitting "peace monument" could be erected on this continent. Prompt notice of amount that will be contributed by July 1 would enable the promoter to indicate to Governor Marshall the character of memorial, thereby enabling him to indicate the location.

CONFEDERATES AND THE WAR DEPARTMENT. The Fort Worth Grays of Texas, members of the R. E. Lee Camp at that place, volunteered their service to Comrade J. M. Dickinson, Secretary of War, "for duty as United States soldiers on the Mexican border or in any other capacity as volunteers in the present crisis." In reply the Secretary states:

I note with pleasure that this offer is unconditional, no limit for services being fixed. I am happy to say that there is no reason known to me for anticipating that our country will in the near future become involved in hostilities with any other country. We are at peace with all the world. Our record in the movements looking toward the maintenance of peace with other nations and the adjustment of international differences by arbitration and similar methods, rather than resort to arms, is based upon a fixed policy that will not, I believe, be departed from. For us to become involved in war there would have to be some unjustifiable wrong perpetrated upon us by another nation. Even in such an event, the probabilities are that under the provisions of The Hague treaty for the good offices of other signatories there would be no war unless such act should be followed by a refusal upon the part of that nation to submit our differences to an impartial tribunal for settlement. The attitude of the President in regard to peace and peace movements is such that he will not permit, so far as he can prevent, our government to become involved in hostilities with any other government. 

It is, nevertheless, gratifying to have this manifestation of patriotism from Confederate veterans. This, however, was not needed to convince me that the United States would have no more loyal supporters than the people of the South in any 'crisis involving the welfare of our common country.'

You gave an illustration to the world of the long and constant sacrifice that the people of the South were willing to make in sustaining a cause to which they gave their support. No adversities and no losses availed to make them willing to abandon their cause. The sacrifice of life and property was made without stint or reserve, and the end came only with complete exhaustion of resources. This will stand as an illustrious example to the people of our country if a period of storm and stress should ever come, and will be pointed to to stimulate them to meet every adversity and not be constrained by pecuniary losses or disturbance of business or destruction of commerce to make a peace without honor.







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Margie Daniels , Millie Stewart  and   Davine Cambpell  County Managers


Last date updated 04/10/2006

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