was named to honor King George II of England, who signed the royal
charter which established the colony of Georgia in 1732.
It was created to serve as a buffer between Spanish controlled Florida
and English controlled South Carolina.
In the fifty states there are over 3,000 counties nationwide. The
number and size varies from state to state. Texas has the most
counties and Georgia ranks second with 159 counties plus Milton,
Campbell and Old Walton as defunct counties.
After Oglethorpe's founding of the colony of Georgia in 1733 there were
no specific boundaries drawn for Georgia and very little functioning of
Governmental bodies aside from defense and land issues.
There were originally twenty one trustees
named in the 1732 charter "The Trustees for Establishing the Colony of
Georgia". Over the period of the trusteeship (1732-1755), fifty more
The attempt to form
counties in Georgia in 1741 by the Trustees died an early death due to
the war with Spain. The counties were to be Frederica and
Savannah. Georgia's population grew from 1733 and reached around
40,000 people in 1776. Georgia did not have counties until 1777.
Georgia was originally divided into districts and towns from 1732 to
1758. Georgia was divided into twelve parishes from 1758 to to
1777, these became the original SEVEN counties of Georgia:
Burke - (St. George Parish)
Camden - (St. Thomas and St. Mary Parish)
Chatham (St. Phillips and Christ Church Parish)
Effingham (St. Matthew and St. Phillip Parish)
Glynn - (St. David and St. Patrick Parish)
Liberty - (St. John, St. Andrew, and St. James Parish)
Richmond - (St. Paul Parish)
Wilkes County was the eighth county created on February 5, 1777 by the
Georgia Constitution, but was originally created on June 1, 1773 from
the Treaty of Augusta - when the Cherokee and Creek Indians ceded the
constitution in 1945 set a maximum limit of 159 counties for Georgia.
Counties or parts thereof, may merge with or establish themselves with a
neighbor county, if such action has the approval of the Georgia General
Assembly and the voters of the counties that would be affected by the
change. The residents can vote also to consolidate their county
government with the government of all cities within that county -
Clarke, Muscogee and Richmond have done these in the past.
Many citizens of current day North Fulton are attempting to bring about
change to create the 160th county, and in that change want to bring back
"Old Milton County", which was merged with Fulton County.
the following Links to find more information on Georgia
of Georgia Counties and their Information
US Counties.Com - Misc.
Info on Georgia
Home • Copyright for Genea • Georgia GenWeb County Selection • County Manager Contacts • Submit Form • Regional Manager • Georgia Books • Cemetery & Churches • What About Georgia • Counties Formation • Georgia Resources • Georgia county map • Burned • Mail Lists • Military • Newspapers • Voyage to Georgia • Genealogical Standards
Sources and Recommended Readings on Georgia
Bryant, Pat. Georgia Counties: Their Changing Boundaries.
Atlanta: State Printing Office, 1983.]
Krakow, Kenneth. Georgia Place Names. Macon, GA: Winship
more detailed information on the institutional organization and
development of the province, please see Georgia as a Proprietary
Province: The Execution of a Trust by James Ross McCain (Boston -
Richard G. Badger, 1917).
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