Georgia Revolutionary War

British List of Traitors

Before the British recaptured Savannah in December 1778, the Revolutionary government compiled a list of those they considered Loyalists and threats to their cause. The royalists, once back in control, wasted little time in countering with lists of their own.

The first is one compiled by Loyalist Thomas Flyming [Fleming] and notarized May 30, 1780. 23 of the 79 men [--denoted by *--] listed have biographies in the first volume of Men of Mark in Georgia. Ten on the list had been or became chief executives of the new state of Georgia. Two were among Georgia's three signers of the Declaration of Independence.

Georgia Department of Archives and History (Colonial Book DDD, page 260-B, affidavit):

Georgia.

Personally appeared before me- The Honorable Anthony Stokes, Esquire, his
Majesty's Chief Justice of the Province aforesaid - Thomas Flyming, of Saint
Matthew's Parish in the province aforesaid Esqr. who being duly Sworn Saith,
that to his certain knowledge the following persons under written were  all of
them very active in Rebellion against His Majesty in this Province .  
William Obryan, Nehemiah Wade, *John Houston, *John  Adam  Truetlin, *John
Glenn, Richard Wylly, *Lachlan McIntosh, *George  Walton, *William Stephens,
*Joseph Habersham, *John Habersham, John McLuer, Raymond Demere, *John
Milledge, *Joseph Clay, *Noble Wimberly Jones, Mordecai Shefftall, Levi
Shefftall, [----] Delyon, a Jew; *Jonathan Bryan, Joseph Reynolds, John
Spencer, *John Wereat, The Rev. John Holmes, *Edward Langworthy, Rudolph
Stroager, *William Gibbons, Philip Minis, Edward Davis, *Samuel Elbert,
Benjamin Lloyd, Robert Hamilton, Shefftall Shefftall, James Alexander, John
Stirk, *Samuel Stirk, Henry Cuyler, *John Martin, Joseph Gibbons, Seth John
Cuthbert, Matthew Griffin, William Holzendorff, Chas. Odingsell, Edward
Howley, *Joseph Wood Senr., Joseph Wood Junrr., a Doctor Wood, Daniel Roberts,
Lewis Cope, Charles Cope, William Leconte, Charles Francis Chevalier, Fowler
Brisbane, Shem Butler, Thomas Stone, William Gibbons Junr., *Benjamin Andrews,
*John Baker Senr., William Baker, John Hardy, John Braddock, Samuel Miller,
Joseph Woodruff, Charles Spencer, Peter Tarling, John Winn, Samuel West,
*Oliver Bowen, *Lyman Hall, Abraham Revor, A Capt. & A Major Howell, Samuel
Spencer, James Goldwire, Robert Hudson Senr., Robert Hudson Junr., Samuel
Hudson, Edward Hudson, John Green, a Burton Tavernkeeper.
Sworn before me  . . .             
this 30th. day of May 1780
[ Thos. Flyming       A Stokes  Jefferson County]
Seaborn Jones of the County of Scriven, Attorney at Law, being duly sworn
maketh Oath and Saith that in the year 1774 & 1775, he was a clerk to the late
Judge Walton, who in those years was a practitioner of law in the General
Court of the then Province of Georgia.  That during those years he, The
deponent, became necessarily well acquainted with the honorable Anthony
Stokes, the Chief Justice of the then province aforesaid, and whom he hath
frequently seen write.  That he hath examined the Signature of “AStokes” to
the foregoing affidavit of Thomas Flyming, and Verily believes the same to be
in the proper hand Writing of the said Anthony Stokes.
Sworn to before me )                 Seaborn Jones
18th July 1806:       )
Josiah M. Sterett  J. I Ct.

The restored royal assembly convened on May 9 for the first time since the
British regained Savannah.  Out of this session, which met until July 10, came
two official list of traitors.  The first is The Georgia Treason Act of 1780,
(which is in the Joseph V. Bevan Papers, Peter Force Collection, Library of
Congress, and is reproduced substantially in its entirety in Georgia Citizens
and Soldiers of the American Revolution). The list, which is not included
here, contains 114 names,  most of which are on the The Act is prefaced with:
. . . Whereas a most desperate and bloody Rebellion hath been levied and
raised against his Majesty in this Province in which a Number of His Majesty's
Subjects contrary to their Duty and Allegiance have been wickedly and
traitorously engaged and amongst others the several persons herein after-named
. . .
The list is followed by:
. . . Shall be and they the said several Persons above named and each and
every of them is and are hereby Attainted of High Treason and is and are
declared to be subject to all the pains penalties and forfeitures by Law
inflicted on Persons guilty of High Treason to all Intents Construction  and
purposes whatsoever as if they the several persons above named were and each
and every of them was convicted and attainted of High Treason in a Court of
Justice having  jurisdiction  therein according to the Law of the Land. . . . 
The Act runs for several more paragraphs in the same vein, including the
warning that should any of those listed return to Georgia they will be
punished by death.  John has earned his way onto a list of traitors, his
second, that includes men of all walks of life.  Many are planters.  Several
are Jews whose families came over at their own expense shortly the arrival of
Georgia's first wave of settlers.  A wide range of trades are represented.
Some are quite prominent. Others will become prominent, including eight who
will serve as chief executives of the state of Georgia.

Today, the Assembly enacts a second law dealing with “traitors.” The British
Disqualifying Act, is of the same nature and intent as the first. It lists 151
individuals, including many who were on the previous two lists.
Revolutionary  Records of Georgia (Excerpts of “The British Disqualifying Act,
1780”):
AN ACT
To disqualify and render incapable the several persons herein named from
holding or exercising any office of trust  honour or Profit in the Province of
Georgia for a Certain time and for Other purposes therein Mentioned.
WHEREAS  a most  Audacious wicked and unprovoked Rebellion was lately raised
and carried on against his Majesty in the province of Georgia, and several
persons concerned therein,  in a most violent, hostile and unlawful manner
usurped the Government thereof, and erected themselves into a pretended
independent State, where they exercised many Acts of Violence and Oppression,
in contempt of his said Majesty and his Laws, and to the great distress and
injury of his Loyal Subjects.  And whereas the several persons herein after
named were Active and concerned in the said unlawful proceedings or some of
them.  We therefore Pray your most sacred Majesty that it may be Enacted, and
be it Enacted by his Excellency Sir James Wright Baronet Captain General
Governor and Commander in Chief, in and over his Majesty's Province of Georgia
by and with the advice and consent of the Honourable the Council and Commons
House of Assembly of the said province in general Assembly Met, and by the
Authority of  the  same,  that immediately from and after the passing of this
Act, and during the Continuance thereof, the same persons herein after named,
that is to say,
John Houstoun late of this Province Rebell Governor, 
John Adam Treutlen, late of the same Rebell Governor, 
Lachlan Mc Intosh late of the same, Rebel General, 
George Walton late of the same, member of the Rebel Congress,
William Stephens, late of the same, Rebel Attorney General,
John Mc Luer late of the same, Rebel Major,
Joseph Clay late of the same , Rebel Paymaster General,
Noble Wimberly Jones  late of the same speaker of the Rebel  Assembly,
Mordecai  Sheftall  late  of  the  same  Chairman of  the Rebel Parochial
Committee,
William O Bryan late of the same Rebel Treasurer,
John Werriatt late of the same, Rebel Councellor,
Edward Telfair late of the same Member of the Rebel Congress,
Edward Davis, late of the same Member of the Rebel Assembly,
Samuel Elbert late of the same  a Rebel General,
Seth John Cuthbert late of the same Rebel Major,
William Holzendorf late of the same, Rebel counsellor,
Richard Howley late of the same Rebel Governor,
George Galphin Rebel Superintendent of Indian Affairs,
Andrew Williamson Rebel General,
John White late of this province Rebel Colonel,
Nehemiah Wade late of the same Rebel Treasurer,
John Twiggs late of the same Rebel Colonel,
William Few late of the same Rebel Counsellor,
Edward Langworthy late of the same Rebel Delegate,
William Glasscock late of the same Rebel Counsellor,    
Robert Walton late of the same Rebel Commissioner of Forfeited Estates,
Joseph Wood Junior late of the same Clerk to the Rebel Assembly,
——— Piggens late of the same Rebel Colonel,
William Hornby late of the same, distiller,
Pierce Butler late of the same Rebel Officer,
Joseph Wood late of the same Member of the Rebel Congress,
Reverend William Piercy late of the same Clerk,
Thomas Savage late of the same Planter,
Thomas Stone late of the same Rebel Counsellor,        
Benjamin  Andrew late of the same President of the Rebel Council, 
John Baker, Senior late of the same Rebel Colonel,
William Baker late of the same Rebel Officer,
Francis Brown late of the same Planter,
Nathan Brunson late of the same Member of the Rebel Congress,
John Hardy late of the same Captain of a Rebel Galley,
Joseph Oswald late of the same Planter,
Thomas Morris late of the same Rebel Officer,
Samuel Miller late of the same Rebel Assembly man,
Thomas Maxwell late of the same, Planter,
Joseph Woodruff late of the same Captain of a Rebel Galley,
Josiah Powell late of the same Planter,
Samuel Saltus late of the same a Committeeman,
John Sandiford late of the same Planter,
Peter Tarling late of the same Rebel Officer,
Oliver Bowen late of the same Rebel Commodore,
Lyman Hall late of the same Member of the Rebel Congress,
Andrew Moore late of the same planter,
Joshua Inman late of the same Planter,
John Dooley late of the same Rebel Colonel,
John Glen late of the same Rebel Chief Justice,
Richard Wylly late of the same President of the Rebel Council,
Adam Fowler Brisbane late of the same Rebel Counsellor,
Shem Butler late of the same, Rebel Assemblyman,
Joseph Habersham late of the same, Rebel Colonel,
John Stirk late of the same, Rebel Colonel,
Raymond Demmere late of the same Rebel Cloathier,
General Charles Odingsell late of the same Rebel Captain,
William Peacock late of the same Rebel Counsellor,
John Braddock late of the same Captain of a Rebel Galley,
Joseph Reynolds late of the same Bricklayer,
Rodolph Strohager late of the same Butcher,
Charles Cope late of the same Butcher,
Lewis Cope late of the same Butcher,
Hepworth Carter late of the same Rebel Captain,
Stephen Johnston late of the same, Butcher,
John McIntosh Junior late of the same Rebel Colonel,
James Houstoun late of the same Surgeon,
James Habersham late of the same Merchant,
John Habersham late of the same Rebel Major,
John Milledge Junior, late of the same Rebel Assemblyman,
Levi Sheftal late of the same Butcher,
Philip Jacob Cohen late of the same Shop Keeper,
John Sutcliffe late of the same Shopkeeper,
Jonathan Bryan late of the same Rebel Counsellor,
John Spencer late of the same Rebel Officer,
John Holmes late of the same Clerk,
William Gibbons the elder late of the same Rebel Counsellor,
Sheftall Sheftall, late of the same Rebel Officer,
Philip Minis late of the same Shopkeeper,
Coshman Pollock late of the same Shopkeeper,
Robert Hamilton late of the same Attorney at Law,
Benjamin Lloyd late of the same Rebel Officer,
James Alexander late of the same Rebel Officer,
John Jenkins late of the same Rebel Assemblyman,
Samuel Stirk late of the same Rebel Secretary,
Philip Densler late of the same, Yeoman,
Henry Cuyler, late of the same Rebel Officer
Joseph Gibbons late of the same Rebel Assemblyman,
Ebenezer Smith Platt, late of the same shopkeeper,
Matthew Griffin late of the same  planter,
Peter Deveaux late of the same Gentleman,
Benjamin Odingsell late of the same Rebel Officer,
John Gibbons late of the same Vendue Master,
John Smith late of the same planter,
William LeConte late of the same Rebel Counsellor,
Charles Francis Chevalier late of the same Rebel Counsellor,
Peter Chambers of Savannah Shopkeeper,
Thomas Washington late of this Province, Rebel Officer,
Elisha Maxwell late of the same, planter,
Thomas Maxwell Junior late of the same Rebel Major,
William Gibbons the younger late of the same Planter,
William Davis late of the same Rebel Officer,
John Graves late of the same Yeoman,
Charles Kent late of the same Rebel Counsellor,
John Bacon late of the same Marriner,
Job Pray late of the same Marriner,
Nathaniel Saxton late of the same tavernkeeper,
Philip Low late of the same  Rebel Officer,
Samuel Spencer late of the same Marriner,
John Winn Senior late of the same Planter,
Devereaux Jarratt late of the same Rebel Assemblyman,
Samuel West late of the same Gentleman,
Josiah Dupont late of the same, Planter,
James Pugh late of the same planter,
Francis Pugh late of the same Planter,
James Rae late of the same Planter,
James Martin late of the same Planter,
John Martin, late of the same Rebel Sheriff,
Thomas Pace late of the same Rebel Officer,
Benjamin Few late of the same Rebel Officer,
Dionysious Wright late of the same  Planter,
Chesley Bostick late of the same Shopkeeper,
Littleberry Bostick late of the same planter,
Leonard Marbury late of the same Rebel Officer,
John Sharp late of the same planter,
James Harris late of the same Planter,
Henry Jones late of the same Rebel Colonel,
Hugh McGee late of the same Rebel Captain,
John Wilson late of the same Gentleman,
George Wych late of the same Rebel Officer,
William Candler late of the same Rebel Officer,
Zechariah Fenn late of the same Planter,
William McIntosh late of the same Rebel Colonel,
David Brydie late of the same Surgeon,
Andrew McLean late of the same Merchant,
Sir Patrick Houstoun late of the same Barronet,
Macartin Campbell late of the same Merchant,
James Gordon late of the same planter,
John Kell late of the same Gentleman,
John McLean late of the same planter,
Josiah McLean late of the same Planter,
John Snider late of the same Planter,
John Elliott late of the same Rebel Officer,
Thomas Elliott, late of the same Rebel Officer,
Richard Swinny late of the same Yeoman,
Hugh Middleton late of the same Rebel Officer;
and also all and every Other person or persons who at any time or times before
the Passing Of this Act,  hath or have acted in the said Province of Georgia
as Members of any council Assembly  or Committee, or as a Commission of trade,
or of forfeited Estates or who have held any Commission, or appointment under
the said usurption, either in a Civil or Military Capacity . . .
. . . Commons House of Assembly
                July 1st 1780.
              By Order of the House
                                                                              
Samuel Farley Speaker.
Assented to the first July 1780.
           James Wright.
   By order of the Upper House
                                                                              
Lewis Johnston President.

Contributed by:  
J. G. (Jerry) Braddock Sr. 
Charleston, SC. Author of Wooden Ships - Iron Men .


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