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Etheridge Family settled at Beulah and then Dozier

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The first ancestor of the Etheridge family to move into Alabama appears to be Thomas Etheridge and his wife, Mary Jane. He was born circa 1790 in North Carolina and she, circa 1801 in Georgia. It has not yet been determined if he is a son of or brother to Edward Etheridge of North Carolina who later moved to Marion County, Georgia. Edward’s wife was named Clarkey.

In 1855, Thomas purchased land in the Baker Hill community of Barbour County. Neither he nor Jane have been found in the 1860 census, and it is believed he died sometime after 1859. By 1870, Jane was residing in the home of her son, Daniel.

A Richard Calvin Etheridge, born circa 1800 in North Carolina, lived in Marion County, Ga., and later in Barbour County, by 1840. He was married to Elizabeth G. Hendricks and is believed to be a brother to Thomas.

By 1820, Thomas and his family were living in Wilkinson County, Ga., where they resided until sometime in the 1830s when they moved to Macon County, Ga. Then, by 1850, they had moved to Barbour County.

Thomas and Mary Jane are listed in the 1850 Census for Barbour County at 60 and 49 years of age respectively. With them are the following children: John, 21; Stephen, 19; James, 18; Seaborn, 15; Daniel, 11; Mary, 8; Emeline, 4; and Caroline, 4. There were three other sons who had already established a home of their own: Elijah Jefferson, Green Thomas, and Washington.

Elijah, born in 1815 in Georgia, was married in 1844 to Tamsie Parm Alewine, who was born in 1823 in Georgia. She was the daughter of David and Nancy (Williams) Alewine, who moved to Covington County with Elijah and Tamsie. In 1850, they were all residing in Marion County, Georgia but later moved to Covington county by 1855.

During 1855, Elijah purchased two 80 acres tracts of land in the Beulah area, which is located south of Opp. He added another 80 acres to this in 1856. In 1860, the family had moved into the Dozier community that became a part of Crenshaw County in 1866 when it was formed.

In 1862, Elijah enlisted as a private in Co. I, 40th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t of the Confederate Army. After a period of service, he did not re-enlist, but in 1864, he jointed Co. I, 4th. Reg’t, Alabama (Senior) Reserves as a 3Sgt. He was listed as being 47 years of age and having hazel eyes, grey hair, and a sallow complexion. He stood five feet and 11 inches.

In 1866, Elijah was commissioned to serve as a Justice of the Peace for Beat Number Three. He was listed as a registered voter in 1867 along with J.M. Etherdge.

Elijah and Tamsie reared the following children: Nancy Jane, m. Frank Spann; John Monger, m. Malissa Ann Riley; David, d. 1879, single; Lucianne, m. Jim Jackson; Francis Elizabeth, m. Butler Ballard; Sarah Frances, m. Ran Ballard; Susan “Susie” C., m. John Owens; Katharan, m. Simon Worley; Stephen William, m. Elizabeth Lavinia Odom; Andrew Jacob, m. Frances Missouri Gillespi Odom; and Levi Jefferson, m. Sarah “Sallie” Brooks. Francis Elizabeth and Sarah Frances were twins who married brothers, Butler and Ran Ballard.

Elijah was listed in the 1866 Alabama Census for Covington County and in the 1870 Census for Covington County. At his death in 1877, he was buried in the Pilgrims’ Rest Primitive Baptist Church Cemetery on the Rose Hill/Dozier Highway. His wife was buried there as well as two of their sons, Daniel and Stephen William. A majority of these Etheridge descendants lived in the Dozier area.

An Etheridge family researcher, Steve Etheridge, of Atlanta, Ga., is responsible for much of the data presented in this writing. Appreciation is expressed to him and other relatives who have worked to preserve this family’s heritage.

Anyone who might have corrections to the above or additional data is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Seeking information on Jim Campbell, b. 1877, d. 1954, wife Ollie Roden, b. 1885, d. 1931, buried Mt Zion Cemetery. Children: Theo; William, m. Meathel ?; Ethel, m. Earl Robbins; Irene, m. Florey Chaney; Horace, m. Gladys ?; Forest, m. (1) Edna Stutts (2) Dale Rainey. Contact Darlene Campbell Scott at or 1115 W. 13th. St., Okmulgee, OK 74447


Alfred Adams family settled in the Antioch community

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

Sometime earlier the David Fannin Adams family who settled in the Kinston area was featured in this column. The Alfred/Alford Adams family to be reviewed today came from Coffee County in the 1860s, but their relationship if any to David Fannin is undetermined.

Alfred Adams was born in 1813 in Marion County, Ga. Around 1835, he was married in Monroe County, Ga., to Sarah H. Watson, daughter of James T. Watson, a native of Columbia County, Ga. Sarah was born in 1816, probably in Marion County.

Alfred and Sarah were still in the Buena Vista community of Marion County in the 1840 census. They had several children before leaving their home and moving to Alabama. In the 1850 census, the family had located in Coffee County. There is a record of Alfred having been awarded a land grant in this county in 1855. The property was described as Township Three North and Range 21 East. Alfred and his son, James, served as privates in Co. F, 33rd. Ala. Inf. Reg’t (Covington and Coffee Grays) in the Confederate Army. By 1870, the family had moved and was enumerated in Covington County. At his death in 1880, Alfred was buried in the Harmony Cemetery.

Alfred and Sarah reared the following children: Martha Rebecca Amanda, b. 1837, m. ? Green; Jonathan Wesley, b. 1839, d. during war in Northern Virginia; Elizabeth Ann, b. 1842, m. James Helms; Andrew Joseph, b. 1844, d. 1928, m. Morning Harrelson; Amanda Luvenia Ann, b. 1845, m. William Allen Odom; James Thomas, b. 1846, d. 1930, m. Susan Catherine Stewart; and Benjamin Allen, b. 1852, d. 1900, m. Prudence Harrelson.

Andrew Joseph and his wife, Morning, daughter of Enos and Mary Ann Grimes (Bradley) Harrelson, reared the following children: Sarah Viola, b. 1871, d. 1902, m. H.M. McCook; Joseph Melody, b. 1874, d. 1943, m. Beulah Harris; Andrew Jethrow, b. 1876, d. 1937, m. Lennie L. Tendel; Mary Ingry, b. 1878, d. 1933, m. Frank Clark; Martha Ellie, b. 1882, d. 1926, m. Harvey Columbus Moore; Alford Enos, b. 1884, d. 1929, m. Eunice Clements; Eason Young, b. 1885, d. 1940, m. Annie Holland; Morning Felicity Armenia, b. 1888, m. W. Stanley Howell; and Grady Benjamin, b. 1891, d. 1971, m. 1913 Irene Clark.

During 1891, Andrew homesteaded 160 acres of land. in the Opp community. He also joined a group of investors who purchased a large volume of land in the Falco area, which they later sold to the timber company, which built the sawmill that led to the development of the thriving town of Falco. He or his father, Alfred, would have been the registered voter in 1867.

Amanda and William A. Odom reared the following children: Martha Ellen “Auntie,” b. 1871, d. 1964; William Jesse, b. 1876, d. 1960; Jonathan Wesley, b. 1878, d. 1950; S.E., b. 1882, d. 1882; and E.F., b. 1884, d. 1884.

James Thomas and his wife, Susan, the daughter of John and Elizabeth (White) Stewart, had the following children: Johnny Alfred James Arlington, b. 1874, d. 1950, m. Izora Estelle Baker; Oren Theoplis, b. 1877, d. 1947, m. Martha Dozier; Charley Eddie Monroe Lee, b. 1880, d. 1948, m. Mary Majors; Sarah Lovie Frances Elizabeth, b. 1883, d. 1964, m. Adge Dye; Annie Berta Esther Idonia, b. 1885, d. 1976, m. Beadie Thrower; Lonnie Gaston Thomas Walter, b. 1888, d. 1967, m. Florie Tipton; Earnest Alchius Bunyan Geatrice, b. 1890, d. 1973, m. (1) Ila Hinson (2) Ara Dora Driver; Birdie Mae, b. 1893, d. 1973, m. Virgil Ellisor Lord; Ida Pearl, b. 1896, d. 1968, m. Oscar M. Dye; and Susan Gladys, b. 1901, d. 1980, m. (1) Ollie Otto Canant (2) Lee Taylor.

James Thomas homesteaded 161 acres of land in the Antioch community. Many members of his family lived and were buried in this area.

Benjamin Allen and his wife, Prudence, a sister to Morning, reared the following children: Josephine, b. 1874, d. 1914, m. 1897 Britt Mathas Baisden; Sarah Rebekah Minon, b. 1876, d. 1957, m. 1894 William Pillie Bryan; Noah Timothy, b. 1878, d. 1918, m. Ida Luanne Henderson; Mary Percilla, b. 1881, d. 1885; Allen Lemuel, b. 1882, d. 1959, m. (1) Mollie Bridges (2) Donnie Daughtery; Benjamin Amariah, b. 1886, d. 1955, m. 1908, Emily Connell; Eldridge Clemoth, b. 1888, d. 1960, m. Virgie Lee Stewart; Alford Emrel, b. 1890, d. 1896; Prudence Elva, b. 1892, d. 1978, m. 1914 John O’Neal Johnson; Hewey Lumpkin Fornkin, b. 1894, d. 1898; and Eddy Durpy, b. 1897, d. 1898.

The descendants of Alfred and Sarah’s other children are not available at this time. Many of them as well as those above moved to other states to rear their families.

Some of the better known in this family include Alfred E. Adams, who served for many years as Andalusia City Clerk. He is the son of Johnny Alfred James Arlington Adams. Another public figure was Ralph Adams, who served for a number of years as President of Troy State University. He was the son of Alfred Enos Adams.

The descendants of Benjamin Allen and Prudence (Harrelson) Adams were in Andalusia last weekend for a memorable reunion. Several researchers including Bonnie Milam and her daughter, Jan Milam, contributed information for this writing. Others contributing data include Alfred E. Adams and Wendy (Butler) Adams, descendants of Andrew Joseph Adams.

Anyone who might have corrections to the above or additional data on this family is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:


Seeking information on family of Don Calvin Daniels, b. 1906 in Conecuh County, d. Milton, Florida, 1954. He was married first to Alma Anata Barnes and second to Frances Bell. His father, John T. Daniels, was living in Andalusia in 1954. Contact Jackie Hart at e-mail:


Rose Hill was a thriving Covington County community during the 1800s

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

Since there is a reunion this weekend of descendants from three pioneer families who settled in the Rose Hill community, it seems expedient to review the historical development of that area. The three families of note are Adams, Bryan(t), and Harrelson. Relatives from these lines will be traveling from several states to share an occasion of honoring and remembering their family roots in Covington County.

Ancestors of the Bryan family are some of the very first white settlers to choose to locate in this county. Jesse Bryan and his family had already emigrated to Louisiana, but the earthquakes in 1819 and probably hostile Indians drove them back east to a site next to Lake Jackson in Florala. At the time the body of water was unnamed, but it would soon be called McDade’s Pond and eventually Lake Jackson.

After a year or so, around 1821, Jesse Bryan moved his family to a site a few miles northeast of Rose Hill. His property would later become known as the William Green Williams Place as a daughter, Telatha, married Williams and she inherited the place for taking care of her parents. The historic Williams Graveyard, where the Bryans and Williams are buried, is located on the backside of this property.

For perspective, it is recalled that Covington County was created in 1821, the time Bryan moved to his new home. He and other settlers were choosing this northeast corner of the new county for their homes because it was attractive in its location and natural resources. It may well be that the residence of earlier Indians had left the area quite inhabitable. (Recent archeological reports suggest there was a rather advanced Indian culture existing there in earlier years.)

There is a number of additional reasons why this location was appealing. It was located on the famous Three Notch Trail, which was most likely an old Indian path. In 1824, a military road was created and marked by the three notches on selected trees to create passage from Fort Mitchell in Columbus, Ga., to Pensacola, Fla. This particular route was chosen because it could be traveled without crossing a river or creek that could not be forded. It ran a few miles south of the Conecuh River.

During the early 1820s a number of settlers began to arrive from Georgia, South Carolina, and surrounding counties. Another road developed in the vicinity, which was called the Possum Trot Road. It ran a little closer to the river than the Three Notch Trail and actually crossed the river a few miles northeast of Dozier and again at Searight. Many people chose to locate along this route, which does not even exist today.

Other families who settled in the area included the following: Jesse Jr. and Giles Bryan, Bartholomew and David Cauley, James P. Parker, Archibald and John Turbberville, Richard and Solomon Moody, Henry White Head, John McLaughlin, John G. Owens, Sampson Branon, William Carpenter, Sam Bower, Redding Hall, William Robbins, William M. Sasser, Joe Jernigan, Wiley and William Green Williams, Jess Veasey, Bill Haygood, Jonathan Mitchell, Alfred Holley, Calvin Holley, William Holley, and George Feagin and his sons, Andrew, Aaron and Richardson.

The following families settled a few miles north of Rose Hill in the Hickory Nut Ridge and Union settlements: Lloyd Butler, William F. Or H. Dannelly, Samuel Jones, Jim Drake, ? Birgman and Richard and William Smith.

Certainly there were others of whom there are no records and who came in the succeeding years. The number of settlers grew so rapidly that by 1840, there were about 75 families (approximately 500 persons). This means that about one fourth of the white population in the county were residing in this community.

During the early years, the settlers were all squatters as no public land was sold before 1830, when plots began to be purchased. The oldest surviving house, built circa 1830 by Richard Feagin, is still standing, but in a very poor state of repair. It was initially built of logs held together by wooden pegs. It is known as the Colvin House because is was inhabited by Mollie Colvin in the 1850s. It stands back from the southwest corner of the crossroads at Rose Hill.

The first post office in the area was created at Cauleyville in 1839. It was named for David Cauley, former county sheriff in 1828 and father-in-law of James B. Parker who owned the store in which the post office was operated. Parker was the only post master who operated this post office. For a few years, it was very active, but when the new Andalusia Post Office was established in 1844, it declined and was discontinued in 1855. Parker’s general store was located on the Rose Hill-Burnout Road. Records from it have been preserved which list charge accounts for many of his customers during these early years.

During the 1850s when the area population was increasing rapidly, Andrew J. Feagin opened a post office at his home in 1855 and named it Rose Hill. This was the first official use of the name Rose Hill, the origin of which is not known. Several possible explanations of the name have been proposed through the years. These include the following: the appearance of the land when Andrew Jackson passed through the area, an elderly Negro woman named Rose lived on the highest hill, or a large rose bush grew in front of the historic Colvin house.

Also, during the 1850s, a general store was operated by Billy Brandon. A horse-drawn cotton gin was operated by Dr. J. T. Brady who was the local medical doctor as well. Later Dr. Pendry would succeed him and eventually Dr. Dan Campbell would set up practice in Rose Hill.

The earliest known school was the Moody School located near that family’s home. Others included one at the Pilgrims’ Rest Church in 1860, Haygood School in 1865, Hideout School on the Rose Hill/Searight Road 1870, Thomasson School on Rose Hill/Burnout Road in 1870, Old Academy in 1873, Bethel Church School in 1877, Rowell School and Williams School in 1882, Taylor School in 1885, Lord School, and Mt. Gilead School in 1900. One of the first consolidated schools in the county was Campbell’s Chapel when Williams and Lord merged. Mt. Chapel was formed in 1917 when Mt Gilead and Campbell’s Chapel were consolidated.

By the outbreak of the War Between the States in 1861, Rose Hill featured several stores, four churches, a physician and a number of private and church schools. In addition to the effects of the war, the action to include much of the northern area in the new Crenshaw County, created in 1866, served to interrupt growth of the little town. Before this time, the area had the greatest growth potential in the county other than Andalusia.

Rose Hill did survive, and a number of businesses developed. Mr. Acree operated a tanning yard on the Gus Nash farm in 1872. A wool mill, located about one-half mile west of the Rose Hill Gin at an old water mill site, or jeans factory as it was called was run by Meden Killebrew. In 1875, James L. Stewart came from Georgia and moved into the Mollie Colvin house. He ran a store in Rose Hill, served as postmaster at one time, ran a water mill, and managed the cotton gin.

Although the little town continued for many years, it eventually ceased to be more than a service station stop as the usual urbanization occurred. One may read of many references to this community’s past, and many of its early citizens lie buried in the area cemeteries: Williams, Feagin, Stewart, Bryan, Macedonia, Parker, Veasey, Butler, Payne, Mt. Gilead, and Rose Hill.

Resources for this writing included Wyley Ward’s Early History of Covington County, Gus and Ruby R. Bryan’s Covington County History, and various family historical records. Anyone who has a correction to the facts or additional information is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Aughtmans settled in the Gantt community

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The earliest ancestor of the Aughtman family to settle in Covington County was known as Thomas Aughtman. Actually, he was born as Thomas Altman, and at some point the name was Americanized to Aughtman. While some family records indicate Thomas was born in South Carolina, some descendants claim he was born in Germany and later came to South Carolina. He is remembered as having a dark complexion and curly hair, being of short stature, and speaking with a “heavy” accent. It is likely he was of German and Jewish decent according to family memories.

There are records revealing that Thomas served in the Confederate Army. The inscription on his headstone states that he was in the 27th. Georgia, but other records show Co. F, 7th. S.C. Inf. Reg’t..

After the war, around 1867, he made his way to Covington County. Within the next year he was married to Lucinda “Lucy” Ann Scroggins, daughter of C. Wright and Lucinda (Cooper) Scroggins. Lucy was a native of Randolph County, Ga., and her family had apparently moved to this area..

Thomas and Lucy reared the following fourteen children: John, b. 1869, m. Kathleen Mayweathers (Meriweather or Hays ?); James D., b. 1871, d. 1953, m. (1) Laura O. Peacock (2) Mrs. Lessie Hogg; Monroe William “Bose,” b. 1874, d. 1961, m. Cora Estelle Smithhart; G.A., b. ca 1875; Roach H., b. 1876, m. Donie Chism; Bert R., b. 1879, d. 1941, m. Dilla Luvenia Peacock; Nellie B., b. 1882, single; William Hubbard “Hub,” m. Allie Lou Smith; Tink (Frank A.?), b. 1884, d. 1962, m. Beulah Bea Woodham; Lussie “Lucy,” b. ca 1885, m. A. Felder Smithhart; Debba, b. ca 1887, m. Tobe Harrelson; Nolia, b. 1889, m. Harah Blow; Sema, b. 1891, m. Pick Ivy; and Willie, b. 1894, m. Lena Smith.

There is a deed in family records showing Thomas acquiring land in 1894 in the Gantt area. He probably homesteaded the property which is still owned by some of his descendants. There is a chance that he donated land for the Gantt Cemetery where he and a number of his descendants are buried.

The second oldest son, James, and his first wife, Laura, who was the daughter of John and Theodocia (Thomasson) Peacock, reared the following children: Cleve, b. 1904, d. 1908; Claude, b. 1906, m. Ethel Harrelson; John, b. 1909, d. 1945, m. Myrtice Clark; James D. Jr., b. 1911, d. 1986, m. Annie Maude Wilder; William, b. 1914, m. Minnie Merle Nall; Burie “Bura,” b. 1916, m. Trudie Viline Worley; Julian, b. 1917, m. (1) Laverne ? (2) Patricia ?; Thera Mae, b. 1919, d. 1996, m. Enzor Johns; and Eva Rae, b. 1921, m. (1) Albert Cobb (2) Cearl Zak.

The next son, Monroe, and his wife, Cora Estelle, daughter of John and Emaline (Starnes) Smithart, reared the following children: Obie, b. 1903, d. 1942, single; Hattie Esta “Sis,” b. 1905, d. 1988, m. William Grady Jordan; Odie, b. 1908, d. 1975, m. Mrs. Maude Wright; Mabel, b. 1910, m. John Thomas “Big” Lunsford; Nobie Lee, b. 1913, m. John Wesley Clark; Autrey A., b. 1915, d. 1988, m. Alice Courtney; Ralph Waldo Emerson, b. ca 1917, m. Sue Courson; Rufus Monroe, b. 1921, d. 1980, m. Dorothy Ray Peevy; and Clinton Monroe, b. ca 1924, killed during WW II, single. At least four of the sons served in WW II. Autrey and Clinton received the Purple Heart for bravery, and Rufus received a bronze medal and other decorations for heroism.

Roach H. and his wife, Donie, reared their family of seven children in the Straughn community. These included Leman, b. 1907, m. Ruth Ward; Lee, b. 1908, m. Rena (Cobbins) Scroggins; Leila Mae, b. 1910, m. George Butler; Eli, b. 1912; Harvie, b. 1914, single; Venie, b. 1916, d. in childhood; and Bertha, b. 1919, m. ? Riley.

Bert and his wife, Dilla, daughter of John and Theodocia (Thomasson) Peacock, lived in the Gantt and Fairfield communities. Their children included Lucy Alberta, b. 1905, m. Foster Wells; Paul Gaston, b. 1908, m. Hughla Daughty; Lucille, b. 1910, m. Albert Hogg; Mamie, b. 1912, m. Joe Lee Rogers; Houston, b. 1914, m. (1) Alberta ? (2) Elsie Mitchell Ford; and Edna Lois, b. 1916, m. (1) Glenn Curtis (2) Sam Handen (3) Bill True.

Tink and his wife, Beulah, reared the following children: Kathleen, b. 1922, d. 1927; Blanche, b. 1924, m. Walter Wyatt; Max, b. 1926, m. Wilma Jean Harrelson; Christine, b. 1931, m. Charles Archie; and Ella Lucille, b. 1934, m. (1) Clifton Horton (2) Max Mitchell.

Lucy “Lussie” and her husband, Felder Smithart, reared their family in the Hamptonville (Gantt) and Straughn communities. Their children included the following: Haskell, b. 1905, m. Kate Browder; Willa, b. 1907, m. ? Odom; Clarence S., b. 1909, m. Vela Frances; James “Jim,” b. 1911, d. 1979; Eveline, b. 1915, m. Neil Schofield; Quipman, b. 1916, single; Alice, b. 1918; and Clarise, b. ca 1920.

William H. “Hub” and his wife Allie Lou, reared the following children: Nina Mae, b. 1915, d. 1963, m. Fred Biggs; Infant, b. ca 1918; Jess, b. 1922, d. 1981, m. Marie Douglas; Mozelle, b. 1925, m. Dozier Harrelson; and William Hubbard Jr., b. 1930, d. 1942.

Willie and his wife, Lena, reared the following children: J.T., b. 1918, m. Annie Greene; Juanita, m. Willard Chavers; Loyette, m. Bill McCart; Willie C. “Buddy;” and Charlie.

It is likely there is a number of incorrect dates or names in the above data as it has been collected from incomplete notes and recollections of several descendants. Family researchers are interested in recording their genealogy correctly and would appreciate hearing of any errors as well as any additional information. Please contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:

Appreciation is expressed to several Aughtman family descendants who shared their knowledge of this family. These include Robin Aughtman, Effie (Harrelson) Williams, Douglas Wells, Mozelle (Aughtman) Harrelson, Annie Maude Aughtman, Lorraine Johns, and Christine (Aughtman) Archie.

QUERIES:Seeking information on Moree surname. Great Grandfather John A. Moree, b. July 4, 1866, d. April 2, 1926, m. (1) Cordelia Redden (2) Mattie Hallman. Desire marriage and death records and any data related to this family. Contact Rhoda Moree, 11711 Sir Winston Way, Orlando, FL 32824-6014, 407-438-2266, or Email:

Seeking information on the Cook, Fowler, and Matthos families. Robert Joseph Fowler, b.1846 in Canada, m. Alabama Cornelia Cook. b. 1851 in Lowndes Co., AL Contact Louise Wolff at 104 Amaryllis, Orange, TX 77630 or Email:


Bryant family settled in Mt. Gilead community in 1880s

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The earliest Bryant ancestor known to have descendants in Covington County is Burwell Bryant, a native of North Carolina. Born in 1812, he eventually moved to Georgia where he was enumerated in the 1850 Census for Marion County. By 1860, his home fell in Schley County, where he remained and lived out his life.

Burwell and his wife, Mary, had at least eight children. Among these was one son, Stephen Wiley, who moved to Covington County and settled in the Mt. Gilead community. He is the ancestor of most of the Bryants known to have lived in this area. He was born in Georgia in 1837 and died near Rose Hill in 1903. He and his wife, Mary Jane Flurry, and many of their descendants are buried in the Mt. Gilead Baptist Church Cemetery.

When he was about 25 years old, Stephen enlisted in the Confederate Army. He served as a private in Co. A, 27th. Reg’t of Georgia Volunteers. His group from Marion and Schley Counties was known as the Georgia Drillers.

It is believed that Stephen moved his family to Covington County during the 1880s. His third son, James, remained in Georgia since he had already married. Stephen homesteaded 160 acres of land in the Mt. Gilead community in 1890. He was also enumerated here in the 1900 census, three years before his death.

Stephen and Mary Jane reared the following children: Thomas B., b. 1856, d. 1892, m. Becy (Beda?) A. Stephens; Robert Stephen, b. 1860, d. 1910, m. (1) Nannie Hambrick (2) Rissie?; James W., b. 1864, d. 1932; Mary Matella, b. 1868, d. 1934, m. John Thomas Richards; Emanuel Alonzo “Lonnie,” b. 1870, d. 1920, m. Mary Minerva Bryan; John Nichols, b. 1873, d. 1931, m. Minnie Lee Raley; Julious H. “Dock,” b. 1878, d. 1929, m. Lela L. Turman; and David Benjamin, b. 1880, d. 1933, m. Georgia Mae Goolsby. Most of the sons died at young ages averaging about 50 years. They were farming families who were strong, hard-working citizens in the Mt. Gilead community.

The oldest son, Thomas, and his wife, Becy, had the following five children: Pearlie, m. ? Morman; Nettie, m. Gibson Turman; Ella, m. ? Worley, son of T.G. Worley; Riley, m. Mollie; and Robert Lafayette “Man,” m. Maggie Howell, daughter of Samuel and Mattie Howell. Thomas was the first person to be buried in the new Mt. Gilead Cemetery in 1892.

Robert Stephen’s wife, Nannie, died while giving birth to their only son, George Edward, in 1881. This apparently occurred before the move to Alabama. After Nannie’s death, Robert was married to Rissie, but they did not have any children born to them. After Robert’s death, Rissie, returned to her people in Georgia. George Edward, born in 1881 and died in 1954, was married to Fadry Lucille Clayton, daughter of W. Seth and Narcissa (Bonner) Clayton, who came to Mt. Gilead from Crenshaw County during the 1880s.

James W., the son who remained in Georgia, and his wife had only one child who was named Lilla. James died in 1932 and is buried there.

The only daughter, Mary Matilda, and her husband, John Thomas Richards, had at least three children: Flem, Luther, and Georgia. After John’s death, his widow moved with her grown children to Florida. When she died during the depression, the family was unable to have her returned to the Mt. Gilead Cemetery for burial with her husband and the rest of her family.

Emanuel Alonzo “Lonnie” was married to Mary Minerva Bryan, daughter of Jesse Oliver Bryan. (This was a union of a Bryant and a Bryan who may have been distantly related. There are some records which show these names being inter-changeable in earlier records.) They reared three children: Stephen Canty, b. 1892, d. 1955, m. Cora Lee Kelley; Robert Lester, b. 1894, d. 1952, m. Narcissus Mary Ann Blocker; and Malinda Mary, b. 1889, d. 1929, m. Henry Franklin Meadows.

John Nichols and his wife, Minnie, reared the following children: Earnest David, b. 1894, d. 1919, m. Martha Ann Cook; Nannie Estelle, b. 1895, d. 1974, m. Henry Rushing Cook; Mollie L., b. 1898, d. 1924, m. Oliver Nolan Faith Davis; Lucy L, b. 1899, d. 1983, m. Thomas B. Davis; William Jack. B, 1901, d. 1956, m. Martha McComma; and Ethel, b. 1907, d. 1930, m. Monroe Allen.

Julious “Dock” and his wife, Lela, had three sons and three daughters: Henry Burdell, b. 1916, d. 1938; Orell; Odell; Lucy; Lois; and Laurice.

David Benjamin and his wife Georgia Mae, had only one son, Hannie. He moved to Florida, and reared four children.

In the next generation of the Bryants, there are two families who are well known in this area. The first of these is that of George Edward and his wife, Fadry. They had the following children: Ralph, b. 1907, d. 1983, m. Eunice Peek; Ruby, b. 1909, m. Charles R. Short; Wilbur “Dugan,” b. ca 1911, d. 1948, m. Ruby Peek; Lucille, b. ca 1913, d. 1999, m. (1) Jeff Carter (2) J.V. Lord; Rudolph “Jack,” b. 1915, m. Mary Williamson; Florene, b. 1921, m. Tobe Lord; Eva, b. 1928, m. Lloyd Rathel; Cecil, d. at 1 1/2 years; Handson, d. as infant; and Elwood, d. as infant. This family lived in the grandfather, Robert Stephen Bryant’s, house where most of the children grew to adulthood.

Some descendants in this family who are current public officials include Clayton Bryant, superintendent of Andalusia City Schools and Lex Short, circuit judge. There are many other relatives who are respected citizens of this community.

The other family of note is that of Robert Lafayette “Man” and his wife, Maggie (Howell). Their reared the following children: James L. “Jim,” m. Bertha Colvin; Amie Ruth, m. (1) John Rufus McDowell (2)? Rodgers (3)? Windham; Isabell, m. Columbus Harvey Howell; Julius, m. Etha Mae McDowell; Samuel Thomas, m. Gracie Lee Hall; Claudie, m. Olivia McVay; Comer, m. Vera Dunn; and Carroll, m. Minnie Lee Martin. A well-known public figure from this family was Chalmers Bryant, who became Mayor of Andalusia in 1968 and severed several terms. He was a son of Jim and Bertha.

Appreciation is expressed to several family members who shared their family records for this review. These include Barbara (Barton) Bryant, Bob Bryan, Eunice (Peek) Bryant; and Ruby (Bryant) Short, who has compiled a book on memories of her Bryant and Clayton families.

Anyone who might have corrections or additions to the above is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Eiland descendants reside throughout county

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

Descendants of the Eiland family reviewed last week have considerable genealogical data that merit some additional coverage. While much of the area information is not correlated, there is some which should be of particular interest to local residents.

Levi Daniel Eilan, Sr. was the first of his family to settle in Alabama and later in Covington County. He was featured in last week’s column along with his family. In addition, the names of most of his grandchildren were presented.

In today’s writing, the lineage will be taken another generation, which will include many of Levi’s great grandchildren. In some instances, even some of his great, great grandchildren will be outlined. There appears to be a very significant number of his descendants still residing in the immediate area.

Levi’s oldest son, Isaiah, and his wife, Sarah, had a large family, but they lost four sons during the War Between the States: Alexander, Isaiah Napoleon, Andrew Jackson, and one other. Genealogical information is readily available on only two of the other sons: George Washington and John Absalom.

George was married to Angeline Loard in the early 1860s. They reared the following family of 11 children: Saidy A., b. 1866; J.J., b. 1868; M.F., b. 1867; C.C., b. 1870; Z.E., b. 1872; D.W., b. 1875, m. 1905 Emmie Davis; M.I., b. 1877; U.L., b. 1880; M.S., b. 1881; C.S., b. 1883; and W.J., b. 1886. The family lived mainly in the Valley Grove community north of Opp where George homesteaded 167 acres of land in 1889.

The youngest child in the family, John Absalom, reared his family in the Red Oak community where he and his wife, Rhoda Rebecca (Milligan), are buried in the Red Oak Baptist Church Cemetery. In 1899, he homesteaded 160 acres of land in that community. He has been remembered as a very industrious person who had many skills. In addition to operating a general store for which he would drive to Searight to get supplies, he worked as a carpenter and bricklayer. Among his special contributions to the community was using his woodworking ability to build fine coffins. He also served for a time as a Justice of the Peace.

John and his wife reared the following children (not in the order of birth): Carrie, m. Tom Acree; Tolue, m. Dan Sightler; Zonie, m. Bill Bulger; Zadie, m. Jess Bulger; Willie Mae, b. 1892, m. Richard Malcolm Corbitt; and Claude, m. Lena Corbitt. Several in the next generation of this family are C.W. Eiland, Shirley Sightler, Clyde Corbitt, and his sister, Mattie Lou (Corbitt) Griffith.

Some of Levi’s son, Josephus’, descendants are well-known in the county. One son, William Enoch, lived primarily in the Bullock community which was in Covington County before 1866. He and his wife, Roxie Ann Davis, reared the following children: William Richard, b. 1876, d. ca 1944; m. 1897, Epsie Lee Gilchrist; Tom C., b. 1878, m. 1903 Viola Baggett; Roxie Drusilla, b. 1880, m ?; Charles Alphesus, b. 1882, d. 1965, m. 1903 Eddie Eldora Hall; Mary Epsie, b. 1884, m. Jeff Cowen; Laura Beatrice, b. 1886, m. Cleve Grover; Bobie Lois, b. 1889, m. 1910 Paul F. Smith; James Fletcher, b. 1892, m. (1) Bolie ? (2) Mrs. Janey Dunn; and Josephus Edloe, b. 1896, m. Rossie Bryant. Several of the sons were ministers in the Baptist Church. A couple of well-known grandchildren in this family are Walter Eiland of Andalusia and James Vasco Eiland of Opp.

A second son of Josephus, Charles L. and his wife, Genorah, reared the following children: Josephus L., b. 1873, m. 1896 Louise Capps; John F., b. 1875; Lula Josephine, b. 1878; Minnie Lee, b. 1880, m. T.H. Shields; Ella M., b. 1882, m. Marvin F. Hall; and Margaret E., b. 1885. Charles L. was another minister in the Eiland family.

A third son of Josephus, Daniel M. “Dock,” was a Baptist minister. He and his wife, Mary Jane (Layton), reared the following children: Oscar Javan, b. 1882; Artemus Edlow, b. 1883; Alpha Josephus, b. 1884; Nancy Drusilla, b. 1885; Andrew Martin, b. 1885; Mary Iola, b. 1887; Levi Daniel, b. 1890; Esmer LaFayette, b. 1891, m. 1916 Bessie Ophelia Boland; Ethel Bell, b. 1891; Lula Adella, b. 1893, m. 1911 Noah Lee Galimore; and Nettie Lou, b. 1895.

Another son of Josephus, Christopher Columbus, was a farmer who lived in the Loango community. He was married first to Susana Driskell. They had the following children: Herbert Lowell, b. 1876, m. 1898 Maude Estes Cumbie; Fannie Eudora Gertrude, b. 1877, m. ? Kilcrease; Wiley Martin, b. 1879, d. 1902; John Columbus, b. 1881, d. 1926, m. 1901 Lessie Ella Boutwell; William Wallace, b. 1882, d. 1953, m. 1905 Florence Virginia Hartzog; Charles Cary, b. 1885, m. Annie Lee Gay; and Laura Anna, b. 1888, m. 1909 C.H. Grover. After Susana’s death, Christopher was married to Doney Williams, but they did not have any children. They later lived at Baker, Fla., where he was buried at the Pilgrims Rest Cemetery in 1925..

Christopher’s sons were farmers, and some of them were ministers as well. At one time, Lowell was Postmaster of the Baker Post Office.

Christopher’s son, John Columbus, has a number of descendants who currently reside in the area. He and his wife, Lessie Ella, lived in the Loango area and had the following children: Olin T., b. 1904, m. Bonnie Hartzog; Emma Lou, b. 1908, d. 1974, m. Leon Alfred Hutcheson; Roy, b. 1914, m. Mildred Findley; Foy, b. 1914, m. Thelma Bennett; and John Columbus Jr., b. 1923, m. (1) Beverly Hughes (2) ?. Emma Lou’s daughter, Doris (Hutcheson) Palmer, is one of the descendants who has graciously shared her family history for this column.

Another son of Christopher, William Wallace, and his wife, Florence Virginia Hartzog, a daughter of C.S.A. Veteran John Hartzog and Lou (Trammell), made their first home in Loango. Around 1906, they moved to Baker, Fla., and then moved back and forth until they finally settled in Andalusia circa 1920.

William and Jenny reared the following children: Epsie Eulala “Dick,” b. 1906, m. Jess Messick; Bessie Louisa, b. 1909, m. Aubrey Godwin; Ruby Suzana, b. 1912, m. Farron Wiggins; Shirley Irene, b. 1916, m. Sellers Brogden; and Opal Loure “Pete,” b. 1920, m. Teasley Russell. At their deaths, William and Jenny were buried at Fairmount Baptist Church Cemetery. Appreciation is expressed to a granddaughter-in-law, Joyce (Don) Wiggins, for generously sharing their family records.

Many Eiland descendants have contributed to this writing by sharing their family records and memories of their ancestors. One was Diana Mitchell, great-great-granddaughter of Columbus Eiland, who sent material for both columns. Although it is difficult to recall all those who have helped, the following list names many of them: Drusilla (Strickilin) Feachen, Doris (Hutcheson) Palmer, Max and Louise Eiland, Howard and Lucille Eiland, Clyde Corbitt, Mattie Lou (Corbitt) Griffith, and James Vasco Eiland. Appreciation is expressed to each of these and others who may have assisted in any way.

Anyone who might have corrections to the above or additional information is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Eiland family settled in Bullock

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

There appears to be a number of Eiland family lines who have resided in Covington County. Research to date has not completely separated and correctly related these groups, but one line who settled here fairly early will be presented in this writing.

Some Eiland researchers believe this family line descended from Absalom Eiland, who was an early settler in North Carolina and Georgia. He or an earlier ancestor immigrated from the country of Wales.

It is believed that Levi Daniel Eiland, born circa 1785, was a son of Absalom and his wife, Nancy Ann (Daniel). This family moved to Washington County, Ga., around the time Levi was born. Their property later fell in Hancock County when it was formed. Other likely children of Absalom and Nancy include Enoch, James, Asa, Daniel, Steven, Nancy and possibly Elizabeth (Eiland) Thompson. There were several others most likely.

Levi Daniel Sr. was in Alabama as early as 1830 according to census reports. It is not known when he lived in Covington County nor how long, but at one time he owned a small farm at Bell’s Crossing near the eastern border. He apparently lived mostly in the edge of Coffee County as he served there as a Justice of the Peace from 1819 to 1850. He also served as the tax collector sometime before the war.

Levi was a very successful individual who contributed much to his family and community. He became a farmer, stock-raiser, builder, millwright, and school teacher. When he was in his late 20s and getting his family started, his father gave him several slaves to help with all the different types of work. He took part in the community life and was an active member of the Methodist Church. At his death in 1872, he was buried in a family cemetery near Bullock.

Levi was married to Catherine “Katie” Shaw circa 1811. They reared the following children: Isaiah, b. 1812, m. Sarah Caffey; Lucinda “Lucy,” b. 1814, m. 1830 Mathew Wilson; Rebecca, b. 1816, m. Richard C. “Champ” Buckalew; Josephus, b. 1817, m. (1) 1842 Drucilla Caffey (2) Nancy Blocker; Levi Daniel Jr., b. 1822, d. 1912, m. (1) Polly Ann Pippet (2) Lydia Ann Whatley; Stephen, b. 1827-28, m. Elizabeth C.; Nancy Ann, b. 1828, m. John Daniel McDugald; Alexander J., b. 1832; and Sarah A. “Sally,” b. 1839, m. James Kolb.

The first son to be enumerated in a Covington County census was Levi Jr. and his family in 1850. He was 38 years of age with his wife, Lydia Ann, who was 38 as well. With them were the following children: James Absalom, 17; Emily, 15; Neri Daniel, 13; Mary E., 8; Joseph, 6; Stephen, 4; Cullen, 2; and Sarah, 1. At least the first four children were born to Levi Jr.’s first wife, Polly Pippet. After her death he had married Lydia Ann Whatley with whom he had the younger children. Another daughter, Mary, was born in 1864.

Levi Jr. had acquired land in this county as early as 1850. In that year he purchased 40 acres in the Brantley area which would fall in Crenshaw County when it was formed in 1866. He also acquired three additional forty acre tracts in 1856-57 in the nearby Union community.

It is unclear who the two Eilands were who served as privates in Co. F, 33rd. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. (Covington and Coffee Grays). They were listed in this group in 1862—one as E.I. but no initials for the other.

The oldest son, Isaiah, eventually lived in Montgomery County. He and his wife, Sarah Caffey, lost four sons in service to the Confederate Army. They had the following children: Louisa J., b. 1835-36; Thomas J., b. 1857; Charles C.D., b. 1839, m. Winnie?; Alexander G. or N., b. 1840, d. 1863; Isaiah Napoleon, b. 1842, d. 1863-4; Andrew Jackson, b. 1844, d. 1862; George Washington, b. 1846, m. Angeline Loard; Marian, b. 1848; Monroe, b. 1850, d. 1852; Catherine Bell, b. 1852; Sarah N., b. 1854; Marion DeKalb, b. 1855; Enos H., b. 1857, d. 1868; and John Absole, b.1861, m. Rhoda?.

Levi Sr.’s second oldest son, Josephus, was married in 1842 to Drucilla Caffey, sister to his brother, Isaiah’s, wife. They reared the following children: John Calhoun, b. 1843; James A., b. 1846; William Enoch, b. 1850, m. 1871 R.A. Davis; Charles L., b. 1852, m. 1872 (1) Lenorah Driskell 1914 (2) Minnie E. Jordan; Christopher Columbus, b. 1854, d. 1925, m. (1) Susanna Driskell (2) Doney Williams; David M. “Dock,” b. 1858, m. 1879 Mary Jane Layton; Epsy J., b. 1860, m. John L. Barnes; Frances “Fannie” Irene, b. 1863; Thomas Cary, b. 1868; and Ida Iola, b. 1872. This family lost two sons during the War Between the States.

Another son, Stephen, and his wife, Elizabeth, had the following children: Angelina, b. 1849-50; William, b. 1853; Elizabeth, b. 1857; Benny, b. 1860; Louisa, b. 1862; and Frances, b. 1865.

Another son, Alexander J. and his wife, Rachael, reared the following children: Mary C., b. 1855; Christian E., b. 1858; James A., b. 1859; and Sarah A., b. 1860.

A daughter, Lucinda, and her husband, Mathew Wilson, were married in 1830 and had the following children: Isaiah, b. 1830; Sarah, b. 1839; and Malinda, b. 1842. There were probably other children whose names are not available.

Nancy Ann and her husband, John Daniel McDugald, had the following children: James Monroe, b. 1853; Marthy C., b. 1855; Sarah A., b. 1857; L.D., b. 1860; and Mary M., b. 1867.

Since there is considerable additional genealogy available on this family, the coverage will be extended in next week’s column. There are numerous descendants who currently live in the Andalusia area who are anxious to learn more about their Eiland genealogy and the family’s heritage.

There are a number of descendants who are researching this family. Appreciation is especially expressed to those who shared their data for this writing. These include Doris (Hutcheson) Palmer and Carl and Linda (Brogden) Palmer. Others will be named in the next column.

Anyone who might have corrections to the above or who would be able to share additional information is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Ealum name given to community, post office

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The earliest Ealum ancestor to settle in Alabama was Joel (or John Reuben) Ealum. He was born circa 1799 in South Carolina. When he was about 20 years of age, he moved to Butler County. The date of his death is not known, but he was buried in an unmarked grave in the South Butler County Graveyard. His descendants would later move into Covington County.

The name of Joel’s wife is unknown, but they had at least three children. These included the following: Solomon, b. 1825, d. 1893, m. 1848 Matilda Caroline Ballard; J. John, b. 1827, d. 1866, m. Harriet E. Gorum or Merchant; and Happy, b. 1830, m. John C. Josey. Solomon and John were listed as registered voters in Beat 12 of this county in 1867.

In 1848, Solomon was married to Matilda Caroline Ballard, daughter of Dr. Jonathan Ballard. The couple reared the following children: Irving, b. 1849; John Ambro, b. 1850, m. 1880 Dona E. Williams; Martha Susannah, b. 1852; Edward, b. 1853; Mary E., b. 1856; Emma “Evey” Caroline, b. 1860; James Robert, b. 1861, d. 1917, m. 1903 Carrie Brooks; and Elizabeth “Eliza” A., b. 1864. One of the daughters was married to George Smith.

In the 1850 Census for Covington County, Solomon’s family is listed as Household #94 and his brother, John’s family, was next door as Household #95. Their sister, Happy, was 20 years of age and residing with Solomon’s family. Solomon was 24 years of age and John, 22. Neither John nor his wife, Harriett, could read or write.

In 1855, Solomon acquired 40 acres of land in the Patsaliga River area. In 1860, he added two 80 acre tracts to this. In 1869, he homesteaded 80 acres in the same area, but it was canceled. In 1883, he did acquire another 40 acres that had been voided by his brother-in-law, John C. Josey. In 1884, Solomon’s son, John A., homesteaded 160 acres in the same area.

Solomon became an early leader in the Red Level area. The Ealum Mill name originated from his gristmill located on a creek that came to bear that name. In addition to the gristmill, he operated a sawmill, blacksmith shop, cotton gin, and large farm. The road that led south from Red Level toward Loango to Ealum Mill was named Ealum Mill Road.

After Solomon’s death, his son-in-law, George Smith, became the first and only postmaster for a post office in northern Covington County. Named in honor of Solomon, the Ealum Post Office was housed in Smith’s store, which was located in a log building built by Solomon in 1885. The post office was established in 1892 but was discontinued when the family moved to Red Level in 1900.

In 1862, Solomon, enlisted in the 60th Regiment (Covington County) 8th Brigade, 11th Division, Alabama Militia. He served as a 3rd. Lieutenant for Beat Number 12 Company. Later in the war, in 1864, Solomon, at age 38 years, joined the regular Confederate Army as a blacksmith in Co. F, 4th Ala. Inf. Reg’t. However, his chronic rheumatism caused him to spend much time in the military hospital in Richmond, Va. At the end of the war, he returned home to continue his operations. At his death, he was buried at the Consolation Primitive Baptist Church Cemetery at Oakey Streak.

Solomon’s son, James Robert, became well known and respected in the area. James had been well trained and educated by his father. After his father’s death, he moved with his mother and younger sister, into Red Level. He became a teacher and a medical doctor. His dedicated medical practice has been acclaimed for service in Covington, Conecuh, and Butler counties.

Solomon’s sister, Happy, and her husband, John C. Josey, had three children before his death aboard a Confederate ship during the war. Their children were: James W., b. 1855; Harriet L., b. 1856; and William, b. 1859.

Solomon’s brother, John, at age 36, enlisted in 1863 Co I, 29th Ala. Inf. Reg’t of the CSA. His bravery is evident as he had to leave his wife and eight children at home. In 1864, he was captured at Lost Mountain, Chickamauga, Ga., and imprisoned at Camp Morton, Indiana. He was held there until he was released at the end of the war in 1865. Although he survived, he lost several toes and part of one foot from the severe frostbite. He and his wife had two additional children before he died untimely in 1867. He was buried in an unmarked grave near Oakey Streak in south Butler County.

John and Harriet had the following children: Happy Ann, b. 1847, m. William Merchant; Joseph Jackson, b. 1840, d. 1921, m. (1) Martha Ann Mosley ca 1879 (2) Margaret Jane Drake 1905; Rebecca, b. 1853, d. 1914, m. 1876 John Robert “Bob” Merritt; Catherine, b. 1853; Susan, b. 1854, m. Jack Merchant; Esther, b. 1856; Mary Frances “Nancy,” b. 1858; Easter Caroline, b. 1859, m. Hezekiah Richard Baker; Katie “Polly,” b. 1866, d. 1889, single; and Lu Queenie Adeline, b. 1867, d. 1905, m. Brinkley Franklin “Buddy” Lee.

John and Harriet owned as much as 360 acres of land in Butler County before the War Between the States. They were prospering until the war and his death at a young age, around 39 years. This left Harriet and her only son, Joseph, with a great challenge to manage their affairs and rear the young girls.

Joseph has been described as an outstanding and hard-working young man. He assumed much responsibility for the family and worked several jobs to help support them. He worked in his Uncle Solomon’s gristmill during the week and then worked his own farm on the weekends. During certain seasons, he rafted timber down to Bagdad, Florida, and worked at the sawmill. In addition, he kept bees, did horse trading, and broke and trained oxen. To further enable him to look after his mother and family, Joseph even delayed beginning his own family until he was around 30 years of age.

Joseph was married circa 1879 to Martha Ann Mosley with whom he fathered 12 children: Joseph “Charlie” Jr., b. 1879, d. 1889; Pollie Jane, b. 1882, d. 1947, m. 1920 Thomas Aaron Rawls; Harriet Lee Viney, b. 1884, m. 1909 Dempsey “Demps” Sims; Florence Ella, b. 1886, d. 1900; John Rubin, b. 1888, m. ?; Jenel Solomon, b. 1890, d. 1970, m. Amy Turner; Francis Caroline “Caline,” b. 1892, d. WW I, m. Pink Cox; George Kers, b. 1894, d. 1918, single; James Samuel, b. 1895, d. 1969, m. 1919 Lydia “Lyddie” Belle Sims; and Thomas Gether, b. 1898, d. 1972, m. 1921 Annie Wiggins.

The horrible tragedies suffered by Joseph and his family are almost unbelievable: his father’s early death leaving a widow and 20 children, the untimely deaths of his son and his sister to typhoid fever, a storm destroying this first house at South Butler, and the painful loss of his wife and 14-year-old daughter from drowning in a flood-swollen creek. How he endured all of these is almost unimaginable.

Many of Joseph’s children made their homes in the McKenzie community. His own farm in that area became known as Ealum Hills. The family became members of the Bethel Primitive Baptist Church. At his death, it was stated, “Joe Ealum is one of the oldest and most respected citizens of the community.” Thus, the Ealum family has made some significant impressions on the heritage of Covington and Butler counties.

Appreciation is expressed to a descendant, Darrel Bush Ealum, of Albany, Ga., who shared his research on this family. He is continuing his genealogical work and would enjoy hearing from anyone interested at E-mail:

Anyone who might have corrections or additions to this writing is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:


Palmers came to Conecuh River community

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The earliest recognized ancestor of the Palmer family in Covington County is Grief Palmer, a native of North Carolina. He was born in 1770 and died after 1860 probably in Clay County, Ga. His descendants moved on to Alabama and he resided in Barbour County for some years, but he apparently returned to Clay County, located just across the state line.

In some of the records for this family the name may be listed as Palmer or Palmore; therefore there are descendants bearing either of these spellings. For example, Grief is listed as Grief Palmer in the general list of dwellings for Burke County, Ga., in 1798. Then, in 1820 he is listed as Grie Palmore in the census for Columbia County.

Grie had moved to the new county to claim 300 acres of land granted to him through the 1805 Land Grant Lottery. By 1830, he had moved to Henry County, and by 1840, he had located in Randolph County. Living next door to him are his sons: Elbert, Gazaway, and James N.

Grief was married to a lady named Nancy, a native of South Carolina. They had at least four children who were all born in Georgia: Elbert, b. 1815, m. Elizabeth; Gazaway W. Sr., b.1817, m. (1) Mary Ann Rice (2) Elizabeth?; James N.; and George W.

By 1850, Grief, Elbert, and Gazaway Sr. are residing in Barbour County, Alabama, located just over the state line from Randolph County, Ga. They were all identified as farmers.

Grief was listed at 80 years of age and Mary at 82. With them is a female, Sarah Duke, born in Georgia, who is probably a granddaughter.

Elbert was listed at 35 years of age with his wife, Elizabeth, and their four children. The couple reared the following children: Mary J., b. 1837; George, b. 1839; Layfett, b. 1846; and Benjamin, b. 1849.

Gazaway W. Sr. is listed at 33 years of age and without either wife. With him are his children by his first wife, Mary Ann: Nancy, b. 1838; Elizabeth, b. 1840; Celia, b. 1842; James, b. 1844; William, b. 1846; Gazaway W. Jr., b. 1854, m. Mary Ann?. Other records indicate Gazaway Sr. was married again within the next year and that he had a son named John born in 1851. It is quite likely that John was born to the second wife, Elizabeth.

In 1852, Gazaway Sr. was granted a military warrant for land in Township 9, Range 28. The records do not list any acreage amount.

In 1855, he purchased land in Covington County in Township 2, Range 13. This property was located in the Conecuh River community and near Pleasant Home. However, by 1860, he had moved into Conecuh County, near Brooklyn. He was enumerated at 45 years of age and his second wife, Elizabeth, at 40 years. With them were the following children: Nancy, 23; Elizabeth, 20; James, 18; John, 9; and Gazaway Jr., 6. (There are some discrepancies between this data and that in the 1850 census.)

In 1861, the oldest daughter, Nancy, was married to widower Dread Bagley. Dread had moved to the Pea Ridge community in 1860 with a wife, Elizabeth (Jones), and eight children. His wife died within the year, and he then married Nancy. Soon after the marriage, the family moved to Andalusia. Apparently, Dread and Nancy did not have any children of their own, but they finished rearing his by his first wife and probably adopted a daughter named Nancy who was born in 1876. After Nancy’s death, Dread was married a third time to Martha Ann Padgett.

Near the end of the War Between the States, Dread enlisted to serve in Company I of the Fourth Alabama Reserves. Following the war, most of his children married and settled near Andalusia.

Nancy’s brother, Gazaway W. Jr., was listed in the 1880 census for Covington County as a farmer at 27 years of age. He and his wife, Mary Ann, had three children with them at the time. They reared the following children: Della, b. 1880; James Allen, b. 1882, d. 1935, m. Sarah Isabel Welch; John Hubert, b. 1884, d. 1962, m. Zula Caroline Bray; George, b. 1886, d. 1945; Lawrence, b. 1893; Major, b. 1900, d. 1930; William, b. 1874; Elizabeth, b. 1876; and Jackson Edmond, b. 1888, d. 1968, m. (1) Martha Eileen Palmer (2) Ella L. Yancy.

Gazaway Jr.’s son, James Allen, chose to use the name Palmore as earlier records had listed his Grandfather Grief’s name. From this point on, James’s descendants are known as Palmores. He and his wife, Sarah, had two children: Julian Ferman, b. 1903, m. Gladys Potts; and Wilmer Gray, b. 1905, m. Mattie Lou Braden.

Gazaway Jr.’s son, John Hubert, and wife, Zula, reared the following children: Merline, b. 1909, d. 1970, m. Harris Paul Poole, Sr.; Carl Richard, b. 1912, d. 1977, m. Margarel Beatrice Harrison; Daisy Mae, b. 1913; Mary Alice, b. 1915, d. 1988, m. (1)William King (2) Polly Perrett; Carrie Lee, b. 1917, m. Frank Vick; Infant, b. 1920; Windom Wilson, b. 1921, m. Gloria Swanson Jay; Eva Rae, b. 1923, m. Earl B. Rabren; Infant, b. 1925; Walter Thatus, b. 1927, m. Doris Nell Hutcheson; and Infant, b. 1932.

Gazaway Jr.’s son, Jackson, and first wife, Martha, had the following children: Corine, b. 1912, d. 1913; Alberta, b. 1914, m. Ralph Wilson; Maxwell Colton, b. 1916, m. Ethel Aughtman; Madison Monroe, b. 1919, d. 1957, m. Maudie Estelle Williams; Lonnie Lee, b. 1921, d. 1972; Carvin Eugene, b. 1923, d. 1986, m. (1) Louise Tatum (2) Jane Mable Rollings; Calvin Preston, b. 1925, d. 1988, m. Mary Taylor; and Willie, b. 1927, d. 1927.

Many of the Palmer descendants continue to reside in Covington County and are productive citizens of the area. Among these are Adrian Gray “A.G.” Palmore, son of Wilmer Palmore, and John Vick, son of Carrie Lee (Palmer) Vick.

Appreciation is expressed to one descendant, Walter Palmer, who graciously shared his family’s genealogy. He has done considerable research and would be interested in communicating with others who are interested in this family. He may be contacted at Email:

Anyone who might have corrections to this data or additional information is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Seeking information on James B. Russell and wife, Nancy, who are listed in the 1860 Census of Covington County. Contact John Russell at Email:


Lockliers claim Lumbee Indian heritage

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The Lockliers of Covington County are descended from ancestors who did not arrive in this area before the 12th century. The name of this family is derived from their apparent Lumbee Indian ancestry.

The Lumbee Indians claim descent from English settlers who intermarried with Croatoan Indians.

The colonists were sent by Sir Walter Raleigh to settle the region known as Virginia. They first located on Roanoke Island, which is located off the shore of what is now North Carolina. Although records are not complete, it is believed that their early hardships led them to join company with the surrounding Croatoan Indians. The descendants from the intermarriages became the race known as the Lumbee Indians.

The earliest identified ancestor of today’s featured family is Andrew Benjamin Locklier/Locklear, a planter with a small estate in Richland District, S.C. His wife’s given name was Cecelia. According to an 1840 census, he was 52 years of age, and she, 50. With them were the following children: Mary, John, Andrew, Levi, Eli and Elizabeth.

Descendants of the son, Levi, are the ones who emigrated to Alabama. Levi Turner Locklier was born in 1835 in South Carolina and died there is 1914. He was married first to Sophia Jane McLean, daughter of Sarah March McLean, also of South Carolina. They had the following children: John, b. 1855, d. 1879; Henry; William Benjamin “Will,” b. 1867, d. 1951, m. Minnie Grider; Sue, b. 1870, d. 1948, m. Charlie Arledge; Samuel Levi, b. 1873, d. 1956, m. Lilla Stephens; Margaret Elizabeth, b. 1875, m. Euel Burton Dukes; Charlotte Idella, b. 1878, d. after 1936, m. Benjamin Outlaw; and Louise, b. 1881, d. 1934.

After Sophia died in 1882, Levi was married second to Kate Arledge. He and Kate had three children: Kate, b. 1884; Minnie Bell, b. 1886, d. 1972, m. George Cooper; and Charlie Abney, b. 1888, d. 1935, m. Malgue Moore.

Levi was the right age to serve in the War Between the States. He enlisted in August 1861, and was discharged on March 8, 1865. He had lost several fingers on his left hand.

Levi’s son, William Benjamin, and wife, Minnie, reared a large family including the following children: William Oscar, b. 1891, m. Pearl King; Maggie Lou, b. 1893, d. 1989, m. (1) John T. Cranford, (2) C. Burton and (3) William “Bill” Boggan; Benjamin Daniel, b. 1896, d. 1970, m. Lena Mae King; Della Edna, b. 1898, d. 1926, m. Fred Ellington Lancaster Sr.; Johnnie Kate, b. 1901, d. ca 1990, m. Jimmy Cawthon; Mary Lois, b. 1903, d. 1986, m. (1) Marvin Longmire and (2) Lorenza Claude Conner; Annie Olean, b. 1906, d. 1991, m. Arthur Felix Walker; Rufus Bryan, b. 1908, d. 1909; and Sophie Elizabeth, b. 1911, d. 1997, m. (1) Carl Hicks (2) Marion J. Russell, Sr.

Son, Samuel Levi, and wife, Lilla, had the following children: William, b. 1894, d. 1981, m. Annie Mae Hulsey; Herbert Glenn, b. 1896, d. 1991, m. Eva Westbrook; Lillie Mae, b. 1900, m.? Wilson; and Viola Elaine, b. 1902, m.? Martin.

Levi’s daughter, Margaret Elizabeth, and husband Euel Burton Dukes were married in Bullock County. They supported their large family through farming. Their children included the following: Annie Kate, b. 1900, d. 1971, m. James J. Davis; Charlie Shelton, b. 1902, d. 1951, m. (1) Lula? (2) Ruth?; Emmie Mae, b. 1904, d. 1973, m. Ralph Hayes; Frances Loretta, b. 1908, m. Chink Harold Huey; Marguerite, b. 1909, d. 1988, m. Robert Winston Carr; Edna Earl, b. 1912, m. Henry Luther Oswalt; James Euel, b. 1914, d. 1979, m. (1) Ruth ? (2) Lilly ? (3) Minnie Bell Raines; William Hubert, b. 1916, d. 1976, m. Mary Catherine Cole; and Ruby Louise, b. 1919, m. Lucian Hillard Dees.

Daughter, Charlotte, and husband, Benjamin Outlaw, had the following children: Earl; Ed; Louise; Ray; and Belva, m. ? Waites.

Daughter, Minnie, and husband, George Cooper, had the following three children: Tweety, b. 1907, m. John Sullivan; George, b. 1909, d. 1945, m. Ruth Rivers; and Minnie, b. 1913, m. Chadbourne ?.

Son, Charlie, and wife, Malgue, reared the following children: Catherine, b. 1914, m. Virgil Graham; Charles Levi, b. 1917, d. 1968, m. Margie Bolick; Carl, b. 1919, d. 1984, m. Mary Burt; David, b. 1921, m. Juanita ?; Herman, b. 1926, m. Harriet Happy Lathan; and Maude, b. 1928, d. 1994, m. Ed Clay.

Some of the children of William Benjamin Locklier are the ones who settled in Covington County. The oldest son, William Oscar, moved his family to the Flomaton area. The second-oldest son, Benjamin Daniel, reared his family in Andalusia. He and his wife, Lena, had the following children: James Earl, b. 1919, d. 1993, m. Phylis Cranford; Margaret, b. 1922, m. Leo Loper; Benjamin Eugene, b. 1925, d. 1983, m. (1) Mildred Meadows; Frederick Lamar, b. 1929, m. Beverly Caudell; William Jerome, b. 1931, d. 1976, m. Jeanette Reeves; and Bobby Carl, b. 1933, d. 1989, m. Judith Woods.

Daughter, Mary Lois, and her husband, Marvin Longmire, reared the following three children: William Gordon, b. 1928, m. Syble Ward; Doris Dean, b. 1930, m. William Robert “Bill” Hicks; and Marvilois, b. 1931, d. 2000, m. Hulon Eldon Pounders.

Daughter, Annie Olean, and her husband, Arthur Felix Walker Sr., had the following children: Arthur Felix Jr., b. 1926, d. 1952, m. Gloria White; James Edwin, b. 1928, m. (1) Roberta Harris (2) Margaret Lesley; Dorothy Ann, b. 1930, m. Lauren McCoy Horne; Betty Joella, b. 1932, d. 1987, m. James Clifton Rogers; William “Billy Boy,” b. 1934, d. 1936; Jack Douglas, b. 1936, m. Joyce Conway; Robert Purvis, b. 1937, m. Betty Jean Riddle; Sara Nell, b. 1940, m. Roy McGrady; and Judy Leona, b. 1943, m. Ronald Hellard.

Daughter, Sophie, and her husband, Marion Justice Russell, had one son who was named Marion Justice Jr. Sophie did not have any children by her first husband, who killed at a fairly young age.

Research continues on this family, and they would be most interested in communicating with anyone who has information to share. Some of those conducting research include Margaret (Huey) Turner, Judith (Woods) Locklier, Linda Moore and DeWayne Lockier. Appreciation is expressed to DeWayne Lockier and Doris (Longmire) Hicks of Andalusia who shared their family history records. DeWayne is the son of Benjamin Eugene Locklier, and Doris is the daughter of Mary Lois (Locklier) Longmire.

Anyone who might have corrections or additions to this writing is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:


Longmire ancestor was murdered in 1933

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News


The earliest Longmire ancestor to reside in Covington County was Marvin Longmire, a native of the State of Mississippi. He was a descendant of William Longmire Sr., a native of Goochland County, Vir., who was the son of George and Frances (Garrett) Longmire.

William Longmire Sr. was born in 1760 and had a brother named John who was born in 1765. William was a veteran of Revolutionary War service. He was a sergeant in Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Hammond’s Regiment of State Troops. For his service he was awarded at least four land grants in Mississippi: 517 acres in 1819, 462 acres in 1820, 134 acres in 1828 and 107 acres in 1828. This property was located near Gloster, Miss., in Amite and Wilkerson counties. At one time, William owned more than 1,200 acres with some of it lying in Adams County. It is no surprise that he owned as many as 45 slaves to help in farming his vast fields.

In 1785, William married Emeline “Emily” Ann Goode, daughter of Thomas and Anne Goode of Edgefield District, South Carolina. They later moved to Amity County, Mississippi, where they prospered with a large family and the extensive land holdings. They were both buried there at their deaths in 1842 and 1832 respectively.

William and Emily reared the following known children: George, b. ca 1787; Robert, m. Martha?; William Jr.; Catherine, m. Holliway Huff; Margaret, m.? Brown; Daughter, m.? Edwards; and Daughter, m.? Moore. (This data was secured from William’s will.)

To trace this family to Marvin, who came to Andalusia, the above son named Robert will be outlined. He and his wife, Martha, reared the following children: George Garrett; William Gordon, b. 1829, d. 1892, m. (1) Margaret Melvina Caston (2) Mary Amanda (Dye) McDowall, widow of Nat McDowall; Aletha Ann, m.? Scudder; Peter W.J. (or S.); Matilda Param, m.? McLain; John T.; Martha Robinson, m.? Tillery; Lelitia A.; Frances I.; and Ophelia.

Marvin was the youngest child in the large family of William Gordon and his second wife, Mary Amanda. William Gordon and his first wife, Margaret, had four children: Julia Ida, b. 1850, d. 1937, m. John B. Reeves; Savona Artema, b. 1858, m. Tommy Nelson; Alberta Brown, b. 1860, d. 1941, single; and Virginia Leona, b. 1862, d. 1927, m. Henry?.

William Gordon volunteered for service in the Confederate Army. He was a private in Co. I, 4th. Miss. Cav, formerly known as Stockdale Battalion of Amite County, Miss.

Near the end of the war, he was married to his second wife, Mary Amanda. They had the following children: Bob, b. 1865, d. 1900, single; Mittie, b. 1867, d. 1944, m. John Parker Townsend; Lillie, b. 1869, d. Houston, Texas, m. John T. Cameron; Susan “Susie,” b. 1872, d. 1951, m. Robinson “Robert” Trezevant Leard; Daisy, b. ca 1874; William Gordon Jr., b. 1877; Exah, b. 1880; and Marvin, b. 1883, d. 1933, m. (1)? (2) Mary Lois Locklier.

Marvin left the family in Mississippi, and it appears that he moved to the Atlanta area to perform telephone and commercial art work. He probably married his first wife, whose name is unknown, there. It was not long before the couple parted company as he was single when he came to this area.

During the early 1920s, Marvin moved to Covington County and began a new life. He became employed with the United Telephone Company of Andalusia. While working there he became acquainted with one of the telephone operators, Mary Lois Locklier. They were soon married in 1927 and immediately moved to Georgetown, Texas. They had the following three children: William Gordon, b. 1928, m. Syble Juanita Ward; Doris Dean, b. 1930, m. William Robert “Bill” Hicks; and Marvilois, b. 1932, d. 2000, m. Hulon Eldon Pounders.

In 1933, the family was home in Andalusia visiting with relatives when a terrible tragedy occurred. Marvin and his brother-in-law, Carl Hicks, were walking through some woods on a fishing trip when they were mistaken for law enforcement officers. Actually, Hicks was the county sheriff, but the two were not aware that they were getting too close to a whiskey still. The bootleggers did not even know Marvin, but out of fear of being discovered, they shot and killed both men.

This left Marvin’s wife a widow with three very young children. After a time she married Lorenza Claud Conner, but they did not have any additional children.

Some of Marvin’s descendants continue to reside in the Andalusia area. Current residents, Doris and Bill Hicks, reared their family here. William Gordon and Syble lived here for some years but then moved to Pensacola, where they reside at present. Marvilois and Hulon Pounders reared their family in the Huntsville area.

Appreciation is expressed to Doris (Longmire) Hicks for generously sharing her family’s history. She would be interested in hearing from anyone related or interested in this family.

Anyone who might have corrections or additions to the above writing is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:


Penton family arrived in Covington County in 1854

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News


The Penton family who arrived in Covington County in 1854 was of English origin. The family’s history documents the lineage as far back as the 1200s. Even in the old country, many descendants distinguished themselves in various fields. A number served as members of parliament and a few as mayors of Winchester.

Some descendants became pioneers in the new world of America. Westward movement brought the family to Alabama by the early 19th century. The earliest known member of this family are apparently three brothers born in Georgia: William, b. ca 1785; John Sr., b. ca 1787; and Abner, b. ca 1805.

William married Dellah Champion in Montgomery, in 1820; and Abner married Dellah’s sister, Lavina, sometime before 1825. John and his family moved to Lowndes County, to Pike County, to Wilcox County, to Clarke County, and then disappeared in records. Abner moved to Chambers County and then to Coosa County, which became his family’s final home.

John married Elizabeth Brooks in Jasper County, Ga., in 1816, but soon moved to Montgomery County, Alabama. They moved to Chambers County circa 1839, where they help found the town of Penton. They later moved to Macon County before making it to Covington County in 1854.

John received a Bounty Land Warrant for 40 acres of land for his service in Captain Smith’s command in the Creek Indian War of 1814. Upon arriving in Covington County, he purchased 320 acres near Yellow River along Alabama Highway 55 south of Andalusia. His youngest two sons, J.T. and Aaron, settled near their father. His daughter, Martha Ida, moved to Santa Rosa County, Fla.

John and his wife, Elizabeth (Brooks), reared the following children: Moses Terrell, b. 1817, m. Martha Ida Blackstone; J.T., m. Mahala L.E. Beck; William T., b. 1823, m. Dicie Hendricks; Aaron Dupree, b. 1835, m. Zelie Belle Beck; Mary Ann, m. William Polata; and Martha, m. James Bishop.

Around 1855, the oldest son, Moses, and Martha moved their family to the old Scotch Bend Pioneer Settlement, located near Milton in Santa Rosa County, Fla. (Martha was the daughter of Minister John and Mary (Cliett) Blackstone.)

Moses and Martha reared the following children: Elizabeth, m. Robert Strickland; Mary Caroline, m. George Grimes; John W., b. 1844, d. 1891, m. Josephine Ward; William David, m. Mary Eveline McCurdy; Thomas William, m. Julia Forbes; Francis Marion, m. Amanda Ross; James Madison, d. age 16; Abner Terrell, m. Nancy Arendy Thompson; Robert Arion, m. Nettie Cobb; Florence, m. John Alexander Edgar; Martha Ida, m. Greenberry Ard; Moses B., d. age 3; and Bailey Barnabas, m. (1) Annie Ezell (2) Sabre Ida Nobles. Moses and Martha and some of their children are buried in the Old Milton Cemetery.

Moses’s brother, Aaron, served in Confederate Army in Co. E, 42nd. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. He fought in several battles and lost his lower leg in action at Kennesaw Mountain. He was then released and returned to Covington County. After his father’s death, he and his family moved to Baldwin County. Around 1895, they moved to Escambia County, Florida, and settled in the Beulah Community, where most of the family are buried in the Beulah Cemetery.

Moses’s son, John W., also served in the Confederate Army. He enlisted in 1862 at Milton, Fla., as a private in Co. G, 1st. Fla. Reg’t. He was described as 5 feet 9 inches tall with gray eyes, dark hair and dark skin. He was released on oath in 1865 from Camp Chase Prison.

Around 1868, John W. was married to Josephine Ward, daughter of James N. and Eveline (Hogg) Ward. They had the following children: James Terrell "Dick," b. ca 1870, m. Allie Viola Harrison; Troy C., b. ca 1873, m.?; Agnes, b. ca 1875, m. Joseph N. Jernigan; Vergie, b. 1878, d. age 19, single; and Voncille, b. 1886, m. C.A. McKinnon.

John W. became widely known from his serving in political office and an incident that occurred during that time. During the early 1880s, he was marshall of Covington County, a job that charged him with keeping the streets in repair and collecting taxes. In 1884, he was commissioned as sheriff of the county. In this capacity in 1888, he shot and killed Robert Crumpler on the Andalusia Square. This occurred during the scuffle while he was attempting to confiscate Crumpler’s team of horses for an outstanding debt. After a long legal battle, John W. fled to Santa Rosa County, Fla., where he had Penton relatives. He took up residence near Milton where he became engaged in the logging business.

About three years later in 1891, another tragedy in this saga occurred. John W. was crossing the street on the Courthouse Square in Milton when he was approached by W.D. Cheatham and his gang. During the confrontation, John W. was shot in the back and died within minutes. His brother, Abner, was nearby, but it was too late for him to save John W.

The family and local citizens were enraged at what appeared to be a case of cold-blooded murder. Even though Cheatham was acting in the capacity of some type of detective, the actions did not appear to be professional nor executed in a legal manner. There was considerable publicity regarding the event, and most alluded to a major injustice having been committed. Representative of the reactions is a statement made by P.H. Coleman, who had served as Captain of John W.’s company in the Confederate Army. He said, "John W. Penton was as gallant a Confederate soldier as ever shouldered a musket. He did not know what fear was. He was kind-hearted and generous to a fault."

John W. was buried in the Old Milton Cemetery were many of his relatives were interred. This left his wife a widow with five children. The oldest son, James Terrell, was 21 years of age.

James Terrell "Dick or Dickie" was married to Allie Viola Harrison, daughter of Jackson Augustus and Allie Susan (Peters) Harrison. The couple had at least three children. They returned to reside in Covington County and became a part of the development of the town of Opp. From 1907 to 1912, Dick served as Opp chief of police. He and his brother, Troy, are credited with operating the first bar-room in the young town. A wooden building which stood next to the Opp Five and Ten Cent Store housed the Penton Bar.

T.C. "Troy" Penton opened a general store in Florala during the early 1900s. Although he was married, he did not have any children.

Their sister, Agnes, and her husband, Joseph N. Jernigan, apparently reared their family in the Andalusia area. He served as city marshall for many years in Andalusia. Their descendants are unknown at this time.

The youngest sister, Voncille, and her husband, C.A. McKinnon, moved to New Orleans to make their home.

While there are a few relatives scattered throughout the area, the Penton name is not that common today. Appreciation is expressed to one particular descendant, Joyce Penton Schnoor, of Milton. She has most kindly and generously shared her family records for today’s column.

Anyone who might have corrections to this writing or additional family data is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail: .


The next generation of Hutcheson descendants

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News


In last week’s column, the Hutcheson family genealogy ended with the grandchildren of Sion and Kitsey Ann (Chancey) Hutcheson. In this writing, the next generation, the great- grandchildren of Sion will be presented.

During the late 1800s and the early 1900s, there were many of these families who bore the Hutcheson name residing in Covington County.

There is still no conclusive proof of the parentage of the first three children reared by Sion and Kitsey. Many of the descendants of these three individuals are most anxious to learn if they are Hutchesons by birth or if they might be relatives who were born to other parents. Anyone who might have more complete records to document this genealogy is requested to make such known.

The lineage listings for these three individuals begin with the children of Sion Asbury, oldest child of Daniel, the oldest one reared by Sion and Kitsey. Sion Asbury and his wife, Dora Ellafair (Thomasson) who was a daughter of Cornelius Starr and Susannah (Henley) Thomasson, reared the following children: Ada Ellafair, b. 1896, d. 1990, m. Spencer Gilbert "Dock" Ard; Cornelius Thomasson, b. 1899, d. 1957, m. Edra Carol Smith; Mary Kathryn "Molly," b. 1901, d. 1974, m. Hubert Lee Grissett; Susie Mae, b. 1904, d. 2000, single; Delphin Delmus, b. 1907, d. 1986, single; Powell, b. 1909, d. 1910; Harold, b. 1910, d. 1929, single; Fred Daniel, b. 1913, d. 2000, m. Claudie Myrtice Guy; and Carlos Blato "Cotton," b. 1916, d. 1995, m. Gladys Sessions.

Sion Asbury and Dora eloped to get married since her father had not given approval for the marriage. They settled on his father’s land in Loango near many of his Hutcheson relatives. They lived in a house typical of the period, which featured an open dog-trot design. Some of the descendants recall spending time there when the rooms would get so cold during the night, but they would be warm and snug in their granny’s feather mattresses.

Sion worked hard to support his large family. Although he farmed some, he primarily worked in the timber and turpentine business. He eventually accumulated about 400 acres of farm and timber land adjoining his home in Loango. Around 1927, with a distressed economy, he decided the turpentine industry looked better in the Madison, Fla., area. He went down and erected a large still and eventually moved his family there as well.

The family faired well until the severe Depression, and then they lost the business and the farm in Loango. With his wife and daughter’s meager savings, the family secured a small farm and slowly began to recover. The family pulled together and began to build a substantial poultry business resulting in three large chicken houses. This operation continued until Sion’s death in 1951. His body was returned to Covington County to be buried in the Fairmount Cemetery where so many of his Hutcheson relatives were buried. When his widow, Dora, died in 1966, she was returned to be buried beside him.

Sion Asbury’s brother, William Alexander, and wife, Amanda Jane Cassady who was a daughter of George and Nancy (Snellgrove) Cassady, had the following three children: Cleta; Andrew Jackson, b. 1895, d. 1975, m. Georgia Garrison; and Morris, b. 1904, d. 1974 in Georgia.

Samuel and his wife, Maggie (Stewart), had four children: Van Buren, b. 1905; Mary Hazel, b. 1908, m.? Rhoades; Annie Laura, b. ca 1914; and Genevieve.

James Daniel and his wife, Rebecca (Diamond) who was the daughter of John M. and Melissa Jane (Smith) Diamond, reared the following children: Estelle, b. ca 1888, d. ca 1907; Nola, b. 1889, d. ca 1905; William "Hoppy," b. 1899, d. ca 1987; Mae Bell, b. 1902, d. 1960, m. (1) William Crawford Tadlock (2)? Reddish; Lucy, b. 1905, d. 1992, m. Marshall A. Campbell; Harlie Vera, b. 1907, m. Judge Ceveland Everage; and Lillian Jimi, b. 1917, m. Louise Johnson.

Sarah and her husband, Alonzo L. Beasley, had the following children: Arvis Floyd, b. 1905, d. 1955, m. Sally M. Bryan; Horace G., b. 1906, m. Fannie Lou Watson; Jewel Sentall, b. 1910, m. Joe Jack Hicks; Willow Daisy, b. 1912, m. Grover C. Dunn; William Curtis, b. 1914, m. Voncille Howell; Callie Odelia, b. 1917, m. Wallace Barden; Barney Hiram Sr., b. 1919, m. Jean Brunson; Alonzo Walter, b. 1920, m. Verlin L. McLeod; and infant Beasley, b. unknown..

Thomas I. and his wife, Margaret, had two children: Beulah G., b. 1909; and Thomas Gilbert, b. 1917, d. 1946.

Joseph and his wife, Belle (Liles) who was a daughter of Shired and Margaret (Beasley) Liles, had one daughter — Ruth, b. 1909.

Augustus and his wife, Ola-Lea (Lambert), had two children: Gus L., b. ca 1908; and Vern C., b. ca 1910.

Kitsie Ann and her husband, Charles Taylor, had only one child — Charles Taylor, Jr., b. ca 1918.

Daniel Asbury, Jr. and his wife, Elva Addie (Williams), had the following two children: Ben Fay, b. 1923, d. 1968, m. Nan?; and James Virgil, b. 1925. (This completes the grandchildren of Daniel.)

The grandchildren of Daniel’s brother, Green Jackson Hutcheson, begin with the children of his oldest child, John Minto. John and his wife, Florence M. Kent, reared the following children: George; Mariah, b. 1901; Maggie, b. 1903; Irvin, b. 1906, d. 1990; and Lucille, b. 1909.

John’s brother, Willie Irvin, and his first wife, Mary Alice (Hartzog), had two children: Effie L., b. 1903, d. 1995, m. John Tallie James; and Leon Alfred, b. 1905, d. 1976, m. Emma Lou Eiland. Later, Willie was married to Mertie Kent. (This data was incomplete in last week’s column.)

Calvin Arthur and his wife, Daisy Belle (Hitson), had the following children: Winifred Wylene, b. 1915, d. 1994, m. James Edward Mason; Arthur Durward, b. 1917, d. 1983, m. Jewel Davis; Nina Lou, b. ca 1920; Olen Maxwell, b. 1924, d. 1970, m. Edna Rae Cannon; and Thomas Maxwell, m. Betty Carroll.

George W. and his wife, Stella R., had the following two children: George and Peggy.

Mary Elizabeth and her husband, George Madison Smith who was a son of Joel and Sarah (Brooks) Smith, had the following children: Ocie D., m. Mary Willis Curlee; Otis, m. Bessie Lou Fincher; Robert, m. Magdalene Mary Jones; Nita, m. Gabe Curry; Pearl, m. Charlie Whitmer; Jacquelyn, m.? Pierson; George Madison, b. 1932, d. 1953, m. Delores?; Rosco Perry, m. Rose?; Mary Elizabeth, m. William Powell; and Carl.

The names of the grandchildren of Daniel’s sister, Elizabeth (Hutcheson Welch) are unknown at this time. She was married to Bill Welch and they had the following four children: Gordy, Mandy, Sally, and Arvy. One relative believes this family lived in the Travis Bridge Community.

This series on the Hutcheson family will conclude next week with the remaining members of this generation. They will include the children of Sion and Kitsey’s youngest three children. Anyone who has corrections to the above data or additional information to share is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:

Several Hutcheson descendants shared helpful information for this writing. These included Joyce Glidewell Cook, Warren Hutcheson, Rex Everage, and Doris Hutcheson Palmer.


Hutcheson ancestors settled in Loango

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The earliest record of a Hutchison pioneer in Covington County is of Lewis Hutchison serving as a justice of the peace for Beat number 3 in 1823. He was elected in the very first election held in the various districts of the new county. He resigned in 1824 but served as a vice justice along with John M. Kimmey. During that year he purchased the W 1/2 of NW NW 1/4 (S15 T3 R19) near the Kinston Township.

In 1858, Arthur D. Hutchison purchased 40 acres of land in the Red Level Township. In 1867, a D. Hutchison was a registered voter in Beat 6. In 1872, David Hutchison homesteaded 80 acres of land in the Buck Creek Community, but it was later canceled.

More research is needed on the above family to determine if they are related to the Hutchesons who came during the early 1870s. These later families were descendants of Sion Hutcheson, a native of Georgia.

Sion was born circa 1817 and was married to Kitsey Ann Chancey who was born circa 1817 in South Carolina. Sion and Kitsey were probably married in Georgia, but they were found in Coffee County, during the 1850s. In 1857, Sion purchased 40 acres of land in the Haw Ridge Community, an area that is included in the current Fort Rucker.

In the 1860 census, the family was enumerated with five children, all reported to have been born in Alabama. Later that same year another child was born to the couple. These six children included the following: Daniel Asbury, b. 1847, d. 1923, m. (1) Mary Catherine Shiver (2) Celia Liles); Green, b. 1848, m. (1) Mary Jane Cassady (2) Mary?; Elizabeth, b. 1853, m. Bill Welch; John Wilson, b. 1855, d. 1915, m. Martha F. Findley; Amanda, b. 1857, d. 1932, m. Daniel Patterson; and Isabelle Rebecca, b. 1860, d. 1944, m. James Evans Glidewell.

Although the above children were listed in Sion’s household, there is some uncertainty regarding the parentage of the first three children. There are some records suggesting that Daniel Asbury may have been a nephew, the son of Sion’s sister, Hannah, and her husband, Jacob Holland. Sion and Kitsey may have taken in the young child after the Hollands lost their lives. Also, a similar family story suggests Green and Elizabeth may have been the children of another of Sion’s sisters who married a Stewart. These three children did grow up in this family and all bore the Hutcheson name.

In 1864, Sion died at the age of 57 years and left his widow to finish rearing the children. Just six weeks before his death, Sion had enlisted in the Confederate Army at Greenville, where he died. He was described as standing 5 feet, 8 inches in height, and having black hair, fair complexion, and “yellow” eyes. He was a private in Captain W.W. Flemming’s Co., 3rd., Battalion, Alabama Reserves, a unit organized primarily for home defense.

Following the war, Daniel married Mary Catherine Shiver in Coffee County. They were still there in 1870 when their first son was born. They reared the following children: Sion Asbury, b. 1870, d. 1951, m. Dora Ellafair Thomasson; William, b. 1873; Samuel, b. 1875; and James Daniel, b. 1876; Benjamin, b. 1879, d. ca 1902; Sarah, b. 1880, d. 1952; Joseph, b. 1885; Augustus, b. 1889; Kitsie, b. 1891; and Albert, b. 1899, d. ca 1902.

During the 1870s, Daniel’s siblings began to move further west into Covington County and settled around Loango and Red Level. In 1872, Green married Mary Jane Cassady in Lowndes County, but they settled in Loango. John and his wife, Martha F. Findley, and Amanda and her husband, Daniel Patterson, settled in the same community. Daniel and his family followed circa 1880. He is probably the David H. Hutchison identified as having homesteaded 80 acres of land in the Loango Community in 1882. If so, he homesteaded another 40 acres in the same community in 1885.

The numerous Hutchesons became well respected in the area, and Daniel was elected Justice of the Peace in 1888. They were active in the community until he decided to move his family to Montgomery County, Texas, in 1901. Unfortunately, after the move, tragedy struck after a year and Mary along with two of their children died from some undetermined cause. Daniel also became ill, but he had himself sent home by train to Alabama where he recovered.

Two or three years later, he was married to Celia Liles, daughter of Sherod Marion and Margaret Liles. The couple had one child, Allen, who was born in 1908. Daniel continued to live out his life in this area until his death in 1923.

Daniel’s brother, Green, and his first wife, Mary Jane, reared 10 children: Aravilla, b. 1873; John Minto, b. 1875, d. 1962, m. Florence M. Kent; Susannah, b. 1876, d. 1918, m. Shered Liles, Jr.; Alabama, b. 1880; Willie, b. 1881, m. Mertie Kent; Vallie, b. 1883; Calvin Arthur, b. 1887, d. 1961; George W., b. 1889, d. 1970, m. Stella R.; Mary Elizabeth, b. 1891; and Lou Ella, b. 1896.

After Mary Jane’s death in 1905, Green married a second time to Mary ?. They had one child, Jessie, who was born in 1909.

Daniel’s sister, Elizabeth, and her husband, Bill Welch, also reared their family in the Loango Community. They were Gordy, Mandy, Sally, and Arvy.

Daniel’s brother, John W., and his wife, Martha, had the following seven children: Thomas I., b. 1882, d. 1959, m. Margaret?; Edna, b. 1881; Robert A., b. 1884, d. 1955; Bluford, b. 1888, d. 1959, m. Lena Hartzog; Early, b. 1893 , d. 1950, m. Alma W.; Albert, b. 1896; and Babe, b. 1899, d. 1976.

Daniel’s sister, Amanda, and her husband, Daniel Patterson, had at least two children: Eddie, b. 1895; and Babe, b. 1898.

Daniel’s sister, Isabelle, and her husband, James Evans Glidewell, reared the following children: Henry Washington, b. 1881, d. 1940, m. Lizzie Padgett; Walter A., b. 1885, d. 1968, m. Cora Lord; David Artison, b. 1888, d. 1973, m. Lula Agnes Mitchell; Rosie Bell, b. 1889, d. 1963, m. Charlie Woodard; Queenie Mary Lou, b. 1892, d. 1963, m. William Gip Spivey; W. Archie, b. 1893, d. 1919, single; Annie, b. 1896; Myrtice “Myrtie,” b. 1898, d. 1969, m. Columbus “Lum” Spivey; and Nettie Elizabeth, b. 1901, d. 1986, m. Alto Cassady.

The Hutchesons were basically farmers, with some working in the timber industry and a few operating general stores. In 1880, the following Hutcheson men were members of the first telephone company in Loango and Red Level: John W. Sr., Green W., Liston T., W.I., and Daniel.

Liston was the oldest living citizen in the Loango area at one time. He was born in 1880 and married Mary Bass in 1899. He and Mary were the parents of Everett, Gresley, Alton, and Myrtle Eva. He was a “three mule” farmer and operated a sawmill and a cotton gin. In 1925, he moved to Ft. Lauderdale County, Fla., but when he retired he returned to Loango. After Mary’s death, he married Maggie Lindsey Acree.

Appreciation is expressed to Rex Everage of Enterprise, a Hutcheson descendant, for sharing his research for this writing. There is considerably more genealogical data available on this family, so another generation or so will be presented in the column for next week.

Anyone who might have corrections to the above or additional information to share is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:


Glidewell family settled in Red Level

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News


Archibald Glidewell, Sr., born circa 1788 in Virginia, was probably a descendant of the Ames Glidewell who came to Boston from England circa 1634 aboard the ship Increase. He became the ancestor of the Glidewell family members who have lived and many who continue to reside in Covington County.

Archibald grew up in Virginia and married his first wife, Betsy Jones, there. He later moved his family to Georgia and on to Alabama where in the 1820s he eventually settled in the Loango community of Covington County. During the 1840s, he and his family were living in the settlement of Red level and helped in its development into a rural town.

Archibald and Betsy reared the following children: William Thomas, b. 1811, d. 1886, m. (1) Jane Rhodes (2) Sarah Ann (Franklin) Howard; Winifred, b. 1812, d. 1881, m. Benjamin Parker; Archibald Jr., b. ca 1814; and Wiley, b. ca 1819, m. Civil Hodge. After Betsy’s death, Archibald was married to a lady named Dorcus. He died in the early 1850s.

Descendants of the son, William Thomas, Sr., are the ones for whom more complete records are available. William was married first to Jane Rhodes by whom he fathered 10 children: Elizabeth, b. 1832; James P., b. 1834, d. 1863, m. Harty ?; Cynthia, b. 1836, m. John Campbell; Margaret, b. 1840; Jane, b. 1842; Lucy, b. 1844, single; Frances, b. 1847; William Thomas Jr., b. 1849, m. Sarah Jennette Williamson; Susan, b. 1852, d. 1933; and John, b. 1858. After Jane’s death, William was married to Sarah Ann (Franklin) Howard, daughter of Josiah and Mary Franklin. They had the following four children: Archie Josiah Massingale, b. 1865, m. Evie Brown; Thomas J., b. 1868; Permelia Ann Gisen, b. 1870; and Theodosia Ann, b. 1872.

In 1854, William Thomas acquired two tracts of land, 40 acres and 80 acres, in the Red Level Township. In 1855, he purchased another 80 acres in the same area. During the same year, his son, James P., purchased 80 acres, and his stepmother, Dorcus, purchased 120 acres in the same community. Family records show she had purchased 80 acres west of Fairmount Church during the preceding year.

In 1855, Wiley acquired two tracts of land, 80 acres and 78 acres. These were also located in the Red Level Township.

William Thomas and other members of his family served in the Confederate Army. In 1864, when he was listed at 53 years of age, he was in Co. B, Covington County Reserves (First Class), organized from Beats Two, Six, and 12. His son, James P. served as a private in Co. I, 40th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t and lost his life in 1863 while in the conflict at Kennesaw Mountain, Ga.

William Thomas’s brother, Wiley, had served earlier in the Alabama Militia. In 1837, he was a Corporal in Capt. Littleberry Rogers’s Co. of Mounted Infantry. In 1839, he advanced to the rank of Lieutenant in Beat No. One Company of the 60th. Reg’t. (Covington County), 11th. Brigade, 5th. Division.

Following the war in 1867, William Thomas was listed as a registered voter in Beat Number 12. He and his wife, Jane, operated a hotel in Red Level and were involved in the growth of the young town.

William’s sister, Winifred, and her husband, Benjamin Parker, reared the following children: Elizabeth, b. 1830, d. after 1910; Martha, b. 1832, m. Jordan; Arminda, b. 1834, d. 1859, single (one child, Winifred Parker, m. Handy Britton Cross); Mary, b. 1843; James, b. 1844; Alexander, b. 1848, d. (?) 1948, m. (1) Mahala Elephare Messer (2) Mattie Casey; and Leboine, b. ca 1849.

William’s brother, Wiley, and Civil had at least two children: Sarahann, b. ca 1845; and Susannah, b. ca 1848, m. John Rawls. (One record indicates Sarahann may have been a Redd and just reared by Wiley and Civil.

There is no record of William’s daughter, Lucy, ever being married, but she had two children: James Evans Glidewell, b. 1865, d. 1906 of pneumonia or a ruptured appendix at age 40; and Emma Glidewell, b. 1869, d. 1932, single.

At age 17 years, James Evans was married to Isabelle Rebecca Hutcheson, daughter of Sion and Kittsey Ann (Chancey) Hutcheson. They resided in Red Level and reared the following children: Henry Washington, b. 1881, d. 1940, m. Lizzie Padgett , five children; Annie, b. 1896, d. ca 1974, m. Clinton Hampton Seales, 11 children; Walter A., b. 1885, d. 1968, m. Cora Lord, two children; David Artison, b. 1888, d. 1973, m. Lula Agnes Mitchell, four children; Rosie Bell, b. 1889, d. 1963, m. Charlie Woodard, five children; Mary Lou “Queenie,” b. 1892, d. 1963, m. William Gip Spivey, three children; W. Archie, b. 1893, d. 1919 in train wreck in France at the end of WWI, single; Myrtice “Myrtie,” m. Columbus “Lum” Spivey, seven children; and Nettie Elizabeth, b. 1901, d. 1986, m. Alto Cassady, five children.

William Thomas Jr. and his wife, Sarah Jennette, had the following children: William Thomas III “Dick,” b. 1876, d. 1959, m. (1) Hortense Cochran, three children (2) Addie Phillips (3) Lola Mae Phillips, three children; Amzie Nebrasca, b. 1880, d. 1961, m. Robert William Terry, six children; Lora Bell, b. 1888, d. 1944, m. Henry Terry Hinson, three children; Margaret Mae, b. 1892, d. 1969, m. John Jefferson Pritchett, five children.

There were several of other descendants in this generation whose genealogical data is not readily available at this writing. However, members of this family are currently researching their heritage and are anxious to learn any new information.

Appreciation is expressed to Joyce (Glidewell) Cook, daughter of David Artison Glidewell, for sharing her family history records. Among her material were data compiled by JoAnn (Atkison) Glidewell, an avid genealogist.

Anyone who might have corrections to this review or any additional information on the Glidewell family is requested to contact the writer, Curtis Thomasson, at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or email:


Beck community named for Beck family

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News


Members of the Beck family arrived in Covington County as early as 1840. This is the very time when the future town of Andalusia was beginning to develop. One well-documented ancestor of this family is John Beck who was born in 1792 in South Carolina. He appears to be the son of Elijah Beck, a native of South Carolina who died in 1821 in Montgomery County.

John moved with his family in 1818 from South Carolina to Georgia. After a few years, they moved to Montgomery County and then to Pike County in 1835. In 1840, he moved to Covington County where he became a successful farmer.

John was a member of the Primitive Baptist Church while his wife was with the Missionary Baptist. From 1843 to 1852, he represented Shiloh Baptist Church at the Beckbee, Bethlehem, and Conecuh River Association meetings.

In 1855, John acquired two tracts of land—40 acres in the Red Oak Township and 120 acres in the Montezuma Township. He settled southwest of Andalusia along the Conecuh River in what would become the Beck community. In 1860, he owned three slaves, and in 1867, he was listed as a registered voter.

John married Mary Strong while living in South Carolina. The couple had 10 children including the following: William Green, b. 1815, d. 1900, m. (1) Louisa Smith (2) Sarah Jane (Johnson) Tane; Washington, b. 1816-23, d. during W.B.T.S.; Elizabeth, b. 1824, m. Henry B. Little; Charles, b. 1833; John, b. 1834; and Wilson, b. 1836. The other children appear to have died during infancy. After Mary’s death in 1860, John married Catherine.

The 1850 federal census enumerated several other Beck families. Among these were families for Jesse and Amos Beck who could possibly be brothers of John Beck.

Jesse was 51-years old and his wife, Sarah, 36. With them were the following children: William, 13; Mahla, 10; Jesse, 8; Zillah, 6; Sarah, 4; and Isabella, 2. In 1855, Jesse acquired two 39-acre tracts of land in the Red Oak Township. He represented New Prospect Baptist Church at the Zion Association meetings in 1859. Jesse B., probably the son, was a 1st. Sgt. in Co. A., 25th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. of the Confederate Army.

Amos was 52 years of age, and his wife, Tempy, 52; With them were Mathew, 17; Sarah, 15; Winey, 13; Bilha, 12; and Michael, 3. In 1845, Amos served as a Captain for Beat No. One Company, 60th. Regiment (Covington County), 8th. Brigade, 11th. Division, Ala. Militia.

Another Beck household was that of Henry Beck, 22 years of age, and his wife, Joycyan, 24 years. They had two children at the time: John, 3; and William, 2.

Probably the most prominent of the Beck family was William Green Beck, the second child of the above John. He was born in South Carolina but moved as a young boy with his parents to Georgia and then Alabama. He was married in Pike County in 1835 to Louisa Smith, daughter of John Smith.

The couple had six children before her death in 1846: Oliver, b. 1838, d. 1863; Mary Ann, b. 1839, d. 1893, m. Reubin Diamond; Washington, b. 1841, d. 1850s; Sarah J., b. 1843, m. Henry Williams; Robert J., b. 1845, d. 1891, m. N. Segall; and William, b. 1847, d. 1850s.

William Green was married second to Mrs. Sarah Jane (Johnson) Tane who had two children: Thomas M. and Amanda. Together they had the following children: Elizabeth Susanah, b. 1849, m. James Madison Smith; Eliza, b. 1852, m. William A. Brooks; Rebecca, b. 1854; Martha Ann, b. 1856; Wilson, b. 1858, d. 1941, m. Zilphia Jane Chesser; Annanias, b. 1859, d. 1925, m. William E. Cobb; Emma, b. 1862, d. 1935, m. Robert Watson; Nancy, b. 1864, d. 1910, m. George Cooper; Charles, b. 1866, m. Nannie?; and John W., b. 1870, d. 1957, m. Rosa?.

In 1852, William G. acquired 42 acres of land in the Conecuh River Township. In 1855, he acquired two tracts of 40 and 84 acres in the same community. He was a successful farmer, worked as a blacksmith, and operated a grist mill.

William G. rendered service in several public offices. In 1844, he was elected for a four-year term as Revenue Commissioner of Covington County. In 1846, he was elected deputy sheriff of the county. In 1848, he was commissioned a Major for the Second Battalion of the 60th. Reg’t (Covington County) 8th. Brigade, 11th. Division, Ala. Militia. (He may have been the William who served in the same unit in 1845 as a Captain.) In 1859, he represented the Andalusia Baptist Church at the Zion Association meetings. In 1882, he was elected to serve a two-year term in the Alabama State Legislature. He worked on the committees for local legislation and public printing.

William G. was a member of the Missionary Baptist Church for many years. He was a member of the Mason’s Dean Lodge, No. 182, F.&A.M. at Conecuh. He was described in Volume I of the Memorial Record of Alabama as “one of the most cultured and best informed men in the county. He was universally esteemed, and his superior abilities were recognized by all.”

The primary sources for this review are the book named above, census records, and three of Wyley D. Ward’s books, Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871, Original Land Sales and Grants in Covington County, Alabama, and The Folks from Pea Ridge. Anyone who might have corrections or additional information on this family is requested to contact the Curtis Thomasson, at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Castleberry family settled in Buck Creek

By Curtis Thomasson
Andalusia Star News
Published Saturday, December 16, 2000


The earliest known ancestor of the Castleberry family to reside in Covington County was John William Castleberry, born in 1827 in Georgia. It appears the family moved to this county some time before the 1860 census was taken. In it, he was enumerated at 33 years of age and Mary at 26 years. They had two children at the time: Rhoda Ann, 3 years; and Lucy, eight months.

Also in the 1860 census was a John Castleberry at age 57 years with wife, Lucy, at 51 years. They had the following children with them: Tephemiah, 18; James, 16; John, 13; and Jesse R., 9. This could be the parents of the John W., but probably not because it is unlikely the parents would give the name John to a second son. Also, this family does not appear in the 1870 census of the county.

John W. was married to Mary J. who was born circa 1834 in Alabama. They had the following five children: Rhoda Ann, b. 1857, d. before 1870 unmarried; Lucy, b. 1859; Ella, b. 1867; John Richard, b. 1869, d. 1940, m. Savanna Turner; and James William “Bill,” b. 1875, d. 1953, m. Thelia “Tilly” Jeter.

Although no record has been located, it is believed that John W. served in the Confederate Army. There is even a family anecdote suggesting he died during the war, but this is not true as he and his wife had three additional children after the war.

There is a record of John W. P. Castleberry homesteading 160 acres of land in 1890. The land was located in S18 T6 R15, the Patsaliga River Township. Two years earlier, a James Castleberry homesteaded 160 acres in S30 T6 R14, the Pigeon Creek township. Although his relationship to John is unknown, it is very likely that they were brothers. No additional information is known for James at this time.

John Richard, the eldest son of John W., settled in the Buck Creek community where he supported his family by farming. He was married to Savanna Turner, and they reared the following children: Turner Grayton, b. 1892, d. 1965, m. Ethel Lee Lawson; Richard Columbus “Lum,” b. 1897, d. 1969, m. Bertie King; Artis, b. 1901, d. 1921, single; Jessie, b. 1905, d. ca 1992, m. Orene Ammons; and J.T., b. ca 1907, m. Inez Smith. Most of these descendants lived in the Buck Creek community.

James William “Bill” was a farmer also, but he settled in the Pigeon Creek community. He was married to Thelia “Tilly” Jeter, daughter of Willie and Nancy Jeter. Tilly was born in 1882 in Red Level. They reared the following children: Pearly, b. 1897, d. 1966, m. Joseph King; Eddie, b. 1900, d. 1977, m. Irene South; Alice, b. 1903, m. George Ballard; Gurtie Curtis, b. 1907, d. 1989, m. Alene King; Luddie, b. 1908, m. Willie King; Luvie, b. 1911, d. 1993, m. Elsie Jeter; Rubie, b. 1912, m. Jim Gibson; and Mary Maggie, b. 1917, d. 1986, m. Rubie Lee Gibson.

The son, Gurtie Curtis, and his wife, Alene, reared the following children: Hellry Lee, b. 1927, d. 1991, m. Evelyn Mayberry; J.T., b. 1929, m. (1) Luria ? (2) Lois Blackwell; male infant, b. & d. ca 1931; Thomas W., b. 1933, m. Claud Faye Curry; Wallace, b. 1936, m. (1) Shirley Vanderbilt (2) Linda Henderson; William Ray, b. 1939, m. Glenda Dubose; Douglas, b. 1942, m. Sara Francis Berry; and Jerry Wayne, b. 1947, m. Mary Jane ?.

Those researching this family are very interested in learning more about their heritage. Anyone who might have corrections to the above or additional information is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:

Appreciation is expressed to two members of this family for sharing their family genealogy for this review: Linda Castleberry who is married to Wallace Castleberry, the son of Gurtie Curtis Castleberry; and Johnny Castleberry, son of Turner Grayton Castleberry. Johnny, who resides in the Buck Creek community, is currently serving his fifth term as a Covington County Commissioner.


It is in order to make a correction on some data in the McIntosh article last week. New records suggest that John McIntosh and his wife, Dorcus, never lived in Greene County, Alabama. They appear to have moved first to Barbour County and then to Coffee County. They were enumerated there in 1850 rather than in Greene County. Also, their daughter, Mary, was married to John Cooper rather than Judge Hudges. Appreciation is expressed to Wyley Ward for this additional information.


Norman McIntosh settled in Adellum

By Curtis Thomasson
Andalusia Star News
Published Saturday, December 9, 2000

Family history and legend suggest Angus McIntosh and three of his sons, natives of Scotland, came to America circa 1798 according to some sources but later according to others. It is believed that they did land in Hampton, Virginia, and later settled in South Carolina.

Some records state that Angus became quite homesick, so two of the sons decided to return to Edinburg, Scotland, with him. The time of their departure is not known, nor whether they returned to this country. Some decendants believe Angus did return and that he and his wife lived out their lives in South Carolina.

Although his relationship to this family is unknown, there was a John McIntosh residing on the Brooklyn Road in Conecuh County in 1860. Also, Andalusia Attorney James M. Prestwood refers to a John McIntosh in his book, “The Legend of Andalusia.” When Prestwood’s ancestor, Aus Prestwood, arrived in Andalusia in 1872, he was greeted first by an elderly gentleman named John McIntosh.

Angus had a son named John who left South Carolina circa 1818 (This date is questionable.) and migrated to Alabama. He settled first in Barbour County where he met his future wife. During the early 1830s, John, born in 1805 in Edinburg, Scotland, wed Dorcus Shiver, born in 1814 in North Carolina. They moved to Greene County where they resided until 1854. John was engaged in overseeing and later became a very successful farmer on his own. His dates seemingly prevent him from being the above John.

The family was enumerated in the 1850 Greene County Census with six children, and John was listed as a farmer. Around 1854, the family moved to Coffee County where John settled his family near the Old Tabernacle Church. Although it is not known, he is probably buried there at his death in 1865.

John and Dorcus reared the following children: John, b. 1831, d. during W.B.T.S.; Margaret, b. 1832, m. Thomas Francis Prestwood; Mary, b. 1834, m. Judge Hughes; John, b. ca 1835, d. during W.B.T.S.; Nancy; William, b. ca 1838, m. Liza Ezell; Kenneth, b. ca 1838, d. during W.B.T.S.; Catherine, m. Monroe Smith; Norman Angus, b. 1843, d. 1926, m. (1) Amanda Nixon (2) Mary Welch; Alexander “Rance,” b. 1848, m. twice; Sarah, b. 1852, m. John Tom Stinson; Daniel, b. 1854, m. Susan Motley; and Archibald “Archy,” b. 1856, m. Jane Grimes.

Four of the sons served in the Confederate Army. John and Kenneth served in the same company, the first one raised in Coffee County. They both lost their lives during conflict—John during battle at Island No. 10 and Kenneth was shot while on picket duty at Memphis, Tennessee. William served as a private for four years and saw action mainly in the Western Army. Norman was a private in Company A of Hilliard’s Legion from Brundidge.

Of this generation, the most genealogy readily available is for the Norman McIntosh family. Norm moved his family to Covington County in 1870. Like his father, he became a farmer and later engaged in timber work. He became one of the leading farmers in the entire county and was classified as a planter from Beat Six. In 1880, he was residing with his family on the Hart’s Bridge Road just south of the Brooklyn Road. He eventually moved further north on Brooklyn Road to the Adellum community.

Norm homesteaded 163 acres of government land in 1888 and 1890 and he had acquired additional land. At one time he owned several hundred acres of some of the best farmland in the area. This spread reached from County Road 19 west to the Conecuh River. One descendant recalls that he had at least 370 acres and another reference suggested up to 1000 acres. He was able to present 40 acres to each of his children upon their marriage or establishing their own home. He also gave a horse to each son and a milk cow to each daughter.

Norm logged a many acres of virgin timber in the area which he would float down the river to Pensacola. He used some for lumber to build each of his children a house and many other small houses for his farm workers.

Norm was also an active leader in community affairs. He was a Mason as a member of the Andalusia Lodge No. 434 F&AM. He was a leader in the Missionary Baptist Church and worshipped at the Salem Church. Around the turn of the century he gave land for Adellum Baptist Church to be built and the adjacent cemetery. He also built a church for the black people who lived in the community and worked for him. It was located across the road from the Adellum Church. Norm would often attend their services and assist them with their programs.

Norm also appreciated the value of education and gave land for the Adellum School. It was located about a mile south of the Adellum Baptist Church at a site where the current home of Charles W. Thomasson stands.

Norm was married first to Amanda Jane Nixon, the daughter of Raymond and Mary Jane Nixon. They had the following children: Dorcus Josephine “Duck,” b. 1877, d. 1961, m. Edward A. Hare; Mary Jane, b. 1878, d. 1955, m. William Elijah “Lige” Hare; Kenneth, b. 1881, d. 1927, m. Viola Watson; David, b. 1882, d. 1945, m. (1) Carrie? (2)?; John H., b. 1883-89, m. Stella Jay; Angus “Gus,” b. 1890, d. 1941, m. (1) Annie Maude Enzor (2) Pauline (Malloy) Walters; Nola M. “Nolie,” b. 1897, d. 1932, m. Rufus Poole; and twin, Lola, b. 1897, d. in infancy. Amanda died the next year and was buried at the Hopewell Baptist Church Cemetery. Norm was later married to Mary Welch who outlived him by six years. A majority of these descendants are buried in the Adellum Cemetery.

Norm was regarded as a very successful citizen and was able to provide generous assistance to his children. His son, Gus, attended college because he wanted to become a doctor, but he later decided he wanted to have a store. His father helped him open one called McIntosh Grocery and Dry Goods. It was located in the last building in the first block on the east side of South Cotton Street.

Norm’s son, John, also wanted a store, so he helped him “put in” one which they called McIntosh Mercantile. It was located in the second block of South Three Notch on the west side in a building that housed a more recent grocery store operated by L.C. Stokes. This was between Jack Rabren’s Seed Store and Runt Bass’s Cafe.

Norm’s daughter, Nolie who married Rufus Poole, also wanted a store. Her father helped the couple open a grocery store in the same block with John’s, but a little further south. It was about where Alan Cotton’s Florist is today and was called Poole Grocery.

It appears that Norm lost much of his financial holdings by trying to take care of his children’s business affairs. He was very successful in his own life and very generous to his family and others.

The sketch of Norm in the “Memorial Record of Alabama” describes him as one who “stood well in the community and who was esteemed by all his neighbors and friends.”

Although the McIntosh name is rarely recognized in this area at the present, the family did contribute significantly to the development of this area. There are several descendants who still live here and some who contributed information for this writing.

Appreciation is expressed to the following: Evelyn (Chavers) Ganus, a granddaughter to Mary Jane (McIntosh) Hare; Ileta (Hare) Wakefield, the daughter of Mary Jane (McIntosh) Hare; Durwood Bass, grandson of Duck (McIntosh) Hare; and Hare family researchers, Carlton Hare, Jackie Hare, and Jerry Hare. Other sources include James M. Prestwood’s “The Legend of Andalusia” and the “Memorial Record of Alabama, Volume I.”

There are a number of uncertainties and incomplete information on this family’s history. The writer would appreciate hearing from anyone who might have corrections or any additional information. Contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:


Leonard family lived in Carolina community

By Curtis Thomasson
Andalusia Star News
Published Saturday, December 2, 2000


Additional genealogical information has brought clarification on some of the lineages in the Leonard family, which was featured in a recent column. It is with pleasure that this family’s history is being corrected and extended as a result of this new data.

Thomas Alfred Leonard, Sr., a native of South Carolina, was the primary ancestor whose family was outlined in the recent article. He met and married his wife, Alice Lucinda Weaver, circa 1844 in the State of Georgia.

By 1854, Thomas had moved his family to Covington County, where he purchased 158 acres in the Chapel Hill area located several miles east of Florala. By 1860, he had purchased additional land in Coffee County and was residing there.

Thomas and Lucinda reared nine children born between the years of 1844 and 1865. One of these, Hosea Harrison Leonard, is the primary subject of today’s column. His family and descendants are outlined in more complete detail.

Hosea, born in 1856 as the seventh child in his family, was reared in south Alabama. He met and married a neighbor, Josephine Minerva Hogg, the daughter of James M. and Julia (Dunn) Hogg. The couple settled on property located about five miles south of Andalusia in the Carolina community. Hosea homesteaded this 160 acres in 1892.

The Leonards associated with a number of families in this area: Lundys, Browns, Harts, Garlocks and Littles. Most of them attended the Salem Baptist Church, and the children attended the Pine Level School. (The school was located just east of U.S. 29 and north of the Carolina Road, and the well-remembered Bertie B. Padgett was the teacher.)

Hosea was engaged in the sawmill business and also operated a cotton gin. He supplied the area with lumber and at times hauled loads on wagons to the lumberyard in Milligan, Fla., located about 40 miles south.

Hosea and Minerva reared the following children: Effie, b. 1886, d. 1948, m. George Crupton Snowden; Addie, b. 1887, d. 1968, m. Jacob Belin; Willie, b. 1888, d. 1987, m. Elijah Lundy; Maud, b. 1892, d. 1961, m. Andrew Robinson; Hosea, b. 1894, d. 1975, m. Nellie Boggess; Tinnie, b. 1896, d. 1987, m. Dan McCaskill; Homer, b. 1897, d. 1955, m. Clara Bell Holloway; Hobson, b. 1899, d. 1985, m. Margaret Soar; Bernice, b. 1902, d. 1981, m. Joe Creary; and Bonice, b. 1902, d. 1997, m. Dewey Moore.

In 1906, Minerva died, leaving Hosea with 10 children, the youngest two, twins, at only 4 years of age. The older daughters helped care for the young children while their father worked the sawmill and gin to support the family.

On one of his trips hauling lumber to Milton, Hosea, or Tobe as he was called, met Mrs. Betty Lee Hart Garlock. They married later and she brought her four sons into the Leonard household. The sons were Ezra, Will, and Dennis Hart and Ray Garlock. All the family was happy to have a mother figure again.

Hosea and his second wife, Betty, had four additional children: Alice Lucinda; Anise, b. 1918, m. J.C. Phillips; Thomas Alfred, b. 1915, d. 1967, m. Mary Geiger; and Charles, b. 1920, d. 1992, m. Ruby Jernigan.

From 14 children, Hosea had many grandchildren. The oldest ones were born during the early 1900s while he and his second wife were having their own children. This next generation is outlined below in order of the respective parent’s birth.

Effie and George Snowden had the following children: G.C., m. Louise Farmer; Annie Merle, m. Bert Porter; Quennie, m. (1) Hinton Spradley (2) Carl Swensson; Jesse, m. Audra Liegerot; William, m. Hilda Armbrister; Olan, m. Lucile Davis; infant girl; Max, m. Willarden Eberhart; infant twins; Jolly, m. Elizabeth O’Rouke; Millard, m. Florence McCormick; Mildred, m. Claude Shull; Charles, m. (1) Helen Byrne (2) Mona Lebedecker; and Doris, m. Joseph Price.

Addie and Jacob Belin had the following children: Palmer; Emeline, m. William Ebersole; Addie Ruth, m. Nelson Haygood; Martha, m. William Myers; Jake, m. Myrle Fillingim; Leonard, m. Mary Johnson; and Margaret, m. George Core.

Willie and Elijah Lundy had the following children: Houston, m. Mary Estes; Ibbie Ruth; Hosea Willis, m. Mary Hudson; Verna Will, m. Clyde Bass; Herman; Bill, m. Sadie Allen; John Henry, m. Marian Allen; and Herbert V., m. Gynelle Johnson.

Maud and Andrew Robinson had the following children: Evelyn, m. Harmon Dow; Andrew, m. (1) Pauline Chambliss (2) Lillian Jake; Minerva, m. John Curry; Rodney, m. Rose Leverett; Maud, m. Charles Fuller; and Jim, m. Margaret Culver.

Hosea and Nellie had only one child, Homer Key, who married Mollie Paniello.

Tinnie and Dan McCaskill did not have any children.

Homer and Clara had the following children: John, m. Jean Stafford; Jim, m. Jo Allen; Jack, m. Jean Townsend; Jerry, m. Dot Johnson; and Mary, m. James Stewart.

Hobson and Margaret had three children: Marion, m. Wyman Harvard; Ralph, m. Nancy Carraway; and Bonnie, m. Bill Rogers.

Bernice and Joe Creary had two children: Betty, m. Edward M. Penn; and Phillip, m. (1) Anita Bonifay (2) Twila Triplett.

Bonice and Dewey Moore had three children: Dewey, m. Ada Jean Moore; William H., m. Hilda Faust; and Thomas Leonard Sr., m. Carolyn Williams.

Anise and J.C. Phillips had two children: Margaret, m. Thomas Powell; and Bill, m. Ann Winston.

Thomas Alfred and Mary had three children: Robert, m. Carol Ann Mann; Alfred, m. Millie Gorman; and John.

Charles and Ruby had one son, Louis Jernigan.

Around 1920, Hosea sold his place in the Carolina community and moved to Allentown, Santa Rosa County, Fla. The family farmed there for several years and became well-known and respected members of the Calvary Baptist Church community.

When Hosea died in 1933, his body was taken back to be buried beside his wife’s grave in the Carolina Baptist Church Cemetery. When Betty died some years later, she was buried in the Calvary Baptist Church Cemetery in Allentown.

Appreciation is expressed to two Leonard descendants, Thomas Leonard Moore, Sr. of Lee, Fla., and his nephew, Jeff Moore of Andalusia, for sharing the additional history on this family.

Anyone with additional information or any corrections is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:

Historical Event:

On Saturday, Dec. 9, following the Andalusia Christmas parade, a historic Confederate anniversary will be staged in front of the Covington County Courthouse. The occasion is to honor the only living Confederate widow, Miz Alberta Martin, a resident of Elba. On Dec. 4, she will celebrate her 94th birthday and Dec. 10 will mark the 73rd. anniversary of her marriage to Confederate veteran William Jasper Martin. The marriage ceremony actually took place in the Covington County Courthouse.

In addition to paying tribute to Miz Martin, there will be entertainment, birthday cake, period food vendors, information booths, and presentations by Dr. Ken Chancey, guardian to Miz Martin, Ellen Williams, Southern author, and Stephanie Bell of Montgomery, member of Alabama Board of Education. Everyone is invited to attend and enjoy this unique historical and educational event.


Chesser School named for John Lafayette Chesser

By Curtis Thomasson
Andalusia Star News
Published Saturday, November 25, 2000

Today’s writing will be a continuation of the review of the Samuel Thacker Chesser family featured in last week’s column. Most of the grandchildren and some of the great grandchildren will be presented along with additional family anecdotes and related history.

Samuel’s oldest son, Napoleon Bonaparte, was a farmer who reared his family in Caryville, Fla.. He married Martha Jane Cassady, daughter of Calvin and Amanda Caroline (Prestwood) Cassady, and they had the following children: Stephen Edward, b. 1874, d. 1936, m. Florence Elizabeth Newton; George Tennyson, b. 1876, d. 1943, m. Emma Stevens; Amanda Rebecca, b. 1878, d. 1879; Lela Ann, b. 1880, d. 1946, m. Harvey Lee Hawkins; Caroline Josephine, b. 1882, m. Alvin Warner; Julia Elizabeth, b. 1884, d. 1923, m. (1) Thomas Henry Holliday (2) Brackins Curry; Calvin Legrand, b. 1887, m. Minnie Mae Plant; John Lafayette, b. 1891, d. 1908, single; Robert Lee, b. 1892, d. 1927, m. Carrie Dell Bagget; Thomas Riley, b. 1896, m. Grace Mae Wensel; and Frank, b. 1900, d. 1900.

Descendants have conducted considerable research on the line of the second son, James Tennison. James and his wife, Narcissa, had only one son before his untimely death at 26 years of age. The son, Francis Elias "Frank," was born in 1871 and died in 1932. He lived in the same community as his father and was buried at the Hopewell Baptist Church Cemetery.

James’s widow, Narcissa (Hammonds), was remarried in 1876 to Edward A. Brantley. Edward brought with him two young daughters by his first wife, Mary J. They were Emily K., b. 1870, and Sarah, b. 1873.

Narcissa’s son, Frank, was married to Susan Alice Webb, daughter of Franklin and Jemima Adeline (Brantley) Webb. They reared the following children: Harold Bertrand, b. 1891, d. 1961, m. Cora Belle McLelland, no children; Clarence Tennyson, b. 1894, d. 1931, no children; infant daughter, b. & d. 1897; infant son, b. & d. 1899; Fred Julian, b. 1900, m. Bonnie Lee Carter, no children; Maude Virginia, b. 1903, d. 1967, m. Almer VanBuren Hare, three children; Reginald Leroy, b. 1906, d. 1976, m. Nina Ruth Murcham, 1 son; Leon Richard, b. ca 1908, d. 1977, m. (1) Violet Myers, two children (2) Frances?, 1 son; infant son, b. & d. ca 1911, and Carl Cyrus, b. 1913, d. 1963, m. Prentice Hillman, no children.

Frank reared his family near Feagin in the Pea Ridge community where his father and grandfather had lived. He appears to have valued education strongly as he has been remembered for having a room full of books known as the library. Unfortunately, this valuable collection was all lost when the house burned. The Chesser family had moved to another house, and a tenant farmer was living in the house with the library when it burned. Also, Frank’s only daughter, Maude, became a well-known teacher in area schools.

The third son, John Lafayette, decided to move his family northeast to the Pigeon Creek community. In 1889, he homesteaded 160 acres on which he lived and farmed. He became a leader in the area and made a number of donations for the welfare of the citizens. He gave land for a neighborhood school, which was named Chesser School in his honor. He also, gave three or four acres of land for the Corinth Primitive Baptist Church, the Pigeon Creek Missionary Baptist Church, and the Pigeon Creek Cemetery, which was located between the two churches. He was buried there at his death in 1920. (This date was reported incorrectly in last week’s column.)

Currently there are only two members of the Primitive Baptist Church left, and at their death the church building will be preserved for its historic value, and the land will become a part of the cemetery. Some of the more common names appearing in the cemetery along with Chesser are Curry, Cross, Bates, and Kervin.

John L. was married to Elizabeth Neiley "Betty,” daughter of Terry and Gilley (Shiver) Prestwood. They reared the following children: Samuel Terry, b. 1875, d. 1950, m. Smithie Alice Cross; Mary Elizabeth, b. 1877, d. 1960, m. Willis Kennedy; James Tennison, b. 1879, d. 1966, m. Stina Mallette; Sarah Jane "Sally," b. 1881, d. 1973, m. Britton W. Cross; John Lafayette, b. 1884, d. in infancy; Martha Rebecca, b. 1885, d. 1972 m. John W. Cross; Harriet Newell "Hattie," b. 1887, m. Dave H. Mount; William Preston, b. 1891, m. Stella Cross; Francis Marion "Frank," b. 1893, d. 1960, m. Alice Lynn; Robert Lee, b. 1896, m. Stella Terry; Minnie Alma, b, 1898, m. (1) Cleve Wallace (2) Lee Dean Hitson; George Stephen, b. 1902, d. 1960, m. Lillie A. Thompson; and John Loyd, b. 1905, d. 1975, m. Birdie A. Sweatt. It has been observed that Betty had these 13 children over a 30 year span of time.

John L. has been remembered fondly by his descendants. A grandson, Griel Chesser of Andalusia, stated that he really admired his grandfather. He knew him as an easy-going gentleman who was trustworthy and a real Christian example.

John L.’s oldest son, Samuel Terry, and wife, Smithie, reared the following children: Arthur Dowe, b. 1901, d. 1964, m. Eunice Kervin; Emma, b. 1903, d. 1927, m. ? Payne; Lewis Vernon, b. ca 1905, m. (1) Bess Hicks (2) Izola Williams; Wilburn Edgar, b. 1906, m. (1) Lola Bates (2) Abeline Moseley; Ellie Grey, b. 1911, d. 1985, m. (1) Clint Curry (2) Ralph Beesley; Elizabeth "Bess," b. 1910, m. Z.T. Maynard; Clyde, b. 1904, d. 1997, m. (1) George B. Nichols (2) Burt Wiggins; and Eva Mae, b. ca 1907, m. Allie Sweatt.

Samuel’s daughter, Zelphia Jane, and her husband, Wilson Beck, had at least four children: Jack T.; Minnie, m. ? Stevens; Lawrence W.; and Estelle, m. ? Adkinson. His daughter, Martha Rebecca, and her husband, Mr. Lovett, had at least one son, Weldon. His daughter, Emily Hortense, and her husband, Seaborn Lunsford, had at least the following children: Molly, m. ? Smith; Daniel Monroe; Gertie, m. ? Smith; Josephine, m. ? Godwin, and Hillery H.

Samuel’s son, Samuel Stephen, and wife, Catherine Jones, reared the following children: Gordon H., m. Ada Boyette; C.B.; H.J, b. 1914, d. 1941, m. Nannie B.; Annie Merle, m. J. Leo Rambo; Maggie, m. E.D. Liles; Jessie, m. Rex L. Pierce; Bessie; Alice, m. J. C. Harwell; dau., m. Ed T. Smith; dau., m. M.E. Barton; Leona, m. B.Z. Pierce; and Riley, m. Minnie Casey. (There are some uncertainties on the data for this family.)

Around the turn of the century, Samuel Stephen purchased land in the Loango community. Other Chesser descendants were acquiring land in the same area as well as in Falco, Rome, and Yellow River. Thus, this family spread throughout Covington County and to other Southeastern states.

Appreciation is expressed to the many Chesser descendants and others who responded to last week’s column and offered additional information on this family. One of these was Adaline Chesser who allowed the copying of the photo of John L. Chesser. A special thanks goes to Griel Chesser for guiding a tour of the Pigeon Creek community to see sites related to the family’s history.

As was noted, a member of the Prestwood family married into this Chesser family. Information is needed on the Prestwoods for use in reviewing it in a future column. Anyone who might have related genealogy they would share is requested to Contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email: Also, contact him to report corrections or additional information on today’s column.


Chesser ancestor worked at Robinson Tanning Yard

By Curtis Thomasson
Andalusia Star News
Published Saturday, November 18, 2000


The earliest Chesser ancestor to reside in Covington County was Thomas Elijah Chesser. His birthplace is unknown, but he was residing here as head of a household in the 1830 Federal Census. He was enumerated as 20-30 years of age; his wife, 15-20; and a son, less than 5.

In 1832, Thomas was listed as a member of the Old Union Primitive Baptist Church, located about seven miles northeast of Rose Hill. He represented this church at the Conecuh River Association meetings from 1832 to 1835.

From 1826-1832, Thomas served as an ensign in the 46th. Reg’t. (Covington and Dale Counties) 11th. Brigade, 4th. Division, Alabama Militia. In 1837, he enlisted in Capt. Barrow’s Company for the Second Seminole War. He fought at Oak Grove, Fla., which is near present day Laurel Hill. It is possible that he lost his life during this conflict as he was not listed in the 1840 census.

By 1850, Thomas’s widow, Sarah, had married Bennett J. Boyett. Living with them was her son, John Chesser, who was 19 years of age. Another John Chesser, 15 years of age, was living next door in the William M. Sasser home and working as a laborer. The relationship, if any, of these two Johns is not known.

The younger John is probably the John B. Chesher, age 25, who was enumerated as head of a household and merchant in the 1860 census. With him was his wife, Martha A.B., age 21. She could be the Marther Chesher, age 30, who was head of a household in the 1870 census of this county. With her at that time were three children: Sarah, 9; Martha, 7; and July, 5.

In 1860, John B. served in the Volunteer Corps of Alabama. He was elected 2nd. Lt. of the Company of Andalusia Volunteers from Covington County. He was one of 44 men who formed the company commanded by Captain James T. Cumbie.

The family of a James Chesher, age 27, was enumerated in the 1860 census. With him were his wife, Margaret, age 22, and three children: Albert, 4; John, 2; and Artemisia, five months. He was a farmer living in the Rose Hill area. Living nearby in the home of Jonathan Harrelson was Thomas E. Chesher, an 8-year-old lad.

Although his relationship to the above Chessers is unknown to date, another entry in the 1860 census was Samuel Thacher Chesher, the main subject of this review. He was listed at 44 years of age and his wife, Elizabeth Rebecca, at 34. He was born in South Carolina, but he was in Pike County when he married Elizabeth on March 4, 1844. She was the daughter of John Lafayette Williamson, born circa 1785 in South Carolina. Family legend suggests her mother, whose name is unknown, was of Creek Indian heritage.

Samuel and Elizabeth reared the following children: Napolean Boneparte, b. 1844, m. Florence?; James Tennison, b. 1846, d. 1872, m. Narcissa Hammonds; John Lafayette, b. 1848, d. 1872, m. Betty Prestwood; Silphia or Tilphia Jane, b. 1851, m. Wilson Beck; Mary Elizabeth, b. 1854, d. 1883, probably single; Martha Rebecca, b. 1856, m.? Lovett (Boyette?); Emily Hortense, b. 1859, d. 1942, m. Seaborn Auston Lunsford; Samuel Stephen, b. 1862, d. 1940, m. Katherine Jones; William Alexander, b. 1865, d. 1907; and George Lawrence, b. 1869.

Most of these families lived in the Pea Ridge community where Samuel and Elizabeth reared their family. They moved there during the late 1850s. Elizabeth is possibly the Elizabeth B. who acquired 40 acres of land in 1854 in the Loango area.

Samuel worked as a boot and shoemaker at the Julian G. Robinson Tanning Yard. He was one of about 30 employees at the factory which was a prosperous manufacturing company during the mid 1800s. The employees filled a large order for boots to be worn by Confederate soldiers during the War for Southern Independence.

Samuel also rendered service during the war. In 1864, he was listed as a 2ndLt. In Co. B, Covington County Reserves (First Class) C.S.A. from Beats 2, 6, and 12. He was 48 years of age and detailed as a shoemaker.

After the war, Samuel was listed as a registered voter in 1867 for Beat Number Six. Also, three of his sons were listed as registered voters: James Tennison in Beat Two, J. D. (James Lafayette?) in Beat Five; and Napolean Boneparte on the supplemental list in 1868.

At his death in 1879, Samuel was buried in the Hopewell Baptist Church Cemetery located on the Brooklyn Highway. His wife, Elizabeth, survived him by 26 years and was laid to rest beside him in 1905. They were survived by many children and grandchildren who will be presented in next week’s column.

Although considerable research on this family has been done by several descendants, there is a need for additional work to complete this notable family’s recorded history. Among those who have shared information for this writing are Carlton “Sonny” Hare and his wife, Jackie. Sonny is the son of Maude (Chesser) Hare, a granddaughter of James Tennison Chesser.

Another source for related data was Wyley Ward’s “Early History of Covington County, Alabama, 1821-1871.” The Samuel Chesser family is also included in his “The Folks from Pea Ridge,” as they lived in that community.

The writer would like to hear from anyone in the next few days who might have any corrections to the above or additional history related to this family. Such could be incorporated in an additional column next week. Any response may be made to Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail: .


Clinton has roots in Covington County

By Curtis Thomasson
Andalusia Star News
Published Saturday, November 11, 2000

Although there have been earlier references to President William Jefferson Clinton having maternal ancestors who resided in Covington County, this column will be a closer look at his Cassady relatives. Clinton’s ancestors arrived in this area after the War for Southern Independence, sometime during the late 1860s.

The earliest known Cassady patriarch, William, was born circa 1700 in Ireland. His son, Zachariah Sr., born circa 1755, came to America and later served in the Revolutionary War. He became a resident of Chesterfield County, S.C., where he reared his family. The names of only two of his sons are known — Levi and Zachariah Jr.

Zachariah Jr. was among about six Cassady families who migrated to Henry County during the early 1830s. They chose to settle in the Lawrenceville community. By 1860, some of these relatives moved westward into Coffee and Dale counties. Within a few years, during the late 1860s, some of them crossed over into Covington County.

During the 1870 census, there were at least five Cassady families living in Covington County: John Calvin, George Washington, Zachariah Jr., Daniel J. and Alexander. John and George were the sons of Levi. Zachariah Jr. was their uncle, and he was the father of Daniel J. and Alexander.

It is believed that Zachariah Jr. was married three times. Among his children were: Alexander, b. ca 1830, m. Wineford L.; Daniel J., b. ca 1845, m. Mary?; David; and a daughter, b. 1874. In the 1870 census, Zachariah Jr. was 64-years old with the following individuals listed in his household: Nancy, 35; Nisey "Nicey," 30; Zachariah, 24; and Susan E. 25.

In the 1870 census, Alexander (or E.) is listed as 40-years old with his wife, Wineford L., 29, and children: Zachariah T., 12; John N., 10; Margaret M., 8; and William, 3. (An Alexander was 16-years old in 1864 and served as a private in Co. A, Cov. Co. Reserves C.S.A. The company was organized from Beats 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, and 10.)

In the 1870 census, Daniel J. was 25-years old with his wife, Mary, 20, and two children, Daniel J. Jr., 3, and Saffaroney, 1.

According to Wyley Ward’s “History of Covington County,” there were five registered voters in 1867 bearing the name Cassady: Zachariah, Z., David, Daniel and A. All were in Beat 3, Opp, except A., who was in Beat 8, Babbie.

Levi , born circa 1790 in South Carolina and died circa 1851 in Henry County, married Rachael Brown. Their children were: John Calvin, b. 1825, d. 1894, m. Amanda Caroline Prestwood; Zachariah, b. ca 1827; George Washington, b. ca 1829, d. 1886 in Red Level, m. Nancy Ann Josephine Snellgrove; Mahala, b. ca 1831, m. Alexander Heath; Infant, b. ca 1834; Infant, b. ca 1836; Elizabeth A., b. ca 1839; Elvira, b. ca 1841; Arvina, b. ca 1844; William, b. ca 1846; Angus Floyd, b. 1847, d. 1930 in Hartford, Ala.; and twins, Alexander and Ellen, b. ca 1852.

John Calvin served as a private in Co. H, 4th Ala. Inf. Reg’t of the Confederate Army. During the 1870s, he moved his family to Lowndes County where he lived out his life. His oldest two daughters had already married, so they remained in Covington County. He and his wife, Amanda Caroline Prestwood, daughter of William and Gilly (Shiver) Prestwood, reared the following 12 children: Mary Jane, b. 1854, d. 1905, m. Green Jackson Hutcheson; Martha Jane, b. 1856, d. 1909, m. Napoleon Bonaparte Chesser; male infant, b. & d. 1858; E.C., b. 1859; twin, William Riley, b. 1859, d. 1904; George Washington, b. 1862, d. 1904; infant, b. & d. 1864; Amanda Caroline, b. 1868, d. 1899; Calvin Cain, b. 1869, d. 1948; Francis Lucinda Missouri, b. 1872, d. 1955, m. (1) John Abram Adams (2) James Clifton Adams; Luella, b. 1875, d. 1946; and Robert Edward Lee, b. 1878, d. 1953.

John’s brother, George Washington, lived out his life in Covington County. He and his wife, Nancy Ann Josephine Snellgrove, reared the following children: Sarah Jane, b. 1853; James Monroe, b. 1855, d. 1908, m Sara Louisa Russell; Matilda Jane, b. 1858, m. James Potts; Martha Jane, b. 1861; Mary Jane, b. 1863; William Henry, b. 1866, m. (1) Emma Jennings (2) Nancy Knowles; Noah Julius, b. 1868; Ida Jane, b. 1871; Amanda Jane, b. 1874, d. 1904 in childbirth, m. William Alexander "Alex" Hutcheson; Thomas John, b. 1876; Elizabeth Jane "Lizzie," b. 1877, d. 1962, m. Robert Henry Smith; and Laura Jane, b. 1880.

Two sons, James M. and Noah J., moved to Arkansas. Noah was a teenager at the time. Some descendants recalled how their grandmother, Elizabeth Jane, told about a trip to Arkansas to visit the brothers. She had not seen them in so many years that she decided it would be good to confirm their identity by asking them to name the family’s mule.

James M. had a son named James Eldridge, b. 1898, d. 1957, who married Edith Vallie "Valeria" Grisham. The couple had only one child, a daughter, Virginia Dell Cassidy, who married William Jefferson Blythe III. On Aug. 19, 1946, Virginia gave birth to a son whom she named William Jefferson Blythe IV. Her husband had met with an untimely death three months earlier. A few years later, she married Roger Clinton, who became a stepfather to Bill Blythe. In time, the family grew close, and Bill adopted the new father’s Clinton name; thus, William Jefferson Clinton became President of the United States.

James M., President Clinton’s great-grandfather, and his brother, Noah, came to Covington County to visit their relatives in 1908. As the event has been described, the weather was very hot during the train ride, but it turned very cold when they arrived. As a result, James developed pneumonia and died while they were here; therefore, he was buried in the Loango/Red Level area. The exact burial site is unknown, but a monument has been placed in Fairmount Baptist Church Cemetery. Clinton’s great-great-grandparents, George W. and Nancy Cassady, are buried in marked graves in Garwin Cemetery in Loango.

Genealogists and descendants whose research and family records were used for this review include: Jan White, Rex Everage, William Cassady, Margie Malloy, Wyley Ward, and Jimmy Smith. Research on the Cassady family is ongoing and any additional information or corrections to this presentation will be welcomed. Please contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:


Noah Carroll was in county by 1830

By Curtis Thomasson
Andalusia Star News
Published Saturday, November 4, 2000


The earliest members of the Carroll family to settle in Covington County were Noah Carroll and his family. The household was listed in the 1830 census with Noah and his wife being between 20 and 30 years of age. With them were four children, three males and one female. Today’s review will focus on this family and its descendants.

This family was also enumerated in the 1840 census of the county along with another Carroll family, that of James W. Carroll. The relationship of these two is not known at this time. James and his wife were between 60 and 70 years of age with eight children, five males and three females. Most of these children were under 15 years of age; therefore, they may have been grandchildren. At present, no additional data has been located for this family.

Some family records suggest that Noah Carroll came to the United States from Ireland as a young man. Some other records indicate he was born in North Carolina. His birth year was circa 1800 and he was in Covington County before 1830. In 1834, he purchased 40 acres of land in the Wiggins community east of Andalusia.

Noah became an early leader in his new developing county. By 1834, he was elected to serve as Justice of the Peace for Beat Number Three, an office he held until 1844. That year his son, Lewin, was elected to serve in the same office for the same beat. A year later, in 1845, Noah served as Vice Justice of the Peace for Beat Three.

In 1837, while there were problems still with the Indians who remained in the area, Noah enlisted as a private in Capt. Littleberry Rogers’ Company of Mounted Infantry in the Alabama Militia. By the end of the year the company’s mission was completed and he was discharged. He returned to his farming and owned one slave in 1840.

In 1841, Noah was appointed to serve as a county commissioner to help select a suitable site for the new county seat. An earlier appointed commission has failed to complete this assignment. During this year, Noah was listed as a qualified voter for Beat Number Three, and his house was designated as the voting precinct. This continued until he moved to Coffee County circa 1845. Soon after the family settled, Noah’s son, Lewin, was elected in 1850 to serve as a Justice of the Peace in their new county of residence.

When he moved to Coffee County, Noah settled about six miles north of Elba on the Troy Road (Highway 87). There he built a two-story log house near Big Creek, in which he and his wife continued to rear their family.

Noah was married to Martha Elizabeth “Betsy” Mancill, daughter of Edward J. Mancill, Sr. who lived in the Sanford community. They reared the following children: Lewin Webster, b. ca 1823, m. Martha ?; Martha Jane, b. 1825, d. 1890s, m. ? Reed; Noah Marshall, b, ca 1726, m. Christianna ?; Edward Dempsey, b. ca 1832, d. 1864, apparently single; Charles Calvin, b. ca 1834, d. 1908, m. Amanda McKenzie; Eliza, b. ca 1836; Samuel Houston, b. ca 1838; George Washington, b. ca 1843, d. 1862, apparently single; and Mary Annie Mourning Rebecca, b. ca 1845, m. Phillip Jefferson “Jeff” Ham, Sr. Some family records mention a daughter named Caroline. All of the children were probably born in Alabama.

In the 1860 Census of Coffee County, Noah and Betsy were listed with their six youngest children. Also, residing in the same household were their daughter, Martha J. Reed, and her six year old son, Lewin T. Reed. Living next door were Noah M. Carroll, an older son, his wife Christinna, and their one year old daughter, Martha A.E. Elsewhere in the county were Lewin Webster, his wife, Martha, and their two oldest children, Louisa C. and Margaret C. It appears that the other three sons died during the War for Southern Independence.

All six of Noah’s sons served in the Confederate Army. Edward Dempsey and Noah Marshall served in Company F, 33rd. Ala. Inf. Reg’t., Dempsey as a 1st. Sgt. And Noah M. as a 1st. Cpl. Charles Calvin served under General Joseph Wheeler at one time and later under the command of General Nathan Bedford Forest in Company H, 53rd. Ala. Cav. The particular units in which Lewin W., Samuel H., and George W. served are not known by this writer.

A number of the grandchildren have recorded various impressions of their Grandfather Noah. They described him as a large, muscular man, somewhat typifying the traditional red-headed, physical Irishman. In contrast, Grandma Betsy was small and slender in stature, and more of the children seemed to have inherited this trait. They managed a comfortable living for their large family. Noah’s special skills in horticulture enabled him to successfully graft a variety of fruit trees. He has been remembered for his fine home orchards.

Another special memory of the grandchildren is of their grandparents becoming members of the Beaver Dam Primitive Baptist Church. Noah was around 66 years of age at the time and Betsy joined about two years later. Church records indicate they were received by letter and through baptism. Noah, being poor in health, was baptized while sitting in a straight chair.

Records are readily available on the next generation of this family through Charles Calvin Carroll. He and his wife, Amanda, reared the following children: John, b. 1857, d. after 1920, m. Lulu Love; Martha LeNora, b. 1859, d. 1905, m. George Washington Smith; Samuel Noah, b. 1861, d. 1929, m. (1) Lucy Toone (2) Mary “Mollie” Vessels; Elizabeth “Bettie,” b. 1864, d. 1948, m. Edward Franklin Witherspoon; Mary Caroline “Mollie,” b. 1867, d. 1952, m. Robert t. Love; George Calvin, b. 1870, d. 1951, m. Lossie Williamson; Edward Dempsie, b. 1873, d. 1935, m. (1) Lula Augusta Whitmer (2) Ethel (Carroll) Staggs; Charles Abner, b. 1875, d. 1950, m. (1) Lillie Pless (2) Mrs. Alice Moore; Julia Viola Jane, b. 1878, d. 1958, m. James Alexander Vessels; and Marshall, b. 1881, d. 1885.

While serving in the Confederate Army, Charles Calvin was favorably impressed with the appearance of North Alabama. Around 1877, he moved his family to a location in Madison County.

In addition to the above Carroll families, there were a few others who resided in Covington County. In fact, family anecdotes suggest a Reuben Carroll, nephew or uncle to Noah, came to the area circa 1851. He acquired 240 acres of land in 1854 in the Wiggins area, near where Noah had lived. He built a house near the site of the T Grocery Store in Babbie. Many of the Carrolls of this county are believed to be descendants of this family.

There were three Carroll families residing in Covington County when the 1850 federal census was taken. Thomas, age 22, and Matilda, 20, with infant, Sarah, 1; George, 26, Barbary, 22, with children, John, 5, Cintha, 3, and Nancy, 2; Elijah, 35, and Mahala, 23, with Catharine, 4, and James, 1. By 1860, of the three above families only the Thomas Carroll family was still residing in the county. Thomas had acquired 240 acres of land in 1854 in the same Wiggins community. There was a William H. Carroll, age 26, residing in the home of James G. Jordan and working as a merchant. That year he served in the Company of Andalusia Volunteers of the Alabama Militia.

From Covington County, there were other Carrolls who served in the Confederate Army. James and Daniel were privates in Co. B, 18th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. After the war, in 1866, James was elected to serve as a Justice of the Peace for Beat Number Eight. In 1871, Simon Carroll was elected to serve in the same capacity. The following Carrolls were listed as registered voters in 1867: R., J., S., and T.

Obviously, additional research is needed on the different lines of Carroll relatives who have and who currently reside in Covington County. The writer would very much like to hear from any Carroll descendants who might have additional data to add to this family’s genealogy. Please contact him at the address below.

Appreciation is expressed to Itasca Smith Hendricks of Hendersonville, Tennessee, a Carroll descendant, who shared the data that she and other relatives have compiled on their family for use in writing today’s review. Anyone who might have corrections or additional information is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Baileys have roots in Union

By Curtis Thomasson
Andalusia Star News
Published Saturday, October 28, 2000


Matthew Bailey arrived before 1850 and settled in the Union community.

Matthew Coaston Bailey, a native of Marion District, South Carolina, came to Covington County some time before 1850. He was born circa 1821 andhis father’s name was possibly Henry Bailey.

The 1850 Federal Census of Covington County has Matthew listed with his wife of less than a year in the household of Alfred Holley. He was 30 years of age and working as a farm overseer for Holley. His wife, Elizabeth, age 25, was the daughter of Thomas H. and Susannah "Sooky" (Moody) Henley.

Also in the 1850 census was a gentleman named Shadrick Bailey, age 70 and a native of North Carolina. With him were his wife, Polley, age 65, and the following four children: Butler, 12; Andrew, 11; Catharine, 9; and Caroline, 7. At this time the relationship of this family to that of Matthew Bailey is unknown.

Records indicate that Shadrick was the first to acquire government land. In 1854, He purchased two 40-acre tracts in the Horn Hill community and two 40-acre tracts in the Wiggins community. During the same year, a William H. Bailey bought 120 acres of land in the Wiggins area.

Two years later in 1856, Matthew Bailey purchased 40 acres of land in the Union community. He was an early member of the Union Primitive Baptist Church located a short distance east of the Veasey Chapel Cemetery in the northeast corner of Covington County.

By 1860, Matthew’s household was listed with him being 37 years of age and Elizabeth, 33 years old. At the time they had four children: Sarah Ann M., 7; Emeline, 5; Marion J., 3; and Mary A., 2.

Also in the 1860 census record there was a B.W. Baily, 23 years of age, listed as head of a household. With him were Mary, 60 years; Catharine, 19; and Caroline, 16. In 1861, B.W. Baily was commissioned a Captain in Beat No. 3 Co., 60th. Reg’t, 8th. Brigade, 11th. Div., Ala. Militia. The relationship of this family to Matthew is unknown at this time.

In addition, there was a A.J. Bailey who enlisted in the Confederate Army in 1862. He served as a private in Co. A, 25th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. His relationship to these other Baileys is unknown at present.

In 1861, Matthew was commissioned 2nd. Lt. for Beat No. 4 Co. in the same regiment. Two years later in 1863, he enlisted as a private in Co. B, 18th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t of the Confederate Army. Tragically, he died in 1864 in the Atlanta Medical College Hospital from injuries received in the Battle of Chicamauga or resulting pneumonia. Unfortunately, the family has no record of where he was buried.

Matthew’s death left Elizabeth a young widow with six young children. She never remarried but reared their children in the home community. Their children were Sarah Anne Matilda, b. 1851, d. 1939, m. Doc Frank Robbins; Emmeline J., b. 1855, d. 1928, m. Thomas Paul Rhoades; Jasper Marion, b. 1857, d. 1936, m. (1) Mollie "Molcie" Sasser (2) Martha Caroline "Mattie" Harbuck; Mary Elizabeth "Mollie," b. 1858, d. 1940, m. T.E. Isaac Mitchell; Susan, b. 1861, d. 1901, m. Zachery Taylor Griffin, Sr.; and Matthew Coston "Doc," b. 1863, d. 1937, m. (1) Tera Esther Drake (2) Carrie Delilah Wilson.

Sarah and Frank Robbins had the following four children: Hazel Elizabeth, m. Walter R. Heath, had 8 children; Frank, m. Joyce, had 3 children; Joyce Mae, m. Walter Nelson, no children; and Mary Ella, m. Tom Sasser, had 8 children.

Emmeline and Thomas Rhoades had the following four children: Arria Melissa, m. George Homer Hobbs, had 6 children; Eliza Irene, m. James Abner Bennett Hobbs, had 8 children; Julious Lafayette, m. Elizabeth Jane Brooks, had 4 children; and Walton C., m. Charity Hilton, had 1 child. Thomas was a Justice of the Peace in Covington County before the family moved to Santa Rosa County, Florida, by 1914. He became a clerk at the Pyron Chapel Congregational Church in 1914. He outlived Emmeline and then married Lucile Johnson.

Jasper and his first wife, Molcie, had the following children: Jasper Coleman, m. Patience Cleonia "Clemmie" Edgar, had 10 children; Georgeanne Margaret, single; Jasper Loman, m. Bashi Burlison, had 2 children; Linnie N., m. George Mitchell Wiggins, had 11 children; Bealy Roman, m. Sarah Elizabeth White; Emily Elizabeth "Sugar," m. Amon Albert Anderson, had 6 children; and Esther "Sweetie," single.

Jasper and his second wife, Mattie, had three children: Emmett Vester, m. Serena Henderson, had 4 children; William Fernie, m. Mary Lois South; and Jasper Dempsey, m. Lucile Morris. He homesteaded 160 acres of railroad land in the Union community in 1894.

Mary Elizabeth and Isaac Mitchell had three children: Susan Elizabeth, m. John William Weaver; Beatrice Ellen, m. (1) Charlie Hamilton (2) ? Hamilton; Mallie Riley, m. Alice Elizabeth Saunders, had 4 children.

Susan and Z.T. Griffin reared the following children: John Frank, m. Texanna Louise Wallace, had 4 children; Matthew William, m. (1) Pat Sewell (2) Ida Duncan, had 5 children; J. Rufus, m. Roxie Anderson, had 6 children; Ira Elizabeth, m. William Daniel McPherson, had 4 children; Zachary Taylor Jr., m. (1) Mary Sue Davis, had 1 child (2) Eimer Williamson, had 4 children; Dollie Lee, m. William Joe Chavers, had 9 children; Ada, m. Victor Butts, had 5 children; Robert, m. Adelle Williamson, had 5 children; and Elzie.

Doc and his first wife, Tera, had four children: Henry Hollis, d. 1979, m. Mary Malissa Jones, had 2 children; Matthew Coston Jr., b. 1893, d. 1968, m. Mildred Virginia White; Tera Esther; and Pulaski Dalton, m. Algie Lee Mears, had 2 children. He homesteaded 120 acres of land in the Union community in 1892. He later moved to Brantley for his children to receive a better education than the one-room school might provide. He served as a county commissioner for the fourth district in Luverne from 1913 to 1915.

Doc and his second wife, Carrie, had five children: Henry Jackson, m. (1) Elna Amanda Ledbetter (2) Laura Beatrice Howell; Mary Elizabeth, m. James William Wells, had 3 children; John Wilson, m. Mildred Lucille Manning, had 2 children; Nellie Merle, m. Cullen Lewis Cook, had 1 child; and Susie Matilda, m. Horace Travis Carnes, had 1 child.

Research on this family continues and descendants would very much like to learn additional history. Appreciation is expressed to one researcher, Glenda Huskins, who shared her family records for the writing of today’s column.

Anyone who has corrections or additional data is requested to contact the writer, Curtis Thomasson, at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Stuckeys came from Coffee County circa 1870

By Curtis Thomasson
Andalusia Star News
Published Saturday, October 21, 2000


The earliest Stuckey ancestor to settle today’s featured family in Covington County was Benjamin Franklin Stuckey, the son of Owen and Ester Jane (Kennedy) Stuckey. Ben was born in 1836 in Haygood County, Tenn.

There is a record of a James Stuckey residing in Covington County in 1860 and his owning one slave. Current research has not yet established a relationship to Ben Stuckey’s family.

By 1857, Ben was in Barbour County, where he met and married his first wife, Jemima Little. Unfortunately, Jemima died shortly after their marriage leaving Ben a very young widower. Within three years, he was married to Caroline Texanna Weston, the daughter of William W.B. and Martha (Walker) Weston, also of Barbour County.

Ben and his family as well as his parents moved from Barbour to Henry and later to Coffee County before eventually arriving in Covington County. His parents are buried in Henry County.

During the next year in 1861, Ben enlisted in the Confederate Army at Clayton. He served as a private in Co. G, 29th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. at Camp Lee. During his tenure, he was hospitalized at least twice for dysentery and was wounded while retreating from Atlanta near the end of the war. When he died in 1900 the reason for his death was listed as dysentery or chronic diarrhea.

During his life of 64 years, Ben was a successful business man and farmer. He homesteaded 85 acres of land in the Gantt area in 1897 and at one time operated a small sawmill and gin at Sanford. His son, Hiram, helped him some with the sawmill and ended up with the homeplace when the property was divided among the children.

Ben was also a leader in church and community activities. He was an elder and became a minister in the Primitive Baptist Church. In 1879, he was moderator for the Beaver Dam Church in Coffee County. It was located between Bullock and Ham’s School House on the Brantley-to-Elba Highway. The name came from the fact that the church was located near the Beaver Dam Creek.

On July 1, 1882, Ben was moderator at the first meeting held by a special council to organize a church at Cool Springs. He was one of three men elected for this task. The congregation was established and named Cool Springs Primitive Baptist Church. It was located just northeast of Opp in the community that was once called Hallton.

Ben was a registered voter in Covington County until his death in 1900. He was a leader in the development of the town of Sanford. At his death, he was buried in the Bethel Cemetery at Babbie.

Ben and his second wife, Caroline, had the following children: Mary, b. 1861; William Owen “Billy,” b. 1866, d. 1947, m. Sarah Kilpatrick and had six children; Martha Jane, b. 1867, d. 1926, m. James M. Ganus and had eight children; Benjamin Franklin Jr. “Bennie,” b. 1869, d. 1935, m. Lena ? and had five children; John Lewis, b. 1871, d. 1947, m. (1) Martha E. Woodham and had two children (2) Jennie Barfield and had 10 children; Elizabeth, b. ca 1870, d. before 1880; Lucy Ruth, b. 1873, d. 1950, m. Oscar A Cobb and had five children; Jesse Rowe, b. 1874, d. 1961, m. Fannie Adaline Avery and had six children; Sarah Rebecca, b. 1878, d. 1967, m. William H. Wiggins and had six children; Hiram K., b. 1882, d. 1962, m. Martha Elizabeth Zada Raley and had no children; Tennessee Ida, b. 1884, d. 1913, m. Harris Dillard; and Ora Lee, b. 1887, single.

There is a photograph of the son called Billy in Gus and Ruby Bryan’s Covington County History on page 135. He was standing on top of the nearly completed building south of the Sentell Building. It was two story and faced Pear Street. Billy worked with construction and is credited with building the first asbestos siding house in Andalusia.

The son, John Lewis, homesteaded 80 acres of land that had been allotted for a railroad in the Red Oak area. He reared a large family of 12 children.

Many descendants of the above generation continue to reside in this area, but others have moved throughout the country. Appreciation is expressed to one of these, Joyce Stuckey Johnson, a resident of Wichita Falls, Texas, for sharing her family history for this column. She would be pleased to learn any additional data on this family.

Anyone who has additional data or corrections to the above writing is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Moore family remembered for dairy farms

By Curtis Thomasson
Andalusia Star News
Published Saturday, October 14, 2000

Some years earlier the family name of Moore was often associated with a number of dairy farms that were operated in the Andalusia area. As many as two Moore dairy businesses were in existence during the early to mid-1900s.

The owners of these businesses were descendants of Oliver Moore, a native of S. C. Oliver was born in 1799 and eventually made his way to Milton, Fla., where he died in 1863. He was married to Catherine Quattlebaum with whom he reared 13 children.

One of Oliver’s sons, George Frederick Conrad Moore, is the descendant who brought this family to Covington County. George was born in 1841 in Pike County, Alabama. In 1856, at the age of 15, he moved with his parents and siblings to the Oak Grove community in Santa Rosa County, Florida. (This area is currently in Okaloosa County.)

When the War Between the States erupted in 1861, George enlisted as a private in Co. F, 24th. Ala. Inf. Reg’tm, C.S.A. which was commanded by Capt. Fowler. His military record of active service in numerous conflicts is well documented and recorded in the family’s history. He served throughout the war and was discharged in 1865 near Greensboro, N.C.

A short time after the war, George married Mary Ann Hobbs at her home in Santa Rosa County. Within a year the young couple moved to Mt. Hilliard in Bullock County. The new county had just been created out of Pike County in 1866. George engaged in farming and became involved in community affairs. He identified with the local Masonic order in 1869 and served in an active role.

After about 15 years, the family moved to the developing community of Andalusia in 1882. Early in the spring, George and his wife with seven young children arrived in a covered wagon carrying their limited household goods. Family records indicate George encountered a Confederate Veteran buddy, John Penton, who insisted the family settle in this community. Penton assisted them in renting a small, one-room house located about one mile west of the town square.

In 1887, George filed a homestead claim on 160 acres of land located one mile southwest of the Andalusia Square. He built a two-room log house and set up a blacksmith shop through which he built wagons and engaged in farming.

George helped organize the Andalusia Masonic Lodge No. 434 F. & A.M. and eventually became Worshipful Master. In 1892, he joined the Missionary Baptist Church of Andalusia. In 1893, he was elected to serve as a county commissioner, an office he filled for three years.

George and Mary Ann reared the following children: Roxie Ann, b. 1867, d. 1919, m. Jack Lundy; William Alonzo “Lon,” b. 1869, d. 1933, m. (1) Daisy Barton (2) Mattie Lee Strother; Meredith Oliver, b. 1872, d. 1959, m. Gertrude Stallings; Harvey Columbus, b. 1874, d. 1953, m. (1) Martha Ellie Adams (2) Eunice (Clements) Adams; Robert Ezequal, b. 1876, d. 1953, m. Neally Powell; Isabell, b. 1878, d. 1966, m. J. Ollie Williams; Hannah Doscia, b. 1881, d. 1911, m. Paul Wilson; Marvin John, b. 1884, d. 1886; and Arrie Frazier, b. 1886, d. 1922, m. W.A. “Chuck” Robinson.

Roxie and her husband, Jack Lundy, lived two miles southwest of Andalusia on Brooklyn Road where they farmed to support their family. In 1914, they moved to Leesburg, Fla., and then a few years later to Moore Haven, Fla. They reared the following six children: William, b. 1890, d. 1966, m. Lucy Robinson; Robert, b. 1894, d. 1952, m. Pearl O’Neal; James D., b. 1896, m. Virgie Brown; Raymond, b. 1898, d. 1956, m. Reba Woodall; Paul Edgar, b. 1901, d. 1978, m. Annie Surgivices; and Mary, b. 1906, m. J.T. Johnson. After Roxie’s death, Jack was married a second time and had three additional children.

W. Alonzo “Lon” helped his father farm and later taught school for a few years. He became interested in the Moore/Davis Sawmill and also became connected to the Southern Oil Company for several years. He was a member of the Masonic lodge, a faithful church worker, and served three terms, 1920-1932, as a county commissioner.

Lon and his first wife, Daisy, had one son, Hobson, b. 1899, d. 1949, m. Bertie Clifton. After Daisy’s death in 1904, Lon was married to Mattie Lee, and they had two daughters: Mary Sue, b. 1908, m. Foy Helms; and Erline, b. 1912, m. Ralph Edwards.

Meredith Oliver “Ol” also helped his father farm. He drove teams of oxen hauling logs and bought interest in the Moore/Davis Sawmill. In 1929, he entered the dairy business from which he retired in 1949. Being actively engaged in Masonic Lodge 434 F. & A.M., he served for several years as worshipful master. He also served as district lecturer, taught masonry to many young men, and conducted numerous Masonic service funerals. Ol and his wife, Gertrude, had one son, Claud, b. 1911, d. 1948, who remained single.

Harvey C. “Harve” also helped his father farm and drove teams of oxen hauling logs. Fairly early, he acquired 80 acres of land next to A.J. Adams about 10 miles east of Andalusia. He farmed there until 1904 when he purchased 40 acres on Seegers Street, southwest of Andalusia. In 1910, he sold the Antioch farm and bought the Johnnie Powell farm located two miles southwest of Andalusia on the road that would become Moore Road. Four years later he sold his farm to Oscar Powell and became employed with Southern Cotton Oil Company and Gin. He worked as a weigher from 1922 until his retirement in 1950. He was a member of the First Baptist Church of Andalusia and the Masonic Lodge 434 F. & A.M.

Harve and his first wife, Martha Ellie, had five children: Dewey Columbus, b. 1899, d. 1981, m. Bonice Leonard; George Andrew Marvin, b. 1901, d. 1951, m. Gussie Lundy; Omar C., b. 1907, m. Irene Flurry; Martha, b. 1912, m. William V. Payne; and Harvey Columbus Jr., b. 1917, d. 1958, single.

Robert Ezequal “Bob” also helped his father farm and purchased acreage next to his father’s land. He later purchased his father-in-law’s farm. He was a member of Masonic Lodge 434 and a deacon in the Adellum Baptist Church in the community where he lived..

Bob and his wife, Neally. Reared the following children: Annie, b. 1902, d. 1978, m. (1) Grady Reaves (2) Tom Howell; Magnolia, b. 1904, d. 1956, m. (1) Jim Sellers (2) Aubrey Glass; George, b. 1906, d. 1963, m. Gladys Adkison; Robert, b. 1908, m. Lula Parrish; Lillian, b. 1910, d. 1973, m. Claud Herring; Trula, m. Bairon Findley; Arthena, m. (1) Jack Cross (2) Poss Douglas; Andy Clinton, b. 1917, d. 1969, m. Bertha Parrish; Walter B., d. 1944, m. Annie Lee Powell; and Ray, b. 1923, m. Lorena Hester.

Isabell and her husband, Ollie Williams, lived on a farm in Red Level until 1925. At that time they bought 10 acres from her father’s old homestead. Although she had no children of her own, she has been remembered for her “mothering” all her nieces and nephews.

Doscia and her husband, Paul Wilson, reared three children: Comer, b. 1906, d. 1941 Pearl Harbor, m. Martha Murphy; Bama, b. 1909, m. R.C. Bledsoe; and Jewell, m. Hardie Powell.

Arrie F. And her husband, Chuck Robinson, had two daughters: Mary Tarence, m. Leonard Bailey; and Nina Bell, m. Donald King.

Many later descendants of this family currently reside in Covington County. Appreciation is expressed to one of these, Jeff Moore, grandson of Dewey C. Moore, who shared his family records for this column.

Anyone who might have additional information or corrections to the above is requested to contact this writer, Curtis Thomasson, at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Foley family settled along county’s east line

By Curtis Thomasson
Andalusia Star News
Published Saturday, October 7, 2000

The Foley name is a fairly common one in Covington County. At present, there are 24 listings for Foleys in the Covington County telephone directory. Of course, there are many descendants in this family who wear other names as Foley is a maternal line for them.

Most likely all these relatives are descended from the earliest known Foley to move to Alabama. Needham Foley, born circa 1797 in North Carolina, probably emigrated to Alabama with his wife’s brother, Jacob Stricklin. Needham’s first wife was Charity Stricklin. These families tended to live near each other throughout their lives.

Needham apparently served his country at an early age as he was a private in Gasques Battalion, South Carolina Militia, in the War of 1812. Next, there is a record of him and his wife with one son residing in Columbus County, N.C., in 1820. During the next few years, they emigrated through South Carolina and Georgia. They eventually settled in Bibb and Tuscaloosa counties where he homesteaded land in 1837.

By 1840, Needham and family were in Dale County where they lived for about 20 years. Actually, their residence was later switched to Coffee County when lines were altered. By 1870, the family had moved into Covington County and settled along the northeast line just west of the Curtis or Danley’s Crossroads communities.

Research to date has recorded the children of Needham and his first wife, Charity, as follows: William, b. ca 1818, m. Camille Brewer; Zion, b. ca 1824, m. Mahala; Elijah, b. ca 1830, d. 1864, m. Mary Harrison; Patience, b. ca 1835; Avey, b. ca 1837; and Levi, b. 1841, d. 1862, single. Although it is not proven that William and Zion are sons in this family, all indications point to their being so.

Needham and his second wife, Elizabeth, had at least two children: Alexander, b. ca 1859; and Peter, b. before 1870. All that is known of them at present is that Alexander homesteaded 151 acres of land in 1891 in the Beulah community.

When Needham left Bibb County, the family left the oldest son, William, there as he had married by then. Records suggest the couple had the following children: Mary, b. ca 1840, m. William J. Creel; Charity Caroline, b. 1843, d. 1920, single; Stephen Raiford, b. ca 1845, d. probably during war; Samuel, b. ca 1846, m. Missouri ?; Henry Pinkerton “Pinkney,” b. 1847, m. Adaline Johnson; Lutincia Emaline, b. 1850, m. Levi D. Bracknell; Levisa Primrose, b. ca 1855, m. Levi D. Bracknell; Patience E., b. ca 1857, single; Hollis, b. ca 1859, d. young; Millie Paralee, b. ca 1862, m. James T. Filgo; William, b. ca 1864; Elijah, b. ca 1864; and Marion B., b. 1866, m. Mary Jane Colburn.

Zion was living near his father in 1850. He was married to Mahala, a native of Georgia, and they had a son, Stephen, who was born in Alabama. It is believed that this family moved away after the war, maybe to Baldwin County. (There was a Foley who served in a Florida unit of the Confederate Army who was killed in Kentucky.)

The third son, Elijah, was married to Mary Harrison, daughter of John and Mary (Lindsey) Harrison. They had the following children: John S., b. 1855, d. 1917, m. Sarah Elizabeth Grimes; William Andrew, b. 1857, d. 1927, m. Adeline “Addie” Dannelly; Elijah “Pink,” b. 1860, d. 1926, m. Amanda Matilda Weaver; and Charity Adeline “Sis,” b. 1863, d. 1951, m. Joshua English “Toab” Grimes.

Elijah died at the young age of 34 during the war. It is understood that he was on leave and traveling to his home when he died. It is further believed that he was buried by his traveling companions in the vicinity of Pollard in Escambia County. After his death, his widow, Mary, did not remarry, but reared her children in their home. The children all married and reared their families in the same community.

Elijah’s younger brother, Levi, also served in the Confederate Army. He was killed at the young age of 21 while still single.

The oldest of Elijah’s children, John S., and his wife, Sarah Elizabeth, reared two daughters: Julie, b. 1879, d. 1952, m. Crawford Rowell; and Mary, b. 1880, m. Calvin Russell.

Living near John S. was his brother, William Andrew. William and his wife, Addie, reared the following children: Idaa, b. 1881, d. 1897; Mary, b. 1883, d. 1956, m. Harlan Bruce Donaldson; Delcy, b. 1884, d. 1897; Emma, b. 1886, d. 1949, m. Harvey Lewis; Eller, b. 1888, d. 1937, m. (1) Jim Smith (2) Cary Donaldson; Albert Andrew, b. 1890, d. 1916, m. Jessie Cauley; and William Plez, b. 1892, d. 1965, m. (1) Lurline Van Boland (2) Mittie Glenn (3) Doxie Oliver (4) Lou Estelle Cauley.

The next son, Elijah “Pink,” and his wife Amanda, had the following children: Ella, b. 1881, d. 1963, m. Gussie Foley; Elijah, b. 1890, d. 1947, m. Liza ?; Walter, d. young; James Howard, b. 1893, d. 1984, single; Mary, b. 1898, d. 1986, m. Oscar Cooper; Elizabeth, m. Fred Dansby; Carley, m. Ollie ?; Dewey Clifton, b. 1903; Lee, b. 1907, m. Eleanor ?; Felicia Amanda, m. Alex Broward Wood; and Minnie, m. Steve Spurlin. Pink and Amanda were buried in the New Ebenezer Cemetery in Coffee County.

The daughter, Charity, and her husband, Toad Grimes, had these children: John William 1881, d. 1883; Lizzie Bell, b. 1883, d. 1970, m. Marion Ellis Donaldson; Lena Mizell, b.1886, d. 1955, m. Reubin Shelby Jeffcoat; Maggie, b. 1888, d. 1982, m. James Curtis Donaldson; Nolie Lee, b. 1891, d. 1900; Lucy Frances, b. 1893, d. 1993, m. Horace Donaldson; Joshua Dewey, b. 1899, d. 1900; and Estelle, b. 1904, d. 1996, m. Leroy Bullard. Many of this family are buried in the Holland/Grimes Cemetery in Coffee County.

Research continues on this family. Appreciation is expressed to Patricia (Foley) Gibson of Red Level who shared her family genealogy for this column. She is interested in hearing from anyone who might have additional data. She may be contacted by email at

Anyone who has corrections to the above writing is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:

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