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Wells family settled near the Goodhope Baptist Church

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The earliest Wells ancestor identified in Covington County is William Wells. He was enumerated in the 1830 census as being 30 to 40 years of age with a wife that was 20 to 30 years old. They had two children in their household: a son, 5 to 10; and a daughter, 0 to 5. The family did not appear in the 1850 census, and no additional information on this family is known at this time.

Another Wells ancestor who arrived in this county before 1850 was Michael P. Well, a native of Georgia. Records indicate that he moved circa 1844. He was married circa 1841 in Alabama, probably in Dale County, to Elefare Handley. Elefare was the daughter of Jesse “Jepe” and Mary (Brown) Handley.

Jesse was a native of Washington County, Ga., and his wife, Mary, was born in N.C. In 1830, they were residing in Dale County but had moved to Covington County by 1850. Some of their other children were Hezekiah, John, and Anna.

Although it was unusual for the period, Michael and Elefare had only one child, Levi Tyler, who was born in 1842 in Dale County. The small family was residing in Covington County in 1850. By 1860, they are still in the northern part of the County, and additional individuals are living in their household. At the time, Michael was 49 years old; Elefare, 37; Levi, 18; Ann Handley, Elefare’s sister, 22; David E., 17; and William E., 10. (It is possible that David and William are children of the William Wells mention earlier.)

By the 1870 Census for Crenshaw County, Michael was 59 years of age, and Elefare had died. William E., 20 years of age, was still living with Michael. The Wells property had fallen in the new Crenshaw County when it was formed in 1866.

Michael was given two tracts of land by the United State Government with the grants being signed by President James Buchannan. In 1851, he acquired 80 acres in the Dozier area. He added 40 acres in 1853, 80 acres in 1855, and 120 acres in 1856. In 1860, he purchased 80 acres in the Rawls community. His son, Levi Tyler, homesteaded 38 acres in this area in 1868.

Michael became an active leader in his community, especially in the Goodhope Primitive Baptist Church. Beginning in 1859, he represented the church as a delegate to association meetings. He continued to render this service until 1871.

Michael also volunteered service in the Confederate Army. He served as a private in Co. B, 18th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. There was also a D.E. Wells who served in the same company who could have been the David E. who was living in Michael’s household in 1860. There was also a David E. listed as a private in Co. D, 37th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t.

Although their relationship to Michael is unknown, at least three other Wells men served in Covington County companies. G.M. Wells was a First Sergeant in Co. C, Covington County Reserves which was organized from Beats 4, 5, and 11. In 1864, an H. Wells, at age 52 years, served as a private in the same reserve unit. John Wells, at age 16 years, was a private in Co. B, Cov. Co. Reserves (First Class).

Michael’s son, Levi Tyler, was commissioned in 1861 as a 2Lt. In Beat No. 7 Company of the 60th Reg’t (Cov. Co.), 8th. Brigade, 11th. Division, Alabama Militia. In 1862, he enlisted near Leon as a private in Co. C, 35th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t of the C.S.A. He was wounded in 1864 in the Ezra Church Battle while serving in Atlanta. He received a shot wound in his right thigh which rendered him crippled for the remainder of his life.

Following the war, Michael and Levi were both listed as heads of households in the 1866 Alabama State Census. Levi, noted as a disabled soldier, and his wife had two young children. In the next year, 1867, Levi was listed as a registered voter for Beat Number Five along with a J. and a G.M. Wells. A John Wells was listed for Beat Twelve. In 1868, an Elijah Wells was recorded on the supplemental list. In 1869, G. M. Wells was commissioned a Justice of the Peace for Beat Five.

Levi Wells married Elizabeth Arrie “Lizzie” Lowman, daughter of Malachias Lowman of Leesville, Lexington County, S.C. Levi and Lizzie reared the following children: Mary Ann Elizabeth “Betty,” b. 1861, d. 1917, m. James Daniel “Jim” Bozeman; Malachi Dozier, b. 1864, d. 1941, m. Emma Delilah Jones; Ada Henritta, b. 1866, m. Green Chandler; Robert E., b. 1868, d. 1906, m. Fannie L. ?; Michael Emanuel, b. 1870, d. 1909, m. Pearl Moore; Benjaman Lloyd, b. 1872, d. 1920, m. Beulah V. Sasser; Martha E., b. 1875, d. 1875; Elefare “Ellie,” b. 1875 (twin), d. 1965, m. James A. “Bud” Nall.

Levi, like his father became a leader and elder in the Primitive Baptist Church. He was ordained as a minister of the gospel by the Goodhope Church in 1886. In 1891, he was elected Moderator of the Patsaliga Association, a role he would fill for 16 years. At that time in 1907, he went into the constitution of a new church, Pleasant Home, a part of the Antioch Association in Crenshaw County.

Levi’s wife, Lizzie, was selected to serve as the first postmistress of the new Shirley Post Office when it was established in 1870. She would hold this office until she was relieved in 1873. Levi died in 1908, and Lizzie in 1923. They were both buried in the Goodhope Cemetery along with his parents and other relatives.

Research continues on the Wells family. Appreciation is expressed to a descendant, Juanita Wells Worden of Boise, Idaho, for sharing her family records. She and other descendants would very much like to hear from anyone who has additional history to share. She may be contacted at

Anyone who has corrections or additions to the above writing is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Sentell family among county’s early settlers

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

One of the earliest pioneer families to arrive in Covington County was the Sentells. In fact, John E. Sentell was the person who purchased the second tract of land in Section 28 of the fairly new county. On December 8, 1823, the first day land was offered for sale, John acquired title to 80 acres of land, the E1/2 of NE1/4 of S28 T3 R14.

Prior to 1820, John’s was one of the very few white families who lived in this area. He had settled in the Conecuh River community in the southwest part of the county. On December 24, 1824, a voting precinct for Beat Number Two was established at his residence. It lasted until it was abolished in 1826.

In March of 1823, John was elected to serve as the County Commissioner of Revenue and Roads. Two months later, he was elected to serve as a Justice of the Peace for Beat Number Two, the western part of the county.

By 1830 when the federal census was taken, John had moved his family into Butler County. John, born in 1784, and his wife, Mary A., had the following children: Caroline, b. ca 1820, m. Ellsberry Fail; Martha, b. 1822, d. 1891 in Clarke Colo.; Nancy, b. 1825, d. 1884, m. Sherod Durden; Francis, b. 1834, d. 1907 in Clarke Colo., m. William L. Williams; James, m. Emily Holt in 1855 in Clarke Colo.; Melvina, m. S.T. Durden; and Henry.

Some local records suggest there was another son named John T. Sentell who was the ancestor of the later Andalusia residents named Sentell. There was a citizen by that name who lived in the area during the later 1800s. He was elected to serve as a city councilman during the term of Mayor Henry Opp, sometime between 1899 and 1906.

John T. And his wife, Martha (Fletcher) Sentell, were the parents of William E. Sentell, an early Andalusia physician. Dr. Sentell maintained an office with Dr. W.J. Hall in a corner of White’s Store. An advertisement in the March 5, 1892, Covington Times read as follows: W.E. Sentell, Physician and Surgeon: Calls promptly attended to, charges reasonable. During that year, Dr. Sentell was elected to serve as County Coroner.

In 1902, construction was completed on the historic Sentell Building, located on the southwest corner of Court Square. Additions were added later to the south and east of the original building to create the current structure. In addition to serving as Dr. Sentell’s office, the building has had many uses during the years. Another physician, Dr. Pennington also had his office there at one time. Some other uses have included housing a furniture and hardware business, a movie theater, a ladies clothing store (Turner’s), and an early law office. The additions have housed such businesses as Brooks Hardware, Proctor Insurance Agency, and Liberty National Insurance. Since 1992, the building has been owned by Willis Wayne Bush, a local attorney. He has renovated it for his law office.

Dr. Sentell built a home on South Three Notch Street on the lot where the current Central Church of Christ now stands. During the 1850s the property was bought at a public auction by Mr. S.D. Brooks who allowed the church to acquire it at a reasonable cost.

Dr. Sentell was married to Mary E. “Mollie” O’Neal, daughter of Henry Berry and Annie Jane (Mills) O’Neal. While their genealogy is not readily available, it is known that one daughter married a Mr. Shockley.

Although her relationship to the above family is unknown to this writer, Many of the older citizens of Andalusia will recall Miss Ada Sentell who helped manage the ladies’ department of the former Covington Stores, a popular family clothing business. It operated in the building on the north corner of East Three Notch Street and Court Square.

While there are no current citizens in the county wearing the Sentell name, there are probably a few descendants still around. The name has a prominent significance in the birth and development of the county and the City of Andalusia.

One relative who is researching this family is Wilbur W. Williams of Semmes, Alabama. He would be most interested in hearing from any Sentell descendant or learning any additional family history.

Resources for the above history include the following: W.W. Williams’ personal notes; Wyley Wards books, Early History of Covington County, Alabama and Original Land Sales and Grants in Covington County, Alabama; Sidney Waits From the Halls of Montezuma; and Gus and Ruby Bryan’s Covington County History. Appreciation is expressed to all of these individuals for their contributions to preserving local history.

Anyone who has corrections or additions to the above is requested to contact this writer, Curtis Thomasson, at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Nowling family came from Pike County in late 1850s

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

A name that was fairly common during the 1860s in Covington County was that of Nowling. The earliest ancestor wearing the name to settle in this county was Patrick Fredrick Nowling. He was born in 1791 in Loudon, Va., but eventually made his way to Alabama.

Some records indicate he was in the state as early as 1824 about the time he was married to Mariah Tidwell. The family was residing in Pike County in 1840 when they were enumerated there.

Patrick and his wife, Mariah, had the following children: Phillip Elbert, b. 1827, d. 1863, m. Charlotte Charity Jackson; Henry, b. 1828, d. 1909, m. Mary Tidwell; George Washington, b. 1831, d. 1922, m. (1) Anne Elizabeth Bone (2) Elizabeth Charity Bain; Mary Ann, b. 1832, d. 1920, m. (1) ? Dunsford (2) ? Robinson (3) Elijah Joe McCurley; William I., b. 1837, d. 1917, m. Mahulda Johnston; Louise, b. 1843; John M., b. 1848, d. 1886, m. Tabitha Massouri Johnston; and Nancy, b. 1851.

The oldest son, Phillip, was residing in Evergreen in 1863 when he died there. He was serving in the Confederate Army, and it is believed he was killed during an accident involving a troop train in Evergreen. After his death, his widow, Charity, married Zacharia Tidwell.

The second son, Henry, ended up homesteading land in Walton County, Fla. Earlier, he along with his two brothers, enlisted in the Confederate Army in 1862. They were assigned to Company F, 33rd. Ala. Inf. Reg’t, a unit called the Covington and Coffee Grays. About five months later, Henry was declared unfit for military service due to chronic rheumatism. He was recorded as being 39 years of age, but there is no record of him being discharged. For some undetermined reason, He enlisted in the Union Army on March 10, 1864, at Santa Rosa Island, Fla. Records indicate he was 43 years of age and a resident of Rose Hill, Alabama. He was described as an able-bodied soldier having blue eyes, brown hair, light complexion, and standing five feet, nine inches tall. He served as a private in Co. D, 1st. Fla. Cav. Records reveal that he deserted from Fort Barrancas on December 8, 1864, taking his saber, saber belt, and canteen with him.

A younger son, William I., was one of the three brothers who joined the Confederate service in 1862. He was in the same Co. F, 33rd. Ala. Inf. Reg’t under the command of Captain William Brandon.

The third brother to serve in the 33rd. was George Washington. He appeared on the register for Post Hospital at Dalton, Georgia, having chronic diarrhea in October, 1862. Due to this plaguing illness, he was discharged on April 18, 1863, from the Chattanooga Hospital.

George is the son who settled in Covington County and remained here to rear his family. Actually, the families of him, William I., Henry, and their father, Fredrick, had all moved into Covington County by the 1860 census. By 1870, Fredrick had died; Henry had moved to Walton County, Fla.; William, to Santa Rosa County, Fla.; and George, to Crenshaw County.

George and his first wife, Anne, had the following children: William Elbert, b. 1857, d. 1932, m. Annie Elizabeth Kirby; John Henry, b. 1859, m. Emma Payne; James M., b. 1860, d. 1914, m. Martha L. Kirby; Reuben, b. 1866, m. Ellen Hall; Sarah E., m. John William Rials.

The first son, William A., and his wife, Annie, reared the following children: Annie E., b. 1876, m. Thomas David Kilcrease; James M., b. 1881, d. 1942, m. Liza Morgan; Charity, m. Emory Flanagan; Martha, b. 1884, m. Dan Dewrell; William Henry, b. 1887, d. 1938, m. Bessie C. Gulley; Mary Jane, b. 1889, d. 1954, m. John David Dewrell; Jasper, b. 1891, d. 1970, m. Laura Maebel Messick; Julia, b. 1892, d. 1969, m. John Godwin; and Cora Lee, b. 1896, d. 1987, m. William Oscar Parrish.

James and his wife, Martha, reared the following children: Ola, m. W.H. Mack; J Franklin, b. 1885, d. 1890; Andrew, b. 1887, d. 1958, m. Annie ?; Elsie Ann, b. 1889, d. 1965, m. L.C. Durrell; Mannie, b. 1891, d. 1948, m. Minnie Lee Mack; Sammie M., b. 1893, d. 1956, m. Katie Ada Etheridge; James Monroe, b. 1901, d. 1913; Bertie, b. 1903, m. John Duggan; Mertie, b. 1903, d. 1981; and Allie, b. 1911, m. E.C. Bryan.

Reuben and his wife, Ellen, reared the following children: Henry, b. 1890, m. Vernon Adkinson; Maddison, b. 1893, m. Lela Morrow; Lizzie, b. 1894, m. (1) Limb Smith (2) George Lundy; Mary Jane, b. 1895, m. Ezra T. Kidd; Kizzie, b. 1897, m. Edward Adkinson; Zea, b. 1906, m. George Morrow; George, b. 1909, m. Clyde Cain; and Elbert.

Descendants from these families have compiled additional genealogical data on the succeeding generations. One of these is Clyde Nowling, a resident of Andalusia to whom Appreciation is expressed for sharing his family history records for the above column.

Anyone who has corrections or additions to this column is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Lundy family moved from Coffee County in 1850s

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The earliest ancestor of the Lundy family to reside in Covington County was a native of Thomasville, Ga., Matthew and Mary (Walker) Lundy were residents of Georgia when some of their children were born during the early to mid-1800s. In the national 1840 census, they were enumerated in Thomas County, Ga. By 1850, they had emigrated to Coffee County, Alabama, but Matthew had apparently died by this date as he was not listed.

According to the 1860 Census of Covington County, Matthew and Mary had at least the following children: Nancy (27), Lucretia (26), Willis G. (22), and Francis A. (16). Mary was 50 years of age and her son, Willis G., was listed as head of the household. This census indicates that Mary and her two sons, Willis G. And Francis A., were born in Georgia. The two females, supposedly daughters, Nancy and Lucretia, were listed as being born in Florida; therefore, the family may have moved to Florida before living in Georgia.

In 1855, the widow, Mary, and one of her sons, Willis G., filed through the Sparta and Elba Land Offices for separate homestead lands in Coffee County. Apparently they later chose to move into Covington County as they appeared on the 1860 census.

Willis G. is the ancestor wearing the Lundy name who settled in Covington County. He was born in 1831 and was married in 1861 to Elizabeth Ann Stokes, daughter of Wright Absalom and Elizabeth (Steele) Stokes of the Falco/Wing community. Their first child, Matthew Wright, was born in 1861 and named for his two grandfathers.

The bliss of the young family was interrupted in 1862 when Willis enlisted in the Confederate Army. He was assigned to Captain W.B. Amos’s Company of Partisan Rangers in Santa Rosa County, Fla. This company later became Company D, 3rd. Bn., Fla. Cav. and eventually Co. I, 15th. Confederate Cavalry. At the end of the war, he was paroled at Vicksburg, Miss., from were he walked home to Covington County.

Willis’s younger brother, Francis, was less fortunate during the war. He was captured at Missionary Ridge on November 25, 1863, and was imprisoned at Rock Island, Ill., where he died on Jan. 13, 1864.

In 1867, Willis was listed as a registered voter in Beat Number Two, located southwest of Andalusia. However, three years later he was not enumerated in the 1870 census for this county. It is believed the family later lived for a time in the Rose Hill community.

In 1896, Willis filed for an 80 acre homestead located about five miles southwest of Andalusia on the Brooklyn Road. He lived out his years at this residence.

Willis and Elizabeth reared the following children: Matthew Wright, b. 1861, d. 1931, m. Martha Jane Geohagan; George Willis, b. 1865, d. 1932, m. (1) Joanna Jane “Jody” Leonard (2) Lizzie Nowlin Smith; Burrell Jackson “Jack,” b. 1867, d. 1926, m. Roxie Ann Moore; Henry Allen, b. 1869, d. 1932, m. Georgia Gravella Knight; Sarah A., b. 1872, m. (1) Ben F. Finley (2) James Kines; Elizabeth L., b. 1874, m. Lee Smith; John Thomas, b. 1876, d. 1949, m. Ida Bethanie Williams; Callie “Mittie,” b. 1879, m. F.J. “Jink” Sharpe; Elijah Houston “Lije,” b. 1881, d. 1945, m. Willa Josephine Leonard; and Rosa A. “Rose,” b. 1883, m. Kenneth G. Beasley.

The next generation included numerous Lundy descendants. The oldest child, Matthew Wright, and his wife, Martha, had the following children: Allen Thomas, m. Virginia McLeod; Malissa, m. Bertie B. Padgett; Matilda, m. Thomas Slay; Gladys, m. William S. McClelland; and J.C., m. Tessie Lee Brooks.

George Willis and his wife, Jody, reared the following children: Anna Lee, m. Carl Adkinson; Della C., m. Enoch Chester Spinks; Henry Willis, m. Ethel Henley; George Thomas “Bud,” m. Vallie Mae Coxwell; Rosa “Rose,” m. Ronnie Booker; Willis Green, m. Andrea Lois Lowery; Joe Daniel, m. Essie Lou Robertson; Josephine “Dimple,” m. Hardy Worley; Benjamin David, m. Annie Belle Cook; and Will Ella, m. Burt Johnson. George and his second wife, Lizzie, had two sons: Jack, m. (1) Ruth Dubose (2) Nora Yale; and John Session, b. 1930, d. 1951.

Burrell Jackson and his wife, Roxie, had the following children: George Willis “Will,” m. Lucy Robinson; Robert Oliver “Bob,” m. Martha Pear O’Neal; James David “Jim,” m. Virgie Brown; Raymond Columbus, m. Reba Woodall Lamb; Paul Edgar, m. Amy Dora Surgnier; and Mary, m. James Thomas Johnson, Jr.

Henry Allen and his wife, Georgia, reared the following children: Gussie Mae, m. George Marvin Moore; Eva Barbara, m. Dewey E. Fletcher; Walter Henry, m. Margaret Roberts; George Willis, m. Louise Ransom; Fanny Louise, b. 1908, d. 1929; Elizabeth Pauline, m. Richmond Hayes; and Woodrow W., m. Louise Massey.

Elizabeth and her husband, Lee Smith, had the following children: Mamie; Barbara; Nora Evelyn, m. Earnest Channel Shaver; William Horace, m. Georgia Lorraine; Violet Etuile, m. James Earnest Wilbur; and Edra Carol, m. Neal Hutchinson.

John Thomas and his wife, Ida, reared the following children: Joel Elisha, m. Jessie Borman Adams; Carla Elizabeth, m. Oscar J. McKay; Myrtis Mae, m. Robert L. Martin; Marietta, m. John Allen Atkins; Jesse Green, m. Minnie Frances Barton; John Wilbur, m. Rose Stephens; Angeline, m. John Bunyan Kelly; Thomas Albie, m. Bernie Kelly; Bertha Lucile, m. Theo House; and Onia, m. Millard Cecil Courtney.

Elijah and his wife, Willie, had the following children: Elijah Houston, Jr., m. Mary Estes; Ibbie Ruth; Hosea Willis “Dick,” m. Mary Hudson; Verna Will, m. Clyde Bass; Herman, b. 1917; Wilson H., m. Sadie Allen; John Henry, m. Marian Allen; and Herbert Hoover, m. Gynelle Johnson.

The sisters, Sarah, Callie, and Rosa, did not have any children.

There are several descendants in this family who are researching their ancestry. Some of these are Jeff Lundy of Niceville, Fla.; Andrew M. Moore of Marietta, Ga.; and Dani Lundy. Appreciation is expressed to them for their work and its availability for use is compiling this summary.

Anyone who has corrections or additions to the above is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:


Seeking information on William Hayes, who settled southwest of Andalusia in the Conecuh River community. Contact Curtis Thomasson at the above address.


David Fannin Adams family settled at Kinston

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

It appears that there were severaldifferent Adams family lines to set-tle in Covington County.

Whilethere were none recorded in the1830 Federal Census for this coun-ty, there were as many as six fami-lies who had moved in by 1840.

Among those here in 1840 wasDavid Fanning Adams, Sr. who wasbetween 50 and 60 years of age. Hewas born circa 1785 in Kentucky,and his wife, Elizabeth, was born in1787 in South Carolina.

The couplehad at least two sons, David Fan-ning, Jr. and Darling.

There is somelikelihood that other sons includedJoel and Stephen along with addi-tional ones. Future research willhopefully clarify these uncertain-ties.

Family records suggest that sev-eral Adams families left South Car-olina before 1823 and began emi-grating through Georgia, Alabama,and Florida.

It is believed thatDavid Sr. settled first in Florida. By1840, the family was in CovingtonCounty with the two sons. In 1850,Darling was still with his parents.David Sr.’s occupation in 1850was listed as that of saddler—onewho makes, repairs, or sells saddlesand other equipment for horses.

According to the 1850 State Agri-cultural Census, he was also suc-cessful in farming operations. He lived near Kinston and is probablyburied there in a family cemetery.

David Jr., b. 1808 in South Car-olina, married Margaret Ann“Peggy” Satcher who was borncirca 1817 in South Carolina.

The couple had the following children:Joel Jefferson, b. 1835, d. 1889, m.Martha E. Martin; Nancy, b. ca1837, m. SteveLambert; DavidFanning III,single; New-bensen, b. ca1846; AmandaA., b. ca 1852;Margaret Ann,b. 1853, m.Rubin Fleming;Hulin Sr., b.1854, d. 1906,m. (1) MargaretL. Fleming (2)Irene RebeccaBrewer; and Frances Ann, b. 1855,d. after 1933, m. Thomas h. San-som.It is believed that David Jr. set-tled circa 1830 in Covington Coun-ty in what is now Kinston.

He wasenumerated in Henry County in1840 and in Coffee County in 1850.In 1855 he purchased two 40 acretracts of land in the Opp area ofCovington County. He was proba-bly the D. Adams who was listed asa registered voter in 1867.

There isa family story that he took a man’slife and had to hide out for a while.He died after 1897 and is buried inthe family cemetery at Kinston.Darling was born circa 1827,probably in Florida, and was mar-ried twice.

He and his first wife,Sarah, had the following children:Samantha, b. ca 1853; William, 1856; John, b. ca 1857; and Eliz-abeth, b. ca 1859.Darling and his second wife,Mary, had the following three chil-dren: Ella, b. ca 1866; Mary A., 1870; and Frances B., b. ca 1875.David Jr.’s oldest son, Joel Jeffer-son, was married to Martha E. Mar-tin, daughter of William and ?(Rolin) Martin.

They reared the fol-lowing 12 children: Francis Marion,b. 1861, d. 1897, m. Barzella AnnJones; Martha Jane, b. 1862; Mar-garet Ann Elizabeth, b. 1866, d.1906; Mary Adeline, b. 1867, m.Daniel C. Morrison; Nancy EllenAdams, b. 1868, d. 1937;Josephine, b. 1870, d. 1937; JoelJefferson Jr., b. 1871, d. 1916;Amanda Emmaline, b. 1873, d.1875; laura J., b. 1875, d. 1932;Sarah M., b. 1878, m. Sell Mallet;John Samuel, b. 1879, d. 1908; andDavid F., b. 1881, d. 1948, single.Joel Jefferson was a Justice of thePeace for Beat Number Three in1866. He was also the first post-master of the Cross Trails PostOffice, which was later called Pinkfor Pink N. Hickman.

Even later thename was changed to Kinston. Joelserved during the years of 1878 to1890. The 1870 census listed Joelas a school teacher.Another son, Newbensen servedin the U.S. Navy.

He, his wife, andtheir infant, Yancy, are supposedlyburied in Pensacola at the Barran-cas National Cemetery.A daughter, Amanda A., was notmarried, but she had a son whichshe reared.

His name was Junior R.Adams, b. 1875. Amanda wasburied in the family cemetery atKinston.Another daughter, Margaret Ann,was married first to Rubin Fleming,son of Elie and Elizabeth (Cassidy)Fleming. They had a son, BerryFleming, b. 1874, d. 1948, m.Nancy ?.Another son, Hulin Sr., was mar-ried first to Margaret L. Fleming,daughter of Elie and Elizabeth(Cassidy) Fleming.

They had thefollowing nine children: Hulin Jr.,b. 1875, d. 1947; Frances Lucinda,b. 1878, d. 1945; Wiley FranklinSr., b. 1879, d. 1931; David Alexander, b. 1881, d. 1925; MargaretAnn, b. 1883, d. ca 1902; Newben-son, b. 1884, d. 1893; Henry Clay“Jack,” ;b. 1886, d. 1949; TraceyMansfield, b. 1887, d. 1952; andBerry Lee, b. 1892, d. 1960.Hulin Sr. and his second wife,Irene Brewer, had the followingchildren: Amanda Ann, b 1895, d.1942; Nancy Ruby, b. 1897, d.1948; Joel Shafter, b. 1899, d.1983; Calvin Hollis, b. 1901, d.1971; and Edlow Wright, b. 1903,d. 1994.Another daughter, Frances Ann,was married to Thomas H. Sansom,son of James and Rachel (Davis)Sansom. They reared the followingchildren: Bunchie, b. 1871; Lucre-tia, b. 1872; Nancy, b. 1874;Ransage, b. 1876; James Frank, b.1879; Jessie; and John.

Extensive genealogical data hasbeen compiled on the descendantsof the above generations. A copy ofthe data is in the possession ofDoris Annette (Adams) Johns ofAndalusia.

Appreciation isexpressed to her for sharing herfamily’s history. She and others ofthe family are continuing theirefforts to research this Adamsfamily line. They would particu-larly like to find a photograph of Joel Jefferson Adams.T

he writer of this column would like to appeal to other Adams descendants who may haverecords on any of the different Adams families who settled in thiscounty.

Anyone who has corrections to the above or additionalAdams history to share is request-ed to contact Curtis Thomasson atRoute 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL36420 or Email:

Query:Seeking information on JosephKenyon Jimmerson, especially hisdeath date. Contact Mildred Bul-lock Sheffield at 26475 Club Drive,Madera, CA 93638


Prater brothers settled near Andalusia in 1850s

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The Prater family who lived in Covington County during the mid to late 1800s emigrated from South Carolina. At least three brothers, Milton Ashberry, Wesley Griffin, and Hezekiah Jr., came to this county during the 1850s.

These three men were sons of Hezekiah Prater, Sr., a native of Maryland who reared his family in South Carolina. Hezekiah, born in 1793, was the son of Zachariah Prather, a Revolutionary War Veteran. Hezekiah was married to Ellen Eleanor Hartley, daughter of Daniel and Eleanor (Brown) Hartley.

Hezekiah and Eleanor had the following children: Mahala Emaline, b. 1812, d. 1870; Elouisa C. “Larcey,: b. 1816, d. 1880; Sophia, b. 1818, d. 1862; Mackey M, b. 1820; d. 1865; Milton Ashberry, b. 1822, d. 1909, m. Nancy Emaline Whittle; Hepsabah “Hepsey,” b. 1824, d. 1892; Wesley Griffin, b. 1826, d. 1885, m. Elizabeth ?; Hezekiah Jr., b. 1827, d. 1863, m. Mary Ann Whittle; Elizabeth Eleanor, b. 1830, d. 1900; Larkin Christwell, b. 1832, d. 1864; and Drury A., b. 1835, d. 1862.

Hezekiah Sr. died in 1850, a few years before three of his sons decided to move west into new territory. He was buried in South Carolina where his wife would live an additional 21 years.

The oldest son, Milton Ashberry, was the first Prater to buy public land in Covington County. In 1856, he acquired three parcels of land: 41 acres, 160 acres, and 80 acres, all near the new little town of Andalusia.

Milton was married to Nancy Emaline Whittle, daughter of Ambrose and Rebecca (Duncan) Whittle. They reared the following three sons: Joab P., b. 1848, d. 1880, m. Mary Elizabeth ?; John Drayton, b. 1850, d. 1905, m. Mary R.; and James Franklin Monroe, b. 1852, d. 1911, m. (1) Rebecca Adaline Permenter ) (2) Saphronia Ann Tanner. It appears that the three children were born before the family left South Carolina.

Milton was apparently listed by error in the 1860 census as William A. Prater. With him were his wife, Nancy, and the three sons. He was recorded in the same year as owning two slaves. In 1867, an N.A. Prater was listed as being a qualified voter in Beat Number One.

In 1862, an M.A. Prater, was serving as an Adjutant in the 60th Reg’t. (Covington County) 8th. Brigade, 11th. Division, Alabama Militia. Soon after this time, Milton A. served with Brown’s Barbierre Battalion of the Alabama Cavalry in the CSA. Following the war, he returned to Covington County and was enumerated in the 1870 census. At some point, he then returned to South Carolina where he died at Batesburg in 1909.

The next son, Wesley Griffin, arrived in Covington County circa 1855. He was enumerated with his growing family in the 1860 census. He was a farmer at 38 years of age living with his wife Elizabeth. They reared the following four children: William B., b. 1846; Mary Ellen, b. 1848; James E., b. 1850; and Eller F., b. 1853.

In 1861, Wesley was serving as an Adjutant for the 60th. Reg’t. (Cov. Co.) 8th. Brigade, 11th. Division, Alabama Militia, the same unit as his brother. He soon advanced to the rank of Colonel. With the beginning of the war, he enlisted in Co. G, 12th. Ala Cav. and 1st. Regular Ala. Cav. After the war, he returned to Covington County where he received a political appointment. Even though he was loyal to the Confederacy until the war’s end, he was regarded locally as having moderate political convictions. In 1865, he was appointed by Military Provisional Governor Lewis E. Parsons to fill the office of county treasurer.

Wesley’s public service was short lived because he had moved to DeSoto Parish, La., by 1870. However, he deeded his land in Covington County in 1885.

The other brother who emigrated to Covington County was Hezekiah Prater, Jr. In the 1860 census, he was listed as a store clerk at 35 years of age and living in the household of Isaac Smith. He apparently moved his family down after this date.

Hezekiah Jr. And his wife, Mary Ann Whittle, sister to his brother’s wife, had the following children: Martha Ann, b. 1854, d. 1928; Sumpter Daniel, b. 1857, d. 1939; James Hezekiah, b. 1860, d. 1950; Elizabeth Betty, b. 1863, d. 1881; Robert E. Lee, b. 1866, d. 1926; William Tillman, b. 1869, d. 1870; and Dollie Evangeline, b. 1871, d. 1958.

Hezekiah Jr. served as a private in Co. E, 11th. Fla. Inf. of the CSA. Some records indicate he died in 1863 in Milton, Fla., while home on sick leave. Other records suggest he died circa 1873, and this would seem more likely based on the birth dates of his last three children. After his death, his family returned to live with his father-in-law, Ambrose Whittle, on Cloud’s Creek west of Batesburg, S.C.

In the 1870 census, there were at least three Prater households enumerated. One was Milton, age 48, and his wife Emaline, age 42, with their son John D., age 20. Another was Milton’s son, Joab, age 22, and wife, Elizabeth, age 20, with Milton A., six months. A third was Hezekiah Jr.’s son, W.B., age 22, and wife, Henriett, age 18, and daughter, Genett T., seven months.

The family of Milton’s son, James F.M., was not found in the 1870 census for Covington County. He was in the county later and died here circa 1911. Actually, he died and was buried in Tuscaloosa where he had been committed to Bryce State Hospital.

James F.M.’s descendants were the ones who mostly remained in Covington County. He and his first wife, Rebecca Adaline Permenter, had the following five children: Harvey C., b.1872, d. 1954, m. (1) ? (2) Alice Gibson (3) Wealthy E. Laird; Charles Wesley, b. 1875, d. 1966, m. (1) Gussie Hamilton (2) Marandy “Randi” Linzy (3) Curtis Lenorah Bell; Wade Hampton, b. 1877, d. 1950, m. Viola Day: James Monroe “Buster,” b. 1882, d. 1911; and Emma, b. 1882, d. 1882. At her death, Rebecca was buried in the Hatcher Cemetery at Freeport.

James and his second wife, Saphronia Ann Tanner, had at least four children: Emmie, b. 1889, d. 1967, m. Emanuel M. Butler; Ella May, b. 1892; Jesse W., b. 1895, d. 1951, m. Adell Ridlehoover; Laura, b. 1898, d. 1981, m. (1) James I. Dillard (2) Guy Cowen; and Ida Belle, b. 1902, d. 1983, m. Arthur Irwin Day. At her death, Saphronia was buried in the Mason Cemetery in Dixie (Alabama).

Among the Prater descendants researching their family’s ancestry is Greg Wood of Alabaster. Appreciation is expressed to him for sharing his family records for use in writing this column.

Anyone who has questions or additional information on this family is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson, Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:


The Annual Thomasson Traces Family Reunion is scheduled for Saturday, August 26, beginning at 10 a.m. at the Shaw Recreation Center on Sutton Road. All Thomasson relatives are urged to attend and bring lunch along with photos and family memorabilia. Paper goods and ice will be provided.


Everage ancestors settled near Leon in the 1840s

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

Covington County

Genealogy Forum

The earliest known ancestor of the Everage families of Covington County is Jonathan Everidge, a native of North Carolina. He was enumerated in the 1790 U.S. Census with his wife and son, James, in Beaufort County, N.C.

James was born circa 1775 while the family was residing in Currituck County.

After he was grown and married, he moved his own family to Jackson County, Ga.

County tax digests verify that he was there in 1801, in Hancock County in 1804, and in Morgan County in 1810. During these years, two of his children were born.

James was motivated to move his family into the appealing Mississippi Territory, which included what is now Alabama.

On Nov. 30, 1811, a passport was issued at Fort Gaines, Ga., to “Mr. James Ethridge” granting him permission to take his “wife two children and two negros” through the expansive Indian nation.

This means the family traveled to and settled in Alabama during a very dangerous period.

James chose to settle first in an area that became Lowndes County.

An additional son, Jonathan, was born there in 1822.

During the 1840s, the family moved south and settled in the Leon community of Covington County. (In 1866, the area became a part of Crenshaw County when it was first created.)

To date, genealogical research suggests that James and his wife had at least four children: Ichabod, b. 1805, m. Elizabeth?; Elizabeth; James H., b. 1810, m. ca 1830 Nancy?; and Jonathan Andrew, b. 1822, d. 1872, m. ca 1848 (1) Nancy Hamilton ca. 1850 (2) Martha Elizabeth Tisdale.

James was living with his son, James H., around 1850. When the 1860 census was taken, he was living in the household of Thomas Hamilton, father of his son, Jonathan’s, first wife.

Ichabod and his wife, Elizabeth, were both born in Georgia.

They were in Covington County by the recording of the 1850 census.

By then they had the following seven children: William, b. 1834; Vaughn, b. 1836; Jackson, b. 1837; Elizabeth, b. 1841; Frances, b. 1842; Ichabod, b. 1846; and Martha, b. 1848.

No records of this family have been found for the years following the War Between the States.

Family legend suggests they moved with relatives to the Denton, Texas, area.

James H. is probably the James Everidge who purchased 40 acres of land near Brantley in 1856.

He worked primarily as a carpenter to support his family.

By 1860, he had moved his family into Northeast Covington County.

This was to locate near his oldest son, Riley, who had married and moved to the site circa 1850.

While there is no proof, there is some indication that James H. moved to Texas during the late 1860s with his brother and other relatives.

James H. and his wife, Nancy, had the following children: Riley, b. 1834, d. 1862, m. Mary A.; Lou Ann, b. 1837; Susan, b. 1838; Lempa, b. 1839; Martha, b. 1841; James Jackson, b. 1844; Matilda, b. 1846, m. Seaborn Welch; Mary, b. 1848; and Amanda, b. 1852.

The oldest son, Riley, was married to Mary A. around 1850, and lived in the northest area of the county.

They had five young children by 1862, when Riley enlisted as a musician in Company F of the 33rd. Alabama Infantry Regiment, the Covington and Coffee Grays.

His military service was very brief, as he died on Sept. 22, 1862,

Dauphin family settled west of Rose Hill

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

Ancestors of the Dauphin family of Covington County arrived quite early. By 1821, Darling Dauphin was a preacher for the Beckbee Association which later became the Bethlehem Baptist Association; therefore, he must have settled here prior to this date.

Darling was born around 1764 in Bertie County, North Carolina, probably as the son of a George Dauphin. He was orphaned in 1775 and was apprenticed as a leather worker. By 1790, he was married to a young lady named Ruth.

The couple’s children were all born in North Carolina by 1820, about the time the family emigrated to South Alabama. Their names were John; James, m. Matilda Mashburn; Martha, m. 1822 William A. Bradley; Winnafred (twin), m. John H. or J. Bradley; Elizabeth; a son; and a daughter.

It appears that James was the only son to make the move with the parents. He and his father were listed as heads of households in the 1830 and 1840 censuses. In 1836, they both received grants of land in the Gantt area west of Rose Hill. Darling acquired two 40 acre tracts and James, one. (Earlier in 1824, there was a record of a Darlen Daffin having been given a land grant.) In 1854, James added 85 acres and 255 acres to his land holdings.

In 1830 and 1840, Darling and James each owned one slave. In 1850 and 1860, James owned two slaves.

Sometime after 1826, Darling was a resident minister for churches in the Beckbee, Bethlehem, and Conecuh River Associations. During the years of 1831 to 1841, he represented the Shiloh Primitive Baptist Church.

Soon after settling on their land, a house was built at a location near the early general merchandise store operated by James Parker. During the years before the W.B.T.S., James and his son, Seaborn A. lived in the house.

By 1960, Darling had died, and his widow, Ruth, is listed as head of the household. She is 77 years of age and lives next door to her son, James. Residing in her home was Sarah Squier, a native of North Carolina, but whose relationship is not known.

Darling’s son, James, emerged as a leader in their community. In 1841 and again in 1845, he was commissioned as Justice of the Peace for Beat Number Four. He was well regarded by his neighbors and known as a successful farmer.

James and his wife, Matilda, reared the following children: Daniel, m. Delilah Clark; Eliza C., b. 1823, m. John Wright Jones; Thomas, m. Caroline ?; Nancy E., m. William C. Jones; John Jackson, b. 1828, d. 1864, m. Martha Ann Jones; Marcus Lafayette, b. 1833, d. 1900, m. Mary Mourning Jones; Elizabeth (twin), b. 1833, single; David, b. ca 1838; and Elizabeth, b. ca 1844.

Daniel was active in the Good Hope Primitive Baptist Church circa 1841. He later served in the Confederate Army as a private in Co. C, 37th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. During the war he was injured and died. In the 1870 census, his widow, Delilah, was listed at 48 years of age with the following children: Caroline, 22; Andrew J., 20; George W., 18; Franklin, 16; James, 18; David L., 11; and Mary A., 9.

Thomas D. left the state for awhile but returned home to farm the family’s land. In 1854, he purchased 40 acres in the Dozier/Rose Hill community. The next year he purchased 80 acres in the same area. In 1869, he homesteaded 38 acres in the Rawls community. In 1860, he was listed as a farmer living alone at age 35 years. In 1870, he was married to Caroline who is 32 years of age with a child, Adeline, 9 years of age who was born in Mississippi. Also in the home is a male, Haselsin N., who was 17 years of age. Thomas and Caroline had five children: Adeline, John, Charlotta, David, and William.

John Jackson purchased a 40 acre and an 80-acre tract of land in 1856 in the Dozier/Rose Hill community. He was a mill right and built a grist mill at Macrae, Alabama. He was married to Martha Ann Jones, daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Carter) Jones. (Sarah’s father was a native of Stockholm, Sweden.) John and Martha had at least three children: George, Molly, and Jackson. In the 1870 census, Martha is listed as head of the household with two children: George W., 10; and Jackson, 7.

Marcus L. purchased 40 acres of land in 1855 in the Rawls community. He is probably the Marcus S. who purchased two 40 acre tracts in the Gantt area in 1856. He also acquired some railroad land in 1886. Marcus farmed his grandfather’s land and served as a Baptist preacher. He was ordained at the Shiloh Church which he represented from 1852 to 1862. In 1864, at age 32, he served as a 4Cpl., Co. A, Cov. Co. Reserves (First Class) representing Beats 1,3,7,8,9, & 10. Marcus and his wife, Mary Mourning, sister to John’s wife, had at least the following children: Martha J., b. ca 1855; and Eliza C., b. ca 1859.

Although no proof can be established at this time, there is another Dauphin descendant living near the above families. It would appear that Seaborn A. Dauphin might be another son to James Dauphin. In the 1850 census, there was an Augustus Dauphin, 21 years of age, recently married to Mahala, age 22, forming a new household. In the 1860 census, Seaborn A. Dauphin, 32 years, is living with his wife, Mahala J., 32 years, and the following children: Telatha, 8; John J., 7; Jesse J., 3; and Mary M., 1. In the 1870 census, the family includes one additional child, Darling at age 9. The Gus and Ruby Bryan history mentions a James Dauphin and his son, S.A.; therefore, this would seem to be correct.

Seaborn A. purchased 40 acres of land in the Rawls community in 1855. In 1861, he was serving as a Captain for Beat No. 4 Co., 60th. Reg’t, 8th. Brigade, 11th. Div., Alabama Militia. In 1887, he was commissioned Tax Assessor for the county.

At present, there is no information available on the other descendants of Darling Dauphin and his son, James. Anyone who has additional information or corrections to the above is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:

Appreciation is expressed to Sue Dauphin of Jupiter, Florida, for sharing her family records. There are several descendants in this family who are interested in continuing the research.

Writers request: Anyone researching the Adams family of Covington County is requested to contact him. The available data suggests there were several Adams families who have not been related. Since this family will be the subject of a future column, assistance is needed to correctly relate the different families. If you may be of any help please contact Curtis Thomasson at the above addresses.


Seeking identity of Delaney Cox and the parents of John and Delaney (Kilpatrick) Cox, residents of Covington County circa 1870. Also interested in communicating with those researching the Clements and Seymour families. Contact D. Richardson Slater at 1305 Brookgreen lane, Ooltewah, TN 37363 or Email:

Seeking information on the Aughtman family of Covington County: What was “Hub” Aughtman’s given name? Have data to exchange. Contact Frances Wheeler at 9920 NE 120th St., Okeechobee, FL 34972 or email:


Wheeler ancestors settled at Montezuma

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

One of the earliest families to settle in Covington County was that of Samuel W. Wheeler. Believed to be a native of Edgefield District, S.C., Samuel was enumerated as head of a household in this county in 1840. With him were a wife, two young daughters, an elderly man between 50- and 60-years old, and an elderly woman between 60- and 70-years old. The older couple is probably Wheeler’s parents.

In the 1850 census, there is a household consisting of three Wheeler individuals: Zachariah, 61 ; Penelopy, 80 and Isabella, 17. The older two might well have been Samuel’s parents or his father and his fathers mother. None of these have been located in the 1860 census.

There is a record from 1854 of Samuel M. having purchased 80 acres of land in the Montezuma community. In 1867, he was listed as a registered voter in Beat Number One.

In the 1850 census, Samuel W. was 34 years of age and Sarahann, 32. They had the following children with them at the time: Martha, 13; Rebecca, 12; Matilda, 11; Eliza Ann, 7; Susan, 5; and Sarahann, 2. Also, Henry Turner, 17 years, was residing with them.

In the 1860 census, the family was enumerated with three additional children: John, 9; Mary Ann, 6; and Saphronia L., 1. All the children were born in Alabama and the parents in South Carolina..

This family is also included in the 1870 census with an additional two children: Georgean, 9; and Jackson W., 1. While it is possible that Jackson was a son, he would more likely have been a grandson.

Another Wheeler ancestor who purchased land in Covington County in 1855 was Cornelius. He acquired 80 acres in Montezuma, the same community in which Samuel settled. He was also listed as a registered voter in 1867, but in Beat Number Five. In 1864, at age 53, he was a private in Co. C, Covington County Reserves, organized from Beats 4, 5, and 11.

In the 1850 census, Cornelius’s family was listed with him at 30 years of age and his wife, Elizabeth, at 25. He was a farmer born in South Carolina, and she was born in Alabama. They had the following children at the time: Sarah, 9; Catherine, 4; Martha Ann, 3; James, 2; and Samuel, 8 mos. For some reason the daughter named Martha Ann was not listed when the census was taken. Two years later, another son, Morgan Daniel Jackson, was born in 1852.

Cornelius was not listed in the 1860 Census for Covington County, but two of his children were in the homes of other families. Sarah, 16, was with Sarah Riley, and James, 12, was in the home of William and Mary Hathorn. A family oral history suggests that Cornelius’s wife had died and that he had “farmed” out the older children.

There is some possibility that Cornelius remarried a lady named Nancy, a native of Georgia. He has not yet been located in the 1860 or 1870 census.

The names of some descendants of Cornelius’s children, Martha Ann who married William E. Robert Bozeman and James who married Caroline Gay, are available from those researching this family.

The youngest son, Morgan Daniel Jackson “Jack” who was born in 1852 and died in 1932, married Lucinda Adaline Bozeman. They reared the following children: Elafair, b. 1875, d. 1959, m. Tom Berry; Lucinda, b. 1877, d. 1968, m. E.J. Sorrells; Daniel Lucius, b. 1879, d. 1951, m. (1) Lydia Hales (2) Velma Loretta Peacock; Calvin A., b. 1881; Jesse Edmon, b. 1884, m. Ida Cornelia Kirkland; Buma Mae, b. 1866, m. William Thomas Neese; Maggie lee, b. 1887, m. Lona Bracewell; Joseph, b. 1890, d. 1952, m. Sarah “Sally” Peacock; Noah, b. 1891, m. (1) Minnie Benbow (2) Myrtice Vera Bozeman; and Daisy L., b. 1896, d. 1985, m. John Earnest Bracewell.

The descendants of two of the above sons who married Peacock sisters are presented as representative of the grandchildren of Cornelius. Daniel Lucius and his second wife, Velma Peacock, had the following children: Emilin, m. Kate Ammons; Vance, m. Eleanor Mae Sweetman; Vanion, d. WWII, single; Vina Mae, m. Cleatus Maddox; Venola, m. Byron Jackson; Granfford, m. Nell Smith; Layron L, m. Judy Varner; unnamed infant; and Landford, d. at 18 mos. Lucius and Velma chose to give their children names that were not well known.

Joseph Wheeler and his wife, Sarah Peacock, had the following two sons: Trammel Jackson, m. Pauline Godwin; and Ansley, m. Myrtice Aughtman. Joseph was regarded as a very good farmer.

Many of these descendants lived in the Gantt community. During 1889, Cullen Wheeler homesteaded 160 acres in the area. His relationship to the other Wheelers is unknown to this writer.

Appreciation is expressed to Jean Wheeler Eachus, a granddaughter of Lucius Daniel and Velma Wheeler, for sharing her genealogical data on this family. She would very much like to hear from anyone who has additional information. She may be contacted at 202 C Beachaven, Rehoboth Beach, DE 19971 or e-mail:

Anyone who has corrections to the above or has additional information to this family is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Rt. 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail: Also, please contact him if you have information on some family you would like to see featured in this column.


Seeking information and/or an obituary for Reuben Hart who died in this county sometime between 1860 and 1870. He was living with his son, Dennis E. Hart, in 1860 at the age of 80 years. Please contact Roger Hart at Email:


Scroggins family settled in Horn Hill

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

Ancestors of the Scroggins family arrived in America during the early 1600s. It appears they came from Wales, although some claim Scotland, and landed along the Virginia coast.

The earliest relative identified in south Alabama was John A. Scroggins (John Scogin). He was listed on the 1818 Poll Tax List for Conecuh County. He was also there for the 1820 census, but he had moved to Monroe County by 1830. Since he was not named in the 1840 census, it is assumed that he had died by this date.

John was listed earlier as having been born in Pennsylvania. He had a sister named Lucretia who was born in 1800 in South Carolina. She was married to Cornelius Jackson.

John was married to Vicy Cantaline, daughter of Christian and Anna Cantaline. After Vicy’s death circa 1845, their children lived with her parents.

John and Vicy had the following children: Henry Beckley, b. 1832, d. ca 1890, m. Sarah?; Polly, b. ca 1832, d. 1915, m. Duncan/Dunklin Jackson; John, b. 1835, d. 1860-65, m. Matilda (? Cantaline); Nepia “Neppie,” b. 1838, d. 1922, m. Ananias Carnley (both buried at Old Bethel Cemetery); and Nancy, b. 1840, single.

All of the above children with the exception of Polly were living with the Christian Cantaline family in Covington County by the 1850 census. Actually, the family had moved to the Horn Hill community near Opp circa 1841. (Andalusia and Opp did not even exist at the time.) These relatives were always found near other Cantaline and Carnley families.

In 1854, Christian Cantaline (Cardaline/Cardlin) acquired 40 acres of land in the Horn Hill community. In 1857, he purchased an additional 80 acres in the same area. The same year, his grandson, Henry B. Scroggins, bought 40 acres in the same community. In 1888, Henry acquired 80 acres in the nearby Wiggins community.

Henry B. was the oldest son of John A. Scroggins. He and his wife, Sarah, had the following children: John W., b. 1852; James Jefferson, b. ca 1853, d. by 1884, m. Sarah “Sally” Harrison, daughter of Grancer Harrison of Kinston; Martha Jane, b. 1857, d. 1921, m. James Maddox Thomas; Sarah Elizabeth “Mary,” b. 1864, d. 1900, m. Elisha Carroll; and Nancy R., b. 1856, m.? Henderson in her later years and after she had given birth to several children bearing the Scroggins name.

Polly, the oldest daughter, and her husband, Duncan Jackson, reared the following children: Dave “Dee,” b. 1849, m. Mary Louise “Bobie” Jackson; John, b. 1856, d. 1936, m. Martha Luiza Jackson (first cousin); Thomas J. “Tom,” b. 1848, d. 1933, m. Mittie E. Carroll; Alex, b. 1857, m. Sarah “Sally,” Carroll; James R. “Jim,” m. Babe Carroll; and Miranda, m.? Smith.

The next son, John, and his wife, Matilda, had the following three children: Eli S., b. 1856, m. Missouri Andrews in 1880, Santa Rosa Co., Fla.; Nancy C. “Mary,” b. 1858, m. (1) Mitchell Ayres Williams; and William T., b. 1860, d. 1935, m. Eliza Jane Powell.

The next daughter, Neppie, and her husband, Ananias Carnley, reared the following three children: Green, m. (1) Mary Harrell (2) Molly King (3) ?; Calvin Hardy, b. 1862, m. Celia Ann day; and Elizabeth Victoria, b. 1857, d. 1939, m. Julius Gilbert “Bird” Day.

Although the youngest daughter, Nancy, never married, she had two children: Lum, mentally handicapped; and Laduska “Dusty,” b. 1872, m. David Williams. There is a possibility of a third child being born to Nancy.

The above brothers, Henry B. and John, were enumerated with their families in the 1860 Census for Covington County. They were 30 years and 24 years of age respectively, and both were farmers. Unfortunately, John had died by the 1870 census.

In the 1867 listing of register voters for Covington County, there were two Scogins, G.B. and J.T., recorded from Beat Number Two. In the 1870 census, G.B. Scrogin was 25 years of age with wife, E.G., who was 24 years of age. They had a one-year-old infant, J.B., at the time.

Although no relationship to the family of this sketch has been determined, there were two Scroggins children residing in the home of Reading and Lourinda Stokes when the 1860 census was taken. Lucy was 10 years of age and Brisk was eight, and they were shown as being born in Georgia. There is also some indication that they may have lived for a time in the home of Eli Cooper.

Columbus R. “Brisk” grew up and likely lived in the Antioch community where he was buried at his death in 1910. He was married to Caroline “Callie” Mitchell, daughter of Alex and Rebecca (English) Mitchell. They reared the following children: Mary Jane “Mollie,” b. 1886, d. 1978, m. William Ellie B. Stacks; Elie “Bose,” b. 1888, d. 1927, m. (1) Ida Biggs (2) Lena Cogburn; Sidney, b. ca 1893, d. 1937, m. (1) Lillia Long (2) Carrie Earl Jones; Rosa “Rosie,” b. 1894, d. 1983, m. Bishop Biggs; Rebecca, b. ca 1897, d. 1965, m. Thomas Biggs; Gilford Burnite, b. 1899, d. 1960, m. (1) Carrie Mae Jowers (2) Sabra Miller; Julia, b. 1901, d. 1984, m. (1) Monroe Turberville (2) Walden Leland Huggins; Oscar, b. 1904, d. 1984, m. Emma Cleo Floyd; Henry Albert, b. 1906, d. 1906; and Marcus, b. 1909, d. 1956, m. Cora L. Treadaway.

There is a family history publication available to the John A. Scroggins descendants. The book was compiled and written by George Scroggins. Appreciation is expressed to Dewayne Scroggins, a descendant of John and Matilda Scroggins, for sharing his family’s records for this column.

The family would appreciate any additional information or any corrections to the above data. Please contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or E-mail:


Nathan C. Kirkland family settled in Leon community

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The earliest ancestor of the Kirkland family to emigrate to Covington County was Nathan C. Kirkland. He settled his family in the Leon community sometime between 1860 and 1870.

Nathan C. was the oldest son of William Clark and Winnifred (Grimes) Kirkland of Buford’s Bridge in Barnwell District, S.C. Nathan’s father was the youngest son of Reuben and Sarah Mary (Clarke) Kirkland of Virginia and South Carolina.

Nathan’s siblings included the following: Reuben Rice, b. 1829, d. 1915, m. (1) Sarah McClaney (2) Margaret R. Salter (3) Rebecca Franklin; James Lawrence, b. 1832, d. 1878, m. Elizabeth Ann Cargile; William J., b. 1834, m. Mary Farrior; George W., b. ca 1836, m. Mary Frances Hill; Sarah J.W., b. 1842, d. 1900, m. Miles Owen Richardson; and Harriett J., b. ca 1846, d. ca 1890, m. Henry F. Locklar.

Nathan was born in 1825 and lived at Buford’s Bridge until circa 1836 when his family moved to Georgia. In the 1840 census, the family was residing in Randolph County where a daughter, Sara J., was born circa 1842.

A few years later, the family moved to Alabama and settled in the Perote community in Pike County where they were enumerated in the 1850 census. Perote was a rural community in Pike County until Bullock was created during the 1860s. It was a Mexican name chosen by local pioneering men who had served during the Mexican-American War.

Kirkland descendants have reported that an old, abandoned church building is still standing in Perote and is currently used for storing hay. The church bell has been moved and mounted to a permanent stand in the adjacent Perote Cemetery. This landmark is quite significant to this family and others as it is the site where the Perote Guards for Confederate service were assembled.

Nathan enlisted in the Confederate Army at Andalusia in Co. C, 35th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t in May of 1862. He served until he was captured at Vicksburg on February 8, 1863. He was paroled and traveled to Demopolis, were he re-enlisted in his same company in August. He continued his service until the end of the war when he was paroled at Greenville, N.C.

Three of Nathan’s brothers also served in the CSA. George W. was a private in Co. E, 60th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. James Lawrence was a corporal in the same unit. Reuben was a lieutenant in Co. I, 4th. Ala. Cavalry.

Prior to the war and in 1849, Nathan was married in Pike County to Sarah R. Peach, a native of South Carolina. She, the daughter of George and Abigail (Hixon) Peach, was 22 years of age at the time.

Nathan and Sarah reared the following children: William George, b. 1851, d. 1926, m. Mary E. Cannon; Mary Winnifred, b. 1853, d. 1937, m.? Wallis; Abigail Shooter, b. 1855; Johnny Peach, b. 1859, d. 1936, m. Emma Bryan; and Martha Eudorah, b. 1866.

Nathan’s brother, James Lawrence, and Elizabeth Ann reared the following children: William Jason, b. 1855, m. Cordelia Cameron; J.R., b. ca 1857; J.F., b. ca 1859; Ida, b. 1862, m. M. Curry; Charlie Lee Sr., b. 1866, d. 1943, m. Adell Dozier; Elizabeth, b. 1869; and Anna D., b. 1877.

The next generation of Nathan’s descendants include the children of his two sons. William George and Mary had the following children: Lawrence Peach, b. 1881, d. 1967, m. Rosa?; Ella Lenora, b. 1883, m. J.W. Thrasher; Anna Belle, b. 1885, d. 1981, m. M.J. Lowman; Mira Jessie, b. 1887, d. 1964, m. (1) Green Dozier (2) ? Powell; William Wesley, b. 1887 (twin), d. 1890; Foster L., b. 1889; Lewis Nathan, b. 1891, d. 1961, m. Willie Estelle Hollis; and Mary Alice, b. 1896, d. 1975, m. William C. Cameron.

Nathan and William’s brother, Johnny Peach, and his wife, Emma, had the following three children: William Clark, b. 1900, d. 1981, m. Lavonia Estelle Bozeman; Annie Rebecca, b. 1892, d. 1972, m. John Truman Lord; and Henry Nathan, b. 1895, m. Emma Bell Smith.

Several descendants in this family are currently conducting additional research to more thoroughly complete their genealogy. One of these, Lee Kirkland, is a local resident who has most generously shared his genealogical records. He is a descendant of James Lawrence Kirkland through his son, Charlie Lee, Sr.

Lee wanted to express appreciation to the following relatives who have helped him in his research: Faye (Kirkland) Norris, a descendant of Nathan C. Kirkland through his son, William George; plus Gerald H. Lord and Rufus James Frazier III, descendants of John Peach Kirkland, son of Nathan C.

Anyone who has additional information or corrections to the above data is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or e-mail:


The annual reunion of the Abraham Hart family will be held on Saturday, July 15, at the Pleasant Home Baptist Church. All descendants are encouraged to attend and bring a basket lunch .

The annual Worley family reunion will be held on Sunday, July 16, at the Point A Lodge.

The National Wingard Reunion, in celebration of the family’s 250th anniversary in America, will meet during the Summer of 2003 in Lexington, S.C. Anyone having information or interest is requested to contact Joe Wingard at P.O. Box 204, Andalusia, AL 36420 or telephone 334-222-6329.


Garrett family settled near Salem community

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

The first member of the Garrett family to settle in Covington County appears to be George W. Garrett, a native of Alabama. He was residing here and working as a farmer when his family was enumerated in the 1860 census. He was 28 years of age and his wife, Celia Ann, was 22 years of age. With them were an infant, Nancy E., at one-month old and Comfort Gibson, who was 70 years of age and a native of South Carolina.

There is no record of the family in the later censuses, but they were probably related to the other Garretts who appeared a few years later.

Joining regiments of the Confederate Army organized from Covington County during the early 1860s were three Garrett men. David Garrett and Robert Garrett enlisted as privates in Co. I, 40th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. William Garrett signed up as a private with Co. I, 29th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. Their relationships to the other Garrett relatives are unknown.

In the special 1866 Alabama Census, there were only two Garrett families listed. Sarah Garrett, age 30-40 years, had living with her two young males under 10 years of age. Robert Garrett, age 20-30 years, was living with a female of the same age range who was most likely his wife.

Robert is probably the R. Garrett named in 1867 as a registered voter in Beat Number One. Also, R. Garrett is listed as head of a household in the 1870 census. He was 28 years of age, and his wife, Rachael E., was 22. With them were two young children: Mary, 4; and Barbary A., 3.

These families lived near William Wesley Fuqua in the Salem community. They are most likely related to the later Garretts who lived in the same general area.

Some available genealogical data names a James Garrett, born in 1804 in South Carolina, who was married to Irene Gibson, born in 1828. The time of their arrival in this area is unknown, but James died in 1884 and was buried in the Jordan Cemetery located near Salem. At Irene’s death, she was buried there as well. There are a number of graves near these which are unmarked that are probably for other Garretts.

There is also a record on William W. Garrett, born circa 1802, who was married to Nancy Sansome. Another Garrett descendant, Liza A. who was born in 1825, could very likely be a sister to William and/or James. She was married first to a Tidwell and second to Ira W. Raiborn as his second wife. Liza and Ira are also buried in the Jordan Cemetery.

Liza and Ira Raiborn had the following children: James W., b. 1845, d. 1921, m. Lucrecy Fuqua; Mary Jane, b. 1848; Henry Joseph, b. 1850, d. 1925, m. Martha Ann Fuqua; Green J. “Tom,” b. 1852; Caroline Elizabeth, b. 1854, d. 1935, m. Tom J. Brown; William J., b. 1856; Nancy Ann, b. 1860, d. 1902, m. James Eastern Reynolds; and Daniel Damascus, b. 1863, d. 1940, m. Mary Magdalene Fuqua.

There might be a correlation between Irene Gibson and Comfort Gibson, the elderly lady residing in the home of George Garrett in 1860. Irene could possibly be the daughter of Comfort.

There is a record of a John L. or M. Garrett who was married to a Rebecca. It is possible that they could be the parents of the known John Garrett who was born in 1846.

John lived until 1919 and was buried in the Jordan Cemetery beside his wife, Martha Jane (Little), the daughter of Henry B. and Elizabeth (Beck?) Little. It appears that John was married after Martha’s death to a second wife named Cornelia.

A son of John and Martha, William Anderson Garrett, was born in March, 1877 and died in March, 1954. He was married to Amanda Virginia “Mandy” Brooks, daughter of William D. and Arnassie (Durpree) Brooks. They lived in the Salem/Cedar Grove community and reared a large, well-known family.

William and Mandy had the following children: John Ammie, b. 1898, d. 1981, m. (1) Katie Mullen (2) Eva (Thompson) Thomasson; Lura Bell, b. 1900, d. 1903; Ernest Greeley, b. 1903, d. 1979, m. Ruth Hare; William Marvin, b. 1906, d. 1992, m. Sadie Mae Stokes; Martha Vera, b. 1908, m. Sammy Dewitt Huggins; Autrie Lee, b. 1911, d. 1990, m. Katrine Kirkland; J.P., b. 1913, d. 1936, m. Lyda Faye Stokes; Eva Mae, b. 1916, m. Collis Lamar Thomas; Cumi, b. 1918, d. 1997, m. (1) George Edgar Rabren (2) Troy Gordon; and Carmen Anderson, b. 1920, d. 1978, m. Mary Evelyn DuBose.

These families contributed significantly to their community and the well-being of its citizens. The children and grandchildren were reared in the Cedar Grove Church of Christ located near their homes. One of the sons, Marvin, served as a minister of the gospel for many years. At least two grandsons, Bill and Horace Huggins, chose to become full-time gospel ministers. They have served throughout Alabama and Mississippi.

Two daughters, Vera Garrett Huggins and Eva Mae Garrett Thomas, are still living at present. Vera, who currently resides at the Andalusia Manor, enjoys recalling her family’s heritage. She would appreciate a visit or hearing from anyone who might be able to share further information about the Garrett family.

Several descendants of this family are researching their ancestry. Appreciation is expressed to a number of these including Sam Huggins, Margie Rabren, and Eleanor Garrett Williamson for sharing their material.

Anyone who might have corrections or information to be added to the above is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or E-mail:


Post office named to honor Haygood ancestor

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

Before the turn of the century, there was a small settlement northeast of Andalusia known as Haygood. In fact, earlier designed maps still identify the site.

Haygood was located along the Three Notch Trail about one mile northeast of the present day Straughn School. the name was chosen to honor John William Adams Easterling Haygood, father of Anna Estelle (Haygood) Cottle.

When a post office was created on June 30, 1892, it was named Haygood and operation was begun in the home of Annie Cottle. She served as postmistress for two years, and at the end of her tenure William H. Powell succeeded her. The office was never very active and was discontinued in 1904.

The post office and surrounding community is the only remembered use of the Haygood name. The namesake appears to be the Haygood ancestor who brought the family to Covington county. He settled in the area before the 1870 census when he and his family were enumerated.

John William Adams Easterling Haygood was born in 1825 in Georgia as the son of Appleton and Charlotte (Adams) Haygood. He was married in 1847 in Stewart County, Ga., to Sarah Hardie, daughter of Theophilus and Sarah (Murphy) Hardie. She was born in 1830 in the State of Florida.

The following children were born to John and Sarah: William Theophilus, b. 1849, d. 1850; Sarah Charlotte, b. 1850, d. 1853; Martha Jane, b. 1852, d.1912, m. Sam Christopher Spicer; John W., b. 1853, d. 1915, m. Mary Ann Elizabeth Williamson; Mary Telula, b. 1856, d. 1857; Susan Elizabeth Watts, b. 1860, d. 1865; Albert Sidney Johnson, b. 1862, m. Lizzie?; James Appleton, b. 1864, m. Allie?; Anna Estelle, b. 1867, d. 1943, m. E. Jimpsey Cottle; Allen Fletcher, b. 1869, d. 1936, m. Cleta Mildred Turner; and Beulah, b. 1871, d. 1872.

John’s sister, Charlotte, born in 1844, was married to Elisha Kindred Flournoy, son of Jonathan C. and Elizabeth Flournoy of Virginia. Elisha was born in 1838 and died in 1889. He served in the Confederate Army as a private in Co. H, 46th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t.. He and Charlotte who died in 1914 were buried in the Rose Hill Cemetery.

Charlotte and Elisha reared the following children: Katie Clyde, b. 1868, d. 1899, m. Richard Henry Wyatt; Mattie, b. ca 1872, m. Jasper Penwood Blocker; Ida Bell, b. 1873, d. 1891, m.? Railey or Rally; Atticus Kindred, b. 1875, d. 1958, m. Augusta Eliza Taylor; Charlie Haygood, b. 1877, d. 1928, m. Mollie Ellison; James Emory, b. ca 1880, m. Lena E. Chesser; Lovey, b. ca 1882, m.? Wyatt; John William, b. 1883, m. Elizabeth Caton; and Lillie, b. 1885, d. 1957, m. J. Hance Radford.

In the next generation, John’s daughter, Anna Estelle, and her husband, Ebenezer Jimpsey Cottle, had the following four children: William Appleton, b. 1890, d. 1968, buried at Magnolia Cemetery, m. Junia Mae Young; Infant, b. & d. 1893, buried at Shiloh; Lillian E., b. 1894, d. 1973, buried at Magnolia, m. Hiram Jenkins Brogden; and Daisy, b. 1896, d. 1983, buried at Magnolia, m. Frank Hargrove Buck.

Most of the Haygood descendants have moved from the local area. At present, there are none living in Covington County who were the Haygood name. There are some with other names, and they would be very interested in learning any additional information on this family.

Appreciation is expressed to Yvonne Bowers of Dozier who shared her material related to this subject. The family has been researched by a number of descendants including Idalyn McGill Stinson and Lucille Haygood Staiger.

Anyone who has corrections or additional data is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


The Riley family reunion will be held on Saturday, July 8, beginning about 9 a.m. at the Shaw Recreation Center on Sutton Road. All descendants are urged to attend and bring a covered dish lunch along with family photos and genealogy. A group picture will be taken at 12 noon.

Peacock Association of the South Reunion is scheduled for July 21-23, Goldsboro, N.C. For additional information email Don Peacock at or call Barbara King at 334-578-5180.

Bradley family lived in Bethlehem community

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

Covington County Genealogical Forum

The Bradley family of last week’s column lived primarily in the Bethlehem community located a short distance west of River Falls. In addition to being instrumental in the creation of the area schools, members of this family helped organize local churches.

Soon after their emancipation, the local black people established the First Bethlehem Missionary Baptist Church in 1865. It was organized under a bush harbor with Minister Lunden as its spiritual leader. Three years later, in 1868, Bro. Hawthorn was called to serve as the church’s pastor. The first building was a log cabin erected on the site where the Old Bethlehem Cemetery is.

Around 1907, the church was moved a short distance east to its present site. This was done during the 12-year pastorate of E.N. Nearor. Through the years, the church has experienced steady growth and increased its programs of work. Church clerks have included John Allen Bradley, Sam Bradley, E.B. Freeney, Bessie Ferrell and Sarah Henderson.

In more recent years, a modern brick building was constructed with all the comfortable conveniences. At that time, the work was under the guidance of Pastor G.H. Brown.

After the church was moved from it original site, the Old Bethlehem Cemetery was created in its place. This burial ground has been used since then by many families of that community.

Among the black Bradley families listed in the 1870 census were S. Bradly at 52 years of age with wife, Mary, at 47 years. Their children at the time included the following: Bob, 21; Sarah, 18; Ann, 16; Lucy, 13; Tamer, 11; John, 8; Victor, 4; Jemima, 2; and William, 3 and one-half years old. Also in the home was Emeline at 90 years of age. Even though there is some age discrepancy for Sharper, this is obviously the same family listed in the 1866 census.

John Allen Sharper’s family was the only Bradley one listed in the 1866 Alabama Census; therefore, they would have been one of the first black families to be enumerated in Covington County. His wife, Mary, was most likely a descendant of a slave for the pioneer Devereaux family. Her relatives have her maiden name listed as Delbrow.

Another S. Bradley family was listed in 1870 with him being 34 years of age, and his wife, Anna, 27 years old. They had the following children: Lenna, 6; and Rebecca, 4. The relationship of this and the other Bradley families to Sharper is unknown.

Another family was Rolla Bradly at 25 years of age with his wife, Caraline, 21-years old, and their infant daughter, Amanda, at one year.

The family of M. Bradly is listed with him being 33 years of age and his wife, Fany, 30. Their children included Martha, 8; Jessey, 4; and Lucy, 2. Also in the home are two young adults, William H., 20; and Sarah J., 26. There is no notation that they are black as the others in the household.

P. Bradly at 24 years of age is shown with Henrietta, 22, and a child, Primas, 6. Also in the household was William Liles at 24.

C. Bradley, age 30, is shown as head of a household with a 4-month old boy, James.

Another C. Bradly was listed as a 20-year-old female with two young children: Joseph, 4; and John, 2. They were residing in the home of G. Dubose.

W. Bradly’s family shows him being 51 years of age and his wife Angeline, 38. With them were the following children: George, 14; Nancy, 13; Mary, 11; William, 3; and Dick, 4 and one-half-years old. Also in the home is Sutly P., 25.

H. Bradley, 41 years, is shown with Saphronia, 16; Rebecah, 10; Jacob, 8; and William, 8. Also in the household were Berry Bussy, 9, years, and V. Bradly, 4/12.

W.M. Bradly was listed at 50 years of age with Ann at 39 years. With them were the following children: Nancy, 14; George, 13; Mary, 12; Francis M., 5; William, 3; and Josephine, 1.

One of Sharper Bradley’s sons who reared his family in the Bethlehem community was John Allen. John and his wife, Louise Brown, reared the following children: Anna Missouri, b. 1887, d. 1982, m. Ebbie Benjamin Freeney; James, b. ca 1889, m. Queenie Freeney; Norman, b. ca 1890, m. Letha ?; Calvin, m. Sara Anderson; Zell, m. Saphronia ?; Mattie, m. Willie Butler; Bertha Mae “Sug,” m. Dempsey Porter; Lula, m. Jessie Anderson; Green, m. Emma ?; Minnie, m. (1) George Tyler (2) McKinley Williams; and Ruthie Lee, b. ca 1913, m. Ollie B. Feagin.

The youngest daughter, Ruthie Lee, is the only one still living. She shared some of her family’s history for this writing. Appreciation is also expressed to her and her niece, Olean Bean, who is a daughter of the above Anna, for sharing their knowledge on the family.

The Bradley family is very proud of their heritage and would appreciate learning any additional information related to it. Anyone who might have additional data or any corrections to this column is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Seeking data on the following: Archibald M.B. Beckham, born 1816 in GA, and wife, Sarah Ann, born 1827 in NC; a brother, John Beckham, born 1813, and wife, Susan, born 1824; M.L. Callaway, born 1815 in SC, and his wife, Malinda, born 1820 in AL; a brother, William Callaway, born 1813 in SC, and his wife, Nancy, born 1815 in TN. The Beckham families were in Alabama during 1843-1846. The Callaway brothers were probably Methodist ministers in Alabama from 1835 to 1839. Contact Etoile C. Ward at 3267 Magevney, Memphis, TN 38128 or Email:


Black Bradleys helped build Bradley and Noahville schools

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

Covington County Genealogical Forum

From the research on the Bradley family of Covington County last week, it became evident that the number of Bradley households had declined by 1860.

Then, in the 1866 Alabama Census, the first time black families were enumerated separately, there was one black family listed.

The head of the family was Sharper Bradley with six sons, six daughters, his wife, and probably one of the parent’s mother. He is 30 to 40 years of age, and his wife is 40 to 50 The older female is 70 to 80 years of age, and all the children are under 20.

In the 1870 census, there are several additional black families listed by the name of Bradley.

These and the Sharper Bradleys were very likely free people who had previously been slaves of the prosperous white Bradley plantation owners.

If this is true, the black Bradley family ancestors would more than likely have come from Sumpter County, S.C., with the white Bradley settlers in 1822.

Some four or five Bradley families and their cousin, David Mitchell, traveled in a large caravan across South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama.

The families settled in the Montezuma community and purchased large property holdings in Loango. Some records suggest they brought as many as 150 slaves with them.

It appears the early Sharper Bradley might be the ancestor of many of the Bradleys who currently live in Covington County in the Bethlehem community, west of River Falls.

Some members of the family indicate their grandfather was named John Bradley and that he was born to slave parents. He could likely be the son of Sharper, who was born circa 1862.

John became an educator and was instrumental in the development of schools in his community.

Around 1890, a school for the black children was organized and established about five miles southwest of River Falls.

Some of the citizens leading in this project were Julius Marshall, George Taylor, Will Henderson, and Lon Freeney.

The school was named Noahville and John Bradley became one of the first teachers.

In 1918, $3,000 was raised from local and state funds to construct a new building.

The result was one of the most modern school buildings in the county.

In 1816, John Bradley’s son, James, became principal of the school. During his tenure of about 11 years, the school was approved to receive funds from the Rosenthal Foundation.

An even finer building was erected during the early 1920s and became the Noahville Improved School.

Unfortunately, the school building burned during the early 1930s.

The Rosenthal Foundation was created by a Mr. Rosenthal of the Sears and Roebuck Corporation of Chicago, Ill.

After meeting and being impressed with Booker T. Washington, Rosenthal wanted to help strengthen schools for the black children across the Southeast.

Another school which was established about the same time as the Noahville Improved School was referred to as the “Bradley Colored School.”

It was located about two miles west of River Falls and only a few miles from the other school.

The site was near U.S. 84 just east of the current Bethelem Missionary Baptist Church building.

The school came into being in 1917 when a committee of men organized the work.

Some of the those behind the school included three Bradleys: John, Sam, and Professor R. Lee Bradley.

Sam and Lee were brothers, and they were cousins to John. Other leaders were Will Harris, Sam Young, and George Taylor.

They planned the school and raised money for construction of the building on two acres purchased from Henry Coleman.

It became the East Star District School and drew students from throughout the county.

The Bradley School opened in 1918, with Madie Lucas of Tuskeegee Institute as the teacher. She was able to enroll 85 students.

The school operated until the students were transferred to River Falls School during the integration of all area schools.

The source for much of the data for this column was the county history done by Gus and Ruby Bryan of Opp.

Another rich source of information was a Bradley descendant, Professor James Timothy “Mr. Tim” Bradley, a resident of River Falls.

Mr. Tim, at 86 years of age, recalled his family’s involvement in the local schools.

He began a teaching career at the Welfare School east of Brooklyn. He taught for about 40 years at several schools throughout the county and retired from the Southside School in Andalusia. He earned his degree in education from Alabama State University and did additional graduate work at Kansas State University.

Appreciation is expressed to Mr. Tim for lending his photograph of the Bradley School.

Anyone who has corrections to the above or additional information of the Bradley family or the Bethlehem community is requested to Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Bradley ancestors established Loango plantations

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

One of the earliest and most prosperous families to settle in Covington County were the Bradleys. Four Bradley families along with their cousin, David Mitchell, and his family arrived as a large caravan in 1822. They had left Sumpter County, South Carolina, and traveled through Georgia and most of Alabama to reach this area.

The Bradleys located first around Montezuma, but relocated in Loango when Montezuma declined during the flooding and related problems. In 1823, they along with David Mitchell purchased 2,240 acres of the best available land in the area. Records indicate these families brought as many as 150 slaves with them. (David Mitchell was the son of William James and Janette (Bradley) Mitchell.

In the 1830 Census of Covington County, there were five Bradley households: Mary, James M., Matthew, Josiah W., and William. In 1840, only two, William and Matthew, were recorded. The number of descendants wearing the Bradley name began to decline rapidly as several of the couples had no children and others had daughters primarily.

One of the early families was that of William Bradley. He was married in 1822 to Martha Dauphin/Daffin in Clark County. They were enumerated during the censuses from 1830 through 1860. They had the following children: John Darling, b. 1826, d. 1861, m. Julian Harrelson; Susanna, b. ca 1830; and twins, William Jr., b. ca 1834, m. Luannah Jones, and Martha R., b. ca 1834, d. after 1909, m. Thomas Robbins, Jr.

William was active in the Primitive Baptist Church. From 1831 to 1840, he represented Shiloh Church at the Beckbee, Bethlehem, and Conecuh River Association meetings. From 1841 to 1850, he represented the Union Primitive Baptist Church at the Conecuh River Association meetings.

William was also a leader in his community. From 1826 to 1832, he served in the 46th. Regt. (Covington and Dale Counties) 11th. Brigade, 4th. Division, Ala. Militia. In 1829, he was made Captain for Beat One, and in 1831, he became Vice Lt. for Beat Two Company. In 1844, he was appointed Constable for Beat Number One. He was probably the W. Bradley listed as a registered voter in 1867.

William’s oldest son, John Darling, and his wife, Julian, had the following children: Winiford Hulda, b. 1849, d. 1906 or 1926, single; Sarah Jane, b. 1851, d. 1922; Andrew Jackson, b. 1854, d. 1932, m. Mary Frances ?; Evaline or Julia Francis, b. 1856, d. 1866; John Daniel, b. 1859, d. 1931, m. Martha ?; Kizzie Mariah or Evaline, b. 1860, d. 1884.

John Darling’s oldest child, Winiford or “Winnie,” never married, but her home became the gathering place for the clan. She was obviously held in high regard by all her relatives. A current relative and namesake, Winnie (Bradley) Powell, described her “Aunt Winnie” as a “Pillar of the Community.”

The old cemetery in the Straughn Community near the Shiloh Church is known by many as Aunt Winnie Bradley’s Cemetery. Others have referred to it as the Old Shiloh Cemetery. It is located a hundred yards or more west of Highway 43. Bradley relatives buried there include John Darling, Julia Frances, Hulda Wineford, A.J., M.E., Marion P., Kizzie Evaline, and William Merrill. Also, a number of the Bradley slaves were buried in the cemetery. Although it has received some attention, the cemetery is in need of regular maintenance.

Winnie’s brother, Andrew Jackson, and his wife Mary Francis, had six children: Idar, b. 1881; Andrew Jackson Jr., b. 1885; Evaline F., b. 1886, d. 1933; Pollie, b. 1888, d. 1964; James T., b. 1890, d. 1960; and John Columbus, b. 1894.

Winnie’s brother, John Daniel Bradley, and his wife, Martha, had 11 children: John Daniel Darling, b. 1884, d. 1964, m. Gertrude Huldy J.; Martha L., b. 1887; Sarah, b. 1888; William A., b. 1890; Carrie H., b. 1891; Susan, b. 1893; Hattie B., b. 1894; Louis Francis, b. 1896; Ira Thomas, b. 1897; Lawrence E., b. 1899; and Kissie, b. ca 1902.

The oldest son, John Daniel Darling, and his wife, Gertrude Huldy, had the following children: Lillian, b. ca 1913, m. Cundiff; Willie Merrill, b. 1914, d. 1915; Lizzie, b. ca 1914, m. ? Bundy; Nora, b. ca 1917; and Naba, b. ca 1917.

The early Mary Bradley was the widow of Samuel Junior Bradley, a Veteran of the Revolutionary War. The couple had the following children: Matthew William “Bill,” Milton, Elizabeth Emmeline, Margaret Matilda, and Adaline Rebecca. Mary brought their children with her to Covington County circa 1822. Her expansive property in the Loango community became known as the Bradley Estate. In later years it was referred to as the Adkisson and Robinson Plantations.

This Bradley family established a family burial ground on the estate in a section that would become the John Hutchison farm. There are only a few grave markers left, but at one time, there were many for Bradley relatives and their slaves.

Mary’s daughter, Adaline Rebecca, married Julien Sidney Devereaux, son of John W. Devereux, an early leader in Montezuma. Julien purchased a considerable amount of land and created plantation which he named The Hermitage. Through his own good fortune and his wife’s inheritance, Julien became one of the most prosperous men in the area. Unfortunately, around 1840, he and his wife were separated and during the next year he fled with their slaves to Texas to start a new life. There he recovered, remarried and reared a new family.

Adaline reared her niece, Margaret, whose mother had died young. Margaret was married to Julius Robinson and they settled in Brooklyn. Adaline lived with them until her death in 1858.

Another of the early settlers, William M. (Matthew?) was active in the community and in military service. In 1837, he was an Ensign in Captain Littleberry Rogers’ Company of Mount Infantry of the Alabama Militia. In 1860, he was a member of the Covington County Company of Volunteers. During the same year he joined Co. B, Cov. Co. Reserves (First Class) which was organized from Beats Nos. 2, 6, and 12. He was listed as a private at 48 years of age and as a D.O. (Detailed as Overseer). In the 1860 census, he is probably the William M. Bradley listed as living alone. In 1867, he was listed along with H. Bradley as a registered voter in Beat Two.

One of the early Bradley men, Josiah William, emerged early on as a leader in the Montezuma community. In 1823, he was recommended by J. W. Devereaux to be named as a county commissioner to replace John M. Chapman who had left the area. In 1829, he sided with Devereaux against Sheriff Vining Howard. In 1831, he supported the governor’s appointment of Eli N. Briggs to the office of sheriff. In 1867, he was listed as a registered voter in Beat Six. In 1879, a Joseph Bradley was appointed Post Master of the Westover Post Office, but the site was discontinued in 1880.

Another of the early Bradleys, James Harvey, became involved in the community of Montezuma. In 1826, he held the rank of P.M. in the First Battalion, Covington County of the Alabama Militia. In 1830, he owned as many as 23 slaves.

The only two households enumerated in the 1850 census were those for John Darling Bradley and William Bradley. The number of families bearing the Bradley name had rapidly declined by that date.

After the War Between the States, many of the family’s slaves who were freed used the Bradley name for their own. Today, there are many local African-Americans with this name.

A few notes on more recent Bradley descendants include T. Bradley serving as Postmaster of the Sanford Post Office. In 1913, Jack Bradley was an active member of the First Methodist Church in Andalusia.

Some of those individuals currently researching the Bradley family include: Mary Stearnes-Henley, Betty Robbins Norem, and Dr. Dick Rogers. Appreciation is expressed to them for sharing their data. Other resources include Wyley Ward’s books and the Gus and Ruby Bryan’s book.

Anyone who has corrections to the above writing or additional information is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:


Aplin ancestors settled in Green Bay community

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

Around the turn of the century, Joseph Aplin was Marshall of Covington County. Some records indicate he was shot and killed while serving in this capacity in 1912. A marshall was the same as chief of police and in addition to law enforcement, the official was responsible for collecting taxes and keeping the streets in good repair.

Joseph was a descendant in the Aplin family whose ancestors moved into this area during the late 1840s. The earliest to purchase land was an earlier Joseph Aplin who acquired 320 acres in 1854. His place was in the New Hope or Green Bay community.

Joseph’s family is probably the one enumerated in the 1850 Census of Covington County. He is listed as a farmer at age 48 years, and his wife, Beadee, at 37 years of age. The children with them at this time were Emiline, 18; Polly, 14; Thomas, 12; William, 9; John, 7; Martha, 5; and Allen, 3. The parents were both natives of Georgia, but all of their children with the exception of Martha were born in Alabama. Martha is recorded as having been born in Florida.

In 1850, Joseph was appointed as a Justice of the Peace for Beat Number Three. He then served as a Vice Justice during 1851.

James S. Aplin, who was born in 1829 in Barbour County is most likely an older son of the above Joseph. He does not show up in Covington County until the 1870 census when he and his wife, Elizabeth, and their children are residing in the Green Bay area. Also, residing in their household is an elderly female, H. Rabb, at 85 years of age and listed as being a native of North Carolina.

James and Elizabeth reared the following children: William Joseph, b. 1860, d. 1925; Bedie, b. 1861, d. 1880, m. ? Hodge; Georgia A.E., b. 1863; Joseph Hardie, b. 1868, d. 1912, m. Lydia Ann Hair; James Marion, b. 1871, d. 1954; M. Caroline, b. 1874; and Mary A., b. 1878.

In 1864, when the Company of Covington County Militia (Second Class) was organized, James enlisted as a private at the age of 24 years. Serving with him under Captain J.T. Brady were Joseph, age 58; Jasper, age 34; and Allen, age 16. In his later years, in 1899, James was granted a pension for his military service. At his death in 1901, he was buried in the New Hope Cemetery. Elizabeth lived until 1919 at which time she was buried beside him.

James’s son, Joseph H., was married in 1890 to Lydia Ann Hair, daughter of Jonas and Alice Jane (Robbins) Hair who were residents of the Green Bay community. The couple had two children: Fannie Lou, b. 1892, d. 1978, m. John Walter Andrews; and Franklin Eugene, b. 1898, d. 1980, m. Cupid Mae Wyatt.

Thomas Aplin, son of Joseph, was born in 1839 and lived until 1900. The surname of his wife, Martha A., is unknown to this writer. Thomas was listed as a registered voter in Beat Number Five of Covington County in 1867. In the 1870 census, he and Martha are listed with one child, William, who was three years of age. Also, in their home was a 74 -year-old female named C. McKinney/McIney.

Also in the 1870 census was a William F. Aplin, age 50 years, and his wife Elizabeth, age 41 years. With them are the following children: William T., 20; David, 18; Catherine, 15; James J., 10; and Jane Gomillion, 78. This family was listed earlier in the 1860 census with an additional two older children: Nancy J., b. ca 1846; and Joseph H., b. ca 1848.

William F., who is probably a younger brother of Joseph, served in the W.B.T.S. as a private in Co. I, 4th. Regiment Ala. (Senior) Reserves. He was listed as 46 years of age, and having gray eyes, dark hair, dark complexion, and standing six feet in height. Following the war, he was listed in 1867 as a registered voter in Beat Number Seven.

In the 1860 and 1870 censuses, the Jasper Aplin family is enumerated. In 1870, he is listed at 45 years of age, and his wife, Frances A., at 36 years of age. Children in their household included the following: Nancy A., 18; Martha E., 12; Adeline, 10; Francis J., 8; Nicey A., 5; and William T., 3.

Today, there are a number of Aplin descendants residing in Covington County. A majority of them lives in the Gantt and Florala communities. Also, a number of families are located just across the state line in northwest Florida. They are proud of their family heritage and would appreciate learning any additional genealogy that might be shared by anyone else.

Sources for this column include county records, census records, Wyley Ward’s books, Gus and Ruby Bryan’s book, and Aplin family records. Anyone who has corrections or any additional information is requested to contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, Alabama 36420 or Email:


Findley families settled in Loango area in early 1850s

By Curtis Thomasson
The Andalusia Star-News

A Veteran of the War of 1812, Magilbry C. Findley, emigrated to the Brooklyn area of Conecuh County, Alabama, before 1820. He was born in 1796 in the State of South Carolina. He was married to his first wife, Dolly, sometime before the birth of their first son in 1817 in Georgia. Dolly is believed to have been born in Georgia around 1802.

After the first son’s birth, the couple moved to Brooklyn where all the other children were born. The family resided in the area until the early 1850s when they moved into Covington County around Red Level.

In 1852, Magilbry purchased three tracts of land totaling 160 acres located near Red Level. Two years later, he acquired 81 acres in the Loango community. The family made their residence here and established a Findley Family Burial Plot when Dolly died in 1857. In the following years, Magilbry and many of their relatives would be buried in this cemetery.

After Dolly’s death, Magilbry was married a second time to Sarah Johnson Carter, a native of Georgia, who was born circa 1816. No children were born to this marriage.

Magilbry and Dolly reared the following children: William Andrew, b. 1817, d. 1888, m. Sarah Elizabeth Ann Rebecca Parker; John T. “Jack,” b. ca 1820, m. Martha Ellen Raburn; Martin, b. 1824, d. 1917, m. Mary Elizabeth Kraker; Mahala, b. ca 1827, m. Isaac G. W. Kraker; Riley, b. ca 1829, d. 1860, m. Susan Sarah M.; Mahaley Celia, b. 1832, d. 1899, m. John a. Franklin; Bluford, b. 1834, d. 1931, m. (1) Moriah Hixton (2) Claudia Lilly; Mary, b. 1835, d. 1871, m. Solomon H. Johnson; Infant Son, b. ca 1836, d. before 1840; George M., b. 1838, d. 1917, m. Gillianne Steeley; and Martha Ann, b. 1840, d. 1895, m. Nicholas S. “Nick” Harville.

The oldest son, William, remained in Conecuh County until after 1860. In 1864, he enlisted in the C.S.A. as a private in Co. E, 15th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. After the war, he moved into Escambia County, Alabama, and lived there until his death in the 1880s. He is buried in the Elim Cemetery in the Roberts community.

William and his wife, Sarah, daughter of John and Winnie (Hunt) Parker, had the following children: Robert Lumpkin, b. ca 1840, d. after 1860; Eliza E., b. 1841, d. 1887; Mary Jane; John Madison; William Harrison; Sarah Ann; Winnie; George Riley; Martha; and David McGilbria (Magilbry?).

The second son, John or Jack, was in Covington County by 1860 where he continued to reside. That year he owned five slaves which were used to help farm his land. In 1855, he had purchased three tracts of land for a total of 200 acres in the Loango community. In 1864, he enlisted in Co. I, 4th. Reg’t. Ala. (Senior) Reserves for the C.S.A. He was listed as 46 years of age, with hazel eyes, dark hair, dark complexion, and standing five feet, five inches tall.

Jack and his wife, Martha, had the following children: John A., b. 1857; Ida F.S., b. 1860; (?) Ida; James, b. 1862; and George W., b. ca 1864.

The third son, Martin, purchased 80 acres of land in the Loango community in 1854. He enlisted in the C.S.A. in 1863 and served throughout the war in Co. I, 6th. Ala. Cavalry. By 1870, he had moved back into Conecuh County where he lived until his death in 1917. He was buried in the Findley Cemetery.

Martin and his wife, Mary, reared the following children: James George C.; Ransom Herbert; Susan Elizabeth; William Anderson; Rufus, b. 1857; Wathon O., b. 1860, d. 1907; Missouri; and Mary Elizabeth.

The oldest daughter, Mahala, and her husband, Isaac Kraker, were still in Conecuh County in 1860. They appear to have moved eventually to Covington County as she was buried in the Fairmount Cemetery in Red Level. The couple had the following children: Martha, b. ca 1851; Caroline, b. ca 1853; William a., b. ca 1856; Robert R., b. 1858; and George, b. ca 1859.

The next son, Riley, bought land in 1852, the same year his father did, in the Red Level community. He acquired 40 acres to which he added another 40 acres in 1854 and again in 1855. Unfortunately, he died at a young age during the 1860s. He and his wife, Susan, had the following children: Infant, b. 1853; John, b. 1855; Richard Riley, b. ca 1857; Stephen, b. 1859; Jesse E., b. 1862; and Mary Elizabeth “Lizzie,” b. 1864.

The daughter, Mahaley Celia, and John A. Franklin were married in 1854. The next year John purchased 80 acres of land in the Loango area. In 1880, he added 41 acres to this acreage. Also, in 1880, he homesteaded 80 acres in the Montezuma community. To this he added another 80 acres which he homesteaded in 1889.

John Franklin served as a private in Co. I, 6th. Ala. Cavalry Reg’t, Ala. Volunteers. In 1867, he was a registered voter in Covington County. In 1883, he was appointed Constable for Precinct Six, Fairfield, and the same in 1893 for Precinct Six, Andalusia. He and his wife had the following children: William Jefferson “Bill,” b. 1855, d. 1932, m. Lora B. Feaster; Martha Susan, b. 1858, d. 1918, m. Andrew Jackson; Mary A., b. 1859, d. 1914, m. William H. “Bud” Hogg; Jackson Magilbry “Jack;” Riley Alexander; and Anna Eliza.

The next son, Bluford, purchased 80 acres of land in 1854 and 80 acres in 1855 in the Loango community. During the W.B.T.S., he served in Co. I, 19th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. Following the war, he returned to Covington County and was a registered voter in 1867. At his death, he was buried in the Fairmount Cemetery. Bluford and his first wife, Moriah, had the following three children: Allen W., b. ca 1858; Mary, b. ca 1862; and Robert Lee.

The next daughter, Mary, was married to Solomon H. Johnson who purchased 40 acres of land in Red Level in 1855. It was located near Mary’s brother, Riley’s, land. Solomon was a private in Co. I, 40th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t of the C.S.A. The couple had the following children: Amanda M., b. 1857, d. 1898; Julia Ann M.; Nancy Dolly; and Caroline.

The next son, George M., was in Covington County by 1860. He enlisted in the C.S.A. as a private in Co. I, 29th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. In later years he lived in Escambia County at Flomaton where he died in 1917. He and his wife, Gillianne, daughter of James L. and Sarah (Youngblood) Steeley, had the following children: Abigail “Abbie,: Georgia Saphronia, Azzie Lee, George Henry, James Marion “Jim,” William M. “Willie,” Evva, and Hubbert B. “Hub.”

The youngest child, Martha, and her husband, Nick Harville, lived in Covington County. In 1862, he enlisted in the C.S.A. as a private in Co. I, 40th. Ala. Inf. Reg’t. The couple had the following children: Lou Ann, b. ca 1861; Comar R., b. ca 1862; Nicholas, b. ca 1872; and Katherine “Katie.”

The are many descendants of these Findley families who currently reside throughout the county and who are interested in their heritage. One of these is the well-known genealogist, Lisa R. Franklin, a current resident of Nashville, Tennessee. We express appreciation to her for the sources of the above genealogy and the tremendous amount of information she is sharing through her web site. She may be contacted at 3420 Ravenel Court, Murfreesboro, TN 37130 or

Anyone who has questions or additional information to this subject is requested on contact Curtis Thomasson at Route 9, Box 97, Andalusia, AL 36420 or Email:



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Maintained by Margie Daniels
    Copyright 1991 - All Rights Reserved