Welcome to the
Idaho Project of

 
 
 
 

 


 

Welcome to Idaho Project of The American Local History Network. This is  a central point of entry to independent not-for-profit web sites with historical or genealogical content pertaining to the state of Idaho. Although independent, it is affiliated by choice with 
The American Local History Network.
Rhonda Smith is the coordinator for the Idaho Project.


HISTORY OF IDAHO
After its acquisition by the U.S. as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the region was explored by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark in 1805–06. Northwest boundary disputes with Great Britain were settled by the Oregon Treaty in 1846 and  the first permanent U.S. settlement in Idaho was established by the Mormons at Franklin in 1860. After gold was discovered  on Orofino Creek in 1860, prospectors swarmed into the territory, but left little more than a number of ghost towns. In the  1870s, growing white occupation of Indian lands led to a series of battles between U.S. forces and the Nez Percé, Bannock, 
 and Sheepeater tribes. Mining, lumbering, and irrigation farming have been important for years. Idaho produces more than one fifth of all the silver mined in the U.S. It also ranks high among the states in antimony, lead, cobalt, garnet, phosphate  rock, vanadium, zinc, mercury, and gold. Idaho's most impressive growth began when World War II military needs made  processing agricultural products a big industry, particularly the dehydrating and freezing of potatoes. The state produces about  one fourth of the nation's potato crop, as well as wheat, apples, corn, barley, sugar beets, and hops. With the growth of 
 winter sports, tourism now outranks mining in dollar revenue. Idaho's many streams and lakes provide fishing, camping, and  boating sites. The nation's largest elk herds draw hunters from all over the world and the famed Sun Valley resort attracts thousands of visitors to its swimming and skiing facilities. Other points of interest are the Craters of the Moon National Monument; Nez Percé National Historic Park, which includes many sites visited by Lewis and Clark; and the State Historical  Museum in Boise. 


 
 
 

 ALHN County Pages
Idaho State Symbols
 About ALHN
 A History of Mining in Idaho
 Maps
© 2001-2013 by Rhonda Smith.
updated 11/11/2013 

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