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These are out of the 1886 Portrait & Biographical Album of Knox Co., IL. They were typed by Foxie. Thanks bunches & bunches Foxie...... My hat is off to you... girlfriend!!!

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Anderson Barnett, now residing in Knoxville, was born in Randolph Township, Montgomery Co., Ohio, the 19th of February, 1811.  Like most retiring dispositions and lives, the even tenor of whose way influences and interests, without in any measure importuning the time and surroundings in which they are cast, that of Mr. Barnett affords a striking illustration.  In disposition his father was not unlike him in this particular.

The latter gentleman's name was John Barnett, a native of Goochland County, Va., where he was born on the 16th day of June, 1778.  The father of John was Arthenathas Barnett, a Virginian of prominence, who emigrated with his family into that State, afterward settling in Clinton County, Ohio, where he followed the occupation of farming.  Here he resided until his death.  The father of Mr. Barnett grew to manhood in his native county, being brought up on his father's farm until his marriage with Elizabeth Hutchins.  This lady was born in Goochland County, Va., April 15th, 1782.  Her husband emigrated to Ohio and settled in Montgomery County, he being one of the earliest of its settlers.  He was accompanied by his wife and three children, and his only worldly possessions on his arrival in Montgomery County were eighty-three dollars in money.  Purchasing 80 acres of land on time, he built a log cabin for himself and family, and immediately commenced farm improvements.  Here he continued to reside until 1838, when he sold his farm and removed to Indiana, settling in Fountain County, and buying an improved farm.  After residing here a few years he took up his residence in Fulton County and died October 7th, 1854, his wife having died on the 16th of December, 1850.

They were both members of the Society of Friends, but toward the close of her life Mrs. B. became a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.  By this marriage were 12 children, 11 of whom grew to man and womanhood.  Two of these, however, Isaac and our subject, are the only members of the family, now living.

Mr. Barnett was the seventh child and attained to his manhood in his native county.  During his boyhood he assisted his father in clearing the farm, and to obtain an education availed himself of such opportunities as were presented at the time and under trying circumstances.  Having finally fitted himself for the position of teacher, he obtained an engagement in this capacity, which he united with farming operations.  He describes the schoolhouse as built of logs, with a puncheon floor and with wooden hinges on which to hang the door.  With these crudities and a few slab benches the furniture of the schoolhouse was complete.  At first he received a salary of only ten dollars per month, out of which he was to board himself.

On the tenth of May, 1832, he married Mrs. Margaret Mason, a native of Montgomery County, Ohio, where she was born Sept. 29, 1815.  She was the daughter of William and Nancy (Huey) Mason, natives of Virginia, who settled in Ohio, while that State was yet a territory.  At the time of this marriage Mr. and Mrs. Barnett located on his father's farm, where they lived contentedly until 1837, when they started with a pair of horses and wagon, and proceeded on their journey westward, bringing with them a portion of their household goods.  On their westward journey, they camped as best they could, and after enduring no little hardship arrived in Knox County August 25 of that year. He had previously purchased land on section 10, in what is now Orange township.  Here he built a log cabin.  During the following winter, he taught the second term of school in Orange township and several subsequent terms in different parts of the county.

He was elected one of the first members of the Board of Trustees in Orange township, in which capacity he served for six years, when in 1846 he was appointed Treasurer, and served continuously in this office during his residence in this township.  For 12 years he filled the position of Justice of the Peace, an office which he held with credit to himself and justice to others.  At one time he was compelled to sell 40 acres of his land in order to purchase stock with which to make a fresh start in life.  He next improved and fenced 120 acres of land, erected a brick dwelling and suitable barn and planted fruit trees of different varieties.  This residence he occupied until 1872, when he moved to Knoxville, where he now lives.

These excellent people have ten children now living, Elizabeth, wife of Henry Allen, lives in Nemaha County, Kan.; Nancy, wife of Thomas Colwell, living in Coffey County, Kan.; Celia, wife of Riley Lawrence and lives at Gilson, Knox County; Alexander who lives in Taylor County, Iowa; Louisa Jane, wife of J. W. Dennis, resides in Johnson County, Kan.; Irene, wife of Milton Dennis, lives in Franklin County, Kan.; Alice, wife of Henry Turner, who resides in Johnson County, Neb.; Albert, living in Holt County, Neb.; and Warren W. who has settled in Coffey County, Kan.

Mr. Barnett is prominent in his community as a theological student and is an earnest inquirer and commentator in Biblical matters.  His wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and a lady remarkable for her devotion to every good cause, and earnestness in promoting the principles of a sound religion.  Mr. B. was first a Whig, but on the organization of the Republican Party he became identified with it.

Poem written by Anderson Barnett

Old Friends

"Old Friends: what magical words!
They are music embellished with love.
Emotions come forth from the sounds they produce
As light from the ether above.

The days of my childhood and youth,
My friends of those years long since past,
As long as my senses my thoughts can control,
Those soul-pleasing memories shall last.

As I sit by my fireside and think
Of my father and mother now dead,
My mind will revert to the scenes of my youth
And the many kind words that they said.

Their faces remembered so well,
Their features I cannot mistake,
So often in my dreams I go back to my youth
And ponder those scenes when awake.

Where are they? those friends that I knew
So well in the morning of my life?
My brothers and sisters who shared all my joys
And sorrows abounding so rife?

Companions endeared to me then
By many compassionate ties,
I now look back through the vista of years
To those pleasures and sorrows and sighs.

Many years have passed with their fruitage,
and flowers so brilliant and gay,
But those dear companions of childhood and youth,
Dear to me as life, where are they?

WILLIAM H. CRAIG Farmer and Stock-raiser, Section 24, Post-office, Avalon.  Mr. Craig not only has the reputation of being an excellent farmer, but his career as a citizen has shown him to be public-spirited and enterprising, and of advanced ideas regarding farming operations.  February 28, 1841, he was born in Indiana county, Pa., the youngest of two children resulting from the marriage of his parents, John and Margaret (Frazer) Craig, themselves natives of the Keystone State.  In 1858 they removed to Knox County, Ill., and made that their home until going to Henry county, where their death occurred, the father dying in 1873 and his companion the year following.  Jacob F. was the name of the brother of William H.  He (Jacob) became a member of Co. G, 89th Illinois, during the late Civil War and was in the Army of the Tennessee under Gen. Sherman, serving faithfully in all the terrific battles of that campaign until his death at Rocky Face Ridge, Ga., May 9, 1864.

William H., he whose name heads this memoir, enlisted in 1861, in Co. B, 37th Illinois volunteer infantry, and was first stationed at Camp Webb, near Chicago, where he remained a short time, going thence to St. Louis, and afterwards to Boonville, then to Sedalia, from there to Springfield, where an engagement took place; during the winter the regiment camped at Syracuse.  The spring campaign was opened by a move on Springfield and driving Price into Arkansas, skirmishing occurring nearly every day; streams to be crossed were swollen far above their banks and many privations were undergone.  Returning home they were overtaken by Price and on March 7th and 8th the disastrous battle of Pea Ridge was fought.  The regiment remained at Cassville to recuperate until June, were then sent to Springfield and from July to November saw almost continual duty.  Mr. Craig was obliged to leave the regiment at Camp Lyons, Ark., having lost the use of his arm from white swelling, and after a tedious journey, by means of rough conveyances, he finally reached St. Louis and was honorably discharged January 7, 1863.

Returning home to Knox county, Ill., he remained at home about a year, regaining his lost health, and then he engaged in farming, continuing it there until selling out and going to Henry county, where he purchased another place and attended to its cultivation.

In 1878 he settled in this county and has remained here since that time, closely interested in its agricultural affairs.  He owns 240 acres of land a half mile east of Avalon, upon which are neat and convenient improvements.

Mr. Craig was married February 25, 1868, to Mary A. Roberts, a native of Pennsylvania, who has borne him three children: Jacob H., Katie and Robert B. Mr. C. is a member of Avalon Post No. 146, G. A. R.



Lieut. John Hall. --Civil War---this gentleman, whose portrait we give on the opposite page, is a leading farmer of the county, as well as a stone mason and bridge builder. His splendid residence is located on section 11, of Chestnut Township. He was a worthy citizen of Knox County, whose name deserves special mention in its history, he having gained distinction by deeds of the bravery during the Civil War. He is one of the county's most reliable and honorable citizens, and deserving of great respect.

Mr. Hall was born in Hesse, March 22, 1825, from which place he emigrated to America in the year 1852, stopping at St. Louis for some months. He next went to Burlington, Iowa, where he worked on culverts and bridges on the Quincy Branch of the C. B. & Q. R. R., which was in 1856, and in 1861 he purchased 80 acres of land in Chestnut Township and began farming. July 17, of that year, he was united in marriage with Miss Salome Freemole, a native of Pennsylvania, who was born in Crawford County, that State, Aug 18, 1832. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Hall has been blest by the birth of the following children, namely: Mamie, born June 21, 1859, is now Mrs. B. Wainwright, and lives in this township, being the mother of one child--Bessie; Herman, born Aug 14, 1857, died May 14, 1883; Carl, born May 09, 1861, died July 29, 1862; Emma born Sept 26, 1862, is the wife of David Bearmor, who lives in this county, and is the mother of one child--Edna B., born October 08, 1881.

Mr. Hall is the possessor of 145 acres of finely cultivated land, of which he may be justly proud. Upon it stands a handsome residence, which was erected in 1882, the old one having been burned the year previous. It is commodious, convenient and modern, and is a home in the true sense of the word, not only to the inhabitants, but to the stranger within the gates. Our subject has marked success in growing of the best blooded Short-horn cattle, and Clydesdale horses from the imported Cruiser.

Mr. Hall is a member of the G. A. R. As previously stated, he was a soldier in the Union Army. He enlisted in July, 1862, Co F, 86th Ill. Vol Inf. under Col. Irons, who died at Nashville, Tenn. The first battle in which he participate was that of Perryville, Ky., and following that Nashville, after which he was detached and assigned to a pioneer brigade, and was at the battle of Stone River. He was with General Sherman in his march to the sea, but of the many engagements in which he figured, that which stands out most vividly in his recollection as a stern, hard warfare was the struggle of Kennesaw Mountain. After this battle he was appointed commander of Co., F, 86th Reg., where he continued until the close of the war in the capacity of Lieutenant of that company. It is remarkable, but true, that Mr. Hall received no wound of any kind during this bloody conflict, though foremost in some of the most severe battles of the war. In full, as a brilliant record, it is just to give in this connection the names of the battles in Which his regiment participated. The regiment, after organization, moved fro Louisville. Marched from camp Oct. 01, and on the 08th was engaged in the battle of Perryville; engaged in the battle of Chickamauga, Sept 19, 20, & 21. Moved into Lookout Valley Oct 29. In the night of Nov 23, crossed the river on a pontoon and camped at the foot of Missionary Ridge. Pursued the enemy on the 26th to Ringgold, and was then ordered to Knoxville, Tenn. Marched as far as Little Tennessee River, and returned to Chattanooga Dec 18, after a most severe march. Was engaged at Buzzard's Roost, May 9, 10, 11; Resaca, May 14, 15, Rome 17th---6 killed, 11  wounded; Dallas, from May 27 to June 5; Kennesaw Mountain, from June 11 to 27--losing 110 killed and wounded. It again engaged the enemy on the banks of the Chattahoochee on the 18th of July; at Peach Tree Creek on the 19th; and near Atlanta, 20th and 22d. Engaged in the siege of Atlanta. Commenced the "march to the sea" Nov 16. Arrived at Savannah Dec 21. After the surrender of Johnston, marched via Richmond to Washington, at which place was mustered out of service, June 6, 1865. He also served five years in the regular army in Germany before coming to America, but he now clings to the welfare of the country of his adoption, and feels an interest deep and keen in the affairs of the nation. He has always voted the Republican ticket.

Jacob England. As representative of the agricultural class of Knox County, and gentleman who has succeeded in life through individual effort, we take pleasure in mentioning the name of Jacob England, residing on section 5, Persifer Township. He came to this county in 1856, from Vinton County, Ohio, and made settlement in Persifer Township, where at first he purchased 80 acres of land on section 5. He is at present owner of 240 acres, 180 of which are under an advanced state of cultivation.

Mr. England was born in Bedford County, Pa., in 1820, and is the fourth in order of birth of a family of eight children, all of whom arrived at the age of man and womanhood. The father died in 1856, the mother in 1835. Jacob England was 15 years of age when his parents removed from Pennsylvania to Ohio, and lived in Vinton County, that State, until they came here. Agriculture has been the vocation of his life, and he has followed it with such energy and perseverance that he has acquired a competency, and is now enjoying the afternoon of life on his fine farm on section 5, Persifer Township.

Mr. England was married in 1852, in Kentucky, to Susannah Brown, a native of Washington County, Pa. Mrs. England is the daughter of Emanuel and Elizabeth Hinkims Brown. She was born December 29, 1830, in Washington County, Pa., an was the seventh in a family of eight children. She now has one sister, Minerva Teagarden and two brothers Abraham and A. P. The sister lives in Adams County, Iowa; Abraham lives in Missouri, and A. P. resides in Marshall Co., Illinois.

He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and in politics Mr. England votes with the Republican party. submitted by Joyce.

Joshua L. Crawford, a minister of the Gospel, preaching the doctrines of the Presbyterian denomination and resident in Cedar Township, owning a farm on section 14, is the subject of this biographical notice.  A part of his labors are confined to Foster's Point, McDonough County, Ill., while he occupies the pulpit at West Prairie Church, preaching in these two places alternately.  In connection with his religious work, he is interested in agricultural pursuits.

Rev. Mr. Crawford was born in Indian Point Township, Sept. 28, 1844, and is the son of John and Elizabeth (Howard) Crawford, natives of Virginia and Kentucky, respectively.  His father was born in 1798, and died Aug. 14, 1875.  His mother, Elizabeth, born Nov. 29, 1808, is still living.  This union was blessed by the birth of 11 children, of whom Joshua is the youngest member.  The names of his brothers and sisters are James, Charles H., John W., Elizabeth A., Nancy, Henry, Cynthia M., Peter D., Rebecca, Matilda F. and Joshua.

In the year 1856, April 4, occurred the union of our subject with Miss Ella Marsh, who was born July 18, 1847, in the township of Cedar, Knox County, and who is the daughter of Thomas B. and Sophronia (Alden) Marsh, both natives of New York.  Mrs. Crawford's mother and father reckon in their family circle Sophia J., Benjamin A., Noble L., Hannah P., Francis E., Harriet A., and Ella, besides two sons lost in infancy.

The fruit of the Crawford family tree has been nine children, namely: Charles A., born Jan. 7, 1867; Sophronia E., Oct. 2, 1868; Harriet E., June 12, 1870; Edna B., June 2, 1872; Leroy W., Oct. 20, 1874; John B., May 26, 1876; Philena B., Nov. 2, 1879; Edith E., Sept. 8, 1882; and Agnes J., Oct. 5, 1884; of these two are deceased.

Mr. Crawford follows his profession as minister of the Gospel, preaching in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, in the towns previously spoken of.  He entered the ministry in 1872, and was ordained in August of that year, since which period he has successfully labored in this field of work.  In this position he is kind, genial and friendly, and is popular both as a man and a minister.  He is noble in principle, large-hearted and intellectually strong.  He joined the church at the age of 14 years, since which time he has lived an upright, consistent life, winning many friends and supporters.  John, the father of our subject, occupied the pulpit in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, laboring earnestly and winning many souls to Christ, also assisting in many large revivals throughout the States of Illinois and Iowa.  He closed a worthy and useful life-work in behalf of his chosen church, after an extended period of 50 years' faithful labor.

Mr. Crawford was a Union soldier, enlisting in the late war, Aug. 7, 1862, at Abingdon, Ill., in the 83rd Ill. Vol. Inf., under Colonel A. C. Harding, of Monmouth.  He fought for the stars and stripes, participating in the second general battle of Fort Donelson, served 2 years and 11 months continuously, doing, as a rule, post duty in the United States service, and receiving an honorable discharge, June 26, at Nashville, Tenn., and was mustered out at Chicago, July 5, 1865.  He supports and voices the sentiments of the Republican party, and is wide awake and interested in public matters.  He may be esteemed, in general characteristics, as an able citizen and a desirable friend and neighbor. submitted by Joyce.

Jesse Wagner.  The different residents of Knox County are distinguished for various acts of usefulness and honor reflected back in the form of substantial successes and advancement.  One of the most important factors in her internal machinery is the subject of this personal sketch, who has always followed the vocation of a farmer, but at the present time is passing the sunset of life retired from the active labor of farming, in the thriving little village of Maquon.  He has always shown himself able and willing to forward all good and worthy enterprises calculated to aid in the upbuilding of this section of country.

Mr. Wagner came to Knox County in the spring of 1849, from Fulton County, Ill., purchasing a farm in Maquon Township, upon which he resided until May, 1867, when the village of Maquon became his home, and where he has since lived a retired life, in the meantime having disposed of his farm.  Mr. Wagner was born in Bradford County, Pa., Feb. 3, 1802.  Upon the removal of his parents to Columbia County, Pa., our subject was quite young in years, but remaining in that county he engaged in the manufacture of woolen goods for about 16 years.  In the spring of 1840 he left the Keystone State and came to Canton, Ill., where he remained two years, until his removal to the north part of Fulton County, whence he moved to Knox County in 1849.

Jesse Wagner took to wife Nancy Whittaker, Sept. 28, 1839, the nuptials being celebrated in Columbia County, Pa..  The date of birth of Miss Whittaker was July 8, 1803, she being born in Columbia County.  Our subject and wife have been blessed by the birth of eight children, who were named as follows: William, Jacob, Mary, Frances, George, John H., Harriet and Catherine.

Our subject and wife are devout and working members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, having been members of that denomination for many years.  The parents of Mr. Wagner were by name Jacob and Elizabeth (Minier) Wagner, of German ancestry.  William and Francis (Hazelton) Whittaker are the names of the parents of Mrs. Wagner.  They were residents of Columbia County, Pa., where they both passed away.



Calvin A. Cole is one among the old settlers of Knox county, who arrived in this State in 1838, first settling in Peoria County, Ill. He has since that time resided in this county. His present home was purchased in 1855 and consists of 157 acres on Section 7, Walnut Grove Township. At the date of his purchase, this now well-cultivated farm was wild, unbroken prairie. It may be truthfully said that Mr. Cole's property is among the best stocked with horses and cattle in this vicinity.

He was born in Wyoming County, N. Y., on the 9th day of October, 1823. His father was a native of the same State and a farmer by calling. This gentleman was of English descent and American Parentage by adoption. His mother was Lucy Ashley, of Irish ancestry; these latter lived and died in New York, Mrs. Ashley being born in Massachusetts. The parents were people of good standing in their community and remarkable for their industry and frugality. The mother died before her son, Calvin had attained his seventh year, and his father passed away before the boy was 12 years old. Subsequent to his father's death he lived with his mother's relatives from three to four years, when he set out to make his own livelihood. He was then in his 18th year when joining his uncle, Calvin Ashley, they arrived in Illinois on his 19th birthday, and the young man at once resolved on building himself a home in this new country. He remained a few years in this State, then returned to his native county, and on March 06, 1844 was united in marriage with Miss Amanda Baker. She was a native of Duchess County, N. Y. and was born December 08, 1823. Her parents were Isaac and Deborah Clarkson Baker, both natives of New Jersey and New York respectively, and he was a farmer by occupation. They were of Dutch and English ancestry . She was brought up at home, and in 1849, with her parents, came to Knox Count, settling near Galesburg. Her father died here in 1853. The mother's decease took place in Altona, in December, 1866. They both died at advanced ages, being over 80 years of age. The present Mrs. Cole is the mother of five children, two deceased. Lucy is the wife of Amos Reynolds, and resides in Red Willow County, Neb, where they farm successfully. Mary is the wife of Lewis Friend, and resides at her father's in Altona; this gentleman is deceased. Henry and Ida died at the ages of 19 and 20 respectively.

In the capacity of the Highway Commissioner, Mr. Cole has shown himself admirably suited to fill that office, from the fact that for 20 years the post has been solely under his direction. He has also held the office of School Director for the same number of years. Politically, the Republican party has a trusted representative in this gentleman, and while he does not obtrude himself in politics he quietly maintains an influence that is at once directing and sustaining. Before the passage of the Fugitive Slave Law he was a consistent Democrat. submitted by Joyce.

John H. Wagner.  Among the successful business men of Maquon may be found the gentlemen whose name stands at the head of this brief narration.  He is the son of Jesse and Nancy (Whittacker) Wagner, who were natives of Pennsylvania and of German and Irish ancestry.  They married and settled in Pennsylvania, where they lived until 1840, when they came to Fulton County, and from thence, in 1848, removed to Maquon Township, and in 1866 settled in the pretty and thriving village of Maquon, in the same state.  They raised a family of eight children, as follows: William, Jacob S., Mary E., Francis J., George K., Julia A., H. and Rebecca C.

John H. Wagner was born in Columbia County, Pa., the date of his birth being June 12, 1838.  He received his education in the common schools and supplemented this by attendance at Hedding College, Abingdon.  Afterward he attended Knox College for a short period, but was obliged to leave on account of ill health.  He taught school in McDonough county for five months, and afterward went to Chicago, and there accepted a position as traveling agent for an insurance company located at Freeport, Ill.  On returning to Chicago he entered the commercial college of Bryant & Stratton; afterward, returning to Maquon Township, he engaged as an agriculturist, which occupation he followed for ten years.  In September 1875, he bought the hardware stock of Israel Howel, of Maquon Township, and since that time has conducted the business.  By fair and honest dealing with his fellow men he has established a good and constantly increasing trade.  He is at the present time the owner of 210 acres of fine land in Maquon and Chestnut townships.

He formed a matrimonial alliance at Fairview, Fulton Co., Ill., Dec. 25, 1865, the lady of his choice being Martha A. Brunton daughter of Samuel and Sarah (Alcott) Brunton, natives of Pennsylvania.  They have been blessed by seven children, by name as follows: Eliza J., William H., Martha A., John, Mary E., Rachel and Milton. Martha was born in McDonough County, March 8, 1841.

Mr. and Mrs. W., of this notice, are the parents of four living children, namely: Reginald V., Harry, Sarah E. and Emma.  They buried two children, by name Ida G. and Warren H.  Ida died when seven years of age and Warren at the age of four.

Mr. Wagner has been one of the Trustees of the village of Maquon for the period of five years.  He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and both himself and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.  In politics he is a believer in and supporter of the principles advocated by the Democratic party.


Francis T. Derby, a farmer, residing on section 28, Galesburg Township, was born in Andover, Windsor Co., Vt., July 10, 1822. He is the son of Nathan and Betsey Thomas Derby, when were natives of Massachusetts, the father being born in 1792 and dying in 1880, in Vermont; the mother was born in 1797 and died in 1822. They were married about 1814, and had four children, as follows; Almira, Eliza, Francis and one son deceased in infancy.

Mr. Derby, of our sketch, was married to Miss Ann Thompson, October 06, 1841, in New York City. She was born July 19, 1830, in the same place, and was the daughter of James and Annie Thomas Thompson, her father dying in 1845 and the mother in 1842, in New York. they had three children--Annie, John and an infant son deceased. Mr. Derby, the subject of this sketch, has five children, as follows: Frank, born Aug 5, 1854; Willie, May 20, 1858; Eddie, Dec 31, 1862; Allie, April 22, 1867; and Mary, Dec 8, 1873.

Mr. Derby has 160 acres of fine land and a good dwelling. Among his stock are fine Poland China hogs, and his cattle are of high grades. As a farmer-boy he received but a limited common-school education, the native talent of the New England Ancestry supplying the place of higher education. He has been a successful business man and a skillful farmer, came to Illinois in 1851, when the country was comparatively new, and has witnessed it rapid development until it now almost equals, in all the elements of advancement, his New England Home. Mr. Derby votes the Republican ticket and is earnestly devoted to the doctrines of that party. submitted by Joyce.

Gilbert G. Weeks.  "Conspicuous among the influential citizens of Knoxville and prominent as a successful business man, we have the gentleman spoken of in this historical sketch.  He is one of the partners of the firm of G. G. Weeks & Son, grain-dealers, and is known to be a prompt, energetic and enterprising trader.

Mr. Weeks was born in Dutchess County, N.Y., March 23, 1809.  His father, George Weeks, hailed from the same county, and was born in 1779.  His father, the grandfather of our subject, first saw the light of day on Long Island, N. Y., and was at the time of the Revolutionary struggle a resident of Orange County, N. Y.  In this war he served, holding the rank of captain in the army, and figured in the siege of Fort Montgomery.  About this date he settled in Dutchess County, purchasing a tract of land, fixing its boundaries and beginning the cultivation and improvement of what was afterward a most desirable farm, and upon which he passed the remainder of his days.  The father of Mr. Weeks of this history, grew up under the care of his parents on the home place, continuing with them until he reached his majority.  In his native county he met and subsequently married Jemima Van Amburg, who came from Holland ancestry, and whose forefathers were prominent among the early settlers on the Hudson River.  The newly married pair settled on the old homestead, where they remained until 1828, then disposing of the property, removed to Orange County, where they purchased a farm and there spent the remainder of their days.  At this place the husband died, about 1835, and his wife, surviving some time, also departed this life about 1845.  To them had been given ten children, of whom our subject, Gilbert G. Weeks, was the fifth in order of birth.

In his native township, Mr. Weeks grew to manhood, receiving a part of his early education in the subscription school, and later entering Fishkill Academy, where he received as good advantages as were afforded in that day.  At the age of 19 years, he went to Orange County with his parents, with whom he lived, and worked until 1833, and in that year took to himself a wife in the person of Cornelia Maria Miller.  Their nuptials were celebrated December 24, and the bride was born in Orange County, N. Y.,  in August, 1808.  She was the daughter of George and Julia (Young) Miller, both of whom came from Orange County.  At the time of his marriage Mr. Weeks purchased a farm adjoining the old homestead, which he occupied and worked until 1843, an interval of ten years.  At this date he sold out, removing to Long Island, where he took charge of the estate of Gardner G. Howland, where he continued for five years, at the end of which time the proprietor died and the estate was sold for the benefit of the heirs.  Leaving the situation he had so faithfully and so satisfactorily filled, Mr. Weeks next went to Flushing, L. I., where he engaged in the hardware business, and as a manufacturer of tin, sheet-iron and copperware.  At the end of three years he sold this business and turned his face toward the West, then known as the Eden of laboring men.  Purchasing a farm in Knox Township, on section 35, he engaged in the calling of agriculturist, which he followed for a period of nine years and which he left to come to Knoxville.  Entering his present branch of commerce, the grain and lumber trade, he remained therein ten years, when he sold the lumber department and has since remained a grain buyer and shipper.

His son, Charles M., is associated with him as his business partner, and the firm, which has been very successful, has enlarged the business by the addition of two large warehouses and two elevators, the storage capacity of which is 40,000 bushels.

The union of Mr. and Mrs. Weeks has been blest by the advent of four children, named Sarah, wife of Albert L. Burdett, who lives in Butler County, Kan.; Cornelia, who wedded J. H. Ewing, and is also a resident of Butler County; Charles M., whose home as previously stated, is Knoxville, and George M., of Lincoln County, Kansas.

Mr. and Mrs. Weeks are both members of the Presbyterian Church, to which religious denomination they attached themselves in 1832.  Following their entrance into this body, he was a short time after elected Elder, in which capacity he has served a number of years.  There was no Presbyterian Church at Flushing, and while a resident of that place, he engaged in the work of organizing a Congregational Church, where he acted as Deacon.  Both he and his wife are courteous, affable people, and are considered agreeable additions to the society of which they are members." submitted by Joyce

Daniel T. Wilson is Professor of the Natural Sciences of Hedding College, Abingdon, which position he has held since the fall of 1884, previous to which he was Professor of the Higher Mathematics and Natural Sciences from the fall of 1867 to the summer of 1871.  Professor Wilson was born in Madison County, N. Y., March 28, 1836, and is the son of Hulit and Lydia (Southworth) Wilson, the former of New Jersey and of Scotch-Irish parentage, and the latter of English progenitors and New England birth.  Daniel T. Wilson, when a boy, showed keen intelligence and displayed commendable perseverance and application to his studies, and as education advantages were granted him he took first, a preparatory course at the Oneida Seminary, at Cazenovia, N. Y. and afterward a collegiate course at Evanston, Ill.  He also took a theological course in Garrett Biblical Institute, and was ordained Deacon in 1867, and in 1869 was promoted to the Eldership, holding the office of of Deacon in the Rock River Conference.  Two years prior to his ordination he served on probation, in connection with the conference spoken of, received the office of Deacon, was transferred to the Central Illinois Conference, and in 1869 received the office of Elder, as stated before.  In the fall of 1867 he was appointed to his office at Hedding College.  From 1871 to 1884, he served as pastor in various charges, and continued his connection with this conference until the fall of 1884, when he entered Hedding College in his present capacity.

In Evanston, he made the acquaintance of Martha Richardson, daughter of Rev. Samuel Richardson of McHenry County, and the two were united in marriage Sept. 27, 1866 Mrs. Wilson was born in St. Lawrence County, N. Y., and is a lady of high mental attainments and personal attractions.  She was educated at the Woman's College of Evanston, Ill., and graduated in the class of 1865.  She was the teacher of English Literature in Hedding College, during the years 1867-68 and 1869-70.

As may be supposed, this home, made lovely by mutual respect and affection and more than ordinary endowments of mind, is an attractive spot.  Mr. and Mrs. Wilson have become the parents of six children, four boys and two girls:  The eldest son, George A., was born Sept. 18, 1868; Frank M., July 25, 1870; Fred T., Sept. 1, 1872; Nellie, March 23, 1876; Guy B., July 2, 1881; Halo, Sept. 10, 1883; Grace, born July 1, 1878, and died Aug. 5 ,1878; and Justina, born Dec. 6, 1879, and died 21 July 1881. contributed by Joyce Cravens

T. H. Sumner.  "One of the oldest residents of Knox County and a general farmer and stock-grower, whose homestead is situated on section 23, of Orange Township, is found in the subject of this notice.  He settled in this section of the country at an early day and has proved himself a highly esteemed and reliable citizen.  He has held many offices of his county, has been Supervisor six terms and Township Clerk one term, also Commissioner, and at the present time is School Treasurer. 

Mr. Sumner was born in Highland County, Ohio, Feb 22, 1820.  He is the son of Bowater and Lettice (Walter) Sumner and the third child in a family of four children, all of whom are living.  His father was a native of North Carolina, and of the Quaker faith, and his mother of Virginia; both are now deceased.  In the fall of 1837 they removed from Ohio to Canton, Fulton Co., Ill., where they passed the winter, and in the spring of 1838 removed to Knox County; here both father and mother departed this life, while Mr. Sumner of this writing has remained here up to the present time, pursuing his chosen vocation.

He is interested in the breeding and raising of English thorough-bred race-horses, of which he has at this writing 20 head.  He is the owner of three horses who carried off the blue ribbon at the Knox County Fair in 1885.  Several others have taken premiums at fairs in adjacent counties, and Mr. Sumner may well feel that no one in the county is his superior in this respect.

The subject of our sketch was married to Sarah Ashby, Feb. 22, 1849  who is the daughter of David and Ruthanna (Gaddis) Ashby, who were old settlers in this county, where they both died.  She was born Dec. 2, 1829, in Clinton County, Ohio, and is the mother of ten children, the names and dates of whose births are as follows: James, born Nov 17, 1849; Ashby, Sept 27, 1852, died Nov 11, 1857, at the early age of five years; Wilshire, Jan 17, 1855, died Nov 22, 1857; Lettice, Jan 12, 1858, is the wife of Loren Brown, and resides in Seward County, Neb.; Anna, Apr 5, 1860; Bowater, Apr 9, 1864, and deceased Oct 3, 1867; Nancy, March 28, 1867; Robert, June 21, 1870; David, Nov 14, 1872, and one who died in infancy, Aug 27, 1862.

Mr. Sumner is an extensive owner of landed estates, his farms including 610 acres, all fenced, cultivated and improved; 80 acres of this is timber.  His home buildings consist of a neat and substantial frame house, besides barns, sheds, cribs and out buildings of all kinds, all in good repair.  He is a liberal minded man, believing in the principal rather than party, and is one of the most respected citizens of that section.  In politics he is a Republican.  Mrs. Sumner is a member of the United Brethren Church."  contributed by Jesse Finch


George W. Simkins.  Among the respected citizens and well-to-do farmers of this county, who have made what they have of this worlds goods, not having been the recipient of any legacy, is the subject of this biographical notice.  The parents of Mr. Simkins were Horatio and Mary (Rice) Simkins, natives of Pennsylvania.  In that state the parents were married and lived until 1836, when they came to this county and settled on Spoon River, three miles east of Maquon village, and there the father followed farming for a number of years, and then removed to Salem Township, where the demise of both parents occurred.  They had 11 children, who grew to the age of man and womanhood, and whose names are Margaret, Noah, Rachel, John, Hiram, William, Elizabeth, George W., Horatio, Jesse, and Anna M.

George W. Simkins was born in Pennsylvania, Dec. 17, 1831. and was about five years of age when his parents emigrated to this county, where he has lived ever since, with the exception of one year spent in Iowa, and one year in Ford County, in this State.  He is engaged in agriculture, in which he has met with far more than ordinary success.  He is at the present writing the proprietor of 317 acres of ground, the major portion of which is in good tillable condition.

Mr. Simkins was married in Haw Creek Township, April 7, 1849, to Mary McCoy, daughter of David and Anna (Donaldson) McCoy.  Her parents came to this county in the spring of 1806(sic) and made settlement in Maquon Township.  They afterward removed to Haw Creek Township, and thence to Iowa, where the father died.  The mother returned to this county and died in Maquon village.  Of their union 11 children were born--Richard, Allen, Margaret, Andrew, Mary, Francis, Lewis, David, Marion, and Betsy, and one who died in infancy.  Mrs. Simkins was born in Virginia, May 22, 1824, and is the mother of four children--Andrew, Anna, Nathan, and William H.  Andrew married Lydia Theil, and is a farmer in Maquon Township; they have six children: George W., Frederick, Clara, Henry, Lovina, and Gertie; Anna married David Barbero, and resides in Chestnut Township; they have two children--Nathan and Frederick; Nathan married Mary J. Winchell, by whom he has three children--Susan, Blanche and Charlie C.; William H. Simkins married Jessie Simpson, and is a resident of Chestnut Township, and they have one child-Clarence.

Mr. George W. Simpkins has been School Director in his township, and in politics votes with the Democratic party. Submitted by Kate Hagerty

Charles P. Smith is one of the farmers of Knox County who have succeeded in making themselves not only a reputation, but a comfortable competency for their declining years.  His home is located on section 25 of Copley Township, and is a fine piece of property.  Mr. Smith was born Jan. 9, 1823, in York County, Pa.  His parents were Conrad and Barbara (Naus) Smith, natives of Pennsylvania.  They came to Illinois in the spring of 1837, and settled in Victoria Township, where the father purchased 160 acres of land on section 30.  Their family consisted of 13 children, 10 of whom still live as follows: John, Conrad, Jacob, Henry, Peter, Barbara, Rebecca, Mary A., Charles P. and Michael.  The father and mother continued on the home place until the dates of their deaths, which was 1863 and 1852 respectively.

The subject of this sketch remained at home until his mother's death.  He received a limited education and has made farming his business, purchasing in 1849 160 acres where he now lives.  He was married in 1854 to Miss Barbara Dennis a native of Ohio and a daughter of Martin and Rebecca Dennis, natives of Pennsylvania and Virginia.  They came to Illinois in 1853 and settled in Victoria Township, where they are still living.  Mr. and Mrs. Smith have a family of nine children, named as follows: Josephine, George, Laura, Allen D., Harvey E., Mattie, Charles C., Roy, and Hallah.  Jospehine, now Mrs. Melvin Moak, has three children - Alonzo, Florence and Charles; George R. married Miss Mary E. Dosset and has three children - Robert, Fred and Bertie; Laura (Mrs. Nathaniel C. Heaton) has one child - Edna.

Mr. Smith is a popular, active man in the neighborhood, and holds many of the minor offices of his township.  He is at present School Director, laboring for the interest of the schools.  He holds the position of Pathmaster, and figures prominently among popular men.  He is a member of the Masonic fraternity and one of its most useful members, and in politics is Democratic. contributed by Kate Hagerty.






Elder Joseph Latimer (deceased).--Revolutionary War Soldier This gentleman has the honor of being the founder of the Latimer Family in Knox County, Illinois. It is almost needless to add that a splendid line of stanch men and good citizens are numbered among the Latimers. Elder Joseph was a native of Connecticut, and was born seven miles from New London, June 08, 1766. Previous to his death he often related his recollection of distinctly seeing the smoke at the burning of that town by the traitor Arnold. There many other events of moments connected with e Revolutionary War, of which this gentleman had a distinct remembrance, among them the casting overboard of tea in Boston Harbor, necessitating the use of Yankee tea. His father was a Colonel in the War of Independence, and his twelve sons in their turn served under their parents command--one of the most remarkable events of family history on record. The gentleman under consideration came with  his father's family to Tennessee in 1790, and took an active part in several of the battles fought by the Indians in the vicinity of Nashville, as well as on the Cumberland River, east of that city. In one of these battles his drinking cup was hot from his shoulder, and in another his younger brother, Nathaniel, was killed by his side.  Not long after the suspension of Indian hostilities, Nov. 10, 1796, he was married to Anna Dobbins, and settled in Robinson County.

In the very memorable revival of that year both he and his wife experienced religion, and when the Cumberland Presbyterian Church was organized they were among its earliest members. He was early ordained an Elder, and became an active supporter of that church. His sympathies there with remained undiminished to the date of his death. In company with his family he emigrated to Sangamon County, Ill., in 1826, and in 1831, with a part of his family, moved to Knox County and settled in Cherry Grove, where the remainder of his children soon followed him. This district was then almost entirely unsettled. The marriage of his daughter Susan to U. D. Coy, in 1833, was the first marriage in Cedar Township, and his son David, who died in 1836, was the second person buried in Cherry Grove Cemetery.

While still advanced in years he superintended the building of a very comfortable home, aside from acquiring valuable property. He lived to see seven of his ten children prosperously settled around him. In organizing the Cumberland Presbyterian Church at Cherry Grove, which was the first church building in Knox county, the aid he rendered to the project was noticeable to everyone. The building of the structure had his constant attention. This was ten years prior to his death, which occurred at his home, August 18, 1846.

Personally, Elder Joseph Latimer was a man of ardent religious sentiment, and remarkable for his quiet, peaceable and patient disposition. He lived to enjoy the friendship of a large circle of admirers, and it has been said that he had not an enemy in the world. His descendants throughout Knox County are very numerous, and are very likely to impress their influence on the coming generations.

L. K. Byers (Levi Knox) is Postmaster of Altona, Notary Public, attorney at law, real estate and insurance agent. Mr. Byers came to Altona in 1871, from Oneida, where he had lived for two and a half years as law student and teacher acting the while as clerk for his legal instructors, G. W. Ford and Gen. F., C. Smith, the latter of whom was United States Assessor. While at Oneida he was admitted to the bar, March 9, 1869, but for some time thereafter gave his time to the profession of teaching in the public schools, being employed till the year 1871, when he came to Altona, and entered the regular practice of his profession, which he has since pursued.

Mr. Byers has been Village Attorney for about ten years, Police Magistrate, Township Treasurer and Clerk, and has held nearly all the local offices of both village and township. This he has done notwithstanding he is a member of the Democratic party, which is very decidedly in the minority in his section of the country. But such is the esteem in which he is held by all parties, and such is the confidence of the people in his ability and integrity, that all shades of Political sentiment and differences of opinion were forgotten in the voting for and election of Mr. Byers to the various positions of trust which he has so acceptably filled in his home community. H has always taken an active and leading part in the temperance work in the  community. His party twice nominated him as their candidate for County Treasurer, in which he was defeated by a greatly reduced majority in a county largely against him in political sentiment. Like every intelligent man and good citizen he takes a lively interest in politics, an interest surpassed by no man in the county, and has been Secretary of the Democratic County Central Committee for ten years, still holding the position acceptably, as all other positions he has filled, commanding even the respect of his political opponents by fairness and courtesy to all. He has been an active member of the Masonic fraternity for many years, holding the position of Master of Altona Lodge.

Mr. Byers was born in Winchester, Conn., Feb 12, 1845, and before he was one year old his parents came to Milton Township, Jackson Co., Ohio, where they resided many years. He was the eldest but two of nine children--five sons and four daughters. His father, James Byers, was a native of Connecticut and of Scotch and German descent. He tilled a farm but was by trade a cabinet-maker. He was married in Litchfield County, Conn., near Winchester, to Sarah Knox, eldest daughter of Levi Knox, for whom the subject of this sketch was named. Her parents were of Scotch descent and she was a native of the State of Delaware. When the family came to Ohio the father began farming, working as opportunity afforded at his trade, cabinet-making bringing with him to the West his New England habits of industry and frugality. Prospering thus in Ohio, the golden promises and better opportunities of the fertile regions further west beckoned them forward, and in 1862 the family came to Clover Township, Henry Co., Ill., and settled on land near Woodhull, purchased some years before moving to the State. This land was all new and untouched by he plow, but under the industrious and intelligent direction and labor of the father and his sons, improvements were rapidly made till it was transformed into a beautiful farm. He afterward bought and sold land in Henry County for some years, and died August 03, 1874. the widowed wife and mother following him March 07, 1883, both passing away ripe in years, aged respectively 64 and 66, their lives and memories crowned by the grateful affection of loving children and the respect of all who knew them. The father's death resulted f4rom a kick by a vicious colt. He was an old-line Whig and had held most of all the local offices of this township, which he filled with credit and satisfaction to all. The mother was an active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, having united with that organization when 19 years of age. She was a devoted Christian mother and died in hopes of a heavenly reward.

The subject to this sketch, while at home on his father's farm, was not neglectful of mental improvement, and at the early age of 18 years had mastered the common English branches and began teaching school, in which he was successfully occupied for several years. He entered Knox College, at Galesburg, Ill., where he remained four years, but, not being desirous of graduating, quite school in the first term of the Junior year. Mr. Byers make his own was in college, without any pecuniary aid whatever, and bore his expenses by teaching school and working the farm during vacation. He improved his spare time reading Blackstone and other elementary works on law So well did he improve his time that he was admitted to the bar of the Illinois Supreme Court after of six mints' reading under an instructor.

On the25th of May, 1876, centennial of American independence, Mr. Byers surrender his bachelor freedom and the silken cords of Cupid were woven about him for life, marrying in East Brady, Pa., Miss Jennie Foster, a native of that place. She was born there Oct 9, 1853. Her mother, whose maiden name was Jane Glenn, was from Butler County, the same State, and she closed her earthly career in Armstrong County, Pa. She was of Scotch-Irish blood and died when the present Mrs. Byers was two months old. The father, C. Foster, one of the oldest settlers in Western Pennsylvania, lived and died in the same county and tenderly cared for his motherless child until her marriage. Mrs. Byers is now the mother of three bright children--Herbert F., born May 20, 1877; Lena R., Oct., 29, 1879; and Candace T., June 26, 1881. Having received a good academic education at West Sunbury Academy, she too, made good application of her talents, teaching school, thus, like many other noble wives and mothers of the land, wisely being fitted for the still higher duties which were to devolve upon her, and which she now performs with such grace and goodness. She is a member of the Presbyterian Church, of which her husband is Trustee and Treasurer.

Through his wife Mr. Byers has an interest in a large tract of land, on which is a valuable natural gas spring, in Armstrong County, Pa., on which also is a lampblack factory, which yields about 500 pounds of lampblack per day. In addition to this he owns several houses in Altona, Ill, and 140 acres of land near Woodhull, Henry Co., Ill. Success has followed him--the just reward of industry and integrity--and while yet a young man he has attained a position reached by few in a lifetime, while we may confidently trust that he has yet many years before him in which to care for his family and serve the community and State.

Peter M. Cronland, one of the leading grocers of Altona, was born in Salandia, Sweden, April 26, 1840. His father, J. P. Cronland, was a farmer by occupation and died in his native land. His mother, M. E. Alm, also of the same part of the old country, after the death of her husband came to the United ?States, in 1867, her son having preceded her the previous year. Three years later she went to Denver, Colo., where she now resides. After living in Knox County three years, Peter, in 1867, went to Blandinsville, McDonough Co., and in 1868, to Henry county, where he pursued the calling of a farmer for one year in Clover Township. He next came to Ontario Township, Knox Co., and two years later located near Oneida, where he farmed for three years. In 1874, he visited Sweden, returning a year later to America and making a brief stay at Galesburg. From that city, in 1876, he came to Walnut Grove Township, where he purchased 120 acres of improved land, a part of section 19, which he worked till 1883, when he came to Altona, and there established the present mercantile house, where he has since done a good business.

Mr. Cronland was married March 15, 1870in Galesburg, to Johanna Nelson, who was born in Sweden, where her parents yet live, her father being a country merchant, and where Mrs. C. was educated. She came to the United States at the same time as her husband. The latter resided with his father till of age, having been educated in the Forest Institute, of Joenkeeping,(?) and from which he graduated in 1863. He afterward occupied the position as overseer of an agricultural boarding-school, in which he continued till 1866, when he emigrated to America.

Mr. Cronland's family includes three children--Edah Olive, Augusta Caroline and Arthur B., one child, Edwin E., being deceased. Mr. & Mrs. C. are both active members of the Lutheran Church, of which he is Secretary. He has held the office of Village Trustee for two years, and is in politics, a Republican. Strictly upright in all the relations of life, possessing a character built upon the enduring truth of religion, and evading no duty or obligation devolving upon him as a member of society, M. C. is an example of that kind of citizen-ship most needed in the country, and most useful to a community whose confidence he has both in business and as a neighbor.

Samuel K. Barlow, a successful farmer, residing on section 13, Lynn Township, where he owns a good farm of 128 acres of rich and productive land, was born in Lynn Township, April 13, 1846. Mr. Barlow, in addition to the raising of the cereals, is engaged to no inconsiderable extent in stock-breeding and in the latter department of his vocation is meeting with excellent success.

The father of our subject, Nathan Barlow, deceased, was an early settler in this county, and experienced all the trials incident to the establishment of a home and the cultivation of a farm in a new sparsely-settled country Samuel Barlow was educated in the public schools and lived at home, assisting in the cultivation of the farm, until his marriage. That event occurred at the residence of the bride's parents Nov 27, 1865, in Lynn Township, and the lady of his choice was Miss Lavina E. Gross, daughter of Freeman Gross, whose biography is given elsewhere in this work. Mrs. Barlow was born in Fredericksburg, Pa., June 23, 1845. She was the oldest but one of her mother's children, and the oldest of two now living. Mrs. Barlow was educated after the removal of her parents to Lynn Township, being at that time but nine years of age, and lived with her parents until her marriage. She has borne her husband eight children, four of whom are deceased. The living are Fannie L., Born Feb 12, 1868' Freeman S., Aug 01, 1872; Mollie L., Jan 28, 1874; and Blanche G. Aug. 05, 1880.

William Snider, Among the self-made men of Knox County, who have accumulated what they have of this world's goods by their own energy and perseverance, is the subject of this notice. He is and has been since his residence here closely identified with the agricultural development of the county, and his success as a financier is attested by the handsome competency of which he is the possessor.

Mr. Snider was born in Clermont County, Ohio, Nov 04, 1835, and is a son of Abram and Elizabeth Myers Snider. His parents were born in Pennsylvania and were of German descent. William was orphaned by the death of his parents, which occurred in 1848, by cholera, in the latter part of August and first of September, when 11 years of age, and was brought up to the occupation of a farmer in the home of strangers. He received such education as was to able acquired in the common schools of the locality at that time, and there he developed into manhood. September 14, 1856, he became a Benedict by unity his destiny with the of Miss Angelina C. Harvey, a daughter of Samuel and Sarah Leming Harvey, who was born in the same county as himself. The same year, in company with his bride, he left Ohio for the rich prairie lands of Illinois, making the trip overland by team, and arrived at Abingdon October 17, of that year. He immediately engaged in his chosen vocation, farming , in Chestnut Township, where he purchased 80 acres of land, 20 of which was timber, and continued to follow that calling in the locality named, until the spring of 1864, when he moved into the city of Abingdon. Prior to this, however, in 1862, he engaged in stock business and has made that one of the main branches of his vocation in life, having handled as High as 150 cars of stock a year. In this branch there is probably no other gentleman in Knox County who has done more business than he and in which he still continues. Like many others, Mr. Snider came to the county in straitened circumstances, but, although poor in pocket, he was rich in energy and perseverance. Mr. Snider is the proprietor of a fine farm of 256 acres of land, under an advanced state of cultivation, located one mile east of Abingdon, in Indian Point Township, and another four miles southeast, consisting of 160 acres, making in all 416 acres. He is an energetic, shred, business man, and is an acknowledged authority on live-stock. Mr. Snider has made his residence in Abingdon since 1875, from which place he superintends the cultivation of his farms, and where he is one of the leading, representative citizens. In politics he votes with the Republican party, and he is a member of the County Central Committee. His wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Snider joined the I. O. O. F. in 1864, of which society he is a member at this writing.

There were eight children in the family of the elder Snider, all of whom are living. All but one are married and have families, and all live in Ohio.

Truman Roe--Civil War--of Indian Point Township, was born in New York, May 19, 1839. He is the son of Silas and Mary Barber Roe, both natives of New York State, who emigrated to Illinois early in 1840, and is one of a family of nine brothers and sisters, as follows: Daniel, Mary A., Jerusha, Pluma, Elizabeth, Martin E., Laura, and Martha.

Mr. Roe, the subject of this sketch, was married Sept. 22, 1864, while in the full vigor of his early manhood, to Miss Lucinda, a daughter of Richard and Nancy Mount Stephens. Her father was born in the State of New Jersey, Aug 04, 1791, and May 05, 1834, married Miss Mount, who was born in the year of 1819, and who still survives him. Productive of this last union was the birth of eight children--Samuel, Harrison, Louisa, Mary S. Robert, Lucinda, Martha and Ephraim.

Mr. Roe, soon after breaking out of the late Civil War, enlisted in the 1st Illinois Cavalry, under the command of Capt. J. B. Smith and Col Marshall, June 21, 1861, and was mustered into active service on the 9th day of the ensuing month. The only general engagement in which he took part was at Lexington, Mo. His regiment being in pursuit of Gen. Price, they followed him through Missouri, then from Sedalia, the point reached in that State, to Lexington, Mo., where their capture by Price took place. Not long after this a discharge was granted him, also to the whole regiment, and all retuning home remained three months. Following his, he returned to the army. During his experience as a soldier, he narrowly escaped being wounded a number of times, once having the spur shot from his boot heel. He served his country faithfully and with patriotic zeal receiving an honorable discharge, July 26, 1862. Owing to the lack of proper wording in the parole granted by Gen Price, which should have been, "Not to take up arms against the Confederate States until regularly exchanged" was not in the parole proper, consequently, when they returned to re-enter their services, about three months later, this discrepancy was discovered, and Gen. Curtis ordered the 1st Cavalry back to St. Louis, where it was discharged at the date mentioned.

Mr. Roe is at the present time in possession of 110 acres of finely cultivated land, on which stands an attractive dwelling, which was erected in 1883, at a cost of $2,00. Their family circle contains five children:--Oliver L., born Sept 24, 1865, Charles W., March 1, 1867; Perry E., Aug 10, 1869; Eva I., Oct 11, 1871; and Flora E., June 24, 1884. His finances are in a flourishing and satisfactory state, and he is actively engaged in the raising of cereals, at which branch of his vocation he has been markedly successful. Both himself and wife are earnest and devoted members of the Christian Church, connected with the congregation at St. Augustine, Ill.  He has been School Director in his home district for the past 13 years, which he has filled acceptably to the community at large. Politically, he entertains Republican views.

William A. Smith. As a representative citizen of the agricultural class, and a gentleman of sterling worth and integrity, we take pleasure in giving the following brief mention of the facts regarding the life of William A. Smith. He is at present residing on his fine farm on section 14, where he is following the vocation of farming.

He came to Knox County with his parents in the spring of 1851, emigrating from Hancock Co., Ind. They made settlement in Salem Township, subsequently removing to Fulton County, where they resided until the death of the father. The mother still survives and lives in Farmington County.

William A. Smith of this sketch was born in Indiana County, Pa., Nov 10, 1839, and had attained the age of 11 years when he accompanied his parents to Salem Township, in the year of 1851, as before stated. He received a common-school education, and at the outbreak of the Civil War enlisted in the 103d Ill Vol. Inf., and served his country faithfully and well for three years. He enlisted as a Private and was promoted to the position of Sergeant. At the siege of Atlanta he was struck with a piece of Shell on the hip, but was only slightly wounded. On receiving his discharge he returned to Fulton County, at which place he remained until the spring of 1872, when he bought 130 acres of land on section 14, Maquon Township, upon which he settled and where he at present resides. Upon his place he has erected a fine set of farm buildings, and is now the owner of an extensive tract of Land consisting of 484 acres, the greater portion of which is tillable.

Mr. William A, Smith, the subject of this brief mention, was untied in marriage in Fulton County, Ill., Sept 28, 1866, to Sarah Pinegar, the daughter of Andrew and Matilda Merchant Pinegar, natives of Tennessee and Ohio respectively. The father of Mrs. Smith died in Fulton Co, where her parents had made early settlement. Her mother is still surviving. Mrs. Smith was born in Fulton Co., Ill., Sept. 15, 1848, and by her union with Mr. Smith has become the happy mother of eight children. The record is as follows: Harry A., Charles W., Ora A., Carl, Florence M., Ellen M., Roy W., and Lester W. Florence died when about one and on-half years old.

Mr. Smith, in politics, is a firm adherent of the principles of the Democratic party. His parents were Elijah and Susan M. Brown Smith, natives of the States of Kentucky and Pennsylvania.

Harry H. Schroeder is a merchant, residing within Henderson Township. He is the son of Henry F. and Mary Stohl Schroeder, who were both natives of Germany. They first came to Knox County from New York State, and for a short period lived in Galesburg before removing to Henderson, where they engaged in the cabinet and undertaking business, which they followed up to 1873, when the father became interested in mercantile pursuits. In this business he continued until April, 1884, when he sold out and retired. Mr. Schroeder, Sr., died on the 16th of October, 1885. His wife, the mother of our subject, still survives her husband. Harry H, was born in Henderson, on the 11th day of September, 1857. He attended the common schools until he was 15 years old, but subsequently, in 1880, became a student at the business college at Davenport, where he graduated. then, learning telegraphy, he entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad Company, as operator and agent, for two years. Proceeding to Quincy, Ill, he continued in the service of the same company as Assistant Ticket Agent, for 18 months. He then went to St. Louis, and took a clerkship in a freight office, where he remained until August, 18856, when he returned to Henderson. In September of the same year he opened the store of dry goods and groceries, which he now operates, and is doing a very satisfactory business. He is among the representative and prosperous merchants of his township. In politics he is a Republican, and one in whom that party many place the highest confidence.

The father of our subject was Postmaster of Henderson, from 1873 to 1874, the duties of which office he most creditably discharged.

Solomon Wood Rodgers is an old settler of Knox County, and farmer on section 16, Salem Township. He was born March 05, 1819, in Muskingum County, Ohio. His father, Edward Rogers, was a native of Virginia and an early settler in the county in which our subject was born, locating there about 1811. An uncle of the mother of our subject, John Robinson, together with his wife, was taken prisoner by the Indians and by them was taken to Ohio. After a few months' captivity, he made his escape, and returning to Virginia, raised a company, went back to Ohio and secured his wife. The father of our subject, Edward Rogers, was a member of this party, and it was while on this raid that the different members determined to settle in Ohio.

Edward Rogers secured a tract of timber land in Ohio, upon which he remained until 1821. Disposing of this property, he returned to Harrison County, Va., remaining there until the spring of 1838, the date of his removal with his wife and sic children to the Prairie State. They came via the West Fork of the Monongahela River to Pittsburg, on a flatboat built for the occasion. At the latter place they were transferred to a steamer, and came via the Ohio, Mississippi and Illinois Rivers to Peoria, thence to Canton. At the latter place he rented a tract of land, upon which he remained until 1845. Removing with his family to Knox County, he again rented for a period of six years. His son, the subject of this notice, meanwhile entered a claim on the northwest quarter of section 16, now in Salem Township, and while living upon the rented property both the father and son were improving the farm on section 16, to which they moved in 1848. The death of Edward Rogers occurred Dec 22, 1866. The maiden name of the mother our subject was Elizabeth Wood, a native of Virginia. Her death occurred in 1849. The children born to the senior Rogers and wife were ten in number, only two of whom are living--S. W. our subject, and a sister, Elizabeth, relict of Robert Dennis, who lives with her son at Maquon.

The subject of our sketch was an infant of two years when his parents removed to Virginia, and was 19 years old when they emigrated to Illinois. He had always remained at home, with the exception of a few months at a time, until the death of his father. After coming to Illinois, he was engaged at various employments, and in 1842-43 was occupied in chopping wood and teaming near the Illinois River. He had saved a sufficiency of his earnings to enable home, in 1845, to tender the tract of land which he now owns and occupies. He did not, however, settle upon this until three years later. In the meantime he had erected a log cabin, together with a few other improvements, and in 1848 installed his parents and one sister in the cabin. Since that time he has made great improvements upon his farm, having erected a substantial set of frame buildings, enclosed his entire acreage and placed the same under a fine state of cultivation. He has earned the reputation of being one of Knox County's most industrious farmers, and this , together with his good judgment, has made him successful. Mr. Rogers has added from time to time to his acreage, until he is at this writing the possessor of 520 acres of fine land, all of which is located in Salem Township.

Samuel Wood Rogers formed a matrimonial alliance, April 15, 1850, with Jerusha, daughter of Silas and Elizabeth Terry Hand. She was born in Highland County, Ohio, Sept. 28, 1828. Her parents were natives of New Jersey and Virginia respectively.

Mr. & Mrs. Rogers are the parents of five children--Sophia E., William H., Millard F., Solomon W., and Franklin G. Mr. R. was formerly a Whig, but upon the organization of the Republican party he joined its ranks and has cast his voter for that party since that time. In matters of religion he is liberal, and believes in doing to others as he would have them do unto him.

William G., West. Noteworthy among the practical and progressive framers of Knox County, as a man of substantial worth and ability, is the subject of this personal history. He is a resident of Salem Township, and his home is situated on section3. His pleasant residence, which he began to build in 1883, is a commodious frame structure of modern style, and may be considered one of the most attractive in the county. He is an extensive land-owner, possessing 542 acres of land in this county. The family is of English ancestry on both paternal and maternal sides.

Our subject was born in Clinton County, Ohio, October 16, 1833, and  his father, John West, was also a native of the same town and county, being born May 03, 1809. His first American Ancestor was Owen West, brother to the father of Benjamin West, the celebrated artist. He was born in London, England, in 1729, and came to America in 1761, settling in Georgia. He was extremely opposed to slavery and labored in behalf of the downtrodden and oppressed. He once assisted a slave to escape, and , well knowing the sentiment prevailing in those days, removed to Virginia for personal safety. He was soldier in the Revolutionary War, and died in Virginia in 1803. His son Owen, grandfather of our subject, was born four miles from London, in 1756, and was five years of age when he came with his parents to America, where he grew to manhood. He married in Georgia and removed from that State to Virginia, and thence to Ohio, where he was and early settler, locating on the farm which he cultivated and improved until his death.

The father of our subject grew to manhood in his native county, and there married Elizabeth, daughter of William and Tabitha George, who was born June 26, 1811, in Highland County, Ohio. Coming into possession of part of the old homestead in Park Township, he accepted it and made it his home until 1845. At that date he concluded to try life in the West, in common with many others believing he could better his condition. Caution being one of his personal attributes, he did not at first dispose of his farm, but rented it, believing it possible he might be glad to return to it. Accompanied by his wife and six children, and supplied with provisions for their journey, he proceeded to the Ohio River and took passage on a steamer, traveling to the State of Illinois via the Ohio, Mississippi and Illinois Rivers to Copperas Creek Landing. The water was low and the journey almost interminable, four weeks having passed before they arrived at their destination. Their provisions ran low, and they suffered all the inconveniences of a compulsory extension of the time they had allotted for their trip. Hiring a conveyance, they went overland to Knox County. Renting a log cabin at Taylor's Grove, they spent the winter, and in the spring of 1847. During the winter of 1847-8, his own house constituting the school building, he taught the children of the neighborhood. In the spring he went across the country to Ohio, and selling his home, returned with the proceeds, all in silver, amounting to $2,500, which he placed in a bee-gum and brought to his home. His first purchase after his arrival was 80 acres of land situated on the same section of which he was partial owner, and adding to this another piece of property, he found himself the possessor of about 1,000 acres of land. He next erected a brick house and frame barn on his first-purchased land, and continued to improve his property up to the date of his death, which took place March 31, 1884. His widow still lives on the old homestead.

Mr. West and wife were the parents of a family of 11 children, six of whom grew to man and woman's estate: Joel died at the age of 22 from blood-poisoning, having been bitten by a snake; Isaac N., is deceased (see sketch), William G. the subject of this notice; Rhoda, wife of William S. Klecknew, resides in Elba Township; Henry G. lives at Jacksonville, Ill, and Samantha is the wife of Robert Kay, whose home is in Elba Township.

William G. west celebrated his 12th birthday during the time included in his trip to Knox County. He attained to years of understanding in Elba Township' was educated in the common schools established by the pioneers, and remained at home until the date of his marriage. he united in the bonds of wedlock April 5, 1860, with Elizabeth Ouderkirk, of Michigan, who was born April 14, 1837, and is the daughter of Richard and Amanda Perkins Ouderkirk, natives of Oswego County, NY her parents came to Illinois in 1845 and settled in Maquon, where the mother died January 31, 1851, and the father in Ringgold County, Iowa Jan 15, 1874. Three children were born of the union of William G. West and his wife, to wit: Elmer H., Feb 11, 1861, the husband of Anna M. Brewster, of Pike County, Ill., is at present engaged in hardware business at Yates City, and is an enterprising business man, with a fair patronage and a wide circle of friends; Flora M. and Luella I are the two remaining children.

Our subject at the time of marriage located on section 34, Elba Township, where he lived until 1865. He next removed to section 33, remaining until 1883, when he came to the place he now calls home. In that year he commenced improvements as previously stated, and has now become the owner of one of the handsomest homes in the county, is a wealthy and influential man and a substantial citizen. He was a member of the Board of Supervisors for eight or nine terms, is Republican in politics and liberal in religious matters. A View of his fine homestead is give in this Album.

FRANK D. HUGGINS. Standing prominent among the more influential and popular citizens and worthy men of Knox County is found the subject of this biography, who is proprietor of a book and stationary store in Knoxville. He is well known as one of the most notable and reliable residents of that city, his keen foresight, energetic purpose and active execution making this estimate of him a correct one.

Mr. Huggins was born in Knoxville, Sept. 2, 1852, and although yet a young man has shown marked business ability. His father, David B. Huggins, a resident of Knoxville, is a native of the Green Mountain State, where he was born Aug 31, 1834, in Orleans County, his father being Deacon David Huggins, a pioneer of Knox County (see sketch of Edson Huggins). David B. Huggins, the father of our subject, was 11 years of age when he came to Knox County, and he grew to manhood, assisting his father in improving the farm and attending the district school. He often went to Galena, Burlington and Peoria, the then nearest market points.

David Huggins was united in marriage Dec. 26, 1847, with Miss Harmony Doty,
who was born in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. At the time of his marriage he
located on the old homestead and there remained until 1855, when he started
with his wife and child for California. They went by the stage road to
Bloomington, by railroad to Cairo, thence by steamer to New Orleans, taking
the Nicaragua route to San Francisco, and thence to San Jose. At this
place he took charge of a hospital eight months. He then traveled in different parts of the state, and one year worked on a farm. In 1857 he returned by the Panama and New York route, and resumed his agricultural pursuits, on the farm he now owns and occupies. He located in the vicinity of Knoxville, and now owns 200 acres of land in Knox County and 300 in Taylor County, Iowa, divided into three farms. The subject is his only child. Mr. and Mrs. Huggins are active members of the Presbyterian Church, at Knoxville, and, though somewhat advanced in years, Mr. H. is interested in politics, in which he supports the Republican party.

Frank Huggins, of whom this biography is written, was reared to agricultural pursuits, receiving his early education in the Knoxville Schools. After leaving these he spent six months at the Gem City Business College, Quincy, Ill., at which place he received the silver medal offered for the greatest improvement in penmanship made during that period of time by any pupil. The class numbered upward of one hundred, and he was considered to have attained a high honor. He graduated from that institution in 1873, and after returning home engaged in farming until 1875, at which time he became clerk in a bookstore for J.C. Cover, and was Deputy Postmaster. He was engaged in clerking 18 months, at which he showed excellent tact and business capability, but, leaving it, he went back to the farm and there continued till 1882. In September of that year, he
entered as associate partner with J.C. Sheeley, and the firm bought out
J.C. Cover & Son, book and stationary dealers. These two partners continued
together one year, at the end of which time he bought Mr. Sheeley's
interest and has since conducted the business alone.

He was united in marriage Oct. 25, 1877, his chosen life-companion being
Ella, daughter of James W. and Elizabeth Sheeley. This young lady was an
active member of society and a most popular and admired friend and
companion; and in consequence of a sympathy of tastes the union has proved
a congenial and pleasant one. To them has been born one child, a daughter,
named Blanche. Mr. Huggins takes an interest in outside affairs and is a
member of Knoxville Lodge, No. 66, A.F. & A.M., and is also a member of the
Knoxville Lodge, No. 126, A.O.U.W. Mr. Huggins at the city election April
20, 1886, was elected as Alderman to represent his ward in the city of his

J. G. LAFFERTY, of the firm of Lass, Larson & Lafferty, wall paper merchants, hangers and decorators, of Galesburg, Ill., was born at Ottawa, Ill., Nov. 25, 1850. His parents, James and Mary (Bassnette) Lafferty, natives respectively of Ireland and England, reared two sons and five daughters, J.G. being the eldest of the sons. He was taught at the public schools of his native place, where he also learned the trade of a paper-hanger and painter, at each of which he early became recognized as quite skillful, if not an expert.

He came to Galesburg in 1876, and in 1884 became a member of the present
firm. He was married at Lewiston, Fulton Co., Ill., in May, 1883, to Miss Mary Shugart, a native of Ohio.

ABRAHAM RAMBO, whose portrait is presented on the opposite page, is one of
the influential and wealthy farmers of this section. He came to Knox County in the fall of 1842, from Gallia County, Ohio, with his father, and passed the first winter in Orange Township. They next settled on section 31, Persifer Township, which is the location of his desirable and pleasant home.

The subject of our sketch was the first in order of birth in a family of ten children. He was born in Gallia County, Ohio, Nov. 6, 1820, and was 22 years of age when he came to Knox County. His education was received in the common schools of his birthplace, but was practical, and, by observation and attention to his studies, he has become well-informed and intelligent. His father was a blacksmith by trade, but Abraham early showed a predilection for agricultural pursuits, seeing "sermons in stones, books in running brooks, and good in everything." He came to Persifer Township with his father and mother and made his home with them until the death of both parents. The date of his mother's death was February, 1849, and that of his father June 30, 1854. Buried in the Russell Cemetery

Mr. Rambo was first united in marriage in Persifer Township, Jan. 15, 1844,
to Arvilla P. Lindsey, and they were the parents of 13 children, viz.: Phebe S., Charles Q., David G., Sophronia, Thomas H., Almira, Robert E., Wilford M., Lorena, Minnie, Allen H., Clarke S., and one who died in infancy. Phebe S., Charles E. (above it is a "Q"), Robert E., Robert and Clarke S. are also deceased. Sophronia is the wife of Allen R. Rodecap, and resides in Dade, Missouri; Almira is the wife of C. Hudson, and makes her home in Story County, Iowa; Lorena is united in marriage with Fulton McFarland, and their home is in Washington County, Iowa; Minnie resides at home; David G. lives in Washington County, Iowa, and Thomas H. lives in Taylor County, that State; Wilford's home is in Washington Territory, and Allen H. lives in the State of Iowa. Mrs. Rambo died in Persifer Township April 11, 1877. She was a most estimable woman, a kindly friend and an excellent member of society.

Mr. Rambo was again married, in Altona, Ill., to Mrs. Martha (Maxey) Parkins, who was a native of Kentucky, March 9, 1880. She was the widow of L.A. Parkins, who died in Union County, Iowa, July 18, 1878. Her parents were James and Lucinda (Madison) Maxey, natives of Hart County, Ky. They came to Knox County in 1838, and settled in Persifer Township, where they died.

Mr. Rambo is a large landowner, possessing 212 acres in Persifer and Knox Townships. He has always united stock raising with farming, in which he has been successful. In 1877 he purchased the fine thoroughbred stallion "Due d'Orleans", of the Onarga (Ill.) Importing Company, at the expense of $1,800. This animal is one of the purest bred Normans in the State, and he imparts his peculiar marks of color to his progeny. He is also owner of the pure blood imported stallion, Monaco, which he bought of Harding & Co., Bloomington, Ill., paying for him a handsome price.

Our subject is an active member of the social circles in which he moves. He has filled many offices of his township, having been Constable, Assessor, Collector, Highway Commissioner, etc. He is identified with the Republican party, but is always ready to vote for the man who will labor for the interests of the people, irrespective of party. Mrs. Rambo is a highly respected lady and is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. A portrait of Mr. Rambo and a view of his elegant residence and fine stock are shown elsewhere in this work.

JOHN HOXWORTH. Among the well-to-do and prosperous farmers of Knox County, residing on section 25, Maquon Township, is the subject of this biographical notice. Mr. Hoxworth came to Knox County in the fall of 1849, from Vermillion County, Ill., with his wife and three children, and located where he has since resided. He first bought 53 1/3 acres on section 24, to which he has added by subsequent purchases until he now owns 230 acres. He was born in Bucks Co., Pa., June 5, 1819, where he lived until about 18 years of age, assisting his father in the cultivation of the farm, when they went from there to Franklin County, Ohio, and he resided there until 1847, the date of his coming to this State. He has been engaged in agricultural pursuits all his life, and has met with far more than ordinary success in the prosecution of this, the most independent of all callings.

John Hoxworth was married in Franklin County, Ohio, Jan 30, 1842, to Rachel
Peters, daughter of Peter and Susan (Beaty) Peters, natives of Virginia. Her father died in Franklin County, Ohio, and her mother afterward removed to this county, and died in Maquon Township. Her parents' family consisted of three sons and one daughter. Mrs. H. was born in Franklin County, Ohio, Dec 23, 1825, and has borne her husband nine children, whom they have named Sarah, Joseph, Lewis, Mary C., Emily, Alice, Milton, Stephen and Charlotte M. Sarah and Milton are deceased; Joseph married Lydia A. Kirkhuff, and resides in Maquon Township, where he is engaged in farming, and of their union five children have been born--Nettie, Flora, George, Carl and Bartlett. Lewis Hoxworth has been twice married, first to Doris Leverton, who became the mother of three children--Florence, Emmett and Nellie. His second marriage was with Mary Barton, and they had one child--Harry. Mary C. Hoxworth became the wife of John D. French, with whom she is residing in Nebraska, and their family circle has been blessed by the birth of four children--Milton, Charlie, Clinton and Raymond G. Emily Hoxworth married John Leverton, and resides in this county; their children are William, Velma, Maude, Edwin, Charlie, Bruce, Stephen and Sylvia. Alice Hoxworth became the wife of Henry Street; they are living in Nebraska and have become the parents of six children--Bertie, Arthur, Grace, Gertie, Carl and George. Stephen Hoxworth married Emma Wilson; they have one child, Lottie I.E., and reside in Nebraska. Charlotte Hoxworth married Thomas Downin, a resident of Maquon Township, and they have seven children--Myrtle M. Guy, Claude, Mabel, Maude, Jay and Alice.

Mr. John Hoxworth has held the position of Road Commissioner and other minor offices within the gift of the people of his township. In politics, he is a Democrat and a worthy representative of the agricultural class.

JOHN WEST, deceased, was formerly a resident of Elba Township, occupying a home on section 35, where, up to the date of his death, he was an energetic
tiller of the soil. Mr. West was one of the early settlers here, having come to this county more that 50 years ago, from Clinton County, Ohio, and making settlement in Elba Township, where he at first purchased 40 acres of wild, uncultivated prairie land, on the section above named.

On his arrival in this county, Mr. West located on his small purchase of land, and by push, pluck and perseverance, he not only improved his place, and erected a fine residence thereon, together with good and substantial out-buildings, but added to his original purchase 700 acres of good land.

John West was born in Virginia, May 3, 1809, and was but one year old when
his parents moved from that State and settled on the east fork of the Little Miami River. The parents of our subject were Owen and Betsey West, who died after their removal to Ohio.

Our subject received his education in the common schools of Ohio, and there, in Clinton County, continued to reside, occupied in the vocation of a farmer, until coming to this county. He was married in Clinton County, Ohio, Feb. 26, 1831, to Elizabeth George. Miss George was born in Highland County, Ohio, June 26, 1811. Her parents were William and Tabitha George.

Of the union of Mr. and Mrs. West 11 children have been born, named Joel, William, Isaac, Hannah, Rhoda, Mary J., Catherine, Seth, Henry, Rachel and
Samantha. In religion, Mr. West belongs to the sect who, under the leadership of William Penn, first made settlement in Pennsylvania, and who were known as Quakers. Mr. West is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Our subject departed this life in Elba Township, March 31, 1884. His wife carries on the farm and is the owner in her own name of 240 acres of good and productive land.

SAMUEL SHIVES, of section 16, Elba Township, came to Knox County in April,
1851, from Fulton County, Pa. He was a single man at the time, and worked by the month several years for farmers and at other occupations. This continued for about 11 years. In 1873, he purchased 40 acres of land in Elba Township, on section 16, and went to work on this. He has continued to live there until this time, and now owns 120 acres of land acquired by occasional additions to the original 40; part of this acreage is tillable.

Mr. Shives was born in Fulton County, Pa., Jan. 16, 1825. He lived there until 1851, when he came to Knox County, where he was married in Knoxville, Jan 16, 1866. He was the husband of a lady by the name Martha Kightlinger, daughter of Jacob and Marion (Berfield) Kightlinger, both natives of Pennsylvania. They reside in Yates City. Mrs. Shives was born in Elba Township, Jan 14, 1844. Mr. and Mrs. Shives have four children--Flora E., Marion R., John D., and Mabel M. Flora Estella died Oct. 23, 1879, when eight years of age.

Mr. Shives has been quite a prominent man in his community, and has assisted in matters educational and otherwise. He is a clear thinker and an active worker, and has been School Director 15 years. He has been Collector of the township for a number of years, and in politics he is a Democrat. His parents, John and Susan (Miller) Shives, were natives of Fulton County, Pa.

DAVID MCWILLIAMS; Knoxville; Retired Farmer; born in Knox County, April 7, 1846; educated in the common schools. His parents, Robert and (Margaret)
Thurman McWilliams, were natives of Ohio. His paternal grandfather, Samuel
McWilliams, was from Pennsylvania; his maternal grandfather, John Thurman,
was from Virginia. His ancestry is Scotch, French and Swedish. January 11, 1866, in Knox County, Mr. McWilliams was married to Mary E. Rambo; they have five children; Flora M., Frank E., C. Elmer, Lodema A. and Hattie L. Flora M. married Leonard Stegall; they have one son, Floyd G. Frank E. married Ollie West; they have one daughter, Alma E. Hattie L. married Andrew F. Peterson; they have one son, Francis L. Lodema A. is a teacher in the graded schools of Knoxville. September 13, 1862, Mr. McWilliams enlisted in Company A, 14th Illinois Cavalry, and was honorably discharged July 18, 1865, upon a surgeons certificate of disability. He is a member of G.W. Trafton Post, G.A.R., No. 239, Knoxville. Mr. McWilliams is a Republican.

JAMES O. HOUSH. Tracing the history of Knox County, and examining the
origin of many points in its growth, we find as it's support and help the
names of many good and worthy men, who aided in its foundation and assisted
in its progress. Among them stands prominently the name of our subject, who
resides at present on section 22, Haw Creek Township, and who is one of the
important factors of its prosperity.

Our subject is the son of David and Elizabeth (Thornbrough) Housh (see
sketch of A. C. Housh). He was born in Putnam County, Ind., Sept. 10, 1829.
He was about seven years of age when his parents came to Knox County. He
received only a limited common school education, and has most of his life
followed the vocation of a farmer. While at Maquon he was engaged in
mercantile business in company with his father and two brothers, for a
period of ten years. He disposed of his interest to A. C. Housh,
nevertheless continuing to carry on farming interests in Haw Creek
Township. He is at present writing the proprietor of 617 acres of highly
cultivated and improved land in the township named, and is extensively
engaged in the breeding and raising of stock, being one of the largest
agriculturalists in Haw Creek Township.

Mr. Housh was married in Haw Creek Township, Oct. 26, 1855, to Ann Eliza,
daughter of Jared and Jane (Wilson) Strong. Her parents came from Ohio to
Knox County in 1847, selecting Haw Creek Township as their abiding place.
The father left his family in Haw Creek Township in 1850, and went to
California and was occupied in mining for eight years. Subsequently he came
back East with his family, and in the year 1869 returned with his wife to
California. His demise occurred Nov. 8, 1885. His widow still survives him.
His family consists of seven children, by name as follows: Elizabeth J.,
Nancy Ann, Ann Eliza, John D., Henry Clay, Emily S. and Samantha E.

Mrs H. of this sketch was born in Ohio, April 5, 1838, and has born her husband four children, the record being as follows: Alonzo M., Florence E., Frank J. and Amanda E. Alonzo Housh married Ella Barlow, and they are residing in Haw Creek Township. They are the parents of one child--Glenny. Florence Housh became the wife of William B. Bland, and they reside in Los Angeles, California; Frank J. Housh is the husband of Louella Dennison, and they reside at Haw Creek; their two children are named Teresa E. and Florence E.. Amanda E. Housh became the wife of A. S. Potter, and resides in Hamilton County, Neb.

Mr. Housh has been School Director for 22 years. Mrs. H. has been a member
of the Methodist Episcopal Church for a period of 33 years. Politically speaking, Mr. Housh is a Greenbacker.

DAVID H. HARTSOOK is of the firm of Hartsook & Walker,, merchants at
Maquon. He came to Knox County in June, 1851, emigrating from Madison County, Ohio, and engaged in the milling business at French Creek, Elba Township, with Richard Morris. In this branch of business he continued until 1857, at which time he removed to Haw Creek Township, settling on section 35, on land which he had previously purchased. Upon this place he remained for 12 years, in the meantime engaging extensively in farming. Subsequent to this he removed to the village of Maquon, which he has since made his home. In 1871 he engaged in the mercantile business, in partnership with L. H. Butcher, under the firm name of Hartsook & Butcher. They continued in this business for 15 months, when our subject bought out the interest of his partner and for four years carried on the business alone, when he took into the business his son-in-law, H.J. Pierce, and the firm was known as Hartsook & Pierce. This partnership existed until 1881, at which time Mr. H. sold out his interest, and two years later, on the death of Mr. Pierce, took his place in the store again, where he has since remained. Their stock consists of dry goods, boots, shoes, etc., and is a
valuable concern for this section of the country.

Mr. Hartsook was born in Frederick County, Md., the date of his birth being
May 26, 1824. He remained in the State of his nativity until 12 years of age, when he went to Madison County, Ohio, at which place he resided with his elder brother. In that county he learned the blacksmith trade, which he followed until June, 1851, the date of his emigration to Knox County. Mr. Hartsook was married in Windham County, Conn., June 9, 1846, the lady being Nancy Sherman, who was a daughter of Elisha and Nancy (Cook) Sherman. Her parents were natives of New England, where they resided until their deaths.

Mrs. Hartsook was born in Foxboro, Mass., June 3, 1827, and has borne her husband seven children, five of whom are living, namely: Ellen D., Susan J., Ann H., David S. and Charles E. Those deceased are Orson N. and Emma. Ellen Hartsook is the wife of Joseph McComas, and they reside in Iowa; she is the mother of three children, bearing the names of Emma, Warner and Seymour. Susan Hartsook is the relict of H.J. Pierce, and is residing in Maquon; her only child is named Charles D. Ann Hartsook has for a husband C.A. Walker, and they are residents of Maquon; they are the parents of one daughter--Anna P. David Hartsook married Lizzie Green, and they also have one child--a son, David H. Charles E. Hartsook married Lizzie Swigert, and they are residents of Scott County, Kan.; their one child bears the name of Vera.

Mr. and Mrs. H., of this sketch, are identified with the Christian Church, and in politics he is a firm supporter of the Republican party. His parents were David and Helen (Harding) Hartsook. They were natives of Maryland, the former being of German and the later of English ancestry. They both died when our subject was quite young. The members of their family were six in number, viz.: Henry E. H., Mary E., Cass A., Ellen, Howard D. and David H.

GEORGE A. TRYON was born in Ogdensburg, St. Lawrence Co., N.Y., April 5,
1826. At the age of nine years his parents, Eber and Maria (Barber) Tryon, removed to Northern Ohio, and located on a farm, where he remained until 1852. He then came to this State, and after stopping temporarily at several different points in the State, finally located permanently in Galesburg, and in 1854 engaged in the lumber trade.

Mr. Tryon was married July 27, 1857, to Miss Julia L., daughter of Charles and Lorinda Whiting, of Lake County, Ohio. Two children, Louise and Fred. G., and two adopted children, Estelle M. and James W., constitute his family.

In 1867 he started a branch lumber-yard at Abingdon, and in 1879 transferred his business in Galesburg to this point. He is proprietor of Cherry Grove Farm, consisting of 600 acres in Cedar Township, giving special attention to the raising of stock. He was the first to introduce thoroughbred Hereford cattle into Knox County. He has at present a herd of 25 thoroughbreds and about 100 grades.

Mr. Tryon in religion is a Presbyterian, in politics a Republican, in temperance a Prohibitionist.

R. M. KIMBER, conductor of the C.B.&Q. R.R., resident of Galesburg, was born in Portage County, Wis., Aug. 24, 1851. His father, Frederick F. Kimber, is a native of England, and his mother, whose maiden name was Clarke, was born in the State of Ohio. They reared two sons, the subject of this sketch being the eldest. He spent twenty years upon a farm in Lake County, Ill., whither his parents removed from the Badger State in 1853.

The common schools of Illinois afforded our subject opportunity for a fair education, and in 1875 he began work for the "Q" as train brakeman. At the end of 23 months the company placed him in charge of a train as conductor, and here he has since been found. He was married at Clayton, this State, May 15, 1876, to miss Emma Thompson; the one child born to them is named Harry Francis. Mr. Kimber is one of the most popular members of the Order of Railway Conductors, as he is also of the I.O.O.F.

JACOB BOOTH The social status of any section of the country depends largely upon those men who reside in it. Knox County has grown not only populous and pleasant to view, but she contains rare intellectual and educational advantages, and reflects credit upon those who have figured in her history. One of the representative citizens and wealthy and successful farmers of Maquon Township is found living on section 15, in the person of Jacob Booth, as one of her best and most important factors.

Mr. Booth came to Knox County in the spring of 1844, from Sangamon County,
Ill., and soon after leaving that county made a settlement at Uniontown, Salem Township, where he carried on the joint business of blacksmith and wagon-maker for a period of 15 years. During this time he was in Springfield two years in the same business with his brother. His next move was made to Iowa County, Iowa, at which place he purchased a farm and remained upon it for seven years, at the end of which time he disposed of the same, and in 1855 returned to Knox County, and in Maquon Township made a purchase of 90 acres of land located on section 15, upon which he is living at the present time. Previous to this he spent two years engaged in mercantile business in the village of Maquon, in partnership with Nelson Downey. He has improved his farm by the erection of a desirable residence and suitable out buildings and barns, and by additional purchase has become the owner of 200 acres of highly improved and cultivated land. Jacob Booth was born in Maine June 1, 1821. When he had attained the age of fifteen years, he emigrated with his parents to Licking County, Ohio, remaining their until his removal to Sangamon County, Ill., in 1839. In the latter county he followed the trade of wagon maker and blacksmith. In Haw Creek Township, Oct. 29, 1844, our subject was married to Miss Melinda, daughter of George P. and Betsie Housh. Miss Housh was born in Washington County, Ind., and on June 9, 1859, she died in Maquon Township.

Oct. 29, 1869, our subject was again united in marriage, this time with
Edith Martin, daughter of Martin and Lucinda (Childress) Martin, natives of
Virginia. The father of Mrs. Booth died at St. Joseph, Mo., Sept. 16, 1844.
His widow still survives him, and is residing with her daughter, Mrs. B. of
this notice, at the advanced age of 82 years; she was born in 1804. Mrs.
Booth was born in Green County, Ky., Feb. 20, 1837, and is the seventh in
order of birth in a family of ten children. Our subject and wife have
adopted a child who bears the name of Frank. Mr. B. is the incumbent of the
office of School Director, and politically advocates the principals of the
Republican party.

The parents of our subject are Isaac and Mary (Grinnell) Booth, natives of
Penobscot, Me., at which place the mother died April 12, 1836. The father
afterward came to Ohio, and subsequently to Sangamon County, Ill., where his
death occurred April 30, 1852. The result of their union was the birth of
12 children, of whom Mr. Booth was the fifth in the order of birth. A view of the comfortable home of Mr. Booth is given in this volume.

ELI M. BENFIELD, dealer in groceries and provisions, established his business in 1883, in Abingdon, of which city he is a resident.  He may be considered one of Knox County's most wide-awake and industrious citizens, and is respected by all who know him for his upright character and his ability in business.  He engaged in his present vocation, leaving his occupation as a butcher to do so, at which he has been fairly successful.

Mr. Benfield is of German descent and was born in Crawford County, Pa., May 27, 1838, and is the son of Daniel and Catherine (Baughman) Benfield.  He came to DeKalb Co., Ill., in 1857, and, removing to Maquon in 1858, began farming.  Entering the Government service as a mechanic in the late war, he was engaged six months at Nashville, Tenn.

He was united in marriage Jan.13, 1858, at Maquon, with Elizabeth Housh  She is the daughter of David Housh, and was born July 28, 1841, at Maquon.  The union of Mr. and Mrs. Benfield has been productive of the birth of eight children, one son and seven daughters, as follows: Charles D., born Sept. 8, 1860, Principal of the Commercial Department of Hedding College; Bessie Belle, born May 23, 1867; Amanda Jane, born Feb. 26, 1869; Catherine Lulu, born June 27, 1871; Melissa D. H., born Sept. 3, 1874; Sarah Blanche, born March 6, 1876; Mary Adeline, born March 11, 1878, and died Sept. 6, of the same year, and Jessie Eveline, born Dec. 25, 1884, in Abingdon.  All the above children, except the last named, were born in Haw Creek Township.

Mr. Benfield's father was born in Lehigh County, Pa., and was of German descent.  His mother was a native of the same place and of like ancestry.  Mrs. Benfield's parents were pioneers in Knox County, and her mother, who was born in Greencastle, Ind., claimed as ancestors people of English, Irish, Scotch and Welsh nationality.

Her father, David Housh, was born in Kentucky, July 29, 1880, and died May 24, 1879.  At the age of three years he moved to the frontier north of the Ohio River and settled in the wilds of Indiana, among the Indians, where the face of a white man was seldom seen.  At the beginning of the War of 1812 the white families were compelled to move into forts, which they occupied for three years.  He witnessed one or two massacres, in one losing some relatives, after which, with a brother, he started out to avenge them through the blood of whatever Indians they were able to put to death.  He heard the great and noted speech of the warrior Tecumseh, before the battle of Tippecanoe, and was often heard to pronounce it one of the best efforts.  In 1826, he married Elizabeth Thornbrough and again moved to the frontier, where they lived until 1836.  At the close of that year he moved to Knox County and settled in Haw Creek Township and made a few acquaintances, Daniel Meek and John Dawdy being among the first, and as all three were extremely fond of hunting, and possessed a love for fast horses, a spirit of rivalry existed in the endeavor to see who could get the best.  Mr. H. laid out a mile track, which afterward became quite a resort for patrons of the turf.  He raised fine blooded horses, in which he took much pride, and also engaged in milling and distilling, and later in mercantile pursuits.  He cast his first vote for President with the Jackson Democrats, and has voted at each election the same ticket.  He retired from business with the exception of giving some attention to farming, enjoyed a ripe old age and died honored and respected.

Eli M. Benfield moved to Abingdon in December, 1879.  While at Maquon he was a contractor and builder, and had also an interest in a harness business.  He possessed a love for farming pursuits, which he followed in a small degree, but after the war came to the city in which he at present resides, and engaged in the occupation of a butcher until 1883.  In that year he established his present business, as previously stated.  He and his wife are parents of three children, and they are people of influence, kindly feeling, and labor for the good of others.  They are connected with the Methodist Episcopal Church and are respected by the community of which they are members.  Politically he votes the Democratic ticket.

Ezra W. Tucker, one of Knox County's most prominent and respected farmers, and a resident on section 26, Truro Township, was born in Peoria County, Ill., Jan. 4, 1839.  He is the son of John and Eleanor (Metcalf) Tucker, pioneers of Peoria.  Our subject was reared on a farm and educated in the pioneer school, receiving his first instruction in a log schoolhouse furnished with slab benches.  He remained at home with his parents until the date of his marriage with Miss Kate Mundy, Oct. 22, 1860  She was born in Elba Township.

After his marriage Mr. Tucker removed to Truro Township and purchased the place where he now lives.  He is the owner of 110 acres of excellent and improved land, upon which he is engaged in the breeding of stock and raising of cereals.  Mr. and Mrs. Tucker became the parents of six children - Nellie, Samuel B., Mamie, Lettie, Barbara and Thomas.  Mrs. T. died in 1875.

The second marriage of our subject occurred Feb. 28, 1877, when he was joined in the holy bonds of matrimony with Elizabeth Dugan She was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, and is the daughter of James and Elizabeth (McMurry) Dugan.  Her father died in Scotland, and she came with her mother to the United States in 1855.  The first marriage of Mrs. Tucker was with Uriah Underwood, a stanch Republican, who died in the service of the United States in 1865.  By this union two children were born to them - William H. and Mary E.  Mrs. T. is a devoted member of the Presbyterian Church.

Henry C. Tucker, one of Knox County's prominent farmers, resides on section 35, Truro Township and was born in the same township in which he is at present residing, Nov. 9, 1855.  His parents were Vachel and Jane Tucker (see sketch).  He, like most farmers' sons, was reared upon the home farm, and received his education in the public schools, remaining at home until his marriage with Miss Nettie Earl, which occurred Sept. 25, 1879.  Miss Earl was born in Douglas County, Illinois, Nov. 29, 1861, and is the daughter of Henry and Lizzie (Bailey) Earl, both natives of Illinois.

The happy union of Mr. and Mrs. Tucker has been productive of four children - Walker, Laura B., Clarence and Otis.  At the time of their marriage Mr. Tucker and wife settled upon their pleasant farm, which has been made comfortable by the erection of a desirable house and numerous other improvements.  Mr. Tucker is one of the energetic young men of his township, and we bespeak for him a successful future.

Vachel L. Tucker is one of Knox County's progressive and practical farmers, resident on section 35, Truro Township, and one of the oldest settlers in this section of country.  His success in his chosen line of industry, no less than his personal attributes, have won him a high place in the opinions of friends and neighbors.

Mr. Tucker was born in Richland County, Ohio, Aug. 17, 1824.  His father, John Tucker, was a native of Pennsylvania, born in 1799.  His grandfather, also John Tucker by name, was born in Scotland, and came to America when a young man.  He first located in Virginia, and removing from there settled in Pennsylvania, from which State he removed to Ohio, spending the last years of his life in Richland County, that State.

The father of our subject was but 18 years of age when his parents moved to Ohio, in 1817, and became pioneers.  He was there united in marriage with Eleanor Metcalf, a native of Richland County and a daughter of Vachel and Lucinda (Green) Metcalf.  Mr. Tucker's father had given him 80 acres of land in Richland County, and he located there at the time of his marriage, remaining until 1834, when, accompanied by his wife and six children, he started for the then "Far West."  The journey was made across the country with five horses and three wagons, Illinois being the point of destination.  Adopting the mode of other emigrants, they cooked and camped by the way, and arrived in Peoria County  Oct.12 of that year.  Mr. Tucker bought a claim in township 10, east 3 north, and with his family moved into a small log structure which stood on the claim.  That tract of land is now included in Brimfield Township, Peoria County, and with all the energy and hope which almost universally inspired the early settlers in their struggles and privations, Mr. Tucker began the improvement and cultivation of his land.  When the Government had decided that it was ready to dispose of it, he entered his land at the Quincy land sale, and upon it soon erected a neat and handsome brick residence.  There are also other convenient buildings, including a frame barn, with all the surrounding comforts that taste suggests and an ingenious hand supplies in the founding of that noblest of all human possessions - a home. John Tucker was removed to a better land in the prime and vigor of life, in June, 1850, being but 51 years of age.  His wife survived him 20 years, dying in 1870.

Our subject is the third child in order of birth of his parent's children, and was ten years of age when he came to Peoria County with them, and there grew to manhood, reared on the farm.  He lived under the parental roof until the time of his marriage, which event was celebrated May 3, 1849, with Miss Jane Tucker , also a native of Richland County, Ohio, born Sept. 10, 1830.  She was not only a kind and agreeable companion, but a brave and true-hearted woman, who cheered and strengthened her husband in the undertaking of any difficult enterprise.  About two months after their bridal he located on the place he now owns, and although it was wild prairie land without improvements, the pair were in no way dismayed.  Their united energy and purpose gave them courage to attempt, the will to execute, and the happiness succeeding.  Mr. Tucker is now one of the most prosperous men in the county.  His land is fruitful, well-cultivated and carefully improved.  A set of convenient frame buildings tends to make it one of the neatest and most attractive homesteads in this vicinity.  He has planted fruit and shade trees, and has added to his landed possessions until he has 440 acres devoted to agriculture, and 120 acres of timber.

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Tucker has been brightened by the birth of seven children - John A., Sydney E., Martha E., Henry C., Dora B., Etta M., and Burt A.  John A. married Lilly Love and they have three children - Seth Clay, Leto J., Myrtle Albertie; Sydney E. married Columbus Black; Henry C. married Nettie Earl, they have four children - Allen W., Laura Belle, Clarence, William Otis; Martha E., wife of Den Eagan, lives in Elba Township; Dora married William Stewart, and lives in Nebraska; and Ella, wife of Fred C. Cole, resides in Kansas.  The sons are all residents of Truro Township.

In politics Mr. Tucker is a strong Republican and his first vote was cast for Henry Clay for President.

Alex. Thurman.  "A summary of the lives of many of the residents of Knox County are detailed on her records and go to show what claim may be made to genuine manhood, citizenship, and a place among the active workers in life.  Among those none was better fitted to draw forth approbation than that of our subject, whose home was situated on sec. 29, Maquon Township, who followed the vocation of farming until his demise, which occurred in August, 1882.

He of whom we write, was born in Highland County, Ohio, Dec. 1, 1821.  His parents were John G. and Dorothy (Strange) Thurman.  They were natives of Ohio and Virginia, respectively.  The father was born in 1795, and died in 1859.  The mother was born in 1799, and is now living with her son's wife at the advanced age of 87 years.

He came to Knox County in June, 1841, and six years later, on the 26th day of November, was married.  After marriage he settled in Maquon Township, where he was actively engaged in following the avocation of an agriculturalist, and there met with extraordinary success until his decease, as above stated.

The maiden name of the wife of our subject was Eliza A., daughter of Mark and Fannie (Marchant) Thurman.  Her parents were pioneers of Knox County, coming there as early as 1829.  There they resided until their demise.  Mark Thurman, the father of Mrs. Thurman, was the first Justice of the Peace in Knox County.   His demise occurred Oct. 26, 1845.  The parental family consisted of ten children, of whom Mrs. T. was the third in order of birth.  February 14, 1820, in Highland County, Ohio, she first saw the light.  She was only seven months old upon her arrival in this county, where she has lived all her life, she being one of the oldest settlers in the county.

Mr. and Mrs. Thurman, of this notice, have become the parents of one child, a daughter, named Clarissa, who died at the interesting age of two years; Dec 19, 1850, being the date of her death.  Since her husbands death, Mrs. Thurman has come in possession of the extensive farm of 320 acres of land, 200 of which is in a most excellent state of cultivation.  Mr. and Mrs. Thurman, having lost their only child, have raised five children, all reaching the age of man and womanhood.  The names of the children they have reared will be found below: Zeruial McCullock, who was five years of age when he was taken to raise; Loren E. Thurman was the next child adopted, he being only three years of age when he was taken as one of their children; Catherine Potts was raised and became the wife of Luther Moats; Nettie Hall came to their home when only 13 months old and has grown up to womanhood and is now the leading support of Mrs. Thurman."

Alfred Thurman, deceased, came to Knox County about 1851, and for a time taught school in Salem Township, after which he worked out by the month on a farm.  He subsequently formed a partnership with a Mr. Steel in the dry goods business in Farmington.  This they carried on successfully for a short time, when our subject removed to Uniontown, Salem Township, where he purchased a dry goods store and remained there for four years, then returned to Farmington, carrying on this business for some months.  His next removal was to Maquon Township, whither he removed his stock of dry goods, locating his store near the distillery.  He remained there for some time, after which he went to Leavenworth, Kan., and one year later again returned to Maquon.  During all this time he was engaged in the mercantile business.  Upon his final settlement at Maquon he formed a partnership with David Housh, where he remained until his demise.

Mr. Thurman was married to Barbara Housh, at Knoxville, Aug 3, 1854.  She was the daughter of David and Elizabeth (Thornbrough) Housh.  Mrs. Thurman was born in Haw Creek Township, Aug 20, 1836, and by this union became the mother of two daughters - Florence and Emma C.  Florence M. is the wife of Benjamin S. Green, and they are at present residing in Peoria; Mrs. Green is the mother of three children, viz.: George A., Sophia B., and Benjamin J.; Emma C. died when three months old.

Mrs. Thurman was again married, in Haw Creek Township, this time to William H. H. Green.  Mr. Green was a native of Maryland, and settled in Maquon Township, where he and his brother purchased a distillery of David Housh, which they carried on for some years.  He afterward followed farming and subsequently removed to the village of Maquon, where his death occurred Sept. 5, 1882.  Mr. Green's first wife was Amanda Housh, a sister of his second.  The former was the mother of two children - Sophia E. and George B.  Her demise took place in November, 1870.  George died in infancy.  By his second marriage he had born to him three children - Harry D., Clinton B., and Annie E.; the first died in infancy. Mrs. Green is an active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

J. V. R. Carley.  Lying within the limits of Knox County are many beautiful and homelike farms, owned by those men who only by diligent perseverance and untiring energy have won their homes.  Among these, conspicuous as being a substantial man and a good citizen, may be found the subject of this historical notice, whose handsome home lies on section 5, of Sparta Township.  He is characterized for his thrift and prudence, no less than his ability as a financier, and may be pointed out to the coming generations as an example worthy of imitation.

Mr. Carley was born in Montgomery County, N. Y., Aug. 4, 1819, and his parents were Brookins and Rachel (Bennett) Carley.  They were natives of New York State, where the father was proprietor of a hotel.  He departed this life in Schoharie County, N. Y., in 1853; the mother passed to the life beyond from Tompkins County, N. Y., in 1865.  To them were given seven children, all of whom lived to reach man and womanhood.  They were named as follows: Eliza, now Mrs. Lanphere; James V. R.; David W.; Mary, Abraham, Helen and Adelia.  The deceased are Adelia, Abraham, Helen and Mary.  James V. R., of this narrative, was the second child in order of birth, and remained at home after his father's death.  He then, with his sister Eliza, whose capability proved to be remarkable, took charge of the bereaved little family, sent them to school and cared for them until they reached years of maturity.  Each and all are possessed of intelligence and talent and reflect credit upon the brave pair who took such a responsibility upon their young shoulders.  All the daughters became teachers, and two of the brothers have adopted the medical profession.

James, our subject, entered upon the life of a pedagogue at the age of 22 and followed it for five years.  In 1846 he was united in marriage with Miranda Phelps, and the result of this union was two children - Elnora and Warren M., which latter died at the age of three years.  Elnora became Mrs. Gaddis, and departed this life in 1882, at the age of 35.  Mrs. Carley died in the year 1863.  Soon after his marriage Mr. Carley and his sister Eliza provided a home for their aged mother, so that she was able to pass her declining years without care or anxiety.

The second marriage of Mr. Carley was with Mary Armstrong, in 1864  and the result of their union was three children, two of whom survive - Lester E. and James M.  Ozro W. died in 1870.  The second Mrs. Carley was born in Cumberland County, Eng., March 29, 1840, and died in 1872.  His third wife's maiden name was Clara E. Wicks, and five children have been born to them - Edna E., Jay V. R., Arthur B., Mabel and Clara E.

Mr. Carley came to Illinois in 1850 and settled where he now lives, purchasing 77 acres of land.  He afterward sold 25 acres of it, and to the 52 he has since added 108 1/2 acres.  Since coming here he has made all modern improvements, building a house and barn and setting out trees, until he may be pardoned for taking a just pride in his beautiful surroundings.  He values his land at $75 per acre, and it is fruitful and productive in the extreme.

In politics Mr. Carley is a firm Republican, advocating and voting for the doctrines of that organization.  With his two sons, Lester E. and James M. he belongs to the Congregational Church, living out the principles of a noble Christian faith.

JOSHUA B. BOYNTON, one of the prominent and successful merchants of Maquon and Supervisor of Maquon Township, came to Knox County in the fall of 1866 from Fort Wayne, Ind. For one year after his arrival he resided in Orange Township, where he was engaged in farming. Subsequently he removed to Haw Creek Township and there followed agriculture. In 1869 he came to Maquon and was engaged in the butcher business in that place for one year. Soon afterward he formed a partnership with G. G. Shearer for the purpose of carrying on the grocery business, under the firm name of Shearer & Boynton. This partnership existed for one year, when Mr. B. bought out the interest of his partner and conducted the trade alone until 1877. He then formed a partnership with William Swigart, and since that time the business has been carried on under the style of Swigart & Boynton. They do an average business of $20,000 annually.

Mr. Boynton was born in Augusta, Me., June 4, 1828. He was but a lad of five years when his parents moved to Lorain County, Ohio, where Mr. Boynton spent the early years of his life. He had received but a limited education, and assisted his father, who was a merchant, in the store. In 1865 Mr. Boynton came to Ft. Wayne, Ind., but was engaged in no regular business until his arrival in Knox County, in 1867.

The marriage of Mr. Boynton was solemnized at Maquon, in September 15, 1870, at which time he was united with Miss Rachel Bull , daughter of Walter and Betsey (Bull) Bull, natives of Maryland. The parents resided for a number of years in Ohio prior to their coming to Knox County. They both died in Haw Creek Township.

The wife of our subject was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, in the year 1842. Mr. and Mrs. Boynton have had born to them six children, five of whom survive. The record is as follows: Harriet Nay, born in 1872; Elizabeth Ann, 1874; William Walter, 1876; Emma Josephine, 1878; Edna Estelle, 1880; Sarah Isabella, 1885. William died at the age of two years.

Mr. Boynton was elected Supervisor of Maquon Township in the spring of 1881, and has been the incumbent of that office up to the present time, filling the same with credit to himself and satisfaction to the community. He has also been Township Treasurer and Trustee for several years and School Director for six years. He was one of the number who enlisted in the Home Guards and was in the Morgan Raid in Ohio. Politically he is a supporter of the principals advocated by the Republican party.

The parents of our subject were Daniel T. and Harriet O. (Laughton) Boynton, natives of Maine. The father was of Irish and the mother of English ancestry. The grandfather of our subject was in the War of 1812. The parents of Mr. Boynton removed to Ohio, and thence to Fort Wayne, Ind., at which place the mother died. The father still survives and is a resident of Kansas.

G. P. BURNETT is a farmer and stock-raiser on section 30, Haw Creek Township.  He was born in Putnam County, Ind., April 11, 1834, and is the son of Joshua and Elizabeth (Housh) Burnett, natives of Georgia, who emigrated from Indiana to Knox County, Ill., in 1836, coming overland with a team of oxen.  The subject of this sketch was married to Sarah Conser, Sept. 27, 1855  She is the daughter of George and Catherine Conser; she was born March 5, 1827.  To this union there were born five children: Mary E., June 13, 1856, is the wife of L. P. Darnell, living in this township; Joshua F., born July 28, 1857, is married to Rosa A. Allen, and lives in this township; Ella A., born Feb. 4, 1859, is the wife of William E. Housh, living in this township; Sarah A., born Nov. 17, 1861; Flora B., June 24, 1864, and they are raising a boy named James A. Nevett  born April 1, 1872.  Mr. Burnett makes the breeding and raising of Short-horn Durham cattle a specialty, also fine horses and stock of all kinds.  He has traveled over the Southern and Western States, and has been shipping stock for a number of years, mostly to Western States.  He owns 500 acres of good land, all under fence, and the most of it improved, with good buildings of all kinds and everything in flourishing condition.

Mr. Burnett has been a successful hunter of all kinds of game that infested the Illinois prairies, and is the owner of the celebrated English foxhounds, the only dogs that can, unaided, capture and kill a wolf.  He has a rifle carried by his grandfather, Joshua Burnett, through the Wars of the Revolution and of 1812 and the Black Hawk War, and the old piece is now in good condition, all the changes made being that the old flint lock is modernized by the percussion cap, and the stock, formerly six feet in length, has been cut off to the length of guns of the present day.

GEORGE W. BUTT.  Among the principal farmers, whose names are enrolled on the records of Knox County as worth of mention for success and enterprise, is found the subject, who for zeal and thrift has no superior in this section of the country.  His home is situated on section 29, and is a desirable and attractive farm, the soil being under high cultivation and including 355 aces of land, 150 of which is tillable.  Mr. Butt came with his parents to this part of the State in infancy, being but 13 months old, from Champaign County, Ohio, where he was born, Feb. 16, 1836.  His parents, Thomas E. and Sarah E. (Williams) Butt, were natives of Virginia and settled in Persifer Township, where they both died.

They had 13 children, of whom William was the 12th in order of birth.  He was given some educational advantages, receiving a common-school education, and has been engaged in agricultural pursuits for some length of time.  He was married in Persifer Township, Sept. 11, 1853, to Dorcas Dawson, daughter of James and Margaret (Claypool) Dawson, natives of Ohio.  Mrs. Butt was born in what is now known as Vinton County, Ohio, July 8, 1834.  Mr. and Mrs. Butt have seven living children, as follows: Martha J., James A., Thomas J., Harriet Anna, Charles I., Sarah E., and George W., Jr.  The have buried one child, John W. by name.  Martha is the wife of L. N. Hiler, and resides in Knoxville; she has one child, by name George E.; James A. is in Washington Territory; Thomas is married to Sarah H. Jackson and his home is in Persifer Township; they have three children - Lawrence, Benjamin L. and Laurel; Harriet Anna is the wife of James H. Perkins, and her home is in Persifer Township; she is the mother of two children - Katie M. and Charley R.  The remaining children are all under the parental roof.

Mr. Butt has been Road Commissioner, Township Clerk and School Director respectively, which offices he has held with honor and credit to himself and his electors.  He was given the position of Justice of the Peace, but did not qualify for it.  He has served his country faithfully and well, fighting under the stars and stripes to protect her, and to win that noble independence and liberty which are birthrights of every American and which they will suffer nothing to wrest from them.  He enlisted Dec. 21, 1861, in Co. B. 1st Ill. Cav., and served seven months, when he was honorably discharged, and re-enlisted in Co A, 10th Missouri Cav.  In that regiment he served for three years, and when at last discharged he returned to his home in Persifer Township.  He is at the present time a member of the James T. Shields Post, No. 45, G.A.R." 

Dr. Elijah F. Purdum, a practicing physician of Abingdon since 1876, was born in Montgomery County, Md., Oct. 14, 1839, and is a son of Nathan and Rebecca (Etchison) Purdum.  His father was born in Maryland and was descended from the French.  His mother was born in the same county as her son, and was descended from the English and Irish.

Our subject went to Guernsey County, Ohio, when eight years of age.  He began the study of medicine in 1859, with Dr. Francis Rea, of Washington, Ohio; enlisted in July, 1861, in Co. F, 30th Ohio Vol. Inf., serving until Oct. 30, 1862, and was discharged for physical disability resulting from typhoid fever.  He took a regular course at the Medical College of Ohio, at Cincinnati, graduating in the Class of 1863, July 6.  He passed an examination before the Medical Board of Examiners of Ohio, within a few days after graduating, with so creditable a record that he was recommended as being qualified to serve as Regimental Surgeon.  Not having had the necessary experience, he was disqualified for the position, but was commissioned Assistant Surgeon of the 89th Ohio Vol. Inf.  The appointment was a compliment to the young Doctor, as it was unsought, the receipt of his commission and orders being the first intimation he had of the matter.  He re-entered the service under his commission, July 24, 1863, and was captured at the battle of Chickamauga, Sept. 20, 1863.  His whole regiment was either killed, wounded or captured, and not re-organized again until the following December.  After his capture Dr. Purdum was taken to Richmond and held a prisoner at Libby Prison, in that city, for two months and a few days.  He was then exchanged, and in December rejoined his regiment.  He served in the Army of the Cumberland, 14th Army Corps, under Gen. Stedman.  His army record is one his friends are proud of.

He was mustered out June 28, 1865.  In October of that year he removed to Abingdon, Ill., and spent the winter of 1865-66 in that city, and the following spring took up his residence in the town of Hermon, Knox Co., where he was engaged in practice until 1876, when he returned to Abingdon and has since made that city his home, and has pursued his practice successfully.  Dr. Purdum was married in Washington, Guernsey Co., Ohio, July 4, 1865, to Miss Callie Swan, daughter of Edward and Caroline Swan.  Mrs. Purdum was born in Belmont County, Ohio.  Her people were natives of Loudon County, Va.  Dr. and Mrs. Purdum have one child, a son, Charles W., born in Hermon. contributed by Swan Warren.

WILLIAM SWIGART; Farmer and stockman; Maquon; born in Pickaway County, Ohio, August 15, 1822.  He is of German descent.  His father, Daniel Swigart, was a native of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; his mother, Elizabeth (Conrad) Swigart, was born in Greenbrier County, Virginia.  Mr. Swigart came from Marion County, Ohio, to Knox County, in November, 1852.  For a time he sent occasional shipments of grain to Chicago, but in 1862, he engaged permanently in the grain trade.  For many years he conducted a lumber yard, which he now rents to other parties.  In 1878, he opened a general grocery store in partnership with J. B. Boynton, which business he still conducts.  In 1881, he opened the bank which bears his name.  Mr. Swigart is a member of the I. O. O. F. in Maquon, and is also a Mason, holding membership in the Maquon lodge, in Eureka chapter, No. 98, of Yates City, in Knoxville Council, No. 1, and also in the Peoria Consistory of Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rites.  He owns three farms in Haw Creek Township and fourteen others scattered in various townships and counties.  In all he possesses two thousand six hundred acres of improved land.  October 21, 1847, Mr. Swigart was married to Eliza J. McHenry, in Wyandotte County, Ohio; she died in 1861, leaving four children: John; Jane, now the wife of O. D. Cooke, of Hinsdale, Illinois; Daniel, now living in Chicago; and Alonzo, deceased.  His second wife was Susan Stewart, who was born in Indiana, and died in 1875.  She was the mother of six children, of whom the survivors are: Elizabeth, wife of Charles Hartsook, of Haw Creek; Sarah, wife of F. C. Bearmore, Maquon; and Lincoln, of Knoxville.  Mr. Swigart was married May 16, 1876, to his present wife, Elizabeth Bull  who is a native of Fairfield County, Ohio.  Mr. Swigart has held numerous local offices and has been Township Treasurer since 1863.  He supports the worship of the Methodist Episcopal and the United Brethren denominations.  In politics, he is a republican.


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