1899 Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois Knox County Biographies


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These biographies were typed by Kathy Mills & Foxie Anderson Hagerty if u by chance see them on another web site they are reproduced without giving proper credit where it is due. thank you! We worked long & hard to get these online & I like giving credit where credit is due. surprisingly others do not feel the same. Thank you & enjoy.

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1899 Index beginning with A

1899 index beginning with E

1899 Index beginning with L = R

1899 Index beginning with S--Z

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William Henry Adams - William Henry Adams: Farmer; Maquon Township; born in Rome, New York, January 22, 1844, educated in Knox County. His father, Andrew Adams, was a native of Ireland; his mother, Sarah (Coonradt), was born in Rome, New York.

His maternal grandparents were Stephen and Jane Coonradt; his paternal grandparents were born in Ireland. January 29, 1880, Mr. Adams was married, in Maquon Township to Mary E. Jacobs; they have one child, Lottie. In religion, Mr. Adams is Orthodox. In politics, he is a Democrat.

AIKEN, EZRA D.: Secretary of the Boyer Broom Company, Galesburg; born April 17, 1844 in Wentworth, New Hampshire; educated in Illinois.  His parents were John V. and Martha D. (Darling) Aiken, of New Hampshire.  The father was a farmer, and came to Illinois in 1857, settling on a small farm in Ontario Township, Knox County.  His eyesight began to fail when he was a lad of ten; he was blind at fifty, and died at the age of eighty-five.  He had one daughter, Mary, who died in 1865, and four sons: Edward A., who was killed at the battle of Reseca; Dennis B., who served through the Civil War; Louis B., who served one term of enlistment; and Ezra D., who remained on the farm, and cared for his blind father and invalid mother.  In 1870, Mr. E.D. Aiken entered the employ of Jones Brothers in the grain, lumber, and stock business.  In 1874 he came to Galesburg, and engaged with his uncle, S. N. Grose, in the stationery and book business, in which he later became a partner.  In 1884, he contracted a partnership with W. E. Reed, sold out his interest in 1888, and in 1891 became the bookkeeper and confidential clerk of Mr. Boyer, who was blind.  In 1897 he was the promoter of a stock company, which purchased Mr. Boyer’s interest in the broom business, and which was organized as the A. Boyer Broom Company, with Mr. Aiken as Secretary and Treasurer.  In religion, Mr. Aiken is a Congregationalist.  He is a republican.

ALLEN, NORMAN T.: Clergyman; Galesburg; born August 15, 1844, in Galesburg, Illinois; educated in Knox College and in the North Western University.   His parents were Sheldon W. Allen, of Augusta, Oneida County, New York; and Fidelia (Leach) Allen, of Watertown, New York; his grandparents were Chester Allen, of Connecticut, and Eunice Allen of New York.  Mr. Allen was married to Amelia A. Kent, May 26, 1867 at Rock Island, Illinois.  Five children were born to them:  William R., Adah E., Eva A., Norman C., and Grace F.  Mr. Allen is a Methodist, and has retired from active service as a minister.  He is a republican, and was Overseer of the Poor from 1889 to 1891; Justice of the Peace from 1893 to 1897, to which office he was re-elected in 1897, for four years.

AMES, ABSALOM AUSTIN:  Galesburg; born March 7, 1856, at Summerset, Ohio; educated at Columbus.  His father, John W. Ames, son of A.A. Ames, of Pennsylvania, was born in Morgan County, Ohio, and his mother, Martha A., daughter of Charles Morehrad, was from Virginia.  Mr. Ames taught school for some time at Columbus, Ohio.  He afterwards lived in California for seven years, later going to Oskaloosa, Iowa, where he became connected with the Rattan Manufacturing Company, which was succeeded by the Smead Warming and Ventilating Company, in whose employ he remained for many years.  He came to Galesburg in 1892, and was elected Alderman from the Fifth Ward April 6, 1897.  He was married to Ida A. Crall August 9, 1885 at Albia, Iowa.  Mr. and Mrs. Ames have three children: Eva M., John T., and Francis C.  In politics he is a republican.

ANDERSON, A. W.: Blacksmith; Galesburg; born December 17, 1856, in Sweden; educated in Sweden and America.  His parents were Abraham and Nellie Anderson of Sweden.  He was married to Elsie Anderson in Kansas City in 1883.  They have five children: Maud Aqueline, Nellie, Leo Forest, Helen, and Hazel.  Mr. Anderson inherited his trade, his father having been a blacksmith and mechanic.  He came to America in 1881 and settled at Kansas City.  In 1886 he was honored by a call from the government of Sweden, and promised five crowns a day if he would return, but having a substantial trade in America, he decided to remain here.  He was in Joplin, Missouri for one year, and came to Galesburg in 1885, where for two years; he worked at his trade with the Frost Manufacturing Company.  He then established a business for himself.  He has exceptional ability, and has made important discoveries in his line of work.  He welds steel on copper, iron and brass, on which process he has taken out a patent in this country and in Europe.  Much is expected as the result of this discovery, and a company of business men has been formed, known as the “Copper and Steel Welding Company,” with a capital of $15,000, of which Mr. Anderson is the promoter.  Mr. Anderson is a member of the Lutheran Church.  In politics he is a republican.

ANDREWS, JOHN ASA Editor of the Galesburg Spectator; born December 13, 1864, at Geneseo, Illinois, where he was educated.  His parents were James Andrews of Ohio, and Mary (Campbell) Andrews, of Mowira, New York.  His grandfathers were Reverend Wells Andrews and Hiram Campbell.  Mr. Andrews was married to Jennie Reed at Ough, Nebraska.  They have three children: Alfred, Edwin, and Willie.  In politics Mr. Andrews is a democrat.  He is a member of the Presbyterian Church.

ANTHONY, NORMAN:  Galesburg; Proprietor Brown’s Hotel; born in Sharon, Schoharie County, New York, August 27, 1833.  The ancestry of the Anthony family is German.  His father, Christopher, and his mother, Anna Peyser, were born in New York, as were his paternal grandfather and great-grandfather; his great-uncle, John Anthony, served during the Revolutionary War.  Norman Anthony was educated in the public schools and in the academy at Ames, New York.  His first independent venture was as a school teacher at Sharon Springs in 1851-2.  He afterwards worked on a farm, and later became a clerk in a grocery store at Canajoharie.  In 1853 he came West, and after a six weeks’ sojourn in La Salle County, found employment as a bookkeeper with the firm of George R. Roberts and Company, lumber merchants of Chicago.  In 1855 he kept books for a dry goods merchant in Kankakee, and came to Galesburg March 13, 1856 as clerk and manager for the Galesburg lumber yard of Abraham Cohert of Chicago.  Afterwards, he went in business with D. H. Eldridge, whose interest he purchased after four years.  He also bought out Edwin Post, another lumber merchant, and forming a partnership with Hiram Mars, operated both yards.  After ten years this partnership was dissolved, Mr. Anthony assuming management of the yard now occupied by Simpson and Company, which he eventually disposed of to Edgar and Company.  He then bought the Howard Reed farm, near Galesburg, which he still owns.  In 1891, he became the owner of Brown’s Hotel, and in 1893 he took possession of the property and became proprietor of the hotel.  Mr. Anthony has traveled extensively in the United States, and has been East at least twenty-five times.  He is a genial, public spirited man, and was one of the organizers of the Second National Bank of Galesburg, and a Director for many years.

AVERY, JOHNEngineer; Galesburg; born November 30, 1845 in Hancock, Vermont; educated at Northenfield, New Hampshire.  His parents were George Avery of Lowell, Massachusetts and Phoebe (Page) Avery of Hancock, Vermont; his grandparents were Henry Avery of Lowell, Massachusetts, and Sarah (Freelove) Avery who lived near Boston; his maternal grandparents, Joseph and Priscilla Page came from Rochester, Vermont.  Mr. John Avery was first married to Louise, daughter of George Hull of Warsaw, Illinois; they had one son, Elbert, who now lives in Logan County, Kansas.  His second marriage was with Mrs. Esther (Thomas) Wingate, of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, March 4, 1883; they have one child, Grace.  Mrs. Avery had three children by a former marriage:  Lulu, Flora B., and Clifton D.  Mr. Avery worked at the carpenter’s trade for thirty years.  August 12, 1861, he enlisted in what was known as the Twenty-fourth New York Independent Battery and served three years and eleven months.  After three years’ active service he was captured at Plymouth, North Carolina, at the close of a fight lasting four days and three nights, and was confined in Andersonville and at other prisons in South Carolina.  He was exchanged at the close of the war.  He fought in thirty-six battles, the more important being: Hatteras Inlet, Newbern, Roanoke Island, Tarboro, Whitehall, and the second battle of Newbern.  After the war, he was a fireman on the New York Central Railroad, and engineer on the Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad.  He went to California and returned to Keokuk, Iowa, where he was in the bridge department of the St. Louis and Northwestern Railroad.  He served on the Des Moines Valley and other railroads, and finally on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy, in Iowa.  He was foreman in building the east wing of the Hospital for the Insane at Mt. Pleasant, Iowa.  He afterwards returned to the service of the Burlington Company, and since January, 1890, has been employed as engineer.  Mr. Avery is a member of the A.F. and A.M., Zenium Lodge, No 207 of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa; Henry Chapter No 8; Henry Council No 2; Jerusalem Commandery No.7; G.A.R.; U.V.U.; and the Old Prisoners’ Association of Newark, New Jersey.  Mr. Avery is independent in politics.

AVERY, ROBERT H.:  Inventor, and President of the Avery Planter Company, was born at Galesburg on January 16, 1840.  He was the son of George Avery and Sarah Phelps, his father having been one of the founders of Galesburg and of Knox College.  He was raised upon a farm, but at the outbreak of the Civil War felt himself impelled to offer his service to his country.  He enlisted as a private in the Seventy-seventh Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, and although never wounded, was one of those unfortunates who underwent the horrors of the prison pen at Andersonville.  For eight months he was a prisoner within the Confederate lines, half of that time being spent in that living grave, the very memory of which is a blot upon the civilization of the country.

It was while confined there, however, that Mr. Avery from sheer lack of mental occupation, first directed his thought to those improvements in the implements of farm work, the perfecting of which have made his name famous.  On receiving his discharge, at the end of the war, he returned home and resumed work upon the farm, at the same time working out the ideas which had come to him while languishing in the Georgia stockade.  He evolved first a cultivator and next a stalk-cutter.  For the manufacture of these machines he entered into a contract with Hon. George W. Brown, under the terms of which he was to receive a small royalty upon their sale.

            His means were small, and in the hope of improving his fortunes he resolved to emigrate to Kansas, where he entered a soldier’s claim to land, and at the same time perfected a “tree claim”.  Having broken the prairie, and being desirous of raising a crop of corn, he found himself hampered by the want of a corn planter.  His inventive genius came to his rescue and with the aid of such tools as he had at hand—a saw, a plane and some augurs—he constructed his first machine of this description.  It was rude, but it did its work, and embodied several of the principles which he utilized in his later invention.

            Returning to Galesburg, he entered into partnership with his brother, under the firm name of R.H. and C.N. Avery, for the manufacture of agricultural implements under his patents.  For ten years the brothers conducted the business at Galesburg, and in the Summer of 1882 the Avery Planter Company was incorporated, with a capital stock of $200,000, Robert H. Avery becoming President.  A large plant was erected at Peoria, and the manufactory was removed to that point.  The business has greatly prospered, the Avery agricultural implements ranking among the best on the market and the demand for them steadily increasing.

            Mr. Avery remained at the head of the company until his death, which occurred September 1892.  His demise was indirectly the result of the hardships undergone at Andersonville, the seeds of disease there implanted in his system having never been eradicated.

            He was a man of rare, and thoroughly original, inventive genius; strong in conviction, yet modest and unassuming; kindly, generous and just.  It was said of him, after his death, by one who knew him well, that “to have known him was an education, while it was an honor to have been called his friend.”

BARLOW, AMES A. Farmer; Galesburg; born February 25, 1857, at La Fayette, Stark County, Illinois.  He remained at home until about twenty-three years of age.  He was married to Celinda S. Hathaway in Lynn Township, August 17, 1879, and lived for three years on his own farm which was part of the Barlow homestead.  Mr. Barlow then removed to the Hathaway farm, which was his home for fifteen years, and later settled in Galesburg where he has since resided.  They have three children, Lawrence W., Mabel M, and Abbie A.  His father, Gideon A. Barlow, was a native of New York State, his mother, Martha (Johnson) Barlow, was born in Sweden; his paternal grandfather, Nathan Barlow, and his paternal grandmother, Athalia (Gillet) Barlow, were natives of New York.  Mr. Barlow’s real estate interests are mostly in Lynn Township, where he owns four hundred acres of land.  He was Town Clerk for six years, and ably represented his township while filling the office of Supervisor, and has the confidence and esteem of his fellow citizens.  He is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America and of the Knights of Pythias.  In politics, Mr. Barlow is a republican

BELLOWS, JAMES:  Machinist; Galesburg; born September 7, 1847, at Rochester, New York where he was educated.  He was married to Mary Weber, October 5, 1892, at Galesburg, Illinois, in the house where Mrs. Bellows was born.  Mr. Bellows came to Illinois in 1869, lived in Chicago about two years, moved to Eikhart in 1871 and in 1872, came to Galesburg.  Mr. Bellows is master of his profession, having made it his life work.  For more than twenty-seven years, he has been employed in the mechanical department of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad.  Mr. Bellow’s father, Francis Bellows, was a native of Massachusetts; his mother’s name was Julia Carr.  Charles and Catharine Weber, the parents of Mrs. Bellows, came from Germany and settled in Galesburg, where they resided until their decease.  Mrs. Weber died December 12, 1897 at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Bellows.

BERGLUND, ALBERT E.: Farmer; Galesburg; born April 25, 1873, at Altona, Knox County, Illinois; educated in Galesburg.  His parents were Lewis and Carrie (Anderson) Berglund, of Sweden.  Mr. Berglund is a Methodist.  In politics he is a republican.

BERGER, MORRIS:  Engineer; Galesburg; born July 28, 1864, at Schuylkill Haven, Pennsylvania.  His parents were Isaac Berger, of Berks County, Pennsylvania, and Kate (Bittle) Berger, of the same State; his grandfathers, Joseph Berger and Jacob Bittle, came from Pennsylvania.  He was married in Galesburg, Illinois, December 23, 1890 to Jennie, daughter of Lawrence and Mary (Green) Riley of Ireland.  Their children are:  Mabel, Louis, and Marie.  Joseph and Isaac Berger were carpenters by trade.  For twenty-eight years Isaac Berger was foreman in the shops of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad at Schuylkill Haven, where he and his wife now live.  When thirteen years of age Morris Berger began as carpenter in his father’s employ.  After five years he entered the employ of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad as brakeman and after two years became conductor.  In 1886 he resigned, and began firing, and in 1887, came to Galesburg and entered the service of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad as fireman.  In 1891 he became engineer.  Mr. Berger is the engineer who, February 17, 1899, ran the Fast Mail from Chicago to Burlington, a distance of two hundred and six miles, in one hundred and ninety-five minutes.  The thermometer was seventeen degrees below zero, and it was the fastest long run on record.

            Mr. Berger is a member of the Masonic Order, Alpha Lodge, Galesburg, and is a Master Mason.  He has passed the chairs of the Webster Council, No. 23; of the Junior Order of United American Mechanics; the Knights of Labor, and the Sons of America.  In politics, Mr. Berger is independent.

BLANDING, MARION J.;  Civil Engineer; Galesburg; born December 22, 1842 in Madison County, New York.  His parents were Joseph H. Blanding of Swansea, New Hampshire, and Mary J. (Sweet) Blanding of Madison County, New York.  Mr. M. J. Blanding was married in 1870 to S. Eliza Throop, of Mount Pleasant, Iowa.  They have two children: George T. and Mary J.  Mr. Blanding’s second marriage was with Sadie R. Graham at Galesburg, in November 1883.  He was Resident Engineer on the Saint Louis Division of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad for six years.  In 1893 he was made City Engineer of Galesburg, which position he now holds.  In religion Mr. Blanding is a Universalist.  In politics he is a republican.

BOWMAN, H. P. Engineer; Galesburg; born January 25, 1857 in Springboro, Pennsylvania; educated in Pennsylvania and Missouri.  His parents were Sherman Bowman of Connecticut, and Marth (Larmor) Bowman of Pennsylvania.  His grandfather was Nathan Bowman.  Mr. H. P. Bowman was married in Ipava, Illinois, October 17, 1895 to Anna, daughter of George A. and Susan (Leightner) Jacobs, of Pennsylvania.  She was born in Knoxville, Illinois June 16, 1866.  Her parents came to Knox County at the close of the Civil War, in which Mr. Jacobs participated.  Mr. Bowman’s ancestors in this country date back to 1714 and he has in his possession a deed from King George to his great-great-grandfather, Joseph Bowman.  His great-grandfather served under Putnam in the Revolutionary War, and Mr. Bowman has his commission as Captain in the service.  Sherman Bowman was a farmer, and moved form Pennsylvania to Missouri in 1868.  Mr. H.P. Bowman worked on the farm until he was twenty-six years of age, afterwards following the trade of butcher for three years.  He became fireman on the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad, and after three years accepted a position with the Missouri Pacific Railroad.  In 1888 he entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company as fireman, and in 1892 became engineer, a position which he now holds.  He is a Royal Arch Mason.  In politics Mr. Bowman is a republican.

BOYERS, BARTHOLOMEW Conductor; Galesburg; born February 22, 1858 in Whiteside County, Illinois; educated in Illinois.  His parents were Samuel Boyers, born in Lincolnshire, England, and Mary (Kinney) Boyers, born in Limerick, Ireland; his maternal grandparents, Patrick and Mary (Tansey) Kinney came from Ireland.  He was married in Keokuk, Iowa, December 13, 1880, to Minnie, daughter of Christopher and Mary (Elmore) Carr, who were natives of Ireland.  They came to America in middle life and lived at Janesville, Wisconsin where Minnie was born.  They had one child, Ruby.  The parents of Mr. Boyers came to this country in early life, and were married here.  The father had considerable property, and went to Colorado in 1849, where he spent his fortune in mining.  He returned to Illinois, enlisted in the Civil War and passed through the entire period without a wound, but contracted bronchitis, from which he died.  Mr. B. Boyers began with the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, as brakeman, and became conductor in 1882, which position he still holds.  He is a member of the Order of Railway Conductors, and the Court of Honor.  Mrs. Boyers is a member of the Court of Honor, and also L.A. to O.R.C.  Mr. Boyers is a Catholic in religion.  In politics he is independent.

BRADLEY, WILLIAM O’R:  Physician; Galesburg; born October 14, 1861, in Rochester, New York; educated in the public schools of Rochester; at Conesius College, Buffalo, New York, and at St. Michael’s College, Toronto, Canada.  He graduated from the Medical Department of the University of Buffalo.  His parents were Thomas Bradley, of Belfast, Ireland, and Anna G. Bradley, of Rochester, New York.  His four grandparents came from Belfast, Ireland.  Dr. Bradley was married to Margaret Rivers, in Rochester, New York, July 22, 1884.  They have three children:  William, Marie, and Anna.  Dr. Bradley is a democrat.

BROWN, GEORGE W.:   Foxie's Note: My third-great-Uncle  Original inventor of the corn planter; was born in Clifton Park, Saratoga County, New York, October 29, 1815.  His parents, Valentine and Bethany (Spink) Brown, were New Englanders, who moved to New York when that State was comparatively new.  They lived on a farm, where George W. passed his first fourteen years.  After reaching that age he went to live with an older brother, who taught him the carpenter’s trade.  He found employment on the Erie Canal during its construction, as well as on the line of the Schenectady and Albany Railroad, of which he was for a time Roadmaster.  On September 1, 1835 he married Marla T. Terpening.  In 1836 he brought his bride of a year West in a wagon, the journey occupying six weeks.  They reached Tylerville, in Warren County, in July 1836.  The team was exchanged for eighty acres of land, and then his mechanical trade began to serve him in good stead.  From 1836 to 1850 he built many houses for his neighbors.  But he was naturally an inventor, and during these years devised a cultivator, churn and implements of value to farmers, although he secured a patent only upon the cultivator.  In 1848 be began to perfect his primary idea of a corn planter, completing the first practical machine in 1851.  He obtained his first patent August 2, 1853, and constructed twelve planters that same year.  The following year he placed one hundred upon the market, and in 1855 three hundred.  In the last mentioned year he moved to Galesburg.  Prior to 1866 his receipts from the sale of his devices had been exceedingly small.  In that year he borrowed $25,000 and built three thousand machines.  From that time forward, his business was a success.   The present plant was erected in 1875.  In 1880 the business was incorporated under the name of George W. Brown and Company, with a capital of $300,000, Mr. Brown becoming President.  His patents were infringed upon and in a series of suits, ending only in the United States Supreme Court; he conclusively established his right to be called the inventor of the corn planter.  As a result he has received many hundred thousand dollars in royalties.  Although he acquired great wealth, Mr. Brown remained an unpretentious man until his death.  He was essentially self-made, yet he was one of the best types of the class to which that much-abused term is so often applied.  On reaching Illinois, he had but twenty-eight dollars in cash, beside his team and “prairie schooner”.  His energy, genius and sound judgment won his battle.  He was generous almost to a fault and sincerely beloved by his employees, two hundred of whom were on his pay-roll for thirty years.  In 1835 he and his wife became members of the Methodist Church, in which he took a very active part until his death.  He was a republican in politics, and was Mayor of Galesburg in 1876.  He died June 2, 1895, leaving three children, James E. Brown, Mrs. Jennie S. Cowan, and Mrs. Elizabeth A. Perrin.  His wife died December 28, 1891.   Also, more information on George W. Brown on the 1886 Portrait & Biographical Album of Knox County, IL.

BRUNER, HENRY Retired farmer; Galesburg; born in 1812, Breckinridge County, Kentucky.  He came to Warren County in 1835, to a farm nine miles west of Galesburg.  He was married to Matilda Claycomb, who died in 1867.  Their children attained maturity.  Francis M., Melissa A., Adeline, Sarah, John M., Clarinda, and Julia.  Francis M. graduated from Knox College in m1857; he was President of Oskaloosa College, Iowa, from 1870-1876; President of Abingdon College, Illinois, from 1877 to 1885; and Professor of Sacred Literature and Exegesis in Eureka College, Illinois, from 1885-1887.  John M. served in the Civil War; he graduated from Knox College in 1869, and studied medicine in Berlin and Halle, Germany, and in New York.  He died April 23, 1890.  Mr. Henry Bruner came to Galesburg in 1855.  His second marriage was with Mrs. Anna Clark.  He is a member of the Christian Church.

BUNCE, JAMES, M.D.:  was born on May 25, 1805 in Newton Lower Falls, Massachusetts.  He died December 3, 1862, at Galesburg.  One of the original settlers, he was also the first physician of the infant colony.  In time his reputation as a physician and surgeon outgrew the straightened limits of his adopted city and he received calls to a professorship from both Rush and Lynn Medical colleges, at Chicago, which he declined.  As a Trustee of Knox College, from 1845 until his death, his interests were centered in the welfare of that institution, and he was highly esteemed by faculty and students alike.  As editor of the “News Letter” he acquired considerable reputation in journalism, while as a citizen he took an active part in the building of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy line.  He was for many years Attending Surgeon of that road, and a member of the Board of Directors.  He was Medical Examiner for the Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York, and also served for some years as County Physician.  Dr. Bunce was the son of James Bunce, owner of a paper mill in Newton Lower Falls, Massachusetts.  He was a lineal descendant of William Hagar, of Weston, Massachusetts, one of the first freemen to take the oath in America.  Lieutenants Josiah Bigelow and Nathan Hagar, who marched from Weston to participate in the battles of Lexington and Concord, were among his ancestors.  In early life he was compelled to earn his own living in various capacities, as opportunities offered, his father having died, leaving a large family.  Young James finally, however, found himself well enough advanced to matriculate at Jefferson Medical College, of Philadelphia, from which institution he received his diploma prior to the settling of Galesburg.  He married, March 10, 1836, Miss Harriet Nevil Ferris, a daughter of Silvanus Ferris, one of the financial backers of the colony which settled Galesburg and founded Knox College.  Death removed Mrs. Bunce on December 12, 1851.  She left a family of four girls, two boys having previously died.  On October, 1854, Dr. Bunce married Miss Mary Ann Davis, of Le Roy, New York, a daughter of Norton Seward Davis, who had served with honor as a Colonel in the War of 1812.  They had one son, who, with his mother and two half sisters, is still living.

BURGLAND, NELS M.: Butcher and Packer; Galesburg: born December 25, 1846, at Blekinge, Sweden, where he received his education.  He married Johanna Jacobson, January 7, 1873, at Galesburg, Illinois; they have three children: Charles M., George H., and Arthur T.  Mr. Burgland’s father, Mons. Persson, was born in Blekinge Lan, Sweden; his mother Karsti (Monson), was also a native of Bleckinge Lan.  Mr. Burgland was for one term a member of the Board of Supervisors, and a member of the City Council from the Fourth Ward for one term; all other official positions offered have been declined.  Mr. Burgland is a member of the Lutheran church.  In politics he is a republican.

CALKINS, WILLIAM HENRY Engineer; Galesburg; born April 3, 1862, in Onondaga County, New York; educated in Oswego.  His parents were Henry J. Calkins, born January 31, 1831, in Bridgeport, Connecticut, and Martha Jane (Baker) Calkins, of New York; his grandfather, Ezra Calkins, came from Bridgeport, Connecticut; his maternal grandparents were James and Nancy Baker.  He was married in Oswego, New York, November 24, 1880, to Anna, daughter of Peter and Anna (Barry) Mahoney of England.  Her father and brothers belonged to the Queen’s Guards.  Mr. Calkins’ ancestry is traceable to the Pilgrim Fathers.  They were active in the wars of the Revolution and of 1812.  His great-great-grandfather, Huge Calkins, was a member of Congress.  His father was a veteran of the Civil War, and an uncle, Stephen Calkins, was a victim of Andersonville Prison; his uncles on his mother’s side, six in number, were also veterans of the Civil War.  Mr. Calkins, at the age of fifteen, was engaged in government pier work at Oswego, New York.  At seventeen years of age he was in the engine department, as fireman of the Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad.  He then worked for the New York and Ontario Western, the Carthage and Adirondac, and in 1888, he returned as engineer to the Rome, Watertown and Ogdensburg Railroad.  In October, 1888 he came to Galesburg, taking a position as engineer for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad.  He is a member of the Ancient Order of Pyramids. Mr. Calkins has imported hares from England and Belgium; has a rabbit warren, and a kennel of bird dogs at his residence, 224 Lincoln street, Galesburg.  He is a member of the Methodist Church.  In politics, he is a republican.

CALLENDER, IRA S.:  Secretary of the Glenwood Ice Company; Galesburg; born at Peoria, Illinois, July 31, 1857.  His father, Isaac, was born in Kentucky, and his mother, Sarah A. was born in Maine; they are now residents of Galesburg.  His paternal grandfather, Joseph, was a native of Virginia, and his great-grandfather, Philip R., was born in Scotland.  His paternal grandmother, Ruth, was born in Kentucky.  His maternal grandmother, Sarah, and his grandfather, Ira Smith, and his great grandmother, Sarah Jenks, lived in Maine.  Mr. Callender’s early life was spent upon the farm and in public schools.  For several years, until he was twenty-five years of age, he taught school in the winter and worked on the farm during the summer.  In 1880, he removed to Nebraska, where he spent three years in farming.  February 2, 1882, he was married to Alice B. Bassford, of Pleasant Dale, Nebraska.  Five children have been born to them, Wallace V., Alice B., Ida E., Gladys M., and Ruth S.  In the Spring of 1883, Mr. Callender returned to Illinois, and spent the summer in the business college at Davenport, Iowa.  In the Fall he moved to Galesburg, and in 1884 started in the ice business.  Mr. Callender is a progressive business man.  He is a republican.  He is liberal in his religious views.

CALLENDER, WILLIAM HENRY SMITH Real Estate, Loans, and Insurance; Galesburg; born January 1, 1865, in Henry County, Illinois.  His parents were Isaac Callender of Kentucky, and Sarah A. (Smith) Callender of Maine.  His maternal grandparents were Ira and Sarah (Jenks) Smith.  Mr. Callender was married November 21, 1888 at Ithaca, New York to Grace A. Packard.  They have one child, Lillian G.  Mr. Callender has met with enviable success in his line of business, having negotiated for a large amount of country and city property.  His enterprise and reliable methods have won for him the confidence and extended patronage of his fellow citizens.  Mr. Callender is a member of the Congregational Church.  In politics he is a republican.

CAMERON, WILLIAM S.:  Pattern-maker; Galesburg; born January 17, 1864, at Elgin, Scotland.  His parents were Robert and Elspit (McBeth) Cameron.  Mr. Cameron was married September 27, 1888 at Galesburg, to Margaret S. Davidson.  Three children have been born to them:  Robert LeRoy, deceased; Margaret Mae; and William Rae.  Mr. Cameron has charge of the pattern-making department of the Frost Manufacturing Company, of which company he is a stockholder and director.

CHALMERS, GEORGE S.:  Physician; Galesburg; born March 26, 1845, at Aberdeen, Scotland, where he was educated.  His mother, Mary (Robinson) Chalmers, daughter of John Robinson, was born at Kincardine, Scotland; his father, John Chalmers, son of William and Margaret Edwards Chalmers, was from Aberdeenshire, Scotland.  Dr. Chalmers was married to Adelia J. Copley at Altona, Illinois, October 30, 1876.  Seven children were born to them:  Paul Garfield, John Brown, Elizabeth A., George Gordon, Thomas Carlyle, Mary Estelle, and William Copley.  Dr. Chalmers came to Illinois from Scotland in 1872, living in Dwight, Illinois until 1874.  He commenced practice In May 1875 at Knoxville, where he remained until 1880.  He afterwards practiced twelve years at Altona, coming to Galesburg in 1892, where he has since resided.  During his residence at Knoxville, he was a member of the Board of Education.  In Altona, he was elected several terms as a member of the Board of Education, was Town Clerk, Village Clerk, Justice of the Peace, and a member of the Library Board.  He was elected Coroner of Knox County in 1892, and re-elected in 1896.  In religion he is a Congregationalist.  He is a republican.

CHAPIN, EDWARD P.: Engineer: Galesburg: born August 31, 1864; at Chatham, New York; educated in Chicago, Illinois.  He was married to Carrie P. MacFillin in June, 1894, at Beardstown, Illinois.  They have two children: Edward P., and Chester W.  Mr. Chapin’s father, Charles H. Chapin, was born at Waterloo, New York; his mother, Elizabeth Jenison, was born at Chatham, New York.  Mr. Chapin came with his parents to Chicago, at the time of the Chicago fire, where they lost their all by that terrible calamity.  His parents are still living in Chicago.  Mr. Chapin has been employed in the engineering department of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad for fifteen years, and holds at the present time, the position of Division Engineer.

CHURCH, C.A. (of the firm of C.A. and F.G. Church):  Laundryman; Galesburg; born August 14, 1864, in Peoria County, Illinois.  His brother, F.G. Church, was born October 14, 1874, in Peoria County, where he was educated.  Their father John Church, was born in Pennsylvania, their mother, Mary (Holmes) Church was a native of New York State.  For eleven years prior to engaging in the laundry business, Mr. C.A. Church was connected with the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad in capacities ranging from clerical work to those of Station Agent and Train Dispatcher.  Afterwards, in partnership with his brother, he engaged in the laundry business, in which the firm has been very successful.

CLINE, ALBERT JHardware and fuel merchant; Galesburg; born October 16, 1871, in Peoria County, Illinois; educated in Peoria and Knox counties; his father, Peter S. Cline, was born in New York State; the same State was the birthplace of his mother, whose name was Miranda E. Mattison; his grandfather, Robert Cline, was also born in New York State.  Mr. A.J. Cline is a member of the firm of Cline and Shaw.  He has dealt in fuel since 1894, and recently purchased the hardware business of J.C. Toler, which he is conducting in connection with his former occupation of wood and coal dealer.  In religion Mr. Cline is a Presbyterian.  In politics he is a republican.

COLTON, OCTAVIUS JONES Manufacturer; Galesburg, where he was born November 20, 1855; educated in Knox College.  His paternal grandparents were Simon and Abigail S. Colton.  His father, Gad Dudley Colton, was born in Monson, Massachusetts; his mother was Susan A. Jones.  On the maternal side, his grandmother was Louisa Jones.  July 8, 1879, he was married in Augusta, Illinois, to Alice Lyon.  Five children were born to them:  Alice; Edward Albert; Helen Grace, deceased; Arthur, deceased; and Philip Julian.  In religion Mr. Colton is a Congregationalist.  In politics he is a republican.

COLVILLE, ROBERT WEIR:  Master Mechanic; Galesburg; born March 31, 1839, in Glasgow, Scotland, where he was educated.  His grandparents, George and Anne (Ralph) Colville, and his parents, Robert and Anne (Maxwell) Colville, were born in Scotland, the last two in Glasgow and Edinburgh respectively.  Robert Colville was a bookbinder by trade, an occupation which his son, Robert W. did not find congenial.  The family came from Scotland to Chicago in 1851, and moved to Galesburg in 1856.  Mr. R. W. Colville enlisted in the Civil War, Company E, Seventeenth Illinois Infantry.  In 1863, after his term of service, he entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad and has filled various responsible positions in the Department of Mechanics.  In 1878, he was appointed Master Mechanic of the Galesburg Division, which position he still holds.  Mr. Colville is a Mason, and a charter member of the Galesburg Club.  In politics, he is a democrat, and has served on the Board of Education.  Mr. Colville was married in Galesburg March 4, 1866 to Edith Wilbur Cole.  They have three children:  Alma Bird, Nita Maude, and Robert Rex.

CONGER, JOHN NEWTON:  Farmer and Stockman; Galesburg; born October 21, 1830; educated in Knox County, Illinois.  His parents were Uzziah Conger, born August 22, 1789 in Heidleberg, Albany County, New York, and Hannah (West) Conger, born December 31, 1794, at Granville, Washington County, New York; his paternal grandparents were James Conger, of Dutchess County, New York, and Margaret (McNab) Conger; his paternal great-grandparents were Job Conger, born in 1718  at Elizabeth, New Jersey and Mary (Carrington) Conger, born in 1722; his maternal grandparents were John West, born February 10, 1770 in Stockbridge, Massachuseetts, and Sallie (Woodcock) West, born September 4, 1772, in Williamstown, Massachusetts; his maternal great-grandparents were Prince and Hannah (Gibbs) West.  Mr. Conger was married to Elizabeth Wheeler of Knoxville, Illinois, March 12, 1851.  His second marriage was with Martha Courtwright, at Aurora, Illinois, March 4, 1869.  Their children are:  Ella, Ida May, Eva Helen, Maud, J. Newton, and Louis J.  James Conger was a soldier in the Revolutionary War.  Nehemiah Wood, father of Sallie West, was a Lieutenant in the same war, and a member of the Committee of Safety in Williamstown, Massachusetts.  Mr. Conger is a member of the Universalist Church.  In politics, he is a republican.

CONLEY, GEORGE F.:  Conductor; Galesburg; born in Wataga in 1852, being the first white child born in that town.  His father was Linsey G. Conley, one of the early settlers in Knox County.  Mr. Conley entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad as a brakeman in 1872, and became a conductor in 1876, a position which he now holds.  In March 1875, Mr. Conley was married to May Matthews, who died in 1886, leaving one daughter, Grace W.  In 1892, he was married to Mrs. Della Burkhardt.  Mr. Conley has been active in politics.  In 1894 he was elected Alderman of the Fourth Ward, and was re-elected in 1898.  He is ex-Past Chief Conductor of the Order of Railroad Conductors, and is prominent in the Masonic fraternity; he is also a member of the Court of Honor; and a Minor of Honor.

COOKE, FOREST F.: Lawyer; Galesburg; born at Plainfield, New Jersey, February 4, 1848; educated in Knox College, from which he graduated in 1870.  His father, Milo D. and his mother, Betsey (Smith), were natives of Vermont.  His paternal grandfather was named Chauncey, and his paternal grandmother Betsey.  His maternal grandfather and grandmother were Loren and Eliza Smith.  March 17, 1875, he was married at Ogdensburg, New York to Sarah Louise Collins.  Of this marriage there are three children:  Florence A., Chauncey L., and Bessie.  Mr. Cooke enlisted in the Civil War in 1863.  He was admitted to the bar in 1872, and has since practiced in Galesburg.  He was Mayor of Galesburg during the years 1891-92-93-94 and 1897-98.  In politics, Mr. Cooke is a republican.

COOKE, MILO D.:  born in Cornwall, Addison County, Vermont, June 4, 1819.  He received instruction in the district and preparatory schools of his native State, and finished his education with a course in Middlebury College, graduating in 1842.  He married Miss Betsey Smith, March 10, 1847.  In 1852, he came to Henderson, Knox County where he taught school three years.  He came to Galesburg in 1856, and became Police Magistrate in 1857, an office which he held until his death.  He was licensed to practice law in 1862.  Ex-Mayor Forest F. Cooke is his son.  The Cooke School, in the Fifth Ward, was named in honor of his services on the Board of Education in the city of Galesburg.  He died May 20, 1889 in Galesburg, Illinois.

COUNTRYMAN, WILLIAM F.:  Engineer; Galesburg; born August 6, 1861, in Monmouth, Illinois.  His parents, Frank Francis and Julia (Alley) Countryman, came from Ohio; his maternal grandmother was Delia Alley.  He was married to Flora Henry, at Gladstone, Illinois January 16, 1886.  Their children are:  Harry F., Royal, William, and Edith May.  Mr. Countryman’s parents were among the early settlers of Warren County.  His father worked at the carpenter’s trade in Monmouth, and now resides in Oquawka, Illinois.  William F. Countryman was brought up on the home farm, and when twenty-two years of age, began as brakeman for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad.  He became a fireman in 1888 and an engineer in 1897.  He is a member of the Order of A.O.U.W.  Mr. Countryman is a Congregationalist.  In politics he is an independent.

COWAN, JAMES E.:  Physician and surgeon; Galesburg; born July 18, 1849, at Mechanicsburg, Ohio; educated in the common schools of Ohio and in Knox College; graduated from Rush Medical College in 1874.  Before graduating from the latter, he studied with Dr. J. M. Morse in Galesburg.  His parents, Argus B. Cowan, son of James and Diantha (Woods) Cowan, and Laura (Chapman) Cowan, daughter of Enoch Chapman, a Revolutionary soldier, were both born in Ohio.  September 24, 1873 Dr. Cowan was married to Ella A. Hunt at Knoxville.  There are two children: Laura F. and Hortense.  After completing his medical studies, Dr. Cowan practiced in Galesburg one year, in Chicago two or three years and afterwards returned to Galesburg, where he has since resided.  In religion he is a Universalist.  He is a republican.

CRAIG, CHARLES CURTISLawyer; Galesburg; born in Knoxville June 16, 1865.  His parents were Alfred M., Judge of the Supreme Court of Illinois, and Elizabeth Proctor (Harvey) Craig, born in Egan County and Knoxville respectively.  His paternal grandparents were David Craig, born in Philadelphia, and Minta (Ramey) Craig, born in Kentucky.  His maternal grandparents were Curtis Kendall Harvey, born in Barnett, Vermont, who was a leading lawyer of western Illinois, and Hannah Key, born in Lebanon, Maine.  His paternal great-grandfather was born in Londonderry, Ireland; his maternal great-grandparents were Ira and Hannah (Kendall) Harvey, born in Massachusetts.  Charles Curtis Craig was educated in the public schools, at Dr. Bang’s private academy, at Knox College, Galesburg, and at Notre Dame University at South Bend, Indiana.  In 1883 he was appointed a cadet at the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, and after completing his course; he resigned from the Navy and studied law in New York City, and later in the office of Stevenson and Ewing at Bennington, Illinois.  He was admitted to the Bar in 1888, and the same year was a candidate for the office of States Attorney of Knox County, but was defeated, though he ran ahead of the ticket.  Mr. Craig began his professional career in Galesburg, and in 1898, was elected to the General Assembly.  In 1897, he organized, and was elected Captain of Battery B Light Artillery of the Illinois National Guard, which was one of the first to volunteer its services for the Spanish-American War, although they were not engaged in actual service.  Captain Craig commanded the troops at Pana and Virden during the Coal Miners Riots, in September and October 1898, and received the thanks of the Governor for his successful control of the situation.  Captain Craig has a successful and lucrative law practice, is a member of several societies, and is prominent in the social and business life of Galesburg.  He was married to Louise Dary of New Orleans, Louisiana, July 12, 1893.

CRAIG, GEORGEMonument and stone manufacturer; born February 1, 1865; educated in the public schools, Quincy, Massachusetts.  His father, Robert, and his mother, Jeannette Smith, were born in Scotland.  September 27, 1894 Mr. Craig was married in Kewanee, Illinois to Alice Broadbent.  There are two children, Robert and Leonard.  In politics, Mr. Craig is a republican.

CULVER, JOHN H.:  Engineer; Galesburg; born February 3, 1864 in Knox County, where he was educated.  His parents were Harvey A. Culver, born May 31, 1833 at Richfield, Ohio and Mary A. (Scott) Culver, of Scotland.  His grandfathers were Theodore Culver of New York, and William Scott of Scotland.  Mr. Culver was married September 15, 1886 in Galesburg, to Lillie O., daughter of Henry and Hannah (McFeaters) Berrier of Pennsylvania.  They have three children:  Earl H. H., William J., and Lester O.  Mr. Culver’s father settled on a farm in Ontario Township in 1851.  During the War of the Rebellion he was Deputy Sheriff of Knoxville for one term, and then returned to farming in Wataga.  He moved to Galesburg in 1882, and died March 30, 1895.  He was regarded as an honest and faithful man.  Mr. J.H. Culver entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad in 1881, as brakeman; he engaged as fireman in 1888, and became engineer in 1890, a position which he now holds.  Mr. Culver is a republican and a member of the Order of United American Mechanics; he is now serving his second term as State Treasurer of the order.

CURRAN, JOHN C.:  Engineer; Galesburg; born in England, September 1, 1845; educated in Rhode Island.  He was married to Marjorie S. Rogers, May 9, 1872, in Rhode Island; they have two children, Jennie M. (Mrs. Everson), and Arthur W.  Mr. Curran’s father, John Curran, was born in England; his mother Jane Cowan, was a native of Ireland.  Mrs. Curran was born in Rhode Island and is of Revolutionary ancestry.  She is a descendant of Major General John Sullivan, who commanded at the Battle of Rhode Island, August 1778, and had charge of the expedition against the Indians of the Mohawk Valley, in 1779.   Mr. and Mrs. Curran moved from Rhode Island to Muskegon, Michigan, where they still have a beautiful summer cottage.  In 1888, they moved to Galesburg, when Mr. Curran began service as engineer on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad; which position he still holds.  In religion, Mr. Curran is a Baptist.

CUSHING, JOHN PEARSONS:  Teacher; Galesburg; born September 5, 1861; educated at Amherst College and Leipzig University.  His parents, Alvin Matthew Cushing, M.D. and Elizabeth (Pearsons) Cushing, were born in Vermont.  On June 25, 1890 he was married at Troy, New York to Alice B. Bullions.  There was one child, Lucy, deceased.  Professor Cushing received the degree of A.B. at Amherst College in 1882, and that of A.M. in 1884.  He was Assistant and Vice Principal of Holyoke (Massachusetts) High School, 1882-1892; student at the University of Leipzig 1892-94, where he received the degree of Ph.D.; Professor of History and Political Economy and Lecturer in Pedagogy, Knox College 1894.  Mrs. Cushing’s grandfather, Rev. Peter Bullions, was a distinguished writer of English, Latin and Greek text books.  In religion Professor Cushing is a Protestant; in politics a republican.

These are the 1899 Encyclopedia Link Bar are all typed by Kathy Mills

and then emailed to me for processing Thanks so Much Kathy.......

by Foxie & Kathy....


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