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                                       created July 18, 2006

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Dawson, Christopher Columbus, Farmer; Persifer Township; born Aug. 25, 1846 in Ohio. Educated in Knox County. His parents were James and Margaret (Claypole) Dawson of Ohio. 

      Mr. Dawson was married to Elletta Corbin in 1869, in Persifer Township. Their children are: Leon Lewis; Joseph Rollie; James Albert; Charles Wilbert; Nellie Alvida; Etta May; Jasper Winfield; and Harley, an infant, deceased. 

      Mr. Dawson’s parents came to Knox Co. when he was 8 years of age, and settled on a farm, where they lived until the death of his mother. His father then sold out and went to Kansas, where he died. 

      Mr. Dawson remained in Knox Co., and still lives on his farm near Dahinda. His family are at home with the exception of one son, Lewis, who married and is farming elsewhere. Mr. Dawson is a democrat and has been a School Director.

Dayton, Benjamin, Farmer; Walnut Grove Township; born in Harpersfield, Delaware Co, N.Y., March 13, 1834; educated in the common schools. He is a member of the Library Board, and has been Assessor. 

      He came to Victoria, Knox County, in 1854, and was clerk in a store till 1859. He then began farming, and in 1863, bought a farm in Walnut Grove Township, where he now resides, and upon which he built a fine brick residence in 1864.

      Mr. Dayton is a republican, and has always taken an active part in town affairs. In religion, he is a Protestant.

DeWolfe, Clayton A., Farmer; Victoria Township; born April 30, 1845. He was the son of Joseph DeWolfe and Mary Ann, daughter of Martin Gibbs, one of the early settlers. Mr. DeWolfe was educated in the common schools.

      He was married to Lucetta, daughter of Joseph Atherton, March 7, 1867, at West Jersey, IL. They have four children: Burton A., Ernest C., Ethel N., and Louise. One son is a farmer, the other a carpenter, both of whom are members of the Grange. 

      Mr. DeWolfe went to Iowa in 1880, and in 1889, he returned to Illinois and settled in Goshen; in 1890 he moved to Victoria Township. In 1894 he was elected Road Commissioner and served three years; he has also been School Director for several years. In religion Mr. DeWolfe is a Protestant.

Dickerson, James T., Farmer, Haw Creek Township, where he was born Jan. 21, 1848. His father, William Wright Dickerson was born in White Co, IL. Aug. 2, 1820, and died Aug. 11, 1885; his mother, Sarah (Housh) Dickerson died in 1863; they were the parents of eleven children, seven of whom reached maturity: Mrs. Mary Morss, Mrs. Phebe Morss, James T., Mrs. Elizabeth Carter, William, Mrs. Eliza J. Woolsey, and Mrs. Martha Dennis. 

      In 1865 his father married again, the second wife being Elizabeth (Highfield) Dickerson; two children were born to them: John B., deceased; and Frank Wilson. His grandparents, Louis Dickerson of Georgia, and Elizabeth (Beck) Dickerson of South Carolina, were among the early settlers in the State. 

      James T. Dickerson was married in Peoria County, Mar. 27, 1876 to Melvina Connor

      Mr. Dickerson is a practical farmer and owns three hundred and thirty-three acres of land in Haw Creek Township, besides timber land. He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, having joined Maquon Lodge, No. 530, when twenty-one years of age. Mr. Dickerson is a democrat.

Doubet, Joseph Daniel, Farmer, Truro Township; born in Peoria County, Dec. 12, 1854; educated in the common schools. His father, Elenor Doubet was born in Lacote, France, July 12, 1824; his mother, Harriet (Slayn) was born in Ohio April 7, 1831. His paternal grandparents, Joseph and Ursula Doubet were natives of France; his maternal grandparents, Daniel and Mahala Slayn, were born in Virginia. 

      Jan. 25, 1875 he was married in Kickatoo to Ellen Corrigan, who was born Aug. 4, 1849, and is a daughter of Patrick and Anna (Ryan) Corrigan. There were eight children: Cora I., born Jan. 5, 1876; Mollie M., born June 14, 1880; William, born April 5, 1882; Hattie R., born Jan. 15, 1884; Anna G., born Jan. 15, 1886; Delila F., born Feb. 21, 1888; Lucy M., born March 5, 1890; Lida E., born April 7, 1892. Two of Mr. and Mrs. Doubet’s children are deceased. 

      Cora I. was married to Dr. F. F. Wallick of Williamsfield, June 16, 1897. They have one child, Ralph B. Wallick, born April 7, 1898. 

      Mr. Doubet is a member of the Odd Fellows at Williamsfield. He is an extensive stock dealer. In religion he is a Christian. In politics he is a liberal.

Dunbar, James W., Farmer; Orange Township; born Feb. 13, 1856, in Macon Co, IL.; educated in the Orange Township common schools and at St. Alban’s College, Knoxville, IL. His parents were Chauncey Dunbar of Ashtabula Co, OH, and Debby Ann (Woolsey) Dunbar of Saratoga Co, NY. His paternal grandparents, Thomas and Ruth (Harper) Dunbar, were from Ohio; his great-grandfather was Jacob Dunbar; his maternal grandparents, John and Elizabeth (Bradshaw) Woolsey, came from New York. 

      Mr. Dunbar was married to Ida A. Cox, Dec. 23, 1881 in Macon County. Their children are: Chauncey A., and Lenna A

      Mrs. Dunbar was the daughter of John F. and Mary A. (Carver) Cox, of Macon County. 

      Mr. Dunbar came to Knox County with his father in 1857; his father died June 1, 1898, leaving two sons and two daughters: John L., James W., Lucy A., and Eliza A. A son, Thomas, died in 1886. The mother died in 1890. The family came from Scotland at an early day, and settled in Ohio in 1798. Mr. James W. Dunbar lives on a well improved farm near DeLong.

Dunbar, John L., Farmer; Orange Township; born in Marion Co, OH., Dec. 31, 1842; educated in the common schools. His parents were Chauncey Dunbar of Ashtabula Co, OH., and Debby A. (Woolsey) Dunbar of Saratoga Co., N.Y.; his paternal grandparents were Thomas and Ruth (Harper) Dunbar of Ohio; his maternal grandparents were John and Elizabeth (Bradshaw) Woolsey of New York; his great-grandfather was Jacob Dunbar. The Dunbars came from Scotland and settled in New York, whence they removed to Ohio in 1798; the grandfather was a soldier in the Revolution. 

      John L. came to Illinois with his father in 1857; the father died June 1, 1898; the mother died in 1891. Mr. Dunbar lives with his two sisters upon the homestead. He is a republican.

Dunlap, Theodore F., Farmer; Cedar Township, where he was born Aug. 1, 1844; he was educated in the common schools. His parents, Edmond P. and Matilda (Belt) Dunlap, were natives of Kentucky, the former of Fleming County. 

      June 22, 1886, in Des Moines, Iowa, Mr. Dunlap married Mrs. Sue H. Grabill; they had one daughter, Mary Celeste, deceased. Mrs. Dunlap has one son, Dell Q. Grabill

      Mr. Dunlap’s father died in 1865, leaving four sons and six daughters: George W., Theodore F., Henry, William B., Mary J., Margaret, Martha, Alice, Ellen, and Ann. 

      Edward P. Dunlap was one of the first supervisors of the town of Cedar, and held the office for several years. In religion Mr. T. F. Dunlap is a Congregationalist. He is a prohibitionist.

Duval, Thomas Carter, son of James and Judith (Jennings) Duval, was born in Bath Co., KY, Feb. 28, 1802. His father was of French descent, was born in Virginia and was a soldier in the War of 1812. Mr. Duval was reared to manhood in Kentucky, where he learned the cooper’s trade, which he followed both in his native State and in Illinois. 

      He was married in Bath County, April 2, 1822 to Nancy Shumate, who was born in Virginia, Aug. 19, 1804, and died at Wataga, March 2, 1888. Ten children were born to them: Barryman, Elizabeth, Martha, James, William, Mary, Helen, Ellenor, Daniel J., and Ann.

      Ellenor (now Mrs. S. S. Soper of Wataga) who places a portrait in this volume in memory of her father, was born in Henderson Township, Knox Co., May 3, 1839. She received her education in a district school and always lived on a farm. She was first married to David Temple, and had one child, Thomas F. She was married to Mr. Soper in Henderson Township in Oct. 1861. They have five children: George T., Mary E., Septimus S., Edward D., and Nettie MayThomas F. is a farmer in Boone Co, IA; George T. is a farmer in Clark Co, MO.; Mary E. is Mrs. Mary E. Russell of Wataga, Knox Co, IL.; Septimus S. is in the Klondike gold fields; Edward D. is a farmer near Wataga, and Nellie M. is Mrs. Nellie May Jacobson.

      Mr. Thomas C. Duval came to Illinois in 1835, settling first in Warren County, near Robinson’s Point, and removing to Henderson Township, Knox Co, in 1836. He brought to Illinois his wife, six children and one hundred dollars in money. He invested the money in land in Henderson Township, and his industry and good management insured success. When corn sold for a dollar a bushel he invested the proceeds in land, and in 1869 owned about two thousand acres in Sparta and Henderson townships.

      In politics Mr. Duval was a republican, and he was a member of the Christian Church. He was a good and an upright citizen, ever ready to help others with money as well as advice. He was especially lenient to his tenants, sometimes giving them a second chance if crops failed, and, in one case at least, aiding a tenant, who was unable to pay his rent, to weather the storm and finally secure a farm of his own. Mr. Duval was kind-hearted and true, a kind father and a good neighbor, a man whose place could not easily be filled. His death occurred in Wataga, Sept. 25, 1890.

Gettemy, Mary Ellen (Ferris), was born in Galesburg, IL, July 8, 1839. She is the daughter of William Mead and Mary (Crandall) Ferris, who were married Mar. 30, 1830, in Norway, Herkimer Co, N.Y., and resided there until they came to Galesburg with the colony in July 1837. Their journey was long and tedious. Their means of conveyance was the usual covered wagon with all paraphernalia that seemed needful to these settlers in a new country. Both the father and the mother had strongly marked characteristics. Their strong wills and their unyielding disposition to overcome difficulties fitted them especially for pioneer life. The first ten years they lived at Henderson Grove, where Mr. Ferris owned and superintended a mill. They moved to the old Ferris homestead in Galesburg in Aug. 1847, where the father lived and died, and the mother is still living at the advanced age of 89, the sole survivor of the colony that founded Galesburg.

      Silvanus W. Ferris, Mrs. Gettemy’s grandfather, was one of a committee of four to select a site for Galesburg and Knox College. Here he removed with his family and lived the remainder of his days. He took an active interest in the prosperity and growth of the town, and in establishing Knox College, of which he was a trustee until his death.

      Mrs. Gettemy’s childhood was passed at home under the surveillance of her parents. There was scarcely a book at her command, and the day of daily newspapers had not dawned in Galesburg. Fox’s Book of Martyrs was the only illustrated book which the home afforded, and the scenes there pictured were stamped indelibly upon her mind.

      Her early advantages for education were the best the times afforded. She first attended a private school and afterwards entered the public schools. With this preparatory training she became a student at Knox Academy, and enjoyed the instruction of superior teachers. In Jan. 1854, she entered Knox College and graduated with distinction in 1857.

      The first year after leaving college was spent in the study of music and French. In the spring of 1858 she taught the children of the neighborhood, and in April 1859 she went from home to teach in the schools of Henderson County. Afterwards she became a teacher in Knox Academy, and in the High Schools of Canton, Kewanee, and Freeport.

      Sept. 21, 1865, she was married to Robert Hood Gettemy. They lived in Monmouth, IL, until their removal to Chicago, in May 1867, where Mr. Gettemy was engaged in the lumber business. In 1869 fire destroyed the accumulation of years, blackening his prospects for the future. His health becoming impaired, they returned to Monmouth in Nov. 1873. In April 1875, Mr. Gettemy returned to Chicago; but his physical condition gave no promise for permanent business pursuits, and Mrs. Gettemy again entered the schoolroom as a teacher, and took the principalship of the High School in Galesburg in place of Mrs. McCall, who was compelled to be absent on account of illness. In 1876 she was elected principal of Galesburg High School, resigning after nineteen years of earnest and successful labor to accept the position of assistant, which would bring less arduous duties and fewer responsibilities. To the cares of the schoolroom was added the care of an invalid husband. After many years of ill health, Mr. Gettemy was at last compelled to give up entirely the active labors of life. He came to Galesburg in 1886, where, for five years, he was confined to his home, and for ten months, to his bed. After great suffering, he died August 6, 1891.

      Mr. and Mrs. Gettemy had but one child, a son, Charles Ferris Gettemy. He graduated at Knox College in 1890, and at Harvard University in 1891. He took the degree of Master of Arts in 1893. He is now engaged as a political writer on the Boston Advertiser.

      In childhood Mrs. Gettemy united with the Baptist Church, retaining that membership until 1865, when, with her husband, she joined the United Presbyterian Church in Monmouth, IL. On removing to Chicago in 1867, they united with the Third Presbyterian Church of that city. In 1882 she united with the Old First Church in Galesburg, now the Central Congregational Church, of which she remains a member.

      As a teacher Mrs. Gettemy has earned a praiseworthy reputation. She entered this field of work with good acquirements and a thorough appreciation of the task to be performed. Her manner is of that quiet kind that begets confidence in her pupils as well as in her associates. She is not forward in her opinions, but is ever ready to return an intelligent answer to her interrogator. 

      In the community, she is highly esteemed, and her Alma Mater showed its appreciation of her work as a faithful instructor by conferring upon her in 1897 the Degree of Master of Literature. Mrs. Gettemy still continues her work in the Galesburg High School (in 1899).

Gibbs, Richard F., Farmer; Lynn Township, where he was born Aug. 14, 1850. His grandparents, Martin and Hannah (Beck) Gibbs, and his maternal grandparents, Joseph and Martha Norcross, came from New Jersey; his father, Jonathan Gibbs, was born Dec. 22, 1808 in New Jersey and came to Lynn Township in 1838. His mother, Tamar (Norcross) Gibbs, was born May 11, 1812 in New Jersey. 

      Mr. R. F. Gibbs was educated in the public schools. He was married to Mary J. Reed in Galesburg, Nov. 25, 1875. Their children are: Grace E., born May 4, 1877, died Dec. 14, 1885; Stella A., born Nov. 19, 1878; Laura E., born Dec 13, 1880; and Harry A., born Feb 13, 1883. 

      Mrs. Gibbs was a school teacher before her marriage. 

      In politics he is a republican.

Gibson, Peter, Farmer, Walnut Grove Township; born in Sweden, June 21, 1829, where he was educated. He came to America in 1854, and to Galesburg, Knox Co, IL. in 1855, where he worked by the month for several years. 

      He was married in 1857 to Anna Eng, in Ontario. They had three children: Oscar, Mary, and Emma

      Mr. Gibson’s second marriage was with Mrs. Carrie Buckley

      For five years he rented a farm in Ontario Township, after which he bought a farm of eighty acres in Rio Township, which he sold after four years and bought a farm near Altona. 

      In religion, Mr. Gibson is a Baptist, and was clerk of the church for twenty years. He is a republican in politics, and for eight years has been a member of the Town Board. He is a leading farmer in his township and interested in all matters pertaining thereto.

Gilbert, Thomas Lee, son of Thomas and Annis (Dibble) Gilbert, was born in Oneida Co, NY March 17, 1830. His father was a farmer, and it was on the farm that the son received his first lessons in industry and thrift that have opened to him the pathway of success.

      Thomas Gilbert, the father, went with his father’s family to Onieda Co, NY, when he was only 6 years of age. He lived there, working on a farm, until he had grown to manhood. He then went to Ogdensburg, NY, and engaged in the mercantile business until the War of 1812. He enlisted, and was wounded when Ogdensburg was taken by the British. After the close of the war, he went to the headwaters of the Mississippi, as a trader with the Indians. After returning from the northwest, he lived in Oneida County until the spring of 1834. He then went west again, in order to select a location for a permanent home. He traveled on horseback over the State of Illinois, and studied the merits and demerits of every portion. He preferred the country between the Illinois and the Mississippi rivers, but the land was not then in the market and he returned to New York.

      In the spring of 1835, he was selected as one of a committee to find a suitable location in Illinois for a colony. This committee was composed of Thomas Gilbert, Nehemiah West, and Timothy Jarvis. A letter of instructions, written by the Rev. George W. Gale, was given them, which Mr. Gilbert carried in his pocket through the entire trip. The original letter is preserved in the archives of Knox College, from which the following interesting items are transcribed:

“First. Health. This may be regarded as a sine qua non. Under this head, the following indications are to be specially noticed:

1. The quality of the water in wells and springs.

2. The streams, whether rapid, slow, or sluggish: whether they rise in swamps or pass through them or from springs; the vicinity of marshes; the face of the country, whether level or rolling.

3. Quality of soil, depth, variety, general character, whether clay or loam or sand; and if mixed what proportions, probably; slope of the country, and towards what points, and the degree of slope.

4. Supply of water, timber, and fuel.

5. Facilities of intercourse; roads and canals, where now made or probably to be made at no distant time; navigable streams.”

      The sixth article has reference to hydraulic power, mills, and machinery; the seventh, to canals and navigable streams; the eighth, to state of population and prospect of increase. The main drift of the instructions was to select a healthy location. The letter is dated May 10, 1835, and is directed to Messrs. Gilbert, West, and Jarvis.

      During this trip, Mr. Gilbert, the father, entered a half section of land in Orange Township, and also bought an adjoining claim on which was an unfinished log cabin. He then returned to New York for his family. He went to Chicago and tried to sell his horse, saddle, and bridle for the eighty dollars which he paid. He could not get that price, but instead, was offered forty acres of land, which is now the center of Chicago. The land was refused, and at last, his outfit was sold for sixty dollars. He then took a boat at Chicago around the lakes to Buffalo. He started west with his family from Rome, N.Y., going on the Erie Canal to Buffalo, then by lake to Cleveland, then by canal to Portsmouth on the Ohio River, then by the Ohio, Mississippi, and Illinois rivers to Copperas Creek Landing, and then by team to Knoxville, reaching that place Nov. 25, 1835. He lived on his farm until 1865, when he sold out and moved to Knoxville where he died in 1872.

      Thomas L. Gilbert has lived a busy life. He has earned not only a competence, but the respect and good will of his fellow citizens. His ambition has been to shun the wrong, and to demand nothing but what is right. His life is an example of good deeds done and is worthy of imitation. In his business relations, he has ever been just and honest, and has never claimed anything but his own. He came into Knox County when only a child, and here has been his home ever since. In youth, he assisted on the farm, attending school as opportunity presented. At the date of his marriage, he settled on a farm in Orange Township, remaining there until the spring of 1866. He then rented his farm and removed to Knoxville, where he was engaged in the grocery and live stock business until 1868. He next purchased an interest in a hardware store, which claimed his attention until 1871. In 1873 he engaged in the lumber business, which he continued for nearly twenty years. At present he is dealing in real estate.

      The early educational advantages of Mr. Gilbert were such as are incident to a new country. To acquire a thorough business education, he improved every opportunity presented. He attended school each winter season until the fall of 1850, when he entered Knox Academy at Galesburg. He is a well-informed and cultivated man, and shows that he has studied the book of experience with a high purpose and a noble aim.

      In politics Mr. Gilbert is a republican, having been connected with that party from its organization. In religion he is a Presbyterian, both he and his wife being members of that church. 

      He was united in wedlock, April 24, 1856, to Harriet T. Hebard, the daughter of Benjamin and Eliza (Clisbee) Hebard, natives of Ohio. They have but one child, a daughter, Effie, who resides with them in Knoxville.

Giles, Dr. Henry Wyley, Physician; Wataga, Sparta Township; born in Peoria Co, Mar. 28, 1861; his grandfather was an English soldier, and one of the guards of Napoleon Bonaparte on the Island of St. Helena. He came to America in 1824. He studied for the ministry, and had charge of a Baptist Church. He and his wife died in Peoria County. They had five sons and two daughters, all of whom except Sarah, who was killed by lightning, have by hard work and economy, accumulated considerable property. They are also very widely and favorably known through out Peoria County.

      Thomas, the oldest child, was born on the Island of St. Helena Feb. 28, 1814. He moved, with the family, to England and from there, when he was but ten years of age, to this country, the family settling at Utica. NY, where they lived until 1836, when they moved west, settling at Peoria. He followed steam-boating for two summers, then, with his brothers, William, Joseph, and Nathan, manufactured brick until 1849, when the two brothers, William and Nathan, went to California, while Thomas bought land six miles north of Peoria, which he cleared and occupied until 1882, when he retired and bought a home on the Bluff in Peoria, where he died Sept. 7, 1893. 

      He was the father of Dr. H. W. Giles and six other children, two of whom died in infancy, the other four now live in Peoria and vicinity, one of whom, Dr. W. N. Giles, is practicing medicine in that city. 

      The mother of Dr. H. W. Giles was Margaret (Poplett) Giles, of Knox County; her father was Thompson Poplett. The Poplett family came to Illinois from Indiana in 1835, settling in the northwest corner of Sparta Township, where they lived for about twelve years, making farming their occupation. They moved to Peoria County. Mrs. Margaret Giles was born in Indiana June 15, 1828, and died in Peoria County, Aug. 7, 1875. 

      Dr. H. W. Giles was educated in Peoria County. He was married to Christine Schildwachter in Peoria Nov. 26, 1891. Their children are: Clark Webster, William Thomas, and Ruth Helena

      Before attending medical college Dr. Giles was in the employment of Allaire Woodward and Co, of Peoria, IL. in the Medical Laboratory. Although his father was well able to furnish the necessary funds to carry him through college, he chose rather to be independent and by persistent effort and strict economy he was enabled to keep his little home, which he had paid for in addition to his college course. Dr. Giles graduated at Keokuk, Iowa, Medical College, class of 1895, and practiced for nine months in Iowa. He located in Wataga, IL. and has built up a good practice, and is a careful and conscientious physician. He is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America, the Galesburg Medical Society, the Military Tract Medical Society, and Illinois State Medical Association. Dr. Giles is a member of the Methodist Church. He is a prohibitionist.

Givens, Strawther, Real Estate Dealer; Abingdon, Cedar Township; born May 23, 1843 in Bloomington, IN; educated in the common schools. His parents were Thales H. Givens, of Madison Co, KY, and Julia (Carter) Givens

      He was married to Mary Huston, Dec. 25, 1862, at Blandinsville, IL. They have four children: Anna R., Thomas, Lucy G. (Foltz), Laura G. (Ryden), and Thales H. 

      Mr. Givens is a member of the Christian Church. In politics he is a democrat.

Goldsmith, Edward Howell, was born at Mecklenburg, NY, Dec. 20, 1834. He was the son of Schuyler and Catherine E. (Howell) Goldsmith. Schuyler Goldsmith was the son of Daniel and Sarah (Brewster) Goldsmith; his wife, Catherine, was the daughter of Caleb and Martha (Halsey) Howell, both of whom were born on Long Island, although the Howells were of Welsh ancestry, and Caleb Howell’s father was born in Wales. The Goldsmiths were natives of New York.

      Schuyler Goldsmith, who had been a farmer in New York, removed his family to Illinois in 1855 and bought a farm in Knox Co., near Wataga, where he lived until his death in 1861. His wife, Catherine, having died in 1850.

      Edward H. Goldsmith was brought up on the farm in New York. He received his education in the common schools, his training there being supplemented by much hard study at home. Although his early opportunities were limited, Mr. Goldsmith is at once recognized as an educated man, in whom the effect of strong self-discipline is evident. In addition to his intellectual pursuits, he diligently applied himself to the management of a farm, and in time became an experienced and successful agriculturalist. From 1860 to 1876, Mr. Goldsmith was engaged, during the winter terms, in teaching school. In this line of work he was especially successful, both as teacher and disciplinarian, his pupils taking high rank when they entered higher institutions of learning. 

      With all his varied interests, Mr. Goldsmith has traveled quite extensively, and in 1895, accompanied by Mrs. Goldsmith, who was in failing health, he spent several months in the west, visiting the Pacific coast and many of the intervening States.

      March 8, 1859, Mr. Goldsmith was married to Anna Maria Whiteford, daughter of William and Margaret Whiteford, of New Jersey. Their marriage took place at Mecklenburg, N.Y. They have had three children: Julia Elizabeth and Catherine Howell, deceased; and Edward Whiteford, a farmer in Sparta Township. 

Gooding, Daniel, Farmer, Elba Township; born Oct, 7, 1858 in Newark, Essex Co, N.J.; educated in the common schools; his father, Peter Gooding of Germany, was born Jan 18, 1807 and died May 26, 1891; his mother, Elizabeth (Dimphle) Gooding, was born in France, Nov. 13, 1814; the parents came to America in 1834, remaining at Newark, N.J. for a time, settling in Illinois in 1860.

      Mr. Gooding was married to Mary Baird, Jan. 8, 1880, in Elba Township. She was born in Elba Township May 12, 1860; her parents were Adam and Rebecca Baird, who are living in Elba Township. Their children are: Herman, born Oct. 16, 1889, died Aug. 3, 1890; and Floyd B., born July 24, 1891. 

      Mr. Gooding has a fine farm of one hundred and sixty acres, with good buildings; he raises stock. He is a republican, and has been Justice of the Peace and Road Commissioner.

Gordon, Peter, son of James and Jean (Heron) Gordon, was born in Creetown, Scotland, May 19, 1819. In 1840 he came to this country and finally settled in Copley Township, Knox Co, IL. He began working by the month, but later bought a farm and was so successful in his chosen occupation, that in 1885, when he moved to Victoria, he had greatly increased his possession.

      In 1845 Mr. Gordon was married in Copley Township to Mrs. Mary Ann (McDowell) Tait, who was born in Scotland, Jan. 21, 1814, and was the daughter of John and Anna (Livingston) McDowell. Her mother died in Scotland in 1824, and her father came to America in 1839 and settled in Copley Township. Mr. McDowell died in 1867. Mr. William Tait, Mrs. Gordon’s first husband, died in 1843, leaving her with four sons: John, William F., Peter G., and Houston PIn 1862 these four sons enlisted in Company G., Eighty-ninth Illinois Volunteers, Colonel Hotchkiss commanding. Foxie's note: John & Peter are buried at the John Knox Scotch Copley Cemetery, Copley Twp., Knox county, IL. Their tombstone photos ore also online at the link.  John died at Chattanooga from wounds received in the fighting at Dalton. Peter G. rose to the rank of Lieutenant and fell at the battle of Nashville. William and Houston P. survived the war. The former is a physician in Galesburg.

      Mr. and Mrs. Gordon have four children: James, Elizabeth M., Alexander H., and Albinus NJames has a farm in Walnut Grove Township; Alexander H. has one in Copley Township; Albinus is on the home farm; Elizabeth M. married William Robson of Wataga, IL.

      From the humble beginning in 1840, Mr. Gordon’s possessions grew to more than fifteen hundred acres, and he gave each of his four children one hundred and sixty acres of land. He has also a handsome residence in Victoria. For many years he has been an active member of the Presbyterian Church, and is always interested in whatever contributes to the welfare of the community in which he lives. For twenty years he has been a School Director, and he is looked up to by all as one of the most substantial men of his township. In politics Mr. Gordon is a republican.

Graham, Benjamin F., Farmer; Indian Point Township; born in 1865, in Clinton Co, OH; educated in Bartlett’s Commercial College, Cincinnati, OH. His parents, Samuel and Margaret (Hunter) Graham, were natives of Ohio; his paternal grandfather, Jonathan Graham, was born in Maryland. His maternal grandfather and great-grandfather were named Benjamin; the latter came from Ireland. 

      Oct. 23, 1894, Mr. Graham was married in Indian Point Township to Bell Myres. Mrs. Graham is a daughter of Stephen Myres, one of the early settlers of Indian Point, who died May 7, 1895, leaving one son, Harry, and four daughters: Bell, Emma. Lena, and Nellie. 

      Mr. Graham came to Indian Point Township in 1889, and began clerking in a store in Herman. Later he clerked for Mosser and Son in Abingdon, but in 1895, settled on the Myres homestead, where he is a farmer and stockman. In politics Mr. Graham is a republican.

Grubb, Jon Watson, was born near Barry, IL. Aug. 5, 1851. His father, Jon P. Grubb, was a Pennsylvania German. His mother, Harriet (Stevens) Grubb was born in New York, but was descended from the Stevens family of Massachusetts. In 1842 Jon P. Grubb and his brother-in-law established the Barry Woollen Mills and engaged in the manufacture of cloth. Some years after, Mr. Grubb added farming to his business, and Jon W., from the age of thirteen, was employed on the farm in summer, attending the district school in winter, till 1872, when he became a student in Lombard University. He left the University, and after three years spent in farm labor and in teaching, to procure the means for completing his college course, he returned to the University and graduated with a high standing in 1879. After teaching the following winter, he became secretary and treasurer of the Barry Woollen Mills Company, and held these positions for two years. In 1882 he was called to Lombard University to take the place of the Professor of Mathematics during a temporary absence, and since that time he has been connected with the University as a teacher. At first he was Adjunct Professor of Mathematics and Principal of the Preparatory Department, and more recently he has been Professor of Latin. He is a thorough and earnest teacher, and demands of students promptness and close application to duty.

      It is sometimes said that a scholar who chooses the avocation of a teacher becomes unfitted for business. This has not been the case with Professor Grubb. He has been successful in such business enterprises as he had undertaken. He platted and put on the market the lots in J. W. Grubb’s Lombard University Addition to Galesburg, and making it for the interest of parties to buy lots and build houses; he profited by the enterprise, and caused an addition to be made to the population of the east part of the City of Galesburg.

      The business which he has done in settling estates has been satisfactory.

      He holds the office of Registrar of Lombard University. He served one term as alderman for his ward. He is a Universalist in his religious belief, and a democrat in politics.

      He was married in 1885 to Mary J. Claycomb, who was for a considerable time a successful teacher in Lombard University and other schools. Mrs. Grubb is an efficient leader and earnest laborer in charitable enterprises and in work for her church, and her efforts in these directions are generously aided by her husband. They have no children, but they usually have three or four young persons in their family whom they assist in obtaining and education.

Hair, Charles Ernest, the son of Elijah E. and Mary A. (Benton) Hair, was born July 26, 1875 at Lewistown, IL., where he attended the grammar and high schools. After the removal of his father’s family to Galesburg, he entered Knox College, but after two years, in the fall of 1894, left that institution to become a student at the State University, from which he graduated in 1898. His chosen profession was architecture, and his studies were directed with special reference to fitting him for that vocation. 

      On Oct, 8, 1898 he presented himself before the State Board of Architects, to undergo the prescribed examination, and had the gratification of being assured by the examiners that he had passed the ordeal with greater credit than had any who had preceded him since the creation of the Board. He entered at once into business at Galesburg, and from the outset has achieved a measure of success not often attained by young men who have just crossed the threshold of one of the learned professions. 

      Mr. Hair is an Episcopalian, as are his parents, and the family is active in the work of the church. He himself has musical talent of a high order, and has for several years been connected with the choir of Grace Church.

Hall, Cyrus M., Farmer and Merchant; Yates City, Salem Township; born April 6, 1833; educated in the common schools. His father, Chaney Hall, was born in Vermont; his mother, Sarah (Richards) Hall was born in Ohio. His paternal grandparents, Samuel and Silence Hall, were born in Vermont. His maternal grandfather, Joshua Richards, was born in Pennsylvania; his maternal grandmother, Rachel (Clary) Richards, was born in Maryland. 

      Mr. Halls’ first wife, Rhoda A. Sherman, was born July 3, 1834; died Jan. 29, 1894. They had one child, Cyrus Elmer, born Jan. 28, 1856. Florence E. Winslow, a grandchild, lives in Lincoln, NE; she has one child, Sylvia Eileen, born May 26, 1899. 

      Nov. 8, 1891, he married in Galesburg, Mrs. Lyda M. Buffum, who was born Aug. 24, 1844 in New York; her parents were James and Sarah J. Jobes; her first husband was Matthew Buffum, a farmer, who was born in 1831 and died in 1891; her mother is living, aged 89. 

      Mr. Hall has been Supervisor, Justice of the Peace, Assessor, and Road Commissioner. He conducted a hotel at Galesburg, and at Lincoln, NE. In early life he was in the Mercantile and Agricultural Implement business. In 1856 he originated a cultivator, which is very extensively used at the present time. In politics he is a republican.

Hall, Ira R., Farmer; Rio Township; born Nov. 18, 1829 at Java, Wyoming Co, NY; educated at the seminary in Arcade, NY. He is a member of the Congregational Church. 

      He was married to Mrs. Cynthia Ann Lyon at Rio, IL., Nov. 5, 1894.

      He enlisted in the War of the Rebellion for three years, Company A, Seventy-Seventh Illinois Volunteers, being mustered in Sept. 2, 1862. 

      In politics he is a republican.

Hamerstrand, John W., Farmer; Lynn Township; born May 29, 1840, in Sweden, where he was educated. His grandparents were Nels and Mary Hamerstrand of Sweden; his father, Erick J. Hamerstrand, was born in Sweden in 1808 and died May 29, 1892. 

      Mr. John W. Hamerstrand was married to Anna Carlson in Altona, May 21, 1877. Their children are: Albert W., born Feb 5, 1878; Elma C., born Dec 3, 1879; and Fannie E., born Aug 11, 1885. 

      Mr. Hamerstrand came to America in 1868, and worked on different farms at Altona. In 1886 he bought a farm of 140 acres in Lynn Township, upon which he is now erecting a commodious residence. Mr. Hamerstrand is a member of the Lutheran Church. In politics he is a republican.

Hammond, James, was born July 7, 1824, in Medina Co, OH. His father, Theodore Hammond was born near Hartford, CT., and his mother, Rebecca (Farnham) Hammond was also a native of CT. Her grandfather was John Farnham of the same State. She died Nov. 4, 1824. Mr. and Mrs. Theodore Hammond moved to Summit Co, OH. In 1810, and Mr. Hammond removed to Illinois in 1844. The grandparents of Mr. James Hammond were Jason Hammond of Bolton, CT., and Rachel (Hale) Hammond of Glastonburg, CT.

      Mr. James Hammond was reared on a farm and was educated in a log school house at Hammond Corners, Bath, Ohio. At the age of twenty years he came to Knox Co., in the company of Royal Hammond,( bio below this one) a cousin of his father. He located in Ontario Township and herded sheep. In 1850 he bought 160 acres of land of Knox College, in Section 33, Ontario Township, and converted the tract into a model farm on which he has spent most of his time for the last half century. 

      He was married in Ontario Township Oct. 7, 1847 to Susan Porter Powell, daughter of John and Maria (Wilson) Powell. Mrs. Hammond was born near Utica, NY and in 1836 came to Knox Co. with her uncle, Charles F. Camp, a prominent and enterprising citizen. She died Mar. 16, 1897 aged 75 years. She was an estimable woman, a member of the Congregational Church, in Ontario Township, which she helped to establish; she was charitable, a good neighbor, and a loving, faithful wife and mother. The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Hammond were: Park Henry, deceased; Charles Camp, deceased; Edwin Powell, deceased; Ella M.; Fannie C.; and Ira EFannie C. graduated from Knox College in June 1881.

      Mr. Hammond has been a hard worker, frequently doing two days’ work in one, and he soon became an influential citizen. In 1867 he built a most substantial dwelling of brick, with double walls, selecting the wood for the inside, oak, ash and curled walnut, from timber cut on his own farm. Much of the furniture was made to order, and the whole establishment is the pride of the county as well as of the township. He has never speculated, but has been uniformly successful in his operations, and he attributes his good fortune to frugality and hard work. He raised fine stock, and had one of the first herds of Galloway cattle in the county. He has been a prominent figure among the farmers of Knox Co. for many years. He was Supervisor several years and has held different school offices. In politics he is a republican, and in his church religion a Congregationalist.

      Mr. Hammond has traveled extensively in the United States, and spent two and a half years in Tehama Co, CA., where he owns a fruit farm.

Hammond, Royal, New England was founded by men and women who had left for conscience sake all that men naturally hold dear. They were, in general, a well-to-do class, and could have lived in the mother country in peace and plenty, had they been willing to have no religious convictions. But they were a strong and sturdy race, and when they had accepted the Bible as the word of God, and had seen how ritualism trampled alike on the teachings of that word and the rights of man, they resisted the authority of priest and King at cost of property, liberty, or life. The struggle which ensued ended in the planting of New England, and their ideas, after a contest of more than two hundred years, were nationalized at Appomattox Court House.

      Years have brought changes; but in large measure, the men and women of our Atlantic border still retain love for the Bible, faith in popular government, and the determination to follow conscience at whatever cost, which animated their fathers. As the sons and daughters of the Puritans have moved westward through New York, Ohio, Michigan, Illinois, Iowa and still on to the “bluffs which beetle over the blue Pacific,” they have reproduced in the churches and towns which they have founded the same glorious characteristics which marked the communities on the rock-bound coast of New England.

      Of this stock, in Fairlee, Orange Co, VT., on April 13, 1809, was born Royal Hammond. His father, Calvin Hammond, was a farmer, and carried in his given name a reminder of the stern and uplifting views of divine truth which his fathers and his descendants fed upon. His mother was Roxana (Field) Hammond. Of her, we know but little; but if we may judge the mother by the child, she must have been a woman of pure and devoted life. One thing we do know, that it was her hope that her son might be a minister of the Gospel.

      Six years after Deacon Hammond was born his father removed to the western reserve in Ohio. He settled at Bath, a town twenty-four miles south of Cleveland, in a region called New Connecticut. This section of that State is noted for the great men it has produced, and here, in the healthful labors of the farm and the prosecution of his studies, the boy grew to manhood. People, who would name their home-land New Connecticut, would be likely to have good schools, and Mr. Hammond studied in those which were located near his Ohio home. First, in the common schools, then in Talmage Academy, he studied, and, as his health did not favor further study, he entered on his life task.

      He was for a time a teacher in the public schools. While yet a young man he was superintendent of the Sabbath school and deacon of the Congregational Church in Bath. The religious element in his character, thus early evidenced, was strong until the last. He always conducted family worship, was eager for revivals, and felt all departures from Christian faith like personal injuries.

      In business life, he was noted for integrity, industry, and economy—a triad of virtues often associated. In Bath he was a merchant in company with his cousin, Horatio Hammond. When he came to Illinois, with the intention of settling on a farm, he drove a flock of fifteen hundred sheep. All his movements exhibited energy and wisdom, and presaged for him a successful life.

      Next to a man’s home training, perhaps to even a greater extent than that, his marriage decides his destiny. In Chesterfield, MA. lived in the early forties, Mr. Rufus Rogers and wife, Evangelia (Booth) Rogers. Into this home came six sons and two daughters, one of whom was Emeline, who afterward, for almost sixty-two years, was the comfort and inspiration of Mr. Hammonds’ life. Mr. Rogers was a carpenter and builder. In 1837 he moved to Bath, Ohio. By this circumstance these two lives were brought into contact.

      Mrs. Rogers was a member of the Congregational Church in MA. Her husband united with this church in Bath. In 1837 the Rogers family moved from MA. to Ohio and on May 24, 1838, Mr. and Mrs. Hammond were married. Six years later they moved to Illinois, settling on a farm in Ontario Township, where they lived for six or seven years, when they moved to Galesburg, which was thereafter their home. In Galesburg Mr. Hammond clerked for Levi Sanderson one year. In 1851 he engaged in business for himself, carrying on the first exclusive grocery store in GalesburgWhen about 65 years old he retired from active life and occupied himself with the care of his property and the religious interests of the community until his death, at nearly 90 years of age.

      Mr. and Mrs. Hammond were always identified with the Congregational Church. At Bath, Ontario, and Galesburg, they were earnest and devoted adherents of this communion. But, though loyal church people, they never substituted that loyalty for fidelity to Christ, and Mr. Hammond’s later years were saddened by the inroads of worldliness in the Church he loved and served so long.

      In early life, Mr. Hammond was a Whig; this led him naturally to the republican party, and in this he found his political home, until the abolition of slavery. He then wished that party to free itself from the lodge and saloon, and when it appeared hopeless to obtain such results in the part of Sumner and Lincoln, he united with the American party, and during his latter years, voted with that and the prohibition party. It was because of his interest in these two causes, opposition to lodges and saloons, that he had so deep an affection for Wheaton College, to which he left generous gifts in his will.

      There was a personal element in this regard for Wheaton College also. Mr. and Mrs. Hammond were life long friends of President and Mrs. Jonathan Blanchard, and the ties of Christian love which were so strong during life have not been loosened by the departure of one and another, but still remained firm and unyielding to the last.

      During the later years of his life, Mr. Hammond with his wife traveled quite extensively. They spent one winter in California, one in Florida, and a summer in Wyoming. Several times, they made journeys to Ohio and New England. The present never lost its interest to them as is the case with some elderly people; but they kept in touch with the social, religious and political world. They gave to the local churches where they worshiped, to the Sabbath school work, to the Mission Boards and to Wheaton College.

      During the winter of ’98 and ’99, Mr. Hammond remained quietly at home in Galesburg. The writer saw him only a few weeks before his death. He seemed very well; but ninety years is a long march and he was weary. The prevailing disease, LaGrippe, attacked him and he had not sufficient strength left to ward it off. Very quietly and gently he passed away, while his life companion sat with aching heart and could not accompany him. Mr. and Mrs. Hammond will be tenderly remembered by all who have enjoyed their friendship.

Hampton, Ben Bowles, Editor Evening News; Galesburg; born March 19, 1875 in Macomb, IL., where he was educated at the academy. His father, David H. Hampton, was born at Macomb, and his mother, Mamie (Bowles) Hampton was born in Evansville, IN. 

      Mr. B. B. Hampton inherits his ability in his chosen line of work, his father and grandfather having been newspaper men. He came to Galesburg in 1895, having previously engaged in newspaper work in Macomb. 

      Mr. Hampton was married Feb. 15, 1898 to Maria Somers Bartleson. He is an attendant at the Presbyterian Church. In politics he is a republican.

Haner, George W., Knoxville; Restaurant; born Aug. 15, 1869 in Orange Township; educated in the Knoxville High School. His father, Simon Haner, was born in Pennsylvania March 30, 1825; his mother, Lucy A. (Cooll), was born near Gettysburg; his paternal and his maternal grandfathers, Jacob Haner and Peter Cooll, were natives of Pennsylvania. His maternal grandmother was Anna (Lawver). Simon and Lucy A. (Cooll) Haner had ten children, seven of whom are living: Molly, Amanda, Eli F., Samuel, Anna L., Emma, and George WAmanda is now Mrs. Weaver, and has one son, FloydEli F. married Louisa Smith; they have four children: Florence, Lee, Harold, and WinifredSamuel married Hattie Miller, they had one daughter, Murl MAnna L. is now Mrs. Albin Haskell; she has one daughter, Lola FEmma is married to John M. Lewis; they have four children: Lettie, Agnes, Myrtle and Forrest L. Simon Haner died Oct. 15, 1887; his widow survives him. The ancestry of the family was German. 

      March 1, 1893, George W. Haner was married to Anna M. Dawson in Galesburg. They have one child: L. Earle. In politics Mr. Haner is a democrat.

Hannah, David, Farmer; Elba Township; born Oct. 12, 1847; educated in the common schools. His parents were James and Sarah (McKenney) Hannah of Scotland; James Hannah is deceased. 

      David Hannah was married in Haw Creek Township, Feb. 6, 1873, to Olive Harshberger, she was born may 27, 1853. Their children are: Clyde H., born Nov. 30, 1873; Pearl O., born Jan 3, 1876; Glenn I., born Dec. 22, 1878; Della L. born Jan 31, 1884; Forrest D., born Aug. 13, 1888, died in Jan. 1892; Rollin F. born Nov. 1, 1892; and Eva Pauline, born March 7, 1895. Pearl and Glenn are teachers.

      Mr. Hannah has a fine residence and a farm of 320 acres on Section 8. He is an extensive raiser of stock. Mr. Hannah is a republican. He is a member of the Knights of Pythias, at Williamsfield, and a member of the Miner of Honor.

Hannam, William, Farmer; Ontario Township; born in England April 18, 1854; educated in Sparta Township, Knox Co. His parents, Charles and Elizabeth (Thorn) Hannam; his paternal grandparents, John and Rhoda (Vile) Hannam; and his maternal grandparents, William and Ann (Brown) Thorn, were natives of England. 

      Mr. Hannam was married to Lillie Fooks in Sparta Township Feb. 25, 1886. Their children are: George Walter, Alta Vera, and Mark Paul

      In politics he is a republican.

Hansford, Charles, Farmer; Walnut Grove Township; born in Sweden, Oct. 4, 1838, and there educated. 

      He was married to Ellen Benson, in Galesburg, March 21, 1868. Their children are: Barnard E., Huldah A, and Henry A., who died in infancy. 

      Mr. Hansford came to Galesburg in 1864, and farmed for several years in Warren Co. In 1872 he moved to Oneida and lived upon Dr. H. S. Hurd’s farm for fifteen years. In 1892 he settled on a farm in Walnut Grove Township, where he has since been a prominent man in the locality.

Hardin, Milton Baxter, Farmer; Indian Point Township; born July 12, 1829 in Clermont Co, OH., where he was educated. His parents, John and Mary (Dole) Hardin, and his paternal grandparents, Peter and Elizabeth (Rowan) Hardin, were born in New Jersey, as were his maternal grandparents, Joseph and Rebecca Dole

      Mr. Hardin was married in Fulton Co, IL, Jan. 28, 1864 to Ada C. Parker, daughter of Payton and Laney (McArthur) Parker of Virginia, and Ohio, respectively. Their children are: Hattie, wife of Eddy Cable of Kewanee, IL; and King Milton. They are graduates of Hedding College, Abingdon. Mrs. Cable has two children: Mildred and Merwin H. 

      In 1851, at the age of twenty-two, Mr. Hardin came to Illinois and in 1854 settled in Warren County. He clerked in a store in Abingdon for his brother, E. S. Hardin, for a year, and then engaged in the grain, lumber, and livestock business until 1864 when he bought a farm of 160 acres near Abingdon, to which he has added until he now owns 260 acres of land. He is a prosperous and successful farmer. 

      Mr. Hardin is a member of the I.O.O. F. and has filled all the offices of that lodge. In politics he is a republican, and has been School Director, Assessor, and Supervisor from 1881 to 1884.

Hardine, Svante B., Farmer; Victoria Township; born Sept. 10, 1858, in Sweden, where he was educated and learned the carpenter’s trade. 

      He was married to Mary Nelson, in Victoria, Dec. 30, 1881; their children are: Earl M., Raymond B., Hazel N., Esther M., and Ethel J. 

      Mr. Hardine came to Galesburg in 1880, and worked at the carpenters’ trade for two years; he then located on the farm in Victoria Township, on which his father-in-law, B. Nelson, settled in 1868, which he afterwards bought. In 1890 he removed to Galva, IL. where he died in 1891. 

      Mr. Hardine is a member of the Lutheran Church. In politics he is a republican.

Harper, Robert Henry, Farmer and Stockman; Maquon Township; born in Canton, Fulton County, Jan. 8, 1848. His parents were John and Ellen (Robinson) Harper, natives of Cumberland Co, PA; his grandfather Harper was a native of Belfast, Ireland and of Scotch descent. 

      His father came to Canton in 1846 and is now living in Farmington in the same county. 

      At sixteen years of age, Robert H. Harper enlisted in the Eleventh Illinois Cavalry, Colonel Robert G. Ingersoll commanding; he served in this regiment one year and nine months and then, until the close of the war, was with Burnside in Mississippi and Tennessee.

      In the fall of 1868, Mr. Harper came to Maquon Township. He now owns 636 acres of land and is engaged in shipping stock to the Chicago market. 

      Sept. 15, 1869, he was married to Mary A. Hunter, daughter of Judge J. M. Hunter. There are five children: Robert K., Emma E., Mary, John, and Harry. In religion Mr. Harper is a Methodist. In politics he is a democrat. He was elected Supervisor of the Township in the spring of 1899.

Harris, Israel John, Teacher; Abingdon; born Oct. 24, 1857 in Elba Township, IL.; educated at Abingdon College. His parents, Joseph and Mathilda C. (Hart) Harris, were born in Ohio; his paternal grandparents were James and Rebecca Craig Jennings Harris; his maternal grandparents were Finney and Jane (Quinn) Hart, of Georgia; his paternal great-grandfather was Israel Harris, and his maternal great-grandparents were Robert Quinn and Elizabeth Lacey Hart

      His father, Joseph Harris, came to Knox County in 1853, and was one of the first settlers in Elba Township. He died in Abingdon April 20, 1883; his wife is still living. 

      After his father’s death, I. J. Harris, who had been teaching and studying in Abingdon, assumed charge of the estate, and turned his attention to farming and stock raising. In 1889, he resumed his former occupation of teaching, which he was obliged to abandon at the end of seven years, owing to ill health. Mr. Harris is still an invalid. 

      He was married Sept. 1, 1887 at Abingdon, to Emma Nelson. They have four children: Joseph Victor, born May 1, 1889; Verna Pernella, born July 27, 1892; Olive Caroline, born Feb. 27, 1891; and Yerda, born June 20, 1897. 

      Mr. Harris is a member of the Congregational Church and for the past year has been President of the Knox County Sunday School Association. In politics he is a republican, and was Alderman of the City of Abingdon during 1887-8.

Harthon, John, Conductor; Galesburg; born June 21, 1859 in LaSalle Co. IL. His father was Conrad Harthon, who came from Germany in 1857 to LaSalle Co., where he was a farmer and grocer. Mr. Harthon was educated in the common schools. In politics he is a republican.

      He married Ida M. Breed at Aurora, May 11, 1888; they have one child, Walter.

      Mr. Harthon entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company in 1877, serving two years as brakeman and was made a conductor in 1881, which position he now holds. 

      He moved to Galesburg in 1890. He is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Maccabees, and Rebekahs.

Hathaway, J. B. , Farmer, Lynn Township; born March 23, 1860 in Galva, IL. His grandfather was Jeptha Hathaway of North Adams Co., MA.; his maternal grandparents were William and Jane Mowatt of Scotland; his parents were A. F. Hathaway, born in 1820 in North Adams, and Jane (Mowatt) Hathaway, who was born in 1819 in Edinburgh, Scotland. 

      Mr. Hathaway was educated in the Galva High School. He was married in Lynn Township Mar. 2, 1886 to M. Edith Jones, who was born June 15, 1862. They have two children: Alta Adaline, born July 1, 1894; and Howard Raymond, born Aug 27, 1899. 

      Mr. Hathaway has a farm of 160 acres a mile south of Galva. He is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America, Number 241, Glava. He is a model farmer. In politics he is a republican.

Hawkinson, Gustaf, son of Hakan Bengtson and Marta Pherson, was born in Harlunda Smaland, Sweden, Jan. 9, 1841. His father was a farmer and lived in a rural district in Sweden. Gustaf had no very marked educational advantages in his youth. He attended school in his native place until he was thirteen years old, making commendable progress in the various branches taught. He then spent five years in learning the baker’s trade, which was completed in 1860. He next received employment from the government, building bridges. He worked in its service for ten years. Then he came to America, reaching Galesburg June 23, 1869. He first worked for a year on the railroad here; then was engaged for a short time in a tannery; and lastly on a railroad in the east. In 1873 he returned to Galesburg and embarked in the bakery business. He continued in this occupation until 1892, when he sold out, and lived a life of retirement and ease. In July, 1898, he embarked again in the bakery business, in which he is now engaged.

      Mr. Hawkinson has lived a busy life, and in business, has been uniformly successful. His first venture in the bakery extended through more than twenty years, and he built up one of the largest and most flourishing establishments in the city. He has always striven to make his enterprise worthy of praise. He is a thoroughgoing man in everything to which he turns his hand. He is intelligent, a great reader, and entertains clear and decisive views on questions of government, religion, and philosophy. He is temperate and calm in his judgments, and is not easily driven from his positions when once taken. He is honest in his dealings with men and upright in his daily walk and conversation.

      Mr. Hawkinson has never held or sought office. He is a director in the Commercial Union Grocery, and is now a director in the Cottage City Hospital. To the latter, he has given a great deal of interest and much valuable time. His charity and benevolence are shown in the fact that he is one of the largest donors to this most important and necessary institution. He has also aided other worthy causes.

      In political affiliations, he is a republican, but his partisanship is never offensive. He belongs to the party, because he believes in its principles.

      Mr. Hawkinson was never married.

Hawkinson, Henry G., Confectioner and Restaurateur; Galesburg, where he was born Aug. 30, 1870, and where he was educated. His parents, Hakan B. and Carrie (Olson) Hawkinson, were born in Sweden, and came to Galesburg in 1868. The father engaged in the bakery business which he followed for twenty-five years; he then retired, and is now residing in Galesburg. Two children were born to them: Henry G. and Hildagard, who married P. F. Nord, May 29, 1891, and died Sept. 13 of the same year.

      After finishing his education, Mr. Henry G. engaged in the bakery and restaurant business with his father, which he followed for nine years. He then formed a partnership with W.N.Spake, purchasing the interest of Joseph F. Anderson in the restaurant and confectionery business. The firm is Spake and Hawkinson, located at 140 East Main Street, doing the leading business in their line. 

      Mr. Hawkinson is a member of College City Lodge, No. 433, Knights of Pythias. 

      Sept. 3, 1891 he was married at Galesburg, to Emma Peterson, who was born at Colfax, IL. They have three children: Henry Ferdinand, Newton Hiram, and Hildagard Elizabeth. 

      In religion Mr. Hawkinson is a Congregationalist. He is independent in politics.

Hawkinson, Olof, born in Skona, Sweden, May 7, 1837. His parents were Hawkin Anderson and Hannah Hawkinson. His father was a farmer, and as a boy Olof was employed in assisting him upon the farm. His education he received in the common schools.

      In 1856, Olof emigrated to America. He landed at Boston and thence came direct to Galesburg. For seven years he labored steadily, at the end of which time he found himself, by his industry and thrift, the possessor of one thousand dollars. But his fortunes soon experienced a serious reverse; for the bank in which his money had been deposited suddenly collapsed, and the young man was left penniless. However, he was not to be daunted even by so severe a blow; he set himself more earnestly at work and gradually came to be recognized as a substantial and successful business man.

      At various times Mr. Hawkinson was associated with the following firms: W. L. Roseboom and Company, broom corn, Chicago; Hawkinson and Willsie, livery; and Olof Hawkinson and Company, lumber. He was one of the organizers of the Bank of Galesburg and conducted an extensive stock-raising business in Nebraska.

      In 1883 he was elected Supervisor; served as Alderman of the City of Galesburg, having been elected on the liberal ticket, and was a member of the District Fair Association. He was a member of the Order of Knights of Pythias, and was a prominent member of the Swedish-American Old Settlers’ Association.

      Mr. Hawkinson always responded freely to the demands of public enterprise. At the building of the Santa Fe Railroad, he contributed liberally and assisted in raising funds. His donations in private charity have been generous, and he gave material aid to the Nebraska sufferers at critical times.

      In religious belief Mr. Hawkinson was a Lutheran; in politics he was a republican.

      March 22, 1862, Olof Hawkinson was married to Lousia Ericson. Six children were born to them: Emma, William, Minnie O., Henry W., Fred A., and Elmer E.

      Mr. Hawkinson died March 28, 1896.

Hayes, Thomas A., Lynn Township; born June 9, 1838 in Saratoga Co, NY. His parents were Isaac and Agnes E. (Alexander) Hayes of Galway, Saratoga Co, NY, where his father was born Dec. 14, 1799. 

      Mr. T.A. Hayes was married in Altona, IL., Nov. 22, 1884, to Jennie C. Swan, who was born Feb. 22, 1862. Their children are: George Ferris, born March 29, 1886; E. Alexander, born June 14, 1888; Agnes E., born Jan. 14, 1890; and Mabel May, born Dec. 2, 1891. 

      Mr. Hayes has a farm of 110 acres, 20 of which are used for the cultivation of hops. He is a member of the Presbyterian Church. In politics he is a republican.

Haynes, Asa, Captain Asa Haynes was born in 1804, in Dutchess Co., NY. He was of Scotch-Irish parentage, his grandfather, Enoch Haynes, having come to this country early in its history, together with a brother, William, who settled in one of the Carolinas.

      The mother of Asa died while her son was an infant, and he was cared for by an older sister. At nine years of age he was “bound out” but six years later he rejoined his father, who was “coming west”. Clinton Co, OH was their destination, and here the boy helped clear the farm and shared in the toil and hardship of pioneer life. Now and then in the winter time he was sent to school for a brief term, but he received altogether not more than thirteen months of such instruction.

      At the age of twenty-two, together with an older brother, purchased a farm; and four years later, Oct. 7, 1830, Mr. Haynes was married to Miss Mary Gaddis, of Fayette County, Pennsylvania. She was of Irish descent, was a noted beauty, and there were many suitors for her hand. She proved a devoted wife, and cheerfully bore her part in the common burdens of the time.

      In 1836, Mr. and Mrs. Haynes removed to Knox County. They occupied nineteen days upon the trip, in almost continuous rain, finding the rivers greatly swollen, and reaching their journey’s end only after much discomfort and danger. They began their residence in Illinois in a log cabin of one room, located in Section 30 of Orange Township, where Mr. Haynes had purchased 300 acres of land.

      The enterprise of Asa Haynes was equal to the opportunities afforded by the undeveloped country. Soon after his arrival he started a brick yard, and in 1840, built a saw-mill on Brush Creek. His appreciation of the advantages of education is evidenced by the fact that in winter he opened a school in his own house and taught it himself. In 1843 he built a large frame barn—the largest in the county at the time. The “raising” was an historic event; with only three exceptions every man in Knox County was present to assist. The next year saw the erection of a fine two-story brick house of twelve rooms, which is still standing. The lumber for the barn and the brick for the dwelling had been manufactured by Mr. Haynes himself; most of the furniture was constructed on the spot, a competent workman having been secured for the purpose. A large number of hands were employed upon the place, until it seemed more like a colony than a farm. Sheep were kept to supply the wool needed for clothing, and a tailoress was hired for six months every year to cut and make the homespun suits. With such a spirit of ambitious enterprise Mr. Haynes prospered, and performed his part in the development of Knox County. He was County Commissioner and Supervisor for several years.

      Mr. Haynes was one of the celebrated “Jayhawkers” of 1849, and in that year, crossed the plains as Captain of the company from Monmouth.  Foxie's Note: he kept a diary of his trip with the Jayhawkers plus, they later had reunions till they all died out.  In California in Death Valley they have a group who keep the Jayhawkers alive. I was very fortunate to be able to meet and help one man named Marvin and do research and guide him around Knox county when he came here. Marvin is such a delightful person and would also love to put a memorial in the Colton Park for the Jayhawkers. He was a republican, and during the Civil War was outspoken in the _expression of loyal sentiments and was several times threatened by the notorious Knights of the Golden Circle, though without effect. 

      For many years he was a noted stock-raiser, having been the first to introduce the spotted China hog, and one of the three men who first brought shorthorn cattle into Knox County. He was one of the founders of the Knox County Agricultural Society. At one time, Mr. Haynes owned nearly 1,000 acres of land in Orange Township, 500 acres in Iowa, and two fine farms in California, where, for several years, he made his home.

 In religion he was a Protestant Methodist. He died at the old homestead in Orange Township March 29, 1889.

      Eight children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Haynes: Clark, deceased; Margaret; Elizabeth; Anna M., deceased; Nancy; Mary E.; Charles A.; and Elery, deceased. One son and one daughter live in Kansas; two daughters are living in Missouri, and one daughter lives in Orange Township, near the old home.

Heath, William, Galesburg; born May 25, 1862 at Center Point, Knox Co, IL. His parents were William Heath of New York and Lucinda M. (Field) Heath of Vermont. Lucinda M. Heath was born in Cornwall, Addison Co, VT, April 16, 1819, and came to Illinois with her parents in 1836. Her marriage with Mr. Heath, Aug., 3, 1837, was the first in Knoxville. They lived on a farm near Center Point for twenty-eight years, and then moved to Wataga, where Mr. Heath died Mar. 31, 1882. After her husband’s death, Mrs. Heath moved to Galesburg and lived with her son William, at whose home she died July 11, 1899. She was one of the bravest and most resourceful of the early pioneer mothers, and is remembered by her host of friends as a strong, sweet, and noble personality. 

      Mr. William Heath was married to Kate E. Armstrong of Galesburg, at Fargo, N. D., Sept. 10, 1892. For the past ten years he has been with the Deering Harvester Company of Chicago, and is now their General Agent located at Galesburg.

Hedstrom, Charles O., Farmer; Victoria Township; born in Walnut Grove Township, Jan. 29, 1868. His father, Nels Hedstrom, was an early settler and prominent farmer of Walnut Grove Township. Charles O. Hedstrom was educated in the common schools, and began farming in 1892, with his brother. In 1894 he located on a farm in Victoria Township, where he now resides. 

      He was married to May Herald of Victoria, July 28, 1892. They had three children: Cecil C, Hester, and Josephine

      He is a republican, and a member of the Modern Woodmen of America. He is one of the leading farmers of his township.

Hedstrom, Jonas, The precise place of Mr. Hedstrom’s birth cannot be certainly told, but it is believed to have occurred on the Island of Oland, Sweden, Aug. 13, 1813. His brother, Olof, who was ten years older, had as early as 1825, arrived in New York, and within a decade had become a Methodist Minister. In 1833 Olof visited the fatherland, and on his return to America was accompanied by Jonas. The first few years of his residence in this country, Jonas passed in the States of New York and Pennsylvania, and worked at his trade as a blacksmith. When a family named Sornberger moved west to Victoria, IL, the young smith was irresistibly led to follow them in 1838. The reason was made clear when he shortly married one of the Misses Sornberger. He took up his abode with his wife at Farmington. 

      During his residence in the east, he had become converted to Methodism, and in 1839 he commenced to preach in the Salem school house, a little way east of Victoria, still continuing to work at his forge, as his regular occupation. His sermons were in English, and were listened to by many of the settlers thereabouts. However, believing that many of his countrymen would soon cross the ocean and find a home on the western prairies, he obtained from his pastor, Mr. Clark, a testament with the English and Swedish text in parallel columns. Thus he renewed his knowledge of the Swedish tongue, which he had almost forgotten. 

      The preparation was timely. Swedish immigrants came, many of them directed to Illinois through Rev. Olof Hedstrom, who was conducting a mission for them in the Bethel ship at New York. In 1845,  Olof Olson, who had been sent by the Jansonists of north central Sweden to secure a suitable site for the colony, was directed to Jonas Hedstrom, and by him assisted in purchasing the first land for the Bishop Hill colony. 

      In July 1846, Eric Janson and a band of followers, came to Victoria and were hospitably entertained by Mr. Hedstrom, after which they were piloted to their destination.

      On Dec. 15, 1846, Jonas Hedstrom organized in his log cabin at Victoria, a Swedish Methodist Church, with a nucleus of five members. This was the first Swedish Methodist Memorial Marker in Victoria for the First Swedish Methodist Church.organization in the world. The small beginning grew and flourished, and Mr. Hedstrom was led to join the Peoria conference in 1847. Thenceforth he devoted his time entirely to the ministry, becoming an indefatigable worker. He traveled extensively over a wide circuit, and established churches at Andover, Galesburg, Rock Island and Moline; and assisted in forming a church at New Sweden, Iowa, and a Norwegian organization at Leland, IL. 

      His strong constitution finally succumbed to the severities of “circuit” life. In the fall of 1857 he retired, and on May 11, 1859, went to his heavenly reward, at the age of 45. The funeral sermon was preached by Rev. W. P. Graves, and the remains interred in Victoria cemetery. In 1874 his wife passed away. Of his five children, two are living—Luther Hedstrom and Mrs. Becker of Victoria.

Heller, William H., Physician; Abingdon; born May 11, 1823, in Ashland, Ohio; educated in the common schools. His father, John Heller, was born in Pennsylvania, came to Illinois in 1835, and settled in Cuba, Fulton Co., IL.  Dr. Heller’s mother was a native of New Jersey. His grandfather, John Heller, was a Revolutionary soldier, and settled in Pennsylvania at an early date. Dr. Heller attended schools at Cuba, and studied medicine under Dr. Raymond at a medical college in Chicago. After graduating he began practice in Cuba, IL., and afterwards located at Abingdon, where he has practiced medicine for many years. 

      In 1846, he married Mary D. Mosher, in Fulton Co., IL. Five children were born to them: Robley E.; Joseph M.; John L.; Frank L; and Willie, who died in infancy. Joseph and John are physicians in Kansas. In politics Dr. Heller is a prohibitionist.

Henderson, David, Farmer; Henderson Township; born Jan. 26, 1822, in Fayette Co, PA, where he was educated. His father, Stewart Henderson, was born in Ireland; his mother Anna (Hunt) Henderson, in PA. 

      David Henderson was married to Sophia Davis Poplett, in Ontario Township, in June 1853. Their children are: Nancy Ann, Mary Jane, Jacob Harvey, Nellie Sophia, Peter Davis, and ThomasHarriet Amanda and David Alexander died in infancy. In religion, Mr. Henderson is a Protestant. He is a democrat.

Hensley, H. J., Physician and Druggist; Yates City, Salem Township; born in Hurman, Fulton Co, IL., June 21, 1863. His father, John Wesley Hensley, was born in Kentucky, Oct. 9, 1835; settled in Fulton County in 1854, removing to Yates City in 1864, and is now a practicing physician in Peoria, IL. His mother, Elizabeth, was born in Vermont. His grandparents, Evans and Anna Hensley, were born in Kentucky. 

      In Feb. 1889, Dr. Hensley married Etha Carter in Yates City; they have two children: Lucile C., born Feb 25, 1891; and Myrta E., born Dec. 25, 1894. Mrs. Hensley was born in Yates City, Sept 8, 1878; she was a daughter of David M. and Lavinia Carter, who are both living in Yates City; she is a member of the Eastern Star. In religion, she is a Methodist.

      Dr. Hensley is a graduate of Rush Medical College; he is a member of the Masonic Order, Lodge No. 448, Yates City, Eureka Chapter, No. 98. He has been President of the City Council, and was Postmaster from 1892 to 1896. In politics he is a democrat. Besides his practice as a physician, he has a flourishing business as druggist.

Hickman, Alfred W., Farmer; Henderson Township; born Feb. 4, 1867, in Henderson Township; educated in Galesburg. His parents were Jacob Hickman, of Wilmington, Delaware, and Mary Ann (Chapman) Hickman, of Oneida Co., NY. His paternal grandfather was John Hickman, and his grandmother’s maiden name was Junk; they were of Sussex Co., DE., his maternal grandparents were Samuel Chapman of Oneida Co, NY, and Mary Chapman, of Westmoreland, NY. Mr. Jacob Hickman died July 24, 1898. 

      Mr. A. W. Hickman was married to Alice Windom, at Galesburg, IL., Oct. 1893. He is a democrat.

Higgins, Addison P., Farmer and Stockman; Galesburg, where he was born in 1844. His father, Americus Higgins, came to Galesburg in 1837. Mr. Higgins is a large landowner in Illinois, Missouri, and Kansas, and is extensively engaged in stock-raising.

      In 1874, Mr. Higgins was married to Mattie J. Meecham. They have three children: Cyrus M., Martin S., and Lucy A

      Mr. Higgins was educated in the common schools. He is a republican and a prohibitionist.

Hill, Charles M., Conductor; Galesburg; born March 3, 18562, in Malden, IL., where he was educated. His parents were John and Maria (McGee) Hill of Ohio; his grandfather was Allison Hill of New Jersey. 

      Mr. C. M. Hill was married to Ellen, the daughter of Jerry and Mary O’Connor, of Ireland. She was born in Peru, IL. There were two children, Charles Francis and John William

      His second marriage, which occurred in Chicago, IL., May 17, 1897, was with Georgie, daughter of Clayton S. Gibbs, of Illinois, and Helen J. (Bevier) Gibbs, of Albany, New York. They have one child, Helen. Mrs. Hill’s paternal grandparents were Jonathan Gibbs, of New Jersey, and Tamer Norcross Gibbs; her maternal grandparents were Abraham Bevier of Holland, and Adaline (Gordon) Bevier of New York. 

      Mr. Hill’s father was a broom-maker by trade, but was a farmer most of his life. He moved to Illinois in 1856, and settled on a farm at Berlin Center. He died May 9, 1892, his wife surviving him but a short time. 

      Mr. C. M. Hill spent his early years on the farm, and at the age of 13, the family moved to town, and he worked at teaming. In 1885, he entered the employ of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad as brakeman, and in 1888 was promoted to the position of conductor. He is a member of the O. R. C. Mr. Hill is independent in politics.

Hilton, A. Frank, Engineer; Galesburg; born in 1840, in Orange Co, NY, where he was educated. He enlisted in 1862, and served until the close of the war. July 12, 1865, he began work for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company, and after successive promotions was made Superintendent of the Galesburg Division. 

      In 1876 he was married to Emma Russell. They have two children, Richard R. and Russell D. Mr. Hilton has been an engineer on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad since 1890.

Hinchliff, J. E., Merchant; Galesburg; born July 17, 1853 at Rio, Illinois. Educated at Rio and Galesburg. His parents, James and Betsey Hinchliff, were born in England. 

      He was married Jan. 1, 1880 at Rio, to Ida M. Woodman. There are four children: Everett E., Lulu May, Ray W., and Grace F. 

      In religion he is a Congregationalist. In politics, a republican.

Hinman, Fred R., Chief of Police; Galesburg, born July 8, 1863, at Adrian, Michigan; educated in Adrian and Galesburg. His parents were Frederick Hinman, born May 24, 1831, and Eliza (Gish) Hinman, born in 1835, in Erie Co, NY; his paternal grandparents were Seth Hinman, of Erie Co, NY, born 1804, and Louisa (Kendall) Hinman, born May 8, 1813, in Jefferson Co, NY. His paternal great-grandparents were from England; his maternal grandparents were Jacob Gish, of Dauphin Co, PA, born 1805, and Mary Davis Gish, of New York. His maternal great-grandmother, Davis, who was born near Boston, MA., in 1776, was related to Jefferson Davis. Maternal great-grandmother was a Petty, born in New Hampshire. 

      Frederick Hinman was for many years an engineer on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. Mary Davis Gish was a passenger on the first train west out of Baltimore, Maryland. 

      Mr. Hinman was married in Galesburg, Nov. 13, 1889, to Mabel A., daughter of the late J. R. Goddard, who was State Live Stock Commissioner. She was born in Adrian, Michigan, and her ancestors can be traced to the Mayflower. Mr. and Mrs. Hinman have three children, Jennie Mabel, Frederick Stanley, and Kendall Goddard

      Mr. Hinman was a charter member of Lodge No. 213, I. A. of M., was Master Machinist of the lodge, and has represented it in the Trades and Labor Assembly. He is a member of the Oak Leaf Camp, M. W. A., No. 92, and of the K. O. T. M., Lodge No 152. He has been a delegate to the city, county, and State conventions. Mr. Hinman is a member of the Methodist Church. In politics, he is a republican. He was appointed Chief of Police by Mayor Tunnicliff in 1895, reappointed by Mayor Cooke, and is at present retained by Mayor Carney.

Hinthorn, John F., Station Agent at Dahinda, Persifer Township, Knox County; was born in McLean Co., IL. June 3, 1858. His parents, Silas James and Rachel (Lindsey) Hinthorn, were married in Fulton Co, IL., and began their married life in McLean Co, on a farm where his father had lived from childhood. To them were born two sons, the younger dying in infancy. When about three years of age his mother was taken sick with quick consumption, and the family removed to Fulton Co., to her father’s, where she died after an illness of about six months. His father returned to McLean County, leaving John F. with his grandparents, Reuben Lindsey and wife. Soon after the breaking out of the Civil War, his father enlisted in one of the volunteer companies then being organized in Bloomington, IL., and served about three years, nearly all of which time he was in active service, without having received a wound. He lived in McLean, Woodford, and Tazewell counties until his death near Peoria in April 1899, at the age of 66 years.

      John F. Hinthorn remained with his grandparents near Vermont, IL.--Fulton co., until 18 years of age, when he went to Bushill, IL. and learned the trade of harness-making, at which he worked until 1882. He then studied telegraphy and station agency on the Wabash, St. Louis and Peoria Railroad, at Waverly, IL., where he worked for five years, finally leaving the service of that company at Grafton, IL. He immediately went to Kansas and accepted a like position with the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad, working at various places until Feb. 1888, when he accepted a similar position at the company’s station at Dahinda, IL., where he is still employed. 

      Mr. Hinthorn was married to Asenath Booth at Knoxville, IL, Nov. 1, 1885. They have two children: James E. and Clinton B. Mrs. Asenath Hinthorn was born and reared in Knoxville, IL. Her father, Edwin Booth, was born in Connecticut, Feb 26, 1810, and died Nov. 25, 1885. Her mother, Nancy (Fuller) Booth, was born in New York State, July 10, 1819, and died Feb. 8, 1899. Mr. and Mrs. Booth were married in the East and moved to Illinois at a comparatively early day, finally settling in Knoxville, where they resided until their death. They had three children, Asenath being the youngest. She is a woman of true Christian character, a faithful wife and devoted mother. Mr. and Mrs. Hinthorn are especially interested in church and Sunday school work, and are members of the Methodist Church, Mr. Hinthorn being Superintendent of the Sunday school. In politics, Mr. Hinthorn is a prohibitionist.

Hjerpe, John, Mason and contractor; Galesburg; born Dec. 5, 1862, in Vermland, Sweden, where he was educated, and where he learned the trade of mason. He came to Galesburg in 1883.

      In 1886, he was married to Hannah, daughter of Gustavus Peterson; they had four children, Carl, Edna, Harold, and Leslie. 

      Mr. Hjerpe has been a prominent contractor since 1890.

Hobkirk, James, Farmer; Maquon Township; born Feb 9, 1827 in Conoble, Scotland, where he was educated, and learned to be a baker. His father, Robert Hobkirk, spent four years in America and was born near Hawick, Scotland; his mother, Mary (Armstrong) was born in Conoble. They died in Scotland. Robert Hobkirk’s father, William, was lost in the wilds of Canada. Mary Armstrong Hobkirk’s parents, William Armstrong and Fannie (Moffat) were Scotch; the former was born in Conoble. 

      In May 1849, James Hobkirk was married to Jane Beattie in Scotland, and in August reached Maquon and took up farming, although he had previously been a baker. He rented a farm until 1860 when he bought 83 acres in Haw Creek Township, where he raised stock. In 1888 he moved to Maquon where he bought five acres of improved land. Between the years 1870 and 1880, he was twice elected Justice of the Peace, but having at that time no political aspirations, declined to serve; he is now, however, serving his second term in that office. He has taken a deep interest in educational matters and was School Director for seventeen years. In religion he is a Presbyterian. In politics he is a democrat.

      His wife Jane (Beattie) died Feb. 7, 1897, aged 72 years. They had two children, Mary and Martha. The former is now the home-keeper; the latter is a teacher in Haw Creek Township.

Hodges, Ellen Cobean, Henderson Township; born Dec. 10, 1844, in Gettysburg, PA; educated in Pennsylvania, and Knoxville, IL. Her parents, Robert and Nancy (McIlhenny) Cobean; her paternal grandparents, James and Elizabeth (Stewart) Cobean; and her maternal grandparents, Victor and Nancy (Orr) McIlhenny, were born in Gettysburg, PA; her paternal great-grandfather, William Cobean, was born in Scotland; and her maternal great-grandparents, George and Nancy (McClure) Orr, were born in Ireland. 

      Mrs. Hodges was married to John Hodges in Galesburg, IL., April 15, 1867. Their children are: Bertha, Myron, Nellie, Charles, and Robert.

Hofflander, Gust, Saloonkeeper; Galesburg; born April 3, 1865, in Blekinge, Sweden, where he was educated. His parents were Lars and Ingrid (Olson) Hofflander, born in Sweden Oct. 6 and Nov. 11, 1838. 

      Mr. Hofflander was married to Bettie Swanson in 1890, at Galesburg, IL. Their children are: Fred Herman, Hilding Gunnar, Ethel Irine, and Agnes Elvira.

      Mr. Hofflander is a member of the Lutheran Church.

Holm, John, Farmer; Ontario Township; born July 18, 1850, in Smoland, Sweden; educated in the district schools. His parents were Nils P. and Anna L. (Larson) Holm, of Sweden; the father lives with his son John, the mother died in Sweden; his grandfathers were Magnuson Nelson and Lars Johnson

      His first wife was Aleda Olson. Their children were: Selan K. M., wife of Frank Seastrand; J. Otto; Ellen O.; Frank Edwin; Frederick L.; Minnie V.; and Leda

      His second marriage was in Galesburg, Feb. 7, 1893, to Helen Ericson. They have one child, Lester G

      Mr. Holm landed at Quebec, and came to Galesburg in 1868. He worked for farmers for five years, and then rented land until 1884. He bought the Wheeler farm of 80 acres, which he sold in 1887, and bought 160 acres in Section 22, where he now lives. He owns another farm of 83 acres on Section 16. Mr. Holm is a republican. He has been a School Director.

Holmes, Sollis R., Retired; Galesburg; born in Waterville, Vermont, April 14, 1822; educated in Bakersfield, Vermont. His father, Jesse Christie Holmes, was born in Peterboro, New Hampshire, in 1787; his mother, Orinda (Oakes) Holmes, was born in Cambridge, Vermont, in 1798. His paternal grandparents were Robert and Mary (Weir) Holmes, natives of Londonderry, New Hampshire; his maternal grandparents were John and Esther (Cochran) Oakes, natives of Vermont. His great-grandfather, on the father’s side, was John Holmes, of Londonderry, Ireland, which town was also the residence of his great-great-grandfather, Abraham Holmes, born in 1683. 

      In 1845, Mr. S. R. Holmes came west, and for two years taught school in Philadelphia, Missouri; he then taught for five years in Warsaw, IL. He afterwards kept a warehouse in Warsaw for two years, and was agent for the Keokuk and St. Louis Packet Company. In 1855, he engaged in the hardware trade. 

      During the Civil War, Mr. Holmes was Deputy Provost Marshal in what was then the Fourth District of Illinois, with headquarters at Quincy. While a resident of Warsaw, he held various public offices, including those of City Treasurer, Alderman, and Mayor. In 1870, he became adjuster for a fire insurance company, his field covering nine northwestern States. He was later insurance inspector for several cities, with headquarters at Burlington, Iowa. In 1893, he retired from active business. 

      Mr. Holmes was married June 10, 1849, to Rosette A. Farnsworth, at Bakersfield, Vermont. There are six children, Horace Atherton, Fred Hosmer, Frank Farnsworth, Jessie Rosette, Sollis Perry, and Norman Vernon. Mr. Holmes is a Presbyterian. In politics, he is a republican.

Holt, Martin S., Farmer; Ontario Township; born Sept. 7, 1836, at Lykens, Crawford Co, OH., where he was educated. His parents were Sidney Holt of Madison, Oneida Co., NY and Ruth (Andrews) Holt of Pennsylvania. 

      He was married to Martha Pittard in Ontario Township, IL., Dec. 28, 1865. Mr. and Mrs. Holt have five children: Albert Allen, Mary E., George H., Sidney V., and Frank W

      Mr. Holt belongs to the Congregational Church. In politics, he is a republican.

Holton, Frederick, Knoxville; Shoemaker, and Night Watchman for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad; born Nov. 20, 1836, in Frederick Co., Maryland; educated in Ohio. Mr. Holton’s parents, Thomas and Cordelia (Petticord) Holton, were natives of Maryland; his paternal grandfather, Thomas Holton, came from the North of Ireland. The family came to the United States before the Revolution, and Thomas Holton (the grandfather) and his brother served in that war. Thomas Holton (the father) was a soldier in the War of 1812. Frederick Holton enlisted May 23, 1861, in Company B., Illinois Volunteers, and was honorably discharged at the close of the war. He is a member of James Shields’ Post, No. 45, Grand Army of the Republic, Galesburg, IL.

      In May 1866, Mr. Holton was married in Missouri to Mrs. Emily (Milsted) Prenatt; they have had four children: Sarah S. (now Mrs. H. W. Wilson), George W., Howard J., and Frederick IFrederick I. died at the age of 27. 

      In religion, Mr. Holton is a Nominal Protestant. He is a republican.

Hoopes, James L., Galesburg; born Aug. 11, 1857, in Vermont, IL, Fulton co--where he was educated. His parents were William Hoopes, of Ohio, and Mary A. (McCleary) Hoopes, of Illinois. 

      He was married to Hester Kirkbridge at Vermont, IL, ==Fulton Co-- in 1881. They have two children, Mary and Bertha

      Mr. Hoopes is proprietor of the dining rooms of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, in Galesburg, in Vermont, IL, and in Burlington, Iowa.

Hopkins, Sally A. (Booton), Chestnut Township; born in Jackson Co, Ohio, Feb. 17, 1832; educated in the common schools. Her father, Laban Booton, was born in Cabell Co, VA, Feb. 17, 1809; her mother, Catharine (Shoemaker), was born in Ohio June 6, 1812, and died Jan. 29, 1861. Her maternal grandparents were John Shoemaker and Sally (Woulfberger), the latter a native of Pennsylvania. Her paternal grandfather was Laban Booton; he was of English descent; her paternal grandmother, Nancy (Davis), was born in Wales. 

 Mrs. Hopkins taught school about seven years, and received her first certificate from Judge Sanford, of Knoxville. Dec. 7, 1865, near Hermon, IL. she was married to Thomas Hopkins; they had four children: Willie G., born Sept 3, 1866, died Mar. 18, 1870; Rosa D, born Aug 25, 1868; Mary C., born Nov. 24, 1870; and Frank L. born May 4, 1873. Rosa D. married John E. Davis Foxie's note: two children linked to bios this site.

      Mr. Hopkins was born in Glenmorganshire, Wales, Jan. 4, 1831; his parents, Griffith and Mary Hopkins, died in Portage Co, OH. 

      Mrs. Hopkins came to Illinois in 1836, and lived in the township of Chestnut, afterwards residing about ten years in Peoria, when she returned to Chestnut Township, where she and her husband resided until the time of his death, Aug. 23, 1895.

      Mr. Hopkins was Supervisor of Chestnut Township, Road Commissioner, Assessor five years, and School Director fifteen years. He belonged to the Odd Fellows in Hermon and Peoria, and was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. He enlisted in Company M, Fourteenth Illinois Cavalry, and was mustered out Aug. 1865. 

      Mrs. Hopkins owns a farm of 160 acres, which she and her son are managing, on Section 4. Township of Chestnut. for more information on the Hopkins family go to Sally's web pages, this Knox site.

Hopper, Samuel H., Mine Owner and Farmer; Knox Township; born in Washington Co, IN, Nov. 16, 1835; educated in the district schools. The ancestry of the family on the paternal side is English, on the maternal side, Scotch. The paternal grandparents, Zachariah and Polly (Leatherwood) Hopper, were natives of England; the former was a soldier in the Revolutionary War. Mr. Hopper’s father, Charles Hopper, was a native of North Carolina, and his mother, Mary (Henderson) came from Kentucky. Mr. Hopper was the oldest of eleven children: Samuel H., Thomas Jefferson, Frances M., James E., Zacharia P., John W., Sarah E., Aquila, Charles B., William W., and Perry H. Charles Hopper, Sr. died in 1881, his wife died in 1885. 

      Thomas J. was a soldier in Company A, Fifty-ninth Illinois Volunteers, and was killed at Stone River, Tennessee. Frances M. married John Hester, who died in 1879. Her second marriage was with John M. Mitchell, of Arkansas; they have one son, W. Samuel

      Mr. Hopper was married to Elizabeth Caulkins, Aug. 19, 1863, in Knoxville; they have two children: S. Elmer and Mary O. The latter married Jesse Reynolds; they have three sons: Harold, Don and Earl. Mr. Hopper was in the Black Hawk Indian War, and Aug. 1, 1862, he enlisted in Company F, Eighty-sixth Illinois Volunteers, and was honorably discharged the latter part of 1863. In politics he is a democrat.

Housel, Oscar C., was born at Akron, Summit Co, OH., Sept. 10, 1855. His parents were Martin and Margaret (Viers) Housel. When a very young lad, he was dependent upon his own resources. His father died when he was three weeks old, and he was made an orphan by the death of his mother when he had reached his ninth year. He received his education in the public schools, after which he found employment in a match factory at Akron for two years. He then ran an engine for a year and a half and later worked as a millwright. Although too young to participate in the Civil War, his family was well represented at the front, three brothers and two brothers-in-law serving in the Union Army.

      In 1877, Mr. Housel removed from Akron to Galesburg, where he lived until 1880, when he went to Peoria. In 1887-88 he lived in Altona, Knox County, IL., where he managed a farm, and in 1889, he returned to Galesburg, and entered upon his successful career as contractor and builder. Mr. Housel has built many of the finest residences and most conspicuous public buildings in Galesburg. Among the latter may be mentioned the Marquette Building, the Dick Block, the Craig and Johnson buildings on Main Street, the Central Congregational Church, the Universalist Church, the Knox Street Congregational Church, and the remodeling of the First Methodist Episcopal Church. Nor have Mr. Housel’s labors been confined to the demands upon his skill in the town where he resides. He was the builder of the annex to the County Alms House at Knoxville, and of the annex to the State Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb at Jacksonville. At present he is engaged in the erection of a Presbyterian Church at Davenport, Iowa.

      Mr. Housel belongs to the Modern Woodmen of America, and is one of the Knights of Pythias. In 1878, he became a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In politics he is a republican.

      June 1, 1880, Mr. Housel was married to Lenora CummingsHer father, L. B. Cummings, was a veteran of the Mexican War, and one of the gold hunters of 1849. Upon his return from California, in 1852, he settled on a farm near Altona.

      Mr. and Mrs. Housel have three children: Ralph B., Alice Maree, and John Frederic.

Foxie's note: next two are brothers.

Housh, Alonzo Marion, Farmer and Dairyman; Abingdon; born Sept 29, 1856, in Haw Creek Township; educated in Maquon; his parents were: James O. and Eliza (Strong) Housh; his grandfather was David Housh

      He was married Feb. 6, 1879 at Prairie City, IL., to Ella Barlow, daughter of Samuel Barlow of Warren Co.; they have one son, Glenn Yguerra

      Mr. Housh was brought up on a farm, and after his marriage lived in Haw Creek Township, where he had 185 acres of excellent land. In 1893, he went to Abingdon, and engaged in the insurance and real estate business since Feb. 1898, he has been a dairyman. Mr. Housh has been a breeder of fine horses, and owned in 1856, Byerly Abdailah; he now owns Zuleka Patchen. He is a successful business man. Mr. Housh is a democrat. He is a believer in Christian Science.

Housh, Andrew Clinton, son of David and Elizabeth (Thornbrough) Housh, was born Oct. 16, 1834, near Greencastle, Putnam Co, IN. The progenitor of the Housh family settled in Virginia, where grandfather Adam Housh resided till he removed to Kentucky and located near Louisville. Farming was his vocation, and politically he was a democrat. There were born to him and his wife seven sons and four daughters: the sons were John, Andrew, Adam, George, Jacob, Thomas and David. Both Adam Housh and his wife lived to be very aged; she died in Kentucky.

      David Housh, father of Andrew C., was born in Kentucky and removed to Putnam Co, IN. He married Elizabeth, a daughter of Joseph and Rebecca (Gibson) Thornbrough of the same state. The father of Joseph Thornbrough was a Quaker; Rebecca Gibson was of Welsh descent.

      David came to Haw Creek Township, passing through the place where Maquon now stands, July 3, 1836. He was a prosperous farmer, and one of the leading men of his township. In politics he was a democrat, and held various township offices. He died at the old homestead in May 1879, at the age of 80 years. He owned at the time of his death about 2,600 acres of land. In religious belief he was a Universalist. He served in the War of 1812, though only twelve years of age, doing guard duty in one of the frontier forts in Indiana. Later he participated in many Indian skirmishes in his vicinity. He came to Illinois when Knox County was mostly a wilderness. Mrs. David Housh yet lives at the age of 89 years having been born near Greencastle, Indiana, March 1, 1810. David and Elizabeth Housh had thirteen children, seven of whom are now living: Mary, Rebecca, James O., Andrew Clinton, Elizabeth, Daniel M., and Eveline; all of them have been devoted to agricultural pursuits.

      Mr. A. C. Housh was educated in the common schools of Knox County, and was brought up on the farm. In the year of 1858, with his father and three brothers, James O., Jacob C., and Daniel M., he entered upon a mercantile career in Maquon. They also engaged in the stock business and farming on a large scale. They had a general store, the largest in Maquon. A few years later he bought out his partners and continued the mercantile business alone for several years, selling out in 1896. He opened a bank in 1884 called the “A. C. Housh Bank of Maquon,” which he has conducted to the present time. He also owns and managed about 1,500 acres of farming land in Knox County, and also owns two farms containing 320 acres in Nebraska. In politics he is a democrat. He has been Township Clerk, Commissioner of Highways, School Director, and member of the Town Council. He is a member of the Masonic Fraternity, A. F. and A. M., Lodge No 530, in Maquon.. He is liberal minded in all things, and is worthy the esteem and confidence of his fellow citizens.

      Mr. Housh was married at Knoxville, Nov. 11, 1857, to Adeline, daughter of Peter F. and Elizabeth (Fink) Ouderkirk. Mr. and Mrs. Housh have two children: Emma F. and E. La Fayette.

Howe, James R., Galesburg; born in Aurora, IL., where he was educated. He is a locomotive engineer in the employ of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad. He began as an apprentice in the machine shop in 1876, and in 1888 was given charge of an engine; he now has one of the best passenger runs on the road. 

      In 1888, he was married to Hattie V. Page. They have one son, Harold J. Mr. Howe has always taken an active interest in politics, having been a member of the City and County Republican Committee. In 1892, he was elected Vice President of the National Republican Clubs, and in 1898, was a delegate-at-large to the National Convention at Omaha. He is a member of the Galesburg Business Men’s Club, and the Soangetaha Club. He belongs to Vesper Lodge, No. 584, A. F. and A. M., and Chapter 46, R. A. M., Galesburg; Oriental Consistory, thirty-second degree, and A. A. O. N. M.S. of Peoria. He studied law in the office of Judge P. S. Post, and was admitted to practice in the Illinois State courts, June 7, 1899, and in the United States courts, June 27, 1899.

Howell, Lorenzo D., Farmer; Salem Township; born in North Carolina, Oct. 15, 1847. His parents, David and Catlein (Everitt) Howell, were born in NC and died there. Mrs. David Howell’s father, Daniel, was born in Ireland; her mother, Mary, in Scotland. 

      Mr. L.D. Howell was educated in the common schools. 

      Feb. 17, 1876 he was married in Galesburg to Mary M., daughter of Levi and Mary Ann Stair. She was born Sept. 29, 1856 in Wayne Co, OH. They have five children: Mary Alberta, born Mar. 11, 1877; Lulu, born Aug. 25, 1880; Nora, born Aug. 16, 1887; Lorenzo Everitt, born June 3, 1893; and William J. Bryan, born Aug. 11, 1896. 

      Mr. Howell came to Peoria in 1865. He owns a farm of 205 acres (Section 27) and has 43 cattle and 11 horses. He is a member of A.F.& A.M. Lodge, No 194, Farmington; in politics he is a democrat. 

      He and his father were in the Confederate Army, Company C. Third North Carolina Volunteers. His father was in the Mexican War; and his maternal grandfather was in the War of 1812.

Hoyer, Alfred, Carriage-maker; Galesburg; born Sept 17, 1862, in Sweden, where he was educated. His parents, Andrew and Katie (Anderson) Larson, and his grandfather, Louis Larson, live in Sweden. 

      He was married in Galesburg July 26, 1888, to Tillie G., daughter of Olans and Amy Margaret (Jonesson) Ohlson, of Sweden. They have three children, Mertle Francis, Harold Alfred, and Amy Olson. 

      Mr. Hoyer came to Knox County in 1881, and settled in Galesburg, where he worked a few months for the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company. He then learned the trade of carriage-making and blacksmithing. 

      In 1886, he went to Omaha, Nebraska, where he remained seven months, and then returned to Galesburg, where he was again employed by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad Company for a short time. 

      He started in business for himself July 15, 1897, and soon after entered into Partnership with John E. Holmquist, under the firm name of Hoyer and Holmquist, their business being horseshoeing, wagon and carriage work, at 162 West Main Street. Mr. Hoyer is a Congregationalist. In politics he has been a republican.

Hubbell, J. F., Farmer; Walnut Grove Township; born June 17, 1830, in Morrow County, Ohio; educated in Knox Co. His father, Manessa, and his mother, Phelina (Buck) Hubbell, were born in Seneca Co, NY. 

      Mr. Hubbell was twice married. His first marriage was with Mary Moxsey at Knoxville, March 16, 1854. His second wife, Mary Kessey, of Macomb, to whom he was married June 13, 1880. 

      Mr. Hubbell was a member of the Methodist Church. In politics he was a republican, and served for a time as Supervisor. He died June 29, 1898.

Huggins, David Brainard, born in Vermont, Aug. 31, 1824. His father, David Huggins was a farmer, and his mother’s maiden name was Cynthia Bartless.

      His father came from Vermont to Knox Co. in 1834, and settled in Knoxville, where he lived until his death in 1851. At the time of his arrival in Knoxville, only seven families had preceded him and were located there. In 1836, at the first Fourth-of-July celebration at Knoxville, his father superintended the dinner for the crowd. He was a kind-hearted and generous man, and aided much in the development of the town and county in which he lived. In his religious views he was a Congregationalist, and held the office of Deacon for a number of years. While living in Vermont, he was Justice of the Peace for twenty years, and served in the same capacity for several years in Knox Co.

      D. B. Huggins’ boyhood was passed on the farm. His opportunities for education were limited, but he availed himself of the instruction afforded in the common school and acquired therein a good, practical, business education. He was brought up a farmer and has followed the occupation of farming and stock-raising all his life. He discontinued the business in 1892 and now is retired.

      Mr. Huggins has shown himself a public spirited man. He was largely instrumental in the establishment of the street car line between Galesburg and Knoxville. He headed the subscription list with one thousand dollars, and raised most of the money required by hard personal work. Furthermore, he gave bond for ten thousand dollars, to insure its completion. The speakers, on the occasion of the opening of the road, made honorable mention of these facts, and the street car company recognized these services by placing in the hands of Mr. Huggins the first spike to be driven, plated with gold.

      Mr. Huggins has shown a disposition to aid in every good cause. For many years, he has been greatly interested in the Knox County Fair. Year after year, the general superintending of the grounds was entrusted to his care—a work in which he showed great judgment and efficiency. He made also liberal contributions, as the needs of the Fair seemed to demand.

      Mr. Huggins has not been a great traveler. He has visited several States, but has never been abroad. He went to California in 1855, by water, and was more than a month on his way. While there, he took charge of a City Hospital in San Jose.

      As a man, Mr. Huggins is quiet and unassuming, and is free from the pride of ostentation. He has lived a harmonious life, and has always been regarded as a good neighbor and a good citizen. His kindness of heart and his deeds of charity are an index of the man, and his habits of industry and perseverance will ever commend him as a worthy citizen.

      In religious faith, Mr. Huggins is a Presbyterian. Both he and his wife became members of that church in 1868, and for more than thirty years have worshipped together in that communion. Politically he is a republican, and has been a faithful worker in the party ever since its formation.

      He was married Dec. 26, 1847 to Harmony Doty, daughter of Ebenezer Doty. Her father was a soldier in the War of 1812, and her brother, Edward Doty, was one of the “forty-niners”.=="Jayhawkers"

      To Mr. and Mrs. Huggins was born, Sept. 2, 1852, one son, Frank Doty.

Hughey, Charles Wesley, Farmer; Cedar Township; born in Adams Co, OH., Dec. 1, 1828, where he was educated. His parents were Alexander and Hester (Tudor) Hughey, who came from Ohio to Abingdon, Knox Co., in the fall of 1849. The family is of Scotch and English ancestry.

      Charles W. Hughey was married to Mary E. Andrews in Cedar Township. Nine children were born to them: Bell; Ann; Mary E, deceased; Emma; Ella; James E.; Rosette; William; and Flora. 

      In religion Mr. Hughey was a Methodist. He was a republican, and had been School Director and held other local offices.

Humphrey, Aaron Gordon, Physician; Galesburg; born in Delaware, Ohio, July 19, 1832. His parents, Aaron Case and Betsey (Starr) Humphrey, were natives of Hartford, CT.; the grandparents on both sides were natives of England. He was raised on a farm in Tipton, Iowa, and attended school at Mount Carroll Seminary. He is a graduate of Hygeia Therapeutic College, NY. He has since been proprietor of a sanitarium, first at Lancaster, Ohio, then in Moline, IL, and since 1860, at Galesburg. In 1865, he conducted a sanitarium in Minneapolis. 

      Feb. 16, 1868, Dr. Humphrey was married to Lavina Swartzendruver, at Bloomfield, Iowa. They have one son, Albert S., who is prominent as a public reader and as a teacher of dramatic _expression and oratory. 

      In religion, Dr. Humphrey prefers to be known as Humanitarian. In politics he is a republican.

Humphrey, Henry W., Horse-shoer; Galesburg; born June 10, 18962, at Cardiff, Wales; educated in NY. His parents were John Humphrey of Oswestry, Wales, and Hannah (Prichard) Humphrey of Herefordshire, England. 

      Mr. Humphrey is an Episcopalian.

Hunt, Ransom C., Attorney; Galesburg; born in Burlington, Iowa, Jan. 24, 1844; educated in Iowa and Illinois. He was married to Irene Johnson May 1, 1879. They have four children: Beulah M., Albert V., Harry C., and Florence Irene. 

      Mr. Hunt’s father, John B. Hunt, was born in Illinois; his mother’s name was Mary McLove; his grandfather, John Hunt, was born in Virginia and married a Bartlett. 

      Mr. R.C. Hunt came to Bushnell, IL., with his parents in 1857,where they lived until 1865, when they moved to Galesburg. 

      Mr. Hunt attended, for a time, Lombard University, and afterwards studied law, and commenced practice in Galesburg in 1868. On the death of M.D. Cook, he was elected his successor to the office of Police Magistrate, which position he held until May 1, 1897. In 1898, he removed his office to the Holmes Building, where he continues his law practice.

Hunter, James Madison, was born Dec. 31, 1811 in what was then known as Frankleton, now Columbus, Franklin Co, OH. His parents, Joseph and Deborah (McGowan) Hunter, married and settled in Ohio, while it was yet a territory. His father was a native of Pennsylvania, but his mother was from Newfoundland, Canada. The Hunter family is of Scotch-Irish descent, and their ancestors were Protestants. Grandfather McGowan was a soldier in the Revolution.

      Judge James M. Hunter was the third of five sons, left orphans when he was but four years old. At the age of five he left the home of the uncle with whom he was then living, and entered the service of a farmer by the name of Cutler, whose land adjoined the city of Columbus.

      Judge Hunter was a self-made and self-educated man. All the educational advantages he enjoyed were those secured in the country and city schools, while he was living with Mr. Cutler. He was only 17 years old when he went into the business of transporting freight from different lake ports to Dayton and Cincinnati. In this business he continued five years, and then in 1833, sold out and rented a farm two and one-half miles from Columbus. 

      It was March 6 of this year (1833) that he married Miss Eliza Hunter, of Madison County, Ohio. Mrs. Hunter was born Oct. 12, 1817. Mr. and Mrs. Hunter remained upon their rented farm only 18 months, and then removed to Union Co, OH., where they purchased 80 acres of land and where they resided for 3 years. They then removed to Madison Co., OH., and bought a farm of 240 acres. In 1846 Mr. Hunter, with his wife and children, moved to Illinois and settled in Salem Township, where he bought 360 acres of land and began to improve it. Here he lived the remainder of his life, an active, honorable and honored citizen of the county. For 8 years he was Justice of the Peace, and was one of the last three Associate Justices of Knox County. He was known far and wide, and in the southeastern part of Knox County, was one of the best known and most representative citizens.

      Judge Hunter died on his farm Nov. 15, 1894 at nearly 83 years of age. Mrs. Hunter died Dec. 4, 1888, at the age of 76. They had six children, all of whom reached maturity: Deborah; Joseph; (I've linked Joseph to the bio, I think is his anyone knows different let me know) Charles R.; James M.; Eliza J., wife of H.C. Mann; and Mary A., wife of R.H. Harper. Bio above click on name to take you there....

      The character that Judge Hunter built was far more than financial success. It is something that will endure forever, a monument to his memory and an honor to his county. In politics he was a democrat, and it is an interesting fact, that General Andrew Jackson received his first vote for President.

Hunter, James W., Retired farmer; Cedar Township; born Aug. 23, 1851, in Clinton Co, OH.; educated in the normal schools of Martinsville and Lebanon, Oh. His parents were Charles N. and Mary C. (Bond) Hunter, born and reared in Clinton Co, Oh; his paternal grandfather, James Hunter, was a native of the same state, while his paternal grandmother, Harriet (Neal) was born in Hagerstown, Maryland. His grandfather, James Hunter, was a native of Ireland, where he was a teacher. Charles N. Hunter was a merchant and stock-raiser in Ohio, where he at one time was considered one of the wealthy men. He died in 1876, aged 46 years. Politically, he was a democrat. He was a member of the Christian Church.

      Nov. 16, 1876, at Hermon, IL. J. W. Hunter married Sarah A. Smith, a daughter of Charles Smith, a well-to-do farmer. They had two children; Charles M. and Isadora. The latter died in infancy. 

      Mr. Hunter was reared on a farm in Ohio. He began teaching school when a young man; he taught in Ohio and Indiana, and at Olney and in Knox Co, IL. In 1873 he was admitted to the Bar in Indiana, and afterwards continued his studies with ex-State Treasurer Wilson. In 1874 he came to Knox County and settled at Hermon, where he taught school for two years, when he married and began farming near Hermon. He became prominent in the democratic party of the township, and was elected Justice of the Peace. In 1887, he was elected Supervisor from Indian Point Township. In 1888, he was elected to the Legislature, and re-elected in 1890. In 1892 was nominated for member of Congress from the Tenth District and fell but a little short of election. Feb. 20, 1894, he was appointed Deputy Collector of Internal Revenues for the Fifth District of Illinois, and held the office until 1898, when he moved to Abingdon. During 1889-90, Mr. Hunter was engaged in the mercantile business at Hermon, IL.

      His wife died July 15, 1899. In religion, Mr. Hunter is a Christian.

Hunter, Joseph, Farmer; Salem Township; born Oct. 11, 1838, in Madison Co, OH. He came west with his father in 1846; and was reared on the Hunter homestead, where he now resides. 

      Feb. 16, 1860 Mr. Hunter was married in Knox County to Rebecca Webb. They had eight children: Mrs. Florence M. Cramblet, deceased; Grace G., who died at the age of 6; James M., who died at the age of 18; Joseph Edward, who married Mattie Johnson; Frank S., who married Millie Craig; Mrs. Mary E. Jobes, deceased; Mark L. and Hugh S., are teachers in Knox County public schools. Mrs. Hunter died May 4, 1883, at the age of 47. 

      Mr. Hunter is a democrat and has been School Director for 24 successive years and Assessor nine terms in a republican township. He is a member of the A. F. & A.M. fraternity, Yates City Lodge 448, also of Eureka Chapter, of Yates City, 93.

Hurd, Albert, A.M. Ph.D., son of Tyrus and Charlotte (Heck) Hurd, was born in Kemptville, Ontario, Canada, Nov. 6, 1823. His father’s ancestors came from England to Connecticut. His great-grandfather moved to Arlington, Vermont, in 1764, and about 1812, his grandfather, Phineas Hurd, moved from Vermont to Canada West, now Ontario.

      His mother’s ancestors were among the 6,000 Protestants who, near the close of the seventeenth century, fled from the Rhine Palatinate to England in consequence of the religious persecutions of Louis XIV. A number of these Palatine Tentons finally formed a settlement in Ireland, where her grandmother was born in 1734. In 1758, John Wesley visited the settlement, and many of them became Methodists; her grandmother, Barbara Ruckle, and her grandfather, Paul Heck, were among the number. They, with many other “Irish Palantines” emigrated to America, landing in NY Aug. 10, 1760. There, Barbara Heck began the organization of the first Methodist service and the first Methodist Church in the New World. Her name is first on the list, and to her is given, by the entire Methodist Church of America, the exalted honor of being their spiritual mother and founder. “Wesley Chapel”, the first church structure of the denomination in the Western Hemisphere, came from the heart and head of this devoted woman. It stood on the present site of the John Street Methodist Church, New York. The family afterwards moved to the neighborhood of Troy, NY, and finally to Canada.

      The early educational advantages of Albert Hurd were the customary ones of that period. He obtained a good English education in the common schools. He fitted for college, partly in the preparatory department of Victoria College at Coburg, Ontario, and partly at Ogendsburg Academy, NY. He matriculated at Middlebury College, Vermont, in 1846, and graduated in 1850. Subsequently he studied chemistry and the natural sciences at the Lawrence Scientific School of Harvard University under Professors Horsford and Louis Agassiz.

      Professor Hurd, whose father was a farmer, passed his youth upon the farm at home. Like many a New England boy, he worked on the farm in the summer and attended school in the winter. He was always fond of books, and when he was 17 years of age, had read thoughtfully and lovingly much of the best English poetical literature. Before reaching the age of 16, he was the teacher of a district school near his home, and for the next five years, continued that work more or less.

      For the first year after leaving college, Professor Hurd became Principal of the Vermont Literary and Scientific Institution, located at Brandon. At the end of the year, he accepted an invitation to become Tutor and Lecturer on the Natural Sciences in Knox College, Galesburg, IL. Since the fall of 1851, he has remained in this institution, pursuing the quiet and uneventful, but laborious life of a western College Professor. For three years, 1851-1854, he was Tutor and Lecturer on the Natural Sciences; for 43 years, 1854-1897, Professor of Chemistry and Natural Sciences, and from 1897 to the present time, he has held the Latin Professorship, having previously, for nearly 20 years, been the acting Professor of Latin in addition to his other duties. He says of himself, “I am not conscious of having ever deliberately chosen the profession of teaching for my life-work. I have always been of the opinion that an over-ruling Providence decided that matter for me. From boyhood, I loved books and study. The door of the teacher’s life was always open wide before me. Other doors did not invite my entrance. I merely passed through the open door and have been led along through a life of contentment and satisfaction, teaching, more or less, every year for sixty years.”

      Sixty years of earnest toil with the mind of youth! Sixty years of untiring energy and labor in erecting the temple of manhood and womanhood! Sixty years in developing the latent powers of the human soul! How full of interest, how full of thought the reflection. What joys, what hopes, what ambitions were inspired during the recital of the daily lessons. How many can look back and say, the inspiration and impulse of my life-work and life-deeds were given, when receiving instruction from this teacher of sixty years’ experience. How many can say, then was opened to me my pathway of life. Truly, sixty years, as a teacher and Professor, is a holy sacrifice on the altar of devotion. It is almost impossible, in any department of labor, to accomplish a greater life-work.

      As a teacher in the class room, Professor Hurd stands pre-eminent. He has but few equals. He is clear and logical in thought and _expression, and has a most incisive way of imparting instruction. His lessons are always well learned, and he never meddles with subjects that are hazy in mind or not well understood. He is positive and commanding, and no student can fail to see the lucidness of his teaching and illustrations.

      As a man and citizen, he has never made himself popular by his sociability. In the broad sense, he is not social, and yet, when thoroughly acquainted, he is one of the most social of men. He is especially known for his decision of character, purity of motives, and fair-mindedness in his relation with his fellow-men. He despises all shams and detests all sycophancy and demagoguism. In a word, he is acknowledged as a man of ability, of sound learning, and as one who always acts with prudence and discretion.

      Professor Hurd has always shown a commendable interest in the prosperity and welfare of this city. At the commencement of the legal existence of the Young Men’s Library Association in January, 1860, he was elected its President. After holding that office for a year, he became its Librarian and served in that capacity until April 1867, when the continued existence of the Association had become assured and it was possible to pay the Librarian a small salary.

      In religious faith and belief, Professor Hurd is a Congregationalist. On his arrival here in 1851, he became a member of that Church. He never has been identified with any of the various secret or social organizations. Politically, he is a republican, believing, in the main, in republican principles and republican doctrine. Sometimes he has voted the prohibition ticket because of his life-long and earnest opposition to the use of intoxicating drinks.

      He was married Jan. 11, 1855, to Eleanor Amelia Pennock, who died Aug. 11, 1895. To them were born two children: Harriet Sophia (McClure), wife of the founder of McClure’s Magazine, and Mary Charlotte, teacher of French in Knox College.


Hurlbutt, Dean C., Farmer, Elba Township; born in Dalton, New Hampshire, Feb. 13, 1834; educated in common schools. His father was Asa Hurlbutt of Waterford, Vermont; his mother, Mary (Jones) Hurlbutt, and his grandmother, Mary Jones, came from New Hampshire.

      He was married in Truro Township to Elizabeth Lambert. She was born in Indiana and died in 1889. Their children are: Mary A., died April 1, 1881; and Julia A., died Nov. 6, 1879, aged 19 years. Mary A. was married to Guy Davis and had one child, Roy H., who is living with his grandparents. 

      Mr. Hurlbutt has a farm of 1200 acres and a fine residence on Section 17. He is a good business manager and a model farmer. Mr. Hurlbutt is a republican, and has been Supervisor.

Inness, Whit F., Superintendent of Water Works; Galesburg; born Feb 21, 1858, in Knox Co., where he was educated. His parents were George and Ruth (Thirlwell) Inness of England. 

      Mr. Inness was married Feb. 1, 1881 at Galesburg to Jennie A. Hewitt; they have one child, J.D.

      Mr. Inness is a republican, and has represented the city of Galesburg as Alderman of Fifth Ward. He was Chairman of the Knox County Central Committee.

Thanks bunches & bunches Kathy.....

now on with the J's

by Foxie & Kathy....

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