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Benjamin Lombard, Jr. linked to portrait

President of Lombard Investment Company, Boston, Mass., and London, Eng.; President of the Bank of Creston, Creston, Iowa; President of the Kansas State Bank, Wichita, Kan.,; and the head of the banking house of Lombard Bros., Kansas City, MO.,. was born at Truro, Cape Cod, Mass., May 20, 1836.

The Lombard's came to England with William the Conqueror, and the name has been familiar in London for centuries.  The immediate ancestor of the subject of our sketch was David Lombard, native of Cape Cod, town of Truro, where he was born November 16, 1796.  He was a seafaring man and most of his life was spent on the ocean as captain of a vessel.  He was married at Truro, December 10, 1820/  His wife, nee Anna Gross, was also a native of Cape Cod, tracing her ancestry back to the Puritans.  Captain Lombard and wife lived together for over 61 years, Mrs. Lombard dying in October, 1881.  They reared four sons and two daughters, Benjamin Lombard, Jr., being the youngest of the family.

Benjamin Lombard, Jr. our subject, was but nine years of age when he began as clerk in a general store and was there so employed for several years spending the winter, however, at the district schools.  In 1849, he came West and began work in a land office with his Uncle, at Henry, Marshall Co., Illinois, at a salary of $175 a year, out of which he paid $1.25 per week for his board.  When we are told that he saved money from his first year's earnings, they key to much of his subsequent success is at hand.  Simply6 unadulterated economy laid the foundation of his fortune.  His great operations in life, where thousands and thousands of dollars have been involved, of course were not influenced by economy, but economy formed his grand plan.  For two years he was employed upon the records and abstracts of titles of the Military Tract in Illinois, and while working at this he was shrewd enough to recognize the opportunities offered for speculation.  He was about 16 years of age when he made his first investment of lands in the Military Tract, and the deal netted him $3,700.

After finishing the record work, our subject traveled for his old employers until he was 22 years of age. About this time, or on October 05, 1858, he was married at Cambridge, Mass., to Miss Julia E. Lombard, daughter of the late Benjamin Lombard, founder of the Lombard University, Galesburg, Illinois. After marriage he made his residence near Boston, making journeys Westward occasionally on business, and in 1861 located at Galesburg. Here he dealt largely in real estate, with fortune always in his favor. In fact it appears that from boyhood to this writing (June, 1886) everything that Benjamin Lombard, Jr., has touched turned to gold.

Our subject was one of the early stockholders in the First National Bank at Galesburg, and was many years its Vice-President.  In 1873 he started the bank at Creston, Iowa, and in 1882, the largest institution of kind in the United States.  Their investments will average $750,000 per month, and while in the aggregate it amounts to millions, no man has ever lost a dollar by them.  His bank at Wichita, Kan., was started in January, 1881, and the Kansas City house sometime  later. In addition to these large financial concerns over which he presides, his landed interests are immense.  He has upward of 10,000 acres of land, under cultivation by tenancy and otherwise, and his unimproved lands in Kansas, Iowa and Nebraska would, if thrown together, rival all in area the State of Rhode Island.  The writer knows that Mr. Lombard would protest against this publication if he could, but it is a license we sometimes take, especially when as a chronicler of facts to be read by unknown thousands, both in America and Europe, we wish to illustrate by example the unparallel possibilities of the youth of our country, be their start in life ever so poor.  This is sufficient apology for the brief mention made of the financial success of the most remarkable man in Galesburg.

Mr. Lombard's sons are named respectively William Alden, who is secretary of the Lombard Investment Co.; Harry Dana, and extensive stock farmer residing in Monona County, Iowa; Martin Gay, a student; and a daughter, Hazel. The Eastern residence of Mr. Lombard is at Brookline, Mass.

James Hammond;

One of the oldest resents of Ontario Township, as well as one of the most successful farmers and respected  and honored citizens of the same, is the subject of this native.  The origin of the Hammonds in the United States dates back to 1634, at which time a family of that name came here from England and made a settlement.  Of that family two sons were born--Thomas and Nathaniel, and it is from the former son that the subject of this biographical notice is descended .  The family has numerous branches throughout the United States, and Especially in New England.

The father of our subject moved from Connecticut to Ohio in 1810. There he engaged in the vocation of farming, and was thus occupied all his life. He was married in Summit County, that State, to Miss Rebecca Farnham, the daughter of John and granddaughter of Gad Farnham, whose great-great-grandfather came from England about the time the first family of Hammond's came to this country. She removed to the State of Ohio when quite a young lady.  After their marriage the parents of James Hammond settled on a farm in Summit county, Ohio. Of their union five children were born, the mother died when James was three months of age.  In due time the father was again married, Miss Mary Fisk, of Summit County, Ohio, becoming his wife.  The father and stepmother came to Knox county in 1847, whither the subject of this notice had preceded them three years.  On the 10th day of September, 1844, when mar. Hammond was 29 years of age, he started from Bath, Summit county, Ohio, with Royal Hammond, a distant relative, and two men as assistants, with a flock of 1,300 sheep, to drive them a distance of over 500 miles. The party had to walk all the distance. they had a team of horses to carry camping utensils, etc.  The party, with their sheep, arrived in this township October 28, 1844, averaging from the time they started to the time they arrived 14 1/2 miles per day. During the long drive they lost about 150 sheep. During the following winter, from loss by wolves, change of food and want of proper sheltering for them, the heard dwindled down to about 400-- a loss of about 900 . Mr. H. experienced great difficulty in properly caring for the sheep on the road.  Prairie fires had to be fought; wolves were plentiful, and it was all the party could do to contend successfully against all these obstacles.  Mr. H. tended the flock for three years.  he says he had a tough time, but the experience he gained was a world of benefit to him in after life.

On the arrival of his father and stepmother they settled in Galesburg, where the father died September 03, 1856; his wife survived him until April 30th, 1885, her demise occurring at the residence of her son, Theodore, at Victoria, this county.  She was born September 18, 1802, and was the third in order of birth of her parents' family of 13 children. Of her union with Mr. H. 11 children were born. Her husband, father of our subject, was an early settler in Ohio, as well as in Knox County, and while here held many of the local offices of his township.

James Hammond remained with his parents on the old farm the major portion of his time until his marriage. He began teaching school in Ontario Township when quite a young man, and at this writing numerous citizens of this township can testify to his competency as a teacher, many of them having been his pupils. October 07, 1847, he was married in Ontario Township, to Miss Susan P. Powell, born in Deerfield, Oneida County, NY, September 05, 1821. Her mother, Maria Wilson Powell, died when she was only five years old, and she afterward made her home in the family of her aunt and uncle, Charles F. Camp, who was one of the most prominent of the old settlers who first came to this county, and with whom she came west in 1838, and settled in Ontario Township before Oneida was laid out.

Parents of Mrs. Hammond on the paternal side were of German-Welsh origins, and on the maternal side were of Irish origin. Of the first marriage of Mr. Powell, the father of Mrs. Hammond, two children were born--Mrs........ H. and Horace; the latter is deceased. The father remarried a second time Evaline Brainard, who was a sister of Dr. Brainard, of Chicago. The result of this marriage was eight children, two of whom are now deceased, viz,: Brainard and Catherine. The former was a soldier in the later war, and after passing through three years of service3, he re-enlisted  and was killed at the battle of Lookout Mountain. Those now living are Harvey, Charles, Edwin, Orville, Eugene, and Luciene. The four latter were soldiers in the War of the Rebellion. Edwin was surgeon, and served during the whole war. Orville went in as color-bearer, and was mustered out Captain; he lay 14 months in the Southern prisons; the most of the time he was in Libby. He escaped from Columbia prison, S. C., and was two months getting through to the Federal lines. The father of Mrs. Powel was a soldier of the War of 1812; the father of Mr. P. a soldier in the Revolutionary War.

Mr. and Mrs. Hammond are the parents of six children, two of whom are deceased: Park H. married Mary L. Wetmore, and resides on a farm in Rio Township; Ella M. is living at home; Fanny C. is likewise an inmate of the family household, and Ira E. in engaged in working on the farm. Both Mr. and Mrs. Hammond are members of the Congregational Church.

Mr. Hammond of this notice, has met with far more than ordinary success as an agriculturist since coming to this country. He was born in Ohio, July 07, 1824, was educated in the log schoolhouse at Hammond Corners, Bath, Ohio, where is reported he received the usual amount of "thrashings." He came to this county in 1844, and made settlement in Ontario Township, and there resided until 1848, when he removed to Galesburg. Remaining in the latter city one year, he moved to Knox Township, and in 1851 again moved back to Ontario Township. He has followed agricultural pursuits all his life, and his landed possessions in the county consist of upward of 5000 acres. His home farm is beautifully located, with a large two-=story brick residence upon it, finished with hardwood and well-furnished. The home has been beautified by the setting out of evergreens, and the barns and out-buildings are all of the most substantial nature. His land is all under an advanced state of cultivation, and in the prosecution of his vocation Mr. Hammond is meeting with that success which energy and perseverance are sure to bring. Politically, he votes with the Republican party. He has been Supervisor of his township for six years, and also held the office of Road Commissioner and other local offices of minor import.

George W. Elliot,--Civil War Vet

George W. Elliot, a well-known and prosperous agriculturist, residing on section 25, Victoria Township, was born October 18, 1842, in Knox County. His parents were Thomas and Hannah Reece Elliot, natives respectively of Ohio and County Carolina. The senior Mr. Elliot was married in Ohio. He came to Illinois and made settlement in Persifer Township in 1837, being among the earliest settlers of the town. In 1856, he removed to Victoria Township, where he purchased 160 acres of land on section 25. Upon this tract the family remained until 1868, when, disposing of the same, they removed to Missouri, where the father purchased 80 cares, and where they resided until his demise in 1880. His wife still survives him and is residing upon the old home farm. The par3ental family consisted of 14 children, seven of whom are still living and bear the names of Burgess, George W., Samantha, Sarah, Elizabeth, Hannah, and Thomas.

G. W. Elliot of this biographical notice remained under the parental roof until he had attained his majority, in the meantime assisting his father upon the farm and attending the common schools of his neighborhood. In the spring of 1862 he enlisted in defense of his country, joining Co D., 69th Ill. Vol. Inf. At Vicksburg he was assigned to guard duty, and was thus occupied until mustered out at the expiration of his term of enlistment.

     Upon his return home our subject engaged in the tilling of the soil. His first purchase of land consisted of 40 acres on the quarter-section where he now resides, afterward adding, at different times, 120 acres, 27 acres of timber land, and 80 acres each on sections 23 and 15. Upon his fine farm he erected, in 1879, a handsome dwelling valued at $2,000. Three years previous to this he built a barn, which was burned in 1881. He is engaged in the raising of grain and stock quite extensively, and is meeting with success in his chosen vocation.

The lady chosen by Mr. Elliott to share his heart and home was Miss Albina Mosher, a native of Illinois and daughter of Seneca and Nancy Buck Mosher. The marriage was solemnized April 13, 1865. The parents of Mrs. Elliott were natives of New York and Vermont, and were married in Ohio in 1838. Three years later they came to Illinois, locating in Knox County. AT present they are residents of Victoria. The Parental family of Mrs. Elliot numbered 10 children. Those living are Sarah A., Albina, wife of our subject, Frances, and Manford.

Our subject and wife have had born to them six children, as follows: James F., Emma, Susan A., Hannah, George, and John. Mr. Elliott affiliates with the Greenback party, and has served his township in the offices of Constable, School Director and Pathmaster. What Mr. Elliott has of this world's goods has been acquired by his own efforts, the result of industry and economy, and his a fair sample of the men who forma the bone and sinew of the community.


Julius D. Bragg, --Civil War Vet

Julius D. Bragg, at present residing on his fine farm, located on section 03, Chestnut Township, was born in Jefferson County, Iowa, August 10, 1844. He is the son of Dabnar and Julia A. Carpenter Bragg. The former was born in Virginia and died in 1844, and the latter was born in 1817, and is still living in Glasgow, Jefferson Co., Iowa. There were eight children, two of whom died in infancy; those living are Clara, Sophora, Hattie, Albert, Decatur, and Cynthia.

Mr. Bragg of this sketch was married October 27, 1868, to Mary M. Harper. She was born in Knox County October 01, 1849, and has become the mother of five children--Jennie, born September 01, 1869; Clara, August 17, 1871; Burrell, October 04, 1874; Gertrude, September 09, 1877, and Carrie, April 21, 1879. Our subject is the proprietor of 170 acres of good farm land, all under an excellent state of cultivation.

Mr. Bragg gives considerable attention to the breeding of Short-horn cattle, of which he has some very find specimens, among which is one pure-blood bull. Five head of his splendid herd, which are of the Rosemary and Miss Mott families, are recorded in the Short-horn Herd-book. He also breeds swine rather extensively chiefly, however, for shipping purposes.

Mr. Bragg was soldier in the later war, having enlisted in Co G., 30th Iowa Vol Inf., under Col. Abbott, August 08, 1862, and was mustered into service in September of the same year at Keokuk, Iowa. The command was ordered to St. Louis, from there to Helena, Ark., then to Chickasaw Bluffs, back to Arkansas Post, up the White River, then to Milliken's Bend, where our subject aided in the opening of the canal. He participated in the siege of Vicksburg, remaining there about 110 days, and June 22, marched into the city with his regiment. He was at the battle of Jacksonville, and with Sherman in his famous march to the sea. His regiment was in 32 general engagements, and was in Raleigh, NC, when Lee surrendered. His last battle was fought at Belmont, NC. June 22, 1865, he received an honorable and final discharge, but was mustered out at Washington in May, 1865. Politically he is a firm adherent to the Democratic party. Mrs. Bragg is a member of the Christian Church.

In another bio on a David P. Harper is the brother to Mrs. Julius Bragg.  Her parents were David and Sarah Parks Harper, natives of Ohio. More on them in David's bio below.

David P. Harper 

Prominent among those men who have been identified with Knox County for an interval of over 30 years, and who have during that time been deeply interested in its agricultural progress, stands the subject of this personal history.  In his particular field of life work he has been extremely successful, and may be cited to-day as one of the most solid and substantial men in Chestnut township. His home is situated on section 2, and to his farming pursuits he adds the breeding of fine blooded stock, among which he possess a number of magnificent animals in which he feels a pardonable pride.

Mr. Harper is the son of David and Sarah Parks Harper, natives of Ohio, and was born July 26, 1854. His father was born August 02, 1814, and is till living, while his mother, born January 23, 1817, died December 31, 1884, and was buried at Herman, Ill.

Of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Harper, Sr., there were born 13 children, four of whom are now living, and are named respectively Lydia A.; Mary M., wife of Julius Bragg, of this county; Jennie, wife of Knox Marks, also residing  in this county, and David, who united in the bonds of holy matrimony with Mary A. Hamrick. Mrs. Harper was born July 04, 1850, and is the daughter of J. G. and Sarah A. Ferris Hamrick. Her father was born in Ohio February 02, 1825, and her mother in Kentucky February 05, 1828, now living in Seward County, Neb. Their home is in the latter county, and they are the parents of four children: Josephine, wife of Mr. Henderson, of Nebraska; Calista, who married J. A. Walker, and lives in Thomas County, Kan.,; Charlie who married Miss Sarepta Beeson, and lives in Nebraska, and Mary A.

Mr. and Mrs. David Harper are the parents of three children, bearing the names of Kittie, born May 27, 1874; Lucy, May 12, 18765, and Roberta, August 26, 1878. Their family circle is a happy and congenial one, and their home is among the most pleasant in the county., On his homestead of 180 acres of highly cultivated land Mr. Harper has erected a handsome house of modern appearance and conveniences, and further embellished and bettered his property by the addition of commodious bars and out-buildings, and both he and his wife feel a pardonable price in their home.

Mr. Harper's barns were erected largely with the idea of forwarding his business as a stock raiser and breeder. He has a fine bull, by the name of Gallant Duke, whose number, 51665, is recorded in the Short-horn Herd-book. He is a large, handsome animal, bought of W. H. Heller, of Abingdon, Ill., and is of deeped colored, weighing 1,730 lb.; was calved November 12, 1882, and whose history is found in Vol 23. American Herd-Book. Rose V., Calved April 14, `879, is a handsome red in color, and quoted in Vol 23. Rose Belle, calved June 16, 1878, is also red, and is quoted in the same Her-book. Lady Ann, a magnificent roan animal, calved June 06, 1877,m is of the Rosemary blood, and Daisy, calved November 14, 1879, of the Miss Mott line of stock, and of a handsome red color. Mr. Harper feels an interest and strong pride in these wonderfully handsome and finely blooded animals, which may be stated as among the best into the county. He is a feeder and shipper of stock to the Chicago markets, and is successful in his enterprise. In politics he is a Democrat and upholds the principles of that party, voting with and for it. and is , in short, not only an active, energetic business man, but is wide-awake to the interest of the public at large, and well informed in public and private political work.


Mrs. Mary A. Lowrey;

This lady, the widow of Saftoe Lowrey, deceased--who was the seventh son in a family of nine children, seven sons and two daughters--is known as one of the most energetic and enterprising women of Cedar Township, and possess a large business capability, and is endowed with more than ordinary financial acuteness and foresight.  She was born in Genevea, NY, December 08, 1817, and is the daughter of John and Mary Barron Armstrong. The former was of Scotch lineage and blood., but was American born, claiming the State of New Jersey as his birthplace. The mother was of English ancestry., Mr. Armstrong died of pneumonia, in 1852, while visiting in Canada, and his wife, in 1879, in Iowa. They were the parents of seven children, as follows: John lives in Missouri; he married Miss Nancy Morrison, who died, when he again married; Harriet married Wm. Tracy and lives in San Francisco, Cal.; Matilda married H. J. Sanders, and lives in Abingdon; William A. died in California, in 1850; Rebecca is  married and lives in Minneapolis; Margery married G. H. Flanders; and the subject of our sketch.

Mr. Lowrey was born near Geneva, NY, October 04, 1814, and died July 12, 1870, having only reached middle life. He united heart and hand with the subject of this narration, October 04, 1842, and a few years after his marriage, in 1849, he went to Canada West, where, on the Grand River, he engaged in lumbering, which occupation he followed for the space of six years. A brother-in-law, Mr. J. Z. Reed, whose home was in Buffalo, NY, was associated with him in business as a partner. They subsequently added a lumber-yard to the original enterprise. At the expiration of the six years, Mr. Lowrey came West and purchased 260 acres of land, where he lived contentedly until called home by death.  Mrs. Lowrey's bereavement occurred July 12, 1870, but, bravely putting aside her womanly weakness, she took her place courageously at the head of the business affairs of the farm, which she managed until two years ago, reflecting great credit upon herself by her judicious planning and execution. AT that time she rented the greater portion of her farm, and in 1877, erected a handsome dwelling, two stories high and finely finished in every particular. She was the sole su8perintendent and designer of the building, and when it was finished at a cost of $3,000, it was the pride of that part of the county. It stands on a heavy foundation, enclosing a large cellar, which underlies the entire structure. The walls of the cellar are composed of Sagetown limestone, heavily lined with brick. The grounds surrounding the house include about two acres and are laid out in the most tasteful and attractive manner, forming a beautiful lawn in front, planted with evergreens. This is made still more inviting by the addition of rustic seats, flower beds, etc. She has one large barn, 31 x 60 feet, and another not so large, but finely finished. She is engaged quite extensively in the breeding of blooded fowls--Light Brahmas, White Leghorns and Plymouth Rocks. The quarters provided for them are elegant and are supposed to be among the finest in the county, the houses being finished with zinc floors and plastered. Among her other enterprises is the breeding of Galloway cattle, which has proved very profitable. She bought Prince Jumbo at a high price. He is numbered 2180, in the American Herd-Book, and is considered one of the finest animals in the country.

The union of Mr. and Mrs. Lowrey was productive of three children, all girls, who were born as follows: Alice M., July 06, 1844; she married Charles Mount, and died September 23, 1875, leaving one son--Shafto Lowrey; Mary M., June 03, 1846, died in Canada, December 24, 1852; and Jane E., was born December 12, 1847, and was married in the State of Illinois, to Franklin Mount, and died August 04, 1874, leaving two daughters--Jennie and Matilda. Matilda lives with our subject, her grandmother. Jennie is endowed with a remarkable artistic talent, specimens of her painting showing skill seldom met with in one of her years. Mrs. Lowrey is educating both of the granddaughters, giving them the best advantages in music and painting that the schools afford.

Mr. Lowrey, husband of our subject, was quite prominent in public affairs, and a useful man socially. He was for 20 years Justice of the Peace and Supervisor, and was at the time of his death School Treasurer, which office he held for a number of years. He was a man of affable and courteous manner and possessed of a first-class education, besides being truly cultured and refined. By calling he was a farmer, and his hearty and frank manner gained him friends on all sides, so that he was widely lamented at his death. He made a religious profession of the Protestant Methodist faith, and lived in his daily life the true principles of that noble Christianity as shown in the Word of God.  Mrs. Lowrey is a Baptist by profession, joining their church when 15 years of age, but was congenial in spirit with he faith of her husband, who lingered for some time with that deceptive in patient resignment. He was Republican in politics, and an honest, upright, conscientious man; striving to do unto his neighbors as he would have them do unto him. Among the numerous persons who are represented in the portrait department of this Album, none are more deserving than of Mr. Lowrey.


Honorable Joseph E. Latimer

--Civil War Vet & Representative to the Assemblies of 27th

 & 30th Districts.

The name of the subject who heads this brief sketch, apart from his connection with one of the most striking family records in Knox County, is sufficiently known to need but little comment. He is by occupation a farmer and breeder of pureblooded Jersey and Short-horn cattle; his farm and residence are located on sections 28 and 29, of Cedar Township.

As one among the oldest and most venerated families of Knox County, this gentleman has won the respect and confidence of not only his immediate neighbors, but hundreds of substantial friends throughout the country. He was born on the 15th of April, 1840, within the township and upon the farm where he now resides, and is the son of Jonathan and Nancy West Latimer. Brought up on his father's farm, he received his earliest educational course at the district schools and Cherry Grove Seminary. Subsequently he entered Knox College, and in the class of 1864 graduated.

He enlisted in the army on the 5th day of June, 1864, and was commissioned Lieutenant in Co. G, of the 137th Ill. Inf.;' is now a member of Abingdon Post, No 580, G. A. R.

After his return from the army he was appointed Principal of the Cherry Grove Seminary, a position which he held one year. Elected to the chair  of natural Sciences, in Lincoln University, Lincoln, Ill., he proved beyond a doubt his skill as an instructor. This post was given him in 1866, but, little more than a year later, he was compelled to resign in consequence of his failing eyesight. Soon, again, he resumed farming in Cedar Township.

He is a prominent member of the Congregational Church. In politics, the subject of this sketch has always been an earnest Republican; although an active member of his party, he holds liberal views, allowing no party to dictate on points of conscience; believing that honesty should characterize a man's actions in politics, as well as in other affairs of life.  He was elected in 1870 as Representative for the 22nd District to the 27th Assembly. He removed to Iowa in 1872. Returning to Illinois, Mr.. Latimer was elected to the 30th and 31st Assemblies. During the last campaign the electors gave him a majority of 700 votes over and above the regular ticket. His influence and ability as a legislator were recognized during the last two Assemblies, and he was give the Chairmanship of the Committee on Towns and Township Organization, besides serving on other important committees.

He was married in Atchison, Kan., on the 19th day of November, 1872, to Miss Joanna Humiston, daughter of Hartson and Mary Church Humiston. His wife, Mrs. Latimer, was born in Broome County, NY Among the early pioneers of Knox County, this lady's parents and paternal grandparents were numbered among the most sturdy and praiseworthy of the settlers. In 1836, the grandfather first settled here, and in 1846, her father took up his abode in the vicinity.

The happy union of Mr. and Mrs. Latimer there were two children born, a son and a daughter: Jonathan G., was born in Iowa, near Hopkins, MO, on November 25, 1874; and Lillian H., in Cedar Township, Knox County, August 09, 1876

Mr. Latimer's farm is in highly improved condition and numbers 327 acres. It is situated just north of the city of Abingdon and one mile distant from that place. The residence which he now occupies was erected in 1875.


Mrs. Annie McClang

Mrs. Annie McClang is the relict of William McClang, who was born March 24, 1842, and died February 02, 1884. He was a native of Sweden, and emigrated to America in 1865. He settled in Copley Township, on section 15, and laid the foundations of a home. He lived on the same until 1878, and then purchased 80 acres on section 16, and on this remained until his death.

William McClang was married to Miss Annie Hanson March 22, 1866. She is the daughter of Hans and Christina Hanson. They re natives of Sweden and came to America in 1849, settling on section 15, Copley Township. They purchased 80 acres of land, where they lived until called by death to the land beyond the stars. They had but one child, a daughter--Annie, now Mrs.. McClang.

In Politics the deceased was a Republican, and was a good, solid man of native force and ability, of courteous and affable manner, and his loss was deeply deplored in the community. He was a member of the Swedish Methodist Episcopal Church, as is also his wife. Mrs. McClang has shown herself to be possessed of good degree of firmness and force, and still manages the farm left her at her husband's death.


William S. Kleckner  pg #572---Civil War Vet

Among the leading agriculturists of Elba Township is the subject of this sketch, residing on his fine farm on section 35. He came to Knox County in 1856, from Hancock County, Ohio, and worked out almost nine years in Salem Township. Our subject enlisted in September, 1861, in the 8th Missouri Regiment, and served one year and four days, when he received an honorable discharge. Upon his return to Knox County he resumed the business of an agriculturist, and was thus occupied for two years, at the end of which time he returned to Elba Township, where he worked for three years and then removed to Salem Township, where he sojourned until the spring of 1885. He then purchased the farm in Elba Township upon which he is at present residing. Mr. Kleckner is the owner of 295 acres of excellent land under an advanced state of cultivation.

Our subject was born in Carroll County, Ohio, December 31, 1835, where he lived until 20 years of age, and from there he came to Wayne County, Ill. In the latter county he remained for one year, after which time he came to Knox County. He was married March 01, 1865, in Elba Township, to Rhoda West. (see sketch of John West). Mrs. Kleckner was born in Clinton County, Ohio, May 01, 1840, and was six years of age when her parents removed to Knox County.

Mr. and Mrs. Kleckner are the parents of five children---Arthalia A., Lena I., Lora C., Earl L. and Pearl L. Our subject has held the office of Road commissioner for six years in Salem Township. He is a prominent member of the I. O. O. F., and belongs to Dan McCook Post, No. 53, GAR, of Elmwood, Ill. In politics he is a firm adherent of the principles of the Republican party.


Andrew Cochrun

Andrew Cochrun, deceased, a pioneer of Abingdon of 1837, was born in Franklin County, Ohio, August 27, 1809. He was a son of Simon and Margaret Cochrun, natives of Virginia. Our subject was reared on a farm and received the advantages of a common-school education, and at an early age was apprenticed to the blacksmith trade. He united with the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1825; and was married in his native county August 22, 1833; to Miss Nancy I. Cannon. He emigrated to Knox County in October, 1837, locating at Abingdon. Here he engaged in blacksmithing for a time, and in 1867 entered the drug business in Murray, Iowa.

Mr. Cochrun was a Republican in politics, and held many of the local offices, among them those of School Director, Assessor and Postmaster. His death occurred in July, 1884. His widow still survives him. The family of Mr. and Mrs. C. consisted of four children.


F. H. Peterson

Among the respected citizens as well as successful farmers of this county is to be found the subject of this notice. He is engaged in general farming and stock-raising on section 8, Orange Township, where he owns a find and productive farm of 190 acres. Mr. Peterson of this notice was born in Green County, Ohio, February 14, 1845. His father was Felix and his mother Mary Weaver Peterson. The former was a native of Virginia, as was likewise his wife. He died in Green County, Ohio, after having lived a life of honorable industry, and his good wife survives him and is yet a resident of the old homestead in Ohio. Nine olive branches sprang from the parent tree--Martha E., J. L., Catherine, James, John W., Ezra, Isaac, William and the subject of this notice. Isaac and William are deceased.

The gentleman whose name heads this notice was united in marriage with Miss Emma J. Reynolds, November 22, 1877. She was the daughter of Captain W. H. and Martha Bunday Reynolds, and was born July 07, 1857. Mr. and Mrs. Peterson have had born to them two children--Mattie L., February 09, 1878, and one who died in infancy.

Mrs. Peterson is a member of the Christian Church, and in politics our subject votes for the Republican party. He began life a poor boy, and what he has he has made himself by honest, industrious labor, and not through the recipiency of any legacy.


James Alexander Wilson, one of the representative farmers of Galesburg Township, residing on section 27, was born in Persifer Township May 20, 1843, and is a son of Francis and Elizabeth (McPerrin) Wilson See sketch. He was reared on his father's farm, at intervals attending the district schools, which was all the schooling he ever received. He remained with his parents until he gained his majority when he married Miss Martha Wertman, in January, 1868. She was born September 18, 1848, in Columbia County, PA.

Mrs. Wilson came to Illinois with her parents in 1862 and located in this county. Their names were Elias and Mary Kistler Wertman. They were natives of Pennsylvania; the father, born February 03, 1809, is still living; the mother was born in 1813, also in Pennsylvania, and died September 23, 1875. They had eight children, namely: Agnes (deceased), William, Daniel, Sarah, Mary E., Lloyd, Martha J. and Charlie. The parents of Mr. Wilson of our sketch had eight children--George, Thomas, Elizabeth, John, James, Alexander, Francis, Drusilla, and Mary.

Mr. Wilson has erected an elegant residence on his farm, two stories high, 60 x 32 feet in dimensions, with a fine cellar under the entire structure. It is finely finished inside and cost $4,000. He is doing a general farm business, and is a Democrat in politics and one of the most enterprising farmers in the county. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson are the happy parents of five children, as follows: Charles E., born November 30, 1869; Arthur C., born July 12, 1872; Lyle, August 29, 1874; Ray, June 05, 1877; and Mary A., May 16, 1885.

Mr. Wilson has been a life-long resident of this county, is highly esteemed by his many friends, is faithful in all the relations of life and is a successful business man.

John Wilson, residing on section 27, Galesburg Township, was born in Persifer Township September 23, 1841. He is the son of Francis and Elizabeth McPerrin Wilson. See sketch of Francis Wilson. Mr. Wilson was bo4rn March 01, 1809, in Pennsylvania. She was born December 15, 1819, and died August 15, 1882; the former is still living. She moved to Illinois in 1835, and married Mr. Wilson November 26, 1840. in Knoxville, this county. They7had five children, as follows: John, James A. Francis M., Drusilla J. and Mary E.; the two girls being deceased.

Mr. John Wilson married Miss Annie Carr September 05, 1865. She was born in Vinton County, Ohio, December 21, 1843, and came to Illinois in 1864. They have two children living--William C., born July 27, 1866, and Katie M., born June 06, 1875. Mrs. Wilson is the daughter of Cornelius and Catherine Lotts Carr. He was a native of Connecticut, where he was born in 1801, inheriting the rugged virtues of that land of steady habits, and died in Ohio, September 05, 1877. His wife was born July 04, 1804, and is till living in the latter State. They has six children-- Marshall P., Caroline Carr, Sylvester, John K., and Annie and Harriet S. Annie, the youngest of the family married Mr. John Wilson, the subject of this sketch. Mr. Wilson is really one of the pioneers of this county, having been born, as above stated, within its limits, and has witnessed its growth from the wilds of the prairie to one of the most populous and thrifty counties of the State. He has 280 acres of fine land in this section, all under a high state of cultivation. Ha has a fine dwelling-house, two stories high and built at a cost of $4,000. It is elegantly finished in all its departments, and has a fine basement under the entire building. Mr. Wilson bought this farm in 1871, and has since begun the breeding of Polled-Angus cattle, thus keeping pace with the enterprise and improvement of the day. He has on his farm 2,400 rods of tile draining, of from four to eight inch tile; has also three miles of good hedge fence and a beautiful maple grove around his dwelling.

Mr. Wilson is a Democrat like his father before him, and practices the principles of toleration peculiar to the Declaration of Independence as enunciated by Thomas Jefferson. He is an enterprising, public-spirited citizen, a good neighbor and a successful business man, and keeps up with the improvements of his time.

Francis Wilson, (Foxie's Note: Francis is the father to the two above Wilson brother's. linked to portrait) Among the most prominent gentlemen who have adorned Knox County and are resident within her boundaries, it is not too much to say that as one, typical and noteworthy for native ability and substantial worth, no better can be named than the subject of this personal narration. He is a farmer, residing on section 30, Persifer Township, an ranks among the foremost of the pioneers of that section, having entered its boundaries in November, 1836. He came from Champaign County, Ohio, and passed a brief time in Knoxville, where he followed blacksmithing as a vocation. In the fall of 1837, owing to the illness of his wife, he moved out of Knoxville to his farm and immediately after the death of his life-long and faithful companion, in the spring of 1838, he removed to Persifer Township, where he settled on section 30. Here he established his home and has ever since remained.

Mr. Wilson was born in Butler County, Pa., March 01, 1809. While he was still young, his parents moved to Champaign County, Ohio, where he engaged himself to learn the blacksmithing trade. When quite young he followed his calling with success, which he also did for about a year after coming to Knoxville. Locating on section 30, his present home his introductory purchase being 96 acres, he began his struggle for prosperity and success, and to-day may be counted as one oft he most extensive land owners in Knox County, his possessions including 1,384 acres of land. He also owns 160 acres in Chariton County, in the State of Missouri. On his homestead he has erected a handsome and commodious set of buildings, complete with every modern convenience and at once attractive, desirable and lasting.

Mr. Wilson's un-requiting efforts and arduous toil are very marked and stand out in the history of his life with vivid distinctness, as proving beyond question the immense successes to be gained from self-reliance. He is an example to every American youth of patience and persistence of purpose. Following his business in the shop, he united with it his agricultural pursuits, often laboring until midnight and going into the timber during the day. The results of his labors prove that he has been far from a drone in the hive of life. His first matrimonial alliance was solemnized in Champaign County, Ohio, January 17, 1833, Miss Nancy McPerrin being the other contracting party. She was a native of Ohio and bore him three children: George W., Thomas resides with his father; and Elizabeth is the wife of Martin Brooks, whose home is in Aledo, Ill.,; Elizabeth had previously married Daniel Anderson, and had by her first marriage five children, two of whom are deceased, and three living. The latter are as follows; James, Archibald, and Francis. By her second marriage she has four children, viz,: Lucian, Lena, Emma, and one unnamed. Mrs. Wilson died in Knox Township, January 03, 1838.

Mr. Wilson re-married in Knox Township in September

Morris Griffith, on of the enterprising farmers of this county, resides on section35, Galesburg Township, and is the son of Abel and Hannah Gore Griffith, natives of Pennsylvania. Abel was born in 1803 and died in October, 1875, in this State. The mother of our subject was born in October, 1813, and they had three girls and five boys in their family, as Follows -- Morris, born February 20, 1836; John X., Ann E., Mary., William, Rebecca, George, Howard and Belle F. The mother is still living at the old home in Cedar Township.

     Mr. Morris Griffith was married to Miss Elizabeth Harmony, December 27, 1859, by Rev. T. S. Vail, of the Presbyterian Church, of Knoxville. She was born February 03, 1834, in Franklin County, Pa., and is the daughter of John and Eve Zumbro Harmony. Her parents are still living; they were natives of Pennsylvania, the father being born in 1801 and the mother in February, 1802, and have seven children, as follows: John, Ellinor, Elizabeth, William, Annie, Mahala, and Franklin. This aged couple came to Illinois in 1853 and located at Knoxville, where they still reside and are members of the Presbyterian Church. The old gentleman is a Democrat in politics.

    Mr. Griffith, the subject of this sketch, has children living and one deceased, as follow: Herbert R., born Jan. 08, 1861; Etta O, May 22, 1862, William E., Jan 18, 1864; Arthur A., Jan 22. 1866; Frank M., Aug 24, 1868; Jessie A., June 21, 1877; and Mary E., April 21, 1871, dying September 21, 1873.

     Mr. Griffith, through industry and frugality, has become the owner of 280 acres of choice land, 120 in this township and the balance in Cedar Township. Like most of the enterprising farmers of the State, he takes pride in improving his property and has a fine dwelling with an excellent barn on his premises, and has 800 rods of tile drainage on the farm. The stock which roam over his fertile fields are of the best quality -- fine thorough-bred.

     Both Mr. and Mrs. Griffith are members of the Presbyterian Church, at Knoxville. Mr. Griffith has held the office of Commissioner of Highways, and is a Republican in politics. Yet in the prime of life, he has secured a competency, and by honesty and strict attention to the duties devolving upon him, he holds a high place in the respect of his fellow-citizens. He is a native of Fayette County, Pa., where he was born in 1836, coming to Illinois in October, 1863, where he has since remained. Three of Mr. G's brothers, by name John X., William and George, were in the War of the Rebellion and all passed through without a scratch.

Anthony W. Caldwell is a successful farmer and a representative citizen of Knox County, whose homestead lies on section 30, and who is the son of John and Mary Baird Caldwell, both natives of Pennsylvania. They came to Knox county from Pennsylvania in 1839, and settled in Persifer Township among other pioneers, and from its infancy have watched the growth of the county as it assumed larger and larger proportions and its boundaries extended farther, until she stands to-day one of the populous and prosperous counties of Illinois.

    Mr. Caldwell is the third child in order of birth of family of nine, and was born in Lycoming county, Pa., August 30, 1824.  He was 15 years of age when he came to Knox County with his parents, and attending the common schools, gained a moderately good education. He remained at home until he attained the age of 24 years, when he made up his mind to take a trip to California, and in 1850 started across the plains. He was absent from home almost two years, and returning to Knox County, remained only a short time and again went back to the land of gold. In the fall of 1856 his heart again sought the familiar scenes of his youth, and he set his face east ward, this time remaining contentedly at home until 1862, when he again went to the Golden state, and where he has since been engaged in farming and stock-raising. He was a miner while in California, and met with moderate success. H is now the owner of 159 acres in Persifer Township, in which section of the country he was married December 10, 1857, to Sarah M. Manley, daughter of George W. and Lucretia Weed Manley, Natives of Massachusetts and New York respectively. They came to Knox county in 1838, from Chautauqua County, NY and settled in Persifer Township, where they passed the remainder of their days and were there buried. They were the parents of seven children, of whom Mrs. C, was the youngest. She was born in Chautauqua County, Aug. 16, 1831, and is the mother of five children, two of whom died in infancy. Those living are John W., William, residing in Knox County, where he is engaged in farming, and Charles A., still under the paternal roof.

Mr. Caldwell takes some interest in public matters and casts his vote with the Democratic party.

Elijah Cramer. Among those who have attained success in following a profession which is recognized as one of the most independent of all callings is he whose brief historical sketch we here give. Mr. Cramer is and has been since he came to the county, energetically and industriously engaged in agricultural pursuits on section 32, Orange Township. He is a native of Ohio, having been born in Clermont County June 29, 1933.

The father of our subject was a native of Ohio, his parents, William and Sarah A. Shute Cramer, having emigrated to this Ste in 1852, making the journey overland and camping by the wayside to prepare their frugal meals. The father, on his arrival here , made his first purchase of land, consisting of 90 acres, in Chestnut Township. The land was somewhat improved when he bought it, and he located upon it with his family and continued it's improvement and cultivation, and added to the same until he had 400 acres of land, a large portion of which was under a fine state of cultivation at the time of his demise, which occurred in 1875. His wife died on the same farm in 1871, and they lie buried side by side in the Harper Cemetery in Chestnut Township.

They subject of this brief notice was one of a family of twelve children and the seventh in order of birth, the record being as follows: Richard., Adam deceased, Mary A., Eliza J., Rebecca, William, Elijah, Benjamin, Malah and Mahala; twins, and Anseline, together with one who died in infancy unnamed. William Cramer, the father of our subject, was a second time, married, Mrs. Jacobs becoming his wife, but their union was without issue.

The subject of this sketch was married to Miss Jennie Haynes, January 20, 1861. She was the daughter of Harmon L. and Cerilda Haynes, and was born in 1839 in Orange Twp. Six Children have been born to brighten the home of our subject, named as follows. Haney, Born March 25, 1862; Cerilda, born September 08, 1864, deceased; Emma M. born April 21, 1866; Lewis H., November 16, 1868; Sarah A., June 25, 1871; and Edwin March 26, 1877. The wife and mother died February 20, 1881, and lies buried in the cemetery at Knoxville.

For his second wife Mr. Cramer of this notice married Mrs. Nancy Mather, widow of Lewis R. Mather, the ceremony taking place April 19, 1883, and of their union there has been no issue. By her former marriage she had three children--Francis born June 08, 1859, deceased; Joseph M. born July 19, 1861, and Lewis R., born November 20, 1862.

Isaac Cramer~~ Civil War Vet

     This county was a large class of citizens represented in the agricultural interests of the county, who started in life with nothing, but who through laborious toil, together with fair and honorable dealing, have made a success in life, and to-day have fine farms as the result of their labor and energy, Among the number referred to, and a gentleman respected and honored for his sterling worth and integrity, is the subject of this biographical notice, who is industriously engaged in the prosecution of his vocation on section 27, Orange Township.

    Mr. Cramer was born in Clermont Co., Ohio, September13, 1837, and is the son of Joseph and Elizabeth Binkley Cramer. He first came to this state in 1857, and staid one summer, when he returned to the Buckeye State, and was there variously occupied until 1862. During that year he disposed of his interest in that State, when he removed to this county and here rented land and followed farming until 1870. He then purchased the farm on which he is at present residing, the same consisting of 130 acres, 78 acres being located on section 27, and 60 acres on section 34, Orange Township. On this land he located with his family and has there been actively engaged in its improvement and cultivation until the present time, meeting with success, which was brought about by his own perseverance and the active co-operation of his good helpmeet.   

    Miss Martha Mather became the wife of our subject September 20. 1865. She is the daughter of Isaac and Mary A. Fortner Mather (bio below brothers is below.), born September 07, 1845. The household has been blest by the birth of three children -- Edwin, born December 13, 1867; Torence, September 18, 1869; and Frank, March 29, 1879.

     Mr. Cramer, of this notice, was soldier in the late war, having enlisted for three months in the 2d Ohio's Vol. Inf., April 23, 1861. He received an honorable discharge August 19, 1861, of that year. The most of the time during his service he was engaged in guarding railroad bridges. After his discharge he again enlisted in the same fall in the 23d Ohio Vol. Inf., but was not permitted to fight for the flag he loved, on account of physical disability, the Examining Surgeon rejecting him as having weak lungs. Our subject has a good, comfortable frame dwelling on his farm and one of the best barns in this township, together with all necessary out-buildings for the prosecution of his calling on his fine and productive farm. In politics he votes for the Republican party, and is a worthy representative of the agricultural class in his township.

George Mather

Among the prosperous farmers of Orange Township who have attained success by energy and industry in their chosen vocation is the subject of this notice. He is a self-made man in every sense the word implies, and is engaged in his calling on section 27, Orange Township. Mr. Mather was born in the township in which he resides, Oct. 21, 1843. His father was Isaac and his mother Mary A. Fotner Mather, the former being a native of New York born Jan 19, 1791.  The father of our subject was a farmer by occupation and followed his calling until his demise in this county, Feb 28, 1871. He came to Illinois in 1833, and settled on the place where George now lives. The first year he and his family lived in block houses in order to be protected against the Indians. His wife, mother of our subject, was born in Virginia, December 05, 1800, and died in this county July 25, 1870.

    The subject of this notice joined the army of benedicts April 08, 1866, by uniting with Jane Cramer, the intelligent and accomplished daughter of James and Anseline Jones Cramer. She was born in Clermont Co., Ohio, March 17, 1848. Her parents were born in Maryland, the father April 15, 1816, and her mother February 04, 1821. The father died in Ohio in 1877, and the mother in this county July 06, 1865; Our subject secured his education in the common schools of his native county and was here brought up to the calling in which he is are present engaged. He is the owner of 182 acres of good land, located on section 27, Orange Township, where the is actively and energetically engaged in the prosecution of his calling on his place he has a frame residence one and one-half stories in the height, of the most modern architecture, and likewise a good barn and necessary out-buildings, and his farm is s3econd to none in Orange Township.

     Of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Mather the following children were born: Emory E., born Nov. 03, 1867, died Feb 28, of the same year (this would mean to me 1878.)  Raymond E. born November 03, 1867, died July 14, 1881; Amanda E, born June 17, 1881 died July 16, of the same year; Arthur, born in August, 1873, died July 04, 1881; Martha, born September 30, 1875; Frank, December 13, 1876, died January 25, 1877. Optically Mr. Mather is a believer in and a supporter of the principles advocated by the Republican party. As a representative of the agricultural class of Orange Township he may certainly be classified as the peer of any. He is not a member or any church organization, but is a believer in the Golden Rule, and a liberal in his views. George & Jane Cramer are buried in the Haynes Cemetery.

Samuel Mather  from the early history of the county until his decease, was a respected and honored citizen of Knox County and a successful farmer of Orange Township. He resided on his fine farm on Section 24, where he followed the independent calling of an agriculturists, until the date of his demise. He was born on a day dear to the hearts of every American citizen on account of it's being the anniversary of the "Father of his Country", February 22, 1828. He was born in Maryland, and was the son of Samuel and Eliza Wiley Mather. He came with his parents to Illinois in 1834, and settled in Orange Township, they being among its earliest pioneers.

    Samuel Mather was married to Margaret Allen January 04, 1849. She was the daughter of William and Nancy Wilkins Allen. Her father was a native of Indiana and her mother of Pennsylvania, and she was born in Jefferson County, Ind.., in 1830. Samuel and Margaret Mather lived and labored with but one interest in common, and that the welfare of their family, until his demise,

Aug 09, 1875. His remains lie buried in the Mather Cemetery in Orange Township.  His good wife still survives him, and together with her children carries on the farm on the old homestead. Eight children were born of their union --- Richard A, April 06, 1850; Eliza J., a Christmas gift to her parents in 1853; Hester A., December 11, 1854; Robert H., November 03, 1856; Nancy E., January 16, 1859; Mary, June 29, 1864; died August 10, 1866; Francis was born August 29, 1865, and John April 16, 1867. Richard A. married Miss Mary Norman, and resides in Norton County, Kan.; their children are named Daisy and Florence; by a former marriage with Mary Lown, deceased, there were two children, named Laura and Aminda Mather, who are staying with their grandmother. Eliza J. married James Dugger, a resident of Orange Township and a farmer; they have three children, named Samuel, Albert, and Addie. Nancy E. married William Snell, a farmer in Persifer Township; they have three children-- George, Jennie and Willie.

     The widow of Samuel Mather owns 90 acres of good and productive land, all of it under an advanced state of cultivation, with the exception of eight acres, which is young timber. She has a good frame dwelling on her place and a fine frame barn, and is carrying on her farming operations intelligently and prosperously,. Religiously, Mrs. Mather is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, as likewise was her husband. In politics Mr. Mather was a Republican, and was held in great honor for his sterling worth and integrity.

    Four brothers of Samuel-- Joseph, Lewis, David, and James were soldiers in the late war. Joseph and Lewis died in the service; the first named was a member of Co D 7th Ill Cal.

Rueben Castle

This gentleman's farm is located on section 12, Cedar Township. He was born in West Virginia, September 15, 1813, but came to Illinois with his father in 1833, and took upon his position on the present section, where he made a claim, but settled here in 1834, at which time the property came into market. His parents were Henry and Sarah Curry Castle. They were both natives of West Virginia; his father was born in 1768, and died in 1840, in the State of Illinois, at the advanced age of 72 years. His mother's birth occurred in 1780, and her death in the State of Virginia in 1831. By this desirable marriage there were eight children, George, Oliver, Catharine, Susanna, May, Mary, Henry, Reuben, and John. Rueben, the seventh and the second youngest child, the only survivor of the family, married Miss Mary A. Long. She was born October 18, 1814, in Allegheny County, near Pittsburgh, Pa. She came to Ohio with her parents, where she established herself with them at Muskingum, and remained up to her 20th year; with them she removed into Illinois about this date, where they landed in November, 1835.

     After the location of her parents in Knoxville, they remained here five years and then moved into Cedar Township, where they concluded the remainder of their days on the farm they then possessed. Their names were George and Catharine Duffey Long. [Foxie's Note: George & Cahterine are buried in the Brush Greek Cemetery.] he was born in 1780 and died in 1863. She was born in 1790, and died in 1850. Their marriage took place in 1813,  and by the union nine children were the result --Mary A., Sarah, George M., Eliza J., William, Margaret, Charles, Martha, and Harriet who died (and is buried in the Brush Creek Cemetery with her parents.) To Grace their household Mr and Mrs. Reuben Castle have four interesting children -- George H., born August 30, 1843; Rufus, born April 12, 1842; Sarah C., May 14, 1845; and Curtis H., born October 04, 1848. All these children are now happily married. Two of them live in Iowa, and one son, a physician, is at Point Arena, on the Pacific Coast, whither he proceeded November 01, 1882

     Mr. Castle's farm is land of the first quality, and consists of 210 acres. He took it in the wild state, and has now brought it to a high degree of cultivation. Here he erected a fine dwelling-house in 1855. He has successively held the office of School Director and Commissioner of Highways. Both he and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Knoxville, in which church he has held the office of Steward, reflecting thereby much credit upon himself and benefit upon the congregation. Mr. Castle is a Republican in politics and a stanch adherent of the party.

    George and Rufus, his oldest sons, enlisted in the 59th and 83d Regs. Ill Vol. Inf. In this position George remained five years, and was present at the battles of Stone River, Pea Ridge, Perryville and Franklin. He went forward to attend with General Thomas, and on his way was wounded in the left jaw. Owing to this casualty he draws a regular pension. These two sons, like their father, are both good Republicans. Rufus married Alice V. Boylan, March 29, 1869. They have three children -- Carroll C., aged 14; Reuben Raymond, aged 11, and Faith A., aged 6 years. George H. married Gertrude Swigert, and their union has been blest with six children --Mary C., Grace, George M. Curtis H., Nellie M., and Ruth.  George H. is an attorney at law, residing at Shenandoah, Iowa. Sarah C. is the wife of John H. Griffith. Their marriage was solemnized in February, 1866, and they have become the parents of five children, whose names are Blanche E., Gaylord C., Mary A., Edna E., and John L. They reside in Page County, and he is a farmer by occupation. Curtis H., who is a physician, residing in California, was married to Miss Alma Taber, October 09, 1879. They are the parents of two children -- Grace and Curtis H. George is a graduate of Knox College, in the class of 1872, and Curtis at the Northwestern University at Evanston, Ill. He also won laurels for himself at the College of Physicians and Surgeons. Rufus enlisted in Co C of the 83d Ill. Vol Inf, in 1861, and served until the close of the war. George enlisted in Co. A of the 59th Ill Vol. Inf., in 1861, and veteranized and served until the close of the war, when he was discharged with honors in February, 1866.

Solomon Wood Rogers is an old settler of Knox County, and farmer on section 16, Salem township. He was born 5 March 1819, in Muskingum County, Ohio. His father, Edward Rogers was a native of Virginia and an early settler in the county in which our subject was born, locating there about 1811. An uncle of the mother of our subject, John Robinson, together with his wife, was taken prisoner by the Indians, and by them was taken to Ohio. After a few months' captivity, he made his escape, and returning to Virginia, raised a company, went back to Ohio and secured his wife. The father of our subject, Edward Rogers, was a member of this party, and it was while on this raid that the different members determined to settle in Ohio.
     Edward Rogers secured a tract of timber land in Ohio, upon which he remained until 1821. Disposing of this property, he returned to Harrison County, Virginia, remaining there until the spring of 1838, the date of his removal with his wife and six children to the Prairie State. They came via the West Fork of the Monongahela River to Pittsburg, on a flatboat built for the occasion. At the latter place they were transferred to a steamer and came via the Ohio, Mississippi and Illinois Rivers to Peoria, thence to Canton. At the latter place he rented a tract of land. upon which he remained until 1845. Removing with his family to Knox County, he again rented for a period of six years. His son, the subject of this notice, meanwhile entered a claim on the northwest quarter of section 16, now in Salem Township, and while living upon the rented property both the father and son were improving the farm on section 16, to which they moved in 1848. The death of Edward Rogers occurred 22 December 1866. The maiden name of the mother of our subject was Elizabeth Wood, a native of Virginia. Her death occurred in 1849. The children born to the senior Mr. Rogers and wife were ten in number, only two of whom are living - S.W., our subject and a sister, Elizabeth, relict of Robert Dennis, who lives with her son at Maquon.
     The subject of this sketch was an infant of two years when his parents removed to Virginia, and was 19 years old when they emigrated to Illinois. He had always remained at home, with the exception of a few months at a time, until the death of his father. After coming to Illinois, he was engaged at various employments, and in 1842-43 was occupied in chopping wood and teaming near the Illinois River. He had saved a sufficiency of his earnings to enable him, in 1845, to enter the tract of land which he now owns and occupies. He did not, however, settle upon this until three years later. In the meantime he had erected a log cabin, together with a few other improvements, and in 1848 installed his parents and one sister in the cabin. Since that time he has made great improvements upon his farm, having erected a substantial set of frame buildings, enclosed his entire acreage and placed the same under a fine state of cultivation. He has earned the reputation of being one of Knox County's most industrious farmers, and this, together with his good judgment, has made him successful. Mr. Rogers has added from time to time to his acreage, until he is at this writing, the possessor of 520 acres, all of which is located in Salem Township.
     S.W. Rogers formed a matrimonial alliance 15 April 1850, with Jerusha, daughter of Silas and Elizabeth (Terry) Hand. She was born in Highland County, Ohio, 28 September 1828. Her parents were natives of New Jersey and Virginia respectively.
     Mr. and Mrs. Rogers are the parents of five children - Sophia E., William H., Millard F., Solomon W., and Franklin G. Mr. R. was formerly a Whig, but upon the organization of the Republican party, he joined its ranks and has cast his vote for that party since that time. In matters of religion he is liberal, and believes in doing to others as he would have them do unto him.
Benjamin Ramp:

Benjamin Ramp. linked to portraits----One of the most important factors in the prosperity of Knox County is found in the person of the subject of this biography, who is a farmer and stockdealer, living on section 3, of Haw Creek Township. He is one of the solid men of the county, owns considerable property, and is an instance of what energy of purpose combined with industry and persistent toil can do.
     Mr. Ramp was born in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, 20 November 1815, and is the son of William and Mary (Hebberling) Ramp, both natives of Pennsylvania. The family was originally of German lineage, as their patronymic goes to show. The subject of this recital removed to Miami County, Ohio, in 1844, and engaged in farming. In 1848 he removed to Knox County, Illinois and took up his abode on section 3, Haw Creek, where he now resides. He owns 2,000 acres of land in this county, located in Haw Creek, Persifer, and Truro Townships, all, except 300 acres of pasture, under a high state of cultivation. Mr. Ramp has one of the best dwellings in the township, built of brick and costing upward of $6,000. The grounds are laid out in a tasteful and picturesque manner, and the barn, corn-houses, and out-buildings are first class in every respect, and second to none in the county.
     On the 26th of October, 1837, he deserted the ranks of single blessedness and was united in marriage to Sarah Mapps. She was the daughter of John and Elizabeth (Highland) Mapps and was born in New Jersey. Her mother was a native of Pennsylvania, from a family of English origin on the father's side and Irish on the mother's side. To Mr. and Mrs. Ramp have been born 13 children, as follows: Elizabeth, born 10 April 1839. was the wife of John W. Cook, and deceased 14 January 1862; William was born 4 October 1840, united in marriage with Octavia Fravel, and lives near Yates City, Illinois; Mary Jane, born 28 October 1843, is the wife of Henry Bell, residing in Persifer Township; John, born 10 March 1842, died 11 August 1842; David was born 6 September 1845, was married to Virginia Vores, of Persifer Township, their present home; Aaron, born 1 March 1847, died 14 January 1854; Benjamin, born 11 December 1848, died 5 June 1850; Samuel, born 11 November 1850, united in marriage with Amanda Jacobs, who lives in Truro Township, this county; Jesse M. born 11 February 1853, died 31 October 1853; Asa M., born 24 January 1855, married Deborah Westner, and lives in Truro Township; Cephas A., born 18 November 1856, married Julia Biggerstaff, and lives in Persifer Township; James W., born 22 February 1859, married Mary Biggerstaff, and resides in Haw Creek Township; and Charles A., born 12 August 1862, is married to Sarah E. Green, of Haw Creek Township. They reside at home, assisting to carry on the home place. Mr. and Mrs. Ramp have 40 grandchildren and 6 great-grandchildren.
      When Mr. Ramp moved to Ohio, in 1844, he only had about $150, and when he came to Knox County, in 1848, his possessions amounted to only about $1,200 on arrival. On arriving here he purchased a farm of 87 acres. He rented a house and spent the winter in Knoxville, and desiring to earn a little money he engaged in teaming from Knoxville to Peoria. On the third trip, going down the Spoon River Hill, the staple on the neck-yoke broke; Mr. Ramp was walking, and in attempting to catch the team he was thrown to the ground, the wheels passing over his left leg, which necessitated its amputation at the upper part of the thigh. From this accident he was all winter recovering, and when in the spring he moved out to the farm with his wife and six small children, he had but a few dollars and was in debt on account of his sickness. Now a man of less courage would have been disheartened, but not so with Mr. Ramp. With commendable energy he set about to recover his fortunes, and by the exercise of foresight and good judgment he finally carved out success. Little by little he added to his landed estate, until now his broad acreage comprises one of the finest farms in Knox County. Both Mr. and Mrs. Ramp refer with much gratitude to the kind attentions bestowed on them by the citizens of Knoxville, during their sore trials; the remembrance of those kind acts will ever be green in their memories. The people of Knoxville wished to present them with two hundred dollars, but they would not accept it. In 1860, while Mr. Ramp was driving a mower, one of the wheels fell into a blind ditch, and he was thrown on the ground in front of the sickle-bar, which cut off his right arm below the elbow. Even this did not discourage him, and he still continues to manage his farms.
         Mr. Ramp has held many minor offices of this county, and township, and has been Justice of the Peace for four years. Both himself and wife are members of the Presbyterian Church at Knoxville, and in politics he is a Republican. At their beautiful home, Mr. and Mrs. Ramp dispense a liberal hospitality. He ranks as one of the enterprising and public-spirited citizens of Knox County.

Walter Redd. Orange Township has its quota of successful and well-to-do farmers, men who have attained success through individual effort, energy and perseverance, and who are in the sunset of life enjoying a well-earned competency. Prominent among the class mentioned as a citizen and successful agriculturist, residing on section 11, Orange Township, where he is engaged in his chosen vocation, is the subject of this brief sketch. Born in Shenandoah County, Virginia, 27 March 1820 of parents by name, John and Elizabeth (Barber) Redd, he seems to have inherited his love for faming, as his father was a farmer before him, and a soldier in the War of 1812. He and his good wife, the mother of our subject, died on the old homestead in Ohio, about the year 1827, when Walter was quite young.
     Orphaned at an early age, the subject of our sketch worked by the month at whatever he could find to do, and was variously occupied until February, 1842. At that date he came to this county, and on arrival here, being without money, he engaged in labor by the month, and thus continued for 18 months, when he went to Knoxville, and was there employed in a flour mill for eight years, thus acquiring the miller's trade. At the end of that time he purchased 160 acres of land in Orange Township, the same being the identical tract on which he is residing at this time and where he has lived continuously engaged in agricultural pursuits.
     After arriving at mature manhood, Mr. Redd became dissatisfied with the life of "single blessedness, and 12 September 1844, joined the army of benedicts, Miss Frances Allen becoming his wife. She is the daughter of William and Nancy (Wilkins) Allen, and was born in Jefferson county, Indiana, 5 April 1826, her mother being a native of Pennsylvania and her father of Kentucky, and both of them deceased, their demise occurring in this county. The Allen family came to Knox County in about 1836 and took up a claim in Persifer Township, where the father remained until his death.
     The union of Mr. and Mrs. Redd has been blest by the birth of twelve children, of which the following is a record: Benjamin F., born 20 July 1846, died in infancy; Robert H. was born 12 September 1847; Julia and Julius (twins) 22 December 1851, the latter is deceased, his demise occurring 23 January 1852; Lorena was born 12 January 1854; Blanche, 1 September 1855; Frank 21 September 1857; Ida M., 15 February 1860; Grace 22 November 1861; Etta, 22 May 1863; Harvey, 5 April 1868, yet at home. Robert H. married Miss Melissa McDowell and is a farmer in Decatur County, Iowa; they have four children, whose names are Margaret F., William, Lora and Fred Redd. John W. married Miss Clara Barnett and is a farmer in Nebraska, they have the following named children: Flora, Lucy, Harvey, Delia, Clyde, Albert and Luther. Julia is the wife of John F. Fink and resides in Johnson County, Nebraska, they have six children, whose names are Frances, John, Harvey, Cora, Lulu, Archie and a son not names. Lorena is the wife of Peter Hawley, and resides in Orange Township; they have one children living, named Dora Hawley. Blanche is the wife of Julius J. Maxey and lives in Orange Township; they have four children, named Maud P., Ray, Frank and Lula. Ida M. married Park Garwood, they live in Dundee County, Nebraska and have one child, named Pauline. Grace married James Mowry and lives in Osceola, Iowa, they have no children. Etta married Frank Motter, they live on a farm in Persifer Township, and have one son, Arlass Motter.
     Mr. Redd has a fine farm in Orange Township, consisting of 300 acres of well improved land. On his place he has a good, substantial dwelling, together with a barn, shed, and other necessary out-buildings, and in the prosecution of his calling is meeting with that success which perseverance and energy coupled with economy seldom fail to bring. His wife is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and socially Mr. Redd belongs to Knoxville Lodge, No. 66, A. F.&A.M. In politics he is a supporter of the principles advocated by the Republican party.
William Gould. The subject of this personal notice is one of the most prominent and influential farmers of Knox County, and is highly esteemed for his perseverance and industry. His home is on section 14, in Salem Township, is pleasantly located, and furnished with all modern conveniences. He has erected large frame barns and sheds for the shelter of stock, and to his agricultural pursuits adds the rearing of stock.
     The subject of this writing was born in Windham County, Vermont, 10 May 1833. His father Sylvester Gould, was a native of the same county, and was born in 1794. The grandfather of William Gould, by name John, was a soldier of Revolutionary fame, and was also the owner of a farm in Windham County, at which place he died. The father of William Gould was reared on the farm in his native county, and was there married to Hannah Twitchell, who was also born in that county. After his marriage he bought a farm in Windham County and engaged in its culture. He kept many sheep and from them manufactured wool and cloth. In 1843 he sold on of his farms and disposed of his stock, and accompanied by his wife and five children started in the month of June, overland to the State of Illinois. They traveled after the fashion of emigrants, cooking and camping by the way, and subsequently located at Brimfield, Peoria County, where he rented a farm. He had brought with him a quantity of cloth, which was manufactured from his own wool, and during the first year he traded the cloth for the southeast quarter of section 14, in what is now Salem Township. This was wild land at the time and his purchase amounted to $1,000, paid for in cloth at $2.50 and $3.00 per yard. In 1844 he erected a good frame house on the place and began breaking the land, and in the spring of 1845, with his family, removed there and lived until 1861. In that year he sold out and with his family removed to a farm lying on section 13 of the same township, and they there continued to reside for a few years, when they again sold out and removed to Elmwood, taking up their abode in that place and remaining until 1870. Returning to the old homestead, then operated by his son, he continued in the home endeared to him by so many associations until his death, which took place 1 September 1871. His wife, who survived him six years, died at the home of a son, in Galva, in 1877.
      The union of Mr. and Mrs. Gould gathered about them a family circle including ten children, six of whom still survive, as follows: Margaret married E. B. Kent, whose home is in San Benito County, California; Luther lives at Wakefield, Nebraska; Lucy Ann, wife of William Cummings, resides at Hollister, California; Sylvester has his home in San Benito County, California, William, the subject of our sketch; and Horace, who lives in San Benito California, California. Those deceased are David C. who was born in Vermont, remained in his native state, enlisted in the late war and fell in the service of his country; Hannah, the eldest child, married Nelson Drury, and died in Woodford County, Illinois, about 1852.
      Mr. Gould of whom this personal history was but 11 years of age when he came to Illinois with his parents, and retains in his memory all the interesting incidents connected with the overland journey. He made his home with his parents until he arrived at the estate of manhood. His marriage was celebrated 6 May 1854, with Mary E. Corbin, daughter of William and Rachel (McGinnis) Corbin. (see sketch)
     Previous to his marriage Mr. Gould rented his father's farm for two years, inhabiting the old homestead, the lumber for which his father had hauled from Chicago by teams. There he remained for two years, and at the expiration of that time, he bought a farm on section 22, in Salem Township, on which he remained for one year, when he returned to the old home and rented it for two years. His next move was to go back to his own farm, where he lived for another two years, then sold out and bought the old homestead, which he has occupied continuously since. The first house burned 12 April 1880, but its owner immediately set to work to repair the damages and rebuild, the house then erected being the one now occupied by his family. This a modern frame house, pleasantly situated on a rise of ground, and with convenient out-buildings constitutes one of the pleasantest homes in the county.
     Mr. Gould is a man of fine mental attainments and takes a keen interest in matters relative to public interest. He cast his first vote for J.C. Fremont, and has been a Republican since. Both he and his wife are united with the Methodist Episcopal Church, and are active, working members in that organization, eminently believing in "traveling the good old way." They are the parents of two children, Sylvester S., born 6 June 1855, united in marriage with Mary E. Knable; she was born in Ohio and is the daughter of John E. and Mary A. Knable, and with her husband resides on section 10, Salem Township; William C., born 15 June 1859, resides at home.
     Mr. Gould has added to his landed estate from time to time until he is now the owner of 400 acres. He possesses not only worldly wealth but has hope of treasures laid up above. A view of the pleasant family homestead is given on another page in this work. submitted by Joyce Cravens

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