Echoes From the Past
Beginning on p 268, first full paragraph
Galesburg has been distinctively a place of
beginnings. There has scarcely ever been any great movement in
this section of the country, whether it be intellectual, moral,
or religious, which cannot be traced, more or less directly, to
Galesburg and its founders. The improved methods in mathematical
instruction, which have ever given
acknowledged precedence in that department, were introduced here
by Prof. Losey, a score of years before they were heard
of in eastern colleges. The same was true of linguistic
training, under Prof. Grant. Temperance was firmly
established here, when intemperance prevailed all around us. The
first anti-slavery society in this section was the one organized
that first winter, down to the Grove; there is good reason that
the first political organization having freedom to all, as its
corner stone, was started here. Mrs. Chappell has lent me
records of some meetings, one of which is a preliminary meeting
for organizing a County Association on this basis. It has
no date, but must have occurred early in 1843. N. West
was chairman and Eli Farnham secretary, of this
meeting. Here are the records of the permanent organization, of
which Matthew Chambers was president and Leonard
Chappell secretary. I will read the pledge the members
signed and the names of the signers:
“We, the members of Knox County Liberty
Association, do hereby pledge ourselves that hereafter we vote
for no slaveholder, apologist for slavery, nor any person for
any office who will not make the protection of the inalienable
rights of man is first duty; and we further pledge ourselves to
endeavor to influence others to make this a ruling principle in
the exercise of the elective franchise, and to give to this
purpose our money and time, to the extent of our ability.”
John Waters A. S. Bergen S. Williams
A. Neeley S. Thompkins Eli Farnham
A. V. Tennoyer* Matthew Chambers F. Leonard
R. C. Dunn G. A. Marsh N. West
*It has been seen in other
records as Pennoyer.
When asked by his wife what they expected to accomplish
by this Association, Mr. Chappell replied, “We have
made a beginning.” A grand thought! One worthy of men whose
lives were devoted to making beginnings in all noble
enterprises—men who did not fear to take sides with our popular
truths, for they had the greatness of soul to take in, and the
courage to act out the thought that “one with God is a
These were just the kind of men to vote for Abraham
Lincoln and they did it. I find among these old papers the
poll books of 1840-41-42. In the presidential election of 1840,
Galesburg gave Abraham Lincoln 78 votes out of 106, for
presidential elector. The fact that he ever ran for that office
was new to me, and may be to some of you.
I meant to tell you of the thorough organization of the
college, in 1838, when Hiram H. Kellogg was unanimously
elected president, of the various steps by which Log City
of 1836 developed into the Galesburg of today, and give
you, by way of contrast to its small beginnings, some figures
showing its present business, but I fear I have already
exhausted your patience. Besides, I wish to leave something for
my successor to do; the mine I have opened is very rich; I have
only picked up a few nuggets, here and there. Let us hope that
next year another may bring us far richer stores.
Galesburg, Illinois, May 24, 1873
LADIES’ SOLDIERS’ AID SOCIETY,
From its Organization,
October 26th, 1861 to January 1st,
J. H. SHERMAN, BOOK AND JOB PRINTER.
At the first call for troops by President Lincoln, a
company of volunteers was raised in this city. The ladies
offered to make up their clothing, and the offer was accepted by
Government. This work was completed, and during the summer much
more was done for our soldiers, though without any distinct
organization. But as the summer passed away, and we began to
distrust the peace prophecies of our diplomatic Prime Minister,
it was felt by all that the cause of our sick and wounded
soldiers was of sufficient importance to demand our most earnest
attention. From this feeling arose our Soldiers’ Aid Society. It
is a union movement in which all of the ladies of the place
After several preliminary meetings, the Society was
organized in its present form October 26th, 1861, at
which time the following Constitution, under which we still act,
ART. 1. We, the ladies of Galesburg, do form ourselves into a
Society, to be called the “Soldiers’ Aid Society,” of Galesburg.
ART. 2. The object of this Society shall be to furnish to our
sick and wounded soldiers such articles as may be necessary to
their comfort, and which Government, in the multiplicity of its
duties, may not be able to supply.
ART. 3. The officers of this Society shall be a President, a
Vice President, a Corresponding Secretary, a Recording
Secretary, and a Treasurer, who together shall constitute an
Executive Committee, and fifteen Directors.
The duties of the President, Vice President, Secretary
and Treasurer shall be those that usually belong to such
The Directors shall have an oversight of the work,
shall purchase material, prepare work, assign it, and see that
it is properly done.
The Executive Committee shall have power to call
meetings, determine the order of the meetings, the work to be
done, and shall bring before the Society any matter they may
deem of sufficient importance.
ART. 4. The rooms of the Society shall be open every Thursday
from 9 a.m. till 5 p.m., so long as shall be thought advisable.
ART. 5. The fee of membership shall be twenty-five cents,
either in money or material, to be paid annually.
It is also recommended that a Dime Sociable be held on
Tuesday evening of each week, between the hours of seven and ten
SEC. 1. Adopted Nov. 4th, 1861. Any
gentleman may become an Honorary Member of this Society by
paying twenty-five cents.
SEC. 2. Adopted Jan. 16th, 1862. The
meeting s holding on the last Thursday of January, of April, of
July and of October, shall be considered the quarterly meetings
of the Society, at which time a new Board of Officers and
Directors shall be chosen.
SEC. 3. Adopted Oct. 2nd, 1862. A
Nominating Committee of three shall be appointed at the meeting
two weeks previous to the quarterly meeting. It shall be the
duty of this committee to select officers and directors for the
ensuing term, and report the same to the quarterly meeting.
SEC. 4. Adopted Oct. 9th, 1862. It
shall be considered out of order to carry on private
conversation during business hours, or to leave the room during
the transaction of business.
SEC. 5. It shall be the duty of the President, and in her
absence, the Vice President, to preside at all meetings for work
or business, and to preside at the evening sociable's.
SEC. 6. The Executive Committee may attend to all business
demanding attention between the meetings of the Society.
SEC. 7. Adopted Oct. 30th, 1862. The
committee on sociable's, in connection with the Executive
Committee, shall have power to use all proper and available
means to increase the funds of the Society, and the Treasurer
shall, on each evening, provide a door keeper, and receive from
him the proceeds of the evening.
For the sake of convenience and greater precision in
action, the directors were subsequently divided into five
committees, a Purchasing Committee, a Cutting Committee, a
Packing Committee, an Inspecting Committee, and a Committee on
Sociable's. When a necessity for them arises, special committees
are appointed, to serve as long as occasion requires. Of this
kind are the committees on blackberries, and the committee on
pickles. The duties connected with the various committees,
indicated by their names, are both laborious and responsible. We
should like to record the names of the ladies who have so
faithfully discharged them, but our limits forbid. We can only
say that the efficiency of the Society is owing, in large
measure, to their untiring exertions. The names of the Executive
Committees only can be given.
1st Quarter, from November 1st,
1861 till February 1st, 1862.
President, Mrs. J. Wells
Vice-President, Mrs. J. V. N. Standish
Recording Secretary, Miss E. Gary
Recording Secretary pro tem, Mrs. R. B. Guild
Corresponding Secretary, Miss S. H. Hatch
Treasurer, Mrs. Clement Leach, Jr.
2nd Quarter, from February 1st,
1862 till May 1st, 1862.
President, Mrs. E. F. Thomas
Vice-President, Mrs. Geo. Churchill
Treasurer, Mrs. Clement Leach, Jr.
Recording Secretary, Mrs. J. H. Sherman
Corresponding Secretary, Miss S. H. Hatch
3rd Quarter, from May 1st till
August 1st, 1862.
President, Mrs. J. V. N. Standish
Vice-President, Mrs. J. F. Dunn
Treasurer, Mrs. J. A. Marshall
Recording Secretary, Miss Kate A. Coleman
Corresponding Secretary, Miss E. Gary
4th Quarter, from August 1st till
November 1st, 1862.
President, Mrs. J. H. Sherman
Vice-President, Mrs. L. F. Chase
Treasurer, Mrs. J. A. Marshall
Recording Secretary, Miss Susan Wood
Recording Secretary pro tem, Miss M. Coleman
Corresponding Secretary, Mary Allen West
1st Quarter, of second year, from November 1st,
1862 till February 1st, 1863
President, Mrs. J. H. Sherman
Vice-President, Mrs. H. S. Hurd
Treasurer, Mrs. J. A. Marshall
Recording Secretary, Mrs. L. F. Chase*
Corresponding Secretary, Mary Allen West.
*Prevented from serving by sickness in her family; her duties
were performed by Corresponding Secretary, Mary Allen West.
The work in which our Society is engaged is so nearly
identical with that which engages the hearts and hands of
patriotic ladies all over the land that it needs no particular
description. A summary of what we have done will be given, that
those who have so nobly aided us by hand, by voice or by pen,
may see some result of their labor. By our organization new
officers are elected every three months, and our reports are
made out for that length of time. During the first quarter,
ending Feb. 1st, 1862, there were boxes sent to
Hannibal, Ironton, St. Louis Sanitary Commission, Cairo, Bird’s
Point, 17th Regiment Illinois Volunteers, and to
Company E of that Regiment, eight boxes in all, whose value
added to $153.01, distributed among the city poor during this
quarter, gives the sum of $531.01.
During the second quarter, ending May 1st
1862, there were sent three boxes to Cairo, care of Miss
Safford, three to the 17th Regiment Illinois
Volunteers, one to Leavenworth, three to Paducah, one to Mound
City and two to Chicago Sanitary Commission, making thirteen
boxes in all, valued at $492.77.
During the third quarter our efforts were mainly
directed to supplying the Quincy Hospitals. In these we felt a
particular interest, from the circumstances under which they
were opened, and from their being so near home.
A lady was appointed to visit these hospitals and
report on their management and needs. She spent several days in
the investigation, and returned such a report as induced us to
put forth every exertion to supply their immediate wants. We
sent them, during this quarter, six boxes of clothing and about
nine bushels of ripe currants. The Society also sent one box to
Cairo, one to the Chicago Sanitary Commission and one to the 17th
Regiment Illinois Volunteers. Twenty dollars were also expended
for the sick soldiers here at home, making the total value of
supplies furnished during this quarter $327.25.
The fourth quarter ended November 1st, 1862,
but as it was voted to bring this report down to January 1st,
1863, the months of November and December will be included in
this term. The supplies forwarded during this term consisted
largely of fresh vegetables, pickles, canned and dried fruits,
butter, and cordial, together with the usual supply of
clothing. These stores were sent to St. Louis Sanitary
Commission, to Quincy, to 17th Regiment Illinois
Volunteers, and by Rev. S. A. Kingsbury to the hospitals
at Bolivar, Tennessee. These stores were valued at $871.79.
The total valuation of supplies sent during the
fourteen months of the Society’s existence, is
$2,222.82. Satisfactory returns have been received from all
these stores, with two exceptions. One of these is the pickles
sent to the Pilot Knob hospital on the 30th of
October, 1862, directed to the care of a gentleman from this
place, in the 33rd regiment, who was sick in the
hospital. About the time the pickles were sent, this regiment
left Pilot Knob, taking their sick with them. The pickles may,
and we hope did, reach their destination, and being directed
to the hospital have been used by the hospital, and
as the one to whom we wrote concerning them had gone, and
nothing on the barrels showed from whence they came, we of
course receive no returns from them. This is doubtless the
origin of the story which has been afloat that all the
pickles we have put up were sent off somewhere and
lost. A genuine three-black-crow-ism.
The other case has reference to this same 33rd
regiment. On the 20th of October a box was packed to
send to this regiment, then near Ironton. The contents of the
box was in a great measure furnished by friends of the soldiers,
to whom it was sent. Capt. McKenzie expected to take
charge of the box, and it was forwarded to Quincy to meet him
there. He, however, was taken sick and was unable to go, and the
contents of the box being of such a character as would not bear
keeping, it was judged best to forward it. This was done, and
from that time to this nothing has been heard from it. Our only
hope is that it has fallen into the hands of the St. Louis
Sanitary Commission, and been by them sent on a mission of good
somewhere, though not where we designed it. The exact
value of these stores thus unaccounted for is $74.00; over
one-half of this was given by friends of the soldiers to whom
sent. The curious in such matters can easily make a calculation
of the “ratio of uncertainty” by comparing these figures with
those given above, $2,222.82. The supplies sent to Keokuk have
not yet reached their destination, owing to the closing of
navigation, and some other causes. We have heard from them,
however, and know that they are safe and will be forwarded as
soon as practicable.*
*Since these pages went to press the pickles have been
received at Keokuk, and most thankfully received.
Several boxes and barrels have been sent through
Col. Williams, State Commissary General. Supplies thus sent
are first sent to Cairo and from thence taken south and
distributed under the direct supervision of Col. Williams or
responsible agents of the Commission. It is not the object of
this Commission to take supplies to any particular regiment, but
to supply the wants of the Illinois soldiers wherever
found. Hence, as a general thing, we lose sight of the supplies
sent through this medium, at Cairo, but our confidence in Col.
Williams makes us feel certain that they are well
distributed. In several cases, however, he has departed from his
general rule, on our account, and has forwarded pickles to
particular regiments designated by us. In regard to those sent
recently, he writes: “There is so much uncertainty about
articles designed for particular companies or regiments reaching
them, that we are not now proposing to forward them. To the
points near home they can be sent, but to reach the army of the
Cumberland or farther south, they have necessarily to go into
the general distribution.” And into this general distribution,
so long as Col. Williams has charge of it, we are willing they
should go. I have thought best to make this explanation, as some
do not seem to understand the object or the working of our State
Our thanks are due Rev. S. H. Emery, of Quincy,
who kindly conveyed stores entrusted to him, south, and attended
to their distribution. He has also offered to escort any ladies
whom the Society may send, to see to the distribution of stores,
and to examine into the condition of the hospitals.
It is earnestly hoped that as soon as the finances of
our Society will permit, this offer will be accepted.
During the fourteen months included in this report,
about fifty boxes of clothing and hospital stores have been
sent. It would be difficult to give a list of their contents;
this can be learned from the Secretary’s book. The following
list embraces the more important articles. The figures are
probably too low, as in looking over the contents of so many
boxes, it is hardly possible that we have not omitted some
314 Sheets, 197 Towels, 151 pairs Slippers, 256 pairs
Pillow Cases, 242 Pillows, 101 pairs Socks, 604 Shirts, 9
Blankets, 79 Bed Sacks, 18 Mattresses, 45 Dressing Gowns, 102
Handkerchiefs, 197 pairs Drawers, 68 Comfortables, 8 pairs
Mittens, 93 bundles Linen Rags, 71 pairs blue Pants, 5 Linen
Coats, 557 Compresses, 4 Cushions, Lint and Bandages
innumerable, 10 loaves Cake, 25 cans Jelly, 41 pounds Corn
Starch, 6 ½ lbs. Tea, 28 cans of Fruit, besides Yeast, Pepper,
Dried Beef, and other things too numerous to mention.
There has also been sent 562 pounds Butter, 42 pounds
Crackers, 68 pounds Cheese, a barrel of Apple Butter, 56 gallons
Sorghum, 338 pounds Dried Fruit, four gallons and six bottles of
Wine, 22 pounds honey, 48 chickens, 18 dozen Eggs, 9 bushels
Fresh Fruit, besides those stores which come more properly under
the head of our pickling department. The work of preparing these
stores has all been done in the Society, or by members at their
homes. One exception must be made to this statement. We have
furnished work to an auxiliary Society in Orange Township, who
could do the work, but could not furnish material. This Society
has also furnished very efficient aid in putting up pickles and
tomatoes. We have had several applications from smaller
Societies, wishing to become auxiliary to our own, and had our
finances allowed us to furnish them work, we could have
accomplished a great deal of good in this way.
Many cases of destitution among returned soldiers, the
families of soldiers, and the poor of the city generally, have
been relieved. The amount thus expended is about $175.00.
Two boxes of clothing for contrabands at Cairo,
collected by one of our most efficient ladies, have been sent
through the Aid Society to that place. In the estimate of the
boxes no account has been made of the reading matter sent. This
is a very valuable item, as scarcely a box has been sent that
did not contain books and papers.
During the summer months the fact that the want of
fresh vegetables was leaving our army a prey to scurvy, aroused
the attention of the whole north. This, if I mistake not, was
one of the leading causes of the organization of our State
Sanitary Commission. In reply to the circular sent by this
Department, as well as to the demand coming to us from hospitals
and camp, it was determined to direct our efforts to supplying
this demand. A number of barrels of fresh vegetables were
forwarded through Col. Williams, but our efforts were mainly for
the preparation of a store for use in winter and spring. The
Society expended one hundred and eighty dollars in the purchase
of barrels, vinegar and spices, for the preparation of pickles.
Circulars were distributed throughout the county,
giving directions for preparing the pickles, and requesting the
ladies of town and country to take the barrels and fill
them. The response was most noble. Sixty-five barrels were
filled; about thirty have been sent on their anti-scorbutic
mission; the rest await the demands which spring is sure to make
upon us. A judicious outlay of one hundred and fifty dollars in
materials for pickles, has, on a very moderate estimate,
returned the Society six hundred dollars. The difference between
these sums is the value of the work which loyal hearts have
prompted willing hands to do. In the name of the soldiers, whose
thanks to us are abundant, we thank them.
We would also return our thanks to the Chicago Sanitary
Commission for so kindly sending us twenty casks when there were
no barrels to be obtained in this county. These casks have been
filled, and they or their equivalent forwarded through Mr.
Folsom, of Cairo. Twenty barrels of fresh vegetables,
including apples, have been forwarded through Col. Williams
and Rev. S. A. Kingsbury. About seventy dollars was expended
in the purchase of blackberries, which were canned, dried or
made into cordial. The returns from this expenditure have been
most gratifying. From hospitals and camps, where the cordial has
been sent, we have received assurances that it has apparently
saved the lives of many suffering from camp diarrhea. The larger
part of the dried and canned berries are still on hand. About
one hundred jugs, holding one, two or three gallons apiece, have
been filled with tomatoes and fruit. Between thirty and forty of
these jugs have been sent away; the rest remain on hand.
The supply still on hand of pickles, dried and canned
fruits and cordial is valued at about five hundred dollars.*
*It has been found that our rate of valuation was too low by
nearly one-half, and it has been increased by vote of Society
about 75 per cent. This gives over eight hundred dollars as the
actual value of stores on hand.
The Society designs bestowing its benefactions where
they are most needed, and where they will be most judiciously
distributed. That we may be kept informed on these points, an
extensive correspondence has ever been kept up, through the
Corresponding Secretary, with the various Sanitary Commissions,
the Matrons of hospitals, and with the Regiments in which our
county is represented. In this way we learn the exact wants of
the hour, and can more easily meet them than we could by working
at random. This correspondence also furnishes us with answers to
those who seem to make it the chief business of their lives to
discourage all efforts for the relief of the sick and wounded
soldiers on the plea that all we do effects nothing but to
pamper the appetites of officers and surgeons. Bad officers and
surgeons there undoubtedly are, but files of letters from
soldiers, whose word we have relied on implicitly while at home
among us, thanking us for our benefactions, and giving
assurances that they have done much good, are a good proof that
all our work has not been swallowed by unprincipled officers. To
say that all officers even, are what many would make us believe,
is to assert that they have all merged their humanity into
demon-ship—rather a sweeping assertion. That stores forwarded
carelessly are often, perhaps always lost or misappropriated, is
very probably, but it would be a difficult matter to convince
any one who has been Corresponding Secretary for six months that
there is any necessity for this, or that the risk in sending
sanitary stores to our army, when properly attended to, is any
greater than that incurred by our merchants in receiving goods
from the east.
The use of the rooms in which we have met for sewing
has always been free of rent. For this the Society would return
its thanks to those churches and individuals owning the
rooms. We have thus been spared a great expense, and funds saved
for the legitimate objects of our Society. We would also return
our thanks for the use of the cellar in which the pickles are
stored. We are also under obligations to those two gentlemen who
have rendered us such valuable assistance in working sewing
machines. One met with us almost weekly for nearly six months;
the other has frequently given an entire day to our
work. Neither would we forget in our acknowledgements that firm
of hardware merchants who have so generously furnished us with
iron bands and nails to secure all our boxes, nor the merchants
of the town in general who have given us all the boxes we could
fill. Indeed, we are under so many obligations that the burden
would be a painful one did we not feel that we are simply agents
in a cause in which all are interested.
It is impossible to give any estimate of donations
received, as it was voted not to keep an account of them in our
books. A large amount has been received by the Society, in
clothing, material, eatables and money. Many of these donations
have been acknowledged in our city paper. Many not written there
have made their mark on the hearts of sick and wounded ones in
camp and hospital.
The funds of the Society are derived from the
initiation fees, from donations, and from dime sociable's and
entertainments. The initiation fees, being but twenty-five cents
annually, do not amount to a very large sum; donations, though
always acceptable, are rather an uncertain dependence; thus it
is seen that our main chance for funds are the dime sociable's. Up
to the 1st of January 1863, there had been forty-nine
sociable's and entertainments, bringing the Society
$1,371.50. The expenses connected with these sociable's for room
rent and printing are necessarily large, as will be seen by the
Treasurer’s report, and must be deducted in making an estimate
of the actual funds of the Society. We intend, the present year,
to attempt to lessen these expenses by using the Society’s
sewing rooms for sociable's, when nothing unusually interesting
is the order of the evening.
Many thanks are due those lecturers and musicians, both
of our own place and from abroad, who have given their services
to these Dime Sociable's.
Thus it will be seen that we have done much, but none
will say too much. Our county stands second in the State
in the number of volunteers she has sent out, and the daughters
of “Old Knox” must not be behind her sons in patriotism. Our
work Will not be done so long as one rebel to our Government
remains. No war for a principle was ever a short war, and
no one can foresee when this shall close. Until it closes our
work is plain. We must do and suffer, if need be, for the cause
in which we are engaged. To carry on our work during the present
year will undoubtedly call for more self-denial than we have
practiced the past year. But what of that? Our Country is worth
denying ourselves for, and as yet we have given her scarcely
more than our superfluities. We have not given, as have the
southern women to their sick soldiers, the carpets from our
floors, the clothing from our person. From every battle field
comes up a cry, from many-mouthed gaping wounds, and we shall be
unworthy of our inheritance if this cry is unheeded, and it is
for us to answer it. Governments, National and State, cannot. It
is useless for us to argue that they ought to do so; we have
nothing to do with what ought to be—our duty is simply
with what is. We know our brothers and sons are
suffering; we must relieve them. What if the price of cotton
cloth has increased four fold, the wounded must not lie in their
gore-stiffened shirts for all that. If the cost of material has
increased, we must give more. God is trying to teach us
the noble lesson of giving—let us not be slow scholars.
We have made no direct appeal to our citizens for aid
before, but we feel that we must do so now. When funds come in
by dimes and go out by hundreds of dollars, there must be a
deficit. With the passage of every month the cost of materials
increases; without a corresponding increase in our receipts, our
hands are tied.
Government cannot do the work in which we are engaged,
as well as we can. Could all sorts of Sanitary supplies and
delicacies be dealt out as rations are, they would lose half
their efficiency. The fact that they came from home
doubles their value. All physicians agree that home sickness
aggravates every disease, and the report of our State Sanitary
Agent shows conclusively that the patients in our army hospitals
exemplify this rule. Nothing seems to cheer them up so much as
to find that they are not forgotten at home, hence the double
value of supplies thus sent. This is peculiarly the case
now. Every Illinois soldier must feel his arm palsied as he
reads the proceedings of our State Legislature. It is for us to
nerve the arm anew by showing that Legislators are not
Many ladies in different sections of our county having
applied to us for directions in regard to forming Societies, and
the work to be done in them, perhaps a few suggestions on these
points may not be out of place here. In regard to forming
Societies, no directions need be given. Form them as you please,
only be sure to have good working women at the helm. As to the
work, shirts and drawers are always needed. Make them just as
you would for your own husbands or sons. A few shirts may be
made with one sleeve open all the way down. Be sure that the
bands at the neck and writs are loose, and the buttons firmly
sewed on. Don’t use strings instead of buttons; men are not used
to fastening with anything but buttons, and a hospital is a poor
place in which to learn new ways. Then come sheets; make them
the usual size, or at least a breadth and a half wide. Single
breadth sheets are a perfect nuisance—they roll up into
strings. Bed sacks are very much wanted at some points. These
should be made to fit single beds. Pillows both feather and husk
and pillow cases are always in demand. Small cushions on which
to rest wounded limbs are a very great comfort to the
sufferers. Lint and bandages innumerable are needed. Get your
school children interested in rolling bandages, and they will
accomplish a great deal. Let them work in pairs, stretching the
bandage out smooth on a long table. Let one hold the end of it
drawn firmly down over the end of the table, while the other
rolls up the other end, with the palm of the hand pressed firmly
on the roll to make it as tight as possible. The little hands
will become very tired, may be blistered, but it is in a good
cause. The bandages should be an inch or an inch and a half in
width, and as long as it possible to make them from one piece of
cloth. Mark each roll with the number of yards it
contains. Towels, socks, handkerchiefs, rags, compresses,
slippers—everything, in fact, useful in a sick room is useful in
a hospital. I notice one thing called for by our State Sanitary
Agent, which we have never thought about—that is worsted
neckties. A little reflection will show that these might be very
acceptable, as the shirt to be at all comfortable while lying
down must leave the throat very much exposed.
Experience has proven that it is not worth while to
spend very much time in preparing delicacies. There is so much
danger of their being misappropriated, or of their spoiling by
transportation. We always wish to keep a supply of canned and
dried fruits on hand to send to the Quincy hospitals or to other
points, when we have opportunities to send them by responsible
persons who will see to their distribution, but we send very
little, if any, of these for general distribution.
Pickles are not so tempting, and hence do not run such
a risk of being misappropriated, and for nothing have we had
greater demand or received more hearty thanks than for
pickles. They seem just the thing needed. The season for making
them is past, but if any lady has any on hand she can do no
better than to send them to the hospitals. Butter and eggs are
very much needed. Most of our hospitals are situated in
districts over which the tide of war has swept again and again,
leaving absolutely nothing to supply the wants of the sick. If
we will think for a moment what the fare of our own tables would
become, should we strike out every dish in which butter and eggs
are ingredients, we can form some idea what it must be to be
deprived of them. A dozen eggs or a single pound of butter a
week from the larder of each farmer’s wife in our country,
would, in the aggregate, give a great gratification to the
inmates of the hospitals, whose throats have been scratched long
enough by toast without butter. Butter can now be sent with
perfect safety—in summer it will be almost impossible to send
it. In a week or two eggs will be very plenty, and the weather
will probably allow sending them.
We know our farmers’ wives well enough to feel certain
that they need only to have this thing suggested to them to act
upon it immediately. Potatoes are also much needed. The cellars
of the farmers are stored with them. Don’t let the fact that
they are bringing a dollar a bushel prevent them being sent to
our brave boys.
How shall stores be sent? Send always by one you can
trust, not only as regards honesty, but as regards judgment, or
through the Commission. Such names as Hon. Mark Skinner,
its President; Mr. E. W. Blatchford, its Secretary;
Rev. W. W. Patton, and others of its members, gives to the
Chicago Sanitary Commission a place in our confidence not easily
shaken. I wish that every one who makes the uncertainty of
supplies reaching their destination an excuse for not aiding in
our work, would read Rev. J.H. Dill’s last letter to the
Independent, written but a short time before he died, on
the hospital boat, in which he offered up his life a sacrifice
to his country.
When sending through this medium, mark the boxes
plainly to “Chicago Sanitary Commission”, having also the name
of place from whence sent. Write also to Mr. E. W.
Blatchford, giving an accurate description of stores sent,
and date of sending them. If boxes are sent, place a list of the
contents, with valuation, corresponding to the list sent by
letter, under the cover. Vegetables, Pickles, butter, and the
like, would probably as well be sent through our State Sanitary
Department, Col. John Williams, State Commissary
General. I have said enough already to prove our entire
confidence in Col Williams. Were anything more necessary, the
fact that he was appointed to this responsible position by
Governor Yates, and the amount of good accomplished by this
agency during the few months of its existence, furnish firm
ground of confidence. Clothing and all kinds of Sanitary stores
can be forwarded through this agency, and frequently stores can
be sent to particular hospitals, though Col. Williams cannot of
course pledge himself to do this always. Regiments in the field
cannot be reached very readily. Mark all stores sent in this
way, “Illinois Sanitary Stores,” then, if to be sent to any
particular point, name person, regiment and place to which sent,
“care of State Agent, Cairo.” Give also the name of place or
Society from whence sent, and, if several packages are sent,
whether at one time or at different times, number them with
consecutive numbers. Then write, as directed in regard to the
Chicago Commission, to Mr. M. F. Folsom, Cairo, and to
Col. Williams, Springfield. Be very particular in marking
and in sending an accurate bill of goods sent, including the
numbers on the packages, to Mr. M. F. Folsom.
Should any one, desirous of engaging in the work of
alleviating the suffering of our sick and wounded soldiers,
which for any further directions which I am able to give, I
shall be very happy to answer any communications on this
Allow me to bring this protracted report to a close by
saying, in the words of another, to those whose generous efforts
have thus far sustained us in our work, “Ye have done well,
and may the consciousness of being engaged in a good work
stimulate you to put forth still more earnest efforts in behalf
of our noble cause.”
Mary Allen West, Secretary, Galesburg, Feb. 4th,
1863. G.S.A. Society.
SOLDIERS’ AID SOCIETY
Annual Report of Treasurer.
First quarter, from Nov. 1st 1861 to Feb 1st
Income to Society by Socials and
Fees and Donations………………………………… 82.34
Second quarter, from Feb 1st 1862 to May 1st 1862:
Income to Society by Socials and
Third quarter, from May 1st to Aug 1st, 1862:
Fourth quarter, from Aug 1st to Nov 1st, 1862:
Socials & Entertainments…………………………. 317.61
Due Bills………………………………………….. 22.16
“ “ …………………………………………… 1.50
From Nov 1st 1862 to Jan 1st 1863:
Socials and Entertainments………………………….140.79
From boxes in churches…………………………….. 3.48
Sum of Totals $1797.16
January 1st Balance in Treasury……………………………. 16.78
Received from Socials &
Received from Donations & Fees…………………. 230.68
Received from Burlington
Received from Church Boxes……………………… 8.48
Total Expenses of Society from November 1st 1861 to
January 1st 1863.
First quarter, from Nov 1st to Feb 1st 1862:
For Dry Goods, made into Shirts, Drawers,
Bedding, of all kinds, Towels & Dressing
City Poor…………………………………………… 153.01
Second quarter, from Feb 1st to May 1st 1862:
For Dry Goods……………………………………… 203.75
Freight on boxes sent……………………………….. 25.74
Rent of Hall and Church……………………………. 46.00
Groceries sent to 17th
Third quarter, from May 1st to Aug 1st, 1862:
For Dry Goods……………………………………… 121.73
Use of Hall and Church…………………………….. 32.75
Freight and Drayage………………………………… 12.30
Fourth quarter, from Aug 1st 1862 to Jan 1st 1863:
For Blackberries…………………………………….. 65.16
Dry Goods…………………………………………... 238.36
Pickles, and canned Fruit…………………………… 180.82
Use of Hall………………………………………….. 67.00
Groceries sent to hospitals………………………….. 72.67
Incidentals, including freight, wood & coal,
Keeping work rooms in order, building
Washing garments made in Society,
Sum of Totals 1780.28
Total for Dry Goods 757.43
Mrs. J.A. Marshall, Treasurer.
LIST OF MEMBERS:
|Smith, H. Mrs.
Gardner, Helen Mrs.
Hammond, R. Mrs.
Stebbins, C. Mrs.
Bartlett, F.R. Mrs.
Wood, W.A. Mrs.
Kellogg, M.F. Mrs.
Hunt, M.S. Mrs.
Skinner, L.E. Mrs
Kuhn, F.H. Mrs.
Sherman, J.H. Mrs.
Leach, C. Jr. Mrs
Whitehead, Edith Mrs.
Curtis, H. Mrs.
Bergen, F.A. Mrs.
Ekins, Geo. Mrs.
Olmsted, E. Mrs.
Bush, J.E. Mrs
Jordan, E.S. Mrs.
Merriman, N. Mrs.
Rieman, C. Mrs.
Despain, M.C. Mrs.
Barton, D. N. Mrs.
Barnes, B.A. Mrs.
Hurd, H. S. Mrs.
Smith, Loran Mrs
West, C.P. Mrs.
Smalley, C. Miss
Emerson, B. Miss
Holcomb, W. Mrs.
Swift, S. Miss
Moulton, B. Mrs.
Bancroft, H.D. Mrs.
Knight, M.L. Mrs.
Roberts, J.B. Mrs.
Pryne, M.J. Mrs.
Pond, Z. Mrs.
Roberts, Mary Mrs.
|Babbit, S. O. Mrs.
Hitchcock, H. Mrs.
Lee, N. Mrs.
Wolcott, E. Mrs.
Spencer, M.W. Mrs.
Andrews, Mary J. Mrs.
Morse, M. Mrs.
Churchill, Geo, Mrs.
Blood, B. Mrs.
Bailey, J.W. Mrs.
Losey, N.H. Mrs.
Brinkerhoff, W. Mrs.
Miller, L. B. Mrs.
Ward, Geo. H. Mrs.
Thomas, Mary Mrs.
Chapman, J.P. Mrs.
Stone, A.W. Mrs.
Thompson, H.W. Mrs.
Chappell, P.D. Mrs.
Conger, Hannah, Mrs.
Fife, J.D. Mrs.
Rugar, F. H. Mrs.
Post, Edwin Mrs.
Tilden, H. Miss
Hatch, B.H. Miss
West, M. A. Miss
Farnham, W. Mrs.
Jackson, L. Miss
May, Delia Miss
Whiting, E. H. Miss
Babcock, J. Mrs.
Spencer, E. Miss
Ferris, Ann Mrs.
Ferris, Sallie Miss
Adams, E.R. Mrs.
Sumner, John Mrs.
Conger, Lauren Mrs.
Collins, J. Mrs.
Huntington, E.C. Mrs
|Conger, Lucien Mrs.
Hibbard, A.G. Mrs.
Dolbear, S.F. Mrs.
Lyford, A. Mrs.
Wells, Julia Mrs.
Leach, L.H. Mrs.
Hunt, R.W. Mrs.
Delano, J. Mrs.
Poole, E.C. Miss
McFarland, M.M. Miss
Willcox, Ada Miss
Post, E. Miss
Weeks, M. Miss
Knowles, Kate Mrs.
Marshall, J.A. Mrs.
Willard, W.C. Mrs.
Chase, L.F. Mrs.
Smith, F.M. Mrs.
Bull, James Mrs.
Bunce, Dr. Mrs
Ward, E. Mrs.
Mathews, C.H. Mrs.
Brackett, H.D. Mrs.
Dunn, J.F. Mrs.
Smith, Ben Mrs.
Ferris, S. M. Mrs.
Frost, T.G. Mrs.
Sage, R.P., Mrs
Ferris, Wm. Mrs.
Owen, M.S. Mrs.
Capron, J.C. Mrs.
Brown, B.M. Mrs.
Hutchinson, Mary Mrs.
Briggs, Hattie Mrs.
Hulburt, J.B. Mrs.
Sanderson, H. Mrs.
Thomas, E. F. Mrs
|Guild, R.B. Mrs.
Rice, A. Mrs.
Grant, M. Miss
Swanson, C.G. Mrs.
Moshier, T. Mrs.
Willard, S. Mrs.
West, N. Mrs.
Chapman, D. Mrs.
Reed, A.D. Mrs.
Waters, J. Mrs.
Leach, Kitty Miss
Conger, Mary Mrs.
David, Geo. Mrs.
Merrill, C. C. Mrs.
Coleman, C.A. Miss
Brown, D.C. Mrs.
Reed, Sylvester Mrs.
Beecher, E. Mrs.
Churchill, J. Miss
Whitehead, Edith Mrs.
Field, L.C. Mrs.
Swift, Job Mrs.
West, F.C. Miss
Myers, S. Mrs.
Stewart, M. Mrs.
Merrill, I. Mrs.
Sherwood, S.J. Mrs.
King, E. Mrs.
Perkins, F.S. Mrs.
Kent, L. Mrs.
Thomas, H.H. Mrs.
Zimmerman, S. A. Mrs.
Disbrow, Mary Miss
Russell, Cynthia Miss
Leonard, Deacon Ferris. Mr. Wm. Ferris, Mr
.John Mr. Smithett, Beardsley, Mr. Boggs, J.B. Mr.
REPORT OF THE
LADIES’ SOLDIERS’ AID SOCIETY,
FOR THE YEAR 1863.
PRICE 10 CENTS
J.H.. SHERMAN, BOOK AND JOB PRINTER,
As almoners of your bounty we would now give an account
of our stewardship. Our work for the past year has been similar
to our work the year before, only varying to meet the varying
wants of the soldier. The call for clothing has not been so
imperative as at the beginning of the war; while the call for
eatables has been much more so. Clothing is still needed, and
will be till the war closes, to supply the inevitable loss by
waste and wear, but the supply has been greater than has that of
vegetables. Under these circumstances the distribution of last
year’s stores has been a continued pleasure, from the thanks
with which they were received. Said a soldier, returned for a
few days’ rest, after the siege of Vicksburg, as he grasped my
hand, the tears starting to his eyes, “you ladies can never know
the good those stores you sent us did; I believe they saved our
lives.” Nor was he alone in this. Many such expressions of
gratitude have reached us, causing us to feel thankful for the
privilege of engaging in so noble a work.
The Society has met for work and business forty-three
times during the year. There have been made 262 cotton shirts,
31 woolen ones, 326 prs cotton drawers, 38 woolen ones, 33 prs
slippers, 36 prs home knit socks, 17 prs pillow cases, 4 feather
pillows, 20 husk ones, 6 comforts, 1 dressing gown, 5 sheets,
100 handkerchiefs, 200 packages roll bandages and compresses,
and fifty large bundles of rags. Should any one be curious
enough to compare this list of work done with that given in our
last Report, we hope he will remember that that report was for
fourteen months, while this is for twelve.
Of eatables, there have been forwarded 45 barrels
pickles, 21 barrels fresh vegetables, 4 barrels eggs, 679 lbs.
butter, 195 bottles cordial, 28 bottles wine, 8 gallons prepared
horse radish, 4 barrels and 317 lbs. dried fruit, including
apples, peaches, blackberries, prunes, etc., 40 bottles pepper
sauce, 300 lbs. dried beef, 87 lbs corn starch, 23 2/3 lbs.
green tea, 38 lbs. farina, 10 lbs. tapioca, 193 lbs. white
sugar, 14 lbs. castile soap, 10 lbs, saleratus, 1 large box
mustard, 6 lbs. pressed hops, 1 box (costing $40) extract beef,
23 cans condensed milk, and 20 lbs cheese.
We have received assistance in work from several
auxiliary societies. The ladies of Mulberry Street has a
pleasant habit of meeting to sew for the soldiers. Many bolts of
cloth have they taken and made up. One month this little circle
did more than did the parent society. We wish out town could
boast ever so many Mulberry Streets. The ladies of Wataga have
in like manner taken two bolts of cloth, which were returned in
shirts and drawers.
The pickling and preserving operations of this year
have been conducted through much tribulation. Owing to the
almost utter dearth of vegetables, stores, which last year were
freely …………end of page 279….pages 280-285
* The juvenile society has taken most of this kind of work
out of our hands. 286…………..
cannot share the excuse? Many who cannot rightly enjoy the
blessings of peace, because they have not done what they could
to assuage the horrors of war? Will there not come a day, when
the excuses which now keep many from this work will make the
cheek tingle with shame at the recollection of their
“We are living, we are dwelling,
In a grand and awful time,
In an age on ages telling--
To be living is sublime.”
Thank God for living in such an age, when Truth and
Right are strong enough to struggle and to win. Better one year
of such an age—the year eighteen hundred and sixty-three, with
the Proclamation for its herald, with victories over rebels and
victories over wrongs as its scepter and its crown—than whole
centuries of supineness and night. War is terrible; but if it
must come ere the country can be purified, thank God it has come
in our day, when even our weak hands may do something to help
the Nation work out its great redemption. Guarded from shot and
shell, shielded from the fierce blasts of war, we have our work
Strong minded women have prated long and loud of their
mission and their rights; now God has pointed out to them their
mission, granted to them their rights; let them see to it that
they fulfill the one and improve the other.
Many of us have given our hearts’ dearest treasures to
this war; the light of many homes is gone; many weary eyes look
in vain for the un-returning dead. Having thus given the greater
shall we refuse the less? Having given our loved ones can we
refuse anything? From many hands is taken their accustomed work’
for them never more shall be the loving ministrations to
husband, or brother, or son, borne home to God in the fiery
chariot of War; for such hands here is fitting labor. Never was
a nobler work given into the hands of woman, never was a higher
duty joined to a sweeter privilege—the duty to God and our
country—the privilege, woman’s dearest privilege, of
ministry. Let us so discharge this duty, so improve this
privilege, that the year 1864 may bear even a brighter record up
to the great white throne than did the year to which we last
night bade adieu.
Mary Allen West, Secretary, Galesburg, Jan.1st,
LIST OF OFFICERS
For the year 1863
President Mrs. J.H. Sherman
Vice President Mrs. H.S. Hurd
Treasurer Mrs. J.A. Marshall
Rec. & Cor. Sec. Mary A. West
President Mrs. H.S. Hurd
Vice President Mrs. W. C. Willard
Treasurer Miss Sarah M. Sage
Rec. & Cor. Sec. Mary A. West
President Mrs. L. F. Chase
Vice President Mrs. J. A. Marshall
Cor. Secretary Mrs. J. H. Sherman
Rec. Secretary Miss M. Kingsbury
Treasurer Miss Sarah M. Sage
President Mrs. L. F. Chase
Vice President Mrs. J. A. Marshall
Treasurers Miss Smalley
Rec. Secretary Mrs. J.H. Sherman
Cor. Secretary Mary A. West
The list of membership for the year numbers
one hundred and ten.
SOLDIERS’ AID SOCIETY,
FOR THE YEAR 1864.
D. MYERS, BOOK AND JOB PRINTER,
SOLDIERS’ AID SOCIETY,
RECEIPTS FOR THE YEAR ENDING
JAN. 1ST, 1865.
Entertainments $ 470.60
Donations and Honorary Membership 124.36
Sale Goods left from Sanitary Fair 26.90
Refunded by Committees 50.51
Received from Stores sent to Quincy 51.00
Interest on Money Deposited 30.34
Reports and Membership 39.15
Received from Sanitary Fair 4459.92
Remaining in Treasury, January 1st, 1864 240.45
EXPENDITURES FOR YEAR ENDING
JAN. 1ST, 1865
Donated to Needy Soldiers, and Soldiers’ Families here $
For Onions 887.86
For Muslin 507.19
For Dried Blackberries & Cordial 161.25
For Potatoes, Turnips & Cabbage 293.92
For Butter 396.95
For Dried Apples 109.02
For stores sent to particular regiments 120.68
For Expenses of Sanitary Fair 390.95
For Barrels, Vinegar, Spices, Jars, and Work in
Making Pickles and drying Fruit 329.61
For Groceries 118.05
Sent Mr. C. T. Chase 50.00
Expenses of Entertainments and Lectures 220.88
For Sewing Machine 45.00
Incidentals, including rent, washing, drayage, care of
Room, postage, stationery, etc. 105.33
Remaining in Treasury 836.24
Mrs. Josiah Babcock
Again, at the year’s close, do we bring you a record of
the year’s work. The main features of our work remain unchanged,
but the generous manner in which our treasury has been supplied,
has enabled us to carry on operations on a much more enlarged
scale than in former years. As the war progresses, the demand
for clothing becomes less, while that for eatables more than
proportionately greater. Our efforts have therefore been chiefly
directed to forwarding vegetables.
A large field has also opened for us, this year, in the
care of solders’ families here. Of this work we will speak more
at length by and by.
During the year we have forwarded two hundred and
eighty-one packages of sanitary stores, containing 270 shirts,
cotton and woolen, 212 pairs of drawers, 18 pairs slippers, 46
yards mosquito bar, 30 yards deming, 96 palm leaf fans, 46 eye
shades, 38 handkerchiefs, 180 gallons cider apple sauce, 6
gallons catsup, 370 gallons canned fruit, 83 gallons blackberry
cordial, 2,895 gallons pickles and kraut, 36 bottles native
wine, 200 pounds chickens and turkeys, 52 pies, 5 bushels cakes,
2 barrels apples, 9 1/3 bushels horse radish, 44 bushels
potatoes, 15 bushels turnips, 480 bushels onions, 983 pounds of
butter, and 1,841 pounds dried fruit—mostly blackberries. Small
packages of tea, corn starch, sago, with cans of oysters, have
occasionally been sent, which are not included in this list. Six
boxes of books and papers, not estimated, have also been sent,
and every box of clothing sent has contained rags, bandages and
reading matter. The value of stores forwarded during the year is
$4,836.55. The value of stores dent by the Society since its
organization, November 30, 1861, is $9,311.58.
The work of preparing these stores has been done mostly
by our own society, though assistance has occasionally been
received from others. The ladies of Centre Point have repeatedly
sent donations of clothing. The ladies of Altona, Wataga, and of
Kelly Settlement have made up cloth sent them from this society;
the ladies of the Kelly Settlement also donated fourteen shirts.
Jump to page 323: Recruiting poster (can’t do diploma or
picture of Byron S. West.)
A Recruiting Broadside (poster) for 1862. With the coming of
the Civil War such posters were plentifully distributed on walls
and signs around the country. This particular item is of
interest because M.V. Hotchkiss was a student at Knox College
until 1861. His full name was Memoir Victory Hotchkiss, he was
from Peoria and he died in 1889. (Broadside courtesy of Chicago
“Time is Everything.”
Having been authorized by
To raise a Company of men, for three years
or during the war, I have opened an Office in the building
lately occupied by Mr. R. Bills.
On Hamilton St., adjoining “Peoria House,”
For the purpose of recruiting said company.
FORTY DOLLARS CASH
Paid on being mustered into the U.S.
Don’t wait until DRAFTING commences
But come up like MEN, and show your
PATRIOTISM by enlisting
and helping with all your power to restore
again to its once proud
GLORIOUS OLD FLAG!
The STARS AND STRIPES.
Peoria July 19th 1862. M.V.
Mayor James F. Dunn was one of the most colorful of
Galesburg’s early residents. A banker as well as a politician,
Mr. Dunn was located on the southeast corner of East Main and
Prairie Street, near the end of his career. His bank closed its
doors forever on Thanksgiving Day, 1863. (Broadside courtesy of
Illinois State Historical Library.)
Whereas, the President of the United States has
designated and set apart Thursday, the 30th
instant, as a day of “National Humiliation, Fasting and Prayer,”