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Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Pelham, N. H., and Princeville,
By Charles Forrest Cutter.

Dear fellow-members of the O. S. U. P. V.:
Even longer, I believe, than you have been puzzled by my delay in preparing a sketch of father's and mother's Princeville career, have I been puzzled by the difficulties of the task; my own incapacity, still more my reluctance to give public expression to a son's estimate of their qualities and unique experiences; for they unquestionably were a "marked" couple among the first settlers of Prince's Grove. It is, then, by a sort of heart compulsion that, since no other accepts the task, I send my own poor attempt to meet the needs of this volume of Princeville history.
If Dr. Charles Cutter, born June 18th, 1814 at Pelham, N. H., of Phillips Academy, Andover Theological Seminary, and graduate, 1843, of Harvard Medical School (just one year old on Waterloo day) and Olive Lovejoy Noyes, his wife, of Windham, N. H., of Ipswich, and a teacher in the famous Abbot Academy, Andover, Massachusetts—if, I say, father and mother had lived till the exact date stamped on your circular about the O. S. U. P. V. History, June 18th, 1912, he would have entered upon his 99th year and she would have been ninety-six, practically including the century of all America's development west of the Alleghenies.
Not in all respects did father and mother, with Aunt Hannah Cutter Breese, wife of the first Presbyterian pastor, and Aunt Clarissa Cutter Colburn, differ from the rest of the pioneer community gathered, in the second quarter of the nineteenth century, about Prince's Grove. Long journeys from the East, with discomforts and novelty of travel, housing, food, clothing, educational and religious privileges, were shared by all pio-


neers, with the variety of grave and gay incident well illustrated in the historical sketches already furnished. True, Dr. Cutter was a professional man, for a long time the only thoroughly scientific physician and surgeon within many miles. Both he and mother had had exceptional school privileges; and he remained a devoted student of nature, botany, geology and kindred subjects, as well as a musician. The dictionary, concordance, atlas and text books were constantly in use in our home, and there was generally a hymn played as well as sung at family prayers. Though dear Mrs. Morrow, the mother of "forty feet of boys," did threaten, "If Doc. Cutter brings his big fiddle to meeting, I'll jump on it," still after he dared her and played the rich-toned cello she declared "it said Amen as plain as anybody": so there were no uncompromisable differences in the ordinary affairs of life.
Essentially it was resistance to usurpation of aurthority—that for which America was, is and, let us hope, ever shall be, the great example to the world—that drew this young couple, with cousin Adna Colburn and my two-year old sister, Olivia, from Boston privileges and promising professional prospects (father was already much in demand in the Massachusetts General Hospital) to the tedious journey and the trying, as facts proved, dangerous, pioneer life of Illinois.
"Strange coincidence," are you saying, dear friends?
No. That, 300 years after the first Cutter family of New England declared independence of ecclesiastical legalism, and resentment of political usurpation by breaking away from this Northumbrian home, braving the terrors of ocean and the hardships of a New World, your letter has reached on Tyneside the last Princeville Cutter, builder 1905-6, in honor of such parents and ancestry, and for the delight of friends, of the new log cabin where O. S. U. P. V. was born, is neither mere coincidence nor strange. It is consistent, logical development of traits of character which marked the pilgrim


and have made the United States a new nation, in the judgment of recent historians a new race, as distinct as a new language from the ancient, long-retarded peoples of Great Britain in particular, and of Europe in general.
Just herein, for six years, since Old Settler Histories were proposed and I was asked to contribute, since your kind remonstrance last year with my delay, has lain the difficulty, the struggle in my own heart against even the analysis necessary to differentiate between the Cutter family and others, still more against my expression of it in print. I cannot tell the story of how that spirit, stirring since long before 1600 in father's Northumbrian non-conformist, and even at the battle of Hastings, in mother's Norman Huguenot blood, differentiates us, myself no less than those of centuries ago from neighbors in the Reformation period, in the Abolitionist struggle, the free silver fight, the pension swindles, Parcels Post reform, and last but not least the present ''Protection" issue.
Nor was there generally in everyday intercourse, or the general promotion of the community interests, schools, literature, temperance, loyalty to law, the ready spirit of helpfulness, special devotion to religious interests, as shown in the building of the church and in the practise of holding Bible classes, Sunday services, and singing schools all over these prairies (I think father must have at different times held some of these exercises in twenty places between Lawn Ridge, French Grove and West Jersey), any discordant note. In these and most respects father and mother (Aunt Hannah died early, and Aunt Clarissa moved away) were a beloved part of this close-knit, pioneer, mutually helpful band. The same old log cabin housed them and my sister for their first year, there the same ague shook him till the door latch rattled, the same gun brought down prairie chickens till mother and neighbors had to say "Enough," his dog even hunted for his neighbors; the big upstairs room in my birthplace was the school room for Princeville children, his garden (it was un-


usual) furnished often other tables than his own, mother's nursing skill was such that almost all babies of the community smiled or cried first of all her arms.
It is not as regards these and multitudinous commonplaces of life that I have been so long reluctant write of the family, or unable to find another to write but because for years, years of supreme importance to individuals, the community and the nation, my father was a marked man and my mother the heroine of many a face to face conflict, not only with the political issue of the time, but with the greater number of immediate acquaintances living near.
Before coming West father was devoted to the cause of the slave, and had become associated with that man, who, then alone, despised and persecuted, is now honored throughout the world, William Lloyd Garrison. The "Border" troubles and the ''Free Soil'' struggle had been strong forces in drawing him toward Kansas or Illinois, and when with one other Princeville man, ''Squire'' Stevens, he dared to vote the ''Free Soil' ticket, antagonism at once made itself felt in many troublesome ways. Still more did his success in the protection of Negroes on their way to Canada for freedom from slavery just across the State line subject him to open attack and injury. But I will not enlarge upon this subject, ruinous as it was. I have never (at least since a child's timidity kept me in a state of terror before certain leaders of mobs and false accusers of my parents) never entertained resentment of any sort over the conflict into which I was born. Far more has my heart rejoiced over the fact that so soon and completely was that hostility to my father exchanged for reverent regard as shown at the time of his early death in 1869, when the whole community followed him to the last earthly sleeping place of his body. And this will make it easier to understand the marvelous and lasting personal delight that everywhere about his old haunts, scenes of his work, his professional services, and his Christian ministrations—just about covering the terri-


tory of the O. S. U. P. V., for we lived three years at Rochester, and he was often in charge of services in Lawn Ridge and West Jersey, French Grove, Toulon, Wyoming and Galva—everywhere the only son of the once mobbed and threatened Abolitionist has met cordial, even loving hospitality, and been the heir of human affection for his parents' sake.
More space should be given to mother's courageous companionship and general usefulness, as well as to others from Dr. Cutter's New England home, that grand old granite, pine-clad, brook-fed farm and homestead on Mammoth Road, seven miles north of Lowell, Massachusetts, 150 years the nest of creditable Cutters scattered all over the States. But of mother let this highest tribute be paid, that in her last talk before bidding final goodbye to her only remaining child, often recounting privations and dangers of the earlier days she said, "Charlie, I would gladly go through it all again if I could only have your father with me." Olivia Cutter (Warne) the only daughter, born in Boston, showed the same spirit of patriotism and love for others; conspicuous in her following her wounded soldier husband back to the front at Vicksburg, and later helping as army nurse to bring back up the Mississippi a boatload of wounded soldiers.
More than a score of valuable additions to the O. S. U. P. V. district were drawn during the earlier years from Eastern homes to the Cutter fireside—the house still standing in the Northwest corner of the town, one of the very first framed buildings, planed lumber for which was carted from Chicago—names elsewhere mentioned in these volumes. Mrs. Esther (Cutter) Auten, and Mrs. Maria L. (Cutter) Auten, sisters, both since girlhood have identified themselves closely with the welfare of Princeville, and through their two splendid groups of children, and grandchildren, carry on in happier and larger measure the spirit of service, of progress, of worthy ideals that build up the neighborhood and strengthen our race and nation. Let my birthplace be remembered as a station on the "Under-Ground Railroad."


Persistence of family type is shown in one or two other remarkable ways, in addition to the spirit, the tastes and disposition already mentioned. Since the time that a Dr. Cutter was Surgeon General to the Eastern Department of the Army of the Revolution there have constantly been skillful surgeons in the family; some quite distinguished, as the aged Dr. Ephraim Cutter, formerly of New York, and the present already notable head of the profession in Lawrence, Massachusetts, Dr. Arthur Hardy Cutter. Some literary skill, too, may be mentioned, as the famous poem "The Song of Steam." The great librarian Cutter, of Boston, rendered service of inestimable value in making literature accessible. But, perhaps the most striking item of hereditary traits is in the matter of physique, quite startlingly shown in likenesses between men of Cutter blood now living here in Northumbria and men of the New England branch. To establish the kinship one must go back 300 years to the time when that mother and two children left Tyneside for the land of liberty, and come down 300 more to make the comparison complete. Several ancient Parish Registers here have Cutter entries from the start in the 16th Century, but I was faced by a young Northumbrian here one day on the coast of the North Sea, whose face was so astonishingly like my own, that I instinctively burst out with the exclamation 'I'll bet you, sir, your name is the same as mine.'' To the amazement of bystanders who knew we had never had a shadow of knowledge of each other's existence, he declared, ''My name, sir, is Cutter."
Dates, portraits, Coat of Arms, Family Genealogy of the whole American tribe of Cutters descended from that Tyneside mother and two sons (paralleled by Parish Registers begun by Henry VIII in many parts of England, and by Cutters in London, Cheshire, and elsewhere), her will, citations from Northumbrian records, and a whole volume of details, with some thousands of Cutter names, may be found in:




Published 1871, by Dr. Benjamin Cutter of Woburn, Massachusetts. Revised and enlarged 1875 by Wm. R. Cutter. David Clapp & Sons, Printers, Boston.

A copy of this work, said by critics in the N. Y. Nation to be one of the best genealogies yet done in America, should be found in a Princeville Library, to which I wish to be permitted soon to contribute. America needs more and better scholars of her own.
I am constantly running upon dear names of other Princeville families this side the Atlantic: Wear, of ancient Hexham, sends his engines past our gate on the great Durham Road. I have a lovely postcard of the town and castle of Slane. There's a Walliker St. in Hull. Warne is of ducal origin before de Warenne helped William the Conqueror, and earlier still O'Neill's were Kings of the land that furnished our wonderful Mountaineers.
May the spiritual forces that brought me back to Northumbria to witness, even to suffer from, the revolting dying spasms of that same spirit of ecclesiastical pride and legalism that drove America's noblest westward across the sea, still animate and inspire my beloved townspeople and all who read this poor attempt to state the character and doings of our grand pioneer parents. Lovingly, Charles Forrest Cutter,
(Phillips Academy, 1869 and '71
Yale University, 1875
Columbia Law School, 1878
Union Theological Seminary, 1887
Booksellers' League, Manhattan
Congregational Association
Presbyterian Union of New York
Fulton St. Noon Prayer
Meeting 1893-1902
O. S. U. P. V., 1906)
Dated, Fountain Cottage, Durham Read, Low Fell, near Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Independence Day, 1912.



By Lillie M. Little, 1914.

James Harrison the son of Robert and Elizabeth Harrison, was born in Pocklington, Yorkshire, England, March 27th, 1809. When about six years of age his mother died and about two years later his father married again. In the year 1822 he came with his father and stepmother to America. They crossed the ocean on the boat Fair Trader; were about nine weeks and three days making the trip.
When they arrived here they settled in Hampshire County, Va. James Harrison had three sisters, Hannah, Ann, and Harriet, also three brothers, Henry, Isaac and Richard. He was a blacksmith by trade, as were his father and grandfather.
In the year 1832, September 13th, he was married to Susan Mary Evans in Berkeley County, Va. In April. 1834, they with their one child started to the State of Illinois in a one-horse carry-all, having twenty-five dollars in money, and what clothing, household goods etc. they could bring with them.
They arrived in Illinois July 25th, 1834. When they crossed the Illinois river at Peoria, which was then a small village, they had fifty cents in money and such other of their belongings as had not been disposed of on the way. They first settled at the forks of the Kickapoo Creek, Peoria County, and lived there about two years, moved from there to Prairie Grove directly west of where Brimfield is now located, and lived there about two years. On April 1st. 1838, they moved to what was known at that time as the Prairie which was south of Princeville, and rented the northwest quarter of Section 31, Akron Township from W. C. Stevens and John Morrow. They remained there, farming, running grist mill, saw mill, and doing blacksmith work until he was the owner of this as well as other farms in this locality.


He was an earnest member of the M. E. church and a great bible student. For pastime his children often misread verses of scripture which he could always quote correctly. He had practically no schooling, perhaps not attending school more than one hundred days. He however acquired considerable education from the study of the bible and almanac when he had leisure time during working hours.
In the year 1840, October 6th, they started on a visit to Virginia traveling with team and wagon which was the chief mode of travel at that time. They were about one month going, one month there, and returned on the 28th day of December of the same year.
They were the parents of eleven children, all living to be adults excepting Frances M. Their first-born was John Richard born June 25th, 1833, who died at his home in Dunlap, Ill., March 10th, 1911. He lived a long useful life and raised a large family of children, who with his widow, mourn his loss.
Robert William was born December 13th, 1834, died at his home near Princeville, August 8th, 1890. He too raised a large family and is survived by his widow and children, most of them living in or near Princeville.
Harriet Elizabeth was born February 8th, 1837, died at her home in Peoria, March 22nd, 1913. She is survived by her two children, now living at the old home in Peoria, her husband John W. Little and two children having preceded her to the home beyond.
Frances Mary was born October 26th, 1838, died October 15th, 1849.
Absalom was born July 17th, 1841, is now living with his family on the farm in Radnor Township where he first started housekeeping when married over fifty years ago.
Ira David was born April 1st, 1843, and died at his home near Macksburg, Iowa, November 28th, 1911. He is survived by his three children, his wife having passed away some years ago.


Ruth was born November 18th, 1844, and died at her home in Iowa, July 5th, 1871. She is survived by her husband, Aaron Moffit, and two daughters.
Aaron James was born March 18th, 1847, and is living with his family in Henry, Ill. Paul Henry was born August 1st, 1849, and died at his home in Alabama, January 18, 1902. He is survived by his widow and two children. Susan Ellen Harrison, now Gregory. was born November 19th, 1852, and lives at her home near Ralston, Iowa. Jesse Fremont was born January 28th, 1856, and lives near Viales, Colorado. He has a wife and one child.
February 26th, 1866, the parents moved to Henry. Ill., where they remained until they were called to their home beyond. Susan Mary Harrison, the wife died February 20th, 1878, preceding Mr. Harrison about four years. James Harrison died August 16th, 1882; and they are buried in the cemetery at Henry, Ill.

By Odillon B. Slane, 1913.

In the early 40's, when the "Erie Division of the Pennsylvania Canal" was completed through Crawford County, Pa., sickness and death followed in its wake. Among those who fell a prey to fevers and ague was the family of Colonel James Henry through whose farm the canal was built. To escape the ravages of disease Col. Henry sold his home and moved his family to Illinois, arriving at Princeville in 1850.
James Henry was born on Thanksgiving Day, 1783, in Fayette County, Pa., and died at Princeville, Ill., Feb. 24, 1867. Little is known of his parentage—save that his father was of Irish birth. It seemed his delight to recall the fact that he was born the same year that Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown—the same year. also, that Washington resigned his commission as Com-


mander-in-Chief of the armies of the Revolution. He was one year old when Virginia ceded the Illinois country to the Continental Congress. On Feb. 16, 1812, he was married to Fanny McMaster, who was born in Ireland, Feb. 25, 1794, and who emigrated to America when she was 9 years old. She died April 13, 1882. Soon after his marriage Col. henry enlisted as a private in the Second War with Great Britain, but a severe attack of rheumatism compelled him to quit the field and return to private life. He was a Colonel of the state militia for a number of years; was otherwise prominent in public life, and for three terms represented his district in the state legislature.
Children born to James and Fanny Henry: Jane, born March 6, 1813, married to Peter F. Patton, March 3, 1834, died March 16, 1883; Joseph, born August 2, 1814, married to Nancy Patterson, March 6, 1836, died August 14, 1875; John Smith, born March 5, 1817, died August, 1820; William C., born April 11, 1819, married to Sarah A. Duncan, September 28, 1854, died April 22, 1894; John M., born May 10, 1821, married to Julia M. Moody, December 31, 1851, died May 11, 1891; James M., born May 3, 1823, married to Martha Ready, May 27, 1847, died May 25, 1878; Sarah, born April 1, 1825, married to Benjamin F. Slane, Jan. 6, 1853. (See history of the Slane family, Vol. I.) Robert F. (Dr. Henry), born Feb. 28, 1827, married to Nancy Lucas, 1855, died July 2, 19(1)3; Hugh A., born Jan. 24, 1829, married to Margaretta Yates, March 19, 1857, died Feb. 18, 1865; Smith H., born Dec. 9, 1830, died Aug. 9, 1831; Milton A., born Jan. 8, 1832, married to Matilda McCutchon, spring of 1862, died at Modesto, California, April 30, 1901; Mary, born Sept. 18, 1834, died Nov. 18, 1835.
Three of the sons, William, John and Robert, preceded their parents to Illinois several year's; William was a carpenter and contractor in Peoria, and John worked with his brother several years before he took up farming as a permanent occupation. Six chil-


dren were born to William and Sarah Henry, only one of whom is now living,—George E., a traveling salesman residing in Des Moines, Iowa.
In July, 1849, John Henry was helping to harvest wheat for Clussman who lived north of Princeville on the farm now owned by Mrs. Dickinson. The small pox broke out in the Clussman family, and Henry Clussman, John Henry and John McGinnis took it. It was brought there by a cousin of the Clussman's, Samuel Millard, a planter from Alabama who was visiting them. They did not know at first that it was small pox. John Henry got sick in the harvest field and walked to Princeville 1 1/2 miles and went to the hotel kept by Hitchcock & Rowley. When it was found out that he had the small pox, they would not let him stay at the hotel and he was taken back to Clussman's. He had it very bad and it was thought that he would die. His brother Robert (Dr. Henry) staid by his bedside night and day, nursing him through it all. The pain was so intense at times, and he suffered so. that he begged the doctor to give him something that would forever end his agony. He and the other sick ones finally recovered. Grateful hearts never ceased paying a tribute to Auntie Clussman and Grandma McGinnis for their kindness and sympathy during the long weeks of suffering. In the meantime John Henry had purchased the northwest quarter of Section 14, Princeville Twp., where Bruce Henry now lives. A brick house was built upon it, and John and Hugh broke and fenced the land. This farm still remains in possession of John Henry's family.
There were 10 children in the family of John and Julia Henry, six of whom are living. They are Albert G., residing at Houston, Texas; Bruce E., living on the old home farm two miles northwest of Princeville; Maria and Julia Elizabeth with their aged mother in Princeville; Mary Blanche (Mrs. Stark Sheelor) ; Sarah Ursula (Mrs. Wm. Cornish). Children of this family who are dead are Carlisle A., Emily C., Sherman T. and


Mabel C. Sherman T. Henry and his young wife were both killed Oct. 4, 1910, near Staunton, Illinois in a wreck on the interurban railroad, a terrible disaster in which thirty-seven lives were lost. John Henry led an upright Christian life; was a lifelong member of the Presbyterian church; in politics a democrat; school treasurer of Princeville Township for ten consecutive years.
Dr. Robert F. Henry began to study medicine in Pennsylvania. When a lad 18 years old, after three years of private study he took a course in medicine at Rush Medical College, Chicago, where he graduated in 1853. He located in Princeville and for 50 years practiced medicine in this vicinity. As one biographer has said: "The pioneer physician needed to be a man of consecrated energy, for his patients were often many miles away. The country was wild, and thinly settled, and as no trained help was to be had in the sick room, the doctor's resourcefulness met these conditions successfully." In 1855, Dr. Henry went back to Pennsylvania to get married. (See above). Returning to Princeville with his wife they made this their home. Children born to Dr. and Nancy Henry were: Howard Henry who still lives at the old Henry homestead in Princeville, which is occupied by the family of Edgar P. Slane with whom he resides; Herman L., Mary Etta, Alison, Laura, Grace (Mrs. Chas. Cheesman) Fannie, and Willard. All are dead except Howard. Dr. Henry united with the Presbyterian church in 1858. In 1860 he was elected Ruling Elder. which office he held the remainder of his life. He was often sent as a delegate to the synod, and was twice a representative to the General Assembly at Baltimore and Pittsburg. He was active in Sunday School work, a great temperance advocate, and was the first president of the Village board.
Hugh Andrew Henry, after his marriage in 1857, took up his residence on the southwest quarter of Section 11, Princeville Township. His farm was directly across the road north from his brother John's home.


Here he lived until his death in 1865, from a sudden attack of pleurisy, brought on by exposure in attending the funeral of his father-in-law. The farm is still owned by the family, and is occupied by Silas Willard a grandson. Children born to Hugh and Margaretta Henry: Robert Cameron, Ideletta (Mrs. Lampe, Omaha, Nebr.), Sara Frances, Stella Grace (Mrs. Dr. Alyea). The mother now lives with her daughter Mrs Lampe, and besides them Mrs. Dr. Alyea is the only member of the family now living. In point of character, Hugh Henry was a man of strict integrity, of high moral worth and a devoted member of the Presbyterian church. He adhered to the old custom of family prayers, and in all things he and his family led an up right Christian life.
Milton A. Henry broke prairie for several years after coming to Illinois, but soon after his marriage to Matilda McCutchon he began his residence on the north half of the southwest quarter of Section 25, but sold his farm in a few years and moved to Iowa. After a number of years he again sold his farm and went to Modesto, Cal., where he died in 1901.
When James Henry and family first arrived at Princeville, they found no vacant houses to rent so had to take up quarters at the hotel kept by Hitchcock & Rowley. They afterward secured two small rooms in Seth Fulton's house. Here the parents with their daughter Sarah lived, while the boys, Hugh and Milton camped around among the neighbors who were always hospitable in those days. At last the Slane's finished a house they were building, and rented it to the Henry's. This is the house now owned by Mrs. Fry, across the street from Dr. Henry's old home. After Sarah had married Benjamin F. Slane and moved to their farm two and one-half miles southwest of Princeville, the father and mother went to live with them, and spent the remaining years of life with them. During former years in Pennsylvania, Col. James Henry and wife were active members of the Presbyterian ( U. P.)


Church, and in all cases, where their children had church affiliations it was with this same religious faith. The Bible, as they interpreted it, was the rule and guide of their faith, and the writer recalls how Grandmother Henry, old as she was, and blind for a quarter of a century, would quote scriptural references by the hour, often taking issue with ministers even, as well as others who were familiar with doctrinal questions.
In the closing of life's chapter we note a strange coincidence in the Henry family. Howard is the last survivor of his family, George Edwin is the last survivor of his family, and Sarah (Henry) Slane is the last survivor of her family. The latter, at this writing has passed her 88th birthday. This mother, grandmother and great-grandmother—"The last leaf upon the tree" as it were, approaches the golden sunset of a quiet life surrounded by the halo of peace, joy and contentment, consequent upon a Christian faith long cherished from the years of her childhood.

By Leverett Mansfield, 1914.

A. genealogy of the Mansfield family, compiled and published in 1885 by II. Mansfield, of New Haven, Conn., states that Edward Mansfield, the subject of this sketch, is a descendant of Richard Mansfield, who came from Exeter, Devonshire, England, and was one of the first settlers of New Haven, and ancestor of about all of the Mansfields in Connecticut, and most of those in New York State and in several of the Western and Southern states.
The parents of Edward Mansfield. Leverett Mansfield and Sarah Sanford, were born and raised in New


Haven County, Conn., were married Feb. 23, 1806, and moved to Esperance, Schoharie County, New York where all the family of nine children were born, except Edward, the youngest who was born in Schenectady New York, August 8, 1826. The other children were in order of birth, Eliza, Jeannett, Stiles. Angeline, Henry, Maryett, John and Leverett. Henry was the well known and successful Henry Mansfield of Peoria.
An incident in Edward Mansfield's school days in Schenectady, running a race barefooted with a school-mate for half a mile through two feet of snow, without affecting him in any way, well illustrates his hardiness to withstand severe winter weather, of which his neighbors often spoke, when he was out with two or three hundred head of hogs and cattle.
His family moved to Elgin, Illinois, in 1843. He graduated from the high school there, and taught school until the discovery of gold in California, in 1849, when, with a few comrades, most of whom never reached their destination, he started overland with ox teams and prairie schooner. This was a very hazardous and dangerous trip at that time, as the Indians often attacked the emigrants. Thousands died on the way, and the bones of human beings, horses and oxen were strewn along the route. One of the cures of malaria in California in those days was to be buried in fresh earth over night.
He was in the gold fields for four years, and then returned by way of Cape Horn to the prairies of Illinois. He broke prairie with ox teams for settlers for two seasons, and then purchased the southwest quarter of Section thirty-six, Princeville Township where he resided until his death, January 1st, 1901 His parents came from Elgin, Ill., and made their home in Princeville for a few years before their death, within two days of each other in December, 1868. Their home was a house located where the Rock Island depot now stands in Princeville.


Edward Mansfield married Rebecca Fulton, in Rich-woods Township, April 1st, 1857. To this union were born eight children: Leverett, Albert, who died October 18, 1913, Richard, who died in infancy, Edward Jr., Sanford, Joseph, Josephine, who died in infancy, and Charles. Mrs. Mansfield died April 10, 1898. Mr. Edward Mansfield left an estate of about $24,000.00, which he willed equally to his six sons.
Leverett is in the government service at Peoria, Ill.; married Miss Laura A. Milligan on May 10, 1902, and they have two sons, Harold and Leverett Jr. Albert married Miss Sarah McMunn, March 15th, 1895; three children are living: Effie, Mabel and Luther. Charles resides in Averyville, Ill.; married Miss Nellie Hyde on November 24th, 1910. Edward, Sanford and ,Joseph are single, and live at Princeville.


From a reminiscent letter written by William Logan
Miller in 1912, at age of 84 years, residing at

DeWitt, Saline County, Nebraska.

In September, 1912, Mr. Miller received Volume I of "History and Reminiscences" and wrote to the publishing committee making a correction for the article in Vol. I on Christian Miller family, as follows:

"I like the book very well; but I was born in Kentucky, Rockcastle County, in 1828. Jacob Miller and Sally Ann were born in North Carolina. I will write up my coming to Illinois in the year of 1834 as well as if it had been yesterday,"

In December, 1912, Mr. Miller wrote the following historical letter, all in his own hand:


To the Publishers of the Old Settler's Book:
I will try to give a history of my introduction as an old settler of Princeville. I moved with my father and mother in the year of 1834. We moved in April, the 4th. We crossed the Illinois River at Peoria, then called Ft. Clark. There were four children of us, Sally Ann, Jacob L., William L. and Catherine. My father's name was John Miller; my mother's name Docia Miller When we crossed the river at Ft. Clark there were Erastus Peet, Aunt Polly his wife, George McMillen Rice McMillen, Frye Garrison and Erastus Peet settled on Kickapoo. Father came to Prince's Grove; move. into a log cabin close to where Vaughn Williams' old place is (home of James Williams in Akron Township in 1912). Old John Morrow lived on the old Bouton Place. Daniel Prince lived on the old Tebow place where Slane lives. Father tended a crop on old man Morrow's. Mr. Morrow's son Josiah got his foot badly cut with Prince's breaking plow and was laid up all summer. Then my father took the team that Josiah used. Mr. Morrow had a bound boy, his name DeWitt Franklin. He and father tended the place. They had a good crop of potatoes. My brother Jake and I dug the potatoes; we all dug them. They were so good I can almost taste them now.
Well there were 80 acres of land on Kickapoo. My father went down there and Mr. Peet showed him the 80 acres. He took it up, built a cabin on it and we moved on it the next spring, in 1836. Mr. Peet broke 15 acres. We put it in sod corn and melons, pumpkins, beans and all sorts of stuff. In the fall of '36 Moses Harlan moved in from Indiana with a large family. Then they had to build. They took up land south of father. There were three families: Aaron Wilkinson was a son-in-law of Moses Harlan, George Harlan was a Justice of the Peace. John Harlan was a young man; and there were also Lewis and Thomas. There was one young lady Rice McMillen married; her name was Phoebe Harlan.


Father sold his claim to a man by the name of Carroll; then Erastus Peet sold his place to Mr. Dickison. Then father took a claim where Alva Dunlap lived and built a double cabin on the place. The day the house was raised there was a man came there to buy the claim by the name of Pinckney. After the last logs were put on the house he asked father what he would take for his claim. Father told him $300.00. He gave it. We went home. Just at that time there was a man by the name of John Hawkins came from the Galena lead mines with three yoke of oxen and a 4-horse wagon. He wanted to sell the whole outfit, so father bought them for $200.00. So, when Uncle Daniel Miller sold his claim to old man Bouton, they went to Spoon River. Father took a claim on Section 8. It was then getting late,—six big steers to feed and a great many hogs, with 16 miles to our crop on Kickapoo. We moved on the hill East of the spring in a camp; plenty of house logs. Father and Jacob chopped and I drove the logs in four square, 16 x 20 ft. In four days we had the logs on the ground; then got a board tree (selected tree for making into clapboards) of Mr. Hugh White; and set the day to raise the house. There were 20 men from Prince's Grove and 10 from Kickapoo, making 30 all together. They rove the boards and covered the house in one day. That was the 20th of November, 1836. Then we had to make the fire-place with stone and mud; then a stick and dirt mud chimney. That constituted the fire-place.
In a short time we had a big snow storm. Father went to Kickapoo after his hogs with the ox-wagon. The hogs could not jump out of it, and he had some 20 head in the wagon. He got home in the storm. Mother was walking the floor all night; she thought he would freeze to death. Stephen French tried to have him stop with him but it was not so cold. He stood in the wagon and got home all right. He went to Prince's mill, got some corn cracked, then we had some mush. It was a miserable winter. We had Christmas all the same but New Years was nice. There


was plenty of snow all through January. The deer got poor, so father would not shoot them.
Now it was in February after, 1837, we had a sudden change; it froze some to death. It was warm in the forenoon, when brother Jake and I were hauling in tree tops for firewood. We went in to eat a bite, about which time it commenced blowing. The hogs were squealing and it got cold in five minutes. The ground. was like a glass bottle. I ran out to get the whip which had fallen down. The whip was frozen to th ground so we unyoked the oxen and they went to the shed in a hurry. I thought of father who had gone up to the farm on Section 16. Pretty soon we saw him coming. He was on stilts, the snow frozen to his boots I ran to him with a hatchet to break the snow off so he could walk to the house. Father said if he had another mile to go he never could have gotten home.
Mr. John Sutherland and son Elisha had stayed at our house and gone to Prince's mill with two yoke of cattle; had gotten their grist and started home, and got to Captain Williams'. West of Williams' cabin then was a thicket of crab trees. Here John Dukes, Williams' step-son saw the wagon and team. They wanted help. John Dukes ran to them and found the old man was freezing. Elisha unhitched from the wagon and took the oxen to Captain Williams'. John Dukes took the old man on his back to the log cabin, a distance of a quarter of a mile. His feet were badly frozen and all of his toes were lost. John Dukes saved them from perishing.
There were lots of deer died; they could not run to get out of the way of the dogs and wolves. We had to haul our corn daily from the farm on the prairie on Section 16, northwest to Section 8. We hauled logs on a sled to fence 40 acres more land on 16; that made 80 acres on the prairie. Then in comes 1838. and in the spring of 1838 father broke out the rest of the 80.
We got tired of going so far to farm so in the fall of 1838 "Grandpap" Miller moved from Kentucky, in October. Then there was another cabin to build, so it


went up in a hurry; some in the timber, some hauling logs, some quarrying stone, and in less than one week it was built. Uncle Henry Miller, Uncle Christopher, Aunt Mintie, Aunt Lydia and Uncle James Miller worked for old man Robinson down on Kickapoo. His name was Natta Robinson.
They bought 80 acres of Martin L. Tucker on Section 16 joining father's 80. They made rails, hauled timber and passed the winter. In the spring of 1839 they sold the 80 back to Martin Tucker and then they bought on Section 4 where Stephen Walkington lives now. Then Uncle Henry Miller bought out old Mr. Montgomery, where John Miller owns now. We had the old place on Section 16, and father bought 18 acres of Martin L. Tucker on the Northeast corner of the Northwest quarter of the same section. We lived there until the year 1848, when father got in a great fit to go to Oregon. He went in 1848, and left me to take care of the family. I did the best I could. My brother Jacob L. was of age, I was 20 years of age the next December. So I tended the 98 acres until I was 22 years old.
I always paid my debts. I had a sister Catherine who was my favorite in the family. She got married to a man by the name of John P. Barnett and went to Oregon. Then I found a girl by the name of Harriet C. Reeves who took my hand. We moved in with my mother and got along first rate. We were living in the old home when one day the first we knew Sol Bliss rode in at the gate, his horse sweating. I was sitting on the door step alone. "Come here," he said. I went to him. He said, "Your father is coming up the road." Sure enough it was father. He was on horse back. He went in the house and I went with the horse to the stable. I put a blanket on the horse as it was very cold, and this was the 6th of December, 1850. He stayed till 1852 then went back to California and stayed about 18 months. Then he came back home and stayed till
1854; and then he went to Oregon.
My sister and her husband, John Barnett, went through with ox team; six months on the road. When


they got to Oregon they found father. There were 25 teams of the Barnett's and the company that started from Stringtown, Stark County. It was the largest company I ever saw, a half mile long. When they got to Galesburg there were 50 teams in the outfit. I came back home and took care of mother and my own household, like Talleyrand Moody took care of Uncle Ira; and I think we did God's will.
My wife and I lived on the Northeast and Southeast quarters of Section 16 in Princeville Township, 48 years. Sold out in 1899 and moved to Nebraska, Saline County. There we lived 8 years when that dreadful disease, the dropsy, took her home,—leaving 13 children and me alone.
This winds up the most of my life and this is all:
hoping you all have a happy New Year. I was born in Rockcastle County, Kentucky in the year of 1828, December 7.
William L. Miller.

William Logan Miller, 1913.

When my father, John Miller, went to Oregon in 1848, leaving me to take care of my mother and the children, we had four horses, three milk cows, 30 sheep, 25 hogs, four yearling heifers, two yearling colts and 35 geese. Father took with him four yoke of oxen, 1 yoke of cows and a new wagon that was built in Galesburg. (See Foot Note 1). This wagon had a bed tight enough for crossing a stream if needed. The outfit of cattle and wagon was worth $1200.00. Father started, with Henry Moody as his driver, on the 4th day of March, 1848. I went to work.
Jacob, my brother, was 21 in December the same year that father went away. After he was his own man he took a notion to buy a piece of land; so he and Oliver Moody bought the Southwest quarter of Section 15 in Princeville Township. Later they di-


vided, Jake taking the West 80 and Oliver the East 80. They both went to work on their land, fencing, breaking and building houses, and this took Jake away from home. Consequently I had to go it alone. I had the old home on Section 16, 80 acres, that I worked and I took care of my mother and the other children. I got along very well. My father had always done all the sowing of the grain, but now I sowed all the spring wheat and oats myself. John Dukes was to sow it but I went into it myself. The grain all had to be cradled in those days and at harvest time Dimmick French, brother Jake, Uncle Henry Miller and myself, the four of us, put up 40 acres for me, 40 for Uncle Henry, 30 for Jake, 15 for Dimmick French,—that was in the year 1848. This was the way we had to do in all those times from 1837 on; then had to tread it out on the ground or thresh it with a flail on a wagon sheet; then clean it in the wind, standing on a tall bench. There were no scoop shovels those times.
In the year of 1849, in October, Jacob was married to Jane Reeves and they went into their new house on the corner of Section 15 where Schaad lives now. He built a 2-story house 24 by 18 ft.; cellar the same size 24 by 18. This took some money, and I still did all I could to help him. Thinking I would fix mother's old house, I got to work and put two bed-rooms on the North of the old house and put two windows in the East so they could see out. This was in 1849 and just afterwards I took the lung fever; got over it with the help of Dr. Henry.
Then I went to school two months in Princeville. My teacher was Olive Cutter. I always said that school did me more good than all the other schooling I ever had. (See Foot Note 2). I came home and went to work on the farm in March, putting in wheat and oats. In April, the 15th, I went to Peoria and stayed all night with Parley Blakesley; got the measles and came home in a few days. We heard of Blakesley's having them, and we all had them, nine of us.
I went to plowing and put in 40 acres of corn; hired


a boy named William Moles and he was a good boy. In August, 1850 I got married to Harriet Reeves and took her home with me, the 10th of August. I put in 30 acres of wheat on Jacob's place on Section 15; gathered my corn, about 50 bushels to the acre, and then to our surprise, on the 6th of December here came father home from Oregon. All was right: fixing of the old house was all right.
"Do you need any money?"
"Do you owe anything?"
"The taxes are not paid."
When he found I was not in debt, he said, "Well. son, here is a present of a gold watch, cost $125.00." I thanked him. He gave Jacob one just the same as mine.
He said, "Jacob, are you in debt?"
"Nothing, only on my house; but I owe Barnett's on the building of my house."
Afterwards Jake broke prairie for Barnett's and they were all paid. Well, Aaron Wilson wanted to sell his place to father, 80 acres on Section 15, and father bought him out. I got 40 acres of the land on the Southeast corner of Section 16 where I lived 48 years and raised 14 children. Two died in infancy and the others are all living, except Chauncey Miller. There are at this present time 73 grandchildren and 34 great-grandchildren. Some in Peoria, some in Iowa, some in Missouri, some in Kansas, some in Oregon, some in Nebraska. I wish them all the blessing of the all wise God.
William Logan Miller.
January 15, 1913.

Foot Note 1. S. S. Slane says the wagon was bought by W. L. Miller's father, John Miller, at Ellisville, Fulton County. Galesburg was not much of a place then. Ebenezer Russell had a blacksmith shop around where Wilcox's office is now, and old man Miller getting


ready to go to Oregon, drove up with the wagon to have the tires bolted on. He was afraid crossing sands on a long trip they might get loose and come off.
Russell had a drill a good deal like a brace and bit for boring the holes that got its pressure by one man putting his weight on a rail, and then needed another man to turn the "brace" around. There were a good many men standing around and as one would get tired turning the "bit," another would take a hand at it, all in a neighborly way. The man who held down the rail for the pressure had the easiest job and did not need to change off. This was Elias Colwell and after some time Captain Williams.—you remember what kind of a man he was, a pretty stumpy sort of a fellow,—took hold to turn the drill. I saw Elias Colwell wink and then begin to put all his weight on the rail. Captain Williams worked harder and harder and finally the drill stopped. He raised up and said to Colwell, "Elias, you pup, you take your weight off that or I'll boot ye." ''I remember that just as well as sitting here today," said Mr. Slane, "And John Miller told at the time that he bought the wagon at Ellisville, Fulton County."

Foot Note 2. "Do you remember," said Mr. Slane, "Mrs. Cutter had the select school in one of the back rooms upstairs in her house; and at the same time the public school was just starting in the stone school house and the two schools would spell back and forth,— choosing up sides and spelling each other down. One day the spelling was at Cutter's house and Loge Miller comes in late carrying a shotgun, Dr. Cutter's fine shotgun that he had brought from the East. 'Where have you been with that gun,' some one asked him, and he said, 'Out at the barn shooting rats.' It is my guess that most of Loge's time was put in that way."



By Edwin C. Silliman, 1912.

Rev. Gershom Silliman was born near Hart ft. Connecticut, May 24, 1783; married to Polly Colman of East Coventry, Oct. 6, 1809, who was born Aug. 1787. They moved to Roxbury, Delaware County. N.Y., from which place he enlisted for the war of 1812 as a Lieutenant in Capt. Denio's Company of Col. Fitzwilliams' Regiment, First New York Militia. After his discharge in 1814, he lived a short time in New York State, then moved to Salt Creek, Jackson County, Ohio, and in 1828 came to Peoria County, crossing the river at Peoria, September 25, 1828. There were ten teams in the party, and it was called "The big train." Simon Reed, who with his brother Aaron had come here in 1825, had gone back and induced his neighbors to come west, and piloted them through.
Mr. Silliman bought a farm of Hiram Cleveland. with a double log cabin upon it, on the Galena road about a mile south of Simon Reed's. This farm was later owned by Joseph Silliman and sold by him to his brother-in-law, Merrit Reed. Upon the south side of this farm is located LaSalle Cemetery, the land for it given by Gershom Silliman, and the only consideration being the reservation of a lot for the use of the Silliman family. In that cemetery lie today a large number of the early settlers of that vicinity, some of the stones dating back to 1830.
In the log house on this farm Marshall B. Silliman and Silas Allen remained for two months during the Black Hawk War in 1832. The women and children for a time were sheltered there and at the Simon Reed block-house, going out after dark into the woods to sleep for fear of the Indians. They soon moved across the river from Peoria to Meacham's Mill or, as it was later called, ''Ten Mile." For two months Silliman and Allen saw no one except a messenger now


and then going from Peoria to the front near Dixon. The house was picketed, and in day time these two men looked after the stock and homes of the settlers. This Allen and his brother Samuel laid out the town of Allentown, between Chillicothe and Rome, which in its palmy days had two houses. It, like some other Western towns, was laid out to sell to Eastern speculators.
In a few years the desire to be in the timber caused Mr. Silliman to move a mile and a half West near the bluff and open up a new farm, on which he resided until his death, which occurred on December 2, 1856; his wife died December 24, 1864.
Rev. Gershom Silliman was the first Baptist minister to locate permanently in Peoria County. He preached in private houses until school houses were built, and in 1838 he helped to organize the first Baptist church in the town of Chillicothe, being its first pastor. He was succeeded by Elder-Rider C. D. Merrit, Elder Bodley, and others of later years. He was a man of sterling character who left his impress on the community in which he lived. He had a large family.
Minott Silliman, his oldest son, was at the lead mines near Galena, in '31 and '32, it being the only place where one could get cash for one's labor. When the Black Hawk War came on he enlisted in a company from there. In 1834, he and his brother Marshall broke the first ground where Toulon now stands. Marshall soon returned to Peoria County where he resided until his death, but Minott lived and died in and near Toulon In 1833, he married Rhoda Smith, a daughter of Benjamin Smith who had settled in Essex Township. Stark County in 1830. Minott Silliman built a log cabin on what is now the main street in Toulon. His wife died in 1841, leaving one daughter, now Mrs. Clarissa Wilcox, who lives at Blair, Nebraska. He then married Miss Henrietta Bathan, daughter of Robert Bathan, who died leaving one son, Levi Silliman, a resident of Toulon. On Nov. 4, 1847, Minott Silliman was again married to Miss Letetia Oziah, by whom he


had two daughters, Mrs. Andrew Stickney of Toulon and Mrs. Sarah Stickney of Vancouver, Washington He died Jan. 6, 1894, and his wife on Jan. 2, 1907. He was the first Treasurer of Stark County, and held other offices of trust. He always took a great interest in the history of Stark and Peoria Counties, as their early history was closely interwoven.
Marshall Bennett Silliman, the second son of Gershom Silliman, was born May 12, 1812, in Delaware County, N. Y. He married on Nov. 16, 1837, Miss Clarissa Hyde, a sister of Norman Hyde, one of the first settlers in Peoria. She died Nov. 5, 1842, leaving two sons, Edwin C. Silliman of Chenoa, Ill., and Norman H. Silliman of Boulder. Colorado. The former has one son, L. L. Silliman, Cashier of the State Bank of Chenoa, and Norman has one daughter, Mrs. Flora McHarg who is an Attorney at Law in Boulder, Colorado. Marshall B. Silliman was again married Feb. 6, 1844, to Nancy Y. Hawley, a daughter of Truman Hawley. who came to Peoria County in 1834, and settled at what was called Mt. Hawley Post Office, he keeping the Post Office for years. She died, June 4, 1885, at the the homestead in Hallock Township, and he on March :11 1888, at Toulon. He held the Office of Supervisor for seven years; was an ardent advocate of temperance, and never voted to license the liquor traffic; a democrat in politics and a Universalist in belief.
Fanny Silliman Smith, born Nov. 5, 1813, married William P. Smith. (See Benjamin Smith history).

Joseph Silliman, born Sept. 18, 1817, married Amy Reed, Nov. 17, 1842. She was a daughter of Thomas B. Reed who had come to Peoria County in Oct.. 1829, and occupied a cabin on his brother Simon Reed's farm. Joseph Silliman settled on the first Silliman farm, building a brick house on it in 1846, and late in life he occupied the last home of his father. He was a quiet, plain man, seeking only content and happiness in his home life. He died in March, 1873. Mrs. Silliman and son H. E. Silliman and a daughter moved


to Winfield, Kansas in March, 1880, where the daughter Mrs. Lola Wortman died, March 30, 1900. Mrs. Silliman died at Winfield. April 4, 1904; was buried by the side of her husband and an infant daughter, in LaSalle Cemetery.
Daniel Silliman, born Sept. 13, 1817, died May 11, 1836, of aneurism caused by lifting at a log-rolling.
Sarah Silliman, born Sept. 14, 1819, married Hiram Atwood, son of Timothy Atwood who came from Dansville, N. Y. in 1834, and settled on ''Yankee Street'' north of Chillicothe, Ill. Here Hiram Atwood and wife spent most of their lives, but both dying at James, Iowa. Two daughters and one son are dead, and one sort. Cyrus Atwood, lives at Sioux City, Iowa.
Emily Silliman, born Feb. 28, 1824, married Samuel Neal of Mossville, Ill., died Oct. 20, 1849, leaving one son, Daniel Neal of Mossville. Mr. Neal afterwards married Asenath Matthews of Princeville. He died aged 83; she was killed accidentally at Mossville in 1911.
Mary Silliman, born Feb. 26, 1826, married John Webster of "Yankee Street" and died soon after marriage; left no children.
Phebe Silliman, born March 4, 1829, youngest child of Gershom Silliman. married Emory Daniels, of Peoria. They lived in Steuben Township, Marshall County, many years, then moved to Dexter, Iowa, and later to Azusa, Cal. Here he died and she is still living in her 84th year. being the last of the family. She has a number of children living in California and the West.
Marshall B. Silliman, father of the writer, was Postmaster (his uncle Joel Hicks held the commission as he was under age) at LaSalle Post Office in 1834, on the Galena road where they first settled. The writer has letters bearing that Postmark, dated 1835 and 1836, and his book containing names of the early settlers, who received mail at that office. Among them are Linus Scovill, John Johnson, Jeriel Root, Thomas Miner, Edwin S. Jones, John Hammett, Roland Thomas, James R.


and Jefferson Tallifero, Griffith Hixon, George Sigler Samuel T. McKean, Mahlon Lupton, Samuel Allen Francis Thomas, The Reeds, Jason Hopkins, Royal M. Pitts, Zelotus Marks, Cornelius Doty, Samuel McClellan, Joseph Merideth, Nicholas Sturm, and William Lake. Jefferson Tallifero laid out the town of Rome. Edwin S. Jones, a son-in-law of Jeriel Root, kept the first store in Chillicothe. George Sigler and Samuel T. McKean went to Oregon about 1846. Sigler was in the party from about Northampton, that lost their way enroute and most of whom starved to death.
Gershom Silliman, Jeriel Root and Joel Hicks all married sisters,—Polly, Sarah, and Phebe Colman of East Coventry, near Hartford, Conn. Joel Hicks had a carding mill on the creek near his house, and later built one at Slackwater, Stark County. He and Marshall B. Silliman made the first sashplane in Peoria County. The first settlers had no glass; then later it was brought from St. Louis. This plane was used from LaSalle to Boyd's Grove and Spoon River—a name that covered a large territory at that time. The writers' father settled in 1837 on what was called ''The High Prairie" where he lived until 1885. There was but one house in sight. He bought a "tax title" with a cabin on it, for which he gave a yoke of oxen, valued at $100.00 and $30.00 in money. The cabin was valued at $100.00 and the land at $30.00. Soon after he got it a prairie fire burned the cabin and it full of wheat. The first near neighbor was William Easton who joined him on the north, and soon a brother-in-law of his, Lucas C. Hicks, bought and built adjoining him on the south. Easton married Sarah Hicks. and Lucas Hicks married Sarah Reed, a daughter of Samuel Reed of Buffalo Grove, near Dixon, Ill., and a niece of John Dixon. The families of the Reed's, Hick's, Root's and Silliman's were all connected by marriage.
M. B. Silliman built a large barn in 1846, Horace Bushnell and Lyman Hitchcock being the carpenters. As it was the only barn in sight from the Peoria and


Wyoming road, all the travelers came in there to get their horses in. The cabin was two stories and a tight floor, and the writer has seen eighteen men sleeping in that upper room in one night. The writer's first school was at Mt. Hawley. in a log school house with desks around the wall, in 1846. The teacher was named Peters and he was afterwards Circuit Judge in Bureau County. The writer still has the old Webster spelling book used that winter. Among the students were John Holmes; Jed. and Milo Benjamin and their sister Hattie, wife of the late Jos. Barnum; the Hawley girls,— Aaron, Jerome and Omar Hawley; Carlos Wilcox and others not now remembered. The first school in the home district was taught by Miss Belle Jones, later Mrs. Belle Easton-Wood, in 1848, and there were nine scholars on the roll.
The friends of the writer's father in early days who visited us were many: from near Princeville were George I. McGinnis, Benjamin Slane, Daniel Prince, William Stevens; and from farther south was Charley Chapman, the clock tinker; also Leonard Cornwell, Richard Scholes, James Dalrymple, G. M. Woodbury and Tom Black. All the old timers of the Spoon River country found a cordial welcome; the big fireplace with its cheery glow was the scene of many happy visits and the stories there rehearsed linger still in memory. We close this scattering and disconnected paper, only wishing that some items in it may be of historical interest to the present and to future generations.

of Essex Township.
By Edwin C. Silliman, 1913.

Benjamin Smith settled in Essex Township, Stark County, in 1830, his son-in-law. John B. Dodge having come the year before. Benjamin Smith and his wife were probably born in Maine, as the record shows that


his second child was born in Lincoln County of that state, on March 11, 1798. He came from Maine to Ohio in 1814, and from Ohio to Illinois. He was one of the first Justices of the Peace elected in Stark County in August, 1831, and solemnized the second marriage ceremony in that county, that of Nero W. Mounts and a widow Martindale. He was also one of the first School Trustees in the County.
In 1833, Benjamin Smith and Isaac Essex took the only two newspapers in the County, the mail being carried from LaSalle Post Office, where Marshall B. Silliman, father of the writer, was Postmaster in fact. (See Silliman history). "Galena" Miner or Wesley Miner carried the mail every two weeks on foot, and it took that length of time to get a newspaper from Springfield.
Benjamin Smith was born March 1, 1773, died 1848, and is buried in the Sheets Cemetery in Essex Township. His wife, Susannah, was born April 1778, and died Jan. 6, 1829, in Ohio. Of their eleven children, four died in infancy, and the others were as follows:
Susannah, born March 28, 1798, died Nov. 21, 1881 at Saxon, Stark County; was the wife of Harris Miner. Their children were Laura, married George Dexter; Addison, married Lucy Reynolds; Carlos, married Laura __________; and Harrison, married Avice Parish. He is partner in a Bank in Kewanee, Illinois.
Lydia Smith married John B. Dodge, and they came to Essex Township in 1829. He was a Captain of Militia; a reckless character, and finally, getting into difficulty at a horse race in Rock Island, had to leave the country; last heard from in Texas. His wife had five children by him and one by her second husband, a Mr. Magby.
Greenleaf Smith, born September 25, 1805, died in 1848. He married Lettice Sparr, who died in 1862, and both are buried in the Sheets Cemetery. They had seven children: Charles, married Sarah Snyder; Mar-


garet, married James Baughn; Benjamin, married Mary White; Perry, married Emery; Sally, married Dick Ryan; Alice married Ira Newton.
William Paul Smith was born Nov. 24, 1807, in Maine. and was seven years old when his family moved to Ohio, and 23 when they moved to Illinois. On Jan. 1, 1835, he was married to Fanny Silliman, a daughter of Rev. Gershom Silliman who had settled in 1828 in what is now Medina Township, Peoria County. After his marriage they settled on a farm two miles north of Prince's Grove, where they raised a family of seven children. After these were grown he moved to Princeville. leaving the farm in charge of a son-in-law William Andrews, who married his eldest daughter, Mary. Andrews moved to Kansas after the war, where he died leaving a large family.
The oldest son of William P. Smith, Cyrus S., enlisted in Co. D., 11th Illinois Cavalry on Sept. 24, 1861. He was taken sick with measles in Camp at Peoria, and died in Princeville, Feb. 18, 1862. He was unmarried.
The only son left them, Isaac L., enlisted in Co. K., 86th Illinois Infantry on Aug. 7, 1862, and was killed in a skirmish at Buzzards Roost, Ga., Feb. 26, 1864. The regiment was driven back by the enemy, and when the ground was recovered, his body could not be found, so lies among those heroes marked "Unknown" in the National Cemetery at Chattanooga. Tenn. He had a premonition that he would be killed that day. Capt. French told the writer that if he had known of it, in view of the Spiritualistic belief of the family, he would not have let him go into that battle. He left a wife, who is now dead, and one daughter.
Susannah Smith married Philander Reed, who was also a member of Co. K., 86th Illinois Infantry, and who died in the hospital at Chattanooga, Tenn., Jan. 4, 1864. The widow Susannah later married Chester Harrington.
Her sister Sarah married John Harrington, (now deceased), who was a member of Co. C., 86th Illinois


Infantry. The two youngest daughters Emily and Lydia and the Harrington 's all live in California.

William P. Smith for many years followed the business of hunting up estray horses and cattle. As the country was not thickly settled until after 1850, stock often strayed a long distance, and it was difficult to trace them. He had a system of correspondence that made him very successful in that vocation, and also gave him an acquaintance that few men had in a circle of fifty miles around Princeville. He with S. S. Slane and others organized the Thief Detective and Mutual Aid Association of Princeville in August, 1863. He was its first Captain and served several years; later was its Treasurer and was always an active member,— one of the foremost. This Association is in existence today and has done some very efficient work in catching horse thieves especially.
Aunt Fanny Smith never recovered her sunny disposition after the loss of her children in the war, and the mention of those terrible days always brought tears of sorrow to her. She was known far and near as a great nurse, and for all the years of her life gave her service cheerfully where it was needed; many of the older settlers of Princeville can testify to her kindly ministration in times of sickness. The family were strong believers in Spiritualism in the last years of their lives. Some of the tests of "Aunt Fanny's'' powers could hardly be believed but at this later day are explained by "mental telepathy," at that time wholly unknown. The Smith home was always open to all who came, and all were sure of a hearty welcome and a share of what they had, with rest for the weary. William P. Smith died March 29, 1882, and Fanny Smith in April 2, 1886, at Princeville.

A tribute to her memory at the time of her death by Mrs. Elizabeth Seery, was a worthy memorial to the life and character of a wonderful woman, the last part of which we reproduce: "Did the foul tongue of slander ever penetrate her humble home, she with


a hush upon her lips, would hold aloft her standard of charity and love. The vilest sinner was persuaded to take the path of rectitude, the weak were nurtured and cherished back to strength again. Thus in works of charity and love, she proved her christian character and won a crown of eternal life, passing away like a sunbeam, bright, cheerful, beautiful in death. No cloud can obscure such a life, for its good results have raised a monument in the hearts of hundreds who knew her inner life. Like a zephyr from the spirit land there flashes a voice, 'Faithful worker, enter thou into the joy of thy Lord.'
Rhoda, a daughter of Benjamin Smith, born Nov. 10. 1816, married Minott Silliman in 1833, about the same time her sister Susannah married Harris Miner. Both families settled at what is now Toulon. Rhoda Silliman died in 1841, leaving one living child, who is now Mrs. Clarissa Wilcox of Blair, Neb.

Sewell Smith, born March 29. 1810, married Sarah Lake. a sister of the first wife of William Easton. They lived in Essex Township until after the war, and then moved to Galva, Ill., where both of them died, Sewell Smith on Sept. 14, 1873, and his wife soon after. Their son, Edwin L. Smith was a member of Co. K., 86th Illinois Infantry, enlisting at Princeville in August, 1862. He died in hospital in Gallatin, Tenn., Dec. 30, 1862. The writer was at that time clerk for the Commandant at that Post, and as an intimate friend, it became his duty to inform the family of his death and to arrange to have the body sent home. While in camp at Peoria, on the way to the war, he was married to Miss Hattie Benjamin, who afterward married .Jos. Barnum, editor of the Princeville Telephone. Their other children were Sophia; Alice who married Andrew Auten of Princeville, in 1863; Frank who married a lawyer named Barnes; Mandana; a son Charles, who died young; and the youngest Hattie. The writer thinks all of the children are dead.


The simple honest lives of those old pioneers had much to do with the making of our community today for good, and the Smith family did their full share in building up the new country. We owe much to the memories of those men and women of sterling worth and strong character, who were the first settlers. It is a difficult task to trace their history, but the writer cheerfully does his part, to put upon record this much of the early events, so that in future years the facts and truths of their lives may be accessible to the historian.


Essex Township.

By W. R. Sandham and A. Timmons, April, 1913.

Among the families who were pioneers in this vicinity the Timmons family of Essex Township have taken a prominent part from its earliest history to the present, in the settlement, growth and development of that township.
Thomas Timmons the first of the name who came to this part of Illinois, was born January 14, 1816, in Ross County, Ohio. His parents were Ananias and Elinor (Rotean) Timmons, who were natives of Maryland, where the former was for several years engaged in a seafaring life. After moving to Ohio he engaged in farming, in which occupation his son Thomas took part, going to school as opportunity offered.
When twenty years old Thomas Timmons left his home in Ohio, in company with Mr. Nathan Cox, another prominent pioneer in this vicinity, to seek a home and fortune in the then distant west. To pay his expenses he drove a four-horse-team belonging to Mr. Cox. After a long and tiresome but adventurous journey, he arrived in what is now Essex Township in Stark County, in the middle of October, 1836. He


found here only first settlers in a new and somewhat wild country, with numerous hunting and fishing camps of Indians round about. He immediately sought employment and the first work he found to do was cutting the timber and splitting 11,000 rails at 50c a hundred "and board himself." After this was done he worked for the pioneer farmers until the fall of 1837 when he took a contract for splitting rails at 50c a hundred and board himself, for Josiah Moffitt, another pioneer and large land holder of the time. He boarded with Thomas Winn, another of the early pioneers. The report has come down from that time that Mr. Timmons would in two days cut the timber and split 600 rails, cutting the timber one day and splitting the rails the next. After this job was done he engaged in farming.
Thomas Timmons was married December 16, 1838, to Mary Jane, a daughter of Daniel Davis, one of the earliest settlers of what is now Essex Township, by John W. Agard then a Justice of the Peace and later a pioneer Methodist preacher.
Undaunted by the hardships and difficulties of pioneer life Mr. and Mrs. Timmons commenced housekeeping on what was then known as the Sammis place on Spoon River. In the spring of 1839, the year Stark County was created and organized, Mr. Timmons bought 40 acres of land in the southeast corner of section 15 in what is now Essex Township, where he lived six years. He then moved to a house which he built near the log school house which is said by Mrs. Shellenberger in her history to be the first school house built in Stark County, where he lived until his death April 7, 1892. His wife died May 4, 1858. Later he married Mrs. Lucy Graves who survived him several years.
Thomas and Mary J. Timmons had three children, Ananias, born March 9, 1840, Ellen, born December 25, 1841 and Eliza, born August 25, 1843. Ellen married William Drummond and died in 1862. Eliza died when she was two years old. When about ten years old Ananias was nicknamed Colonel, and has been known


since then as Col. A. Timmons. During his boyhood he attended school in the rude log school houses of the time and incidentally became well educated in nature as he found it in woods and streams. From his 12th to his 22nd year he assisted in all kinds of work on his father's farm. He enlisted as a soldier August 12, 1862, and became a member of Co. E. 112th Illinois Volunteers, and served until the end of the war. Except for a short time he was in the hospital, he took part in all the marches and battles of his regiment. During the latter part of his service he was color guard of his regiment.
On the march from Nashville, headed for Clifton, Tenn., while camped at Mt. Pleasant, Tenn., he had a narrow escape from death. He and "Lige" Cox left camp one evening to look up a Toulon lady, formerly Miss Addie Kincaid. The distance proved longer than they expected, and they reached the lady's house about 8 o'clock. She gave them their supper, and was fairly cordial, after Timmons told her of her former beaus -in Stark County; but seemed a little close-mouthed. Timmons and Cox got back to camp about 11 o'clock and that was the close of the incident with them. After 45 years, however, in 1910 or 1911 at the Toulon Old Settlers' Picnic, this lady, her home now in Chicago was present, and overjoyed at seeing both Timmons and Cox. She said at the time of their visit her husband was in the rebel army, and there were rebel soldiers in her house—baskets of provisions for them passed out of her kitchen—while these boys were visiting that evening. The next morning she drove nearly to the site of the Union Camp expecting to find their dead bodies along the roadside, but she did not find them and never knew whether they were safe or not, until she saw them at Toulon.
Soon after returning home from the war Mr. Timmons visited his relations in Ohio. While there he met Mary Arganbright of Vinton County, Ohio, to whom he was married on a second trip, September 30, 1866.


Soon after with his bride, he returned to Illinois and commenced house-keeping two miles north of what is now Duncan. In 1873, he moved to the farm where he was born, on Section 15, Essex Township where he and his wife still live, loved and honored by neighbors and friends. Col. Timmons has always taken an active interest in politics, being a delegate to nearly every Republican County Convention. He has held several important offices in his township, the duties of which he performed faithfully.
Colonel Ananias and Mary Timmons have five children, William, married Lora Simmerman and lives at Yale, Iowa; Thomas A. married Aura Phenix and lives at Wyoming, Illinois, in the mercantile business; Corda, married William Even and lives at Speer, Illinois; Jessie, married Robert O. Green and lives near Lawn Ridge, Illinois; Effie lives at home.
Colonel Timmons and his family take a great interest in the meetings of the Old Settlers' Association of Princeville, as they also do in the meetings of the Old Settler's Association of Stark County which are held annually in Toulon.


By Mary A. White and Electa A. White, 1912.

Hugh White and Mary Johnson were married about 1804 in east Tennessee and lived there as near as we can tell till three children were born. They then moved to Indiana, we do not know in what year, but they lived there in 1812 when the war with England broke out. Mr. White enlisted in the war, leaving his wife with four small children, one a babe in her arms. The names of their children, including those born later, were Elizabeth A., Samuel R., Cynthia A., Sarah E., Levina B.,


Martha E., Wm. Franklin, Emeline C., Gilford N., and James Thompson. Elizabeth White married James Morrow; Cynthia White married Lawrence McKown; Samuel White married Jane Morrow, and these three. with the other seven children and the parents, Hugh and Mary White, emigrated to Illinois in 1833.
After coming to Illinois they moved to what is known as the Sheets farm northwest of Duncan. Old residents have told their children that they remember seeing Hugh White driving back and forth with an ox team; it is supposed to break prairie on the farm which he bought and where they moved later and lived till their deaths.
Mr. and Mrs. White belonged to the old school Presbyterian Church while living in Indiana, Mr. White being an elder in that church; and they still clung to that faith while they lived. Mr. White was very strict in raising his family; he tried to set a good example before them and raise them in the fear and admonition of the Lord. Coming here when the country was new, they endured the privations and hardships of pioneer life.
After coming to Illinois, Martha White married William Morrow; Franklin White married Julia A. Murphy; Emeline married DeWitt Franklin; Thompson married Martha A. German. Of this large family there is only one left: J. Thompson White of Dunlap, Cal.
Samuel R. White, second child of Hugh and Mary White, was married to Jane Morrow, April 5, 1832, and to them were born six children: Elizabeth A., William H., John C., Maria J., Mary A. and Sarah E. Of this family William married Lucy M. Hull and to them were born six children, three of whom are still living: Jennie M. Burford and Edwin in Friant, Calif. and Eva O. Jones in Princeville, Ill. John C. married Barbara Debord and to them were born nine children, six of whom are still living: Carrie Wrigley near Harbine, Neb.; Sherman in North Dakota; Nina Rogers near Odell, Neb.; William, Roy and Edwin about 20 miles


from their parents who live at Akron, Colorado. Maria J. White married Isaac German and to them were born seven children, of whom four are still living: John H., Graham, Missouri; Ella Latham, Esbon, Kansas; Eva Kenny and Edson, near Quitman, Missouri. Miss Mary A. remained with and cared for her mother till the mother died at the age of 81 years. There are only two of the family living, John C. in Colorado, and Mary A. in Princeville, Ill, her niece Eva O. Jones living with Mary A. White in Princeville.
Hugh White's parents were of English descent, his grandfather William White having been born in London, England.
A nephew of Hugh White's and great grandson of the London William White, Samuel D. White, came to Peoria County, Ill. from Lake County, Indiana in the spring of 1852, bringing his family with him. The family, consisting of himself and wife Margaret and five children, two sons and three daughters, settled at White's Grove on what was afterwards known as the William White place.
In the spring of 1835 he moved with his family to Blackhawk County. Iowa. Not liking the country, they returned to Peoria County, Ill., in July of the same year and again settled at White's Grove, on the farm afterward known as the John C. White farm. In 1862 they again left Peoria County and settled in Iowa and lived there the rest of their lives. Margaret White died in Blackhawk County, Iowa March 14, 1888, aged 73 years. Samuel D. White died April 26, 1894, aged 82 years, 2 months and 14 days. Two daughters died in Iowa. The two sons and one daughter are still living in Kossuth County, Iowa. Samuel D. White and family always remembered their sojourn in Peoria County, Illinois, with great pleasure.



By Milton Wilson and Peter Auten, 1915.

Aaron Wilson and Esther Baird Wilson left their home near Russellville, Ohio, fifty miles east of Cincinnati and reached Princeville in the fall of 1848, to be explicit on October 23 of that year, occupying land three miles southwest of town. Of their seven children Alexander, the oldest and Nancy, the third child, stayed, in Ohio; and Sarah, John K., Milton, Margaret, and Alfred came with the parents.
The parents were Presbyterians and always stood, and their children after them, for a positively good moral influence. Being quite elderly when they reach Princeville the parents died, Mr. Wilson in the spring of 1853 and Mrs. Wilson in August, 1854, and their graves are in the southeast corner of the Princeville Township Cemetery, close to lots of their daughter Sarah, their son Milton and their son Alfred.
Alexander the oldest son, always stayed in Ohio, dying there about the year 1883, and leaving a family of which only one son, Albert G. Wilson of Dayton. Ohio, is now surviving.
Sarah married "Deacon" William Wilson, and their children were four in number: Emeline, wife of Hugh Morrow; Harriet, wife of Adna Colburn; Caroline, wife of Walter Yates; and Maria, wife of Henry Stowell.
Nancy with her husband George Bassett stopped here only one year after coming from Ohio and then located at Abingdon, Illinois, where they raised a family which is now scattered. The children were Sarah, wife of David Strain; Cyrus W.; George M.; Lou, wife of Paul Fearing; Laura (deceased) ; Julia, wife of _________ Shoop; and Charles.
John K. left the farm on March 25, 1850, to follow the lure of gold to California. There were seven Princeville young men in the party, and all returned and were familiar figures in the later history of Prince-


ville, except Richard Harrison who died in California or Oregon. They had two wagons and ox teams, one wagon belonging to John K. Wilson, Thompson P. Bouton and Carlisle Aldrich; and the other to Richard Harrison, Dimmick French, John Dukes and Augustus D. Sloan. A very interesting diary kept on the westward trip by John K. Wilson is added as an appendix to this article. Mr. Wilson, on returning to Princeville and in his leisure moments worked some at carpentry, and made a number of excellent violins. He lived near Oak Hill and died at Peoria, 1907; was buried at Oak Hill.
Milton Wilson left the farm in 1874, having been elected Justice of the Peace the year before. He filled that office for one term (declining a second term) and engaged in the insurance and notarial business. For 32 years he was a notary public. He was the second collector after township organization was perfected in Princeville Township, viz., for the year 1851, and his fees for collecting amounted to the munificent sum of $32.00. Altogether he served seven different terms as township collector, the last being in 1872 when the extra railroad tax brought his fees to a total of $410.00. He also served one term on the town council.
After living in the Cutter house for one and one-half years, he bought his present home, the east half of block seven, corner of Main and Tremont Streets, in July, 1875. He moved into this new home, cornering on the park, in September following and has lived there continuously for forty years. He was 87 years of age on May 27, 1915.
His wife "Aunt Carrie" Wilson was largely instrumental in organizing the Coral Reef Missionary Society and as leader of that Missionary band, she virtually raised different sets of boys and girls in the Methodist Church of Princeville. Any who wished to scoff at other members of the church always made an exception of Aunt Carrie. So much was she recognized as one of the Missionary leaders of the church in the


Peoria district that she was made a life member of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the church on the payment of $100 by her friends. Since her death in 1903, "Uncle Milton" has cared for her flowers and her grave, as memories of her loving work for the boys and girls, until age has made it impossible for him to do so any more, except in thought. He has recently furnished a room in her memory at the Deaconess Hospital in Peoria.
Sister Margaret made her home with her brother Milton and "Aunt Carrie." She was a partner also in caring for the flowers and creating missionary interest and strength of character in the boys and girls. She died in 1895.
Alfred S. farmed in Akron Township from 1865 until retiring about the year 1889, since which time he has lived in Princeville. His wife Dartha Young Wilson died in 1908, and Mr. Wilson has made his home since then with his daughter Mrs. Clara Kinnah. The other children are Frank E. of Peoria, Illinois, Edward of Akron Township and Mrs. Elizabeth Christian of Princeville. Mr. Alfred Wilson will be 81 on October 25, 1915. He has taken an active interest, always working on some committee at each annual reunion of the O. S. U. P. V.


By John K. Wilson, 1850, Enroute from Illinois to Oregon: from Original diary in possession of the family.

As stated in the preceding article, Mr. Wilson was accompanied on this journey by Thompson P. Bouton, Carlisle Aldrich, Richard Harrison, Dimmick French, John Dukes and Augustus D. Sloan. all from Princeville. While the first part of the diary may seem a little tedious reading, the latter part and in fact the


whole of it, is so wonderful in describing the tedium of the journey, the geography, the water courses, the deserts, the alkali creeks and poison springs and lakes which helped to strew the way with bones of cattle, horses and mules, as well as the graves of men; and in describing the mountain divides and passes, also the historic Lewis's Fork and Columbia River; and in accounting for every day of the journey, that it would seem out of place to abbreviate.
Their experiences were doubtless similar to those of hundreds of parties, except they were spared any deaths on the way. Harrison died in Oregon, and after the others had all reached California. They came home by way of the Isthmus, Dukes and Bouton returning in June, 1852; Wilson in December, 1853; Aldrich in spring of 1855; French in 18—; and Sloan in 1868. It will be noted that the party usually remained in camp on Sunday, or travelled only a few miles when necessary for feed or water.

"John K. Wilson's Diary of Events, Curiosities, etc., on leaving Illinois for California. In the affairs of this life, there must be a last scene, a last parting; yet hope carries us forward, while memory dwells upon the past.
March 25, 1850, left Princeville past 11 o'clock, reached Harrison's; 26, passed Spoon River, Trenton, reached Butts'; 27, Knoxville, reached Nathan; 28, 4th day, Monmouth, camped on Henderson River; 29, crossed the Mississippi, stayed all night at Burlington; 30, reached Wibbard's long creek; 31, Sunday, same place.
April 1, raining, passed Lowell, crossed Skunk River, all night at Stevenson's; 2, passed Washington, yet raining; 3, passed Winchester, all night at Brainard's, snow; 4, Birmingham, Libertyville, all night at Bonnett's; 5, reached McIntyer's; 6, left McIntyer's, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, Sunday; 15, left Mclntyer's. crossed Des Moines River at Iowaville, camped three miles from the river; 16, passed Flores on Soap Creek,


reached Morgan's, snow 8 inches deep; 17, passed Drakeville, reached Patterson's; 18, same place; 19, reached Chariton River, camped; 20, passed Centerville, crossed Cooper's Creek, reached Shoal Creek, camped; 21, Sunday same place.
April 22, reached State Line between Iowa and Missouri, camped; 23, crossed Locust Creek, reached Big Muddy Creek, camped at bridge; 24, reached small creek, called Little Muddy, camped at bridge; 25, passed through Princeton, crossed North fork of Grand River, camped at Reed's; 26, crossed middle fork Grand River, reached a little creek in the prairie; 27, passed through Bethany, reached Big Creek; 28, reached a small stream, camped; 29, passed through Gentryville, crossed west fork of Grand River, camped at edge of prairie; 30, crossed 22 miles prairie, reached a small creek, camped.
May 1, passed through Rochester, crossed the Little Platte River and several small creeks; reached a stream called 102, eight miles from St. Joe, camped; May 2, same place; 3, reached St. Joe, camped; 4, bought our outfit, crossed the Missouri River, camped 2 miles from St. Joe; 5, Sunday, same place; 6, moved out to the bluffs four miles, camped; 7, same place, snow 2 inches deep; 8, started on our journey, crossed Mosquitoe Creek, camped on the hill 2 miles from a small creek; 9, crossed Wolf River, passed Missionary Station, reached a small creek, camped; 10, reached a small creek, tributary of Wolf River, camped: 11, reached head of Wolf River and camped; 12. Sunday, same place; 13, reached Minahaw, a beautiful stream, camped; 14, traveled to a creek and spring in prairie, camped.
May 15, on the way, crossed two creeks, camped on a hill two miles from Weston and Leavenworth Road; 16, on, crossed Big Blue River, a beautiful stream, camped on the high ground two miles from the river; 17, traveled 18 miles, camped near a small stream; 18, crossed Otto Creek, camped on the prairie; 19, Sunday,


traveled 8 miles, crossed two small creeks, camped on the hill near Little Blue; 20, traveled over the prairie 20 miles, crossed one small creek with sandy bed, camped on the prairie; 21, crossed two small creeks, reached Little Blue River, camped; 22, traveled up Little Blue River 20 miles and camped; 23, traveled up Little Blue River 22 miles and camped; 24, traveled up Little Blue to the crossing and camped; 25, traveled 22 miles, reached the Platte River, opposite Grand Island, 10 miles below Fort Kearney, camped; 26, Sunday, remained in same place; 27, passed Fort Kearney, traveled 8 miles above head of Grand Island, camped; 28, traveled up the Platte 22 miles and camped; 29, traveled up the Platte and camped; 30, traveled up the Platte, camped 5 miles below the Forks; 31, traveled up. the South Fork of Platte and camped on a small creek in the bottom.
June 1, traveled up the South Fork 7 miles above the lower ford, camped; 2, Sunday, remained in the same place; 3, traveled up the South Fork, camped in the bottom; 4, traveled up the South Fork to the upper crossing, camped on the bank; 5, crossed South Fork of Platte. water very cold, traveled across the plain 18 miles. camped in Ash Hollow three miles from North Fork of Platte; 6, traveled up the North Fork, passed Castle Bluff, camped on the bottom; 7, same place; 8, traveled up North Fork, crossed two creeks, camped in the bottom, opposite Courthouse Rock; 9, Sunday, remained in same place; 10, traveled up North Fork, passed Chimney Rock, camped 10 miles from ______________; 11, left the river, traveled 18 miles, camped, sick; 12, crossed Horse Creek, reached North Fork. camped; 13, crossed Laramie River. camped on north fork two miles from Fort Laramie; 14, traveled up north fork of Platte, camped on the high ground three miles from the river; 15, traveled over the high ground from the river, crossed three creeks and camped; 16, Sunday, same place; 17, traveled up the Platte, crossed one creek, reaching a creek and spring five miles from the river, camped; 18, crossed La Bonte River and small creek,


camped on a small creek; 19, crossed La Grande River, Box Elder Creek, La Fourche River, camped one-half mile from North Fork of Platte; 20, traveled up North Fork of Platte 9 miles, commenced crossing at 5 o'clock, got part over by 11 o'clock at night; 21, got all over by 1 o'clock p. in., camped for the night; 22, traveled up North side of Platte, camped five miles below the upper, ferry, feed poor.
June 23, Sunday, traveled up to the ferry, then left the Platte and traveled over the highlands towards Sweetwater River and camped four miles from Alkali Creek and Poison Spring and Lake.
Great mischief did these waters to the emigrants' teams. The road for 20 miles was strewn with dead oxen and horses. June 24, passed Willow Spring, reached a small creek, camped; 25, reached Sweetwater River and camped. Back to Upper Platte ferry 53 miles, almost a barren waste, with nothing inviting. June 26, crossed Sweetwater River at Independence Rock. Passed Devil's Gateway, a place where the Sweetwater cuts through the mountain snow to the left, camped on Sweetwater. Aldrich taken sick.
June 27, traveled up Sweetwater, crossed two creeks and Sweetwater River three times within two miles, camped for the night; 28, left Sweetwater 8 miles, then crossed, traveled over a barren waste 16 miles, camped again on Sweetwater River; 29, crossed Sweetwater, traveled six miles, camped in the morning,—Bouton taken sick; 30, Sunday, traveled up Sweetwater River 8 miles, then left the river and ascended some of the spurs of the Rocky Mountains, air cool, reached a branch of Sweetwater River, camped,—snowbanks across the stream 2 ft. deep.
July 1, Monday, crossed, traveled three miles, crossed the creek, and five miles farther crossed Sweetwater the last time—snowbanks 3 ft. deep. Traveled 10 miles farther and camped in the south pass, nearly on the divide of waters, between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. For 150 miles back, "Death on


the pale horse" preyed on all that was flesh and blood. The road was strewn with dead horses and oxen and mules and many fresh graves of men. July 2, traveled 5 miles, came to Pacific Spring and Creek,—spring coldest water I ever drank,—snowy peaks of Rocky Mountains on our left; spring's Lat. 42 deg. 18 mm. 58 seconds. Traveled down Pacific Creek 1½ miles, crossed, traveled 8 miles to another creek, some water, camped. July 3, crossed creek, traveled' 5 miles, crossed dry sandy creek, 7 miles farther, forks of the road. Left hand road leads to Salt Lake, right hand road to Sublett 's cut-off—took right hand, traveled 5 miles, crossed Little Sandy River, 7 miles farther, crossed Big Sandy River. and camped. Sickness and death still accompany the emigrants.
July 4. Thursday,—Glorious anniversary of American Liberty, with what sacred delight I hail thee, although in a land owned by savages! Hundreds waiting for the cool of the evening to start across the desert, to Greene River; struck our tent and started at 20 minutes past 4 o'clock p. m.; traveled all night, halting at 9 o'clock and 2 o'clock one-half hour each time; half past four prepared breakfast, grazed our cattle on some scant vegetation and moved on again; 5, reached Greene River at 3 o'clock p. in., watering our cattle, then moved down to the lower ferry (having traveled 53 miles without any water on the way and not much grass), camped for the night; 6, got all over by 4 o'clock and camped for the night. Ferriage over Greene River $7.00 per wagon. July 7, Sunday, moved out 5 miles to a creek to get feed for our cattle, camped; 8, traveled 14 miles, crossed three streams of running water and camped on a mountain, near a beautiful grove of fir trees; 9, traveled 15 miles, crossed four streams of running water and camped on a mountain side near a grove of quakenasp; 10, traveled 2 miles, crossed Ham's Forks of Greene River (beautiful stream of clear cold water) camped in the bottom, good grass; death still accompanying the emigrants, see new graves every day.


July 11, traveled 13 miles, passed a grove of quakenasp, and spring of water (on the mountain top) as cold as ice, also a grove of birch and other beautiful groves of fir trees; then descended the mountain to a creek, camped. July 12, crossed creek, traveled 8 miles, came to Bear River, descent towards the river very steep; traveled down Bear River to Thomas' Fork, crossed and camped for the night. This is a beautiful valley abounding with the best of grass. July 13, traveled down Bear River (north course), camped on a tributary of Bear River in a very large bottom, the best grass I have seen on the route thus far. Passed some fine scenery along this river. July 14, Sunday, remained in same place, very warm day; for a week past nights so cold we could hardly keep warm, snow on the mountains all around; 15, traveled 8 miles over very hilly rough road; struck Bear River, then down 7 miles, camped; 16, traveled six miles, camped on account of sickness; 17, traveled down Bear River, camped; 18, crossed several streams, passed Soda Beer and Steamboat Springs—natural curiosities, passed Forks Road, left hand Myers' cut-off, right hand past Fort Hall; took Fort Hall road, traveled 8 miles, camped; 19, traveled all day, camped on a small stream.

July 20, crossed dividing ridge between Great Basin and Oregon, camped in a deep hollow; 21, traveled all day, camped near Fort Hail on a small stream; 22, passed Fort Hall, camped for sickness; 23, crossed Portneuf and __________ Rivers and camped near American Falls, Lewis' Fork of the Columbia River; 24, traveled all day, camped on Fall Creek; 25, passed Forks, road left hand leading to California, right to Oregon; took right hand, traveled late, found water, camped.
July 26, still traveled down Lewis' Fork of the Columbia, came to a small stream, camped; 27, traveled all day, camped on a creek near the river; 28, Sunday, traveled 8 miles, caught up with some wagons from Iowa on a creek where they were in camp. We camped also for the rest of the day. July 29, crossed the creek,


traveled 23 miles, camped on Lewis' Fork of the Columbia; 30, traveled 20 miles, camped again on Lewis' Fork; 31, crossed a large creek, passed Fish-gate Falls of Lewis' Fork.

August 1. traveled 15 miles. camped at the old crossing of Lewis' Fork on Oregon Road; 2, traveled 16 miles, camped on Lewis' Fork again; 3, traveled 15 miles, camped on a small river, tributary of Lewis' Fork; 4, Sunday, traveled 6 1/2 miles, camped near a large eddy in Lewis' Fork; 5, traveled 12 miles, camped on a creek; 6, traveled 22 miles, camped on Lewis' Fork; 7, traveled 6 1/2 miles, camped on a creek 1 1/2 miles from the river; 8, traveled down Lewis' Fork 15 miles. camped; 9, traveled down Lewis' Fork 16 miles, camped; 10. traveled 12 1/2 miles, camped on Oligees River; 11, Sunday, traveled 19 1/2 miles (passed Fort Bois, 300 miles from Fort Hall), camped on Kyhull Creek; 12, traveled 23 miles, camped on a small creek near some springs.
August 13, traveled 3 miles, came to Lewis' Fork and left it for the last time; 4 1/4 miles came to Burnt River, tributary of Lewis' Fork of the Columbia River, beautiful stream, camped; 14, traveled 8 miles, camped on Burnt River; 15, traveled up Burnt River 16 miles, camped; 16. traveled 9 miles. camped; 17, traveled over the hills 23 miles to the head of Powder River, the first large timber for 900 miles; camped on slough in a large valley, snow on the mountains nearby. August 18, Sunday. traveled 16 miles, camped on a tributary of the Powder River; 19, traveled 15 miles, camped in a large valley near some springs; 20. traveled 13 miles over mountains to a creek, and camped; 21, traveled 18 miles over mountains and among tall pine and fir trees to a small creek, camped; 22, remained same place; 23, traveled 13 miles through timber, reached Umatilla River, camped; 24, traveled 14 miles, crossed Umatilla River, 9 miles down, camped; 25, Sunday, traveled 18 miles over highlands, reached Umatilla River again, camped. Kyoos Indians numerous along the Umatilla. August 26,


traveled 18 miles, crossed the Umatilla River and a small stream of cold water; camped on a barren plain, destitute of timber and water. August 27, traveled 15 miles, passed Alum Spring, camped on the plain; 28, traveled 7 miles to a creek, camped for the day; 29, traveled 17 miles over hills and hollows destitute of timber and water, camped at a spring; August 30, traveled 7 miles down a branch and the main stream of John Day's River, camped. August 31, my birthday:
I've passed it over with ten thousand thoughts on my past life. A new year is begun with me, far, far from home, from friends, from all that's near and dear to me on earth. May I live as I should. (He was :30 years of age). Traveled 20 miles, reached the Columbia River after dark, the wind blowing a gale, clouds of sand almost blinding us, camped.
September 1, traveled down the Columbia four miles to DeShoots or Fall River, camped, ferry-man afraid to cross us on account of the wind and waves; 2, I crossed the river in a canoe, leaving the teams behind, and went on to The Dalles. and Camp Drum, where are stationed a portion of the United States army to keep the Indians in awe and relieve emigrants coming over the plains. Here I procured 25 pounds of flour and went back and met the boys at a creek four miles from where I left them in the morning, I having walked 15 miles to the American camp and 10 miles back. Saw snow on Mount Hood, and on one north of the Columbia, also one south, perhaps 75 miles distant. September 3, moved on to Camp Drum, procured some flour and meat, then struck out for Oregon City, over the spurs of the Cascade Mountains; came to a creek, camped, having traveled 15 miles through the day; 4, traveled five miles, camped for the day; 5, traveled 7 miles, crossed a creek, came to another, camped for the day; 6, traveled 14 miles, came to a large creek, camped; 7, traveled 15 miles, crossed two streams, camped on another; 8, 13 miles through large timber over rough road, camped; 9, traveled up a creek through the largest timber I ever saw and over very


rough roads; now in the Cascade Mountains, camped.
September 10, traveled 7 miles, camped on a branch of Sandy Creek, rain and cold; 11, traveled 15 miles, passed the summit of the Cascade Mountains, camped on Sandy Creek; 12, traveled 10 miles down Sandy Creek, camped; 13, traveled 14 miles, crossed Sandy Creek, camped three miles from it; 14, traveled 7 miles, reached McFoster's, the first house in the settlements in Oregon. and camped, where we got flour, potatoes and meat; camped for the day; 15, Sunday, traveled four miles. towards Oregon City, camped; 16, traveled within one mile of Oregon City, sold our team for $225.00, camped on the Klackamus River; 17. reached the city; 18, hired to McWalker and Beals for a month at $75.00. September 19, same place—Sept. 20th—Sept. 21st, same, Sept. 22, Sunday, same place."

"Wrinkles should merely indicate where smiles have been."



Record kept by Milton Wilson and Chas. J. Cheesman,
beginning with March, 1899. Dates are those of burial, not of death.

	Mar.	4	Henry C. DOLLARD
		6	Mrs. Cordelia ANDREWS
		7	Philander H. CHASE
		23	Burnham SLOAN
		25	Henry A. SLOAN
		25	Mrs. Mary Ann TRACY

	April	7	James FRY

	May	11	Mrs. Wm. HOUSTON
		16	David M. POTTS

	June	26	John HANCOCK

	Aug.	18	Ellis M. BURGESS
		19	Mrs. Emma POTH
		27	Ben MANKER
		27	Edwin WARD

	Oct.	3	Mrs. John SHEELOR
		16	Child of Geo. STRICKLER
		17	Miss Libbie THOMPSON

	Nov.	1	Child of Mrs. Asa LAIR
		12	Child of John MUSHBAUGH
		30	Mrs. Willis BURGESS

	Dec.	11	John THACKER
		28	Aaron D. WEAR

	Jan.	17	John BEST, Sr.
		25	Mrs. Geo. DUSTEN

	Feb.	3	Miss Agnes DOWDALL
		4	Charles B. IVES

	Mar.	8	Son of Chas. WIRTH
		17	Mrs. John BANE
		30	Joseph PARENTS

	May	2	Child of W. T. WALLIKER
		11	Dean WILLIAMS
		15	Mrs. Lawson F. LAIR
		19	George GRUNER
		29	Miss Martha ALDRICH
	June	26	Mrs. Stephen MARTIN
		26	Mrs. Susannah YOUNG

	July	11	Sumner THOMPSON
		21	Child of Orlando MEAKER

		7	Mrs. John MORROW

	Sept.	26	Child of Roy GILMORE
		30	Mrs. John D. EDWARDS

	Oct.	2	Child of Wm. WHITE
		14	Mrs. Ed SHIRLEY
		28	Mrs. Rebecca ALFORD
		29	Henry E. CALHOUN

	Nov.	15	Child of Wm. BETTS
		18	Mrs. Jane PEPPARD
		25	Oliver MOODY

	Dec.	11	Child A. H. SLOAN
		14	Mrs. Alice MERRITT
		25	Frank RICE

	Jan.	19	Mrs. M. C. GILLEN
		28	Mrs. Ellis M. BURGESS

	Feb.	2	Allen M. WILSON
		7	Milton CUTLER
		13	Mrs. Wm. PROEHL
		18	Wm. P. MERRITT
		19	Mrs. Dan'l HITCHCOCK

	Mar.	19	Louden CLARK
		20	Miss Florence WILLIAMS
		31	Child of Chas. CARROLL

	May	4	Mrs. Mary DEAL
		17	Mrs. Mary A. WILLIAMS

	June	9	August T. KNEER
		30	Mrs. Cora L. GOODMAN

	July	3	Orville C. GARRISON
		23	Mrs. Ann BUCHANAN
		23	Child of John MUSHBAUGH


	July  27	Jessie WEAR

	Aug.	12	Mrs. Rachel COBURN
		25	Child of Joseph GARVIN

	Sept.	3	Mrs. Sarah J. EDWARDS
		5	Mrs. Louisa DEBOW
		17	Augustus STOWELL

	Nov.	3	Mrs. Wilbur HILL

	Dec.	6	Solomon GODFREY
		14	Wm. HOUSTON
		24	Clark HILL
		27	Wilbur HILL

	Jan.	2	Charles A. FAST
		4	Leo NELSON
		14	Mrs. Jackson LAIR

	Feb.	4	Milo C. GILLEN
		8	Rayburn SARVER
		26	Wm. OWENS

	Mar.	11	Mrs. Ann WARD
		18	Ernest E. LINCOLN
		20	John AYLING

	May	18	Child of Chas. WIRTH
		18	Child of Roy GILMORE
		25	Mrs. Charles FRY

	June	11	Rev. W. S. BAKER
		13	Mrs. Milton CUTLER
		26	Stephen A. ANDREWS
		31	Child of Wm. PRESCOTT

	Aug.	8	Mrs. Charlotte MCMILLEN
		12	Child of Hiram COON
		25	Mrs. Mary RIEL

	Oct.	2	Mrs. John H. RUSSELL
		9	Mrs. Geo. ROWCLIFF
		19	Child of Frank CARMAN

	Nov.	25	Child of John SENTZ
		30	Mrs. Josephine MOTT CURTIS

	Dec.	15	Carlos ALFORD


	Jan.	6	Mrs. Carrie M. WILSON
		8	Child of Burt BROWN
		9	Joseph ARMSTRONG
		19	Child of S. C. HAGERMAN

	Feb.	25	Child of Forrest ELLIS
		26	Child of ELMER HAMMER

	Mar.	2	Henry MANKLE
		3	Mrs. Caroline FRIEDMAN
		26	Mrs. Daisy MCVICKER

	April	2	Mrs. Alice PETERS
		8	Child of S. F. BENGE
		11	Elroy C. WEAR
		12	Child of Otto MAHLE
		14	Mrs. Abner BLISS
		17	James W. HOUSTON

	May	3	Miss Ethel NELSON
		12	Bowen BEACH

	June	17	Miss Carrie WHEELER

	July	3	Dr. R. F. HENRY
		23	Mrs. Isaac STOWELL

	Aug.	21	James A. STOCKTON

	Oct.	20	Mrs. Eunice PERKINS SPANGLER

	Nov.	29	Mrs. Joseph GRAY
		30	Miss Susan DEBOLT

	Dec.	5	Mrs. Mary LAWRENCE
		23	Child of Harley SNIFF
		24	Nicholas ALBERTSON
		25	Mrs. Sadie RICE GOODMAN

	Jan.	3	Edward MANSFIELD
		21	Mrs. Mary WEBBER

	Feb.	8	Son of Wm. BEST, Jr.
		9	Peter AUTEN
		18	Richard HUNTSINGER

	Mar.	3	Mrs. Priscilla BRADFORD
		4	William R. ARMSTRONG
		22	Child of Frank IVES

	May	27	Daughter of M. AHART

	June	1	Mrs. Maria STRICKLER
		1	Mrs. Jasper DOLLISON

	Sept.	3	Child of Henning JOHNSON
		5	Child of John DEBOW
		13	Mrs. Geo. BALE
		23	Child of John H. FELTON

	Nov.	9	Miss Hepsa PEET
		15	Joseph SHULL
		17	Fred B. ELLIS
		27	Son of N. E. ADAMS
		29	John BOUTON

	Dec.	10	Rachel WILLIAMS
		22	Mrs. Andrew DOLLISON
		29	Son of C. E. TAYLOR

	Jan.	11	Mrs. Janet PORTER
		20	Norman M. LOWRY

	Feb.	4	Harry BANE


	Feb.	6	Bertie Belle BOUTON
		8	Daughter of Thos. DEBOW
		21	Child of Milo LAMBERTSON
		24	Stowell COX

	April	3	W. B. KACKLEY
		4	Mrs. Louis D. GRAVES
		26	Mrs. Mary J. LEACH

	May	3	Mrs. Eugene KING
		30	Mrs. Anna WALLIKER

	June	16	Mrs. Geo. COBURN
		27	Mrs. Grace CORNISH

	July	31	Daughter of Dan MILLER

	Aug.	10	Joseph Douglas TAYLOR

	Sept.	21	James A. PRATT
		28	Frederick MANKLE

	Oct.	18	Mrs. Celestia M. BUTLER
		25	Mrs. Eleanor MCDOUGAL
		31	Mrs. Elizabeth SPEERS

	Nov.	11	James GRAY, Sr.

	Dec.	14	Erastus MORROW

	Jan.	15	Daughter of B. E. HENRY

	Feb.	7	Thos. BLAKEWELL
		20	Child of Chas. ELLIOTT
		22	Child of E. SWISSHELM

	Mar.	3	Son of Wm. FRITZ
		9	R. L. V. DEAL
		10	J. H. HOPKINS
		22	Mrs. Lydia M. BEACH

	April	3	Edgar J. HOUSTON

	July	3	Willard HENRY

	Sept.	12	Mrs. Harris LAMAY
		21	Infant son of Peter AUTEN

	Oct.	12	Mrs. Roy EDWARDS
		12	Frank LAMAY
		13	Mrs. Rose HOUGH
		21	Twin Babes of Bert SLOAN
		29	Child of Chas. BETTS

	Nov.	9	Mrs. James E. WHITE
		24	Wm. F. OWENS

	Dec.	30	Francis WIRT

	Jan.	3	Wm. WHITE
		18	Mrs. Sarah K. SCOTT
		31	Mrs. Sarah HARDEN

	Mar.	6	Mrs. Rebecca BLUE
		6	Child of Robt. BENNETT
		12	Christian MILLER

	Mar.	14	Mrs. Sarah KRONICK
		26	Mrs. Mary BANCROFT
		30	Mrs. Viola WILLIAMS

	April	15	Son of Wm. TAYLOR
		28	Abner BLISS

	May	19	Wm. Richard MEARA

	June	20	Miss Florence BROWN

	July	14	Mrs. Cora COON
		22	Mrs. Blanche DUNN

	Aug.	25	Child of a Mexican family

	Sept.	19	Leonard MERRITT
		19	Child of Flavius BARRETT
		20	Onias W. CUMMINS

	Oct.	1	James K. JOHNSON
		13	Floyd M. CHURCHILL
		14	Mrs. Eleanor KACKLEY
		21	John H. RUSSELL
		28	Mrs. Emma COBURN

	Dec.	3	Child of Edward CAMP
		12	Mrs. Julia A. DEBORD
		27	Child of Jason DAVIS

	Jan.	5	William YESS
		20	George DUSTEN
		22	James A. PRATER
		22	Wm. E. ANDERSON
		26	John VERNON

	Feb.	21	Child of Oscar GRAVES
		27	Mrs. Dartha WILSON

	Mar.	7	Wilbur ATEN
		25	Mrs. Frances ILLINGWORTH

	April	22	Mrs. Elizabeth CRAMER

	May	16	Miss Sarah HYDE
		19	Mrs. Amanda BLANCHARD

	June	1	Wm. P. HAWVER
		20	Mrs. Belle CUMMINS DEAL
		22	Mrs. Belle R. PALMER

	July	5	Mrs. Mary PALMER
		5	Daniel HITCHCOCK
		12	Mrs. Susan BLISS

	Sept.	2	Child of Otis HODGES
		5	Mrs. Sarah BYARD BUSH

	Oct.	15	Richard STUBBS

	Nov.	8	Albert WEBBER
		17	Geo. Edward MANKLE

	Jan.	7	Mrs. Nancy L. HENRY
		9	Acel N. FUSON


	Jan.	21	Frank H. PURDUE

	Feb.	8	Mrs. Amanda C. SHULL
		16	Floyd O. WASSON
		19	Joseph ANDERSON
		23	Son of C. W. FRY

	Mar.	8	Mrs. Lucinda MILLER
		21	Child of Ben KNEER

	April	1	Son of Chas. CARROLL
		8	William J. BELFORD
		9	Mrs. V. E. ALDRICH
		14	Mrs. Letitia A. ELLIOTT
		23	William HARRISON

	May	13	Wm. H. WISENBURG
		23	Mrs. Myrtle B. FORNEY

	June	1	Mrs. Catherine BEST
		1	Oliver S. PRATT
		12	John FRIEDMAN

	July	20	Floyd W. PARKER
		24	John M. ROGERS
		30	Child of Wm. BEST, Jr.

	Sept.	4	Mrs. Lena P. BLANCHARD
		30	Miss Agnes CAMERON

	Nov.	13	Hugh MORROW
		23	Mrs. Lillian WEAR

	Dec.	6	Jacob A. FAST
		30	Clark WILLIAMS

	Jan.	6	Child of Henning JOHNSON
		14	John W. LITTLE
		27	Mrs. Lizzie SLANE

	Feb.	18	Infant son of A. A. DART
		23	John MCGINNIS

	Mar.	12	Geo. TARBOX

	April	11	Mrs. Harry APPLEGATE
		23	Abraham L. HAYES

	May	9	Mrs. Lillie M. WILCOX

	June	3	Charles FRY

	Aug.	9	Mrs. Ann HOUSTON

	Oct.	2	Edwin L. BARRETT
		7	Sherman T. HENRY
		7	Mrs. Lois MOORE HENRY
		18	Mrs. Martha L. STOCKTON
		24	Mrs. Isabel CLARK
		30	George PRATT
		31	Willard ALYEA

	Nov.	27	Mrs. Augusta BIEDERBECK

	Dec.	7	Mrs. Sarah SELBY
	Dec.	14	Elmer Everett HARLAN
		16	George T. WIRTH
		17	Mrs. Eliza E. BARNARD STUBBS

	Jan.	8	Miss Dora Dell WHEELER
		13	Roy Everett FELTON
		27	Child of John M. BAXTER

	Mar.	10	Woodbury V. SLOAN
		12	Mrs. Anna B. MILLER
		14	Miss Alice PETERS
		29	Graham KLINCK

	April	7	Sidney Winfield HERRIOTT
		16	Martha CHAPIN SMITH
		19	Daniel David DEFFENBAUGH

	May	1	Flavius T. BARRETT
		4	Mrs. Maggie AYLING GEITNER
		5	Charles L. PALMER
		9	Mrs. Catherine MURDOCK SMITH
		24	Allen Douglas COLWELL

	July	8	Mrs. Eliza E. A. BARR
		21	David W. KINNAH
		22	Marcus L. WHEELER
		31	Charles H. COBURN

	Aug.	31	Clyde ALYEA

	Sept.	21	Child of Ross BURNS

	Oct.	16	George ROWCLIFFE
		26	Robt. Finley BREESE

	Nov.	2	Otis L. GEDNEY
		28	Mrs. Sarah C. IVES
		29	Benjamin Franklin HUSTON

	Dec.	24	Frederick D. BAWN

	Jan.	3	Nathaniel Sweat ENNIS
		7	Geo. Washington BAY
		15	Henry SCHROEDER
		17	Mrs. Nancy Jane WISENBURG
		21	Milton HART, Jr.
		21	John Harrison HEBERLING
		31	Samuel C. COBURN

	Feb.	1	Mrs. Jane PAYNE SMITH
		1	Mrs. Maria Jane MILLER
		21	Henry HAMMER


	Feb.	22	Mrs. Janet MONTGOMERY
		29	Grant GARRISON

	Mar.	1	Child of Thos. COLEMAN
		12	Mrs. Amelia TAYLOR HAYES
		20	William MARTZLUF
		27	Mrs. Vernice KINNAH EDWARDS
	April	30	Jehiel T. ALBERTSON

	June	2	Mrs. Dora Mabel SHEELOR
		29	Mrs. Catherine Josephine WIRTH

	July	8	John D. EDWARDS
		15	Mrs. Nina GUE BRONSON
		17	Justus Lee BARRETT
		27	Christopher BETTS
		31	Andrew Jackson LAIR

	Sept.	3	William Henry WILLIAMS
		6	William LAWRENCE
		26	Martin Luther BINGHAM

	Oct.	4	Mrs. Dora BLISS

	Nov.	17	Child of William CAMP

		18	Mabel CARROLL

	Feb.	24	Mrs. Ellen DELBRIDGE

	Mar.	10	Mrs. Elizabeth GEDNEY
		13	Mrs. Julia M. HENRY
		16	Mrs. Olive CHAMP
		24	Mrs. Harriet Elizabeth LITTLE

	April	6	David AYERS
		12	Grace DICKINSON
		14	Emma MCKAY
		23	Jerome SLOAN
		24	Henry OERTLEY

	May	30	Mary WHELPLEY
		30	David LAMAY

	June	2	Fern SMITH

	July	11	John GRAHAM

	Aug.	4	Mrs. Sarah ROGERS
		11	Albert N. CASE
		17	Chas. CORNWELL

	Sept.	5	George F. WILLIAMS

	Oct.	20	Margaret MUSHBAUGH
		20	Victor BRUNSWIG
	Oct.	20	Albert MANSFIELD

	Nov.	19	Mrs. Isaac HUDSON
		24	Mrs. Clarissa KELLOGG

	Dec.	23	Lars. LARSON
		28	Lot MENDELL

	Jan.	4	Augustus H. ADAMS
		9	James CORNEY
		31	William BLUE

	Feb.	5	Mrs. Jacob FAST
		5	Harry ROMIG
		14	Chas. G. REESE
		15	R. Eugenie DICKINSON
		16	Mrs. Laura HENRY

	Mar.	10	Jemima ALTER
		11	Jos. Ephraim HILL
		25	Mrs. Anna SUTHERLAND
		26	Mrs. Wm. WISENBURG, Jr.

	April	2	Wm. AYLING
		6	Wm. MARTIN
		17	Jacob MILLER

	May	18	Miss Elizabeth Ann SLANE
		20	Ephraim MEAKER

	June	11	Birdseye BEACH
		29	Newton E. ADAMS

	July	11	W. E. ELLIOTT
		27	Mrs. Martha Jane RICE

	Aug.	9	Emma HACKNEY
		10	Walter AYERS

	Sept.	25	Leonard KLINCK

	Oct.	18	Son of Earl WEAVER

	Nov.	9	Pearl DEBORD
		18	Mrs. Mary HURD
		27	Jos. CAMP

	Dec.	7	Mrs. Susan TARBOX
		8	Jasper DOLLISON
		9	Miss Margaret ARMSTRONG
		31	Mrs. F. B. BLANCHARD

	Jan.	7	Mrs. Charity KARR

	Feb.	1	Christian LARSON
		3	Mrs. Wm. WALLIKER
		4	Mrs. J. Z. SLANE
		8	J. Z. SLANE
		9	William Washington MOTT
		14	Frederick BLANCHARD

	Mar.	22	Delilah BLANCHARD


	Mar.	28	Child of Perry O. CAMP
		29	Mrs. Elizabeth CORNWELL

	April	1	Mrs. Emeline MORROW
		6	Alexander GRAY
		20	Child of Edgar BURGESS
	May	8	Mrs. Lettie CASE
		11	Ferdinand MAHLE

	June	9	Child of Wm. PETERSON

	July	11	John SHULL
		20	Herman Lloyd MUMMERT
		27	John SHEELOR


From Parish Records.

Dates are those of burial, not of death.

	Feb.	27	Mrs. Joseph GOETZ
			Francis WEBER

	July	29	Thomas BYRNES
	Oct.	1	Anastasia MCCARTY

	Aug.	8	Maria SMITH

1891	Aug.	20	Charles Joseph ROSS

	Oct.	25	Mrs. Mary SHEEHY

	Jan.	22	Mrs. Julia PURCELL

	May	22	Infant son of A. J. BEST

	July	10	Mrs. Anne BOYLE

	Dec.	31	Ed. MURPHY

	Jan.	12	Thomas WICKHAM

	Mar.	4	Bridget WICKHAM
		17	Charles HARMON
		19	Mary WICKHAM
		22	Joseph KREBSBACH

	April	1	Lawrence WICKHAM

	July	5	Mrs. A. GORMAN
		9	Mrs. Marian BURNS

	Mar.	27	Peter HARMON

	May	24	Pearl Mary CROHAN
	June	20	Denis HARMON

	July	20	Emma WEBER

	Sept.	5	John HILL

	Nov.	22	Mrs. Catherine DUFFY

	Jan.	31	Infant son of Wyatt GREEN

	May	2	Edmund PURCELL
		27	Thomas MADDEN

	July	7	Sarah BURNS
		13	James MCDERMOTT
		30	Thomas WICKHAM

	June	29	Thomas HEAGNEY

	Aug.	24	Louis A. HUCKINS

	Sept.	1	Emma GERMAN
		4	Charles W. CALLAHAN
		17	John POWERS
		18	Elizbeth BURNS

	Oct.	28	Charles Francis MILLER

	Dec.	6	Frank BOYLE
		21	James PLUNKETT

	Feb.	2	Mrs. Nettie OBRIEN
		6	Peter BOYLE

	April	6	James AYLWARD
		25	Redmond MCDONNA

	May	26	John CULLY


	June	4	Jeremiah SULLIVAN

		2	Mrs. Jno. MCCARTY

	Sept.	7	Joseph FRIEDMAN

	Nov.	3	Mrs. James HARMON

	Feb.	3	Mrs. John POWERS
		19	Peter BURNS

	Oct.	11	Francis J. MCDONNA

	April	4	Nettie M. MCDERMOTT

	July	13	Alice CUDIHY SHEEHY
		19	James BYRNES
		23	Mrs. Patrick BYRNES

	Nov.	10	Mrs. Patrick CALLERY

	Jan.	29	Thomas Leroy LONG

	April	10	Mrs. Sam BURNS

	May	5	Ed. F. BYRNES

	Jan.	4	James HARMON
		12	Mrs. Redmond MCDONNA
		25	Mrs. Joseph KREBSBACH

	Feb.	14	Charles SAGER

	Mar.	6	James Clarence BYRNES

	April	4	Mrs. Peter KELLY

	Sept.	12	Patrick CALLERY
		25	Johanna STEINMAN

	Jan.	2	Mrs. James DUFFY

	Mar.	18	Mrs. Chris WESTERFER

	April	12	August YUTT

	July	1	Mrs. James SULLIVAN

	Jan.	13	Mrs. Patrick CULLY

	Feb.	4	Thomas SULLIVAN
		12	Earl Nicholas FINCK
		28	Mrs. Caroline FRIEDMAN

	Mar.	20	Adam J. BEST

	June	29	Mrs. James SLOAN

	July	31	John GERMAN

	Sept.	14	Amelia CASPAR
		18	Wm. LONG

	Nov.	4	John MCCARTY
		8	Wm. ROGERS

	Jan.	29	Patrick WALL

	May	15	Mrs. Frank ROTTERMAN
	June	23	Basilius GERMAN

	Nov.	7	Mrs. Michael DEMPSEY

	Feb.	2	Peter KELLY

	Mar.	24	Mrs. Anna GERMAN MEYER

	June	21	Mrs. Peter BYRNES

	Nov.	8	Lulu MCCARTY

	Dec.	26	Infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. BEST

	Feb.	28	Catherine MCDONNA

	Mar.	1	Infant child of Mr. and Mrs. Jos. CULLEN

	May	28	Mrs. James MCDERMOTT

	Dec.	15	Michael NOONEN

	Jan.	29	Rose L. TIMMONS

	Feb.	7	Mrs. Alice WAKEFIELD
		12	James AYLWARD
		18	Mrs. Elizabeth AYLWARD

	Jan.	16	Lena MCCARTY
		25	Patrick CULLY

	Feb.	5	Charles MULALLY

	May	20	Mrs. Adam ROTTERMAN
		26	Valentine NOONEN
		30	Wilbur Sylvester YUTT

	Sept.	29	Mrs. Ann MCCARTY

	Nov.	2	James MCDERMOTT

	Jan.	16	Laurence BOYLE

	Feb.	5	John MORRISSEY

	Aug.	4	Amelia MEYER

	Oct.	4	Anabella SHANNON

	Jan.	12	Christopher WESTERFER
		24	Mrs. A. J. BEST

	April	10	Mrs. Paul HAMMER

	July	9	Mrs. Basilius GERMAN

	Aug.	30	Mary GEITNER

	Sept.	27	Manuel CUESADA

	Dec.	19	Lila CUSHING

	Jan.	9	Basilius HEINZ

	Mar.	22	Walter MCDERMOTT

	Aug.	22	John O. SMITH
		25	John SMITH

	Oct.	24	Catherine CUNNINGHAM


	Nov.	10	Michael F. MCDONOUGH

	Dec.	2	Wyatt GREEN

	Feb.	26	Mrs. Peter DUFFY

	Mar.	29	Louise MCDONNA

	June	1	Anna BETTS

	Aug.	26	Infant son of Mr. and Mrs. W. W. DICKS

	Sept.	18	Infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Terence SMITH

	Oct.	10	Mrs. Bridget MADDEN

	Dec.	17	Mrs. Mary HULL
	April	11	James WICKHAM

	May	6	Frank WEBER

	July	16	Frank ROTTERMAN, Sr.

	Mar.	16	John GEITNER, Jr.

	May	26	Mrs. Wm. HERBERGER

	Jan.	27	Mrs. Peter OCONNER

	Feb.	9	Julia Viola FRIEDMAN

	June	14	Mrs. Fredericka HOFER

	June	30	Mrs. Frank GERMAN

	July	7	Peter HEINZ

Auten Family 70
Bailey Family of Essex Township 76
Beach Family 79
Bliss Family of Peoria County 82
Burials in Princeville Township Cemetery 154
Burials in St. Mary's Cemetery 159
Catholic Church, Princeville, St Mary of the Woods 58
Civil War Record of Princeville 37
Colgan Family of Valley Township 96
Colwell, Henry, Family 98
Co.'s "H" and "A" 47th Ill. Inf., Members of 41
Co. "D" 11th Ill. Cavalry, Members of 41
Co. "K" 86th Ill. Inf., Roster of 42
Corrections 36
Cutter Family 101
Diary of John K. Wilson 144
Every Year, Poem 23
Hallock and Adjoining Townships, Early Days in 7
Harrison, James and Family 108
Henry Family 110
July 4th Celebrations, Some Early 5
Mansfield, Edward, Family of 115
Map of Princeville in 1840 and 1841 4
Markets, Early 22
Miller, John and Docia, Family of 117
Miller, Reminiscences of William Logan 122
Peoria Battery, Members of 40
Princeville Academy, The First and the Second 45
Princeville When First Incorporated 66
Program of Princeville Academy Exhibition in 1860 56
Public Square, Princeville's 61
Silliman Family 126
Slane, John Z., War Letter from 39
Smith, Benjamin, Family of Essex Township 131
Soldier Dead in Princeville Cemeteries 43
St. Mary of the Woods 58
Thief Detective and Mutual Aid Association, History of 24
Timmons Family of Essex Township 136
War Letter from John Z. Slane 39
White Family 139
Wilson, Aaron, Family 142
Wilson, Diary of John K 144

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