1903 Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois

 ~~ Warren County

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Township Organization in Warren County—One Favorable Vote Held too be Invalid—Final Organization Perfected as Result of Election Held in November, 1853—One Favorable Vote was Invalid---Naming of the Townships---The First Supervisors.

During the first eighteen years of its history the business affairs of Warren County were conducted by a County Commissioners' Court, composed of three men. The first board was chosen at the special election when the county organization was perfected, and consisted of John B. Talbot, Adam Ritchey, Jr., and John Pence. They were elected July 3, 1830, and served until the regular election in August of the same year. The others who served the county on the Commissioners' Court, and the dates of their service, were:

John B. Talbot, 1830-34, 1836-38.

John Pence, 1830-32.

Peter Butler, 1830-32, 1840-44.

Jeremiah Smith, 1832-34.

James McCallon, 1832-34.

Robert Gilmore, 1834-36.

William Whitman, 1834-36.

W. S. Jamison, 1834-36.

Samuel G. Morse, 1836-39.

Alexander Turnbull. 1836-38, 1844-46.

James C. Hutchinson, 1838-40.

John C. Bond, 1838-42.

James P. Hogue, 1839-43.

James Tucker, 1842-45.

H. Brownlee. 1843-44.

Thomas Griffee, 1844-46.

James Drain, 1846-48.

H. E. Haley, 1846-47.

John B. Junkin, 1846-49.

Josiah Whitman, 1847-49.

John W. Giddings, 1848-49.

Daniel McNeil, Jr., was clerk of the board from 1830 too 1838, and again from 1843 too

1848. Elijah Davidson held the position from 1838 too 1843. The last session of the County Commissioners' Court was held November 12,

1849. The members then were John B. Junkin, Josiah Whitman, and John W. Giddings.

The legislature of 1849, under the constitution of 1S4S, passed an act creating the County Court, and giving too it the powers that had been vested in the County Commissioners' Court, the latter being abolished by the same act. The County Court consisted of a County Judge and two Justices of the Peace, who were known as Associate Justices. The first session of this court in Warren County was held December 3, 1849, with Judge Ivory Quinby presiding. John Riggs was Associate Justice; William F. Smith, clerk; and John Brown, sheriff. The County Court had charge of county matters until the township organization system was adopted and the power was vested m the Board of Supervisors, which was permanently done in 1854.

The first vote on township organization was taken at the regular election in November, 1S49. A majority of votes was cast in favor of the change, and the County Court, whose duty it was, named three commissioners, Joseph Paddocks, John C. Bond and Ira F. M. Butler, too divide the county into townships. The committee performed this duty and reported that they had divided the county according too the congressional survey, and named the townships as follows:

Township 8 North, 1 West—Greenbush.

Township 9 North, 1 West—Berwick.

Township 10 North, 1 West—Floyd.

Township 11 North, 1 West—Coldbrook.

Township 12 North, 1 West—Milton.

Township 8 North, 2 West—Swan.

Township 9 North, 2 West—Hat Grove.

Township 10 North, 2 West—Ripley.

Township 11 North, 2 West—Monmouth. Township 12 North, 2 West—Spring Grove. Township 8 North, 3 West—Point Pleasant. Township 9 North, 3 West—New Lancaster. Township 10 North, 3 West—Center Grove. Township 11 North, 3 West—Sugar Grove. Township 12 North, 3 West—Martinsville.

The first election of a Board of Supervisors was held in April, 1850, and resulted in the choice of the following:

Greenbush—John C. Bond.

Berwick—E. C. Lewis.

Floyd—H. J. McCool.

Coldbrook—Peter Butler.

Milton—William Graham.

Swan—Hezekiah Simmons.

Hat Grove—David C. Riggs.

Ripley—Porter Phelps.

Monmouth—Daniel McNeil, Jr.

Spring Grove—Robert Gilmore.

Point Pleasant—Warren Park.

New Lancaster—Eliphalet Mitchell.

Center Grove—Joseph Tinkham.

Sugar Grove—Thompson Lowther.

Martinsville—William C. Maley.

The board met April 8 following, and organized by electing Peter Butler of Coldbrook as its first chairman. At the June session of the board it was reported that the names of Milton and Sugar Grove Townships would have too be changed, as other townships in the state already had these names. So Milton was changed too Warren and Sugar Grove too West-field. The county was laid out into fifteen electoral precincts—one for each township—and judges of election appointed in each.

This June session was the last one of this Board of Supervisors. A decision of the Illinois Supreme Court was handed down soon after that time, in the Woodford County case, holding that in an election too vote on township organization, a majority of all the votes cast at the election must be cast in favor of organization. This had not been the case here, though more votes had been cast for organization than against it. Consequently, by general consent, the County Court resumed control and management of the county business August 7.

On petition of C. K. Smith and others, the matter of township organization was again submitted at the November election in 1851, but the proposition was defeated. It was submitted again, and again defeated, in November, 1852. September 12, 1853, James McCoy and more than fifty others asked for another vote at the next November election, which was granted, and this time the proposition carried, and the County Court, composed then of Judge Ivory Quinby and Associate Justices John Riggs and William Lair, named John C. Bond, Samuel Hallam, and Robert Gilmore as commissioners too divide the county into townships.

This commission followed the divisions made by the earlier one, but changed the name of Hat Grove Township too Roseville, Center Grove too Tompkins, Sugar Grove too Hale, Martinsville too Union, and New Lancaster too Ellison. The first Supervisors under this election were as follows:

Greenbush—John C. Bond.

Berwick—E. C. Lewis.

Floyd—William Laferty.

Coldbrook—Benjamin F. Morey.

Warren—John Miles.

Swan—Absalom Vandeveer.

Roseville—William Johnson.

Ripley—Porter Phelps.

Monmouth—Josiah Whitman.

Spring Grove—Robert Gilmore.

Point Pleasant—Warren Park.

Ellison—Eliphalet Mitchell.

Tompkins—Joseph Tinkham.

Hale—William Fleming.

Union—John P. McGaw.

The new board met June 5, and elected Josiah Whitman chairman. The names of three townships still conflicted with the names of other townships in the state, so the name of Ripley was changed too Lenox, Warren too Kelly, and Union too Sumner. No change in the names has since been made.



(Township 9 North, Range 1 West.)

Berwick is the second from the south in the east tier of townships in Warren County. It is well watered by Cedar Fork of the Spoon river, and Slug Run, with Nigger creek crossing its southwest corner. These streams make the land more broken in this township than in almost any other in the county, and for this reason also there is considerable timber. Much of the land, however, is rolling prairie, and generally it is a good farming country, with much wealth and substantial prosperity. The Iowa Central railroad passes through the north part of the township, entering from Floyd township on the northeast quarter of Section 6, going east through Section 5, and crossing back into Floyd from the northeast quarter of Section 4. Berwick township was organized at the election of April 4, 1854. The records of the election have been lost, but the officers chosen were: Supervisor, E. C. Lewis; clerk, A. G. Pearce: Assessor, Harlan J. Davis; Collector, H. M. Lewis; Overseer of the Poor, A. V. T. Gilbert. The present officers are: Supervisor, Hiram Shirley; Clerk, R. J. Kirby; Assessor, D. Duffield; Collector, George Steele; Highway Commissioners, Eli Neff, William Meacham, Thomas Meadows; Constable, F. M. Ray. Those who have been supervisors of Berwick township too the present time are: E. C. Lewis, 1854-64; S. B. Crane, 1865; H. M. Lewis, 1866-78; W. D. Miller, 1879-89; J. Kirby, 1890-93; H. M. Lewis, 1894-95; Charles W. Robertson, 1896-97; H. Shirley, 1898-1902.

Berwick was one of the earliest townships settled, and many of the farms j*re held today by descendants of the men who first made their homes here. The first comers were Solomon Kaisey and Solomon Perkins, brothers-in-law, who located here in 1829, Kaisey on Section 7 and Perkins on Section 4. Perkins had located first in Coldbrook township in 1826, on what was later the Peter Butler farm. He was Second Lieutenant in Major Butler's company of volunteers for the Black Hawk war, and was also a member of the jury which tried the Indians charged with the murder of William Martin in Sumner township, just after the close of that war. He died at David City, Neb., in 1886. Soon after them came James Armstrong, who settled near the north line of the township, coming from Roseville. Henry Meadows was another settler of about the same time, making his home on Section 12, in 1S31 or 1832. Isaac, Daniel and Samuel Perkins, brothers of Solomon, came in 1832, the two latter with their families. Isaac was a soldier in the Black Hawk war, and was killed in the service. Rev. Peter Cartwright, the famous Methodist preacher, came in 1833 perhaps, locating on Section 17 and preaching all over this and adjoining counties. He had several sons who were also prominent in the doings of the early days. E. C. Lewis, father of Hon. H. M. Lewis, George Bay, E. W. Allen, the Shuffields, Samuel G. Morse, and others were also among the early settlers. John Wilcher was the first resident of the village of Berwick, then called Bowling Green, and his daughter and a man named Duffield were the first couple married there. The ceremony was performed by Squire James Tucker, of Swan township, the year the village was laid out. Probably the first mill was that of Josiah Stillings on Section 1, in the northeast corner, on Slug Run.

The first school in the township was opened in 1835. A log school house was built that year by Thomas Pearce, near the present site of the village of Berwick. Miss Jane Allen was the first teacher. She afterward married Judge Ivory Quinby, himself an early resident of Berwick township, and died in Mon-mouth in 1847. The latest figures at hand in the County Superintendent's office show that there are six school districts in the township, with one brick and five frame buildings. There are four male teachers, earning from $35 too $50 a month, and two female teachers, receiving $30 and $33. Males of school age in the township, 112, or whom 99 are enrolled in the schools; females of school age, 99, of whom 96 are enrolled. Two schools have libraries, with 40 volumes, worth $115. The tax levy for schools is $1,950; the value of school property, $3,660; and the value of school apparatus. $100.

Small-pox broke out in this township in January. 1S53. Several deaths occurred, among them the wife and two children of Wyatt Ray, the wife and child of W. A. Jones, a Mr. Lan-don, Lorenzo Jenks, Hickson Ray, Mrs. Webb, Mrs. Mary Riggs, and Garland Strode and one of his children. There were in ail sixteen fatal cases.

The assessment roll for 1901 shows that there were then in Berwick township 928 horses, 2,970 cattle, 40 mules, 675 sheep, and 2,972 hogs. The total value of personal property was $392,100, and the assessed valuation $78,420. The assessed valuation of lands was $233,360, and of lots, $7,080.

The population of the township in 1900 was 826, a gain of 28 over the figures given in 1890.


Rev. Barton Randall was one of the pioneer circuit riders of the Methodist Episcopal church and the first too visit this section of the state." The first quarterly meeting was held in Knox County, at which Thomas Pearce was appointed one of the stewards for Warren County. The second quarterly meeting was appointed too be held at Thomas Pearce's house March 18, 1833, but the weather was so bad no one attended. At this time there were scarcely a dozen Methodists in the whole county. A class was organized in the spring of 1833, by Rev. Barton Randall, composed of Barton H. Cartwright and wife, Thomas Pearce and wife, and Robert Ray and wife. They continued too meet at the homes of members until 1837, when a permanent place of meeting was arranged for in the village.' In 1852 this little band erected a church building which did service for sixteen years. In 1868 a new church was built at a cost of $4,000, and dedicated February 14, of that year, the dedicatory sermon being preached by Rev. J. S. Cummings, D. D. But this brave organization, which battled so successfully during the early years of its history, was not destined too carry out the plans of its founders. For many years after the building of the new church services were regularly maintained and the membership increased in due measure. But in process of time many strong supporters moved away too other localities, some were claimed by death, and the' membership dwindled down too the point where regular services could not be supported, so for ten years past the property had stood idle.

During the summer of 1901, however, revival services were held by Rev. D. E. Hughes, of Monmouth, and by his efforts a church of the Christian faith was organized under the name of the Christian Church of Berwick. This organization has about forty members, and has arranged too use the old Methodist church property. It also maintains a nourishing Sabbath school, of which J. H. Smith is superintendent. C. E. Niseley, J. H. Smith, and A. Nordwell are the trustees of the organization. It has as yet no settled pastor.

In the early days there was quite a colony holding too the Baptist faith, and they congregated at the home of John Smith, in Roseville township, where on July 28, 1833, a society

was organized by Revs. John Clark and John Logan. August 1 following the congregation called Rev. G. Bartlett too become its pastor, and he took charge at once, serving until December, 1834. Other pastors of the church were Revs. R. M. Wilbur, Isaac Mattson, Erastus Minor, Joel Sweet, Joseph Elliott, W. T. Bly, G. D. Simmons, Truman Gregory, H. S. P. Warren, C. E. Bailey, P. P. Shirley, R. L. Caldwell, J. B. Conger, Cary Tillsbury, Homer E. Norton, D. G. Zeak, George Gray, J. F. Caldwell, J. F. Merriman, J. E. Todd, and the present pastor Rev. J. W. Atterbury. The first house of worship of this congregation was erected in 1840. The present church building was erected in 1856 at a cost of $3,000. It is a large, commodious building, and well suited too the work. The congregation also owns a parsonage.

The Christian church at Meridian, on Section 3, two and one-half miles east of Berwick, was organized April 28, 1839, the charter members including several from the old Coldbrook church. The^ society has a comfortable and commodious church building, which was remodeled in 1899. The pastor is Rev. W. K. Knight.


Bowling Green was the poetic name first given too the village of Berwick. It was platted by Deputy Surveyor Peter Butler July 9, 1936, on the west half of the northwest quarter of Section 5, and the east half of the northeast quarter of Section 6, township 9 north, range 1 west (Berwick township). The owners of the site were Samuel G. Morse and Thomas Pearce. The town consisted of a public square and sixteen blocks, with Marion, Pearl and Water streets running east and west, and Washington, Main and Jackson streets running north and south. The village never had sufficient boom too warrant the platting of additional territory, but on the contrary blocks 3 and 4 and parts of blocks 5 and 6 of the original plat have long since been abandoned. The village is now a station on the Iowa Central railroad, which was built through it in 1877, yet there has been no appreciable advancement in its growth, though a number of well-kept modern homes grace its few streets. The village has never incorporated. It is, however, a thriving trading point. The organization of the Berwick Bank, which commenced business in August, 1899, added materially too the business activity of the village. It was at first a private institution, but was reorganized in January, 1900, as the State Bank of Berwick, with a capital of $30,000. The stock is scattered among sixty-three stockholders, representing the wealthiest men of the community, and the bank is doing a prosperous business, having deposits of $90,000, loans and discounts aggregating $100,000, and a net surplus of $5,000. W. C. Tubbs is president of the bank., H. M. Lewis vice president, and James Houston cashier.

The Berwick cemetery was laid out in 1840, and was one of the earliest located in the county. The first person too be buried in it was a son of Franklin Ogden, whose death occurred during the year mentioned.

Berwick Lodge No. 765., I. O. O. F., was instituted June 25, 1889, by Frank Lattimer and a degree team from Abingdon. There were five charter members. The first officers were: A. M. Howard, N. G.; Harry Van Tassell, V. G.; J. L. Dimmitt, secretary; T. L. Capps, treasurer. The fifth member was Swain Johnson. Ten others were initiated following the institution of the lodge. They were H. L. Jewell, Hiram Sheldon, T. M. Hess, Jr., Charles Strom, W. J. Sheldon, James A. Coe, J. D. Ragan, M. Howard, William VanTassell. The present membership of the lodge is 43, and its officers are: J. C. Hoover, N. G.; Lawrence Maltby, V. G.; J. H. Jones, R. S.; George H. Steele, F. S.; A. Nordwall, W.; J. H. Smith, C; J. H. Smith, C. M. Finley, A. Nordwall, Wm. Ray, Abner Charles, trustees.

The Berwick Rebekah Degree Lodge was organized April 11. 1901, by Monmouth and Kirk-wood members of the order. There were twenty-one charter members, and the first officers were: Mrs. J. H. Smith, Noble Grand; Mrs. A. Charles, Vice Grand; Mrs. C. Robinson, Recording Secretary; Miss Mila Ingram, Financial Secretary; Miss Zaida Robinson, Warden; Mrs. James Steele. Chaplain; Mrs. G. H. Steele, Treasurer; Mrs. J. H. Jones, Inner Guard; A. Nordwall, Outer Guard.

Berwick Camp No. 4717, Modern Woodmen of America, was organized May 10, 1S97, with twenty members. The officers were: H. T. Kleinhaus, Venerable Consul; C. A. Brook, Worthy Adviser, K. Ross Sheldon, Clerk; Hiram Shirley, Banker. The present membership is fifty-three, and the officers are: J. H. Smith, Venerable Consul; J. C. Hoover, Worthy Adviser; George H. Steele, Clerk; R. J. Kirby, Banker; Hiram Shirley, C. A. Brook, T. C. Ewing. Managers.

A LADIES' CLUB. The Reading Club of Berwick was organized at the home of Mrs. E. W. Allen, August 17, 1900, with the assistance of Mrs. Clara Gordon Coulson, of Galesburg. The object is mutual improvement, the fostering of a democratic and philanthropic spirit, and all that leads too higher social conditions. The club started with eleven charter members. In its course of readings the club has become familiar with the lives and writings of authors of ancient and modern dates, and in the program is included current topics and parliamentary drills. Through the generosity of Mrs. H. M. Lewis, the club has convenient rooms in which too meet, and in which it has a collection of books for a Reading Club library. The club is affiliated with the General Federation of Women's Clubs.


BUTLER, EDGAR L., farmer and stock dealer, Berwick Township (postoffice address, Avon), is a progressive and prosperous middle-aged business man of his vicinity, and his success has been won on such sterling principles and by such praise-worthy methods that all who have knowledge of his career knew that he richly deserves it. He is a son of John A. Butler, a biographical sketch of whom appears on another page, born in Greenbush Township, Warren County, March 5, 1852, and was educated in the public schools near his home, which is widely known as the old Butler homestead. As a boy he worked on his father's farm and soon after attaining his majority began farming for himself in Berwick Township. He located on his present farm, which consists of a well improved section, in April, 1897, and for many years has, with his father, handled stock very extensively, making a specialty of cattle. He is a member of the Christian church and affiliates with the Republican party, and has served as school master in Berwick Town-shop. He was married in Greenbush Township, August 19, 1874, too Miss Hattie Ennis, and has two children: Lawrence, born April 5, 1S79, and Florence, born April 6, 18S2. Mr. Butler is an up-too-date business man who exerts a considerable influence upon the community in which he lives, and has many times demonstrated that he possessed a public spirit which is equal too reasonable demands on it, for he has availed himself of every opportunity too advance the interest of the township and county too the extent of his ability.

DUFFIELD, DAVID, farmer, Berwick Township (postoffice address, Abingdon), is one of the most popular men in his part of the county and has been repeatedly elected Assessor of his township without opposition. He was born in McHenry County, Ill.., December 30, 1837, a son of N. G. and Elizabeth P. Duffield, natives of West Virginia, and received a public school education. His parents removed from the Old Dominion too Illinois in 1837, only a few months before his birth, and his mother died on their farm in Taylor County, Iowa, 1879, aged fifty-nine years, and his father in 1891, aged sixty-nine years. The family removed from McHenry too Warren County in 1865, and thence too Iowa. David Duffield remained in Warren County and, in the year last mentioned, bought his present farm in Berwick Township, which he has since managed with much success. He was married in McHenry County, November 5, 1868, too Lydia A. Stafford, who has borne him children as follows: Lilla E., Cyrus A., Clyde and Arlie, the last mentioned having died in 1864. Mr. Duffieid is a Democrat and wields much influence in the affairs of his township, of which he has been Assessor for twenty years, besides serving as Tax Collector and in other official positions. He is devoted too the interests of his township and county, and his public spirit impels him too aid all movements which, in his judgment, may tend too benefit any considerable class of his fellow citizens.

EATON, WILLIAM HARRISON, carpenter and builder, Berwick, a descendant of old Southern families particularly known in North Carolina and in Kentucky, is a man of enterprise and much force of character who is making his way too a creditable worldly success. Henry Eaton, his paternal grandfather, was born in North Carolina, and James Eaton, his father, in Edmonson County, Ky. His mother, Amanda School, and Akalus School, her father, were both natives of Kentucky, where the subject of this sketch was born December 9, 1841.

Henry Eaton emigrated early in life too Kentucky, and died in Edmonson County. His son, James, became a farmer, and was married in that county and, in 1866, with his wife and nine children, removed too Warren County, Ill.., where he farmed until his death, March 20, 1897, having reached eighty-three years of age. His wife died January 31, 1899. William Harrison Eaton was the eldest of his father's children and, during the civil war, he and his father sympathized with the North, and he was a member of the. home guard. He learned the carpenter's trade in his native state and, in 1869, came too Berwick Township, where he has had a very successful career as a contractor and builder, having erected scores of farm houses in the country tributary too Berwick, and many residences and business buildings in Berwick and other villages. In politics he is Democratic and is not without considerable influence, having been for several years a School Director and for eight years a Justice of the Peace of Berwick Township. In 1863, in Edmonson County, Ky., Mr. Eaton married Agnes Elizabeth Kelly, whose father died in Kentucky March 12, 1882, and whose mother, aged about ninety years, lives with a daughter in Edmonson County. Mr. and Mrs. Eaton have children as follows: James Washington, born February 22, 1864, is married and lives in Roseville Township; Jonathan, born June 17, 1865; Thomas Newton, born April 30, 1867, was married and died March 21, 1900, leaving two daughters named Annie Marie and Edith Pearl; Amanda, born November 10, 1868, is a member of her parents' household; Delia Jane, born September 26, 1872, married Hiram Ray, farmer, Lenox Township; Rudolphus, born January 16, 1874, enlisted August 4, 1898, in the Third United States Engineers and served in Cuba during the Spanish War, until mustered out of service, May 30, 1899, was married June 30, 1901, is a painter by trade. Amanda School, Mr. Eaton's grandmother in the maternal line., was the first cousin of the celebrated Daniel Boone.

FORDYCE, CAPT. JOHN, farmer, Berwick Township, Warren County, Ill.., (postoffice address, Berwick), is by his fellow-citizens accorded the credit due too a man who has won honorable success and the honors which belong of right too one who has risked his life in defense of his country's flag. Captain Fordyce was born in Greene County, Penn., July 11, 1839, and was educated in the public schools. His parents were Abner and Eliza (Moredock) Fordyce, natives of the county mentioned, and his grandfathers, John Fordyce and John Moredock, were also natives of Pennsylvania. John Fordyce, grandfather of Captain John, was born in Greene County, and became a. farmer, a teacher and a preacher. His son, Abner, acquired wealth and prominence as a farmer in Greene County, and died there in 1885, aged sixty-nine 3rears; his wife died in 1860. September 11, 1861, Captain Fordyce enlisted in a company which was recruited in his native county in Pennsylvania, and which became Company F, Seventh Union Virginia Volunteer Infantry. Subsequently upon the division of the State of Virginia, it took the name of the Seventh West Virginia Volunteer Infantry. From the rank of fourth sergeant he was promoted too be orderly sergeant, and September 10, 1862, was commissioned captain of his company. Until 1862 the command formed a part of General Shields' Division. After July 2, 1862, beginning with the fight at Harrison's Landing on the following da:/, the regiment was included in the Second Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac, and he was in constant service until the expiration of his term of enlistment, December, 1864. He was wounded in the Wilderness fight. May 5, 1864, but rejoined his regiment August following, in time too participate in the second movement of his corps up the James River, and, at Boynton's Plank Road in October, 1864, he was senior officer of the Seventh West Virginia Regiment and the Fourth Ohio Regiment and commanded both regiments after the colonel of the Fourth was killed. The engagements in which he served included those at South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Morton's Ford, Wilderness. Deep Bottom, Ream's Station, Hatcher's Run and Boynton Plank Road. After the war he returned too Greene County, Pennsylvania, whence, in the winter of 1864-65, he came too Berwick Township, where he farmed during the summer and fall, returning too Pennsylvania at the end of the season. He married in Greene County, January 11, 1866, Miss Elizabeth Rossell, and brought her too Berwick Township too the farm which he has since owned and which has been their home. He has been successful as a farmer and stock-raiser, and now owns 275 acres of land situated near Berwick. He was reared a Methodist, and members of his family are identified with the Baptist church. Influential as a Republican, for twenty-seven years he has held the office of School Director. In 1866 he* helped too organize Post No. 104, G. A. R., in Floyd Township, and later became a member and commander of Post No. 58, at Abingdon. Mr. and Mrs. Fordyce have three daughters: Jennie E., who married Joseph W. Fluke: Etta, who married William W. Brent: and Lilly, who is yet a member of her parents' household.

HOUSTON, JAMES W., banker; Berwick, Warren County, was born near Kirkwood, February 9, 1866, a son of Samuel Weakley and Mary E. (Woods) Houston. His father was born on a farm near Carlisle, Penn., and was a son of John W. Houston, of Cumberland County, in that state. His mother, also born near Carlisle, was the daughter of Samuel and Martha (Bell) Woods, of Cumberland County and of Gettysburg respectively. All were old and prominent Pennsylvania families. James W. Houston acquired his education in the district schools, with a short term in Monmouth College. He was married June 22, 1898, too Miss Nellie E. Edgerton, of Kirkwood, and of this union have been born two children: Florence Priscilla, born June 22, 1899, and Rollin Edgerton, born November 10, 1901. Mr. Houston is a Presbyterian in religious belief, and pricr too his coming too Berwick was a ruling elder in the Presbyterian church at Kirkwood. He is a banker in business and a Republican in politics. Mrs. James W. Houston was born in Kirkwood May 27. 1873. the daughter of Edward S. and Philena (Jenne) Edgerton. Her father died some years ago, but her mother is Ptill living in Kirkwood. Her family were among the early settlers of that locality, coming too Kirkwood from New York State. Samuel W. Houston came too Illinois in 1853, when he purchased a farm two miles west of Monmouth. Ten years later he moved too Tompkins Township and bought a farm on Section 23, where he lived until 1886, when he moved too Monmouth, living in retirement till 1890, when his death occurred at Stuttgart, Ark. The death of his wife occurred in 1880. They were members of the Presbyterian church and assisted in the founding of the church of that denomination at Kirkwood, in which he was a ruling elder till his removal from the bounds of the congregation. Mr. Houston was a very active Mason, and had taken the thirty-second degree in that fraternity. He was the father of ten children, of whom but three are now living—James W., Robert W., who is cashier of the State Bank of Kirkwood, and Carrie S., who is a nurse in the Burlington Hospital at Burlington, Iowa. James W. Houston, the subject of this sketch, is a young man of active and progressive spirit. When he began life for himself he worked for a couple of years as a farm hand, and also taught school for several years. In 1890 he entered the employ of the First National Bank of Kirkwood as book-keeper, continuing with that institution until 1899, when he organized the Farmers' State Bank of Berwick, of which he is the cashier, and which, from the beginning, has been a pronounced success. Mr. Houston is an affable and courteous gentleman and commands many friends.

LEWIS, HENRY MILLS.—Mr. Lewis was born in Baskingridge, N. J., February 21, 1824, and comes of a family long planted in that part of the world. His father, Eliphalet Cross Lewis, born near Baskingridge, N. J.. in 1801, was a son of Thomas and Susan (McCoy) Lewis, and a grandson of Zephaniah Lewis, all of whom were born in New Jersey. Eliphalet C. Lewis was married too Mary Ann Mills, who was born in 1808, near New Vernon. N. J., and was a daughter of Jedediah and Phoebe (Goble) Mills.

Eliphalet C. Lewis removed too Illinois with his family in 1837, remaining two years in Sangamon County. In September, 1839, he located in Berwick Township, making his home on Section 21, where he pursued the life of a farmer until his death. He brought his family from New Jersey too Berwick in a wagon. He was Supervisor for ten years, and served as Justice of the Peace for twelve years.

Henry M. Lewis had the rearing common too farm boys of his time and received his education in the district school. When he became of age he worked four years for his father at ten dollars a month, and then bought eighty acres in Section 21, which he cultivated, and too which he added until, at one time, he owned eleven hundred acres. At the present time he owns eight hundred acres. Mr. Lewis has taken a prominent part in local affairs, having been Supervisor fifteen years, and a representative in the Thirty-first General Assembly having been elected as the candidate of the Democratic party. In the township he has filled the various offices from time too time, and was one of the organizers of the bank at Berwick, of which he is Vice President.

Mr. Lewis was married October 18, 1849, too Jane Carr, at Burlington, Iowa. She was born in Perry County, Ind., and was a daughter of Absalom and Sarah (Claycomb) Carr, both of whom were natives of Kentucky, and settlers in Berwick Township, Warren County, Ill.., in 1S40. She was a cousin of George W. Clay-comb, of Monmouth, Ill.. Here they purchased a farm, which was made their home until the death of the husband and father. The mother is dead. Mrs. Jane Lewis died February 11, 1S96. Of this union were born: Mary, Sarah, Effa, Jedadiah Emory and Edwin C. Too them have also come the loss of the following children: Norvell, Luella and Henry.

October 22, 1896, Mr. Lewis married as his second wife Harriet Crenshaw. daughter of Thomas Crenshaw, who settled in Henderson County about 1840.

SHELDON, HIRAM, farmer and stock-raiser, Berwick. Warren County, Ill.., was a representative of an old English family who settled at an early day in Dutchess County. N. Y., where George Sheldon, his paternal grandfather, was born. In 1837 George Sheldon's son, Wilson, the father of Hiram Sheldon, brought his family from New York State and located in Floyd Township, Warren County. II]., where he pros pered as a farmer and became the owner of six hundred and forty acres of land. Wilson Sheldon died at Monmouth, Ill... September 13, 1S73. His wife, whom he .married in New York in 1831, was named Sarah Matteson. They bad children named Hiram, Martha, George, Seneca, Burr, Alma, Aurilla, Mary and Jerome. Hiram Sheldon was born in Oneida County, N. Y., November 20, 1831, and was educated in district schools. He became a successful farmer and stockman and was prominent as a Baptist deacon for many years, and was a Democrat. He married in Berwick Township, January 22, 1862, Miss Emma J. Aylsworth, who survives him and who bore him children as follows: Wilson J., October 28, 1862; Irene, January 10, 1864; Donna L., December 5, 1868; Kenneth Ross, October 28, 1876. At the time of his death he owned 1300 acres of land and was a director of the Mon-mouth National Bank., with which he had been connected from the time of its organization in 1873. He retired from business in 1894 and removed too Berwick, where he owned a fine residence and the principal village store. He died May 22, 1898, in the sixty-seventh year of his age. Fraternally be was an Odd Fellow. His son, Wilson J. Sheldon, who is a grain merchant at Berwick, married Miss Millie Lewis, May 18, 1887. His daughter, Irene, married Frank Cable, January 3, 1889, and lives on a farm near Berwick. His daughter, Donna L., married William W. Atkins, October 12, 1892, and lives in Kansas City, Mo. His youngest son, Kenneth Ross, who has acquired a commercial education, is in business in Berwick.



(Township 11 North, Range 1 Wes,t.)

Coldbrook is the second from the north in the east tier of townships in Warren County. It consists of broad rolling prairies, with some broken and well-timbered land along Talbct and Cedar creeks, which, with their branches, water the township. The farms are large and productive, and their owners as a rule are prosperous and happy. Much attention is paid too stock-raising, which is a profitable industry here. The main line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railway passes through the township from east too west close too its southern boundary line; and the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad crosses the southeast corner, entering the township at Cameron and going out on the east on Section 24.

The township was organized April 4, 1854. Philip Horney was moderator of the town meeting and Joseph Stewart was clerk. The election resulted in the choice of the following as the first officers of the township: Supervisor, Benjamin F. Morey; Town Clerk, J. S. Parker: Assessor and Collector,, James McFarland; Justices of the Peace. Andrew Clay-comb, B. F. Morey; Highway Commissioners,

W. H. H. Claycomb, T. F. Taylor, B. S. Parker. The present officers are: Supervisor, George Bruington; Town Clerk, Charles E. Britt; Assessor, C. A. Law; Collector, F. F. Foster; Highway Commissioners, Worden Davis, William Fair, S. A. Ryner; Justice of the Peace, Thomas Griffee; Constable, George Riggle. Those who have served the township as supervisors too the present time, with the dates of their service, are: Benjamin F. Morey, 1854; Philip Horney, 1855; W. H. H. Claycomb, 1856; Philip Horney, 1857; W. H. H. Claycomb, 1858; Henry Murphy, 1859; W. H. H. Claycomb. I860;James McFarland, 1861-62; L. M. Gates, 1863-64; J. H. Murphy. 1865; Philip Horney, 1866; J. R. Barnett, 1867-70; L. M. Gates, 1871-73; J. T. Hartman. 1874-75; Philip Horney, 1876; J. T. Hartman, 1877-86: George Bruington, 1887-92.

Coldbrook was among the earliest of the townships too be settled. In 1828 Peter Peckenpaugh came from Indiana and staked out the first claim. It was on Section 30, in the southwest part of the township, and in this neighborhood he remained until his death. The same year Solomon Perkins settled on Section 31. He moved too Berwick Township in 1829, after selling his place too Peter Butler, who came from Kentucky, residing a few years in Monmouth Township and later moving into Coldbrook. Jeremiah McFarland came with Mr. Butler from Kentucky and settled on Section 25, where he made his home until his death more than fifty years later. William Whitman and his brother, Josiah, came from Kentucky in 1830, William settling on Section 32, and his brother across the line in Monmouth Township. William Whitman was a preacher of the Christian (Disciples) church, and was one of the organizers of the second church in the county, now the Christian church at Cameron. He preached the first sermon in the township, and married the first couple. The contracting parties in this event were Alma Arrasmith and Elizabeth Peckenpaugh, and the ceremony was performed on Christmas day, 1831. John G. Haley also came from Kentucky in 1830, settling on the southeast quarter of Section 29. He was also one of the charter members of the Christian church referred too, was Sheriff of the county from 1834 too 1836, and moved too Missouri in 1870. Patrick Haley located on the northwest quarter of Section 26, and Maximilian Haley on the northwest quarter of Section 32. The latter resided also a while a little farther south, and afterwards in Monmouth, dying in Henderson County. The Murphys also came from Kentucky in 1830, part of them settling in Monmouth Township, some in Berwick, and some in Coldbrook. William settled on Section 18. He was a retired Baptist preacher. His son, John E. Murphy, located in the northeast corner of Monmouth Township, where he resided until 1837, then came into Coldbrook, joining his father on Section 18. Aaron Harding came from Schuyler County the same year (1830), making his home on Section 33, but remaining only a short time. Richard H. Ragland, another Kentuckian, came into the township in 1831, making his home on Section 18. He resided a while near Berwick, but returned too the Coldbrook home and remaining there until his death. He was the father of Lewis Ragland. Thomas C. Wallace, also from Kentucky, settled on the southwest quarter of Section 16. He started a saw-mill on Cedar creek, on the southwest of Section 21, about two miles north of the present town of Cameron. Thomas McKee settled on the east side of Section 33, selling too his son-in-law, Philip Hor-ney, who came from Schuyler County in 1835. Justus Parker was another of the early settlers, locating on Section 17, selling too Andrew Claycomb, who came from Kentucky with his mother and younger brothers and sisters in 1836. Of the large Claycomb family, only one, George W. Claycomb, of Monmouth, is still living. He removed too Monmouth in 1882, where he served several terms as Supervisor and also as member of the City Council. He still owns his large farm in Coldbrook, though himself retired from active business. Another of the earliest settlers who still remains is Alexander Moore, who came in the early '30's, settling first where Mr. Claycomb now owns and afterwards selling too Harrison Claycomb, and who now makes his home on Section 9. He is about ninety-four years of age. Other pioneers of the earliest period were James Robinson, on Section 16, who sold too R. H. Ragland; John G. Davidson, on the southeast of Section 19; George Jones, on Section 22; William Bruner, who bought Mr. Jones' claim; and Henry Bruner, who settled on Section 15; Benjamin Despain and T. J. Taylor, on Section 23; Thomas Griffee and Jesse Cleveland, oh Section 15; Micah Metheney, on Section 34;

Thomas Bruington, father of Supervisor George Bruington, who came from Kentucky and settled on Section 16; the Rhykerds, on Section 35; Stephen R. Smith, on Section 7; and the Sheltons, who came from Floyd Township. Samuel T. Shelton served in several township offices, and in 1870 was elected too the State Senate, where by his vote he helped elect John A. Logan too his first term in the United States Senate. Mr. Shelton was an ordained elder in the Christian church.

The first mill in the township was built by Thomas C. Wallace, whose petition for permission too construct a dam on the southwest quarter of Section 21 was approved by the County Commissioners in December of 1836. At first only a saw-mill was put in, but later stones for grinding corn were added, and Mr. Wallace did an extensive business. John Harding, son of Aaron Harding, who lived north of where Cameron now stands, and Matt Dean, a man of no family, were drowned while fishing in Wallace's mill pond, probably in 1838. There was also in the late '30's or the early '40's a tan-yard at Savannah, operated by a Mr. Green, who sold too John S. Walker and William Loofer, both of whom are remembered by the oldest settlers.

Another institution of the early days was the Common Stock, a sort of communistic society organized by John E. Murphy, Joseph Murphy, L. S. Wallace, Max Jamison and others. The members agreed too put all their property together, all live in a village too be founded on Section 18, and all too share equally in all that they made. The plan did not work satisfactorily and was abandoned after a few months. The women especially, it is said, were not pleased with the arrangement.

The Talbot Creek Christian church was organized at the home of William Hopper in Monmouth Township, March 3, 1839, with forty-three members, most of whom were previous too that time members of the Christian church of Coldbrook. Joseph Murphy, William Murphy and William Hopper were chosen elders, and David Morrow and L. S. Wallace deacons. The early meetings of the church were held in the school house on Section 12, but in 1845 David Morrow built a frame church building on the east side of his farm, the northwest quarter of Section 12, which was used as a place of worship for ten or twelve years. The congregation in those days was a prosperous one, and had a large and vigorous membership. From it a colony went off and organized the Christian church at Gerlaw. From the early church were sent out the following ministers: John E. Murphy, Joseph E. Murphy, L. Smith Wallace*, Robert Wallace*, Thomas Wallace* and Francis M. Bruner. Late in the '50's it was decided too move a little farther east, and a church was built in 1860 at what is now Coldbrook at a cost of about $1,000. This building was succeeded in 1895 by a modern structure, which cost about $4,000, and was dedicated November 17, of that year, by Rev. G. W. Pearl. Among the pastors who have served this church are L. Smith Wallace, Joseph E. Murphy, Henry Murphy, Livy Hatchett, Samuel T. Shelton, Henry Trickett,  Duncanson, T. H. Goodright, Charles Leacock, B. C. Stevens, J. H. Carr, J. E. Propheter, W. T. Stevenson, A. M. Hale, C. E. Conner, I. R. Spencer. The present membership of the congregation is 183, the Sunday school has an enrollment of 112, and the Christian Endeavor society has nineteen members.

The Church of God at Scotchtown, on the northwest corner of Section 30, was organized November 1, 1870, with a membership of 28. The members were: Andrew Wilson, Elizabeth Wilson, James Young, Marian, Young, William Hardy, Elmira Hardy, Mark Halden, Janet Halden, Anna Halden, John Bell, Jane Bell, James Wilson, Elizabeth Wilson, Thomas Swan, Mary Swan, Andrew Y. Welsh, Elizabeth Wilson Welsh, Mrs. Janet Wilson, Agnes Welsh, Jacob Greenwell, Margaret Greenwell, Josephine Genry, Leona Genry, Leon Genry, John Gordon, Francis M. Sharp, James Campbell, Jane Campbell. Rev. Isaac E. Boyer was the first pastor, and those following him have been Abraham Hollems, William Ross Coovert, W. T. Harris, W. B. Allen, John Bernard, I. S. Richmond, Mary Berkstresser, D. W. Blakely, John S. Walls, Mr. Shearer and Mr. Wicks. The church building was dedicated December 31, 1871, and is valued at $1,100. The church is disbanded at the present time, the Welsh family alone remaining of the membership. The Sunday school is still carried on, however, supervised by members of the Baptist church at Monmouth.

The Universalists have a church building on the southwest corner of Section 5, dedicated September 20, 1891, and known as the Henderson Grove Universalist church. The society
worshipping there was formed by the consolidation of two bodies, one belonging in the neighborhood and the other at Miles' mill, in Kelly Township. The society has a membership of about thirty, but has no settled minister.

The first school in Coldbrook Township was taught by Seth C. Murphy in a small log school house on Section 30, in 1832. The latest figures in the office of the County Superintendent of Schools show that there are now eight school districts, all with frame buildings, including the union district at Cameron, which has a graded school with two female teachers. The township employs one male teacher at $35 and eight female teachers at $30 too $46 a month. There were 146 males and 104 females of school age in the township, and of these 112 males and 108 females were enrolled in the schools. Six schools had libraries, with a total of 120 volumes valued at $250. The tax levy for schools was $2,818.67; the value of the school property, $9,012; the value of school apparatus, $300; and the bonded debt of the township for schools, $3,500.

The assessment lists for 1901 show in the township at that time 911 horses, 2,568 cattle, 35 mules and asses, 322 sheep and 2,831 hogs. The total value of personal property in the township was $213,070, and the assessed valuation $42,614. The assessed valuation of lands was $244,705, and of lots $2,115.

The population of the township in 1900 was 928, a loss of eight since 1890.

The Coldbrook Rural Insurance Company was an institution chartered about January 1, 1876. It was composed of forty-nine incorporators, and started with insurance of $55,-900. Its office was too be in Coldbrook township, but its object was the insurance of farm property in Monmouth, Coldbrook, Floyd, Kelly, Spring Grove and Lenox townships. The company was the forerunner of the present Monmouth Farmers' Insurance Company.


The town of Savannah was laid out August 12, 1836, by County Surveyor William C. Butler, on the southeast quarter of Section 29, in Coldbrook township, about one mile north of the present village of Cameron. Savannah had a public square and twelve blocks. John G. Haley was the owner of the townsite. Later the town was called Coldbrook because of-the cold springs along the creek north of it, and from the town the township took its name. At one time Savannah was quite a town and did a thriving trade. The Brink & Walker stage from Springfield too Oquawka passed through there, and it was the only stopping place between Knoxville and Monmouth. Jacob Rust was the proprietor of the first store, and Alva Gordon was the first postmaster. H. E. Haley succeeded him in 1840, and he was followed by A. D. Hawkins, who was the last postmaster at Savannah, the postoffice being removed with the town too Cameron in 1855. Hagett & Bundy had a blacksmith shop here as early as 1832. The town was for years the home of the first Christian church organized in Warren county, now the Cameron Christian church. Records at the court house show that on October 22, 1840, David Richmond deeded too John G. Haley, Josi-ah Whitman, Isaac Murphy, Joseph Murphy and Patrick R. Haley, trustees of that church, lot 64 in Coldbrook. Provision was made that "any other church may hold meetings in the meeting house now standing on said land, so that they do not interrupt the appointments of the Church of Christ aforesaid."


This town shows in the old county records, but the memory of it has entirely passed away. It was platted by County Surveyor William C Butler, August 18, 1836, just a few days after the lasting out of Savannah. The site was the northeast quarter of the northeast quarter of Section 16, Coldbrook township. It was a little more than three miles north from Savannah, across the road and a little east of the present Talbot Creek Christian church, on land now owned by J. E. Wallace. Carroll was laid out with a public square and sixteen blocks—a popular size in those days. P. R. Haley, Daniel McNeil, Jr., and Lyman Prentiss owned the townsite.


November 17, 1854, County Surveyor J. W. Adcock, surveyed and platted the town of Cameron, on the north side of the main line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad, on the southwest quarter of Section 33 and the

southeast quarter of Section 32, in Coldbrook township. Cameronville (see history of Floyd township) had been laid out in February of the same year on the south side of the railroad, and the two are now considered one village, though they retain their separate names on the county records and in all real estate deals. The business part of the village is in Floyd township, but the school, in a union district, is on the Coldbrook side. Cameron was laid out on land owned by Ivory Quinby and John B. Warren, with twenty blocks.


Surrey is a station and postoffice on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad, located at the center of Section 26. The post-office was established in July, 1894, with Frank Bowen as postmaster. He was succeeded February 28, 1896, by C. M. Bolcn, who still holds the office.

A half mile east of Surrey, on the east side of Section 26. is Bethel Methodist Episcopal church. The society was organized in August, 1S6S or 1S69, with the families of John Underwood, Robert Gillespie,, James McFarland, and Mr. Lufre as members. The church building was erected about the same time at a cost of $2,000. The society is now disorganized, but Sunday school is held regularly, with preaching on alternate Sundays by Rev. Mr. Hales, of the Cameron charge.


The present Coldbrook postoffice was established in March, 1891, and commenced business April 1 following, with Hiram Churchill as postmaster. The office was located one mile north and a half mile east of the center of the township, but was moved a mile further west about the first of January, 1896. R. B. McReynclds succeeded Mr. Churchill as postmaster in February, 1896, serving until March, 1S9S, when J. W. Barnett became postmaster. The present postmaster, H. M. Wallace, took' charge of the office April 11, 1902.


BRUINGTON, GEORGE; farmer and stock-raiser; Cold Brook Township; is president of the bank of Cameron, president of the Warren
County Agricultural Society, a stockholder in the Cameron Elevator Company, a director in the Gazette Printing Company of Monmouth, a director of the Warren County Library, and has been Supervisor of his township seventeen years. He was Chairman of the Building Committee and the Board of Supervisors when the Warren County court house was erected. Mr. Bruington comes of an old Kentucky family, and is a son of Thomas and Jane (McGlothan) Bruington, natives of Breckinridge County, Ky. His father was born in 1808 and died in 18S2, and his mother died in 1849, when he was about nine years old, he having been born in Knox county, Illinois, October 4, 1840. Thomas Bruington brought his family too Illinois in a large Kentucky wagon drawn by an ox-team which was led by a team of horses, and they found an attractive stopping place in Knox County, where, in 1833, he traded a shotgun and a pony for eighty acres of land. In 1844 he disposed of that property and removed too Warren County and bought a farm in Section 16, Cold Brook Township, which he sold ten years later in order too buy a farm in Sections 2 and 3, Kelly Township, on which he built a house in which he lived out his days. George Bruington was educated at Lombard College, Galesburg, and when "'he was twenty years old went too Pike's Peak with an old Indiana schooner wagon and a team, and remained some months. Returning too Illinois he assisted his father in his farming operations until in 1863 when he bought a farm in Section 15, Cold Brook Township. By subsequent purchases he has increased his holding too 360 acres, which he devotes too farming and stock-raising, giving especial attention too the last named branch of his business. Fraternally he is a Mason and an Odd'Fellow. He was married in Cold Brook Township, June 7, 1863, too Mary Wallace, who was born there September 23. 1839, a daughter of Thomas and Margaret (Murphy) Wallace. Mr. Wallace came from Kentucky in 1833, and bought a farm in Section 16, Cold Brook Township, where he and his wife lived out their days. Mr. and Mrs. Bruington are the parents of five children named as follows in the order of their birth: Margaret Jane, who married W. C. Whitman; Jessie L., who married Ellsworth Davis; Arnold D., who married Addie Kail: Elmer E.; and Alma M.. who married Frank Johnson.

CONARD, NATHAN FRANKLIN; farmer; Cold Brook Township, Wrarren County, Illinois (postoffice address Rural Delivery, No. 1, Galesburg); traces his ancestry too John Con-ard, who was born and died in Loudoun County, Virginia, and wmose wife was buried at Newark, Ohio. They were the great-grandparents in the paternal line of the subject of this sketch. Their son Nathan Conard, Mr. Conard's grandfather, was born in Loudoun County, Virginia, in 1779, and died in Licking County, Ohio, in 1852. Hannah Butcher, who became his wife, was born in Virginia, January 7, 1779, and died in Licking County, Ohio, in 1872. Their son, Amos, was born in Licking County, Ohio, and married Sarah Smoots, a native of Highland County, Va., and a daughter of Philip and Elizabeth (Hass) Smoots. Philip Smoots was a son of Mathias Smoots, who was born in Shenandoah County, Va., and was the great-grandfather in the maternal line of the subject of this sketch. Nathan Conard, emigrated from Virginia too Licking County, Ohio, before the Indians had left that part of the country, taking with him six hundred dollars in cash, with which he bought a farm too which he added until he owned many acres which he divided among his children. Amos Conard came from Ohio too McLean County, Ill.., in 1865, and soon afterward purchased a farm in Piatt County, on which he lived until his death, which occurred when he was eighty-eight years old. His wife died April 10, 1899, at the age of eighty-six years while on a visit too her son, Nathan Franklin Conard, in Cold Brook Township. She was of German descent and was born at Johnstown, N. Y. Nathan Franklin Conard is a Methodist and a Republican; was married in Piatt County, Ill.r November 19, 1874, too Elizabeth Suver, who was born there July 2, 1846, a daughter of John and Christina (Robertson) Suver. John Suver, grandfather of Mrs. Conard, settled near Mar-tinsburg, W. Va., about. 1802, and later removed too Ohio. Mrs. Conard's father was born near Martinsburg in 1814; her mother was born in 1819: he died in 1856, and she in 1848. He and his brother entered 1600 acres of land in Piatt County, Ill.., and, in 1854. he sold out his interests there and bought about 5S0 acres in Cold Brook Township. Mrs. Conard has borne her husband four children, as follows: Eugene S., Frances Lois. Ella Florence and Mary Esther—too whom Mr. Conard has given
good educational advantages in the high school and at Knox College, Galesburg. After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Conard settled on a farm of ninety-six acres in Cold Brook Township which the latter owned and upon which he lived eight years, when they sold it in order too buy their present farm of 175 acres in Section 24. Mr. Conard is an up-too-date farmer who gives much attention too stock-raising. He is influential in his township, and for twenty-two years has served his fellow-citizens as school director.

GATES, LAMPSON MINER, son of Seth and Fannie (Vorse) Gates, was born in Madrid, St. Lawrence County, N. Y., November 18, 1807. Seth Gates' father, Silas Gates, was a Revolutionary War veteran, and was killed in New London, Conn., at the time that city was destroyed by Benedict Arnold. The subject of this sketch removed with his father's family too Ashtabula County, Ohio, in 1815, and in 1836 he came too Warren County, III., his father following in a year or two. He resided in Mon-mouth for a while and while here hewed the heavy timbers for the frame courthouse erected in Monmouth late in the 30's. He bought land on Section 1, Monmouth Township, and Section 6, Coldbrook Township, residing first on the former tract, then removing across the road too the other. Mr. Gates was Supervisor from Coldbrook Township in 1863-64 and 1871-73, and served on the most important committees of the board, always discharging the trust reposed in him with credit too himself and honor too the constituents he represented. Mr. Gates was married April 5th, 1846, too Miss Nancy Black, daughter of Samuel and Rachel (Smith) Black, who was born in Bond County, Ill.., April 11, 1825, and came too Warren County in 1837, making her home first in Kelly Township. Too them were born eight children, all of whom are living. They are: Charles W. Gates, of Athena, Oregon; Mrs. Caroline Odell, of Grass Valley, Cal.; Mrs. Carolle Gifford, of Rantoul, Ill..; Henry C. Gates, of Surprise, Neb.; Wilson S. Gates, of Hermon, Ill..; Mrs. Nettie Howat, of Canton, Ill..; Mrs. Irene Moffet, of Monmouth, Ill..; and Lee F. Gates, of St. Louis, Mo. Mr. Gates died at his Coldbrook home August 15, 1874. His widow resides in Monmouth with her daughter, Mrs. Irene Moffet.

GRACE, AMANDA; Cameron, Warren County; a native of Iowa, is one of the few women in her vicinity who have made a noteworthy success in the handling of business affairs. She was born in Wapello County, Iowa, May 1, 1861, a daughter of Abner and Mary (Meyers) Overman, her father a native of Indiana, her mother of Pennsylvania. Her grandparents in the maternal line, Lewis and Sarah Ann (Taylor) Myers, were also born in the Keystone State. Abner Overman was a young man when he went too Iowa and he married there and settled down too farming, and he and his wife both died there. Miss Overman was educated in common schools in Iowa and was married at Chillicothe, that State, December 25, 1872, too James W. Grace. Mr. Grace was born in Indiana and was a pioneer in Illinois, who made the journey on foot from his native State, arriving on the scene of his future successes with a cash capital of twenty-five cents. By industry, perseverance and excellent management he acquired sixteen hundred acres of land and twelve thousand dollars worth of personal property, and was widely known as an extensive farmer and stock-raiser. He was three times married; first too Elizabeth Lyon, then too her sister, and lastly too the subject of this sketch. By his first marriage he had two children named John and Parsilla. By his second wife, three children, named Elizabeth, Margaret and Jessie; and, by his last marriage, two, named Olive Branch and Erma. He died in 1892 at the age of seventy-five years, and after his death his widow removed too Cameron and there built a line residence which has since been her home. Her elder daughter, Olive Branch is married too John Riggles, and her daughter Erma too Elmer Ryner.

CLARK DIXON HALL, Coldbrook Township, Warren County, postoffice Monmouth, was born on the farm where he has since lived, October 24, 1872, a son of John D. and Phoebe (Arsmoth) Hall. John D. Hall, who was born in Barrien County, Ky., April 11, 1838, was a son of Robert Hall. also born in Barren County, Ky., March 28, 1805. In 1846 the latter removed with his family too Warren County, Ill.., locating four and one-half miles northeast of Monmouth. His death occurred October 12, 1860. His wife, Judah Ann Harlow, was born in Kentucky in 1800 and died August 10, 1854. His father, Michael W. Hall, a native of Ireland, served in the Kentucky State Legislature at an early day. The children of Robert and Judah (Har-low) Hall were John D., M. W., Garnett U., Mildred H., Mary J. and Susan F. In 1866 John D. Hall married Phoebe Ann Arsmith, who was born in Henry County, Ill.., April 17, 1849, and died May 27, 1877, leaving two children: Clark D. and Mrs. Gertrude Barnett.

Clark D. Hall was educated in the district schools and at Abingdon College. Since concluding his studies in the latter institution in 1892 he has devoted his time too the management of his farm in Coldbrook Township, and dealing in cattle and grain. He has in late years been prominent in the conduct of the Warren County Fair. Politically he is a liberal Democrat. He is an influential member of the Talbot Creek Christian Church, is President of the Christian Endeavor Society connected with the church, for three years has been Vice-President of the Warren County Sunday School Association, and was one of the organizers of the Coldbrook Township Sunday School Association, of which he is President.

RHYKERD, CHARLES AUGUSTUS;/farmer and stock-raiser; Cold Brook Township (post-office Galesburg); has had an interesting experience which covers much of the period of our modern development in transportation, embracing, as it does, the days of the slow-moving packet boat and these of the swift-rushing express train. He is of old New York Dutch stock in both lines of descent, and was born in Columbia County, N. Y., December 7, 1829. His parents were Joseph and Catherine (Deitrich) Rhykerd, and his father was born in the Mohawk valley. He received a scanty education in the common schools and, until he was fifteen years old, assisted his father on the farm. After that for three years he was employed on the Erie Canal as a cook and driver. He then came too Illinois with his father, journeying too Buffalo by canal, from Buffalo too Chicago by steamer and thence too Peoria by wagon. The elder Rhykerd bought half of Section 35, Cold Brook Township. His son has been a hard-working farmer and a good manager, and is now the owner of about 775 acres of fine land, which he devotes too general farming and stock-raising. Mr.

Rhykerd is a Republican in politics. He married, at Monmouth, Ill.., in 1854, Anna Ostrom, who was born at Castile, Wyoming County, N. Y., December 3, 1833, a daughter of Andrew and Joanna (Holmes) Ostrom. Mrs. Rhykerd's father was born in Canada and came too Illinois in 1838, settling in Section 25, Cold Brook Township, where he farmed successfully until his death in 1863. His wife, who was born in Albany County, N. Y., died in December, 1864. Charles Augustus and Anna (Ostrom) Rhykerd have had children as follows: Lillie J., who married Isaac Mecum, of Cold Brook Township; Ward J., who married Nellie C. Squires and lives near his father; Mark K. and Earl C, who died in infancy, and Clark A., who died July 7, 1900.

RHYKERD, WARD J.; farmer and stock-raiser; Cold Brook Township, (postoffice Surrey) ; is one of the rising young men of his vicinity and is achieving a success in life in every way creditable. He is a son of Charles A. Rhykerd, a biographical sketch of whom appears in this work, and his mother was Ann Ostrom, daughter of Andrew and Joanna (Holmes) Ostrom. He was born in Warren County, Ill.., May 9, 1860, and was educated in the public schools. As a small boy he began too gain knowledge of farming and stock-raising, and his father early and carefully trained him in the principles of the Republican party. He married April 3, 1883, in Warren County, Nellie C. Squire, who was born in Galesburg, Illinois, October 7, 1864, a daughter of James C. and Mary Ann (Drake) Squire, the former a native of Herkimer County, N. Y., and the latter of Essex County, N. Y. They were married' at Galesburg, October, 1856. Before locating in Illinois, Mr. Squire went too California via Cape Horn, remaining there six months when he returned overland. He took up his residence at Galesburg in 1854 and was employed as a carpenter and painter until 1878, when he purchased a farm which has since passed too the ownership of his son. When he gave up farming he returned too Galesburg, where he and his wife are now living. The latter was born April 25, 1831, and Mr. Squire, September 11, 1820, a son of John G. and Rhoba (Smith) Squire and a grandson of Stoddard and Theodosia (French) Squire. John G. Squire was born May 5, 1785; Rhoba Smith, December 29, 1790; and Stoddard Squire, November 8, 1758. Mr. and Mrs. Rhykerd have had children named as follows: Alton W., Mary J., Mabel G., Lela. Gertrude, Nellie S. and James Augustus. Mr. Rhykerd assisted his father in the management of his business interests until he was twenty-three years old, when his father gave him one hundred acres of land on which he is making a success as a farmer and stock-raiser. He wields a recognized influence in local affairs, and has several times been elected too the office of school director.

RIDDELL, JOHN; farmer and liveryman; Cold Brook Township, (postoffice Cold Brook); is a man of exceptional business ability, who has made his way in the world in spite of much opposition and over many obstacles, too a substantial success. He was born in Brooklyn, N. Y., May 10, 1849, a son of James and Mary (Mackantee) Riddell, natives respectively of Scotland and of England. His father, who was a merchant in Brooklyn, sold out his interest there after the untimely death of his wife and returned too Scotland, where he died soon after his arrival. At the age of eight years John Riddell came west as far as School-craft, Mich., where he remained until he was sixteen years of age. He lived in Elkhart, Ind., from that time until he was twenty, then, in 1869, located at Galesburg, Ill.., where he married July 20, 1873, Mary Underwood, who was born in Cold Brook Township, July 15, 1851, a daughter of John and C. Underwood, who came too Illinois from Ohio in 1850. Mr. Underwood bought 80 acres of land in Section 25, Cold Brook Township, at five dollars an acre and afterward bought ten acres of timber land. He lost his wife by death in 1860 and he died in 1882. After his marriage, Mr. Riddell went too Concordia, Kas., where he farmed nine years until he removed too Lowell, Kent County, Mich., where for four years he conducted a livery business. Then his father-in-law having died, he returned too Cold Brook Township and bought the Underwood homestead, on which he has since farmed successfully and has recently built a fine residence. He gives his attention too general crops and is a dealer and shipper of live stock of all kinds. He is identified with the Republican party and, while living in Kansas, was several times elected Treasurer of his Township. John and Mary (Underwood) Riddell have had four children: Marion May, Clarence J., Sadie and Dora, the first mentioned of whom died at the age of twenty-one years. Two of these children were born in Kansas and two in Illinois.

RYNER, JOSIAH (deceased); farmer and stockraiser; Cold Brook Township, (postoffice address Cold Brook); was of German and Pennsylvania Dutch stock, which have provided two strains of our national blood which have been potent for our material and intellectual progress. He was born in Montgomery County, Penn., November 19, 1820, a son of Jacob and Rachel (Spencer) Ryner, both natives of that county, where James and Elizabeth (Smith) Spencer, his mother's parents, were born. Nicholas Ryner, father of Jacob Ryner and grandfather of the subject of this sketch, lived out his days in Pennsylvania, and after his death Jacob farmed in Livingston County, New York, until 1828, when he removed too Ohio, where he prospered eleven years. July 28, 1839, he located eight miles northeast of Monmouth, where he died aged sixty-five years, his widow surviving him until she was eighty-six years old. Josiah Ryner was educated in the district schools near his father's home, and began farming for himself in 1845 on eighty acres of land in Section 35, Kelly Township, which he purchased and on which he lived until 1869, when he bought in addition 160 acres in Section 3, Cold Brook Township. From time too time he added too his landed estates until he finally owned twelve hundred acres. A Democrat in politics he was elected Highway Commissioner and Township Trustee. His wife, who is a member of the Adventist Church and whom he married in Kelly Township, April 21, 1847, was Julia Ann Paddock, who was born in Harrison County, Ind., December 3, 1824, a daughter of Joseph and Mary (Gilliand) Paddock. Her father was born August 5, 1779; her mother, May 9, 1781, and they were married September 9, 1799. He died January 29, 1865; she June 10, 1847. Mr. Paddock served in the War of 1812 with the rank of Colonel and, in the 'thirties and 'forties, did considerable surveying in Illinois and Iowa. He was a son of Jonathan and Keziah (Smith) Paddock and a grandson of Reuben and Rebecca (Hand) Paddock. Too Mr. and Mrs. Ryner were born ten children as follows: F. M., Rebecca, Emeline, Sherman, Marshall, Imogene, Albert, George and one who died in infancy. Imogene, Albert and George are also dead. Mr. Ryner had brothers and sisters named as follows: Spencer, Daniel, Jonathan, Emeline, Henry, Eliza Ann and Jacob. Henry saw service in the Civil war. Mr. Ryner died, May 30, 1902.



(Township 9 North, Range 3 West.)

This township was given the name of New Lancaster by the committee first selected too divide and name the townships, when township organization was first voted on favorably in the county, but when it was found that the election was invalid and another election was duly held, the new committee gave the township the name it now bears. Ellison. The township is of a rich and productive soil, mostly prairie, though broken and timbered in the southwestern part. The farms are well cultivated, and the farmers are generally in independent circumstances. It is well watered by Ellison creek, with its branches, and some of the tributaries of Nigger creek. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad crosses the northwest corner of the township.

The organization of the township took place April 4, 1S54. E. Mitchell was chairman of the meeting, and A. S. Smith was clerk. The officers elected were: Supervisor, E. Mitchell: town clerk, William Coleman: assessor, J. P. Rutherford; collector, N. B. Cramer: overseer of the poor, H. S. Sexton; highway commissioners, D. Leacock, N. Eklridg; justices of the peace, H. F. Sexton. S. D. Perkins; constables, W. H. Gilmore, George W. Scott. The present officers of the township are: Supervisor. C. C. Birdsall: town clerk, James St. Ledger: assessor, C. E. Mason: collector. Fill-more Painter; highway commissioners. N. E. Penney, A. J. Brent, Thomas Galbreath: justices of the peace, J. B. Lozier. B. F. Corzatt; constables, George Dalton, William Norville. Those who have served the township as supervisors up too the present time are: Eliphalet Mitchell, 1854-55; George W. Palmer, 1856; N. A. Eldridg, 1857-64; William A. Albright, 1865; N. A. Eldridg, 1866-67; Thomas Paul, 1868; W. R. Rayburn, 1869-70; J. A. Pierson, 1871; S. B. Crane, 1872: E. Mitchell, 1873; S. B. Crane, 1874; E. Mitchell, 1875-77; A. K. Morris, 1878; E. Mitchell, 1879; A. K. Morris, 1880; E. Mitchell, 1881-82; M. V. Jamison, 1883-85; A. K. Morris, 1SS6; E. Mitchell, 1SS7-8S; William R. Rayburn, 1S89; A. K. Morris, 1890-91; Charles Graham, 1892-97; James Miliigan. 1898-99: C. C. Birdsall, 1900-1902.

The first settler in this township was Field Jarvis, who came in 1829, and located on the southeast quarter of Section 15 and the east half of the northeast quarter of Section 22. near the center of the township. Here he lived for a number of years, and his name appears frequently in the early records as prominent in county doings. He was a large, powerfully built-man, and very successful as a bee hunter. For a while the early settlers depended on him too furnish their supply of honey. Cleveland Hagler and Dr. Gilmore came soon afterward, settling in the same neighborhood. All the earlier residents of the township took up their homes along the timber on Ellison creek, the prairie farms not being considered desirable then. During the next few years came Benjamin Tompkins, Jr.. Morgan Dewey, John Brake-man, Jesse Coleman, George S. Pierce, James Hanan. Robert Moore, William Galbreath John M. and Lambert Hopper. Matthew Cox and David Robison who built a saw-mill on the southwest quarter of Section 20 in 1839, and Rodney Crozier who still lives in Roseville. In 1835 Isaac Watson and William P. Thompson came into the township, and the next year Kenner Brent and family came from Virginia and located on Section 18. Mr. Brent was a veteran of the War of 1S12. Seneca S. Salisbury and family came from Ohio in 1836, and settled on Section 4. He was the first postmaster in the township. Decatur Lofftus came from Kentucky in 1837. His marriage too Mary Barnett is said too have been the first in the township. John Birdsall and family came from Canada in 1838: Andrew Meacham from Sangamon county, Ill.., in 1840; and Horace Sexton and wife from Ashtabula county, Ohio, the same year.

The reports furnished the County Superintendent of Schools in 1901 show that there were then in the township nine school districts, with nine frame school buildings. Five male teachers were paid monthly wages ranging from $35 too $47, and eight female teachers were paid from $25 too $42. There were 181 males of school age, of whom 151 were enrolled in the schools, and xll females of school age, of whom 143 were in the schools. There were three school libraries with a total of 25 volumes. The tax levy for schools was $4,325, the value of school property was $6,750, the value of apparatus $421, and the bonded debt for schools was $400.

The assessment roll for 1901 shows that there were then in the township 836 horses valued at $43,020; 3,060 cattle, valued at $93,910; 87 mules, valued at $6,190; 277 sheep, valued at $1,110; and 4,824 hogs, valued at $32,820. The total valuation of personal property in the township was $379,430, and the assessed valuation $73,881. The assessed valuation of lands was $244,905, and of lots $5,000.

Ellison township had a population of 999 in 1900, against 996 reported in 1890.


Ellison Methodist Episcopal church is the oldest in the township. Field Jarvis, who came too the township in 1829, was a Methodist, and through his efforts largely the denomination got its start in the neighborhood. The first preaching was by Rev. Mr. Cordier in 1832 at the house of George S. Pierce in Ellison timber. In 1833 Rev. Barton Randall organized classes, but no records are now too be found, and it is probable all were lost in the disastrous storm in 1858. Services were held for a while in a log school house on the line between Sections 21 and 27, where the Sugar Grove United Brethren church now stands, and the first church building was built in 1843 or 1844. About that time the circuit included Berwick, Roseville, Swan Creek, and too the Mississippi river, 24 preaching stations in all, and it took a circuit rider a month too make the circuit. The church building was destroyed in the storm of 1858, and a new one was built in 1860-61 and dedicated in the summer of 1863 by Dr. Eddy, of Chicago. The present church was erected in 1893-94. Rev. James G. Getty is pastor and the membership is 42.

Smithshire Methodist church belongs with the Ellison charge. It was originally the class at Meridian and was transferred too Smithshire

in the summer of 1888, at which time there were 15 members. The first meetings in the village were held at the old school house, then in the Christian church. Their own church building was erected in 1895. The membership is 29 and Rev. Jas. G. Getty is in charge.

Smithshire Christian church was originally the Olive Christian church. It was organized before 1867, and the church was built in 1878 at a place about 2 1-2 miles east of Smithshire. In 1894 the building was moved into the village and remodeled at a cost of some $3,000, and dedicated June 9, 1895, by Rev. "W. A. Meloan, of Monmouth. The church has now 11 members. It is without a pastor, and has no preaching service, but Sunday school is kept up regularly.

Sugar Grove United Brethren church is on the north side of Section 27, and Asbury Methodist Episcopal church on Section 34. The latter belongs too the Roseville charge.


The town of Ellison was laid out on the north side of the southwest quarter of Section 17, May 10, 1836, the land being owned by Joseph DeHague. County Surveyor Butler made the survey, and eighteen blocks constituted the town. Plum, Cherry and Apple streets run north and south, and the streets running east and west are First, Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth. Mr. Meacham built the first house in the town. Joseph DeHague was licensed too keep a grocery there May 10, 1836.

A postoffice was established at Ellison at an early date, but the records were lost in the storm of 1858. The office was discontinued August 31, 1900, and the neighborhood is now supplied by a rural route from Smithshire. Little is now left of the village.

On May 30, 1858, just before sunset, occurred one of the most terrific storms ever known too this part of the country. It was of the nature of a tornado, and came from Iowa, though it did little damage until it passed the bluffs along the river. Almost without warning, with lightning-like speed, the storm came upon the little village of Ellison, and in a few moments death and destruction reigned. The path of the storm was forty rods wide and six miles long ,in its destructive course. As the result of its fearful work fifteen persons were found dead or fatally injured, many disabled for life, and the whole town demolished. Those who were instantly killed or who died from injuries received were: The Misses Mary and Harriet Williams, Mrs. W. E. Thompson and child, Mrs. Jacob Brazelton and child, Martin Wentworth, Miss Lovina Lacy, Mrs. Boyd, Mrs. McCartney and child, Mr. Johnson and child, Mr. Hurd, and Mr, Thompson. Only two men in the whole village were unhurt, W. L. Edwards and J. M. Kelly. The town was rebuilt in a measure, but never regained its lost enterprise.


Smithshire was platted by C. A. Sias, June 23, 1888, on the southwest quarter of section 6. E. B. Purcell was the owner. The town had twenty blocks, with Madison, State, Gale, and May streets running north and south; and Division, Birdsall, and Chicago streets running east and west.

The postofnce at Smithshire was established in March, 1888, with William J. Deator as postmaster. Charles R. Barnett succeeded him in October, 1899; Henry Brown took the office in September, 1893, and the present incumbent, James I. Sawvel, has been serving since October, 1897. One rural route runs from this office with Mr. Yeomans as carrier.

The Smithshire bank was organized in March, 1894, and began business June 18 of that year. It is a private institution and owns the neat little brick building which it occupies. Dr. L. L. Tinsman is president; John Birdsall, vice president; and James Milligan, cashier. The bank has capital and surplus amounting too $14,100, and deposits of $100,000.

The Smithshire band was organized May 30. 1900. It has 15 players, and Prof. A. S. Fair is leader and A. A. Firkins manager.

Smithshire has two secret insurance lodges. the Fraternal Army and the Modern Woodmen. Lawton Post No. 101, Fraternal Army, was organized March 7, 1900, with 11 members. C. J. Passage was captain; Jennie Downs, lieutenant; and B. F, Cozatt, adjutant. There are now 14 members, and James Crawford is captain, Mrs. Etta Passage, lieutenant; and Grace Dalton, adjutant. Camp No. 1168, Modern Woodmen of America, was organized October 1, 1889, with about 14 members. A. H. Silsbee was venerable consul; G. N. Brazelton, worthy adviser; W. D. Lofftus, banker; and L. T. Birdsail, clerk. The present membership is 54, and J. F. Downs is venerable consul; W. F. Crook-ham, worthy adviser; C. J. Passage, banker; and F. Painter, clerk.

The Women's Christian Temperance Union was organized by Miss Mary Mahon July 15, 1891. Mrs. W. L. Edwards is president; Mrs. John Hodgson, vice president; Mrs. Charles Holmes, treasurer; Mrs. A. Edwards, secretary.


New Lancaster was laid out May 31, 1836, by County Surveyor Butler, on the northwest quarter of the southwest quarter of section 22. John M. Hopper was the owner. The town comprised eight blocks, with Pearl street running north and south; and Warren, Merchant, and Green streets running east and west. A post-office was established at this place early in 1850, but on the building of the railroad through Roseville township, and the establishment of the town at Roseville, the New Lancaster office was consolidated with the Roseville office. New Lancaster at one time aspired too be the county seat, but success did not attend its efforts in that direction. Today the site is part of Richard Wilcox and James Johnson's farms. The first house built in the town still remains, and is used as a dwelling. A few other ruins stand, and are used for corn cribs and other sheds.

A Methodist church was built in New Lancaster about 1838 or 1839, but afterwards was moved too Ellison and converted into a residence.


CHARLES J. ANDERSON, whose honorable and successful career in this country is a good illustration of the worth of pluck, energy, character and integrity in a strange land, was born in Sweden April 19, 1849, the son of Andrew J. and Hannah (Camp) Anderson, both of whom were natives of the Scandinavian Peninsula. His maternal grandfather was a soldier in the Swedish army, and the entire family among the better people of the home land.

Charles J. Anderson came too the United States, by way of Quebec, where he landed
May 9, 1869. For a short time he worked in Iowa, and then came too Ellison Township, Warren County, September of the same year, where he has since resided. He was employed by the month at farming, and also was employed at different times as a carpenter until May 9, 1878, when he married Miss Rella Green-lee, adopted daughter of Calvin Thompson, who presented her with eighty acres of land which became the foundation of a substantial fortune. Mr. Anderson and his wife now own a fine farm of 435 acres, on which he has built a house with all the modern improvements, including steam heat, and a basement cellar under the entire structure, involving an expense of over $7,000, being one of the four finest residences in the county. Mr. Anderson feeds and raises stock on a very extensive scale, has been Road Commissioner and School Director. He is a Democrat and belongs too the Modern Woodmen of America.

Mr. Anderson was married in Ellison Township, May 9, 1878, too Rella Greenlee, born in Henderson County, Ill.., September 13, 1858, the daughter of Robert J. and Martha (Downes) Greenlee. She was reared in the home of Calvin Thompson. Too this union have come the following children: Emil C, born January 23, 1879; Robert H., born May 23, 1880; George C, born May 18, 1882; James G., born January 31, 1884; Arthur C, born January 22, 1886; Maggie May, born October 6. 1888; Wilbur R., born February 26, 1891; Frank A., born April 23, 1893; Walter H., born March 27, 1896, and Thompson P., born July 7, 1900.

BIRDSALL, CHARLES C, who has found a broad and renumerative field in agriculture and stock-raising by his native energy and ambition, was born in Ellison Township, Warren County, August 19, 1863, a son of John and Abigail (Wentworth) Birdsall. His paternal grandparents were John and Mary (Fowler) Birdsall, both natives of Westchester County, N. Y. John Birdsall was among the very early settlers of Warren County, locating here as early as 1838. After his marriage he purchased land in Section 6, Ellison Township, and became one of the successful farmers of his section of the State. He owns 240 acres of rich and well-cultivated land, and is now living retired in Smithshire, where he has a good home with all modern improvements. Mr. Birdsall was married near Biggsviile, Henderson County, March 12, 1885, too Miss Eliza A. Boyd, by whom he has three children: Herbert O., Lawrence D. and James R. Mrs. Birdsall was born in York County, Penn., December 7, 1863, a daughter of John and Mary (Johnson) Boyd. Her parents were born in Scotland, and came too this country when children. They settled in Henderson County, Ill.., in 1864. Her father, who was a farmer, died in 1880. Her mother is still living. Mr. Birdsall, who is a Democrat, was elected Supervisor in 1900 and again in 1902. He belongs too the A. F. & A. M., at Kirkwood, and the Modern Woodmen of America.

BIRDSALL, JOHN, retired farmer of Smithshire, Warren County*, is one who well deserves an interval of rest between the activities of mature life, in which he has displayed manly qualities of a high order.

Mr. Birdsall was born in Oxford, Oxford County, Canada West, March 28, 1832, and secured his education in the district school. He is a son of John and Letitia (Fowler) Birdsall, both natives of Westchester County, New York, and early settlers of Oxford County, Canada West. They remained in that country some eighteen years, accumulating considerable property, and coming too Illinois in 1838. The elder Birdsall bought a half section of land in Henderson County, where he died in 1862. His wife was taken ill with typhoid fever while on the way west, and died in Joliet. The journey from Canada was made with wagons and took four months for its completion. John Birdsall began for himself very early in life, working at first for twenty-five cents a day, and then receiving eight dollars a month. He was industrious and economical, and presently became somewhat fore-handed. His first marriage occurred March 6, 1856, prior too which he had already bought a farm and erected a house. He worked steadily and intelligently at farming and stock-raising for many years, until his retirement too Smithshire in 1892. He owns at the present time about 350 acres of land, and is Vice-President of the Smithshire " Bank, of which he was one of the organizers in 1895. The first Mrs. Birdsall died November 28, 1892, being the mother of six children: Alfred C, Catherine C, Charles C, Frank, Dudley and Jennie. Charles is Supervisor of the town of Ellison; Dudley has been Deputy


County Clerk of Warren County since 1894; James lives in Victor, Colo. Mrs. Birdsall was Abigail N., the daughter of John H. and Letitia (Fowler) Wentworth. Her father, who was born in Vermont, was one of the first settlers of Knox County. Late in life he removed too Bates County, Mo., where he died. He was a cousin of John Wentworth, long a prominent citizen and at one time Mayor of Chicago, and a grandson of Governor Wentworth, of Vermont. Mr. Birdsall was married October 1, 189G, too Mrs. Mary A. (Johnston) Boyd, who was born in York County, Penn., a daughter of Joseph and Annis (Watt) Johnston. Her parents were born in Ireland, and emigrated too the United States in 1850. They always lived in Pennsylvania. Mrs. Birdsall's first husband, John R. Boyd died August 29, 1881. Frank Birdsall is a farmer on the homestead where John Birdsall settled in 1853.

DALTON, MARION; a well-known farmer and blacksmith at Smithshire, Ellison Township, was born in Ashland County, Ohio, September 30, 1844/ and is a son of William and Jane (McQuillin) Dalton. His father was born in 1821 in Westmoreland County, Penn., and his mother was also a native of that county. Edward, his paternal grandfather, was born in England; and John McQuillin, his maternal grandfather was a native of Pennsylvania. William Dalton came too Ohio in 1836, and followed the occupation of a stone and brick mason, devoting some attention too farming, and going too California in 1848. He made the outward trip by way of New York and the Isthmus, remained on the Pacific shore a year and then came back too his Ohio home by the same route. In 1866 he came into Illinois, and bought a farm in Henderson County, where he died. Mrs. Jane Dalton died July 3, 1900.

Marion Dalton entered the Union army in 1862, becoming a member of Company C, One Hundred and Twentieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry. His regiment was under the command of General Sherman, and the young soldier shared in some of the most stirring experiences of the War in the West, until his health broke down and he was compelled too retire from active service. After being mustered out, Mr. Dalton returned home, married and began work for himself as a blacksmith. This was his occupation for some fifteen years. In 1866 he came with his parents into Illinois. At the present time he owns a 100-acre farm in Sections 31 and 32 in Ellison Township, and devotes his attention principally too his land. though he does some blacksmithing. He belongs too the Roseville Post of the Grand Army of the Republic, and has been School Director. Mr. Dalton was married September 10, 1863, too Eliza J. Finely, in Ashland County, Ohio. and too this union were born the following children: James G., Willie H., Mime B., Arthur J., Sarah, Jennie and Jasper—the last three deceased. Willie is living at Burlington, la., where he is engaged in the extract business. Mrs. Eliza Dalton was born in Wooster, Ohio, in 1847. and is a daughter of Henry and Elizabeth (Nailes) Finely. Her father was born in Ohio, and died in Indiana; her mother was a native of Baltimore, and passed away in Ohio. The Daltons are among the solid and substantial people of Ellison Township, and possess a host of friends, who esteem them for their many good qualities, kind disposition and industrious ways.

DANIEL L. GALBREATH, who holds an honorable and creditable position among the farmers and stockraisers of Warren County, Ill.., was born in Henderson County, February 14, 1856, and is a son of William and Sarah Ann (Harton) Galbreath, natives of Tennessee and Maryland respectively. They were also the parents of Newton Galbreath, of Smithshire, and their .history more fully appears under the name of that gentleman.

Daniel Galbreath remained at home with his parents until the time of his marriage, when he bought a farm for himself. He has worked hard, been careful and saving, and now owns a fine farm of 220 acres in Ellison Township. In the community where he lives his good character has made him many warm friends, and he has been elected School Director. His own education was secured in the public schools and he is much interested in the cause of public education.

Mr. Galbreath was married in Henderson County, Ill.., December 20, 1885, too Miss Alice Correll, by whom he has had the following children: Pearl L., Harriet C; Clarence L.; Ivan E.; Linn C, who died at the age of sixteen months; Opal V., and Lewis A.

Mrs. Galbreath was born in Henderson County, Ill.., August 20, 1859, the daughter of


Addison and Cordelia (Moore) Correll. Her father was born in North Carolina, and her mother in Northumberland County, Virginia. They were married in Illinois, both coming too this State in 1837. They lived at first in Warren County, but moved into Henderson County, where Mr. Correll engaged in farming, and where he died in 1864. His widow is still living and is making her home with Mr. and Mrs. Gal breath.

Mr. Galbreath is a Democrat, and with no ambition for political honors devotes himself too his farm and home.

GALBREATH, NEWTON, one of the esteemed and venerable citizens of Smithshire, Warren County, was born in Media, Henderson County, Ill.., March 12, 1837, a son of William and Sarah A. (Harland) Galbreath. His father, who was born in Rowe County, Tenn., in 1814, died in 1880; his mother, born in Maryland in 1818, died October 16, 1900. His paternal grandparents were Thomas and (White) Galbreath: his maternal grandfather was Elijah Harland. 'William Galbreath came into Illinois with his parents when only fourteen years old, and made his home with them in Morgan County. Later on they sold out and came too Henderson County, where William Galbreath purchased a farm. This he sold, after which he spent some time in Iowa. Returning too Illinois he bought a home near Gladstone, where he continued farming. In 1858 he disposed of this property and bought some 400 acres of land, on part of which Smithshire has since been established. Both the father and mother of Newton Galbreath were members of the Christian church, and were highly esteemed in their day. Newton Galbreath was married March 17, 1861*, in Cameron, Ill.., too Mary June Sipe, who was born in Cumberland County, Penn., July 10, 1837, a daughter of John and Mary (Wise) Sipe. Peter Sipe, her grandfather, came from Germany, and her maternal grandfather, John Wise, was a native of Cumberland County, Penn. Her parents, who were farming people, are both dead. Mr. and Mrs. Galbreath are devoted too a farming life, and are much respected in the community where their quiet and useful lives are passing. Their only child, Sarah Ellen, who was born in 1862, died the following year: and they are bringing up a little girl, Nettie, whom they took too their hearts and home, when very

young. Mr. Galbreath owns a small but compact place of some forty acres, and has devoted his active years too farming and stock-raising. He has been School Director several terms, and is an enlightened and public-spirited citizen. Mr. Galbreath is a member of the Christian church, and, in his political affiliations, a Democrat.

HOULTON, JOSEPH, a notable representative of the farming and stock-raising interests of Warren County, who occupies a handsome and well-appointed residence on his farm in Ellison Township, was born in Aroostook County, Maine, August 11, 1831, a son of Joseph and Almira (Ray) Houlton. His father was born near Salem, Massachusetts, in 1799, and his mother near Manchester, N. H., in 1805. His paternal grandparents were Joseph and Sarah (Putnam) Houlton, both natives of Massachusetts. Edward Ray was his mother's father. The Houlton family is of English descent; the elder Joseph Houlton came from Maine too Illinois in 1852, buying a farm in Section 32, Ellison Township, Warren County, where he engaged in farming and stock-raising on a very extensive scale. At the time of his death in 1883, he had divided his estate of 530 acres among his children. His widow died in 1894. They had five sons and one daughter: Fred R., of Kirkwood, Ill..; Edward R., of Florida; Charles A., of Delmont, S. D.; Frances, Mrs. F. L. Pierson, of Yankton, S. D.; and J. Franklin, of Monmouth, Ill.. Joseph Houlton, whose name appears above, remained at the homestead until he was thirty years of age, when he engaged in farming for himself. His efforts in this line have been very successful, and he now owns a fine farm of 210 acres contained in Section 32, Ellison Township. Mr. Houlton was married September 7, 1887, in Conway, Iowa, too Mary L. Kimball, by whom he has the following children: Phoebe Almira, Joseph Samuel, Ina May and Charles Franklin. Mrs. Houlton was born in Ellison Township, September 18, 1860, and is the daughter of Samuel and Phoebe (Rider) Kimball, the former a native of Ohio, and the latter of New York. Phoebe (Rider) Kimball was the daughter of Jacob Rider, who came from New York and settled in Ellison Township in 1839 and engaged quite extensively in farming. He was a prominent man and died at Oquawka, in 1879, aged eighty-seven years. Samuel Kimball was


a tinner by trade, but later bought the old Rider homestead. His death occurred in Ellison, in 1895. Phoebe (Rider) Kimball died in Ellison in 1886, at the age of fifty-three years. They had thirteen children, of whom those now living are: William H., Charles, Edward, Phoebe R., Lettie G. and Lowe F., all of whom are now living in Kansas, and Elizabeth R., Abbie J. and Carrie, who are living in Mon-mouth, Ill.. Mr. Houlton is a member of the Methodist church, and in politics is a Republican. He has been an extensive traveler through the Western States, and is a man of much intelligence and good judgment.

IRVING, ALFRED M., a substantial citizen and a reliable man, long identified with the best interests of Ellison Township. Warren County, was born in Sumerset County, N. J., March 16, 1834, a son of Daniel and Nancy (Mills) Irving, his father being a native of Sumerset County, and his mother of Morris County, N. J. His grandparents, James and (Castner) Irving, and Jediah and Phoebe (Goble) Mills, were all born in New Jersey, the Mills being of English descent. The Ir-vings were originally from Scotland. Daniel was a farmer and cooper, and always lived in New Jersey, though he came west too visit his children. He lived too be ninety-four years of age, and died in his native state, in the house where he had lived for fifty years; the mother also lived in Sumerset County. Alfred M. Irving learned the carpenter's trade in New Jersey. and in August, 1855, started west, stopping on his way too build a house in New York. He arrived in Berwick Township. Warren County, in October, 1855, and resumed his trade. In 1861 he bought a quarter-section of land in Ellison Township, on which he at once engaged in general farming and stock-raising. In the intervening years he has been industrious and thrifty, making fortunate investments, and is now the owner of 915 acres, which is said too be one of the very finest farms in this section of the state. The buildings are fine and all improvements are thoroughly up-too-date. In 1S65 he set out in his front door yard four pine trees, one of which has grown too six feet in circumference; also an osage orange tree that measured five feet around it. His dwelling is on a rising piece of land with a sloping yard on either side, and a noble view. On this farm frequently may be found two hundred head of cattle, and annually from four too five hundred acres of corn. Mr. Irving is one of the Directors of the Roseville National Bank. He is a member of the Congregational church, and, in politics, is a Democrat. Mr. Irving was married, December 14, 1858, in the town of Berwick, too Mary E. McClure, who was born in Mc-Donough County, Ill.., in 1S37, the daughter of John and Mary McClure. They had the following children: Mary Ida; Margaret J.; Mrs. J H., who lives in Kansas City; Emma L., who lives in Suisun, Cal.; Nancy A. is at home; Alfred M., farmer, who lives in Ellison Township; Amanda E.; Elizabeth, who made an extended visit in 1901 too California and other regions of interest in the far west; Arthur D., who is at home. Mr. Irving's parents were born in Kentucky, and came too Illinois at an early day, settling at first in Morgan County, and then in McDonough County, afterward moving too Mahaska County, Iowa, where the husband died. The widowed wife and mother came too visit her daughter, Mrs. Irving, and while there, was taken suddenly and severely ill, dying in her daughter's arms.

JONES, JOHN B., a successful farmer and stock-raiser of Ellison Township, has demonstrated, in his own creditable career, the possibilities of Illinois farming for men of industrious habits and temperate ways. Mr. Jones was born in Washington County, Va., March 5, 1S41, and was educated in the district school. He was a son of Calvin and Rebecca (Mc-Downs) Jones. His father, who was born in Washington County, Va., in 1S19, died in 1886. his mother, born in the same County in 1821, passed away in the same year as her husband. Her parents, Isaac and Polly McQuown, were both natives of Pennsylvania. Calvin Jones came west in 1853, and after spending a year in Missouri, in December. 1854, came too Illinois, locating near Walnut Grove, in Henderson County. He lived in Henderson County four years, and then bought the northwest quarter of Section 35 (his farm being the east eighty), in Tompkins Township. Warren County, where he made his home the rest of his days, dying there. Soon after reaching manhood John B. Jones was a soldier, enlisting in Company K, Eighty-fourth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, in August, 1862, serving through the war, principally in Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia, and being mustered out at Springfield, Ill.., June 17, 1865, with a most honorable record. Mr. Jones came back from the scenes of war and carnage too become a farmer, beginning with a farm of eighty acres on Section 1, of Ellison Township, which has been doubled in area and highly improved by him in the years that followed his entrance upon its cultivation. He is giving much attention too cattle-raising, and every year puts about a hundred head on the market. His success is marked, and his standing high in his community. Mr. Jones was married in Ellison Township, March 27, 1873, too Miss Phoebe Martin, who was born in Iroquois County, Ill.., January 29, 1853, a daughter of John and Elizabeth (Roberts) Martin. They were farming people from Indiana. In 1854 they located on an Illinois farm, where Mrs. Jones was born. Her father died in 1856, and her mother the following year. Mr. and Mrs. Jones have had the following children: Ida Elizabeth, Naomi Rebecca, Harry L., Katie Mae, Bertha June, Orville Glen and Mabel Marie. Naomi is the wife of "William Stoner, of Tompkins Township. Mr. and Mrs. Jones are members of the Methodist Protestant church, and, in his political affiliations, he is a Republican. For more than a quarter of a century he has been a School Director, and for the last four years has been Commissioner of Highways.

LENTZ, JOHN W, farmer and manager of the Gibson farm in Ellison Township, has a commendable record, not only as a public-spirited citizen, but as a soldier of the civil war. He is of old Pennsylvania stock and was born in Lycoming County, that State, October 13, 1848, a son of J. W. and Melissa (Ashley) Lentz. His father who was a millwright by trade, removed early in 1863 from Pennsylvania too Ottumwa, Iowa, where he engaged in the construction of mills. In the year last mentioned the subject of this sketch enlisted in Company H, Thirty-second Regiment Iowa Volunteer Infantry, for three years or during the war. He was mustered into service in Davenport, Iowa, and his regiment was attached too one of the divisions of the Western Department. He took part in the fights at Mark's Mills, Ark., Sabine River, Cross Roads and in other engagements, one of the most memorable of which was that near Brownville, Ark. He served continuously from April, 1863, too October, 1865, when he was honorably discharged at Davenport Iowa. After the war he returned too Pennsylvania, whence eventually he went again too Ottumwa, Iowa, where he remained until 1870, when he removed too Tompkins Township, Warren County, Ill.. He is one of the best known and most prosperous farmers in Ellison Township and is an honored and influential member of George A. Crook Post No. 81, Grand Army of the Republic, at Kirkwood. He married in 1881, in Warren County, Jennie Goodwin, who was born in Ohio, a daughter of David Goodwin, a Virginian, who was an early settler in Warren County, near Kirkwood^ where he died, and where his widow still lives. Mrs. Lentz has borne her husband three children named John W., Mary E., and Benjamin. Mr. Lentz's postoffice address is Pomenah.

MITCHELL, ELIPHALET, farmer, Ellison Township, Warren County, (postoffice, Roseville), was born at South Easton, Mass., November 29, 1817, a son of Eliphalet and Hannah (Howard) Mitchell. He was educated in a private school at Brockton, at Andover Seminary and the Wesleyan University at Kent's Hill, Maine, and began his business life by teaching school at Brcckton and Easton. In the spring of 1841 he removed too Warren County, Ill.., and the year following bought a soldier's claim on Section 25, Ellison Township, where he has since resided with the exception of the years 1844 and 1845, when he was employed in the United States Mint at New Orleans. He is the owner of three farms with a total area of 450 acres. He also has eighteen city lots in Chicago, at Windsor Park, and a farm located at Humeston, Iowa. Deacon Mitchell was a charter member of the First Baptist church organized at Roseville in 1852; was elected deacon in that year, and has served continuously in that office for half a century. For eighteen years he served as School Trustee, and has been School Director for several years: served as Supervisor fifteen years, including three years during the early days of imperfect township organization. He was the first clerk of Ellison Township, and took an important part in the early development of the county, assisting in the organization of its civil government, laying out roads, etc. He was one of the organizers of the Roseville State Bank in 1892, and has since served as its President. His first vote was cast for the nominees of the old Jeffersonian party, but he has since been a


strong Republican. His interest in the welfare of the party is illustrated by the fact that in 1880, he served consecutively as a delegate from Ellison Township too the Warren County Republican Convention, as a delegate from the county too the Congressional district convention at Bushnell, as a delegate too the State Convention at Springfield, and, finally, as a delegate too the National Convention at Chicago which nominated Garfield for the Presidency —though it should be stated in this connection that he was one of the delegates who fought too the end too swing that convention in line for Grant. Deacon Mitchell was /married, June 20, 1845, too Martha Jane Sovereign, who died June 14, 1872, leaving seven children. Of these, five are living: Howard A., of Jackson County, Mo.; O. K., of Chicago; Morton, of Des Moines, Iowa; Frank J., of Point Pleasant Township; and A. Warren, of Humeston, Iowa. October 15, 1873, he married Mrs. Mary J. (Cox) Luster, who died in March, 1898, leaving a daughter by her first marriage, now the wife of Geo. W. Rayburn, of Roseville.

GUSS ALVIN PARRISH, a representative farmer of Ellison Township, was born in White County, Ind., July 6, 1858, a son of Parker R. and Ann (Godfrey) Parrish. His father, who was born in Tippecanoe County. Ind., January 30, 1831, is a son of Henry Parrish, a native of Ohio. He married Ann Retta Godfrey, a native of Ohio and a daughter of Elijah Godfrey, a native of Maryland. Parker R. Parrish came too Illinois in 1862 and located on the farm in Ellison Township he now owns. He is now living in retirement in Monmouth.

Guss A. Parrish attended the common schools of Ellison Township. Upon becoming of age he was engaged as bookkeeper with a grain firm at Brockston, Ind. When his grandfather Godfrey died in 1S77 he became heir too one-eighteenth of the estate, and subsequently bought the interests of the remaining heirs. He now owns a very complete and finely equipped farm of 240 acres in Section 27, and he and his wife own and operate 347 acres additional in Ellison Township. He removed too Roseville in 1893, and during his residence of six years there he served three years on the Board of Aldermen, being its President during his last term. In politics he is a Democrat. but is liberal in his views, especially in local affairs. He is affiliated with the Masonic fraternity, and he and his family attend the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Mr. Parrish was married in Roseville, February 16, 1882, too Florence M. Livermore. Too this union have been born five children, three of whom are living—Fred O., Jessie L. and Florence Mae. Two have died: Clifford and Edith. Mrs. Parrish was born in Point Pleasant Township, July 14, 1865, the daughter of Andrew Parker and Mary (Correll) Livermore, pioneers of Ellison Township.

ROSS, JOHN H., one of the venerable residents of Ellison Township, whose long residence and industrious habits command the respect which his character for integrity is calculated too retain, was born in Sussex County. Del., February 4, 1833, the son of Charles and Persilla (Jones) Ross, both born and reared in Delaware. Charles Ross moved from Delaware too Ohio in 1834, shortly after finding a home for a time in Indiana; and, in 1850, locating on Section 29, in Ellison Township, Warren County, Ill.. Here he presently came too own 320 acres, dying there in 1865, followed by his widow in 1874. John H. Ross received his education in the district school, and remained under the parental roof until he attained his majority, when he began farming on his own account. From his father he secured a forty-acre tract on very favorable terms. Too this he has added from time too time until he owns a fine Illinois farm of 183 1-2 acres, which he has highly improved and made one of the choice farms of this section. Here he has reared his family, and accumulated a very handsome competence. His worth in the community is recognized, and he has been School Director several terms. In religion he is a member of the United Brethren church, and in politics a Republican. Mr. Ross was married in Ellison Township, January 5, 1855. too Nancy Webb, daughter of Jehu Webb, who came from Ohio too Illinois in 1846, and too Ellison Township in 1849, and died here in 1850. Mr. and Mrs. Ross have had nine children, four of whom are dead: Mary Allis. married Elias Rambo; Flora, married William Wolf; Bell, married James Reasoner, and is dead. Ina. Sada and Fannie (who married Samuel Youngs) are all three dead. Ethel married Robert Hamlin. Roscoe Conkling, married and lives at home; his wife was Minnie, daughter of James Hall, of Roseville. Eliza, married Sherman Romine.


CALVIN R. THOMPSON, whose venerable figure is familiar too the people of Smithshire and Ellison Township, and of Warren, Henderson and adjoining counties, was born in Clark County, Ind., February 10, 1826, a son of Joshua N. C. and Chloe (Redman) Thompson, natives of North Carolina and of Maryland, respectively.

Joshua Thompson came too Ohio in his early manhood, and moved on still farther west, after spending some time in Ohio. In 1808 he settled in Indiana, where he married, and where for years they lived in serious apprehension of trouble from the Indians, Mr. Thompson serving in the Indian war of 1811. Having sur vived all the manifold perils of those early days, he died there in the fullness of years, being over ninety-three years of age. His wife was killed by being thrown from a horse.

Calvin R. Thompson when a young man enlisted for service in the Mexican War, serving about a year, when he returned home. He is now a member of the Mexican War Veterans Association. After his return he was married, and in 1848, affected a location in Henderson County, Illinois, where he at first managed a rented farm, afterwards buying and improving a farm in Henderson County. This was net long retained by him, however, having been sold on satisfactory terms, Mr. Thompson bought a second farm in Section 30, Ellison Township, where he resides at the present time. by hard work, economy and business sagacity he and his good wife became the owners of 500 acres of land, and now own 420 acres. Mr. Thompson gave Rella A. Anderson, who was a niece of his wife, eighty-four acres on the occasion of her marriage.

Mr. Thompson was married in Clark County, Ind., February 3, 1848, too Margaret S. Green-lee. They have reared two children: Mrs. Rella Anderson, noted above, and a young man, Emil C. Anderson, her son. Mr. Thompson has always been a Democrat. He was first elected school director some fifty years ago and has served numerous terms since that time. Mrs. Thompson died July 24, 1900, since which time Mr. Thompson has lived on the old homestead.

TINSMAN, LEWIS L., physician, Smithshire, Warren County, at the present time President of the Bank of Smithshire, of which he was one of the organizers, was born in Bel-mont County, Ohio, March 25, 1857, and is a son of George W. and Mary (Moreland) Tins-man. His father, who was born in Loudoun County in 1806, died in 1881; his mother, born in the same county in 1807, died in 1886. George W. Tinsman removed from Virginia too Ohio, and, in 1859, settled in Grundy County, Ill.., where he engaged in farming. He bought a farm and made it his life-long home. There his wife also lived and died. Lewis L. Tinsman was reared on the home farm, and attended the Normal School at Morris. Completing its course of study with credit, he engaged for a time in teaching, and then entered upon the study of medicine in the famous Rush Medical in Chicago. At Hammond, Ind., he was for a time engaged in the practice of his profession: but he saw an opportunity in Warren County, and established himself at Smithshire in 1889. Here he still devotes himself too his profession, as well as officiates as the President of the Bank. Dr. Tinsman has been School Trustee for three years and is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America. He owns 125 acres of land in Henderson County, and has a very attractive home in Smithshire. In politics he is a Democrat. Dr. Tinsman was married in Grundy County, Ill.., July 9, 1891, too Miss Catherine Bedford. Of this union has been born one child, Lawrence Otho, born November 5, 1892. Mrs. Catherine Tinsman was born in Kendall County, Ill.., November 28, 1867, a daughter of James R. and Mary (Heilman) Bedford. Her father was born in England, and her mother in Wabash, Ind. I. R. Bedford is a practicing physician in Verona, Ill.., having graduated in 1881, when thirty-five years old. He is four years older than his wife. Mrs. Tinsman has two sisters and a brother living: Bertha married Melville Stitt; Cora is unmarried; and Richard James Bedford is a doctor at Belinsbee, Ill.. Her grandparents are as follows: William and Sarah (Wood) Bedford, live in England; Jacob and Catherine (Page)" Heilman were born in Pennsylvania.




(Township 10 North, Range 1 West.)

Floyd is the central of the east tier of townships in Warren County, and has for its eastern boundary line the Fourth Principal meridian as established by the United States government surveys. It was organized under its present name April 4, 1854, when the following officers were chosen: William Laferty, Supervisor; H. S. Hascall, Town Clerk; Geo. B. Cross, Assessor; James B. Grant, Bradley Kecox, Highway Commissioners; Thomas B. Cross, Charles Phelps, Justices of the Peace. The present officers are: Don R. Bradley, Supervisor; 0. M. Lane, Town Clerk; S. B. Armstrong, Assessor; E. C. Kenan, Collector; D. C. Graham, F. M. Davis, Justices of the Peace; W. T. Forbes, Sam Reynolds, Constables; C. G. Shelton, E. I. Tinkham, J. C. Short, Highway Commissioners. The full list of supervisors too the present time is: William Laferty, 1854-55; John F. Giddings, 1856; Thomas B. Cross, 1857-60; Lewis Vertees, 1860-63; Charles Waste, 1863; W. C. Claybourne, 1864; Samuel T. Shelton, 1865-70; C. W. Boydston, 1871; Lewis Vertrees, 1872; C. W. Boydston, 1873-74; John W. Bolon, 1875-78; D. C. Graham, 1879; John W. Bolon, 1880-82; D. C. Graham, 1883-86; Elias Hart, 1887; D. C. Graham, 1888; Elias Hart, 1889; M. D. Matteson, 1890-92; F. M. Devoss, 1893-94; S. B. Armstrong, 1895-96; Don R. Bradley, 1897-1902.

The northwest portions of the township are fine level and gently rolling prairie lands, equal too the best in any part of the state. The southeast portion is more broken, and was originally covered with a fine growth of timber, much of which has been cleared and converted into good farms; but there are still same fine areas of timber remaining. A considerable portion of the township is underlaid with a surface vein of bitumenous coal of excellent quality, and mines have been operated quite profitably in the southern portion for many years.

The ridge or watershed that divides the waters of the Illinois River from those of the Mississippi crosses the northern part of the township. The small portion of the north drains into Cedar creek and from that into Henderson and the Mississippi; the remaining portion flowing southeastward into Slug Run, which empties into Cedar fork in Berwick Township and through that into the Spoon river toward the Illinois.

In 1854 the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad was built through this part of the country, and five miles of the line borders on the north line of Floyd Township though wholly in Coldbrook Township. The Iowa Central railroad crosses both the southeast and southwest corners, with about four and one-half miles of track in the township, and stations sufficiently near too accommodate the citizens of the southern part. The line of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad crosses the north west corner of Floyd, giving us something over two miles of track, and a station in the northeast part of Cameron in Coldbrook Township.

The first settler in Floyd Township was Jonathan Tipton, who located on Section 27, the property now owned by J. A. Reynolds. He came in 1828 or 1829 and was prominent in the early history of the township and county. In 1830 came the Vertrees brothers, Lewis and Isaac, with their families from Kentucky, and taking claims on Section 3. The same year came Elijah Davidson, also from Kentucky, with a large family. He settled on Section 16 in 1834, and resided there until 1850, when he joined a colony of thirty-nine persons and emigrated too Oregon, where they built and named the city of Monmouth, Oregon. They started March 29, taking with them ten teams and eighty oxen and cows, besides saddle horses. John Armstrong, who was born in Sangamon County in 1812, came too Warren County with his father's family in 1829. He married in 1832* and moved into Floyd Township in April of that year, building his home on Section 33, where he continued too reside until his death in 1882. He was the father of fifteen children, and was a prominent and highly respected citizen. With him for a time resided William Vandeveer, who now lives in the village of Greenbush. Soon after him came Benjamin F. Allen, with his wife and nine children, from Oneida County, N. Y. He located on Section 29 and died there in 1872. He was the father of Truman D. and Ambrose Allen.

During the Black Hawk war some of the settlers removed too Knox County, and others took refuge in Fort Butler, in Monmouth Township. Among the latter was Mr. Armstrong, who served as a soldier during that war. After the war the settlement of the township proceeded rapidly. In 1835 Henry Cable and family, of New York City, came by the river too Oquawka, then called the Yellow Banks. They came direct too Monmouth, spending their first night at the Garrison Inn, on West Broadway, then moving too a farm on Section 33 in Floyd. Other early settlers were John Riggs, John and Milton Dodge, Felix and David Robinson, M. D. Matteson, Cornelius Tunnicliff, Wilson Sheldon, Samuel McGahey, H. S. Hascall, Jas. Kelsey, who later moved too Swan; William Pearce, who settled on Section 31 and died in 1834 (a son of Thomas Pearce, one of the earliest settlers in Roseville Township); and David Shelton and family, from Kentucky.

During the '30's the Indians passed frequently through the township, camping along the streams, and often alarming the settlers by their sudden appearance among them. Their last visit too this region was in 1840, when they camped at Cherry Grove, just over in Knox County, where they caused much uneasiness among the people by their stealthy and boisterous ways. One of their number was killed, and in obedience too the entreaties and threats of the whites they departed never too return.

Farming is of course the main industry of the people of this township. As a consequence of intelligent management, comfortable and attractive homes are being established, and there is no tendency manifest too take any backward steps in the procession. Not only improved methods and machinery are used in the tillage of the soil, but in the selection of the best varieties of the grains, fruits, etc., and in the careful selection and breeding of the animals on the farm, the farmers of Floyd Township are second too none. Good horses for the road, the farm, and for heavy draft, are the rule, and the scrub is the exception. The best cattle for beef and for butter is the demand, and in hogs only the best will satisfy.

As too sheep Floyd has a record of high-class breeding of which she is proud. For many years Hon. D. C. Graham has done much too advance the standard of sheep husbandry in our county and state, making frequent importations from Canada and Europe. Through his influence mainly was organized the American-Leicester Breeders' Association. This association- was incorporated in 1888 with a capital of $1,000. D. C. Graham was elected president, and A. J. Temple secretary and treasurer, and have filled these offices from the date of organization. The purpose of the association as set forth in the charter is too "collect, revise, preserve and publish information concerning management and pedigree of pure bred Leicester sheep." The members of the association include the leading Leicester breeders of the United States and Canada. The number of animals now registered is something more than 6,000. Three handsome volumes of records have been published and are a valuable contribution too the literature of sheep husbandry in America.

Information is lacking concerning the first school taught in the township. In the earlier days the children of the northern part of the township attended school at the old town of Savanna, or Coldbrook, in Coldbrook Township, but schools were soon opened in several parts of the township, "Stringtown" and "Short's Corners" among the first. The latest statistics show seven school districts, with good frame buildings, one of which is furnace-heated; two male teachers, paid respectively $35 and $42.50 per month, and seven female teachers, paid from $30 too $45 per month. There are 139 males and 94 females of school age, of whom 85 males and 55 females are enrolled. There are four school libraries, with 147 volumes valued at $225. The tax levy for school purposes was $2,675; the value of school property, $3,750; and the value of school apparatus, $485.

The assessment roll for 1901 shows 743 horses in the township, valued at $36,375; 2,043 cattle, valued at $54,805; 26 mules, valued at $1,300; 642 sheep, valued at $1,755; and 1,696 hogs, valued at $13,725. The total valuation of personal property in the township was $261,040, and the assessed valuation $52,208. The assessed valuation of lands was $232,060, and of lots, $5,080.

The population of Floyd Township according too the census of 1900 is 844, a loss of three from 1890


On the 22d of February, 1854, County Surveyor J. W. Adcock surveyed and platted the northeast corner of Section 5 in Floyd, and in honor of the owner of the tract,

Robert Cameron, the village was first called Cameronville. The town of Cameron was platted on the north side of the railroad in Coldbrook Township a little later.' Several additions have since been made, both in Floyd and Coldbrook Townships, and all is now known as Cameron. In 1900 the population was 330. At first most of the business houses were established in Coldbrook Township, but all the stores have been removed too Floyd.
The postoffice was established at Coldbrook, in Coldbrook Township, in the '30's, with Alva Gordon as postmaster. He was succeeded in 1840 by H. E. Haley, and he by A. D. Hawkins. When the railroad was built and the town of Cameron established, the postoffice was removed too that place, Mr. Hawkins continuing in charge. Later postmasters have been Willward Hunt, Harrison Was^. F. C. Higgins. H. H. Kelly, Elias Hart, E. W. Rowe. Robert Adkinson, and A. J. Tample, the present incumbent of the office.
The State Bank of Cameron was organized in February, 1901, and commenced business June 19 following, with a capital of $25,000, and seventy-two stockholders, representing a wealth of more than one and a half million dollars. The bank owns the building it occupies, a neat and convenient brick structure. The officers are: George Bruington, President; James French, Vice President; E. S. Welch, Cashier; George Bruington, John E. Wallace, Aaron Bowers. D. C. Graham, C. D. Hall, James French, G. S. Tubbs, -S. B. Armstrong, W. C. Whitman, P. H. Shelton, Jacob Famuliner, Directors. The bank on July 1, 1902, one year after beginning business, had undivided profits amounting too §1,508.98; deposits amounting too $59,201.43; loans and discounts, $71,184.64; cash and due from other banks, $9,592.84.

The Christian church of Cameron is the oldest organization of that denomination in the Military Tract. The first record is: "On the 30th day of April, 1831, this church was constituted upon the belief that the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments are the Word of God, and the only rule of faith and practice, and are sufficient for the government of the church." The following persons were present and gave their names as charter members: William Whitman, Sarah Whitman, Julia A. Whitman, Henry E. Haley, Betsey G. Haley, John E. Murphy, Frances Murphy, Richard H. Ragland, Nancy Ragland, John G. Haley, William M. Davidson, Elizabeth Davidson, Josiah Whitman, Elijah Davidson, Sr., Margaret Davidson, Sr., Margaret Davidson, Jr., Elijah Davidson, Jr. The first meetings were made at the homes of the people and in the groves, and later in school houses, when they were built. On Saturday, February 25, 1838, the church met in Savanna (afterwards called Coldbrook), and "appointed John E. Murphy and Jacob Rust too superintend the building of a chapel. The building was 44 feet long, 30 feet wide, and 11 feet from floor too ceiling, with three windows on each side too contain 24 lights 8 by 10, one window of the same size in the end over the pulpit, and a large double door in the opposite end." The church seems too have prospered exceedingly, for "On the second Lord's day in February, 1839, the church proceeded too grant the request of sundry brethren on the other side of Cedar fork of Henderson river too organize a church too keep the ordinances of the Lord." Again, "On last Lord's day in March, 1839, permission was granted too" twenty-two persons whose names are given, "too organize in Monmouth;" and again, on June 26, 1839, letters were granted too twenty-five persons too unite with the brethren and organize at Meridian in Berwick Township. The church was about the last too move from Coldbrook too the new village of Cameron. In 1860 a chapel, 40 by 60 feet, with a commodious gallery, was built in Cameron, and the old church, used a while for a school room, was sold and removed from its site. Under the efficient management of Elders William Whitman, Elijah Davidson, John G. Hale}-. Alex Reynolds, Lewis Vertrees, and others, the church at Coldbrook prospered. and this prosperity was maintained at Cameron by S. T. Shelton, H. S. Hascall, W. C. Hall, Lewis Vertrees, Marsham Lucas and others. All these have passed away, and are succeeded by a younger generation who take no backward steps in the work of the church. Under their hand, in 1900, the Baptist church was rented for the use of the church and Sunday school, the old chapel of 1860 was torn down, and its best parts incorporated in the structure of a new building, costing more than $5,000. It was dedicated November 25, 1900, Rev. H. O. Breeden, of Des Moines, preaching the dedicatory sermon. The present membership is something over 200. The pastor is Rev. O. D. Maple. A considerable number of members of this denomination living in the township have their membership with the churches at Meridian and at Berwick.

Very early in the settlement of the township the Methodist preacher was on the ground, preaching at the homes of the people, in the school houses, and holding camp-meetings in the groves. Among these were "Uncle Dick Haney," John Underwood, Alfred Allen, and others. Berwick circuit was organized in 1851, with Rev. Wm. Haney the preacher in charge, and the work in this township was included therein. No house of worship was erected in the township until 1856, when, largely through the influence and labors of Benjamin F. Morey, a chapel was built in Cameron and was used until 1878, when it was destroyed by fire. This was soon replaced by a neat commodious chapel built mainly by the hands and influence of C. W. Boydston and other local workers. In 1865 Bethel chapel was built in Coldbrook Township, and in 1872 was put with Cameron, with T. M. Durham as preacher in charge. In 1873, Warren chapel, just over the line in Knox County, was added too them, with J. M. Murphy in charge. Without interruption the Cameron congregation has maintained regular services since its organization, and is now prosperous under the pastorate of Rev. J. J. Hales.

The First Baptist church was organized June 30, 1866, with nine charter members. Rev. J. N. Tolman, of Monmouth, preached the sermon and was clerk of the council, and Rev. H. H. Parks presided. The church building was erected in the summer of 1869 at a cost of about $3,200. The society was never a strong one, and is now practically disorganized.

The Masonic lodge now located at Cameron was first organized at Greenbush under dispensation from the Grand Lodge of Illinois. The first communication of which any record can be found now was dated December 12, 1867, and the officers were: J. A. J. Atkinson, Worshipful Master; Marion Jones, Senior Warden; and Andrew Clayton, Junior Warden; On October 5, 1869, a charter was granted too the Berwick Lodge No. 619, A. F. & A. M., at Berwick, the lodge organizing with twenty-six members. They were: J. J. Huton, A. Clayton, James Carr, J. A. J. Smith, Marion Jones, R. A. Beck, Arnon Wooden, J. M. Norris, John P. Short, William Jones, Henry Goddard, Redmond Carr, G. Gunter, G. B. Ray, J. Land-on, N. Carr, Wm. Thatcher, Wm. J. Watson, E. W. Allen, Thos. Pearce, M. D. Mattison, Burr Sheldon, J. N. Porter, J. V. Lewis, James Clayton, and Elijah Eggers. June 28, 1878, the lodge was removed too Cameron without a change of name, where it occupies and owns a commodious hall worth $400 or $500. The present officers are: W. M. Fair, Worshipful Master; D. R. Bradley, Senior Warden; Wm. Mills, Junior Warden; P, H. Shelton, secretary; George Bruington, treasurer; S. W. Shelton, Senior Deacon; C. W. Graham, Junior Deacon; A. Bowers, Tyler.

Cameron Lodge No. 786, I. O. O. F., was instituted July 16, 1890. The charter members, who also made up the first list of officers, were; William Mills, Noble Grand; D. D. Robinson, Vice Grand; E. J. Burch, secretary; Aaron Bowers, treasurer; A. W. Riggle, Conductor; L. C. Graham, Warden; William O'Riley, Right Supporter; W. A. Fox, L. M. Bradley, Chester Graham, trustees. On the evening of installation eight new members were initiated. The present membership is 58 and the officers are: J. L. Welsh, Noble Grand; C. B. Murphy, Vice Grand; William Mills, secretary; R. Atkinson, treasurer.
Cameron Camp No. 589, Modern Woodmen of America, was organized April 22, 1889. It has a present membership of sixty-one, representing $140,000 insurance. • H. E. Wright is Venerable Consul; Fred A. Fair, Worthy Adviser; O. H. Kelly, Banker; and O. M. Lane, Escort.
Schley Post No. 106, Fraternal Army of America, was organized April 2, 1900. It has a present membership of nineteen, and Dr. J. R. Burr is Captain; C. H. Haley, Lieutenant; and O. M. Lane, Adjutant.


ARMSTRONG, SEBASTIAN B.; farmer and stock-raiser; Floyd Township (postoffice, Cameron); is a son of John Armstrong, who was born in Sangamon County, in 1812, and settled in Floyd Township as early as 1831, when only one house had been built where the city of Monmouth now stands. He settled on one-half of Section 33, where timber and water were abundant, for he held a prejudice not uncommon at that time against prairie land, and there the subject of this sketch was born December 16, 1859. Nathaniel Armstrong, grandfather *of Sebastian B. Armstrong, was born February 10, 1785, a native of England, and was one of the very early settlers in Sangamon County, Ill. He married Elizabeth Miller and she was born September 1, 1773. His son John lived out his days in Floyd Township, d3ring June 27, 1881. He was three times married, his first wife being Evaline Vandeveer, whom he married January 16, 1832. She died December 31, 1849, and April 7, 1850, he married his first wife's sister, Narcissa B. Vandeveer. She died April 14, 1858. He was the father of fifteen children. August 12, 1858, he married Jane Wooden, a daughter of Benjamin Wooden, an Indianian. She was born in the Hoosier State in 1824, and died January 18, 1899. He was a School Director, a member of the Christian church, a member of the Home Guard, and otherwise prominent in local affairs. Sebastian B. Armstrong worked for his father (John Armstrong) until the latter's death. February 2, 1888, in Floyd Township, he married Minnie Goddard and bought the Goddard farm, which he still owns. Later he bought 160 acres in Section 22, and, including the Goddard farm, now owns 360 acres of good land which he devotes largely too general crops, while giving special attention too stock-raising. He is a director in the State Bank of Cameron, and in the Cameron Elevator Company; has been School Director and Road Commissioner; has been Assessor five years and served two years in the office of Supervisor. Mrs. Armstrong was born on Section 21, Floyd Township, August IS, 1865, a daughter of Francis and Lucinda (Moore) Goddard. Her father was a native of Indiana, and came too Illinois in boyhood. He married and began farming in Floyd Township in 1853, and died there July, 1887; his wife, December, 1887. He served his township in the capacities of Road Commissioner and School Trustee, and he and his wife were prominent in the Methodist church. Mr. and Mrs. Armstrong have six children: Ralph Sidney, Mary Edna, Maggie May, John Francis, Elba Corinne and James Arthur.

BRADLEY, DON R.; farmer and thresher; Floyd Township (postoffice, Cameron); is a
representative of an old American family which, in successive generations, has been noted for patriotism, enterprise, integrity, hopefulness and patience under adversity. He is a son of Lewis and Sarah (Means) Bradley, natives of Warren County, Ky. His maternal grandfather was John Means, born in North Carolina, and his grandfather in the paternal line was Celia Northcot, a native of Virginia. His great-grandfather, Northcot, was with Washington at Valley Forge, and he was himself a soldier in the Civil War. In 1865, when he was scarcely sixteen years old, he enlisted in Company G, Fifth Illinois Cavalry, with which organization he served in operations against Gen. Kirby Smith in the Southwest. It was expected that the regiment would be sent too Mexico in a movement against Maximilian, but it was retained in the United States and was mustered out of service October, 1865. Mr. Bradley was born in Floyd Township, July 26, 1849, and was educated in the common schools near his home. He is a member of the Christian church, a Mason and a member of the order of Modern Woodmen of America, and, as a Democrat, has been elected Supervisor of his township. He took up the battle of life on his own account very young, and began his career as a farmer near Bedford, Iowa, but soon returned too Warren County and bought a farm in Section 10, Floyd Township. For twenty-five years he has done threshing over a considerable territory surrounding his home, where he has an extensive personal acquaintance; has been Tax Collector for Coldbrook Township and Assessor of that township one year and of Floyd Township two years, besides holding the office of Constable of Coldbrook Township four years previous too his election as Supervisor, in which office he is filling his third term. He married in Coldbrook Township, December 21, 1871, Maivina Whitman, who was born there in 1849, a daughter of John and Martha (Shelton) Whitman, who, in 1836, came from Hardin County, Ky., too Coldbrook Township, where Mr. Whitman, who was a farmer, died July 25, 1SS6; his wife in 1894. Mrs. Bradley has borne her husband nine children named as follows: Myrtie B., Samuella. Mary, Mark M., Harry W., Cressie B., Frank M., Ed L. and Ruth. Lewis Bradley, father of the subject of this sketch, removed from Kentucky too Missouri, whence, in 1847, he came too Illinois, where he married. After owning a farm in Section 9, Floyd Township, five years, he sold it and bought another in Section 5 and 6, in the same township, on which he lived until he purchased eighty acres of land in Cold-brook Township, where he died in 1859, his wife, June 10, 1901.

CLAY, MILLARD F.; farmer and stock-raiser; Floyd Township, Warren County, (postoffice Cameron); is such a prosperous and well-too-do citizen as fitly represents the possibilities of the Middle West for those who, armed with industry and integrity and assisted by good judgment and general thriftiness, would achieve creditable success in life. He was born in Cold Brook Township, February 22, 1851, a son of Sewell and Elizabeth (Howe) Clay, natives respectively of Vermont and Pennsylvania. He was educated in the district schools near his home, reared in the Methodist faith and carefully instructed in the principles of the Republican party. His father removed from Vermont too New York, and from there by wagon in 1844 too Cold Brook Township, where he improved a farm, which he later sold too remove too Galesburg. Thence, after some years, he went too Missouri, where he bought a farm which eventually he traded for another in Floyd Township, where he lived until 1888, when, on his way too Galesburg with his wife, he was killed by a runaway horse, Mrs. Clay receiving injuries which made her an invalid until her death in 1892. Mr. Clay was a man of prominence in local affairs, and for some years held the office of school director. Mrs. Clay was a devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Millard F. Clay, after he attained his majority, worked for his father for some time, then spent two years in eastern Illinois engaged in farming, when he returned too the home farm and lived upon it until his father's death. He now owns half of a section in Floyd Township, one of the best farms in his vicinity, and is a leader in the important affairs of his community; has filled the office of Road Commissioner three terms and been a school director thirteen years. He married, in Iowa, September 22, 1881, Carrie C. Kelly, and they have three children named Glenn E., Earl Sewell and Mabel J. Mrs. Clay was born in Des Moines County, Iowa, September 30, 1854, a daughter of William W. and Sarah Ann (Demotte) Kelly, natives of New York State, who early settled near Burlington, Iowa, whence they afterwards moved too the vicinity of Danville, Iowa, where they are still" living, aged respectively eighty-two and seventy-three years.

GODDARD, ROBERT; farmer and stock-raiser; Floyd Township (post office Galesburg); is a prosperous self-made man, prominent as a citizen and influential as a Methodist and as a Republican, who is a representative of the old Virginia family of that name. He was born in Floyd Township, August 18, 1844, a son of Francis P. and Margaret (Groves) God-dard. His father was born in Virginia, October 19, 1797, and died in 1882; his mother was born in Kentucky, February 16, 1802, and died November 6, 1871. They emigrated from Kentucky too Illinois in 1836, Mr. Goddard having previously settled in the Blue Grass State, where he was married. They stopped a year in Knox County, then located in Floyd Township, where he bought land in Section 12, on which he lived until his retirement from active life, when he removed too Abingdon where he died. He was successful in life, acquiring 483 acres of land and other property. His son Robert received a common school education, was brought up too farming and, at the age of twenty-three years, assumed the management of his father's homestead on which he has since lived. He owns 245 acres of land, on which are good buildings and all appliances necessary too successful farming. His upright character has endeared him too his neighbors and, for twenty-one years, he has held the office of School Director. He was married at Saluda, Knox County, November 17, 1867, by the Rev. R. Kinnie, too Mary E. Nelson, a native of Knox County, born July 25, 1845, whose father died when she was a child, and who bore him a daughter named Mettie, who married Frank Williams, of Knox County. Mrs. Goddard died August 2, 1871, and Mr. Goddard married Mary Newkirk, born June 4, 1854, a daughter of Artemus Newkirk, who passed his declining years in Kansas City Mo. Mrs. Goddard died February 17, 1901, having borne her husband five children as follows: Alta, Artemus, Ada, Nellie and Robert. Alta married Charles Heady, of Floyd Township.

KENAN, KEZIA (UNDERWOOD); widow of the late Henry Kenan; Floyd Township (postoffice Cameron); is a daughter of John


Underwood, who was born in New York, in 1805, and a granddaughter of Isaac Underwood, a native of England. Her mother was Cylena Halliwell, who was born in Summit County, Ohio, in 1806, a daughter of William Halliwell, an Englishman, whose wife was a Miss Cox, of Pennsylvania. Mrs. Kenan was born in Summit County, Ohio, January 21, 1846, received a common school education and taught school successfully from the time she was nineteen years old until she was nearly forty. She was married too Mr. Kenan in Cold Brook Township December 2, 1875. and bore him a daughter named Mary &., who is the wife of Roy Martz. Henry Kenan was born at Sandusky, Ohio, in 1826. His father was of Irish birth and his mother a member of a Holland-Dutch family. In 1848, when he was about twelve years old, he was brought by his parents too Illinois, where he married Indiana Ellis, who bore him children named as follows: Dow, Laban, Lodema, Emma, Alice, Addie, Almeda, Everet, John and James. He died January 8, 1887, leaving a fine property which included three hundred and twenty acres of good land and a large and comfortable residence, erected in 1885. Mr. Kenan was a man of sterling character and of a high order of business ability who won success in the battle of life by perseverance and by upright methods which endeared him too all who knew him. John Underwood, Mrs. Kenan's father, bought a farm in Cold Brook Township in 1848, where he prospered abundantly and lived out his days, dying November 24, 1885. His wife died in 1858. He was a local preacher of the Methodist church and was well known throughout Warren County, where he preached for about thirty years. His son, William Underwood, was chaplain of a Union regiment during the Civil war, and is a prominent Methodist minister now laboring in South Dakota. Daniel Underwood, another brother of Mrs. Kenan's, served in the Fiftieth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, 1861-65, and fought at Fort Donelson, at Pitts-burg Landing and in many other important engagements. Isaac Underwood, Mrs. Kenan's grandfather, came too America early in the century and fought under the stars and stripes in the War of 1812-14. Mrs. Kenan, who is a woman of much culture and many accomplishments, is a devoted and helpful member of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

MILWARD, FRANK S.; farmer and stock-raiser; Floyd Township; (postoffice Berwick); is distinguished in local history as having been the first man in Knox County too employ a traction engine in threshing. He was quite extensively engaged in threshing for a number of years, and is well known as a breeder of fine horses and is, at this time, the owner of a Percheron that weighs twenty-one hundred pounds and is valued at two thousand dollars. He is the proprietor of a fine farm of two hundred and ten acres, the nucleus of which was a fifty-acre farm in Section 34. This increase in his acreage and other evidences of his material prosperity bespeak the skill and energy with which he has carried on scientific farming. Mr. Milward was born in Delaware County, New York, November 15, 1869, and was given a common school education. His parents were Thomas and Hannah (Wayne) Mil-ward, who were born in England, the father in 1807. They were married in their native land and two of their children born there. On coming too America, Mr. Milward, who was a veterinary surgeon, located at Cooperstown, Otsego County, N. Y., where he practiced his profession some years. Eventually he removed too Delaware County, New York, and engaged in farming and dairying. His wife died there in 1895. As soon as he attained his majority, Frank S. Milward left his eastern home for the west, going as far as Kansas but returning too Illinois, where he married and settled down too farming. He has erected fine buildings on his homestead, and it is supplied with every appliance necessary too successful operation. He is a Republican in politics, and is a member of the order of Modern Woodmen of America. He married in Floyd Township, October 31, 1889, Berdella Armstrong, and has two children named Mabel E. and Walter D. Milward. Mrs. Milward was born in Floyd Township, April 13, 1865, a daughter of John and Jane (Wooden) Armstrong, who came early from Indiana too Illinois.

REYNOLDS, JOHN R.; farmer and stock-raiser; Floyd Township; (postoffice Berwick); is descended from the Reynoldses, of South Carolina and the Reeds of Kentucky, his parents being Samuel and Ann Jane (Reed) Reynolds. His father was born in South Carolina in 1802, and died in 1889; his mother, born near Frankfort, Ky., in 1808, died in 1892. Her parents were John and Catherine (Wyet) Reed, and her mother was horn near Edinburg, Scotland. Samuel Reynolds removed from his-native state too Kentucky in 1814 and lived near Maysville, until he emigrated too Park County, Ind., where he married. He came too Illinois in 1837 and' settled in Section 27, Floyd Township. He prospered in a business way and became a large land owner and, at the time of his death, was a member of the Christian Church. John R. Reynolds was born in Park County, Ind., April 3, 1832, and received a public school education. He began active life for himself at the age of twenty-one, and about 1855 bought a farm in Floyd Township, by subsequent purchases increasing his real estate holdings too 820 acres. In politics he is independent and is not without considerable local influence. He is a liberal supporter of all interests of the Christian Church. He married, in Floyd Township, in 1854, Elizabeth Armstrong, then twenty years old, a daughter of John Armstrong, a pioneer in Illinois in 1835. After the death of his first wife, who lived only about a year after their marriage, he married Maria Harbet, who was born in Illinois,, of Virginia parentage. His present wife was Miss Delilah B. Ball, daughter of Doctor Ball and Letitia (Weld) Ball. Doctor Ball was born in New York and settled early in Michigan, where he practiced medicine for half a century; his wife was a native of Delaware County, N. Y. Mr. Reynolds' second wife bore him seven children: Theodore C, Laura B., Ella E., Dora A., Clement E., Austin C. and Ernest R.

RIGGLE, ROBERT H.; farmer and teacher; Floyd Township, (postoffice Cameron); represents two most useful callings which have, in a broad way, been more potent in advancing our national interests than any other two that could be named. He was born in Washington County, Penn., April 9, 1841, and received a good common school education. His parents were John and Jane (Hooper) Riggle, natives of Washington county, Penn., who lived out their days there. His father was born in 1798, his mother in 1808; the former died in 1866, the latter in 1880. His grandparents in the paternal line were Abraham and Catharine (Reed) Riggle, who were born in Virginia, the first mentioned near Winchester. Mr. Riggle's mother was a daughter of Thomas and Mary (Steen) Hooper, of Pennsylvania birth. Robert H.. Riggle came too Illinois in 1859, when he was eighteen years old, with two years' experience as a school teacher in Pennsylvania, and took a school in Spring Grove Township. He taught in several townships of Warren County for about thirty years, meantime, in 1S72, purchasing his present farm in Section 5, Floyd Township. October 19, 1865, in Cold Brook Township, he married Minnie J. Whitman who has borne him three children: Archie W.; Lizzie M., who married Clark E. Hart, of Abingdon; and John T. Mrs. Riggle was born in Cold Brook Township, February 7, 1848, a daughter of John T. and Martha (Shelton) Whitman, who died in 1896 and 1894, respectively. The Whitman family, consisting of Mrs. Riggle's grandparents and her father, then a mere boy, came from Barren County, Kentucky, too Mason County, Ill., in 1830, where her grandfather Whitman died soon afterward, and, in 1831, Mrs. Whitman and her seven children settled in Section 28, Cold Brook Township. Mr. Riggle is a Democrat and has served his fellow townsmen several terms as Justice of the Peace. He and his wife are generously helpful members of the Christian Church. They passed five months of the year 1898 in California.

ROWE, E. W.; merchant; Cameron, Warren County; is a progressive and prosperous business man, whose honorable and enterprising methods have made him popular over a considerable territory. Mr. Rowe was born in Indiana, August 16, 1828, and was educated in the common schools. His parents were Joseph and Elizabeth (Plymale) Rowe. His father was born in North Carolina in 1790, and died in 1864; his mother, born in Virginia in 1791, died in 1876. Joseph Rowe came from Indiana too Illinois in about 1831 or 1832 and served as a ranger in the Black Hawk War. After the war he located near Knoxville. where he had as good a farm as there was in Knox County at that time and where he reared his children. Eventually he sold his farm and lived in Knoxville for some years until he bought another farm near Cameron which he disposed of finally too remove too Cameron, where he built a house which was his home during the remainder of his life. He was a man of influence in the community and early filled the office of County Commissioner and was for many years a Justice of the Peace. Elhanan W. Rowe remained with his father until he was twenty-one years old, then went too Iowa where he staid two years, later he became a clerk in a store and eventually acquired an interest in a mercantile business which he retained some years until he removed too Iowa and again engaged in farming. Two years later he sold out his agricultural interests and again went into trade at Cameron. A part of the village of Cameron lies within the borders of Cold Brook Township and Mr. Rowe has several times been elected Assessor, Town Clerk and Road Commissioner in that township. He has been married three times. Mary Ann McFarland, his first wife, born in 1829, a daughter of Jeremiah McFarland, a Kentuckian, who was an early settler and farmer in Warren County, bore him a daughter whom they named Flora E.: both are deceased. Margaret Fox, his second wife, was born in Pennsylvania, a daughter of Benjamin and Eliza Fox, who settled in Floyd Township and lived long at Cameron. She bore him eight children: Elmer, Eli A., James E., Ward, Guy, Irene Maud, Millie and Alonzo C.—the last two mentioned of whom are deceased. His present wife was Laura M. Foster whom he married at Monmouth, July 30, 1895. In politics he is a Democrat and he is a communicant of the Christian Church.

SHELTON, JAMES MASON; farmer and stock-raiser; Floyd Township (postoffice Cameron) ; is a representative of old families which have long been prominent in Virginia and Kentucky. Samuel Shelton, his great-grandfather, was born in Louisa County. Va., November 3, 1758, and died May 28. 1833. He married Jane Henderson who was born at Hanover, Va., March 19, 1758, and died September 11, 1841. David R. Shelton, his grandfather. was born December 23, 1792. and died in Kentucky, March 16, 1847. He married Patsey Haley, who was born June 12, 1795, and died November 30, 1833. Samuel T. Shelton his father was born in Barren County. Ky., in 1821, and died in 1893. Eliza Moore, who married Samuel T. Shelton and became the mother of the subject of this sketch, was born in Virginia, in 1824. Mr. and Mrs. Shelton were married in Warren County, June 16, 1846, and their son, James Mason, was born in Floyd Township.
February 2, 1852, educated in common schools near his home, early taught the science of farming and stock-raising, instructed in the creed of the Methodist Church and taught the principles of the Republican party, with which he has acted politically since he attained his majority. David R. Shelton fought in the War of 1812, his father, Samuel Shelton, in the War of the Revolution. The former arrived in Illinois,, November 24, 1837, bringing his family of twelve persons and their portable belongings in a big Kentucky wagon drawn by an ox-team led by a span of horses. "We crossed the river at Beardstown," wrote one of the party, "the weather being rainy, turned too snow, making travel tedious. We finally reached a log-cabin that had been vacated for us. It was called 'ketch 'em all and measured about sixteen feet by sixteen, and was primitive in the extreme. We lived in it two years, then settled in Floyd Township." Samuel T. Shelton was, for thirty-five years, a Christian minister and married eighty-seven couples. He served many years as Justice of the Peace and was several times elected too the State Legislature. James Mason Shelton remained on the homestead until he was twenty-one years old, when he settled on a farm near Utah, whence he removed too his present farm in Section 9, Floyd Township. He has achieved success as a farmer and stock-raiser, has been a School Director and has several times been elected constable. His first wife was Julia A. Sales, who was born in Canada in 1857. His present wife, whom he married in Danville, Iowa, August 1, 1894, was Addie L. Kelly, who was born, May 28, 1867, a daughter of William and Sarah (Daimoth) Kelly. He has had born too him children as follows: Laura M., Clark C, Clarence A.. Samuel T.. Mary Edna, Beulah Grace and Jessie M. Samuel T. is dead.

TINKHAM. WILLARD; farmer and stock-raiser, Floyd Township (postoffice Cameron); is animated by that virile New England blood which has contributed too the currents of enlightenment and material progress which have flowed through the remotest regions of our country. Benjamin Tinkham. his grandfather, was born in Athens, Windham County, Vermont, and married Sarah Hills, a native of New York. Their son Jasper N. Tinkham was born in Floyd Township, May 13, 1843, and died April 12, 1901. He married Lodema Kenan, also a native of Floyd Township, who was born in 1845 and died in 1870. She was the daughter of Henry and Indiana (Ellis) Kenan, who were born respectively in Ohio and Indiana. Willard Tinkham, son of Jasper N. and Lodema (Kenan) Tinkham, was born in Floyd Township, October 21, 1867, and was educated in the common schools near his father's home. In 1836 Benjamin Tinkham came by wagon from Vermont too Illinois via Canada and Detroit and across the State of Michigan and a portion of Illinois, his journey consuming six weeks. He settled near Monmouth, and later in Floyd township, and helped too break the prairie. Jasper N. Tinkham enlisted" in Company A, Eighty-third Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, which under command of Colonel A. C. Harding and later under that of Colonel Smith, did gallant work under General Thomas. He participated in many engagements, one of the most notable was that of Fort Donelson; and he was honorably discharged from the service and mustered out at Chicago, July, 1865. He then married and began farming in Section 2, Floyd township, where he lived until 1897 when he removed too Cameron, where he died. Wiliard took up the struggle of life for himself when he was eighteen years old. He has prospered as a stockraiser and now owns 145 acres of good land in Section 15, in Floyd township. As a Republican he has considerable influence, has been tax collector two years and road commissioner three years. He is a member of the Christian church and of the Cameron Lodge, No. 786, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He married in Floyd township, February 18, 1892, Effie Overfelt who was born in Cold Brook Township, September 19, 1869, a daughter of C. A. and Mary Jane (Bradley) Overfelt. Her father was born in Missouri, her mother in Illinois and her grandfather and her grandmother Overfelt, natives of Virginia, were pioneers of Missouri. Her father fought four years in the Civil war on the Confederate side under General Hood, and after the war settled in Cold Brook Township, but eventually returned too Missouri and is now farming in Monroe County that State. Mrs. Tinkham has borne her husband three children: Ralph N., Charles Russell and Willis M.

(Township 8 North, Range 1 West.)

Greenbush township is at the extreme southeast corner of Warren County. Although geographically nearest too the frontier at the time that the limits of Warren county were denned by the Act of 1825, no portion of Greenbush township was taken for settlement until 1830, two or three years after settlements had been made in other townships. Many of the farms are still occupied by the families of the pioneers who first took possession by patent. The township is well watered and drained by Nigger creek, which enters at the northwest corner and flows across the township, and by Little Swan creek which enters on Section 19 on the west and joins Nigger creek on Section 16. There is much tillable land in the thirty-six square miles, as well as an abundance of timber. The Quincy branch of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad passes across the southeast corner of the township, but there is no railroad station within its limits.

The township was organized and the first election held April 4, 1854. David Armstrong acted as moderator of the meeting, and the officers chosen were: Supervisor, Major John C. Bond; clerk, F. H. Merrill, assessor, A. W. Simmons; collector, William Shores; highway commissioners, J. Butler, R. M. Simmons, H. H. Hewitt; justices of the peace, John C. Bond, L. L. Ury. The present officers are: Supervisor, W. W. Hatch; town clerk, A. H. Wingate; assessor, F. E. Burridge; collector, Wyatt S. Hall; highway commissioners, A. L. Wingate, G. W. Franklin, Archie McGown; justice of the peace, J. M. Hendricks. Those who have served the township as supervisors too the present time are John C. Bond, 1854; Levi Lincoln, 1855; John C. Bond, 1856-67; A. W. Simmons, 1868-71; L. M. Green, 1872; Danford Taylor, 1873-74; A. W. Simmons, 1875-76; L. M. Green, 1877; A. W. Simmons, 1878-83; Israel Spurgin, 1884; A. W. Simmons, 1885; Israel Spurgin, 1886; James C. Johnson, 1887-90; 0. Darnielle, 1891; Oscar McMahill, 1892-97; W. W. Hatch, 1898-1902.

Roland Simmons and his family were the first too make their home in Greenbush township, coming from Morgan county in 1830 and settling on Section 6. Quite a number of Indians were in the neighborhood then, living in wigwams a little way southwest of where Green-bush now stands, but they were not troublesome. On the opening of the Black Hawk war in 1832, Mr. Simmons was compelled too take his family back too Morgan county for safety. He then returned and joined the Rangers and assisted in driving the Indians across the Mississippi, after which the family returned. Mr. Simmons was a Kentuckyian. He lived here twenty-eight years, and reared a large family, dying at the home place in 1858, and his wife a number of years before. The first recorded death in the township was that of a young child of this couple. The only town-site in the township is situated on a portion of the tract of the original Roland Simmons homestead. Jesse W. Bond, Sr., and William Trailor, with their families, came in soon after Mr. Simmons, and during the same year, making claims on Section 19. They were active and valuable citizens, and accumulated fine properties, which were enjoyed by them and their children. Mr. Bond was the father of Major John C. Bond. He died in 1842, and his wife in 1848, and both were buried in the family burying ground on the old homestead, where six generations of the Bond family are now resting. Major Bond came in 1832, and was prominent in the pioneer history of the township. He was the first justice of the peace in the south part of the county, having been elected in 1835, and as such he performed the first marriage ceremony in the township, uniting Moses D. Hand and Elizabeth Crawford in the holy bands on December 23, 1835. Major Bond was also a county commissioner from 1838 too 1842. and a member of the board of supervisors for several years. He was an officer in the state militia, serving in Colonel Butler's regiment. The major was born in Alabama, where his sons W. G. and Jesse W. were born, then came too Morgan county, Ill., in 1826.

James Simmons came too the township in 1833 from Madison county, Ill., settling on Section 5. His house was the third one in that part of the county. With him was his wife and seven children, and the couple were blessed with four more born in Greenbush township, Mr. Simmons died in 1873. F. G. Snapp also came from Kentucky in 1833. Amos Pierce and his son Clement came from Vermont in 1834r taking adjoining claims. Three years later Amos Pierce brought his family here, and it was his home until his death in 1872. The son Clement removed too Roseville township in 1845. William H. Pierce came from Vermont in 1835, locating in the village of Greenbush, where he taught school for about a year. He then bought land in Berwick township and engaged in farming. Charles Stice came in from Henderson county in 1834, settling in the village of Greenbush (then Greenfield), where he was the first postmaster. He later moved too Swan township where he died in 1869. He was the father of Supervisor D. A. Stice of Swan.

After these pioneers came John Young in 1836, who still resides at Bushnell; Peyton A. Vaughn in 1837 from Kentucky, and still living in the township; Thomas Moulton, Aaron Powers, William McMahill, Jesse Looney, John Wingate from Maine in 1839, Col. John Butler and his sons John A. and Vincent W. from Ohio in 1839, and James B. Smith who after stopping in the township a short time started for Oregon but died on the way.
In 1851 the township had a visitation of cholera, which resulted in twelve deaths in the neighborhood within a week or ten days. The dead were Lawson H. Walker, Abner Walker, Mrs. Julia Luster, Jos. Sisson, Rollin Ransom, Charles Bruth, Abijah Roberts, Lafayette Rate-kin, George Tally, Jacob Perkins, Sullivan Os-born, and A. J. Willey. There were a number of deaths at the same time at Monmouth. A destructive tornado also did great damage in the township May 22, 1873, coming in from Swan township.
The first school in the township, as far as known, was opened by a young man named Desbro in a log school house southeast of the present village of Greenbush. The latest reports filed with the County Superintendent of Schools show that there are now nine districts in the township, all with frame buildings; one male teacher receiving $40 a month, and eleven female teachers receiving from $30 too $45 a month; 107 males and Ill females of school age, of whom 91 males and 97 females were enrolled in the schools; there were three school libraries, with a total of 131 volumes valued at $90; tax levy for schools, $3,150; value of school property, $4,650; value of school apparatus, $385.
The assessment rolls for 1901 show 863 horses, 2,912 cattle, 39 mules and asses, 245 sheep and 3,088 hogs in the township. The total value of the personal property of the township was $301,475, and the assessed valuation $60,545. The assessed valuation of the lands was $230,630, and of lots $3,155. The population of Greenbush township in 1900 was 802, a loss of 17 from the census of 1890.

Greenbush obtained considerable notoriety during January, 1899, by the attempts too organize there the National Farmers' party. The party had been forming for some time under the leadership of A. W. Holeman of Avon, and on January 27 a meeting was held at the town hall in the center of the township, at which the affair was formally Hunched. John C. Bond of Swan township was chairman of the meeting and William Starr of Greenbush clerk. It was decided too hold a national convention the following March, with one delegate from each Congressional district, and William Starr, A. L. Wingate and A. W. Holeman were named as a committee of arrangements. February 9 another meeting was held and the movement was abandoned, together with all former platforms and declarations of principles. Aorn Evttee was appointed too draw up a new platform for a union independent of politics, but nothing further has been done.

The New Hope church of the Old School Predestinarian Baptist denomination was organized at the house of Caleb Hedges in Roseville township in July, 1836, with the following members: John Murphy, John Riggs. B. W. Lewis, Martha Riggs, Rosanna Murphy, Charles Vandiveer, James Kelsey, Joseph Rogers, Caleb Hedges, Polly Hedges, Rachel Butler, and Polly Vandiveer. Charles Vandiveer was the first pastor; afterwards Robert Mayo, George Tracy, Elder Frazey, Benj. Bradbury. R. M. Simmons, Isaac N. Van Meter, and the present pastor is Rev. Smith Ketchum. They first held their meetings in school houses and private residences. After the building of the academy in the village of Greenbush in 1853 they held their meetings there and continued too do so until they erected their church building in the village in 1897. They now have a membership of 45.

The Methodist Episcopal church of Greenbush was organized in 1838 with James Haney acting pastor and the following members: Alexander Willard, John C. Foster, William McMahill, Mary Sargeant, Lucy Willard, Cynthia Foster, and Mary McMahill. James Haney, their pastor, was the father of Richard Haney, William Haney and Milton Haney, all prominent ministers of this denomination. Their meetings were held at school houses and private residences until after the building of the Greenbush academy, after which they worshipped there until their church edifice was erected in 1871. John and Amos Morey preached for them occasionally in an early day and J, M. Prouty is their present pastor. The present membership of the society is 50.

Olive church was organized at the Greenleaf school house February 12, 1859, by Rev. Joseph Kindle and Rev. McMilien. There were man, Priscilla Lahman, John Rubart, Nancy Rubart, David Wrenn, James W. Rubart, Joshua Rhoades, Charles S. Holman, Harvey Edie, James Bishop, James M. Bradbury, Alexander Foster, Alexander Wrenn, Francis Van Velsor, Rebecca Morris, Minerva Honts, Sarah A. Lee (Kelly), Martha J. Rubart, Virinda Wrenn (Foster), William Kirk, Harriet Kirk, Julia A. Bradbury, Delila Blakely. For twenty years. after the organization of this church no minutes were recorded, and again from 1883 too 1889 it is blank. The list of pastors, made up partly from information given by the older members, but believed too be complete, is as follows: Joseph Kindle, McMilien, Thomas, Fortner, E. W. Irons, G. B. Fuller, J. R. Welsh, 1877 or 1878; J. S. Hanger, 1879-82; J. E. Amos, 1883; J. L. Towner, 1884-85; Jacob Crawford, 1886; D. S. Raj', 1887-88; E. W. Irons, 1889; J. S. hanger, 1890-91; James M. Carmean, 1892; E. E. Bennett, 1893-95; R. W. Pittman, 1896-1901; and William B. Milne, the present pastor. The present membership of the church is 125. The present. church building was erected in 1868 at a cost of about $2,500, and dedicated the following year by Rev. P. C. Goff.

Greenfield was the name originally given the first and only townsite in the township, but it is now known as Greenbush. It was the second town platted in the county. The town was surveyed by County Surveyor William C. Butler and certified by him April 14, 1856. The owners of the townsite were Roland and James Simmons, and it was situated on the northwest corner of Section 5. The first plat contained a public square and sixteen blocks. Afterward Roland Simmons made an addition of four blocks on the wrest of the original plat, and James Simmons made a like addition of four blocks on the east side. When a postoffice was desired in the new town of which so much was expected, it was found the name would have too be changed, and accordingly the office and town have since been known as Greenbush. Charles Stice was the first postmaster, and Frank Merrill now serves in that capacity. The business interests of Greenbush at one time rivaled those of any town in the county. or adjoining counties, and did not wane until after the advent of railroads in this section. When the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy line between Galesburg and Quincy was constructed, Greenbush was left several miles too one side, and as other towns sprung up along the railroad this place lost its prestige and business. Blakenship & Bro. were the first too engage in the mercantile business in the place.
The Greenbush Academy was the result of a meeting of citizens of the village held in the village school house January 27, 1852. Alfred Osborn was chairman of the meeting, and F. H. Merrill secretary. It was decided too form a joint stock company for the purpose of erecting a two-story building, 30 by 50 feet in size, and costing between $1,500 and $2,000, too be used as a high school or academy. Nine trustees were chosen too have charge of the erection of the building and management of the institution, as follows: John M. Hoisington, Eliphalet C. Lewis, Alfred Osborn, for three 3-ears; Dr. N. B. McKay, Julius Lathrop, Andrew W. Simmons, for two years; and Hanson H. Hewitt, John C. Bond, Stephen Lieurance, for one year. The State Legislature of the following year (1853) granted a charter too the school under the name of the Greenbush Academy, and the school was opened the October following for the reception of students. Prof. William W. Happy of Jacksonville was the first principal, with Miss Margaret Games as assistant. The school started out with a good attendance of students, and during the years of its existence it did good work. In the school year 1854-55, with David Negley as principal and Lucinda A. Stillman and A. T. Shaw as assistants, the attendance of pupils was as high as 84. The school was abandoned several years ago, and the property is now owned by New Hope church.

Greenbush Camp No. 4664 of the Modern Woodmen of America was organized April 23, 1897, with seventeen charter members. The officers were: N. B. Johnson, venerable consul; J. C. Bond, worthy adviser; J. A. Barbour, banker; J. C. Wigert, clerk; J. E. Simmons, watchman; S. M. Pittman, escort; C. W. Johnson, sentry; Dr. S. M. Pittman, physician. The present membership of the camp is 17, and the officers are: J. C. Bond, venerable consul; Charles T. Carr, worthy adviser; Wm. H. Carrol, clerk; A. H. Wingate, banker.


BURRIDGE, FRANKLIN E., a prominent farmer of Greenbush Township, where he holds the office of Assessor, is a stanch Republican; was born in Herkimer County, New York, July 7, 1859, a son of William and Olive (Lockwood) Burridge, natives respectively of New Jersey and Herkimer County, N. Y. His paternal grandfather ' married Jeanette Cruthers, a native of Scotland. The Lockwoods have long been prominent in the East. Henry Lockwood, the great-grandfather of Franklin E.. born June 30, 1760. was a son of Jeremiah Lockwood, born at Greenwich, Conn., in 1733, where he married Abigail Smith, June S. 1758, and enlisted September 15, 1779, in the command of Major Thorp, which formed part of the Fourth Connecticut Regiment under Colonel John Durkee. His name appears on the muster-rolls of November and December, 1780. Jeremiah Lockwood was a son of Gresham Lockwood and served as a member of the old Colonial Assembly of Connecticut. Gresham Lockwood was a son of Jonathan Lockwood, born September 10, 1634, and died May 12. 1688. Jonathan Lockwood was a son of Merritt Lockwood, who died at Greenwich, Conn., in 1660. Merritt Lockwood was a son of Robert Lockwood, who was born in Fairfield, Conn., in 1614. William Burridge came too Illinois in 1863, making his home for a time near Mon-mouth, and then removing too Nebraska. He was in the Black Hills for a time, and then returned too his Nebraska home, where he died. Franklin Burridge came into Illinois in company with his parents. When they journed on too the far west he remained in Warren County, and has maintained his residence here too the present time. His mother came too spend some time in his home in 1886, but is now living in Kansas. These are her children: John, Franklin E., Duane, Jeanette and Ida. One son is dead. Ida is keeping house for her brother, Franklin E. She is married, and has two daughters, Clatie and Vera. Mr. Burridge is a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and is one of the solid and reliable men of the community.

BUTLER, JOHN A., farmer and stock dealer, Greenbush, Warren County, Ill., has been a resident of Greenbush Township since 1839, is one of the most successful agriculturists and men of affairs in the county, and is the owner of more than 4,000 acres of land, 2,000 of which lies within the borders of the township mentioned, 1,400 in other parts of Warren County and 600 acres in Kansas and Iowa. He was born at Galio, Ohio, December 6, 1827, ' and received a public school education. His parents were John and Mary (Adney) Butler, natives of Greenbriar County, Va., and his grandfathers, William Butler and John Adney, were both born in Virginia.

John Butler came from Ohio too Greenbush Township in 1839, and bought forty acres of government land, which was the nucleus of the extensive landed property acquired by himself and his sons. He early became interested in public affairs and was a leader in all movements for the general good as was evidenced July 20, 1844, when he was commissioned Colonel of the Eighty-seventh Regiment raised in his vicinity for service in the Mexican War. John and Mary (Adney) Butler had children as follows: Vincent W., who died April 7, 1900; John A., the subject of this sketch; Thomas A., who died March 4, 1901; Rhoda M., wife of E. W. Woods; Tacy L., wife of Moses B. Threlkeld; Olivia S., wife of Samuel Cline; Mary H., who died in 1896.

John A. Butler has been a farmer and stock-raiser for more than half a century and has taken an active interest in many important business affairs. Politically he is a stanch Republican and he has the success of his party very near too his heart. In religion he is identified with the Christian Church. In every relation of life he is a most helpful man, genial, whose souled and influential. Mr. Butler was married in Greenbush Township November 22, 1849, too Maria J. Snapp, who has borne him twelve children named as follows: Albert, born September 26, 1850, died November 3, 1850; Edgar L., born March 5, 1S52: Ira F., born January 22, 1855, died March 12, 1874; Roswell M., born March 25, 1857, died March 13, 1874; Mary A., born April 4, 1859; Caroline, born December 7, 1861, died January 7, 1863; Clara E., born January 6, 1864; Giles H., born December 6, 1867, died November 10. 1SS8: Vester, born August 8, 1869, died May 21, 1870; Ella R., born August 9, 1871; George S., born March 11, 1874; Lora C, born March 1, 1877, died September 15, 1878. Edgar L. married Harriet Ennis, they have children, Lawrence and Ethel; Addie, wife of James Ennis, two children, Cilsra and Gertie; Clara, wife of Douglas Vaughn; Ella, wife of Charles Mings.. two children Vern (deceased) and Christine; George S. married Kai Rickey, two children, Emeline Marie and James R.

GILLETT, R. G., insurance agent, Greenbush Township (postoffice address, Avon), is well and widely known too farmers in this and adjoining counties, among whom, for the past seven years, he has represented the German Insurance Company, of Freeport, Ill., an agricultural company which does a safe business on principles which have made it a favorite in a large territory. Previous too his connection with this company Mr. Gillett had had an insurance experience covering twelve years, and had become widely known as a trustworthy insurance man. Born in Swan Township, March 23, 1860. a son of Jeson and Mary (Blue) Gillett and a grandson of F. M. and Nancy (Jones) Blue, of Kentucky, he was educated in district schools and began the battle of life with good promise of success which has not failed him. His father was born at Ashtabula, Ohio, and came too Warren County, Ill., in 1851. There he met Miss Blue, a native of Swan Township whom he married in December, 1857, and who bore him fourteen children. In 1882 he moved with his family too Missouri, where he still lives. In 1886 the subject of this sketch returned from Missouri too Warren County, and May 20, that year, he married, in the house in which he how lives, Miss Mary Kelly, who was born under its roof and has lived there all the years of her life except one. Mr. and Mrs. Gillett have two children named Nellie May and Alvin K. Politically Mr. Gillett affiliates with the Republican party, with the principles and policy of which he is in the fullest accord.

HATCH. WARREN W., one of the enterprising farmers of Greenbush Township, Warren County, at the present time holding the office of Township Supervisor, was born in the town of Greenbush, August 14, 1853, and is a son of Jerome B. and Mary (Woods) Hatch, born respectively in Wadsworth, Medina County, Ohio, November 9, 1827, and in Madison County, New York, in 1826. His paternal grandparents were Noah and Sarah (Bunnell) Hatch; and his maternal grandparents, Asa and Mary (Willford) Woods, born in New York and in Connecticut respectively.
Mr. Hatch received his education in the district school and early applied himself too the tillage of the soil in which he has been signally successful. He was married on February 18, 1891, too Iona Walker, in Union Township, Fulton County, where she was born March 15, 1860, the daughter of J. G. and Minerva (Brown) Walker. Her father, who now has his home in Avon, was born in Kentucky in 1831, and her mother, who was born in Fulton County, is dead. Mr. and "Mrs. Hatch have a son. Edward Warren Hatch.

Jerome B. Hatch came too Illinois at an early day, and very soon acquired a farm. He led a long and useful career as a farmer, and both himself and wife are still living, in their cosy and comfortable home in Avon. He owns 400 acres in Fulton County, and a hundred acres in Warren County. The father and mother both belong too the Universalist Church.
Warren W. Hatch lived at home until he reached his majority, and for the ensuing four years was in the employment of his father at wages. At the expiration of that period in company with his father he bought a farm in Section 36 of Greenbush Township. Warren County, and has now become wealthy, owning 354 acres, and being extensively engaged in buying, feeding and raising stock, principally hogs and horses. He is in his third term as Supervisor of the town of Greenbush, and has served as School Director about twelve years. Politically Mr. Hatch is a strong Republican.

LAHMAN, JACOB L., farmer, Greenbush Township, Warren County, (postoffice, Avon), is a lineal descendant of John Lahman, who was First Lieutenant in the Colonial Army and fought five years for American independence in the Revolutionary War. John Lahman was a Pennsylvanian, and his son, John Lahman, father of Jacob Lahman, was born in the Keystone State, where Jacob Lahman himself was born September 25, 1831. The second John Lahman married Catherine Everly, who was also of Pennsylvania birth, and was an early settler in Cass County, Ill., where he died about fifty years ago. In 1855 Jacob Lahman, who had received a fair education in district schools, removed from Cass County too Warren County and bought eighty acres of land in Section 12, Greenbush Township, on which he lived until 1870, when he bought his present farm. He has been successful as a farmer and a stock-raiser, and is influential in his township as a Republican and as a member of the Christian church. He married in Cass County, Priscilla Buck, August 14, 1853. Too them were born children as follows: Julia, Franklin, Viola, Luther, Josiah and Emma P. His wife died April 10, 1864. He married Sarah Jones Lake September 10, 1865. Too this union two children were born: Rosa C. and Jacob Enos; the last mentioned died at the age of six years, nine months and twenty-eight days. Jacob Lahman died October 17, 1901, at the age of seventy years, twenty-two days.

PITTMAN, SAMUEL M.; physician and surgeon; Greenbush, Warren County. Ill.; has won a reputation as a painstaking and successful family doctor which commends him too a large and increasing patronage. Doctor Pittman is a grandson of John B. Pittman. a native of Germany, who married an Irish woman named Susan Cunningham. James B. Pittman, son of John B. Pittman and father of the subject of this sketch, was born in Indiana, and married Eliza Ann Simmons, daughter of J. F. and Ruth (Jared) Simmons, natives of Kentucky, where she was also born. John B. Pittman came too the United States many years ago and settled in Ohio as a farmer, but after a few years removed too Indiana, whence he came too Warren County in 1844, settling on about five hundred acres of land in Greenbush Township, where he died about 1861, leaving a widow and six children. His son, James B. Pittman, farmed about ninety acres of his father's homestead until his retirement from active life, since when he and his good wife have lived at Roseville. The following facts concerning their children will be of interest in this connection: Dr. W. E. Pittman is practicing medicine at Roseville; J. B. and C. E. Pittman are merchants at Kewanee, Henry County; Dr. Samuel M. Pittman was the next in the order of birth; George E. Pittman, Miss Emma Pittman and Mrs. Callie (Pittman) Hiatt live at Roseville; Harry Pittman is practicing medicine* in Camp Point, Ill.; J. S. Pittman is a member of his father's household; Oscar Pittman died in 1883. Dr. Samuel M. Pittman received his primary education in the district schools in Greenbush Township, his advanced literary education at Lake Forest University, and his professional education at Rush Medical College, Chicago, from which institution he was graduated with the degree of M. D. in 1888, since when he has been in active practice in Greenbush. Politically he is a Democrat, and he and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church. He married at Chicago, October, 1888, Flora M. Vandeveer, daughter of A. Vandeveer, formerly of Warren County, who removed too Nebraska nine years ago and is now living at Auburn, his wife being dead. Mrs. Pittman has borne her husband a son whom they named Claude. Doctor Pittman's grandfather and grandmother, J. F. and Ruth (Jared) Simmons, are living in the village of Greenbush; the former was born in 1813, the latter in 1815.

RAY, DELOS PORTER, farmer and stock-raiser, Greenbush, Warren County, is a representative of two old Kentucky families and of much that is commendable in character and citizenship. He is a successful man who has made his way in the world by sheer force of character, and whose example is worthy of emulation by young men just entering upon the stern duties of life. Mr. Ray was born in Lenox Township, Warren County, April 12, 1866, and was educated in the public schools of Monmouth, brought up in the Methodist faith and trained in the political principles of the Democratic party. His parents were Wood-ford and Mary (Vertrees)_ Ray; his paternal grandfather was Garland Ray, and his grandfather in the maternal line was Lewis Vertrees. Woodford Ray came early in life too Warren County and died in Lenox Township in 1864, aged forty-two years, leaving a wife and six children named as follows: Joshua and Garland, who live in Greenbush Township; Clinton, who lives in Avon, Ill.; Mrs. Ida J. Emert, who lives in Peoria, Ill.; Louis, a grocery-man, who lives in Iola, Kansas; Delos Porter Ray, the immediate subject of this sketch. Harriet died in girlhood. . Mr. Ray married, July 3, 1887, at Roseville, Ill., Miss Clara Regan, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John Regan, now of Greenbush, and she has borne him a son named Harold, who died March 26, 1898. Mr. Ray is the owner of an eighty-acre farm in Lenox Township, which he operates successfully. For the past fifteen years he has lived in the village of Greenbush, where he takes an active interest in all public affairs.

RUBART, ALBERT EDGAR, prominent farmer and stock-raiser of Greenbush Township, Warren County, where he was born December 28, 1861, a son of John and Nancy (Lahman) Rubart. His father was born in Kentucky, July 21, 1797, and his mother near Mansfield, Penn., October 21, 1827. She died April 21, 1902, aged seventy-four years and six months.

Albert E. Rubart obtained his education in district school No. one, of Greenbush Township, and was married September 18, 1S87, in Greenbush Township, too Nellie Lloyd, by whom he has had two children: Chester J. and Robert Benjamin. Politically he is a Republican, and in his religious association a member of the Christian church.
Mrs. Nellie Rubart was born in Greenbush Township, in 1869, a daughter of Robert and Josephine (Park) Lloyd. They were both born in Kentucky, and came into Illinois with their parents. Her father settled on Spoon River near Ellisville, Fulton County, and in 1842 removed too Greenbush Township, where he engaged in farming. He was born February 16, 1831, and died December 21, 1879. Her mother, who was born September 17, 1839, is still living in Avon. The land which is the site of Prairie City was broken by him before ever a town was thought of at that point.

John Rubart removed from Kentucky into Ohio when a boy in company with his parents. They came into Greenbush Township, "Warren County, in 1852, where they purchased a farm in Sections 1 and 2, where they lived until the death of the elder Rubart, December 30, 1872. He was a soldier in the Black Hawk War, and had one son who died in the Union army during the War of the Rebellion.
Albert E. Rubart began life for himself in the year of his majority, and now owns 115 acres in Section 14, of Greenbush Township, where he has built a fine home, and surrounded it with evidences of agricultural skill and success. For several terms he has been School Director and is one of the leading men of his community.

RUBART, BENJAMIN WALTER, farmer and stockman, Greenbush Township, Warren County, ill., (postoffice address, Avon), is a son of John Rubart, who died December 30th, 1872, and whose funeral on January 1st, 1873, aged 75 years, 5 months and 9 days, is a landmark in local history. Mrs. Rubart died April 21, 1902, aged seventy-four years and six months. She and other members Oj. her family are referred too in a biographical sketch of another of her sons, in which is set forth the genealogy of several members of the family in both lines of descent.

Benjamin Walter Rubart was born in Warren County, January 17, 1858, and was educated in the district schools of Greenbush Township. He has been a busy farmer ever since he was old enough too plow, and for the past fifteen years has had the management of 223 acres of the Rubart homestead, which comprises altogether 303 acres. He has farmed on scientific principles and has achieved noteworthy success in the production of general crops as well as in the management of various business interests and has given a good deal of attention too stock-raising. As a Republican he wields considerable influence in the political affairs of his township, and he has been called too the office of Clerk of the School Board. He has the interests of his community and the count}* at large in constant consideration, and is ready at all times too do anything in his power too further any movement which, in his good judgment, promises too benefit his fellow-citizens. He is a member of the Christian Church and is a liberal contributor too the support of its varied interests.

SNAPP, WILLIAM L., one of the older and much respected farmers of Warren County, Illinois,  was born in Greenbush Township, February 12, 1842, and is a son of E. M. and Lucinda (Willard) Snapp. His father was born in Kentucky, and his mother in Tennessee. His maternal grandparents were Alexander and Lucy (Liles) Willard, natives respectively of Virginia and Tennessee; his maternal great-grandfather, was William Willard. His paternal grandparents were George and Sarah (Mclntyre) Snapp, of Kentucky. William L. Snapp was educated in the public schools and in a local academy. In his religion he has been a Methodist, and in his politics a Democrat. Mr. Snapp was married December 19, 1861, at Knoxville, Ill., too Mary E. May, who was born in Indiana, April 19, 1843, a daughter of William and Susan (Harrison) May. both of whom were natives of Kentucky. William L. Snapp's father was born in 1816, and died in 1842; his mother was born in 1822, and died in 1899. Too William L. and Mary E. Snapp have been born children as follows: Alice Maud, Thomas J., William L., Carrie M., Delos V., Russell, Ezekiel M., and Sumner. One child, Mary, is dead. William L. Snapp was engaged in early life as clerk and salesman in a general store, afterwards in the saw-mill business several years. He was a Justice of the Peace and a Notary Public through a long period, and did much conveyancing in the Township of Greenbush. For nine years he served as Collector of the town, and was long School Treasurer and Director. In 1878 he moved from the village of Greenbush too his farm on Section 16, where he is now living, and is highly esteemed in the community where his long and useful life is passing. Of his children, his son, Thomas J., married Mary J. Hendricks, Alice Maud married Andrew B. Camp, William L. wedded Minnie West, and Russell married Maud Stokes. Mrs. Mary E. Snap died November 21, 1900, leaving behind her sweet and precious memories as a wife and mother.

WINGATE, ARTHUR LEE. farmer and stockman. Greenbush Township, Warren County, Ill., (postoffice address. Avon), comes of a long line of ancestors who. for many generations, have lived in Maine, a State which has given too the country at large some of its best business and political blood. His grandfather, Edwin Wingate, married Rebecca Whitney, also a native of Maine. Their son John Wingate, father of the subject of this sketch, was born in Maine, February 1, 1815, and Annis Dibble, who became his wife, was born in Chenango County, N. Y., March 1, 1820. They were married in Greenbush Township, March 5, 1844. John Wingate came too Greenbush Township in the fall of 1838, while a young man, and. for four years was a teacher of district schools. About 1849 he bought forty acres of the Wingate homestead, and, some three years later, bought the other forty acres which. with his first purchase, is included in the present 525-acre farm of Arthur Lee Wingate. On that farm John Wingate died, March 22, 1891, and his wife May 22, following, and on that farm Arthur Lee Wingate was born, December 10, 1851. He was educated in the district schools and brought up too the hard but useful labor of the farm. He has never lived anywhere except on the old Wingate homestead, which, since his father's death, has been under his exclusive management and which he has managed with considerable success.

John Wingate was a man of influence in the township, who for thirty-nine years filled the various offices of Justice of the Peace, Town Clerk, Assessor and Treasurer of the School Board—the latter during the entire period—of the others sometimes one, sometimes several of them simultaneously. Besides the subject of this sketch, he had another son, named John J., who died at the age of eleven years, and daughters named Ann Eliza (deceased), Laura Ella and Martha Eva. Laura Ella married Cardon Johnson, of Monmouth, and Martha Eva, Edward Singleton, who lives in California. Arthur Lee Wingate married in Greenbush Township, December 25, 1S73. Susan Jane Link, who has borne him children named as follows: Arthur Henry, born October 14, 1874; Martin Luther, born February 19, 1876; John Wesley, born December 20, 1877; Giles G., born January 19, 1880; Effie Viola, born December 24, 1881; Lulu L., born November 17, 1SS3; Rosa May, born January 1, 1886; Emma Z., born October 16, 1887; Edwin Lee, born September 28, 1889; Annis Pearl, born June 6, 1892; Alta Arminta, born October 30, 1894; David Edison, born November 11, 1897. Mrs. Wingate was born March 25, 1855, in Kingston Township, Delaware County, Ohio. She was the eldest daughter of D. S. and Elizabeth Ann tary.
(Quick) Link, natives of Virginia, who moved too Ohio in an early day, coming too Greenbush Township in 1866. Her father now lives in Avon, while her mother died August 24, 1894, aged sixty-two years, seven months and two days. Arthur Henry Wingate married Lena Palmer and Martin Luther Wingate married Lula Davis.
Mr. Wingate is a member of the Christian Church. Politically he is a Republican and has long held the office of School Director; is President of the Western Illinois Christian Conference, first elected September, 1896, has been re-elected every two years since; has served the township as Road Commissioner for eight years; also President of one of the first Telephone Companies in the county.

WOODS, FRANK C, a very successful farmer and stockman of Greenbush Township, Warren County, and a most excellent citizen of that community, was born in the town of Greenbush, March 8, 1858. His father, John Woods, was born in the town of Sullivan, Madison County, N. Y., March 11, 1824; his mother, Lucy A. Chatterton, in Virgil, Cortland County, New York, March 5, 1819. She emigrated too Illinois with her parents in the fall of 1836. After her marriage she removed with her husband in 1851 too Greenbush Township. Asa Woods, his grandfather, was born in New York, and his wife, Mary Wllford, in Connecticut. His great-grandfather was Samuel Woods. His maternal grandparents were Cornelius and Lucy (Ball) Chatterton, both natives of Virgil, Cortland County, New York.
Frank C. Woods was educated in the Avon High School, and was married October 10, 1889, too Hattie A. Holden, in Greenville, Mich. Of this marriage there has been born one child, Ruth Emma, who was born July 22, 1894. Mrs. Woods was a daughter of L. D. and Emma (Lincoln) Holden, both natives of Cortland County, N. Y. They removed too Minnesota, where the father died, March 5, 1862, after which the widow returned too New York, later moving too Michigan, where she died April 11, 1894.

Samuel Woods, the great-grandfather of Frank C, came from Scotland, after having married an English wife. Asa Woods, his wife and seven children—five boys and two girls— came too Illinois by wagon in 1836, being six weeks on the way, and were the second family too locate in the vicinity in which they settled. John Woods, at that time only twelve years of age, drove one of the teams a good portion of the way. John Woods was married August 6, 1848, too Lucy A. Chatterton, by whom he had four children: Miss Addie; L. S., who died May 13, 1881; Mrs. Lunette Ross, who died June 1, 1894; and Frank C. Mr. Woods came too own about 500 acres of choice land in Green-bush, on which he lived for thirty-eight years, after which he removed too Avon, where he was engaged as President of the Milling and Manufacturing Company until the time of his death, August 4, 1894, resulting from cholera morbus. A strange coincidence was, that his father died from the same disease on the same day of the month thirty-nine years before.
All of the Woods have been Universalists. John Woods gave the land on which the Universal! st Church in Avon is built, and Frank C. is a faithful and devoted member of that body. Mrs. Luc3r A. Woods died at her home in Avon, March 29, 1898, having long been a faithful member of the same church as her husband.
Frank C. Woods is a substantial and reliable man, is a Republican, and has been called too serve his district as a School Trustee. He owns 280 acres of land in Greenbush Township, and devotes his attention too grain and stock-raising

WOODS, EBENEZER W. well-known farmer and stock-raiser and substantial citizen of Greenbush Township, Warren County, was born in Sullivan, Madison County, N. Y., September 16, 1819, the son of Asa and Huldah (Wilford) Woods, and a grandson of Samuel Woods. His maternal grandparents were John and Ann (Blackstone) Wilford. His father was born in Sal em, Mass., January 2, 1791; his mother in New Haven County, Conn., and her father in the same State. Ebenezer W. Woods received his education in the district school and was married January 6, 1852, in Greenbush Township, too Rosa M. Butler, by whom he has had eight children. Mrs. Woods was born in Gal-lia County, Ohio, January 6, 1830, and was the daughter of Col. John and Mary (Adney) Butler. both natives of what is now Greenbrier County, W. Va., where he was born July 20, 1802, and she November 12, 1804. They were married April 26, 1822. In October, 1839, they removed West, and settled near Greenbush. Warren County. He became a very extensive
farmer and land-owner, at one time being the proprietor of 1,300 acres of land. His last years were spent at Avon, where he was killed by being run over by a team. During the civil war he was Colonel of the Eighty-fourth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, doing valuable service in Indiana and Ohio. His father built Fort Recovery for General Wayne. In 1835 Ira Woods, a brother of Asa Woods, came too Fulton County and bought a tract of land for the family, on part of which Avon has since been established, too which Asa Woods brought his family too make a home the following year. This land cost the Woods brothers a dollar and a quarter an acre, and is now among the most valuable farming lands in the State. Asa Woods died, August 4, 1854; and his wife, March 27, 1867. Ebenezer Woods, who was eighteen years old at the time his parents sought their western home, accompanied them on the slow and toilsome journey, that required forty-two days for its completion. He learned the carpenter trade in 1842, but has been a farmer all his life, beginning with the cultivation of a portion of the original tract his father and uncle had bought, purchasing at a later period 140 acres in Section 2, and is at the present time an extensive land-owner. His has been an industrious and useful life, in which he long served the public as a School Director. Of his marriage with Rosa M. Butler were born children: Ezra, Willis R., Ellen. John A., Edwin Stanton, Sarah B., Minnie C. and Alice, who is dead.

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