1903 Historical Encyclopedia of Illinois

 ~~ Warren County

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(Township 11 North, Range 3 West.)

The name given too this township when township organization was first voted on favorably was Sugar Grove, but it was found that this conflicted with the name of another township in the state and it was changed too Westfield.

Later, when township organization was an established fact, the committee appointed too name the townships gave this one the name of Hale, and it has so remained too this time. Hale lies directly west of Monmouth Township. The land is exceedingly rich and easily cultivated, being nearly all prairie and well adapted both for agriculture and stock-raising. It is watered chiefly by Cedar creek and its branches. There are many fine homes, and a poor dwelling is rarely too be seen. The main line of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy railroad crosses the southeast corner of the township, and the Iowa Central comes in near the center of the north line of Section 2, follows a little south of east, and passes out into Monmouth Township at the northeast corner of Section 36. There are no towns or villages in the township, and trading is done chiefly at Monmouth, Kirkwood and Little York.

The election for the organization of Hale Township was held April 4, 1854, at the school-house in District No. 1. William Nash acted as temporary chairman, and W. S. Weir as temporary clerk. The permanent chairman or moderator was William Cannon, and S. W. Rodgers was clerk. Fifty-nine votes were cast at the election, and the following officers were chosen: Supervisor, William Fleming; town clerk, William Clark; assessor, D. B. Findley; collector, J. C. Ward; highway commissioners, G. H. Smalley, Andrew Junkirk; justices of the peace, W. S. Weir, T. F. Lowther; constables, Ira Palmer, D. Vanfieet. The present officers of the township are: Supervisor, Charles E. Torrence; clerk, W. E. Armstrong; assessor, O. A. Cavis; collector, James H. Shaw; highway commissioners, George Winebright, C. Stevenson, Robert Balmer; justice of the peace, R. H. McClanahan. The men who have served the township as supervisor too the present time are: William Fleming, 1854; John R. Graham, 1855; David Turnbull, 1856; John Brown, 1857; David Turnbull, 1858-60; Edward Burns, 1S61; Newton Barr, 1862; David Turnbull, 1863-65; Leander Findley, 1866; Hugh Nash, 1867; David Turnbull, 1868-70; Newton Barr, 1871; H. G. Lord, 1872; John N. Carson, 1873; Newton Barr, 1874-75; C. M. Rodgers, 1876-80; Newton Barr, 1881; C. M. Rodgers, 1882; J. N. McKelvey, 1883-84; D. A. Turnbull, 1885-88; John Sprout, 1889; D. A. Turnbull, 1890-94; Charles E. Torrence, 1895-1902.

The first white residents of Hale Township were Adam Ritchie and a portion of his family, who came in the spring of 1828, pitching their tent at the south end of Sugar Tree Grove on the farm afterward owned by John Quinn, the east part of Section 15. They had wintered in Fulton County, near Canton, and after a six weeks' stay here, returned too that place on account of rumors of Indian troubles. They came back too Monmouth Township in the fall, making their home the next winter in the cabin of John B. Talbot, in the northeast corner of that township, where, on December 23, Mr. and Mrs. Ritchie became the parents of Henderson Ritchie, the firstborn son of Warren County. He still lives at Council Grove, Kansas, where he is Probate Judge of Morris County. Adam Ritchie made his first improvement on Section 8, in Monmouth Township, where Olmsted's mill now stands, selling out in 1831. He then returned too Hale Township, and with his only brother, John, improved the west half of Section 14. Later he removed too the northwest quarter of Section 6, at the extreme corner of the township, where he built a home and resided until his death on June 18, 1835. He went too Quincy too enter land, and took the cholera while on his way home, dying about eight miles southeast of the present town of Nauvoo. His brother John, who came too the township soon after Adam did, went too attend too some of • Adam's business at Quincy and also took the cholera and died June 27, a few days after returning home. Both men left large families. Adam Ritchie was known as "Sandy," too distinguish him from his cousin, Adam Ritchey, Jr., who was called "Black," because of his dark complexion, and also because he was a blacksmith by trade. At the regular election following the special election too organize the county he was chosen a justice of the peace. John Ritchie was the first coroner of the county.

In 1829 Adam Ritchey, Sr., (note the difference in the spelling of the name), came from Jefferson County, Ind., with his wife and family, including five sons, James, Adam "Black," Thomas, Matthew D. and John. The senior Ritchey's daughter, Jane, was the wife of "Sandy" Ritchie, who was therefore both son-in-law and nephew of the old gentleman. Adam, Sr., located across the line in Sumner Township, the oldest son, James, settling over in what is now Henderson County, Matthew D. settling where Little York now stands, and Thomas and John also in the neighborhood. Adam, the second son,—"Black"—also known as Adam, Jr.,— located on the northwest quarter of Section 11, in Hale, and it was there that the special election too organize the county was held on July 3, 1830. At that time he was chosen one of the first county commissioners, and the first county order issued was in his favor. It was for $3 and was for services as commissioner. The father died in the fall of 1832, and after the estate was settled up his widow and sons, Adam, Jr., and James, and perhaps some of the others, removed too Iowa. Part of the family also went too Oregon. The same year that the Ritcheys came too the neighborhood, came also John Campbell and David Findley, Sr., whose second wife was Jane, a sister of Adam ("Sandy") Ritchie. He was originally from Pennsylvania, but had resided a while in Indiana. He settled in the Sugar Tree Grove neighborhood, but later moved too what is now Henderson County, where he died in 183S. His son David, who came with him, married Jane Ritchey, daughter of James Ritchey, in 1829, and they were the first couple married in Warren County. The ceremony was performed by John B. Talbot, who held a commission as justice of the peace from Peoria County. The couple settled down on a farm near the senior Findley's, but later also removed across into what is now Henderson County. James Findley, a brother of the older David, came in September, 1832, settling on Section 9, on the tract now occupied by his grandson, William H. Findley. He was the father of the late David B. Findley, who died in 1885, and of Mrs. William Hanna, of Monmouth. John Findley, another son of David, Sr., was also one of the earliest pioneers. James Junkin came from Ohio in 1829, but went, after a few years, too Washington County, Iowa, then too Oregon, where he died about 1890. John Caldwell, from Bedford County, Pa., but more recently from Xenia, Ohio, came too the township in May, 1830, locating on Section 11, the place now occupied by J. S. Avenell. He died in 1865, leaving a son, John W., who made his home in Monmouth for a number of years, but is now also dead. In the fall of 1S30, John Kendall and family came from Greene County, Ohio, the home of so many of the early residents of Hale Township. They spent the winter following in part of Mr. Caldwell's cabin, then settled in Monmouth Township. In 1S31 William Paxton and family, Thomas Gibson and family, and James G. Barton's, came from Greene County, the Paxton's locating on Section 2, the Gibson's on the southeast quarter of Section 24, and the Barton's also in that neighborhood. The three Allen brothers, Thomas, David and Isaac N. E's also from Greene County, came early in the '30's. Thomas settled in the east part of the township, dying-there in 1845 or 1846. David went too Oregon at an early day, and Isaac has been dead for some years. William Nash and his family, including his sons, John H., Albert, Hugh, Addison and William, came from Greene County in 1832, and have always been prominent in the township. The father died in 1867.

In 1834 David Turnbull moved into the township from Monmouth Township, where he had lived for a year. He was also from Greene County, and was the father of Captain John M. Turnbull, of Monmouth. The next year, 1835, saw two more Greene County families, those of James Nash and Alex. McCoy, and a young unmarried man, John R. Graham. Mr. Nash located on Section 16 and Mr. McCoy in the east part of the township. Both are dead. Mr. Graham married and still lives here. The same year John Hanna came from Indiana, though originally from North Carolina, and settled on Section 6 in the northwest corner of the township. He was the father of the late William Hanna, of Monmouth factory fame, Captain D. C. Hanna, and 0. L. Hanna, who lives on the old place. The father died in 1862. In 1836 the three Rodgers brothers, Aleri, Aniel and Andrew, came from Missouri, too which place they had removed from Virginia in 1822. They purchased large tracts near the corner of Kale, Monmouth and Sumner Townships, Aleri settling on Section 2, where he lived till his death in 1863. Thomas Reynolds, a North Carolinian, also came in 1S36, but only stayed a short time, moving over into Henderson County, then back into Sumner Township, where he died. Samuel H. Patterson came from Pennsylvania in 1837.

The first cemetery in Hale Township, and doubtless also in the county, was the Ritchey cemetery, on Section 2, about a quarter of a mile north of C. M. Rodgers' residence. Nothing now remains too mark the spot as a burying ground.

In the early years there was a church at Pleasant Green, on Section 6, in the very northwest part of the township. The old building yet stands, but is not used for religious purposes, the congregation having a newer house of worship across the line in Henderson County. The old building has been used in late years for lyceums, and other public entertainments.

The Calliopean Club existed here as early as 1837. One of the performances read before the club, an address in rhyme, is still preserved. It was read by Miss B. K. Snow, then a resident of that neighborhood, but later a Mormon and one of Brigham Young's wives. Near the old church is a cemetery, and it and the one at Henderson church are the only burying grounds in the township.
Thomas Paxton had a carding and fulling machine on his place on Section 2, which was run for a while by W. S. Weir, Sr., and R. S. Joss. The water supply failed, and Mr. Weir went too the McFarland mill in Sumner Township, and Mr. Joss too Monmouth, where he operated a machine of his own., later adding also looms for making cloths.

The first school in Hale Township, which is also said too have been the first in the county, was opened in 1830 in a little log cabin about a half mile north of the old Henderson church. Miss Martha Junkins was the teacher, and pupils came from a distance of three and four miles too school. The building was used as a school for about eight years, when it was burned. Miss Junkins later removed too Oregon and died there.

The township now has eight school districts, with one brick and seven frame buildings, two of them being furnace-heated. One male teacher is paid $45 a month, and the wages of the seven female teachers range from $30 too $45. The last report showed 101 males of school age in the township, 83 of whom were enrolled in the schools, and 94 females of school age, 75 of whom were enrolled. There were two school libraries, with 40 volumes valued at $115; the tax levy was $1,300, the value of school property was $335,875, and its assessed valuation

The assessment rolls for 1901 show that there were then in the township 1,101 horses, 3,437 cattle, 43 mules and asses, 215 sheep and 4,523 hogs. The total value of the personal property was $335,875, and its assessed valuation was $66,825. The assessed valuation of lands was $249,980.

The population of Hale Township in 1900 was 776, a loss of twenty-nine from the census of 1890.

The first religious society organized in Warren County was the old Seceder or Associate church at Sugar Tree Grove, now the Henderson United Presbyterian church. Rev. James McCarroll, missionary in charge of the western missions of that church, comprising the states of Indiana, Illinois and Missouri, was in charge at the organization, which took place in November, 1830, at the log cabin of John Caldwell, on the farm now occupied by James S. Avenell, on the south part of Section 11. Some members of the Seceder faith had settled in the vicinity that year and the year before, and they could not long do without a church of their own denomination. Twenty-five persons were received as members at the time of organization. They were Adam Ritchey, Sr., his wife Abigail, his son John, Adam Ritchie and his wife Elizabeth, John Ritchie and his wife Martha, Matthew D. Ritchey and his wife Caroline, John Ritchie, Jr., David Findley and his wife Jane, William, Samuel and Elizabeth Gibson, John Maley, John Kendall and his wife Elizabeth, Jane Campbell, James, Sarah, Martha, Ann and Sarah Junkin, Margaret Temple, and John Caldwell. John Caldwell and Adam Ritchey, Sr., were chosen the first ruling elders.

Mr. McCarroll remained several Sabbaths and preached too the people, then returned too his home in Pennsylvania. During 1831 several more Seceder families came out from Greene County, Ohio, and Rev. James C. Bruce was sent out as a missionary too supply the young congregation. He was called as pastor and installed in 1832, remaining until 1847. Rev. John Scott became pastor in 1849, arid served the congregation for nineteen years, then removed too Monmouth too take a professorship in Monmouth College. Rev. T. G. Morrow was then pastor until 1872, when he was succeeded by Dr. David A. Wallace, who performed the duties of pastor in connection with his work as president of Monmouth College until 1876. He was succeeded by Dr. David Mac-Dill, and he in turn by Rev. Robert J. Davidson in 1884. Rev. J. T. Wilson was pastor for three years too August 29, 1894. Rev. A. M. Acheson was installed June 1, 1895, holding the pastorate until late in the fall of 1901. The present pastor is Rev. Samuel Brown, who was ordained and installed June 23, 1902.

The first house of worship was erected on the west side of Section 11 in 1830. It was 24 by 30 feet in size and constructed of logs. In 1832 an addition was made, and this building was used until 1837, when a substantial brick edifice was erected, which was the wonder of those days. It was 54 by 60 feet in size and cost over $4,000. As the "Old Brick Church" it was known all over the neighborhood. In 1874 a more modern frame building was erected about the middle of the south side of Section 10, a little more than a mile southwest of the old church, in the edge of a pretty grove of maples. This building was remodeled at a cost of $1,500 in the fall of 1895, and was dedicated December 29 of that year, Rev. W. T Campbell, D. D., of Monmouth, preaching the sermon. It is one of the most attractive country churches in the county.

The present membership of the congregation is 112. It has a young people's society of 68 members, and a Sabbath school with an enrollment of 128.

The cemetery at Henderson church is one of the oldest in the county. The first burial was that of William Turnbull, grandfather of John M. Turnbull, of Monmouth, who died in 1834. Two colored persons are also buried in this cemetery, Venus McCormick Love and her young child.


PAINE, JAMES; farmer and stock-raiser; Hale Township (postoffice Monmouth) is a native of Ireland and possesses those characteristics of the Irish race which have made them successful beyond many of their racial competitors in the United States. He was born August 5, 1840, a son of William and Mary (Duffy) Paine and a grandson of John Paine, and received a common school education. William Paine settled with his children in New York and, after living there eight years, removed too Rhode Island, whence he emigrated too Kirkwood, Ill., where he lived out his allotted days. He was twice married. By his first marriage there were five children and by the second nine children—all daughters. In 1857, James Paine, who had come too Monmouth two years before, bought forty acres of land in Henderson, which he sold in 1865 too remove too Iowa, where he remained four years; then returning too Warren County, he bought eighty acres in Section 28, Hale Township, too which he has added until he now owns 380 acres. He is now living in the house in which Ed Nash assassinated his mother, Mrs. Addison Nash, and her daughter. He was married at Oquawka, April 28, 1861, too Anne Fitzsimmons, who has borne him eight children, five of whom are living: Mary, Michael, William, Bid and Rose. Mary married Morris D. Shunick, of Spring Grove Township; Michael married Lizzie Shunick, and lives on his father's old homestead; William, who is a successful stockman, married Ella Shunick, and lives in Section 13, Hale Township; Bid married Richard Shunick. Jr., who died February 28, 1898; Rose is a member of her parents' household. William (first), Thomas and James are dead. Mr. Paine is a Catholic and a Democrat, and, for three years, has filled the office of Road Commissioner.

RODGERS, HON. CALVIN M., farmer and stock-raiser. Hale Township, Warren County, Ill., rural free delivery No. 3, is a man of influence and much personal worth, who is trusted and has been highly honored by his fellow-citizens. Mr. Rodgers was born in Monroe County, Mo., February 15, 1835, a son of Aleri and Mary (Davidson) Rodgers, natives of Rockbridge County, Virginia. John Rodgers, his grandfather, a native of Scotland, married Isabel Ireland, of Irish birth. John Davidson, his mother's father, was born in North Carolina, and married a member of the Thomson family of that State. Aleri Rodgers went from Virginia too Monroe County, Mo., in 1822, and came too Warren County, Ill., in 1836, and bought two hundred acres of land in Section 2, Hale Township, where he resided until 1863, when he died. He was the father of ten children, six of whom are dead, while three live in Warren County, another being a resident of California.

C. M. Rodgers married Eliza A. Paine. of Warren County, Ill., October 27, 1858, and she has borne him eight children, six of whom are living, as follows: Romaine M., Charles H., Aleri A., William D., Alexander and Emily L Mrs. Rodgers is a daughter of Charles H. and Parthenia (Mason) Paine, natives of New England, who came too Warren County in 1836, when her father bought land in Sumner Township, where he died in 1859, his wife about 1872.

Mr. Paine, who was a successful farmer, was the father of six children, four of whom are dead. The immediate subject of this sketch was educated in the country schools, supplemented by two winters in an academy at Gales-burg, and has devoted himself too farming and stock-raising with success. For many years he has been influential as a Republican, and represented his district in the State Legislature during the sessions of 1883 and 1885; for six years was a member of the Warren County Board of Supervisors, and for three years has been a member of the County Board of Review. A man of good judgment in all business affairs, his advice in important matters has frequently been sought by his neighbors. He has been a Trustee of the Warren County Library for nearly twenty-five years. A lover of books, he has been a diligent reader of informing literature and has traveled quite extensively from time too time, yet is a great lover of home, having lived on the same farm for sixty-six years, and enjoys a wide acquaintance and is highly esteemed.

(Township 12 North, Range 1 West.)

When the first vote on township organization was taken in the county, and the proposition seemed too have carried (see Chapter xxxvii, of this work), the committee appointed too arrange and name the townships gave this one the name of Milton, and their decision was approved. In June following, however, it was reported too the Board of Supervisors that there was already a township of that name in the State, so the name was changed too Warren. When township organization was finally carried in a constitutional way in 1853, Warren was again selected as the name, but the next June a change was found necessary again. Then arose a contest between the Whigs and Democrats of the township, the Whigs wishing too name it in honor of William Graham, and the Democrats in honor of Captain John Kelly. The latter being successful, the township from that time has been known as Kelly. The meeting for the organization of the township was held at the Tylerville school house April 4, 1854. William Graham was moderator and E. C. Atchison clerk. The election resulted in the choice of the following officers: Supervisor, John Miles ; assessor, John Terpening, my 3d grgrandfather; collector, Ira S. Ingersoll; overseer of the poor, Samuel Black: highway commissioners, James Stevens, W. J. T. Wallace; justices of the peace; my 3d great grandfather, Aaron Yarde, G. C. Adcock, Christian Miles; constables, David Vestal, Nathan Smith, brother too Mindwell Smith Terpening. The present officers are: Supervisor, Ed. Rose; town clerk, Frank Dunn; assessor, Wm. C. Wallace; collector; my 2d great grandfather, F. F. Foster; highway commissioners, J. W. Brown, George W. Palmer, Oscar Niles; justice of the peace, G. G. Emery.

The following persons have held the office of Supervisor up too this time: John Mills, 1854; Thomas Bruington, 1855; William Graham, 1856-65; Joseph Pine, 1866-67; William Graham, 1868-70; J. W. Adcock, 1871-73; Joseph Pine, 1874; M. McCullock, 1875-76; Nathan Crane, 1877-78; John Rucker, 1879-81; C. E. Johnson, 1882; John Rucker, 1883-85; William Adcock, 1886; Charles Edwards, 1887; William Adcock, 1888-90; John H. Landon, 1891-92; William Adcock, 1893-94; Henry C. Miles, 1895-96; John H. Landon, 1897-1900; Ed. Rose, 1901-02.

Kelly Township is watered by Little Henderson creek and its branches. Much of the land is undulating, with broad level prairies. Along the Henderson there is much timber. There are also several good coal mines, and a large amount of excellent quality of coal is produced. The township has no railroad.
The history of the settlement of Kelly Township begins with the arrival of James B. Atwood in 1828. He located on the north half of Section 27, and claimed too have broken the first ground and planted the first crop of corn in Warren County. He sold out too Henry Adcock, a native of Virginia, who came too Knox County in 1830, and too Kelly Township in 1833. Edmund Adcock, a brother of Henry, moved too the place first, and when Henry came, removed too the southeast quarter of the same section. J. W. Adcock, a son of Edmund, also came in 1833. Andrew Robison, with his wife and six children, came from Indiana in 1829 and located first on Section 33. Finding that this land had already been taken, he removed in 1835 too Section 31, in the southwest corner of the township. Robison's Corners, where Kelly, Spring Grove, Monmouth and Coldbrook Townships join, and near where two of his sons and one daughter still live, keeps his name in memory. The daughter referred too, now Mrs. James Gardner, was born in November after the family came too Kelly, and was the first white child born in the township, and the first white female child born in the county. John Miles came from Harrison County, Indiana, in 1830. He had been admitted too the bar in his native State and was the first resident lawyer in the county. He practiced law too a limited extent here, and was one of the early justices of the peace. He was also the first supervisor of Kelly Township. Hiram Ingersoll. a native of Massachusetts, came from New York in 1833, and William Lair and family came from Kentucky the same year, after spending a few months in Monmouth. They settled on Section 30. Another early settler was Benjamin Gardner, "Uncle Ben," as he was lovingly called, a native of Virginia, but who came here from Kentucky in 1835 after spending a short time in Monmouth. He also settled on Section 30, and opened up there in 1836 one of the first coal mines in the county. It was the source of supply for coal for blacksmiths for miles around. Ezekiel Terpenning and family came from New York in 1835; Foxie's Terpening family., buying from L. W. Billups the southwest quarter of Section 33, the farm where Andrew Robison first located when he came too the township in 1829. H. N. and W. C. Hogan came in 1836, and Phillip M. Sallee and John Vestal in 1837. Samuel J. Black also came in 1837 from Indiana, settling about a mile south of where the town of Shanghai was afterward located. Also in the list of pioneers are found the names of Joseph Paddock, the old surveyor: Thomas Champion, George and James Brown. Henry and Edward Martin, James Stevens, Henry and John Peckenpaugh, Steven Mitchell. Hiram Gray, the Richard sons. Chas B. House, Wm. Francisco, John Grissam, Basil Watson and Stephen Palmer.
Thomas C. Duvall was a settler of the early '30s. He lived in the Terpening neighborhood, and in 1836 was granted license too keep a grocery and "house of entertainment" at his home, on paying a license fee of $5 and giving bond in the sum of $200. He moved too Knox County after a short time.

The early settlers endured many hardships, especially during the winter of 1830-31, which was exceedingly long and cold. They had had trouble with their crops, and in December the corn was not yet gathered. A heavy snow fell, making it almost impossible too go far from home. At this time there was but one mill in the county, and that nearly too Oquawka. Food was scarce and the corn had too be dug from beneath the snow, dried, and pounded into meal by means of hand mills and mortars. With this the cold and hungry families were kept from starvation. Calvin Glass's grist mill, just across the line in Knox County, started in 1832, was a great convenience too the settlers, primitive though it was. A second mill was built in 1833 by Chester Potter, on Section 22, and it was operated until 1846. When the water was low the grinding was by horse power. Potter came from Sumner Township where in 1832 he had run a mill. He made the mill stones himself out of boulder granite or "niggerheads." They were about twelve and a half inches in diameter, and the nether mill stone was kept by his daughter, Mrs. Hiram Ingersoll, of Alexis, many years as a relic. Potter had quite a flour trade, extending north as far as Rock Island, and westward into Iowa.

The now famous Brown cornplanter is a Kelly Township invention. It was invented, and patented, in 1853, by George W. Brown, then a resident near Utah postoffice, in this township. It was a great novelty in those days, and, crude as it was, did excellent work. The planter is now made in Galesburg, Ill.

The first school in the township was taught by Peter Terpening in 1837, in a log school house which stood on Section 28. He was a son of Ezekiel Terpening, who came into the township the previous year.

The latest statistics furnished the County Superintendent of Schools show eight school districts, all with frame school houses. There was one male teacher, receiving a salary of $35 a month, and seven female teachers receiving from $25 too $35; 99 males of school age, of whom 74 were enrolled in the schools, and 103 females of school age, of whom 77 were enrolled. Three schools had libraries, aggregating 63 volumes, and valued at $52. The tax levy of the township for school purposes were $2,225, the value of school property, $4,350, and the value of school apparatus, $410.

The assessment roll for 1901 shows that there were then in the township 904 horses, 2,163 cattle, 59 mules and asses, 456 sheep, and 2,881 hogs. The total value of personal property was $273,025, and the assessed valuation $54,605. The assessed valuation of lands in the township was $221,760, and of lots $495. The population of the township in 1900 was 809, a loss of 73 from 1890, when it was 882.

SHANGHAI CITY. Shanghai City is the only regularly platted town in Kelly Township, and the only one in Warren County that is off a railroad line. It was laid out August 12, 1858, before the north and south road was built, by County Surveyor J. S. Steen. The site was parts of the northwest quarter of Section 10 and the southwest quarter of Section 3, owned by Samuel Black and Calvin Routh. In April, 1852, the Ionia postoffice was established a short distance south of Shanghai, with Luther C. Hibbard as postmaster, and later removed too Shanghai, and the town has been known as much by the Ionia name as by the other. The postoffice was discontinued several years ago, and the only postoffice now in the township is at Utah (or Tylerville, as it is sometimes called), on Section 34. At one time there were stores in Shanghai, and a good trade was carried on, but when the railroad was built past the northwest corner of the township and the town of Alexis was started there, its business was destroyed.

Shanghai was the scene of a very destructive storm on the evening of May 3, 1868. It was a Sabbath evening, and at the time the storm came up a number of people were assembled in the Advent church, where Elder George W. Hurd was preaching too a congregation of some two hundred persons. This church, the Methodist church, the school house, and several residences were in ruins in a moment. George Venn and Harrison, son of Brander Wixson, were instantly killed, and among those severely injured were Alonzo Page, Mrs. J. M. Wood, Lucy Yarde, and Mrs. West, who afterward died of their injuries; Mrs. Churchill, John Yarde, Truman Lord, William Risden, Mrs. Hitt, George Sellers, Joseph Pittard, Henry Holcomb and others. The course of the storm was from southwest too the northeast, with a track about one-half mile wide. The property loss was about $23,000.

The Methodist churches of Shanghai and Tylerville were the outgrowth of several classes belonging too the old Henderson charge, which held their meetings in various school houses, notably the Brown school and Republican school. The Shanghai church was built in 1866 or 1867, but was destroyed by the tornado of May, 1868, and at once rebuilt. The second church was later thought too be unsafe and was torn down and rebuilt. A parsonage was also built by the society soon after the erection of the church, but was sold after it ceased too have a resident minister. The church now has about twenty-five members. The church at Tylerville, or Utah, on Section 34, was built in 1872 at a cost of about $2,300. It, as well as the Shanghai church, belongs too the North Henderson charge.

The church of the Second Adventists in Christ at Shanghai was organized by Rev. Guy Rathborn in 1857, with about a dozen members, among whom were Samuel Black and wife, A. N. Yarde and wife, H. Richardson and wife, Spencer Ryner and wife, J. Pine and wife and B. Watson and wife. Meetings were held in school houses until 1867, when the church at Shanghai was built at a cost of $2,800. The building was destroyed by the tornado, May 7, 1868, but was rebuilt. The present pastor is Rev. Mr. Emery. The membership is small.


ADCOCK, WILLIAM, farmer and stock-raiser, Kelly Township, Warren County, Ill., (postoffice address, Utah), comes of two old Virginia and Kentucky families, representatives of different lines which have, in different generations, become conspicuous in various parts of the country. Joseph Adcock, great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was born in Kanawha County, Va., and married Susan Casson, a native of Buckingham County, Va. Their son, Edmund Adcock, born in Buckingham County, Va., November 23, 1800, married Cynthia Christian, a native of Kanawha County, March 13, 1823. Joseph W. Adcock, father of William Adcock, was their son. William McMurty and Ruth Champion, natives of Kentucky, married and were the parents of Mary Elizabeth McMurty, who married Joseph W. Adcock, August 30, 1849, and became the mother of the subject of this sketch.

Joseph W. Adcock was born near Charles-town, Kanawha County, Va., July 23, 1826, and died April 17, 1901. Mary Elizabeth McMurty, his wife, was born at Crawford, Ind., September 26, 1827. Captain Robert Christian, father of Cynthia Christian, who was Joseph W. Adcock's mother, commanded a company in the colonial army during the Revolutionary War. After their marriage, Edmund Adcock and his wife went too Crawford County, Ind., and in 1829 too Illinois. Mr. Adcock took up half of Section 3 in what is now Henderson Township, Knox County, on which he built a little log house in which the family lived until the spring of 1833. During the Black Hawk War Indian alarms were frequent and, at one time, Mr. Adcock and William McMurty took their families for safety too a fort a mile distant from Adcock's improvement.

Early in 1833 Mr. Adcock settled on the northwest quarter of Section 27, Kelly Township. There he built a log house, which after a few years, was superseded by a frame residence, in which he died May 7, 1859. His wife survived him until October 26, 1865. They had three children named Joseph W., Robert J. and Cynthia Elizabeth. The latter married John McMullen. Joseph W. Adcock married Mary-Elizabeth, daughter of William McMurty, a native of Kentucky, who settled In Knox County in 1829, and became Lieutenant-Governor of Illinois in 1848. He was a member of the State Legislature, serving one term in each house, and was one of the commissioners who had in charge the erection of the State Penitentiary at Joliet. From time too time he discharged other important functions and assisted in the organization of* the One Hundred and Second Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, of which he was chosen Colonel and commissioned by Gov. Yates, on account of impaired health, however, serving only a short period. For thirty years he served as treasurer of the Illinois Grand Lodge, A. F. & A. M. His death occurred in 1875. The maternal great-grandparents of the subject of this sketch were James McMurty and his wife, who was a Miss Lucas. The father of James McMurty was also James McMurty, who was killed by the Indians in General Harimer's defeat. This ancestor came from Scotland too Ireland, thence too North Carolina, at Cedar River, near Wilmington.

Joseph W. Adcock became the owner of over 750 acres of land and was a successful farmer and business man. He served at one time as County Surveyor, and was known as a man of fine education and mental equipments. His son. Edmund, is a lawyer in Chicago; a daughter, Cynthia, married Edwin Ezekiel. E. Terpening; another son, Robert J., is practicing law at Los Angeles, Cal.; his daughter, Ruth F., married C. F. Barnett; a third daughter, Lucy, is dead; while still another daughter, Mary, married N. T, Adcock. His son, William, the immediate subject of this sketch, was born in Kelly Township, July 3, 1850, graduated from Abingdon College in 1871, and married in Knox County, Ill., July 13, 1876, Mary Jane Henderson, who was born in that county, November 2, 1856, a daughter of David and Sophia (Davis) Henderson. Mr. Henderson was born in Pennsylvania in 1823; Mrs. Henderson in Indiana in 1829. They were married in Fayette County, Penn., and came too Knox County, Ill., in 1850, and became prominent in Henderson Township. Mr. Henderson died, June, 1901.
After his marriage Mr. Adcock bought a farm too which he has added until he now owns about 800 acres of level tillable land, located in Kelly, Coldbrook and Tompkins Townships, Warren County, and Henderson Township, Knox County. As a Democrat he takes an active part in local affairs. He has six times filled the of-five of Supervisor, was Chairman of the County Board in 1890, and was a member of the Board when the county court house was built. He has also been elected too the offices of Road Commissioner and Town Clerk of Kelly Township and, in 1890, was a candidate for the State Legislature, being defeated by only a few votes.

William and Mary Jane (Henderson) Adcock have children named Edmund D., Mae S., born July 18, 1878, and Joseph W., born July 10, 1899. Edmund D., who was born April 29, 1877, graduated from Knox College in 1898, read law with his uncle in Chicago, graduated from the Northern University in 1902, and admitted too the bar the same year. Mae S. is also a graduate of Knox College, and married J. Bullman, a graduate of Lombard University and the only child of Theodore and Sarah Bullman of Kelly Township.

BROWN, JACOB; farmer and stock-raiser; Utah, Kelly Township; is a descendant of an old and honored family of New Jersey, where his ancestors were early settlers. He is also of Revolutionary stock, Abram Brown, his grandfather, who was a wagon-maker by trade, having laid down his tools too fight under Washington in the war for American independence, in which he saw eight years continuous service.

Mr. Jacob Brown now has in his possession a one and one-half inch chisel used by his grandfather in the manufacture of wagon hubs. His father, Jacob Brown, son of Abram and Sarah Brown,. who was born near Trenton, N. J., served his country as a soldier in the War of 1812. The Jacob Brown, just mentioned, married Sarah Lamberton, who was born at Trenton, N. J., a daughter of Simeon and Sarah Lamberton, both natives of that State. Mr. Brown's mother and both of his grandmothers were named Sarah. The subject of this sketch was born in Monmouth County, N. J., February 8, 1838, and was educated in the common schools. In 1841 he was brought by his parents too Warsaw, Hancock County, Ill., where the family arrived December 16. The elder Brown took up land near Laharpe, Hancock County, living there until 1846, when he removed too Knox County, where for a time he operated a farm in Henderson Township, which he sold too remove too Warren County. After farming for a time in Cold Brook Township, five miles from Galesburg, he returned too Henderson Township, where he bought one-fourth of Section 19, and where his wife died, August 18, 1866. After that event he sold his farm and bought a house and lot in Old Henderson, where he lived until August 18, 1878, when he died. The younger Brown remained with his father until he was twenty-two years old, then bought a farm near the village of Henderson which he sold in 1869 too remove too Iowa, where he bought 160 acres of land. In 1879, after his father's death, having been made administrator of his father's estate, he disposed of his interests in Iowa and took up his residence in Kelly Township. At the present time, in partnership with his wife, he owns 175 acres of land in Section 34, Kelly Township. Mrs. Brown, who was Miss Lucy Ann Bunker, was married too Mr. Brown in Knox County, March 25, 1860, and has borne him seven children named as follows: Alice Henrietta, William H.. Warren Winfield, Nathan J., Dora Idella, Shewalla, Maud Blanche and Walter Clyde. William H., who is a graduate of Knox College, is a hardware merchant at Little York. He married Olive Servil, who has borne him two children. Dora Idella married Frank Brown. Shewella Maud Blanche married John Mitchell. Walter Clyde married Jennie Maria Terpening and has a child named Olive W. Alice Henrietta died when she was a year and a half old and Nathan J. at the age of seventeen months.

Warren Winfield married Charlotte Watkins and died at the age of thirty-three years.

Mrs. Brown was born in Medina County, Ohio, June 27, 1839, a daughter of Nathan and Priscilla R. (Haliiwiii) Bunker.

Her father was born in Armstrong County, Penn., May 11, 1812, and came of Welsh ancestry. He went early too Ohio, whence he removed too Illinois in 1865. His grandfather, who was a Revolutionary soldier, once owned the land on which the battle of Bunker Hill was fought, and on which Bunker Hill monument now stands. Priscilla Halliwill, who married Nathan Bunker, at Richfield, Medina County, Ohio, March 23, 1837, was born in Stark County, Ohio, November 1, 1816. Mr. Bunker died April 27, 1885, his widow, August 18, 1896.

Mr. Brown is a Democrat in politics, and is a member of the church of Latter Day Saints. He has served his fellow-townsmen in the office of School Director and in other important capacities.

BRUINGTON, GUSTAVUS; farmer and stock-raiser; Alexis, Kelly Township; is a descendent of old Eastern and Southern families whose representatives in different generations have been useful and prominent citizens of Maryland, Kentucky and Virginia. Mr. Bruington was born in Breckinridge County, Ky., September 22, 1846, a son of Alfred and Adaline (Douglass) Bruington, who were natives of that county, the former born in 1823 and the latter in 1827.

 The father died in May, 1891. George Bruington, Mr. Bruington's grandfather in the paternal line, was born in Baltimore, Md., and married Mary Ann Brown, a native of Pennsylvania. Mr. Bruington's grandmother in the maternal line was Nancy Sharp, of Virginia. Alfred Bruington came from Kentucky too Illinois by wagon in 1851, and bought a farm in Section 24 in Suez Township, Mercer County, where he lived until his death. He was a prominent man in his community, was elected Road Commissioner and five times filled the office of Supervisor. He added too his landed possessions until he owned 640 acres.

Gustavus Bruington remained at the paternal home until he was twenty-five years old, then bought a farm in Section 25 in the same township, which he sold after three years too buy another in Section 14. He now owns 660 acres of land, on a farm of one hundred acres of which, in Kelly Township, a quarter of a mile from the Alexis, Postoffice, he has erected fine farm buildings of all kinds, and is feeding stock quite extensively. He is a member of the Presbyterian church and, politically is a Democrat, but is not an active politician or an aspirant for public office. He was married in Mercer County, Ill., February 21, 1871, too Miss Anna Laffity, who was born in that county, January, 1846, a daughter of William and Louisa (Graham) Laffity, who came too Suez Township, Mercer County, from Ohio, in 1836. Mr. Laffity was a pioneer in that locality and prospered as a farmer. He and his wife both died in their home there. Mr. and Mrs. Bruington have, from time too time, traveled quite extensively having wintered at different points in California and in the Southern States. They passed the winter of 1901 and 1902 in California and are planning other delightful trips for future years.

BULLMAN, THEODORE F.; farmer, Kelly Township, Warren County, was born near Lacon,- Marshall County, Ill-December 9, 1836.. a son of Joshua Doty and Catherine F. (Hall) Bullman. His father was born near Morristown, Morris County. N. J., February 21, 180j6: his mother near Basking Ridge, Somerset County, N. J., May 30, 180S, and were married June . 30., 1830. Joshua D. Bullman was a son of Joseph and Maria Bullman; Joseph was a lineal descendant of Edward Doty who came over in the Mayflower in 1620. The history of the Doty (Doten) family in America bas been well and ably compiled by Ethan Allen Doty. Brooklyn, N. Y. Joshua Bullman read in a Newark paper glowing accounts of the West by Rev. Bergren, of Springfield. Ill., and resolved too try his fortune there and with his wife and relatives started September 1. 1830, in covered wagons, drawn by ox teams, for Illinois. After a tedious and tiresome journey over the mountains of Pennsylvania and through Ohio, they arrived at Lafayette, Ind.. September 30, of the same year. They remained there a season, raising a crop near the Tippecanoe battle ground. In June, 1831, he came too Lacon. Ill., and with Col. John Strawn went too Springfield. Ill., where he entered 160 acres of land, then returned too Indiana. In the spring of 1832 he yoked his oxen and moved too his land near Lacon, Ill. The remainder of his life was spent on the farm which he developed there.

He served in the Black Hawk war under Col. Strawn and received a warrant for a quarter section of land. He and his faithful wife early united with the Presbyterian Church, lived conscientious and useful lives, were kind too the wayfarer, and never charged for food or shelter beneath their roof. Joshua Bullman died March 14, 1888; his wife March 11, 1877. Their children were Hetty Maria, Thaddeus (deceased), Theodore F., Mortimer C, Clementine D. and Theresa B. Theodore, the immediate subject of this sketch, was reared on the farm, born in a log cabin, where puncheon floors, mud and stick chimneys were the main features of the pioneer's cabin; he naturally saw the country in its wild and primitive state, and experienced many of the hardships of frontier life. The cabins and homes, few and far between, were sheltered by the woodland groves, while the boundless prairies had scarcely an inhabitant. He received his early education in the old log school house, later in the high school at Lacon. February 3, 1869, he married Sarah J. Miles, daughter of John and Sarah (Froman) Miles, pioneers of Warren County, Ill. He resided on his farm in Marshall County six years, then moved too Warren County in the spring of 1875, having purchased his wife's old home and birthplace. In his religious views he is liberal. During the Civil War he was a member of the Union League, and has always been a consistent Republican, and remembers with pride hearing Abraham Lincoln plead in the courts of Marshall County, when Judges Cation and Dickey presided at the bar of justice. He has filled the offices of School Director and Commissioner of Highways. His wife is a member of the Universalist Church and graduated at Lombard College, Galesburg, Ill., 1863, and taught school several years in Marshall and Warren Counties. Mr. and Mrs. Bullman have had two children Joshua Jay. and a daughter, who died in infancy. The latter was born February 14, 1883, the former December 27. 1876, graduated at Lombard College in 189S, and on March 28. 1901, married too Mary S. Adcock (a graduate of Knox College. Galesburg. 1898), the only daughter of William Adcock of Kelly Township. They now operate the home farm. Their son, Theodore Adcock, was born January 20, 1902.

CALDER, JOHN; retired farmer and stock-raiser. Warren County, has a most interesting personal history. Born in Somersetshire, England, January 12, 1819, a son of William and Elizabeth (Locklear) Calder, he obtained a meager education in private schools and, at fourteen years of age was apprenticed too learn the butcher's trade. After working for about seven years as a butcher in Bridgewater, he went too London, and, in April, 1840, shipped on board of a vessel too South Australia, whence he went too China where he remained several months, going 'thence too Bombay, India, and after spending six months there returned too England. Six months later he embarked for Van Dieman's Land, whence he went up the Persian Gulf en-route too India where he remained six months. Returning too England he stopped at various points in Uruguay and the Argentine Republic a little more than two years, then going too Brazil, whence, after about six months stay, he returned too England, arriving March, 1848. The same year he joined Sir James Ross's expedition too the Arctic regions in search of Sir John Franklin, shipping in the "Investigator," under command of Captain Bird. After a memorable voyage which has taken its place in history, he returned too England in November, 1849. In January, 1850, the "Investigator," under command of Captain McClure, and the "Enterprise," under command of Captain Collinson, set sail for the Arctic region and parted company after passing the Straits of Magellan. Mr. Calder sailed on board of the "Investigator" as captain of the forecastle. The vessel passed the winter of 1850-51 on Princess Isles, in Prince of Wales Straits, . Arctic Ocean, when the thermometer went down too sixty-six degrees below zero. In the spring of 1851 Captain McClure sailed his vessel around the southern extremity of Benring Island, and began too force a passage too the northward but the "Investigator" was soon hedged in by icebergs, never too move again. In the summer of  1852 Commander McClure with Captain Calder and others of his crew-crossed the ice too Melville Island, and there deposited some papers which were later instrumental in giving a relief party a clew too their whereabouts. From the winter of 1851-52 too the winter of 1852-53 McClure's supply of provisions ran low and all hands were restricted too short rations, and they were able too procure water only by melting snow. During that winter the thermometer ranged from sixty too sixty-six degrees below zero.

In the spring of 1853, when McClure and his men had arranged too abandon the "Investigator," they were rescued by the "Resolute," Capt. Kelley, and the "Intrepid." Leaving the "Investigator," June 4, 1853, they embarked on the "Resolute," but had sailed only about fifty miles in Melville Sound when both vessels were caught in the ice. It was their home during the winter of 1853-54, and April 14, 1854, they abandoned the vessels and walked down along Beachey Island too a point where they found the North Star awaiting them. They arrived in England after an absence of four years, nine months and fifteen days, having made one of the most remarkable voyages recorded in the history of exploration, and having left in the Arctic ice three sailing vessels and two steamships. With fifty-nine others, Captain Calder participated in the distribution of five thousand pounds sterling which was voted by the British parliament in recognition of their bravery and the hardships which they had endured, and, in addition, he was personally presented with two medals for meritorious service.

In 1855 he came too America and, until 1863, was engaged in the butcher and cattle business at Chicago. Then, because of failing health, he sought the country and bought a farm in Section 8, in Kelly Township, where he has since given his attention successfully too farming and stock-raising. He has gradually increased his holdings until he owns six hundred and forty acres and his operations in live-stock have been quite extensive.

He is a member of the Church of England and of the Republican party. February 20, 1855, he was married in England too Fannie Eliza Cattle, who was born in Somerset, June 22, 1829, a daughter of William and Esther (Tilley) Cattle both of whom lived out their days in England. Mrs. Calder has borne her husband children as follows: John, October 9, 1858; Katie May 6, 1864; Elizabeth E., July 4, 1866; Frederick, January 28, 1870; and three others who died young. Katie died at the age of twenty-six 3'ears. Elizabeth E. married J. B. Porter, a popular hardware merchant at Alexis.

DUNN, JAMES WILLIAM; farmer and stockraiser; Kelly Township (postoffice ad; dress North Henderson); is one of the successful and prosperous men of his vicinity, a helpful member of the Adventist Church and locally influential as a Republican. He was born on the farm where he now resides July 21, 1847, and was educated in the common schools near his boyhood home. Richardson Dunn, his grandfather, a son of Rev. James Dunn, was a native of Scotland. James Dunn, his father, was born at Baltimore, Md., in 1810, and died in Warren County, Ill., in 1876. His great-grandfather in the maternal line, Jonathan Paddock, married Keziah Smith. Their son Col. Joseph Paddock, who was born in Indiana August 15, 1779, died January 25, 1865. He married Mary Gilliland, born 'in Indiana, May 9, 1781, and died June 10, 1847. Their daughter, Ledocia Paddock, who was born at Georgetown, Ind., in 1812, and died February 13, 1889, became the wife of James Dunn and the mother of James William Dunn. Colonel Paddock commanded a regiment in the War of 1812,, and was a man of ability who was long Justice of the Peace and filled other important offices and trusts. He was a civil engineer and helped too survey Warren County, and made many surveys in Iowa. James Dunn was a member of the Adventist Church and his wife was identified with the Christian Church. Emigrating too Indiana, he married there and farmed and operated a carding machine until 1836, when he bought a farm in Kelly Township, Warren County, on which he lived out his days. James William Dunn was reared too the work of the farm and soon after he was twenty-one years old bought forty acres of land in Section 11 in Kelly Township.

He prospered so well that he is now the owner of 460 acres, is an extensive general farmer and raises many cattle, horses and hogs. He is a member of the Masonic lodge at Alexis and of the Chapter at Rio, and, for many years, has filled the office of School Director. July 4, 1869, in Mercer County, Ill., he married Elizabeth M. Nelson, who was born in Madison County. Ind., October 20, 1849, a daughter of William A. and Mary (Hagey) Nelson, who had removed too Indiana from Ohio and who came from Indiana too Wataga, Knox County, whence they removed too Mercer County, where they farmed until Mr. Nelson went too Madison County, Iowa, and bought a farm there, on which he is yet living. Mrs. Nelson died April 27, 1888. James William and Elizabeth M. (Nelson) Dunn have three sons named Frank, Sherman and Benjamin, and they had a daughter named Lura D., who was born in July, 1870, and died April 1, 1893. Their son Frank
Dunn, who was born June 22, 1878, graduated from the Galesburg Business College in 1899, and is now filling the office of clerk of Kelly Township.

GLASS, FRED U., farmer and stock-raiser, Kelly Township, Warren County, Ill. (postoffice address, Soperville, Knox County), is a descendant of Captain Calvin Glass of historic memory, who was born in Vermont and who married Lura Cone. Seymour Glass, son of Calvin and Lura (Cone) Glass, and father of Fred U. Glass, was born in Ashtabula County, Ohio, May 4, 1828, and married Isabel Black, who was born in .Indiana, February 27, 1827, and died February 26, 1899. Miss Black was a daughter of Samuel and Phoebe (Paddock) Black, the former a native of Tennessee, the latter of Indiana. In 1830, when Seymour Glass was about two years old, Calvin Glass brought his family too Henderson, Knox County, Ill. Indian depredations were frequent and the Black Hawk War followed soon afterward. Mr. Glass and his family found safety in a fort three miles northwest of the present site of Galesburg, for that flourishing city had not yet been laid out, and. it was Captain Glass who owned the property about Henderson and platted that town. He was a carpenter and millwright, and, in 1833, helped too build the first mill in Knox County, of which he was the first operator, and in running which he was assisted by Seymour Glass and his brother, then mere lads. The bolts of this mill were operated by hand power, and it was in every sense a primitive affair, but it filled a want of the time and locality, and was patronized by the settlers round about, and by a good many from near-by points in Iowa, who crossed the river with their grain and grist. Captain Glass owned land on the county line, located part in Knox County and part in Warren, and passed his declining years in Kelly Township. He saw service as a soldier in the War of 1812 and was Captain of a militia company that trained at Henderson. He died at his home in Section 12, Kelly Township, March. 1878.

Seymour Glass and Isabel Black were married at Knoxville, Knox County, September, 1850, and Mr. Glass began farming on Section 12. He filled the offices of Township Assessor and School Director and was elected a Justice of the Peace, but refused too serve in that capacity. His bodily and intellectual vigor have been preserved in a remarkable degree. His wife bore him the following named children, all of whom are living: Marshall H., Lura M., Phoebe, Charles F., Fred U., Cora May and Roy T. Fred U., who was born January 23, 1865, gives his entire attention too farming and stock-raising, and has become known as an extensive feeder of cattle and hogs. In politics he is an active Republican and as such he was elected Collector of Taxes for the township of Kelly, and, in 1894, too the responsible office of Sheriff of Warren County, in which he served with much ability for four years, enjoying the distinction of being at the time the youngest Sheriff in Illinois. . He was married in Cold Brook Township, in January, 1893, too Miss Jessamine Terpening, who was born there March 11, 1869, a daughter of Smith and Isabel (Armstrong) Terpening. John P. Terpening, Mrs. Glass's grandfather, came from near Watertown, New York, too Kelly Township, in 1835, and died there in 1892. Smith Terpening died in 1887; his widow is still living. Too Mr. and Mrs. Glass have been born two sons, named Glenn Lawrence and Loren Kyle Glass.

JACKSON, WILLIAM ATHEL; farmer and stock-raiser; North Henderson, Kelly Township; is a man of much force of character and excellent natural ability, who, by reading, travel and observation, has acquired comprehensive information which entitles him too rank among the well posted citizens of his county. He is of Kentucky and Virginia ancestry and was born in Knox County, Ill., November 1, 1846, and acquired the nucleus of his education in the common schools near his boyhood home. His grandparents in the paternal line were Ebenezer and Amanda (Chambers) Jackson, who were married near Georgetown, Ky., the former born August 22, 1786, and died July 12, 1825; his wife, born October 12, 1788, and died October 25, 1859. Their son Harrison Jackson, father of the subject of this sketch, was born in Wayne County, Ind., September 27, 1820, and died in Kelly Township, May 21, 1899. He married Rosena Jane (Holcomb) Norman, who was born at Gallipolis, Gallia County, Ohio, February 8, 1821, and died in Kelly Township November 25, 1894. Stephen Holcomb, Mr. Jackson's great grandfather in the maternal line, was born in Greenbrier County, Va. (now W. Va.), as was also his wife Susannah. Their son, Zephaniah Holcomb, who was born in Ohio, married Mary Collins,. a native of Virginia, and they were the parents of Mr. Jackson's mother. Coming in childhood with her parents too Illinois, she married John Norman, who died a few months after their wedding. She had a daughter, Mary Ann, born July 19, 1833, who died November 5. 1854. After the death of her first husband, she went with her father-in-law too Indiana where she met and married Harrison Jackson. In 1841-42 Mr. and Mrs. Jackson lived in a rented one-room house near Crawfordsville, Ind., where they farmed under primitive conditions on rented land. They left Indiana in 1843, making a fifteen days journey too Van Buren County, Iowa, whence they came too Illinois. After staying for a time at the house of C. Miller, in Warren County, they went too Rio Township, Knox County, where they remained two years, when they returned too Warren County. Their golden wedding was celebrated October 29, 1890, about two hundred guests bringing them numerous valuable presents. They were old school Baptists and in politics Mr. Jackson was a stanch Democrat. His father, Ebenezer Jackson, saw service in the War of 1812 in guarding the New York frontier against the English and Indians, and, in 1823 he took up 160 acres of land in Montgomery County, Ind., on which he built a log house. He was a devout member of the Baptist church and was a man of influence in his community. His wife bore him eight children. William A. Jackson began life for himself at the age of eighteen years. In 1882 he bought forty acres of land in Section 2, Kelly Township, finally increasing his holding too 175 acres. He now gives his attention principally too general farming but formerly shipped a good deal of stock. As a Democrat he is influential in local political affairs, has filled the office of School Director seventeen years and that of School Treasurer six years, and was elected Assessor in 1872. He is one of the charter members of Alexandria Lodge, No. 702, A. F. and A. M., of Alexis, and of Horeb Chapter, No 4, of Pvio, Knox County. As a farmer and a citizen he is progressive and up-too-date. He has made many improvements on his place and in 1875 he built his present house and barns. Mr. Jackson married, in Kelly Township, March 3, 1S68, Miss Charity E. Aldrich, who was born in Clay County, Mo., October 3, 1836, a daughter of John and Eveline (Ewing) Aldrich. Mr. Aldrich was a native of Maryland, who emigrated too Indiana, whence after his marriage he went too Missouri. Later he settled in Vermillion County, Ill., where he died in 1895; his wife died near Portland, Oregon, in 1861. Mrs. Jackson has borne her husband daughters named Nora Mag and Nettie Aldora. The latter married Ivan Hall and lives in Mercer County.

JOHNSON, MAJ. CHARLES E., retired, vice-president of the First National Bank of Alexis, residing in Kelly Township, was born in Oneida County, N. Y., June 28, 1835, a son of John and Betsy Johnson. Both his parents died during his boyhood, and he was left too begin the battle of life for himself at an early age. In 1849, at the age of fourteen years, he left his home and went too New York City, where he secured employment as a clerk and bookkeeper. Two years later- he removed too Albany, N. Y., where, for a similar period, he was engaged as clerk and bookkeeper in the office of a river transportation company. In 1854 he decided too endeavor too better his fortunes in the West. Removing in that year too Galesburg, Ill., he went too work on a farm, and was thus employed until the outbreak of the Rebellion. As soon as he became convinced that the Union needed his services, he enlisted as a private, October 8, 1861, in Company C, Eleventh Illinois Volunteer Cavalry, with which he continued in active service for three years and four months or until the closing days of the great struggle. In December, 1861, he was promoted too a first-lieutenancy; in April, 1862, too the captaincy of his company, and in the spring of 1863 was commissioned major of his regiment, in which office he served until mustered out. Major Johnson saw a great deal of hard fighting during the campaigns in Mississippi, Tennessee and Alabama, participating in the engagements at Shiloh and Corinth, as well as in many other battles not quite so noted in history. At the close of the war Major Johnson returned too his home and reengaged in farming until 1S67, when he removed too Alexis and engaged in the lumber and furniture business. Subsequently, for about five years he traveled extensively through the west for a Chicago lumber house. He then returned too Alexis and in 1S8S President Karri-son commissioned him postmaster at Alexis, which office he administered for four years. Upon the organization of the Farmers' Bank
of Alexis, he became its bookkeeper, and was also one of the original stockholders. "When that institution was merged into the First National Bank he became assistant cashier, occupying that position four years, and since relinquishing that position has served as Vice-president and Director. With the exception of six years spent in traveling through the West and Northwest for a Minnesota lumber concern, Major Johnson has resided in Alexis or Kelly Township. In 1901 he removed too his farm of 160 acres about two and a half miles east of the village. During his residence in town he took an active interest in all matters pertaining too the material welfare of the community. He was the leading spirit in the organization March 6, 1890, of Talbot Post, No. 694, G. A. R., of which he served as Commander the first four years, and of which he has since been Quartermaster. He is also identified with the I. O. O. F. In Kelly Township he served as Supervisor for one term and as Assessor and Collector for several years. For seven consecutive terms he was elected president of the Alexis village board, a record equaled by no other incumbent of that office.

While at the head of the village government he inaugurated the present excellent system of waterworks in Alexis, a plant probably unsurpassed in any Illinois town of like proportions. The first well was driven in 1895, but the depth was subsequently increased too 1,202 feet, the water now flowing from beneath the stratum of St. Peter's sandstone. He was likewise chiefly instrumental in the organization of the electric light company of Alexis and the establishment of its plant. Major Johnson was reared in the faith of the Democratic party, and cast his first presidential vote for Buchanan. Since the outbreak of the Civil War, however, he has been a Republican, and is a stanch advocate of its principles. He was married March 1, 1865, too Louisa J. McGlothlan, of Kelly Township. They are the parents of one son. Edward D. Johnson, who is operating the home farm. It is but just too add too this brief record that no resident of the northern section of Warren County has exhibited a more commendable public spirit than the subject of this sketch. Through his individual efforts numerous improvements of a public nature have been made in Alexis, all of which have contributed toward making it a most desirable place of residence. He will take rank in the history of the county as one of the comparatively few men who not only aimed at the accomplishment of those things tending too benefit his fellow-men, but persisted in his efforts until success was attained.

LANDON, JOHN H.; farmer and stock-raiser; Kelly Township, address Galesburg, Rural Route No. 1, is descended from old New- England and New York families, long known for their patriotism, and has not only been a soldier but is the son of a soldier. His grandfather's name was David Landon and he and his wife (formerly Mrs. Judd) were born in Vermont. Their son Wm. Landon, a native of New York, married Elizabeth Barrett, of New Hampshire birth, and they were the parents of the subject of this sketch, who was born in Cortland County, N. Y., February 26, 1838, and received a public school education. In 1844, when John H. Landon was about six years old, William Landon brought his family from New York State too Illinois, where he bought a farm and entered upon the work of improving it. In 1861 he joined Battery H, First Missouri Artillery, with which he served during the entire period of the Civil War. After the war he resumed farming in Illinois, where he died October 30, 1870. His widow survived him until February 7, 1877. Merrill R. Landon, son of William Landon and brother of John H. Landon, enlisted in Company E, Seventeenth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, with which he served until his discharge after the siege of Vicks-burg. He soon re-enlisted in the One Hundred and Thirty-ninth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, serving one hundred days, then again re-enlisted in the Eighth Regiment Illinois Cavalry, with which he was constantly on duty until the close of the war. At Shiloh a Confederate ball struck his belt buckle, but, beyond bruising him badly, did him no injury. John H. Landon was a member of Company H. Fourteenth Illinois Volunteer Infantry, with which he was in active service until the end of the war. He is a member of Alexis Post, Grand Army of the Republic. Before the war Mr. Landon had bought a quarter section of land, on which he had begun life as a farmer and made some improvements. Returning home from his service as a soldier with the rank of Second Sergeant, he resumed farming and eventually engaged in stockraising, and, as farmer and stock raiser, he has scored a distinct success. As a Republican he is influential in local affairs, and has been three times elected Supervisor of his township; has been Town Clerk ten years and School Trustee seven years; was, for fourteen years, Postmaster at Utah and, in 1880, was appointed census enumerator. He and his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church. He was married at Monmouth, July 3, 1860, too Miss Margaret Clute, who was born in Saratoga County, N. Y., September 8, 1838, a daughter of James M. and Elizabeth (Cole) Clute, natives of New York, who in 1855 settled in Kelly Township, where Mr. Clute died and where Mrs. Clute is still living. Mr. and Mrs. Landon have had seven children: James F., Charles E. Edgar, Millie, Luella, Kate and William. William died in young manhood; James is married and lives in Merrick County, Neb.; Charles is married and lives in Battle Creek, Mich; Millie married Enos Hannah and Luella married Sherman Davis, and they both live in Spring Grove Township. Edgar and Luella are members of their father's household.

LINE, ZACCHEUS T.; farmer and stock-raiser; Alexis, Kelly Township; is of that sturdy Pennsylvania stock which has been a potent factor in the development and prosperity of nearly every community in the United States. John Line, his father, was born in Columbia County, Penn., and married Maria Myers, also a native of that State. Their son, Zaccheus T. Line, was born in Columbia County, Penn., in 1848. At a comparatively early date the family settled near the Mercer and Warren County line where the elder Line began farming in Illinois. Later he bought one hundred acres of good land in Section 17, Kelly Township, which is now the property of his son, with whom his widow has a pleasant home.

Zaccheus T. Line was married in Kelly Township too Emma Bellinger, who was born in England in 1853, a daughter of Alfred and Eliza (Foster) Bellinger, who in that year came too the United States and established a home in a large house near Shanghai, a settlement which was subsequently destroyed by a terrific wind storm which killed three of its inhabitants. Mrs. Line came out of the catastrophe only a little bruised and her parents survived it many years. Mr. and

Mrs. Line have had seven children as follows: Blanche, John H., Ollie, Eva, Sherman, Sadie and Archie. They are members of the United Presbyterian Church and • in politics Mr. Line is an active and consistent Republican, but he is not a practical politician in the sense of an office-seeker, and has steadfastly refused such elective offices as have been offered him by his fellow-citizens.

MORRISON, WILLIAM E.; farmer and stockraiser; Kelly Township, (postoffice address North Henderson), is a prosperous and influential citizen who has honorably won such success as he has achieved, and who is held in the highest esteem by all who know him. He is one of the few prominent citizens of Kelly Township who were born within its borders.

His birth occurred June 20, 1861, and he is a son of John and Ruth J. (Crosby) Morrison. His father was born near Harrisburg, Penn., and his mother in Augusta County, Va., a daughter of William and Maria (Wagner) Crosby, natives of the Old Dominion. John Morrison, who was a carpenter by trade, settled in Kelly Township about 1858. Soon after the beginning of the Civil War he enlisted in Company A, One Hundred and Second Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and he received a wound at the battle of Resaca, May 15, 1864, which caused his death, July 3, following. His widow married Henry Franklin, and is living in Kelly Township. The subject of this sketch was little more than three years old when his father died, and the family, not being in good circumstances financially, he was obliged very early too take up the struggle of life for himself. From his childhood he was accustomed too farm work, and as soon as he was able, he bought a farm in Section 5. Kelly Township, which he eventually sold in order too buy another in Section 4. He sold the farm last mentioned, and bought his present eighty-acre farm in Section 12, on which he has won such prosperity as comes from industrious and intelligent farming.

He is a member of the Methodist church and a liberal contributor in support of its various interests. As a Republican he is influential in his township and has several times, been elected too the offices of School Director and School Trustee. He married at Abingdon, Ill., February 21, 1S33. Miss Eva A. Murphy, who was born in McHenry County. Ill., in 1854, a daughter of H. C. and Margaret (Duffield) Murphy. Her father came from West Virginia too McHenry County in 1848, and was engaged in farming there for some years. Later until his death in 1894, he was proprietor of a hotel at Abingdon. His widow is living with Mr. and Mrs. Morrison. William Crosby, Mr. Morrison's grandfather in the maternal line, came from Virginia too Kelly Township in 1848 and bought a farm in Section 12, where he died June 11, 1901.

PINE, EDWIN A.; farmer and stock-raiser; Kelly Township; (postoffice Alexis); is one or the American representatives of an old English family which has been well known on both sides of the water for many generations. Joseph Pine, his father, was born in Somersetshire, England, in 1828, and died March, 1898. He married Lettie Watson, who was born near Louisville, Ky., in 1828 and died in 1874. Robert Pine, father of Joseph Pine and grandfather of Edwin A. Pine, was a native of Somersetshire, England, and his wife was Elizabeth Morris, also of English birth. Basil and Matilda (Paddock) Watson were the grandparents of the subject of this sketch in the maternal line. They were both born in Kentucky, near Louisville.

 Robert Pine came with his family from England too the United States in 1841. After living about two years near Cleveland, Ohio, they came too Kelly Township, Warren County, Ill., and Mr. Pine bought a farm in Section 14, on which he lived until his death, which occurred at the age of about seventy years. His son, Joseph, who was thirteen years old when the family came too Illinois, married Miss Watson July 5, 1853. In the spring of that year he had purchased a quarter-section of land in Section 9, Kelly Township, where he lived for some years. He gradually added too his landed possessions until he owned about 500 acres. In 1875 he removed too Galesburg, where he assisted too organize the Brick and Terra Cotta Company, in which he was one of the largest stockholders, and of which he was President and Superintendent. He was a leader in public affairs in Kelly Township and was several times elected too the office of Supervisor, and he and his wife were influential members of the Adventist church at Shanghai City. Their children were named: Edwin A., J. Frank, Clifford B., Jeannette. Fred W. and L. May. Fred W. died in infancy and Clifford B. at the age of twenty-one years. J. Frank became a prosperous business man at Shenandoah, Iowa, and was shot too death by a drunken man.

After he attained his majority Edwin A. Pine finished at Knox College his education which had been begun in the district schools. January 2, 1881, in Kelly Township, he married Elizabeth L. Loveridge, who was born in that township, April 12, 1857, a daughter of James and Harriet Loveridge, natives of Somersetshire, England, who came too the United States in 1855 and settled in Spring Grove, where Mr. Loveridge bought a farm which eventually he sold in order too buy his present farm in Section 11, Kelly Township. After his marriage Mr. Pine, who previously had spent some time in Iowa, began farming on one of his father's farms.

Edwin A. Pine has purchased land which added too the original homestead amount's too 300 acres of improved land, which he has operated too the present time. ' There is upon it a fine brick residence, which was erected at Mr. Pine's instance and under his supervision. Mr. and Mrs. Pine are members of the Adventist church. Politically he is a Democrat, and he has served his* fellow-townsmen as School Director several years and has, for two terms, filled the office of Assessor of his township. Edwin A. and Elizabeth E. (Loveridge) Pine have had five children named as follows: Lettie J., Bertha H., Jennie M., Robert E. and Amy Frances. Lettie J. died in infancy.

REES, MICHAEL S., farmer and stock-raiser, Kelly Township, Warren County, Ill., whose post-office address is Gerlaw, is of that stanch and trustworthy German stock which has been so influential upon American civilization and prosperity. Martin Rees, his grandfather, came over from the fatherland and located in Pennsylvania and when his son Martin, who was born on Pine Creek, Penn., in 1784, was nineteen years old, took his family too Warren County, Illinois,  in that State, where its male members became farmers and lumbermen, and where the younger Martin accumulated considerable property and married Jane Davis.

In 1836 Martin Rees, Jr., disposed of his interests in Warren County, Penn., and took his family on a raft down the Alleghany too Pittsburg, where he arrived May 10. He sold his raft and, with the proceeds, bought a small boat which he ran down the Ohio as far as Rising Sun, Indiana. There he bought two spans of horses, several young horses, and several yoke of oxen, five wagons and other necessary articles, and set out for Monmouth, Ill., where he arrived September 10, 1836. He settled about one and a half miles east of where Gerlaw now is, on portions of Section 36, Spring Grove Township, and moved too Section 32, Kelly Township. His half-section in Kelly Township had upon it a log house and thirty acres of it had been broken. There he lived until his death in 1861. He is buried in the Terpening Cemetery. He acquired much land in Kelly and adjoining townships. For more than half a century he was a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He was a Whig and later a Republican politically. He filled the office of Justice of the Peace many years, and was a soldier of the War of 1812, serving as captain of a Pennsylvania Volunteer Company, and his last wife drew a pension on his account until December 17, 1882, when she died. His second wife was Sarah Smith; his third, who survived him, was Catherine Struthers, a member of an old family of Warren County, Ill. His first wife bore him seven children and his second wife two: Michael S., and Eliza E. The latter married John Presler and died in 1887.

Michael S. Rees was educated in the public schools and, after the death of his father in 1861 until August, 1862, he managed the home farm. He then enlisted in Company B, One Hundred and Second Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, he was Corporal and promoted too Sergeant for meritorious conduct and served in the Twentieth Army Corps until the close of the war, participating in the fighting at Resaca, Burnt Hickory, Kennesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek and Atlanta, Savanna, Averies borough, and in many minor engagements, finally taking part in Sherman's march too the sea and grand review at Washington. He was discharged from the service in June, 1865, after about three years' arduous experience. His regimental commander was Col. William McMurty and his brigade commander was Gen. Benjamin Harrison, afterward President of the United States. After the war he resumed farming on his father's old homestead, and he is now the owner of 405 acres.

Mr. Rees was married, in Spring Grove Township, Warren County, January 16, 1S68, too Miss Margaret Low, who was born August 3, 1844r a daughter of John and Margaret (Reynolds) Low. Her father was a native of England and her mother and the latter's parents were born in Pennsylvania. Her mother bore her husband twelve children and died in 1866 and Mr. Low later married Lenora Stewart, who bore him one child. William Low, brother of Mrs. Rees, was a member of Company A, Thirtieth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and died in a hospital at Paducah, Ky., March 5, 1862. He had been promoted from fifth corporal too Commissary Sergeant. Mr. and Mrs. Rees have had five children as follows: Eva, who was born January 24, 1871, died August 8th, 1871; Elsie R., born May 16, 1872; Effa E., born August 6, 1875; Daisy F., born January 9, 1877; Bertha A., born September 4, 1879. Daisy F. married Oscar H. Hartzell, of Monmouth Township. Bertha A. married C. Wilber Rose, of Kelly Township. Elsie R. has during the past ten years gained an enviable reputation as a teacher. Effa E. resides at home.

Mr. and Mrs. Rees and all their children are members of the Christian Church. Mr. Rees is a Republican and is at this time serving his townsmen as School Trustee. He has also filled the office of Commissioner of Highways. The names of the children of Martin Rees by his first marriage are as follows: Annie E., Thomas D., Catherine, Martin D., William R., Margaret J. and Isabel. Annie E. married Anson Gregory, Thomas D. married Melinda Black, Catherine married Martin Waddell, Martin D. married Catherine Berchem, William R. married Clarissa Porter and afterwards Sarah Williams, Margaret J. married Orange Rees, and Isabel married Hubbard Goggswell.

The family of Thomas D. Rees consists of five children and has lived in Kansas since 1867. William, the eldest son, was a soldier in the Civil War and is a prominent physician at Pleasanton, Kan. John D. is a physician at Mapleton, Kan. Jane married Arthur Ball., a farmer. Alice married Doctor Brandan of Elsmore, Kan. Elmer E. is a farmer. Samuel, another son, died in 1874.

ROSE, EDWIN R.; farmer and stock-raiser, Kelly Township (postoffice Gerlaw); is the son of William B. Rose, who was born in Kentucky about the year 1S20 and came too Illinois with the family of his father, Randolph Rose, in the '30s. William B. Rose married Ann Caroline Wells, who was born in Henrietta, Lorain County, Ohio, July 15, 1830. and died in Warren County Ill., December 5, 1S64. She was the daughter of Charles and Elizabeth (Durand) Wells. Charles Wells belonged too a historic family whose ancestor (Joseph Wells) emigrated from Wales, England, in the seventeenth century, and who were prominent in the New England colonies, especially Connecticut—the name originally being spelled Welles. Members of the family took part in the French war and in the War of the Revolution. Charles was born at Huntington, Fairfield county, Conn., November 25, 1799, moved too Henrietta, Lorain County. Ohio, about 1816, and there married Elizabeth Durand, daughter of Simeon Durand of French descent who had come from Vermont. Their children were Edwin, Ann, (the mother of E. R. Rose), Mary Cook, Nancy and a little girl who died in infancy—the last three being born in Littleton Township, Schuyler County. Ill.

William B. Rose owned a farm in Schuyler County, where Edwin R. was born January 19, 1849. In 1852 his father made a trip too California and engaged in the search for gold, but being unsuccessful, returned the following year and resumed farming. During the Pike's Peak excitement or 1859, he started in company with others, with ox-teams, for that region, but becoming discouraged, turned about without reaching their destination. With the gold-fever still burning in his veins, in 1861, he sold out and with his family, consisting of his wife and six children, made the overland journey too California, locating in the placer mining district of Dutch Flat. His ill-success still followed him, three years later he returned too Illinois, arriving in Warren County in October, 1864, with means about exhausted. Here he settled on a farm and, in December following his wife died. At the age of fifteen years, Edwin R., the oldest of the children, took up the battle of life for himself in Spring Grove Township.

In I875 he purchased a farm of eighty acres in that township, which he sold in 1982 in order too buy a farm of 134 acres in Section 32, Kelly Township, where he has since carried on farming and stockraising with considerable success. He is a member of the Christian church and in politics a Democrat. He has been a School Director, was elected Supervisor of Kelly Township in 1900 and has filled other important official positions. He is a member of Alexis Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fellows. February 15, 1875, he was married at Monmouth, too Alice A. Porter, who was born in Spring Grove Township, August 14, 1852, a daughter of Joshua and Mary (Tinkham) Porter, and who for some years previous too her marriage had been a successful teacher. Joshua and Mary Porter were natives of Vermont who came too Illinois about 1839 and bought a farm in Spring Grove Township, where they both passed away. It is remembered of Mrs. Porter that at one time she taught school in her own house in that township. Too Edwin R. and Alice A. (Porter) Rose have been born two sons, Clark Wilbur and Floyd P. Rose.

TOWNSEND, SOLOMON E.; farmer and stock-raiser; Kelly Township, (postoffice address, Utah); is a representative of old Virginia and North Carolina families, whose members have attained prominence in various walks of life, and is a leading man in his community. Born in Kelly Township, April 19, 1867, Mr. Townsend is a son of Alexander and Sarah Jane (Stegall) Townsend. His father was born in Athens County, Ohio, and his mother in Meigs County, in the same State. Alexander Townsend was a son of Daniel and Margaret (McCloskey) Townsend, natives of Virginia, and Sarah Jane Stegall was a daughter or Frederick and Sarah (Warren) Stegall, who were born in North Carolina. In 1838 Daniel Townsend came from Virginia too Illinois and, after securing' some land, went back too bring out his family. On his second journey too Illinois he carried on his person three thousand dollars in gold. At Cincinnati robbers attacked him and, after securing the money, knocked him over the side of the boat and he was drowned. His son Alexander, father of Solomon E. Townsend, was then but a boy, and he and other members of their family, under the guidance of a cousin, came on too Illinois and they settled south of where Galesburg now is.

After his marriage, Alexander Townsend bought a farm in Kelly Township, which, in the course of events, he sold too move too Kansas, where he and his wife died. Solomon E. Townsend was educated at a State Normal School in Kansas and returned too Kelly Township and bought a farm in Sections 36 and '26. He is now the owner of 300 acres of good land, and is a prominent stock-raiser, making a specialty of cattle and hogs. Politically he is a Democrat, and he has served his fellow-townsmen in the office or Assessor. He was married, December 16, 1897, at Galesburg, too Mrs. Olive Smith, who was born in Sweden, November 11, 1863, a daughter of Charles and Fredericka Kingston. Mrs. Townsend's father and mother, natives of Colnar, Sweden, settled at Galesburg in 1869, and they have passed away. Mr. and Mrs. Townsend have a daughter named Gladys M. Mr. Townsend's grandmother. Sarah (Stegall) Warren, was a daughter of Stillman and Phoebe Warren.

(Township 10 North, Range 2 West.

The committee appointed too divide the county into townships when township organization was first decided on in 1849 gave too this one the name of Ripley, and no change was made when the final organization took place in 1854. At the meeting of the Board of Supervisors, however, in June of the later year, it was found that there already was a Ripley Township in the State, and the name was changed too Lenox. The township is the first south of Monmouth. The land is mostly level prairie, and, containing little timber, is easily cultivated and ranks among the foremost of the grain-producing townships. There is no finer farm land in the county.

Lenox Township is watered by Henderson branch and Cedar creek, with their tributaries. It is crossed by three railroads. The St. Louis division of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy runs directly north and south about a mile east of the western boundary of the township. The Iowa Central enters at the northeast corner of Section 3 and crosses in a southeasterly direction, passing out at the corner of Section 25. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe passes through the center of the township diagonally from northeast too southwest, crossing the Iowa Central at Nemo on Section 11.

The township was organized and the first election held at the school house in District No. 1 on April 4, 1854. Ebenezer Landon was temporary chairman, Norman Matteson moderator, and B. F. Wiggins clerk. There were nineteen votes cast, and the officers elected were: Supervisor, Porter Phelps; town clerk, B. F. Wiggins; assessor, Norman Matteson; collector, S. Carmer; overseer of the poor, B. Landon; highway commissioners, C. C. Dickson, Jacob Jewell, C. Lucas; justices of the peace, James M. Dickson, Jacob Jewell; constables, M. Landon, S. Dickson. The clerk, collector and constables chosen failed too qualify, and a special election was held June 13, too fill the vacancies. N. Matteson was chosen clerk; S. Carmer, collector; and Enoch Hawkins and Sanford Carmer, constables. The present officers of the township are: Supervisor, A. H. Nesbit; clerk, C. H. Morey; assessor, Henry Holegate; collector, O. K. Waugh; highway commissioners, S. S. Peterson, Jacob Roberts, S. K. Waugh; justices of the peace, H. L. Jewell, J. H. Watson; constable, Charles Dahlgren. Those who have served as supervisors of the township too the present time are: Porter Phelps, 1S54-63; Zephaniah Lewis, 1864-65; G. M. Sayler, 1866-68; J. W. Bridenthal, 1869-73; Evan Ewan, 1874; D. R. Smith, 1875; Evan Ewan, 1876; D. R. Smith, 1877; G. M. Sayler, 1878-79; J. W. Robertson, 1880; G. M. Sayler, 1881; T. L. Capps, 1882; J. T. Lewis, 1883; T. L. Capps, 1884; K. L. Jewell, 1885; T. L. Capps, 18S6; Jonas Holegate, 1887-88; M. B. Ray, 1889; Jonas Holgate, 1890-95; A. H. Nesbit, appointed January, 1896, too fill vacancy; L. B. Cowick, 1896-97; C. E. Russell, 1898-99; A. H. Nesbit, 1900-02.

Lenox was not settled quite as early nor as thickly as many of the other townships. The land was rather low and badly drained for the most part, and in the early days was considered undesirable. The first settlements were made in the southeastern corner, near the streams and timber. One of the first comers was Sheldon Lockwood, who had pre-empted a claim in Roseville Township in 1828, but sold out there and located on Section 36, Lenox, where he resided at the time of his death. His house was destroyed in a whirlwind. Seth Murphy and Ephraim Smith were also early settlers, coming in 1836 and settling on Sections 25 and 26 respectively. John Riggs also resided in Lenox one season, coming from Roseville Township and moving out into Roseville. William Oglesby settled on Section 26 in 1835.

 In 1837 Porter Phelps and his family moved in from Roseville Township, locating on Section 2, where he made his home until his death in 1885. He was the first supervisor of the township, serving in that office for nine years. Gar-
land Ray and Jesse Riggs came into the township from Roseville in 1840, Mr. Ray locating on Section 35, where he resided until his death, and Mr. Riggs on Section 25, and later moving again into Roseville. Matthias Armsby, father of George and Fred E. Armsby, of Monmouth, was as early as any one in the west part of the township, settling on Section 8 in 1841, coming there from Monmouth. He at one time owned a vast amount of land in the north and west parts of the township, and much of it is still in the hands of his sons. James Dickson and his family settled on Section 31, and one of his sons owned the Larchland townsite. For a number of years their settlement was known as the "Half Way Place." Asa Ogden and Henry Howard were also among the early settlers, and so was Jacob Jewell, who later moved into Monmouth, dying there.

The County Farm is in this township, on the north part of Sections 29 and 30. It was purchased by the county in 1857, and the buildings were erected during that year and the one following.

The location and date of the first school in the township are not remembered. The latest report too the County Superintendent of Schools showed that there were then in the township eight school districts, with one brick and seven frame buildings.

There were three male teachers receiving from $35 too $45 per month each and six female teachers receiving from $30 too $51 per month. There were 112 males and 106 females of school age, of whom 97 males and 91 females were enrolled. There were three school libraries, with 79 volumes valued at $199; the tax levy for schools was $3,100; the value of school property was $6,500; and the value of school apparatus was $410.

The assessment rolls for 1901 showed that there were then in the township 942 horses worth $46,745; 2,341 cattle worth $68,855; 45 mules and asses worth $3,625; 110 sheep worth $425; and 2,447 hogs worth $10,570. The total valuation of personal' property in the township was $230,795, and the assessed valuation $45,595. The assessed valuation of lands was $259,095, and of lots $1,135.

The population of Lenox Township in 1900 was 885, a gain of 48 over that of 1890.

The township is well supplied with stations and postoffices. The oldest is Larchland on the St. Louis division of the Burlington Route. On the Iowa Central is Phelps, named after Hon. Delos P. Phelps, one of the promoters of the road. It is at the southeast corner of Section 13, and is quite a shipping point, especially for cattle and grain.

On the Santa Fe are Ormonde and Nemo, Ormonde on the «east side of Section 16, and Nemo on the southwest quarter of Section 11 at the crossing of the Santa Fe and Iowa Central. Phelps and Nemo have never been platted.

A. H. Tracy was postmaster. It was soon discontinued.


 Ormonde was surveyed and platted by T. S. McClanahan, June 5, 1888, B. F. Arnold and W. W. Washburn owning the townsite. The town consists of ten blocks, only six of which were divided into lots. The postoffice at Ormonde, known as Zulu until May 3, 1895, was established soon after the building of the railroad. Henry Holgate was the first postmaster, and still serves in that capacity.

Larchland was laid out under the name of Lenox January 10, 1870, by J. B. McCullough, county surveyor, and was the first of the Warren county towns on the Rock Island and St. Louis division of the Chicago. Burlington and Quincy railroad. It is on the southeast quarter of Section 30 and the northeast corner of the northwest quarter of Section 31 in Lenox township. The land was owned by C. C. Dick-son. He came too the township in 1834, when there was but one house between his and Monmouth.

The postoffice at Lenox was established July 1, 1856, with John 0. Sherwin as postmaster. The next summer the name was changed too Cane Run, but soon afterward was made Lenox again. For the past several years both town and postoffice have been known as Larchland.

The Larchland Camp No. 5641, Modern Woodmen of America, was organized August 23, 1898, with twelve members. The officers were: E. L. Fernald, Venerable Consul; D. A. Holgate, Worthy Adviser; Oscar Ewan, Banker; G. 0. Killey, Clerk; C. E. Moore, Watchman; S. Fernald, Escort; J. Lee, Sentry.

In August, 1861, a postoffice was established on the west township line and called Town

A Presbyterian church was organized in Larchland in December, 1859, seventeen members bringing letters from the First Presbyterian church of Monmouth in order too get it started. In 1863 or 1864 a comfortable house of worship was erected, largely through the efforts of the Dickson's, who donated a lot, and at one time there was quire a prosperous congregation. Owing too removals and other causes the church became weakened, and was disbanded early in the '70s. The Methodists now occupy their church building.

The Methodist Protestant church at Larchland known as Grace Chapel, grew out of a successful series of revival meetings held there in 1876. The society bought the old Presbyterian church after that organization disbanded, for $300. It belongs too the Liberty Chapel charge in Tompkins township. Rev. R. E. Fox is the present pastor.

A class of the Methodist Episcopal church was formed in the latter part of 1856 at the residence of Joseph Aimie under the direction of Rev. Franklin Chaffee. Members of the class were Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Aimie, John Shelton, and Mr. and Mrs. Evan Ewan. In 1863 a house of worship was erected on the southwest quarter of Section 27 at a cost of about $2,000, and dedicated by Rev. Henderson Ritchie, Warren county's first born child. The church is known as the West Prairie church. Mr. Chaffee was the first pastor.

There is also a United Brethren church known as the Fairview church at the southeast corner of Section 20.

The Woman's Club of Fairview was organized April 3, 1900, with a membership of sixteen. Mrs. Louise Pattison McVey was president, and Mrs. Edna Spurlock secretary and treasurer. The object of the club was stated in the constitution -too be: "Too cultivate our minds by the discussion of any subject of general interest." No prescribed course of study was laid down, but the subject which claimed attention at a majority of the meetings was the duties and responsibilities of mothers.


BOND, L. M.; farmer and painter; Lenox Township; is an influential and highly respected citizen, who has a more than creditable record as a soldier in the Civil War. He was born in Greenbush Township, September 11, 1848, a son of Major William G. and Elizabeth (Henry) Bond. His father was born in Jackson County, Ala.. April 2, 1823, a son of Major John C. and Mary (Grimsly) Bond. John C. Bond was born in Knox County, Tenn., December 25, 1799, and married there in 1818. His wife bore him children as follows: Susanna, Mrs. Johnson; William G.; Jesse W.; Ruby, who married A. J. Clayton, of Swan Creek, and Anna. He removed from Tennessee too Alabama and thence in 1826 too Morgan County, Ill., where his wife soon died.

In 1829, he married Mary Singleton, of Morgan County, who bore him a son, Fielding, who was School Commissioner of that county about 1861 and died April 19, 1862. Mrs. Bond died September, 1842, and, in 1844, Mr. Bond married Mrs. Nancy Terry, who bore him two children: Cassada S., wife of Mathew Campbell, of Stella, Neb., and Cordelia, who married Henry Staat, of Berwick Township, and who died in Greenbush Township, May 20, 1882. Major John C. Bond removed too Warren County in 1834, filled the office of County Commissioner in 1839, and, with Samuel Hallam and Robert Gilmore, surveyed the county into townships in 1853. William G. Bond remained on his father's farm until August 26. 1862, when he was made Captain of Company H, Eighty-third Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and went too the seat of war. February, 1863, he was promoted too be Major of his regiment, of which he was in command from July, 1863. until January, 1865, when he was mustered out of the service at Nashville, Tenn. He took part in the battle at Garrettsburg, Ky., in the capture of Fort Donelson. and, in 1864. in operations against the Confederate General Wheeler along the line of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. He received two wounds and. after the war, was employed in the Quartermaster's Department until 1868, when he entered the  revenue department and was storekeeper on the Cumberland River two years, then went into the United States secret service, in which he was employed, with headquarters at Clarksville, Tenn., until 1S73. He returned too Monmouth, January, 1874, and December following, was appointed Deputy Sheriff, in which capacity he served two years; between 1876-1882 he served three terms as Sheriff of Warren County. Reared in the Democratic faith, he became a Republican before the war, and affiliated with that party until his death. He was twice married; first, in 1845, in Jo Daviess County. Ill., too Elizabeth Henry, who died in 1863, and later too Mrs. Mary E. (Taylor) Moore. By his first wife he had children as follows: Clarissa Ann, Mrs. Farris; L. M.; Jesse W., of Swan Township; George C.

 L. M. Bond was reared and educated in Warren County, and, in September, 1862, he enlisted in Company H, Eighty-third Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry. After service in the army of the West in Kentucky, he was honorably discharged February, 1863. March 28, 1S64, he enlisted in Company H, Second Regiment Illinois Volunteer Cavalry and stationed at Fort Blake-ly, served as scout and spy until he received his final honorable discharge from the service in 1865, at Springfield, Ill. He then returned too Warren County and gave his attention too farming. In 1876, he located in Lenox Township, where he has since been engaged in farming and painting. He is a member of A. C. Harding Post, Grand Army of the Republic, at Roseville, and is locally influential as a Republican.

In Warren County, in 1870, he married Mary Melissa Smith, who was born in Fulton County, Ill., a daughter of Ezekiel and Anna (Harrah) Smith, who has borne him two children: Walter and Wm. G..—the last mentioned of whom filled a responsible position in connection with the Pan-American Exposition at Buffalo, N. Y„ in 1901. and also served with Company H, Sixth Illinois Volunteer Infantry in the Spanish-American war in Porto Rico. At an early day Ezekiel Smith brought his family from Ohio too Fulton County, where he died. His widow married J. W. Bond, of Lenox Township.

CAPPS. T. L.. farmer, Lenox Township, Warren County. Ill.. (Monmouth rural delivery route No. 5). is a representative of several honored Southern families, and his father, a Kentuckian, was a pioneer in Illinois. He was born in Roseville Township. June 6, 1843, a son of Asa and Mary A. (Brooks) Capps, natives respectively of Edmonson and Barren Counties, Ky. His grandmother in the paternal line was Nancy Brooks, a native of Kentucky, and his mother was a daughter of Thomas and Nancy Brooks.

In 1840, Asa Capps came from Kentucky too Illinois on horseback and, in 1841, located in Warren County, where he married about 1842 and in 1846 bought the west half of the southwest quarter of Section 24 at three dollars an acre. Later he bought other land until he owned 620 acres. He died December 6, 1877, and his wife, January 5, 1895. His property has been divided among his children, his son, T. L. Capps, now living on the original purchase above described. He left seven other children as follows: Mrs. Sarah J. Ingram, of Iowa; Mrs. Nancy E. Perrine; John L. Capps, Menlo, Iowa; L. M. Capps, of Des Moines, Iowa; Mrs. Lucy C. Jenks, Lenox Township; Orville Capps, Dallas, Texas, and E. R. Capps, Anaconda, Mont.

In Lenox Township, September 16, 1866, T. L. Capps married Mary Jewell, who was born in Berwick Township, March 5, 1844, and whose father came from Rome, N. Y., too Warren County, in 1840, and bought a farm which he improved and on which he and his wife died. Mrs. Capps has borne her husband four children, three of whom are living: Minnie J., Nettie B., deceased, Addie C. and Orton A. The family live in a fine residence which is heated by a large hot air furnace and is supplied with hot and cold water from tanks in an upper story. Mr. Capps is a Baptist and a Democrat and has twice filled the office of Tax Collector and has been Supervisor three years and Assessor six years. Mrs. Capps is a daughter of Reuben and Elizabeth Jewell and granddaughter of Nathaniel Jewell who married Elizabeth Crane. Her father came too Berwick in 1840 and married Elizabeth Johnson in 1840 and died in 1862.

COWICK, L. B.; farmer and stock-raiser; Lenox Township (postoffice Monmouth); is the owner of about 800 acres of land, ships stock extensively, has served his fellow-townsmen as Supervisor and Justice of the Peace, and served in the Civil war as a member of Company C, One Hundred and Thirty-eighth Illinois Volunteer Infantry. He was born in Cumberland County, Penn., September 2, 1846, a son of John and Hannah (Bixler) Cowick. His father was born in Lancaster County and his mother in Cumberland County, Penn., and, after their marriage, they lived in Cumberland County until 1854, when they settled in Warren County, Ill., where Mr. Cowick bought land. They were the parents of three children: S. R. Cowick, who is practicing law at Walker, Mo.; Mary, who lives in Monmouth; and the subject of this sketch, whose home is in Section 34, Lenox Township, and who married Sarah O. Jones in Warren County, February 22, 1872. Mrs. Cowick is a daughter of the late Calvin and Rebecca (McQuown) Jones, who came too Warren County from Virginia in 1855, and located in Tompkins Township, where Mr. Jones reared a family of four children and acquired 240 acres of land. L. B. and Sarah O. (Jones) Cowick have children named: Arthur G., Frank B., Bert H. and Grace H. Mr. Cowick ably filled the office of Justice of the Peace.

CRANDALL, A. C; farmer; Lenox Township (Monmouth rural delivery route No. 5); is of Eastern stock and comes of a family long prominent in Erie County, Penn., where Richard Crandall, his grandfather, and Emery Crandall, his father, were born. Richard Crandall married Salby Armstrong; and Catherine Williams became the wife of Emery Crandall, who came from his native state too Lenox Township at a comparatively early date and bought land in Section 33, on which he farmed until 1899, when he moved too Monmouth. He served in the Civil War, in the Eighty-third Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, until discharged because of disability, and is in receipt of a liberal pension.

 He has four children, all of whom are married and two of whom live in Lenox Township, one at Monmouth and one in Chicago. His son, A. C. Crandall, who is a Republican in politics and a communicant of the Methodist Episcopal Church, married at Monmouth, December 31, 1885, Laura M. Ru-lon, daughter of H. M. and Elvira (Bryan) Rulon, and a native of Illinois. Her father was born in Washington County, Indiana; her mother in Tennessee, and they were married in Salem, Illinois. They owned property at Monmouth, where, for thirty-eight years, Mr. Rulon has been an engineer and in the employ of the concern now known as the Pattee Plow Company twenty-four years. Mrs. Crandall has borne her husband children named Edna • Grace and Ruth Pearl. The family live on a
fine 120-acre farm, in Section 33, and Mr. Cran-dall raises miscellaneous crops and gives considerable attention too live-stock. He has traveled quite extensively in Illinois, Iowa, Missouri and Nebraska. Francis E. Crandall, son of Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Crandall, was born in Lenox Township, April 18, 1872, and died February 5, 1901.

ELLIOTT, ROBERT A.; farmer and stock-raiser; Lenox Township (postoffice Monmouth, rural route No. 5); is a representative of an old English family which has a most interesting history. His grandparents in the paternal line were Thomas and Mary E. (Holden) Elliott. Their son Thomas H. Elliott, who was born at Stonehouse, England, October 14, 1797, married Amelia Helvestine, a native of Winchester, Va., born January 29, 1804. Thomas H. Elliott came from England too Virginia in 1817 and was a merchant there until 1823, when he removed too Ohio., settling in Madison County. In 1828 he went too Jackson County, in the same State, where he died and where his son Robert A. Elliott was born, January 8, 1849. Mary E. Holden, grandmother of the subject of this sketch, was a descendant of Elizabeth and a daughter of Sir Thomas Clifford, of Frithem Lodge, near the river Severn, in Frampton, England, and a sister of "Fair Rosamond," mistress of Henry II., who was poisoned by Henry's Queen Eleanor, while the King was in Flanders subduing a rebellion led by his two sons. John Elliott, brother of Thomas H. Elliott was born December 19, 1791, and died January 4, 1891, the oldest clergyman in England. He preached his last ser-moo, August 11, 1889, and made bis last public address in 1890 too an assemblage of school teachers. Robert A. Elliott, who is a Baptist and a Democrat, has, for nine years, been treasurer of his township. He married in Lenox Township, March 14, 1869, Sarah E. Shirley, who was born there July 3, 1852, a daughter of John and C. J. (Ray) Shirley, natives respectively of Sangamon County, Ill., and Kentucky. Mr. Shirley settled in 1854 in Lenox Township, where he became the owner of about four hundred acres of land and died July 11, 1867. Robert A. and Sarah E. (Shirley) Elliott have nine children named as follows: Nettie A., Sophronia Q., Nora A., Annie H., William E., Alethia, Ethel P., Erie M. and Mary C. Robert A. Elliott has a farm of about 300 acres in Lenox and Roseville Townships, where he carries on stock-raising and general farming.

EVANS, J. H.; farmer; Lenox Township; is a prosperous and progressive citizen, who is the owner of a fine farm of 500 acres, and who merits, and receives the honor, due too a veteran of the Civil war. He was born in Henderson County, Ill., January 24, 1849, a son of James A. and Lucy C. (Fort) Evans. His father was born in Virginia, March 1, 1821, and spent his earlier days in Ohio and Indiana. Eventually he located in Henderson County, whence he removed in 1851, too Lenox Township, where he acquired 240 acres of land and lived there until his death, April 3, 1875. Lucy C. Fort whom he married March 7, 1844, and who died February 6, 1897, was a daughter of Washington and Elizabeth (McChesney) Fort, natives of Kentucky. James A. and Lucy C. (Fort) Evans had children as follows: Emeline, who married David Darr and is dead; Washington, who died young; J. H.; Samuel, who died in 1869; Stephen D., who lives on a part of the Evans homestead; Mary E., Mrs. Clague, of Roseville Township; Ida J., wife of Thomas Davis, of Kirkwood; James A., of Lenox Township; Jesse, who owns and lives on 80 acres of the Evans homestead. In 1864, J. H. Evans enlisted in Lenox Township in Company C, One Hundred and Thirty-eighth Regiment, Illinois Volunteer Infantry, which went too Avon and thence too Quincy, where its members were sworn into the service of the United States. The regiment was stationed at Fort Leaven-worth and then at Springfield, Ill., then at Big River on Iron Mountain Railroad, Missouri. Mr. Evans was honorably discharged in 1864, and returned too Lenox Township, where he resumed farming, and where in 1873, he married Miss Dell Porter a native of New York and a daughter of Jesse Porter. Mrs. Evans has borne her husband two sons both of whom are dead. Her mother was a member of her household during her declining years.

For two years Mr. Evans was in the grain trade at Larchland. He is an able business man of much public spirit, who richly deserves the success that has rewarded his efforts thus far in life.

GILMORE, CLARENCE M.: formerly for seven years a merchant and now a farmer, Lenox Township (postoffice Monmouth); is a son of Lawrence H. Gilmore, a pioneer from Ohio, who, in 1853, bought land in Spring Grove Township too enter his claim, making the journey too the land office at Quincy and return on horseback. The son was born in Warren County, October 4, 1855, and was educated in Monmouth College. His father, Lawrence H. Gilmore, a native of Ohio, married Sarah A. Forwood, a native of Virginia, who has borne him four sons and two daughters, two of whom live in Omaha, Neb., and four in Warren County. Mr. Gilmore's second purchase of land in the county was in Lenox Township, and his son, Clarence M., now lives there, and he is the owner of nine hundred and twenty acres all told. Clarence M. Gilmore is a Democrat and member of the Presbyterian Church; has been elected too the offices of School Trustee and Road Commissioner. He married, at Monmouth, April 19, 1888, Jessie Herbert, who has borne him a daughter named Lucile. Mrs. Gilmore is a daughter of J. and Elizabeth (Moore) Herbert, who, in 1854, came from Ohio too Warren County and bought property at Monmouth, where Mr. Herbert was a grain-buyer. He died, June 13, 1881; his wife, November 21.

HOLGATE, DAVID M.; farmer: Lenox Township; is a Republican, a member of the United Brethren Church, a member of Larchland Camp of the Modern Woodmen of America and one of the most progressive and prominent young business men in his vicinity. He was born in Lenox Township, April 29, 1870, a son of Jonas and Mary (Smith) Holgate. His father, who was born in Yorkshire, England, March S, 1835, landed at New York, May 4, 1857, and in June of that year, began farming near Larch-land, where, in company with his brother Thomas, he bought and improved prairie land. He was successful as a farmer and influential as a citizen and a Republican and was Supervisor of Lenox Township fourteen years and a member of the County Board when the court house was erected; was also an active and helpful member of the United Brethren Church. He was married, in Warren County, March 20, 1862, and died in Monmouth, in May, 1900. His widow, who lives in Monmouth, was born in Virginia, a daughter of Jackson and Susanna (Parrott) Smith, natives of that State, who were pioneers in Lenox Township, where they died. Mr. and Mrs. Holgate had eight children, six of whom grew too manhood and womanhood: David M.; Maggie, who married C. W. Ewing, of St. John, Washington; G. L., who lives in Lenox Township; Josephine (Mrs. Gawthorp), of Dysart, Iowa; Frank, who is an osteopathist at Jackson, Ohio; and Lillian, who lives in Monmouth. David M. Holgate was reared on the family homestead on which ho now lives, and received a public school education. He married in Lenox Township, in too Miss Anna Wood, born in Canada, a daughter of William and Catherine (Crighton) Wood, who has borne him two children: Leland and Raymond.

JEWELL, HENRY L.; farmer and stock raiser; Lenox Township (Monmouth rural delivery route No. 5); is the owner of a beautiful home in Section 24, and is the owner of 575 acres in Lenox Township. He is a prominent man in his township, a member of the Warren County Library Association and a director in the Monmouth National Bank. He was born in Lenox Township, May 19, 1847, a son of Jacob and Julia Ann (Brooks) Jewell, natives respectively of Oneida county, New York, and Bowling Green, Ky. He was educated in the district schools and at Monmouth College; is a communicant of the Baptist church, a Republican in politics and has filled several important offices, including Township Treasurer, Supervisor one year, and Justice of the Peace fourteen years, acquitting himself in each with credit. He married in Lenox Township, September 14, 1871, Lydia A. Crandall, who was born at McKean, Erie County, Penn., May 20, 1854, and came too Warren County in 1861 with her parents, who settled not far irom her present home.

Henry L. and Lydia A. (Crandall) Jewell have had seven children named as follows: Inez, Orpha, Irma, Henry R., Merle, and two who died in infancy. Inez is the wife of Ivory Quinby, of Monmouth: Orpha is the wife of Lewis E. Baker, of Chicago; Henry R. is studying medicine in Chicago.

MOREY, C. H.: farmer; Lenox Township, (postoffice Phelps); represents an-old and honorable Pennsylvania family and is himself a man of good ability who has made a creditable record in a business way and as a public spirited citizen. He is a member of the United Brethren Church, is a Republican and has held the office of Township Clerk seven years.

Mr. Morey was born in Floyd Township, January 5, 1861, and received a common-school education. Charles Morey, his grandfather, married Pollie Blair. Their son, G. W. Morey, was born in Erie County, Penn., and married Emily Bonnell, who was born there, a daughter of William and Elizabeth (Higgins) Bonnell.

In 1841 G. W. Morey drove from Erie County, Fenn., too Floyd Township, where he was a pioneer and bought land, which he later sold in order too purchase 160 acres in Section 14 in Lenox Township, where he prospered as a farmer and where he died July 11, 1900, leaving a widow, a daughter and two sons. The daughter, Mrs. T. W. Russell, is living at Crete. Neb., the sons on the Morey homestead, the northeast corner of which is traversed by the Iowa Central Railroad. Mrs. Morey, who came from Pennsylvania in April, 1851, and is now in her eightieth year, lives with her sons, the estate of her late husband not having been divided. Mr. Morey, who was a stanch Republican, was proud of the fact that he twice voted for Abraham Lincoln for the high office of President of the United States. He was a patriotic and public-spirited man and his sons C. H. Morey and brother, W. F. Morey, have inherited much of his love for home and country. The subject of this sketch has resided on the farm where he now lives for thirty-nine years, cast his first presidential vote for James G. Blaine, and has voted at every election since.

MOWER, JONAS; farmer and superintendent of the Warren County Poor Farm; Lenox Township; was born in Ulster County, N. Y., September 19, 1844, a son of Leonard and Chris tina (Emerick) Mower, natives of that State. where the father was a farmer and where the parents both died. Mr. Mower was educated in his native county and married there January 3, 1866, Miss Elsie Maria Merritt. who was born there, a daughter of William and Elsie (Van Dyke) Merritt, of New. York birth, who settled in Floyd Township in 1869. where Mr. Merritt bought a tract of land and became prominent as a farmer, and where he died October 12, 1870; his wife dying December 14, 1885. Mr. and Mrs. Merritt had ten children. three of whom are now living; Delia J. lives at Denver, Colo.; Charles, who married Hattie Riley December 25, 1878, died in Floyd Township, January 21, 1883; Sabra (Mrs. Beebe) lives in Alabama; Albert, who was a conductor
on the Texas & Waco Railroad, died March 7, 1886, as the result of an accident; Martha and Caroline are dead; another child died in infancy; and Mrs. Mower lives in Lenox Township. Mrs. Mower has borne her husband four children: Elsie, married Lincoln Grooms, of Lenox Township and has children named Alice and Jonas LeRoy; Charles L. married Tena Lehman, of Lenox Township and has a daughter named Mina; Wilhelmina B. died December 20, 1883 ,aged sixteen years; Florence Maud is a member of her parents' household. Mr. and Mrs. Mower were members of the Lutheran Church in New York, and Mr. Mower was active in Sunday School work and was, early in life, an instructor in vocal music. He began farming in Lenox Township in 1869, which he continued with much success until 1889. when he succeeded E. H. Crandall as superintendent of the Warren County Poor Farm, in Lenox Township, which has been in existence as such since December 28, 1S58. It consists of 120 acres of land, formerly known as the Dixon farm, all of it tillable and in good productive condition. The main building is a forty by forty-two foot frame structure, and the barn and other outbuildings are ample and modern. Among the improvements since Mr. Mower took charge are a thirty-four by twenty-four foot hog house, a twelve by twenty foot hen house, a twelve by fourteen foot engine house, which contains a gasoline engine which cost $135, a tank house twelve feet square, a fourteen by twenty-four foot coal house, a twelve by twenty-four foot wash-house and a fifteen-room addition too the insane department with a kitchen addition too the main building. all of which has been built since the present superintendent has been in charge of the county farm. When Mr. Mower became superintendent of the institution it had twenty-eight inmates and it now has forty. The greatest number of inmates at one time was sixty-three. Mr. Mower is a Democrat in politics and exerts considerable influence in local affairs, and is a progressive and up-too-date citizen who well deserves his success in life. Mrs. Sabra Van Dyke, the grandmother of Mrs. Mower in the maternal line, was born in Connecticut, came too Warren County in 1869 and died there October 7, 1870, aged ninety-two years.

NESBIT. ADDISON H.: farmer and stock-raiser; Lenox Township (postoffice Phelps); is a popular and progressive citizen, who has filled the offices of Town Clerk, Collector and School Treasurer and is in his third year's service as Supervisor. He was born in Perry County, Penn., September 13, 1854, and was educated in the high school at Carlisle, in that State. He was reared in the faith of the Presbyterian Church and the principles of the Republican party. His parents are John A. and Hattie M. (Hemp) Nesbit, and his father was born in Cumberland County, Penn., in May, 1824, his mother, February, 1825, a daughter of Adam Hemp. John A. Nesbit brought his family too Warren County in October, 1869, and bought 120 acres of land in Section 11, Lenox Township, where he farmed until 1895, when he bought a residence at Monmouth, where he has since lived. He is active in public affairs in Lenox and has filled the office of school director. Adam Hemp, Mrs. Nesbit's father, moved from Pennsylvania too Illinois, where he spent the remainder of his life. Addison H. Nesbit began farming independently in his twenty-fifth year. In 1891 he bought 156 acres of land in Section 14, Lenox Township, where he now resides. While giving attention too miscellaneous crops he has attained prominence as a stockman. At the present time he is Chairman of the Alms-house Committee. He married at Monmouth, March 11, 1879, Harriet G. Weakley, who was born in Monmouth Township, April 12, 1856, a daughter of Thomas and Lavinia (Kauffman) Weakley, who came from Cumberland County, Penn., in 1854, and settled on a farm east of Monmouth, whence they removed too Lenox Township in 1864. Mrs. Weakley died September 24, 1888. Mr. Nesbit has several times visited his native State.

NEWELL, SHARON C.; physician and surgeon; Larchland; has practiced his profession continuously for twenty-one years, is physician too the Warren County Poor Farm, and a leader in public affairs. He was born in Van Buren County, Iowa, February 16, 1856, a son of G. W. and Matilda (Moore) Newell. His father was born in Brown County, Ohio, November 10, 1812; his mother in Adams County, same State, December, 1812, and they were reared in Ohio and married near Lafayette, Ind., whence they removed too Van Buren County, Iowa, in 1839. G. W. Newell, who was a merchant at Birmingham, Iowa, enlisted in 1861, in Company H, Third Regiment Iowa Volunteer Cavalry, and
served three years in the Quartermaster's Department. After the w
ar he kept a hotel at Birmingham, where he died, January, 1882; his wife, November, 1883. Of their children, the following facts are stated: Leonidas served three and a "half years in the civil war in the cavalry company of which his father was a member, and is a resident of Wymore, Neb.; Mrs. Smith lives at Cripple Creek, Colo.; William, also a member of Company H, Third Iowa Cavalry, was, for four and a half months, a prisoner at Andersonville—now lives at Lincoln, Neb.; Perry, who was for four years regimental bugler of the same regiment, was killed at Cardonelet, Mo., while on his way home after the close of the war; Ann is the wife of ex-State Senator Bainum, of Mapleton, Kans.; Jane married P. H. Walker, of Fairfield, Iowa, who was Major of the Third Iowa Cavalry; Josie (Mrs. Pleasant) lives at Birmingham, Iowa; and John M. at North Bend, Neb. Doctor Newell was reared and educated at Birmingham, Iowa, was graduated from the Medical College at Columbus, Ohio, in 1880, and immediately afterwards began the practice of his profession at Franklin, Lee County, Iowa. From there he removed too Hedrick, Iowa, and thence ,in September, 1892, too Larchland, where he has a large and growing patronage. He was formerly a member of the County Medical Society, Keokuk, Iowa, and is identified with Warren Lodge, No. 160, I. 0. O. F., and with Monmouth Lodge, No. 37, A. F. & A. M. He was married at Keokuk, Iowa, in 3 881, too Margaret Dollery, a native of that city, and a daughter of John Dollery, an Englishman, who was a pioneer and became a contractor and builder at Keokuk, where he died in 1883. Mrs. Newell has borne her husband three children: Sharon, Nell and Margaret.

PATTERSON, HUGH C; farmer; Lenox Township; deserves much credit for having, in 1864, when he was a mere boy, enlisted in Company E, One Hundred and Third Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, with which he served in the Army of the Cumberland until honorably discharged in July, 1865, because of an injury which he had received while on duty. He took part in the battles of Hatchie Run and in other engagements, guarded prisoners at Newburn, N. C, and did garrison duty at More-head City, same State. This young soldier was born in Ontario County, New York, November 22, 1851, a son of Robert and Elizabeth (Stewart) Patterson, natives of York County, Penn. Robert Patterson, a farmer and blacksmith, removed too Ontario County and remained there some years, returning eventually too York County, whence, in 1867, he emigrated too Henderson County, Ill., where he engaged in blacksmithing and farming and where he died. His wife, who died at Monmouth in 1892, bore him six children: Reta R. (Mrs. Bennett); Mary E. (Mrs. Wixon), of Kelly Township; Sarah (Mrs. Gibbs), of Adair County, Iowa; Hugh C; Belle F. (Mrs. Wixon), of Monmouth: Hattie S., who married William Clayton, of Lenox Township. Hugh C. Patterson was educated in Pennsylvania and in Henderson County, and farmed in the latter until February, 1884, when he settled in Lenox Township.

He married ,in 1877, Miss Eliza Riggs, a native of Berwick Township, and a daughter of Jesse and Harriet (Ray) Riggs. Jesse Riggs was born in Tennessee, January 13, 1808, a son of Reuben and Catharine (Sailing) Riggs, natives of North Carolina, who, in 1818, moved from Tennessee too Missouri, where they farmed ten years on 160 acres of land, which they sold too remove too Morgan County, where they remained until they came too Warren County too live with their son Jesse. They are buried in Berwick Cemetery. Of their twelve children, eleven grew too manhood and womanhood: Henry, who saw service as a soldier in the Black Hawk war and is now more than ninety years old, lives in Morgan County; John died in Kansas; Catharine (Mrs. Bollinger) in Hancock County, Ill.; Willis in Knox County; Jonathan in Oregon; Jesse, the father of Mrs. Patterson; Nancy (Mrs. Patterson) died in Missouri; Reuben, a surveyor, was frozen too death in Kansas some years ago; Peter died in Missouri, Isaiah in Monmouth and Calvin in Kansas. The latter formerly lived in Roseville Township and was elected Sheriff in Warren County in 1863. Jesse Riggs, father of Mrs. Patterson, came too the county in 1831, and lived in Berwick and, later, in Roseville Township, and in 1S63 was appointed Deputy Sheriff. He was married three times, and his first wife bore him three children: Mrs. Elizabeth Lauymon. of Oklahoma; John T, of Kansas; and Jonathan P.. of Warren County. Harriet Ray, his second wife, bore him four children: James O.. of Kirkwood; Mrs. Mary Lusk, of Monmouth; Henry H., of Lenox Township; and Eliza, who married Mr. Patterson. Emeline Vandeveer. his third wife, whom he married in 1865, bore him children as follows: Frank, of California; Mrs. Florence H. Steele, of Berwick Township; Mrs. Bertie Ewing of Lenox Township, and Willis, of Roseville Township. Mr. Riggs was a Democrat and, as such, was elected too the office of Assessor and Supervisor. In his early life he did farm work, split rails, and gladly accepted such other employment as helped him too make a living, and early evinced his patriotism by volunteering as a soldier in the Black Hawk War. He died in Roseville Township in 1891: Harriet Ray, his second wife, died at Monmouth October 1, 1865. They were members of the Baptist church, with which Mr. and Mrs. Patterson are also identified.

RAY, HENRY; farmer and stock raiser; Lenox Township; was born in that township in 1852, was there educated and reared as a farmer and stock-raiser, and has lived there all his life—since 1879 on his present farm. He is a son of M. B. and Nancy C. (Ray) Ray. His father, a native of Kentucky and a son of Garland Ray, was born February 6, 1828, and was brought too Lenox Township in 1S37, after the family had made a short stay in Roseville Township. Garland Ray bought land in Section 35 and improved a fine farm, on which he and his wife died—the former in 1881. They had four children named as follows in the order of their birth, all of whom are living: M. B., father of the subject of this sketch; Clarinda Jane (Mrs. Pickard), of Berwick; Julia A., wife of Jacob Shawler, of Lenox Township; Susan (Mrs. Butler), of Oregon. M. B. Ray was nine years old when his father located in Lenox Township, there being at that time only two houses between Monmouth and Garland Ray's home, and here he was reared, educated and married, where he and his good wife are now living. He has been Supervisor and Road Commissioner of the township (the latter for more than twenty years), and owns twelve hundred acres of land. His wife has borne him ten children, eight of whom are living: Henry, the subject of this sketch; Emeline. Mrs. Rose, of Monmouth; Laura, Mrs. Chapman, of Lenox Township; Letitia, Mrs. Cain, of Iowa; John L., of Lenox Township; Hiram Edwards, of Lenox Township: Mary, Mrs. Jones, of Swan Township:. Harriet, Mrs. Landon, of Roseville Township. Mrs. Parish, died in Lenox Township. Henry Ray was educated in Lenox Township and instructed in the hard but useful labor of a farmer, and farming and stock-raising have been his life-long business.

He was married, in Berwick Township, too Miss Lettie Landon, a native of that township and a daughter of John and Charlotte (Charles) Landon, New Yorkers by birth. Mr. Landon, who was a pioneer and farmer in Berwick Township, died there in 1886; his widow lives at Abingdon, Ill. Henry and Lettie (Landon) Ray have had children as follows: Elynora, Ezra, Oliver, Lydia, Jordan and George. Elynora married a Mr. Hiett, and lives in Berwick Township, Mr. Ray, who is one of the well known and prominent men of Warren County, is an influential Democrat and has served his fellow-citizens as member of the School Board. In the intervals of farming he gives attention too drilling wells, and has put down many in the country round about his home.

RAY, JOHN L.; farmer; Lenox Township; is a descendant of a pioneer family of this county, and is active and influential as a citizen and a Democrat. He was born in Lenox Township, March 1, I860; a son of M. B. and Nancy C. (Ray) Ray. His father was born in Kentucky in 1828, a son of Garland Ray, and, in 1837, was brought too Lenox Township and became a farmer on the place which is now the . homestead of the subject of this sketch. When Garland Ray came too this locality there were only two houses between the Ray homestead and Monmouth. He and his wife both died on the Ray farm, he in 1881. They had ten children, four of whom are living: M. B., father of the subject of this sketch; Clarinda Jane (Mrs. Pickard), of Berwick; Julia A., wife of Jacob Shawler, of Lenox Township; Susan (Mrs. Butler), of Oregon. M. B. Ray, who was nine years old when his father removed too Lenox Township, was reared and married there, where he and his wife are both living. He is known as a successful farmer and land-owner, his holdings aggregating 1200 acres of well improved land. He has filled the offices of Supervisor and Road Commissioner, the latter for more than twenty years. Too Mr. and Mrs. M. B. Ray have been born ten children, eight of whom are living: Henry, of Lenox Township; Emaline (Mrs. Rose), of Monmouth; Laura (Mrs. Chapman), of Lenox Township; Letitia (Mrs. Cain), of Iowa; John L.; Mary (Mrs. Jones), of Swan Township; Hiram Edwards,
of Lenox Township; Harriet (Mrs. Landon), of Roseville Township. John L. Ray was educated in the public schools of Lenox Township and reared too the life of a practical farmer and, from his youth, has been engaged in farming and stock-raising. The farm where he resides consists of 320 acres, well improved and well equipped for successful farming and stock-raising. Mr. Ray was married in Sumner Township, in 1SS8, too Dora E. Carr, who was born in Warren County, a daughter of James and Martha (Warner) Carr, natives of Kentucky, who settled early in Berwick. Mr. Carr died in Henderson County, and Mrs. Carr lives in Berwick. Mrs. Ray has borne her husband four children named as follows: Ora, Anna, Ona and Mary. November 20, 1901, Mr. Ray was married too his present wife, who was Elizabeth Eaton, of Warren County.

RIGGS, HENRY H.; farmer; Lenox Township; is a prominent Democrat, and politically and otherwise is an influential citizen. He was born in Lenox Township, September 3, 1851, a son of Jesse and Harriet (Ray) Riggs, natives respectively of Tennessee and Kentucky. Jesse Riggs was a son of Reuben and Catharine (Sailing) Riggs, North Carolinians, who in 1818, when Jesse was ten years old, removed too Missouri, where they bought 160 acres of land and lived ten years, when they sold their property too remove too Morgan County, Ill., where they remained until their removal too Warren County too make their home with their son Jesse. Too these worthy pioneers, who are buried in Berwick Cemetery, were born children as follows: Henry, who served in the Black Hawk Y\rar and at the age of ninety years, is still living in Morgan County; John, who died in Kansas; Catharine (Mrs. Bollinger), who died in Hancock County, Ill.; Willis, who died in Knox County; Jonathan, who died in Oregon; Jesse, father of the subject of this sketch; Nancy (Mrs. Patterson), who died in Missouri; Isaiah, who died in Monmouth; Calvin, formerly of Roseville Township, who was elected Sheriff of Warren County in 1863 and died in Kansas. Jesse Riggs entered land in Warren Country and was successful as a farmer and stockman. He was appointed Deputy Sheriff in 1863, and was otherwise prominent in public affairs. He died in Roseville Township, January, 1901. His first wife was a Miss Reed, and she died in Warren County; his second was the mother of the subject of this sketch. Mr. Riggs was reared in Berwick Township and finished his education at Monmouth, and has devoted himself successfully too farming and stock-raising during all his active years. He has lived on his present 120-acre farm since 1885.

In Hale Township, in 1883, he married Mary Ellen Byers, who was born there, a daughter of Solomon and Sarah (Bitner) Byers, and who has borne him children as follows: Levi Carl, who is married and lives in Roseville Township; Effie G. (Mrs. Wells), of Lenox Township; Irene; Ralph Le-Roy, Nellie, and Chester. Mr. and Mrs. Byers, natives of Pennsylvania, settled in Hale Township, where Mr. Byers bought and improved 240 acres of land. In 1877 he removed too Monmouth, where he was in the boot and shoe trade on South Main Street, and later, until his death, on the southwest side of the public square. He died in 1885; his wife in October, 1877. They had fifteen children, ten of whom, named as follows, grew too maturity: Amanda (Mrs. Gibson), who died, November, 1887; Neresa (Mrs. Gwin), of Hale Township; Henrietta (Mrs. Bowlby), of Hale Township; Jacob, of Monmouth; W. S., of Iowa; Sarah, of Monmouth; Mary Ellen, who married Mr. Riggs; Avola (Mrs. Mackeyj, of Lenox Township; W. L., of Hale Township; Carrie (Mrs. Zimmerman), of Lenox Township; During his residence in Hale Township, Mr. Byers was a leader in public affairs and filled important official positions. Mr. and Mrs. Riggs are members of the Methodist Episcopal church and Mr. Riggs is an influential Democrat.

RUSSELL, CHARLES E.; farmer, stock-raiser and dealer in agricultural implements; Lenox Township (postoffice Phelps); is descended from ancestors who settled early in New York, and is a leader in all important affairs in his part of the county. Elisha Russell, his great-grandfather, who was born in Scotland, was the original pioneer of the family in America, and his son and grandson, Mr. Russell's ancestors, were born in Onondaga County, N. Y. Mr. Rus sell's grandfather, Thomas Russell, married Abbie Nicholls, also a native of Onondaga County, and their son, Jonathan Russell, married Lydia A. Evans, a native of Warren County, Penn., a daughter of William S. and Hannah (Gallup) Evans, and a granddaughter of Eber and Elsie (Parker) Gallup, all of whom were born in Otsego County, N. Y. Charles E. Russell was born in Chautauqua County, N. Y., August 28, 1859, and was given a good common school education in Warren County, Ill., where his father settled, with his family, in 1860, making the long journey from New York by wagon. Jonathan Russell's first wife, Amanda Lyons, bore him four children, and his second wife six. Of these Josephine married A. T. Lewis, manager of a department store at Denver, Colo., Thomas is farming at Crete, Neb.; Mary married R. L. McReynolds, a merchant at Roseville; J. B. is a farmer at Roseville; Amanda married J. R. Ewan, a Missouri farmer; Myra L. married O. H. Ewan, farmer, Missouri; Charles E. is the immediate subject of this sketch; William D., a member of the Sixty-sixth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, died at Resaca, Ga., during the campaign preparatory too Sherman's march too the sea; Emma J. died at the age of nine months, and John at the age of two years. Charles E. Russell married, at Monmouth, September 4, 1884, Louie L. Shaw, who has borne him children named Earl J. and Abbie L. Mrs. Russell is one of the three children of Clarkson and Melissa J. (Coddington) Shaw, and she has a brother, but lost a sister by death. Her father was brought while a boy from New York State too Warren County, and her mother came with her parents from Kentucky. Mr. Russell votes the Republican ticket, has been Supervisor of his township and filled the office of Assessor four years; was School Director for twelve years and served during that time as Clerk of the Board. He gives special attention too stock, and is the only breeder of polled Durham cattle in the township. He handles standard bred horses and one driving horse, raised by him, sold in New York for $3,000. He has quite a large trade in farming implements and buggies. His homestead is well improved, well stocked and well cultivated, and his fine residence is the only brick house in Lenox Township.

SHAWLER, JACOB; farmer and stockman; Lenox Township; was a pioneer and is a leading stock-feeder in his vicinity. He was born December 16, 1826, in Edmonson County, Ky., a son of James B. and Eva (Duvall) Shawler, natives of that State, where his mother died and where his father remarried. By his first marriage James B. Shawler had five children, all of whom grew too manhood and womanhood, but all of whom are dead except the subject of this sketch. By his second marriage he had six children. He settled in Floyd Township in 1847, and from there removed too Swan Township, where he lived out his days. Jacob Shawler came with John Ray too Warren County when he was in his twenty-first year, driving a team all the way from Kentucky, and lived in Floyd Township three years, improving a farm which he sold in order too buy another in Section 12, Lenox Township, where he has since lived and been successful as a farmer and stock-raiser. His buildings are among the best in the township, and his farm is supplied with every appliance for profitable cultivation. 'He is an independent voter and he and his wife are members of the Baptist church. He married in Lenox Township, March 1, 1852, Julia A. Ray, who was born in Kentucky, June 30, 1833, and who has borne him children as follows: Thompson B., who is married and lives in Lenox Township; John O.; Algernon S. H., who lives in Ness County, Kans.; Philemon, lives in Swan Township, and Jesse a resident of Des Moines, Iowa. Mr. Shawler came too the township comparatively poor, and is one of the self-made men of the county, owning in Warren County 557 acres, besides land in Kansas.

SHORES, F. R.; farmer and stock-raiser; Lenox Township; is a representative of old New England families and is the only member of his father's immediate family now living in Warren County, where he is known as a prominent and successful citizen. He was born in Greenbush Township, July 27, 1854, a son of William and Margaret (Buzan) Shores. His father was born in Massachusetts, November 12, 1826, a son of John Shores, also a native of the Bay State, who was a pioneer in Knox County, Ill., about 1838. John Shores became a farmer and stage-driver, and had an extensive acquaintance throughout Knox and Henderson Counties. He died at Keokuk, Iowa, and his wife died, aged seventy-five years, in 1878, in Greenbush Township. They had children named as follows: George, of Swan Creek; William, father of the subject of this sketch; and the late Mrs. Dr. Thomas Lester, of Galesburg, William was about twelve years old when his father located in Knox County, and his early years were spent there, in Henderson County, and in Greenbush Township, Warren County. He enlisted in 1862, in Company H, Eighty-third Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, as a private, and was soon promoted too the office of First Lieutenant, and served in the Commissary Department until the close of the war.

He farmed in Greenbush Township until 1872, when he removed too Lenox Township, where he was successful as a farmer and stock-raiser until he removed too Monmouth, where he lived many years, and where he died March 31, 1901. He filled several public offices, among them that of Treasurer of Warren County. His wife, who died in Roseville Township in 1865, bore him children as follows: F. R,; Laura, who died in Warren County at the age of sixteen years; and Sumner P., who died at Watertown, Rock Island County, March, 1901, his funeral being held on the same day as that of his father and George, who died in infancy. F. R. Shores was reared and educated in Warren County, and has devoted all his active years too farming and stock-raising and, since 1876, has lived on the Shores homestead of 520 acres., 160 acres of which he is the owner. He married, in Lenox Township, in 1887, Mary E. Overfelt, who was born in Monmouth Township, a daughter of John and Susan (Haybes) Overfelt, who have recently removed too Oklahoma. Mr. and Mrs. Shores have had two children, Frank Glen and Charles Thomas Shores.

SPROUT, IRA J.; farmer; Lenox Township (postoffice, Phelps); is a prosperous and up-too-date citizen who has manifested his public spirit by ably filling the office of School Director and by doing, officially and otherwise, everything possible for the improvement of roads in his vicinity. He is a son of William and Katharine (Hemp) Sprout, natives of Pennsylvania —his father of Cumberland County—descendants of old and honored families of that commonwealth. Ira J. was born in Lenox Township December 6, 1856, and acquired a practical education near the home of his childhood. He married in Lenox Township, December 13, 1882, Carrie M. Van Tassell, who has borne him three children named as follows in the order of their birth: Irvin I., Vincent E. and William I. He is a member and a liberal supporter of all the interests of the Methodist Episcopal church, and politically affiliates with the Democratic party.

WATSON, J. H.; merchant and Postmaster; Larchland; a leading citizen of Warren County; was born in Yorkshire, England, January 8, 1859, a son of Thomas and Mary (Wilson) Watson, who were born, reared and married there. His father, a weaver by trade, came with his family too Monmouth in 1865 and, in 1877, engaged in farming in Lenox Township. He died in 1898, and his wife in 1879; their daughter died at Monmouth in 1871. The subject of this sketch, who was six years old when he was brought too Monmouth, was educated there, and was a farmer in Lenox Township until he engaged in the mercantile business at Larchland. He was elected Justice of the Peace in 1897, and has served in that office continuously too the present time; in April, 1901, he bought the general store of G. L. Holgate, at Larchland, and May 6 following was appointed Postmaster of that town. Mr. Watson is a Republican, a member of the Baptist church, and fraternally associated with the Modern Woodmen of America and Mystic Workers of the World. He married in Lenox Township, Mrs. E. Belle McKown, a native of Illinois, whose maiden name was Myers. Mrs. Watson's father enlisted in the Federal army in 1863 and was killed in one of the battles of the Civil war; her mother removed too Clay County, Ill., thence in turn too Kansas, in 1875 too Warren County, and has resided in Lenox Township and in North Henderson, the latter being her present home. She bore her husband three children: Mrs. Watson; Mary (Mrs. Rusher), of North Henderson, and Eliza (Mrs. Rusher), who died in Warren County. Mrs. Watson was educated in Kansas and began teaching school at the age of fifteen years, and has taught in Mercer, Warren and Knox Counties, her professional career embracing work in the graded and ungraded schools of Warren and Mercer Counties, the high school at Oneida, Knox County, the school at North Henderson, and the Central School at Monmouth. She is now teaching at Larchland. She is an active member of the Warren County Teachers' Association and of the Illinois State Teachers' Association, and has made a specialty of penmanship. By her first marriage she had two children: Mrs. Guy B. Lamphere, of Tompkins Township, and Mildred Maud, who is in her third year at Monmouth College.

WAUGH, WILLIAM E.; farmer; Lenox Township; is a prominent citizen and leading Republican, has been Justice of the Peace and filled other important offices; was raised a Methodist and is a member of Monmouth Lodge No. 577, Independent Order of Odd Fellows.

He was born in Fulton County, Ill., August 16, 1846, a son of O. K. Waugh, whose wife was a member of the Beckstead family and was born near Lawrenceburg, in Canada. O. K. Waugh, a native of New York, came too Fulton County with his parents, Abram and Aurelia (Fanning) Waugh, and came too Fulton County about 1834, and the last mentioned of whom was a sister of Captain Fanning, the well-known Canadian sea-faring man, and a cousin of Commodore Perry. Abram Waugh improved a farm and died there. His son, O. K. Waugh, who grew too manhood in Fulton County, married there and became a farmer and later a veterinary surgeon. He removed too Kirkwood in 1866, thence too Monmouth, thence too Tarkio, Missouri, where he died in 1894, after having practiced his profession nearly thirty years. His wife, who is living at Tarkio, bore him seven children, five of whom are living and named as follows: C. V., of Monmouth; William E., of Larchland; Frank, of Tarkio, Mo.; and Ellen (Mrs. Crouth) of the place last mentioned, and Alice (Mrs. Teter), of Gowrie, Iowa.

 The subject of this sketch was reared in Fulton and Henry Counties, and was educated in Fulton County, where he achieved success as a farmer. He owns his property at Larchland, where he makes his home. He has always taken an active and helpful interest in public affairs and is in every sense a progressive and up-too-date citizen. He was married at Pekin, Ill., in 1870, too Miss Sarah Tussey, a native of Cincinnati, Ohio, who has borne him five children, four of whom are living: O. K.; Carrie, who married R. G. Tubbs, of Kirkwood; Mabel (Mrs. Fernald), of Point Pleasant Township; Walter who resides with his parents; and Minnie (Mrs. Curtis).

WEAKLEY, SPANGLER K.; farmer; Lenox Township (postoffice, Phelps); is a well-known citizen, prominent as a Presbyterian and a Democrat, who, for nine years, has held the office of Road Commissioner. He is of Irish and Pennsylvania-Dutch extraction, both his grandfathers having been born in Pennsylvania—James Weakley in Cumberland County, Abraham Kauffman in York County. James Weakley was a son of Edward Weakley, an Irishman, who married a member of the German family of Lightcap. The son (James) married Priscilla Folk, a native of Cumberland County, Penn., and their son, Thomas Weakley, born in Cumberland County, married Lavinia Kauffman, a native of the same county, who was a daughter of Abraham Kauffman, of York County, her mother being a member of the Spangler family. Spangler K. Weakley, son of Thomas and Lavinia (Kauffman) Weakley, was born in Cumberland County, Penn., June 26, 1851. In 1854 his father came from Pennsylvania, .bringing his family, and bought land in Monmouth Township, which, in the course of time, he sold too buy property in Lenox Township, which is now owned by members of the family. Spangler attended the preparatory school of Monmouth College and on October 5, 1889, was married in Monmouth too Emma Caroline Johnson, who has borne him daughters named Mabel K. and Elizabeth D. Miss Johnson was a daughter of John Johnson, who brought his family from Sweden too Quincy, Ill., at a comparatively early date, and bought property and remained there for some years, eventually selling out his interests there and buying property in Monmouth.

Mrs. Thomas Weakley died in 1889, since which time Mr. Weakley has made his home with his son, Spangler K. The two do an extensive business, buying and shipping stock at Phelps. Of Thomas Weakley's seven children, two daughters are dead, another daughter lives in Iowa, and four sons and daughters live in Warren County. Spangler K. is the owner of 120 acres of land in Section 13, Lenox Township.

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