MAJOR ALBERT C. ROSENCRANZ, member
of the City Council and manager of the Heilman
Plow Works, was born in Baerwalde near
the city of Berlin, Prussia, October 26,
1842. His father, C. F. Rosencranz, a
watchmaker by trade, was a man of prominence
in his native village, and took an active
part in the German revolution of 1848.
Having taken up arms against the king, he
was obliged to leave his native country, and
in 1850, emigrating to America, settled near
Evansville. About a year later he located
in the city and resumed his business as a
watchmaker. He returned to Europe in
1867 and died twenty years later. His wife,
whose maiden name was Dorothea Nohse,
died in 1884.
Albert was educated in private schools,
and at the age of twelve years
learned the trade of a watchmaker under his
"father's directions," at the same time pursuing
When the civil war broke out
he was engaged in his father's shop. In
1861 he aided in the organization of Company A,
First Regiment Indiana Legion,
and upon the muster in of the company became
orderly sergeant. In July, 1862, he
recruited Company F, Fourth Indiana Cavalry,
and was commissioned First Lieutenant,
and in 1863 was promoted to the Captaincy.
His first service in the field was as bodyguard
to General Ebenezer Dumont, a Mexican
officer of prominence. He followed the
fortunes of his regiment, and was engaged
in several important battles, notably among
the number, Chickamauga. In March,
1864, the regiment was ordered to join
Sherman on his famous march to the sea.
Near Buzzard's Roost the brigade to which
he was attached, while making a reconnaissance
in front of the left flank of Sherman's Army,
was attacked by the enemy and
lost heavily. Eight officers were lost.
Capt. Rosencranz was slightly wounded and
captured; he was confined in rebel prisons
at Macon and Savannah, Ga., Charleston
and Columbia, S.C., and Charlotte, N.C.
March 1, 1865, he was paroled, and on May
3 following, was exchanged. He rejoined
his command and was mustered out June 29,
During the winter of 1863-4,
he had at times been in command of the
regiment, and soon after his release from
prison was commissioned major, his commission
being dated May 1, 1865.
Returning to Evansville he succeeded his
father in business, in which he remained
until 1868. In that year he was married to
Miss Mary, daughter of Hon. Wm. Heilman,
and shortly afterward took charge of
the office business of the Heilman Machine
Works. In 1873, his health became impaired
by overwork. On this account he
went to Missouri and engaged in stock raising,
in which he was highly successful.
Losing both his children by sudden death,
he disposed of his interests there in 1876
and returned to Evansville. On the 1st of
the following January he took charge of the
works of the Heilman-Urie Plow Company.
In 1878 Mr. Urie retired, since which time
Maj. Rosencranz has been in exclusive control
of the business. His executive ability
and his close attention to business have made
his management eminently successful. The
company is now manufacturing chilled plows,
in addition to their steel goods, for which
patents were obtained in 1888, and to meet
the extensive demand the capacity of the
works has been doubled.
Maj. Rosencranz has not confined his abilities and energies
to the prosecution of his own business enterprises,
but has taken a proper interest in all
matters pertaining to the public good. In
March, 1887, when the question of settling
the city debt in some way was seriously
disturbing the public mind, the City Council
appointed an advisory committee of prominent
citizens to consider the subject. Maj.
Rosencranz was placed on this committee
and took a leading part in the discussions
engaged in. His capacity for handling important
public questions was at once recognized,
and in April following he was elected
to the council from the Fifth Ward. Upon
the organization of the council he was made
Chairman of the Finance Committee. Here
his skill as a financier soon showed itself,
and he did much valuable service in shaping
financial interests, and especially in making
satisfactory arrangements for the payment
of the city debt. He has also served as
Chairman of the Water-Works Committee
and in other important relations.
as a public officer is beyond reproach; he
performs every duty fearlessly in the manner
suggested by his conscience and judgment;
he places himself under obligations
to no man or party of men, and acts always
for the public good.
In politics he is a
staunch republican, but by no means a ward
politician in the common acceptance of that
term. He is a prominent member of Farragut Post,
No. 27, G.A.R.