History of Springfield, MA
Pages 174 - 193
P'sent yeare to shom they shall Judge most to be in neede.
It is ordered yt those lotts from Roger Pritchards downward shall have theyr 2d alotment below Aggawam River mouth, every man to have 5 acres a peice to runn in length 80 rod, theyr lotts to abutt agaynst ye great river.
ffebruary 26, 1643
Accordinge to trust imposed on us the partys undernamed by ye Plantation: we have treated with Thomas Stebbins and ffrancis Ball for the purchase of a parsell of ground of them in theyre home lotts next the river, wth ffrancis Ball we have agreed for one acre of ground, and to give him two acres for it in recomense in his second lott on the other side of the river: with Thomas Stebbins we have agreed for one acre and a halfe, of wch we have conditioned to have 2 rod in breadth to ye meeting house: and in recompense of this acre & halfe we agree to give him 3 acres of land adjoining to his third greate lott on ye other side of ye greate river. By us
[Note. - On the margin of the preceding, in the hand of Henry Smith, the town clerk, is written: "It is accomplished." In the hand of another and subsequent clerk is: "See in the new Towne Booke page 159 Jonathan Bell had land on his own account."]
[I - 35]A rate made the 6th of May, 1664, for the raysinge of £20 in part of payment for ye Indian purchas of ye land of the Plantation
£ shilling pence James Bridgman 0 12 06 Mr. Pynchon 4 08 08 Mr. Moxon 1 01 08 Ell. Holyoke 2 00 00 Thomas Cooper 0 11 00 Henry Smith 2 06 06
Samuel Chapin 0 08 10 John Doben 0 07 04 Richard Sikes 0 09 02 William Warener 0 10 00 Thomas Stebbins 0 08 09 ffrancis Ball 0 07 06 Robert Ashly 0 05 00 Jno Leonard 0 10 04 Thomas Mirack 0 13 03 Alexander Edwards 0 11 10 Samuel Hubbard 0 10 09 Jno Deeble 0 08 05 Morgan Johnes 0 03 00 Rowland Stebbines 0 11 06 Samuel Wright 0 12 05 Henry Burt 0 12 07 Jno Harman 0 08 10 Rodger Pritchard 0 08 07 Tatall is 19 18 04
This rate is made voyd by an order made the 26th January, 1646.
[I - 36]
In the handwriting of William Pynchon.
Springfield the 26 of the 7 m. 1644.
It is this day agreed by generall vote of ye Towne tht Henry Smith, Thomas Cooper, Samuell Chapin, Richard Sikes & Henry Burt shall have power to order in all the prudential affaires of the Towne, to prevent anythinge they shall judge to be to the dammage of the Towne, or to ordr any thing they shall judge to be for ye good of ye Towne: & in these affaires they shall have power for a yeere space & that they, 5, or any three of them shall also be given full power & virtue, alsoe to here complaints, to Arbitrate controversies, to lay out high wayes, to make bridges, to repayr high ways, specially to order ye making of ye way over the Muxie medow
to see to the scouring of ditches & to the killing of wolves & to training up of children in some good calling, or any other thing they shall judge to be to ye profitt of ye Towne.
In the handwriting of Henry Smith.
January 10th, 1644.
By ye Joynt consent of ye Plantation there is leave granted (notwthstandinge a former order dated March 17th, 1641, to ye contrary) unto William Vaughan to lett out his land to Reice Burdondon for ye space and terme of six yeares, to be imp'rved by him.
[I - 37]
It is mutually agreed by the Inhabitants for the speedy carryinge on of a meeting house that every inhabitant shall afford 23 dayes worke when he shall be required by him who shall undertake ye building of it, P'vided he shall not require above 6 dayes worke at a tyme, and if ye carpenter shall imploy them about any kind of worke they are to attend to it as if they were in the carpenters worke and to be accounted as worke done to ye meeting house.
ffebr 28th, 1644.
The conditions of a bargaine made by ye Inhabitants of Springfield wth Thomas Cooper for the buildinge of a meeting house is as followeth. The sd Thomas Cooper is to build ye house in length 40 foote. in breadth 25 foote. 9 foote betwixt Joynts, double studded, 4 large windowes, two on each side and two smaller doors as shall be thought convenient: to lay justs (joists) for a floore above, to shingle ye roofe wth two turrets for a bell and a watch tower, to underpin ye house with stoane, to dawbe ye wales, to p'vide glass for ye windows (if ye pay he hath of the Plantation will p'cure it) alsoe to find nayles and iron works for ye ful compleating of ye buildinge wch is to be finished by ye 30th September, 1646. In consideration of which worke ye Plantation doe Covenant to pay him four score pounds as money:
to be payed quarterly. If he desires it, wch is to be payd in wheate, pease, porke, wampam, debtes, labor.
The 26th of March, 1644, this bargain wth Thomas Cooper was acknowledged by ye Towne to be fulfilled & he discharged by vote.
[I - 38]
ffebr 20th, 1644.
It was by ye generall voate of ye plantation referred unto ye five men to pitch a prise on such comoditys as are payable to Thomas Cooper for his worke about ye meeting house, and accordingly we have joyntly agreed, that wheate shall be pd in at 3 shillings 4 pence P b. pease at 2 shillings, 8 pence, porke at 3 pence 1/2 per lb., the first payment to be £30 to be payed march next.
There is alsoe power given to ye 5 men to pportion to each men of ye new inhabitants yt have not yet had theyr devisions of plantinge land & meddowe what they shall judge competent to each man & suitable to his condition.
Whereas there is notice taken of a great neglect in may of the Inhabitants for want of seasonable sweepings of ye chimnys wch may prove very p'judiciall to ym & others, therof: in consideration hereof we have mutally agreed & ordered yt from: this p'sent day, and in case any man shall be found defective herein by ye p'son appoynted by us to see ye execu-tion it shall be in ye power of that man to apoynt another to doe it & ye p'son neglecting shall be lyable to pay 12 pence to him yt shall doe ye worke.
March 28th, 1645.
It is voted yt Samuell Hubbard, John Leonard, William Jess, shall take an account of ye cattell & stock of ye Plantation & apprise ym for the raysinge of a rate for Mr. Moxons maintenance of £55.
May 1, 1645.
It is voted alsoe May ye First, 1645, yt ye rates shall be made only upon the house lotts & all other alotments wch are already layde out be exempted.
It is alsoe voted yt Mr. Hollioke, Thomas Mirack, ffrancis Ball, Thomas Stebbins shall speedily take a view of ye long medoww & what other grounds they shall thinke meete and light to ye Plantation for future divisions.
There is remission of all fines yt are due for defect of making & scouringe ditches, untill ye last of ye month & if any be then defective ye penalty is to be executed of 5 shillings to goodman Pritchard.
[I - 40]
May the ffirst 1645.
It is voted with ye Consent of ye plantation that whosoever shall take any mans Cannoe or vessell without his leave shall be lyable to ye fine of 2 shillings, 6 pence for every such default.
William Warrener & Robert Ashley is to be accountable to ye towne for 5 shillings each of ym for breach of an order for selling ye Cannoe wth out leave ye rest of ye fine being re-mitted ym, wch they are to pay in to Samuell Chapen ye Constable.
William Warrener is to be accountable to ye towne for 10 shillings for breach of an order for sellinge his cannoe wch he is to pay in to Samuell Chapen, 10 shillings more is re-mitted to him.
May the 7th 1645.
It is voted and agreed upon by ye generall consent of the Plantation that if any Inhabitant shall absent themselves from any towne meetinge upon any sufficient warninge given them, or shall withdraw themselves from ye meetinge before there be a full discharge without a sufficient excuse or leave, shall be lyable to pay halfe a bushell of Indian corne for every such defect. It was voted to be sufficient warninge if publik noticement given after a lecture to meete in the afternoon.
In the handwriting of William Pynchon.
May 7, 1645.
It is voted and agreed that six men that wanted their third
allotments of planting ground on ye other side of Quinnettecot River viz: Jo Dober, Samuell Wright, Alexander Edwards, Jo Dible, Tho Mirack & Roger Pritchard shall have the said quantities of planting ground formerly granted in this Booke: in the Long meddow.
And Henry Smith has his 3d allotment of planting ground wch he wanted on the other side of ye River wch was 45 akrs to have it in the upper end of ye plaine above ye 3 corner meddow brooke, & in exchange for his 2d lott of planting ground on ye other side of ye River he is allowed 6 akrs more adjoyning to ye said 45 in ye upper end of the said plaine, in all he is alloted to have 51 akrs.
disanulled wth consent.
[I - 41]
Moreover it is granted to Miles Morgan, Abraham Munden, Francis Pepper, John Burrhall & 4 other lottes next John Burrhall that they shall have each of them a convenient portion of planting ground in the said plaine above the 3 corner brook next adjoyning to Henry Smith.
Moreover it is agreed that ye said 3d allotments wch are granted to the lower end of the Towne shall have their allotments in the long meddow & that they shall lie in this ordr: Mr. Pynchon mill lott allotted to his mill shall be laid out about the ______ or knapp of pines by the River side & so all the other alotments are to lie in ordr upward as the house lotts lie in ordr, except the 5 men now assigned to pportion the said lotts shall see cause to alter it: & the six men above named shall have their allotments in order this side of them. It is also ordered that 5 men viz: Elitzur Holioak, Serjant Merrick: Samuell Chapin: Robert Ashley & Henry Burt shall consider what pportion of planting ground shall be allowed to each house lott according to ye former rule leaving some things to their discretion for inlarging ye quantie: & besides ye 3d allotments to Alexander Edwards, no 2 is 11 akrs, there is 7 akrs now granted to him at his request as a free gift: in all he is to have there 18 akrs, he requested ye said 7 akrs
in recompense of a house lott which he thought was due to him when he married the widdow Searles.
disanulled wth consent.
[I - 42]
In the handwriting of Henry Smith.
May the 19th, 1645.
It is ordered wth ye joynt consent of all ye Plantation at a publique meetinge after sufficient warninge: That whereas there was formerly a 3d alotment of plantinge grounde granted to all ye Inhabitants fro: Roger Pritchards lott & upwards, the sd Inhabitants are now freely content to lay downe ye sd 3d alottments and are all content to stand to ye determination and alotment of seven men chosen by ye wholl assembly for ye appoyntinge of 3d & 4th alotments to ye wholl town: viz:Henry Smith
who are to divide ye towne in equall parts for estates and persons: and soe halfe ye Towne downward accordinge to an equall division of estates, and as in discretion they shall judge fit and just, are to have theyr third and 4th alotments in ye Longe meddowe, and on ye other side of the River over agaynst ye long meddowe: and ye upper part of the towne are to have theyr third and 4th alotments in ye playne above ye 3 corner brooke, and one ye other side of the greate river at ye end of ye five acre lotts. And all wth one consent doe freely pmise to stand at ye aforesd determination and allotment; and all former orders about the 3d alotments to be nulified.
[I - 43]
September 23th 1645.
Wheras the plantinge of Indian Corne in ye meddows & swampe on ye other side of Agaam river hath occasioned a longe stay after mowinge tyme before men can put over theyr cattell thither: therefore it is ordered wth the consent of all those that have plantinge ground there that no more Indian corne shall be planted neither in ye meddow nor in ye swampes, that soe the cattell of all those that have alotments
may be put over by ye 15th of September, p'vided they take a sure course to keepe theyr cattell from goinge over ye river by a keeper in ye day tyme, & by keeping ym in some fenced place in the night tyme: only calves may be put over thither by the 14th of August & if any shall put cattell there before ye days expst (expressed) he shall forfeite 2 shillings 6 pence per ye head for every default & be lyable to pay all damage yt his cattell shall doe on either side ye river.
Complaynt being made that divers that keepe teames on the other side of ye River in ye springe tyme to plough there, have formerly much damnified other men by theyr cattell, in eating the greene corne, and ye first sprout of mens meddows: It is ordered therfore yt ye sd steames of cattell shall be kept in some house or yeard till ye first of May and if any keepe theyr longer, they are to pasture them uppon theyr owne ground or uppon ye comon, or uppon ye 3d lotts, not beinge meddow nor impved to tillage, soe they tend ym wth a sufficient keeper: and in case any shall neglect this order, they shall be lyable to py ye five shillings for ye breach of it: besides other damages fro: feedinge upon other mens corne or meddow ground, as indifferent men shall award ye vewe therof.
Whereas divers neighbors between ffrancis Ball his lott and Benjamin Coolys lott have complayned that some of ye neighbor hood refuse to joyne wth ym in makinge a fence to save theyr neighbors harmeless: therefore it is ordered that all the sayd Inhabitants shal joyne together in a sufficient generall fence, every make brakinge a pportionable share accordinge to each mans quantity of acres: and in case any cattell brake in through any part of ye sd generall fence: then two indifferent men shall be chosen by ye partys in controversy to vew ye sd fence and trespass, and he whose fence is found defective shall beare ye damadge as two indifferent men shall award: and in case yt any cattell breake in out of mens particular yeards, they shall pay such damadges as ye two indifferent men shall order and appoynt
and if ye partys in Controversy doe not agree in ye choyes of ye two indifferent men, then upon complaynt ye magistrate shall appoynt them: and this generall fence is to be finished by ye first of Aprill next, or else they will be lyable to pay damages as ye sd two indifferent men shall award: alsoe ye end next ye River is to be rayled: leaving out a sufficient highway next the River.
[I - 44]
It is alsoe further ordered that if any neighbor from ffrancis Balls lott to Goodman Coolys shall desire to inclose his yard wth a garden or an orchard: if his next neighbor refuse to joyne for ye one halfe of the sd fence he may compell his neighbors on each side of his lott to beare ye one halfe of his fence, p'vided he compell them not to joyne for above 20 rodds in length and in case his neighbor shall refuse to doe his share of the fence within 3 months after demands: he shall be lyable to pay damages as two Indifferent men shall award, wch shal be chosen by the partys in controversty: or in case they agree not then upon complainte ye magistrate shall appoynt them: p'vided alsoe yt ye sd fence exceede not ye charge of a sufficient five foote pale, or 5 rayles, as ye two indifferent men shall order in case of disagrement betweene ye sayd neighbors.
Wheras divers Inhabitants have alotments of Plantinge ground in ye longe meddowe, and some of these have manifested theyr desire to brake up theyr alotments the next springe, and to defend it with a sufficient fence agaynst all catell: but others of that company are not willinge as yet to brake up theyr alotments nor to fence, wherby ye former company will be hindered of theyr intentions or put to an excessive charge to fence in particular wch was never intended in ye first layinge out of those lotts: therefore it is ordered that all those whose allottments lye within the others, yet have manifested theyr desire to breake up theyr ground pportionable share in a comon fence, agaynst all cattell, accordinge to ye severall quantitys of theyr allottments: and
in case any cattell break in through any part of the sd generall fence: then two Indifferent men shall be chosen by ye partys in controversy, or by ye magistrate if they agree not, to vew ye defects of the sayd fence, and he whose share it was to make the fence, & is ye owner of it shall beare ye damage as ye sd Indifferent men shall award and shall be compelled to mend all ye defects as ye sd two Indifferent men shall order, and in case any p'sons shall refuse to joyne in ye sd generall fence then such p'son or p'sons shall pay as ye sd Indifferent men shall award. It is alsoe ordered yt every man shall cut his fencinge stuff upon his owne grounde [I - 45] except he first have ye consent of his neighbor to fell uppon his: and except it be ye fencinge of the two outsides, then it shall be lawfull for such a fence ye two outsides to fell in any mans lott yt is next to hand: and it is alsoe p'vided yt those yet set out every mans pportion of fence, shall as neere as they can place every man to doe ye reare of his own lott.
January ye 8th 1645.
It is agreed by ye Plantation wth John Matthews to beat the drum for the meetinge for a yeares space, at 10 of ye clock on the lecture days and at 9 a clock on the Lords days in the forenoon only, & he is to beate it from: Mr. Moxons to R. Stebbins house & ye meetinge to begin wth in halfe an hourer after, for wch his payns he is to have 6 pence in wampum of every family in the towne or a peck of Indian corne if they have not wampam.
George colton and Miles Morgan are appoynted to doe theyr best to get a Smith for ye towne.
Thomas Cooper is chosen measurer of ye lands of ye towne. Thomas Mirack and Joseph Parsons are chosen surveyors to make ye way fro: ye mill river to ye longe meddowe who shal have power to call to ye worke, & in case any p'son shall refuse to come to ye worke havinge had 3 days warninge before hand, shall be lyable to pay 2 shillings 6 pence fine except they can alledge such an excuse as ye magistrate shall judge to be sufficient, alsoe they are to see this way finished by ye end of
May next: alsoe if they give 3 days warninge to teames and they come not to ye worke they shall be lyable to a fine of 5 shillings for defects except ye magistrate shall allowe of theyr excuse.
Nov: 2th 1646. The same surveyors voted to continue ye worke and finish it by ye last of May, 1647 & in case ye surveyors be defective in finishing by ye day they are to pay 10 shillings per weeke for every weeke after ye day appoynted.
Lieftenant Smith, Richard Sykes, Samuel Chapen, Thomas Cooper, Henry Burt are discharged of ye office in looking to ye affayrs of ye Towne.
[I - 46]
January 8th 1645.
It is ordered yt if any Trees be feld having no other worke bestowed on ym above 6 months from this day forward in ye comons, it shall be lawfull for any man to take them. But any tymber yt is cross cutt, or fire wood yt is cut out & set on heapes, or rayles, or clefts for pales, no man may take any of these till it have lyen twelve months after it is soe cross cut or cloven and in case any p'son shall be found to cary away or convert to his use any tymber or fire wood, before ye tyme above limited he shall be lyable to make satisfaction to ye owner in kinde or otherwise to his content, & shal alsoe forfeite 10 shillings to ye Towne use for every such parcell of tymber rayls, bolts or fire wood, yt he shall soe disorderly take away & convert to his owne use.
March 12th 1645.
It is agreed on by the vote of ye Plantation that a rate shall be made for ye remayninge £40 due to Thomas Cooper for ye completinge of ye meeting house, £30 of wch is to be payed into him by ye last of this month ye other £10 to rest in ye Towne hand till opportunity appeare for p'curinge glass or till ye house be finished.
It is alsoe voted yt a rate shall be made for £55 for Mr. Moxon's maintenance for ye p'sent yeare ensuinge, 1646.
It is alsoe voted yt these 2 rates above shall be made upon all uplands (meddows excepted) and livinge stock
in towne. Mr. Holyoke, frrancis Ball, Thomas Stebbins are chosen to valew goods, who alsoe are to make up ye rates.
September 4th, 1646.
A bargaine was driven the day abovesd betwixt the towne of Springfield and Francis Ball for a shop for a smith wch is to be 12 foote wide, 16 foote in length, six foote studd betwixt joynts, a chimny for the forge rungd, to be boarded both roofe and sides to make a doore and windowe in the end, wth a beam in ye middest, for wch worke to be sufficiently accomplished by September ye 28th next, the towne doth condition to pay him ffive pounds either in wheate at 3 shillings 8 pence P b. or worke as he shall neede it, to be payd in unto him ye 10th of March next, at the house of Henry Smith.
He doth alsoe agree to find boards for ye Coveringe and sides wth nayles and hinges, etc & what he wants else and he is to bringe in his account what boards he useth & what other charges he is at, for which he is to be payd as before in wheate at 3 shillings 8 pence p b or in worke as he and they shall agree.
It is agreed yet this house shal remayne in the hands of the towne till they see cause to dispose otherwise of it.
This shop (for the Smith) was by Joynt consent given to John Stewart Jan 10, 1658.
In the handwriting of Elizur Holyoke.
Septembr 4, 1646.
It is likewise agreed by the vote and consent of the Plantation that Robert Ashley shall keep the ordinary.
In the handwriting of Henry Smith.
It is ordered that Thomas Cooper shall measure out the playne for wch he is to have 1 pence per acre.
[I - 48]
In the handwriting of William Pynchon.
September 23, 1646.
1. It is agreed by the joynt consent and generall vote of the Townsmen that this 5 men are chosen for the orderinge all the prudential affaires of this Plantation viz:Mr. Henry Smith
to be for a year or untill new, be chosen in their places.
2. They shall reach to reconsile disgrements & disputes between neighbor & neighbor.
3. They shall take care to find out some convenient way to separate oxen from cowes in their daily feeding.
4. They shall judge where bridges & high ways are to be made or mended & how it may be done and they shall call uppon the surveyers it to be their affair.
5. They shall also advise about some course about destroying of medows: & how hogs may be kept with most profitt & lease damage of ye plantation.
7. They shall have power also to see that mens chimnies be kept clean or else they shal have power to fine men for their neglect so that their fine be under 5 shillings a tyme.
8. also they shall have power to hire a cow keeper for the keeping of cowes of the plantation.
9. And the making of all rates for the Plantation shall belong to their affaires & in genrill for the making of the rates for the Smith as it is understood on the other side of the leaf.
10. They shall have power to fine such persons as carry fire uncovered provided it be under 5 shillings at a tyme & whosoever shal refuse to pay the said fines they shal complaine to the magistrate who will grant his warrant to distraine for ye said fine.
[I - 49]
In the handwriting of Henry Smith.
November 3th 1646.
It is agreed by ye generall vote of ye plantation that if any inhabitant shall absent themselves from any towne meetinge upon sufficient warninge given them or shall wthdraw ym selves before there be a full discharge wthout a sufficient excuse or leave granted, or shall no be p'sent when ye blessinge is desired, shall be lyable to a fine of a bushell of Indian Corne, or the valew of it, to be Levyed by ye Constable on such as shall transgress.
It is alsoe agreed by ye Plantation that the first Tuesday in
November shall be a generall towne meeting for all ye Inhabitants on wch day orders to be published & towne officers chosen etc.
There is choyce made byye generall vote of the Plantation of five men who have by mutuall consent agreed to refer into theyr hands the orderinge of all ye prudentiall affayers of the towne, and whatsoever they shall soe order in refference to ye good of ye Towne shall stand in force as ye act of the towne: P'vided yt what orders or conclutions they shall agree upon, be openly published, before ye generality of ye Towne after a lecture or at any trayninge day, or any other publique meetinge: and in case there be no negative vote by ye generality of ye Towne wthin 7 days after, then it shall be taken for granted that the towne by such silence doe confirme and establish theyr orders. The men chosen are as followeth:Henry Smith
It is alsoe voted by ye Plantation yt ye abovesd 5 townsmen shall have power accordinge to theyr discretion to give a pportion of meddow ground to those that yet have none in ye longe meddow and in case any other shall manifest theyr want of meddow ground they shall manifest theyr want of medddow ground, they shall have power to give an addition of meddow to ym as they in theyr discretion shal see fitt & competent for ym.
[I - 50]
November 3th 1646.
Thomas Stebbines and William Warrener are chosen surveyers for this next yeare ensuinge and till another be chosen in yr roome.
Robert Ashly an Miles Morgan are chosen by ye towne to ye oversight of ye fence of ye house lotts and the greate playne accordinge as they shall be directed by ye townsmen.
George Colton and James Bridgeman are likewise chosen to ye oversight of ye fence in ye long meddowe.
It is likewise agreed and voated by ye Plantation that Jno. Clarke or those that shall joyne wth him in ye burninge of Tarr shall have liberty to gather candlewood in ye playne
in ye Bay path: p'vided they come not togather on this side the greate pond, and the swamps that poynt out from it to Chicopee river and the mill river wch is judged to be about five miles from the towne. And in case the sayd Jno. Clarke or any of his partners shal be found to transgress and gather wthin these limits they shall be lyable to a fine of 20 shillings for every loade they shall soe gather: This grant to stand them for a yeare this P'sent.
To draw an order for candlewood 6 miles East.
Thomas Cooper is appoynted to measure out ye meddow ground in ye Longe meddowe.
performed accord to order.
January 29th, 1646.
It is voted yt a rate shal be made for Mr. Moxons maintenance of £55 for ye P'sent ensuinge 1647, to be payd the first halfe at ye 25th March next & ye rest at michalstide next. The rate to be made on all lands & goods.
[I - 51]
It is alsoe voted that ye £30 wch is due to Mr. Pynchon shall be raysed on all ye alotments in ye towne, wch is due to him from each inhabitant for ye purchas of the lands of the Plantation, of the Indians, to be raysed wholly on lands, and by ye order a former order for raysing £20 is made voyd.
January 29th, 1646.
It is agreed by a genrrall vote that all swine that breake into any mans corne ground or meddows yt is sufficiently fenced agaynst yoked hogs: In case men let ye swine abroad un-yoked if they breake in and doe any man trespass, the ye master of the sayd swine shall be lyable to pay all damadges as two indifferent men shall judge ye damadge to be: but if swine be yoked and runge then they are free from damages.
This order is repealed by ye joynt consent of ye Inhabitants the first of Aprill, 1647.
This ffirst of Aprill 1647, at a towne meeting by a joynt consent of the towne there is power given to ye Townsmen to make an order according as they shall thinke meete about
yokinge and ringinge of swine yt are kept about mens howses, alsoe they are to endevore to make a bargayne wth some P'sons for ye keeping of Swine in ye woods, & ye Towne doth p'mise to stand to wth the conclusions they shall soe agree upon, as also they have power to rayse a rate for his paymt.
March 11, 1646.
At a publique Towne meeting it was agreed to give to any man yt shall kill wolves wthin five miles of ye Towne 10 shillings for every wolfe, to be raysed by rate upon all sorts of cattell. And if by accident any P'son shall by setting gunns, or trapps kill any cattell they shall be free from damages, p'vided it be done fro: halfe an houre before sunsett, till halfe an houre after sun risinge, provided alsoe that they doe give ye owner word that he may have the flesh. But if any cattell be dilled fro: halfe an houre after sun rise till it be halfe an houre before sun set, he yt sets ye gun or trap shal be liable to pay damage as two indifferent men shall judge meete.
[I - 52]
By the Townesmen, March 6th, 1646.
Wheras there are surveighors chosen yearely by ye Towne for ye oversight and amendinge of high ways, bridges or other defects of yt nature: we have therefore ordered that ye surveighors shall give sufficient warninge to any man to attend such workes who shall attend such warninge soe given: And in case any man shall be defective and not attend such warninge he shall be lyable to a fine of 2 shillings 6 pence for every days absence: Alsoe if any P'son shall neglect to cutt downe his stubbs or cleere ye high way before his Lott of timber wood, or other offensive matter within 6 days after hie soe warned he shall be lyable to a fine of 12 pence, & in case he neglect it 7 days longer, then ye fine to increase to 2 shillings & soe to increase 12 pence for every weeke it shall be soe neglected to be amended.
Wheras there is observation taken of the scarsity of tymber about the Towne for buildinge sawinge shingles or such like: It is therefore ordered that no man shall hence forth transport out of the town to other places, any buildinge tymber
board loggs or sawne boardes or planks or shingle tymber or pipe staves, wch shall be growinge in ye Towne, to the p'judice of the Plantation, viz: fro: chickopy river to freshwater brooke & six miles East from ye greate River. And if any man shall be found to transgress this order, he shall be lyable to a fine of 20 shillings for every fraught of such tymber, boards, shingles or such like by him soe transported.
Whereas it is judged offencive and noysome for flax & hemp to be watered or washed in the brooke before mens doores, yt is of ordinary use for dressinge meete: therefore it is ordered that noe P'son shall hence forth water any flax or hemp in the sayd brooke or any where neere adjoining to it, & if any shal be found trangressing herein he shall be lyable to a fine of 6 shillings 8 pence for every such default.
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A rate for ye raysinge of £30 for the purchase of lands of the Plantation 1646:
£ s. d. Rowland Thomas 19 1-2 00 08 02 John Stebbins 27 1-2 00 07 08 Miles Morgan 34 1-2 00 09 06 James Osburne 40 00 11 04 Thomas Cooper 41 00 11 04 Mr. William Pynchon 237 03 05 06 Mr. Elitt. Holyoke 125 01 14 06 Henry Smith 148 02 00 08 Mr. Moxon 67 00 18 08 Samuell Chapin 43 00 12 00 Thomas Reeve 32 00 08 10 Richard Sykes 39 -1/2 00 11 00 William Warener 40 -1/2 11 11 02 Thomas Stebbin 34 00 09 05 ffrancis Ball 33 00 09 05 Robert Ashley 51 00 09 02 John Leonard 34 -1/2 00 09 06 Thomas Mirack 46 00 13 00 Ja: Bridgeman 41 00 11 04
Alexander Edwards 60 -1/2 00 16 09 Jno. clarke 36 00 10 00 Widow Deeble 22 00 06 00 Katterine Johns 19 00 05 04 Rowland Stebbins 38 -1/2 00 10 08 Samuel Wright 41 -1/2 11 11 06 Henry Burt 47 -1/2 00 13 04 Jno Herman 33 00 09 02 Roger Pritchard 28 00 07 09 Nat: Bliss 51 -1/2 00 07 09 Widow Haynes 40 -1/2 00 11 02 Tho: Thomson 56 -1/2 00 15 10 Richard Exell 40 -1/2 00 11 02 Joseph Parsons 42 -1/2 00 11 09 Jno. Matthews 31 00 08 08 William Branch 27 -1/2 00 07 08 George Colton 61 00 16 09 Grif: Jones 36 -1/2 00 10 00 Reice Bedortha 20 00 05 06 William Vahan 06 00 01 08 Benjamin Cooly 40 -1/2 00 11 02 Hugh Parsons 37 -1/2 00 10 04 Jno Lumbard 25 00 06 10 2 vacant lotts 40 00 11 00 a vacant lott 25 00 06 10 2 vacant lotts 40 00 11 00 3 vacant lotts above 60 00 16 06 2178 -1/2 30 11 02
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Aprill the first, 1647. By ye Townesmen.
It is ordered that all swine that any person shall keepe about his house or neere any corne ground belonginge to the Plantation and not under the hand or custody of a keeper: shall be sufficiently yoked and runge, accordinge to the age and bigness of the swine: and in case any swine that are above the age of six months shall be found in the streete or
about any one of ye common fences of the corne fields wthout yoke & ringe: It shall be lawfull for any person soe finding them, to drive them to the pound (wch may be any mans private yard or out house in ye present defect of a Comon pound) P'vided alsoe yt he give the owner of the sayd swine notice of his impoundinge them wthin 24 hours after it is soe impounded them - 6 pence for every swine before they be set at liberty: but if any swine shall be found in corne unyoked or unrunge, then ye owners of the sd swine shall be lyable to pay any damages done by them, as two indifferent men shall Judge it to be, besides the 6 pence on every head for inpoundinge them. And in case any shal neglect to redeeme his swine in 24 hours after he hath warninge of theyr impoundinge: it shall be lawfull for the party that hath impounded them to take two neighbours to apprise one or more of the sayd swine & to sell it or them, satisfyinge himselfe of the damages done in his corne, as the sd 2 indifferent men shall judge it to be, as alsoe for the impoundinge of the swine, and to returne the overpluss to the owner.
This order to take force from the 20th of Aprill next, 1647.
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ffebr 10th 1647.
At a towne meetinge it is agreed by ye generall vote of ye Towne yt £55 shall be raysed by a rate on goods & lands for Mr. Moxons maintenance.
The persons under named have agreed to add £5 more soe yt ye wholl sum is £60.Mr. Pynchon
Mr. Jno Pynchon
November 2th 1647.
At a generall Towne meetinge, the names of the persons chosen for orderinge the prudentiall affayres of the Towne to whom the Towne by a joynt consent
have conferred full power to order and determine all the prudentiall affayers of the Towne:Samuel Chapin
The Surveyers chosen at the same tyme:
For the upper part:
For the lower part of ye Towne:
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The Surveyors are not to call any person to the high way worke above 6 days in a yeare. Every family is to work his dayes and those that have teames are to com wth theyr teames if they are required. If a family have 2 or 3 men in it and a teame, if the surveighor call not for the teame he shall send 2 men in place of the teame if he have ym. If any man re-fuse to come to ye worke havinge 3 dayes warninge he shall forfeite 2 shillings, 6 pence each teame 5 shillings a day, to be implyed (employed) to the use of ye highwayes.
The Speciall works to be attended this yeare are, a horse way over the meddow to ye Bay path, a bridge over the 3 corner brooke into the playne, etc.
September ye 8th, 1647.
It is ordered yt no person shal gather any hops that grow in ye swamps or in the comon grounds untill this P'sent day yearly, upon payne of forfeitinge what they shal soe disorderly gather & 2 shillings 6 pence for breach of order. The forfeiture to ye informer & ye penalty to the Towne treasury.
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January the 2d, 1647.
Wheras it is judged needfull in Sundry respects that each inhabitant should have the severall parcells of theyr land recorded, therefore for prevention of future inconveniences it is ordered that every particular Inhabitant of this Township shall within six months after the date of this P'sent order, repayre to the Recorder who is chosen and appoynted by ye sd Inhabitants for that purpose: who upon information given
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