History of Springfield, MA
Volume II
Pages 10-40

Continued

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HISTORICAL REVIEW

The first century in the history of Springfield opened with William Pynchon as the founder. It closed with another William Pynchon, great grandson, prominent in its affairs, - Town Recorder and for a time Deputy to the General Court. But after the departure of the founder and the death of his son, John Pynchon, the Pynchon influence began to wane, al-though some member of the family held official position for many years afterwards. The members of other families became leaders and exerted influence in the conduct of public concerns. The beginning and the subsequent development as new conditions arose, are interesting to follow and study in the growth of the town and the region which surrounded it. The coming of new families, and the desire to acquire property, had a gradual influence in giving a broader scope to the people who were treading in the footsteps of the pioneers; but there was little change in the great purpose on which the settlement was founded.

The religious opinions, and the desire to live in harmony with their neighbors, - the love of truth and the cultivation of that spirit which promotes good fellowship, marked every public transaction and gave tone and sentiment to the community in which each was an important part. The spirit of fairness and the desire not to deal unjustly with anyone, are noticeable in the settlement of the question concerning the ministry lands, in which the town officials were more yielding than was the son of Rev. Pelatiah Glover, which will be found in the records which follow this review. The necessities of the poor were promptly considered and aid given when required. There was no shirking duty and necessity in any public transaction, and the various doings of the town are plain and simple, as were the people themselves.

The opening of schools and their generous support later in the century, plainly mark the desires

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and development of the people who made up the community. It was a steady growth from the beginning in which there was always a high purpose.

Although William Pynchon was the founder, he does not appear to have been a dictator beyond stating a few general principles upon which the affairs of the new settlement were to be conducted. It is evident that he had no desire to be regarded simply as a leader.

The declaration under which the settlement was begun, May 14, 1636, will be found on p. 156 of the first volume. A facsimile of the first four clauses is given below. They are in the handwriting of Henry Smith, the first Town Recorder.

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The Handwriting of Henry Smith.

To the agreement are affixed the signatures of the eight persons who began the settlement and who signed the document on the 16th of May. The two lines preceding the sig-

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natures are in the handwriting of William Pynchon and are as follows: "We testifie to the order above said, being al of the first adventurers & subscribers for this plantation."

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At the close of the following reproduction of the handwriting of Henry Smith will be noticed this: "It is ordered yt ye Plantation shall be called Springfield." The termina-tion of the name "Springfield," is not complete, having been

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The Handwriting of Henry Smith.

worn off by the frequent use of the records. This is the beginning of the name of the town, four years after the settlement was begun.

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The handwriting of William Pynchon bears little resemblance to his autograph, as will be noticed by comparing the following with the signature at the close of the agreement to found the settlement. It is an important incident in the his-

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ory of Springfield, for here began the government of the town by a regularly chosen Board of Selectment. That it may be easily read it is given in full as follows:

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"Springfield the 26 of the 7 m. 1646.

"It is this day agreed by generall vote of ye Town that Henry Smith, Thomas Cooper, Samuell Chapin, Richard Sikes & Henry Burt shall have power to orderin all the prudentiall affaires of the Town, to prevent anything they shall judge to be to the damage of the Towne or to order anything they shal judge to be for ye good of ye Towne: & in these affaires they shall have power for a yeere space & that they, 5, or any three of them shall also be given full power & virtue, alsoe to here complaints, to Arbitrate controversies, to lay High ways, to make Bridges, to repayr High wais, specially to order ye making of ye way over muxie meddow, to see to the Scouring of Ditches & to the killing of wolves, & to training up of children in some good caling, or any other thing they shall judge to be ye p'fitt of ye Towne."

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The Handwriting of Henry Burn.

The agreement made by the Selectmen with Richard Sikes, is in the handwriting of Henry Burt, and is as follows:

"Richard Sikes hath covenanted to ring the bell and to sweep the meeting house according to former termes, namely 1s the week, p'vided hee will have his liberty to leave the

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work at a month warning, the pay to be payd at one entire payment at the end of June next ensuing, the date hereof, but if hee leave work after payment is made he is to abate 1s the week.

"There is granted to Richard Sikes for ringing the Bell for marrages and Burials 1s a tyme, this pay to bee payd by those that shall imploy him for such service."

The handwriting of Lieut. Thomas Cooper will be found in the transactions of the Selectmen on various pages of the records. The accompanying specimen is slightly reduced from the original size, but the character is well preserved in this reproduction. It will be found in print on page 199 of the first volume of this work. The original is under date of February 21, 1649, - correct year 1650. The autograph sig-

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The Handwriting of Thomas Cooper.

natures of the Selectmen arein the original record, - Thomas Cooper, Jonathan Burt, William Warriner and the mark of Robert Ashley.

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The reproduction on the opposite page, in the handwritin of Henry Burt, is in reference to an agreement that the Selectmen made to lease land to Samuel Marshfield and Richard Sikes, purchased of Mr. Moxon before he left Springfield. They are dated 10th of February, 1652 -1653 according to present reckoning is the correct year.

The date of Mr. Moxon's departure from Springfield for his old home in England is approximately established by a

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The Handwriting of John Pynchon

record in the handwriting of John Pynchon to be found in the Town Records, and here in-serted in a reproduction. The committee to treat with Mr. Moxon was composed of John Pynchon, Henry Burt, Samuel Chapin and Thomas Cooper. Pynchon wrote a very clear, bold hand, as will be seen by the

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The Handwriting of Henry Burt.

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specimen herewith given which is quite unlike that of his father's.

Elizur Holyoke, in point of exactness was the model Town Recorder. His handwriting fills many pages of the records and is easily read. Its elegance is especially noticeable in deeds which he drew, now in possession of the Springfield

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The handwriting of Elizur Holyoke.

City Library. When a person was admitted an inhabitant, which carried with it the right to vote, he was obliged to give a bond in the sum of 20 to save the town "harmless in respect to any charge that may accrue to this said Town by reason of the said person." The accompanying reproduction shows the admission of a son of Deacon Samuel Chapin and the bond given by the father. After the admission of the son he was granted twenty acres of land.

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The last illness of Elizur Holyoke, who had served the town for many years as Recorder, must have been of short duration. It will be seen by the accompanying reproduction that the town meeting was held on the 1st of February, and his death occurred on the 6th. He had begun to make up the record, quite probably after the meeting was over, and had pro-ceeded in making the transcript to the close of the second name of the Selectmen and there his work ended. The concluding portion of the record is in the hand of John Pynchon. On the 23d of the same month another town meeting was held in which Pynchon states: "This meeting Called to make Supply of a Selectman & also of one to Enter things, God having taken away Capt. Holyoke." The date of the year is given in the records according to old style. The correct year as now reckoned is 1676.

The writer would fail to do justice to a man of great personal worth and influence if he concluded this work without a tribute to the life and work of Elizur Holyoke.

He was for 36 years a resident of Springfield, and while not possessing the aggressive character of John Pynchon, he had other qualities which made him known and respected. His clearness of statement indicates that he had been well educated in youth, and his superior penmanship as seen on many pages of Town, County and Court Records, shows how well he per-formed his duties. After becoming familiar with his work and following that which had been his chief labor for many years, interpreting, as it were, his thoughts, one feels in his departure something of a personal loss, and such must have been the thoughts and feelings of those with whom he had been so long associated.

The land grants from 1664 up to the close of his life as seen in the official records, were entered on pages in the manuscript volume that are not in the order given to the transactions of the annual town meetings, blank leaves having been reserved for that purpose. This may explain what might appear on examination to be a lack of an orderly arrangement in the records.

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The handwriting of Elizur Holyoke and John Pynchon

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The handwriting of John Pynchon.

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The Handwriting of Deacon Samuel Chapin.

The following reproductions of the handwriting of Deacon Samuel Chapin will convey to his many descendants a clearer impression of his attainments than any description hitherto given in print. The first is an agreement between John Pynchon and his brother-in-law, Elizur Holyoke, concerning the transfer of the latter's interest in the mill and lands connected therewith to satisfy a debt to Pynchon. The second paper is a deed conveying lands in Springfield to his son, Japhet. That these may be the more easily read the following text is printed in full as written, beginning with the agreement. The words in this, "the other side," refers to the entry showing the indebtedness which was entered on the opposite page from the agreement:

"In consideration of the dept of An hundred & twenty one pounds eighteen shillings eight pence on the other side Captain Pynchon when hee went for Ingland did Agree with his brother Holioke to take the mill & Mstr Holiokes share of the Land belonging thereunto & the said Mstr Holiokes share of pay due from Jeremiah Horton & James Warriner for full payment of the said dept on the other side & upon deliverie of a Deed of sale for the Mill & the Land to his wife Mrtr Pynchon hee did give order his said wife should cancel that dept of 121 18s 8d on the other side, now this first of March 63-64, the said Mstr Holioke did deliver to Mstres Pynchon a deed of sale of the said Mill & land, whereupon the said Mstrs Pynchon cancelled the said dept.

"Witness Samuel Chapin."

The deed of lands, copied from the original is as follows:

"These P'sents testifie that Samuell Chapin of Springfield for & in Consideration of the fatherly Love & Care which I have & doe beare unto my sonne Japhet Chapin have given & granted & by these P'sents doe give grant & Confirme unto my said sonne Japheth Chapin & to his heares & assignes for ever all my howsing & lands in & about the towne of Spring-field even All that became myne eyter by purchase or by dividents or gift from the towne: To have & to hold the

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The Handwriting of Deacon Samuel Chapin.

A Deed of Lands from Deacon Samuel Chapin to His Son, Japhet, May 21, 1667.

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The Handwriting of Deacon Samuel Chapin.

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aforesaid howsing & Lands with all the Apurtenances thereof, to him his heares & asignes forever: excepting the one halfe thereof of all those howsings & Lands for the terme of myne & my wifes life: Unto my said sonne & to his heires & Asignes forever, freely & quietly without any manner of Challenge Claime or demand made or to bee made by mee the said Samuell Chapin or Any other P'son or P'sons whatsoever for me or in my name or in my right or by my meanes or P'curement: In witness whereof I have hereunto sett my hand & seale this 21 of May, 1667.

"Samuel Chapin      [Seale.]

"Sealed & delivered in
the presence of
"John Hictchock
"hannah hictchock."

Commemorating Immigrant Ancestors.

Two statues, memorials to early settlers, erected in Springfield, have attracted considerable attention, and as they relate to the beginning of the settlement it is fitting that they should be included in this volume. The first one erected has been a conspicuous object of interest on Court Square, a memorial to Miles Morgan, the pro-genitor of a long line of successful business men who have been honored in stations of usefulness and trust. It is the work of a New York artist, Mr. J. S. Hartley, who has fully represented the spirit of the times in which Miles Morgan had an active part. It was presented to Springfield by the late Henry T. Morgan of New York, then a well-known banker and business man.

The second is to Deacon Samuel Chapin, entitled, "The Puritan," by that eminent artist, Mr. Augustus St. Gaudens. It is a remarkable work of art, embodying the agressive force of the people who settled New England, and some of the characteristics of our early days, and incidents in the history of Deacon Chapin. With the Bible in hand it is easy to con-ceive that he is on the way to the meeting-house, to lead in the religious services to which he was assigned a part on

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The Puritan.

By Augustus St. Gaudens.

A Memorial to Deacon Samuel Chapin. - Gift of Hon. Chester W. Chapin.

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certain occasions. This statue has attracted wide attention of both artists and lovers of art. A copy has been placed in the Art Museum at Boston, another has gone to the great Dresden Gallery, and a third is to be placed in the Louvre at Paris. It is the gift to Springfield of the late Hon. chester W. Chapin, who two years before his death, gave the commission to St. Gaudens to create this fitting memorial to an ancestor who had a prominent part in the beginnings of Springfield. It was unveiled on Thanksgiving day, November 24, 1887, by two grand-children of the donor, and presented to the city in a speech by his son, Mr. Chester W. Chapin. Judge E. B. Maynard, then Mayor of Springfield, received it in behalf of the city in an appropriate and most fitting speech.

AUTOGRAPHS OF THE FIRST SETTLERS.

Upon the following pages are given reproductions of the signatures of many of the original settlers of Springfield, together with a few from Northampton and other neighboring towns. The ability to write was so limited at that period that not a few men of high standing in the community, including at least five who served many years as Selectmen, were unable to sign their names. It is probable that the signatures herewith presented embrace a majority of those among the earliest inhabitants of Springfield who were able to write.

The signature of the Rev. Mr. Moxon is copied from the "Massachusetts Collections," published by the Massachusetts Historical Society; all others were reproduced from original papers, and, with two or three exceptions, expressly for this work.

The signatures of

William Pynchon
Henry Smith
Cornet Joseph Parsons
John Cable
Daniel Denton

are taken from the Town Records.

The signatures of

Elizur Holyoke
John Holyoke
John Pynchon
Amy Pynchon

taken from a deed of land in Springfield, executed by John & Amy Pynchon, now in the Springfield City Library.

The signatures of

Japhet Chapin
Jonathan Burt
Deacon Benjamin Parsons
John Pease, Senior

taken from a petition to the General Court asking

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Miles Morgan, The Ancestor - Gift of Henry T. Morgan.

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leave to establish a settlement at Fresh Water Brook (now Enfield, Connecticut); those of:

David Burt
Deacon Samuel Wright, Senior
John Ingersoll
Leiutenant William Clarke
Jonathan Hunt
John King
John Marsh
Aaron Cook

taken from a petition drawn by James Cornish, Clerk of the Courts under Governor Andros, and sent from Northampton to the General Court.

All the others are from the account books of John Pynchon (now in the Springfield City Library), being appended to acknowledgments of indebtedness to Pynchon, at whose store all the men whose signatures appear, with one or two possible exceptions, had running accounts.

The only woman's signature in the collection is that of Amy, wife of John Pynchon and daughter of George Willys of Hartford. It possesses peculiar interest, not only as being that of the wife of the most prominent an of that day in Western Massachusetts, but also as the best specimen of woman's handwriting which the writer has found among the papers of the time which these records cover. Probably not half a dozen women in Springfield, in the early years of the town's history, could write their names, and those who attempted to do so were usually inferior to their brothers and husbands in the use of the quill.

As to the standard of penmanship of the period under consideration, the men among the early settlers who had been educated in England usually wrote an excellent hand, and in some in-stances their sons displayed a similar ability. But from that time down, for several generations, there was a retrograde movement in handwriting, as there seems to have been in scholarship. The hardships of pioneer life left little chance for intellectual improvement. With the beginning of the eighteenth century came an elevation of the standard of the common schools, and a corresponding improvement in penmanship. In the records of the latter period many of the peculiar abbreviations which were common in the writings of the seventeenth century were dropped, as well as the archaic forms of letters employed by the earlier penmen, and the handwriting reflects the influence of better edu-cation and the greater impulse of business.

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Signatures.

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Signatures.

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Signatures.

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Signatures.

The Early Buildings of Springfield.

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John Pynchon's House.

Little is known of the prevailing style of architecture in Springfield during the first hundred years. It is probable that many of the first houses had thatched roofs. There was a town order which prohibited the carrying of fire in the street, and every householder was required to keep a ladder - evident precautions against possible fires. John Pynchon in his account books gave various individuals credits for labor in getting thatch. Whatever material entered into the construction of the dwellings there must have been plain simplicity in style and details. The only buildings erected in the first century of which there exist pictures, were John Pynchon's house, which stood where the Fire and Marine Insurance Company's building, known as Fort Block, now stands, and the first Court House, which was built in or not far from 1723. Green's history of Springfield states that the Pynchon house was built in 1661 and the Court House in 1721. The date given of the latter is not correct and that of the former is in doubt. The date of building the Pynchon house was probably taken from a bargain that Pynchon made with Francis Hacklington of Northampton for 50,000 bricks. There are certainly some reasons for believing that this house was not built until a much later date. There was no reason why that or any other house should be fortified until there was anticipated danger from the Indians, and there had been none until the town was burned on October 5, 1675. At a meeting of the Selectmen, June 3, 1678, little more than two years after the town was burned, John Pynchon desired leave "to set up a flanker in the street at the east end of his new house now

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building on the north side of his homelot, the flanker which he desires he may have liberty to set it into the street five feet and ten feet in length." His desires were "granted unto him so long as there may be need of a flanker." The "flanker" was undoubtedly for the purpose of protecting the house from anticipated attacks by the Indians. Pynchon bought and sold bricks for "pavements," - tht is, for the bottoms of brick ovens, and he supplied many with them. Possibly this fact might have had some relation to the bargain with Hacklington for bricks. The record is in the handwriting of Pynchon's nephew, John Holyoke. It is not known that Pynchon built any other house and the location described by John Holyoke corresponds with that of the ancient mansion, which was demolished in 1831, 68 years ago. An amateur "artist" saved its outlines, which have formed the prominent feature of the city seal.

The first mention of building a Court House is found in the Town Records, when on November 20, 1721, at a town meeting it was voted to build a Court House, provided "our neighboring towns, viz: Westfield, Suffield, Enfield and Brookfield be Assisting us. In doing of it, it is now voted that the said Court House shall be forty feet long and thirty feet wide, and seventeen feet stud. It was also voted that Joseph Williston, John Worthington, and Luke Hitchcock, Senior, be a committee to make provision for and effect the building and furnishing the said Court House, and that they have full power to conclude upon and determine the place where the said Court House shall stand."

The next record concerning it is under date of February 9, 1722, when it was "Voted that there be money drawn out of the Town Treasury to be improved toward building the Court House. Voted that there be twenty pounds drawn out of the Town Treasury, if it be there to be had, and that it be delivered to the Committee that were chosen to effect the building our said Court House."

The next movement was at a town meeting held September 10, 1722, when "a Committee was chosen to consider and

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propose some method or way to compose the differences that have, or may arise about the Court House, and to make report to the town." The committee chosen consisted of:

Lieut. Ephraim Colton
Pelatiah Bliss
Increase Sikes
Capt. John Merrick
Lieut. Joseph Cooley
Samuel Day
Deacon Joseph Ely
Ensign John Miller
Ensign James Merrick
Jonathan Worthington.

The meeting then adjourned to October 8, when "the inhabitants assembled together and the Comittee did present their proposals, which followeth: "That some part of the Inward Commons be put under Good Regulation & be Exposed to sale towards the defreighing the charge of building said Court House, viz: that so much be sold on the West side of the Great River asto advance the sum of sixty pounds, and that a Committee be chosen to regulate and manage said matter to as little damage as may be to the inhabitants, & if said sums of thirty pounds and sixty pounds be more than will be needful to finish & compleat said House, that the overplus be paid into the Town Treasury to complete and finish said House, and that a meet person be chosen on the West side of the Great River to joyne with the committee for building and finishing said Court House: the inhabitants aforesaid taking the said proposals of the said Committee be accepted by the Town, and it was voted that Deacon Ebenezer Parsons be one of the Committee for Building and finishing said Court House."

The next recorded movement was the appointment of a "committee, at a Town meeting held December 12, 1723, consisting of Samuel Day, Lieut. Ephraim Colton and Thomas Horton, to examine the accounts of the Committee for building the Court House," and on January 6, 1724 this committee was voted five shillings each for making an examination of the Treasurer's account and the accounts of the committee for building the Court House, and it was voted

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"that the Selectmen do from time to time agree with some person to sweep & keep clean the Court House." This would seem to establish the fact that the building was completed in 1723. It was located on what subsequently became Market Street, and after undergoing one or more removals, finally stood on the south side of Sanford Street and on what was Berlin Street, east of W. S. Collin's livery stable. It was occupied for meetings of the First Parish Society, and by the town as a place for holding town meetings; and later became a wagon and blacksmith shop, and was occupied as such when the photograph which is reproduced in connection with this recapitulation of its history was taken. It disappeared only a few years ago, in the march of improvements in the locality where it last stood.

The Frenchman Who Bequeathed Money To The Poor of Springfield.

Along the Pine Street side of the Springfield Cemetery, among the long line of monuments that were moved many years since from the first cemetery, west of Court Square, is a monumental table resting on stone pillars, which was erected over 170 years ago, 17 years after the death of the benefactor whose name it perpetuates and who died November 26, 1711.

This monument was erected by the town in 1729 as a public recognition of gratitude to a stranger who left a considerable amount of money and property to the town for its poor. At a town meeting held March 12, 1728 is this record: "To consider whether the Town will buy a Tomb Stone for the Frenchman, deceased, who bestowed the money on the poor of the Town and act as they shall think meet on the 7th day of May, 1728." At the subsequent meeting it was "Voted that the Selectmen get a Handsom Tomb Stone, or Grave Stone, and Sett up at the Grave of John Malliford, deceased, being the man that gave money to the Poor of this Town." Upon the monument the name of John Mallefuild appears but the different Town Clerks wrote it "Mallefield," "Massefield," "Malleford," and "Mashfield," according to their own understanding.

Below is the inscription:

Here Lies The Body Of

Mr. John Mallefuild

A French Gentleman

Who passing through this town of Springfield sick and Dying
Bequeathed all his estate to the poor of the Town.

He Died Nov. 26, 1711.

Psalm 41. Blessed is he who considereth the Poor.

Not much is known of his history beyond the brief reference to him in the Town Records. It appears, however, from the records of the Probate Court at Northampton, that he was a trader who came from Boston with his goods, and that he died at the house of Eliakim Cooley, after a sickness of ten days. The monument was brought from Middletown, Conn. At a town meeting held March 10, 1730, it was

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"Voted that there be paid out of the Town Treasury to Henry Rogers and Francis Ball the sum of twenty-five shillings for their service in bringing a Tomb Stone to be set up at Mr. Mallifords grave from Middle Town."

The amount of money, goods and personal effects left to the town was 229 12s 7d. The debt to Major Wallie of Boston was 33 11s 10d, leaving the town 156 19s 5d, or a little more than $803.

Mallefuild or Malleford, whatever was his name, made a statement as to his desire concerning the dispostion of his property. John Sherman the schoolmaster, testified: "Being at the house of Eliakim Cooley, Senr., tending of John Mallefueld, Frenchman, who being sick on his death bed, he being in his right mind, that his will & desire was that all his tenders and those that looked after him should be well satisfied & all charges & debts paid & the remainder he willed to the poor. He died November 26, 1711."

Benjamin Cooley, Jr. testified: "Being with the man above written heard him say that he hoped what estate he had would make satisfaction to those who tended him for he thought they were the nearest unto him."

Daniel Cooley testified to the above writing, he then being present.

At the Probate Court, January 1, 1712, "The above named John Sherman, Daniel Cooley and Benjamin Cooley all appeared and made oath to their respective evidences above written and do add that the deceased had been a resident in the house above said for the space of ten days before making said will, and that it was in the time of said deceased's last sickness and that their testimonies were committed to writing within the space of six days after the making of the said will, which allowed of by the said Court."

The Judge of Probate, Samuel Partridge, appointed John Holyoke, John Miller, Tilly Mirick, Thomas Horton and John Sherman administrators. When the inventory was returned to the Court the Judge ordered the administrtors to

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pay over the net proceeds of the estate to the town of Springfield, and that the town should give a bond to the administrators to refund to them the amount received in case any kindred, heirs to the deceased, should appear and make claim to the estate, which order the town complied with.

The inventory which is appended although of great length, gives an inside view of the nature of the goods used in different households. In it is an early mention of forks. Even in John Pynchon's account books none appear as early as this. Knives, but not forks were used generally until many years after the New England settlements were begun. As a horse, saddle and pillion appear in the inventory it is evident that the deceased was a travelling merchant or trader, and that he was in the habit of going to the different settlements to dispose of his goods. His collection of books, especially "Sighs from Hell," indicate the theological opinions of that period. Capt. John Pynchon, son of Major John, made the copy of the inventory, which is still on file at Northampton, and for which the town of Springfield paid him five shillings. He was an excellent penman and his orthography is fairly correct, but his "Jeuice Harp," has a flavor of some of the early habits in commiting words to writing. The inventory and expense of administratin are as follows:

AN INVENTORY
Of the Estate of John Maillefaud, Frenchman, Deceased November 26, 1711.


s d
Province Bills 09 04 06
Cash 72 00 00
Bullions 04 06 00
Dollars 01 02 06
Pennies & half Pennies 00 06 04
Two peices of Gold valued 01 06 04
12 yards of striped musline at 8s 6d the yard 05 02 00
One peice of Kenting being eight yards 01 07 00
Another peice of Kenting being eight yards 01 07 00
Eight yards of cambrick 02 03 00
Silke alamode: 13 yards & an halfe at seven shillings ye yard 04 14 06
One dozen of Jack Knives: at six pence the knife 00 06 00
One dozen of Raisors at one shilling & 4 pence the raisor 00 16 00
Four Knives & Forks 00 12 00
Two Jack knives: 1 shilling: Two knives & Forks 6 shillings 00 07 00

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Six Pen Knives at 5 pence ye Pen knife 00 02 06
One dozen of Phans at two shillings per phan 01 04 00
Three Jack Knives at 6 pence ye Knife 00 01 06
Ten horn combs at 6 pence the comb 00 05 00
Ten Ivory combs at two shillings the comb 01 00 00
One dozen of ivory combs at one shilling & 8 pence a comb 01 00 00
Eleven thousand & three quarters of pins at two shillings per thousand 01 00 00
Several sorts of great pins valued 00 05 00
Two Pen Knives 10 pence; half a dz of ivory combs at 1s 8d a comb 00 10 10
Nine ivory combs at one shilling & 3 pence a comb 00 11 03
Forty seven thimbles valued at 00 07 10
Twenty pounds & a quarter of flax at six pence the pound 00 07 10
Five Pound of Bees wax at 12 pence the pound 00 07 10
15 yards of silke stuffe at 5s & 6p the yard 04 02 06
Six yards & a half of silke stuff at 5s & 6p ye yd 01 15 00
Two remnants of silke stuffe at 3s ye yard 02 00 06
Five yards of flowered blue callico at 3s & 2d the yard 00 15 10
Four yds of flowered blue callico at 3s & 6d ye yard 00 14 00
Two yds & three quarters of speckled linin at 3s 6d ye yd 00 09 00
A remnant of silk stuff 00 15 00
Seven yards & a quarter of blue speckled callico at 4s 6d ye yard 01 11 01
Ten yds & 3/4 of Garlick Holland, 4s ye yd 02 03 00
Three yards & an half of striped musline at 5s ye yd 00 17 06
Three knives & forks 00 05 00
Five yards of Sliesie Holland at 4s ye yard 01 00 00
Nine yards of Garlick Holland at 4s 6d ye yard 02 00 06
4 yards & three quarters of Musline at 6s the yard 01 08 06
14 yds & three quarters musline at 8s the yard 04 00 09
18 yards & three quarters musline at 5s 6d the yard 07 10 00
a remnant of blue callico 00 04 00
49 Silk Handkerchiefs at 5 shilings a handkerchief 12 05 00
14 silk Handkerchiefs at 4s 6d a piece 03 03 00
Twenty three books at 12 pence a book 01 03 00
Ten ballets & a looking glass valued at 00 02 00
Eight yards & a quarter of ribbin at 3s the yd 01 04 09
Seven yards & a quarter of ribbin at 3s the yd 01 01 09
Nine yards & a half of ribbin at 3s the yard 01 08 06
Eleven yards & a half of ribbin at 3s the yard 01 09 02
Green streeked ribbin - eleven yards & 3/4 at 6d ye yd 10 09 03
13 yds & 3/4 of red ribbin at 2s 6d the yd 01 14 03
Flowered white ribbin nine yds 1s 6d the yard 00 13 06
35 yds & a quarter of narrow red ribbin at 10d the yd 01 09 02
26 yds of red ribbin at 10 pence the yard 01 01 08
5 yards & a quarter of Green ribbin at 2s the yard 00 10 06
One yard & an half of ribbin Prized 00 03 00
Three yards & a quarter of red ribbin 00 01 00
Three yards of orange coloured ribbin 00 02 00


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History of Springfield, Vol. II
Hampden County
ALHN-Massachusetts
Created August 22, 2004
Copyright 2004

Kathy Leigh, Webmaster