History of Springfield, MA
Pages 162 - 190
To 1 M 1/2 of nailes from Deacon Burts account wch he sayes he had for ye Meeting House freezes on the window & so are to be accounted here. 00 02 06 To Deacon Burt for worke putting the freezers over the windowes. 00 02 06 To him 4 dayes: wth Jno Allys about the galleries. 00 06 08 To 7 dayes of Jno Burt helping G. Allys about the pillars. 00 14 00 To 4 dayes Goodman Marshfield. 00 08 00 to Jno Hitchcocke keepng G. Allys horse etc. 00 03 00 43 09 11 See the next page etc. 356 15 01 400 05 00
[III - 115.]
The Town CreditBy a rate of 150£
by rate 1676 200
1678 a rate 050 400£
Out of wch take widow Beamon rates which ye town gave her 13s 6 & 4s 11. 00 18 05 & Goodman Crowfoots rates lost. 01 01 00 & 00 03 02 01 04 02 Timothy Coopers rates lost 00 12 10 & 04 06 00 17 04 02 19 11 Of yn ye Towns Credit is 397 00 01 By Capt. Brattles gift 01 04 00 By Mr. Shimpton's gift besides 20s for lead for the Territt more 01 10 00 399 14 01
£ s d Townes Debt: 400 05 00 Townes Credit: 399 14 01 Rates 000 10 11 400 05 00
Resting due to the comittee for the Meeting House 00 10 14
february 6th, 1682: This account given in to the Towne at the Town Meeting February 6, 1682. Per John Pynchon the Comittee also present, viz: Jonathan Burt.
This account examined by those whose Names are underwritten or here subscribed as chosen by the Town.
& we find the Town Debit 400 05 00 & we find the Town Credite to be 399 14 01 So yr is resting due to the Comittee for the Meeting House 00 10 11
This is a true copy of the account of charges about the New Meeting House, given in by the Worshipful Major Pynchon, Esq., to the Town, errors excepted.
Jno. Holyoke, Recorder by the Order of the Town.
[III - 116.]
At a Town Meeting: August 15, 1683.
Att this meeting Deacon Jonathan Burt was chosen Commissioner to joyne wth the Selectmen to take a list of the Ratable Estate of this Town, both p'sonall & reall, further to attend the shire meeting wth the other Comissioners as the Law directs.
Ephraim Colton was chosen Constable.
At a Town Meeting August 29, 1683.
At this meeting it was voted, concluded & unanimously approved that Mr. John Richards, as he hath begun to teach the Towns children, so that he should goe on in this good & nec-
essary worke & be ye schoolmaster and the Town doth leave it wth the Selectmen to agree wth him about his stipend as also to determine what parents & masters shal allow for the teaching of their children & servants, & that the supply for the makeing of the schoolmasters stipend shal be made by the Towne.
And whereas at a Towne Meeting, August 24, 1681: it was concluded that an east-line from the mouth of Longmeadow Brooke should be the bound between Springfield & Enfield, it was now voted & concluded that Quartermaster George Colton, Samuel Marshfield, Isaac Colton and Nathaneel Blisse should be a comittee to run this dividing line eastward, & that they doe it some time the next November.
At the Generall Meeting February 5th, 1683, since this order of the Towne is not attended it was further voted & agreed that the same Persons & Henry Chapin added to them, should be a Comittee to attend the abovesaid worke, & this some time between this & next April, Samuell Marshfield to give notice to the men of Enfield & to determine the time for the aforesaid worke.
[III - 117.]
Here followes a coppy of the Record of a Countie Court:
September 25: 1683.
Respecting Ensigne Benjamin Cooley his Covenanting and giveing bonds to the Town of Springfield to save the said Town marmles from all damages that may happen to the Country road or highway that leades to the Long Medow belonging to Springfield, that he might lay that low & wet land behind his house dry, he the said Benjamin Cooley did appeare in the said Court for himselfe, his heirs, Executors, Administrators and Assignes firmely to the said Town of Springfield, that he wil secure the said
Town of Springfield harmeless from al damages that may happen to said Country road by reason of said drain: as followes in a coppy of said bond here transcribed:
Know al men by these prsents, that whereas I Benjamin Cooley Sen'r., of Springfield have made a drain through the Country road or highway that leades to the Longmedow belonging to Springfield aforesaid, that so I might lay the swamp & lowlands behind my house dry, & make said land improvable by me & for mee, therefore by these prsents for & in good Considerations me thereunto moveing, I do bind myselfe, my heirs, Executors, Administrators, & Assignes firmely to the said Town of Springfield (that this said drain shal not endanger or any wayes damnify the said Country road &) to secure the said town of Springfield from al damages that may happen to sd Country road, by reason of the drain thus made by me, in Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand this Twentie Sixth day of September, Anno Domini: 1683: Benjamin Cooley, Sen'r.
At the County Court at Springfield September 26th, 1683.
Benjamin Cooley sen'r, above said appeared in Court & subscribed his hand to this writing or bond acknowledging himself bound as is in the prmises expressed. As attests Jno Holyoke Clerke of sd Court.
January 23, 1683. Extracted out of the Records of Hampshire Courts & Compared therewith & is vera copia. Per Jno Holyoke, Clerke.
[III - 118.]
Att the Generall Town Meeting, February 5th, 1683:
At this meeting the Worshipful Major Jno Pynchon, Esq., was chosen Moderator for this Meeting, & for al other meetings for this yeer.
Henry Chapin & Jno Holyoke were chosen a Comittee to examine the Selectmens accounts for the yeere forgoing.
Henry Chapin & Jno Holyoke were chosen a Comittee to examine the Selectmens accounts for the yeere foregoing.
Deacon Jonathan Burt, Henry Chapin, Jno Hitchcock, Samuell
Ball and Jno Holyoke were chosen Selectmen to order (God assisting) the prudential affaires of the Town for the yeer ensuing & to act according to directions page 5th of this booke.
Thomas Mirrick was chosen Constable for this yeer, & sworne.
Samuell Marshfield was chosen Measurer for the Towns Lands this yeer.
John Holyoke was chosen Town Clerke or Recorder for this yeer.
Samuel Blisse Sen'r & Samuel Terry were chosen surveiors to see to the repairing the highwayes for the Towns side.
It was further voted & concluded that the Selectmen should chuse hay wards to the genrall fields belonging to the Town.
It was further voted & concluded that the Selectmen should discourse wth any meet person for the keeping a ferry over the great River, & haveing found such an one to make report thereof to the Town, as also they are to consider the most meet place where it shalbe kept, & signify accordingly.
It was further voted & concluded that the former Comittee chosen August 29, 1683 to run the East line between Springfield & Enfield wth Henry Chapin now added to them should attend the sd affaire, & this to be done some time between this & the following Aprill, and that Samuel Marshfield do give notice hereof to the men of Endfield & that he determine the line for sd worke.
It was further voted & concluded to move the Honored Generall Court by way of Petition to sett the bounds between Springfield & Hadley & between Springfield & Northampton, & that Springfield town's bounds do joyne to both their town bounds, as also to settle our East bounds at the brooke comonly called Stony Brooke at the foot of the mountains east from Springfield. As also yt the same Honored Court would consider our poverty & so difficulty to pay our Country rates in money & therefore set for us a price on our corne for our payment of or both former & present & all other Country rates instead
of Money, & yt the Selectmen do gather ten shillings in money to go along wth this Petition.
It was further voted & concluded that the price of cattle in the list for the making of the Country rates should be the price of cattle for the makeing all ye Townes Rates.
The grants of land at this meeting - see in page 193.
Att this meeting the King's Declaration July 26, 1683, was read.
[III - 119.]
At a Town Meeting March 14, 1683-1684.
Att this meeting it was voted & concluded that if the Constable forbeare to collect the moneys rates til such time as there be a Returne of the Towns Petition to the Generall Court that the Town will beare him harmless from ye Treasurers warrant.
It was voted to take the account of the Towns stocke as it shalbe taken in the Country List & to go by that for the making of all the Towns rates for this yeer.
The Honored Countie Court haveing appointed this Towne to consider & state a place for a Country ferry, & to procure a person to attend it: & make report thereof to the next honored Courte.
The Town did vote & conclude that the place should be at John Dorchesters & he declaring himselfe willing to attend the Ferry provided he may have liberty to sell drink & be freed from Military Trainings & to encourage him the Town did vote & conclude him to have liberty to take nine pence per horse & man of our own inhabitants a time, he the said Jno Dorchester declaring himselfe contented that any of the Inhabitants use any other way or man or meanes to transport over the River.
Further, whereas many persons are careless of giving in a ful account of their cattle for the making the Country rates or making the list for sd rates of our Town have concluded to make all our Townes Rates by the said List: therefore it is now voted and concluded that if any person of our inhabitants be negligent hereof, viz: of giveing in a true & ful account of all their cattle, horse or swine or sheep, & it appeare in the
following part of the year that they had such creatures at the time of taking the Countreys List, that then the said owners of said creatures doe pay ten shillings for such fault or forfeit said beasts whereof one third part shal be to the Informer & the other two thirds to the Towne.
At a Town meeting August 13th, 1684.
Samuel Marshfield was chosen Comissioner to join with the Selectmen in the taking a List of the Townes Estate, both Personal & real, & to communicate the same wth other Commissioners for the worke at the shire meeting, as the law directs.
Samuel Bliss, Junor was chosen Constable for the yeer ensuing.
At a Town Meeting December 23, 1684.
At this meeting the Town did desire & appoint Samuell Marshfield & Deacon Parsons to view the ground below the corne Mill & between the cartway & the foot way over the mill River & to state the highway over the Mill River for the rendering the highway passage there convenient & to free the sd highwaye from inconveniences & any difficultys for thoroughfare for carting or for Cattle.
At this meeting James Barker is voted an Inhabitant of this Towne & Samuell Marshfield doth acknowledge himselfe bound in the sum of twenty pounds to the Town to secure the Town of Charges that may arise to the Town by reason of the said James Barker.
[III - 120.]
Further, at this meeting Edward Allyne was voted an Inhabitant of this Town & Thomas Cooper doth acknowledge himselfe bound in the sum of Twenty pounds to free the Town from charges that may come to the Town by reason of the said Edward Allyne.
Also Thomas Sweetman of Hartford was voted an inhabitant of this Towne.
Further, the Worppl Major Pynchon, Esq., doth resigne up to the Towne any interest in land he may have below the foot bridge that leads from the Townewards over Mill River.
January 22, 1684:
At a Town Meeting being a very full meeting:
Voted at this meeting to Lay out our Townes boundes granted last May by ye Honored Generall Court; especially firstly our most easterly line from North to South and for effecting of it Samuell Marshfield, Rowland Thomas, Jno Hitchcocke, Samuell Terry, Henry Chapin, Josias Leonard & Nathanll Blisse are appointed to attend the worke & layout our whole boundes on both sides of the great River as speedily as the weather will permit: Samuell Marshfield & Rowland Thomas or either of ym to appoint the time & order the attendance of the worke, writeing to Towns concerned as need may be.
It was further voted & concluded that al former grants ofland wthin this Township of Springfield to each & every singular person in this Town have been, were & are to them & their heires forever, it being intentionally, truly & fully & wholely so, in all the first grants & no otherwise in the least intended, whatever deficiency may be in the Records, except where any special reason reserve is, or men prsently deserted the same: therefore it is now unanimously declared that all grants be & were soe at the First, when the grants were made to any man that the lands granted were to him & his heires & assignes forever however any record may be short, & therefore is to be rectifyed as is here declared.
And that a first Record of all grants of Land to every singular Grantee & to his heires & Assignes forever may be made Major Jno Pynchon, Esq., John Holyoke, Deacon Jonathan Burt & Samuell Marshfield are appointed to draw out all mens lands in all & any times past, & mentor ym as aforesaid to them every particular Grantee, his heires & Assignes forever: and however any Grantee whatsoever may delay or neglect his so having his lands recorded as granted to him & his heires & Assignes forever; yet it is hereby declared as abovesaid that every singular grant was to the grantees them or him & his heires & Assignes foever (except as before excepted & shal be & remaine to all & every singular Individual Grantee, his heires & his Assignes forever.
[III - 121.]
Further, upon mention of Samuell Bliss, Jun'r ye present Constable
that men would pay him the money wch is due to the Countrey, or that he is required to gather in ye country Rate, or set him in a way otherwise to receive & gather it, if they cannot pay money & secure him from hazzard in deference to the warrant he hath, it is voted after serious debate concerning the inability of most if not all to pay the money Rate in money to the County Treasurer, that they wil pay the money Rate to the prsent Constable, Samuell Blisse in corne at Country Price wth halfe as much more added to it, & wil secure him harmles in reference to losse or allowance to the Treasurer. He keeping an account of what graine each man payes him, that such particular man may make up the losse in that graine.
It was also voted that we will humbly represent to the honoured Generall Court ye extreame inability of our Inhabitants to pay any Rates in money, & supplicate their favor to remove from us such impossibilityes & henceforth take corne of us as formerly, & that Jno Hitchcocke wth the Selectmen are appointed to draw up a Petition, accordingly to be prsented to the next Generall Court, & to desire the concurrence of the Neighbor Townes of this County therein.
An Exhibition or Declaration was given in & prsented by the Worshipll Major Pynchon, Esq., at this Town Meeting January 22, 1684, touching the disposing of the lands as yet to be disposed of, for which see the next page forward, and the second section.
For as much as the Grant of Lands & addition of bounds.
February 3d, 1684. Att a General Town Meeting:
Inpr: The Worshipll Jno Pynchon, Esq. was chosen Moderator for this meeting & for all other meetings of the Town for this yeer.
Quartermaster Colton, Samuell Marshfield, Samuell Ely were chosen Comittee to examine the accounts of the Selectmen of Last choice.
Quartermaster Colton, Samuell Marshfield, Benjamin Parsons, Jno Dumbleton & Samuell Blisse, Senr. were chosen Selectmen to order the prudentiall affaires for the yeer ensuing according to instructions, page 5th.
Samuel Marshfield was chosen Measurer for lands.
John Holyoke was chosen Town Clerke or Recorder for this yeer.
Obadiah Cooley was chosen Constable & sworne.
David Morgan & Jno Burt were chosen Survrors for the East side of the River, & Thomas Miller for the west side of the River to see to ye repaire of ye Country highwayes.
The Worshipll Major Pynchon, Esq was desired, & voted to be prsent wth the Comittee chosen to lay out the boundes between Springfield & Hadley & the bounds or line between Springfield & Northampton.
[III - 122.]
For the satisfaction & ease of the Town respecting charges it was voted & conluded that the Selectmen shal contract no bargain or engage any sum above Twenty pounds for the Inhabitants to pay by Rate, wthout first advising with & consulting the Town & haveing their approbation concerning the same.
Further, for as much as the additional boundes, or Grant should attend the sd affaire, & this to be done sometime be of lands to this Towne by ye Honored Generall Court May last 1684, was & is to the prsent Inhabitants & Proprietors of Springfield their heires & Assignes forever; many of whom are desirous of & moving for their share in sd lands upon wch wth other considerations induceing; it was at this meeting voted and concluded that the Eastern line or bound of the plantation of Springfield being run & stated from Hadley Town bound on the North to Enfield Town bound on the South; then all the land from the sd Eastern line for four miles westward toward the sd Springfield from both the northerne & southern boundes is hereby granted & agreed to be laid out in proprietyes to each prsent inhabitant & proprietor, his heires & assignes forever his due proportion; & also the Lands on the West side of the great River from John Rileys Brooke northward to Northampton boundes, & to the Westfield boundes westward; also the land from the head of the Brooke beyond Thomas Coopers that runs
into Three mile brooke unto Southfield southward, & unto Westfield westward, be alike dis-tributed to each Inhabitant & proprietor, their heires & assignes forever, & in Special it was voted that three hundred acres at the least be granted to the ministry on the East side the River out of the land hereby first voted to be laid out as aforesaid, & that one hundred & fifty acres be to the schoole out of the same & that the ministry & the schoole have their proportions in the lands on the west side of the great River. As also that our Reverend Teacher Mr. Pelatiah Glover have his Proportions in the Lands hereby agreed to be laid out on both sides the great River. It was further voted & agreed that the lands on the east boundes of the town shal be laid out in three divisions & that the lands on the west side of the great River shal be laid out in two divisions to each man his proportions. It was also voted that these divisions to ech man shal be by casting of lots & that divisions by casting lots, be by as many lots or casting of lots, as there be divisions.
It was further voted that the first lot begin on the northerly part of the land to be divided - also it was further voted that those divisions be by Estates and Poles, & that the Poles be esteemed in the rate at twelve poundes per pole and that all male children under age be valued at ratable poles: viz: £12 per pole. It was further voted & concluded that these lands when divided while comon or unfenced shal be comon or free to all the in-habitants for grasse, herbage & timber, & free from rates til improved & then rated only as improved; & that Jno. Holyoke draw out a list of estates & poles of the inhabitants for the measurer.
Further it was voted & agreed that al the lands not contained wthin the boundes aforementioned both on the east side the great River & on the west side the great River be to, or lye to the prsent inhabitants comon, their heires & assignes forever & not to be granted out at any time but by the joint consent & grant of the major part of the In-habitants in their Town meetings orderly called.
[III - 123.]
At a Town Meeting April 24, 1685.
Whereas the Town did pass a Vote to pay Samuell Bliss Jun'r, Constable the Country money rate in corne at Country price, wth an addition of halfe so much more & accordingly did pay the money rate to sd Constable, that is the major part of the Town did so pay & principally in Indian, wch at prsent is extreme low at the market: it is now voted & concluded that each man do again receive his corne paid upon sd account, & that the town will save harmles said Constable from the Country Treasurer by reason of any warrant from him, & the Constable to appoint to deliver the corne pd as aforesd.
It was further voted & concluded that for the making the Townes Rates for this yeer, the Selectmen do timely order the apprizment of the Townes stocke as formerly.
Further, it was voted that the Selectmen doe send next weeke to John Allice to desire him to come to this Town the following month, to hang the bell for the Towne, as also it was agreed to leave it to him to determine, as he judges best to hang the bell, whether in the Terret or west of the Meeting-house, & to desire of him direction wt timber to get for sd worke.
It was further voted & concluded to invite Mr. Richards the schoolmaster to continue wth us the next yeer to keep schoole & that the Selectmen doe indent wth him, for the salary. It was further agreed that all parents or householders be enjoined to send their children & servants & that all persons from the Round hill to the mill River that doe not send their children that are above five yeers & under nine yeeres, that said persons pay for each child for the space of halfe a yeer after the rate of two pence per weeke.
It was further voted & concluded to allow Obadiah Cooley, Samuell Blisse Jun'r & Nathaneel Blisse three poundes to repaire the Long Meadow bridge in the country road: they speedily attending the said Worke, laying five new sleepers of good sound timber, & planking them wth halfe trees, & pinning them down wth crosse pieces & putting up poles by the sides of said bridge. It was also agreed or determined
that the Countie Court should be desired to determine what Hadley Town should pay as their proportion for the repaire of sd bridge.
It was further voted & granted that Deacon Burt Miles, Morgan Thomas Mirricke Sen'r, Charles Ferrey & John Warner have liberty to the Fishing Places at Agawam River & Chickippi River & to make any reasonable benefite they may or can of the fishing places & that noe body should hinder them herein, nor they to refuse any other persons their joyning with them.
[III - 124.]
The Comittee of Springfield for running the sd Towns bounds their acts for laying out the bounds of the Town of Springfield. Or an account of their several dayes running the lands wth their neighbor townes, and their stateing & agreeing Sprinfields boundes wth their neighbor townes, Ano Domi: 1685.
March 23d 1684-5.
The Comittee appointed by the Town of Springfield for setting our bounds & grant from the honored General Court went out eastward first to take our most easterly bounds at Stoney Brooke to take a convenient place for running a straite line north & south, we quickly found the Brooke there (comonly called Stony Brook) to part & become two brookes or to be two streames & being on the Easterly or Northrly side of it, & finding that part the biggest stream & properly Stony Brooke we followed it a little way up & then finding it to turne away eastward (though our grant by ye Honored Generall Court was from the brooke, yet because it turned unexpectedly & run east) here we came to a stand: and at this place (about forty or fifty rods eastward from where the brooke parts) upon a knap or rising ground by the side of Stony Brooke we pitched our east bounds & to run a strait lyne south & north & up on that knap hill or rising ground by Stony Brooke side then standing a faire Pine Tree we marked it for our lyne & set the surveighors marke "O" on the south side of the tree, & likewise "O" the surveiours marke on the north side of the said pine tree.
And from thence turning the line directly north, from the said Pine Tree about ten rods further north, we marked another pine tree "O" and "O". South & north we marked another Pine tree O and O. South & North wch stood in the line; about thirty or forty rods further north we marked a third tree wth O and O, where we prsently came to Cross the Bay Path or road that leads toward the Bay: and by the Bay Path a little from it stood two pine trees in our lyne, one on the south side of ye path & the other on the north side of the Path, which we marked O & O, south and north & set S P for Springfield on the west and South side of that tree wch stands next the path so passing on in our lyne north a little further towards a brooke on the top of the hill going down into the bottoms & towards the brooke, a smal white oak stands in the line marked O. O. south & north. Over the brooke north going up the the hill a pine O. O. & two or three pine trees more in the line being marked, O. O. south & north, and another white oake marked on the east side O. Then going on a pine tree in the line marked O. O. south & north: Then a pine O. O. another pine O. O. & a small pine tree wthin a few foot of it marked. Further on, a pine tree in the line O. O. south & north: Then a blacke oake O. O., a pine O. O., another pine O. O. A small burnt chestnut tree O. O. A pine O. O. A Pine O. O. A Pine O. O. A pine O. O. a small Pine O. O. then a red oake O. O. and another red oake O. O. A chestnut tree O. O. A nave wood tree O.O.in a swamp or run of water then an old dead pine a litter marked. Then on a pine O. O. within six rod further north in the line a pine O. O. then two Pines O. O. Two or three rods of one another. Then a great Pine O. O. a black oake O. O. a pine O. O. a pine O. O.
Here we come to Chickuppy River where a pine tree in the line on the River bank is marked S. P. And upon the River banke because we could [III - 125.] not goe over the River we marked two or three pine trees on the north side of them, to be seene on the other side of the River when we should come there to carry
on the line further north toward Hadley. And so we returned back to the Bay Path & to the first Pine tree upon the knap or hill by Stony Brooke side where we first began in the morning: & then going South over Stony Brooke (being over the first branch of it wch turnes of eastward) up the hill from ye Brooke on the top of the Hill a pine tree in the lyne we marked O. O. north & south: & also set S. P. on it; still going on in the lyne south upon the ridge in the line is another Pine Tree O. O. further on south is another pine tree marked O. O. again a pine O. O. Then coming to a pool, hollow or shore full of small pine trees the line passing through it on the south side of it is a Pine tree marked O. O. north & south: further on south in the line, going up the hill a pine marked O. O. north & south, where it being neer night, we left of for this day, & returned home: from Chickuppy River to this place we measured it by the lyne we carryed & it is full three miles south from Chickuppy River on the North and something better, the three miles being out, before we marked the last tree when night came on.
April 6, 1685.
The comittee for running the bounds went againe upon the same worke when we divided our company, intending that some should carry on the former line south to Enfield bounds & the rest to run the line betweene Springfield & Enfield & so to meete but the night coming we could not attaine it - when Samuell Marshfield, Rowland Thomas, Samuell Terrey & Joseph Stebbins in Jno Hitchcocks roome (place) went out to our east bounds to take the line at the Pine trees last named to be marked O. O. north & south, goeing up the hill & they now continued to run on straite in the line, marking all the trees in the line wth the surveiors marke, "O" north & O south & so besides the three miles former line run, they this day run only three miles & a halfe, ye last tree marked being a pine tree (upon the top of a hill) wth O. O.
north & south: but the day ending went not far enough towards Enfield: & the same day the other part of sd Comittee viz: Jno Pynchon, Esq & Nathanll Bliss went to our long medow bridge to meet wth Enfield men, where we met with ym, viz: Isaac Morgan, Jonathan Bush, Robert Pease, Benjamin Parsons & Samuel Terrey Jun'r. and agreed upon a faire white oake neer the great river to be marked for bounds or line between Springfield & Enfield wch white oake is about forty five rods or more south from the Long medow bridge. The white oake stands on the east side of the cartway by the great River upon the banke or hill side wch is on the east of the cartway or roade there on the tope of that hill or banke.
The white oake stands for the bounds & line as agreed on, wch we have marked wth S. P. on the north side for Springfield & with E on the south side for Enfield. That side next the great River is also marked wth S P on it, & also E, the east side of the tree wth the surveiors marke O. O. And so going on east about thirty two rods further another white oake in the line wch is a little doted is marked S P north & E south & O. O. west: Then on East in the line [III - 125.] a black oake is marked O. O. west & east: Then two or three trees marked O. O. west & east, were a little mist by something varying of the line a little to the Northward, which, when discerned, we rectfyed at a white oake about ten score rod or more from the great River, this white oake in the line is marked S. P. north & E on the south, & O. O. west & east: about sixteen rod on further east in the line, a small walnut tree is marked, S. P. on the North & E on the South wth O. O. ye Surveiors West & East about thirty rods on further, a white oake marked O. O. further on a faire pine tree in the line is marked O. O. S. P. E. mile one: Here the mile being out wch we were to goe forty rod below the Long Medow brooke, we turned forty rod north, a little varying to the East, To a pine tree, wch not being exact at the Corner, or just in the line, we marked only wth an axe wthout any letters
Here we al agreed the mile from the great River to be, though we found no stone, nor had any spade to make a trench. About eight rod east, a pine tree just in the line we all agreed & maarked it S. P. North E. South, O. O. West & East: further on directly east about sixty rods a red oake in the line is marked S. P. & E. also O. O. West & east: Then on in the line is another dry pine marked O. O. West & East: againe a pine tree O. O. a black oake O. O. another balck oake O. O. a small blacke oak O. O. Then a pine tree marked O. O. West & Est wth S. P. North & E South & M. 2. Set upon it: This being two miles from ye great River.
From hence going on East, a pine tree is marked west & East wth O. O. Then a black oak O. O. another black Oake O. O. Another black oake O. O. A pine tree O. O. Another pine O. O. The come we to a red oake, wch is three miles from the great River. This red oake is marked S. P. on the North, E on the south, & O. O. west & east wth M. 3 for three miles -then on the brow of a dingle, or branch of Freshwater Brooke is a black oake in the line, upon the brow over the brooke, marked O. O. west & east, then two or three white oakes in the line are marked O. O. west & east, here is a medow belonging to Sam Blisse the line runs through it: Over the medow is a pine tree marked O. O. a little further another pine tree O. O. Againe a pine tree O. O. another pine O. O. A swamp black Oake O. O., by a swamp edge: And a little further about [ ] rod in the swamp a walnut tree is four miles & is marked S P E O O west & east wth M.4. A little further east is a red Oake O. O. & not far from it, a great white oake going out of the swamp O. O. A little further up the Hill, another white oake O. O. Then several trees in the line oakes & pines, marked West & East O. O. to a pine tree over a swamp & by a spruce swamp wch is five miles, when a pine tree is marked S. P. on the North, E on the south side, O. O. west & east & for miles M. 5. Then going on 6 or seven pine trees in the line are marked O. O.
til in halfe a mile going, when we crossed Whachuet brooke at halfe a mile from the five mile tree: over that brooke (where is some medow) is a Pine Tree wth crooked forkes marked O. O. Then several pine trees marked O. O. which stand prettee thick in a bushy way for the other halfe miles at the end whereof a pine is marked S. P. north, E South, & O. O. West & East wth 6 miles on it viz: M. 6. Going on a white oake in the line is marked O. O. West & East; & several pines in the line are marked O. O. West & East; & several pines in the line are marked O. West & O East, neere halfe a mile to the Crossing Scantuck River; over Scantuck about twenty rod, a Red oake marked O West & O. East.
Then a small white oake O. O. Then several pine trees O. O. to a swamp neer [III - 127.] about eight score rods from Scantuck: Several Pine trees marked S P on the north side for Springfield, E south for Enfield & here is Seven Miles. When out of the swamp onward east, on a knap is a pine marked in the line O. West & O. East. Then on the East several trees, Red Oake, white oake & Walnut & many pines, chestnut marked O. O., a red oake O. O. & on to a Chestnut tree wch is three trees in one, or from one roote, marked all three chestnut trees S. P. E. O. West & O East wch is eight miles & M.8. Going up the mountaine on further, a black oake is marked O. O. a little chestnut tree & other trees onward to a white oake on the Point of a hill, where is a great valley & then on a high hill is on the North: the white oake hath S. P. on ye North. E on the South & is thirty lines wch is six score rods beyond the eight mile tree: Here night comeing on we gave out, & marked on it besides the other markes line, thirty & so left worke. Comittee of Springfield, Present:
Jno Pynchon, Esq.
Samuell Terry Sen'r.
November 2: 1685.
John Pynchon Esq & Nathaneel Blisse met with Isaac Morgan, Robert Pease, Jonathan Bush, & Samuel Terry of Enfield to finish ye worke of running the line between Springfield & Enfield wch was not finished last April.
And beginning at the white oake, where we formerly left, we measured on, going directly East to a midling chestnutt down the hill in ye bottom, marked with the surveiors marks O. West & O. East. Going on East is a samll walnut, O. West & O. East: then a maple O. O. on further is a forked chestnut wch is nine miles & is marked on both forkes O. O. West & East: S. P. on the north side for Springfield & E. on the south side for Enfield wth M. 9 for nine miles: a smal little chestnut also growing out of it: Going on further east, several trees in the line are marked, O. West & O East, in dingles, hollowes, over brookes and mountains, to a black oake on top of the hil or further mountain, wch is ten miles. The end of Enfield line wch blacke oake is marked S. P. on the north side, E on the South side & O. West & M. 10 for ten miles.
Here we stayed for our men tht were sent out east to run our easternmost bounds from Stony Brooke south, who came up to us, wth running that line south, much about where the ten miles end, about thirty rod or neer forty rod further east, & thee is marked a small middling white oake wch is our corner boundes. This second of November, 1685, the men of Springfield that run our easternmost boundes on the south towards Enfield were: Samuell Marshfield, Rowland Thomas, Henry Chapin, Samuell Terry, Josiah Leonard - who met with us as aforesaid.
[III - 128.]
April 14th 1685.
The Comittee appointed to meet wth Hadley men for the running of the line between Hadley Town & the Town of Springfield; when went John Pynchon Esq., Samuell Marshfield, Henry Chapin, Rowland Thomas, Samuell Terry & John Hitchcock and on meeting wth Hadley men,
as we could not agree, but only to measure over ye first five miles (they not being fully impowered & we sent Rowland Thomas & Samuell Terry wth them to measure that wch they did & returned next day. We also appointed a meeting on the 17th of April, 1685. When came of Hadley Peter Tilton, Esq. Capt Aaron Cooke, Mr. Samuell Partrigg, Ens. Timothy Nash, Nehemiah Dickinson & of Springfield came: John Pynchon, Esq., Samuell Marshfield, David Morgan, Henry Chapin (Samuel Terry, John Hitchcock & Rowland Thomas & Obadiah Cooley going out eastward to bring the line to meet). And then we agreed our bounds about a quarter of a mile or little more on the lower side Markham's Buttery, at a black oak standing upon a little round hill or knap about four or five rods eastward of the cartway or roade which tree we marked S. P. on the south side of it for Springfield, & HD on the north side for Hadley & O. O. west and east. Here we all agreed to state the line between Springfield & Hadley. Having stated we came to the great river & marked trees in the line till we came almost to the great river (trees being wanting in the line at the River) but about forty or fifty rod from the river, by a run of water & a narrow boggy medow on the brooke, upon a brow or point of an hill, a white oake standing in the line, we marked S. P. on the South side HD North & O. O. West & East: on eastward a Walnut tree, O. West & O. East & so on in the line, several trees were marked O. O. That is O on the west side & O on the east of them, til we came to the black oake first agreed & stated for the bound tree between us: This Bound tree, or black oake wth S. P. HD being about three quarters of a mile eastward from the Great River: from which blacke oake on the knap & the bounds meete the cartway, we run on East marking trees in the range or line, setting O. O. on ym west & east for four miles east from the stated bound tree or black oake, by the road, & from this tree four miles East, each miles end is marked. M. 1 & So M.2, M. 3, & M.4, upon the trees & S.P. as also HD. Where at the four miles end, a faire pine tree is marked S.P. on the South,
HD on the north & O. West & O. East also on the East side of it is Set S.P. because Springfield line is to run further. Also an heape of stones is at this miles ending. And Rowland Thomas, Samuell Terrey Sen'r, Jno Hitchcocke & Obadiah Cooley who went out Eastward to take the line from Chickuppi River & to Carry on North, toward Hadley & the dividing line between Hadley & us: They began where we left off the first day, viz: at Chickuppi river & took the trees in the line & marked them. O. South & O. North, going three miles and one halfe directly North, haveing much swampy land, reacht not to the extent of our boundes, where they left off: marking a pine tree O. South & O. North, wch is close by or entering upon a swamp; but the last tree marked is upon a little rising ground & so they returned, leaving the rest till hereafter.
[III - 129.]
April 23d, 1685.
We, viz: John Pynchon, Esq., Samuell Marshfield, Rowland Thomas, & Serjt. Samuell Terry met with Northampton men about running the line or laying out the bounds betwixt them & us, but then we came not to an agreement & therefore appointing another meeting April 28, 1685, accordingly we did meet, viz: Jno Pynchon, Esq.,, Samuell Marshfield, Rowland Thomas, Samuell Terry of Springfield & of Northampton, Medad Pumrey, John King, David Burt, Jonathan Hunt & (after some debates) and agreed they not being willing for the place we were at the first day, nor that it should be stated as Stoney Brooke, wch we insisted on, we therefore yielded to yr coming lower, where at a pine tree neer about the upper great Falls we all agreed at yt Pine Tree, wch is about forty Rod from the great River, on wch Pine Tree being fairly marked we set S.P. on the south side of it & the Surveiors marke O. on the West side & O. on the East side of the tree; wch A for Accord Tree. And from this tree east toward the great river, a white oake standing in the line, we marked it wth the surveiors marke O. West & O. East & so
it runs to the great River, against a spruce tree, Northampton being to have liberty of a cartway or highway through our land to the Landing Place below the Falls. [III - 130.] Also we agreed they should have Liberty wth us for fishing by our right. And upon this we agreed, that from this pine tree called Accord Tree, the line should run between & North-hampton by our compasse as it now leads us West, wthout allowance. And for the variation at our Two miles & one halfe end or three miles end to allow them eight score rods to the South wch we are to run wth them, where they are to take yr line to run off West to the end of their bounds. This promised & agreed, we running on west by our compasse as aforesd; about fifty rod west from sd state pine tree yr is a small walnut tree in the line, wch we marked wth the surveiors marke O. East & O. West: Then further west a decayed white oake in the lineis marked P.O. Then a red oake O. O. & a pine O. O., a black oake O. O., a small Walnut tree O. O. between wch is one mile. Then another small walnut in the line is marked O. O. A spruce tree O. O. wch is upon the top of the hill or mount. A black oake in the bottom O.O. over the gutter or swamp a white oake O. O., a pine O. O. Another pine O. O. a middling crooked pine O. O., a small backe oake marked Miles 2. alsoe SP & NH set on it. then on a white oake O. O. upon the side of the hill a small chestnut tree marked only wth a knife, because the hatched was away. Then a chestnut tree by Northampton cartway, wch goes up the mountain, a pine marked only O. on the south side as beig a little out of the line, a little further a pine tree O. O. Further west a pine O. O. & SP & NH. Further on a pine tree on the Point of the hill marked O. O. East & West, & SP wth NH. South & North; & so downe to the brooke, where Springfield two miles & one halfe now run ends. Here turning south eight score rods for Northampton as was agreed for the variation of the compasse: We marked trees in this south line, til we came at ye halfe miles end to a faire white oake wch we
marked & set NH on the north for Northampton & S.P. South & so we turned their line West wch we left to ym to run & soe we parted lovingly.
Agreed in running the line or setting the bounds between Springfield & Northampton, that Springfield line wch is run west, but two miles & a halfe at present from ye great River, (& then turns to the South halfe a mile, being judged then to paralel or meet wth our Westfield bound tree,) that in case to paralel or meet wth our Westfield bound tree. That in case or if it be not there run far enough west to meet wth or paralel our Westfield line then we are to run further west wth Northampton. If Springfield have alreadie run too far, & beyond their paralel wth Westfield they are to abate it to a paralel line, from the Bound tree between Springfield & Westfield.
The agreement above written with Northampton in setting the bounds or running ye line West between ym & Springfield on the 28th day of April 1685, being that in case the two miles & halfe then in April last run West from the great River were not far enough West to paralel or suite wth a direct south & north line from the [III - 131.] ancient bound Pine Tree between Springfield & Westfield, where an heap of stones ws laid by agreement of Springfield; that then Springfield line before it turned from North & South, should run out further west, so as to paralel or run straight with that bound tree agreed on between them & Westfield, wch Springfield men were to try, & run accordingly.
In order whereunto Springfield appointed most of those persons who were of the Committee, viz: John Pynchon, Esq, Samuell Marshfield, Samuell Terry, Josias Leonard & Thomas Miller, who attended said worke on the 11th day of November 1685: & that they might do it right went to our bounds agreed wth Westfield, & comeing to said Pine Tree & heape of stones wch Pine tree had W. on the west side of it for Westfield & S.P. for Springfield, on the east side of it & we set on it the surveiors marke, O. South & O. North & so run on directly North further to a Pine tree in the line, about 40 or 45 rods on wch we set the surveiors marke O. O. South
& North & S.P. on the east side of it. Going on further North we marked a black oake in the lyne, O. South & O. North. Then a white oake in the lyne, O. O. south & north: Then a pine tree O. O. on the ledge or top of the mountain or edge of it [III - 132.] a little further the line runs down the mountaine on the West side of it, but because of steepness there, we were forced to goe further before we could get downe ye mountain to the line, where we marked an ash tree in a swamp at the foot of the mountain, a little westerly of the mountaine wch tree (being about or something above a mile from the first pine tree at the heape os stones) we marked O. O. South & North, a little further on north is a Pine Tree marked O. O. South & North & S.P. on the east side of it; still on north we marked trees in the lyne, O. O. to a pine tree about two miles, on wch we set O. O. South & North & S.P. East. On directly north we went marking trees (mostly or all) pine trees, Viz: such as were in the line or range to a pine tree as we guesse about three miles, wch tree we marked O. O. South & North, & set S.P. on the east side of it. Then going on still directly North, we marked treesin the line O on the South side & O. on the North side, & on some trees set S. P. on the east side of them. And going over white Loafe brooke & apprehending we were comeneere (our bound yt is) to the end of our bounds; some of us went to the tree we left at in the spring, to direct us, when we came to ye end of our bounds, wch carryed us to crosse Northampton road to Westfield, & going over that road we marked a pine tree in the line O.O. South & North & set S.P. on the east of it; a little further north is the end of our bounds where we marked a blacke oake in the line wth S.P. on the South side & S.P. on the East side and set NH for Northampton on the north side of it. This being our corner tree & about four miles north from Westfield bounds. Here we turned our line, & from this black oake tree, at our outmost west corner we left at in the spring, marking of the trees in the line, O. West &
O. East. & set S.P. on the South side of some of ym & so having finished our worke, came home November 11th 1685.
This being done according to our agreement wth Northampton men in the Spring, when we should have run out three miles: but leaving it to tryal & we now haveing done it, we sent them an account of it as above, under th hands of three of ye Comittee.
Recorded this Laying out of the bounds between Springfield & Northampton this 28th of November, 1685. Per John Holyoke, Recorder.
[III - 133.]
At a Town meeting August 26, 1685.
At this meeting the Worshipll Jno Pynchon Esq was made choice of to be Commissioner for this towne to joine wth the Selectmen in the taking a List of the Townes estate both personal & real & to communicate the same wth the rest of the Comissioners of this Countie for the like worke at the Shire meeting as the law directs.
And Nathaneel Blisse was chosen Constable for the yeer ensuinge.
October 21, 1685.
At a Town meeting, warned to consider about the purchasing of Edward Stebbins his house for a school house etc.
It was voted & agreed that the Selectmen should treate wth Edward Stebbins & with Samuell Ball upon whose land the said house of Edward Stebbins standeth, for the purchasing of the said house & the land whereon it is & to know at what termes the said house may be purchased at & to make a report thereof to the Town.
It was further voted & agreed to give widow Barnard her school-masters rate that is in Constable Obadiah Cooley's hand to gather viz: 5s 6d or there abouts & that the Town will make good so much in said rate some other way.
November 27, 1685.
At a Town Meeting to consider & issue about the purchasing of the house that Edward Stebbins built upon the ground he had of his Brother Samuell Ball, wch house sd Stebbins sold to sd Samuell Ball.
It was voted & agreed at this meeting to purchase the sd house Edward built, viz: to purchase it of Samuel Ball for a school house, & to be kept for that use & to give to Samuell Ball twenty & five poundes for the sd house & for the land wch is the prsent way into sd house as now it is, fifteen poundes of this sum to be paid to sd Ball this yeer; & the other ten poundes to be pd him the next yeer, & the Selectmen are to issue wth Samuell Ball about the prmises & to draw up the Deed for the land & the house.
April 23d, 1685.
Voted further that the Selectmen doe let out or hire to Samuell Ball the Townes land at the reer of his homelot, he sd Samuell Ball engaging to surrender it againe to the Towne for any need they may have of sd land when they shal demand it of him.
[III - 134.]
At a General Town Meeting February 2, 1685.
Att this meeting the Worshipll Major John Pynchon, Esq was chosen Moderator for all the Town Meetings of this yeer.
And Japhet Chapin, John Hitchcocke, Samuel Ball, Thomas Stebbins & Jno Holyoke were chosen Selectmen for the yeer ensuing to act in Town affaires according to instruction p. 5th of this booke.
And Jno Hitchcocke & Samuel Ely were chosen a Comittee to examine the accounts of the preceding Selectmen.
Samuell Marshfield & Thomas Stebbins were chosen Measurers for the Townes lands.
James Warriner was chosen Constable for the yeer ensuing.
Jno Holyoke was chosen clerke or Recorder for the yeer ensuing.
Luke Hitchcocke was chosen sealer of the Towns leather.
Nathaneel Pritchard, Joseph Stebbins & Edward Foster
were chosen surveiors for the highwayes for the yeer ensuing.
Hay wards for the comon fields were chosen, viz: Samuell Miller for Chickuppi field west side of the great River: Henry Rogers, Jno Mirricke & Symon Gowin for the field over the River agt the Town: Symon Gowin being especially for the south side of Agawam: Thomas Lamb for the plainfield: Charles Ferrey Jun'r for the homelots & Henry Gilbert for Longmedow.
At this meeting it was voted & concluded that Samuell Blisse Jun'r (the Constable for the gathering the country rate Anno 1684) should set his hand to the countrey Treasurers bill for the money rate put into his hand to gather & that ye Town will save him harmless from the Country Treasurer upon his signing sd bill also that ye Town wil pay said money rate in Corne as they pay Nath Bliss, viz: wth abatement of a third of the country price, & that such as pay sd rate in money shal be free from this vote, also that the town wil transport the corne doe not satisfy the Treasurers sum, he said Constable being to repay to the town, yt is to said persons as make the corne payment of ye money rate, in case they overdoe the sd Treasurers sum.
It was further voted & concluded because the method of this meeting is such that Selectmen are chosen before the Constable be chosen, that therefore or notwithstanding the former Selectmen have ful power to comit in the Constables hands when he is chosen the rates of this yeer even as if still they were in place.
It was further voted & agreed to encourage the Constables in their service that ye Heads & Estate of the Constables shalbe free from paying in an ordinary town rate.
It was further voted & agreed that Thomas Day should be allowed payment for what portion of fence he did for the Town & belonged to the Town to doe, in the old Training field.
It was voted & concluded that noe man should be allowed to entertain any Indian to improve any land any manner of wayes wthout the townes leave.
At a town meeting August 25, 1686.
At this meeting Nathaneel Burt was chosen Constable.
At a Generall Town Meeting February 1, 1686.
Att this Meeting the worshipful Major Jno Pynchon Esq was chosen Moderator for all the Town meetings of this yeer.
Deacon Jonathan Burt & Deacon Benjamin Parsons , Henry Chapin, Jno Dumbleton & Luke Hitchcocke were chosen Selectmen for the yeer ensuing to act in Town affaires according to instructions p. 5th of this booke.
Samuell Marhsfield & Jonathan Burt are chosen the Comittee to examine the accounts of the Selectmen last in place & newly gone out.
John Holyoke is chosen Recorder or the Town Clerk.
James Dorchester is chosen Constable & tooke the oath of the office.
Samuel Marshfield & Thomas Stebbins are chosen Measurers for the townes lands granted & to be granted.
Samuell Ely & Thomas Lamb are chosen surveiors for the highwayes of the country & County on the east side the great River, & Edward Foster for the sd highwayes on the west side the great river.
The hay wards to the comon field are chosen, viz: Symon Gowin for the General field west side of the great River, that part of it south of Agawwam & Henry Rogers for the North side of Agawam River & Samuell Jones for Chickuppi field. & Thomas Day Jun'r for the plaine field & Charles Ferrey Junior for the homelots & Henry Gilber for Longmedow.
Thomas Day Sen'r was chosen Sealer for the Towns leather.
Benjamin Knowlton propounding to cleare the causeway in the middle of the Town towards the bay of water wch usually flowes it & annoyes it this next yeer. In case Jno Mirricke wth himselfe be freed from the surveiors calling them to country highwayes; it was voted that Benjamin Knowlton & John
Mirricke should be freed from highway worke this yeer comeing & so they are to secure that causeway from all annoyances.
It was also voted to admit Thomas Dewey Sen'r of Westfield as an Inhabitant in this Towne: as also to give him an equal interest wth our owne inhabitants in the Townes Lands to be layed out in proprieties on the South side of Agawam River: as also that his interest be layed out Southward of Agawam & under the mountain toward Westfield, provided he wthin four yeeres do build an house of twenty six foot long & a barne thirty foot long.
It was further voted & agreed that Henry Chapin, Rowland Thomas, Charles Ferrey & Obadiah Cooley shal have the liberty & priviledge of Chickuppi River as far as Schonunganuck falls or bar for making & erecting of wares (weares) for catching of fish, they supplying such of the Towne wth fish as desire it on reasonable terms: This priviledge & liberty is granted to them & to such as they shal take in wth them, for five yeers wth out molestation from others. And at the five yeers end, if they desire a further grant, it is to be continued to them upon meet allowance before any others. And at the five yeers end, if they desire a further Grant, it is to be continued to them upon meet allowance before any others: and the spring & summer comeing, they are to enter upon & goe on wth this designe, as the season will allow or otherwise, this grant to them is void. And for other rivers or places [III - 136.] for fishing wthin this Township, it is left to the Selectmen to grant special liberty & priviledge to such of the Inhabitants as may appear to attend to worke of Fishing according as the Selectmen shall see meet.
Further it was voted & agreed that the running or carrying on the Line for the bounds of this Town on the East side the great River from Hadley bounds to Enfield in order to find the quantity of land or number of acres in that four miles on our most easterlie land, that is to be laid out or divided in three divisions be done at the Towns Charges: and that ye carrying on of the line on the west side ye great River for the finding the number of acres of land both in that toward Northampton above Chickuppi field & that tract
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