History of Springfield, MA
Pages 46 - 75
as fast as circumstances would admit. John Pynchon sent both of his sons, Joseph and John to Mr. Corlett in Cambridge. Joseph was sent there when he was only nine years old, and John a little later when he was about the same age. The following from the Pynchon account books shows the price of board and of instruction and how the payments were made:
Aprill ye 11th, 1654.
I left my son Joseph at board with Goodman Beale of Cambridge whom I am to allow for his tabling £10 per annum.
£ s p Aprill 17th, 1654 - Paid Goodman Beale in monny Aprill 31, 1654 - 2 10 00 Paid him in monny 1 00 00 October, 1654 - Sent him from Mr. Peck in New Haven 2 firkins of butter weighed neat 57 lbs a peice 2 17 00 Ye 2 firkins 0 03 06 Pd in cloth by Brother Davis 2 10 00 Pd by my brother Davis in monny 1 00 00 In all for a years tabling 10 00 00 31th of August 1655, Pd Goodman Beale 6 yds of fine Searge at 6s 8d per yd. 02 00 00 Pd monny 20 shillings more in monny 2 00 00 In Wampum 2 00 00 Aprill 11th, 1654. Joseph Pynchon went to school wth Mr. Corlett Aprill 17th 1654. Pd Mr. Corlet towards Josephs schooling in money 0 10 00 By my Brother Davis 1 00 00 Mor by my brother Davis 1 00 00 Pd by 20 bushels of Wheate 4 10 00
£4 of it goes to Josephs 2 years schooling to May 1656 & so thereis £3 onward to Joseph and Johns next year.
The closing year of the first century shows the progress that was made in educating children. The entire amount raised for all town charges was not far from £200 out of which in 1735, there was appropriated £147 for support of the schools, about three-fourths of thw whole amount raised.
Early Mentioned Localities.
Chicopee, Willimansett, Skipmuck, Schonunganuck Falls, Paucatuck, Aschanunsuck, Pecowsick, Watchuet, Messacsick, Pequit, and some others not well defined localities, are all Indian names. The spelling of these names as written in the records is not always alike.
Other names, some of which are still familiar, were originated within a comparatively short period after the first settlement.
Sixteen acres was evidently so named from the amount of meadow in one piece. It appears quite early in the records. The valuation list of 1685 mentions various localities as given below:Achanunsuck. - North side of Agawam River.
Bark Hall. - In Longmeadow.
Block Bridge. - Over Block Brook, about a mile west of Mitteneague.
Chicopee Field. - Sometimes applied to the locality now known as Chicopee Street.
Chicopee Plain. - In West Springfield, opposite Chicopee. This has in some instances been mentioned as Chicopee Field.
Cold Spring. - In West Springfield, north of the present location of the Boston and Albany Railroad shops.
Cranberry Pond. - Not well defined.
Crooked Point. - North end of the field that was formerly known as the Cow Pasture, north of Brightwood.
End Brook. - North of Hampden Park, running into the Connecticut.
Garden Brook. - Running into End Brook. Not early named.
Higher Brook. - About a mile and a half east of Skipmuck and a half mile east of the present village of Chicopee Falls.
Hogpen Dingle. - From St. James Avenue, near its junction with the Morgan road, westerly across Liberty Street, then northwest.
Morgan Road. - westerly across Liberty Street, then northwest.
House Meadow. - The meadow south of Agawam River, where it used to run into the "Great River." The first house was built there about 1636.
Grape Swamp. - In Longmeadow.
Nonesuch. - West side of the "Great River."
Old Brick Kilns.
Paucatuck. - West of Block Brook. Paucatuck Brook runs through Bear Hole Valley.
Pikle. - a dingle near the "X" and near the present Forest Park.
Saw Mill Brook.
Schonunganuck. - The falls at Chicopee Falls.
Skipmuck. - About one mile east of the present village of Chicopee Falls.
The Lower Neck.
The Neck. - North of the lower mouth of Agawam River.
Two Brooks. - West of the "Great River," south of Chicopee Plain.
Two Mile Gutter.
Three Corner Meadow. - Hampden Park.
Three Mile Brook.
The Ponds toward Hadley. - Slabbery Pond and Slipe Pond, the latter partly in what was Hadley and partly in Chicopee.
Upper Falls. - Now Holyoke.
Watchuet. - Watchuet Hill, by "Pacowseke."
Wheel Meadow. - In Longmeadow.
World's End. - Near Mill River.
To the preceding should be added Watchoge, in the vicinity of the Watershops. Watchuset was not far from the same locality. Pequit Path is also frequently mentioned. This name probably came from an Indian trail to the settlement of the Pequot Indians. Squawtree Dingle is the ravine that begins near the intersection of St. James Avenue with State Street, and extends northerly towards the Boston and Albany railroad. It is crossed by Worthington Street.
Bills of Credit.
When wampum failed to be a circulating medium of exchange, Indian corn, wheat and other grains, took its place. Then as the settlements multiplied those products of the farm were too great to maintain a uniform price. Following these conditions the General Court authorized Bills of Credit. These were issued to the various towns, to be placed on real estate loans at five per cent interest. These served for a time to facilitate business transactions. Springfield had its share, the town retaining one per cent for transacting the business, making the loans and collecting the interest. Frequent mention of Bills of Credit will be found towards the close of the official transactions in this volume.
Sale of Ministry Lands.
So far as has been ascertained some portions of the ministry lands, first granted to Rev. George Moxon, remained unchanged in title for a longer period than any other grant. The lot near the present Vernon Street, which was given to Mr. Moxon, and on his departure purchased by the town, "to remain for the use of the ministry forever," was occupied by the different ministers of the First Parish till 1806, when it was sold under an act of the General Court. Rev. Samuel Osgood was the first minister of the First Parish, to live in another locality. At Northampton the meadow lands granted to the town for the use of the ministry still remain in the possession of the First Parish of that town, and that is probably the only piece of this part of the State that has an unbroken title.
RECORDS OF THE TOWN OF SPRINGFIELD.
In the handwriting of Elizur Holyoke.
Springfield December ye 30th Anno Dm 1664.
Att a Meeting of ye Inhabitants of Springfield, being a Legall Towne Meeting by warning from the Selectmen.
It was voted, concluded and ordered, seeing the booke that from the foundation of this Plantation hath been the Towne booke, is filled with Writings and thee beeing necessity of another booke for entering the Acts of the Town, That therefore this Book shallbe the Towne Booke for entering of such things as are of publique concernment to this Township, viz: Orders for regulating the Townes affaires, as also grannts of lands or any other acts of the Towne:
In Order whereunto the Town did note & determine that All the Orders in ye old Booke shalbe publiquely read & examined: and such former Orders which are of a generall nature & which shall now be judged Suitable, convenient, & necessary to stand in force shalbe transcribed in this New Booke: Which worke of examining former Orders, The Towne accordingly proceeded in; And doe confirme & establish the Orders here following, wch are to be duely observed by this Towne of Springfield.
Impr: It is unanimously resolved, agreed & by a joynt vote Ordered & determined, That the first Tuesday in ffebruary yeerly shalbe a generall Town Meeting day, & that the Inhabitants of this Towne shall & will meete & Assemble together yeerely hereafter [III - 2]. on the first Tuesday in ffebruary for Election and choyce of Towne Officers & for Orderinge & carryinge on the Genrll Affaires of the Towne. On wch day from yeare to yeare All the severall Inhabitants of this Towne wthout expectinge any further Order or warninge may & hereby are desired to give their psonall attendance together for their better acquaintance wth matters
of Genrll concernment to the Towne: And as for those persons who by law have liberty of voting in Towne affaires & of acting in choyce of Town Officers, if they shall not p'sonally attend this Genrll Town Meeting, viz: on the first Tuesday in ffebruary, as aforesaid; It is ordered that every such p'son absent at ye tyme of calling their Names or that shall afterwards absent himselfe wthout consent of the Moderator or Major part of the Assembly shall pay two shillings to ye Towne Treasury unless his or their excuse or reason for such absence shall wthin one week after the said Towne Meeting be allowed & accounted as sufficient by the judgmt of the Selectmen: And that this fyne of two shillings for mens absence from this Meetinge may be the better gathered for the Townes use, the Selectmen are to adde it to every mans rate viz: theirs who have not upon sufficient reason been discharged of it wthin one weeke after the Towne Meetinge as aforesaid:
And that there may be opportunity for all persons defective as to attending this Towne Meetinge to declare their excuses to ye Selectmen, & to have their judgmt in Season before the weeke be expired: It is Ordered for this & other necessary occasions that the Selectmen shall alwayes in a Standing Course from yeare to yeare meete together on the next Monday after their election at ye Genrll Towne Meeting, as aforesaid to consider of the Town affaires proper to their Cognizance.
And the tyme of ye day for beginning this Genrll Towne Meeting in ffebruary shall be at nine of the clock in the morninge precisely.
[III - 3.]
And for the carrying on of all Towne meetings called at any tyme by the Selectmen, It is ordered that whensoever there shalbe notice given to the Inhabitants by the Selectmen or any in their behalfe of some necessary occasion wherein the Selectmen desire to advise with the Towne; and the day, tyme & place of meeting, be appoynted, if then the Inhabitants refuse or neglect
to meet as they are warned, yet when the tyme of meetinge is come, it shalbe lawfull if Thirteene of the Inhabitants (who by law may act & vote in Towne affaires) be Assembled for them to proceed in agitation & conclusion of what soever busyness is then & there propounded to them: And what the major part of them shall agree upon shalbe taken as the act of the whole Towne & bynding to all.
And because it is expected & desired that All the Inhabitants should attend such meetinges soe appoynted, it shall therefore be lawfull if eyther the Moderator or major part of the Selectmen be come (for such meetings) for him or them to take notice of the absence of every Inhabitant (who by law may vote in Towne affaires) & to fine them six pence a peece for such their absence: wch fynes the Selectmen are to adde to such p'sons next rate that it may be gathered wth it for the use of the Towne; unless the ground of such p'sons absence, shall wthin one week be allowed of, by the Selectmen.
And it is further ordered that if any man be taken notice of by the Moderator in ye tyme of any such meeting to absent himself wthout leave of the Moderator such p'son or p'sons for every such disordr taken notice of & entered shall pay six pence to be by the Selectmen added to their next rate & gathered wth it for the Townes use.
And it is further ordered that in case thirteene p'sons be assembled according to tyme appoynted for any Ordinary Town meeting & yet cannot begin the Meetinge because neither the Moderator nor Selectmen are come [III - 4.] in case the Moderator or Selectmen being absent unnecessarily, shall pay twelve pence a peece to be added to their next rates & gathered therewth for ye Townes use.
And it is further Ordered in reference to Ordinary Towne Meetings, that there shalbe given to the Inhabitants three dayes warning thereof, that is to say the day of warning though it be but in ye Evening, to be accounted for One & the day of appearance for another; soe that one day being betweene it shall be accounted sufficient warning; and it is
ordered that Towne Meeting warned by the Constable accordinge to Law in August yeerly shalbe accounted Legall Towne Meeting for any Towne affaires, provided there be thirteene of the Inhabitants present: and the Meeting house shalbe the place of all Towne Meetings unless notice be given for any meetinge to be at some other place.
It is Ordered that at the Genrll Town meetinge in ffebruary yearely, there shalbe a Moderator chosen who shall stand as Moderator not only for that day but for all the Towne Meeting (before any other Towne Officers,) whose work shalbe to Order tymes of Speech & silence, to things to Vote, & to regulate all proceedings in Town Meetings; that disorders may be prevented: and in case of his absence at any tyme in any Towne Meeting, the Selectmen are to agree who among themselves shall supply his place at such Meeting wherein he shall be absent.
It is ordered that there shalbe yeerly a choyce made of a certayne number of the Inhabitants of this Towne, for Ordering the prudentiall affaires of the Towne, who according to the tearmes of the Law are styled Selectmen: and that these Selectmen shall yearly be chosen by papers (vote) whose worke & power shabe as nextly followeth:
[III - 5.]
The Selectmen of this Towne are to take care what in them lyeth for the genrll welfare of the Towne: more particularly:
They have power & liberty to make Orders that are of a Prudentiall nature, wherin they are to heed the genrll good of the Towne, and such orders made by them as they apprehend are for the genrll good, they may annex penaltyes thereunto according to Law wch penaltyes they are carefully to exact & recover for the Townes use from such of the Inhabitants as shall neglect or refuse to observe them: also they have the power of admission of Inhabitants from abroad to this Towne, the Towne reposing great trust in them therein
that they will well consider whom they admit. They are also to dispose of Single persons & inmates in the Towne as they shall see cause: also to order the hearding of cattle, and the makeinge of Rates, also to settle the Comon highwayes of the Towne, & to determine any difference about them: also to dispose of any aproppiated land, that is, to lett it out for rent which they may doe for One & Twenty yeeres or less tyme as they shall see cause & judge most advantagious to the Towne: as also to dispose of any of the estate of the Towne (wch shall lye unimproved at any tyme) they may lett or sett out for tyme, a yeare or yeares if they shall judge it best for the good of the Towne. And what ever they judge conduceing to the Welfare of the Towne, being proper to their cognizance they are to act therein & Order the same according to their best wisdome & discretion.
[III - 6.]
It is ordered & concluded that the Selectmen shall from year to yeare uppon ye Genrll Town Meeting day in ffebruary cleare their accounts to the Towne: and before they shalbe accounted discharged of their trust they shall see performed such workes as for the Towne they have taken in hand though their yeere be expired: and they shall take care to satisfy & pay such debts as are due from ye Towne to p'ticular persons wch debts they are to discharge by making a Town rate for yt purpose, if they have not otherwise of the Townes estate in their hands to doe it. And therefore they are also to gather in such debts as are due to the Town & to be paid wthin theire yeere.
And it is further ordered that the Genrll Town Meetinge in ffebruary yearly at the beginninge of the Meetings next after the choyce of the Moderator there shalbe chosen a Committee to two able persons to examine the accounts that the Selectmen bring in about publique charges that concerne the Towne, before the Selectmen be dismissed their places, and soe to perfect their accounts according to righteousness, that the Towne may understand their true
state one way or the other What they owe or what is owinge to them:
It is Ordered that every yeere there shalbe some Meete Man chosen at the Genrll Towne Meeting in ffebruary to the place or office of Clarke (clerk) or Recorder for the Towne; whose work shalbe faythfully & truly to record & enter Town Orders, Grants of land & all Aggreemts & Acts of ye Towne or Select Townes Men who shall also observ to keepe & enter in a book for that purpose a true account of all dues arising to the Towne by penaltyes annexed to the breaches of Town Ordrs or otherwise: and also keepe a true account of all
[III - 7.] the just expenses & debts of the Towne, that from him the Towne or Selectmen may know how to act in making rates or other wise: And therefore the Recordr shall uppon all occasions deliver to the Selectmen a true transcript thereof out of his booke, that soe all dues & penaltyes payable to the Towne may be seasonably looked after.
It is Ordered & declared that when any man shalbe fairly & cleerly chosen to any office or lace of service in & to the Towne, if then he shall refuse to accept the place or shall afterwards neglect to serve in that office to which he shalbe chosen, every such p'son shall pay 20 shillings fyne unto the Towne Treasury for such refusall or neglect, unless he had Served in that office the yeare before, noe p'son to be compelled to serve two yeares together in the Same Office, except Selectmen, two whereof if chosen agayne are to stand two yeeres together that soe there may be always some of the old Selectmen in that place, who are acquaynted wth the Towne affaires joyning with the new.
It is ordered that the Choyce of the Constable shalbe after this manner: The Constable whose tyme is expired before he is dismist his place shall Nominate two men for yt Office, and the Towne Comisioners or Cheife Civill power in Towne shall nominate one or two more, the wch three or foure if ffoure be nominated, shall be put to vote, and he that hath most votes shalbe Constable for ye yeare ensueing; who by the Country Law is lyable to 5£ fyne for refusall of the Office.
[III - 8.]
ffor the prevention of Sundry evills that may befall this Township through ill disposed persons that may thrust themselves in amongst us agt the likeinge & consent of the generality of the Inhabitants or Select Townsmen by purchasing a lott or place for habitation or otherwise.
It is therefore Ordered & declared that no Inhabitant shall sell or in any manner pass away his house lott or any part of it or any other of his allotmts or any part thereof to any Stranger, before he hath made the Select Townsmen acquaynted who his chapman is, and they accordingly allow of his admission for an Inhabitant, under penalty of paying 20 shillings to the Town Treasury for each p'cell of land soe sold, or of forfeiting his land soe sold or passed away. But if the Select Townsmen shall apprhend they have grounds to disallow of ye admission of the said chapman then the towne or inhabitants shall have 30 dayes tyme to resolve whether they or any of them will buy the said allotmts or accomodations wch said allotmets or accomodations they may buy as indifferent partyes shall apprize them. But in case the Inhabitants shall delay to make a purchase of the said lands above 30 dayes after the propounding of it to the Select Townsmen, then the said Seller shall have his liberty to take his chapman, & such chapman or stranger shalbe esteemed as entertayned & allowed of by ye Towne as an Inhabitant.
It is Ordered, That if any man of this Township, or any Proprietor ofland in the Towne or any that shall or may dispose of land here, shall under colour of friendship or otherwise entertayne any person or persons, here to abide as Inmates or shall subdivide their house lotts or any other of their lotts to entertayne them as tenants or otherwise for longer tyme then One Month or 30 dayes wthout consent or allowance of the Selectmen (children or servants of the family that remayne single p'sons excepted) shall forfeit for the first default 20 shillings to ye Towne. [III - 9.] And also he shall forfeit 20 shillings per month that every person or persons shall soe continue in this Township wthout the consent of the Selectmen. And if in tyme of their abode in the Town after the
limitation abovesaid they shall need releife, not being able to maynteyne themselves, then he or they that entertayned such p'sons shalbe liable to be rated by the Selectmen for the releife and mayntenance of the said party or partyes soe entertayned as the Selectmen in their discretion shall judge meete: And it is ordered that noe person that is a Stranger shall be entertayned in this Township wthout leave obtayned (viz: ye Selectmen) longer than One Month or 30 dayes: soe that if he have beene in the Towne one Month No Inhabitant may entertayne him a day longer wthout leave as aforesaid on penalty of forfeiting 20 shillings for the first default, and 20 shillings per month for soe long as they shall entertayne such p'son or p'sons: and moreover if such person or persons shall need reliefe during their abode in the Towne then he or they that entertayned them shalbe rated according to the discretion of the Selectmen for the releife & maintenance of such person or persons.
And whereas it is found by exp'ience that some persons doe disorderly thrust themselves into this Towne, and agt the likening of the Selectmen have here continued & abode, not wthstanding all former Orders made to prevent such practice, it is therefore further Ordered that from henceforth that What person soever shall intrude himselfe into this Towne without the consent of the major part of ye Selectmen & shall presume here to continue & abide longer than one month or 30 dayes after notice given him by any of the Selectmen or their order of their unwillingness that hee should abide in the Towne: Such person or [III - 10.] persons hee or shee that shall soe continue in the Towne, agt the consent of the Selectmen or the major part of them, shall for the first offence pay 20 shillings. And if afterward they shall still abide in the Towne wthout allowance as aforesaid they shall pay 20 shillings per month for every month they shall here abide contrary to the Order. Which penalty shalbe due, exacted and paid into ye Town Treasury.
Whereas the Countrey Law Exacts that noe house or cottage wch shall enjoy any privileges of the Comons wch shalbe
sett up in any Township wthout consent of the Towne: This Towne doth therefore impower and order & depute the Selectmen from tyme to tyme in the Name & on the behalfe of the Towne to allow or disallow according to their discretion any such buildings.
Observation being taken of a great neglect in may persons, in not bounding of their lands by sufficient markes, wch neglect may occasion much trouble in future tymes if not speedily prvented, It is therefore Ordered that every proprietor of land, whose land is not fenced in particular, but lye incomon wth others shall take care that before the last of Aprill next, there be sett on each side of his land, at least two good stones full a foot above ground, or elce in the stead of stones a trench of three foote long & two foote wide & a foote & halfe deepe (the stones or trench to be set or made exactly in ye front & reare of each p'cell of land) On penalty of payming five shillings for each distinct p'cell of land wch shall not be founded as aforesaid by the last of Aprill next the five shillings is to be borne by them both; one to pay the one [III - 11.] And if both partyes whose lands jone together be found defective by their neglect, then the said fyne of ffive shillings is to be borne by them both; one to pay the one halfe & the other the other halfe according as the Selectmen shall judge: And that none may sett their bounds themselves to the offence of their Neighbors they are to require those yt joyne them to goe wth them according to the Country Law.
It being judged needfull in Sundry respects that each Inhabitant should have the severall p'cells of his land recorded, It is therefore Ordered that every p'ticular Inhabitant of this Township shall repayer to the Recorder, who is chosen & appoynted by the Towne for yt and & purpose, who will uppon information given him by each p'son of his severall p'cells of land, the number of acres wth the length & breadth of the said allottmts, & who are bordering on each side of him shall by virtue of his Office fairly record each parcell of land wth the limits bounds & scituation thereof in a booke for that
purpose: ffor wch his paynes the owner of the said lands shall pay unto the Recorder two pence for each parcell of his lands soe Recorded: And if any persons shall neglect the Recording of his lands longer then six months after ye Grant thereof, he shalbe liable to a fine of 5 shillings per parcell for every parcell of his land that is not then Recorded: And if after that he shall neglect to Record his land, he shall pay 12d per month for every monthes neglect of any p'cell. And all Ancient Grants are to be Recorded by the last of May next upon ye like penalty.
And for all alterations, exchanges or alienations of land any way, one many with another, the Recorder is to be allowed 4d per parcell for his labor in Recording them.
[III - 12.]
There being a question propounded, viz: Whether men should enjoy all the lands wthin the bounds laid out to them by the Measurer though it were more Number of acres then were granted to them:
It was voted, resolved & concluded that where any man's first & proper bounds of his lands was cleare and manifest & wthout alteration he should have & enjoy all the land wthin such bounds though more number of acres then was recorded to him were wthin such bounds: provided it should no wayes intrench upon or wrong his Neighbor or Neighbors yt should ly next him of his or their due quantity & portion of land: And wt ever overplus is found in any mans land it is to brought into rates.
It is ordered that Whosoever of this Township shall fall any trees in the Town Comons, his falling of them though he have bestowed noe other work upon them shall give him right to them for six months soe yt noe other p'son shall meddle wth any such fallen tree or trees till 6 months are expired after the falling of them: But the tymber yt is cross cut or fire wood yt is cutt out & sett on heapes, rayles or clefts, or pales, these may lye 6 months more after they are soe cross cutt or cloven (by the first faller) besides the first 6 months before that any other man shall meddle wth them:
And it is declared that he wch felled the trees may take his own tyme for cross cutting of the tymber or cleaving bolts, rayles or pales or setting the firewood on heapes, provided he doe it before the first 6 monthes be expired, & the faller haveing bestowed such work on the trees yt he felled though he did it a the tyme of falling them: And after that tyme limitted it shalbe lawfull for any man to take them: And for such tymber as becomes forfeited as aforesaid at Six months after falling for want of such further work as is before expressed, whosoever shall ceaze upon it as forfeited if he fetch it not presently away home but bestow work [III - 13.] upon it in the woods by cleaving it out into rayles, pales or the like, such worke shall give him right to it for one whole month after soe yt it shall not be lawfull for any man to take it or any part of it till one month after, and then it may be lawfull for any person to take it: and in case any person shalbe found to take away or convert to his own use, any trees, tymber or firewood etc as aforesaid before the tyme above limitted, he shalbe liable to make satisfaction to ye owner in kind or otherwise to his content; and shall also forfeit ten shillings to the Towne Treasury, for every parcel of tymber, railes, bolts, firewood or trees that he shall soe disorderly take away & convert to his own use.
It is Ordered that whosoever shall take away or make use of any mans cannow or boate wthout his leave shall forfeit unto the owner two shillings & six pence for every such default:
It is Ordered that whosoever of this Township shall gather any candlewood together on heapes in the Towne comon, if he shall lett it lye there above one month, it shall be lawfull for any man to take it, unless the Selectmen shall allow longer tyme to such as burnte for tar or coales.
It is ordered that every householder shall have in readyness about his house a sufficient ladder for length suitable to his houseings to prevent dangers & harmes by fire,
on penalty of forfeiting ffive shillings to ye Towne Treasury for every neglect.
It is Ordered that if any person shalbe taken notice of to carry fire in the street or from house to house, not being sufficiently covered soe as to prevent doinge hurt thereby, he shall forfeit five shillings for every such offense besides all damages for what hurt may come thereby.
[III - 14.]
Whereas it is judged offensive & noysome for flax and hempe to be watered or washed in or by the brooke before mens doores wch is of ordinary use for dressing meate: therefore it is ordered tht noe person henceforth shall water or wash any flax or hemp in the said brook eyther on the East or West side of the street or anywhere neere adjoyning to it, and if any person shalbe found transgressing herein he shalbe liable to a fyne of six shillings & eight pence for every such default:
It is by the Inhabitants agreed & Ordered yt the great River is & shalbe accounted a sufficient fence, & shall stand for a fence both for the lotts & corne fields of the Towne on ye East side of the said River & also for the land, meddowes & corne ffeilds on the West side of ye said River.
Whereas diverse offences arise through defective fences, & different apprehensions concerninge the sufficiency of fences betwixt Proprietors, it is therefore Ordered that all outside fences about meddowes or corne ffields shalbe substantially fenced eythere wth five rayles or posts & pales or ditch foure foote & half broad wth a hedge on it, or otherwise according to the judgmt & satisfaction of the viewers, & that all partitionall ffences betweene lott & lott shalbe ordered by the Selectmen in case of disaggreemt between Proprietors & in case any damage arise to others by the defect of fences, the party whose fence is soe judged defective shall pay all damages acording as they shalbe adjudged by the Selectmen or any deputed by them upon comlaynt of any damaged.
Also it is ordered that the Selectmen shal have power (according
to ye Country Law) to make orders about fences or fencing (see p. 28 & p. 84)
[III - 15.]
It is ordered that swine wch are nott shutt up & that keepe about the Towne or wthin two miles of the Towne, all such swine shal be well & sufficiently rung by the owners thereof or at their cost & charge, to prvent as well the rooting downe of ditches & rooting up of the comons or other harmes as the spoyling of meddowes & pastures & corne ffields.
And if any swine above three months old shalbe found after the 25th day of March yearly without good & sufficient rins in their noses to prvent their rooting, the owners of such swine shall pay three pence apeece for every swine soe found, though but in domons or streetes: but swine found in meddowes, pastures, gardens, orchards or corne feilds wthout good & sufficient rings as aforesaid, the owners shall pay two shillings & six pence a peece for every such swine above three months old, besides satisfying all damages done to any person by any such swine. And though swine be rung, yet if they endamage any, the owners shall pay for such damage or trespas as their swine shall doe in corne fields, meddowes, orchards or gardens provided such damage be judged by two Indifferent men. But the owners of the said ringed swine shall or may (& are hereby enabled to) recover what ever damage they soe pay, from them, whose insufficient fence they shall proove the said swine came through. And it is further ordered that any swine found in corne fields, meddowes, pastures, gardens or orchards may be driven to the pound not only for the recovery of what damages they shall doe, but also of the forfeiture for their being unrung unless the owners of the swine shall eyther pay forfeitures and damages, or ingages before witness to do it, to the partyes satisfaction.
And for swine or any cattell that are liable to poundage whosoever shall impound them, they shall have foure pence per hed for poundage of them, and the Pound keeper shall
have 2 pence per head [III - 16.] for taking them in & letting them out of Pound.
The penaltyes aforesaid of three pence for swine found in the comon or streetes unrung to goe to the Informer: and if any refuse to pay him, soe that he be putt to call witness & to prosecute it they shall then pay 6 pence a peece for such swine besides the charges in prosecuting it: The other penalty of two shillings six pence, a peece for swine in meddowes & as aforesaid to goe halfe to the Informer being to receive the whole & to pay one half thereof to the Towne Treasurer or to the Selectmen for ye use of the Towne.
It is Ordered that cattell of all sorts belonging to this Towne, shall be marked wth some distinct known marke, for wch end, every owner of any cattle shall repaire to the Recorder for ye tyme being, who shall take & keepe upon Record each mans p'ticular marke. And this is to be done by the first of March next, or elce the Owner of Such Cattle shall forfeit five shillings to the Towne Treasury; and it is further Ordered that from tyme to tyme hence forward every mans cattle shalbe marked by the tyme they are three months old; and if any persons cattle shalbe found unmarked at or after they are three months old, such person shall pay twelve pence per head for such cattle to him that shall inform against him.
Whereas there was an Ancient Order bearing date January 24, 1638 requiring all that had ditches by the highway before their doores to keep them well scoured for the ready passage of the water that it might not pen up to flow the meddowes: and after that every Inhabitant should make a [III - 17.] ditch the breadth of their lotts before their doores & such as had ditches should scoure them by the last of May (from the formentioned date) on penalty of five shillings & wheras the said Orders have not been attended, by meanes of wch neglect much damage hath come to the generallity if not all ye Inhabitants from the Middle of the Towne upward through the water penning up & flowing of their meaddowes: ffor the
prevention whereof & in prosecution of the fore mentioned Orders & according to an Order made in December 1656. It is further Ordered that hence forward yearely, the severall Inhabitants, Proprietors of ye Meddowes from Mr. Pynchons meddow downe to the Lower Side of Benjamin Parsons lower meddow shallkeep a good & sufficient ditch well cleared, for the free and ready passage of water, for wch end every person the breadth of his meddow (& for 6 or 8 rod up the meddow betwixt Mr. Pynchon (& for 6 or 8 rod up the meddow betwixt Mr. Pynchon & Mr. Holyoke) shall once every yeare sometyme in May scower & cleare their said ditches or water passages of sand, dirt, wood or any rubbish, soe that the water may have free passage wthout penning up to flow the meddowes. And this to be attended at some tyme in May yearely on penalty of every person neglecting to pay 5 shillings to the Towne Treasury if not done yearely by the time limited & that sufficiently cleared according as shalbe allowed of by two of the Selectmen appoynted by the rest: Every person to attend it which the water shalbe turned awasy for yt end, by those that live uppermost, or by agreement of the major part. And in case it shalbe found undone after the first weeke in June every person whose ditch or water passage is not then sufficiently cleared shall besides the first five shillings aforesaid, pay 3s 4d per weeke till the worke be fully done to satisfaction of the two Selectmen appoynted as aforesaid: All wch penaltyies shalbe duly levyed by ye Constable & paid to the Towne Treasury.
[III - 18.]
It is ordered that hence forward there shalbe given to him that shalbe found able & willinge to undertake the making of the rates for this Towne the summe of Twenty shillings per annum, that is to say, for making all the rates belonging to ye yeare.
Consideration being had of the great damage that hath been done to the glass windowes of the Meeting House by such as use their sports thereabout. It is thereupon ordered that if any persons children or others shall at any time
by any sports or otherwise breake any of the glass windowes of the meeting house such persons shall pay 12d to the Towne Treasury for such default: and all others that were partners in such sporte shall pay 6d a peece to ye Towne Treasury: and if they be children under age yt are therein faulty, except their parents or Governors shall correct them for it before some of the Selectmen, such parents or governors shall pay the penalty or penaltyes aforementioned.
It being observed & complayned of as a disordr that persons doe frequently take liberty to ride very swiftly wth their horses in the streetes to ye endangering of the children & others.
It is therefore Ordered that if any person be observed to run his horse or to ride faster then a ordinary hand gallop in the streets of this Town except upon such urgent occasions as shall by the Selectmen be judged warrantable soe to doe, he shall be liable to a fyne of 3s 4d. One shilling whereof shalbe paid to ye Informer, the rest to the Towne Treasury for ye use of the Towne. This order not to be extended to Troopers in the tymes of their excercises.
ffebruary 12th, 1668.
By ye Selectmen, it was declared & ordered that ye west side of ye River from Thomas Millers up to Peter Swinck shall be accounted a part of ye Streetes of this Towne, & lyable to this penalty of Galloping.
[III - 19.]
It is ordered that the Selectmen shall take care if it may be wth conveniency the Streets in all places of Towne may be three rod broad of firme & playne land, at least that the fences may be disposed in a straite & comely order especially in narrow places: and this work they are in a speciall manner to attend in the month of March next. And all wood or other offensive matter is to be cleared from the highwayes on penalty that any person that shall not attend this Order, in the judgmt of the Selectmen at any time, shall pay 2s to ye Towne Treasury for every such offence.
Diverse of the Inhabitants on the West side of the great River prsenting their desires to the Towne that the severall
allotmts abutting agst the great River from Thomas Millers up to the Comon fence, may be accounted as house lotts or a part of the Towne platt: The Towne did upon the 30th of December 1664 Order & determine that the said lotts shalbe soe taken & accounted.
To the end that the Comon high wayes of the Towne may be laid out, where they may be most convenient & advantagious for the generall use of the Towne, it is Ordered that ye Selectmen shall have full power & authority to lay out all Comon high wayes for the Towne where & how they shall judge most convenient & usefull for the Inhabitants though it be through or at the end of mens lotts, provided they give them reasonable allowance accordinge to equity, but if the party like not thereof, then it shalbe referred to ye judgmt of the indifferent partyes, mutually chosen by the party one & the Select Townsmen another, & if [III - 20.] those two indifferent p'tyes doe not agree they shall pitch uppon a third p'son to joyne wth themselves & determine it: and the Select Townsmen are allowed liberty to sett a certayne Tole on carts yt shall pass any highway wch shall appeare more then ordinary chargable in the reparation thereof.
ffor the equall & indifferent carrying on & bearing the charge of making & repayring such comon highwayes & bridges as are or shalbe thought needfull to be made or repayred from tyme to tyme wthin this Township, it is Ordered that every householder that hath or keepeth in his use or possession a teame consisting of ffoure cattell shall on due warning given him by the Surveyor send upon every day & at the place appoynted, his said teame wth his cart & such necessary tooles as the Surveyor shall allow of & an able man there to do wth his cart & such necessary tooles as the Surveyor shall allow of, & an able man there to do wth such workes as the Surveyors shall appoynt him: and it is also hereby declared that 2 oxen & a horse or a mare shalbe esteemed a full teame.
And it is further Ordered, that every householder who hath noe teame shall by himselfe or some other able labourer ye work appoynted him by the Surveyors on every day that he shall be called or required soe to worke.
And it is also Ordered that all p'sons inhabiting & yet have no teame every such person shalbe compellable to send one sufficient labourer to the highway worke on every day that he shalbe duely warned thereunto according tohis proportion wth other men.
It is also further ordered that every p'son shall cut down his stubles & cleare the high way before his lott, of tymber wood standing trees (wch are hereby declared to be a mans owne) or any other offensive [III - 21.] matter that the surveyors shall warne them of, wthin three dayes after notice given him, or elce be liable to a fyne of 12d for every defect.
And whereas there are Surveyors chosen yearely for the Oversight & amendinge of highways, bridges etc that soe the comon highwayes of the Towne may be kept in continuall rep'ation To that end & for the regulating of the Surveyors for the discharge of their Office, it is ordered that the Surveyors for the tyme beinge shall take care that all highwayes, bridges, wharfes etc., belonging to their care be made repayred & amended sufficiently according to their discretion or as they shalbe directed by the Selectmen of the Towne:
Also that all highwayes be kept cleare from trees, tymber, wood, earth, stone or other offensive matter that shall annoy the highway.
The Surveyors likewise shall give three dayes warning to such as they call for and require to come to ye highway worke, viz: the day of warning & one day more, soe that men must come the 3d day after warning unless the Surveyors give them longer tyme. ffurthermore they shall require noe householder to worke at any such workes as aforesaid more than six dayes in a yeare nor more of those six dayes then shall in a due pportion fall to his share.
Also the Surveyors shall require noe man to work above two dayes in a weeke: likewise the surveyors shall call for these six dayes or as many of them as shalbe needfull wthin the compass of tyme betwixt the 20th of May & ye 20th of June yearely not at any other tyme unless by ye major part of ye Selectmen [III - 22.] it be aggreed unto: Yet inasmuch
as some tymes may be suddenly become defective, that therefore they may not be too long neglected. It is declared, three of the Selectmen meeting & any two of them aggreeing may appoynt & allow ye surveyors to call persons together for the repayring such defective wayes or places. Moreover they shall duely prsent to ye Selectmen at the weekes end all defects of p'sons or teames that on lawfull warning given neglect to come to ye worke appoynted who shall give warrant to the Constable for prsent distress of 2s fyne for a man & 5s for a man & teame to be employed in the next worke that is to be done about the highwayes.
Also the surveyors shall give in their accounts yearely to the Selectmen at ye Generll meeting in ffebruary when they yeild up their office another yeare.
And whereas the former Order about highwayes seemes to be deficient in some respects, whereby some p'sons have taken advantage to exempt themselves from such Publike workes wch in equity they should attend wth others pportionably: It is therefore Ordered that all single p'sons or unmarried (though living in another mans family) who are possessed of a lott eyther by the grannt of the Towne or by purchase or otherwise shall after three months be liable to attend the work of the highwayes porportionably wth other householders as they be duely warned thereunto by ye Surveyors.
And in reference to ye marking & repayringe of the highwayes belonging to this Townshipp, it is further ordered that the wayes about this Township shalbe accounted of three sorts [III - 23.]
1. Such as the whole towne shall joyne to make & repair.
2. Such as shalbe repayred by the Towne but sett to p'ticular companys of ye Inhabitants.
3. Such wayes as are of more private concernment chiefly for some few mens use.
And therefore it is Ordered that from Schonunganunk all the highwayes from there unto the foote of the falls in ye great River shalbe made & repayred by the whole towne: that is the Countrey Road soe farr: and for all other highwayes
it is further ordered that Deacon Chapin, Ens. Cooper, Miles Morgan, Thomas Miller, Thomas Mirack, William Warrener, Nathaneell Ely, Benjamin Parsons & George Colton be appoynted & shall be a Committee to consider of & conclude what wayes shalbe accounted Towne highwayes to be made & repayred by the Whole Towne joyntly or by p'ticular companyes as aforesaid & to appoynt who shall belong to or make up such companyes & what private wayes the whole Towne shall not be called to make or repayre. This committee for the prsent are to determine & settle those three sorts of wayes: and for after tymes it is wholly lost to ye Selectmen.
A Highwy Downe to Windsor.
Also the said Comittee are to consider of a highway downe to Windsor on ye west side of the great River both it shall lye & by whom to be made & maynteyned.
And it is further Ordered yt such highwayes as are comon & countrey wayes belonging to the Whole Town joyntly to maynteine, every Inhabitant when required thereunto by the surveyors shall duely attend the reparation thereof, & such comon highwayes as belong to the severall p'ticular companyes shall attend ye repayring [III - 24.] of them according to Order when ever they shalbe required by such Surveyors as shalbe chosen & appoynted by each company. And for such p'ticular wayes wch belong to private p'sons to make & mayntayne, the Surveyors of highwayes are not by Order engaged to meddle about ye repayring of them:
The Comittee mentioned in the former page Chosen by the Towne, ffor Orderinge of ye making & repayring the highwayes of this Towne, both such as are comon or more perticular, hath Ordered as ffoloweth, viz:
In reference to ye highway into ye playne above End brooke, these persons whose names ffollow shall make & repayre it, viz:
and the rest of the Neighbors yt have land wthout the fence, wch for the present lyeth comon, if they shall make any use of the way thorough the fenced playne
they shall also be compellable to assist in ye repayring of the way equall wth ye other.
In reference to ye way to Rowland Thomas his huse all the Inhabitants from Ensign Coopers to Rowland Thomas his house shalbe at ye charge of repayring that way.
And in reference to ye way leading to the meddowes on the Mill River & 16 acres & Worlds End, beginning at ye top of ye hill over ye causeway above Symon Bemons: these persons whose names follow are to make & repaire it:
And Benjamin Mun only over ye first bridge.
[III - 25.]
And in reference to ye highway up the great hill over Mill River these persons, viz:
And in reference to ye meddowes upon ffresh water river the way thereto is to be made & maintayned by:
from the place where they shall leave the Countrey highway that goes down to ye foot of the falls till they come to ye head of their meddowes.
And in reference to ye two Wharfes, the lower wharfe shall be maynteyned by the Inhabitants from Thomas Miricks to Thomas Bancrofts: and the higher wharfe to be mainteyned by the in-habitants from David Ashleys to Reice Bedortha's, Robert Ashley not exempted.
And in reference to ye highway to ye great playne on ye west side ye great River comonly called Chickuppe plaine, the Proprietors of ye land in ye said playne shall make & repaire the said highway from ye said plaine, and then all the Inhabitants on that side the River from William Brookes to Thomas Millers to joyne with them in making & repairing the rest of that way down till it come to Thomas Millers.
And for ye high way from ye hay place over ye River till you come to Agawam falls, (against John Leonards house) as John Dumbleton & Ensign Cooper laid it out, it is to be made & maynteyned by:
[III - 26.]
And concerning the high way from ye third division down by the black pond & soe to Ensign Coopers swampe, it is to be made & repayred by Capt. Pynchon, Thomas Miller, Ensign Cooper Robert Ashley & Samuell Marshfield.
And in reference to a highway on ye West side of the great river (down towardes Windsor) for horse & carts for the Townes use: The said Committee doth Order & appoynt that ye way shall lye (for both sides the River, viz: for ye Inhabitants dwelling on both sides the River) at Agawam Rivers mouth & soe downwards by the great River side: The breadth to be three rods uppon ye firme land from ye top of ye bank by the River & soe to run yt breadth through all the samll lotts there butting on ye great River & from them to run the straitest convenient course six rod broad, and this way is to be made & mayntayned by all the Inhabitants on ye East side of the great River from Thomas Bancrofts & soe upward & upon ye west side of the great River from Thomas Millers & soe all that live or shall live above them.
Unto these p'ticulars the said Comittee did sett to their hands the 10th January, 1664, viz:
Only Thomas Millers dissents from the last p'ticular about ye highwaye onye West side of the River to Windsor wards.
[III - 27.]
It is ordered & determined yt there shalbe hay wards yeerly chosen for the severall feilds of the Plantation whose
worke it is to be serious & sedulous for the preservation of the corne fields or meddowes of their walkes: Also it is expected that they often view the fields to prvent harme & damage by cattell what well they may: And for their encouram't in yr work it is further Ordered & determined that what cattell soever (excepting cattell in worke) they shall fynd in any of ye said ffields in tymes prohibited they shall have liberty to impound: And shall have of ye owner of such cattell six pence per head for every beast soe impounded and eight pence per head for such as shalbe impounded being soe taken in ye feild over Agawam River, and if any beast beimpounded by any other person out of any of the said ffeilds, the said impounder shall have the like allowance allowing only two pence per head to ye Hayward belonging to ye field for wt he soe impounds; the rest whether 4 pence or 6 pence as above, the hay ward is to pay him: and if the said hay wards or any of them in execution of their worke shabe apposed or resisted or ye Owner of cattell trespassing shall refuse to pay according as this Order provides, then ye hay wards repayrig to ye Selectmen, the said Selectmen or major part of them shall determine the case in difference & order the hay wards satisfaction.
Whereas it is found by experience that many speakinge together in Towne meetings hinders the worke in hand & is also very dishonorable to God & grevious to many persons, it is therefore Ordered, that while any comon bysyness is under consideration or debate every man shall apply himself to ye worke in hand: & in any Publike matter every man may give his advice one after another & shall have free liberty of speach as he shall have leave from the Moderator; soe speaking one at a tyme [III - 28.] lovingly & moderately: but there is not to be more speakers than one at a tyme, upon penalty that everyone yt shall speake in tumultuous manner shall pay 6d a peece to ye Towne Treasury: and if men gathered together in companyes to discourse by themselves & doe not attend the severall workes in hand, all such p'sons are to pay 6d a peece to ye Towne Treasury.
It is Ordered that henceforth noe Persons who shall come from other places & here reside shalbe accounted as Settled Inhabitants to have power & liberty of voting in Towne affaires although otherwise qualified according to law unless such person or persons shalbe admitted into ye Towne by the Selectmen & their admission entered. And whoever at prsent are, or hereafter shalbe aditted & Settled in this towne or Township, they shalbe bound to all yt hereafter shalbe made & confirmed by ye major vote of the Inhabitants prsent, in any Legall Towne meetings or by the Selectmen accordinge to Order.
It is Ordered yt the Selectmen & Deacon or Deacons shall from tyme to tyme seate p'sons in ye Meeting house ayther higher or lower according as in their sound discretion they shall judge most meete.
And the Selectmen for ye tyme beinge from yeare to yeare shall wthin some short tyme after their election attend the said work, both to consider what persons want seates or what alterations is requisite to be made to persons sitting there, as also to act therein accordingly & yt yeerely if need be, that soe much alteration at any one tyme may be prevented.
Whereas sometymes mens yards adjoyning to common fields are an occasion of damage to ye fields by reason of defective fences about such yards: It is therefore ordered that the fence next to the comon fields shalbe liable to the viewers to see that they be sufficient to secure the ffields & to prvent damage to the Proprietors.
[III - 29.]
In the handwriting of John Holyoke.
January 26th 1678.
It was voted & agreed that there should be a comittee chosen pro Tempore for the seating of Persons in the new meeting house. As also that the Worpp'l Major Pynchon, Quartermaster Colton, Lieut. Stebbin, Benjamin Parsons, Anthony Dorchester, Jonathan Burt, John Dumbleton, Samuell Marshfield, John Holyoke - should be the comittee pro tempore,
and that all future seatings shalbe attended according to the 3d section backward in the preceding page.
A copy of General Court May 27, 1685, then answer to the section of the Town of Springfield that the Courte would grant us the favor that we might pay our Countrey Money Rates in corne: wch answer takes in Suffield respecting their like Petition.
At a General Court held at Boston, May 27th, 1685:
The Court haveing red & conferred the contents of the Petition from Springfield & Suffield doe Judge that sundry expressions therein do deserve sharpe reproofe. Nevertheless considering the difficulty of p'curing money in those places, doe order that ye Inhabitants of sd towns shal not be comable corne at one third part less price, than is set in the country money rates, they doe pay their rates in good merchantry rates & deliver the same to the Treasurer at Boston at their own charge, casualtys of the seas excepted, & this order to continue until the General Court take further order herein.
Copia vera attests Edward Rawson, Secretary.
[III - 30.]
At a General Court held at Boston October 12, 1681.
In the case of Springfield referring to the house & land now in the occupation of Mr. Pelatiah Glover brought hither by mutual consent of parties for advice. The Court Judgeth it meet to declare that the first settlement of the sd estate by the vote of November 15, 1655, is & remaines of full force, & no avoidence made thereof, or to be made by any after vote of the Town whatsoever. That notwithstanding the Towne of Springfield having Introduced & Selected Mr. Glover amongst them upon an expectation of the same to be & remaine to him & his heirs forever. The Court declares that ye sd Town of Springfield ought by an equal assessment amongst themselves to raise & make payment to the sd Glover of such a sum of money to the full value thereof as may be an equal compensation to him for same.
That this is a true copie taken out of the Courts booke of Records, attests: Edward Rawson, Secretary.
Extracted from & Compared wth ye said Secretarys Copie. Per John Holyoke, Clerke for sd Towne.
[III - 31.]
To the Generall Quarter Sessions of the Peace Sitting at Springfield, May 20, 1707.
Rules & Orders made & agreed on by the ffreeholders & Inhabitants of the Towne of Springfield qualifyed for Voters in Town affaires, at their Meeting May 9, 1707, orderly warned for that end, & agreed on to be prsented to the Generall Quartr Sessions sitting at Springfield May 20, 1707, for their apporbation.
In as much as the Law of the Province obliges this Town to keep & maintain a Grammer School writing school & reading School, & that the schoolmaster be suitably incouraged & paid by the inhabitants of sd town, now for ye better support of sd school & incouragement of learning, it is agreed, & voted that the parents & masters of every scholar going to said school shal pay threepence per weeke in Town pay, & for the enabling the Town to Recover such dues for each scholar, it is agreed that the Schoolmaster that shalbe hired from time to time shal keep an exact account of the time of every scholar comeing to sd school, & leaving sd school, & upon demand of the Selectmen, such schoolmaster shal deliver to sd Selectmen under his hand an account of the scholars as aforesd wch account shal be obliging us to the time of the said scholars attendance, and the Selectmen or Assessors from time to time are hereby ordered & impowered to assess the said sum or sums upon the Parents & Masters of sd scholars & to affix or adde the sd sums to their Town rates that shalbe granted from time to time by the Town for assessing & raising such further sum & sums for completing the schoolmasters ful dues that shal be due to him, and it is further ordered & agreed that the Selectmen consider who are such children or scholars as to be priviledged and that sd Selectmen do exempt their parents & masters
from paying for such children going to schoole in whole or in part.
2. It was agreed & voted that al persons who have liberty of voting in Town affairs & of acting in choice of Town Meeting by Law for Election of Town Officers, either absenting himselfe at the time of calling over their Names, or that shal aterward absent himself wth out Leave from the Moderator, or major part of the assembly, shal pay Two shillings to the Town Treasury & the Town Treasury be Impowered to sec. forsd fine, unles his or their Excuse for such absence shal wthin one week after sd Meeting be allowed & Counted sufficient by the Judgmt of the Selectmen.
3. It is further ordered that in all public matters every man shal have free Liberty to speech, one after another, & one at a time, & that every one that shal speake in a Tumultuous manner shal pay six pence to ye Town Treasury.
4. February 7, 1670. At this meeting it is ordered, that if any Lands be granted hereafter to any Persons, the wood & timber upon such lands shal be free for any Persons to take as they shal need, till such lands shalbe fenced.
5. ffebruary 14, 1678. It is henceforth ordered that no Person shal have any lands given them on the same day they move for the same, butt that as they would have any grants of land valid, they shal at one Meeting propound their desires for such lands as the Town hath to give, that the Town may consider thereof, & then at any after town meeting such grants as they shal have made to them by ye Town shal be accounted valid & sure to them & yr heirs & assigns for ever.
6. May 3, Anno Dom. 1703. It is voted & concluded that what ever cartway (the Town uses) shal be stoped or incumbered by reason of any Persons boxing of Pine trees, the Improvers of sd Trees shal remove such nusances wthin a weeks warning, or else forfeit five shillings to the Town, the same order to take place & be of force for falling any other trees across any highway.
The above orders were read the day abovesd at the Town
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