1919 Farm Journal
Illustrated Rural Directory Of |
By Holice, Clayton, and Debbie |
HANDY THINGS TO KNOW A rod is 16-1/2 feet, or 5-1/2 yards. MEASURING HAY AND CORN Hay is often sold in the mow or stack where the weight has to be estimated. For this purpose 400 cubic feet of hay is considered a ton. The actual weight of 400 cubic feet of hay will vary according to the quality of the hay, time of cutting, position in mow , etc. For making an estimate in a given case multiply together the length, breadth and height of the mow or stack in feet and divide the produce by 400. The quotient will be the number of tons. Corn is measured by the following rule: A heaped Bushel contains 2,748 cubic inches. To find the number of bushels of corn ina crib it is therefore necessary merely to multiply together the length, width and height in inches and divide the product by 2,748. The number of bushels of shelled corn will be two-thirds of the quotient. If the sides of the crib are slanting, it will be necessary to multiply together one-half the sum of the top and bottom widths with the height and length. The legal weight of a bushel of shelled corn in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, and Virginia is 56 pounds. In Pennsylvania, Virginia and Maryland 32 pounds constitutes a bushel of oats; in New Jersey, 30 pounds. A bushel of wheat is placed at 60 pounds by most of the states of the Union. Pennsylvania recognizes 56 pounds as a bushel of white potatoes. In Maryland, new jersey and Virginia the legal weight is 60 pounds. A bushel of clover seed in Pennsylvania must weigh 60 pounds; in Maryland, 60 pounds, in New Jersey, 64 pounds; in Virginia, 60 pounds. A bushel of timothy seed in Pennsylvania must weigh 45 pounds, and the same weight inmost adjacent states. |
To estimate the amount of land in different fields under cultivation use the following table: |
||
5 yards wide by |
968 yards long |
1 acre |
10 yards wide by |
484 yards long |
1 acre |
20 yards wide by |
242 yards long |
1 acre |
40 yards wide by |
121 yards long |
1 acre |
70 yards wide by |
69-1/7 yards long |
1 acre |
80 yards wide by |
60-1.2 yards long |
1 acre |
60 feet wide by |
726 feet long |
1 acre |
110 feet wide by |
396 feet long |
1 acre |
120 feet wide by |
363 feet long |
1 acre |
220 feet wide by |
198 feet long |
1 acre |
240 feet wide by |
181-1/2 feet long |
1 acre |
440 feet wide by |
99 feet long |
1 acre |
SEEDS PER ACRE It requires less seed per acre to sow in hills or rows than to show broadcast. The hill or row system permits of after cultivation, which is not possible with a broadcasted crop. In all calculations for hill and rills, it must be remembered that an acre of land contains 43,560 square feet. A square piece of land, 209 feet on a side, contains about an acre. The following figures are merely suggestive, as practice varies with locality: Alfalfa--25 to 20 lbs broadcast. |
SUITABLE DISTANCE FOR PLANTING TREES |
||
Apples-Standard |
25 to 35 ft apart |
Each way |
Apples-Dwarf (Bushes) |
10 feet apart |
Each way |
Pears-Standard |
10 to 20 feet apart |
Each way |
Pears-Dwarf |
10 ft apart |
Each way |
Cherries-Standard |
18 to 20 ft apart |
Each way |
Cherries--Dukes & Morrellos |
16 to 18 ft apart |
Each way |
Plums--Standard |
16 to 20 ft apart |
Each way |
Peaches |
16 to 18 ft apart |
Each way |
Apricots |
16 to 18 ft apart |
Each way |
Nectarines |
16 to 18 ft apart |
Each way |
Quinces |
10 to 12 ft apart |
Each way |
Currants |
3 to 4 ft apart |
Each way |
Gooseberries |
3 to 4 feet apart |
Each way |
Raspberries |
3 to 5 ft apart |
Each way |
Blackberries |
6 to 7 ft apart |
Each way |
Grapes |
8 to 12 ft apart |
Each way |
SHINGLES REQUIRED IN A ROOF Double the rafters and multiply by length of building. Multiply
this by 9 if exposed 4 inches, by 8 if exposed 4-1/2 inch, and by 7-1/5
if exposed by 5 inches to the weather. NAILS REQUIRED. For 1,000 shingles, 3-1/2 to 5 pounds 4d., or 3 to 3-1/2 pounds 3d. |
NAILS COMMON | ||||||
Size |
3d |
4d |
6d |
8d |
10d |
12d |
Length |
1-1/4 |
1-1/2 |
2 |
2-1/2 |
3 |
3-1/4 |
No. to Lb |
500 |
300 |
165 |
90 |
62 |
45 |
Size |
16d |
20d |
30d |
40d |
50d |
60d |
Length |
3-1/4 |
4 |
4-1/2 |
5 |
5-1/4 |
6 |
No. to lb |
35 |
24 |
18 |
13 |
10 |
8 |
Eighteen to
twenty-five pounds of nails are required per 1,000 feet of lumber. Grease a nail and it won't split wood. |
Published By Wilmer Atkinson Company, Philadelphia, 1919 |