The Eighty-ninth Division was formed at Camp Funston, Kan., beginning September1, 1917. Drafted men from seven states were sent to it–Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, New Mexico, South Dakota and Arizona.
The division was commanded from its beginning by Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood, formerly chief of staff and at one time ranking officer of the active list of the United States Army. The division was composed of the One Hundred and Seventy -seventh Infantry Brigade, made up of the Three Hundred and Fifty-third and Three Hundred and Fifty-fourth Infantry regiments and the Three Hundred and Forty-first Machine Gun Battalion; the One Hundred and Seventy-eighth Infantry Brigade, made up of the Three Hundred and Fifty-fifth and Three Hundred and Fifty-sixth Infantry regiments and the Three Hundred and Forty-second Machine Gun Battalion; the Three Hundred and Fortieth Machine Gun Battalion; the One Hundred and Sixty-fourth Artillery Brigade, made up of the Three Hundred and Fortieth, Three Hundred and Forty-first and Three Hundred and Forty-second Artillery regiments; the Three Hundred and Fourteenth Engineers; the Three Hundred and Fourteenth Field Signal Battalion; the Three Hundred and Fourteenth Sanitary Train, headquarters troops, trench mortar battery, supply train and military police.
Missouri Men Predominate
Missouri and St. Louis troops predominated in the Three Hundred and Fifty-fourth Infantry, although there were a number of Missourians and St. Louisans in all the other units.
The division entrained for the East in the week of May 21 1918, and sailed for England in the week of June 1, 1918, landing from June 10 to 22. Gen. Wood was taken from the division two days before it sailed, and Brig. Gen. Frank Winn, who commanded the One Hundred and Seventy-seventh Infantry Brigade took command of the entire division.
The division after four weeks’ intensive training in France, moved into the Toul sector the night of August 6-7. The sector extended from Regnieville to Limey, along the southern side of what was then the St. Mihiel salient.
"Didn’t Lose Any."
Here the division repulsed German raids, took prisoners and didn’t’ lose any, and on the morning of September 12 went over the top at St. Mihiel. All objectives were gained by noon of the first day. The advance was resumed next day and went to the line Charey, Dommartin, La Chaussee, past the Hindenburg line. The division held here until October 1, when it moved to Pannes, relieving the Rainbow Division. October 8 the Eighty-ninth began the move toward Verdun and the Argonne. October 19 and 20, the Eighty-ninth relieved the Thirty-second, taking over the front from Bantheville to Landres et St. Georges, with division headquarters in Gesnes, west of Montfaucon.
November 1 the great attack was launched against Kreimhilde Steilung, which the Eighty-ninth helped pierce. The advance continued until the day of the armistice, when the Eighty-ninth was established on both banks of the Meuse River, having effected a crossing at Stenay.
On account of its splendid achievements, the Eighty-ninth was made part of the army of occupation. The division spent ninety days in the line, advanced thirty-six kilometers under fire, captured 5061 prisoners, captured 127 large guns and 455 machine guns. Its casualties were 8473 for its entire service. Of forty-seven Congressional Medals of Honor given to the entire American Army, the Eighty-ninth got seven, a record only equaled by one other division.