NOTE: Most of the names listed
below are those of at least partial African American ancestry, but others
are of whites or Native Americans whose lives impinged on theirs in some
significant way. As much as possible, each person is identified by the
racial or ethnic terms applied to him or her at the time--i.e., black,
colored, person of color, mulatto, Indian (often using name of tribe),
savage, French, Canadian, American, etc. In many instances a white and
African American might share the same name, and as much as possible this
has been indicated for such persons in the following list. These entries
are from scattered notes of mine, are far from complete, and may contain
errors. Anyone interested in using this information for genealogical purposes
should go to the sources indicated and check it carefully.
Shown in Collet's Index to Baptisms (under "Clamorgan" as mother of Louise Clamorgan, b. 25 June 1821, with husband Eutrope Clamorgan as father. Collet's Marriage Index shows her as Pelagie Ante Baptiste, marrying Eutrope Clamorgan on 20 April 1820. See under Pelagie CLAMORGAN and Pelagie RUTGERS for identification as mulatto or person of color. See also Augustin AMIOT and Charles AMIOT.
A French hunter and trader living in St. Louis and "San Pedro" (nearby post) in 1770's and 1780's, as shown in Collet's Index to St. Louis Archives; d. 1788 according to estate inventory in St. Louis Archives, Bk. 5: 160. Louis Houck's "History of Missouri," vol. II, p. 65, n. 134, shows a man of the same name as colored, residing at Carondolet in 1777 and at St. Louis 1780. Same man, relative, or from a slave household? Possible tie-in with Pelagie AIOTTE, with variant spelling?
AMIOT, AIME, Charles.
Louis Houck's "Spanish Regime," vol. I, p. 96, n. 16 shows living in Ste. Genevieve in 1770, married to an Osage named Marianne. Possible tie-in with Pelagie AIOTTE, with variant spelling?
ANDERSON, J. Richard
Born a slave in VA, moved to St. Louis with master at year not specified. Freed at 12, began odd jobs including delivering papers and through that activity learned to read. Began preaching and became minister. Galusha Anderson, white minister of Second Baptist, described him as "a large man of commanding presence, a descendant of an African chief. He was very black. While his nose was somewhat flattened, it was straight and sharply cut; his thick lips firmly set. His eyes were large and lustrous, his forehead was high and broad . . . He had great power over an audience." [Galusha Anderson, "The Story of a Border City During the Civil War," publ. 1908, p. 12.] J. R. Anderson and fellow black Richard SNETHEN began preaching to a small group of blacks in 1846, and as attendance increased, they organized their own congregation in 1846 with 23 members. They named their church Second Baptist, same name as the other Anderson's white church. Snethen was the first minister, and Anderson succeeded him in 1848 and soon increased membership to 1,000. [Stephens, "History of Central Baptist Church, pp. 9-10, and Lawrence Oland Christensen, "Black St. Louis: A Study in Race Relations, 1865-1916, U. MO PhD Diss, 1972, pp. 330-31.]
Collet's Index to Baptisms shows as free mulatto and mother of Louis (b. 1804) and Pierre (b. 1802). Index to St. Louis Marriages shows m. Michel Morin 27 Sept. 1829, Catholic [vol. 1, p. 123]. Collet's Index to St. Louis Deeds shows her under Adelaide Datchurut as "same as Adelaide Aubuchon al Datchurut, afterwards Morin," and as mulatto grantee from Michel Morin in Deed Book D:50 and K:146.
A common name among the French Aubuchons of Ste. Genevieve and St. Louis, who originated across the river in and around Kaskaskia, Illinois. One Antoine Aubuchon was a wealthy planter at Ste. Genevieve who had one family with his French wife and another with his mistress, Elizabeth Datchurut, described in records as a free negro woman or a free mulatto. When he died in 1798, she sued his white family for a share of the estate and for acknowledgment of the paternity of her ten children. She won a small settlement and the right of her children to use his name, as shown in a lengthy transcript (in French) in the Ste. Genevieve Archives, "Litigation," 1798, No. 80 (microfilm in Missouri Hist. Soc. Library). The "colored" Aubuchons who appeared in St. Louis in the early 1800's were most likely the children of this relationship.
Collet's Index to Baptisms shows as colored, b. 1826, natural daughter of Aurora Datchurut Aubuchon.
Collet's Index to Baptisms shows Henry Morin and Aurore Aubuchon as parents of Henry (1816), Elizabeth (1817), Alexis (1819), Charles (1821), Pelagie (1824), Aurelia (1826), Natalie (1828), Clarisse Marguerite (1831), and Marie T. (1833)--all having the surname Morin but identified as "natural" children (i.e., of unmarried parents). Aurelia is shown as colored, but no race given in index for others (this was sometimes shown, sometimes not). Henry Morin's will (Bk. G:68, written 1842 and recorded 1862) leaves his house to his "wife Aurore Obuchon" and mentions it as having been deeded to her in 1823 in Deed Bk. M:81. No record of their marriage has been found so far, but this terminology in his will indicates that they lived as man and wife.
Shown as a free mulatto in 1798 deed granting him a lot from Gregoire Sarpy, in St. Louis Archives Bk. 4:261.
Collet's Index to Baptisms shows him as born 20 Aug. and bapt. 29 Aug. 1802, son of Adelaide Aubuchon, a free mulatto. Not to be confused with Frenchman of same name who m. Celeste Flore Morin in 1807 [Deed Bk. A:497] and with her had children Bernard, Isabella, Joseph, Charles, Edward and Marie. Census of 1830 shows a Pierre Aubuchon as head of free colored houshold with four males ages 10-23, one female under 9, one female 10-23, and one female 36-54. There are numerous entries under this name in Collet's Index to Deeds, but they seem to pertain to the Frenchman. Much research needed to distinguish between the two.
This information was submitted by Judith A Gilbert an independent scholar living in Amarillo, TX. She has written various articles including: "Esther and Her Sister: Free Women of Color as Property Owners in Colonial St. Louis 1765-1803. Contact Gilbert at email@example.com for more information.