History of Richardson County, NE Vol. 1 - TOC
CHAPTER I&emdash;TOPOGRAPHY, GEOLOGY, ETC., OF RICHARDSON COUNTY
Rolling Prairies of This Section of Nebraska Were an Alluring Feature That Did Not Escape the Eye of the Settler in Quest of a Home in the New Country&emdash;Streams of Fine Water, the Banks of Which Were Well Timbered&emdash;Native Timber Restored by the Mastery of the Old Prairie Fires and the Former Aspect of the Country Has Been Changed Thereby Quality of the Soil&emdash;Inexhaustive Quarries of Excellent Building Stone&emdash;Tributaries of the Great Nemaha River&emdash;Description of the Area of the County&emdash;Climatic Conditions and a Scientific Analysis of the Physiographic Position of the County.
CHAPTER II&emdash;INDIAN HISTORY AND PREHISTORIC TIMES
Pawnees Appear to Have Had the Best Claim as the Aboriginal Inhabitants of the Country Now Comprised in Richardson County&emdash;Story of Their Occupancy and of That of the Sacs and Foxes&emdash;Review of the Various Treaties Under Which the Red Man Gradually Gave Up His Lands&emdash;Evidences of Prehistoric Occupancy Based Upon the Finding of Skeletons and Relics at Several Points in Comity&emdash;Coming of the Missionaries to the Indians and Something of the Habits of Living and of the Religion of the Red Man.
CHAPTER III&emdash;SPANISH EXPLORATIONS
First White Men to Set foot on the Land Now Comprised Within the Confines of This County Were the Adventurous Cavaliers of Coronados Band Which Came Up From the Aztec Country Seeking What They Might Find in the North Country and Who Left a Record of Having Reached The Fortieth Parallel of Latitude, Together With a Report of the Conditions of Life of the Indians at That Time Occupying This Country&emdash;Later Visit of the French Explorers, the Coming of the Lewis and Clark Expedition the Acquirement of the Louisiana Territory and the Gradual Development of Settlements Leading Up to the Eventual Creation of Nebraska Territory and the Passing of the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
CHAPTER IV&emdash;EARLY SETTLEMENT AND EARLY SURVEYS
Fitting Tribute to the American Pioneers, Who Is Described as a Distinct Type Well Qualified to Enter Upon the Veritable Garden of Eden Which Awaited His Advent Out Here Beyond the Missouri&emdash;Review of Conditions Which Led to the Immigration Stream in This Direction and Bit of Reference to the Character and Stock of That Hardy Band Which Sought a Wider Horizon Here On the Limitless Prairies&emdash;Influence of the Missouri River in Directing Settlement Hitherward&emdash;Four Epochs in Settlement Period&emdash;Roster of Pioneers Who Settled Here Prior to 1810, Together With a Brief Review of Conditions They Faced and the Hardships They Were Compelled to Undergo While Making Habitable a Place for Those Who Should Come After&emdash;Land Speculation, Claim Jumpers, Jayhawkers, the Underground Railroad and Something Regarding the Various Separate Colonies Which Settled Here, Closing With a Review of the Early Surveys of County, and a Story of the Iron Monument.
CHAPTER V&emdash;ORGANIZATION OF RICHARDSON COUNTY
Name of County Was Given in Compliment to First Territorial Governor&emdash;Temporary Organization in 1854 Was Definitely Established by the Territorial Legislature in 1855, and the First Election Was Held in This Latter Year&emdash;First County Officers Chosen&emdash;Original Boundaries of County&emdash;The Half Breed Tract&emdash;First Census and Polling Places&emdash;Organization of Precincts&emdash;Legislative Acts With Reference to the County and the Gradual Development of a Stable Form of Local Government.
CHAPTER VI&emdash;LOCATION OF COUNTY SEAT
Historian Has Been at Pains to Examine the Official Records With a View to Determining the Influences Underlying&emdash;the Long Struggle Which Persisted in the Early Days of the County, in the Matter of the Location of the County Seat and Which Finally Resulted in the Rejection of the Respective Claims of Archer and of Salem and the Establishment of the Seat of Local Government at Falls City&emdash;Vote by Precincts Attesting the Final Choice of the People&emdash;County Buildings and a Word Regarding Early Political Conditions in the County.
CHAPTER VII&emdash;ROSTER OF COUNTY OFFICERS
In the List Given in This Chapter of Those Who Have Served the People of Richardson County in an Official Capacity, It Is Gratifying to Note That Some of the Very Ablest Men in the County Have Thus Rendered Efficient Service and That the County Government Has From the Very Beginning Been Singularly Free From Scandal&emdash;Names of Officers, Including County Clerks, Probate Judges, County Judges. Registers of Deeds, Clerks of District Court, County Treasurers, Sheriffs, County Commissioners, Superintendents of Public Instruction, Surveyors, Coroners, Supervisors, County Attorneys and the New Commissioners Appointed Under the Recently Adopted Commission Form of County Government.
CHAPTER VIII&emdash;ORGANIZATION OF TOWNSHIPS AND PRECINCTS
Here will be found the Stories Regarding tilt, Formation of the Several Townships or Precincts Which Form Units of Civic Government in the General Government of the County, Beginning With Barada, Which Was Named for Old Antoine Barada, One of the Most Interesting and Picturesque Figures of the Plains Country in the Early Days, Together With an Interesting Collection of Narratives of Incidents Relating to the Early&emdash;Life of the County and Personal and Illuminating Reference to Many of Those Hardy Figures Which Made Possible the Settlement of This Favored Region&emdash;Population statistics and Something in Relation to Townsites That Early Were Located for Public Allotment and Sale.
CHAPTER IX&emdash;INCORPORATION OF TOWNS AND PRECINCTS
In This Chapter There Is Set Out in Interesting Form a Mass of Official Information Taken From the Records of the County and Bearing on the Original Orders of Incorporation of the Towns and Precincts of the County, Together With Further References to the Men Who Were the Foremost Figures fit Such Transactions, With Stories Relating to Many of Them, and a Brief History of the Various Towns and Villages Which Have From the Beginning Constituted Valuable Social and Commercial Centers for the People of the Several Communities in the County.
CHAPTER X&emdash;SERIES OF FIRST EVENTS
Nothing in the History of Any Community Carries More of Interest Than a Narration of the First Incidents Bearing on the Settlement of Such a Community and This Chapter Relating to the Firsts of Richardson County Ought to Be Regarded as One of the Most Interesting in the Book, for Here Will Be Found Set Out in Orderly Array the Story of the Beginnings of Things in This Region Based Upon the Activities of Those Who Were Among the First of Those Who Dared and Did in the Days of the Beginning of the Establishment of a Definite Social Order on This Side of the Missouri.
CHAPTER XI&emdash;AGRICULTURE AND STOCKRAISING
From the Days of the Unbroken Growths of Luxuriant Prairie Grass Which Covered the Rich Plains Throughout This Region to the Present Period of Highly Developed and Specialized Agriculture Is Not a Far Cry as Measured in Years, for There Are Those Still Living Here Who Helped to Turn the First Furrows in These Prairies, But in the Measure of Results Accomplished an Astonishing Distance Has Been Covered, and This Chapter Is Designed to Present the Story of the Wonderful Development That Has Marked Agricultural Processes During the Comparatively Short Period in Which the White Man Has Been in Possession of the Country.
CHAPTER XII&emdash;EARLY TRANSPORTATION, NAVIGATION AND RAIL&endash;ROADS
Herein Will Be Found the Story of the Development of the Means of Travel and Transportation From the Days of the River Steamboat and the Prairie Schooner to the Present Day of the Transcontinental Steel Flyers and the High-Powered Automobiles, Which Latter, in Particular, Are Serving to Bind Communities More Closely Together and to bring the Farm into Close Communications With the Markets and Social Centers&emdash;Interesting Story of the Old Days of the River Boats and the Great Trains of the Freighters Along the Overland Trails of a Day Gone By&emdash;First Effort is Behalf of a Railroad&emdash;When the Railroad Reached Falls City&emdash;Excursion to Atchison&emdash;Coming of the Automobile and a Comparison With Conditions that Existed in the Days of the Old Overland Stage.
CHAPTER XIII&emdash;SCHOOLS AND EDUCATION
In This Chapter County Superintendent Weber Presents an Interesting Review of the School Activities of Richardson County from the Time of the Countys Early Settlement and the Humble Subscription Schools to the Present Day of the Highly Specialized School System Comprising the Well-Organized Schools of the Cities and Villages and the Equally Well-Organized Consolidated Schools of the Rural Districts, All Being Operated Under a Definite Plan, With a View to Securing the Best Attainable Results in the Way of Educating the Youth of the County.
CHAPTER XIV&emdash;CHURCHES OF RICHARDSON COUNTY
Church History of a Locality Is Inseparable From Its Growth and Development, the Influence of the Church Being Felt in Every Force That Goes to Make Up a Prosperous and Moral Community, and in No Phase of the Development of Richardson County Has There Been a Stronger Influence for Good Than the Church Organizations of the County; a Story of Which, Together With Many Interesting Incidents Relating to the Religious Observances of the Pioneers Has Been Compiled Under the Direction of David D. Reavis and Is Here Set Out for the Information and Inspiration of the Present Generation and the Guidance of the Future.
CHAPTER XV&emdash;NEWSPAPERS OF RICHARDSON COUNTY
In This Chapter the Historian Has Presented a Comprehensive and Entertaining Review of the Operations of the Fourth Estate in Richardson County and Has Incidentally Preserved for the Edification of the Present and the Information of Future Generations of Readers Numerous Stories of the Doings of the Newspaper Editors Who Proved Such Powerful and Influential Factors in the General Life of the Community in the Old Days, and Whose Unselfish and Untiring Efforts in Behalf of the New Country Worked Such Wonders of Accomplishment in the Way of Assisting in the Development of the Various Interests of the County at a Time When the Getting Out of a Newspaper Was Very Much More a Pure Labor of Love Than It Is Today&emdash;Veteran Editors Tribute to the Old-Timers in Local Newspaperdom.
CHAPTER XVI&emdash;PHYSICIANS OF RICHARDSON COUNTY
Close and Intimate Relation Borne by the Family Physician to the Real Life of the Community to Which He Ministers Makes Him One of the Most Vital Factors for Good in That Community, and in the Chapter to Which the Reader Here Refers the Importance of This Situation Is Clearly Brought Out, the Medical History of the County of Richardson Being Interestingly and Entertainingly Reviewed by Doctor Burchard and Doctor Waggener, Whose Long and Intimate acquaintance With the Conditions They Portray Gives to Their Narratives an Informative Importance That will be Valued and Appreciated More and More as the Years Pass.
CHAPTER XVII&emdash;THE BENCH AND BAR
No History Is Complete Without Some Specific Reference to the Courts and Lawyers the Section That History Seeks to Cover, for to the Bench and to the Bar Fall a No Unimportant and a No Indecisive Part in the Development of the Human Progress Upon Which History In Based, and the Development of Social Conditions in Richardson County Has Been no Exception to This Rule, the Courts and the Lawyers Having Played Conspicuous Parts in the Creation of the Splendid Conditions Amid Which the People of This County Today Find Themselves, All of Which Is Entertainingly Set Out Here in the Chapter Under Consideration.
CHAPTER XVIII&emdash;BANKS AND BANKING
During the Pioneer Period in Richardson County There Were No Banks and Very Little Banking Business Done Except Such as Was Conducted by the Early Merchants, But as Settlement Developed and Communities Expanded the Necessity for the Establishment of Recognized Mediums Through Which the Credit Facilities of the Community Might Systematically Operate Led to the Organization of Properly Accredited Banks, Until Now There Is No Appreciable Social Center in the County That Is Not Provided With One or More Stable Financial Institutions for the Proper Accommodation of the Community Thus Served, and This Chapter Gives in a Nutshell the Story of the Creation of These Banking Institutions, Together With a Statement Relative to the Respective Present Status of Each.
CHAPTER XIX&emdash;MILITARY HISTORY
Though Nebraska Had Not Been Admitted to Statehood at the Time of the Breaking Out of the Civil War the Hardy Pioneers Who Had Even Then Found a Foothold On the Soil Here Did Well Their Part in That Struggle in Defense of the Union, as the Reader Will Find Is Made Clear in the Chapter Here Referred to Wherein Is Set Out the Story of the Participation of Richardson County in That Struggle, as Well as the Story of Her Participation in the Subsequent Spanish-American War and in the Present Great World War, in Which Latter Supreme Struggle So Many of the Active and Determined Young Men of This County Are Taking Part at the Time These Words Are Being Written.
CHAPTER XX &emdash; FALLS CITY THE COUNTY SEAT
In This Chapter is Set Out at Informative Length and in an Entertaining Fashion the History of the County Seat of Richardson County From the Days of Its Inception to the Present Day of Its Important Development, With a View to Giving the header Some Notion of the Various Steps in This Process of Development and of Preserving for the Future a Record of the Same.
CHAPTER XXI&emdash;THE CITY OF HUMBOLDT
The Historian Has Here Set Out a Comprehensive Review of the Various Phases Through Which the Second City in Richardson County Has Passed in Attaining Its Present High State of Development, and Has Presented at the Same Time An Interesting Collection of Pioneer Reminiscences Relating to Humboldt and the Humboldt Neighborhood, With Biographical Sketches of Many of the Earliest Settlers Therein.
CHAPTER XXII&emdash;HISTORICAL SKETCH OF DAWSON
Beginning With a Story of the First Pre-emptors Along the Rich Valley of the Nemaha, William Fenton Has Presented in This Chapter a Review of the Beginning and the Development of the Pleasant Village of Dawson and Has Set Out in that Connection Much Exceedingly Interesting Information Relating to the early Days of That Neighborhood.
CHAPTER XXIII&emdash;DEFUNCT TOWNS OF RICHARDSON COUNTY
The Old-Timer Will Find Numerous References in This Chapter Relating to Towns and Townsites That Gave Promise in the Days of the Pioneer That Will Revive Many Pleasant Recollections in His Mind of the Days Gone By, for Here Are Set out, as Tales That Were Told, the Stories ofthe Departed Glories of Such One-Time Ambitious Sites as Those of Archer, Yankton, Winnebago Stumps Station, Shasta, Elmore, Cottage Grove, Elkton, Breckenridge, Peora, Springfield, Geneva, Flowerdale, Dorrington, Noraville, Monterey, Meonond, Pleasant Valley, Old St. Stephens, and the beginning and End of Arago, Which at One Time Had a Population Right Around Fifteen Hundred and Which Now Boasts of a Bare Half Dozen Families.
CHAPTER XXIV&emdash;SIDELIGHTS ON COUNTY HISTORY
This Ought to Prove One of the Most Interesting Chapters in the Book, for Here Are Given at First Hand Numerous Stories of the Old Days, Preserving the Recollections of the Pioneers With Respect to a Number of the Most Interesting and Important Events in the Early Days of the Settlement of the County; a Symposium That Will Prove of Incalculable Value to Those Who in After Years May Feel Called On to Compile a Later History of the County.
CHAPTER XXV&emdash;SOME PROMINENT PIONEERS
For the Information of the Present Generation There Are Presented Here a Number of Brief Biographical Sketches of Some of the Sturdy Pioneers Who Helped to Bring This Region to a Habitable State and Make Clear a Way for the Enjoyment of the Many Blessings of a Settled Social Order, Included in This Distinguished Roll Being Such Names as Those of John B. Didier, David Thomas Brinegar, Jonathan J. Marvin, Jesse Crook, David Kinney, Francis L. Goldsberry, David Dorrington, David R. Holt, Thomas C. Cunningham, James Henry Lane, Fulton Peters, Antoine Barada, James Robert Cain, Sr., David L. Thompson, Dillard Walker, Mrs. Mary S. Quick, James L. Overman and Others.
CHAPTER XXVI&emdash;REMINISCENCES OF A WAYFARER
In This Exceedingly Interesting and Engaging Bit of Autobiography Written by the Hon. Isham Reavis in 1909 the Reader Will Find One of the Most Entertaining and Informative Collections of Reminiscences of the Old Days in Nebraska That Has Ever Been Written, Including References to the Days Back in the Beginning of Things When, This Region Was as Completely Isolated From the World and Civilization as Was Alaska at the Opening of the Past Century.
CHAPTER XXVII&emdash;HISTORICAL SKETCHES
Here Are Collected a Series of Valuable Reminiscent Papers From the Hands of Such Pioneers as David Dorrington, E. H. Johnson William Witherow, Jesse Crook, Thomas F. Brown, Isaac Crook, William G. Goolsby, J. C. Lincoln, Elisha Dorian and Antoine Barada Relating to Incidents of the Early Days.
CHAPTER XXVIII&emdash;Miscellaneous MATTERS OF INTEREST
In This Concluding Chapter There Are Presented, Just as Its Title Indicates, Several Matters of Engrossing Local Interest That Fit In Well to the General Scheme of the Book, Covering Details of Pioneer History Not Elsewhere Touched On; Typical Tales of Pioneers Told First Hand and Thus Informative to a Degree Not Possible of Attainment by One Who Has Merely Heard Them Instead of having Lived Them.