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Czechs in Literary Work

List of Czechs Who Have Lived in Nebraska and in One Way or Another, in Varying Degree, Have Been Active in Literary or Newspaper Work:

Marie Folk-Belohlavy

   Belohlavy, Mrs. Marie Folk, born in Chotina, County of Plzen, October 25, 1871, came with parents to Kansas in 1883. In 1891 they moved to Oklahoma and in 1908 Miss Folk married Vaclav Belohlavy. Now living in Plattsmouth. Has written articles for the Kvety Americke II, and Hospodar and many stories and articles for the almanac Amerikan, published in Chicago, Illinois.

   Breuer, Dr. C. H. A physician, born March 10, 1866, in Hemerna, near Malesov, Bohemia. Came with parents in 1876 to New Prague, Minnesota. At first he worked on the farm, then on newspapers in Chicago and Omaha, in which latter place he graduated in medicine and began practice. For several years practiced in Texas, now lives in Lincoln, Nebraska. Has written many articles on medical subjects for various papers, conducts the Health Column in the Hospodar and has written three books: Home Treatment of the Sick and Horse Diseases (both published in Omaha), and The Science of Health, published in Chicago.

Dr. C.H. Breuer

   During the World War (1914--1918) Dr. Breuer became a member of the Nebraska Home Guards, organized when the state militia was sent out of the state. Governor Keith Neville appointed him chief physician with the title of captain. When in the spring of 1918 agitation tending to help free Bohemia developed, Dr. Breuer obtained leave from Gov. Neville to organize Czech companies of the Nebraska Home Guards and allowed them to use the Czech language, which was a marked concession, inasmuch as during that time there was great distaste for anything but the English language. These Czech companies were allowed to recruit legionnaires for the allied armies, among those who could not enter the American army and 17 such enlisted. A company was formed in Wilber with Alois Slepicka as captain, sworn in by Gen. Clapp. Companies in Crete, Schuyler, Wahoo and elsewhere were being formed when the war closed and there was no necessity for further work. Dr. Breuer's sons, Miles and Roland, also physicians, and his daughter, Mrs. Libbie B. Scholten, have written and translated from Czech, prose and poetry.

   Broz, Rev. John St. See "Priests Who Have Achieved Distinction."

   Bunata, Joseph. The oldest Czech editor now living in the United States. Born November 19, 1846, in Kresetice near Kutna Hora, Bohemia, and came to this country in 1870, to New York. He has divided his time between working on newspapers, most of which had a precarious existence, and his trade of cigar making, to which he had to take recourse between-times, to make a living. Now retired, living with his married daughters alternately, in Ennis, Texas, or Palm Beach, Florida. Became editor of the Delnicke Listy in New York in 1877, of the Slovan in La Grange, Texas, in 1888 (the first Czech paper in that state), in 1898 of the New Yorske Listy in New York, in 1899 of the Pokrok Zapadu in Omaha, later of the Pravda in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and the Svornost in Chicago, Ill. From Chicago he moved to Texas, after the death of his wife. Contributes articles to various papers.

Thomas Capek

   Capek, Thomas. Our most distinguished Czech-American writer. President of the Bank of Europe in New York. Born in Chrastovice, Strakonice, Bohemia, December 6, 1861. Came to this country in summer of 1879. In 1883 became editor of the Pokrok Zapadu in Omaha and in the fall of 1886 entered Ann Arbor, to study law. In 1889 studied in Columbia, New York, and after graduating practiced law in Omaha. In 1890--1891 was a member of the Nebraska legislature, democrat. In 1894 married Miss Anna Vostrovsky of San Jose, California, and began to practice law in New York. In 1910 with four compatriots established the Bank of Europe, of which he was vice-president, since 1912 president. Author of the following books in English: Bohemia, past and present; Austria Hungary and the Slavonians; The Slovaks in Hungary (1906); Bohemia under Hapsburg Misrule (1915) ; Bohemian (Cech) Bibliography (in collaboration with his wife, Anna V., 1918); The Cechs (Bohemians) in America (1920); The Czechs and Slovaks in American Banking (in collaboration with his son Thomas Jr., 1920) The Cech Community in New York (1921). In Czech: Pamatky ceskych emigrantu v Americe, (Monuments of Czech emigrants in America (first edition, 1889 second, 1907); Padesat let ceskeho tisku v Americe (Fifty years of Czech letters in America 1911); Jan Vratislav Capek (his brother's biography); Z New Yorku do Prahy a zpet (From New York to Prague and return), and Nase Amerika (Our America, 1926). He edited the Bohemian Voice in Omaha, 1892-1894 and was on the editorial staff of the Pokrok Zapadu in the early eighties.

Otakar Charvat

   Charvat, Otakar. Born in Pelhrimov, Bohemia, in 1887, came to this country in 1905. Editor of St. Louisske Listy in St. Louis, Mo.; of Cesky Oklahoman, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. In 1906 came to Omaha, as editor of Pokrok Zapadu, and has lived there since. Published a literary monthly Zvon, containing matter written by himself, and published two volumes of stories, of which he is author. Was editor also of the Nova Doba, Omaha, and now of the Narodni Pokrok, Omaha.

   Chladek, Vojta, whose biography appears in the history of Box Butte County. Contributed articles to the Hospodar, the most noteworthy being in the form of a dialogue between a careful and a careless farmer, which were published later in book form.

   Chotek, Hugo. Born November 8, 1851, in Jindrichuv Hradec, Bohemia (where his father was professor in the gymnasia), of a family belonging, on his father's side, to the nobility. From his grandfather's time the title was not used, owing to reduced circumstances, which prevented maintenance of proper social position. he came to this country in 1876. In Nebraska he was editor of the Nova Doba in Schuyler. Worked on papers in New York, N. Y., La Grange, Texas, Chicago, Detroit and Cleveland. A very prolific writer and translator of stories and articles, most of which were published in the almanac Amerikan, and Domacnost of Milwaukee. In Cleveland he gave up his literary pursuits and became clerk of the Equalization Board. While living there he wrote a history of the Czechs in Cleveland. Died there May 9,1911.

Joseph Dinebier

   Dinebier, Joseph. Born in Liben, near Praha, Bohemia, in 1856. Came to this country in 1878 and worked as compositor, first in New York City, then in Omaha. Wrote many poems and some prose for the Kvety Americke I. His poems treat mainly of nature and romantic love. For several years he was a greatly beloved teacher of the Czech school in Omaha. Died in that city in 1889.

   Dongres, Ludvik W. Born August 24, 1872, in Kralovice and came to this country in 1891. Living at present in Granger, Texas. Editor of the Hospodar, Hospodarske Listy, Chicago; magazine Komensky, Lincoln; Hlasatel Chicago; Cesko-Americky Venkov, Omaha and others. Wrote many articles for various papers and fiction and poems, sometimes under the pseudonym of Just-a-Man, also translated poetry.

   Folda, Longin. Born March 15, 1864, in Manitowoc County, Wisconsin, and died April 17, 1923, in Corpus Christi, Texas. For years a prominent banker of Nebraska, member of a pioneer family. Wrote a play Kupec a basnik (The Merchant and Poet).

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