AND RECORD OF PIONEER DAYS
Published Monthly by the Nebraska State Historical Society
Editor, ADDISON E. SHELDON
The Staffs of the Nebraska State Historical Society and
Legislative Reference Bureau
Subscription $2.00 Per Year
q All sustaining members of the Nebraska State Historical
Society receive Nebraska History without further payment.
q Application made at Lincoln. Nebraska. for admission to
mails as second class matter, under act of July 16, 1894.
SERGEANT ANDERSON, OF FUNSTON
Sergeant Clyde Anderson, of the headquarters company of the 355th Infantry, at Camp Funston, has rendered a gracious and important service to Nebraska soldiers and to the State Historical Society by naming about fifty group photographs of soldiers taken either in Nebraska or at camp. Many or these groups are most interesting pictures of Nebraska's part in the world war. They will be mounted with other war photographic collections and will be eagerly studied in future years.
FRANK ROSEWATER'S "GOLDEN AGE"
In the first half century of Nebraska history the name or Edward Rosewater will always have a prominent place. From his brother, Frank, of New York City, the Historical Society has received a gift of his new book. The Coming Golden Age, with the inscription upon the fly leaf, "A Tribute to the faith which converted the Great American Desert into a garden land." The book is the work of an idealist having for its chief thesis an, ingenious device for the peaceful overthrow of capitalism by the use of what the author calls "Self money."
HISTORY AND PATRIOTISM -
It is well recognized now that the most adequate method of teaching patriotism to the youth is through the study of the history of their own country. American history is filled with the material to inspire a patriotism of the highest type. There are so many splendid examples of faith, fearlessness and sacrifice in the story of our country that when these are properly presented to children they cannot fail to respond. The war is proving that we need a more thorough and rapid Americanization of our various elements to be ready for a great crisis. Of the many legitimate methods for achieving this result none will be found more effective than the true teaching of American history in our common schools. This should be taught the child in the English language. It should not exalt war as the sole form of patriotism.
STUDY OF NEBRASKA HISTORY IN NEBRASKA SCHOOLS -
It is an important suggestion which comes from Mr. N. P. Dodge. Jr.. regarding the pioneer stories and inspiring incidents of this commonwealth and their use in the schools. Five years ago the editor published the first volume designed to meet this need in Nebraska schools in his book, "History and Stories of Nebraska." Each year since then has seen a wider use of Nebraska history study in our schools. The suggestion that each county ought to make use of the best historical material connected with the history of that county is a good one. Where a well written county history exists, - such as the one of Antelope county by A. J. Leach, of Buffalo county by S. C. Bassett, or Dakota county by M. M. Warner, - a copy of it should be in every school district library. Some of the county histories published have been chiefly planned to get money for biographical and business "write-ups." It is to be hoped that each county in Nebraska may soon achieve the honor of a patriotic county history written by a competent person, long resident of the county, with the purpose of preserving the record of the early years in a truthful and inspiring form.
Winning the war is the immediate question. To that all the gifts, and virtues and resources of the American nation are dedicated hence-forward until the end. But neither the nation nor the people can have justly in mind why we are in the war and what must be done when it ends unless there is a full understanding of its origin. Two years ago the editor read carefully through all the documents published by the different European countries giving their version of how the war started. He reached a very clear opinion on the case at that time. Within the last six months he has again gone over all the old and new evidence offered. The opinion is clearer and stronger. There is need of a brief pamphlet in popular language to summarize this evidence and the conclusion which it irresistibly indicates, viz: that it was planned and pushed upon the world by the Imperial Government at Berlin. In book form there is the volume "The Evidence in the Case" by Beck. But we have seen no brief, effective pamphlet.
PRESENT DAY NEBRASKA HISTORY -
The history of Nebraska today centers about the World War. Twenty thousand Nebraskans are already in uniform. Before the war ends there may be a hundred thousand. All the home life is concentrated upon the issue. All that we think or say or do is colored by the war cloud. The history of Nebraska at the present time is the history of Nebraska's part in the great war. The people of twenty years from now or a hundred years from now will wish to know the true story of these present months more than anything else. It is the purpose of the Slate Historical Society to gather from every source the records which shall tell this story. Among them are the pictures of Nebraska soldiers in camp and at the front, the letters written home by men in the service, the newspapers and books and songs written by Nebraskans during these stirring times, the account of the organization of Nebraska for the production of food, the raising of money, the creation of popular sentiment to sustain the government. For each of these kinds of historical material the society has it purpose and a plan. To house them all in a noble Historical Memorial Building, for the instruction and inspiration of Nebraska through all future time, is part of that plan.
BURT COUNTY HISTORY -
The Burt County Herald of March 22, 1918, has a beautiful illustration of the courthouse just completed, also a description of a memorial tablet placed on the courthouse by Niles R. Folsom, the only survivor of the little band of immigrants who came from Attica, New York, and settled in Burt county in the fall of 1854. This tablet records that the new courthouse stands on the site of the old blockhouse built in 1855. An attack by Indians on the settlement at Fontenelle, in the summer of 1855, led to the organization of a militia company at Tekamah soon after, of which Benjamin R. Folsom was chosen captain and his son, Niles R. Folsom, orderly sergeant. It was decided to erect a fort or blockhouse of logs, forty feet square and two stories high. After roll call and drill each morning, the men were detailed for work, some to cut logs in the timber east of Tekamah, others to transport the logs to the site, where they were hewn and the building was erected. This blockhouse was later fitted up as a hotel. Judge Eleazer Wakeley held the first term of court in Burt county just sixty-one years ago, in a hall on the second floor of this building.
For many years, the Historical Society has
wished to make a thorough historical survey of the older
settled parts of the state. From time to time expeditions
have been made by members of the office staff to the more
important historical localities and valuable results have
been secured. What has been most needed is a systematic
survey which would secure important historical material from
the homes and the memories of the early settlers; the
collection of early documents, weapons, tools and implements
for the Historical library and museum; the photographing and
filming of historical sites and persons and the making of a
record which would serve as a guide to all the important
historical material in each county.
barefooted and neighborly. He will endeavor to visit every old settler and every keeper of historical documents and historical articles in that part of Nebraska. He is fully authorized to receive applications for membership in the Historical Society and to transact any other historical business for the success of his work.
(handwritten: See D387)
THE FORT KEARNY FLAGSTAFF.
The historic flagstaff of Fort Kearny,
pictured above, is in the Historical Society museum where it
has been for many years. Colonel W. 0. Dungan, of Minden,
owner of the farm upon which the site of Fort Kearny is
situated, writes the following to the editor regarding the
history of this flagstaff:
When the Mexican war began, in 1846, there
was no Nebraska; but the vast plain extending from the
divide between the streams which flow directly into the
Missouri River and those which flow into the Platte, on the
north, to the divide between the Kansas and Arkansas rivers
on the south, and from the Missouri River on the east to the
Rocky Mountains on the west, was called "the Nebraska
country" - because Nebraska was the first or Indian name of
the principal river of that region. It is now called the
that the secretary of war, in his report for that year,
not only recomended the appropriation "for erecting military
posts from the Missouri River to the Rocky Mountains," but
also the organization of the Nebraska country into a
territory; and in 1845 President Polk recomended the
establishing of posts along what had now become "the usual
route" and that an adequate force of mounted riflemen be
raised to garrison them.
Col. Kearny, with one hundred and fifty
dragoons, were taken on board the steamer Amaranth, at Fort
Leavenworth, on her last trip up, and proceeded to Fort
Kearny, on Table Creek, a new fort established about fifteen
miles below Council Bluffs. Above Weston, on her way up, the
boat struck a snag, which carried away the guard under the
cook house, and the whole of its contents were lost in the
river; which accident caused a great deal of inconvenience,
as the cooking for the whole company on board had to be done
with a small stove on the after deck.
GIFTS RECEIVED BY HISTORICAL SOCIETY FROM JAN. 1, 1918 TO APRIL 1, 1918.
A Shingle Rive. Used by William Young, of
Cass county, Nebrnska to split, shingles used on his cabin,
built in 1855, on secttion 12, township 11. range 13.
Presented by David A. Young of Murray, Nebraska, a son of
William Young. Indian hoe found in 1855, grown into the
forks of a tree in Cass county. Presented by David A. Young,
of Murray, Nebraska.
Many letters of appreciation and information are received at the State Historical Society office. The stimulus which these give is so strong and genuine that the editor passes some of it along to the readers of Nebraska History.
I received volume XVIII and have read it with great interest, and
I congratulate the Society on the efficiency of its work, and I am sure it will continue in its good endeavors.
John C. Cowin, Omaha.
I have received Volume XVIII and congratulate you on its information and attractiveness.
John D. Haskell, Wakefield.
I think your plan to make a volume of history regarding farmers organizations in Nebraska a good one. I came to Nebraska with my parents when a little boy almost forty- seven years ago, arriving in Pawnee county on May 12, 1871. I was raised on a, farm and knew something of the farmer's life and know that the history you are making will be very interesting to the farmers.
David W. Neill, Pawnee City.
I enjoy the books and pamphlets from the Society immensely. I have a friend here who would like to become a member.
J. R. Swain, Greeley.
I am with you in your work
Josiah Miner, Friend.
Don't you think that in your history of farmers organizations that of the farm mortgage business should be taken up? The greatest economic question in all history is farming - food production. I think in the history you propose it should be asked and answered, "Why the tremendous farm mortgage indebtedness which is still increasing by leaps and bounds? What is the cause; what is the cure?"
William Stull, Omaha.
I find much that is interesting in Nebraska History and Record of Pioneer Days.
Francis E. White, Omaha.
I send check for your monthly magazine. I do not know whether it is generally known that the Arikara are an off- shoot of the Pawnee tribe, as also the Pawnee Picts. Both these tribes visited the Pawnee here in the sixties.
E. A. Gerrard, Monroe.
I am surely glad to see your new journal. We are beginning on the 1819 celebration at this point.
W. H. Woods, Fort Calhoun.
Find check for subscription to Nebraska History. We will send you our Bohemian farm paper, Hospodar, and our Bohemian magazine, Kvety Americke.
Roso Roslcky, Omaha.
I send my greetings to you and the many old and good friends of the Historical Society and have read with interest your magazine.
Henry B. Ward, Urbana, Ill.
Enclosed find check. I am interested in the preservation of the state's history.
L. A. Berge, Walton.
As Mr. Bryan is away I take the liberty of sending you his name as a sustaining member with enclosure.
Mary B. Bryan, Miami, Fla.
I hand you herewith draft for my brother, John G. Maher, who is in the army and absent from the city.
Blake Matter, Lincoln.
Find herewith check for $6.00 to pay sustaining membership in the Nebraska State Historical Society for John W. Groff, Fred H. Richards, L. D. Richards. Wishing you success.
L. D. Richards, Fremont.
I am interested in your Nebraska History journal and in the volumes of the Society. With personal greetings and good wishes.
Melvin R. Gilmore, Bismarck, N. D.
I am in receipt of No. 1 of Nebraska History and Record of Pioneer Days for which I thank you and enclose check for membership dues.
Albert Coolidge, North Platte.
And from that rugged pioneer of the old
freighting days comes the following generous western
John Bratt, North Platte.
With a great pleasure I have received, just now, from you the 1917 report, where at three hundredth page I had the glad opportunity to see my name elected as a corresponding member. I thank you for this great honor and promise to do all I call in behalf of the institution.
Antonio Carlos Simoens da Silva, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Many thanks for kind sending of volume XVIII,
Publications of the Nebraska State Historical Society,
containing my remarks before the meeting of January, 1910,
as also memorial notice and portrait of our friend, Mr.
Clarence S. Paine.
James Mooney, U. S. Ethnologist.
E. F. Stephens writes all the way from Nampa,
Idaho, to become a sustaining member of the Historical
Society. No man has a better right to a place on Nebraska
history than Mr. Stephens. The founder of the Crete nursery
in 1871, he was for more than forty years one of the
foremost orchardists in Nebraska, and thousands of people
will be picking fruit from Nebraska trees during this
century, all unconscious that they owe a debt to Mr.
Stephens for the trees. Mr. Stephens' share of the Idaho
apple crop of 1917 was 54,000 bushels. He is president of
the Idaho State Board of Horticultural Inspectors.
every number of it. We have often thought of issuing such a publication, but there have been obstacles in the way which we have not thus far been able to overcome.
The following very interesting letter comes
from D. A. Yonne, of Murray, Cass county:
From N. P. Dodge, Jr., Of Omaha, comes the
following valued note:
From Mrs. John C. Laughlin, of Pender, we
have received a most interesting historical story of a
woman's organization in that County, founded by her mother,
Mrs. T. H. Graves. Slightly abridged, her story is as
1. This society shall be called The Farmers
Wives Society and shall meet once in four weeks at any place
designated by the president. Its objects are to promote
social intercourse, to profit by the experience of others,
and to seek instruction in the duties of the farmer's
To say that the organization wits a success
puts it too mildly. It grew in membership until something
like 150 members were enrolled. Each meeting was more
interesting than its predecessor. It was maintained
continually nearly until the death of its founder, August 4.
(handwritten: See C1495)
NEBRASKA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES' SERVICE FLAG,
This flag is a gift to the Nebraska State
Historical Society from the Nebraska House of
Representatives in special session, March, 1918. The three
large upper stars represent three members of the House in
the United States military service, the fifteen small stars
represent sons of members in the United States military
service. The list of members and sons follows:
The forty-seventh annual reunion of the
Soldiers Free Homestead colony which made settlement in the
vicinity of Gibbon, Buffalo county, Nebraska, on April 7.
1871, was held in the parlors of the Presbyterian church on
April 6. Seventeen members of the original colony responded
to roll call. Including descendants, eighty were in
The following is only a partial list of the various names by which the Platte River was known in the past.
1541 - Rio Quivira, (Skidi-ra), River of the
Wolf or Skidi nation. Coronado.
1686 - Rio Grande, The Grand or Great River.
Father Posada, OFM
1658 - Riviere la Fourche, The Forked River,
Radisson and Groselliers.
1739 - Padocas, Padouca or Comanche River
(North Platte). Mallet Brothers; Lewis and Clark.
K'odalfaton, Necklace-shell River (North Platte.) Kiowa name. James Mooney, (17th Report, Bureau of American Ethnology. p. 411.)
K'olalpäkcia pa, Sioux River (North
Platte) Kiowa name. (17th Bureau of American Ethnology
Report, p. 411.)
1840 - The Nebraska River. Father De
(Rev.) Michael A. Shine.
The Douglas County Association of Nebraska
Pioneers was organized February 1, 1906. It has today over
twelve hundred members. It is one of the strong social
institutions of the great city of Omaha. It has numbered
among its presidents such well-known men in Nebraska history
as George B. Lake, B. E. B. Kennedy, Martin Dunham, Joseph
Redman, Thomas Swift, Frank X. Dellone, Absalom N. Yost,
Martin J. Feenan, August Locknar, Jonathan Edwards, and
William R. Kierstead. The present president is David H.
Mercer, ex- congressman. At his invitation the editor hereof
addressed the members of the association March 14 on the
subject of Nebraska history and what the State Historical
Society is doing for its recognition.
The Old Settlers Historical Society of Howard county met in annual meeting at St. Paul on April 13 and reelected the old officers for the ensuing year, towit:
J. N. Paul, president
The meeting was largely attended by the
pioneers of the county, and considerable business of
importance was transacted.
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