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NE History & Record of Pioneer Days
Vol II, no 4 (part 2)
tain in their places of business, accessible to their
customers, the government price of each kind of coal and
coke handled, the maximum gross margin allowed, the retail
price at the yard, and the drayage and delivery charges.
This enabled consumers to analyze prices. The order which
was effective April first was superseded June 25, 1918, by a
state wide order dated June 22, 1918. The later order
materially increased the margins and permitted the retail
dealers to add the cost of unloading from the cars to the
cost of the coal to them. The April first order was too
close to permit a reasonable profit to the retail dealers.
The order of June 25 was liberal. In the meantime, between
these dates, the cost of handling the coal and carrying on
the retail coal business had very materially increased.
December 27, 1918, an order was made, which took effect
January 1, 1919, reducing the margins on yard screened coal
ten cents per ton and establishing a maximum average
unloading charge of twenty-five cents per ton.
The "lightless nights" orders of Dr.
Garfield were enforced in Nebraska; and requests by the
state administrator for the late opening and early closing
of stores and places of business were generally complied
During the summer of 1918, at the request of the administration retail dealers and consumers purchased large stocks of coal at summer prices. Several fires resulted from the storing of lignite, and much of the coal slacked in the bins. The mild weather and the signing of the armistice lessened the demand, and the coal dealers were left with large stocks on hand, which they had difficulty in disposing of to advantage, in competition with Illinois and other eastern coal which later was obtainable in Nebraska.
A registration system for retail coal dealers was adopted in Nebraska. Upon application filed with the local committees, certificates of registration were issued. When the flat was complete it was arranged alphabetically and numbered consecutively. It was then printed in pamphlet form, the address following the names. There were 1,392 dealers registered, each of whom received a copy of the pamphlet. Copies were also furnished the committeemen, wholesale dealers, distributing representatives, mine operators and others interested.
The fuel administration had in Nebraska
the complete and cordial cooperation of the governor, the
state council of defense, the food administration,
commercial and industrial associations, and patriotic
organizations throughout the state. The wholesale coal
dealers and jobbers rendered invaluable service. Almost
without exception, the retail dealers handled their business
as directed by the administration, with the utmost good will
and with excellent results.
The vouchers submitted to Washington for the expenses of the
fuel administration in Nebraska, from October 17, 1917, to March 27, 1919, aggregated less than $7,000. The office furniture and equipment purchased for the use of the administration brought at auction more than the original cost. Economy was practiced in every branch of the fuel administration service in the state. My check for $1, in compensation for my services, is dated December 20, 1918. It will never be presented for payment.
In closing this brief summary of the
work of the federal fuel administration in Nebraska, please
permit me to express my profound appreciation of the cordial
cooperation on the part of the people of the state. The
committees in the several counties were loyal and efficient,
and their work should be gratefully acknowledged. In
connection with the reduction of expenses at light and power
plants, I wish particularly to mention the services of Prof.
E. J. McCaustland, dean of engineering at the University of
Missouri, who made several trips to Nebraska.
(Continued from Page Three.)
tonment Missouri, soon afterward named Fort Atkinson, "to
discover a route, across country," between that post and
Fort Snelling, which was established about a month before
Fort Atkinson was started. The expedition proper comprised
Captain Matthew J. Magee and First Lieutenant Charles
Pentland of the Rifle Regiment, Second Lieutenant Andrew
Talcott, of the Engineers, fifteen soldiers, presumably of
the Rifles, four servants, and an Indian guide with his wife
and papoose. It was under command of Captain Magee assisted
by Lieutenant Talcott. Lieutenant Colonel Willoughby Morgan,
of the Rifle Regiment, and Captain Kearny, of the Second
Infantry, accompanied the expedition but were not an
official part of it. Probably because Captain Kearny kept a
journal of the expedition, it has often been said that he
led it. The journey required twenty-four days - from the 2nd
of July to the 25th, inclusive. Captain Kearny wrote that
the officers of Fort Snelling
Judge Samuel H. Sedgwick
Samuel H. Sedgwick, associate justice
of the supreme court of Nebraska, died at his residence in
Lincoln, on Christmas day, 1919. Of his immediate relatives,
his wife, two daughters, and a brother, the well known
Timothy E., of York, survive him.
(A paper by J. R. Sutherland, read at the forty-third annual meeting of the Nebraska Plate Historical Society, January 13, 1920.)
I regret that Burt county has not been more active in this Historical Society work, for no county in Nebraska contains more data, of the early history of the state than Burt. From the burials on the adjacent hills, I am led to believe that Tekamah must have been an Indian camp for centuries. I have been a resident in the county for over fifty years, and I have witnessed its development from a hunting ground of the Indian to one of the best agricultural counties in the world. I was secretary of the Burt County Agricultural Society when, in 1891, 1892 and 1893 it won first prize on county collective exhibits at the state fair, competition being open to the world. The last year it had to compete against the state of Kansas, whose exhibit was under the auspices of the state board of agriculture, but still Burt won over all, and was awarded the gold medal, which barred it for a term
of years from competition. At the close of the state fair
that year, the state board insisted that I should send a
carload of our best products to the world fair at Chicago.
The exhibit was made at our county's expense, and it was
awarded more medals on farm products than were won by any
state in the Union. At the Trans-Mississippi and
International Exposition, Burt county maintained a booth
alongside the exhibit of Douglas county and advertised
itself as the gold medal county of Nebraska, after which it
retired to enjoy the honors won.
and sailors in panel groups of twenty to a page, with
service record opposite; then reports and pictures of six
Red Cross chapters, the champion knitters, Red Cross
auctioneers, county council of defense, selective service
board, county liberty loan report in detail, women's liberty
loan report, war savings stamps, united war work drive,
Armenian and Syrian relief work, food conservation, fuel
conservation, legal committee report, Burt county press, the
four minute men from the five towns, home guards companies
from each town with full roster of each. The Burt county
schools were an important factor in all home activities.
They were the avenue of publicity and distribution in all
drives; so I incorporated the names of all school officers
and the number of the several districts. The closing section
consists at page panels of war scenes in France, made from
photographs brought home by the soldiers, which is
interesting to many of them who saw service over there.
In the report of the Nebraska State
Board of Agriculture for 1893, it appears that sixteen
counties of Nebraska and one - Shawnee - of Kansas, were
competitors for the prizes offered that year for county
exhibits, and that Burt county won the first prize - six
members, produced in twenty months, ending February 28th, 1919, was over 371,500,000 relief articles with a value of $94,000,000, for the benefit of the allied soldiers, sailors and destitute civilians. These articles include surgical garments and articles for soldiers and sailors. at which Nebraska produced over 15,000,000. From these figures you can readily see that Nebraska did her share," - A. W.
(handwritten below photo - "See C 2376")
W. H. Woods
The historian and guardian of Fort
Atkinson, its relics and site, for many years has been W. H.
Woods, or "Grandad" Woods, as he is affectionately called by
himself as well as the children. Mr. Woods has lived at Fort
Calhoun since 1871. He has given more time than any other
person to study of the local history and to its publicity.
He was asked to give a biographical sketch with this
Among the Nebraska books recently added to the Society's library are two anniversary volumes of Swedish churches - one from the Immanuel Lutheran Church of Omaha, the other of the Fridhem congregation of Funk. Both these books are illustrated and both contain a great deal of good historical matter. It is of great importance that copies of all books of local history be placed in the library of the Historical Society. In future years historians will go direct to this library for information upon the early period. Nebraska churches which issue anniversary volumes are deeply interested in having copies preserved in our library.
BUILDERS OF EARLY NEBRASKA
Having Done Their Work Well
Addison C. Beach, Weeping Water, Born
in Ashtabula county, Ohio, October 21, 1834, died October
2nd; drove overland from Ohio to Weeping Water in 1866.
William A. Taylor, pioneer of
Plattsmouth since 1857, died, November 24th.
The program at the annual meeting of the Historical Society for 1920 was designed to place in our records some of the first hand material upon Nebraska's part in the World War while the actors were living and the facts fresh in their minds. The program follows:
Demobilization and Return to Peace ....... Governor S. R. McKelvie
The Nebraska Fuel Administration .......... John L. Kennedy, Omaha
The Nebraska National Guard ........ Col. P. L. Hall, Jr., Greenwood
The Nebraska State Council of Defense ........ R. M. Joyce, Lincoln
The History of Burt County in the World War ...............................
......................................................... J. R. Sutherland, Tekamah
The Three Hundred Fifty-fifth Regiment .......................................
.................................................. Capt. Earl Cline, Nebraska City
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