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member of the council branch of the territorial legislature in 1857-58-59-60. In 1861, under a special commission from President Lincoln, as colonel in the United States army, he recruited and commanded three regiments of Indians in southern Kansas and the Indian


Territory, and served in the war of the borders in the southwest. Resigning from the regular service, be came to Nebraska with a commission from Jim Lane to recruit. He assisted in recruiting the Second Nebraska Cavalry, was by Gov. A. Saunders appointed its colonel, and served under General Sully in the famous Indian war of 1863, in the campaign against the northern



Indians near the line of the British Possessions. After being mustered out, he was appointed agent of the Omaha, Ponca, and Winnebago Indians. In 1872 he was elected governor of Nebraska. He has been president, and is now secretary, of the State Board of Agriculture, having held one of those offices since its first organization. He is a member of the Masons and Odd Fellows. His home is in Brownville, where he is engaged extensively in raising fruit and forest trees.


Icon or sketchON. ALEXANDER HOGELAND, president of the Boys' and Girls' National Home and Employment Association, better known as the Newsboys' Friend, is a philanthropist whose reputation is as far-reaching as the extent of his country. He was born July 20, 1830, in the county of Hardy, Virginia. He received his education in the Morris log schoolhouse in Tippecanoe county, Indiana. He served as an apprentice at wool manufacturing, ran a ferryboat on the Wabash river, and earned an honest living in various lines of employment. When the war broke out he responded to the first call of Abraham Lincoln, was first lieutenant of Company D, Tenth Indiana Infantry, and took part in the earliest battles of the war. He was afterwards captain of Company G of the same regiment, participated in many engagements, became lieutenant colonel, and was finally captured by the enemy and confined several weeks in Libby prison. He served till the close of the war, and for several years afterwards was a special officer of the government in the treasury depart-



ment. For fifteen or twenty years he has devoted himself to philanthropic work, and is the founder of the beneficent organization of which he is president. The association has held several national conventions, and although it has no salaried officers, has brought to the attention of the legislatures and public officers of all


the states a code of laws for the suppression of crimes among the youth of our country. President Hogeland is an ardent and enthusiastic advocate of the celebrated Curfew ordinance, a law seeking to keep children of tender age off the streets after the hour of nine o'clock at night. He has addressed the legislatures of not less than thirty states in the interest of laws to encourage the protection of homeless boys.




Icon or sketchUTHER PAYSON LUDDEN, secretary of the Lincoln Board of Education, was born at Madison, Virginia, December 19, 1854, and is a Lutheran cler-


gyman, as was also his father. When a small boy he removed with his father to New York state, where he lived until 1889, coming to Lincoln and accepting the pastorate of Grace Lutheran Church, which position he still holds. He graduated at the State Normal College of Albany, New York, in the class of 1875, and three years later entered the active ministry. Secretary Ludden leads a busy life, serving as an officer in a dozen or



more local, state, and national associations. He was deputy labor commissioner under Governor Thayer in 1891, became secretary and general manager of the state relief work in 1890 and the year succeeding, and performed the same duties by appointment of Governor Crounse four years later. In 1892, when the famine was so severe in Russia, Governor Thayer called upon the citizens of Nebraska to contribute, assigning the work of collecting and forwarding supplies to Mr. Ludden. In twenty days from the time of his appointment more than one hundred cars of food and necessaries were en route to the seaboard. Three years ago he was elected a member of the board of education by the largest vote ever given to any candidate up to that time, and since July, 1894, has been secretary of the board. He is a member of several fraternal societies, is a republican in politics, and a gentleman of public spirit. He is a specialist in the poultry industry, and is a member of the lecture corps of the University extension work carried on through farmers' institutes.

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