of South Carolina, signed the minority report for
Ferguson, ably conducted his case on the floor of the House.
The testimony of our whilom councilman and capital
commissioner, James C. Mitchell, tells us of the population
of Florence at that time. It was charged by Chapman that a
large illegal Mormon vote had been polled, and in answer to
a question as to total population and the number of Mormons,
Mitchell said: "I think not less than two thousand
population and not more than one hundred actual Mormons."
Though the testimony was very conflicting, Mr. Washburne
urged with great force that Chapman's part of it was ex
parte and hearsay, while Ferguson's was given by actual
residents and in regular form.
JOHN POWERS JOHNSON
Surveyor of boundary line between Kansas and Nebraska
tation and strife now rife throughout the Union upon the
momentous query, "Shall Kansas be free?" is forever answered
by an irrevocable affirmative.1
1 House Journal, 2d ter. sess., p. 120.
when it was awakened and started with a real vigor by the
shock and suggestion of the Florence legislative
dismemberment. The News now pressed on the movement
with vigor, and the Advertiser soon became an
industrious second. It was charged that all the federal
appropriations had gone, and would continue to go for
improvements north of the Platte, and an ardent annexation
correspondent of the News aptly "dropped into poetry" to
enforce his plausible argument for division:
2 The Nebraska News, January 9, 1858.
3 January 16, 1858.
development of the territory. In short, there are no
interests in common at stake.
productions, and the interests of the people are as
identical as the country is naturally indivisible."
William P. Walker, William R. Spears; Nemaha county,
Robert W. Furnas, Seymour Belden, Dr. Jerome Hoover; Otoe
county, Allen A. Bradford, William E. Pardee, William L.
Boydston; Pawnee county, Christian Bobst, II. G. Lore,
Pleasant M. Rogers; Richardson county, William P. Loan,
Elmer S. Dundy, Abel D. Kirk.
the voice of Reeves was all but as ubiquitous. The
Wyandotte correspondent of the Lawrence Republican
writes as follows: "Four delegates are here from Nebraska
urging the Platte river as our northern boundary. They will
receive the courtesy of a seat on the floor to discuss the
boundary question. I do not think the boundaries, north or
south, will be altered."
COLONEL LORIN MILLER
Pioneer of Omaha
On the 22d of July Mr. McDowell offered the following
addition . . . Kansas must be weak, puerile, sickly, in
debt, and at no time capable of sustaining herself." A
sample prophecy! At the present time "bleeding Kansas" is,
figuratively at least, bleeding in all her borders with
SAMUEL G. DAILY
Fifth delegate to Congress from Nebraska territory
opposition to the annexation project and the causes of
its defeat. But sectional, or South Kaw opposition was not
wanting. The following letter written by the son and
secretary of Governor Medary to annexation promoters at
Nebraska City indicates that southern Kansas opposed
annexation for reasons of its own:
ritory, and a memorial passed both houses and was
transmitted to congress, as also to the governor of your
territory, requesting that the southern portion of Nebraska,
viz., that lying south of the Platte river, be attached to
the territory of Kansas. The only opposition met with was
from members living south of the counties bordering on the
Kaw river, and they are still opposed from local