crowded lodging houses of Mulberry Bend, which Jacob Riis's perseverance eradicated.
In other buildings are cells, each of which is thirty by twenty-seven feet, which contain twenty-six men, and one cell, of thirty-six by twenty-one feet, lodges forty-eight convicts.
POINT SAN QUENTIN, AS SEEN FROM MT. TAMALPAIS.
Though the system of ventilation is by
means of flues attached to the ceiling and door, still these
rooms, in which are herded individuals of all ages and
classes, must become exceedingly foul and unhealthful; while
the opportunity which this congregate system affords the
prisoners for concocting plots and outbreaks is undeniably
There are paint and tin shops which supply all the tin-cups, hand basins, pails, etc., used in the institution; tailor shops in which are made all the clothes; carpenter shops for repairing and furniture, while sixty pairs of shoes are turned out each week from the boot shop. In the machine shops where are manufactured all the needles used in sewing the jute bags half a dozen excellent sewing machines were recently made.
The extensive laundry where numerous Chinese convicts are employed, is only one of the many evidences of cleanliness witnessed in this institution, where order and system are apparent to even the casual observer. But however orderly, systematic and cleanly a prison may be kept, that is only one means toward eliminating crime; for so long as we continue in our congregate system of indiscriminate herding together of all classes of offenders so long will our penitentiaries be hothouses for fostering crime. Instead of eliminating, we confirm; instead of inciting decency and self-respect, we incite indecency and rebellion.
At the time of our visit there were in San Quentin about
TROLLING ON THE LAKE.
a dozen. lads, the youngest but fourteen years of age,
imprisoned on charges of murder, who, had it not been for
the supervision of Warden Tompkins, would have been placed
with the confirmed, hardened criminals.