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Cavalry during the Civil War. His mother was born in Georgia, October 30, 1846, and died at Edgar, May 13, 1929; her ancestry was German and French.

Mr. Avery attended high school at Edgar, graduating in 1900 He is now a farmer and is serving as vice president of the Edgar State Bank. He is vice president of the school board in his community, is affiliated with the Presbyterian Church, and holds membership in the Nebraskana Society. He is a Mason, a member of the Edgar Lodge No. 67, the Scottish Rite and the Shrine at Hastings. His hobby is mechanics. His political affiliation is with the Republican party.

His marriage to Bertha Fay Miller occurred at Hastings, Adams County, Nebraska, January 23, 1909. Mrs. Avery was born at Edgar, March 20, 1889, the daughter of John G. and Jennie L. (Sanborn) Miller. She is a member of the Eastern Star and has held various positions including that of organist, and is also active in the affairs of the Presbyterian Church. Mr. and Mrs. Avery have four children, Lucile Rosalie, born February 9, 1910; Doris Margaret, born August 11, 1912; Jeanette Louise, born September 4, 1915; and Bobbie Jean, born August 21, 1924. Residence: Edgar.


James Andrew Axtell

For the past 40 years James Andrew Axtell has been prominent in the business world at Fairbury, Nebraska. He was born in Athens County, Ohio, January 13, 1870, the son of Daniel Axtell and Hester Delilah (Clark) Axtell. His father, who was a farmer, was born in Mercer County, Pennsylvania, May 30, 1846, and died at Fairbury, July 11, 1914; his French and English ancestors came to America in the early history of the country and served in the Revolution; he was a soldier in the Civil War.

His mother was born in Athens County, Ohio, March 1, 1848, and died at Fairbury, August 29, 1915; her English ancestors settled in Virginia, and later moved to Tennessee and Ohio.

Mr. Axtell attended rural school, was a student in the Fairbury High School, and was graduated from the Beatrice Business College. A Republican, he has taken a prominent part in political affairs in Nebraska for many years. In 1917, 1919, and 1921, he served as a member of the Nebraska legislature, and at this time he is senator from the 17th district, he has taught in the public schools of Nebraska, has been engaged in farming for the past 30 years, and is also a real estate and insurance man. He is affiliated with the Methodist Church and holds membership in The Nebraskana Society.

His marriage to Olive Shepherd was solemnized at Fairbury, June 2, 1897. Mrs. Axtell, who was a teacher before her marriage, was born in Iowa, January 6, 1876. They have one son, Edwin, born January 19, 1912, who was a student at Wesleyan College and later attended the University of Nebraska.

Mr. Axtell is a member of the Modern Woodmen of America, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and is a Knight Templar, Scottish Rite Mason, and Shriner. He was a member of the school board at one time and now holds membership in the Chamber of Commerce and the Farmers Union. His favorite sport is golfing. Residence: Fairbury. (Photograph in Album)

Bertha Owings Aydelotte

Bertha O. Aydelotte, one of Nebraska's outstanding musicians and musical educators, was born at Bradshaw, York County, Nebraska, March 22, 1888. Her father, Christopher Owings, who was born in Randolph County, Missouri, November 15, 1847, was a lumber dealer and stockman; he was a soldier in the Civil War. His ancestry was German, Irish and Scotch. He died at Hot Springs, South Dakota, February 1, 1912. Her mother, Barbara Ann (Roller) Owings, whose ancestry was German, was born at Lafayette, Tippecanoe County, Indiana, January 28, 1852, and died at Lincoln, Lancaster County, Nebraska, October 29, 1929.

Mrs. Aydelotte was graduated from the high school at Bethany, Nebraska. She received her B. M. degree in voice and piano at the University School of Music, and in 1921, was a post graduate student at this institution. She studied with William Shakespeare in Chicago, 1922-23; and in 1926 took a special course in directorship at Chautauqua Lake. Her B. F. A. degree was granted by the University School of Music, 1922. She was elected to membership in Mu Phi Epsilon, honorary musical sorority.

She has organized several musical companies, among them: Aydelotte Eight; Aydelotte Peppers; Big Four Quartette; Merry Makers Chorus. She has composed several songs and musical reviews and literary articles. She has been instructor in the University of Nebraska Conservatory of Music since 1921. She was married at Lincoln, June 3, 1904, to George C. Aydelotte. They have one son, Donald, born December 30, 1906.

Since 1917 Mrs. Aydelotte has been Republican committeewoman in her district. She was captain and treasurer of the Red Cross drive during the late war, and was awarded a medal for service to the nation. She is a member of the Women's Relief Corps and A. N. S. W. V. She is a member of the Lincoln Woman's Club and the Nebraska Music Teachers' Association. She was made past matron, 1918-19, and in 1920 grand organist of Grand Chapter of the Order of Eastern Star.

From 1918 to 1920 Mrs. Aydelotte served as president of the Bethany Woman's Club. She is actve (sic) in Young Women's Christian Association work and has traveled extensively over the United States and Canada in Chautauqua work. She is a member of Bethany Christian Church. She is fond of tennis and golf. Mrs. Aydelotte made one trip to the Panama Canal during the time it was being constructed, with a musical company. Residence: Lincoln.

Herman Aye

For the past 57 years Herman Aye has lived in Nebraska, and since 1895, he has been active in legal practice in this state. He was born at Blair, Washington County, Nebraska, March 29, 1873, the son of Hans and Caroline (Peck) Aye. His father, who was a carpenter and farmer, was born at Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, August 22, 1840, and died at Blair, January 31, 1901. His mother was born at Schleswig-Holstein, July 21, 1948, and died at Blair, February 2, 1924.

Mr. Aye was graduated from the Blair High School. He was admitted to the practice of law at Blair, May, 1895, and has been engaged in general practice since then. He was county attorney of Washington County from 1898-1902.

On January 9, 1902, he was united in marriage with Nellie Elizabeth Haller, Mrs. Aye, whose ancestry is Swiss, was born in Wisconsin, December 24, 1878. They have three children: Catherine E., born March 10, 1904; Frederick, born June 11, 1907; and Miriam V., born July 3, 1911.

From 1895 to 1911, Mr. Aye practiced law in Blair, and since that time has been engaged in practice at Omaha. Residence: Omaha.

Leon Emmons Aylsworth

Leon Emmons Aylsworth, professor of political science at the University of Nebraska, was born at New Berlin, Chenango County, New York, October 26, 1869, the son of Nelson Olin and Mary (Deming) Aylsworth. Nelson Olin Aylsworth, who was a photographer, pharmacist and farmer, was born at Burlington, New York, August 6, 1846, and died at Euclid, New York, on January 21, 1922. He was descended from Arthur Aylsworth, who came to Rhode Island, from the western part of England, near the Welch border, about 1675.

Mary Deming Aylsworth, who was primarily a home

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maker, and the mother of fourteen children, was born at New Berlin, July 8, 1850, and died at Syracuse, New York, on October 16, 1926. Her ancestors, who came from England, settled first in Connecticut, and later in New York, and several members of her family were prominent in military and business affairs.

Professor Aylsworth attended school first in New Berlin and later in Roseville, Illinois, and in Clark County, South Dakota. In 1900, he was awarded his Bachelor of Arts degree at the University of Nebraska, and in 1908, received his Master's degree from the University of Wisconsin. Prior thereto, from 1890 to 1893, he was a student at the State College of South Dakota. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, elected in 1900.

During the period Professor Aylsworth was engaged in graduate work he held a scholarship and a fellowship in American history. He was first appointed instructor on the faculty of the University of Nebraska in 1904. He was made adjunct professor in 1908, assistant professor in 1909, associate professor in 1910, and professor in 1918. The author of a number of articles, these were published in the American Political Science Review from 1908 to 1930 inclusive.

Professor Aylsworth is a member of the American Political Science Association, and has served a term on its executive council. He is also a member of the National Municipal League, the Social Welfare Society of Lincoln (board member several years, chairman of legal aid committee), the Lincoln Chamber of Commerce, and the Open Forum.

On September 25, 1895, he was united in marriage at Watertown, South Dakota, to Bertha May Fraser, who had been a music teacher for several years. Mrs. Aylsworth was born at New Glasgow, Pictou County, Nova Scotia, April 7, 1874. She is of Scotch, English and Pennsylvania Dutch descent. To them were born three children: Carol, born December 26, 1900, who married Franklyn Faye Yearsley; Donald Fraser, born March 2, 1906; and Lloyd Deming, born August 9, 1913.

Carol was graduated from the University of Nebraska in 1923, and while a student there became a member of Delta Delta Delta For a time she taught at McCook and Lincoln, and served as instructor in the teachers' college at the state university. Donald was graduated from the university in June, 1931, and immediately entered the service of the S. S. Kresge Company at Cincinnati, Ohio.

Professor Aylsworth is a Progressive Republican. He took an active part in the adoption of the initiative and referendum in Nebraska, and the home rule charter in Lincoln; also in the movement for a convention to revise the state constitution. For many years he has taken a keen interest in seeking to promote more efficient and economical administrative organization and financial methods in the municipal affairs of Lincoln. Recently he was elected to life membership in The Nebraskana Society in recognition of his efforts toward the advancement of his community and state. Professor Aylsworth is a member of All Soul's Unitarian Church at Lincoln. Residence: Lincoln. (Photograph in Album).

Frank Jerome Ayres

Frank Jerome Ayres was born at Galva, Illinois, October 1, 1857, son of John Alonzo and Mary B. Ayres. In 1881, the family came to Nebraska.

He attended the Galva public school and high school, and completed a course at the Davenport Business College in 1881. Upon coming to Nebraska, he engaged in farming in Butler County for a time, retiring to engage in the agricultural implement business at Oakdale. Later he returned to David City, where he established a greenhouse and nursery business. Residence: Omaha.

George T. H. Babcock

George T. H. Babcock, attorney at law, was born at London, Ontario, Canada, January 24, 1868, son of Harvey W. and Olive Jane (Laynge) Babcock.

The father was born at Canajoharie, New York, April 23, 1838, and died January 15, 1896. He was an attorney admitted to practice before the supreme court of New York on January 5, 1859. The first Babcock came to America in 1620; four great uncles of Mr. Babcock served in the Revolutionary War. Olive Jane Laynge was of Irish ancestry.

Mr. Babcock obtained his education in public school and under private tutelage. He was admitted to the bar of Nebraska at Rushville, on December 6, 1890, and has since been in active practice. At the present time he is serving as city attorney of Chadron. He has also held the offices of justice of the peace and United States commissioner. He is a Republican.

On September 27, 1899, he was married to Mary Elizabeth Wright at Chadron, Nebraska. She was born at Escanoba, Wisconsin, October 7, 1875, and at the present time is serving as a member of the Chadron Board of Education. Her mother's family came from Pennsylvania, and her father's from Vermont. There are two children, Catherine Jane, born January 2, 1901, who married Robert H. Nelson and has two children; and George Wright, who was born August 4, 1904, is married and has one child.

A Mason for 40 years, Mr. Babcock is a past master of his local lodge. He was the first exalted ruler of Chadron Lodge No. 1399 of the Elks, and is past district deputy grand exalted ruler. He is a member of the Country Club, the Sons of the American Revolution, the Kiwanis Club (charter member) and Grace Episcopal Church (junior warden 25 years). During the late war he was active in all drives, and was vice-chairman of the liberty loan drive and a member of the home guard company. His favorite sport is golf. Residence: Chadron.

John Backer

John Backer, son of Folker and Geraldine (Schuddie) Backer, was born at Jefferson, Nebraska, December 15, 1882. His father, who was born in Germany, March 30, 1852, was engaged in farming and stockraising in Jefferson County until his death at Fairbury, October 1, 1928. His mother is living.

Mr. Backer attended the rural schools of Jefferson County, and has homesteaded most of his life with the exception of a few years in California. He has a stock of cattle, hogs and colts, but feeds most of his grain and all roughage. He enjoys riding, and ranched in Custer County about eight years.

Mr. Backer's religious affiliation is with the Presbyterian Church, and he is an elder of the church at Alexandria. For twelve years he served as a member of the school board, and he is at the present time director of district No. 52. He is an Odd Fellow, and a member of Temple Lodge No. 78.

On September 25, 1912, he was united in marriage to Iona Mertal Cane at Alexandria. Mrs. Backer was born at Alexandria, January 18, 1888. There are seven children, Marcella Iona, born July 18, 1913; Paula Mavis, born January 21, 1915; Doris Gretchen, born December 19, 1917; John Jr., born June 4, 1919; Charles Truman, born April 14, 1924; Lorane, born September 28, 1924; and Ruthalain, born June 7, 1926. Residence: Alexandria.

Fred Bader

Fred Bader, a resident of Nebraska for the past 44 years, was born at Hugsweier, Lahr, Baden, Germany, November 13, 1870, the son of Karl and Karoline (Lieb)

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