Chase County is located in the extreme western part of the state. There are only two streams of any great importance, and those can only be utilized for stock-raising purposes. Stinking Water Creek flows across the north-eastern part of the county. This has a tributary entering it from the north. Frenchman's Creek enters the county from Colorado and flows across its entire length, in nearly an easterly direction.
The bottoms of these streams are level, after which comes a bluffy region, intersected by numerous cañons, and then comes the broad and gently rolling lands of the divides. The bottom lands are composed of very fertile soil and are covered with a heavy growth of tall and nutritious wild grass. The bluffs afford some of the finest grazing lands, besides affording a partial shelter for cattle in time of storms. The uplands afford some of the finest and best pasturage, being covered by a heavy growth of the nutritious buffalo grass.
The only occupation carried on here is stock-raising, and immense herds of cattle roam at large over these beautiful prairies. No care whatever is given them, except at the time of the annual round-up, either late in the spring or early in the summer, when all that can be found are driven into the different ranges, as the herding grounds of each owner are termed, and there the cattle are corraled and branded, then turned loose again. The land nearly all belongs to the United States Government, and the ranches are selected and occupied only by a law of justice understood by themselves.
The soil of almost the entire county is rich and fertile, but the climate is so dry that the raising of grain is rendered impossible. The bottom lands, however, could be easily irrigated, and would, without doubt, by this means produce large crops.
The county is unorganized and is attached to Frontier for elective, revenue and judicial purposes. It exists only as a precinct of Frontier and only has governing and elective powers as such. The population of the county is not more than seventy-five, and these are all men engaged in raising and caring for cattle. There are a number of cattle ranches on both the Frenchman and Stinking Water Creeks, but these are only temporary in their character.
There are two post offices in the county--Frease and Wauneta, both located on Frenchman's Creek.