The Lenni-Lenape

More extensive and updated  information about the Lenni-Lenape can be found on the New Jersey - ALHN site. It includes information about The Brotherton Reservation and Rev. Brainerd, etc...

The Map above is from the Cumberland County Library Site, where they have done an online publication of: 

THE UNALACHTIGO OF NEW JERSEY

"The Original People Of Cumberland County

ANNE SCHILLINGSBURG WOODRUFF
and
F. ALAN PALMER

A myth about the Lenni-Lenape, but an interesting myth. You be the judge.

THE LENNI-LENAPE AND THE "RED RECORD"

 

When the Europeans arrived here the indigenous people living in the area were members of the Lenni-Lenape Tribe.

The Lenni-Lenape were divided into three groups: the Wolf (Minsi), Turtle (Unami) and Turkey (Unilachtigo) clans, which was determined at birth from the maternal side. The Wolf Clan claimed the land in North Jersey and southern New York. The Turtle Clan controlled Central Jersey between the Raritan and Mullica rivers and eastern Pennsylvania. The Turkey Clan had all of New Jersey below the Mullica River and northeast Delaware.

They traveled with the seasons, making full use of the area resources. During the spring they planted gardens around their permanent settlements. In the summer, they went to the shore to catch oysters and clams and stay cool. In the fall, they would move back to their village and harvest their crops. In the winter, they hunted deer and other animals.

The early Quaker settlers in New Jersey "bought" the land from the Lenni-Lenape. The question being, could they understand the idea of owning land. It is not likely that they understood the concept, but still, at least for their time. They treated the natives much more humanly then most.  Still their numbers were decimated by death and disease and culture clashes.

By 1758, there were only a couple hundred Lenape. Again, New Jersey (in their opinion) at least made an attempt to do the right thing and created the first Indian Reservation at Brotherton. Rev. John Brainerd, a dedicated Indian missionary was in charge of supervising the reservation. Brainerd left in 1774 and the decline continued. 

In 1796, the tribe in New Stockbridge, NY, invited the Brotherton tribe to come spread their mats at our fire.

In 1801, the NJ legislature agreed to sell the reservation and give the proceeds to the remaining tribe members, fewer then 85. They went to New York and then later some to Canada and some to Wisconsin and some to Oklahoma and here some there...

 

 


Another excellent site for information is

Lenni Lenape Historical Society, Museum of Indian Culture 


The Delaware Tribe in Oklahoma


Sources for more information 

Indians of Pennsylvania
and the Delaware Valley

Prerecorded History of Cape May County by Scott McGonigle

NATIVE AMERICANS OF NEW JERSEY on Atlantic County Website

 

A favorite book of mine  is 

Dickon Among the Lenape, (Indians of New Jersey)

available at most libraries or bookstores (even at the  Lenni-Lenape site above)


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Atlantic County - ALHN

Cape May County - ALHN

Cumberland County - ALHN

 

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New Jersey Pinelands