The Pine Barrens cover a huge area (1.1 million acres), 
 as you can see from this map from the old pressplus site.

Also, known as "The Pinelands", the unique environment has had and will continue to have a major effect on the culture of South Jersey.

Early settlement in "West Jersey" (as it was called) took place in the areas outside of the pine barrens.

The early settlements were On the Cape May peninsula and along the Delaware Bay, with a small area on The Great Egg Harbor River (Somers Point & Mays Landing).

The vast and unique natural resources found in the Pinelands, led to early industrial development.

  • abundant water supply

  • perfect sand

  • bog iron

  • trees for making charcoal

The Iron & Glass industries were a natural.

Matthew J. Dowling, Staff Writer at The Press, The Pinelands at the  PressPlus site has a great introduction to the Bog Iron industry with a terrific map of many of the early furnace and forge sites. (Unfortunately The Press has decided to remove free access to these files.)

The end of the Bog Iron industry came about as settlement moved west. At Pittsburgh there was easy access to Iron ore and anthracite coal, so a much better quality of iron was achieved at a reasonable price.

Some of the destruction to the land caused by the Bog Iron Industry, led to the ideal conditions for the cultivation of cranberries and then the blueberry. The former site of the Hanover Iron Furnace, became a productive cranberry farm under Col. James A. Fenwick. Elizabeth C. White then led the successful effort to cultivate & domesticate the blueberry.  For more information read:

History of Whitesbog

The current industries in the Pinelands include;

  • Cranberry & Blueberry Crops

Red Gold' cranberry harvesting Photos, by John King (link temporarily lost - I am looking)

History of Cranberry Harvesting

Historic Whitesbog Village

  • Eco-tourism

Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge

Plants of the New Jersey Pinelands (Pine Barrens) fantastic pictures

  • Recreation

Pinelands Recreation Guide

Bass River State Forest

Life in the Pinelands

Barnegat Bay Kayak and Sail, Inc.

Another Spectacular Site with great content and Outstanding Photos


An observation on looking at the map.

Many times I have gotten in the discussion of where exactly is South Jersey.

Some people consider the dividing line to be the Burlington County boundary. I favor including Ocean County and dividing at Trenton.

As you can see from the map, Ocean County clearly has topography in common with the other "South Jersey" counties.

History in the Pinelands

The Pinelands
Preservation Act

Plants of the NJ Pine Barrens

Rose Pogonia

Folklore of the Pinelands


The Lenni-Lenape
New Jersey's
Native Americans

The American Revolution comes to the Pinelands:

"The Battle of Chestnut Neck"


The burning of Chestnut Neck, the grounding of the British ships and the battle of Ridgway Farm. 

October 6, 1778

More information within this site:

Bog Iron

 Glass Industry

What's Happening Now

New Jersey Pinelands Commission
Recreation Guide


Click the links below to return to American Local History Network sending sites:

New Jersey - ALHN                                  Burlington County, NJ - ALHN

Atlantic County, NJ - ALHN                             Ocean County, NJ - ALHN


Return to State Page

New Jersey- ALHN

This page was last updated 
September 29, 2004