Cumberland County ...NJ


Points of History in Cumberland County

Click on the following categories to move to your interest or scroll down the page for an overview. Some of the Links are outside this website. Be sure to add this page to your favorites, so you can find your way back and check for updates. 

Prehistory   Lenni-Lenape Indians    Europeans Arrive  Colonials   The Revolution    1800's   Civil War   Reconstruction Era
 The Victorians  1900's    WWI   Great Depression  WWII  1950's   

Town Histories

When I think of history, it includes people: 

People were living on the land that would become Cumberland County for at least 2800 years. Evidence of their pottery making can be found in archaeological remains found in the area. You can see some of these items by visiting You can see some of these items by visiting the Prehistorical Museum in Greenwich NJ . They have provided a nice .pdf file, that shows an overview of their displays along with a map and schedule of their hours.

Looking for New Jersey's first inhabitants

Another Fine Article                            By Eileen Bennett

When the Europeans arrived here the indigenous people living in the area were members of the Lenni-Lenape (called "The Delaware" by the Europeans). 

As in all encounters with settlers and native peoples there are two or more sides to the story. While the settlers of New Jersey would not be considered to be terrific by today's standards, I think for their time period, they certainly were not as bad as most. (Hardly anything to be proud of, but something?)

I have gathered a set of links and sites that give many accounts. It, also, contains information on where the Lenni-Lenape are today.

  Who were the Early settlers of Cumberland County?

New Sweden








New Sweden Farmstead Museum


Potter’s Tavern before (1776)

One of my favorite Cumberland County Towns, Greenwich.

There are many people who know more about Greenwich then I do, but I think this essay gives you a good idea of the town and the "New Jersey Tea Party".

Pictured at right is a monument to the "NJ Tea Party"
(see the Day Trip Page)

Another Historic Town is the County Seat - Bridgeton

                    The Liberty Bell of Cumberland County

Nail House Museum (1814) - Bridgeton

A Mythical Railroad

Discovering the Underground Railroad in Cumberland County

And the real thing,

History of the West Jersey & Camden Railroad

The Civil War

A group of re-enactors who meet in Vineland and keep the memory of their Union Ancestors Alive. The link below shows a great picture of the original Lyon's Post #10 of the GAR.

Lyons Post #10 Grand Army of the Republic
Vineland, New Jersey

Vineland founded August 1861.

 (One of the first and most successful planned communities, before they knew to call them planned communities). 

Thanks to Mr. Charles K. Landis!!!

Wild Vineland livestock cause great Bovine War (1863-1864)
By Eileen Bennett, Staff Writer for The Press of Atlantic City

A list Vineland events (1864-1868) supported by the more "progressive" settlers in Vineland,
                          including women who decided to show that they were perfectly capable of voting

One of those early progressive settlers left us his autobiography:
John Gage Autobiography. He was an early settler of Vineland and the husband of Portia Gage. The story of how someone born in NY, moved to Ohio, then Chicago and then went East to Vineland. He was not alone. Some of Vineland's early settlers were looking for a "Utopia". 

Charles E. Hires of Cumberland County- Creator of Hires Root Beer
By Eileen Bennett, Staff Writer for The Press of Atlantic City

Welch's Grape Juice - Juicy Story Puts Vineland on the Map
By Eileen Bennett, Staff Writer for The Press of Atlantic City

Vineland, 1876; The great visionary who founded Vineland in 1861, had a problem with "controlling his dream."

Jury finds Charles K. Landis innocent
by insanity of killing newspaper editor

By Eileen Bennett, Staff Writer for The Press of Atlantic City

Summer of 1888

The Great Bridgeton Fossil Hoax

Not the original story, but a summary of it.

During WWII,

  America's First Defense Airport - Millville Army Air Field. 1941

The Millville Army Air Field Museum is dedicated to preserving the history of the first U.S. Army Base built for the defense of our country in 1941. It served as a training base for the famous P-47 'Thunderbolt' and P-40 'Warhawk' fighter plane

Japanese Relocation Camp in South Jersey (Seabrook)

President Franklin Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9006 that allowed 110,000 Japanese Americans to be considered "enemy aliens" and to be moved into internment camps away from their home on the West (Pacific) Coast.

For more extensive discussion on the subject see my webpage on the NJ-Alhn Site
    Seabrook Farms NJ

Still working on the history pages, 


While you are waiting, the Cumberland County Site has a good start on the History of the County.

    Celebrating 250 Years of History in Cumberland County                                                              

Home ] Lenni Lenape in CC NJ ] Greenwich NJ  a seaport town with a rich history ] Underground Railroad in Cumberland County NJ ] John Gage ] Yes, women can vote - Vineland NJ Nov. 3, 1868 ]

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