Old Newspaper Collections Project
By Clayton, Deb, & Holice
NY Tribune, 1872, Agricultural
Extra special thanks to Holice B. Young for being such a trooper and typing a ton of old news articles! Without her this project wouldn't be here!
|NY Tribune, 1872
--Geo. B. Masters, Ohio: I have lost, since the middle of March, by a disease heretofore unknown here, five head of young cattle, all in good condition. The symptoms, as far as I have been able to ascertain, are weakness of the limbs and back, so that the animal moves with great difficulty; swelling of the body and legs, causing a cracking noise when the hand is placed on the swollen parts, in some cases, bloody discharge from the nostrils, and death occurs within twenty-four hours after the attack, When the skin is removed the flesh is found to be black, so far as the swelling is extended, and sometimes almost the whole body is black. The heart and lungs are also black and frothy in some cases. From the time elapsing between the attacks of the different animals it does not seem to be contagious. Can you inform me, through the Tribune, as to what the disease is; the remedies and the prevention for the same, if any are known; also, please name some reliable work on the diseases of cattle.
Answer.--this disease is what is generally called murrain, black murrain or sometimes carbuncular fever, and is classed under diseases of the lungs, it soon assumes a typhoid character, and attacks the stomach and intestines. In addition to the symptoms described, a painful and frequent cough appears in the early stages, with dry, hard and black evacuation from the bowels followed by others quite liquid but still black and very offensive and often bloody. The causes, for there are several, are poor and unwholesome feed, filthy water in Summer, icy and impure water in Winter; wet, marshy pastures, close , hot, unventilated stables, and anything which will bring about a low state of health, which then rapidly affects the whole system. There is no treatment which may be called satisfactory, as a cure very rarely occurs. Prevention is the only course that can be profitably undertaken. Avoid all these causes pointed out by which it is originated. If any animal should be attack, immediately isolate it, and disinfect the stable in which it is confined, and bury all the evacuations. Use carbolic acid, dissolved in water, freely scattered around the premises. Bleeding may be resorted to in the early stages, and tonics freely administered. Bark and sulfuric acid may be given under the direction of a veterinary or other physician. All dead animals should be deeply buried, and the skin should not be removed, and everything be avoided that would tend to spread the contagion; for there is no doubt of this disease being highly contagious. The stable, troughs, pails, and every articles used about a diseased animal should be thoroughly disinfected by washing with lime-wash in which carbolic acid has been mixed. Jenning's "Cattle and Their Diseases" is about as good a work as any on the subject.
--G. Chittenden, Columbia County, New York: A valuable carriage horse got lame last Fall, supposed by stepping on a loose stone while playing with his mate, and through ignorance and neglect, and wrong treatment, he grew worse. Afterwards, by liniments and blisters, without much improvement, he is yet very lame. A bone formation is in the fetlocks in front, which the treatments have tried to absorb. If he does not get better, he is ruined. Can he be cured?
Answer.--This horse seems to be suffering from ulcerated joint, consequent of any injury. The formation of bone the front indicates that the ulcerated part if becoming united. When this osseous or bony growth is complete, the lameness may disappear, although the joint will become stiff. There is not much probability of a cure. All such cases should be treated by cold water applications with bandages; liniments and blisters hasten the stage when such injuries become incurable. Generally perfect rest and cooling applications during a lengthened period are proper treatment for all sprains and other injuries of the joints.
--A. B. Johnson, Rome Center, Mich., send us "an instrument for remedying hard-milking cows." It consists simply of a lance-like blade an inch long, three-sixteenth of an inch wide, neatly riveted ina handle, and having a goose-quill sheath. Mr. J. states that it can easily be made by any person possessed of a little ingenuity. He adds: It has been used on perhaps 30 different cows in this region, and always with perfect success. The animals head and feet should be made fast, and then hold the teat in the left hand, and the instrument in the right. With a firm hand, it is easily used. The point is made dull so that it will guide right. If one probing is not sufficient, repeat after a few days.
BARK.--C. C., Great Bend, Penn., I would like to inquire if white oak bark is used for tanning purposes and is it as good or superior to rock oak bark? What is either worth a tun or rough state or unground?
Copyright Clayton Betzing, 2001
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