Oneida County

History of Oneida County from the Hope Farm

Historical Markers - Central Area

Oneida County is located in central New York State.  It was formed from Herkimer County by an act of the Legislature on March 15, 1798.  The boundaries of the county were described as follows:
" All that part of Herkimer County beginning at the south-west corner of the town of Bridgewater, and running thence easterly on the line of said town to the Unadilla River, thence northerly and easterly on the line of Bridgewater to the town of Litchfield, thence northerly on the line of Bridgewater and Litchfield to the southeast corner of the town of Paris, thence the same line continued on the the eastern line of Paris and Whitestown to the southerly line of Cosby's Manor, thence north-easterly in a direct line to the northerly bounds of said Cosby's Manor, at a point where the same is intersected by the division line between Gage's and Walton's Patents, thence notherly on the line between the said Walton's and Gage's Patents to the West Canada Creek, thence northerly up the waters of said creek to the forks thereof, thence easterly up the east branch of said creek to the north-east corner of Service's Patent, thence northerly to the northern bounds of this State, thence westerly along the northern of this State to Lake Ontario, thence along the easterly shore of said lake to the mouth of the Oswego River, thence easterly up said river to the Oneida Lake, thence along the southern side of said lake to the Oneida Creek, thence up said creek on the eastern line of the County of Chenango to the northern line of the town of Hamilton, thence easterly along the northern bounds of said towns of Hamilton adn Sangerfield to the north-western corner of the town of Bridgewater, thence southerly on the western line of said town of Bridgewater to the place of the beginning"


Other Important Dates to the Formation of Oneida County

March 15, 1799 - The town of Mexico was divided and town of Camden was formed
March 14, 1800 - The town of Mexico was again divided and the town of Redfield Formed
March 3, 1802 - The County of St. Lawrence was formed from Oneida County
February 17, 1802 - the towns of Verona and Vernon were formed from Whitestown
March 28, 1805 - The counties of Jefferson and Lewis were formed from Oneida County
April 3, 1811 - The town of Lee was formed from the town of Western
1816 - The town of Bengal changed it name to Vienna
April 7, 1817 - The Town of Utica was formed from the town of Whitestown
April 12, 1823 - The town of Annsville was formed from Lee, Florence, Camden and Vienna
April 12, 1827 - The town of New Hartford was formed from the town of Whitestown
April 13, 1827 - The town of Kirkland was formed from part of the town of Paris
February 21, 1829 - The town of Marshall was formed from part of the town of Kirkland
March 30, 1832 - The town of Marcy was formed from part of the town of Deerfield
May 12, 1846 - The town of Ava was formed from part of the town of Boonville


In 1990, the county population was 250,836 in a land area of 1,212 square miles,
an average of 206 people per square mile


Historical Collections for Oneida County