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Atoka County Indian Territory Newspapers
THE INDIAN CITIZEN
Published Weekly by The Indian Citizen
Editors and Proprietors: M. ANTISKE &
NORA B. SMISER
April 27, 1899
This page was created by Ruth Atteberry Adams, March 11, 2000.
The attention to the Townsite Commission at Muskogee
last week was engaged and given to the making out of
forms of blanks, books, etc., that will be needed in
their work, and also considering some points upon which
they wished further and more decided instructions from
the Secretary of the Interior. The Commission will
perhaps complete their preliminaries at Muskogee this
The Chieftain's libel suit ended last week and the
fellow suing got $5.00 damages. We would hate to be the
fellow whose character a jury would size up as being
worth only five dollars. Brother Chieftain, you must blow
bigger and louder, so the next plaintiff will think you
are worth $10,000, and then he won't get any
damages---'twill all blow over. Big fish are never
caught---by a little fisherman with a little line and a
The U. S. authorities are backing up the Choctaw and
Chickasaw laws pretty lively of late. The cattlemen who
have hitherto defied the national authorities, will in
future quietly acquiesce and pay the required tax; the
parties who have in the past laughed at the permit
collectors will not continue in their course, but pay up
like men; the parties who have always cut and sold timber
in an unlawful manner are preceeding very cautiously and
legitimately just now. 'Tis a poor principle in man which
inspires him to be law abiding---only when he fears being
Trapped At Last
was arrested yesterday afternoon by
and placed in jail. He was charged
with rape___Ardmore Chronicle
, incest; A. E.
intercourse with female under 16; A. E.
rape. Ardmore Chronicle.
The above is clipped from the Ardmore chronicle, and
from the Armorite we glean the following: Last summer A.
visited his sister in Missouri who has
a large family and is in limited circumstances.
induced his sister to let him take her daughter, then
thirteen years of age, home with him, and he would
educate and care for the child. The mother consented, and
about two or three weeks ago he took the child for a ride
and outraged her. The child made a complaint against him
and states that he tied her hand and smothered her cries
for help by tying handkerchiefs over her mouth. The city
authorities sent physicians to ascertain the child's
condition and injuries and these physicians testify that
the child's straightforward account must be true, as
their investigations bear out her testimony. He isnow
behind the bars at Ardmore with the three charges against
him. The being so devoid of self-control and government
should be imprisoned for life. In this case the penalty
prescribed by the law is far to mild__hanging is too good
for such a fiend.
For years he has left a serpent's trail following him;
and we are at a loss to know why the law has not handled
him long ago. Our town had an experience with him, and he
does not like Atoka. He was as much out of his element
here as a fish is out of water. We do most sincerely hope
thorough investigation will be made and the fullest
penalty of the law given him. When a man is an animal, he
should be dealt with as such.
is now, after a second
resignation, allowed by the U. S. Government to retire
from the office of Indian Agent. he has served several
years in this capacity. He has, as he states, had much
friction of various natures brought to bear upon him in
the discharge of his duties. He has been judged to be
eccentric and crank, but he retires acknowledged by all
to be a honorable, honest gentleman.
He has urged for
sometime to be relieved, and especially since the
Agreement previators almost double his work and
responsibilities. No one can wonder that at his age, he
craves rest and retirement. He has the great honor and
distinction of retiring from his labors with an
untarnished name__in handling of the vast funds that have
from time to time been intrusted to him for disbursement.
An Unwise Precedent
The words of the Atoka Agreement directing the
Townsite Commissioners how to arrive at the appraisement
of town lots, are: "At a price a fee simple title to
the same would bring in the market at the time the
valuation is made." who has created, made, or set
the market value? 'Twas not the Townsite
Commissioners--they are to find out what the market value
is. They are to get this information from reliable
parties in towns or be governed by the prices asked and
paid for lots. Some of our sister towns are scrambling
desperately over town lots; running up prices, blocking
up streets and even draining public ponds to secure
locations. Suppose the Commissions are governed by such
demonstrations, and place a high valuation on this
property? Who is to blame, and who has set the market
value? Who will be the kickers and who is to get the
blame? The evidence as to the market value of town lots
is already recorded, and if you have to pay for your lot
what you asked some other fellow for it, don't blame
anybody but yourself. And do not teach customs which are
not practicable and just.
Then and Now
With this issue begins Vol. 14 of THE INDIAN CITIZEN.
some changes during these years, and those affecting
directly THE CITIZEN have not been few nor without their
blessings attending. We have during that period changed
from a struggling, timid publication to one of
properspous growth and independent stand for right and
justice--especially toward the Choctaw Indians; from a
Washington hand-press, and corresponding fixtures, to the
best newspaper press in the Indian Territory with other
office equipments in harmony; from a four hundred
circulation to 1,700. This we could not have done but for
the liberal patronage and encouragement we have received;
for which we humbly, but gratefully, thank our patrons
fourteen columns full, and hope for a continuation of
their good will and support. We have not countenance for
other than truth, justice and public good. The Choctaws
first and foremost, but to all the same good will and
came in Wednesday en route to
Caddo to attend the Presbyter of the Southern division of
the Presbyterian Church. He says the time of this meeting
has been changed from the first Tuesday in May to this
date--last Tuesday in April. the ministers composing this
Presbytery are C. E.
, H. C.
, C. J.
, C. E.
, W. G. B.
, and S.
We all know the sad fate and delusion of
He is to be pitied ad his crime looked upon with charity.
That he will have to suffer the penalty his crime
justifies we all know and deem right; but pity the poor
man whose former life has been in many instances
commendable. We are informed that there in the jail he
reads his Bible and prays without ceasing. We believe
drink and intemperance hath made him mad--crazy. But the
Texas saloon keepers and whiskey sellers will have for
many crimes committed by Choctaws; for they have for
money; sold them that which they knew would cause the
South McAlester I. T. April 18.
was convicted at Antlers of the
murder of Ambrose
, the jury bringing in a
verdict of murder in the first degree. It will be
shot and killed young Smith
at Atoka last September.
Local Telephone System
states that he is now in position,
and able to put in a local telephone system or exchange.
He can furnish the town with this wonderful convenience
and aid to business interest if he can get as many as
twenty-five orders for private and business phones.
Surely Atoka should support this measure and have it in
operation as soon as possible. Think how convenient in
the case of sickness to summon a physician; think how
convenient to housekeepers to order groceries without
dressing and going down town hot summer days; think how
convenient for the hunters to ring each other up for a
hunt. Push this enterprise and push all other best
interest of our town.
died of consumption
at the Baptist Academy Home, April 25th. She never
regained her strength after having measles. She suffered
much during the last few days of her life, but her
patience and fortitude were remarkable.
Elizabeth was of a singularly sweet and loving
disposition. She was early taught to pray by her godly
grandmother. This aged grandmother has buried all of a
large family of children and grandchildren; except two of
Elizabeth was laid to rest beside her mother in the
yard of the old family homestead. her teacher and
schoolmates miss her from her place in the home and
school. May be meet her in Heaven.
Father Olachetubbee Dies
Father Olachetubbee, an old Choctaw man, died Monday,
April 24, 1899, at his home near Kiowa. He is known to
all as a most consecrated servant of God and a character
altogether lovable and enviable. He has labored long and
faithfully for the salvation of his Choctaw people. He
has done all he could and gone to receive his reward in
Talk up the local telephone system.
came down the 24th.
is safe in the Jefferson City
went to durant Tuesday on
A pair of bleached sheets, 80x90, for $1.00 at
N. Robb & Co
All kinds of feed, chops, bran, corn, etc., at
R. SMITHS & Co.
Mr. and Mrs. F. R.
of Lehigh spent
Sunday with Mother
is assisting at the Bates house
during the absnece of Mrs.
received word Monday to return to
his job at South McAlester.
, the manufacturer of the Gibson
turkey call and gobble, is in the Territory at this
, of the CADDO HERALD, came up on
Monday's local and returned on No.1 the same morning.
came in from Wapanucka this
week, and will be Mrs. Stella
in her business.
left last Thursday night for
Oklahoma City, expecting to return home the early part of
The family of Wm.
left our town for
South McAlester last Friday afternoon. They will reside
there for a time at least.
and granddaughter Miss Cora
came down from Krebs the first of this week to visit
Push the local telephone system.
went south the 24th. Have a phone in
your business house. Deputy
of Lehigh was
in town the 24th.
of Muscogee came down last
week, the guest of Miss Eunice
, a wll known cattleman of Texas
was killed by a train at Checotha last week.
Bro. J. S.
preached a fine sermon Sunday
morning to a very large and attentive audience.
On a hunt last week, J. H.
turkey hens and W. A.
a gobbler and a hen
left Monday on No. 1 for the
Comanche reservation in the interest of Mission work at
came in from Wapanucka Monday and
went south on No. 1. We learned he was en route to the
Presbyter at or near Caddo.
subject for his Sunday
morning discourse at the M. E. Church was: The oneness of
the church, its fellowship and worship.
is now local agent for the
Protective and Detective Association. Mr. Beaty is a
(ruster?) and will make a good man for the business.
Mr. and Mrs. Humprey and little son who spent several
days with Mrs. J. S.
returned totheir home
in Van Alstyne on No. 1 Monday morning.
delivered a sermon at the
M. E. Church Sunday on Christian Fidelity, and from those
present we learn he, as usual, held the attention of his
has at last sufficiently
recovered her health to be again at D. N. Robb's much to
the gratification and pleasure of the customers. Were we
to note thenumber of regrets we have heard during her
absence, it would make a volume. Miss Nettie is very
was in town Tuesday.
was in town the first of the
, of Coalgate, was in Atoka
, the photographer, made a business
trip to Stringtown Monday.
accompanied Miss Lillie in town, but
returned home Wednesday.
of Coalgate was in our office this
week and renewed his subscritpion.
arrived in Atoka Tuesday and
is the guest of her son William.
Mr. and Mrs. Jasper
left for their home at
Cleveland, Oklahoma, Tuesday afternoon.
, of Gains county, a prominent
Choctaw citizen and a most worthy Christain, died the
early part of this week.
and Mrs. Bertha
up toSouth McAlester Sunday afternoon where they were
invited to take supper with Chas.
At the Arcade Hotel last Friday night about 8 o'clock,
Rev. J. A.
married Mr. W. J.
Texas and Mrs. Ula
of Lehigh. They went
south on No. 3 and will make Texas their future home.
Many of our readers will be glad toknow that Dr. J. A.
has decided to locate his family in
Atoka; but they will not leave Troy, Ohio, until the end
of the school year which will be about the first of June.
has been working in the Lehigh
mines for about two weeks, and Monday morning Judson
also commenced work out there. Wm.
also a miner now and some other boys around are
considering the question.
Mrs. Geo. M.
was called by telegraph to
the bedside of her mother whose condition is very
critical. Mrs. Ewing arrived at her point of destination
in Ohio last Saturday and will remain until a change for
better or worse takes place.
Arrival of Prisoners
, S. E.
; assault to kill.
; 30 days jail Atoka introducing.
; 30 days jail Atoka, introducing.
; introducing; 30 days.
The above list of prisoners were brought from Antlers
to Atoka last Saturday on No. 2 by Marshal
murderers in this lot of 23---man's hand seems to be
truly against his fellow man in this day and age.
Hotema's Statement in the U. S.
, who was arrested at Grant,
charged with tripple murder and removed to Antlers for
incarceration, handed M. Greenwood
United States jailer at that place, the following letter
which he asked to be forwarded to The News with the
request that it be published.
Written by S. E.
, in jail at Antlers
for publication. Please publish:
I have on yesterday killed one man and two women. A
man certainly does not know what his destinies shall be.
In my boyhood days I went to a neighborhood school at
Lexington, about three miles east of Grant Station. In
1871 Mr. Timothy
, deceased, gave me a
gicket to school at Old Spencer Academy. I stayed there
until in 1877. Ex Gov. W. N.
gave me a
ticket to school at Roanoke College. I returned in 1881
and was elected county-clerk, since filled different
I have always been for peace and good of the people at
large. Until the day that I got into trouble I did the
act rationally, and knowing the consequences. The evil
practice of magic has been among the Indian people for a
number of years. Others will substantiate the facts.
In 1893 I build a church house at cold Spring. In 1896
we asked the Indian Presbytery for a mission school. Ever
since the work has been successful, not only to educate
the children in the head, but the main object was to
educate. I built my house 150 yards from it in 1896 and
lived there ever since until I was jailed, and shall
remain here until on the day of my execution.
In 1897, I was ordained as a minister of the gospel
and have been preaching at Chish, OK., Good A|Spring, and
Gold Spring Churches. Since 1898 an opposition to the
work has been manifested, threatened to wipe us out of
existance with aml practice, and threats have been
repeated on Thursday night April 13th 1899.
The people are afraid of them and have been dodging
for about a week and saw them in their fires. Appeared
and took it upon myself to sacrifice my life for the
Lord's cause and for the love of the people. Now Iam
numbered with the law breakers, only waiting for trial,
not only for trial, but humbly submit my neck tothe
I ask all the Christain people of the land to remember
me and my dear wife, Nance
, and my loving
little daughter, Cornelia, and my darling little son,
, for their consolation and denying
themselves for Christ, so that we may meet each other in
heaven, where there is not parting.
Yours in Christ.
belongs to the Ok-la-han-nali
clan and is a full-blood. He has received a fine
education; is one of the best speakers in the Choctaw
Nation and was a man of mark in the choctaw legislature.
He is a man of excellent moral character, a member of the
Presbyterian Church and is spoken of as a kind, good
neighbor. He is laboring under the belief that the death
of his child was the result of witchcraft which he
determined to stamp out of the Choctaw Nation.__Dallas
South Canadian Election
The election at South Canadian for town officers on
the 25th resulted as follows:
, 47; John
For Mayor--E. R.
, 63; J. D.
For Recorder--S. A.
, 62; W. T.
For Alderman (five receiving the highest vote to
, 44; T. B.
97; J. B.
, 30; W. B.
, 49; A. D.
, 30; W. L.
, 57; J. D.
; 63; Joe
W. C. T. U. Organized
Mrs. J. s.
filled her appointment
yesterday afternoon at the Methodist Church on Broadway,
where she delivered some very earnest remarks on behalf
of the W. C. T. U. At the conclusion of her address the
ladies present organized a society of the Woman's
Christain Temperance Union, the future of which is
assured, and much good is expected from this branch of
true Christianity.__Ardmorite. (The word
are as they appeared in the
The Townsite Commission have been instructed by the
Secretary of the Interior to make "haste
slowly." They are urged to proceed cautiously and
deliberately, to make a consummate work of deliberative
wisdom and consumate this business happily. We think in
future the towns will be less in haste to demand or make
application for this work. Facts are confronting, thought
of consequences naturally arising and quelling the
ambitious ones. They money to meet the payments on lots
and the whether or not you can hold all you have now,
etc., is putting another phase on this matter. Still a
settlement must come, but it will not be so warmly
invited as it once was.
We are reliably informed tht the prairie surronding
Muskogee is a sight, and places the locality in danger of
disease and sickness. The number of dead cattle lying
around is incredible. Some are in a state of
decomposition, others are dead, while many are still
struggling and dying. These are cattle that have been
shipped in, and were in poor condition when delivered.
The situation is distressing, and needs immediate
consideration and remedying
Must Pay Cattle Tax
ARDMORE, I. T. April 17.__Acting upon the instructions
of the Interior Department, Indian Police J. Hamp
served notice on several large cattle owners today
that they must pay the cattle permit tax of 25 cents a
head or be subject to removal. Heretofore the cattlemen
fefused to pay the tax.
The Cattle Question
EDITOR CITIZEN: The Choctaw council appears to have
taken action on the matter of introduction of cattle at
an opportune time. The cattle question in the Indian
Territory appears to be giving the Interior Department a
good deal of trouble at this time; in fact it seems to be
out measuring arms with the Department in the Creek
In spite of the Department and the law; the cattle
inside are staying there, lease or no lease, and outside
cattle seem to be going in, law or no law.
Cattle seem to be the principle beneficiaries of the
allotments being made there. Whatever the influences may
be which are conspiring to bring about this curious
situation, the M. K. & T. Railway can afford to lie
low and say nothing as long as they are receiving the
exclusive privileges of transportation.
FARMER, South Canadian, April 24, 1899
, a big cattle shipper from Texas,
had several hundred head of cattle held up at South
McAlester last week, owing to the late cattle law
forbidding the introduction of cattle into the Choctaw
Nation. He will very likely take his cattle on to the
Captain and Mrs.
, arrived on No. 2
Tuesday and took charge of the Hodges house Wednesday.
Captain and Mrs. Wade are well known in Atoka, and had
lived her for several years. They have many friends to
welcome them back.
and daughter Anna, and Mrs.
, and son Dwight of Wapanucka were in town
trading Monday and Tuesday. Mrs. Wallace and baby called
at our office and Anna is a beautiful brown baby girl.
They returned to Wapanucka Tuesday.
B. S. SMISER spent part of last Sunday at home, and
since his departure we miss the Gibson turkey call and
gobbler. We suppose he will use this instrument to call
the commission to session and dream of the hills in
Hiawana and North Boggy__the happy hunting ground of this
five quarter Choctaw.
Dr. E. C.
of Galveston, Texas, en
route home, stopped off in Atoka to visit his cousin, Dr.
. Dr. McCLENDON has been a railroad
surgeon for some years, having served in the M. K. &
service and also on the Santa Fe road. He has been in the
regular hospital service of the U. S. Government in Cuba
and is off on a visit home.
Arrived at the home of Mr. and Mrs. N. T.
on the 26th inst, a baby boy. The first son born to these
parents, but they have several daughters, the youngest
girl is eight years old. A baby is a pleasure and a boy
too. Mother and son are both doing well. Auntie Laura
arrived home from her Oklahoma trip just in time to
welcome and make the acquaintance of her new nephew.
A bright spinster was asked why she didn't marry, and
replied: "I have considerable money of my own; I own
a parrot that swears, a monkey that chews, a stove that
smokes, and a pig that is intemperate, gets so full, that
he has to wallow in the mire; so you see I am not yet in
need of a husband."
OKLAHOMA AND INDIAN TERRITORY
trial does not
begin until November 6 next.
There are still a few deer in the sparsely settled
parts of the Choctaw Nation.
The fight against William
seems to have
died for want of nourishment.
Notwithstanding his protest, I. N.
serving out those two life sentences.
The experiment station at Stillwater has purchased
three colonies of Italian bees
An Oklahoma man recently shot a white pelican which
measured nine feet from tip to tip.
It will do not good for and one to ask a pardon for
, if he ever gets in prison again.
By this time Clyde
is either in Old
Mexico or is studying the railroad schedules with a view
of becoming Bill Doolin's successor.
There is a movement at Pawnee to erect a monument over
the grave of William
, the Rough Rider.
His portrait appears in this month's Scribner's.
Much building is being done over the territory.
A local company at Guthrie will organize for the
purpose of boring for gas.
Thousands of trees are being put out over the
territory this spring. A grander improvement could not be
, an aged farmer living in Woods
County, committed suicide by shooting himself between the
eyes with a Winchester. He was despondent from illness.
Genuine prosperity is indicated by the vast amount of
improvement going on over the two territories. Each one
is trying to out-due the other in improving and
beautifying their property.
In Lincoln County a woman shot a dog which was chasing
her cows. The owner of the dog had her arrested, but the
jury acquitted her in about two shakes of a ram's horn.
She should be give a chromo.
The Oklahoma division of the Santa Fe received thirty
trainloads of stock from the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe
on April 18th. The stock all came from the north and were
turned into the feed pastures. Several trains were sent
The smallpox situation at the Indian village near
Cushing is much improved according to the reports
received there. There have been thirty-five deaths and
there are now twenty-one cases in the hospital. Thirty
patients have recovered, while forty-one of the village
residents have escaped the disease. On the allotments in
the township are ninety-three Indians who have not had
the scourge. These are kept away from the village. All of
the Indians have been vaccinated and if any new cases
develope it is believed they will be of verioloid.
Atoka, I. T. April 20, 1899
Mr. EDITOR:__I appreciate very much the compliment you
paid me in your account of the
published in your last issue. In justice to others, and
as a matter of truth, you will please allow me to correct
you in some of the particulars.
, the District Attorney, conducted
the case, and he was vigorous and painstaking. As special
council for the prosecution, I am under obligations to
, the Court, and the Marshal's force
for courtesies shown me.
The effort of those representing the government was to
get the facts fairly before the jury.
Very Truly, JOHN H. LINBAUGH