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Atoka County Indian Territory Newspapers


Published Weekly by The Indian Citizen Publishing Co.

Editors and Proprietors: M. ANTISKE & NORA B. SMISER

April 27, 1899

This page was created by Ruth Atteberry Adams, March 11, 2000.

The attention to the Townsite Commission at Muskogee last week was engaged and given to the making out of forms of blanks, books, etc., that will be needed in their work, and also considering some points upon which they wished further and more decided instructions from the Secretary of the Interior. The Commission will perhaps complete their preliminaries at Muskogee this week.

The Chieftain's libel suit ended last week and the fellow suing got $5.00 damages. We would hate to be the fellow whose character a jury would size up as being worth only five dollars. Brother Chieftain, you must blow bigger and louder, so the next plaintiff will think you are worth $10,000, and then he won't get any damages---'twill all blow over. Big fish are never caught---by a little fisherman with a little line and a little hook.

The U. S. authorities are backing up the Choctaw and Chickasaw laws pretty lively of late. The cattlemen who have hitherto defied the national authorities, will in future quietly acquiesce and pay the required tax; the parties who have in the past laughed at the permit collectors will not continue in their course, but pay up like men; the parties who have always cut and sold timber in an unlawful manner are preceeding very cautiously and legitimately just now. 'Tis a poor principle in man which inspires him to be law abiding---only when he fears being prosecuted.

Trapped At Last

Dr. WALTERS was arrested yesterday afternoon by Deputy BROOKER and placed in jail. He was charged with rape___Ardmore Chronicle

A. E. WALTERS , incest; A. E. WALTERS , intercourse with female under 16; A. E. WALTERS , rape. Ardmore Chronicle.

The above is clipped from the Ardmore chronicle, and from the Armorite we glean the following: Last summer A. e. WALTERS visited his sister in Missouri who has a large family and is in limited circumstances. WALTERS induced his sister to let him take her daughter, then thirteen years of age, home with him, and he would educate and care for the child. The mother consented, and about two or three weeks ago he took the child for a ride and outraged her. The child made a complaint against him and states that he tied her hand and smothered her cries for help by tying handkerchiefs over her mouth. The city authorities sent physicians to ascertain the child's condition and injuries and these physicians testify that the child's straightforward account must be true, as their investigations bear out her testimony. He isnow behind the bars at Ardmore with the three charges against him. The being so devoid of self-control and government should be imprisoned for life. In this case the penalty prescribed by the law is far to mild__hanging is too good for such a fiend.

For years he has left a serpent's trail following him; and we are at a loss to know why the law has not handled him long ago. Our town had an experience with him, and he does not like Atoka. He was as much out of his element here as a fish is out of water. We do most sincerely hope thorough investigation will be made and the fullest penalty of the law given him. When a man is an animal, he should be dealt with as such.

Agent WISDOM is now, after a second resignation, allowed by the U. S. Government to retire from the office of Indian Agent. he has served several years in this capacity. He has, as he states, had much friction of various natures brought to bear upon him in the discharge of his duties. He has been judged to be eccentric and crank, but he retires acknowledged by all to be a honorable, honest gentleman.

He has urged for sometime to be relieved, and especially since the Agreement previators almost double his work and responsibilities. No one can wonder that at his age, he craves rest and retirement. He has the great honor and distinction of retiring from his labors with an untarnished name__in handling of the vast funds that have from time to time been intrusted to him for disbursement.

An Unwise Precedent

The words of the Atoka Agreement directing the Townsite Commissioners how to arrive at the appraisement of town lots, are: "At a price a fee simple title to the same would bring in the market at the time the valuation is made." who has created, made, or set the market value? 'Twas not the Townsite Commissioners--they are to find out what the market value is. They are to get this information from reliable parties in towns or be governed by the prices asked and paid for lots. Some of our sister towns are scrambling desperately over town lots; running up prices, blocking up streets and even draining public ponds to secure locations. Suppose the Commissions are governed by such demonstrations, and place a high valuation on this property? Who is to blame, and who has set the market value? Who will be the kickers and who is to get the blame? The evidence as to the market value of town lots is already recorded, and if you have to pay for your lot what you asked some other fellow for it, don't blame anybody but yourself. And do not teach customs which are not practicable and just.

Then and Now

With this issue begins Vol. 14 of THE INDIAN CITIZEN. some changes during these years, and those affecting directly THE CITIZEN have not been few nor without their blessings attending. We have during that period changed from a struggling, timid publication to one of properspous growth and independent stand for right and justice--especially toward the Choctaw Indians; from a Washington hand-press, and corresponding fixtures, to the best newspaper press in the Indian Territory with other office equipments in harmony; from a four hundred circulation to 1,700. This we could not have done but for the liberal patronage and encouragement we have received; for which we humbly, but gratefully, thank our patrons fourteen columns full, and hope for a continuation of their good will and support. We have not countenance for other than truth, justice and public good. The Choctaws first and foremost, but to all the same good will and gratitude.


Henry WILSON came in Wednesday en route to Caddo to attend the Presbyter of the Southern division of the Presbyterian Church. He says the time of this meeting has been changed from the first Tuesday in May to this date--last Tuesday in April. the ministers composing this Presbytery are C. E. HOTCKINS , Jonas WOLFE , P. G. GIBBONS , H. C. WILSON , C. J. RALSTON , C. E. COLE , W. G. B. LLOYD , and S. E. HOTEMA .

We all know the sad fate and delusion of HOTEMA . He is to be pitied ad his crime looked upon with charity. That he will have to suffer the penalty his crime justifies we all know and deem right; but pity the poor man whose former life has been in many instances commendable. We are informed that there in the jail he reads his Bible and prays without ceasing. We believe drink and intemperance hath made him mad--crazy. But the Texas saloon keepers and whiskey sellers will have for many crimes committed by Choctaws; for they have for money; sold them that which they knew would cause the Choctaws trouble.

South McAlester I. T. April 18.

James HALE was convicted at Antlers of the murder of Ambrose SMITH , the jury bringing in a verdict of murder in the first degree. It will be remembered that HALE shot and killed young Smith at Atoka last September.

Local Telephone System

Mr. HODGES states that he is now in position, and able to put in a local telephone system or exchange. He can furnish the town with this wonderful convenience and aid to business interest if he can get as many as twenty-five orders for private and business phones. Surely Atoka should support this measure and have it in operation as soon as possible. Think how convenient in the case of sickness to summon a physician; think how convenient to housekeepers to order groceries without dressing and going down town hot summer days; think how convenient for the hunters to ring each other up for a hunt. Push this enterprise and push all other best interest of our town.

Called Home

Gensie Elizabeth ANDERSON died of consumption at the Baptist Academy Home, April 25th. She never regained her strength after having measles. She suffered much during the last few days of her life, but her patience and fortitude were remarkable.

Elizabeth was of a singularly sweet and loving disposition. She was early taught to pray by her godly grandmother. This aged grandmother has buried all of a large family of children and grandchildren; except two of the latter.

Elizabeth was laid to rest beside her mother in the yard of the old family homestead. her teacher and schoolmates miss her from her place in the home and school. May be meet her in Heaven.

Father Olachetubbee Dies

Father Olachetubbee, an old Choctaw man, died Monday, April 24, 1899, at his home near Kiowa. He is known to all as a most consecrated servant of God and a character altogether lovable and enviable. He has labored long and faithfully for the salvation of his Choctaw people. He has done all he could and gone to receive his reward in eternity.


Talk up the local telephone system.

Gib RAILEY came down the 24th.

Jim HALE is safe in the Jefferson City penitentuary.

Commissioner RALLS went to durant Tuesday on No. 1.

A pair of bleached sheets, 80x90, for $1.00 at D. N. Robb & Co .

All kinds of feed, chops, bran, corn, etc., at C. R. SMITHS & Co.

Mr. and Mrs. F. R. PHILLIPS of Lehigh spent Sunday with Mother PHILLIPS .

Mrs. KENNEDY is assisting at the Bates house during the absnece of Mrs. EWING .

Walter ADAMS received word Monday to return to his job at South McAlester.

Mr. BRODDIE , the manufacturer of the Gibson turkey call and gobble, is in the Territory at this writing.

J. S. HANCOCK , of the CADDO HERALD, came up on Monday's local and returned on No.1 the same morning.

Miss Lillie POWERS came in from Wapanucka this week, and will be Mrs. Stella POLLARD'S assistant in her business.

Dr. Laura DAVIS left last Thursday night for Oklahoma City, expecting to return home the early part of this week.

The family of Wm. HIGHTOWER left our town for South McAlester last Friday afternoon. They will reside there for a time at least.

Mrs. HOLLAND and granddaughter Miss Cora LAWRENCE came down from Krebs the first of this week to visit Mrs. Fred HILL of Lehigh.

Push the local telephone system.

Alex HAAS went south the 24th. Have a phone in your business house. Deputy THOMPSON of Lehigh was in town the 24th.

Miss Mattie FEARS of Muscogee came down last week, the guest of Miss Eunice SCRATCH .

Isaac BUTLER , a wll known cattleman of Texas was killed by a train at Checotha last week.

Bro. J. S. MORROW preached a fine sermon Sunday morning to a very large and attentive audience.

On a hunt last week, J. H. CHAMBERS killed two turkey hens and W. A. MCBRIDE a gobbler and a hen

R. W. OFFICER left Monday on No. 1 for the Comanche reservation in the interest of Mission work at that point.

Rev. RALSTON came in from Wapanucka Monday and went south on No. 1. We learned he was en route to the Presbyter at or near Caddo.

Father LINEBAUG'S subject for his Sunday morning discourse at the M. E. Church was: The oneness of the church, its fellowship and worship.

Frank BEATY is now local agent for the Protective and Detective Association. Mr. Beaty is a (ruster?) and will make a good man for the business.

Mr. and Mrs. Humprey and little son who spent several days with Mrs. J. S. FULTON returned totheir home in Van Alstyne on No. 1 Monday morning.

Judge John LINEBAUGH delivered a sermon at the M. E. Church Sunday on Christian Fidelity, and from those present we learn he, as usual, held the attention of his hearers.

Miss Nettie CONLEY has at last sufficiently recovered her health to be again at D. N. Robb's much to the gratification and pleasure of the customers. Were we to note thenumber of regrets we have heard during her absence, it would make a volume. Miss Nettie is very popular.

P. H. LITTLEPAGE was in town Tuesday.

Supt. CAMERON was in town the first of the week.

E. W. USHER , of Coalgate, was in Atoka Wednesday.

Walter WADE , the photographer, made a business trip to Stringtown Monday.

Mr. POWERS accompanied Miss Lillie in town, but returned home Wednesday.

J. POTTS of Coalgate was in our office this week and renewed his subscritpion.

Mother HILDSWICK arrived in Atoka Tuesday and is the guest of her son William.

Mr. and Mrs. Jasper INGE left for their home at Cleveland, Oklahoma, Tuesday afternoon.

Moses WILLIAMS , of Gains county, a prominent Choctaw citizen and a most worthy Christain, died the early part of this week.

Miss Maude WILKINS and Mrs. Bertha STANLEY went up toSouth McAlester Sunday afternoon where they were invited to take supper with Chas. NOLTON .

At the Arcade Hotel last Friday night about 8 o'clock, Rev. J. A. TRICKEY married Mr. W. J. RIDDLE of Texas and Mrs. Ula CHATMAN of Lehigh. They went south on No. 3 and will make Texas their future home.

Many of our readers will be glad toknow that Dr. J. A. STERRETT has decided to locate his family in Atoka; but they will not leave Troy, Ohio, until the end of the school year which will be about the first of June.

Walter WHEELER has been working in the Lehigh mines for about two weeks, and Monday morning Judson WHEELER also commenced work out there. Wm. VAIL is also a miner now and some other boys around are considering the question.

Mrs. Geo. M. EWING was called by telegraph to the bedside of her mother whose condition is very critical. Mrs. Ewing arrived at her point of destination in Ohio last Saturday and will remain until a change for better or worse takes place.

Arrival of Prisoners

Dr. Sam GINATUBBY , Tobial WILLIAMS , Sam FRY , S. E. HOTEMA , murders--witch hunters.

Wright FOSTER ; assault to kill.

Isom WILSON ; 30 days jail Atoka introducing.

Solomon JOEL ; 30 days jail Atoka, introducing.

Mark McKINSEY ; larceny.

Levi DURANT ; larceny.

Chas. PERRIMON ; larceny.

Tom HAYS ; introducing; 30 days.

L. E. BUTTER ; murder.

Jordon BUTTER ; murder.

Sam BUTTER ; murder.

Cilvis COLBERT ; murder.

Isaac COLE ; murder.

Elam JOHNSON ; murder.

Henry LEFRIDGE ; murder.

Tom POWELL ; murder.

Mose SHOLES ; murder.

Chas. TURNBULL ; murder.

The above list of prisoners were brought from Antlers to Atoka last Saturday on No. 2 by Marshal GRADY and deputies COLAN and LAFLORE . Fifteen murderers in this lot of 23---man's hand seems to be truly against his fellow man in this day and age.


Hotema's Statement in the U. S. Jail.

Solomon HOTEMA , who was arrested at Grant, charged with tripple murder and removed to Antlers for incarceration, handed M. Greenwood LaFLORE , United States jailer at that place, the following letter which he asked to be forwarded to The News with the request that it be published.

Written by S. E. HOTEMA , in jail at Antlers for publication. Please publish:

I have on yesterday killed one man and two women. A man certainly does not know what his destinies shall be.

In my boyhood days I went to a neighborhood school at Lexington, about three miles east of Grant Station. In 1871 Mr. Timothy DWIGHT , deceased, gave me a gicket to school at Old Spencer Academy. I stayed there until in 1877. Ex Gov. W. N. JONES gave me a ticket to school at Roanoke College. I returned in 1881 and was elected county-clerk, since filled different offices.

I have always been for peace and good of the people at large. Until the day that I got into trouble I did the act rationally, and knowing the consequences. The evil practice of magic has been among the Indian people for a number of years. Others will substantiate the facts.

In 1893 I build a church house at cold Spring. In 1896 we asked the Indian Presbytery for a mission school. Ever since the work has been successful, not only to educate the children in the head, but the main object was to educate. I built my house 150 yards from it in 1896 and lived there ever since until I was jailed, and shall remain here until on the day of my execution.

In 1897, I was ordained as a minister of the gospel and have been preaching at Chish, OK., Good A|Spring, and Gold Spring Churches. Since 1898 an opposition to the work has been manifested, threatened to wipe us out of existance with aml practice, and threats have been repeated on Thursday night April 13th 1899.

The people are afraid of them and have been dodging for about a week and saw them in their fires. Appeared and took it upon myself to sacrifice my life for the Lord's cause and for the love of the people. Now Iam numbered with the law breakers, only waiting for trial, not only for trial, but humbly submit my neck tothe gallows.

I ask all the Christain people of the land to remember me and my dear wife, Nance HOTEMA , and my loving little daughter, Cornelia, and my darling little son, Frank HOTEMA , for their consolation and denying themselves for Christ, so that we may meet each other in heaven, where there is not parting.

Yours in Christ.

Solomon HOTEMA belongs to the Ok-la-han-nali clan and is a full-blood. He has received a fine education; is one of the best speakers in the Choctaw Nation and was a man of mark in the choctaw legislature. He is a man of excellent moral character, a member of the Presbyterian Church and is spoken of as a kind, good neighbor. He is laboring under the belief that the death of his child was the result of witchcraft which he determined to stamp out of the Choctaw Nation.__Dallas News

South Canadian Election

The election at South Canadian for town officers on the 25th resulted as follows:

For Marshall--John FREEMAN , 47; John PATE , 51, Chas. SHAW , 7.

For Mayor--E. R. CHEADLE , 63; J. D. TIGNOR , 41.

For Recorder--S. A. COPE , 62; W. T. WALKER , 42.

For Alderman (five receiving the highest vote to serve)--J. G. SMITH , 44; T. B. HENSON , 97; J. B. LOGGINS , 30; W. B. MANNERS , 54; Wm. MILICAN , 49; A. D. MARTINIERE , 40; Henry KING , 30; W. L. BELT , 57; J. D. FULTON ; 63; Joe COURTS , 45.

W. C. T. U. Organized

Mrs. J. s. MURROW filled her appointment yesterday afternoon at the Methodist Church on Broadway, where she delivered some very earnest remarks on behalf of the W. C. T. U. At the conclusion of her address the ladies present organized a society of the Woman's Christain Temperance Union, the future of which is assured, and much good is expected from this branch of true Christianity.__Ardmorite. (The word Christain , and Christianity are as they appeared in the paper.

The Townsite Commission have been instructed by the Secretary of the Interior to make "haste slowly." They are urged to proceed cautiously and deliberately, to make a consummate work of deliberative wisdom and consumate this business happily. We think in future the towns will be less in haste to demand or make application for this work. Facts are confronting, thought of consequences naturally arising and quelling the ambitious ones. They money to meet the payments on lots and the whether or not you can hold all you have now, etc., is putting another phase on this matter. Still a settlement must come, but it will not be so warmly invited as it once was.

We are reliably informed tht the prairie surronding Muskogee is a sight, and places the locality in danger of disease and sickness. The number of dead cattle lying around is incredible. Some are in a state of decomposition, others are dead, while many are still struggling and dying. These are cattle that have been shipped in, and were in poor condition when delivered. The situation is distressing, and needs immediate consideration and remedying

Must Pay Cattle Tax

ARDMORE, I. T. April 17.__Acting upon the instructions of the Interior Department, Indian Police J. Hamp WILLIS served notice on several large cattle owners today that they must pay the cattle permit tax of 25 cents a head or be subject to removal. Heretofore the cattlemen fefused to pay the tax.

The Cattle Question

EDITOR CITIZEN: The Choctaw council appears to have taken action on the matter of introduction of cattle at an opportune time. The cattle question in the Indian Territory appears to be giving the Interior Department a good deal of trouble at this time; in fact it seems to be out measuring arms with the Department in the Creek Nation.

In spite of the Department and the law; the cattle inside are staying there, lease or no lease, and outside cattle seem to be going in, law or no law.

Cattle seem to be the principle beneficiaries of the allotments being made there. Whatever the influences may be which are conspiring to bring about this curious situation, the M. K. & T. Railway can afford to lie low and say nothing as long as they are receiving the exclusive privileges of transportation.

FARMER, South Canadian, April 24, 1899

Mr. REYNOLDS , a big cattle shipper from Texas, had several hundred head of cattle held up at South McAlester last week, owing to the late cattle law forbidding the introduction of cattle into the Choctaw Nation. He will very likely take his cattle on to the Chickasaw Nation.

Captain and Mrs. WADE , arrived on No. 2 Tuesday and took charge of the Hodges house Wednesday. Captain and Mrs. Wade are well known in Atoka, and had lived her for several years. They have many friends to welcome them back.

Mrs. Mary WALLACE and daughter Anna, and Mrs. ?? BOND , and son Dwight of Wapanucka were in town trading Monday and Tuesday. Mrs. Wallace and baby called at our office and Anna is a beautiful brown baby girl. They returned to Wapanucka Tuesday.

B. S. SMISER spent part of last Sunday at home, and since his departure we miss the Gibson turkey call and gobbler. We suppose he will use this instrument to call the commission to session and dream of the hills in Hiawana and North Boggy__the happy hunting ground of this five quarter Choctaw.

Dr. E. C. McCLENDON of Galveston, Texas, en route home, stopped off in Atoka to visit his cousin, Dr. J. W. McCLENDON . Dr. McCLENDON has been a railroad surgeon for some years, having served in the M. K. & service and also on the Santa Fe road. He has been in the regular hospital service of the U. S. Government in Cuba and is off on a visit home.

Arrived at the home of Mr. and Mrs. N. T. FOY , on the 26th inst, a baby boy. The first son born to these parents, but they have several daughters, the youngest girl is eight years old. A baby is a pleasure and a boy too. Mother and son are both doing well. Auntie Laura DAVIS arrived home from her Oklahoma trip just in time to welcome and make the acquaintance of her new nephew.

A bright spinster was asked why she didn't marry, and replied: "I have considerable money of my own; I own a parrot that swears, a monkey that chews, a stove that smokes, and a pig that is intemperate, gets so full, that he has to wallow in the mire; so you see I am not yet in need of a husband."


Territorial Treasurer THOMPSON'S trial does not begin until November 6 next.

There are still a few deer in the sparsely settled parts of the Choctaw Nation.

The fight against William GRIMES seems to have died for want of nourishment.

Notwithstanding his protest, I. N. TERRILL is serving out those two life sentences.

The experiment station at Stillwater has purchased three colonies of Italian bees

An Oklahoma man recently shot a white pelican which measured nine feet from tip to tip.

It will do not good for and one to ask a pardon for Clyde MATTOX , if he ever gets in prison again.

By this time Clyde MATTOX is either in Old Mexico or is studying the railroad schedules with a view of becoming Bill Doolin's successor.

There is a movement at Pawnee to erect a monument over the grave of William POLLOCK , the Rough Rider. His portrait appears in this month's Scribner's.

Much building is being done over the territory.

A local company at Guthrie will organize for the purpose of boring for gas.

Thousands of trees are being put out over the territory this spring. A grander improvement could not be made.

J. N. WALLACE , an aged farmer living in Woods County, committed suicide by shooting himself between the eyes with a Winchester. He was despondent from illness.

Genuine prosperity is indicated by the vast amount of improvement going on over the two territories. Each one is trying to out-due the other in improving and beautifying their property.

In Lincoln County a woman shot a dog which was chasing her cows. The owner of the dog had her arrested, but the jury acquitted her in about two shakes of a ram's horn. She should be give a chromo.

The Oklahoma division of the Santa Fe received thirty trainloads of stock from the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe on April 18th. The stock all came from the north and were turned into the feed pastures. Several trains were sent to Davidson.

The smallpox situation at the Indian village near Cushing is much improved according to the reports received there. There have been thirty-five deaths and there are now twenty-one cases in the hospital. Thirty patients have recovered, while forty-one of the village residents have escaped the disease. On the allotments in the township are ninety-three Indians who have not had the scourge. These are kept away from the village. All of the Indians have been vaccinated and if any new cases develope it is believed they will be of verioloid.


Atoka, I. T. April 20, 1899

Mr. EDITOR:__I appreciate very much the compliment you paid me in your account of the HALE case as published in your last issue. In justice to others, and as a matter of truth, you will please allow me to correct you in some of the particulars.

Mr. WILKINS , the District Attorney, conducted the case, and he was vigorous and painstaking. As special council for the prosecution, I am under obligations to Mr. WILKINS , the Court, and the Marshal's force for courtesies shown me.

The effort of those representing the government was to get the facts fairly before the jury.