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1902 Official Report of Colored Ag & Normal University
1902 Official Report of the President of the
Colored Agricultural and Normal University
by Inman E. Page
to Governor T. B. Ferguson


Submitted by: Jennifer Ammons & transcribed by: Tammie Chada


Colored Agricultural and Normal University

--------------------

Langston

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Report of the President

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In compliance with your request, I have the honor to submit for your consideration the following report concerning the Colored Agricultural and Normal University.

History

This institution was established by an Act of the General Assembly of the Territory in 1897, for the purpose of giving to the colored people educational advantages similar to those provided for the white people at the Normal Schools, the Agricultural and Mechanical College and the Territorial University. This Act empowered the Governor to appoint a Board of Regents, consisting of five members, to have charge of the University.
In order to secure the institution the people of Langston and its vicinity donated 40 acres of land adjoining their townsite on the west, and soon afterwards the Regents proceeded to erect a part of the main building, using for this purpose the sum of $5,000.00 which was appropriated by the Legislature when it established the school and a portion of the land lease money which was set aside for its benefit by direction of the Governor, the Hon. C. M. Barnes. Four teachers were employed and the school was opened September 14, 1898, with an enrollment of 40 students. As a result of liberal appropriations made by succeeding legislatures, and the division of the Morrill Fund between the races, the institution has now 160 acres of land, five buildings, including an addition to the main building which has more than doubled its capacity, a library worth not less than $1,600.00, scientific apparatus valued at $1,500.00, machinery which cost about $9,000.00, and $2,500.00 worth of furniture in the main building, the Mechanical building and the student's dormitories. The Agricultural department has been partially equipped with live stock and farming implements. The Faculty has increased to 13 including the Matron in charge of the Girls' Dormitory, and other employees to four. The number of students at the close of the last year was 211, and judging from the enrollment to date, which in 192, the number at the close of the present year will reach 250.

Analysis of Enrollment by Counties

Oklahoma
Logan......................98 Kingfisher.................15 Pottawatomie................7 Lincoln.....................5 Kay.........................3 Oklahoma....................3 Garfield....................3 Caddo.......................2 Blaine......................3 Pawnee......................2 Grant.......................1 Noble.......................1 Canadian....................1 Cleveland...................1 -------- 145

Other States and Territories

Texas.....................................13
Missouri...................................5
Kansas.....................................2
Arkansas...................................1
Indian Territory..........................26
                                      ------
                                          47
         Grand Total                     192

Analysis of Enrollment by Classes

Elementary

Fifth Grade............................................63
Sixth Grade............................................47
Seventh Grade..........................................28
Eighth Grade...........................................15
Ninth Grade............................................19
                                                    -----
                                                      172

College Preparatory

Senior..................................................1

Normal

First Year..............................................4
Second Year.............................................8
Third Year..............................................5
Fourth Year.............................................2
                                                      ---
                                                       19

Domestic Economy

First Grade............................................42
Fourth Grade...........................................35
Sixth Grade............................................23
Eighth Grade........................................... 3
                                                      ---
                                                      103

Mechanical

Class in iron work.....................................19
Class in wood work.....................................20
                                                      ---
                                                       39

Agricultural

Sixth Grade (Elementary)................................9

Elementary

Seventh Grade (Elementary).............................15
Eighth and Ninth Grades (Elementary)...................14
Normal................................................. 7
                                                      ---
                                                       45

Musical

(Vocal)

Fifth Grade............................................63
Sixth and Seventh Grades...............................75
Eighth and Ninth Grades...............................34
Normal.................................................19
Instrumental...........................................26
                                                     ----
                                                      217
Grand Total...........................................596
Names repeated........................................404
                                                     ----
Whole number enrolled.................................192
Average daily attendance..............................148


Board of Regents

Hon. U. C. Guss............................Guthrie, O. T.
Hon. E. O. Tyler........................Kingfisher, O. T.
Hon. L. W. Baxter...........................Edmond, O. T.
Hon. C. W. Rambo............................Pawnee, O. T.
Hon. P. F. Tyler...........................Watonga, O. T.

Officers of the Board

Hon. U. C. Guss, President
Hon. E. O. Tyler, Secretary
Hon. C. W. Rambo, Treasurer

Faculty

Inman E. Page.................................................President
Moses J. Johnson, Professor of the English Language and Literature.
Wayne Manzilla, Professor of mathematics
William A. Jackson, professor Mechanic Arts.
A. Baxter Whitby, Professor of Physical Science.
James M. Joyner, Professor of Agriculture
Zilia N. Page, Instructor in Instrumental Music
Mary L. McCrary, Instructor in Domestic Science.
*Russell Taylor, Instructor in Vocal Music
G. W. Guy, Instructor in Latin and Reading.
Sarah J. Lyle, Instructor in Geography and Grammar
Newton Trout, Instructor in Blacksmithing
Maria Williams, Matron.

Employees

Walter Jordan, Janitor
Charles Jones, Janitor
A. D. Dickens, Farmer
Henry Ferguson, Engineer
    * Resigned



Discipline

Thus far very little difficulty has arisen on account of the method adopted for the government of the school, because the students are made to understand at the outset that it is the purpose of the management to develop in them the power to govern themselves, and that whatever is done from day to day to carry out the rules and regulations of the University is done with this object in view. As a result of this policy there have been very few cases of suspension or expulsion since the work of the institution began in 1898.

Courses of Study

In pursuance of the object of the Legislature in establishing this institution namely "the instruction of both male and female colored persons in the art of teaching, and the various branches which pertain to a common school education; and in such higher education as may be deemed advisable by such board, and in the fundamental laws of the United States, in the rights and duties of citizens, and in the Agricultural, Mechanic and Industrial arts, the following courses of study have been established;
Fifth Grade
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Fourth Reader
Fourth Reader
Fourth Reader
Arith. Elements
Arith. Elements
Arith. Elements
Gram. Graded Les.
Gram. Graded Les.
Gram. Graded Les.
Geog. Elementary
Geog. Elementary
Geog. Elementary
Drawing and Writing
Drawing and Writing
Drawing and Writing



Sixth Grade
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Fifth Reader
Fifth Reader
Fifth Reader
Arith. Standard
Arith. Standard
Arith. Standard
Gram. Graded Les.
Gram. Graded Les.
Gram. Graded Les.
Geo. Complete
Geo. Complete
Geo. Complete
Writ. and Draw
Writ. and Draw
Writ. and Draw



Seventh Grade
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Amer. Classics
Amer. Classics
Amer. Classics
Gram. Higher Les.
Gram. Higher Les.
Gram. Higher Les.
Arith. Standard
Arith.
Arith.
Writing and Drawing
Geog. Complete
Geog. Complete
 
Writ. and Draw.
Writ. and Draw.



Eighth Grade
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
British Classics
Classics
Classics
Gram. Higher Les.
Gram. Higher Les.
Gram. Higher Les.
Higher Arith.
Arith.
Bookkeeping
1st Steps in Science
1st Steps in Science
1st Steps in Science
U. S. History
U. S. History
U. S. History
Writ. and Draw.
Writ. and Draw.
Writ. and Draw.



Ninth Grade
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Les. in English
Les. in English
Les. in English
Alg. Beg.
Alg. Beg.
Alg. Beg.
Latin Beg.
Latin Beg.
Latin Beg.
El. Biology
Physical Geog.
Physical Geog.



Classical Course
Junior Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Eng. Composition
Composition
Composition
Alg.
Alg.
Alg.
Physiology
Physiology
Civil Government
Caesar
Caesar
Caesar



Middle Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Gen. History
Gen. History
Gen. History
Plane Geom.
Geom.
Geom.
Greek
Greek
Greek
Virgil
Virgil
Virgil



Senior Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Astronomy
Physics
Physics
Solid Geom.
Geom.
Trigonometry
Anabasis
Anabasis
Anabasis
Cicero
Cicero
Cicero



Scientific Course
First Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Physiology
Physiology
Physiology
Alg.
Alg.
Alg.
Eng. Composition
Composition
Composition
Caesar
Caesar
Caesar



Second Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Zoology
Zoology
Botany
Plane Geom.
Geom.
Geom.
Gen. History
History
History
Virgil
Virgil
Virgil



Third Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Astronomy
Physics
Physics
Chemistry
Chemistry
Geology
Solid Geom.
Geom.
Trigonometry
Cicero
Cicero
Cicero



Col. Department

Classical Course
Freshman Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Uni. Alg.
Uni. Alg.
Surveying
Latin
Latin
Latin
Greek
Greek
Greek
Rhetoric
Rhetoric
Botany



Sophomore Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Analytics
Calculus
Calculus
Latin
Latin
Latin
Greek
Greek
Greek
Chemistry
Chemistry
Chemistry



Junior Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Eng and Amer. Lit.
Literature
Literature
History of Civilization
History
History
Astronomy
Astronomy
Logic
Physics
Physics
Physics



Senior Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Psychology
Psychology
Psychology
Political Economy
Political Economy
Inter. Law
History of Phil.
History of Phil.
Ethics



Scientific Course
Freshman Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Uni. Alg.
Uni. Alg.
Surveying
Latin
Latin
Latin
Rhetoric
Rhetoric
Plant Histology
Biology
Biology
Biology



Sophomore Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Analytics
Calculus
Calculus
Latin
Latin
Latin
Ad. Physiology
Ad Physiology
History
Chemistry
Chemistry
Chemistry



Junior Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Eng. and Amer. Lit.
Literature
Literature
Hist. of Civilization
History
History
Astronomy
Astronomy
Astronomy
Physics
Physics
Physics



Senior Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Psychology
Psychology
Laboratory Work
Pol. Economy
Pol. Economy
Inter. Law
Zoology
Zoology
Ethics
Geology
Geology
Mineralogy



Normal Course
First Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Eng. Composition
Composition
Composition
Alg.
Alg.
Alg.
Physiology
Physiology
Civil Government
Caesar
Caesar
Caesar



Second Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Gen. Hist.
Gen. Hist.
Gen. Hist.
Plane Geom.
Geom.
Geom.
Zoology
Physics
Physics
Virgil
Virgil
Virgil



Third Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Literature
Literature
Literature
Solid Geom.
Geom.
Trigonometry
Chem.
Chem.
Botany
Cicero
Cicero
Cicero



Fourth Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Psychology
Psychology
Review of Eng.
Pol. Economy
Pedagogy
Okla. School Law
Pedagogy
History of Education
Practice
Astronomy
Geology
Institute Outlines

Musical Department--Vocal Course

First Year

Study and practice in exercises, short songs, two part songs; time drills; division of the beat; introduction of sharps four and flat seven.
Text book: The Normal Music Course, First Reader. This will be supplemented with charts and modulators

Second Year

Brief review of first year. All kinds of measure and division beat Introduction of other chromatic tones. Three part song. Introduction of Bass clef.
Text book: Normal Music Course. Second Reader. (New edition.)

Third Year

Full chromatic scale. Major and Minor scale. Modulation. four part song. Chorus singing.
Text book: Normal Music Course. Third Reader, supplemented with Cecilian Series of Study and Song.

Pianoforte Course

First Grade

Landon's Pianoforte method, major scales. Selections from Webb, Schmoll, Gurlitt, etc.

Second Grade

Exercises by Streabbog, Czerny, Kohler. Major and minor scales. Selections from Heins, Baumfelder, Gurlitt.

Third Grade

Major and minor scales. Exercises by Loeschhorn, Czerny, Burgmueller. Octave studies. Selections from Lichner, Klein, Bohm, Spindler.

Fourth Grade

Major and minor scales. Exercises by Heller, Czerny, Arpeggios. Selections from Schubert, Godard, Haydn, Spindler.

Fifth Grade

Studies by Plaidy, Czerny; Appeggios. Selections from Chaminade, Haydn, Mozart Beethoven.

Sixth Grade

Studies by Heller, Bach. Octave studies. Sonatas by Mozart and Haydn. Selections from Schubert, Chopin, Moskowski.

Seventh Grade

Arpeggios, octave studies. Sonatas by Mozart and Haydn. Selections from Schubert, Chopin, Moskowski.

Eighth Grade

Daily studies by Tausig. Selections from Rubenstein, Liszt, Weber.



Agricultural Course

Freshman Year

Fall Term. Mathematics: Uni. Alg. Agriculture: Soils and their preparation. Fall crop planting, cultivating, general farm crops, harvesting and marketing. Biology. Horticulture: Principles of fruit growing and vegetable garden, practice in garden handicraft.
Winter Term. Mathematics: Uni. Alg. Animal industry: History, development and improvement of dairying and beef breeds of cattle. Care of domestic animals, feeding. Biology. Horticulture. Practice in garden handicraft.
Spring Term. Mathematics: Uni. Alg. Agriculture: Farm Yard manures, commercial fertilizers and their composition, manufacture, preservation and use. Biology. Horticulture; grafting and budding.

Sophomore Year

Fall Term. Mathematics: Analytics. Agriculture: Cereals and other farm crops, seeding and methods of applying fertilizers, root crops. Science: Chem. Horticulture. Pomology.
Winter Term. Mathematics: Calculus. Agriculture: Analysis of soil. drainage, beautifying, decorating and improving of homes, years and farms. Landscape gardening. Science: Chem. Horticulture.
Spring Term. Mathematics: Calculus. Dairy, husbandry. Milk and milk analysis, butter making, marketing, dairy products, principles of Cheese-making. Science: Chem. Animal industry. Horse management, care, feeding, driving and breeding. Poultry raising. Physiology of domestic animals

Junior Year

Fall Term. Agriculture. Construction of farm buildings. Laying out of fields and building of fences and gates. Selection and purchase of farms. Location and plans and construction of farm dwellings. Animal industry. Animal pathology. Science: Physics. Horticulture. Cold frames and hot beds for wintering plants.
Winter Term. Agriculture. Practice in farm work. Animal industry. Care of animals. Science: Physics. Horticulture. Fruit growing, adaption of varieties, fruit preservation for home consumption. Methods of marketing. Green house construction.
Spring Term. Agriculture. Field lessons. Animal Industry. Swine, sheep and domestic animals. Science: Physics. Horticulture. Green house construction and management.

Senior Year

Fall Term. Agriculture. Applied agriculture. Political economy. Science: Geology. Horticulture. Literature.
Winter Term. Agriculture. Applied agriculture. Political economy. Science: Geology. Horticulture. Literature.
Spring Term. Agriculture. Applied Agriculture. International law. Deeds. Business customs, rights and privileges, contracts, notes, mortgages and farm accounts. Science: Mineralogy, Logic.



Domestic Economy

Fifth Grade

Fall Term. Use of tape line and sewing implements.
Running stitches.
Basting, 1, 2 and 3.
Hemming 1, 2 and 3.
The overcasting stitch.
History of needles.
Winter Term.  Backstitching.
Half-back stitching.
Contriving stitches.
Blanket and flannel stitches.
First lessons in button holes.
History of thimbles.
Spring Term.  History of sewing.
Study of material and practice.
Darning, 1 2, and 3.
Patching, 1 and 2
Practice Piece (Drawn work) and review.
History of pins.

Sixth Grade

Fall Term.  Bands, gathers and gusset.
Button holes, eyelets, sewing on buttons.
Hooks and eyes.
Cloth darn and matching stripes.
Taking measures, drafting pattern with tape line and rules.
Cutting.
Review of stitches in making the garment.
Winter Term.  Taking measures and drafting a child's pattern.
Making the garment by hand.
Review of 1st term's work continued.
Spring Term.  Taking measures and drafting patterns.
How to regulate the machine.
Cutting and making the garment.
Taking measures and drafting patters (curves, free hand.)
Drafting continued.
Cutting and making the garment which finishes a ladies' suit.

Seventh Grade

Fall Term.  Taking measures and drafting skirt patterns.
Boys' pants pattern.
Cutting and making mens' underwear.
Winter Term.  Men's underwear.
Embroidery of flannels.
color lessons.
Review work.
Drafting waist and sleeve pattern.
Cutting and making the same.
Spring Term.  Drafting a dress skirt pattern.
Les. in cutting and economy of material.
Cutting, fitting and making of dress.
Practice work.
Lessons on purchasing material.
Review.

Eighth Year

Fall Term.  Review of plain sewing.
Lesson on materials for church, street and home use.
Review colors.
How to face and put on binding.
How to sponge and press silks and velvets.
Economy of dress and how to shop.
Lecture on useful rather than showy material.
Winter Term.  How to draft a waist.
How to fit a waist.
How to draft and fit sleeves.
how to draft a five gored skirt.
How to draft a seven gored skirt.
Trimmings or accessories for dresses.
Spring Term.  How to take measure and draft pattern for shirt waist.
How to fit and make a waist.
Combing colors.
How to draft, cut and make a wrapper.
Cutting paper wrappers for practice.
Practice work.

Ninth Grade

Fall Term.  Cutting and making paper dresses.
How to baste velvets and silks to linings.
How to baste goods to linings.
How to finish off lined dresses.
Ancient and modern styles.
Review.
Winter Term.  Theory lessons reviewed on silks, velvets 
              and finer materials.
How to fit deformed figures.
Practice.
Embroidery work and crocheting.
Fancy stitches.
Spring Term.  Theoretical and practical work
              done independently of teacher.
Review.
Lessons on tailoring.
Tailoring as done by dressmakers.
Review.
Practice.

Millinery Department

Fall Term.  Foundation of a hat.
How to trim a plain hat.
How to make and trim a shirred winter hat.
How to make and trim small velvet hats.
how to wire ribbon.
Combining colors.
Winter Term.  How to make and trim small velvet bonnets.
How to make and drape straw hats.
Points on millinery.
How to make shirred summer hats.
How to make and trim summer hats.
Spring Term.  How to brace and trim Leghorn hats.
How to make mourning bonnets.
How to drape mourning bonnets.
How to make bows and bandeaus.
Arranging of trimmings.
How to make wire frames.



Mech. Course

Electrical and Mechanical Engineering
Freshman Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Uni. Alg.
Uni. Alg.
Uni. Alg.
Elementary Mech.
Elementary Mech.
Elementary Mech.
Latin
Latin
Latin
Wood Work
Wood Work
Wood Work
Rhetoric
Rhetoric
Rhetoric

Sophomore Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Analytics
Calculus
Calculus
Latin
Latin
Latin
Mech. Draw.
Mech. Draw.
Mech. Draw.
Forging and tool design
Shop practice
Shop practice
Chemistry
Chemistry
Chemistry

Junior Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Eng. and Amer. Lit.
Literature
Literature
Steam engines
Steam Eng. and Boilers
Boilers
Shop practice
Pat. making and casting
Pat making and casting
Elec. and Mag.
Elec. Measurements
Ap. Elec.
Strength of Materials
Applied Mech.
Mech. Design
 
Mech. Engineering
Mech. Eng.

Senior Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Political Economy
Political Economy
Political Economy
Mach. Design
Mach. Design
Dynamo
Elec. Eng.
Elec. Eng.
Elec. Eng.
Mech. Eng.
Mech. Eng.
Mech. Eng.
 
Mea. of Power
 

Civil Architecture
Sophomore Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Analytics
Calculus
Calculus
Latin
Latin
Latin
Arch. Draw.
Arch. Draw.
Arch. Draw.
Woodwork
Forging
Stereotomy
Chem.
Chem.
Chem.

Junior Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Heat and Vent.
Heat and Vent.
Heat and Vent.
Plumbing.
Strength of Material
Steam Eng. and Boilers
Arch. Perspectives
Perspectives
Estimates
Machine Design
Arch. Design
Paint and Decora't.

Senior Year
Fall Term Winter Term Spring Term
Geology
Geology
Mineralogy
Details and Design
Spec. and Cont.
Arch. Eng.
Spec. and Cont.
Arch. Eng.
History of Arch.
Elec. Wiring
Arch. Design
Arch. Design
Roofs and Bridges
Roofs and Bridges
Roofs and Bridges

*Freshman year same as Freshman Engineering
The course in Blacksmithing will be given later.



Advantages

Oklahoma offers all these courses to young men and women, but does not require in return the payment of any tuition. She not only furnishes wee-trained teachers to give them instruction, but also given them comfortable and well-equipped dormitories in which to live while attending the institution. Beside this they are given an opportunity to board at the rate of six dollars a month, and arrangements have been made to enable them to do their own laundry work.
Wile it is gratifying to know that a large number of young people are availing themselves of these advantages, it is to be regretted that so many more are allowing themselves to assume the responsibilities of manhood and womanhood without the education which this institution is prepared to give them, and which they need in the discharge of their duties as citizens.

Conclusion

In view of the progress made by the students in all department of the school, of the sacrifices which are made by many of them in order to avail themselves of the advantages which it offers, of the interest manifested in or work by the people both in and out of the Territory, and in view of the liberal treatment which it has received from the legislature and executive authorities of the Territory from the beginning of its history, it is evident that with wise management will be able to accomplish lasting good, not only for the people for whom it was established, but also for the entire commonwealth.


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