This page is part of the Wallowa County AGHP

Wallowa County Biographies


James D. Halsey

JAMES D. HALSEY.- Any work that purports to give in review the lives of the pioneers and leading citizens of Wallowa county would be quite incomplete were there failure to mention the esteemed and intelligent gentleman and capable and patriotic citizen whose name is at the head of this article and who has wrought for the development and advancement of our county for many years, maintaining meanwhile an unsullied reputation and showing forth a character of moral worth and intrinsic value that has placed him in position to be the recipient of the confidence of his fellows, while his vigor, excellent judgment and fine capabilities in the business world have made him prominent throughout the county.
     Mr. Halsey, was born in the state of New York in 1839, being the son of Job D. and Orpha (Ford) Halsey. His parents were married and then settled in New York, whence in 1850 they came to Iowa, and in 1863 they went thence to Missouri. At the age of nineteen we next see our subject, little detail of his years of minority being given. His first venture on the sea of life's battles for himself was to engage for wages in Iowa for a time and then he repaired to Wisconsin, and in this latter state he was residing when the call for the sons of freedom to rally to the flag of their country and assist in saving it from insult and infamy resounded in his ears. It stirred the patriotic spirit within him and he was soon enrolled as a volunteer in the Sixteenth Wisconsin Infantry, in Company B. This brought him under Sherman's command, and he was one of that sturdy army that made the memorable march to the sea. War with all of its suffering, sorrow and woe was his to experience, and as a faithful soldier, brave and true, he served until the close, and then was mustered out with honorable discharge at Louisville, Kentucky, in 1865. He was heartily in accord with the movement to go west and carve out a place and a name for himself, and accordingly he went at once to Nebraska, toiling faithfully in that territory for three years. The following years of travel and research are not detailed until 1877, when he set foot in Union county, Oregon, Manifesting the same pioneer spirit and stanch qualities that had been displayed hitherto. He settled in the vicinity of the Cove, remaining for two years, then repaired to the rich and fertile Wallowa county and took a pre-emption. He has the original place still, and has added as much more by purchase, making him a generous farm of one half-section, which lies six miles east from Joseph. He has prosecuted the art of the agriculturist steadily and with vigor since arriving here, and he is esteemed one of the most substantial and progressive of our farmers. In addition to raising the fruits of the field. Mr. Halsey has paid much attention to handling stock, in which line he has been eminently successful.
     In 1867, Mr. Halsey married Miss Candis, daughter of Hiram and Mary (Mears) Nelson, natives of Vermont. To this happy union there have been born the following children: Bessie, Job, William, Nathan, Emma, the last one being buried at Gibbon, Nebraska. Mrs. Halsey's parents came to Wisconsin in 1840 and the mother died in that state and her remains repose at Waupaca, while the father came to Union, Oregon in 1877 and there died later. Mr. Halsey is a member of the G.A.R. where he is held in esteem. While he is not seeking preferment for himself in the lines of politics, still Mr. Halsey is actively interested as becomes the good citizen in matters of government and takes especial interest in the educational affairs of the county and of his home district ever striving for thorough work in that line and the best facilities.

Illustrated History of Union and Wallowa Counties
Page 535, 536


LEMUEL L. HAMBELTON. - In the course of the compilation of the history of Union and Wallowa counties we seldom are favored with the privilege of writing the career of a more worthy citizen and stanch and noble man than at the present time, while we attempt to outline the life of the capable and respected gentleman whose name is at the head of this article. Mr. Hambelton is one of the true pioneers of the country: has always labored for the development and advancement of the same: he is a capable and intelligent citizen, displaying loyalty and patriotism in commendable degree: he has fought faithfully the battles of his country and pressed to the front in a time when base fratricidal strife was rendering the nation in twain and attempting by its minions to trample the fair banner of liberty in the dust: and there on the scene of many a hard fought battle, he demonstrated the true metal of which he was made and never flinched from the hardest duty or the most dangerous post, and never until the work was all done, and the last flash of rebel powder had burned in vain, did he lay down the weapons of war to retire to the scenes of industrial life.
     Mr. Hambelton was born in Zanesville, Muskingum county, Ohio, on October 21, 1835, being the son of Joseph and Susanah (Lowe) Hambelton. His boyhood days were spent in acquiring a good common school education and in working with his father at the carpenter trade, learning this valued craft thoroughly by the time he was eighteen years of age. At that time he turned to working of iron and learned thoroughly also the blacksmith trade. For two years he followed that trade in his native place, and then went to Bonaparte, Van Buren county, Iowa, arriving there in 1855. Later he went to Adams county, and thence to Scotland county, Missouri, gaining this last destination in 1858, and in all these places he wrought at his trade. Until August 15, 1861, he worked at this last place and then enlisted in Company C, Twenty-first Home Guards of northeastern Missouri. On the second of February, 1862, he was mustered into the regular service, taking place in Company C, Twenty-first Infantry. He participated in the battles of Shiloh, Nashville, Fort Spanish, Blakely, and Corinth, in all of which he did heavy work. In addition to this, he was in numerous skirmishes and after three years of this kind of service he was honorably discharged, his time being out, but he was not the kind to leave the field without seeing the last enemy silenced and so he immediately re-enlisted in the same company and regiment and remained in service until after the war was closed, being mustered out on April 15, 1866, having been in constant service for nearly five years. Mr. Hambelton is commander of the G.A.R. Post at Enterprise, it being the John F. Reynold's Post No. 15. After the war, our subject went at once to Scotland county, Missouri and wrought at his trade until 1870, then removed to Colorado, and from there he removed to Union county, Oregon, by team, living in that county for two years and then in 1878 came to Wallowa valley. At the time of the Indian war in 1878 Mr. Hambelton enlisted to fight the savages and was second Lieutenant of his company. He continued in the prosecution of his trade at Alder slope until 1882 and then entered a homestead right on the farm where he now resides, four miles south and one-half mile west from Enterprise. Here he has given his attention to improving his farm, raising stock and general farming and success has smiled upon his endeavors and he has a fine place and is one of the prosperous men of the county. In political matters Mr. Hambelton is a life-long Republican and has always taken an active and intelligent interest in the affairs of state. On November 2, 1855, Mr. Hambelton married Miss Johana, daughter of Isaac and Sarah Spear, in Scotland county, Missouri, and eleven children have crowned the union: William P. married to Laura Hayes: Sarah E., deceased: Julia L., wife of F.D. McCully of Joseph: Ida F., wife of Joel Olmstead near Enterprise: Harry J. married to Maud F. Donnelly: John R., married to Maggie Parks, and living in Missouri: George O., deceased: Stewart E., married to Mary M. Crow: Frank J., married to Essie Tyler: Mary O.: Joseph B., married to Mattie Tyler. Mrs. Hambelton's mother is still living in Baker county, being eighty-eight years of age. The father died in 1882. They came to Oregon in 1869, and Mrs. Hambelton was born August 30, 1839, in Peoria, Illinois. To Mr. And Mrs. Hambelton, venerable and highly respected and esteemed pioneers and residents of our county, we are pleased to grant this slight representation and regret that space forbids a further detail of their interesting careers.

Illustrated History of Union and Wallowa Counties
Page 545, 546
Copyright 1902


CHARLES L. HARTSHORN. - It takes brain as well as brawn to make a success in the enterprises that come to the hand of the business man of Wallowa county and it is noteworthy that the subject of this article has accomplished one of the most brilliant successes that has been wrought out in Wallowa county, which demonstrates the mettle of which he is made and also the capabilities which he has brought into play in that commendable career. It is with pleasure that we place this name among the leaders of our county, for who should receive title of leader if it is not he who has done deeds that demonstrate him capable of this position?
     In Grundy county, Missouri, on November 14, 1868, Charles L. was born to Edward and Virginia (Renfrow) Hartshorn. The first eleven years of his life were spent in the native place and there he gained the beginning of the education that fortified him for life's conflicts. In 1879 he crossed the plains with his parents, coming direct to Wallowa county. The father selected the place, one and one-half miles south from Joseph, where our subject now makes his home, and there he settled with his family, taking the land under the homestead right. The father was numbered with the leading men of the county until the time of his death, which occurred in 1885, and his remains sleep in the Alder cemetery to-day. The mother died before they came from Missouri. Our subject was eighteen years of age when his father died and then he took up alone the burdens of life, in which he has demonstrated his capabilities. He first started to herd sheep and had the misfortune to break his arm, which incapacitated him for this work. This was his start, rather bleak, one would say, but his pluck and dauntless spirit were not to be overcome And he fought on in the way, later entering partnership with F.W. Wagner, mention of whom is made in another portion of this work, and the smiles of fortune and success were won because of his hardy work, his wise management, and because of his constant care of his business and practical judgment. His success, brilliant as it is, is the true reward of capabilities and honest effort. At the present time, Mr. Hartshorn is numbered with the heaviest stock owners of the county. He owns the old homestead, and in addition to that he and his partner own five thousand acres of land and handle six thousand stock sheep, which makes many more thousand, which they sell. Mr. Hartshorn is a member of the Masons, Joseph Lodge, No. 81, and of the I.O.O.F., Silver Lake Lodge, No. 84, and of the Eastern Star, Chapter 67. In all these relations, as well as in all other associations that he has, he is considered one of the most capable, upright and public spirited men of the county and his friends are numbered from every walk in life and are in all parts of the county.

Illustrated History of Union and Wallowa Counties
Page 633
Copyright 1902


CHARLES HEDRICKS. Deceased.- In the death of this esteemed and worthy citizen Wallowa county suffered the loss of one of her best known and most widely beloved and substantial sons and his demise was a time of general mourning to all who knew him. Mr. Hedricks was capable and enterprising, and his real worth and noble qualities were manifest to all.
     Charles Hedricks was born on January 28, 1828, in West Virginia, to Charles and Hannah (Collins) Hedricks. The father was a native of West Virginia and was also a skilled machinist and he wrought for some time in the large iron works in Tennessee. While our subject was a very small child his parents brought him to Sangamon county, Illinois, where they settled on a farm. At the early age of seventeen Charles started in the battle of life for himself and, learning the carpenter trade, he assisted to erect the old fort Smith in Arkansas. When he had reached his twentieth year he had been enabled by careful savings to accumulate sufficient funds to purchase a farm, which he did in Platte county, Missouri, and there he remained for five years and then removed to Jefferson county, Kansas, being the first white settler in that county, where, also, he took up a pre-emption claim. For twenty-seven years he labored in this place, five of which were spent in the service of the government between Fort Leavenworth and Fort Laramie. During the Civil war he was on the front, enlisting to repel the raid of Price, and for one year he handled the musket and fought with the same vigor that he manifested in his other undertakings. During all the conflict of that year he was active in quelling the disturbance of the border ruffians, and when peace was restored he returned to the quieter walks of domestic life and again took up the good work of developing the country and making his farm valuable. It is also of note that Mr. Hedricks travelled for over five hundred miles in the Rockies with Old Sitting Bull. In 1883, he went to Barton county, Missouri, and purchased a farm, remaining there for four years, when he sold out and came to Wallowa county and settled on a homestead three and three-fourths miles northeast from Wallowa.
     The marriage of Mr. Hedricks and Miss Ruth, daughter of James and Ester McCracken was celebrated in Jefferson county, Kansas, in January 1862. They have become the parents of the following children: Calidone, now Mrs. Gault, of Oklahoma, and forty-one years of age; George, thirty-six years old and married to Myrtle Mizner, of Washington county, Oregon; Charles, thirty-four years old; John, thirty-two years old; Amos, twenty-four years old; Walter, twenty-two years of age. Mr. Hedricks was always active in politics, being allied with the Democratic party and, while he labored ardently for good men in the official chairs, he would never accept preferment for himself, although he might have received this recognition from his fellows. On April 27, 1890, the messenger of death came, who summoned Mr. Hedricks from the scenes of his labors and triumphs to the realities of another world. It was a time of sad grief and mourning, and his remains are interred in the Lostine cemetery to await the resurrection morn.
     Mrs. Hedricks took up the broken threads, where her husband had laid them down and has been nobly carrying forward the work of life. She proved up on the homestead after his death and then took another, which gives her the fine estate of three hundred and twenty acres. Her father was a native of Scotland, and her mother of North Carolina, being also a cousin to the noted Stephen L. Douglas. Mr. Hedricks left behind him a faithful testimony and his widow is today highly regarded by all and is a woman of excellent personality, always manifesting noble qualities and real worth.

History of Union and Wallowa Counties
Page 652, 653
Copyright 1902


JAMES HENRY. - One of the members of the thrifty and intelligent agricultural population of Wallowa county is mentioned at the head of this article and to him we are pleased to accord a representation in this work that chronicles the events of Wallowa and Union counties, together with the careers of the leading men of both sections. Mr. Henry is eminently fitted to be classed with this number, since he has manifested uprightness, good wisdom, sound judgment and excellent industry and energy in all of his undertakings in the county and elsewhere, while his integrity, sound principles and untarnished reputation are manifest to all.
     Mr. Henry was born in Denmark on November 20, 1842, being the son of Henry Elberg, also a native of Denmark. In his native country our subject was educated and grew to manhood, serving for eight months in 1864 in the Danish army, during the Franco-Prussian war. In 1873 he came to America, settling in Illinois, where he gave his attention to farming for two years. Then he went to California and for nine years was engaged in farming near Sacramento, after which he went to various portions of the state and finally came to Oregon, settling in Wallowa county, taking a homestead, where he now lives, four miles east from Enterprise, also taking a pre-emption, which gives him a generous estate of one-half section. Mr. Henry gives his entire attention to general farming and stock raising, and has gained a good success in his enterprises. Since settling in our county Mr. Henry has taken several trips to different sections, spending some time in Portland under the care of the noted Dr. McKenzie. Our subject is a member of the Lutheran church and is a faithful exemplification of the faith that he embraces while his life has been such that he has won the approbation of his fellows and is respected and esteemed by all.

Illustrated History of Union and Wallowa Counties
Page 569, 570
Copyright 1902


FRANK W. HESKETT. - Among the builders of Wallowa county there must be honorable mention of the esteemed subject of this brief review, who practically is a product of northeastern Oregon, having come here when a small boy and receiving here the training and education that have fitted him to hold the position of prominence and prestige that is his to enjoy in our county, while also he has manifested commendable zeal in the labor of advancing the interests of the county and in general progress.
     Mr. Heskett was born in Wayne county, Iowa, on December 1, 1856, being the son of Thomas B. and Susan (McIndra) Heskett. While yet a child, in 1862, he accompanied his parents across the dangerous route leading from the settled precincts of the east to the wilds of the Pacific slope. Ox and mule teams were utilized in the journey and on September 20th, of the same year, they drew up in the Grande Ronde valley and settled on a piece of government land between Lagrande and Summerville. The parents were among the oldest settlers of that valley and our subject grew up on the frontier farm and developed those qualities that have given him the meed of good success since. His education was gained in the primitive schools of the section and in the great school of pioneering in which he was an adept scholar, as has been demonstrated in his subsequent career.
     On November 17, 1882, occurred the marriage of Mr. Heskett, and Miss Elizabeth, a native of Oregon, and a daughter of Charles and Kersha Bay, who live near Paradise. The nuptial occasion was celebrated in the Grande Ronde valley and to crown the happy union there have been born the following children: Maud, Low, Willard and Pearl. Maud is now making excellent progress in the study of music. Mrs. Heskett's parents were among the very first ones who settled in the Grande Ronde valley, and are worthy residents of this region. In 1885 our subject transferred his residence from the Grande Ronde to the Wallowa valley and he selected here the place where he now resides, at Leap. He entered government land and began the commendable work of improvement with energy and assiduity. His well tilled farm, now numbering three hundred and twenty acrews, excellently improved and skillfully tilled, abundantly testifies of both his thrift and sagacity. He has a fine residence, commodious barn and other substantial outbuildings and also orchards, besides much other property. In 1861, January, Mrs. Heskett was appointed postmistress at Leap, and she has faithfully and efficiently discharged the duties of that incumbancy since. Mr. Heskett operates, in addition to his farming, a feed stable and hotel. He was deputy Sheriff under Doc Hamilton for Union county and in that as in all of his walks in life, he manifested both wisdom and ability coupled with sound principles and integrity.

Illustrated History of Union and Wallowa Counties
Page 455, 456
Copyright 1902

Mary Melvina Hoit 1842 - 1916 biography

Mary Melvina Hoit was born in Meigs County, Ohio in 1842. She was one of the two daughters. Her sister's name was Ruthanar. We do not have the names of her parents but in scrapbook #3 in one of the letters she wrote to newspapers there is come family history.
    Her father moved from Meigs Co. to Quincy, Ill. In Adams County in 1844. They lived in town until the following spring when they moved to the north line of Adams County and purchased a farm from his brother-in-law, Truman Hocox. This farm was in the area which was called Green Grove in 1876 (the date of the published letter). Mr. Hoit was present at the time the township was organized in 1845 and was he one who proposed the name of Keene, the name that it bore in 1876. He later held the positions of Clerk, Assessor and Collector. He also built the district schoolhouse, which was still in use in 1876. Mrs. Hoit taught school during this same time. (Ed. Note: All of the above places and directions check out completely with modern maps except for the town of Keene. There are two possibilities to explain this: one, the name of the town could have been changed in the ensuing years; two: the town no longer exists. It is our belief that this town possibly met the same fate as that of Paradise, Oregon. In the days when travel was so much slower and more difficult, it was necessary for the settlements to be closer together. With the advent of more efficient transportation and communication the need for the existence disappeared and often, so did the town. In our lifetime we have seen the once busy community of Paradise disappear from the maps of Oregon.)
     The line which divided Mr. Hoit's farm from that of his brother-in-law was also the county line of Adams and Hancock Counties. In scrap book #3 are her teaching certificates from Hancock County. The first is dated in 1858 and she has written on it that she was 16 years old at the time. The second is dated 1860 and the third one in 1865.
     During the Civil War both Melvina and her sister, Ruthanar, worked as Volunteer workers which is comparable to our red cross works now. In scrapbook #3 are three letters written to Melvina from Civil War Service men, thanking her for her work in the hospitals in the their behalf.

At some time during her young, adulthood Melvina also had her own dress-making business. Her business card appears in the scrapbook and reads as follows:
Miss M.M. Hoyt
Rooms- Main Street over P. Roscow's Store
Warsaw, Illinois
Will seek to oblige the lady public
Always on hand an assortment of latest Parisian
Styles of Ladies' and Children's fashions

Her grand-daughter, Cordelia, remembers that Melvian was able to draft patterns and had used her pattern drafter for many years. She passed the knowledge of this art, along with the equipment, on to her daughter, Maud. Cordelia can remember her mother using the drafter also.
     On March 3, 1867 Melvina married William David Burnap in Handock County. There marriage license is in the scrapbook. They set up house keeping in West Point, Illinois where their first three children were born. Their first, a daughter, apparently died at birth or shortly there after. Their second child, Maud Ruthanar, was born in 1870 and their third was a son, Marius, born in 1871. In September, 1872 they moved to Beloit, Kansas where three more sons were born to them, Eugene, Albert and Acel.
     While in Kansas she was a regular contributor to the Carthage, Illinois Gazette writing news articles of events in the new home, giving farm reports household items and just general reporting. On several occasion Melvina notes they are receiving the paper from Illinois (600 miles) in 60 hours and sometimes less. It is from these articles we are obtaining the information contained in this history. She was also a fiction writer and adopted the name of May Fawn as her pen name. In the scrapbook there are several of her stories which had been published in newspapers and some in national magazines such as the American Farm Journal.
     Two of her household hint articles are particularly interesting. One concerns using chicken feathers as a substitute for geese feathers in making beds and pillows. The other discusses making and caring for husk mattresses. She gives a detailed instructions such as: gather the husks early in the season before a frost hits; use only the husks early in the season before a frost hits; use only the hulks grown next to the car, split in strips one inch wide, etc. We wonder how many of her female descents are proficient in these "common place" household duties!
     In 1873 and '74 Kansas experience a famishing grasshopper siege. There are numerous references to this even in the scrapbook. One is a notice published in the Beloit, Kansas Index, January, 1875, to the general public explaining that this was a calamity which no human could have averted and which left approximately 2000 people in danger of actual starvation unless help and aid was forthcoming. Besides the aid of food they also were asking for a seed for their spring planting as every green thing was completely destroyed. Melvina sent this article, along with a letter of her own, to the Carthage Gazette further explaining that Governor Osborn of Kansas had not only refused direct aid to the people from the treasury, but had refused aid offered him by the governors of neighboring states and further more, food and supplies that had been sent by individuals as being detained in Topeka until actual starvation existed in the stricken areas. Due to these circumstances the individual townships were forming aid committees on their own, hence toe above public notice in the paper. Melvina suggests to the Illinois readers to send their contributions direct to the committee who would see that it reached its proper recipient. Melvina had a wonderful command of he English language and did not hesitate to use it in chasting the governor and other state officials by name.
     Another of her articles to the Gazette in 1879 tells of an Indian raid in Kansas at that time. They were visiting William Burnap's father in Pawnee Rock; Kansas so were far enough away not to be directly involved but close enough for the excitement and the facts. She states the Indians wee only exasperated at treatment under their peace treaty and simply went off the reservation to hunt food. According to reports of herders they visited, they took only what they actually needed "unlike their white brothers." Seventeen people died but it would so easily have been hundreds, she states, if the Indians had been so inclined as military aid could not possibly have reached he citizens in time "regardless of secretary Schurz' preposterous statements to the contrary". She states that a few hundred bayonets plus more meat and potatoes could have averted the entire incident as well as saving lives. Historians now accept Washington's treatment of the Indians as one of national disgraces. Melvian couldn't have agreed with them more!
     There are many informative articles referring to the actual corps and he problems of he farmers of the times. In 1877 she notes that the corn crop was so excellent, but the market price was 10 cents per bushel after being transported to the market. As there was a considerable amount of emigration from the East that year, and the lightly wooded hills and creeks could not possibly afford enough fuel, people were using the corn for fuel. He cinders were fed to hogs and chickens to give them "a better appetite and healthier digestion, but we can not recommend it where wood or coal could be obtained".
     During this period she and William were both very active in local political and community affairs although neither of them would join any organization which utilized a type of secret ritual. They were both officers in a political group called the Liberal League, an organization whose basic aims were toe total separation of church and state, taxation of church properties, universal scientific education of the masses to release them from "superstitious religions", and a completely Free Press. There are many religious articles contained in Melvina's scrapbooks but upon studying them it becomes apparent they are all critical of modern religion denoting it as either superstition or hypocrisy. Her granddaughter, Lelah Ralls, states that Melvina retained her agnostic viewpoint throughout her long life.
     In one article concerning the activities of the above group she writes that the July 3, 1881 meeting held at Burnap's Grove was seriously affected and depressed by the unloosed for and overwhelming calamity at Washington this week". History tells us that President Garfield was assassinated on July 2, 1881 so this is undoubtedly the occasion to which she refers.
     Melvina and William were firm boosters of Women's rights. There are many articles concerning this subject in all of the scrapbooks, which give a deep insight into the situation at the time. Some of the events and conditions described seem impossible to those of us today as it was not just the voting privilege that women wanted but the right to be something more that a "second-class citizen". History shows us after were many radicals attached to the Women's Rights movement and although Melviana was not of the ax-wielding, saloon-wrecking Carrie Nation type she was known for her advance thinking, her strong-mindedness, a rather acid tongue and not only the ability but the inclination to use same at any opportunity on the given subject!
     In August 1881 the Burnap family moved to Pleasant Mount, Missouri. Here their youngest child, Ocie Vaun was born in 1885. When she was six weeks old the family left Missouri for he overland trek to Wallowa County, Oregon. Melvina was in poor health all through the trip and at one point was so ill they considered putting her on the train for the rest of the journey. Her illness threw the burden of caring for the entire family upon the 15-year old shoulders of her daughter, Maud - certainly no easy task for an experience housewife and mother.
     They settled in Wallowa County but later moved to Walla Walla, Washington. In 1910 they returned to Oregon settling near La Grande. In 1911 William died leaving Melvina a widow after 44 years of marriage. She then moved to Touchet, Washington where she cared for the two children of her daughter, Ocie Vaun, who died in 1912. She later left for Seattle, alone, where she died in 1916 at the age of 84 years.
     Her granddaughters, Lelah and Cordelia, recall that she continued her active interest in community and political affairs all through her life. Although she was definitely not he typical mother and grandmother of the time, it is because of her and others like her, who dared to be different, that some rather sweeping changes occurred in the American way of life.
     History of Burnap and Cole Families "Crossing the Plains" by Maud Ruthanar Burnap. Compiled and printed by Bonnie June Lindroff (Boone) in 1965-1966. Page 27 - 29


1. MARY MELVINA HOYT (ASEL1)1 was born September 30, 1842 in Chester, Ohio, and died May 25, 1926 in Retsil, Washington (Washington Veterans Home). She married WILLIAM DAVID BURNAP March 03, 1867 in West Point, St. Albens Township, Hancock County, Illinois3. He was born May 10, 1842 in Bedford Township, Meigs County, Ohio, and died December 22, 1911 in La Grande, Union County, Oregon.

Children of MARY HOYT and WILLIAM BURNAP are:
2. i. MAUD RUTHANAR BURNAP, b. January 16, 1870, West Point, Hancock County, Illinois; d. August 13, 1935, Enterprise, Wallowa County, Oregon.

ii. MARIUS MELVIN BURNAP, b. August 11, 1871, West Point, Hancock County, Illinois; d. June 04, 1946, Pendleton, Umatilla County, Oregon.

iii. ALBERT VINTON BURNAP4, b. October 31, 1871, Mitchell County, Kansas; d. December 23, 1963, Boise, Ada County, Idaho; m. CATHERINE MCALLISTER4, October 04, 1897, Walla Walla, Washington; b. June 14, 1875, Walla Walla, Washington; d. April 09, 1958.

3. iv. WILLIAM EUGENE BURNAP, b. September 25, 1876, W. Asher, Michell County, Kansas; d. March 16, 1946, Pendleton, Umatilla County, Oregon.

4. v. ASEL HOYT BURNAP, b. November 29, 1879, baron County, Kansas; d. June 25, 1950, Walla Walla, Walla Walla County, Washington.

5. vi. OCIE VAUN BURNAP, b. April 11, 1885, Lamar, Barton County, Missouri; d. September 21, 1912, Touchet, Walla Walla County, Washington.

Donated by Mona Pomraning


JOHN S. HORNER. - The esteemed gentleman, whose name initiates this paragraph, is one of the substantial and enterprising agriculturists of Wallowa county, having wrought here with commendable zeal and sagacity for its development and material progress since he has been domiciled within its borders, and his faithfulness and ability have well earned for him the high esteem in which he is held among his fellows, and the prestige which he enjoys as well as the leading position in many ways is merited.
    John S. was born in Illinois on February 11, 1839, being the son of John and Sarah (Seymore) Horner, natives respectively of North and South Carolina. They had moved to Illinois and there were numbered with the agriculturists, being pioneers of their section of the country. When our subject was six years of age, he was bereft of his parents by death and subsequent to that sad event his home was with Dr. J.B. Lester, of Kansas City. He remained there until fourteen years of age and then stepped forth into the battle of life for himself. Until 1858 we find him engaged variously in the vicinity of Kansas City and then he went to Colorado with an Indian trader named Sam Machaett with whom he worked in Colorado and western Nebraska until 1862, having also taken a ranch on the Platte river. At the date last mentioned he sold out, went to Kansas City on a visit and while there he joined the Confederates, being in Price's army under Colonel Withers. He was engaged mostly in the fier4ce border struggles and was with Price on his last raid. After the struggle ceased he came to Colorado, the date being 1866, and then engaged in freighting between Denver and Omaha and also as far west as Salt Lake City. Three years later he sold out in Salt Lake City and returned to Kansas City and engaged in the grocery business. One year later he went to Bates county in the same business and there lost all by fire. Went again to Kansas City, thence to North Platte, and two years later to Boise City, Idaho, where he purchased a farm and then four years later sold out and came to the Grande Ronde valley and thence to Wallowa valley, settling on his present place on Camp creek, two miles from the Imnaha bridge, taking a pre-emption. He has bought and sold several farms and now has a good place, also some property in Enterprise. He has a fine orchard, good buildings and handles some stock.
     In Kansas City in July, 1870, he married Miss Margaret Mattingling, a native of Kentucky and seven children have been the fruit of this union: J. Harland, who owns a farm adjoining his father's and also one above on Camp creek; Thomas L., who owned a ranch for several years on the Imnaha and then sold and went to Idaho; Guy C., in the stock business in the country; Charles B., owns a ranch in this county: Roy R., Maggie: Mable S., the last three at home attending school. Mr. Horner is well liked among his fellows, which speaks volumes and he is considered one of the most capable and substantial men of the community.

History of Union and Wallowa Counties
Page 651, 652
Copyright 1902


65 Years On Main Street
Ben Weathers

The people whom I regard to be early pioneers are those who came to Oregon in the 1850s to the 1880s. My grandfather came to Union county in 1862 and he was among the first few families to settle in the Grande Ronde valley. Among others who came to Oregon in the 1860s were the Hammacks. Several families of them. They settled in different parts of the Grande Ronde, some in Summerville, La Grande and some in Island City. I heard of and personally knew some of the Hammack family ever since I can remember. They were friends of my parents and grandparents. Some I know quite well and others by hearsay.

Those of the older generation that I remember were Ephraim, William, LaFayette, Lindsey and James Wesley. They also had a sister, Amanda. When our family left La Grande for Wallow county just before the turn of the century, Ephraim and his family and William were still living in Union county. "Eph," as he was familiarly known, had several children but I do not know that Bill was ever married. Amanda, the sister, was still living there. She was the wife of John A. Childers, a pioneer of Union county, and later after his death she was married to my uncle Joe.

When we arrived in Wallowa county, Lace, Lindsay and Wesley were already living here and were considered old timers. They had settled in the Lostine section and were among the prominent citizens when I attended school there in the winter of 1901 and 1902. It was there that I came to know members of the Wes Hammack family quite well, as Floyd, one of the sons was in my class and we graduated from the eight grade the same year. Forty years later, Floyd and I were together as members of the Wallowa county court.

Since it was the Wes Hammack family with which I was most closely associated over the years, I will attempt to tell some of the history of James Wesley Hammack, a typical pioneer type of citizen, who lived and looked the part. As I remember him he was a large tall man with full white beard, broad shoulders and kindly disposition that won him many friends and the respect of his neighbors.

James Wesley Hammack was born in Knox county, Kentucky, April 2, 1838, son of James and Elizabeth (Moore) Hammack. As I remember him, he was a large tall man with full white beard, broad shoulders and kindly disposition that won him many friends and the respect of his neighbors.

James Wesley Hammack was born in Knox county, Kentucky, son of James and Elizabeth (Moore) Hammack. He, as well as other children in the rather large family stayed on the farm where he was born and acquired about the same education as young folks of that far distant day received. Going to school at such times as he was not needed on the farm, which was only a few weeks of the year.

In 1863, James Wesley Hammack was married to Miss Sarah Miller, daughter of John and Mahaly Miller, in Wayne county, Iowa. In 1865 he, with his family, started the long trip by ox team across the plains to Oregon. Like many other pioneers of Union and Wallowa county, Mr. Hammack first passed right through Union county and settled in Yamhill county. He stayed there but two years, however, and turned east again for eastern Oregon, settling in Union county. Several of his brothers also settled there. After successfully farming in Union county for nearly thirty years, Mr. Hammack moved with his family to Wallowa county and settled near Lostine, where he remained until his death. During their lifetime, Mr. and Mrs. Hammack became the parents of seventeen children, ten of whom were living when they came to Wallowa county. I knew some of their children quite well, Marion, Bert, Floyd, Hattie and Carrie. I was a schoolmate of Floyd and Hattie so knew them very well. Mrs. Caudle still lives in Lostine and is the only one of the Wesley Hammack family now living. The Caudle family have long been prominent citizens of the Lostine area.

Floyd, being near my age, and I continued to be close friends throughout his lifetime. He acquired part of his father's place after the father's death and built up one of the finest dairy farms in Wallowa county. The place is about a mile east of Lostine and is now owned by Mr. and Mrs. Bud Walker.

Floyd married Zelma Ogburn, daughter of Charles Ogburn, who for many years farmed near Enterprise, and they were the parents of six children, all of whom I know quite well. Since Floyd's death, some years ago, Mrs. Hammack has made her home in la Grande near the home of her daughter, Velva, (Mrs. Eddie Hoffman). Edna married Harold Glen and they live at Lostine. Edna is the only member of the family now residing in Wallowa county.

Of the four boys, Lyle has long been one of the leading businessmen of Portland, being manager of the Raven creamery for many years and later in the frozen food business. He married Lena [sic - Bernice] Miller, daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Miller, and they love to return to their home county every summer, if possible, to visit with old friends and relatives. Last year Lyle was Chief Potentate of the Portland Shrine Club, which testifies to his popularity.

Charles is an engineer and Ross is also connected with big business in Portland. Both are married. Albert who farmed the home place for several years is now engaged in farming in another part of the state. Many of the Hammacks, cousins, uncles, aunts, nieces and nephews have left the county and are scattered over the northwest.

This remarkable large family of Hammacks helped to make history and did much in helping develop the Oregon country along with the other pioneers. Did you ever stop to think that you are making history now, and don't know it?

Wallowa County Chieftain
65 Years on Main Street
By Ben Weathers
Thursday, March 11, 1965

Submitted by: Tom Childers

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