Buffalo Gap has always been a cattle town. It received its name for the nearby gap through which Beaver Creek flows and through which the buffalo moved into the Hills during the early days. History says the town once had 48 saloons and other parlors of entertainment to match. In nearby Calico Canyon is a natural bridge and the quarry which produced the celebrated calico sandstone of variegated and brilliant colors. Some of the original buildings still stand. Buffalo Gap today supports a population of about 150.