SOLDIERS

IN

KING PHILIP'S WAR

Chapter 10, Part I 

X

CAPT. JOSEPH GARDINER AND HIS MEN

JOSEPH GARDINER (or Gardner) was the son of Thomas and Margaret Gardner of Salem. He married, before August, 1656, Anne Downing, daughter of Emanuel Downing and niece of the first Gov. Winthrop.

He was a man of energy and ability, and held many positions of honor and importance in Salem. In May, 1672, he was appointed by the General Court of Massachusetts lieutenant of the foot company under Capt. William Price of Salem.

On May 12, 1675, the militia of Salem was divided into two companies by order of the Court, and by the same order the election of Joseph Gardiner as captain of the First Company in Salem was confirmed. When the expedition against Narraganset was organized, Capt. Gardiner was appointed, November 3, 1675, to command the company raised at Salem and the adjoining towns, and mustered his men, ninety-five strong, at Dedham Plain December 10th, and marched with the army towards the rendezvous at Wickford. During the march several skirmishes took place, and Mr. Hubbard relates that some of Stone-wall-John's crew "met with some of Capt. Gardiner's men that were stragling about their own business contrary to order, and slew his Sergeant with one or two more." In "Capt. Oliver's Narrative" it is related that on this occasion the Indians "killed two Salem men within a mile of our quarters and wounded a third so that he is dead." The names of these are given in the list below. The fall of Capt. Gardner is thus related in Church's "Entertaining History:"

Mr. Church spying Capt. Gardner of Salem amidst the Wigwams in the East end of the Fort, made towards him; but on a sudden while they were looking each other in the face, Capt. Gardner settled down, Mr. Church stepped to him, and seeing the blood run down his cheek lifted up his cap and calling him by name, he looked up in his face but spake not a word, being mortally Shot through the head.

After the death of Capt. Gardiner, the command of his company fell upon his lieutenant, William Hathorn, under whom the men served during the campaign, until disbanded in February. It is thus that the men were credited sometimes under Gardiner, sometimes Hathorn, occasionally both; the latter's name, signed to the voucher or "debenter" which each soldier presented to the paymaster, doubtless confused the clerk and caused this appearance of double command. Capt. Hathorn's subsequent career at the eastward will be given in its proper place.

Capt. Gardiner's widow, then aged about thirty-four, married June 6, 1676, Gov. Simon Bradstreet, whose age was about seventy-three. She died April 19, 1713, aged 79. Leaving no children, Capt. Gardiner's Narraganset claim fell to the oldest male heir of his eldest brother Thomas. This heir was Habakkuk Gardiner, son of the Captain's nephew Thomas, who in the list of claimants claims in the "right of his uncle, Capt. Joseph Gardiner."

Capt. Joseph Gardiner and his men

February 29th 1675 & 6

William Hathorne, Capt.

11

09

08

Samuel Gray

03

06

07

Peter Cary

02

14

00

Jeremiah Neall

04

18

00

Peter Cole

02

14

00

Joseph Price

01

13

00

Samuel Tarbox

03

09

03

Sam. Beadle

04

01

00

Benjamin Hooper

02

14

00

Rice Husband

02

14

00

Marke Stacy

02

14

00

William Hollis

02

18

00

John Clark

01

14

00

Thomas Weymouth

02

14

00

William Hutchins

02

07

00

Christopher Read

02

14

00

William Bassett

05

04

04

Samuel Graves

02

14

00

John Farrington

02

02

00

William Driver

02

14

00

Andrew Townsend

02

14

00

Jonathan Looke

02

14

00

Charles Knight

03

03

00

John Prince

03

15

08

Andrew Sargeant

02

19

02

Edward Haradine

02

19

02

John Trask

02

17

08

Joseph Houlton

02

14

00

Isaac Welman

02

14

00

William Pritchett

02

14

00

John Maston

02

14

00

Benjamin Chadwell

02

14

00

Stephen Greenleaf

01

10

00

Amos Gurdon

02

14

10

Peter Emons

02

14

10

William Webb

02

14

00

Robert Sibly

02

14

00

Andrew Ringe

05

08

00

Benjamin Langdon

03

00

00

James Briarly

04

01

00

Benjamin Webster

02

14

00

Freegrace Norton

03

12

00

Israel Thorne

02

14

00

Ezekiel Woodward

02

04

00

John Wheeler

05

08

00

William Wainwright

02

14

00

John Boutell

00

18

00

Jonathan Clark

02

14

00

William Williams

02

14

00

Samuel Rust

04

01

00

Benjamin Sweet, Lieut.

03

00

00

Henry Dow

01

16

00

Silvester Hayes

03

03

00

Thomas Tenney

02

14

00

Joseph Jewett

02

14

00

John Boynton

02

14

00

Peter Coomes

03

08

00

Jonathan Copp

01

04

00

John Mann

02

04

00

March 24th, 1675-6

John Vowden

02

14

00

Lawrence Majore

02

14

00

Thomas Flynt

02

16

00

Thomas Greene

02

14

00

John Read

02

14

00

Adam Gold

02

14

00

Zacheus Perkins

02

14

00

William Pabody

02

14

00

Joseph Gardiner, Capt.

05

03

00

James Fry

02

14

00

Leonard Toser

02

14

00

April 24th, 1676

Thomas Kenny

02

14

00

John Stacy

02

14

00

June 24th 1676

     

Francis Jefford

02

14

00

Samuel Phelpes

02

14

00

John Presson

02

14

00

Joseph Abbott

02

14

00

Samuel Pickworth

00

11

06

Abraham Snitchell

01

01

00

Michael Towsley

02

15

08

Thomas Kemball

02

14

00

Thomas Blashfield

02

14

00

William Allen

02

14

00

Edward Whittington

02

14

00

John Parker

02

14

00

Philip Butler

02

14

00

James Wall

04

10

10

John Ballard

02

14

00

July 24, 1676

William Hathorne, Capt.

07

03

09

Amos Gourdin

01

04

00

Daniel Johnson

03

10

00

Jeremiah Neale, Lieut.

03

00

00

August 24th 1676

     

Edward Counter

02

14

00

Ebenezer Barker

02

02

00

Thomas Russell

02

14

00

Joseph Jeffords

01

09

00

Thomas Vely

02

05

00

Eleazer Linsey

01

16

00

Thomas Bell

04

05

08

Sept 23rd, 1676

Mark Bacheler

00

14

00

Robert Cocks

02

02

00

Moses Morgaine

02

14

00

Credited under Capt. Hathorne

Samuel Story

04

05

08

Peter Ashamaway

04

05

08

Jacob Knight

01

10

00

William Wainwright

04

16

06

Samuel Moulton

01

04

00

James Creeke

04

04

00

James Cox

04

05

00

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