SOLDIERS

IN

KING PHILIP'S WAR

Chapter 15, Part III 

All these men to be maintained in their respective percels by the familyes In the several fortifications where they are placed.

Also that the ammunition of the town hould be proportioned to the soulders of the town in these fortifications; this Above written is that which Acted and Assented unto by the persons whos names are subscribed.

Mr Brensmead

Deacon Ward

Thomas Rice

John Johnson

Josias How

John Mainard

Thomas King

Solomon Johnson

Abraham How

John How Sr

John Woods Sr

Richard Newton

Abraham Williams

Samuel Rice

John Bellows

Nathaniel Johnson

John Woods Jr

Joseph Newton

Thomas Barnes

John Rediat

John Fay

Moses Newton

Richard Barnes

James Taylor

William Kerly

- -

This Above writen was the Act of the town Agreeing with the Act of the Comettee of melecti as Attest

William Kerly -- Clarke

That this action was somewhat in opposition to the wishes of the military officer of the garrison, Lieut. John Rudduck, is proved by his letter below, from the Archives, vol. 68, p. 4:

Letter of Lieut. John Rudduck to the Council.

For the honored Councell
Honored Sirs. After my humble Duty presented these are to informe the honored Councill that Capt. Pool have sent to me four times for things spesefied in the note inclosed which I had none of but bread and liquors wch he have had but the other things I have none of and now the Rum is all gon he have had several gallons of Rum all Redy and the souldirs and posts passinge to and agen and the army have had the Rest alsoe our men at the garison want shoos and stockins and shurts very much they complaine to me dayly to goe home and suply themselves but I dare not let them goe becaus sum have gon on that acount and Com not againe namly John Boudage of Roxbury and John Orres a smeth of Boston and on Samuell Castin is Run away I sent to Mr Davison to aquaint athority with it but I heare noe more of it heare is but littell of anythinge Left in the Magaseen and if it please the honord Councell to give me order to remove what is left to my hous it would be less trouble to me and if anything be sent I may have it heare at my own hous I have set the garison soulders to fortify about my hous now they have fortified the Magaseen all Ready by my order and soe I intend to imply them for the defense of the Town I humbly pray this honored Councell to send a suply for the soulders heare and at quoboag or derection how they shall be suplyed. Capt. Wayt commanded me to returne James Cheavers for absenting himself after he had prest him whom I have sent to make his own defence.

Your humble servant,
Marlborough Octob: ye 1st, 1675. JOHN RUDDUCK


Sum of the gareson souldirs Informed me when I was geting to seale my letter that the Constable had been this morning and warned the soulders to com to me for theire vectls for the Town would diet them no longer I desire derection in this case and allsoe that he had warned them that did quarter them to quarter them no more

JOHN RUDDUCK.

I am of Nesessity constrained to provide victles for them till I heare from the Councell how they will order it.

Capt. Poole's requisition, enclosed in the above letter.

To the Comisary at Malbery Sur we want drawers and wastcots and I am forsed to let men goe home to fetch clothing becas they want and

have no supply Sur I pray send sum soft tobacow and bred by thos persons I pray send me the runlit of lickours for the army will drene us doutles not els but rest yours

date 30 : 7th : '75 JONATHAN POOLE Capt.

Another letter from him is in Mass. Archives, vol. 67, p. 279:

Second Letter of Lieut. John Rudduck to the Council.

For the honoured Governor & Council.
Honored Sir After my humble Duty presented these are to signify to this honored Councel that upon hearinge the Councell was Informed the Constable had forbed the men that were quarteered in the town and sent them to me for quarter sum cam to me this morninge and threatened me if the men were taken away I should Answer it and many threateninge words and many were gathered together about it I understand great Complaints are like to be made against me to the Councell but I hope the honoured Councell will have Charity for me till I can com to Answer for myself: in Regard to the charge of the town and of the Country. I cannot with convenience come down the charge of the mageseen beinge committed to me troubles me very much they are offended that I bringe the souldiers to meetinge with me and say I must have soe many men to gard me it well known to many that it have bene my practise ever since I have had a family I use to have them to meetinge with me I thinke it my duty having a garison of Souldiers to have them to meeting with mee allsoe I seet sum of them the on half to gard the Town in the forenoon and the other in the Afternoon and them that do not ward I have to meeting with me: when we met together to apoynt houses to be ffortified I would have had houses apoynted and men apoynted to these houses but the Insign would not yeald to that but would have the town caled together to see what houses they were willinge to goe to and to fortify soe the designe was that my house should not be ffortified nor have any gard if danger be they themselves will have the Inhabitants to gard theire houses but if I have any I must have of the soulders and be at Charges to maintaine them myself I have propounded to them that the Inhabitants be equally devided to the houses that are to be garded and the garison soulders divided likewise but they would not yeld to that soe unless the honoured Councell be plesed to determin this thinge it will not be determined sum have manedged theire maters soe that I have Leetle or noe comand of the Inhabitants of the town the sum of all is there are that cannot swolow that pill that I should have so much trust and pour commeted to me soe I desire to leve myself with God and this honored Councell The pore leve themselves with God

Your humble Servant
Marlborough this 4 Octo 1675 JOHN RUDDUCK.

When the army returned from the Narraganset campaign, and most of the troops were discharged at Boston, Feb. 5, 1675-6, we learn from Gen. Gookin's "History of the Christian Indians" that Capt. Wadsworth with his company was left at Marlborough "to strengthen that frontier." He remained there until early in March, when the newly levied army was gathered there under the command of Major Thomas Savage, and was organized under the immediate personal inspection of Maj. Gen. Daniel Denison. It was at this time that Capt. Mosely's haughty and unrebuked insubordination, backed up by the lawless, Indian-hating element of the army, occurred, and gave the commanders so much difficulty; for when Job Kattenanit, a friendly Indian, whose fidelity had been proved by successful and faithful report of the condition of the hostile Indians, to whom he with James Quannapohit had been sent as a spy, and, in order to keep faith with the English, had left his wife and children in the hands of the hostiles and returned to our army, bringing information which, if it had been heeded, would have saved great destruction and suffering, -- when this man had been given a permit to go and bring in his family, who were to meet him on a certain day, Capt. Mosely raised such a hue and cry that the commanders were obliged to submit, and sent after him at once.

The course of events in the town, including the attack, is shown in the following letters:

Capt. Brocklebank's Letter to the Council.

Much Honnored sirs. Malborough 28 of : 1 : 1676
After the duty I owe unto your Honnor this may let you understand that the assault the enemy made upon the towne of Malborough upon sabbath day did much dammage as the inhabbitants say, to the burning of 16 dwelling houses besides about 13 barnes and seemingly did indeaver to draw out the men out of the garisons but we not knowing ther numbers and our charge of the Countries ammunition and provission durst not goe out then on Sabbath day night there came about 20 men from Sudbury and we out of the severall garrison drew out about twenty more and in the night they went out to see if they could discover the enemy and give theme some checke in ther proceeding who found them laid by ther fires and fired on them and they run away at present but the number being few and not knowing the number of the enemie but aprehending by ther noyse and fireing at them they indeavored to compass them in the returne home without any losse of any man or wound from the enemie only one of my men by the breaking of his gun his hand is sorely shattered which for want of helpe here I have sent to Charlestowne or elsewhere in the bay where your honnors may thinke best for his helpe: we have great cause to acknowledge the goodnesse of God toward us for his gracious preservation of us the enemye is gone at the prsent as we aprehend by the scouts that went out yesterday the which we may expect eare long will fall on us with greater strength and rage by reason of the breakfast that they had on Monday morning the scouts found only one indian dead thus in briefe your honnors will understand how it is with us: from him who is your honnors servant

SAMUELL BROCKLEBANKE Capt
Mass. Archives, vol. 68, p. 180.

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